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politikuri wyalgamyofi gv. 17 absoluturi Zalaufleba gv. 24 opozicia sakrebuloSi gv. 19 ori azri: obamas sagareo politika gv.

12 Jurnalisturi gamoZieba: ojaxuri dava gv. 26 ekonomika: umoqmedobis wminda danakargebi gv. 29 dausrulebeli cvlilebebi sazogadoebriv mauwyebelSi gv. 31 daviT buxrikiZe: Cveni pasuxi Cemberlens gv. 33 gio axvlediani: hoda, afrikaSi CavediT gv. 38

# 34 / 7 - 13 ivnisi / 2010

fasi 2 lari

ratom aris opozicia susti


gv. 14

# 34 / 7 - 13 ivnisi / 2010

nomerSi: 02 redaqtori 04 mokled 06 vrclad 10 mediamonitoringi ormagi arCevani 12 ori azri racionaluria Tu ara barak obamas sagareo politika? farid zaqaria vs Carlz krauthameri 14 Tvalsazrisi ratom aris opozicia susti mark maleni 16 interviu lokaluri arCevani luis navaro politika 17 politikuri wyalgamyofi
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opozicia sakrebuloSi rogorc minimum, fexburTis gundi saarCevno darRvevebi diplomatiuri Sefaseba Tvalsazrisi arCevnebi 2010 _ raundi oTxi eka siraZe-delone saubrebi liberalizmze absoluturi Zalaufleba

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38 Jurnalisturi gamoZieba ojaxuri dava

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ekonomika umoqmedobis wminda danakargebi sazogadoeba dausrulebeli cvlilebebi kultura Cveni pasuxi Cemberlens wignebi xelisuflebis TviTSezRudva, konstitucionalizmis Sesavali Tvalsazrisi evropuli politika laSa buRaZe sporti hoda, afrikaSi CavediT qalaqSi moxetiale kacis Canawerebi avadari anu YUCK FOU

garekanze:
ratom aris opozicia susti foto: marika qoCiaSvili

Jurnali `liberali~ gamoicema fond `Ria sazogadoeba - saqarTvelos~ mxardaWeriT. avtoris / avtorebis mier sainformacio masalaSi gamoTqmuli mosazreba ar gamoxatavs fondis `Ria sazogadoeba-saqarTvelos~ pozicias. Sesabamisad, fondi ar aris pasuxismgebeli masalis Sinaarsze. The views, opinions and statements expressed by the authors and those providing comments are theirs only and do not necessarily reflect the position of Open Society Georgia Foundation. Therefore, the Open Society Georgia Foundation is not responsible for the content of the information material.

foto Temo barZimaSvili

redaqtori

sofo bukia kavkasiisa da konfliqtebis ganyofilebis redaqtori sopho.bukia@liberali.ge

britanuli `ekonomisti~ ase iwyebs saqarTvelos TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebis Sesaxeb statias: `adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebi qveyanaSi, romlis mosaxleobac 5 milionze naklebia, iSviaTad xvdeba ucxouri mediis da saerTaSoriso damkvirveblebis yuradRebis centrSi. magram, Tu romelime arCevnebi SeiZleba CavTvaloT gamonaklisad, es aris arCevnebi saqarTveloSi _ qveyanaSi, sadac 2003 wels `vardebis revolucia~ moxda, 2008 wels ruseTTan omi, da dRemde es qveyana winaRobad rCeba ruseTisa da dasavleTis urTierTobaSi. es kenWisyra iyo saqarTvelos politikuri temperaturis testi, prezident saakaSvilis ndobis referendumi da 2013 wlis saprezidento arCevnebis repeticia~. swored amis gamo iyo Cveni winasaarCevno angariSi mkiTxvelTan aseTi skrupulozuri. Cven vwerdiT, rogor iyenebda xelisufleba administraciul resurss, rogor aSuqebda media winasaarCevno periods, ra susti da araTanmimdevruli iyo opozicia; vwerdiT biblioTekebSi gaxsnil saarCevno Stabebze, imaze, Tu rogor aisaxa SezRuduli SesaZleblobebis mqone adamianebis problemebi kandidatTa programaSi, skolebSi gaCaRebul saarCevno kampaniaze. `liberalis~ mkiTxvelma politikosebTan erTad Tavidan bolomde gaiara winasaarCevno gza _ gaero-s tribunidan, saidanac prezidentma saakaSvilma pirvelad ganacxada vadamdeli arCevnebis daniSvnis Sesaxeb, xmis daTvlis proceduramde. Tumca arCevnebis dasrulebis Semdeg iwyeba is, ris gamoc, yovel jerze xelaxla mivdivarT saarCevno yuTTan. `liberalis~ momdevno nomerSi eka WiTanava Tavis reportaJSi onkologiuri saavadmyofodan dawers: `cxrasarTuliani, masiuri Senoba lisis tbasTan, dasaxlebuli punqtebidan moSorebiT dgas. SigniT, danomril palatebamde bneli an naxevrad ganaTebuli derefnebi unda gaiaro. irgvliv Camofxekili kedlebi, iatakidan aglejili linoliumi, mtvriani fanjris minebi, kedlebidan gamoSverili gadamwvari mavTulebi, datborili tualeti, da usiamovno suni gxvdeba~. yvela politikosi, maT Soris _ gamarjvebulic, Tavis winasaarCevno programaSi xarisxian da xelmisawvdom jandacvas dagvpirda. realurad, mxolod arCevnebis Semdeg gairkveva, ramdenad pragmatuli da warmatebuli iyo 2010 wlis 30 maiss gakeTebuli arCevani.

