Spit & Bang

T h e s i s D e s i g n 1 : S i t e , B r i e f i n g & Te c h n o l o g y ARCT 1036 Nicolau Faria / Unit 15

SPIT & BANG

CONTENTS

Contents

Introduction

xx

2.2.3 Principle Components 2.3 Construction and Fabrication

xx xx xx xx

1 Site and Briefing 1.1 Location 1.2 Site History 1.3 Urban Context 1.4 Social Analysis 1.5 Strategic Brief 1.6 Conceptual Strategy 1.7 Programme 1.8 Principal Technologies 1.8.1 Technology Overview 1.8.2 3D Scanning 1.8.3 3D Printing 1.8.4 Nanotechnology 1.8.5 Technology Strategy 1.9 Environmental Strategy xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx 4 Appendices

2.3.1 Construction Strategy and Technology 2.3.2 Integration of Three-Dimensional printed components

3 Technology Environment and Performance 3.1 Energy 3.1.1 Energy in Construction 3.1.2 Energy in building usage 3.2 Building Envelope 3.3 Internal Environments 3.4 External Environments 3.5 Acoustics

xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx

xx xx xx

3.1 General Arrangement Drawings 3.2 Site Photographs

2 Technology - Structure and Construction 2.1 Design Technology 2.2 Principle Components, Structures and Fabric 2.2.1 Structure 2.2.2 Fabric xx xx xx xx

5 Notes, Illustrations and References 5.1 Notes 5.2 List of Illustrations 5.3 References and Bibliography

xx xx xx xx

2

Thesis Design 1: Site, Briefing & Technology [ARCT 1036]

SPIT & BANG

INTRODUCTION

Introduction

Although Spit&Bang is a short name for Spitalfields and Banglatown, it tries to reflect the ideas explored in the dissertation inspired by a short story by J. G. Ballard , that we are more interested in an idealized version of our past, even if this is completely fabricated. In contrast to the more serious tone of the dissertation, the project plays with the idea of Spit&Bang seen almost as a theme park, where elements of the past, whether fictitious or not, are dropped, pasted and manipulated in an attempt to reinforce the feeling of a reality, which is being lost as we immerse ourselves in a world of technology and simulacra . The project explores how Spit&Bang can become more Spit&Bang, reflecting the idea that all we often do in reality is a reference of itself. In addition, in a world where three-dimensional technology is becoming more common, accurate and simple to use, Spit&Bang speculates how real-time 3D scanning and printing can be used in this craze to fabricate our image of the past. With this in mind, the site chosen for the project is the Old Truman Brewery, and it tries to resuscitate a version of itself and emphasize the genuine qualities that already exist in the area. The project proposes the creation of an actual brewery in the site as well as the replication of other existing characteristic elements and attitudes of Spit&Bang, which have been analysed in the dissertation. The project also proposes the integration of the various new and existing programmes already in place, having an essential component of dressing the existing urban fabric within the site with elements, materials, forms and ornament, reminiscent of our idea of an historical past. The first part of this report describes the location, site context and the programme that has been developed from the conceptual and analytical strateges. Part two describes the main technolgical drivers for the structure, construction and fabrication processes. Part three deals with the technical design and performance of the main building components, as well as the envisaged integrated design strategy.

3

Thesis Design 1: Site, Briefing & Technology [ARCT 1036]

SPIT & BANG

1. SITE & BRIEFING

Site & Briefing

1
1.1 Location 1.2 Site History 1.3 Site Analysis and Context 1.4 Social and Political Influences 1.5 Strategic Brief 1.6 Conceptual Strategy 1.7 Programme 1.8 Principal Technologies 1.9 Environmental Strategy XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX

4

Thesis Design 1: Site, Briefing & Technology [ARCT 1036]

