saqarTvelo 2009 - Si gv. 23 tragediis memoriali gv. 18 Sexvedra moskovSi gv. 14 fond `inkluzivis~ darbeva gv. 40 upatrono eklesiebi gv. 36 VS: msubuqi narkotikebis legalizacia gv.

08 mxiaruli TamaSebi ZeglebiT da saflavebiT gv. 52 prezidentis patriotuli proeqti gv. 42 saprotesto arti gv. 47

# 16 / 6 - 26 ianvari 2010

fasi 2.80 lari

supermeri brundeba

gv. 10

# 16 / 6 - 26 ianvari 2010

foto Temo barZimaSvili

nomerSi: 02 04 06 08 redaqtori mokled vrclad ori azri saxifaToa Tu ara msubuqi narkotikebis legalizacia? akaki gamyreliZe v.s. niko nergaZe politika supermeri brundeba TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebi winasaarCevno `amxanagoba~ interviu Sexvedra kremlSi zurab noRaideli Jurnalisturi gamoZieba tragediis memoriali saqarTvelo 2009-Si 9 ianvari _ saqarTvelosa da amerikis SeerTebul Statebs Soris strategiuli partniorobis qartia gaformda 20 ianvari _ iwyeba `sakani #5~ 16 Tebervali _ irakli alasanias politikuri gundis prezentacia 8 aprili _ konfliqturi regionebis administraciul sazRvrebs nawilobriv rusuli jari gaakontrolebs 9 aprili da opoziciis saprotesto aqciebi 26 maisi _ opoziciisa da misi mxardamWerebis Sekreba erovnul stadionze 15 ivnisi _ darbeva policiis mTavar sammarTvelosTan 32 32 12 ivlisi - prezidentis sasaxlis prezentacia 30 seqtemberi _ gamoqveynda taliavinis sagamoZiebo komisiis daskvna 19 dekemberi _ quTaisSi `didebis memorialis~ afeTqeba adamianis uflebebi da samarTali pativis winaaRmdeg sazogadoeba prezidentis patriotuli proeqti studenturi moZraoba saprotesto arti saubrebi liberalizmze neokonservatoruli sagareo politika Tvalsazrisi mxiaruli TamaSebi laSa kalandaZe

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garekanze:
supermeri brundeba ilustracia: oTar yaralaSvili

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upatrono eklesiebi fond `inkluzivis~ darbeva policia Rirsebisa da

Jurnali `liberali~ gamoicema fondi `Ria sazogadoeba - saqarTvelos~ mxardaWeriT.

liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

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redaqtori

naxeT veb-gverdze: www.liberali.ge
interviuebi: gigi ugulava zurab noRaideli

saerTod, gigi ugulavaze da meriaze wera, Turme, daZruli matareblis devnas hgavs. verasodes daewevi. ggonia, rom yvela proeqts gaecani, yvela informacia moagrove, magram swored im dros, roca Jurnali stambaSi midis, Sen ki _ saxlSi, vrceldeba informacia, rom meriam Tbiliselebs gazisa da dasufTavebis davalianeba gadauxada! 2007 wels, roca prezidentobis kandidatma badri patarkaciSvilma igives gakeTeba scada, amas amomrCevlis mosyidva erqva, 2010-Si ki amomrCevelze zrunva daerqmeva. asea Tu ise, gigi ugulavam santa-klausebs wels biznesi CauSala. saaxalwlod sanatreli aRaraferi dagvrCa, garda erTisa _ Zvirfaso santa, ise qeni, rom 2010 wlis adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebma samarTlianad Caiaros da saqarTvelom marTla gadadgas nabiji demokratiisken, Tbiliselebma Rirseuli da Tavisufali arCevani gaakeTon, yvelas samsaxurebi gvqondes, rom gazisa da dasufTavebis davalianeba ar dagvigrovdes, romelsac mere winasaarCevnod mTavroba isev Cven mier gadaxdili gadasaxadebidan dagvifaravs. yvelas gilocavT axal wels!

mogvwereT, sofo bukia, kavkasiisa da konfliqtebis ganyofilebis redaqtori sopho.bukia@liberali.ge

blogebi: laSa baqraZe Sorena SaverdaSvili

redaqtorebi: mTavari redaqtori Sorena SaverdaSvili /aRmasrulebeli redaqtori nino jafiaSvili / politika da saerTaSoriso ambebi sofo Waava / kavkasia da konfliqtebi sofo bukia / Jurnalisturi gamoZieba beso kurtaniZe / sazogadoeba Tamar babuaZe / adamianis uflebebi da samarTali nino beqiSvili / axali ambebi naTia axalaSvili redaqcia: foto-redaqtori levan xerxeuliZe / grafikuli dizaini Tornike lorTqifaniZe / redaqtor-stilisti nino svaniZe / koreqtori nino saiTiZe gamomcemloba: proeqtis menejeri qeTi babunaSvili / proeqtis menejeris asistenti lela SubiTiZe / reklamis da gayidvebis direqtori Salva CubiniZe / distributori zviad Sengelia gamomcemeli: Sps `liberali~. misamarTi: Tbilisi 0162, faliaSvilis q. 108. tel.: (995 32) 232235, 233731, 912326. el-fosta: info@liberali.ge sxva gamocemebi: `cxeli Sokoladi~, `cxeli Sokoladi _ literatura~, `biznesi: adamianebi, meTodebi, strategiebi~. `liberalis~ saavtoro uflebebi daculia. JurnalSi gamoqveynebuli masalebis nawilobrivi da/an mTliani gamoyeneba redaqciis Tanxmobis gareSe akrZalulia. beWdva: stamba `sezani~. misamarTi: Tbilisi, wereTlis gamz. 140. tel.: (995 32) 35 70 02. tiraJi: 5000 cali. gamodis or kviraSi erTxel. pirveli nomeri gamocemulia 2009 wlis maisSi. rekomendebuli sacalo fasi 2,80 lari.

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ISSN 1987-7528

liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

gamoiwereT Jurnali `liberali~ da miiReT igi gamosvlis dRes (yovel meore oTxSabaTs) TqvenTvis sasurvel misamarTze

6 nomeri (3 Tve) _ 16,80 lari 13 nomeri (6 Tve) _ 36,40 lari 25 nomeri (1 weli) 70 lari

Jurnalis gamosawerad dagvikavSirdiT telefonebze: 23 37 31, (899) 48 62 41 an mogvawodeT Tqveni sakontaqto informacia el-fostiT: info@liberali.ge

mokled

mkalaviSvili sapatriarqos gancxadebas uaryofs
saqarTvelos eklesiis wminda sinodis gadawyvetilebiT, yofil margveTel episkoposs, qristefore wamalaZes, basil mkalaviSvilsa da mRvdel vaxtang margians monasterSi mosananieblad wasvlis ufleba mieniWaT. sapatriarqos mier gavrcelebuli informaciis Tanaxmad, meufe qristeforem saeklesio darRvevebisa da Secdomebis gamo Sendoba iTxova. vaxtang margianma da basil mkalaviSvilma ki sinods werilobiTi TxovniT mimarTes. basil mkalaviSvili acxadebs, rom monaniebis Sesaxeb televiziidan Seityo da arc wminda sinodis krebisTvis miumarTavs werilobiT. mkalaviSvili acxadebs, rom sapatriarqodan daurekes da sinodis sxdomaSi monawileoba sTxoves, Tumca gansaxilveli sakiTxebi misTvis winaswar ucnobi iyo. SegaxsenebT, rom basil mkalaviSvili 4-wliani patimrobis Semdeg 2008 wlis 25 maiss gaaTavisufles. man sasjeli religiur umciresobebze Tavdasxmis gamo moixada. mkalaviSvili marTlmadidebeli eklesiidan gankveTili iyo. samarTaldamcavebma igi 2004 wlis martSi, gldanSi, misive aSenebul eklesiaSi daapatimres. daibruneben Tu ara mRvdelmsaxurebis uflebas yofili episkoposi qristefore wamalaZe, basil mkalaviSvili da vaxtang margiani, sinodis Semdeg krebaze gadawydeba.

muxrovanis saqmis gansasjelebisTvis prokurori xangrZliv patimrobas iTxovs
koba oTanaZes _ 30 weli, levan amiriZes _ 29 weli, SoTa (mamuka) gorgiaSvils _ 19 weli, koba kobalaZes _ 13 weli da 6 Tve _ aseT grZelvadian patimrobebs iTxovs prokurori muxrovanis saqmeze dakavebuli pirebisTvis. oTxive gansasjels xelisuflebis damxobis mizniT amboxebis momzadeba edeba bralad. garda amisa, koba kobalaZes cecxlsasroli iaraRis da xelyumbarebis ukanono Senaxva, xolo oTanaZes _ cecxlsasroli iaraRis da asafeTqebeli mowyobilobebis marTlsawinaaRmdego tarebac edebaT bralad. muxrovanis saqmeze sasamarTlo procesi daskvniT, mxareTa paeqrobis etapze gadavida. prokurorma sasjelis aseTi vadebi sabraldebo daskvnis wakiTxvis Semdeg moiTxova. pirveli brigadis yofili meTauris daviT sulxaniSvilisTvis prokurori 4-wlian patimrobasa da 20-aTaslarian jarimas iTxovs, me-3 brigadis yofili meTauris kaxa kobaiZisTvis _ 4-wlian patimrobasa da 10 aTasi laris odenobis jarimas. saqmeze dakavebuli samoqalaqo pirebisTvis prokuroris mier moTxovnili sasjelis vadebi 9-dan 17 wlamde meryeobs. gansasjelebis advokatebi miiCneven, rom prokuraturis aseTi moTxovnebi dausabuTebeli da safuZvels moklebulia. advokatebi varaudoben, rom mosamarTlem, SesaZloa, prokuroris moTxovnebs mxolod 2-3 weli daaklos. sasamarTlo procesi advokatebis dacviTi sityvebiT grZeldeba.

imereTs axali gubernatori hyavs
imereTs prezidentis axali rwmunebuli hyavs _ laSa maqacaria. `Cven axla iq gvWirdeba axali sisxli da axali kadri~, _ aseTi sityvebiT daiwyo saqarTvelos prezidentma misi wardgena. maqacaria axal postze prezidentis administraciis ufrosis moadgilis Tanamdebobis datovebis Semdeg gadavida. manamde mis saxelTan bevri gaxmaurebuli ambavi iyo
4

dakavSirebuli. maSin, rodesac is Tbilisis zedamxedvelobis samsaxurs xelmZRvanelobda, misi miTiTebiT TbilisSi mravali Senoba daingra, sasamarTlos gadawyvetilebis gareSe; maT Soris _ TabukaSvilis quCaze mdebare saxli. axali gubernatori acxadebs, rom is yvela im dapirebas Seasrulebs, rac misma winamorbedebma dades.

liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

mokled

rusi samxedro saqarTveloSi
saqarTvelos mTavrobas ukve mesame rusma jariskacma mimarTa politikuri TavSesafris moTxovniT. 25 wlis vitali xripuni acxadebs, rom man Tavisi samxedro SenaerTi politikuri motiviT datova. vitali xripunisTvis ltolvilis statusis miniWebis gadawyvetilebas ltolvilTa da gansaxlebis saministros Sesabamisi samsaxuri 4 TveSi miiRebs. ltolvilTa da gansaxlebis ministris koba subelianis TqmiT, saboloo gadawyvetilebis miRebamde xripuns `ramdenime interviu Cautardeba, romlebsac gaero-s ltolvilTa umaRlesi komisaric daeswreba~. ministri acxadebs, rom iseTi SemTxvevebic momxdara, rodesac saqarTvelos teritoriaze gadmosuli jariskaci mSoblebisTvis ukan daubrunebiaT. `am SemTxvevaSi, darCeba Tu wava jariskaci ukan, gaeros gadasawyvetia, radgan Tuki qarTuli mxare jariskacis ruseTSi dabrunebasTan dakavSirebiT miiRebs gadawyvetilebas da Semdeg mis sicocxles safrTxe daemuqreba, pasuxismgebloba qarTul mxares daekisreba~, _ ambobs is. vitali xripuni acxadebs, rom igi rusul sasazRvro jarSi msaxurobda da cxinvalSi oqtomberSi Camovida. rusuli masmedia ki, samxreTi oseTis Zalovan struqturebze dayrdnobiT, avrcelebs informacias, rom xripuni kontraqtiT msaxurobda javis raionis sofel sinagurSi ganTavsebul sasazRvro nawilSi. maTive informaciiT, xripuni 20-21 dekembris Rames sofel perevTan sasazRvro razmis SemadgenlobaSi iyo da swored am Rames daikarga.

citatebi

`ruseTTan TanamSromlobis arealis gafarToebis mcdeloba ar niSnavs saqarTveloze ruseTis wnexis an ruseTis mier ukrainis SantaJis daviwyebas. saqarTvelosTan da ukrainasTan mimarTebaSi ukan daxeva ukan gadadgmuli giganturi nabiji iqneba _ orive SemTxvevaSi, es gaaZlierebda ruseTis imperiul nostalgias da aRmosavleT evropis usafrTxoebasTan dakavSirebul SiSebs, rom aRaraferi vTqvaT SeiaraRebuli konfliqtis gaRvivebis albaTobis zrdaze. Tumca, aqamde obamas administracia ayovnebs saqarTvelosaTvis Tundac mxolod TavdacviTi SeiaraRebis miyidvas~. zbignev bJezinski obamas sagareo politikaze dekemberi, 2009 `evropasa da vaSingtonSi esmiT, rom 2008 wlis agvistoSi saakaSvilis mier mowyobili avantiuris gameoreba dauSvebelia. Cven partniorebs amis xmamaRla Tqma ar SeuZliaT. rogorc Cans, maT jer kidev rcxveniaT amis gakeTebis, radgan es imaTi Secdomis aRiareba iqneba, visac saakaSvilze hqonda gaTvla. magram, dazustebiT viciT, rom isini am azrs Tbiliss zustad awvdian~. sergei lavrovi 28 dekemberi, `rosiiskaia gazeta~ `rusebs didi siamovnebiT gavucvlidiT stalinis Zegls afxazeTsa da oseTSi da xurdaSi `didebis memorialsac~ mivayolebdiT~. Temur iakobaSvili 30 dekemberi, Tbilisi
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ricxvebi

8 milioni lari aqvs sazogadoebriv mauwyebels vali.
aqedan naxevari sabanko kreditia, naxevari ki _ evropis mauwyebelTa kavSiris davalianeba.

80 milioni lariT gaizarda Tbilisis 2010 wlis
biujeti.

4 milioni lari dajda viqtor iuSCenkos winasaarCevno
kampania.

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miliarderiT naklebi darCa msoflioSi 2009 wels, wina welTan SedarebiT. milioniT dafinansdeba qobuleTi-baTumis gzis mSenebloba.

liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

vrclad

urTierTobebis lRoba Tu ruseTis neba?
yazbegi-zemo larsis gamSvebi punqti, savaraudod, gazafxulze gaixsneba.
naTia axalaSvili

foto gogita buxaiZe

yazbegi-zemo larsis sakontrolo gamSvebi punqti, 2007

yazbegi-zemo larsis sakontrolo gamSvebi punqti 2010 wlis martis dasawyisSi gaixsneba. am informacias saqarTvelos sagareo saqmeTa saministro avrcelebs da ruseTis saxelmwifo sazRvris mowyobis federaluri saagentoc adasturebs. saqarTvelo-ruseTis erTaderTi legitimuri saxmeleTo sazRvari 2006 wlis ivlisSi ruseTis gadawyvetilebiT daixura. mizezad maSin saremonto samuSaoebi daasaxeles. rusulma mxarem samuSaoebis dasrulebis Sesaxeb oficialuri cnoba 2009 wlis maisSi gaavrcela, Tumca realurad remonti ukve karga xnis dasrulebuli iyo. gana6

xlda qarTuli sasazRvro-gamSvebi punqtic, romelic axla ukve uaxlesi teqnologiebiTaa aRWurvili. iqvea damontaJebuli radiaciul nivTierebaTa aRmosaCeni aparatura. sasazRvro punqtis modernizeba aSS-s finansuri daxmarebiT moxda (daaxloebiT 2,5 milioni dolari). punqtSi damontaJebulia Tanamedrove saZiebo aparatura. iqvea aSenebuli sapatrulo policiisa da sabaJo samsaxurebisTvis saofise Senobebi da yazarmebi. yazbegi-zemo larsis sasazRvro punqtis gaxsnisTvis mzadyofnis Sesaxeb saqarTvelos prezidentma mixeil saakaSvilma pirvelad ganacxada ivnisSi, erevanSi vizitisas.

gasuli Tvis ganmavlobaSi sazRvris gaxsnisTvis mzadyofnis Sesaxeb ukve ruseTis prezidentmac isaubra. larsis sasazRvro punqtis gaxsniT gansakuTrebiTaa dainteresebuli somxeTi, radgan swored es gzaa yvelaze mosaxerxebeli somxeTsa da ruseTs Soris samoZraod. somxeTs produqciis 70-80% ruseTSi gaaqvs. es produqtebi, foTis an bulgareTis gavliT, zRviT Cadis ruseTSi. am gzis gavlas 10-dan 60 dRemde sWirdeba, zemo larsis gaxsnis Semdeg ki somxuri produqti ruseTSi 3-5 dReSi moxvdeba. `yazbegi-zemo larsis gamSvebi punqtis SesaZlo gaxsna regionSi ekonomikis Semdgom ganviTarebaze
liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

vrclad

sasikeTo zegavlenas moaxdens da saqarTvelos, rogorc satranzito saxelmwifos, rols gaaZlierebs~, _ es sityvebi somxeTis premierministr tigran sargsians ekuTvnis. msgavsi Sefasebebi araerTxel gamouTqvamT somxeTis xelisuflebis warmomadgenlebs. sazRvris gaxsnis motivad qarTuli da rusuli mxareebi swored somxeTis tranzitul tvirTebs asaxelebdnen. larsis sasazRvrogamSvebi punqtis gaxsnaze dekembris bolos gamarTul brifingze sagareo saqmeTa ministris moadgilem nino kalandaZem isaubra. misi TqmiT, molaparakeba rusul da qarTul mxareebs Soris Sveicariis saelCos warmomadgenlis SuamavlobiT Sedga. kalandaZe acxadebs, rom sazRvris gaxsnis `gadawyvetileba gavrceldeba rogorc saqarTvelos moqalaqeebze, ise saqarTvelos tvirTze da, Sesabamisad, qarTul satransporto saSualebebze~ da es ar iqneba mxolod satranzito meqanizmi, mezobeli qveynis interesebidan gamomdinare. ministris moadgile ambobs, rom mxareebi Seadgenen oqms, sadac gaiwereba yvela is gadawyvetileba, romelic calkeul sakiTxebTan dakavSirebiT iqna miRebuli. ekonomikuri eqspertebis nawili

gan gazrdis vaWrobas. es ki imas niSnavs, rom viRacebs gaezrdebaT Semosavali. am gadawyvetilebis ZiriTadi Sedegi es iqneba. Cveulebrivi adamianebi amiT moigeben. rac SeexebaT politikosebs, es ukve maTi gadasawyvetia _ vin CaTvlis, rom xalxis ekonomikuri warmateba mogebaa, da vin CaTvlis, rom es wagebaa~, _ acxadebs levan roiniSvili. sazRvris gaxsnis Taobaze sxvadasxva mosazreba aqvs yazbegis raionis mosaxleobasac. zogierT maTgans ruseTTan sazRvris gaxsnis eSinia. fiqroben, rom larsis gaxsnis Semdeg bolo 20 wlis ganmavlobaSi regionidan wasuli osi erovnebis saqarTvelos moqalaqeebi, ruseTis waqezebiT, ukan dabrundebian da Trusos xeobis Crdilo oseTTan SeerTebas daufaravad dauWeren mxars. zogi ki amtkicebs, rom sazRvris gaxsna regionisTvis bevr sikeTes moitans. `Tu sazRvari gaixsneba, Cven regions damatebiTi Semosavali gauCndeba, gzac gakeTdeba. risac zogierTs eSinia, imisgan verc is erTi `Slagbaumi~ dagvicavs, romliTac dRes sazRvaria Caketili~, _ ambobs yazbegis mkvidri elguja alibegaSvili. larsis iqiT darCenili qarTvelebi sazRvris gaxsnas mouTmenlad

imitom rom aq vmuSaob da ojaxs varCen. ar vici, saqarTveloSi vipovi Tu ara samsaxurs da raRac garantia mWirdeba. am wuTSi ufro imitom unda gaixsnas larsi, rom mimosvla aRdges~, _ ambobs beslanSi mcxovrebi revaz alibegaSvili. yazbegis gamgebels sazRvris gaxsnis didi molodini aqvs. miaCnia, rom yazbegi-zemo larsis gamSvebi punqti yazbegis raions gamoacocxlebs. `yazbegSi 10-mde saojaxo sastumroa, romlebic mxolod zafxulis sezonzea datvirTuli. gza rom gaixsneba, mimosvla meti iqneba, sastumroc bevrs dasWirdeba da kvebis obieqtebic. marTalia, axla sul erTi-ori aseTi obieqti funqcionirebs CvenTan, magram yazbegelebi situacias ucbad uReben alRos. darialis xeobaSi gza mosawesrigebelia da imedi gvaqvs, rom sazRvris gaxsnis Semdeg amasac moevleba~, _ acxadebs yazbegis gamgebeli goCa malania. adre vladikavkazSi yazbegelebi vizis gareSe gadadiodnen, mxolod pasportSi specialuri CanarTis meSveobiT. sazRvris gaxsnis SemTxvevaSi, mxolod CanarTiT, savaraudod, veRaravin moxvdeba Crdilo oseTSi, ruseTis vizis gacema ki qarTvelebisTvis TiTqmis

saerTaSoriso media sazRvris gaxsnas saqarTvelosa da ruseTs Soris daZabuli urTierTobebis ganmuxtvis dasawyisad miiCnevs.

sazRvris gaxsnas skeptikurad uyurebs da saeWvod miaCniaT, rom amiT saqarTvelo raime mniSvnelovan ekonomikur sargebels miiRebs. eqspertTa meore nawils ki gansxvavebuli prognozebi aqvs da fiqroben, rom sazRvris gaxsna yvelasTvis momgebiani iqneba. britanuli sakonsultacio kompania „Purple Sheep~-is biznes konsultantis levan roiniSvils TqmiT, `Tu am sakiTxis politikur mxareze dava SeiZleba, ekonomikuri prognozi calsaxaa, imis gamo, rom Tu vaWroba izrdeba, maSin procesi yvelasTvis momgebiani xdeba~. `larsis gaxsna yvela adamianisTvis momgebiani iqneba, radliberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

elian. maTive azrs iziareben is osebi, romelTac naTesavebi da ojaxis wevrebi hyavT saqarTveloSi da, ukve sami welia, naxva ver mouxerxebiaT. miuxedavad imisa, rom beslanidan saqarTvelomde sul raRac 40 kilometria, sami welia, am manZilis gavliT samSobloSi mainc ver brundebian CrdiloeT oseTSi droebiT wasuli qarTvelebi. `ukve cameti welia, aq varT. vidre sazRvari Caiketeboda, weliwadSi erTxel mainc CavdiodiT saqarTveloSi. bolo sami weliwadia, es veRar movaxerxe. sazRvari rom gaixsneba, maSinve ver avdgebi da sul ver wamoval saqarTveloSi,