redaqtorebi: mTavari redaqtori Sorena SaverdaSvili /aRmasrulebeli redaqtori nino jafiaSvili / politika da saerTaSoriso ambebi sofo Waava / kavkasia da konfliqtebi sofo bukia / Jurnalisturi gamoZieba beso kurtaniZe / sazogadoeba Tamar babuaZe / adamianis uflebebi da samarTali nino beqiSvili / axali ambebi naTia axalaSvili Jurnalistebi: maia wiklauri, nino gogua, marika qoCiaSvili, eka WiTanava, rusudan fanoziSvili, anita Tvauri, Tamar faradaSvili, nino CimakaZe, rusudan ruxaZe, nino robaqiZe, iago yuraSvili, naTia guliaSvili, daviT buxrikiZe kontribucia: mark maleni, giorgi cxadaia, kaxa Tolordava, gio axvlediani, laSa buRaZe, levan cucqiriZe redaqcia: foto-redaqtori levan xerxeuliZe / grafikuli dizaini Tornike lorTqifaniZe / redaqtor-stilisti nino svaniZe / koreqtori nino saiTiZe gamomcemloba: proeqtis menejeri qeTi babunaSvili / proeqtis menejeris asistenti lela SubiTiZe / reklamis da gayidvebis direqtori Salva CubiniZe / marketingi da sazogadoebasTan urTierToba naTia rusaZe / distributori zviad Sengelia gamomcemeli: Sps `liberali~. misamarTi: Tbilisi 0162, faliaSvilis q. 108. tel.: (995 32) 232235, 233731, 912326. el-fosta: info@liberali.ge sxva gamocemebi: `cxeli Sokoladi~, `cxeli Sokoladi _ literatura~, `biznesi: adamianebi, meTodebi, strategiebi~. `liberalis~ saavtoro uflebebi daculia. JurnalSi gamoqveynebuli masalebis nawilobrivi da/an mTliani gamoyeneba redaqciis Tanxmobis gareSe akrZalulia. beWdva: stamba `favoriti~. misamarTi: Tbilisi, CubinaSvilis q. 50. tel.: (995 32) 95 19 52. www.phfavorite.ge gamodis kviraSi erTxel, yovel orSabaTs. pirveli nomeri gamocemulia 2009 wlis maisSi. rekomendebuli sacalo fasi 2 lari.

www.liberali.ge 2

ISSN 1987-7528

liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

. PMI www.pmi. org. . 6 : - (24 ) 16 3 ; (16 ) 7 17 ; (24 ) 15 2 ; (16 ) 6 16 ; (16 ) 20 30 ; (8 ) 3 6 ;

, (PMP), 15 , , . www.jejelava.info. , , , . #2; Tel: 93-14-66; 895 11-84-64; www.gipa.ge ; tsitsi@gipa.ge (.).
liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

mokled

mkvlelobebi galSi
galis raionis sofel refis administraciis ufrosi dimitri kacia sofel primorskidan refis gzaze mimaval avtomobilSi Cacxriles. `afsnipresis~ informaciiT, dimitri kacia sasikvdilo Wrilobebisgan gardaicvala. bolo erTi kviris ganmavlobaSi galis raionSi es ukve meore mkvlelobaa. manamde afxazi mebaJeebis avtomanqanas cecxli gauxsnes, ris Sedegadac erTi mebaJe gardaicvala, ori ki daiWra. sergei baRafSi acxadebs, rom am danaSaulSi `qarTuli kvali sakmaod cxadia~. misi TqmiT, es is regionia, sadac devnilebi dabrundnen da teraqtis organizatorebs unda esmodeT, rom aseTma faqtebma, SesaZloa, daZabuloba gamoiwvios.

obama BP-ze gabrazebulia


aSS-s prezidenti acxadebs, rom BP-m pirvel ivlisamde 69 milioni dolari unda gadaixados. es Tanxa avariis Sedegebis aRmosafxvrelad daixarjeba. amerikis mTavrobis am saqmesTan dakavSirebuli Semdgomi xarjebis dafarvac kompanias mouwevs. amasobaSi BP problemebis mosagvareblad muSaobas ganagrZobs. meore cdis Semdeg specialistebma SeZles navTobis dazianebuli milis gadaketva da meqsikis yureSi avariuli WaburRilidan momdinare navTobis SesaCereblad dadgmuli koSkis erT adgilas dafiqsireba. ukeTesi Sedegebis miuxedavad, aSS-s sanapiro dacvis xelmZRvaneli acxadebs, rom jer kidev droa saWiro imis dasadgenad, ramdenad efeqturia es meTodi. Tavis mxriv, BP mzadaa meqsikis yuris sanapiros ekologiuri mdgomareobis gasaumjobeseblad muSaoba gaagrZelos. kompaniaSi acxadeben, rom WaburRilis daxSoba avariis Sedegebis aRmofxvris xangrZlivi procesis mxolod dasawyisia. prezidenti barak obama Riad acxadebs, rom BP-ze Zalian gabrazebulia. man am ambis gamo ramdenime vizitic gadado. avariis Semdeg meqsikis yureSi 151 aTasamde tona navTobi CaiRvara.

"saerTaSoriso narkokarteli"
Sss-m 5 narkorealizatori daakava, romlebic, saqarTvelos gavliT, laTinuri amerikidan TurqeTSi didi odenobiT kokainis tranzits axorcielebdnen. garda amisa, policiis gancxadebiT, imereTSi, erTerTi eWvmitanilis ezoSi napovnia miwaSi damarxuli 1.7 milioni evro. Sss-Si acxadeben, rom es narkotikebTan dakavSirebuli uprecedento masStabis specoperacia iyo da qarTul bazarze aseTi didi odenobis kokaini pirvelad gamoCnda. saministroSi am biznesis mfarvelobas e.w. kanonier qurds, Saqro kalaSovs ukavSireben. prezidentis gadawyvetilebiT, amoRebuli TanxiT pirvelklaselTaTvis kompiuterebs SeiZenen.

"kavkasus onlainis" axali mflobeli


`kavkasus onlainis~ 100-procentiani wilis mflobeli

protesti meTiu braizas


`niWieri da saqmisTvis Tavdadebuli~ _ ase uwoda barak obamam meTiu braizas, roca misi azerbaijanSi elCad daniSvnis Sesaxeb ganacxada. obamas ganwyobas somxuri diaspora da somexi politikosebi ar iziareben da braizas baqoSi elCad daniSvnas aprotesteben. somxuri diasporis amerikuli organizaciebi fiqroben, rom braiza ver SeZlebs obieqturad da dabalansebulad Seasrulos Tavisi funqcia. savaraudod, swored es organizaciebi gauweven aSS-s senatSi lobirebas, rom am sakiTxis ganxilvisas misi kandidatura moixsnas. diasporas gansakuTrebiT TurqeTisa da azerbaijanis xelisuflebasTan braizas megobruli urTierTobebi aSfoTebs. somxeTis sagareo saqmeTa saministros am sakiTxis Sesaxeb jer oficialuri komentari ar gaukeTebia.