SPIT & BANG

SITE & BRIEFING - LOCATION

G

re a

tE

as

te

rn

Ha
St re e t

ck

n

R ey

oa

d

Shoreditch High Street Station

Spitalfields Market

mm Co erc ial St ree t
Old Truman Brewery

Liverpool Street Station

Wh
ate

ite

pe cha

l Ro

ad

Bis

ho

psg

Commercial Road

Site Location Map at 1:5000 showing Spitalfields and Banglatwon Ward boundary and location of site for design project

5

Thesis Design 1: Site, Briefing & Technology [ARCT 1036]

SPIT & BANG

SITE & BRIEFING - LOCATION

1.1 Location

The site for the project is the Truman Brewery complex on the western side of Brick Lane, which is defined by Brick Lane to the east, Hanbury Street to the south, Greay Eagle Street to the West and Quaker Street to the north. The project focuses on the external areas of the site, particularly the Ely’s Yard, the north side of Wilkes Street and Dray Walk. north end of Wilkes Street at the junction with Quaker Street, and the other being a previous connection between the north of Ely’s Yard and Grey Eagle Street. The main pedestrian entrances to the inner site are through Hanbury Street and Dray walk. In addition there are other entrances through different points on Brick Lane, being the main public access through the Car Lane and Hanbury Street.
Brick Lane
5 2

Quaker

Street Buxton S treet

Calvin Street
4

7

Eagle

Stree

Two historical entries to the site are closed, one at the
Co mm erc ial St ree t
Corbet Pla ce

t

Grey

3 1

Woodseer Street

Park and Sunday Market hall on the corner of Brick

Hanbury Street
Lamb Street

Wilkes Str eet

Princelet Street

6

Fournier Street
8

Existing Site Map at 1:2000
1 2

Ely’s Yard Interior Car Park & Sunday Market Hall

3 4

Dray Walk Wilkes Street north

5 6

Hanbury Street block Spitalfields Market

7 8

Old Truman Brewery eastern blocks Christ Church

6

Thesis Design 1: Site, Briefing & Technology [ARCT 1036]

SPIT & BANG

SITE & BRIEFING - SITE HISTORY

1.2 Site History

The Old Truman Brewery complex is the site of the former Black Eagle brewery located around Brick Lane in Spitalfields and Banglatown, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. It was established by the brewers Truman’s in 1666 and subsequently became Truman, Hanbury and Buxton. The Black Eagle brewery, built in 1724, employed over 1000 people during the 19th and 20th centuries, being the largest brewery in London and the second largest in the UK. As a result of a series of corporate mergers during the 1970’s, the brewery production declined and it was eventually closed in 1988. Over its existence, the brewery complex expanded considerably and a great amount of buildings were built over an area of over 40,000 square metres, as shown in the 1961 site plan on the right. The Director’s House and former Brew House, both facing Brick Lane, are listed buildings.

Following the closure and abandonment of the brewery, the site was eventually taken over by the Old Truman Brewery private company that manages the estate. During the last 20 years the different spaces have been let to a wide variety of businesses, activities and events, ranging from private companies and artists studios to markets and art fairs. In recent years the Truman’s beer brand has been acquired by a small brewing company that plans to bring the Truman beer back to East London. Truman’s ales can currently be purchased in a small number of pubs and stores in the area.

Site plan of the Truman Brewery in 1961

Boiler House on Brick Lane

Director’s House on Brick Lane

Offices opposite Brew House

Offices and Boiler House

Director’s House

Aerial view of Spitalfields

7

Thesis Design 1: Site, Briefing & Technology [ARCT 1036]