SeuZleblad iqca. vizebis miRebis sakiTxis mogvarebas piri ar uCans. ase rom, yazbegelebi am sazRvars albaT verc uaxloes momavalSi gascdebian. saerTaSoriso media sazRvris gaxsnas saqarTvelosa da ruseTs Soris daZabuli urTierTobebis ganmuxtvis dasawyisad miiCnevs. marTalia, ruseTis sagareo saqmeTa ministri sergei lavrovi acxadebs, rom am etapze moskovisa da Tbilisis Serigeba dRis wesrigSi ar dgas, magram es procesi mainc urTierTobebis ganmuxtvis dasawyisad fasdeba, meore etapad ki or qveyanas Soris sahaero mimosvlis aRdgenas miiCneven.
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ori azri

akaki gamyreliZe daavadebaTa kontrolisa da sazogadoebrivi janmrTelobis erovnuli centris direqtoris moadgile

dasawyisSive minda aRvniSno, rom sazogadoebaSi gavrcelebuli termini `msubuqi narkotiki~, samedicino TvalsazrisiT, mcdaria. miT umetes, roca vsaubrobT marixuanaze, romlis 2-3-jer mowevac kmara, rom narkotikisTvis damaxasiaTebeli ZiriTadi Tviseba _ miCveva da SemdegSi ganmeorebiT miRebis moTxovnileba gamoavlinos; ufro metic, marixuanam erTxel mowevis drosac ki SeiZleba gamoiwvios iseTi fsiqikuri Zvrebi, romelzec fsiqiatrebi dRemde kamaToben _ aris es Sizofrenia, romelic daiwyo marixuanas moxmarebiT, Tu haSiSuri fsiqozi, romelic Sizofrenias hgavs. marixuana xSirad aris is narkotikuli saSualeba, romliTac zogadad narkotikebis miRebas iwyeben da Semdeg gadadian sxva tipis, sazogadoebis gamoTqmiT, ufro `Zlier~ narkotikze, magaliTad opiumze. anu marixuana sawyisi etapia da vTqvaT, opiatebisgan gansxvavebiT, romelTa moxmarebas sWirdeba Sprici da momzadeba, gacilebiT advilad mosaxmaria. saqarTveloSi, iseve rovorc msoflios 204 qveyanaSi, saerTaSoriso SeTanxmebis safuZvelze, akrZalulia eqimis daniSnulebis gareSe nebismieri saxis narkotikuli saSualebis miReba. bolo wlebSi daiwyo saubari marixuanas samkurnalo Tvisebebzec. aris qveynebi, magaliTad iaponia, sadac marixuana onkologiuri avadmyofebis mkurnalobisTvis, simsivnuri tkivilebis dros gamoiyeneba. Tumca iq aseTi gamoyenebac mxolod eqimis daniSnulebiT xdeba. dRes, roca liberalizaciaze vsaubrobT, unda gavixsenoT Tundac mezobeli ruseTi, romelmac daaxloebiT 10 wlis win moaxdina liberalizacia, anu gaauqma narkotikebis miRebaze administraciuli da sisxlis samarTlis dasjadobis muxli. miiRes Semdegi suraTi: 2004 wels fsiqiatrebis yrilobaze mTavarma narkologma gamoitana Sedegebi, romlis Tanaxmad, ruseTis 16 qalaqSi 13 wlis asakSi TiTqmis yvela moixmarda narkotikebs. 2005-Si kanoni saswrafod aRadgines. aseTive Sedegi gvaqvs holandiaSi, roca amsterdamis ramdenime raionSi moxda moxmarebis dekriminalizacia. faqtobrivad, es iyo ara kanoni, aramed saproceso SeTanxmeba saxelmwifosa da policias Soris, rom policias is raionebi ar gaekontrolebina. dRes holandieli kolegebi seriozulad fiqroben, rom es daSveba isev gaauqmon, Tundac imitom, rom im kvartalSi ara marto marixuanas, sxva narkotikebsac moixmaren; aseve imis gamo, rom iq marixuana advilad iyideba, adviladve gamodis gareT. Zalian rTulia am sakiTxis Tavidan bolomde ganxilva. narkomania ar aris infeqciuri daavadeba, romelic SeiZleba Segeyaros. roca liberalizaciaze vfiqrobT, ar unda dagvaviwydes, rom narkomanebi ar
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saxifaTo
arian ganyenebuli adamianebi, maT gverdze sazogadoebaa, axalgazrda Taoba. jandacvis msoflio organizacia iTvlis statistikas, rom erTi narkomani saSualod aT adamians moizidavs narkotikis gasasinjad, romlidanac 3 narkomani xdeba. amazea laparaki. axalgazrda asakSi ufro didia kanonis SiSi, vidre Segneba imisa, rom narkotiki cudia. me, rogorc eqims, mecodeba Cemi avadmyofebi, romlebic isjebian imis gamo, rom avadmyofebi arian. magram es rom ar gvqondes, uares mdgomareobas miviRebdiT. rac Seexeba am xalxis daxmarebas, liberalizacia ki ara, saWiroa, sazogadoebam erTi mxriv saxelmwifos, meore mxriv sakuTar Tavs mosTxovos, gaakeTos rame narkomaniis aRmosafxvrelad. dRes Cven ar gvaqvs reabilitaciis centri, ara gvaqvs savaldebulo mkurnalobis saSualeba, arada, narkomani xSirad TviTon Txoulobs, _ CamketeT, rom Tavi davaneboo. marTalia, CvenTan saxelmwifom daiwyo zrunva savaldebulo mkurnalobis stacionaris gakeTebaze, magram es jer sakmarisi araa. ekonomikuri mdgomareobis gamo, bevri ram gvaklia. jerjerobiT arc saqarTvelo da arc Cvenze bevrad ufro mowesrigebuli msoflios sxva qveynebi liberalizaciisTvis mzad ar arian. miT umetes, qarTvelebs xasiaTSi gvaqvs, oRond rameze `SevjdeT~ da siamovneba miviRoT.
liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

msubuqi narkotike

ori azri

oa Tu ara

ebis legalizacia?
niko nergaZe Jurnalisti
narkotikebis `mZimed~ da `msubuqad~ dayofa, organizmisTvis miyenebuli zianis garda, imiTac ganisazRvreba, Tu ra doziT iwvevs is fizikur damokidebulebas da ramdenad rTuli da mtkivneulia misTvis Tavis danebeba. am maxasiaTeblebiT dalagebuli narkotikuli saSualebebis siaSi marixuana bolos, yavasTan erTad aRmoCndeboda _ alkoholis da Tambaqos qvemoT. bevri mZime narkotikad miiCnevs sigarets, fizikuri damokidebulebis maRali xarisxisa da janmrTelobisTvis sazianoobis gamo. SeiZleba xSirad moisminoT, rom kanabisi (marixuana da haSiSi) TavisTavad maincdamainc saSiSi ar aris, magram mis moxmarebas SeiZleba grZelvadiani cudi Sedegi mohyves. `karibWis Teoriis~ Tanaxmad, kanabisis mweveli Semdeg sxva, mZime narkotikebis _ heroinis da kokainis moxmarebaze gadadis. arsebobs ramdenime hipoTeza imis asaxsnelad, Tu ram SeiZleba gamoiwvios msgavsi efeqti. erTis mixedviT, marixuana erTgvari `pirveli safexuria~, romelic Semdeg aiolebs sxva, ufro cud safexurebze gadasvlas. meores mixedviT, kanabisi tvins damokidebul mdgomareobaSi yofnas aCvevs da amitom Semdeg mweveli ufro advilad xdeba narkodamokidebuli. am gansxvavebul hipoTezebs erTi ram aerTianebs _ mecnieruli kvlevebiT arc erTi ar mtkicdeba. RAND-is (globaluri kvleviTi organizacia, romelsac sxveliberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

bTan erTad amerikis mTavrobac afinansebs) 2002 wlis kvlevis Tanaxmad, mizez-Sedegobrivi kavSiri marixuanas moxmarebasa da mZime narkotikebis miRebas Soris ar arsebobs. igives ambobs amerikis fsiqiatrTa asociacia. msgavsi Sedegebi aCvena msoflio jandacvis organizaciis kvlevebmac. 2002 wels sazogadoebrivi janmrTelobis amerikul samecniero JurnalSi gamoqveynda kvleva, romlis avtorebic cdilobdnen, daedginaT, Tu ra efeqts axdens gansxvavebuli antinarkotikuli politika kanabisis moxmarebis tendenciebze. avtorebi ikvlevdnen mwevelebs san franciskosa da amsterdamSi _ qalaqebSi, romlebSic narkopolitika sruliad gansxvavebulia. amerikaSi kanabisis moxmareba kanondarRvevad miiCneva da msurvelma is Sav bazarze unda SeiZinos, amsterdamSi ki misi moxmareba kanoniT daSvebulia da 18 wels gadacilebulebs SeuZliaT narkotiki maRaziaSi SeiZinon da sajarod moixmaron. kanonmdeblobaSi gansxvavebebis miuxedavad, tendenciebi orive qalaqSi msgavsi iyo _ kanabisis moxmareba mcire dozebiT iwyeba, Semdeg izrdeba, mcire periodis ganmavlobaSi maqsimums aRwevs, Semdeg ki moxmareba droTa ganmavlobaSi sagrZnoblad iklebs an saerTod wydeba. Tumca, gansxvavebebic iyo. am kvlevis mixedviT, san franciskoeli kanabisis mwevelebi sagrZnoblad ufro xSirad gadadiodnen kokainze, krekze da opiatebze, vidre amsterdamelebi, imis miuxedavad, rom narkotikebTan dakavSirebuli politika niderlandebSi ufro liberaluria, vidre amerikaSi. riT SeiZleba amis axsna? kvlevis avtorebi varaudoben, rom am SemTxvevaSi, `karibWis efeqti~ gamoiwvia ara kanabisma, aramed Savma bazarma. narkotikebis momxmareblebma opiatebis gasinjva daiwyes ara imitom, rom manamde marixuanas eweodnen, aramed imitom, rom narkomovaWresTan hqondaT urTierToba, romelic kanabisis garda sxva, mZime narkotikebsac yidda. am kvlevis mixedviT, kanabisis kanoniT daSveba an akrZalva misi moxmarebis zrdaze gavlenas ar axdens. Tumca, es imas ar niSnavs, rom holandielebis midgoma yvela qveynisaTvis erTnairad gamosadegia. niderlandebis kulturuli da socialuri viTareba saqarTvelosgan gansxvavebulia, da rTulia imis danamdvilebiT Tqma, rom dekriminalizacia kanabisis moxmarebas ar gazrdis. gansakuTrebulad kanonmorCili sazogadoebisTvis SeiZleba didi mniSvneloba hqondes nivTierebis legalurobas Tu aralegalurobas. Tumca, qarTuli sazogadoebisgan niderlandebis an amerikis Tundac msgavsi kanonmorCileba Zneli warmosadgenia. erTi hipoTezis Tanaxmad, farTod gavrcelebuli narkotikebis, maT Soris kanabisis, moxmarebis tendenciebze yvelaze did gavlenas axdens araformaluri, socialuri kontrolis meqanizmebi. es SeiZleba imiT avxsnaT, rom kanabiss umetesoba gantvirTvis mizniT, socialuri TavSeyris adgilebSi moixmars. gamokiTxulTa umetesoba ambobs, rom arasodes moixmars am narkotiks samuSao Tu swavlis situaciaSi. es Tavad mwevelebs Soris ar aris miRebuli; anu, TviT im studentebisTvis, romlebisTvisac saRamos, megobrebTan erTad `planis~ moweva problema ar aris, leqciaze `dabolili~ misvla miuRebelia. rom SevajamoT: sanqciebs didi Sedegi ar moaqvs. kanabisis gamocdil momxmarebelTa didi nawili nakleb yuradRebas uTmobs kanons da mets _ Tavisi subkulturis normebsa da narkotikis moxmarebasTan dakavSirebul etikets. amitom, Tu formaluri narkopolitika araformalur, momxmarebelTa Soris ukve arsebul wesebs gaiTvaliswinebs, SeiZleba amas ufro hqondes efeqti. 9

ilustracia Tako baqraZe

foto leqso bregvaZe

gigi ugulavas Sexvedra Tbilisis mosaxleobasTan, 2009

politika

supermeri brundeba
mZlavri administraciuli resursisa da sruli media kontrolis pirobebSi Sansi, rom ugulava ar gaxdeba Tbilisis meri, erTaderTia _ Tu is am postze sakuTar kandidaturas ar daayenebs.
sofo bukia
`axla dRe da Rame mxolod imaze vfiqrob, rom inglisuris da kompiuteris kursebma gaamarTlos, sxva programebmac kargad imuSaos. es aris axla CemTvis yvelaze mTavari~, _ ase pasuxobs gigi ugulava kiTxvas _ vis miiCnevs is yvelaze Zlier konkurentad Tbilisis merobisTvis brZolaSi. Tbilisis meris kabineti 21-e sarTulzea, meriis axal misamarTze, Sartavas quCaze, axlad garemontebul SenobaSi, didi liftebiTa da sufTa derefnebiT. misi naTeli, komfortuli oTaxis Seminuli kedlebidan xelisguliviT moCans mtkvris marcxena sanapiro. samuSao magidasTan Tbilisis rukaa gakruli. `axla marto imaze vfiqrob, rogor Sevumsubuqo yofa Tbiliselebs~, _
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ambobs ugulava, romelic marTalia, jer araoficialurad, magram ukve sruli svliTaa CarTuli winasaarCevno kampaniaSi. mas unda, Tbilisis istoriaSi pirveli pirdapiri wesiT arCeuli meri gaxdes. gigi ugulava politikaSi pirvelad 6 wlis win gamoCnda. `vardebis revoluciis~ Sedegad mosul xelisuflebaSi misi pirveli samsaxuri iusticiis, Semdeg ki uSiSroebis saministroSi iyo. mas ministris moadgilis Tanamdeboba ekava. ramdenime Tvis ganmavlobaSi ugulava erT-erT yvelaze did da rTul regionSi, samegrelo-zemo svaneTSi prezidentis rwmunebuli iyo. swored am periodSi ganTavsda administraciul sazRvarze Sinagan saqmeTa saministros Zalebi, dainiSna

avtobusi galis raionis mosaxleobisTvis, aRdga Wuburxinjis regularuli Sexvedrebi. 2005 wlidan ugulava prezidentis administraciis ufrosi xdeba, ramdenime TveSi ki Tbilisis mers, zurab WiaberaSvils cvlis. am Tanamdebobaze daniSvnidan 1 TveSi ukve meri ugulava moskovSi miemgzavreba. vizitis oficialur mizezze xelisufleba ar saubrobda, Tumca mediaSi gaCnda informacia, rom ugulava moskovSi saqarTvelosa da ruseTis prezidentebs Soris Sexvedras amzadebda. Sexvedra marTlac Sedga _ ruseTis qalaq yazanSi dsT-s liderTa samitze. ugulavas iniciativa iyo aeroportisken mimavali trasisTvis jorj buSis saxelis darqmeva. 2005 wlidan ugulava ukve xelisuliberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

flebis warmomadgenelTa im patara jgufs miekuTvneba, vinc Sida politikaSi mniSvnelovan gadawyvetilebebs iRebs. `axali movlenaa patar-patara saxelisuflebo avtoritaruli kunZulebis gaCena calkeuli gavleniani pirebis garSemo. aseTebi arian calkeuli ministrebi _ Sinagan saqmeTa ministri [vano merabiSvili], Tavdacvis ministri [irakli oqruaSvili], Tbilisis meri [gigi ugulava] da kidev ramdenime~, _ ambobs daviT usufaSvili 2005 wels micemul interviuSi. gigi ugulava bolo dromde xelisuflebis saxeliT xSirad msjelobda yvelaze mwvave sakiTxebze _ maT Soris ruseTis (swored misi gadawyvetileba iyo, protestis niSnad, ruseTis sa-

Tqmis yvela sajaro gancxadeba ukve scildeboda Tbilisis meris kompetencias. ugulavas gansakuTrebuli samizne im dros oligarqi badri patarkaciSvili xdeba: `Cveni opozicia ara gabadrulia, aramed ubadrukia~, _ ganacxada ugulavam, `guSin me vuyurebdi, rogor Sescicinebdnen TvalebSi Cveni opoziciis liderebi patarkaciSvils da maT TvalebSi erT rames amoikiTxavdi: badri, momeci fuli~. ugulava patarkaciSvils ruseTis mier mxardaWerili revoluciis mowyobaSi amxelda. `patarkaciSvilis putCi saqarTveloSi ar gava, man ver moaxerxa da ver iyida qarTuli sporti, ver moaxerxa da ver Caijiba qarTuli biznesi, ver iyida qarTuli kultura, magram advilad SeZlo qar-

miani icvleba, iZens gamocdilebas, mec Sevicvale. mimaCnia, rom unda akeTo is saqme, risTvisac xalxma agirCia da risTvisac xelfass iReb da ara is, rac SeiZleba Sen mogwondes~. `nacionaluri politikiT zedmetad gatacebas~ uwodebs gigi ugulava sakuTar rols mediasTan urTierTobaSic. 2009 wlis zafxulamde ugulavas mediis saxelisuflebo kontrolic evaleboda. `rusTavi 2~-is yofili TanamSromlebi ar malaven, rom mwvave politikuri Temebis gaSuqebaze mimarTulebebs piradad ugulavasgan iRebdnen. masTan Tanxmdeboda ToqSous stumrebis vinaobac. Tavad ugulava ambobs, rom `medias ki ar akontrolebda, aramed sakuTari

sakuTar rols mediasTan urTierTobaSi gigi ugulava `nacionaluri politikiT zedmetad gatacebas” uwodebs.

elCosTvis gazis miwodebis Sewyveta 2006 wels), opoziciurad ganwyobili `inteligenciis~ da yvelaze xisti politikuri oponentebis Sesaxeb. prezidentTan piradad dapirispirebuli respublikuri partiis wevris, valeri gelaSvilis biznesinteresebis SeswavliT saparlamento umravlesoba mas Semdeg dainteresda, rac Tbilisis merma gigi ugulavam Tbilisis erT-erT skolaSi gaCenili xanZari im samSeneblo kompaniis interesebs daukavSira, romlis ukanac deputati gelaSvili idga. gelaSvilma ugulavas braldebebs maSin `ciliswameba“ uwoda. saqme imiT damTavrda, rom valeri gelaSvils deputatis imuniteti mouxsnes da mandati gauuqmes. ramdenime TviT adre niRbianma SeiaraRebulma pirebma politikoss sastikad scemes. es saqme dRemde ar aris gamoZiebuli, gelaSvili ki qarTuli politikidan wavida. ukve vilniusidan telekompania `imedTan“ satelefono saubrisas deputat valeri gelaSvilis gancxadebiT, is eWvobda, rom masze ganxorcielebuli Tavdasxmis ukan Tbilisis meri gigi ugulavac idga. 2007 wlis Semodgomis movlenebi ugulavasTvis, iseve rogorc xelisuflebis sxva maRalCinosnebisTvis, gansakuTrebiT daZabuli iyo. misi Tiliberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

Tuli opoziciis yidva~. meurnis imiji, romelic man winasaarCevnod moirgo, mwvave politikur Temebze msjelobas ar iTvaliswinebs. Tumca is, rom politikur Temebze saubari misTvis kvlav prioritetuli da saamayoa, axlac kargad Cans: sakuTari politikuri cxovrebis mTavar miRwevad 4-wliani staJis mqone Tbilisis meri aWaridan aslan abaSiZis gaZevebas miiCnevs. `Zalian aqtiurad viyavi CarTuli am procesebSi. rom ara es movlenebi, qveyana ver ganviTardeboda, yovel SemTxvevaSi, ase swrafad. swored amas mohyva axalqalaqidan da baTumidan ruseTis bazebis gayvana. rom ara maisis revolucia, aWara darCeboda saqarTvelos ekonomikaSi Sav xvrelad~, _ ambobs ugulava. mcire pauzis Semdeg is `swor~ pasuxsac amatebs: `mTavari miRwevaa is, rom Tbilisi aris ganaTebuli, usafrTxo, sufTa, keTilmowyobili~. intervius ganmavlobaSi gigi ugulavam samjer gaimeora, rom misi yvelaze didi Secdoma merobis dros nacionaluri politikiT zedmetad dakaveba iyo. `am 4-5 wlis ganmavlobaSi Cem yvelaze did minusad miviCnev imas, rom metad gadarTuli viyavi nacionaluri politikis sakiTxebze. Cemi saqme aris Tbilisi da Tbiliselebi. magram ada-

politikuri gundis mediasTan komunikaciaze pasuxismgebeli~ iyo, rac, misi TqmiT, Cveulebrivi praqtikaa yvela politikuri ZalisTvis. `Tqven ra, gikvirT rom politikosebi da Jurnalistebi erTmaneTs urekaven da informaciis gacvla xdeba? Toq-SouSi varCevdiT adamians, vis unda elaparaka gundis saxeliT. Tumca, es iyo adre da Cabarda warsuls. me maSin zedmetad gadaverTe nacionalur politikaSi, rac Cem minusad mimaCnia. Cemi saqme aris meroba, rac niSnavs konkretuli saqmeebis keTebas konkretuli adamianebisTvis~. es roli gigi ugulavam imdenad gaiTavisa, rom dRes lamis yvela konkretul saqmis gakeTebas pirdapir eTerSi Tavad cdilobs: mSenebelicaa, megzevec, eqimic, meezovec, advokatic, santeqnikosic da markSeideric. mzrunveli meurnis rolis SesrulebaSi mas is mravalricxovani proeqtebi exmareba, romlebic Tbilisis meriam mas Semdeg wamoiwyo, rac cnobili gaxda, rom gazafxulze adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebi gaimarTeba. am programebis garda, ukve amoqmedda is meqanizmebi, romlebsac xelisufleba yvela arCevnebis win mimarTavs _ saarCevno siebiT manipulireba, administraciuli muSakebis partiul
11

politika

agitatorebad gamoyeneba, amomrCevlis mosyidva. `oponentebis saqme is aris, rom damabralon administraciuli resursis winasaarCevno kampaniisTvis gamoyeneba. Cemi, rogorc moqmedi meris, saqme ki is aris, rom vimuSao~, _ pasuxobs ugulava kiTxvas, ukavSirdeba Tu ara meriis es hiperaqtivoba winasaarCevno samzadiss. gigi ugulavas kabinetSi, samuSao magidisa da komfortuli savarZlebis win didi plazmuri monitori dgas. meri ambobs, rom televizors TiTqmis arasdros rTavs. `televizors saerTod ar vuyureb _ arc sakabelos, arc arasakabelos, saerTod ar vuyureb, Tu damijerebT. rac vuyure, isic meyofa. axlac ubralod ise maqvs CarTuli, xma Caweulia~, _ ambobs igi.

10-lariani mateba, medikamentebis vauCerebi da SeRavaTebi mgzavrobisas; inglisurisa da kompiuteris kursebi; skolebisTvis biujetis gazrda; Tbiliselebis advokati; poliklinikis eqimebis ufaso gamoZaxeba; amxanagobis konkursi; darge xe; usafrTxo zamTari; parkireba; Zveli Tbilisis axali cxovreba _ am programebis absoluturi umravlesoba bolo ramdenime Tvea, daiwyo. maTi saerTo biujeti aTeulobiT milions aWarbebs. ZviradRirebuli da grZelvadiani kampaniis mizezi is aris, rom prizi marTlac didia. politologi gia nodia ambobs, rom gazafxulze daniSnuli TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebi saakaSvilis Semdgomi epoqisken gadadgmuli pirveli nabiji iqneba: `cxadia, TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebis Semdeg mTavari swored memkvidris Tema

miuRebeli sazogadoebisTvis, ar hyavT. mas uflebas aZleven, hqondes Tavisi korufciuli wre, kargad icxovros da materialurad kargad iyos. Tumca bokerias ufrosi ver gaxdeba verasodes da verc levan ramiSvilis~. meris pirdapiri wesiT arCevis gadawyvetileba xelisuflebidan pirvelma swored qalaqis moqmedma merma gaaxmovana. rogorc Tavad ambobs, nacionalur moZraobaSi es arapopularuli iniciativa misi ZalisxmeviT gavida. ugulavasTvis pirdapiri wesiT arCeva is riskia, romelic man aucileblad unda gawios. misTvis es ormagi brZolaa _ erTi mxriv, man xelisuflebisadmi tradiciulad kritikulad ganwyobil TbilisSi opoziciis yvela kandidati unda daamarcxos, meore mxriv ki, rogorc pirdapiri wesiT arCeulma xelisufalma, sakuTar po-

es ormagi brZolaa _ erTi mxriv, ugulavam opoziciis yvela kandidati unda daamarcxos, meore mxriv ki, sakuTar politikur gundSi unda gaimyaros poziciebi.
litikur gundSi kidev ufro unda gaimyaros poziciebi. gadamwyveti iqneba 2010 wlis arCevnebis Sedegebi mTavari opoziciuri kandidatis, gaero-Si yofili elCisTvis, irakli alasaniasTvisac, romelic ar malavs, rom meris posti `did politikaSi~ mosasvlelad sWirdeba. amisTvis alasaniam aucileblad unda moigos es arCevnebi, daamtkicos, rom prezidentobis yvelaze legitimuri opozicioneri kandidatia da amiT avansad aRebuli mxardaWera gaamarTlos. `ra giTxraT, me iraklis kargad vicnob, sakmaod didi xania da, simarTle giTxraT, ver gavige, ra unda. is Camoyalibebis da Ziebis procesSia~, _ ambobs ugulava. irakli alasanias Sesaxeb es misi yvelaze mwvave sajaro komentaria. konkurentebze qalaqis meri principulad ar saubrobs. mis nacvlad, merobis opozicioner msurvelebTan brZolaze sxvebi zrunaven. TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebis TariRis gamocxadebidan Zalian male qarTul media sivrceSi axali sakabelo arxi gamoCnda. `Real-TV~, romlis miTiuri menejeri Sss-s pressamsaxuris yofili ufrosi guram donaZea, mTavari samizne ki _ irakli alasania
liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

foto xatia fsuturi

gigi ugulavas Sexvedra Tbilisis mosaxleobasTan, 2009

televizors rom uyurebdes, gigi ugulava iq sakuTar Tavs Zalian xSirad naxavda. Tbilisis meriis iniciativebis Sesaxeb mosaxleobis informirebas sami centraluri da erTi sakabelo televizia uwyvet reJimSi uzrunvelyofs. sareklamo blokis didi nawilic im programebis mosaxleobamde mitanas eTmoba, rac meriis SenobaSi muSavdeba. mravalSviliani ojaxebis dasaqmebis programa; pensionerebisTvis pensiis
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gaxdeba. Tu ugulava gaimarjvebs, es imas niSnavs, rom saxelisuflebo gundSi mas prezidentobis kandidatad, mTavar memkvidred aRiqvamen. xolo Tu ugulavam es arCevnebi waago, is avtomaturad fuWdeba~. nacionaluri moZraobis yofili wevri daviT zurabiSvili ambobs, rom am etapze ugulavas garantirebuli aqvs xelisuflebis mxolod erTi nawilis mxardaWera, isic limitirebuli: `ramiSvili-bokerias gundSi sxva tipi, romelic ar iqneba kategoriulad

politika

da misi politikuri gundi. unda cxovrobdes Tu ara qalaqis meris ojaxi niu iorkSi? sakabelo televizia `Real-TV~ alasanias winaaRmdeg mimarTuli am cnobili kiTxvis dasmisas merobis saxelisuflebo kandidati ibneva. `ra siuJetze ambobT, arc vici. hipoTetur, araseriozul kiTxvebze pasuxi ar maqvs. visac rogor unda, ise icxovros. es plusia Tu minusi, xalxma unda gadawyvitos. Tu airCeven alasanias merad, ese igi plusia, Tu arada _ minusi~. merobis naklebad reitingul kandidatebs, romelTa erTaderTi roli am arCevnebSi, savaraudod, irakli alasaniasTvis Tundac erTi-ori xmis warTmevaa, nacionaluri telearxebi vrcel teleportretebs uZRvnian. erTmaneTis CasaZirad opoziciis SigniTac iclian. garda imisa, rom erTian kandidatze SeTanxmeba SeuZlebeli aRmoCnda, maT mier arCeuli samoqmedo gegmebi urTierTgamomricxavia da arCevnebamde 5 TviT adre mxolod amomrCevlis dabneulobas iwvevs. xelisuflebis mTavar kandidats aseTi problemebi ar aqvs. mas sakuTari gundidan winasaarCevno kampaniis dros erTsulovani moraluri da finansuri mxardaWera aqvs. ugulavas seriozulad ar vnebs arc erTi opoziciuri kandidatis kritika, jer erTi imitom, rom amas, `maestrosa~ da `kavkasiis~ mcirericxovani auditoriis garda, veravin igebs, meorec _ es kritika ar aris konkretuli faqtebiTa da mtkicebulebebiT gamyarebuli. arc erT opoziciur Zalas imis resursi ar aqvs, rom bolomde gamoikvlios is kanondarRvevebi, raSic SeiZleba ugulava monawileobdes da romelTa Sesaxeb mtkicebulebebis mopovebac realurad SesaZlebelia. qalaqis moqmed mers ar aqvs sabiujeto SezRudvebi _ administraciuli resursi mTlianad mis gankargulebaSia. sakuTari proeqtebisa da opoziciis sisusteebis reklamirebisTvis mas nacionaluri mediis SeuzRudavi eTeri aqvs. saarCevno kampaniis yvelaze aqtiuri faza jer kidev win aris. Tumca, gamarjvebisTvis aucilebeli politikuri gamocdileba, finansuri da administraciuli resursi, media mxardaWera da oponentebis sruli daqsaqsuloba am etapze mxolod erTi kandidatis sasargeblod muSaobs.
liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebi

winasaarCevno `amxanagoba~
Tbilisuri `amxanagobebi~ arCevnebis win gansakuTrebiT aqtiurdeba.
nino robaqiZe
korpusis~ TanadafinansebiT SegiZliaT SeakeToT korpusis lifti, saxuravi, Sida wyalkanalizacia“... _ weria qalaqis meriis vebgverdze. sacxovrebeli saxlebis saxuravebis SekeTebaSi `Tbilisis korpusi“ 70%-ze metiT monawileobs. asevea liftisa da Sida wyalkanalizaciis gayvanilobis SekeTebis SemTxvevaSic. mas Semdeg, rac qalaqSi ramdenime mravalbinian saxlze miSenebebi Camoingra, `Tbilisis korpusi“ msgavsi nagebobebis seismomdgradobis gansazRvris xarjebis 70%-sac uzrunvelyofs. es problemebi Tbilisis korpusebis umravlesobas exeba. daarsebis dRidan samsaxurma amxanagobebisgan miRebuli 8 320 gancxadeba daakmayofila, rac niSnavs, rom qalaqis bevr korpusSi mTeli rigi seriozuli problemebisa mogvarda. Tumca ganacxadebis umravlesobis ganxorcieleba, ise rogorc axali amxanagobebis daregistrireba, saxelisuflebo partiis winasaarCevno kampaniis periodebs emTxveva. dRemde aRricxvaze ayvanili 6 000 amxanagobidan 2 500-mde 2006 wels, TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebis wels daregistrirda da 2000-ze meti 2008 wels _ saprezidento da saparlamento arCevnebis wels. `TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebze bunkerebis da liftebis ambavi movagvareT, saparlamentoze ki ezoebi gagvilamazes _ saqanelebi bavSvebisTvis, skamebi da saTamaSo moednebi. axlac imedi gvaqvs, dagvexmareba meria“, _ uTxra `liberals“ amxanagobis Tavmjdomarem, romelic, miuxedavad imisa, rom mis naTqvamSi `verc cuds da verc saidumlos“ verafers xedavs, JurnalSi vinaobis gamxelaze mainc uars ambobs. im teqnikuri daxmarebis xarjebis garda, romelsac `Tbilisis korpusi“ aRricxvaze arsebul amxanagobebs uwevs, qalaqis biujetSi gawerilia proeqtis kidev ramdenime mTavari prioriteti da mimarTuleba _ qalaqis

