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Aminuddin Baki

Aminuddin Baki

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Aminuddin Baki

Aminuddin Baki was born on 6th January 1926 in a village in a small district called Chemor in Perak. He received early education in Sekolah Melayu Chemor from 1932 to 1936. After passing the 5th grade examination, he continued his studies in Sekolah Anderson, Ipoh, which was the best English school of the time with the best and most experienced teachers. Aminuddin studied in the school from 1936 to 1941. Around 1945-1946 he had begun to show interest in students’ association. He had particularly admired the Malay Students Association formed on 20th November 1945 in Victoria Institution, Kuala Lumpur. At that time it had only 11 members. This association later became Kesatuan Kesuratan Penuntut-penuntut Melayu formed in 11th February 1946. This society had formed a committee entrusted to unify all students’ associations in the country and Aminuddin was appointed as the secretary. At the same time he formed a Students’ Association in Perak known as Persatuan Pelajar-pelajar Melayu Insaf (PERMI) in April 1946. However his involvement was brief as in October 1947, he was accepted as a student in Raffles College, Singapore, a much touted institution in its time.

At this time UMNO was formed to protest against the formation of Malayan Union. At the same time, leaders of students’ association were encouraged to work towards the achievement of their goals. Due to that, Aminuddin and other student leaders decided to to form a much stronger organization. 7 associations had held a conference for two days in Jalan Tambun, Ipoh, and resulted in the formation of Gabungan Pelajar-pelajar Melayu Semenanjung (GPMS) in 15 August 1948. Once again Aminuddin had only a brief stint in the new organization as he had been offered a place in Universiti Malaya, Singapore in 1949. At the time he was content to be able to observe the progress of the organization from afar. While in university he was taken an interest in teaching, and to know more he had registered as a temporary teacher in Anglo-Malay Evening School. He had taught at the school from 1949 to 1951. In 1950 he had continued to be active in GPMS and was appointed as Yang Dipertua within the organization. In the same year he had passed his Sarjana Sastera examination and the following year, received his Ijazah Kepujian Sarjana Sastera. Upon finishing his education, he had returned to Perak to become a teacher in Sekolah Inggeris Sultan Yusuf, Batu Gajah. In 1951 to July 1952, he taught in Sekolah Anderson. He then furthered his studies in education in Education Institution, London University under the Queen’s Scholarship.

He left Pulau Pinang aboard the ship SS Canton on 22nd July 1952. Aminuddin finished his studies in the next year with Masters of Methods in Education. Upon returning to Malaysia he was offered

gov. In September 1955. Later he continued hisstudies at the University of Malaya (Singapore) and University of London. His contribution to students and scholars alike includes introducing Islamic History although it was not included in official syllabus. He wasonceappointedas theChief Advisor for Education Malaysia. and Sijil Tinggi Persekolahan Malaysia(STPM). theAl-Rahman Association. Persatuan Sejarah Tanah Melayu and Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka. Source: Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (http://sejarahmalaysia. Aminuddin Baki had passed away due to heart attack after performing prayers on 24th December 1965. he sat in several committees established by the government to review or change the education system during the periodbefore and after the country achieved independence. In addition. In order to improve the quality of education he haddraftedthe National Education Policy through theRazak Education Report in 1957andtheAbdul Rahman Talib Report in 1960. To date there are771 materials includingvariousdocument. At the age of 36. He received his educationat the Anderson School.a place in Maktab Perguruan Sultan Idris di Tanjung Malim as a lecturer. Aminuddin was involved in preparing the Razak Education Report and in 1960.arkib. At the same time he was active in other organizations and associations such as University Malaya Senate. He has an excellent track recordineducation.my/en/aminudin-bin-baki2 . which wasthe best English school in Ipoh at thetime. he was appointed the Chief Education Officer of Selangor. Al-Rahman Association. Aminuddin Baki while attending the UNESCO Conference in November 1964 Aminuddin Baki was also activelyinvolved inassociations and other organisations such as theUniversity of Malaya Senate. the Government Investigation Committeeof Malay pupils'Weaknesses in entering Secondary Schools which was chaired by him. Aminuddin establishedthe Malaysian Examinations Board in 1963. Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM). the Malayan Historical Society andDewan Bahasa dan Pustaka. He also introduced the Sijil Rendah Pelajaran (SRP). Perak. Among these wasthe Sultan Idris Training College Strike InvestigationCommitteein 1950. General exams such as Sijil Rendah Pelajaran (SRP).my) Aminuddin bin Baki was born on 26 January 1926 inChemur. Sijil .pictures.Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM) and Sijil Tinggi Pelajaran Malaysia (STPM) were created due to his contribution. newspaper clippings. At the time he was the Head Director of Education of Malaysia. publicationsand others which have been kept and preserved meticulouslyat the National Archives.pnm. Official portal National archive of Malaysia http://www. He also formed Lembaga Peperiksaan in year 1963. He was declared as "Father of Education"forhisservices and contributions in the field of education. he was in the advisory committee for the Rahman Report. the BarnesCommittee in 1951.