SPIT & BANG

SITE & BRIEFING - SITE ANALYSIS AND CONTEXT

1.3 Urban Context

Although ethnic minorities make over half of the resident population of Spitalfields and Banglatown, the area has become in recent years an important destination for entertainment in London with an increasingly amount of a young population of students and artists. The areas to the east and south of Brick Lane are mainly home to a large ethnic asian community. This is visible in the commerce and restaurants in the area and especially on Brick Lane and south of Commercial Street. In recent years there has been an increase in restaurants and entertainment venues of the area, and many of these are situated within the site of the Old Truman Brewery. Since the closure of the factory, the site of the Truman Brewery has been managed by the Old Truman Brewery estates, a private company that manages and lets its spaces to a multitude of businesses ranging from media offices to a wide range of bars and entertainment venues. The different businesses, shops and venues on the Old Truman Brewery site are generally open to the public every day, although the area becomes particularly busy on weekends and especially on Sundays, being part of a route of Sunday markets and events, which include the Old Spitalfields Market, the Brick Lane Market, the Columbia Road Flower Market as well as the Petticoat Lane Market near Liverpool Street.
Brick Lane curry houses South of Brick Lane Summer beach in Ely’s Yard

Entrance to Truman Brewery on Brick Lane

Entrance to the Sunday stall market on Brick Lane

8

Thesis Design 1: Site, Briefing & Technology [ARCT 1036]

SPIT & BANG

SITE & BRIEFING - SOCIAL AND POLITICAL INFLUENCES

1.4 Social Analysis

The site analysis defined five distinct areas within Spitalfileds and Banglatown, which represent different social groups as well as different attitudes towards dealing with the representation of the past. The project brings to the site the elements of these different areas, as a replication of a mini-Spit&Bang. Different social groups have very distinct forms of space appropriation and community construction, and within the area of Spitalfields and Banglatown, one can depict clearly defined boundaries between the different factions, as well as different attitudes towards historicism and fabrication of the past. The selective process is evident in the repression of memories clearly marked in elements such as the new Shoreditch Station, which does not make use of the many Victorian elements of the old Bishopsgate Station it replaced, as well as in the recently demolished Georgian warehouses of Cheshire Street, now replaced by a common housing development. The extreme historicism is manifested in Spitalfields Market and the adjacent Brushfield Street, which have been polished and restyled as tourist attractions. However, while the evidence of the past has been neglected or exaggerated in some areas, it has been fabricated in others. The name of Banglatown itself, its informal title of London Curry Capital, or the sprawling Brick Lane stall markets, can all be seen as proof of the invention of tradition defined by Eric Hobsbawm.

In addition, this area seems to be the epicentre of London’s apparent quest for authenticity. From the AllSaints all-fake superstore to the Curry Houses of Brick Lane, and the façades of Princelet Street intentionally left in a state of decay, the commodification of the local cultural capital has forced it to drift from distinctive towards the perverted mainstream. Finally, it is there is an evident contradiction in the distinction between the contemporary appearance of social openness, and the clear distinctions and boundaries within our societies, which intensify the ever increasing difficulty of social mobility, as well as the interaction between the different social and cultural factions.

9

Thesis Design 1: Site, Briefing & Technology [ARCT 1036]

SPIT & BANG

SITE & BRIEFING - STRATEGIC BRIEF

1.5 Strategic Brief

The project explores how the fabrication of the past in Spitalfields and Banglatown is often a representation of itself and, playing with this idea, brings the different aspects of Spitalfields and Banglatown into one place, fabricating a small version of Spit&Bang in the site of the Old Truman Brewery. The analysis of the site and the ideas explored in the dissertation defined a series of attitudes and stances towards the past that prevail in the area, from the exaggerated historicism of Spitalfields Market and Brushfield Street to the fabrication of decay in the Princelet Street area and the neglected ruins of actual historical evidence of Victorian industrial constructions. Spit&Bang explores the idea that we can technically scan and sample the architectural elements in the area and integrate their reconstructed version into a threedimensionally printed design. The main focus of the project is the brewery itself, a new built micro-brewery that exploits the site’s name and association as a brewery. This is a fully working brewery that produces beer for a public house inside the building as well as other local venues in the site and in the area. In addition the site is dressed with different elements that derive from the different areas and aspects of Spitalfields and Banglatown.
A EX GG E TE RA DH IST OR SM ICI
NE GL EC TE D

FA B

RI

CA TE

D

IN

S

PA S

RU

T

ETH

NIC

MA

RK

ETI

NG

FABR IC

ATED

DECA Y

10

Thesis Design 1: Site, Briefing & Technology [ARCT 1036]