`Cveni amxanagoba 2006 wels warmatebiT davaregistrireT meriaSi, `Tbilisis korpusSi“. axla korpusis keTilmowyobaze gancxadebas SevitanT. arCevnebamde uars araferze ar gvetyvian“, _ ambobs Tbilisis centraluri ubnis, saburTalos erT-erTi mravalsarTuliani sacxovrebeli korpusis binaTmesakuTreTa amxanagobis Tavmjdomare. is mezoblebma specialur krebaze airCies Tavmjdomared, Tumca mis garda am Tanamdebobis dakavebis sxva msurveli arc yofila. rogorc meriaSi `Tbilisis korpusis“ samsaxurSi gangvimartes, binaTmesakuTreTa amxanagobis Tavmjdomareoba araanazRaurebadi poziciaa, magram Cveni respondenti gasamrjelos mainc iRebs: `yovelTviuri xelfasi ar maqvs, magram xan arCevnebia, xan remontia _ raRac gamoCndeba xolme ufrosobisgan“. `ufrosobaSi“ amxanagobis Tavmjdomare nacionaluri moZraobis adgilobrivi organizaciis xelmZRvanelebs gulisxmobs _ ukve ramdenime welia, rac is partiis aqtivistia. `Tbilisis korpusisgan“ binaTmesakuTreTa amxanagobebis Tavmjdomareebs xelfasi ar ericxebaT. qalaq Tbilisis meriis samoqalaqo monawileobisa da integraciis saqalaqo samsaxuri `Tbilisis korpusi“ 2004 wlis 9 ivniss Seiqmna da ukve 6 000 amxanagoba daaregistrira. `Tu Tqveni amxanagoba dgas aRricxvaze da gyavT aqtiuri, energiuli Tavmjdomare, `Tbilisis

ilustracia sofo kirTaZe

13

politika

masStabiT maqsimalurad bevri binaTmesakuTreTa amxanagobis Seqmna, binaTmesakuTreTa amxanagobis kavSiris dafinanseba, binaTmesakuTreTa amxanagobebis TavmjdomareebisaTvis seminarebis mowyoba, mosaxleobis sainformacio uzrunvelyofisTvis saWiro bukletebis gamoSveba. yvelaferi es ki `TavisTavad, samoqalaqo sazogadoebis Camoyalibebis myari garantiaa“, _ ambobs `Tbilisis korpusis“ ufrosis moadgile kaxa guruli. Zneli misaxvedria, ramdenad exmareba es RonisZiebebi samoqalaqo sazogadoebis Camoyalibebas, Tumca ukve TvalsaCinoa, ramden xmas moutans damatebiT `Tbilisis korpusis“ aqtiuroba qalaqis mers TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebSi. 2009 wels `Tbilisis korpuss“ TanamSromlebic moemata, biujetic gaezarda da formirebis procesSia 2010 wlis biujeti, romlis prioritetebi TiTqmis ar Secvlila. garda gegmiuri RonisZiebebisa, `Tbilisis korpusi“ iseT aqciebSic iRebs monawileobas, romelTa organizatoric ar aris da Sesabamisad biujetSic ar iTvaliswinebs. sul cota xnis win garemos dacvisa da bunebrivi resursebis saministrom patriarqis locva-kurTxeviT daiwyo proeqti `darge xe! gaamwvane Seni garemo!~ gamwvanebis es aqcia regionebTan erTad dedaqalaqis gamwvanebasac gulisxmobs. dedaqalaqSi ki goga xaCiZis uwyebas `Tbilisis korpusi“ exmareba: `Cven davexmareT amxanagobebs, organizebulad mieRoT nergebi da gaemwvanebinaT maTi sacxovrebeli saxlebis ezoebi“, _ ganacxades `Tbilisis korpusSi“. am aqciaSi TviT qalaqis moqmedi meri gigi ugulavac iyo CarTuli, romelic garemos dacvisa da bunebrivi resursebis ministrTan erTad gardabnis municipalitetis sofel sarTiWalis sanerge meurneobasac estumra da specialurad aqciisTvis gamoyvanili jiSebi daaTvaliera. gigi ugulava sapatriarqos da saministros dedaqalaqisa da misi Semogarenis gamwvanebaSi exmareba, Tavis mxriv ki `Tbilisis korpusi“ qalaqis mers exmareba aqciis operatiulad ganxorcielebasa da eqskluziuri winasaarCevno kampaniis warmarTvaSi.

Sexvedra kremlSi
interviu `moZraoba samarTliani saqarTvelosTvis~ liderTan,

zurab noRaidelTan

`minda, saqarTvelos mTelma mosaxleobam icodes, rom me ruseTTan urTierTobis aRdgenas da dalagebas vcdilob. amas ar vakeTeb partizanulad da Cumad. es Ria da sajaro politikis nawilia~.

rogor momzadda vladimir putinTan Sexvedra? visi iniciativa iyo da ra etapebis gavla mogiwiaT, rom es Sexvedra Semdgariyo? pirveli iniciativa _ moskovSi Casvlis da rusebTan dialogis dawyebis _ Cemi iyo. maSin Sexvedrebi ruseTis sagareo saqmeTa saministroSi da ruseTis saxelmwifo saTaTbiroSi mqonda. amave vizitis dros daviwyeT muSaoba Единая Россия-sTan. Semdeg iyo meore etapi, mesame da bolos _ Sexvedrebi ukve grizlovTan da putinTan. putinTan Sexvedra ki kremlidan iyo inicirebuli. Cvenc ki vmuSaobdiT am mimarTulebiT, magram ar gvegona, Tu jer amis dro mosuli iyo. yvelaferi quTaisSi `didebis memorialis~ afeTqebam daaCqara _ es ruseTSi Zalian mwvaved aRiqves. am momentSi Cveni politikuri moZraoba saqarTve-

`aravis unda hqondes imedi, rom ruseTi daafiqsirebs Tavis pozicias konkretuli politikosisadmi. vfiqrob, es produqtiuli ar iqneba~.

lodan erTaderTi iyo, romelic ruseTTan dialogis procesSi iyo CarTuli. amis Sesaxeb, rogorc Cans, ruseTis premiermac icoda da ase Sedga es Sexvedra. Sexvedra rom daigegma, amis Sesaxeb gavige grizlovTan molaparakebebis dros. Tumca eWvi ukve mqonda _ wina dRiT batoni kosaCovi damikavSirda da miTxra, _ baton grizlovTan partiis StabbinaSi Sexvedris Semdeg kidev
liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

14

foto Temo barZimaSvili

interviu

erTi Sexvedraa dagegmilio. maSin ukve mivxvdi, ra `kidev erTi Sexvedra~ SeiZleboda yofiliyo grizlovis Semdeg. ruseTis premier-ministrTan Sexvedraze ra sakiTxebi ganixileT? ganvixileT mxolod `didebis memorialTan~ dakavSirebuli sakiTxebi. Sexvedra Zalian mokle iyo _ daaxloebiT 5 wuTi kamerebis win da Semdeg mxolod 3 wuTi, meti ara. visaubreT konkretul sakiTxebze _ sad unda idges memoriali moskovSi da ra unda gakeTdes imisTvis, rom es yvelaferi droulad moxdes. sxva sakiTxebze arc gadavsulvarT. putinma specialurad araferi Tqva saqarTvelos dRevandel xelisuflebasa da saakaSvilze. miTxra, _ am sakiTxze saubari arc Sen mogewoneboda da arc Cveno. xom ar fiqrobT, rom vladimir putins TqvenTan Sexvedra mxolod sakuTari piarisTvis sWirdeboda? politikosebi yvela Sexvedras, miT umetes kamerebis win gamarTuls, aucileblad Tavisi piarisTvis iyeneben. mec vmonawileobdi am SexvedraSi da mec viyenebdi amas Cemi piarisTvis. araferi maqvs dasamali _ mindoda, rom aseTi Sexvedra Semdgariyo. minda, saqarTvelos mTelma mosaxleobam icodes, rom me ruseTTan urTierTobis aRdgenas da dalagebas vcdilob. amas ar vakeTeb partizanulad da Cumad. es Ria da sajaro politikis nawilia. vici xalxis ganwyoba _ mosaxleobis umravlesoba darwmunebulia, rom ruseTTan mtroba unda davamTavroT da avawyoT normaluri urTierTobebi. am Temaze raime kvleva Cautarebia Tqven politikur moZraobas? kvleva Cagvitarebia da es kvlevis gareSec Zalian kargad Cans. kvlevebi Cautarebia saakaSvilsac da mSvenivrad icis misi Sedegebi. me roca putins vxvdebodi, im diliT `exo moskvisTvis~ micemul interviuSi saakaSvilma ilaparaka ruseTTan dialogis aRdgenis aucileblobaze; anu gamodis, rom dialogis aRdgena aucilebelia,
liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

cudi mxolod is aris, rom putins me Sevxvdi. Cem mier miRweuli Sedegi uSlis am xalxs nervebs, Torem ruseTTan dialogis aucileblobaze ukve daiwyes laparaki. Tqven am vizitebis dros ar warmoadgenT saqarTvelos mTavrobas. ra konkretuli cvlilebebi SeiZleba mohyves Tqven, rogorc opoziciis erT-erTi lideris, Sexvedrebs ruseTis mTavrobasTan? ori amocanaa: erTi, ase vTqvaT, grZelvadiani _ gavagebinoT maT, rom saqarTvelos mosaxleobis didi nawili da garkveuli politikuri Zalebi cdiloben ruseTTan urTierTobebis dalagebas da dRevandeli mtrobis Sewyvetas. saqarTvelos mosaxleobas unda ruseTTan urTierTobis awyoba, ara rogorc mterTan, aramed rogorc partniorTan, an rogorc moyvaresTan _ Tu es SesaZlebeli iqneba. minda, dResve icodes soxummac, cxinvalmac da moskovmac, Tu ra iqneba is sakiTxebi, romelzec mTavrobaSi mosvlis Semdeg pirvel rigSi vilaparakebT. pirveli _ unda Sewydes omi da omis ganaxlebis safrTxe. mniSvnelovania, rom es SeTanxmeba Sedges da Sesabamisi garantiebi Seiqmnas. meore _ unda aRdges ekonomikuri urTierTobebi da mimosvla. cxadia, kargad gvesmis, rom am saqmeSi ruseTis roli didia. gvesmis, rom veraviTar SemTxvevaSi ver movilaparakebT verc cxinvalTan da verc soxumTan, Tu ruseTi amis kategoriuli winaaRmdegi iqneba. cxadia, molaparakebebi warmatebiT ver dasruldeba, Tu ruseTma ar mogvca am molaparakebebis warmatebiT dasrulebis Sansi. amis garda, aris oTxi sakiTxi, romelsac Cven axla ganvixilavT. pirveli _ rogorc xedavT, tirZniseli mozardebi da erTi SavSveTeli skolis moswavle ukve saxlSi arian. meore sakiTxi iyo aviamimosvlis aRdgena. esec gadawyvetilebis miRebis procesSia. mesame sakiTxia _ eqsportis aRdgena, jerjerobiT am sakiTxze gadawyvetileba miRebuli ar aris, Tumca ruseTis prezidentma ukve

ganacxada, rom ar aris gamoricxuli dadebiTi gadawyvetilebis miReba, Tundac saakaSvilis mTavrobis pirobebSi. meoTxe sakiTxi aris ruseTSi mcxovrebi saqarTvelos moqalaqeebis registracia. daaxloebiT naxevari milioni Cveni moqalaqe cxovrobs ruseTSi da isini saqarTvelos amomrCevelTa siebSi arian. mTavrobis mier am xmebis jibeSi Cadeba saakaSvils did upiratesobas aZlevs da axla araviTar SemTxvevaSi ar gvinda, es davuSvaT. molaparakebebis procesSi daTmobebi orive mxridan unda iyos. im oTx sakiTxze, romelic Tqven axseneT, daTmoba mxolod rusul mxares uwevs. rogor fiqrobT, ras elian isini Tqvengan sanacvlod? Tu Tqveni xelisuflebaSi dabruneba ruseTis interesebSi iqneba, isargeblebT maTi mxardaWeriT? mgoni, aravis unda hqondes imedi, rom ruseTi mkafiod daafiqsirebs Tavis pozicias romelime konkretuli politikosis misamarTiT. vfiqrob, es maincdamainc produqtiulic ar iqneba da, Cemi azriT, es srulebiTac ar aris saWiro. saqarTvelos politikaSi nebismieri cvlileba saqarTveloSi unda ganxorcieldes. es arc CrdiloeTSi unda gadawydes da arc dasavleTSi. miuxedavad amisa, vfiqrob, Zalian swori da adekvaturi iqneba, Tu ruseTi mkafiod Camoayalibebs pozicias konkretul sakiTxebze da Cvenc mkafiod CamovayalibebT pozicias amave sakiTxebze. sxvanairad, problemebi ver mogvardeba da arc unda mogvardes. xSirad vsvam am kiTxvas _ Cven mier ruseTis mxaresTan gansaxilveli oTxi sakiTxidan romelze fiqrobT, rom ar unda ganvixiloT? yvela ambobs, rom oTxive sakiTxis ganxilva aucilebelia. saboloo jamSi gamodis, rom problema mxolod isaa, rom am sakiTxebs me ganvixilav. me ratom movifiqre da ratom davaswari sxvebs amis ganxilva? me ratom var sxvebze Wkviani? sakiTxis ase dasma xom sisulelea. ruseTTan urTierToba viRa15

interviu

cis eqskluzivi ver iqneba. imedi maqvs, rom sxva politikosebic gadadgamen am nabijs. Tanac gamoCnda, rom es arc ise saxifaTo yofila. me suleli ki ar var _ vici, ras vakeTeb. Tu vinmes eSinia qveynisTvis mniSvnelovani da saWiro gadawyvetilebebis miReba, es misi problemaa, Cemi problema ar aris. ra roli gqondaT tirZniseli mozardebis gaTavisuflebis procesSi? jer kidev Cemi ruseTSi vizitis dros SevTanxmdiT, rom ruseTis saxalxo damcveli, vladimir lukini Cavidoda cxinvalSi da gaerkveoda am problemaSi. me gamovTqvi mzadyofna, rom Tu SesaZlebloba iqneboda, mec Cavidodi cxinvalSi. saboloo jamSi, asec moxda da, madloba RmerTs, moswavleebi tirZnisidan da SavSvebidan dRes saxlSi arian da axal wels da Sobas mSoblebTan erTad Sexvdebian. anu, rogor moxda es _ dagirekes da giTxres, _ CamodiT, Cven mzad varT gavaTavisufloT mozardebio? 18 dekembris saRamos damirekes `edinaia rosiadan~ da mTxoves mecnobebina, kvlav mzad viyavi Tu ara am sakiTxze TanamSromlobisTvis. me vuTxari, rom cxadia, mzad var _ rad unda amas laparaki. miTxres, rom saWiro

iyo Cemi cxinvalSi Casvla da iq SexvedrebSi monawileoba. cxadia, uari ar miTqvams, didi siamovnebiT gamovTqvi Tanxmoba. daaxloebiT naxevar saaTSi damireka daviT sanakoevma, (TviTgamocxadebuli samxreTi oseTis respublikis saxalxo damcveli _ avt.) da miTxra, rom meore dRes 10 saaTze eduard kokoiTisTan Sexvedra igegmeboda. molaparakebebi praqtikulad aRarc Sedga, radgan Sexvedris dasawyisSive eduard kokoiTim gamoacxada, rom ara marto tirZnisel mozardebs, aramed SavSveTel giorgi arCvaZesac gauSvebda. rogorc Cans, es gadawyvetileba mas ukve miRebuli hqonda. albaT wina dRes ukve hqonda Sesabamisi saubari vladimir lukinTan. Zalian didi iyo am saqmeSi Tomas hamerbergis roli. es kaci aTjer mainc aris namyofi cxinvalSi da cxadia, mas es ar unda

davukargoT. Tumca, aqve vityvi, rom damTavrda is dro, roca me raRac saqmes gavakeTebdi da qulebs sxvebs davuTmobdi. me var sajaro politikaSi da yvela Cem gakeTebul saqmes me miviwer da mec gavikeTeb piars. amaSi dasaZraxi araferia. ras etyodiT im oponentebs, vinc fiqrobs, rom Tqveni vladimir putinTan Sexvedra saxelmwifo interesebis sawinaaRmdego nabijia? aseTi adamiani Zalian cotaa. imas, visac hqonda pretenzia ruseTSi Cem vizitebTan dakavSirebiT, SeniSvna jer kidev oqtomberSi unda moeca _ roca me pirvelad Cavedi moskovSi. problema axla ratom Seiqmna? imitom, rom Sevxvdi putins, anu gavikvale gza moskovSi da Cemi vizitebi warmatebebulia? iqneb imitom, rom vladimir putini yvelaze metad asocirdeba ruseTsaqarTvelos omTan da am omis dawyebis brZanebis gacemasTan? masTan asocirdeba da sxvebTan ar asocirdeba? masTan Sexvedra ar SeiZleba da sxvebTan dialogi SeiZleba? Cven Tu ruseTTan dialogi gvinda, unda velaparakoT im xalxs, vinc ruseTSi gadawyvetilebas iRebs da visac konkretuli problemebis mogvareba SeuZlia. me minda, mWirdeba produqtiuli vizitebi da am mimarTulebiT swori nabijebi gadavdgi. es imaTac kargad ician, vinc SeniSvnebs iZleva. yvela is amocana, rac dasaxuli mqonda am SemodgomisTvis, miRweulia. Tundac im TvalsazrisiT, rom Cven varT yuradRebis centrSi. praqtikulad, mTeli saqarTvelo Cvenze laparakobs. aqamde mxardamWerebis mosapoveblad xalxSi davdiodiT. bolo Tvenaxevaria da, gansakuTrebiT bolo 10 dRe, xdeba is, rac vaRiareb, arasdros momxdara: xalxi Tavad modis Cven ofisSi, modis aTeulobiT. Cven gvyavs seriozuli mxardamWerebi da am process vigebT. sinamdvileSi amaze eSleba nervebi yvelas. esaubra sofo Waava
liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

`damTavrda is dro, roca me raRac saqmes gavakeTebdi da qulebs sxvebs davuTmobdi. me var sajaro politikaSi da yvela Cem gakeTebul saqmes me miviwer da mec gavikeTeb piars~.

tirZniseli mozardebi cxinvalidan noRaidelma gamoiyvana, 19 dekemberi 2009

16

foto aleqsandre SarvaZe

no 11 (20) dekemberi 2008

Semdegi nomeri gamova 2009 wlis TebervalSi

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omis xangrZlivi eqo
no 1 (21) Tebervali 2009

aramomgebiani klienturis marTvis gzebi
Targmani: uiliam paundstouni rogor gadavdgaT fuZis mTa

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imaJineria: uolt disneis dagegmarebis strategia warmatebis receptebi: aqtiuri mosmenis unar-Cveva

prioritetebis ZiebaSi
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lurji okeanis `firma-gazelebi~ kreatiulobis kvleva damokidebulebis Zala korporacia Tu saojaxo biznesi: italia petropolitikis pirveli kanoni

kreatiuloba da lideris roli
Targmani: uiliam paundstouni liam rogor gadavdgaT fuZis mTa a
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mxatvruli filmis marketingi scenaridan salaros fanjaramde korporacia Tu saojaxo biznesi: Cinuri samyaro da saojaxo biznesi

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mTavari Tema:
no 4 (24) maisi 2009

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dasaqmebis gareSe siRaribis pirispir
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2009 wlis mowinave ideebi lis mowi i mowinave ideebi owinave
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rogor SevcvaloT masebis qceva gor i adamianuri bunebis energiis meSveobiT

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rogor SevcvaloT momxmareblis damokidebuleba? korporacia Tu saojaxo biznesi: safrangeTi

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safrTxe sursaTis usafrTxoebisTvis
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didi oTxwledis molodinSi
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The Black Sea Trust for Regional Cooperation

foto Temo barZimaSvili

statia dafinansebulia amerikis SeerTebuli Statebis German Marshal Fund-is proeqtis The Black Sea Trust-is mier. am publikaciaSi gamoTqmuli Sexedulebebi da mosazrebebi ar aris aucilebeli, gamoxatavdes German Marshal Fund-is, The Black Sea Trust-is da misi partniorebis Sexedulebebs.
`didebis memorialis~ demontaJi, quTaisi 19 dekemberi 2009

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liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

Jurnalisturi gamoZieba

tragediis memoriali
monumentis demontaJs msxverpli mohyva, rac, savaraudod, afeTqebis TariRis moulodnelad Secvlisa da policiis mier teritoriis araprofesionalurad gakontrolebis mizeziT moxda. Tumca, dakavebuli ar aris arc erTi saxelmwifo moxele an policieli.
maia mecxvariSvili

liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

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Jurnalisturi gamoZieba

19 dekembers, quTaisSi irakli abaSiZis quCaze ezodan xmis gamaZliereblebiT daiZaxes, rom saxli yvelas saswrafod unda daetovebina. eka cucxvaSvili mcirewlovan SvilebTan erTad rvasarTuliani korpusis ezoSi Cavida da erT-erT avtofarexTan Sekrebil mezoblebs SeuerTda. zustad 16:00 saaTze, afeTqebis xma gaisma da ramdenime aseul metrSi mdebare `didebis memoriali~ mosaxleobis Tvalwin waiqca. Tumca, afeTqebasTan erTad abaSiZis quCis am ezoSi saSineli kivili gaisma _ memorialis betonis TaRis namsxvrevebi korpusebis mimarTulebiT didi siCqariT gadmoiyara da eka cucxvaSvili da misi erT-erTi Svili imsxverpla. amave korpusSi mcxovrebi irakli jinWaraZe, romelic afeTqebisas miRebul dazianebebs am dromde saavadmyofoSi mkurnalobs, ixsenebs: `ezoSi videqi, binis ukan da gaisma Tu ara afeTqebis xma, wamovida qvebis wvima da wina rigSi vinc videqiT, kinaRam yvela wagviRo. me Semobruneba movaswari da zurgSi momxvda qva~. abaSiZis quCaze mcxovrebni amboben, rom maTi gafrTxileba municipalitetis da policiis TanamSromlebma afeTqebamde ramdenime saaTiT adre daiwyes: `movida policia, _ dacaleT saxlebio, afeTqeba iqnebao. problema ar iqneba, oRond gareT gamodiT da fanjrebi Ria datoveTo. marTlac, gamovediT gareT da sul naxevar saaTSi atyda wivil-kivili iqiT ezoSi. vin saiT garboda da ra panika iyo, eniT ver aRvwer~, _ ixsenebs malvina TediaSvili. merab berZeniSvilis mier agebuli meore msoflio omSi daRupuli mebrZolebis `didebis memorialis~ demontaJi quTaisSi 12 dekembers daiwyo. iq dasaqmebuli muSebis informaciiT, Zegli 21 dekembers, prezidentis dabadebis dRes unda aefeTqebinaT. aseTi direqtiva hqondaT maT damqiraveblebisgan. adgilobrivi Jurnalistebi quTaisis TviTmmarTvelobis warmomadgenlebs 12 dekembersve daukavSirdnen. meriis kulturis samsaxuris ufrosi gizo TavaZe, sakrebulos Tavmjdomaris moadgile Tamaz margvelaSvili da sakre20

bulos umravlesobis lideri kaxa nemsiwveriZe maSin acxadebdnen, rom ZeglTan dakavSirebiT informacias ar flobdnen. maT arc is icodnen, Tu vin miiRo memorialis demontaJis Sesaxeb gadawyvetileba. pirveli oficialuri ganmarteba 18 dekembers quTaisis meris movaleobis Semsrulebelma zaza nucubiZem gaakeTa: `Zeglis demontaJs moiTxovs parlamentis mSenebloba. mTavrobis gankargulebiT, quTaisisTvis gamoyofilia Tanxa, romelic uSualod am parlamentis Senobis aSenebis, daproeqtebis, demontaJis da sxva mosamzadebeli samuSaoebisTvisaa saWiro~. arc adgilobriv da arc centraluri mTavrobis warmomadgenlebs JurnalistebisTvis sxva informacia ar miuwodebiaT. cnoba afeTqebis da msxverplis Sesaxeb nacionalur arxebze maleve daibloka. deda-Svilis sikvdilis mizezad quTaisis maJoritarma deputatma akaki boboxiZem maTive gaufrTxilebloba daasaxela. telearxebze quTaisis mosaxleobac tragediis am versias `iziarebda~.