Selepas itu beliau memegang jawatan Penolong Pensyarah di Day Training Centre. Setelah tamat pengajian di Maktab Bahasa.kedua-duanya itu di Alor Setar.Awang Had Salleh Tan Sri Dato' Dr. Kerjaya beliau bermula dengan jawatan Guru Pelatih di Sekolah Melayu Gunong. Alor Setar 1954-1956. Mukim Balik Pulau. Semasa dalam perkhidmatan di Universiti Malaya. beliau dipinjamkan ke ITM sebagai Pengarah (1978-1980). beliau dilantik menjadi Naib Canselor yang pertama (1984-1989). Dari segi pentadbiran pula. Beliau melanjutkan pelajaran ke Standford University (1969-1972) menerusi Fellowship UM-Asia Foundation dan memperolehi PhD dalam Pendidikan dan Sosiologi. beliau mengajar di Sekolah Melayu Derga. Pendidikan profesional yang kedua diperolehinya dengan mengikuti Program Sijil Pengajaran Bahasa di Maktab Bahasa dalam tahun 1985. Kemudian. Pulau Pinang pada hari Ahad. Ini diikuti dengan pengambilan peperiksaan LCE (akhir 1956). Pendidikan awal yang diterimanya ialah di Sekolah Melayu Seberang Perak Laki-laki (sehingga darjah IV) dan Sekolah Melayu Sungai Korok Lama (sehingga darjah VI) . Pendidikan profesional beliau bermula dengan Program Sijil Perguruan di Sultan Idris Training College (1951-1954). beliau memulakan khidmat sebagai tenaga akademik di Universiti Malaya sehingga 1978. Beliau masuk ke Universiti Malaya (1961-1964) dengan Biasiswa Kerajaan Persekutuan dan memperolehi Ijazah BA (Hons) dan kemudiannya mengikuti Program Bed secara sambilan (1966-68). Kota Setar. Beliau kemudiannya belajar dengan sendiri untuk peperiksaan FMCE (akhir 1957) dan HSC (akhir 1959). 24 Jun 1934 dan dibesarkan di Kedah sejak berumur kira-kira lima tahun. Mulai 1966. beliau berkhidmat sebagai Penasihat . Pensyarah. Awang Had Bin Salleh dilahirkan di Kampung Bagan Pulau Betong. beliau memegang jawatan Penolong Pensyarah. Timbalan Naib Canselor Hal Ehwal Pelajar. Selepas itu. Setelah tamat pengajian di SITC. Profesor Madya dan akhirnya Profesor. Setelah tamat pengajian di Universiti Malaya. Selepas persaraan di UUM. Beliau ditukarkan ke Sultan Abdul Hamid College. Tempoh khidmatnya di situ dimanfaatkannya untuk menyediakan diri untuk mengambil peperiksaan FMCE pada akhir tahun tersebut. Pendidikan lanjutan beliau ialah menerusi kelas khas sebelah petang di Sultan Abdul Hamid College yang diadakan untuk sebilangan Guru Melayu. beliau kembali bertugas di SAHC hingga ke pertengahan tahun. Kedah dalam tahun 1950. sebagai Guru Bahasa Kebangsaan dalam tahun 1957. Alor Setar sehingga menyambung pelajaran ke Universiti Malaya pada pertengahan 1961. beliau dipinjamkan pula ke Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia sebagai Naib Canselor (1980-1984). beliau pernah memegang jawatan Dekan Fakulti Pendidikan dan kemudiannya. Bila Universiti Utara Malaysia ditubuhkan. beliau dilantik sebagai Pegawai Pelajaran dalam Perkhidmatan Pelajaran Persekutuan dan ditugaskan sebagai Pensyarah di Maktab Bahasa.