International Online Networks LLC gaxda. rogorc cnobilia, International Online Networks-Si
50-procentiani da 19,94-procentiani mflobelebi aseve ucxouri sawarmoebi Nelgado Limited da Grouth Master Holdings arian, xolo 30,06 procents kompaniis yofili generaluri direqtori mamia sanadiraZe flobs. axla kompaniis generaluri direqtori gia adeiSvilia, xolo aRmasrulebeli direqtori _ levan xundaZe. 4

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mokled

prezidenti evropaSi
mixeil saakaSvilis xelmZRvanelobiT saqarTvelos delegacia oficialuri vizitiT rumineTSi imyofeboda, sadac prezidenti ruminel kolegasa da rumineTis mTavrobis sxva wevrebs Sexvda. prezidentis administraciis mier gavrcelebuli cnobiT, mxareebma ori qveynis urTierTobebze da samomavlo gegmebze imsjeles. saubari aseve Seexo nato-sa da evrokavSirSi integraciis sakiTxebsa da or qveyanas Soris ekonomikur TanamSromlobas. prezidentma SavizRvispira sakurorto qalaqi konstancac daaTvaliera. rumineTidan mixeil saakaSvili safrangeTSi gaemgzavra, sadac nikola sarkozis, safrangeTis premiersa da sagareo saqmeTa ministrsac Sexvdeba.

citatebi

`me arasodes miRiarebia arc afxazeTi, arc samxreTi oseTi da arc kosovo damoukidebel saxelmwifoebad. es arRvevs saerTaSoriso kanonebsa da normebs~. viqtor ianukoviCi 4 ivnisi, kievi `es [aSS-s prezidentis posti] saukeTeso samsaxuria dedamiwaze~. barak obama 3 ivnisi, CNN

arCevnebis Sedegebi
`rac Seexeba oqruaSvils, igi CemTvis ar aris demokratiis mama da burji, magram gaixseneT, hitleris winaaRmdeg stalini da CerCili erTad idgnen. erTi rogori demokrati iyo da meore _ rogori avtokrati, kargad viciT~. sozar subari 2 ivnisi, radio `palitra~ `Cven rusi turistebi gvWirdeba da ara rusuli tankebi~. mixeil saakaSvili 3 ivnisi, Berliner Zeitung `me pativs vcem yvela im moqalaqis Tavisufal arCevans, vinc Cems oponents dauWira mxari. minda, maT im dapirebebis asruleba vusurvo, romelic ugulavam winasaarCevno kampaniis dros misca~. irakli alasania 31 maisi, Tbilisi
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2 irakli alasania `aliansi saqarTvelosTvis~ 19, 05 % (85 861)

3 gogi TofaZe `TofaZemrewvelebi~ 5,19 % (23 405)

5 giorgi ugulava `erTiani nacionaluri moZraoba~ 55,23 % (248 915)

7 zviad ZiZiguri `erovnuli sabWo~ 8,31 % (37 434)

10 giorgi Wanturia qristian demokratiuli gaerTianeba 10,07% (48 220)

14 giorgi laRiZe politikuri partia `momavali saqarTvelo~ 0.14 % (633)

18 Tamaz vaSaZe politikuri moZraoba `solidaroba~ 0,65 % (2 950)

21 daviT iakobiZe TorTlaZe demokratiuli partia 0,22 % (988)

25 nikoloz ivaniSvili ivaniSvili - `saxalxo demokratebi~ 0,51 % (2308)

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vrclad

israeli da "Tavisuflebis flotilia"


`Tavisuflebis flotiliis~ datyvevebis gamo atexili skandali isev yuradRebis centrSi rCeba.
naTia axalaSvili

`Tavisuflebis flotiliaze~ Tavdasxmisas gardacvlili 8 adamianis dakrZalva, TurqeTi ivnisi 2010

`israeli sikvdilis angelozia~, _ aseTi SeZaxilebi ismoda `Tavisuflebis flotiliaze~ Tavdasxmisas gardacvlili 8 adamianis dakrZalvaze TurqeTSi. dakrZalvas aTasobiT Turqi da palestineli daeswro. `Tavisuflebis flotiliis~ 6 gemi israelma maSin daakava, roca 10 aTasi tona humanitaruli tvirTiT, samSeneblo masaliT, 600 propalestinurad ganwyobili aqtivistiTa da evropeli da arabuli qveynebis uflebadamcvelebiT datvirTuli qaravani kviprosidan Razasken miemarTeboda. gavcelebuli informaciiT, ebrael samxedroebsa da erT-erT gem `mav marmara~ze myof adamianebs Soris momxdari Setakebis Sedegad 19 adamiani gardaicvala, Tumca israeli mxolod
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9 maTganis daRupvas adasturebs. gardacvlilTagan 8 _ TurqeTis moqalaqe, erTi ki, erovnebiT Turqi, aSS-s moqalaqe iyo. Setakebisas daiWra 30-ze meti adamiani. gemze myofTa umravlesoba TurqeTis moqalaqe iyo. israeli flotiliis moqmedebas Tavidanve politikur provokaciad afasebda da afrTxilebda, rom Tu gemebi Razas miuaxlovdebodnen, israelis samxedro-sazRvao Zalebi maT saporto qalaq aSdodSi CaaTrevdnen, saidanac flotiliis 600 wevri deportirdeboda. flotiliam mainc aseTi gadawyvetileba miiRo, rasac dapirispireba mohyva. Setakebis Semdeg momxdarze pasuxismgebloba israelma reidis organizatorebs daakisra da mtkiceba daiwyo, rom Zaladoba gemze myofma

pirebma daiwyes da maT samxedroebs ar daemorCilnen. `es yvelaferi adreve iyo dagegmili. samwuxarod es adamianebi metalis basri sagnebiT iyvnen SeiaraRebulebi da Cvens samxedroebs ar emorCilebodnen, agresiulebic iyvnen~, _ aseTi ganmarteba gaakeTa israelis armiis oficialurma warmomadgenelma avital lobivicma SemTxvevidan cota xanSi. gavrcelda dakavebis operaciis videoCanaweric, sadac israelis samxedro mosamsaxureebze Tavdasxmis kadrebia asaxuli. sapirispiros amtkicebs Turquli mxare. TurqeTis televiziam aCvena kadrebi, sadac Cans, rom israelis jariskacebi xomaldze Zaladobdnen. `al-jaziras~ kadrebSi ki Cans, rom gemebis datyvevebac srolebis TanxlebiT mimdinareobda.
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vrclad