Tumca, naCveneb kadrebSi adgilobriv mosaxleobas abaSiZis quCis erT-erTi korpusis amxanagobis Tavmjdomare da nacionaluri moZraobis aqtivisti, rusudan gurgeniZe warmoadgenda. gurgeniZe acxadebda, rom policiam da municipalitetis TanamSromlebma mosaxleoba 10 dRiT adre gaafrTxiles mosalodneli afeTqebis Taobaze. `magram ar davemorCileT am gafrTxilebas da aman gamoiwvia es ubedureba~, _ aRniSna man. afeTqebisas momxdari tragediis Semdeg meriasa da Semsrulebel firmebs Soris gaformebuli xelSekrulebebi da Sesabamisi brZanebebi sagamoZiebo masalad CaiTvala da JurnalistebisTvis daixura. swored am dokumentaciidan (romelic saqmeSi CarTuli arasajaro pirisgan movipoveT) irkveva, rom quTaisSi memorialis demontaJi saqarTvelos mTavrobis 2009 wlis 9 dekembris #915 gankargulebis safuZvelze daiwyo, romelsac xels saqarTvelos premier-ministri nika gilauri awers.

visi gadawyvetileba iyo afeTqebis TariRis gadmoweva, amaze xelisuflebidan aravin laparakobs. araoficialuri versiiT, mTavrobam Zeglis moulodnelad dangreva mas Semdeg gadawyvita, rac `didebis memorialis~ demontaJs quTaisSi oponentebi gamouCnda.

deda-Svili cucxaSvilebis dakrZalva, quTaisi 2009

liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

foto Temo barZimaSvili

Jurnalisturi gamoZieba

`q. quTaisSi parlamentis axali Senobis daproeqtebis, samSeneblo moedanze arsebuli Senoba-nagebobebis demontaJis, seismuri da geologiuri kvlevebis Catarebis mizniT, saqarTvelos finansTa saministrom `saqarTvelos 2009 wlis saxelmwifo biujetis Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanoniT gaTvaliswinebuli saqarTvelos regionebSi gansaxorcielebeli proeqtebis fondidan TviTmmarTveli qalaqi quTaisis merias gamouyos 5 milioni lari~, _ weria gankargulebaSi. imave gankargulebaSi miTiTebulia, rom samuSaoebis maqsimalurad mokle vadebSi SesrulebisTvis saxelmwifo Sesyidvebi unda ganxorcieldes erT pirTan molaparakebis saSualebiT, xolo gankargulebis Sesrulebaze kontroli imereTis gubernators mixeil CogovaZes da saqarTvelos finansTa saministros daevalaT. 5 milioni lari quTaisis biujetis angariSze 11 dekembers Cairicxa. Zeglis demontaJi 12

dekembridan daiwyo. samuSaoebs Tbilisuri firma `saqfeTqmrewvi~ da quTaisuri `litokonstruqcia~ awarmoebdnen. Tumca, rogorc irkveva, am dros am firmebTan xelSekrulebebi gaformebuli ar iyo. kontraqtebi quTaisis meriam 16 dekembers gaaforma, Tumca ara `saqfeTqmrewvTan~ da `litokonstruqciasTan~, aramed _ Sps `saqmilsadenmSenTan~. xelSekrulebis mixedviT, kompaniebs daevalaT `q. quTaisSi, saqarTvelos parlamentis axali Senobis mSeneblobisTvis gamoyofil teritoriaze, irakli abaSiZis quCaze didebis memorialis demontaJis, Sesabamisi samuSoebisa da miRebuli narCenebis gatanis uzrunvelyofis (50km-s farglebSi) ganxorcieleba~. am samuSaosTvis Sps `saqmilsadenmSens~ 600 aTasi lari unda mieRo biujetidan. xelSekrulebis Tanaxmad, `saqmilsadenmSeni~ iZleva garantias, rom Seasrulebs samuSaos efeqturad da Tanamedrove standartebis Sesabamisad, dadgenili normebis dacviT.

`Cven burRva-afeTqebiTi samuSaoebis warmoebis aranairi gamocdileba ar gagvaCnia, magram meriam gvTxova, rom CvenTan gaformebuliyo xelSekruleba, radgan `saqfeTqmrewvi~ Tbilisuri firma iyo da Cven _ adgilobrivi. meriaSi xelSekrulebis gasaformeblad rom mivedi, maT ukve SerCeuli hyavdaT firmebi, romlebsac Cven gavuformeT kontraqtebi: `saqfeTqmrewvTan~ kontraqti gaformda 91 700 larze Zeglis afeTqebisTvis, xolo `litokonstruqciasTan~ _ 2000 larze, radgan maT ubralod muSebi gamoyves Zeglidan liTonis konstruqciis Camosaxsnelad. am firmebTan manamde aranairi urTierToba ar gvqonia~, _ ambobs `saqmilsadenmSenis~ direqtori avTandil lomTaZe. misi informaciiT, firmebis SerCevisa da Zeglis demontaJis process imereTis gubernatori mixeil CogovaZe uSualod xelmZRvanelobda. avTandil lomTaZe ixsenebs, rom Zeglis afeTqeba 21 dekembrisTvis

meore msoflio omis veteranebi , quTaisi 2009

liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

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foto Temo barZimaSvili

Jurnalisturi gamoZieba

daigegma. (am informacias abaSiZis quCis mcxovreblebic adasturebdnen. maTi TqmiT, policiam isini ramdenime dRiT adre gaafrTxila, rom memorials 21 dekembers aafeTqebdnen). `ar vici, ratom aafeTqes 19-Si, es moulodnelad moxda. me TbilisSi viyavi im dRes da rom Camovedi, Zegli ukve afeTqebuli iyo. prokuraturam mec damkiTxa. maT ainteresebdaT, Tu vin iyo teritoriidan xalxis gayvanaze pasuxismgebeli, razec vupasuxe, rom amaze pasuxismgeblobas iRebda municipaliteti~, _ ambobs `saqmilsadenmSenis~ direqtori avTandil lomTaZe. Semsrulebel firmasTan xelSekrulebas, meriis saxeliT, xels awers meris pirveli moadgile zaza nucubiZe (im droisTvis meris movaleobis Semsrulebeli), romelmac 24 dekembers, oficialuri informaciiT, sakuTari gancxadebis safuZvelze Tanamdeboba datova. tragediidan 6 saaTSi prezidentma saakaSvilma momxdarze politikuri pasuxismgebloba imereTis gubernators mixeil CogovaZes daakisra. prezidentis administraciis presspikerma manana manjgalaZem pirdapir eTerSi auwya mosaxleobas, rom mixeil saakaSvilma Tanamdebobidan gaaTavisufla mixeil CogovaZe. (Tumca, gubernatoris administraciuli samsaxuris ufrosis zeinab xaCiZis informaciiT, mixeil CogovaZem piradi gancxadebis safuZvelze datova Tanamdeboba). prezidentma CogovaZis pasuxismgeblobis sakiTxi erT-erT satelevizio interviuSi ase ganmarta: `rwmunebuli aris Tvali da yuri prezidentis. yvela SemTxvevaSi, is aris pasuxismgebeli, aris Tu ara piradad misi uSualo monawileoba. imitom, rom is aris iq, adgilze. netav me vyofiliyavi iq, me ufro davinaxavdi raRacas~. afeTqebis Sedegad deda-Svilis daRupvis saqmeze sami eWvmitanilia dakavebuli. samive ss `saqfeTqmrewvis~ TanamSromelia _ teqnikuri direqtori avTandil darsaveliZe, romelic prokuraturis informaciiT, usafrTxoebis normebis dacvaze iyo pasuxismgebeli; ubnis ufrosebi elguja gabadaZe da Tengiz daraxveliZe, romelic
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sasamarTlom 5000-lariani giraos gadaxdis Sedegad gaaTavisufla. samive maTgans brali edeba 240-e muxlis meore nawiliT gaTvaliswinebul danaSaulSi. saqmes saqarTvelos mTavari prokuratura ikvlevs. pirveli gancxadeba mTavarma prokurorma murTaz zodelavam 19 dekembersve gaakeTa: `2009 wlis 19 dekembers, quTaisis municipalitetis dakveTiT, kerZo kompania ss `saqfeTqmrewvma~ Caatara sademontaJo samuSao, rasac mohyva msxverpli. winaswari monacemebiT, tragediis mizezi gaxda usafrTxoebis wesebis darRveva~. mogvianebiT prokuraturam momxdari ubeduri SemTxvevis mizezebi ase axsna: `maT ar gansazRvres usafrTxoebis zona, ris gamoc, mosaxleobis evakuireba ganxorcielda 211-metrian radiusze, normativebiT gansazRvruli, minimum, 300-metriani radiusis nacvlad. tragikuli SemTxveva ki swored asafeTqebeli obieqtidan 273,5 metrSi dafiqsirda. garda amisa, samuSaoTa mwarmoeblebi valdebulebi iyvnen, asafeTqebeli moedani SemoefarglaT specialurad momzadebuli safari nagebobebiT, e.w. miwayrilebiT. es moTxovnac mxolod nawilobriv iqna daculi. kerZod, 9-10 metris simaRlis miwayrilis nacvlad, gakeTda mxolod 4 metris simaRlis safari, rac ar iyo sakmarisi afeTqebis Sedegad gamotyorcnili qanebis Sesakaveblad. sagamoZiebo jgufis winaswari daskvniT, swored zemoT CamoTvlili faqtorebi gaxda tragediis ZiriTadi mizezi~. dakavebulebi prokuraturis mier wayenebul brals ar aRiareben. Jurnalist nana leJavasTan satelefono interviuSi eWvmitanili daraxveliZe ambobs, rom miwayrilebis amaRleba `saqfeTqmrewvma~ imitom ver moaxerxa, rom damkveTma sakmarisi dro ar dautova. kiTxvaze, Tu vin gasca brZaneba, afeTqeba 21-is nacvlad, 19 dekembers momxdariyo, daraxveliZe konkretul pirovnebas ar asaxelebs, Tumca ambobs, rom `zari municipalitetidan iyo~. `19Si miviReT seismologiuri daskvna. faqtobrivad veRar vaswrebdiT verafers. drois faqtorma gadawyvita is, rom ver movaxerxeT im

miwayrilebis aweva~, _ ambobs daraxveliZe. visi gadawyvetileba iyo afeTqebis TariRis gadmoweva, amaze xelisuflebidan aravin laparakobs. araoficialuri versiiT, mTavrobam Zeglis moulodnelad dangreva mas Semdeg gadawyvita, rac `didebis memorialis~ demontaJs quTaisSi oponentebi gamouCnda. `Cven 18 dekembers gamovacxadeT, rom 21 dekembers quTaisSi gaimarTeboda didi saprotesto aqcia memorialis afeTqebasTan dakavSirebiT, rasac meore dRes mohyva Zeglis afeTqeba~, _ ambobs `moZraoba samarTliani saqarTvelosTvis~ quTaisis organizaciis xelmZRvaneli SoTa burjanaZe. opoziciis warmomadgenlebi demontaJis daCqarebas xelisuflebis mxridan mosalodenli saprotesto aqciis Tavidan acilebis mcdelobas ukavSireben. `saqfeTqmrewvis~ dakavebuli TanamSromlebis advokati marika sxvaniZe ambobs, rom dacvis mxares aqvs dokumenturi da fotomasala, romelic kompaniis udanaSaulobas adasturebs. aseve, advokatis TqmiT, gubernatorTan SeTanxmebiT, perimetrze usafrTxoebis dacvaze policia iyo pasuxismgebeli da ara _ afeTqebis Semsrulebeli firma. miuxedavad amisa, sisxlis samarTlis saqme policiis arc erTi warmomadgenlis winaaRmdeg ar aris aRZruli. ar damdgara arc quTaisis municipalitetis romelime TanamSromlis pasuxismgeblobis sakiTxi. parlamentis asaSeneblad mosamzadebeli samuSaoebisTvis quTaisis biujetSi centraluri mTavrobis mier Caricxuli 5 milioni laridan jer 200 aTasi laria daxarjuli. es Tanxa `saqmilsadenmSens~ avansis saxiT gadaericxa. Tavis mxriv, `saqmilsadenmSenma~ 91 700-lariani kontraqti `saqfeTqmrewvs~ gauforma, 2000-lariani _ litokonstruqcias. 8500 lari seismologiuri samuSaoebisTvis daixarja, 19 aTas larze meti ki im bilbordze, romelic 20 dekembers `didebis memorialis~ nangrevebTan gamoifina. gakruli fotoilustracia iuwyeba, rom 2012 wels quTaisSi parlamentis Senoba gaixsneba.
liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

saqarTvelo 2009- Si
wlis mniSvnelovani movlenebi
sofo Waava

liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

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saqarTvelo 2009-Si

9 ianvari _ saqarTvelosa da amerikis SeerTebul Statebs Soris strategiuli partniorobis qartia gaformda
ufro TvalnaTeli da materializebuli signali iyo yvelasTvis. am vizitma gafanta miTi, rom saqarTvelos aranairi Sansi ar aqvs. Tumca, maSin CemTvis absoluturad gaugebari Sefasebebi gakeTda. didi sibriyvea imis CaTvla, rom saqarTvelos suverenitetis, damoukideblobis, identuri mTlianobis da am brZolis mxardaWera aris xelisuflebis mxardaWera opoziciis winaaRmdeg. aseTive sibriyvea imis Tqma, rom saqarTveloSi demokratiuli reformebis grZelvadiani mxardaWera SeerTebuli Statebis mier opoziciis mxardaWeras gulisxmobs, xelisuflebis winaaRmdeg. orive erTnairad mcdari mosazrebaa. erTaderTi, visac civi wyali gadaesxa iyvnen isini, visac egona, rom revizori Camodis, romelic ityvis, xval ra da rogor unda gakeTdes. vTvli, rom odnav utrir ebuli iyo saqarTvelos xelisuflebasa da amerikis wina administracias Soris emociuri da piradi urTierTobebis mniSvneloba. saqarTvelos es xelisufleba yovelTvis iqneba buSis administraciis madlieri. prezidenti buSi iyo amerikis pirveli prezidenti, vinc estumra saqarTvelos da is yovelTvis darCeba pirvel prezidentad, vinc estumra saqarTvelos. bunebrivia, pirad kontaqtebs aqvs mniSvneloba politikaSi, magram ara ise, rogorc zogierTs warmoudgenia _ rom SeerTebuli StatebisTvis mniSvnelovani sagareo politikis sakiTxebi ase wydeba. es aSkarad gadaWarbebulia.
liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

jozef baideni da mixeil saakaSvili, Tbilisi, 23 ivlisi 2009

urTierToba saqarTvelosa da amerikis axal administracias Soris oficialurad 2009 wlis 9 ianvars daiwyo. vaSingtonSi ori qveynis warmomadgenlebma xeli moaweres `partniorobis Sesaxeb qartias~. qartia arasavaldebulo, deklaraciuri xasiaTis dokumentia da TanamSromlobis mimarTulebebs zogadad ganmartavs. Tumca mniSvnelovania, rom qartiaSi amerikis SeerTebuli Statebi kidev erTxel adasturebs saqarTvelos nato-Si swrafvisadmi mxardaWeras da mis teritoriuli mTlianobis aRdgenis aucileblobas. amerikis axal prezidents, barak obamas mixeil saakaSvili 2009 wels ar Sexvedria. administraciis yvelaze maRali warmomadgeneli, vinc saqarTvelos am wels stumrobs, vice-prezidenti jozef baidenia. is xelisuflebas `vardebis revoluciis~ Semdeg dawyebuli reformebis gagrZelebas urCevs da kidev erTxel mkafiod aRniSnavs amerikis mier saqarTvelosadmi mxardaWeras. 22 ivliss baidenis TbilisSi Camosvlas win uZRvis prezident obamas oficialuri viziti moskovSi.
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komentari giga bokeria sagareo saqmeTa ministris moadgile

qartia ar aris mxolod deklarirebuli mxardaWera. iq saubaria samxedro TanamSromlobaze, konkretul programebze. struqturirebul, formalurad gamyarebul da proceduraSi Casmul qmedebebs aqvs gansxvavebuli fasi. is, rom saqarTvelosTan mimarTebaSi xelisuflebis aRmasrulebelma frTam kongress unda Caabaros angariSi, saqarTvelosTvis didi miRwevaa. baidenis viziti kidev

saqarTvelo 2009-Si

axal administraciasTan personaluri urTierTobebis dalagebas dro sWirdeba. amitom vTvli, rom Sefasebebis gakeTeba naadrevia. amerikaSi gamoiTqmis mravalnairi mosazrebebi, memarjvene da memarcxene polusebze sxvadasxva tipis jgufebs aqvT saerTo skepticizmi amerikis politikis am aspeqtis mimarT, mTlianad aRmosavleT evropas vgulisxmob da ara calke saqarTvelos. magram sabednierod, es orive pozicia jerjerobiT, da imedia didi xniT, mainc marginaluria.

20 ianvari _ iwyeba `sakani #5~
`giorgi gaCeCilaZe, igive ucnobi, 42 wlis. 2009 wlis 20 ianvars, protestis niSnad, sakuTari surviliT aRikveTa Tavisufleba da gaxda patimari; Tvlis, rom bolo wlebSi ganviTarebuli movlenebis Sedegad saqarTvelo gadaiqca cixed. icxovrebs sakanSi manamde, vidre saqarTvelo ar gaTavisufldeba reJimis tyveobisagan~. am teqstiT daiwyo telekompania `maestros~ eTerSi axali satelevizio proeqti arastandartuli protestis formiT _ `sakani №5~. `saakaSvili hitlerad da stalinad gveqca da Cven am gadacemiT saqarTveloSi demokratiis damyarebisTvis vibrZviT~, _ ambobda `maestros~ xelmZRvaneli mamuka Rlonti. Sous wesebis mixedviT, patimars `paemnis~ ufleba hqonda. gazafxulis aqciebamde da aqciebis drosac `sakan #5~-s politikaze sasaubrod yoveldRe stumrobdnen opoziciurad ganwyobili samoqalaqo sazogadoebis warmomadgenlebi, xelovanebi da politikosebi. `ucnobi~ sazogadoebis nawilisTvis opoziciis bevr warmomadgenelze popularuli da Zlieri lideri gaxda. Tumca zafxulSi, saprotesto aqciebis uSedegod dasrulebis Semdeg, teleproeqtma aqtualuroba dakarga. bolo gadacemis Canaweri eTerSi 9 dekembers gavida. mayureblebisadmi bolo mimarTvaSi gia gaCeCilaZem gadacemis Sewyvetis mizezad marxva daasaxela, Tumca cnobilia, rom proeqtis daxurvis gadawyvetileba `maestros~ axalma menejerma erosi kiwmariSvilma miiRo. `sakanma~ sul 11 Tve iarseba da am drois ganmavlobaSi proeqtSi stumrad daaxloebiT 500 adamiani mivida.

komentari salome zurabiSvili yofili sagareo saqmeTa ministri, partia `saqarTvelos gzis~ lideri

baidenis vizitiT da qartiiT damTavrda pirovnuli urTierTobebis politika saqarTvelos xelisuflebas da amerikis administracias Soris da urTierTobebi gadavida sxva, pragmatul WrilSi. swored amis niSani iyo baidenis sityva, romelic man saqarTvelos parlamentSi warmoTqva. is, rom piradi urTierTobebis xana damTavrda, kargad gamoCnda, rodesac saakaSvili gaero-Si vizitis dros prezident obamas ver Sexvda. es man aseve ver moaxerxa kopenhagenSi. es imis maCvenebelia, rom vidre saqarTvelo ar daemsgavseba demokratias, amerika mainc mxars dauWers saqarTvelos ruseTis winaaRmdeg, imisaTvis, rom ruseTma ar CaTvalos, rom saqarTvelo misia. magram amavdroulad, SeerTebuli Statebis axali administracia mtkiced moiTxovs saqarTvelosgan, Seasrulos `vardebis revoluciis~ danapirebebi, romelic ara mxolod saqarTvelos mosaxleobam, aramed amerikamac daijera.
liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

giorgi gaCeCilaZe (ucnobi) sakan N5-Si

komentari

`sazogadoebis nawilma sakuTari agresiis samizne ucnobis saxiT ipova. am droidan `sakani #5~ erTi adamianis dramaa, romelic Cven Tvalwin gaTamaSda~.

erosi kiwmariSvili telekompania `maestros~ menejeri

`sakani #5~ iyo Zalian moxerxebuli, originalurad mofiqrebuli, moulodneli, Zalian mcirebiujetiani Sou, erTi msaxiobis Teatri. am SemTxvevaSi, es msaxiobi, pirdapiri da gadataniTi mniSvnelobiT, iyo gmiri. es adamiani
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foto levan xerxeuliZe

saqarTvelo 2009-Si

Zalian niWierad gamoxatavda sazogadoebis ganwyobas, manipulirebda am ganwyobiT. proeqti transformirda nacionalur idead, romlis kulminacia 26 maisi iyo. is dRe rom sxvanairad damTavrebuliyo, ucnobi xdeboda erovnuli gmiri. Tumca pikma gadaiara, dramaturgia ar ganviTarda. amis Semdeg daiwyo proeqtis Sinagani erozia. es saboloo jamSi, erovnuli, sazogadoebis depresiis gagrZeleba iyo. 2009 welTan dakavSirebiT maRali molodinebi iyo da sazogadoebis nawilma, romelic politikur procesSi CarTuli iyo, imedgacruebis gamo, sakuTari agresiis samizne ucnobis saxiT ipova. am droidan ukve `sakani #5~ aris erTi adamianis drama, romelic Cven Tvalwin gaTamaSda. sabolood, yvelaferi misi mZime avadmyofobiT damTavrda. proeqtma raRac TvalsazrisiT `rusTavi 2~-is gza gaimeora. anu pikur momentSi, man, iseve rogorc `rusTavi 2~-ma, sakuTari reputacia, imiji Seswira konkretul process. es gadacema am formiT da am moculobiT veRar gagrZeldeboda. jer erTi, arxi reorganizaciis procesSia, meorec _ TviTon giac avad aris da samkurnalodaa wasuli. es ar niSnavs, rom ucnobi Sewyda, rogorc sasceno, Tu politikuri, Tu sazogadoebrivi saxe, is gaagrZelebs Tavis arsebobas da mec siamovnebiT gavagrZelebdi masTan TanamSromlobas.