was born on 24 June 1934 in Kampung Bagan Pulau Bentong. Distinguished Fellow ISIS (Malaysia) 1990. Beliau pernah menulis buku-buku untuk pra-sekolah. he enrolled himself at the Sultan Idris Teachers Training College. Ministry of Education Chief Executive / Consultant. 1975. novel. United Kingdom to enhance his skill and knowledge in the field of Academic Studies and Management. in 1961 he studied at the University of Malaya. USA where he obtained his doctorate in 1969. Kedah (1950) Teacher at Derga Malay School. He also studied at the University of Lancaster. Penganugerahan negara yang diterima beliau ialah Johan Mangku Negara (JMN). University of Malaya (1975-1978) Director. he continued his studies further at the Stanford University California. Language Institute. now known as Mara Institute of Technology University (UiTM) (1978-1980) Vice Chancellor. Career             Trainee teacher at the Gunung Malay School. Kedah. Kuala Lumpur (1964-1965) Assistant Lecturer / Lecturer at the Education Faculty. Tokoh Pengkisahan Sejarah Maktab Perguruan Sultan Idris (SITC) siri Kedua 22 Oktober 1998 Memorial Tunku Abdul Rahman Tan Sri Prof Dr. Mara Institute of Technology. beliau melibatkan diri dalam penulisan kreatif (cerpen. Kedah (1957) Assistant Lecturer at the Day Training Centre (DTC). University of Malaya (1974-1975) Deputy Vice Chancellor (Students' Affairs). Balik Pulau Malay School and his secondary education at Seberang Perak Malay School. Kedah (19591961) Lecturer. beliau ikut serta dalam sebilangan kecil badan korporat swasta. where he graduated with Bachelor of Arts (Honours) degree in 1964 and with a Masters degree in Education from the same university in 1967. Bukit Senyum. Hon DLitt (Kebangsaan) 1997. Then. Pada masa ini. Perak and later at the Language Institute. Alor Setar. Sebagai Presiden. National University of Malaysia (UKM) and the first Vice Chancellor of the Northern University of Malaysia (UUM) (1980-1984) Special Advisor. Malaysia Film Academy (1990-1992) Chairman. sekolah rendah dan sekolah menengah. Awang Had Salleh. dan Panglima Setia Mahkota (PSM). Kegiatan menulis kertas kerja ilmiah dan rencana untuk majalah dalam bidang pendidikan bahasa. He received his early education at the Pulau Betung. Pulau Pinang. Lembah Pantai. beliau terus menerajui Persatuan Suluh Budiman (sejak 1973) dan Persatuan Pendidikan Malaysia (sejak 1975). Subsequently. 1983. beliau masih meneruskan kegiatan kemasyarakatan dalam beberapa buah pertubuhan sosial dan semenjak bersara. In 1951.Dalam kegiatan penulisan. National Book Council . specialising in Education and Sociology. Dato' Setia Diraja Kedah (DSDK) 1978. HonLLB (Brock) 1986. Penganugerahan akademik yang diterima beliau ialah Honorary Fellow ABE (UK). Tanjung Malim. 1982. Johor Bharu in 1958. 1997. kesusasteraan dan kebudayaan masih berterusan hingga sekarang. Kedah National Language Teacher at Sultan Abdul Hamid College. dan gelaran Profesor Emeritus (Universiti Utara Malaysia). drama dan puisi) dari tahun 1954 hingga kira-kira tahun 1990. Alor Setar.

Executive Board of UNESCO Chairman.N.M. . he was bestowed several awards which.M.B. include the Johan Mangku Negara (J. Informatics Academic Advisory Board. National Motivators of Aspiration Council Chairman of the Board. he has produced a number of books. His works on drama 'Buat Menyapu Si Air Mata' was published in 1975. which carries the title of Tan Sri. he was awarded the 'Honorary fellow' A. also produced some creative works. In appreciation of his contributions in the field of education. dan prasangka perkauman.S.jurang generasi.K) in 1978 which carries the title Dato' and the Panglima Setia Mahkota (P.S. articles and working papers which focussed more on education.       Member. Sultan Idris Education University Chairman. In the field of writing and publishing. Biru Warna ialah kisah cinta dan novel sulung Awang Had Salleh yang diterbitkan oleh Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka buat kali pertama pada 1966. the 'Honorary Doctor of Law' by University of Brock. Ia mengemukakan watak Melayu dan bukan Melayu untuk menghayatkan kehidupan 1960-an yang penuh dengan konflik yang berhubung dengan keluarga. the 'Honorary Doctor of Letters' by the National University of Malaysia (UKM) and 'Professor Emeritus' by the Northern University of Malaysia (UUM). Sultan Idris Education University (1999-until now) Apart from being a well-known and active figure in the academic world. from DYMM Seri Paduka Baginda Yang di-Pertuan Agong.) in 1975. 1966 happen to be his most important year in his writing career of which two of his works. Administrative Council of Limkokwing Institute of Creative Technology Honorary Advisor. Pro-Chancellor. In appreciation of his services and contributions. He was also conferred the 'Distinguished Follow of ISIS' Malaysia. Kuning Biru' (anthology of short stories) and 'Biru Warna' (novel) were published a book form.) in 1982. among others. Malaysia Chairman.D. United Kingdom in 1983. language and culture. the Dato' Setia DiRaja Kedah (D. Entertainment Village (M) Sdn. Tan Sri Prof.E. Bhd. 'Merah. serta pertentangan aliran nilai moden dan tradisi.

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