am SemTxvevis dros orive qveynis premier-ministrebi okeanismiRma imyofebodnen. naTaniahu ise dabrunda israelSi, obamasTan Sexvedra ver moaswro. TurqeTSi gansazRvrulze adre dabrunda erdoRani laTinuri amerikis qveynebidan. SemTxvevis meore dRes gaerom uSiSroebis sagangebo sxdoma moiwvia, sadac generalurma mdivanma ban ki munma israelis qmedeba dagmo. `gamoZiebam dainteresebuli mxareebis rwmena da mxardaWera unda SeiZinos. es Zalzed mniSvnelovani da amave dros sakmaod rTulia. me yvelafers gavakeTeb, rom es procesi gamWvirvale iyos da miukerZoebeli. gaero-s sagangebo sxdomaze yvelaze mwvave gamosvla TurqeTis sagareo saqmeTa ministr ahmed daviToRlus hqonda. man israelis qmedebas `saxelmwifos xeliT mkvleloba~ uwoda. `saxelmwifo, romelic aseTi gziT midis, saerTaSoriso sazogadoebis wevrobis legitimurobas kargavs~, _ acxadebda daviToRlu. uSiSroebis sabWos 15 wevridan aseTi mWevrmetyveli arc erTi ar yofila. Tumca, maTi umravlesoba israels akritikebda da am faqtis srul gamoZiebas moiTxovdnen. bevrma qveyanam, maT Soris _ ruseTma, safrangeTma da CineTma, Razas seqtorisTvis blokadis moxsnac moiTxova. obamas administracia tradiciulad Seecada, dabalansebuli yofiliyo da israels mSvidobiani daTmobebisken mouwoda. magram aSS-s pozicia mainc israelis gamamarTlebeli iyo. vice-prezidenti jozef baideni acxadebda, rom SesaZlebelia, am qmedebisTvis gansajo israeli, magram realurad, mas ufleba aqvs, Seamowmos Razasken mimavali gemebi, raTa daadginos, xom ar xdeba iaraRis kontrabanda. Tumca, amave dros baidenma israels mouwoda, `ufro didsulovani iyos palestineli xalxisadmi, romelsac RazaSi problemebi aqvs~. mogvianebiT israelma sazRvao
liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

reidis dros dakavebuli asobiT propalestineli aqtivisti gaaTavisufla. maT TurqeTSi, rogorc gmirebs ise Seegebnen. israelma ar gaiTvaliswina gaero-s moTxovna da blokada ar moxsna. magram saerTaSoriso Tanamegobrobis es moTxovna egviptem gaiTvaliswina da, prezidentis gadawyvetilebiT, ramdenime dRiT Razas seqtoris sazRvarTan derefani gaxsna, saidanac humanitaruli tvirTis miwodeba gaxda SesaZlebeli. TurqeTma israelTan erToblivi energetikuli proeqtebi gayina. ankaraSi acxadeben, rom israelTan energetikis sferoSi nebismier proeqts win ar wasweven, vidre or qveyanas Soris urTierToba israelis SeiaraRebuli Zalebis mier samSvidobo flotiliaze Tavdasxmamde periods ar daubrundeba. 2008 wels miRweuli SeTanxmebis Tanaxmad, xmelTaSua zRvaSi unda Cadebuliyo 480-kilometriani gazsadeni, romelic jeihansa da aSqelons daakavSirebda. magistrali gazs kaspiis regionidan unda mieRo. israelis samxedro Zalebis ieriSma, analitikosebis da mediis mxridan azrTa sxvadasxvaoba gamoiwvia. axlo aRmosavleTis sakiTxebis analitikosebi acxadeben, rom, maTi azriT, humanitaruli flotiliis mTavari mizani israelis mier blokirebul Razas seqtorze msoflios yuradRebis mipyroba iyo. israelis xelisufleba aseve amtkicebs, rom RazaSi humanitaruli krizisi ar aris, da yovelkvira iq 15 aTas tonamde humanitaruli daxmareba Cadis. gaero-Si miiCneven, rom es mxolod saWiro raodenobis meoTxedia. israelisa da egviptis mxridan Razas ekonomikuri blokada seqtoris mmarTvelobaSi gasamxedroebuli moZraoba `hamasis~ mosvlis Semdeg daiwyo da, ukve TiTqmis sami welia, grZeldeba. ufro adre israeli winaswar afrTxilebda `Tavisuflebis flotilias~, gemebi mis teritoriul wylebSi ar Seeyvana.

evrokavSiri warmomadgenelTa postebis gauqmebas gegmavs


keTrin eStonis iniciativa SesaZloa aRmosavleTis samezobloSi evrokavSiris CarTulobis dramatul Semcirebas moaswavebdes.
salome asaTiani, radio `Tavisufleba~

aRmosavleTis samezoblos mimarT evrokavSiris interesis klebis damadasturebeli kidev erTi nabiji _ aseT Sefasebas aZlevs bevri gavrcelebul cnobas imis Sesaxeb, rom evrokavSiris sagareopolitikuri lideri keTrin eStoni samxreT kavkasiasa da moldovaSi evrokavSiris sagangebo warmomadgenelTa postebis gauqmebas gegmavs. evrokavSirSi male unda amuSavdes axali struqtura _ sagareo moqmedebis samsaxuri. rogorc iuwyebian, amis Semdeg samxreTi kavkasiis saqmeebze saSualo rangis moxele imuSavebs, romelsac briuselSi eqneba bina. es ki, bevris azriT, evrokavSirisa da regionis urTierTobaSi intensivobas dramatulad Seamcirebs.
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vrclad