16 Tebervali _ irakli alasanias politikuri gundis prezentacia

irakli alasanias Sexvedra mosaxleobasTan, Tbilisi 2009

`alasaniam am wlis ganmavlobaSi TiTqmis mTlianad gaflanga ndobis is krediti, romelic hqonda. man ver warmoaCina Tavi mkafio, Zlier liderad~.
gaero-Si saqarTvelos yofili elCi Tanamdebobis datovebis Semdeg oficialurad erTveba politikaSi. ramdenime TanamoazresTan erTad is politikur moZraobas ayalibebs da Semdeg respublikuri partiisa da axali memarjveneebis politikur alianss uerTdeba. `aliansi saqarTvelosTvis~ 2009 wlis gazafxulze saprotesto aqciebSic monawileobs, Tumca mitingebis uSedegod dasrulebis Semdeg, is xelisuflebasTan dialogs Tanxmdeba. alasania pirvelia opoziciis liderebidan, vinc sakuTari kandidatura riggareSe TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebSi meris postze wamoayena. misi politikuri partniori yofili saxalxo damcveli sozar subaria,

romelic `aliansi saqarTvelosTvis~ sakrebulos Tavmjdomareobis kandidatia. Tumca, alasania da subari 2009 wlis bolomde ver axerxeben opoziciis konsolidacias sakuTari kandidaturebis irgvliv. winaswari gamokiTxvebiT, TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebSi Tbilisis meris Tanamdebobaze dedaqalaqis mcxovrebTa umravlesoba saxelisuflebo kandidats uWers mxars, opoziciis mxardamWerTa xmebi ki ramdenime kandidats Sorisaa gayofili.
komentari gia nodia politologi

mamuka Rlonti, Tbilisi 2009

`rogorc Cans, 2007-2008 wlebSi opoziciis sxva liderebis saxeebi erTgvarad gacvda da moTxovnileba iyo axal personaze. swored irakli alasaniam daikava es `axali saxis~ niSa. alasania, erTi mxriv, sakmarisad, mkafiod dapirispirebuli iyo am xelisuflebasTan da amave dros prodasavluri orientaciis figurad isaxeboda. sazogadoeba misgan eloda, rom iqneboda opoziciis
liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

foto levan xerxeuliZe

26

foto levan xerxeuliZe

saqarTvelo 2009-Si

Zlieri lideri, romelic saakaSvilis Rirseuli mowinaaRmdege gaxdeboda. alasanias racionalur, Tanamedrove tipis politikosadac aRiqvamdnen da amave dros liderad, romelic raRac seriozul, alternatiul kurss SesTavazebda sazogadoebas; ar iqneboda iseTi ultraradikali da upasuxismgeblo, rogoric aris radikaluri opozicia, magram arc zedmetad loialuri, rogorc aris saparlamento opozicia. magram alasaniam am wlis ganmavlobaSi TiTqmis mTlianad gaflanga ndobis is krediti, romelic hqonda. man ver warmoaCina Tavi mkafio, Zlier liderad, romelsac kritikul situaciaSi damoukidebeli gadawyvetilebebis miReba SeuZlia. is erTgvarad ufro `politikuri proeqtis STabeWdilebas tovebs, vidre damoukidebeli lideris~. misi reitingi damokidebulia ufro molodinze. misgan elian, rom is raRacas moifiqrebs da seriozul Zalas Seqmnis, magram jerjerobiT man sazogadoebas konkretuli veraferi SesTavaza.
xval rom saparlamento arCevnebi gaimarTos, romel politikur bloks an partias dauWerdiT mxars?
2009 wlis marti (q. Tbilisis mosaxleoba: 18+)

euTo-s monitoringis misiis warmomadgenlebi, cxinvali 2009

8 aprili _ konfliqturi regionebis administraciul sazRvrebs nawilobriv rusuli jari gaakontrolebs
separatistuli afxazeTis xelisufleba acxadebs, rom saqarTvelosTan administraciul sazRvars afxazuri Zalebi regionSi ganTavsebul rusul jarebTan erTad gaakontroleben. afxazeTis TviTgamocxadebuli sagareo saqmeTa saministros informaciiT, es nabiji gadaidga `qarTuli mxridan gazrdili provokaciebis da sasazRvro teritoriebze teroristuli aqtebis ganxorcielebis mcdelobis~ sapasuxod. ramdenime TveSi cnobili xdeba ruseTis mTavrobis gadawyvetileba afxazeTisa da samxreTi oseTis teritoriaze samxedro bazebis ganTavsebis Sesaxeb. `Cven dainteresebuli varT aq rusuli bazebis yofniT, radgan maTSi vxedavT Cveni usafrTxoebis erTaderT myar garantias~, _ ganacxada TviTgamocxadebuli respublikis sagareo saqmeTa ministrma sergei Sambam. ruseTis ZalisxmeviT, Sewyda euTo-s monitoringis misiis mandati samxreTi oseTis teritoriaze. gaero-s uSiSroebis sabWos sxdomaze ruseTis warmomadgenlis vetos safuZvelze SeCerda gaero-s sadamkvirveblo misiis muSaoba afxazeTis teritoriaze. ruseTis Semdeg TviTgamocxadebuli respublikebis damoukidebloba 2009 wels nikaraguam, venesuelam da naurum aRiares.
komentari lorens Sitsi `saerTaSoriso krizisebis jgufis~ xelmZRvaneli saqarTveloSi

aliansi saqarTvelosTvis gaerTianebuli opozicia demokratiuli moZraoba _ erTiani saqarTvelo demokratiuli partia erovnul-demokratiuli partia erovnuli forumi Tavisufleba leiboristuli partia moZraoba `erTiani saqarTvelosTvis~ nacionaluri moZraoba samarTliani saqarTvelosTvis saqarTvelos gza tradicionalistebi qristianul-demokratiuli kavSiri arcerTs uari pasuxze miWirs pasuxis gacema

13.8% 10.5% 3.7% 0.0% 0.1% 7.3% 0.2% 8.5% 3.7% 16.8% 0.0% 0.4% 0.6% 7.7% 12.9% 2.2% 11.7%

socialuri kvlevisa da analizis instituti (ISSA)

saqarTveloSi saerTaSoriso misiebis daxurvas TvalsaCino Sedegi hqonda, gansakuTrebiT samxreT oseTSi. iq damkvirveblebis yofna sul mcire imis SesaZleblobas iZleoda, rom momxdariyo mniSvnelovani movlenebis monitoringi, magaliTad iseTis, rogoricaa eTnikuri wmenda. aseve, guldasawyvetia, rom sazRvari Caiketa, es yvela mxarisTvis Tanabrad sazianoa. 1992-dan 2004 wlamde erT-erTi yvelaze pozitiuri movlena is iyo, rom mosaxleoba savaWrod aqeT-iqiT mimodioda. marTalia, produqtis didi nawili kontrabanda iyo da ergneTis bazrobidan saxelmwifos gada27

liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

foto daviT xizaniSvili

saqarTvelo 2009-Si

saxadebi ar Semosdioda, magram es imis saSualebas iZleoda, rom xalxs erTmaneTTan urTierToba SeenarCunebina, rac Zalian mniSvnelovani iyo. rac Seexeba afxazeTs, ar mgonia, rom gaero-s misiis daxurvas iq igive gavlena hqondes. gaero-s ar hqonia igive xarisxis uflebamosileba, rogoric euTo-s. rogorc iciT, gaero-m ver SeZlo SeeCerebina is, rac moxda galSi 1998 wels. es uiaraRo misia uZluri aRmoCnda seriozuli Setakebebis pirispir. rac Seexeba usafrTxoebis TvalsazrisiT situaciis Secvlas, vfiqrob is cotaTi mainc gauaresda. Tumca, axlaxan davbrundi galidan, da vityodi, rom ara marto iq, aramed mTels afxazeTSi xalxi ufro daculad grZnobs Tavs. es maTi sityvebia da ara Cemi. amboben, rom mas mere, rac maT teritoriaze rusi samxedroebi dganan, ukve aRar eSiniaT saqarTvelos mxridan Tavdasxmis. SesaZlebelia, es sadavo da ararealisturi molodinia, magram nebismier SemTxvevaSi, xalxi ase fiqrobs. aranairi iluzia ar aqvT arc sergei baRafSs, arc sergei Sambas da stanislav lakobas, rom afxazeTi da ruseTi Tanaswori partniorebi arian. isini am urTierTobas `asimetriuls~ uwodeben, erT-erTma maTganma ixmara termini _ `limitirebuli damoukidebloba~, rac, maTi mtkicebiT, absoluturad normaluri movlenaa, radgan es maT usafrTxoebis moTxovnilebebs da maT momaval ekonomikur ganviTarebas kargad ergeba. maT namdvilad ar surT, rom gare samyarosTan erTaderTi damakavSirebeli saSualeba mxolod
28

ruseTi iyos. mas Semdeg, rac afxazeTSi saqarTvelodan enguris gavliT sasoflo-sameurneo produqtebis Setana SeCerda, fasebma swrafad daiwyo mateba. saqarTvelosTan Caketili administraciuli sazRvris gamo produqtebi afxazeTSi ruseTidan Sedis, gacilebiT maRal fasad. amitomac vfiqrob, rom qarTul da afxazur mxareebs Soris ekonomikuri da adamianuri kontaqtebis ganaxlebis didi potenciali arsebobs. aseTi ganaxlebis gegma saqarTvelos mTavrobis, kerZod ministr iakobaSvilis mier 24 dekembers warmodgenil strategiaSic gaTvaliswinebulia. samxedro moqmedebebi ase Tu ise Cacxra. vfiqrob, rom situacia ukiduresad daZabuli iyo omis Semdeg da manamdec _ jer kidev SarSan gazafxulze, rodesac me baRafSs Sevxvdi, afxazeTis xelmZRvaneloba ukiduresad mkvaxe da mtrul terminebs iyenebda saqarTvelos xelisuflebisa da prezidentis mimarT. dRes afxazeTis xelisufleba ukve aRar akeTebs ase ukiduresad emociur Sefasebebs. savaraudoa, rom afxazebs saqarTvelosTan garkveuli ekonomikuri urTierTobebis aRdgena surT. Zalian martivi da kargi magaliTi imisa, Tu ratom unda surdeT maT es: omis dawyebis Semdeg fasma pomidorze 300%-iT moimata. ratom? imitom rom pomidori afzaxeTSi saqarTvelodan Sedioda, sxva produqtebsa da nawarmTan erTad. Cemi azriT, reintegraciis dawyeba SesaZlebelia mxolod ekonomikuri kavSirebisa da ndobis aRdgeniT. Tumca ndobis aRdgena TviTmizani ar SeiZleba gaxdes, mas safuZvels raime konkretuli unda umagrebdes, rac imas niSnavs, rom adamianebma erTad unda Seqmnan raRac. sxva mxriv, urTierToba isev konferenciebiTa da mxolod laparakiT Semoifargleba. ase rom, savaWro da ekonomikuri kavSirebis aRdgena namdvilad imperatiulia.

foto daviT xizaniSvili

9 aprili da op saprotesto aq

foto Temo barZimaSvili

`gazafxulis movlenebma aCvena, rom opoziciis xisti da xelisuflebis Tanmimdevruli taqtikebis WidilSi xelisuflebis taqtikam moipova upiratesoba~.

arasaparlamento opozicia protestis axal talRas iwyebs da aqciebis dawyebis TariRad 9 aprils acxadebs. opozicia erTaderT moTxovnas ayenebs: `gadadges mixeil saakaSvili da dainiSnos vadamdeli saprezidento arCevnebi~. nebismieri sxva potenciuri cvlileba, rac arsebul xelisuflebas daasustebda, aralegitimur moTxovnad miiCneva. opozicia TbilisSi arsebul radikalur protests esTetikuradac aformebs _ qmnis qveynis, rogorc `saknis~ simbolur imijs. parlamentis Senoba rusTavelis gamzirze da prezidentis sasaxlis mimdebare teliberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

saqarTvelo 2009-Si

poziciis ciebi

rom FN 303 tipis tyviebis sasroli iaraRi policiam marTlac gamoiyena. saprotesto aqciebis sapasuxod, xelisufleba ramdenjerme gamodis mniSvnelovani SesaZlo cvlilebebis iniciatorad. maT Sorisaa cvlilebebi saarCevno kanonmdeblobasa da saarCevno administraciaSi, konstituciuri cvlilebebi prezidentis Zalauflebis Sesamcireblad da parlamentis uflebamosilebis gasazrdelad, Tbilisis meris pirdapiri arCevnebi da sxva. saprotesto aqciebi ivnisis Sua ricxvebidan TandaTanobiT dasrulda. opoziciis liderTa nawili xelisuflebasTan dialogs daTanxmda. mogvianebiT, prezidenti saakaSvili gazafxulis aqciebze da maT organizatorebze aseT komentars gaakeTebs: `araferi magaT ar gamouvidaT bolo TveebSi da ar gamouvaT, awi miT umetes. isini verasodes ver iqnebian umravlesobaSi, me amaSi var darwmunebuli~.
komentari iago kaWkaWiSvili sociologi

aprilis saprotesto aqcia, Tbilisi 2009

ritoria ramdenime TviT saxeldaxelod agebuli saknebis alyaSi eqceva. xelisufleba cdilobs, ar gaimeoros 2007 wlis 7 noembris Secdomebi da ar aRkveTos aqciebi Zaladobrivi meTodebis gamoyenebiT. is sxva taqtikas irCevs: jer erTi, cdilobs, Tavad iyos TavisTavad pozitiuri cvlilebebis iniciatori; meorec, xelisufleba uars ambobs Zalismieri meTodebis totalur da aSkara gamoyenebaze, magram mimarTavs Zalis fragmentul, farul gamoyenebas. amis magaliTia ramdenime `Rameuli~ awiokeba, aseve, aqciebis aqtiur monawileebze ucnobi pirebis Tavdasxmis SemTxvevebi. aqciis monawileebs xelisufleba Riad mxolod 6 maiss daupirispirda, rodesac Tbilisis policiis sammarTvelosTan Sekrebil momitingeebs, romelTa nawilic policiis SenobaSi SeWras cdilobda, kaseturi tyviebi dauSina. Sinagan saqmeTa saministrom Tavidan uaryo araletaluri tyviebis gamoyeneba, Tumca mogvianebiT saministros warmomadgenelma aRiara,
liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

saknebi parlamentTan, Tbilisi 2009

`2009 wlis pirveli Tveebidan daiwyo sazogadoebis kritikuli refleqsia wagebuli omis Sedegebze. es nakadi gaZlierda da 2009 wlis gazafxulze TbiliselTa umravlesoba (59%) saakaSvilis moRvaweobis uaryofiT Sefasebaze koncentrirdeba. maisisTvis mmarTveli partiis reitingi TbilisSi 11%-mde Camodis. cxadia, sazogadoebaSi arsebuli amgvari ganwyobebiT isargebla arasaparlamento opoziciam da masobrivi saprotesto gamosvlebis organizeba daiwyo. Tumca, saprotesto maraToni raime xelSesaxebi instituciuri

cvlilebis gareSe dasrulda. gazafxulis movlenebma aCvena, rom opoziciis xisti da xelisuflebis Tanmimdevruli (kargad mofiqrebuli) taqtikebis WidilSi xelisuflebis taqtikam moipova upiratesoba. Tu SevajamebT im faqtorebs, ramac es upiratesoba uzrunvelyo, SeiZleba isini ase Camoyalibdes: 1. saakaSvilis gadadgomis moTxovna legitimuri, anu sazogadoebis mier gaziarebuli aRmoCnda q. Tbilisis masStabiT da is ar gaxda amave dros `regionuli~, anu saerTo saxalxo (nacionaluri) moTxovna. opoziciam ver SeZlo Tundac erTi romelime regionis Tbilisis darad gaaqtiureba; 2. saakaSvilis reJimis demoralizacia ar momxdara iseTi umniSvnelovanesi ZalauflebiTi struqturebis masStabiT, rogoricaa samarTaldamcveli organoebi. piriqiT, xelisuflebam moaxerxa, rom samarTaldamcveli struqturebi Tavisi (da ara kanonis) uzenaesobis damcvelad eqcia (gavixsenoT `miSa, miSas~ SeZaxilebi policiis mxridan 6 maiss, girgvlianis SemTxveva da sxv.); 3. arasaparlamento opoziciam saprotestod ganwyobil amomrCevels ver SesTavaza alternativa _ raze `damagrdeba~ protesti maSin, Tu saakaSvili ar wavida? faqtia, rom opoziciam Tavad dawva ukan dasabrunebeli xidebi. is saakaSvilis gadadgomis ualternativobam `gaWeda~. Sedegi ki isaa, rom, rogorc bolodroindeli gamokiTxvebi aCvenebs, xelisuflebam SeZlo uRrmesi sagazafxulo krizisidan gamosvla da misi politikuri `wona~ agvitos omis droindel niSnuls daubrunda. paralelurad, arasaparlamento opozicias Seumcirda mxardamWerebi _ saprotestod ganwyobili mosaxleobis arcTu umniSvnelo nawilma arCia, rom Tavisi protestis sarealizaciod ar airCios romelime konkretuli opoziciuri Zalis mimarT mxardaWera~.

foto levan xerxeuliZe

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saqarTvelo 2009-Si

26 maisi _ opoziciisa da misi mxardamWerebis Sekreba erovnul stadionze

foto marika qoCiaSvili

opoziciisa da misi mxardamWerebis Sekreba erovnul stadionze , Tbilisi, 26 maisi 2009

TiTqmis orTviani saprotesto aqciebis Semdeg gaerTianebulma opoziciam 9 aprilis Semdeg pirvelad SeZlo mxardamWerebis Sekreba da xelisuflebisTvis realuri Zalis demonstrireba. 26 maiss, saqarTvelos damoukideblobis dRes, opoziciis organizebiT, Tbilisis erovnul stadionze 60 000-mde saqarTvelos moqalaqe Seikriba. miuxedavad imisa, rom opoziciis mxardamWerebs hqondaT molodini, rom es aqcia maT realuri cvlilebebis saSulebas miscemda, 26 maisis Sekreba xelisuflebisTvis umtkivneulod dasrulda. im dRes opoziciisa da misi mxardamWerebis ganmuxtvaSi didi wvlili saqarTvelos patriarqs miuZRvis. `Cven ar gvyavs xelisufleba, Cven ar gvyavs mTavroba, magram Cven gvyavs sulieri mama, uwmindesi da unetaresi kaTalikos-patriarqi ilia meore, daviZraT samebis sakaTedro taZrisken da uwmindesma da unetaresma ... mogvmarTos, ra unda gavakeToT amis mere~, _ ganucxada stadionze Sekrebil momxreebs opoziciuri moZraobis araoficia30

lurma liderma, momReralma gia gaCeCilaZem da xalxs sakaTedro taZrisken gauZRva. patriarqma prezidentis gadayenebis idea dagmo da samebaSi misul xalxs `erTmaneTis mosmenisken~ mouwoda. opoziciis liderebis nawilma ganacxada, rom patriarqs am nabijis gadadgoma xelisuflebam aiZula.

komentari levan gaCeCilaZe gaerTianebuli opoziciis lideri, `daicavi saqarTvelos~ damfuZnebeli

erovnuli stadioni, Tbilisi, 26 maisi 2009

`26 maisi Cem cxovrebaSi erTerTi yvelaze didi dRe iyo _ emociuri TvalsazrisiT, saqarTvelos gadarCenis TvalsazrisiT, xalxis erTobis TvalsazrisiT,

gamofxizlebis TvalsazrisiT. gulwrfelad megona, rom es iqneboda Cveni mSvidobiani aqciebis kargi dasasruli, Tumca ase ar gamovida. mizans bevri faqtoris gamo ver mivaRwieT. Cven ar viyaviT centralizebulebi ise, rogorc saWiro iyo. ar gvqonda Sesabamisi finansuri resursi _ fuls velodiT, magram represiuli aparatis gamo ver moxda misi miReba. albaT zedmiwevniT liberalebic viyaviT. am dRes ganwyoba iyo iseTi, rom raRac didi, konkretuli SedegebisTvis unda migveRwia, iseTi SedegebisTvis, romelic saboloo jamSi daasrulebda saakaSvilis reJims. maSin es ar gamogvivida. magram kargia is, rom es gamocdileba gvaqvs da am gamocdilebas momaval brZolebSi gamoviyenebT. mniSvneloba imasac hqonda, rom eklesiis gavliT gza Cven ukve gaviareT da momavalSi aRaravin ityvis, rom es gza kidev gasavlelia. es gza amovwureT da Semdgomi xalxis TavSeyra ukve sxva formiT unda damTavrdes~.

liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

saqarTvelo 2009-Si

15 ivnisi _ darbeva policiis mTavar sammarTvelosTan
Tbilisis policiis mTavar sammarTvelosTan samarTaldamcavebma, maT Soris niRbianma da samoqalaqo tansacmelSi Cacmulma, xelketebiT daSales Senobis win gamarTuli saprotesto aqcia. opoziciis aqtivistebTan erTad policiam scema, daakava da kanonis darRveviT gaCxrika ombudsmenis warmomadgeneli da Jurnalistebi. Jurnalistebs waarTves kamerebi, kasetebi da wauSales foto da videomasala. Sinagan saqmeTa saministros gancxadebiT, `opoziciis warmomadgenlebma blokireba gaukeTes policiis mTavar Sesasvlels da gadaketes samanqano gza. policia Seecada Sesasvleli da samanqano gzis gaTavisuflebas, momitingeebi ar daemorCilnen policiis TanamSromlebs da gauwies fizikuri winaaRmdegoba~. Tumca, TviTmxilvelebis, maT Soris `roiteris~ da sxva media organizaciebis warmomadgenlebis gancxadebiT, momitingeebs gza ar CauketiaT da mTavari sammarTvelos Sesasvlelis win trotuaris gaswvriv iyvnen Camwkrivebulebi. 15 ivnisis darbeva saxalxo damcvelis angariSSic moxvda. `policiis mier Zalis gadameteba sistemur xasiaTs iRebs~, _ ganacxada tuRuSma paralamentSi angariSis wardgenisas. misi SefasebiT, policiam araproporciuli Zala gamoiyena da aqciis darbeva yovelgvari gafrTxilebis gareSe daiwyo.
komentari giorgi koberiZe telekompania `kavkasiis~ Jurnalisti `videqiT sammarTvelos mTavar SesasvlelTan, aqciis monawileebi werils kiTxulobdnen da Cven amas viRebdiT. kiTxva damTavrebulic ar hqondaT, rom atyda xmauri. gamovardnen policielebi da daiwyo cema-tyepa. Cven aRmovCndiT SuaSi, me da Cems operators xelketebi mogvxvda. Semdeg kamerasac moxvda da gadaReba Sewyvita. cota xniT gamovecaleT Cxubs, kamera unda Segvemowmebina, Tan vifiqreT, rom kasetas SevcvlidiT da gadavarCendiT. magram kasetis amoReba veRar movaswari. formianebi movidnen da kamera ZaliT wagvarTves. mogvianebiT ukan ki dagvibrunes, magram masala mTlianad waSlili iyo. kamerebi im dRes yvelas waarTves. komentari SoTa kapanaZe telekompania `maestros~ operatori `aqcia daarbies da Cvenma jgufma dareka, _ kamera wagvarTves da operators scemeso. axali jgufi iyo saWiro. rodesac mivediT, vnaxeT, rom nacemi iyo xalxi, Jurnalistebi, yvelasTvis kamerebi hqondaT warTmeuli. gvindoda, dazaralebulebi Cagvewera da vcdilobdi, momeZebna Cemi TanamSromeli, romelic nacemi iyo. am dros dagvinaxes, rom kamera gvqonda da gamogvekidnen. kamera CarTuli mqonda da viRebdi, rogor momdevdnen. ver dagviWires, gaveqeciT, kaseta gamovcvaleT da isev CarTuli kameriT davbrundi. isev gamogvekidnen, viRac perangze CameWida da momxvda saxeSi muSti. daveci, daaxloebiT 5 formiani mirtyamda wixlebs da cdilobdnen kamera waerTmiaT. am dros iqve idga Tbilisis sapatrulos ufrosi grigalaSvili. mere sammarTvelos ezodan viRac gamovida, forma ar ecva, daiZaxa, _ marto kamera waarTviT, ar scemoTo, _ da SemeSvnen, kamera ki wamarTves. daiWires Cemi Jurnalisti ana brolaZe, kasetebi waarTves, dauzianes mikrofonis mimRebi da isic waarTves. dRis bolos ki dagvibrunes kamera, magram gadamcemi aRar hqonda da masalac, ra Tqma unda, waSlili iyo.

`daaxloebiT 5 formiani mirtyamda wixlebs da cdilobdnen kamera waerTmiaT. am dros iqve idga Tbilisis sapatrulos ufrosi grigalaSvili~.

foto irakli gedeniZe

momitingeTa darbeva policiis mTavar sammarTvelosTan, 15 ivnisi, Tbilisi 2009

momitingeebi policiis mTavar sammarTvelosTan, 15 ivnisi, Tbilisi 2009

liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

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saqarTvelo 2009-Si

12 ivlisi - prezidentis sasaxlis prezentacia

SeZlo arsebuli diplomatiuri da sainformacio omis ritorikis Secvla. daskvnaSi ar iyo naTqvami araferi konkretuli mTavar kiTxvaze, romelze pasuxsac yvela eloda.

komentari olesia varTaniani Jurnalisti taliavinis komisiis daskvnam, romelsac msoflios politikuri speqtri TiTqmis erTi wlis ganmavlobaSi elodeboda, aranairad ar Secvala evropisa da aSS-s politika afxazeTTan da samxreT oseTTan damokidebulebaSi. mis Sesaxeb aqamde ar gaukeTebia gancxadebebi aSS-s saxelmwifo departaments, mxolod komentarebiT dakmayofildnen evropis mowinave politikuri liderebi. saqme isaa, rom daskvnaze momuSave eqspertebma ver SeZles raime arsebiTad axali faqtis dadgena erT-erT sakvanZo sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT, risTvisac principSi Seiqmna kidec es komisia _ vin da ratom daiwyo agvistos omi. komisiam warmoadgina gansxvavebuli Sexedulebebi, rTuli iuridiuli ganmartebebi, Tumca _ saboloo daskvnebis gareSe. zogierTi analitikosi kerZo saubrebisas ambobs, rom aseTi rezultati ZiriTadad qarTuli saministroebis im specialistTa jgufis damsaxurebaa, romlebmac moaxerxes, warmoedginaT im movlenebis dawvrilebiTi aRwera, rac bolo wlebis manZilze omamde

foto irakli gedeniZe

prezidentis sasaxle, Tbilisi 2009

avlabarSi aSenebuli sasaxle xelisuflebisTvis qarTuli saxelmwifos erT-erTi simbolo gaxda. `me minda gvesmodes, rom es aris pirveli, 2000 wlis ganmavlobaSi didi saxelisuflebo dawesebuleba, romelic aaSena damoukidebelma saqarTvelom. Cven ar gvqonia arasdros, yvelaze did epoqebSic ki, kapitaluri saxelmwifo dawesebulebebi~, _ Tqva prezidentma saakaSvilma. Tumca, prezidentis sasaxle kritikulad ganwyobili sazogadoebisTvis saxelmwifo biujetis gadaxarjvis simbolo gaxda. ramdenime opoziciuri partiis gaTvlebiT, mSenebloba 800 milioni lari dajda. swored amis sapasuxod axlad dasrulebuli sasa-

xlis daTvalierebisas specialurad am miznisTvis regionidan Camosul studentebs prezidentma ganumarta, rom sasaxlis mSeneblobisTvis `bolo 5 wlis ganmavlobaSi gaweuli saxelmwifo xarjebis 0,18-1,17%-ia~. saakaSvilis gaTvlebis mixedviT, sasaxlis mSenebloba 13 milioni lari dajda, eqspertebis gaTvlebiT ki _ 50-60 milioni lari. 5-sarTuliani, 4500 kvadratuli metris farTobis rezidencia oficialurad gaixsna specialuri ceremoniiT, sadac 1 600-mde stumari iyo miwveuli, maT Soris sruliad saqarTvelos kaTalikos-patriarqi ilia II, saqarTveloSi akreditebuli elCebi, parlamentarebi, mTavrobis wevrebi da kulturis moRvaweebi.

30 seqtemberi _ gamoqveynda taliavinis sagamoZiebo komisiis daskvna
30 seqtemberi _ vin daiwyo 2008 wlis agvistos omi? miuxedavad imisa, rom am kiTxvaze konfliqtis yvela monawiles misTvis sasargeblo pasuxi omis pirveli dRidanve hqonda, saqarTvelo da ruseTi saerTaSoriso sazogadoebasTan erTad mouTmenlad eloda evrokavSiris egidiT Seqmni32

li sagamoZiebo komisiis daskvnas. Sveicarieli diplomatis, haidi taliavinis xelmZRvanelobiT faqtebis moZiebis misia konfliqtis monawile qveynebsa da regionebSi ramdenime Tvis ganmavlobaSi ramdenjerme Cavida. saboloo daskvna 30 seqtembers gamoqveynda, magram dokumentma ver
liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

saqarTvelo 2009-Si

da konfliqtis dawyebis dRes _ 7 agvistos xdeboda. am informaciis saSualebiT SesaZlebeli gaxda eWvqveS damdgariyo manamde gavrcelebuli versia, TiTqos omi saqarTvelom daiwyo, ruseTi ki iZulebuli iyo, sakuTari samSvidoboebi da samxreTi oseTis mosaxleoba daecva. mTlianobaSi am daskvnas ganixilaven seriozul dartymad ruseTze, romelic mxilebulia samxreTi oseTis qarTul soflebSi mowyobil eTnowmendasa da afxazeTSi kodoris gaumarTlebel dapyrobaSi. ruseTi amxiles aseve sicrueSi, rodesac is osi xalxis genocidze laparakobda, da daigmo misi TiToeuli nabiji gaumarTleblad masStaburi Zalis gamoyenebisTvis. frTxili, diplomatiuri formiT dawerili es moxseneba, yovelgvari konkretuli daskvnis gareSe, mxolod propagandis sagnad iqca samTavrobo presisTvis ruseTSic da saqarTveloSic. TiToeulma mxarem am angariSidan misTvis sasargeblo Tezisebi amokriba. es yvelaferi Tveze met xans ar gagrZelebula, es angariSi mets arc imsaxurebda.