SPIT & BANG

SITE & BRIEFING - CONCEPTUAL STRATEGY

1.6 Conceptual Strategy

SITE AXO/DIAGRAM

11

Thesis Design 1: Site, Briefing & Technology [ARCT 1036]

SPIT & BANG

SITE & BRIEFING - PROGRAMME

1.7 Programme
15

BREWERY

BREWERY Factory 1 Malt Storage and Milling Brew House Fermenting Aging and Storage Storage Packing/Bottling Parking/Loading Area Offices and Staff Facilities Staff Wet Areas Entrance/Lobby Pub 450m2 250m2 300m2 100m2 200m2 100m2 100m2 200m2 50m2 25m2

The project proposes a series of programmes to inhabit the site of the Truman Brewery as well as their integration within the existing programmes at street level, particularly in the inner areas of the site in Ely’s Yard, Wilkes Street and Dray Walk. The integration between new and existing programmes is reinforced by a covered arcade, which forms a junction in the central area of the site. This provides external areas that can be used all year long. The Brew House of the new brewery integrates a public house that is directly connected to the covered external areas on Ely’s Yard. The basement and ground levels adjacent to the brew house contain the fermenting and storage facilities, as well as the processing and bottling areas of the factory. Offices and staff facilities are located on the first level of the brewery building. The existing buildings located immediate eastwards of the Hanbury Street entrance house a series of restaurants, which have a common kitchen and services located at the rear. The proposed ruins are located on the opposite end of the Hanbury Street entrance, beyond the covered area of the arcade; these are visible from the northsouth axis of Wilkes Street.
Ground Level
19 18 4 3 15 5 15 8 15

14

16

2 Roof Level 3 4 5 6
9

7 First Level 8 9 10

14 1

6 7 10 14

RESTAURANTS

12

11
11

Brewery Pub Pub Back of House Pub Storage

150m2 50m2 50m2

Ground Level

12 13

Vertical Circulation & Services 14
13 14 2

Vertical Circ. & Service Core Emergency Stair Plant Area

25m2 10m2 20m2

15 Basement Level 16

RESTAURANTS RUIN ARCADE
21

18 19 Ground Level

Public Areas Kitchen /BOH

300m2 150m2

ARCADE 20 Covered External Areas 1200m2

20

RUIN 21 Total Area 100m2

12

Thesis Design 1: Site, Briefing & Technology [ARCT 1036]

SPIT & BANG

SITE & BRIEFING - PROGRAMME

Brewery

The new brewery is designed to accommodate the necessary facilities for the production of beer that will supply the new brewery bar and the existing venues surplus production will be bottled and sold on site or distributed to other local venues. Based on estimations from the consumption of beer in existing pubs in the area (source), the maximum production capacity for the
GROUND 200m2 FIRST

VERTICAL CIRCULATION & SERVICES

on site. In addition to the local consumption, the

200m2

450m2

OFFICES & STAFF FACILITIES

MALT STORAGE

MILL

WATER

100m2 BAR BACK OF HOUSE

brewery has been estimated at 20,000 litres per week or 1,000,000 litres per year. This is a maximum output for the production, and it is estimated that the facilities will normally produce half of this amount, the equivalent to approximately 17,500 pints of beer per week. This brewery. The required areas and necessary equipment for the brewery facilities have been calculated using information from brewing systems suppliers and manufactureres as well as precedents from existing breweries. It has been estimated that the total area required for the brewery is 1,700m2, including the offices and staff facilities but excluding the brewery’s public house. The diagram on the right illustrates how the process works within the factory. The delivery entrance at ground level allows connection to a vertical circulation core that, with a service lift, supplies the malt and ingredients to the first level; this first step has been positioned at first volume of production defines the facility as a micro-