samxreT kavkasiaSi sagangebo warmomadgeneli _ posti, romelic axla uqmdeba _ evrokavSirs 2003 wlis Semdeg hyavs. daaxloebiT igive bedi eweva moldovaSi sagangebo warmomadgenlis postsac. diplomatebis TqmiT, es ambavi siurprizi iyo kavSiris bevri wevri qveynisTvis, iseve rogorc Tavad sagangebo warmomadgenlebisTvis, peter semnebisa da kalman miJeisTvis. iniciativa evrokavSiris wevri qveynebis mxridan damtkicebas saWiroebs da, Tuki damtkicda, is regionebisTvis gagzavnis mkafio signals, rom moldova da samxreTi kavkasia evrokavSiris TvalSi prioritetulobas kargaven. evroparlamentarma, evrokavSirisa da moldovis saparlamento TanamSromlobis komitetis delegaciis wevrma, ruminelma politikosma, traian ungureanum am iniciativas uwoda `didi sagareopolitikuri Secdoma~, romelic `ruseTisTvis Zalian karg ambavs~ warmoadgens: `orive adgili uSualodaa dakavSirebuli ruseTis interesebTan, ruseTis sagareo politikasTan. orive adgils, ase vTqvaT, `rusuli daavadeba~ awuxebs. es marTlac Zalian SemaSfoTebeli sakiTxia~, _ ganacxada traian ungureanum. iniciativa 28 maiss, evrokavSiris elCebis Sexvedraze wamoayena ketrin eStonis TanaSemwem, veteranma britanelma diplomatma robert kuperma. Tavis gamosvlaSi kuperma erTgvarad ganavrco werili, romelic eStonma evrokavSiris sagareo saqmeTa ministrebs 21 maiss gaugzavna. werilSi, romelsac erT-erTma evropelma diplomatma `bundovani~ uwoda, evrokavSiris ucxoeTSi warmomadgenlebis arsebuli struqturis reorganizebis principebi iyo warmodgenili. eStonis werilSi gamoTqmuli winadadebiT, evrokavSirma sagangebo warmomadgenlebis postebi geografiulad moSorebul regio8

nebSi unda gaauqmos an, zogierT SemTxvevaSi, evrokomisiis delegaciebs unda SeuerTos. diplomatebi, romlebic kritikulad afaseben eStonis gegmas, yuradRebas im garemoebaze amaxvileben, rom eStoni apirebs sagangebo warmomadgenlebi SeinarCunos sudanSi, didi tbebis regionSi da Sua aziaSi. yvela es adgili evrokavSirisgan bevrad ufro moSorebiT mdebareobs, vidre _ samxreTi kavkasia. amasTan, es nabiji evrokavSiris SigniT didi politikis sasargeblod miRebul gadawyvetilebasac niSnavs _ msxvili wevri qveynebis interesebi sul ufro metad axdens gavlenas evrokavSiris mier gatarebul politikaze. am qveynebs _ germanias, safrangeTs, britaneTs _ Sua aziis mimarT gansakuTrebuli interesi amoZravebT, rac didwilad avRaneTSi mimdinare procesebSi maTi CarTulobiT aris gamowveuli. briuselSi momuSave oficialuri pirebis azriT, eStoni am iniciativas winaswar aucileblad SeaTanxmebda berlinTan, parizTan da londonTan. arada, poloneTs da evrokavSiris ramdenime sxva, ZiriTadad, aRmosavlel wevrebs surdaT, bloks samxreT kavkasiaSi CarTuloba kidev ufro gaeZlierebina. maTi survili iyo semnebisa da miJeis mandatebis vadis dasrulebis mere _ anu mimdinare wlis 31 agvistos Semdeg evrokavSirs Tavis warmomadgenlad iq gavleniani figura, idealur SemTxvevaSi, romelime wevri qveynis yofili sagareo saqmeTa ministri mievlina. ucnobia, winaswar acnobes Tu ara varSavas eStonis gadawyvetilebis Taobaze, magram axla, Tuki am iniciativas zurgs germania, safrangeTi da britaneTi umagreben, is, savaraudod, veRarafers gaawyobs. gadawyvetileba sagangebo warmomadgenlebis postebis gauqmebis Taobaze gavlenas ar iqoniebs evrokavSirsa da samxreTi ka-

vkasiis qveynebsa Tu moldovas Soris asocirebis xelSekrulebis Sesaxeb mimdinare molaparakebebze. es xelSekrulebebi qveynebs ar uxsnis kars blokSi politikuri integraciisken, Tumca, SesaZloa, Tavisufali vaWroba da evrokavSirTan savizo reJimis gauqmeba moitanos. magram, traian ungureanus varaudiT, evrokavSirsa da am qveynebs Soris urTierTobas garkveuli dinamika Tu enTuziazmi mainc moakldeba: `ar gamikvirdeba, Tuki es nabiji saqarTvelos an moldovis imedgacruebas moitans. isini naxaven, rom uzarmazarma proevropulma mcdelobebma ar gamoiRo nayofi; aman ki, SesaZloa, am prodasavluri mTavrobebis poziciebis dasusteba moitanos Sidapolitikur konteqstSi~. saqarTvelos mTavrobis warmomadgenlebi evrokavSiris sagareo-politikuri lideris gadawyvetilebis irgvliv jerjerobiT frTxili gancxadebebiT Semoifarglebian. `Cveni mxridan Sedegebze laparaki naadrevia. mniSvnelovani iqneba is, Tu ra formiT da sad gadanawildeba es funqciebi. Sedegze amis mere SeiZleba laparaki. dRes, me rogorc mesmis, mxolod kadrebis Semcirebaze an Tanamdebobebis gauqmebaze ar aris laparaki _ saubari aseve unda iyos politikur mesijebzec~, _ ganacxada reintegraciis sakiTxebSi saxelmwifo ministrma Temur iakobaSvilma da dasZina, _ `kargi iqneba, Tu [es posti] ar gauqmdeba, magram Tuki gauqmdeba, maSin unda vnaxoT, sad gadava es funqciebi. mxolod amis Semdeg SegveZleba imis Tqma, [es cvlileba] kargi iyo Tu cudi~.