19 dekemberi _ quTaisSi `didebis memorialis~ afeTqeba
sa, rom mosaxleobis perimetridan gayvana swored sapatrulo policias evaleboda. mTavrobis mier Zeglis aRebis aucilebloba imiT iyo axsnili, rom am adgilas saqarTvelos parlamentis mSenebloba iwyeba. memorialis afeTqebis Sesaxeb gadawyvetileba rom naCqarevad iyo miRebuli, erTi dRiT adre saqarTvelos sagareo saqmeTa saministros mier gavrcelebuli gancxadebidanac Cans. `mTeli pasuxismgeblobiT vacxadebT, rom saqarTveloSi pativiscemiTa da mowiwebiT epyrobian meore msoflio omSi mebrZolTa xsovnas da saqarTvelos saxelmwifo da sazogadoeba zrunavs Zeglebsa da memorialebze. rac Seexeba q.quTaisSi ganTavsebul mebrZolTa memorials, gvinda aRvniSnoT, rom Zegli Zlier dazaralda 90ian wlebSi, swored im periodSi, rodesac saqarTveloSi mimdinareobda ruseTis mier inspirirebuli movlenebi. amis Sedegad aRniSnuli memoriali saWiroebs Sesabamisi sareabilitacio samuSaoebis Catarebas~, _ naTqvamia gancxadebaSi.

`didebis memoriali~, quTaisi

`eqspertebma ver SeZles dadgena _ vin da ratom daiwyo agvistos omi~.

rusi samxedroebi, gori 2008

quTaisSi meore msoflio omSi daRupulTa memorialis afeTqebas 2 adamianis _ maT Soris 11 wlis bavSvis sicocxle emsxverpla. afeTqebis mosawyobad, quTaisis meriis mier daqiravebuli kompaniis `saqfeTqmrewvis~ TanamSromlebis TqmiT, usafrTxoebis zomebi mosamzadebeli drois simciris gamo srulad ver daicves. Tavdapirvelad maT afeTqeba 21 dekembrisTvis daukveTes, Semdeg ki moulodnelad municipalitetidan daurekes da demontaJis dasruleba 19 dekembrisTvis ubrZanes. araoficialuri informaciiT, memorialis afeTqeba mixeil saakaSvilis dabadebis dRes unda momxdariyo, TariRi ki mas Semdeg Seicvala, rac memorialis dangrevis gegma quTaisis mosaxleobis nawilma da opoziciurma partiebma gaaprotestes. momxdari tragediis gamo, mxolod amfeTqebeli kompaniis 3 TanamSromeli daakaves, prezidentis brZanebiT ki Tanamdeboba datova imereTis gubernatorma. aravin dasjila quTaisis municipalitetidan. ar damdgara arc policiis romelime TanamSromlis pasuxismgeblobis sakiTxi, miuxedavad imi-

komentari zaal andronikaSvili literaturaTmcodne, ilia WavWavaZis unversitetis asocirebuli profesori `didebis memorialis~ dangrevis motivi Tu marTlac parlamentis SenobisTvis adgilis gaTavisufleba iyo, is kritikas ver uZlebs. Tavi rom davaneboT am ideis absurdulobas, quTaisSi erTi Senobis asaSenebeli adgili `didebis memorialis~ daungrevladac sakmarisad aris. memorialis dangrevis meore motivze amerikeli iuristi robert amsterdami saubrobs: saqarTvelos mTavrobam `ara marto demontaJi gaukeTa (memorials -z.a.) parlamentis axali Senobis asaSeneblad, aramed is samagaliTod aafeTqa […]. cxadia, es iyo ruseTis gasaRizianeblad gadadgmuli nabiji, romlis 33

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foto iustina melnikeviCi

saqarTvelo 2009-Si

ganrisxebuli reaqciac mosalodneli iyo~. orive SemTxvevaSi, memorialis afeTqeba misi iniciatorebis srul ugnurebaze metyvelebs. ruseTis `jinaze~ omSi daRupuli qarTvelebis xsovnis Seuracxyofis asaxsnelad ki ugunuroba albaT yvelaze rbili Sefasebacaa. Tumca aris mesame mizezic: bolo dros saqarTvelos mTavrobis mxardamWeri arasamTavrobo organizaciebi sabWoTa memkvidreobis daZlevis da sabWoTa simbolikis akrZalvis iniciativiT gamovidnen. TavisTavad sabWoTa memkvidreobis Sefaseba da am memkvidreobis daZleva aucilebelia. problema isaa, rom arc nacionaluri moZraobis think tank-ebs, arc saqarTvelos mTavrobas arc gaazrebuli, arc Camoyalibebuli ar aqvs, ra aris sabWoTa memkvidreoba da rogor SeiZleba misi daZleva. swored es gauazrebloba xdeba ara marto ugunurobis, aramed danaSaulis wyaroc. ratomRac miCneulia, rom sabWoTa memkvidreobis daZleva sabWoTa simboloebis ganadgurebas niSnavs. es igivea, eqimi Wrilobas kosmetikiT rom mkurnalobdes. visac II msoflio omi sabWoTa kavSiris da germaniis omi hgonia, zustad iseve fiqrobs, rogorc putiniseuli propaganda. sabWoTa saqarTvelos istoriaSi saamayo bevri araferi yofila. magram is, rom qarTvelebi lamis mTel msofliosTan erTad am borotebis winaaRmdeg ibrZodnen da mis damarcxebaSi Tavisi wvlilic Seitanes, diaxac saamayoa. gadawyvetileba `didebis memorialis~ afeTqebis Sesaxeb quTaisis sakrebulos ar miuRia. gaurkvevelia, ra kanonier CarCoSi iyo moqceuli `didebis memorialis~ demontaJi. saqarTvelos mTavrobas mosaxleobisaTvis sakuTari gadawyvetilebebis dasabuTebis problema aqvs, da radganac mTavrobis pozicia arc am SemTxvevaSi yofila argumentirebuli, misi sajarod gamotana Zeglis afeTqebis gadawyvetilebas an gadaavadebda an saerTod SeaCerebda. mTavrobam Tavisi gadawyvetilebis `partizanulad~ ganxorcieleba gadawyvita _ memo34

riali dagegmilze adre aafeTqes. am `partizanulobam~ ki mTavrobis ugunuroba danaSaulad aqcia: afeTqebas ori adamianis sicocxle Seewira. Tuki mTavrobas surda, sabWoTa memkvidreobis daZlevaSi Tavisi wvlili Seetana, amis sapirispiro gamouvida. mosaxleobis azris ignorireba, gadawyvetilebebis sazogadoebrivi azris gauTvaliswineblad miReba da mere am gadawyvetilebebis `partizanulad~ ganxorcieleba sworedac

rom is aris, rac sabWoTa kavSirma saqarTvelos dRevandel mTavrobas memkvidreobad dautova.

`mTavrobam Tavisi gadawyvetileba `partizanulad~ ganaxorciela. aman ki ugunuroba danaSaulad aqcia~.

meore msoflio omis veteranebi afeTqebul `didebis memorialTan~, quTaisi 2009

liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

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saqarTvelos sapatriarqosa da somxuri samociqulo eklesiis eqvsi sadavo taZridan erT-erTi upatronobis gamo Camoingra. saqarTvelos xelisuflebas ar eyo neba, rom kulturuli
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memkvidreobis Zegli gadaerCina.
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liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

lebebi lesia gaSla

moRnisis wminda giorgis saxelobis taZris nangrevebi, Tbilisi, axospirelis quCa, noemberi 2009

liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

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adamianis uflebebi da samarTali

19 noembris dilis 4 saaTze axospirelis quCis macxovreblebi ngrevis xmam gaaRviZa. `iseTi xmiT izriala, gvegona, miwisZvra iyo~, _ ixsenebs iqve, mezoblad mcxovrebi erT-erTi moqalaqe. moRnisis wm. giorgis jvargumbaTovani tipis taZris ngreva gumbaTis CamoqceviT daiwyo, rasac ori kedlis CamoSla mohyva. ngrevam ori saxlis saxuravi, ori mezoblis wyalkanalizaciis qseli da avtomobili daaziana. Zveli Tbilisis gamgeobam meore dilasve daiwyo kedlebis im qsovilis moSla, romelic safrTxes uqmnida mosaxleobas. rogorc adgilobrivebi ixseneben, es pirveli SemTxveva iyo, rodesac maT gamoexmaurnen. mWidro gansaxlebis gamo, eklesiis siZvele mezoblad mcxovreb ojaxebs mudmivi safrTxis qveS ayenebda. mezoblebi agrovebdnen xelmowerebs da gancxadebebiT akiTxavdnen xan merias, xan gamgeobas da xan kulturisa da ZeglTa dacvis saministros, magram maTi moTxovna, rom taZrisTvis miexedaT, upasuxod rCeboda. taZris mZime mdgomareobaze 2007 wels erT-erT statiaSi istoriis mecnierebaTa doqtori, Teimuraz beriZec saubrobda, _ `erTxans mand sadurglo saxelosno iyo. Semdeg ki xalxuri rewvis muzeumi gadmoitanes. axla savalalo mdgomareobaSia, daketilia da ingreva. taZris gumbaTze Tunuqi gadamZvralia, karibWeebi Caketili _ xe Zveli, xolo amomtvreuli adgilebi daJanguli TunuqiT aris aWedili. taZari savsea naSali masaliT, saxuravze xeebia amosuli, kedlebi ki damskdari da danestianebuli. rogorc Cans, sakurTxevlis qveS gruntma daiwia, Sedegad aRmosavleTis mklavi gadaxsnili da gadaqanebulia~. miuxedavad savalalo mdgomareobisa, Camongrevamde eklesiis restavracia ar dawyebula. iqve mezoblad mcxovrebi adamianebi irwmunebian, rom taZris ngrevis mizezi misi `upatronoba~ gaxda. `am taZris ZirSi vcxovrob da yovel wuTas mqonda molodini, rom es moxdeboda. ra instanciaSic ar mivedi, yvelgan erTi pasuxi hqondaT, _ erovnuli SuRlis gaRvivebas veridebiTo~, _ ambobs erT-erTi mezobeli qeTi garsevaniSvili.
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24 noembers, axospirelis quCaze eklesiis Camongreva erevanSi saqarTvelos saelCosTan 500mde demonstrantma gaaaprotesta, plakatebiT `ara umoqmedobas!, `ara kulturul genocids!~ `qarTvelebo, Tqvenc xom qristianebi xarT~. isini somxuri samociqulo eklesiisaTvis iuridiuli statusis miniWebasa da eklesiebis dabrunebas iTxovdnen. somxeTis umaRlesma sabWom gaavrcela gancxadeba, romelSic saqarTvelos xelisufleba da marTlmadidebluri eklesia somxuri Zeglis mouvlelobaSi daadanaSau-

saqarTvelos kulturuli memkvidreobis dacvis erovnuli saagentos ufrosis moadgilis, nikoloz anTiZis TqmiT, ukve Seiqmna eqspertTa jgufi, romelic jer Seiswavlis Zegls da Semdeg daiwyebs mis restavracias. 2007 wels TbilisSi kulturuli Zeglebis xelaxali Seswavla da aRricxva daiwyo. moRnisis eklesia sxva somxur eklesiebTan erTad am kulturuli memkvidreobis siaSi darCa. nikoloz anTiZis ganmartebiT, Zeglis reabilitacia imitom ver moxerxda, rom am ubanSi calkeuli Senobebis reabilitacia uSedegodaa

moRnisis wminda giorgis saxelobis taZris nangrevebi, Tbilisi, axospirelis quCa, noemberi 2009

miuxedavad imisa, rom eqvsi sadavo eklesia reestrSic somxurad aris moxseniebuli, sapatriarqo maTi warmomavlobis Seswavlas mainc daJinebiT iTxovs.

la. `saqarTvelos xelisuflebis gulgrili damokidebuleba ar pasuxobs mis mier nakisr valdebulebebs, romelic saqarTvelos mezobel qveynebTan keTilmezoblur damokidebulebasa da eTnikuri umciresobebis kulturul-istoriuli Zeglebis dacvas avaldebulebs~, _ naTqvamia gancxadebaSi.

miCneuli. meriis gadawyvetilebiT, Tbilisis istoriuli ubnebis saerTo reabilitacia miwisqveSa saniaRvre sistemis mowesrigebis Semdeg iwyeba. `Cveni daskvniT, moRnisis ngreva bolo miwisZvris Sedegi iyo. samwuxarod, ubnuri reabilitacia, romelic 2010 wels am eklesiasac Seexeboda, ver moeswro~, _ ambobs nikoloz anTiZe. saqarTveloSi somxuri samociqulo eklesiis warmomadgenlis mixeil avaqianis TqmiT, somxuri eklesiisTvis am taZrebis gadacemis SemTxvevaSi, isini eklesiebs saxelmwifosTan erTad saTanado movlapatronobas gauwevdnen da moRnisis Zeglis SenarCuneba moxerxdeboda. saqarTvelos kulturuli memkvidreobis dacvis erovnuli saagentos da kulturisa da ZeglTa daliberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

foto Temo barZimaSvili

adamianis uflebebi da samarTali

cvis saministros kompetenciaSi ar Sedis qonebis gadacema. ekonomikis saministroSi ki amboben, rom msgavsi moTxovniT aravis miumarTavs. Zeglis sareabilitacio gegmis SeqmniT is problema ar mogvarebula, rac somxur da sxva tradiciul eklesiebs aqvT saqarTveloSi. 1356 wels aSenebul `muRnu surbgevorqis~ eklesias me-18 saukuneSi sarestavracio samuSaoebi Cautarda. is XX saukunis 30-ian wlebamde moqmedi iyo, vidre sabWoTa xelisuflebam somxur eklesias ar CamoarTva. sabWoTa periodSi CamorTmeuli eklesiebis sakiTxi damoukideblobis mopovebis Semdeg qarTulma saxelmwifom ver moagvara. saeklesio qonebis restituciis ufleba mxolod marTlmadideblur eklesias, konkordatis safuZvelze mieca. danarCen tradiciul konfesiebs saqarTveloSi religiuri statusi ar aqvT. kanoni maT mxolod kerZo arasamewarmeo iuridiul pirad daregistrirebis saSualebas aZlevs. tradiciuli religiebi amgvar registraciaze uars acxadeben. `somxuri eklesia saqarTveloSi, ukve 15 saukunea, arsebobs da ro-

siebi Tavdapirvelad iyo qarTuli da mas Semdeg, rac gauqmda qarTuli marTlmadidebluri eklesiis avtokefalia, rusma egzarqosebma isini somxur eklesias gadasces, magram amas mecnierulad dasabuTeba sWirdeba~, _ ambobs sapatriarqos religiebs Soris kavSirebis centris xelmZRvaneli lela jejelava. restavratori Salva meliqiZe moRnisze winaswar SeswavliT samuSaoebSi monawileobs. is ambobs, _ `taZari Tavidan bolomde somxuria: mSeneblobis stiliT, formiT, Ria didi sarkmlebiT, Tumca safuZvlianad rom SeviswavliT, maSin ufro danamdvilebiT vityviT~. miuxedavad imisa, rom es eklesiebi reestrSic somxurad aris moxseniebuli, sapatriarqo maTi warmomavlobis Seswavlas mainc iTxovs. 2008 wels sapatriarqo komisiis Seqmnis iniciativiT gamovida, romelic am eklesiebis warmomavlobas daadgenda. komisia ar Sedga, radgan somxurma samociqulo eklesiam uari Tqva masSi monawileobaze. mama nareki aseTi komisiis Seqmnas iseTive absurdad miiCnevs, rogorc sionisa da qaSueTis eklesiebis

permanentulad mwvavdeba urTierTobebi somxur eklesiasa da sapatriarqos Soris. 2008 wlis 16 noembers noraSenis eklesiis gverdiT mdebare marTlmadidebluri eklesiis dekanozma tariel sikinWilaSvilma TviTneburad gadaaadgila noraSenis ezoSi ori somexi mecenatis saflavis qvebi, rasac adgilobrivi somxebi kvlav gamoexmaurnen da saflavis qvebi ukan daabrunes. am faqts mohyva sxvadasxva qveyanaSi qarTul saelCoebTan somxuri diasporis saprotesto aqciebi. saxalxo damcvelis aparatTan arsebuli tolerantobis centris xelmZRvanelis, beqa mindiaSvilis azriT, amgvari qmedeba saqarTvelos saxelmwifos ulaxavs saxes qveynis farglebs gareT da aseve qarTul-somxur urTierTobebsac uSlis xels. Tu iqneba saxelmwifos neba, sakiTxis mogvareba samarTlebrivad SesaZlebelia. amas mowmobs ori moqmedi somxuri eklesiis arseboba TbilisSi, romlebic somxurma mxarem Tavisi ZalebiT gaamagra da dRes RvTismsaxurebas eweva. `am nebis ararseboba gamo-

axospirelis quCaze eklesiis Camongreva erevanSi saqarTvelos saelCosTan 500-mde demonstrantma gaaaprotesta, plakatebiT `ara kulturul genocids!~, `qarTvelebo, Tqvenc xom qristianebi xarT~.
gor SeiZleba registracia gaiaros dRes am eklesiam rogorc axlad Seqmnilma organizaciam? es Seuracxmyofelia somxuri eklesiisaTvis~, _ ambobs somxuri samociqulo eklesiis winamZRvari mama nareki. somxuri eklesia, statusis garda, eqvsi eklesiis dabrunebas iTxovs, maTgan erTi axalcixeSia _ `surb-nSani~, xuTi ki TbilisSi _ `Samxored surb-astvacacin~ da `surb-minasi~ avlabarSi, `muRnu surb-gevorqi~ axospirelis quCaze, `surb-nSani~ vercxlis quCaze da `noraSeni~ leseliZis quCaze. isini e.w. `sadavo~ eklesiebis sias mas Semdeg miekuTvnebian, rac sapatriarqom maT flobaze pretenzia Tavad ganacxada. `qarTvel mecnierebs aqvT mosazreba, rom es ekleliberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

qarTuli warmomavlobis dasadgenad komisiis Seqmnas. 2005 wlis saangariSo moxsenebaSi saxalxo damcvelma sozar subarma parlaments rekomendaciiT mimarTa, rom sakiTxi mowesrigebuliyo, magram maSin deputatebma arc ki mousmines ombudsmens da protestis niSnad darbazi datoves. sapatriarqosa da somxur eklesias Soris dapirispireba, ukve ramdenime welia, mimdinareobs. 1995 wlis 15 Tebervals, saqarTvelos sapatriarqos gadawyvetilebiT, noraSeni yovladwmida RvTismSoblis xarebis eklesiad akurTxes da marTlmadidebluri wirva Caatares. es faqti adgilobrivma somxurma Temma gaaprotesta da sapatriarqo iZulebuli gaxda, taZari daetovebina. 1995 wlidan moyolebuli

wveulia im arajansaRi urTierTmimarTebiT, romelic arsebobs sapatriarqosa da saxelmwifos Soris, saxelmwifos eSinia sapatriarqosi~, _ ambobs beqa mindiaSvili. misive TqmiT, saxelmwifo qonebis dabrunebas iseve unda miudges, rogorc es moxda marTlmadidebluri eklesiebis mimarT, yvela im eklesias unda daubrunos qoneba, romlebsac 30-ian wlebSi CamoarTves. moRnisis eklesiis sareabilitacio jgufis Seqmna jer kidev ver wyvets saerTo sakanonmdeblo diskriminaciul damokidebulebas religiuri umciresobebis mimarT. gaurkvevelia im xuTi eklesiis bedic, romlebic aseve savalalo mdgomareobaSia da, uyuradRebobis SemTxvevaSi, maTi Camongrevis safrTxec dRiTi dRe izrdeba.
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adamianis uflebebi da samarTali

fond `inkluzivis~ darbeva

policia Rirsebisa da pativis winaaRmdeg
reformirebuli policia isev ayenebs Seuracxyofas sruliad udanaSaulo adamianebs da Rirsebis da pativis Semlaxav qmedebebs mimarTavs.
nino beqiSvili

fond `inkluzivis~ ofisSi, axvledianis quCaze, 15 dekembers, daaxloebiT saRamos Svid saaTze xuTi SeiaraRebuli piri SeiWra, romelTac policiis formebi ar ecvaT. maT ganacxades, rom operatiuli informaciis safuZvelze Senoba unda gaeCxrikaT. fondis xelmZRvaneli paata sabelaSvili calke oTaxSi gamoketes da saqmes, anu Cxrekas Seudgnen, ise, rom Cxrekis oqmi ofisSi myofi arc erTi adamianisTvis ar uCvenebiaT. saRamos rva saaTisTvis fondSi ukve aTze meti ucxo piri iyo, romlebic arc sakuTar vinaobas amxeldnen da iq myofi adamianebis mimarT gansakuTrebuli cinizmiT gamoirCeodnen. fondSi am dros „qalTa klubis~ wevri gogonebi saaxalwlo gamofenisTvis emzadebodnen da biserebisgan samajurebsa da sxva samkaulebs akeTebdnen. fondi `inkluzivi~ erTaderTi qarTuli arasamTavrobo organizaciaa, romelic lgbt (lesboseli, gei, biseqsuali da transgenderi) adamianebis uflebaTa dacvaze muSaobs, aqvs orenovani vebgverdi, gamoscems yovelkvartalur orenovan Jurnal „mes~. fondi 2006 wlidan arsebobs da saerTaSoriso donorebis mier finansdeba. „inkluzivi~ lgbt jgufis adamianebisaTvis erTaderTi usafrTxo sivrcea, sadac Riad saubroben maTTvis mniSvnelovan Temebze, Tu
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dasWirdaT, iReben fsiqologiur da iuridiul daxmarebas. 23 dekembers „inkluzivma~ mimarTva gamoaqveyna saqarTvelos prezidentis, saqarTveloSi akreditebuli diplomatiuri samsaxurebis, saerTaSoriso organizaciebis warmomadgenlebis da saqarTvelos saxalxo damcvelis saxelze, sadac dawvrilebiTaa aRwerili fondSi Catarebuli Cxrekis, sinamdvileSi ki fondis ofisis vandaluri darbevis faqti. ofisSi myofebs CamoarTves mobiluri telefonebi, ar misces axloblebTan dakavSirebis ufleba; maTi Tandaswrebis gareSe gaCxrikes CanTebi, gamudmebiT ayenebdnen sityvier Seuracxyofas, eZaxdnen gadaxrilebs, avadmyofebs, satanistebs, dascinodnen da aSantaJebdnen. emuqrebodnen, rom gadauRebdnen fotoebs da mere maT mamebsa da Zmebs aCvenebdnen. gansakuTrebuli cinizmiT gamoirCeodnen qali policielebi, romlebmac gogonebi siciveSi, fondis saabazanoSi gaaSiSvles da ise gaCxrikes. erT-erTi qali policieli pirjvrisweriT ambobda, _ „qalis sxeuli SegvazizReso~. romeliRac policielma Tbilisis erTerT maRaziaSi nayid patara Savi saTamaSos ofisSi danaxvaze yvirili morTo, _ „vudu vipoveT, eseni satanistebic ariano~. gaRizianebulma policielebma kedlebidan Camoxies homofobiis winaaRmdeg mimarTuli

plakatebi _ mokled, mTeli ofisi Tavdayira daayenes. „erT-erTma pirma, romelic gansakuTrebuli agresiulobiT gamoirCeoda, fondis TanamSromels Tavi kud-is operatiul TanamSromlad, giorgi gegeWkorad warudgina. Tumca, 18 dekembers gamarTul sasamarTlo sxdomaze igi gamomZieblis rolSi wardga sasamarTlos winaSe daviT xideSelis saxeliTa da gvariT. amas garda, meore piri (rogorc mogvianebiT gairkva, policiis qveganyofilebis erT-erTi xelmZRvaneli), romelic gansakuTrebiT bilwsityvaobda, fizikuri likvidaciiT daemuqra eka aRdgomelaSvils, Tu is dauyovnebliv ar gaCumdeboda (`mogspob, miwasTan gagasworeb~, `gaaCumeT es qali, Torem movklav~ da sxv.). fondis TanamSromlis replikaze, rom isini aWarbeben sakuTar uflebamosilebas da pasuxs ageben aseT saqcielze, man upasuxa: `miCivle, fexebi ar momWamo~; `me var kanonica da sasamarTloc~, _ naTqvamia „inkluzivis~ mimarTvaSi. Cxrekis momswre gogonebi ixseneben: „es sad movxvdiTo, _ ambobdnen, mere urekavdnen viRacebs: biWo, aq raRac transgenderebis da egeTebis dacvis organizacia eqskluzivia, amodi, biWo~. „tualetSi ar gviSvebdnen (daaliberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

adamianis uflebebi da samarTali

fond `inkluzivis~ darbeuli ofisi, dekemberi 2009

xloebiT ori saaTi). mizezad arafers gveubnebodnen. raRacebze saerTod ar gvpasuxobdnen. roca erT-erTma policielma sabuTebis wardgena mosTxova da kanonebze daelaparaka, upasuxes, _ aq prezidentic me var, mosamarTlec me var, ufrosic me var da daetie Sen adgilaso. yvelas ase pasuxobdnen, vinc raRac interess iCenda~. „samni erTad gagvCxrikes, magram wesieri Cxreka arc iyo, imitom rom tansacmlis jibeebic ki ar gadmoatriales wesierad. gagvxades da Cagvacves. Zalian male, ai, erTi wamiT viyaviT gaxdilebi. Cemi azriT, damcirebis momenti iyo ubralod. gulmodgined namdvilad araferi ar unaxavT. ar unaxavT, rom magaliTad, me svitrze qvemodan jibe maqvs Semokerili~. fondis Cxreka daaxloebiT Ramis 12-is naxevarze damTavrda. paata sabelaSvili daakaves. man marTlac dawera aRiarebiTi Cveneba, rom fondis ofisSi aRmoCenili marixuana mas ekuTvnoda. aRsaniSnavia, rom es paketebi policielebs ar dauluqavT, rac kanonis uxeSi darRvevaa. saerTaSoriso organizaciebis, saxalxo damcvelisa da adgilobrivi arasamTavroboebis CareviT, paata sabelaSvili 24 dekembers giraos gadaxdis Semdeg gaaTavisufles da 5 wliT pirobiTi sasjeli miusajes.
liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