BREWERY BAR

STORAGE

BOTTLING

100m2 BASEMENT

300m2

250m2

AGING AND STORAGE

OPEN FERMENTER

TANK FERMENTERS

HEAT EXCHANGER

WHIRLPOOL

KETTLE

LAUTER TURN

MASH MIXER

level in order to allow for the Brew House to be in the public areas. The production of the wort is done through mashing, lautering and boiling in the public areas of the brew house; the wort is then processed, fermented and aged at basement level in the cold side of the brewery; finally the beer is stored and bottled at ground level to facilitate the transport of product and access to the street. The staff facilities and offices are located at first

level, which is serviced from the main entrance at street level by the vertical circulation core. The brewery is designed to have traditional separate machines in the brew house as opposed to the combined machinery normally used nowadays in modern brewery systems. Even though the process is partially automated and electronically controlled, it still requires more labour than a modern brewery. The estimated number of staff

is between 15 and 20 people including managing and admininstration of the brewery; in addition there will be between 8 to 12 staff servicing the public bar.

13

Thesis Design 1: Site, Briefing & Technology [ARCT 1036]

SPIT & BANG

SITE & BRIEFING - PRINCIPAL TECHNOLOGIES

1.8 Principal Technologies
1.8.1 Technology Overview
The project integrates the use of standard laser technology. These samples can then be taken to the site design office, uploaded into the database and incorporated into the pre-designed parts which form the building. The molecular assembler, or the Matter Compiler combines the principles of a 3D printer in the sense that it translates, compiles and assembles 3D data in the form of an RNA sequence or similar formats into a physical object. However, it is not limited to one single or a few materials, as in the current 3D printers, but it is fed by multiple and composite matter cartridges. The building is constructed by a series of blocks which integrate structural and environmental properties as well as fixings for assembly. The external face is printed with materials and textures from the database. The fabricated old looking elements find their way into the new building, as an assemblage of parts and dresses that seem to have been reclaimed from remaining ruins. These lightweight elements are then fixed to the superstructure of the building as cladding. construction technologies such as concrete and steel with nanotechnology and three-dimensional printing, with 3D printing technology primarily used in the fabrication of the façades and the internal elements of the buildings exposed in the public areas. Site sampling allows samples to be taken on site using handheld devices. It requires minimum training and can be achieved with small video capturing or

Site Sampling / 3D Scanning
Site Sampling This would allow samples to be taken on site using handheld devices. It requires minimum training and can be achieved with  small video capturing or laser technology. These samples can then be taken to the site/design office, uploaded into the database and incorporated into the pre-designed parts which form the building,

Molecular Assembler / 3D Printing
On-Site-Molecular-Assembler / large scale 3D printing The molecular assembler, or the Matter Compiler combines the principles of a 3D printer in the sense that it translates, compiles  and assembles 3D data in the form of an RNA sequence or similar formats into a physical object. However, it is not limited to  one single or a few materials, as in the current 3D printers, but it is fed by multiple and composite matter cartridges. Building elements

Building Components/Blocks
Truman Brewery The building is constructed by a series of blocks which integrate structural and environmental properties as well as fixings for  assembly. The external face is printed with materials and textures from the database.

Final Building elements
The fabricated old elements find their way into the new building, as an assemblage of parts and dresses that  seem to have been reclaimed from remaining ruins.

14
Spit&Bang Technology A Return to the Past in the age of Three-dimensional Replication

Thesis Design 1: Site, Briefing & Technology [ARCT 1036]