statia ibeWdeba radio `Tavisuflebis~ masalaze dayrdnobiT


liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

vrclad

poloneTs ruseTis ar sjera


poloneTma daRupuli prezidentis TviTmfrinavis Savi yuTis gaSifruli stenograma gamoaqveyna. Tumca, SekiTxvebi mainc rCeba.
naTia axalaSvili

tu 154-is Savi yuTebi

katastrofis adgili smolenskTan, aprili 2010

poloneTis xelisuflebam stenogramis Canawerebi ramdenime oficialur vebgverdze dado. stenogramis cxrilSi miTiTebulia, vin laparakobs, saubris dro da teqsti (rusul da polonur enebze). saubris bevr fragments aweria sityva `gaurkvevelia~. poloneTSi acxadeben, rom 2 kviraSi Canawerebi ufro zustad gaiSifreba. qveynis samxedro-sahaero Zalebis podpolkovniki bartoS stroinski ki acxadebs, rom rusulma mxarem poloneTs Savi yuTebis Canaweri Seucvala. is amtkicebs, rom stenogramis gaSifvris procesSi moskovSi yofnisas man dokuments xeli moawera, miRebul dokumentze ki misi xelmowera aRar aris. garda amisa, varSavaSi pirvel ivniss gamoqveynebuli stenograma 2 maisiTaa daTariRebuli, stroinski ki ambobs, rom xeli dokuments manamde moawera.
liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

amas garda, poloneTis Sinagan saqmeTa saministroSi acxadeben, rom poloneli specialistebi ar adastureben qveynis diplomatiuri protokolis ufrosis mariuS kazanis mfrinavebis kabinaSi yofnas. `is, rom `Savi yuTis~ Cawerili xma ekipaJis wevrs ar ekuTvnoda da mariuS kazanis iyo, mxolod varaudia. amas arc poloneli eqspertebi adastureben~, _ ambobs saministros pres-mdivani. poloneTi oficialurad adasturebs mfrinavebis kabinaSi mxolod erTi dasaxelebuli pirovnebis yofnas _ es qveynis samxedrosahaero Zalebis xelmZRvaneli anjei blasiki iyo. moskovSi ganTavsebulma, katastrofis mizezebze momuSave saxelmwifoTaSoriso saaviacio komisiam ki saubris stenogramaSi kazanis gvaric miuTiTa. mfrinavebis kabinaSi saubari `teqnikur enaze~ mimdinareobda da araspecialistisTvis bevri

monakveTis gageba rTulia. stenogramaSi avariamde 15 wuTiT adre ismis dispetCeris gafrTxileba, rom `TviTmfrinavis daSvebis pirobebi ar aris~. 10:25 saaTze stenogramaSi Cndeba adamiani kodiT `044~, `guliT mogesalmebiT. xedva daaxloebiT 400 metria da, Cveni azriT, Rrublis qveda fenis simaRle 50 metrze dabalia~. ramdenime wuTis Semdeg igive abonenti ambobs: `gulaxdilad getyviT _ SegiZliaT scadoT, magram Tu meore cdazec ar gamogivaT, maSin gTavazobT moskovSi an sadme sxvagan gafrindeT~. amis Semdeg meTauri daSvebis nebarTvas iTxovs. Semdeg ukve ganixileba saTadarigo aerodromze an minskSi daSveba, rasac wminda teqnikuri ganxilvebi mohyveba. bolo avtomaturi signali aseTia: `aiwieT! aiwieT!~ 10:41 saaTze TviTmfrinavi Camovarda.
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mediamonitoringi

ormagi arCevani
mikerZoebuli mediis pirobebSi telearxis arCevans umeteswilad politikuri Sexeduleba gansazRvravs da ara axali ambebis xarisxi.
rusudan ruxaZe
arCevnebamde ramdenime dRiT adre mediasaSualebebma, arasamTavrobo organizaciebTan da politikosebTan erTad, qcevis kodeqss moaweres xeli da dades piroba, rom arCevnebis gaSuqebisas samarTlianebi da obieqturebi iqnebodnen. arCevnebis dasrulebis Semdeg evrokavSiris da gaero-s warmomadgenlebisgan dabalansebuli gaSuqebisTvis Seqeba mxolod sazogadoebrivma mauwyebelma daimsaxura. winasaarCevno kampaniis Tavisufali interpretaciiT gaSuqeba mogvianebiT euTo-s sadamkvirveblo misiamac aRniSna. mediagaremo araerTgvarovani da mravalmxrivia, magram xSirad mediakompaniebi ganicdian mflobelebis gavlenas. gamWvirvaloba mediamflobelobis sakiTxSi ufro gamWvirvale unda iyos. sazogadoebrivma mauwyebelma mTlianobaSi srulad dabalansebuli suraTi SesTavaza mayurebels, yvela sxva telekompaniis gaSuqeba ramdenadme daubalansebeli iyo, _ aRniSnuli iyo daskvnaSi. bunebrivia, es Sefasebac mxolod pirveli arxis sainformacio gamoSvebaSi moxvda. arCevnebis dRes kerZo telekompaniebma erTmaneTisgan gansxvavebuli suraTi SemogvTavazes. kavkasia da maestro ZiriTad aqcentebs saarCevno procesis darRvevebze akeTebdnen. imedsa da `rusTavi 2~-ze ki ganwyoba bevrad sazeimo iyo. sensorul ekranze arCevnebis mimdinare Sedegebis
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teqnikurad rusTavi 2-is mier arCevnebis dRis gaSuqeba yvelaze efeqturi iyo, Tumca darRvevebze minimaluri aqcentiT.

Cveneba, baTumis axlad gaxsnili studia, pirdapiri CarTvebi sxvadasxva regionidan _ teqnikurad rusTavi 2-is mier arCevnebis dRis gaSuqeba yvelaze efeqturi iyo, Tumca darRvevebze minimaluri aqcentiT. darRvevebis, Sefasebebis da Sedegebis Sesaxeb axali ambebi yvelaze dabalansebulad da proporciulad moambem warmoaCina. rusTavi 2-sa da imedis mier edison riserCisTvis dakveTili egzit polis gamocxadebas, `nacionaluri moZraobis~ StabSi gamarjvebis aRniSvna mohyva. Tumca mauwyeblebi ar usvamdnen xazs iseT mniSvnelovan monacems, rogoricaa uari pasuxze. saxelisuflo gundis kidev erTi gamarjvebis aRniSvnisas prezidentma winasaarCevno kampaniis dros politikuri partiebis mowifulobas gausva xazi da madloba mravaleTnikur sazogadoebas gadauxada. pirdapiri wesiT arCeulma pirvelma merma ki Tanapartielebis winaSe gamosvlisas aRniSna, rom 30 maisi saqarTvelos damoukideblobis da Tavisuflebis ideis gamarjvebaa. meore dRes maestros siuJetSi ganmartebuli iyo, rom gamarjvebis aRniSvnas mxolod partiis operatorebi iRebdnen da Jurnalistebs darbazSi Sesvlis ufleba ar darTes. Sesabamisad veravin dasvamda bunebrivad gaCenil kiTxvas, rogor gamodgeba TanamSromlobis safuZvlad konkurenti kandidatebis is
liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