fond `inkluzivis~ TanamSromlebi eka aRdgomelaSvili da Tiko jafariZe hyvebian, rom maT telefonebs usmenen da 15 dekembris Semdeg mudmivad uTvalTvaleben.
Sinagan saqmeTa saministros qalaq Tbilisis mTavari sammarTvelos Zveli Tbilisis sammarTvelos me-3 ganyofilebis TanamSromlebi, romlebic fondSi SeiWrnen, saqarTvelos konstituciis winaaRmdeg moqmedebdnen, romlis mixedviTac, yoveli adamiani Tanasworia. `inkluzivis~ ofisSi myofi adamianebis erTaderTi `danaSauli~ maTi seqsualuri orientacia iyo. Cxrekisas dairRva „policiis Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanoni, romelic nebismieri niSniT diskriminacias krZalavs. aseve dairRva policiis eTikis kodeqsic, sadac naTqvamia, rom `policielma dakisrebuli movaleobebi unda Seasrulos samarTlianad, miukerZoeblad, da uzrunvelyos yvela moqalaqis kanonis winaSe Tanasworoba ganurCevlad rasisa, sqesisa, enisa, religiisa, politikuri da sxva Sexedulebebisa, erovnuli,

eTnikuri da socialuri kuTvnilebisa, warmoSobisa, ganaTlebisa, qonebrivi da wodebrivi mdgomareobisa, sacxovrebeli adgilisa an sxva saxis piradi mdgomareobisa~. fond `inkluzivis~ mimarTvas saqarTvelos axalgazrda iuristTa da saqarTvelos saxalxo damcvelis saprotesto gancxadebebi mohyva, sadac saubaria im kanondarRvevebze, rac 15 dekembris saRamos moxda. fondis warmomadgenlebs policielebis winaaRmdeg sarCelis momzadebaSi swored saia da ombudsmenis aparati daexmarebaT. „arseboben konkretuli pirebi, romlebic unda daisajon~, _ ambobs eka aRdgomelaSvili. fondis TanamSromlebi eka aRdgomelaSvili da Tiko jafariZe hyvebian, rom maT telefonebs usmenen da 15 dekembris Semdeg mudmivad uTvalTvaleben. „inkluzivis~ ofisTan saaTobiT dgas manqanebi da iq msxdomebi mzesumziris WamiT irTobdnen Tavs. „bevri kiTxvis niSani Cndeba, _ ambobs eka, _ mainc vfiqrob, rom es fsiqologiuri zewolaa, roca Senobidan gamovdiodiT, stveniT afrTxilebdnen erTmaneTs. Tu vinmes TvalTvali undaT, amas Cumadac gaakeTeben~. ratom daakaves paata sabelaSvili maincdamainc samsaxurSi da ratom gamoiCines samarTladmacavebma ofisis Cxrekisas amgvari vandalizmi? eka aRdgomelaSvili, romelic ukve ramdenime welia, qarTul mediaSi homoseqsualobis Temas ikvlevs, fiqrobs, rom am faqtis axsna moaxloebuli arCevnebiTac SeiZleba, romlis win, rogorc wesi, Zlierdeba homofobia, radgan iolia sazogadoebis negatiur ganwyobebze Tu SiSebze TamaSi da amiT politikuri qulebis Cawera. im garemoSi, sadac sazogadoebis homofobiuri ganwyoba, erTi mxriv, politikosTa da kulturis moRvaweTa mxridanaa waxalisebuli, meore mxriv ki mediisgan ikvebeba, amgvari ram, erTi SexedviT, moulodneli ar aris. Tumca, Tuki policieli samsaxurebrivi movaleobis Sesrulebisas, sul mcire, qveynis konstitucias ar icavs, iq ukve rTuldeba raime warmatebul reformaze saubari da azri ekargeba gamWvirvale SenobebiT Tavmowonebas.
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sazogadoeba

prezidentis patriotuli proeqti
imdenad bevri ram akavSirebs nacionalur moZraobas da patriotTa banakebs,
foto salome jaSi

rom Znelia, prezidentis programaSi partiuli interesebi ver dainaxo.
Tamar babuaZe
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liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

43

sazogadoeba

2005 wlis 1 ivliss prezidentis brZanebiT dawyebuli `patriotTa banakis~ proeqti ZviradRirebuli wamowyebaa. pirvel wels 5 banakis gaxsna da 15 aTasi `patriotis~ aRzrda-dasveneba or milionamde lari dajda, 2007 wels _ rodesac banakebs sami axalic daemata, `patriotebis~ rigebi ki 30 aTasamde gaizarda, xarjma biujetidan 10 milion lars miaRwia. `nacionalebi~ xSirad sargeblobdnen sarezervo fondebidanac. 2006 wels, biujetidan banakebisTvis gamoyofili 5 milioni laris garda, swored sarezervo fondidan dai-

aseTi ojaxebidan aris. Tumca, nacionaluri programis saxelwodeba sazafxulo banakebs damatebiT konteqsts sZens. `patriotTa banakebi~ _ am saTauriT dRes msoflioSi arc erTi sazafxulo banaki ar funqcionirebs. arsebobs banakebi, sadac met-naklebad mkacri samxedro wesebi moqmedebs, magaliTad, aseTia poloneTSi, magram ara msgavsi saxelwodebiTa da ara saxelmwifo biujetidan dafinansebiT. qarTul sazafxulo banakebSi ki patriotizmi banakuri cxovrebis wamyvani laitmotivia. dila kbilebis

triotul Temaze speqtakli dadgas. moTxovnaa isic, rom TiToeul razms patriotuli saxeli erqvas da SeZaxilic patriotuli hqondes: razmi _ `samSoblo~, devizi _ `Cveni xatia samSoblo~, SeZaxili: `rogorc ufali, samSoblo erTia qveyanazeda~. liderebi amboben, rom patriotizmis propagandis Sesaxeb direqtiva xelmZRvanelebisgan ufro zogadi xasiaTisaa. liderebs avaleben patriotizmze saubars, Tematikas ki TviTon arCeven: `sul amaze vsaubrobT, nawilobriv pirdapir, nawilobriv SemovliTi gziT. magram ver

foto salome jaSi

patriotTa banaki varcixeSi, 2009

xarja damatebiT TiTqmis 400 aTasi lari patriotTa forumis Casatareblad, RonisZiebaze `patriotebis~ Casayvanad da klipis gadasaRebad. mmarTveli partiis warmomadgenlebi acxadeben, rom amgvari xarjiani proeqtis yovelwliurad dafinanseba isev moqalaqeebis interesebSi Sedis: erTmaneTs uaxlovdebian mozardebi sxvadasxva regionidan da sargebels naxuloben socialurad daucveli ojaxebic, radgan `patriotTa~ 70-80 procenti swored
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gaxexviT, gamamxnevebeli varjiSiTa da swordiT, smenaze himnis mosmeniT iwyeba. wesia aseTi, Tuki himns dRis ganmavlobaSi kidev CarTaven _ da ase xSirad xdeba xolme _ TiToeuli patrioti valdebulia, gaswordes da gulze xeldadebulma moisminos himni. patriots aucileblad unda ecvas saxelmwifo simbolikiT gawyobili uniformis erTi nawili mainc _ maisuri, Jileti, an kepi. is valdebulia, banakSi gatarebuli aTi dRidan erTi saqarTvelos miuZRvnas da pa-

`sxva daniSnuleba~ saxelmwifoebrivi identobis gavrcelebaa. is, rac patriotTa banakebSi xdeba, simptomaturia da miuTiTebs imaze, Tu rogori agresiuli meTodebiT cdilobs xelisufleba saxelmwifo identobis gavrcelebas sazogadoebaSi.
liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

sazogadoeba

ityvi, rom banakebi gvirabia _ Tu Seva arapatrioti, gamova patrioti. Cven vcdilobT, erovnuli grZnobebi gavaCinoT. danarCeni ojaxidan da skolidan unda iswavlos~, _ acxadebs lideri guga barbaqaZe. `Cven unda davibrunoT Cveni aRTqmuli miwa. aRTqmuli miwa ki gaerTianebuli, Zlieri saqarTveloa, Tavisi Zveli sazRvrebiT, sadac qarTvelebs ar rcxveniaT qarTvelobis, sadac _ rogorc irakli oqruaSvilma Tqva _ qarTvelebi partizanebiviT tyeebSi ar imalebian... Cven aRTqmul qveyanaSi Sedis fsou da rokis gvirabic. Cven unda davibrunoT aRTqmuli miwa, Cveni saqarTvelo da es mSvidobianad, erTad dgomiT unda gavakeToT~, _ es sityvebi mixeil saakaSvilma 2005 wlis seqtemberSi, patriotTa aTiaTasian forumze warmoTqva. aseTi forumi banakebis istoriaSi orjer moewyo, orivejer saakaSvili iyo patriotuli cecxlis mTavari gamRvivebeli. garda amisa, prezidenti xSirad stumrobda TviTon banakebsac da axalgazrdebTan araformalur Sexvedrebzec saqarTvelos diad warsulsa da momavalze saubrobda. am Sexvedrebis dros qveynis mTavari lideri paTetikurad axsenebda rigiT liderebs imas, rac patriotebTan saubrisas ar unda gamorCenodaT. ratom gaxda saWiro patriotizmis aseTi masobrivi qadagebis wamowyeba revoluciis Semdeg? banakebis ideis avtorebi da `nacionaluri moZraobis~ liderebi acxadeben, rom amis saWiroeba sazogadoebaSi gavrcelebulma erovnulma nihilizmma gaaCina. 2003-is Semdeg saqarTveloSi saxelmwifoebriobis axali aTvla daiwyo. es gamoricxavda uimedobas da gulisxmobda optimizms momavali saqarTvelos gamarjvebaSi. ideis avtorebis azriT, axlad dabadebul saqarTvelos axali, imediani moqalaqeebi sWirdeboda, romelTac pativiscema gauCndebodaT sakuTari qveynis himnisa da simbolikis, warsulisa da momavlis mimarT. swored am talRaze daibada nacionaluri axalgazrduli programa `patrioti~ da maleve gamocxadda konkursi `patrinotic~. am konkursis Sesaxeb giorgi arvelaZe 2005 wels ambobda: `saqarTvelos armias sWirdeba axali samxedro marSebi, saqarTvelos saliberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

zogadoebas sWirdeba axali patriotuli simRerebi~. imave periodSi ramdenjerme gaizarda saqarTvelos Tavdacvis biujeti, daarsda rezervistTa programa, `patriotTa banakebis~ pirvel nakadSi ki bavSvebs samxedro konsultantebi iaraRis daSla-awyobas aswavlidnen da zogad samxedro wvrTnas utarebdnen. Tumca, samxedro aspeqti patriotul banakebs maleve Camoscilda. amis erT-erTi mizezi isic SeiZleboda yofiliyo, rom iniciativas mwvave kritika mohyva. dRes partiis liderebi acxadeben, rom es Secdoma iyo, amas Tavadve mixvdnen da banakuri ganawesidan amitomac amoiRes. samagierod, banakur patriotizms ar moklebia `mitinguri suliskveTeba~. `saqarTvelos gaumarjos, josjos-jos!~ _ es SeZaxili banakebSi yovlad umizezod nebismier dros SeiZleba gaismas. am SeZaxiliT erTnairadaa gamsWvaluli saqarTvelosadmi miZRvnili Tematuri dadgmebi da dilis rutinuli rituali. `piriqiT, antipatriotizmad mimaCnia, rodesac 117 adamiani daikavebs saqarTvelos 117 droSas da darbis banakSi. es CemTvis droSis Seuracxyofa ufroa. fsiqologiuri zewolaa, roca yvela erTxmad yviris `gamarjoba~-s, ZaldatanebiT arafris gakeTeba ar SeiZleba. yvelaferi sworxazovani, pirdapiri da mkacria~, _ acxadebs saqarTveloSi skauturi moZraobis erT-erTi damfuZnebeli mzia afridoniZe. `axalgazrdebs undaT Tu ar undaT, mainc gaiZaxian im frazebsa da mowodebebs, romelTac aiZuleben, an ubralod Caagoneben. amis miwodeba sxva formiTac SeiZleba, Tuki es yvelaferi samoqalaqo ganaTlebisa da ganviTarebisTvis xdeba~, _ dasZens `skautebis~ Tbilisis organizaciis xelmZRvaneli Tiko qoiava. erT-erTi skauti, 21 wlis laliko qoCiaSvili lagodexis banakSi liderobda. is ixsenebs: `Tuki, Tavisuflad azrovneb, mocemul CarCoSic SeZleb bavSvebs saxaliso ideebi SesTavazo. `saqarTvelos dRes~ lagodexSi speqtakli Cvenc davdgiT, magram bavSvebs laTino-amerikuli cekvebi vaswavleT, radgan Temad avirCieT ucxo kulturebis Semosvla saqarTveloSi. ki hqvia am pro-

gramas `patrioti~, magram rogor gadmoscem da gaavrceleb am ideas, es Senze, liderzea damokidebuli~. liderTa nawils ki patriotizmi militarizmis gareSe ver warmoudgenia. mzia afridoniZe, romelic liderTa momzadebaSi monawileobda, ixsenebs: `zogs mentaliteti hqonda iseTi, rom banakSi calsaxad am mizniT midioda: me maT unda vaswavlo mowinaaRmdegeebTan brZola, unda gavagebino, rogoria gamarjvebis Jini, Cven aucileblad gavimarjvebT... vfiqrob, patriotebi xelidan uSveben mTavar RerZs. maT ar hyavT kadrebi, romelic am programas swor mimarTulebas miscems. anda SeiZleba es Segnebulad aris gakeTebuli da am axalgazrdebs marTla sxva daniSnuleba aqvT~, _ askvnis mzia afridoniZe. `sxva daniSnuleba~ saxelmwifoebrivi identobis gavrcelebaa. is, rac patriotTa banakebSi xdeba, simptomaturia da miuTiTebs imaze, Tu rogori, xSirad agresiuli da zedapiruli meTodebiT cdilobs xelisufleba saxelmwifo identobis gavrcelebas sazogadoebaSi. Tumca sakiTxavia, es aris identoba saxelmwifosTan, Tu identoba Tavad partiasTan. patriotTa banakebSi naqadagebi erTguleba _ es aris saxelmwifos mimarT erTguleba, Tu erTguleba erTi konkretuli partiis mimarT. kavSirebi `nacionalur moZraobasTan~ banakebs imdenad bevri da imdenad aSkarad aqvs, rom banakebis politizirebis xarisxs erTmniSvnelovnad zrdis. magaliTad, Tuki rusTavSi mcxovreb 15-dan 23 wlamde axalgazrdas `patriotTa banakSi~ unda wasvla, is rusTavis `nacionaluri moZraobis~ ofisSi unda mivides da gancxadebac iq daweros. es imitom, rom axalgazrdul saqmeTa departamenti _ struqtura, romelic banakebs xelmZRvanelobs, rusTavis `nacionaluri moZraobis~ ofisSia ganTavsebuli. departamentis TanamSromlebic ZiriTadad partiulebi arian. partiulia banakebis xelmZRvanelebis umravlesobac. banakis SesasvlelSi gamokruli abra iuwyeba, rom programa prezidentis dafinansebiT xorcieldeba. `patriotebs Cveulebrivad vuxsniT xolme, sad movidnen, ra programaa,
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sazogadoeba

vin aris programis xelmZRvaneli, vin aris banakis ufrosi, saqmis kursSi rom iyvnen~, _ acxadebs lideri guga barbaqaZe. Tumca, `saqmis kursSi~ yofna zogjer sxvagvar konteqsts iZens. salome jaSis filmSi aris kadri, romelSic erT-erTi lideri axalgazrdebs eubneba, rom arasdros unda daiviwyon, vin afinansebs programas da madlobac unda gadauxadon mas. madlobis gadaxdis sxvadasxvagvari formebi arsebobs. grZelia im partiuli da saxelisuflebo RonisZiebebis CamonaTvali, romelSic `patriotebic~ monawileoben. rodesac bazaleTis tbaze xelisuflebam axali 10-kilometriani gza gaiyvana, `patriotebma~ axal gzaze maraToni moawyves. `patriotebma~ monawileoba miiRes gamwvanebis ramdenime aqciaSi, kulturis saministros, axalgazrdul saqmeTa departamentisa da partiis aqtivistebTan erTad. `patriotebi~ avsebdnen rigebs 2008 wels saakaSvilis meore inauguraciisadmi miZRvnil RonisZie-

saxelmwifos damamxoblebis gverdiT idgnen patriotebi. me minda ganvacxado calsaxad da es daimaxsovros yvela axalgazrdam, rom `patriotebi~ es ar aris romelime konkretuli organizacia, an politikuri, an arasamTavrobo. es aris saprezidento programa, romelsac axorcielebs saqarTvelos xelisufleba~. `es, praqtikulad, `nacionaluri moZraobis~ proeqtia. banakebis xelmZRvanelebis umetesobac saxelmwifo organoebidan da partiidanaa, prezidentic xSirad stumrobs banakebs, anu saxelmwifo flobs amxela berkets propagandisTvis da xSirad mifiqria imaze, ratom ar iyeneben am yvelafers sakuTari partiis propagandisTvis. 2005 wlidan moyolebuli arasdros ar yofila propaganda. elementarulad, baneric ki arsadaa `nacionaluri moZraobis~. erTaderTi, banakis SesasvlelSi weria, rom es prezidentis programaa~, _ acxadebs lideri guga barbaqaZe. Tumca, mmarTveli partia patriotTa banakebs sakuTari strate-

vnil dadgmebSi, magaliTad, `kokoiTi fandarastis~ simReriT irToben Tavs. ilias saxelmwifo universitetis reqtori gigi TevzaZe saxelmwifos mxridan patriotuli ideologiis gavrcelebas imiT xsnis, rom xelisufleba cdilobs, eklesiis sapirwone Zala Seqmnas. `saqarTveloSi dRes ideologiebis Sejibria. antisaxelmwifo ideologia marTlmadidebluri eklesiis saSualebiT vrceldeba... xelisufleba ki cdilobs saxelmwifo identobis gavrcelebas. ase agresiulad am identobis damkvidrebisTvis muSaobs imitom, rom es religiuri indoqtrinizaciis winaaRmdeg aris mimarTuli~, _ acxadebs gigi TevzaZe. parlamentari giorgi gabaSvili ki acxadebs, rom proeqtis avtorebi patriotizmis ideas kidev ufro xvewen da cdiloben, axalgazrda TaobaSi samoqalaqo Rirebulebebs gauwion meti propaganda. gabaSvilis TqmiT, axla banakebSi patriotizmi vrceldeba ara zedapiruli xerxebiTa da

`Cveni miSa movida~, _ siyvaruliTa da morcxvad ambobs `patrioti~ gogona `patriotebis~ video-klipSi da sakuTar prezidentTan Sesaxvedrad emzadeba.

baSi. `SeiZleba patriotebis nawili daeswro kidec inauguracias, magram isini sagangebod aravis arsaidan ar Camouyvania~, _ acxadebs sportisa da axalgazrdul saqmeTa departamentis Tavmjdomaris moadgile irakli nadiraZe. `nacionaluri moZraobis~ vebgverdze grafis _ `saqmianoba~ qveS mocemulia sia saTauriT: `saqarTvelos 16 gamarjveba, romelic vardebis revoluciam mogvitana~. #13 gamarjvebad patriotTa banakebis gaxsnaa dasaxelebuli. albaT amitomac, partiis ganrisxeba daimsaxures im `patriotebma~, romlebic 2007 wlis noembris antisaxelisuflebo aqciebs SeuerTdnen. am ambavs patriotTa banakis ideis erT-erTi avtoris da axalgazrdul saqmeTa departamentis yofili xelmZRvanelis, lado varZelaSvilis mwvave gamosvla mohyva: `me ar minda vcxovrobde iseT saqarTveloSi, rom yofili mxedrionelebisa da yofili
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giis gasapiareblad xSirad iyenebs. ganmuxurisa da kodoris banakebis gaxsna Tavis droze iyo im politikis nawili, romelsac xelisufleba dakarguli teritoriebis dasabruneblad axorcielebda. ganmuxurSi banakis gaxsnas maSin gaero-s generaluri mdivanic akritikebda. saakaSvili ki mis am Sefasebasac sakuTari politikis sailustraciod iyenebda. 2006 wels patriotTa forumze is amasac acxadebda: `ebraelebi aTaswleulebis ganmavlobaSi erTmaneTs Semdegnairad esalmebodnen: `momavalSi ierusalimSi~. Cven qarTveli patriotebi erTmaneTs mivesalmebiT aq _ mTeli msoflios dasanaxad, Tavisuflebis mSvidobis da erTianobis pirobebSi. momavalSi mivesalmebiT soxumSi, afxazeTSi, Cven naTel, uSfoTvel, garantirebul momavalSi~. Tumca xSirad mmarTveli partiis ideologiis gavrcelebas Tavad `patriotebi~ da liderebic uwyoben xels da saqarTvelos dRisadmi miZR-

mxolod droSisa da himnis siyvaruliT, aramed saubrebiT axali tipis patriotizmze, romelic gamoricxavs eTnikur SuRls da romlis mixedviTac patriotoba, pirvel rigSi, karg moqalaqeobas niSnavs. Tumca, axali mizani realobas ar cvlis. patriotTa banakebis winaswar dagegmil da yvelaze sasurvel rezultatad mainc partiis erTguli mxardamWerebis gazrda rCeba. yvelaferi danarCeni ki _ regionebis axalgazrdobis daaxloeba, sporti, kultura da banakuri mxiaruleba _ am programis mTavar miznad deklarirebuli, magram sinamdvileSi meorexarisxovani amocanaa. `Cveni miSa movida~, _ siyvaruliTa da morcxvad ambobs `patrioti~ gogona `patriotebis~ video-klipSi da sakuTar prezidentTan Sesaxvedrad emzadeba. statiis momzadebaSi monawileoba miiRo maia wiklaurma
liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

sazogadoeba

studenturi moZraoba

saprotesto arti
samxatvro akademiis studenturi protesti, romelSic 8 axalgazrda monawileobs, jerjerobiT mxolod marginalizebuli jgufis axirebas hgavs. ratom ver iqca es patara amboxi masStabur protestad?
marika qoCiaSvili

samxatvro akademiis ezoSi evrokavSiris didi baneria gamokruli, evrokavSiris logoTi da saqarTvelos droSiT. win mamakacis daaxloebiT 5-metriani qandakeba dgas. 15-iode studenti am qandakebis win wrezea ganlagebuli da `weroebi mifrinaven, sad, Sors~-s TamaSoben. moTamaSeebis wre Tvalsa da xels
liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

Sua izrdeba da Tan gacilebiT swrafad, vidre ori Tvis ganmavlobaSi izrdeboda im studentTa jgufi, romlebic akademiis saganmanaTleblo sistemas daupirispirda. saxviTi da mediaxelovnebis mesamekurselebma yviTeli lentebi, protestis niSnad, ori Tvis win daimagres. auditoriidan quCaSi gadas-

vlis pirveli mizezi pedagogis samsaxuridan daTxovna gaxda. giorgi kevliSvili vizualuri xelovnebis saxelosnos xelmZRvanelobda. klasSi studentebs gamosaxvis sul ufro mravalferovan xerxebs _ videos, instalaciis, musikis, performansis, fotos Serevas aswavlidnen da kritikuli azrovnebis Cvevebs uyalibebdnen.
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foto marika qoCiaSvili

sazogadoeba

studentebi seqtembridan swored vizualuri xelovnebis saxelosnoSi gadasvlas apirebdnen. miuxedavad imisa, rom iq miRebul codnas maT oficialuri sakredito sistemiT ar Seufasebdnen, studentebi fiqrobdnen, rom saxelosnos Tavisufal garemoSi gacilebiT mets iswavlidnen Tanamedrove xelovnebis Sesaxeb, vidre TavianT fakultetebze. `ori weli vuZlebdiT akademiaSi swavlas imitom, rom mesame kursze am saxelosnoSi gadasvlis saSualeba gvqonoda. xatvis ZiriTadi teqnika, naturmortisa da naturis xatva yvelam unda icodes, magram ar SeiZleba 4 wlis ganmavlobaSi amas ver gascde, saerTod ar akeTo is, rasac Tanamedrove xelovneba hqvia, ar iazrovno kritikulad da araferi gaakeTo ufro Rirebuli, vidre cnobili mxatvrebis biografiebis dazepirebaa~, _ ambobs studenti, romelsac mklavze yviTeli bafTa ukeTia. roca is, Tavis megobrebTan erTad Seecada, gaerkvia, ratom gaaTavisufles vizualuri xelovnebis saxelosnos pedagogi,

darwmunebulebi iyvnen, rom iq SeZlebdnen realobis interpretirebis axali gzebis moZebnas, Tanamedrove kulturul konteqstSi sakuTari xelovnebis ganxilvas. 2009 wlis maisSi praRis bienaleze eqspoziciaSi `individidan DVD-mde~, romelic 11 mxatvris xelovnebas aerTianebda, maTi sasurveli pedagogis giorgi kevliSvilisa da misi saxelosnos studentis qeTo loguas namuSevrebi iyo gamofenili. is bienales yvelaze axalgazrda monawile iyo da Tan _ studenti, rac am xelovnebis festivalze manamde arasdros momxdara. vizualuri xelovnebis saxelosno Tavidanve moxaliseTa patara avtonomias waagavda. saxelosnos studentebsa da pedagogebs akademiaSi seriozulad arasdros aRiqvamdnen. saxelosnoSi, romelsac aranairi materialuri baza ar gaaCnda, sul 15 studenti swavlobda. maTi performansebic rogorc akademiis SigniT, ise sazogadoebaSi mxolod `uzrdelur axirebad~ fasdeboda. maTi pirveli mniSvnelovani

problemebi mTel qarTul sazogadoebaze vrceldeba. CvenTan dRes aRaravin icis, ra aris mxatvris daniSnuleba. kritikuli azri yvelgan iblokeba. gvabraleben, rom leqciebs sizarmacis gamo vacdenT, arada, ubralod ukeTesi ganaTleba gvinda~, _ ambobs giorgi. swored im mizniT, rom TavianTi protestisTvis ufro masobrivi saxe miecaT, `yviTelbafTianebma~ akademiaSi gamokiTxva Caatares. winaswar Sedgenili kiTxvaris saSualebiT sami dRis ganmavlobaSi maT 1850 studentidan 613 gamokiTxes. pirvelive SekiTxvaze _ efuZneba Tu ara akademiis saswavlo procesi studentis SemoqmedebiTi ganviTarebis interesebs _ 43-ma procentma uaryofiTi pasuxi gasca. gamokiTxulTa TiTqmis 60-ma procentma aRniSna, rom akademiaSi miRebuli ganaTlebiT Tanamedrove saerTaSoriso saxelovnebo sivrceSi Tavis damkvidrebas ver SeZleben. miuxedavad amisa, 8-kacian jgufs axali wevrebi arc am gamokiTxvis

gia buRaZem saTvale cxvirze Camoiwia, Tavi odnav daxara da rbili RimiliT miTxra: `es protestic SegviZlia CavTvaloT artad, oRond me vdgam am arts, me msiamovnebs, rom isini kvlevas atareben. es iqneba Cemi arti, sadac isini iqnebian Cemi funjebi da saRebavebi. saboloo jamSi, me movawer maT diplomebs xels~.