SPIT & BANG

SITE & BRIEFING - PRINCIPAL TECHNOLOGIES

1.8.2 3D Scanning
Similarly to 3D printing technology, 3D scanning is becoming widely available. Inexpensive scanners can be bought or built from open-source designs and are easy to use, converting any object to a highly accurate point cloud or mesh, which can then be manipulated. In addition, scanners are becoming smaller and since they use little energy they can be battery powered. This has led to the production of variouas pieces of handheld portable equipment. Recently the iPhone camera and processing capabilities have been exploited, creating the Trimensional App, which generates a 3D mesh from a simple video taken in the dark using the phone’s camera. More importantly, it represents a massive step from laser/point cloud scanning into video scanning, since this is a type of technology which most of us carry in the pocket and it opens the door to a multitude of future inventions and possibilities. Similarly, the xbox Microsoft Kinect has been hacked and turned into realtime 3D scanner; using the released SDK that allows developers to create additional software and exploit the capabilities of the hardware, a large community has been developing a multitude of hacks that allow the possibility for several interactive applications, including 3D scanning. Since the availability of a Windows version last month however, this 3D scanning technology has incredibly improved and now allows real-time scanning of people, object and spaces using common computers to process the information. The camera image can then be applied to the 3D information, creating a colour map in addition to the real texture information.

1.8.3 3D Printing
Common 3D printing technology allows the physical reproduction of three-dimensional models that have been either scanned or created in 3D software, or both. This technology is becoming increasingly common, and a multitude of designers and manufacturers are using these machines not only to create models and prototypes but also final marketable products since these machines are more and more able to print with a high level of precision. Many manufacturers are developing printers that can simultaneously print in 2 or more compounds. In terms of simple applications such as prototypes, this means that softer flexible polymers for instance can be printed alongside rigid ones and allow for flexible and movable joints. For science and medicine this represents a massive leap since it is the beginning of an era of printed prostheses and moulds of body parts. The Italian & British joint venture D shape has been developing large scale printing of three dimensional building components. They have recently developed a larger machine, capable of printing 3 meter cube objects and are aiming at the production of full size building parts of complex geometry. Similarly the Loughborough University now has a 3D printing engineering department that is developing high specification composite concrete parts to be used primarily as structural components that would be difficult or impossible to fabricate using conventional technologies. In addition, the Italian architect and designer Marco Ferreri produced last year, in collaboration with Enrico Dini from D-Shape, the first house printed as one single piece.

15

Thesis Design 1: Site, Briefing & Technology [ARCT 1036]

SPIT & BANG

SITE & BRIEFING - PRINCIPAL TECHNOLOGIES

1.8.4 Nanotechnology

16

Thesis Design 1: Site, Briefing & Technology [ARCT 1036]

SPIT & BANG

SITE & BRIEFING - PRINCIPAL TECHNOLOGIES

1.8.5 Technology Strategy

SITE AXO/DIAGRAM WITH TECHNOLOGY

17

Thesis Design 1: Site, Briefing & Technology [ARCT 1036]

SPIT & BANG

SITE & BRIEFING - ENVIRONMENTAL STRATEGY

1.9 Environmental Strategy

SITE AXO/DIAGRAM WITH ENVIRONMENTAL STRATEGY

18

Thesis Design 1: Site, Briefing & Technology [ARCT 1036]

SPIT & BANG

TECHNOLOGY - STRUCTURE AND CONSTRUCTION

Technology Structure & Construction

2
XX XX XX

2.1 Design Technology 2.2 Components, Structures and Fabric 2.3 Construction and Fabrication

19

Thesis Design 1: Site, Briefing & Technology [ARCT 1036]

SPIT & BANG

TECHNOLOGY - ENVIRONMENT AND PERFORMANCE

Technology Environment & Performance

3
XX XX XX XX XX XX XX

3.1 Energy 3.1.1 Energy in Construction 3.1.2 Energy in building usage 3.2 Building Envelope 3.3 Internal Environments 3.4 External Environments 3.5 Acoustics

20

Thesis Design 1: Site, Briefing & Technology [ARCT 1036]

SPIT & BANG

APPENDICES

Appendices

4
4.1 General Arrangement Drawings 4.2 Photographs XX XX

21

Thesis Design 1: Site, Briefing & Technology [ARCT 1036]

SPIT & BANG

NOTES, ILLUSTRATIONS AND REFERENCES

Notes, Illustrations & References

5
5.1 Notes 5.2 List of Illustrations 5.3 References and Bibliography XX XX XX

22

Thesis Design 1: Site, Briefing & Technology [ARCT 1036]