mediamonitoringi

programuli aspeqtebi, romelTac arCevnebamde absurduls uwodebdnen da, prezidentis ganmartebiT, maT Sesrulebas iaponiis biujetic ar eyofoda. alasanias jandacvis, TofaZis sawarmoebis amuSavebis, Wanturias komunaluri gadasaxadebis programa _ ugulavam gamosvlaSi oponentebTan saubris survili swored am sakiTxebTan dakavSirebiT gamoTqva. giorgi TargamaZem qalaqis axlad arCeuli meris iniciativa gamarjvebuli adamianis sulgrZelobis demonstrirebad Seafasa, gogi TofaZem ki _ winasaarCevno kampaniis gagrZelebad. arCevnebis dRes rusTavi 2-sa da imedze araerTxel aRiniSna, rom darRvevebi mxolod teqnikuri xasiaTis iyo. proceduruli darRvevebi ki axalgazrda iuristTa asociaciam maestroze gasul siuJetSi arCevnebis gayalbebis mcdelobad Seafasa. saarCevno procesze damkvirvebeli adgilobrivi arasamTavrobo organizaciebis brifingebi darRvevebis konkretul faqtebze vrclad kavkasiasa da maestroze Suqdeboda. nacionaluri mauwyeblebi ki ZiriTad aqcentebs saerTaSoriso damkvirveblebze akeTebdnen, romelTa Sefasebebi gacilebiT zogadi da TavSekavebuli iyo. kavkasiasa da maestroze arCevnebis dRis qronikis didi wili darRvevebs exeboda, rac naklebad eTanxmeboda im realobas, rom arCevnebma mniSvnelovani darRvevebis gareSe Caiara. saarCevno ubnebze nacionaluri moZraobis aqtivistebis gamoCenas kavkasiaze sakmaod vrceli siuJeti mieZRvna. vin iyvnen es Savi qalebi, _ ixumra giorgi TofaZem, Tina xidaSelma ki qalTa oceulebi, zonderebi uwoda. goka gabaSvili ganmartavda, rom koordinatorebi kardakar gamokiTxviT identificirebuli amomrCevlebis mobilizebas axdendnen, rac zogadad gavrcelebuli praqtikaa. saarCevno ubnebTan misuli qalbatonebi ki ojaxis wevrebis lodins imizezebdnen, nawili ar malavda, rom naliberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

cionaluri moZraobidan iyvnen da akvirdebodnen, gamocxaddebodnen Tu ara arCevnebze maTi mxardamWerebi. mniSvnelovani iyo saarCevno dRis dasasruli. nacionalurma arxebma pirdapir eTerSi aCvenes, rogor ixureboda konkretuli saarCevno ubani da amis magaliTze xmis daTvlis procedurebi kidev erTxel ganmartes. es iyo ubnebi, sadac saarCevno dRem yovelgvari incidentis gareSe Caiara. kavkasiis gadamRebi jgufi ki arCevnebis dRes mTawmindis erTerT saarCevno ubanze akvirdeboda, sadac amomrCevelTa raodenoba ar daemTxva gamoyenebuli biuletenebis raodenobas. gadaTvla dilamde mimdinareobda komisiis wevrTa kamaTis fonze. vrceli siuJeti mTawmindis saarCevno ubnidan kavkasiam meore dRes SesTavaza mayurebels. TbilisSi arCevnebi Sedga, me pativs vcem yvela moqalaqis Tavisufal arCevans, romelmac xma Cems konkurents misca, _ ganacxada irakli alasaniam arCevnebis meore dRes. gia Wanturiamac miuloca gamarjveba qalaqis mers. damarcxebuli kandidatebis mier ugulavas gamarjvebis aRiareba da amomrCevlebisTvis madlobis gadaxda wingadadgmul nabijad Sefasda. bevrad ufro konkretuli saubari, bevrad ufro sagnobrivi, naklebi lanZRva, maT Soris prezidentisac, lamis mitovebulad vigrZeni Tavi, _ prezidentma winasaarCevno kampania dadebiTad Seafasa da centraluri saarCevno komisiis muSaobiT kmayofilebac gamoxata. saerTaSoriso damkvirveblebma ki ZiriTad xarvezad xmebis daTvlis procesi, administraciul resursze araTanabari xelmisawvdomoba, sajaro pirebis saarCevno kampaniaSi CarTva da zogadad saarCevno kanonmdebloba miiCnies. saCivrebis ganxilvisTvis Tvalis midevnebas arCevnebis Semdgom

kviraSi sazogadoebrivi mauwyebeli Seecada. moambe im samomavlo rekomendaciebsac ganixilavda, romelic saerTaSoriso organizaciebma TavianT angariSebSi Seitanes. arCevnebis samarTlianad da obieqturad gaSuqeba amomrCevlisTvis saCivrebis ganxilvis Tanmimdevrul informirebasac gulisxmobs. maestro da kavkasia arCevnebis momdevno dReebSic uTmobda eTers arasamTavrobo organizaciebs, romlebic saarCevno darRvevebis sxvadasxva faqts acnobdnen medias: biuletenebis dagvianebiT mitana; saarCevno atributikis dazianeba; gadasatani yuTebiT arCevnebis gayalbebis mcdeloba; markirebis problema; arasrulwlovanTa arCevnebSi monawileoba; xmis daTvlis procesSi maTi warmomadgenlebis daswrebis akrZalva. mniSvnelovani iyo isic, rom eqspertebi, romelTac winasaarCevno kampaniis dros mauwyeblebi azrs kandidatTa programebsa da strategiul nabijebze iSviaTad ekiTxebodnen, arCevnebis dRes kvlav gaixsenes. SeiZleba, rame ambiciebi gauCndes ugulavas?~ _ hkiTxa ramaz sayvareliZes maestros Jurnalistma. ambiciebi saerTod ratom ar SeiZleba adamians gauCndes, _ iyo eqspertis pasuxi. kiTxva gigi ugulavas politikuri ambiciis SesaZlo gazrdas exeboda. prezidentis gancxadebiT, arCevnebi minimum or wels aRar iqneba, magram ori ram arCevnebidan meore dResve Seicvala: ZiZiguris lozungi brZola dResve brZola grZeldeba-d gadakeTda, `nacionaluri moZraobis~ bilbordebze ki warweris `gasakeTebeli kidev bevria~-s nacvlad gaCnda warwera _ madloba Tbiliselebs mxardaWerisTvis. cvlilebebs am dros amomrCevels sul sxva politikuri gundi hpirdeboda.

statiis gamocema SesaZlebeli gaxda amerikis SeerTebuli Statebis saerTaSoriso ganviTarebis saagentos USAID-is mxardaWeriT. statiaSi gamoTqmuli Sexedulebebi ekuTvnis avtors da SeiZleba ar gamoxatavdes amerikis SeerTebuli Statebis saerTaSoriso ganviTarebis saagentosa da amerikis SeerTebuli Statebis mTavrobis Sexedulebebs.