reqtoratSi uTxres, rom giorgi kevliSvilma konkursi ver gaiara. leqtoris dabrunebisTvis dawyebuli gamosvlebi mogvianebiT akademiis saganmanaTleblo sistemis Secvlis moTxovnaSi gadaizarda. `renesansis mxatvrebis teqnika unda icode, magram ar SeiZleba dRes mogTxovon maTi ferweris zusti asli Seqmna. es ukve aqtualuri aRar aris. Cven unda gvaswavlon axali xerxebi da gzebi. magram aq amas aravin gvaswavlis. im ganaTlebiT, romelsac akademiaSi gvaZleven, saerTaSoriso saxelovnebo sivrceSi cxvirsac ver Seyof~, _ ambobs mesamekurseli giorgi yaralaSvili. swored amitom, am axalgazrdebs erTaderT gamosavlad vizualur saxelosnoSi siaruli esaxebodaT.
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gamofena swored im sistemur problemebs exeboda, romlebsac axla `yviTelbafTianebi~ aprotesteben. Tumca, mxolod performansebiT vizualuri xelovnebis saxelosnos wina jgufma verafris Secvla ver SeZlo. isini darCnen erT marginalur jgufad, romlebic sakuTar saTqmels furTxebiT gamoxataven (sadiplomo namuSevari, performansi `sveli wre~, 2007 w.). `yviTelbafTianebsac~ ukve miewebaT marginalebis iarliyi. pirvel saprotesto aqciaze maT yviTeli samklaurebis 40-metriani lenti daWres da daariges. Tumca meore dRes bafTebi isev mxolod 8 students ekeTa. dRemdec asea. `aRar gvinda viyoT mxolod rvani, radgan vfiqrobT, rom akademiis

Semdeg Sematebia. akademiis studentebs kreditebis raodenoba ufro ainteresebT, vidre siaxleebis Zebna. maT wreSi `yviTelbafTianebis~ Sesaxeb sxvadasxvagvari xmebi dadis. zogi maT `satanistebs~ eZaxis, radgan fiqrobs, rom swored maT ekuTvnodaT religiuri simbolikis Seuracxmyofeli naxatebi, ramac ramdenime xnis win akademiaSi didi xmauri gamoiwvia. pirvelkurselebi amaSi leqtorebma daarwmunes. swored amitom ar iqca es aqcia did studentur moZraobad _ zogi motyuvda, zogs ezareba, zogi egueba, zogs gagdebis eSinia, zogsac protestis es ukiduresi gza ar moswons. `saqarTveloSi yvela saprotesto moZraobas politikuri sarCuli
liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

sazogadoeba

udevs, iqneba es ganaTleba, biznesi Tu sxva. darwmunebuli var, sazogadoeba am patara jgufis protestSic politikuri motivis Zebnas daiwyebs. magaliTad, gaCndeba kiTxva _ es kampania reqtoris sawinaaRmdegod xom ar aris mimarTuli. amitom, am axalgazrdebs sul mouwevT imis argumentirebuli mtkiceba, rom isini swored disciplinasTan da ganaTlebasTan dakavSirebul reformaze zrunaven da politikuri mikerZoeba ar aqvT~, _ ambobs filosofosi lela gafrindaSvili. am xnis ganmavlobaSi reqtori studentebs arc erTxel ar Sexvda. `me maTTan xelovnebis garda, sxva Temaze salaparako ar maqvs~! _ ambobs gia buRaZe da studentebs mxolod Suamavlebis piriT elaparakeba. is darwmunebulia, es viwromasStabiani aqcia verafers Secvlis da arc didi Zvrebis momaswavebelia: `akademiis 1850 studentidan 7-8 bavSvi arafers niSnavs. mxolod egeni Canan, aqtiurebi egeni arian, sxvebi ar Canan da romc gamoCndnen, vera-

fers Secvlian. maTi brZola dRes aris maTi leqcia. me vutareb maT masterklass socialuri aqtivobis Sesaxeb~, _ acxadebs reqtori. erTaderTi kompromisi, romelzec akademiis administracia wavida, iyo is, rom vizualuri xelovnebis saxelosno aRadgina. dRes im 10 mesamekursels, romlebic kevliSvilis daTxovnis mizeziT dawyebul aqciebs ar SeerTebian, leqciebs mxatvari oleg timCenko utarebs. timCenko pedagogi arasdros yofila, magram studentebi mainc kmayofildebian im Tavisufali garemoTi, romelsac mxatvari sTavazobs da moswonT is, rom aq maT aravin ukanonebs, xazi rogor gaavlon da rogori formebiT xaton. magram, es alternatiuli ferweris saxelosno ufroa, vidre _ vizualuri xelovnebis. ufro masStaburi reformebisTvis aq aravin ibrZvis. oleg timCenko ambobs, rom ar SeiZleba akademiis studentebs dResac `im natura Janas axatinebdnen, romelsac me maxatinebdnen studentobisas~. Tumca,

arc is moswons, rom axalgazrdebi sistemuri cvlilebebis misaRwevad radikalur formebs irCeven. Canasaxovani studenturi moZraoba samxatvro akademiis reqtors ufro axalisebs, vidre problemebs uqmnis. gia buRaZem saTvale cxvirze Camoiwia, Tavi odnav daxara da rbili RimiliT miTxra: `es protestic SegviZlia CavTvaloT artad, oRond me vdgam am arts, me msiamovnebs, rom isini kvlevas atareben. es iqneba Cemi arti, sadac isini iqnebian Cemi funjebi da saRebavebi. saboloo jamSi, me movawer maT diplomebs xels~. ianvris bolos meamboxe studentebi did gamofenas awyoben, romliTac akademiis sistemuri problemebis gaSiSvlebas gegmaven. Tumca, maTi es performansic gia buRaZis personalur artad darCeba, Tuki yviTel bafTebs is 43 procentic ar Seibams, romelic anketaSi martivad irCevs grafas _ `akademia SemoqmedebiT ganviTarebaSi ver mexmareba~.

liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

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foto marika qoCiaSvili

sazogadoeba

saubrebi liberalizmze

neokonservatoruli sagareo politika
arapragmatul, „idealebze damyarebuli sagareo politika“, patara da susti demokratiis mqone saxelmwifosTvis didi safrTxis Semcvelia.
giorgi cxadaia
mixeil saakaSvili da jorj buSi

saqarTvelos xelisuflebis Sida politikuri ideologiis Camoyalibebas didad Seuwyo xeli sagareo politikurma koncefciam, romelsac aq „neokonservatizmad“ movixseniebT. dasawyisSive minda aRvniSno, rom Cven am termins ar viyenebT sagareo politikuri moZRvrebis zustad im modelis daxasiaTebisTvis, romelic amerikelma Jurnalistma irving kristolsma Camoayaliba. buSis sagareo politikis advokatebi, rogorc wesi, aprotesteben xolme sakuTari Tavis am terminiT daxasiaTebas, radgan Tvlian, rom zogierT sakiTxSi maTi Sexedulebebi mniSvnelovnad gansxvavdeba im adamianebis Sexedulebebisgan, romlebsac isini namdvil neokonservatorebad Tvlian. imisaTvis, rom terminma dabneuloba ar gamoiwvios, Tavidanve ganvmartav, Tu vis vgulisxmob „neokonservatorebSi“, Semdeg ki saqarTvelos xelisuflebis sagareo politikas mocemul CarCoSi ganvixilav. 2001 wlis 11 seqtembris teraqtebis Semdeg, romlebmac mTeli amerikis SeerTebuli Statebi SeZra, amerikul sazogadoebaSi gaizarda mxardaWera iseTi sagareo politikuri koncefciis mimarT, romelic koncentrirebuli iqneboda teroristebis da amerikis mtrebis dasjaze. swored aseTi aRmoCnda prezident buSis da respublikuri partiis maSindeli platforma, romelmac globalur terorizms omi gamoucxada da msoflios sami
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avtoritaruli qveyana amerikis winaaRmdeg „borotebis RerZis“ warmoqmnaSi daadanaSaula. es qveynebi _ irani, CrdiloeT korea da erayi, buSis warmodgeniT, exmarebodnen teroristebs mTel msoflioSi da eZebdnen gzebs masobrivi ganadgurebis iaraRis Sesaqmnelad. Tumca, erayis dapyrobis Semdeg damtkicda, rom sadam huseins teroristebTan kavSiri ar hqonda da arc masobrivi ganadgurebis iaraRs flobda. miuxedavad amisa, amerikis mosaxleobis nawili am martivi koncefciis erTguli darCa, vidre ar gamoaSkaravda is problemebi, romlebic amerikis jars eraysa da avRaneTSi Seeqmna; aseve, garTulda urTierToba iranTan, ruseTTan, evropasa da CineTTanac. Sedegad, amerikaSi bevri dafiqrda msgavsi rigiduli koncefciiT gamowveul problemebze da arCevnebze mxardaWera misgan sruliad gansxvavebul, barak obamas programas gamoucxades. miuxedavad amisa, buSis doqtrina, romelic gulisxmobda preemfciuli omis warmoebas mteri saxelmwifos winaaRmdeg da amerikuli samxedro ZaliT unilateralur moqmedebas demokratiis gasavrceleblad, dRemde rCeba msoflioSi bevri sagareo politikuri doqtrinis TavisTavad nagulisxmev elementad. amerikis megobar qveynebSi, magaliTad, aRmosavleT evropaSi, ukrainasa da saqarTveloSi, Camoyalibda warmodgena amerikuli samxedro hegemonobis dausrulebel SesaZle-

blobebsa da demokratiuli idealebisTvis samxedro gziT brZolis aucileblobaze. neokonservatizmis yvelaze radikaluri warmomadgenlebi, imis garda, rom iziareben buSis doqtrinis ZiriTad debulebebs, Tvlian, rom sagareo politikis warmoebis dros demokratiulma hegemonma, anu aSSm, ar unda miiRos mxedvelobaSi is geopolitikuri siZneleebi, romelic mas miznis miRwevis gzaze xvdeba da sakuTari Tavi msoflios saxelmwifoebis iseT globalur moralur msajulad unda gamoacxados, rogoradac magaliTad romelime suverenuli qveynis saxelmwifo institutebi acxadeben am qveynis teritoriis sazRvrebSi. msgavsma naivurma warmodgenam, Tu gaviTvaliswinebT amerikis uzarmazar samxedro potencials, SesaZloa, amerikis megobari qveynis politikur wreebSi gaaCina erTganzomilebiani, „keTili da boroti“ tipis, mouqneli sagareo koncefciebis warmoqmnis winapiroba. „keTili da boroti“ tipis ritorika Tavad amerikis prezidentisgan modioda: is ambobda, rom axlo aRmosavleTSi (inglisurad, `Sua aRmosavleTSi“, Middle East) konfliqtebis mosagvareblad teroristebis ganadgureba da demokratiis gavrcelebaa saWiro. am keTilSobiluri miznis miRwevisTvis ki yovelgvari saSualeba gamarTlebuli iqneboda, saerTaSoriso samarTlis normebis daRvevac ki.
liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

sazogadoeba

saqarTveloSi buSis politika mmarTvelma wreebma momgebian gamowvevad aRiqves da „vardebis revoluciis“ Semdeg demokratiis gavrcelebis saqmeSi saqarTvelos mTavroba aSS-s umcrosi partniori gaxda. ruseTis „civi omis“ periodidan SemorCenili „borotebis imperiis“ imiji neokonservatorebisTvis kidev erT funqciur elementad iqca msoflios axali

Tavmdjdomare, levan ramiSvili ideologiurad buSis doqtrinis mxardamWerebi arian. rTulia visaubroT xelisuflebaze ramiSvilis politikur gavlenebze, magram iakobaSvili ministrad daniSvnis Semdgom neokonservatoruli sagareo politikuri koncefciis erT-erT organul rgolad iqca. saqarTvelos sagareo politikur wreebSi amis Semdgom neokonserva-

tikaze maRla idga. axla sxva dro dadga, rodesac pragmatuli politika cvlis ideebs. aman, SesaZloa, is amerika gaafuWos, romelsac me vicnobdi“. interviudan Cans, rom Tavad saakaSvilis sagareo politikuri koncefcia mWidrod iyo dakavSirebuli neokonservatorul idealebTan, romlebic faqtobrivad amerikis samxedro Zalis primatsa da „de-

saakaSvilis sagareo politikuri koncefcia mWidrod daukavSirda neokonservatorul idealebs, romlebic faqtobrivad amerikis samxedro Zalis primatsa da „demokratiis gavrcelebis“ bundovan misias moicavs.
amerikuli wesrigis doqtrinis Sesavsebad. prezident buSisTvis ruseTis bunebrivi resursebi am qveyanaze moraluri wnexis SemcirebisTvis erTgvar mizezad rCeboda. wamyvan politikur wreebSi male ufro radikaluri Sexedulebebic gaCnda. prezidentobis kandidatma jon makeinma neokonservatorizmis idealur modelTan miaxloebuli pozicia daikava, romelic ruseTis winaaRmdeg SesaZlo sanqciebis dawesebasac ki gulisxmobda. swored makeini gamovida saqarTvelos mxardamWeri gancxadebebiT agvistos omis dros da, gavleniani dasavluri gamocemebis cnobiT, swored is elaparaka prezident saakaSvils agvistos konfliqtis dawyebamde ramdenime saaTiT adre. saqarTvelos xelisuflebaSi buSis meore vadis dawyebisTanave agresiuli sagareo politikis kursi aiRes. ganuwyvetliv ismoda samxedro SeiaraRebis gaZlierebisa da samxedro moralis amaRlebis mowodebebi axlad dafuZnebul Tavdacvis saministros telearx „saqarTveloze“. samxedro militaristuli propaganda gansakuTrebiT gaZlierda kodoris xeobis dakavebis Semdgom. 2008 wlis ianvridan ki saqarTvelos saxelmwifo ministrad reintegraciis sakiTxebSi dainiSna Temur iakobaSvili, romelic iqamde saqarTvelos strategiisa da saerTaSoriso urTierTobis kvlevis fondis vice-prezidenti iyo. iakobaSvili, iseve rogorc „Tavisuflebis institutis“ gamgeobis
liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

toruli ideologiuri ganwyobebi, rogorc arasdros, ise gaZlierda. iqamde ki, 2005 wels saqarTvelos xelisufleba aRebuli kursis sisworeSi Tavad prezident buSis Camosvlam daarwmuna. yvela piroba uwyobda xels imas, rom saqarTvelos maRali politikuri wreebi darwmunebuliyvnen or rameSi: pirveli, rom amerikis mxardaWera saqarTvelos, rogorc „demokratiis Suquris“ mimarT, uryevi iqneboda, da meore, rom konfliqtis unilateraluri mogvareba rCeboda erTaderT swor gzad mocemul saerTaSoriso viTarebaSi. arCevnebSi makeinis damarcxebis da agvistos omSi saqarTvelos mier gancdili marcxis miuxedavad, prezidenti saakaSvili jiutad ganagrZobda amerikeli „neokonebis“ (igive „neokonservatorebi“) mxardaWeris mopovebas. mixeil saakaSvilma 2009 wlis 11 aprilis Jurnal „niusviqTan“ interviuSi ganacxada: „me vesaubre mas (prezident barak obamas-g.c.). problema CvenSi ar aris — problema maT saSinao politikaSia. Cven gavxdiT integrirebuli amerikis saSinao politikaSi. Zalauflebis cvlilebebis periodSi amerikaSi iyo garkveuli tipis vakuumi CvenTan dakavSirebiT. aravin icoda, Tu ra gadawyvetileba mieRo saqarTvelosTan dakavSirebiT. yvela, safrangeTis CaTvliT, elodeboda obamas miTiTebebs. me vaRmerTeb amerikul idealebs. Cemi ideali iyo amerika buSis epoqaSi, rodesac ideebi pragmatul poli-

mokratiis gavrcelebis“ bundovan misias moicavs. Sedegad, qveynis teritoriuli mTlianobis aRdgenis koncefcia swored demokratiis gavrcelebisa da `borotebis imperiasTan~ brZolis lozungebiT Camoyalibda. „idealebze damyarebuli sagareo politika“, patara saxelmwifosTvis da mTliani regionisTvis, bunebrivia, rom didi safrTxis Semcvelia. araTu saqarTvelos, aramed msoflios hegemoni qveynis, amerikis politikac, obamas arCevasTan erTad, ufro pragmatuli da realobis met-naklebad adekvaturi gaxda. arapragmatulma sagareo politikurma ideebma da abstraqtulma miznebma araerTxel aCvena, rom SesaZloa, aman milionobiT adamianis sicocxle Seiwiros. amitom, amerikaSi pragmatul sagareo politikas xSirad _ `liberalurs“, xistsa da rigiduls ki „neokonservatoruls“ uwodeben xolme. sagareo politikaSi liberalizmis nakleboba xSirad saSinao politikaSi gaZlierebul avtoritarizmSic gamoixateba. magaliTad, buSis mier terorizmis winaaRmdeg gamocxadebul oms mohyva amerikaSi e.w. „patriotTa aqtis“ miReba, romelmac zogierTi fundamenturi samoqalaqo Tavisufleba SezRuda. demokratiis naklebi tradiciis mqone patara saqarTveloSi ki gauTvaliswinebel sagareo politikur nabijebs SeiZleba gacilebiT ufro dramatuli Sedegebi mohyves sazogadoebisa da demokratiis ganviTarebisTvis.
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Tvalsazrisi sazogadoeba

stalinis Zegli gorSi

mxiaruli TamaSebi
sazogadoebis erTi nawili komunisturi memkvidreobisgan gaTavisuflebas Zeglebis aRebiT cdilobs. arada, totalitaruli sistemis gavlena yvelaze kargad swored warsulisadmi aseTi, SeiZleba iTqvas, gulubryvilo damokidebulebiT vlindeba.
laSa kalandaZe
2008 wlis Semodgomaze Cemi ufrosi megobari mimtkicebda, _ agvistos omi gardamtexi aRmoCndeba qarTuli sazogadoebisTvis, aucileblad daiwyeba RirebulebaTa gadafaseba, adamianebi mixvdebian, rom azrovnebaSi raRac fundamenturia Sesacvlelio. martivad rom vTqvaT, erTgvari kaTarzisis imedi hqonda. gaxsovT albaT omamde, rogori azartiT eZebda da poulobda sruliad saqarTvelos sazogadoeba, xelisuflebasTan erTad, qveynis moRalateebs, rogor akravda zogi konkretul pirovnebebs `agentis~ iarliys, zogic ki aSorebda. imis miuxedavad, vis mxares iyavi, bralmdeblebisa Tu braldebulebis, aseTi Souebi gvarTobda, sicarieles gvivsebda, rogorc babuaCemi ityoda, guls gvfxanda. aba, ra jobia aseT sajaro gasamarTlebebs, debatebs, TamaSebs, romlebsac aucileblad eyoleba gamarjvebuli; ratom ar mogindeba am yvelaferSi monawileobis miReba da gulis gadayoleba, Tanac vin icis, iqneb gamarjvebulTa rigebSic aRmoCnde. omis Semdgom agentebis ZebnisTvis Tavi ar dagvinebebia _ piriqiT. magram raRacnairad TiTqos mainc moZvelda, aRar Wris, albaT imitom, rom wesebi yvelasaTvis cnobili gaxda. agvistos omis Semdgom, sxva TamaSi daiwyo _ axali tipis `damnaSaveebis~ Zieba, oRond saqme ara pirovnebebs, aramed maT neStebs exeba. Tavdapirvelad aseTi damnaSave goris centralur moedanze mdgari stalinis Zegli aRmoCnda. misi adgilsamyofelis legitimurobaze saubari Tavidan vebsivrceSi, `feisbuqze~ da forumebze daiwyo, Segrovda xelmowerebi; sazogadoebis erTi nawilis moTxovna gadaegzavna mTavrobas, miuxedavad imisa, rom es idea Tavad xelisuflebis warmomadgenlebis erT nawils ekuTvnis, rac ar damala giga zedaniam gogi gvaxarias gadacemaSi. Semdeg iyo 52

presa da televizia, iq gamarTuli debatebi, msjeloba Zeglze, mis gavlenebze, ruseTis mier dabombil gorze, imave gorSi qvaSi gankacebul stalinze. ho, simboloebi am SemTxvevaSic aqtualuri gaxldaT, iseve, rogorc qarTveli liberal-patriotebis SedarebiT axal moTxovnaSi, romelic jer kidev damuSavebis stadiaSia, anu vebsivrceSi ganixileba. amjerad sazogadoebis garkveul nawils jaba ioselianis saflavidan amoTxra (pirdapiri mniSvnelobiT!) surs. ar gegonoT, rom `mxedrionis~ yofili liderisTvis vinmes saflavi enaneba. saqme isaa, rom esoden negatiuri mogonebebis aRmZvreli jaba ioseliani qarTvelebisTvis iseT prestiJul adgilas ganisvenebs, rogorc didubis panTeonia. Tu am moTxovnis mxardamWerTa nawilis vinaoba iciT, uTuod Rimils moggvriT, rom isini zustad iseTive maRali warmodgenis brZandebian panTeonebze, rogorc, vTqvaT, gubaz sanikiZe; mTawminda iseTi adgilia, SemoTavazebis SemTxvevaSi cocxlad unda daimarxoo, _ rom brZana. SesaZloa, ioselianis amoTxris msurvelebi sakuTari Secdomis gamosworebasac cdiloben, raRacnairad gaeparaT es uRirsi kaci RirsTa miwaze. mkvdrebis gadanawileba xom erT-erTi mniSvnelovani sakiTxia, romelic mudmivad awuxebs saqarTvelos. samwuxaroa, rom Tengiz abulaZem Tavisi `monaniebiT~ seriozuli daRi daasva qarTuli sazogadoebis cnobierebas _ sabWoTas, cudis amoTxris magaliTi misca. qarTveli liberalebis kidev erT gatacebad sabWoTa heraldika iqca, gaixsna Temebi da Seiqmna jgufebi, saxelmwifo Senobebidan komunisturi simbolikebis moxsnis moTxovniT. xolo mas Semdeg, rac poloneTma sabWoTa simbolikis akrZalvis Sesaxeb miiRo kanoni, am ideas swrafadve gamouCndnen mxardamWerebi. rogorc xedavT, qarTveli inteleqtualebis erT nawils sakmaod seriozuli brZola aqvs gaCaRebuli Zeglebisa da mkvdrebis winaaRmdeg. es yvelaferi marTlac emsgavseba TamaSs, mosamzadebel-gasaxurebeli etapiT, sakmarisi raodenobis mxardamWerebis SemTxvevaSi ki, ufro farTo asparezze gataniT, Tavisi damatebiTi droiTa da penaltebis seriiT. rogorc Tavad monawileebi amboben, aseTi TamaSebi sabWoTa an cudi (ioselianis SemTxvevaSi) warsulisgan gamijvnas emsaxureba. swored gamijvnas da ara pasuxismgeblobis gaziarebas. agvistos omis Semdgom stalinis Zeglis aRebis moTxovna qmnis STabeWdilebas, rom sabWoTa kavSirisgan Tavis daRweva imdenad gvsurs, ramdenadac is ruseTTanaa dakavSirebuli. samwuxarod, problema isev droSebsa da ZeglebSia da ara RirebulebebSi. damokidebuleba monumenturi, pirovnebis gamafetiSebeli xelovnebis, simbolikebisa da panTeonebis mimarT ki ar icvleba, aramed konkretuli pirovnebebis, romlebic an qvaSi arian Cakirulni, anac miwaSi Caflulni. mTavari xdeba ara sazogadoebis Camoyalibeba, gaTviTcnobiereba an gardaqmna, aramed arasasurveli nivTebisa da neStebis Tvalidan mocileba, gadamalva. agentebisa da moRalateebis ZebnaSi gawaful qarTul xelisuflebas lustraciis kanoni jerac ar miuRia, aRarafers vambob erTgvar, mcire masStabis `niurnbergis procesze~, sadac ara ubralod konkretuli pirovnebebis, aramed zogadad sabWoTa kavSiris, umTavresad ki qarTuli sabWoTa istoriis gasamarTleba moxdeboda. es, rasakvirvelia, bevrad ufro Znelia, vidre kvarcxlbekze mdgari da saflavSi mwoliare safrTxeebTan gamklaveba. me piradad aseTi moTxovnebi (stalinis gadatana, jabas amoTxra, simbolikis akrZalva) ufro metad maxsenebs da maaxloebs `borotebis imperiasTan~, Tundac imitom, rom sabWoTa Rirebulebebisa da damokidebulebebisgan Tavisufali sazogadoeba Zeglebs, mkvdrebsa da droSebs ar dauwyebs brZolas.
liberali . ianvari 2010 . № 16

radio „nacnobi“ gepatiJebaT klubSi „nacnobi“
tradiciuli qarTuli samzareulo cocxali musika

misamarTi: abanos q. N 3

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