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ori azri

farid zaqaria
amerikeli Jurnalisti, Jurnal niusviqis saerTaSoriso gamocemis redaqtori da telekompania CNN-is Sous Fareed Zakaria GPSis wamyvani

obama VS al kapone visi sagareo politikaa ufro Wkvianuri? 2010 wlis 29 maisi, niusviqi axlaxan gadaRebul fotos, romelzec TurqeTis premier-ministri rejep taip erdoRani da braziliis prezidenti luis inasiu lula de silva iranis prezident mahmud ahmadineJads gulTbilad xvdebian, aTobiT aTasi komentari mohyva. erT fotos iSviaTad Tu gauRizianebia amdeni xalxi ase Zlier. kritikis mTavari obieqti ki iyo adamiani, romelic ar yofila am suraTze. am kraxze sruli pasuxismgebloba obamas administracias eniWeba, _ ganacxada uol strit jurnalma. konservatori Carlz krauthameri naklebad TavSekavebuli iyo. vaSington postSi man daiWeqa es gamomwvevi foto _ aha Sen, biZia sem!, obamas sagareo politikis gamanadgurebeli verdiqtia~. roca obamasi ar geSinia, gaqvs SesaZlebloba, rom bevri miiRo amerikis mtrebisgan, _ wers krauthameri. misi konservatori oponentebi miiCneven, rom obama unda gaxdes ufro mtkice, ganaxorcielos zewola am qveynebze da aCvenos, rom amerika niSnavs bizness. aq mxolod erTi problemaa: es politika ukve safuZvlianad gamoiyenes da katastrofulad Caflavda. jorj buSi umcrosis administracia Tavis politikas gansazRvravda, rogorc mtkices da agresiuls. ukeTesia, Seni eSinodeT, vidre uyvarde, _ dik Ceinis uyvarda makiavelis citireba. al kapones sityvebis citirebiT donald ramsfeldma naklebad xarisxiani wyaro airCia: keTili sityviT da iaraRiT ufro mets miaRwev, vidre keTili sityviT. dagvaviwyda am sagareo politikuri maCoisturi eqsperimentis Sedegebi? amerikis uZvelesi mokavSireebi evropaSi mis winaaRmdeg ganewyvnen. mTavrobebi sajarod akritikebdnen vaSingtonis sxvadasxva gadawyvetilebas da uars acxadebdnen misi qmedebebis mxardaWeraze. 2007 wlisTvis, xalxebis didi umravlesoba qveynidan qveyanaSi, maT Soris _ tradiciulad proamerikul britaneTSi, amerikis winaaRmdeg ganewyvnen. TurqeTi, rogorc Cans, imisi magaliTi aRmoCnda, Tu rogor ar unda moeqce mokavSires. buSis administracia TurqeTs epyroboda TviTneburobisa da arogantulobis Cveuli nazaviT, emuqreboda mwvave SedegebiT, Tu igi ar miscemda amerikas nebas, TurqeTidan Seetia erayisTvis. aSkarad gauTviTcnobierebeli gaxldaT, rom TurqeTi gaxda demokratiuli qveyana, sadac mosaxleobis 95% ewinaaRmdegeboda oms eraySi.
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racionaluria Tu sagareo p
obamas kritikosebs mxedvelobis aridan rCebaT erTi farTo tendencia. iseTi qveynebi, rogoric TurqeTi da braziliaa (da CineTi da indoeTi), gasuli ori aTwleulis ganmavlobaSi ekonomikurad izrdebodnen. 1995 wels e.w. axali bazrebi Seadgendnen msoflio ekonomikis mesameds. am wels maTi wili msoflio ekonomikaSi naxevramde gaizrdeba da zrdas ganagrZobs. maT gauZles ekonomikur kriziss imaze ukeT, vidre dasavleTma. isini arian politikurad stabilurebi, mdidrebi da ufro da ufro darwmunebulebi, rom meti roli unda iTamaSon msoflio politikur arenaze. am pirobebSi, mosazreba, rom obamam amerikis Zalauflebas ufro metad unda gauTqvas saxeli, suleluria da saSiSi. brazilia da TurqeTi ar gaxdebian ufro metad megobrulebi, Tu vaSingtoni maT daemuqrebaT. amerikis mizania, maTTan partniorobis gzebi ipovos da daarwmunos isini, rom stabiluri da normaluri msoflio maTsave interesebSia. al kapone amisTvis misabaZ magaliTad ar gamogvadgeba.
liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

ori azri

dagvaviwyda... sagareo politikuri maCoisturi eqsperimentis Sedegebi? amerikis uZvelesi mokavSireebi evropaSi mis winaaRmdeg ganewyvnen. mTavrobebi sajarod akritikebdnen vaSingtonis sxvadasxva gadawyvetilebas da uars acxadebdnen misi qmedebebis mxardaWeraze.

ara barak obamas politika?


Carlz krauthameri
amerikeli kolumnisti, puliceris premiis laureati. amerikuli sagareo politikis neokonservatoruli frTis erT-erTi yvelaze cnobili warmomadgeneli.

sisustis Sedegebi 2010 wlis, 21 maisi, vaSington posti


uranis gamdidrebis SesaCereblad braziliisa da TurqeTis mier mxardaWerili, iranis bolo manevri, ubralo triukia. irani inarCunebs imaze met gamdidrebul urans, rac sWirdeba bombis gasakeTeblad. amave dros igi agrZelebs uranis gamdidrebas daCqarebuli tempiT da ufro wminda saxiT. uranis TurqeTSi transferis triukis mTavari Tavxedoba isaa, rom braziliam da TurqeTma iraneli molebis birTvul ambiciebs kalTa daafares, riTac gamiznulad gamouTxares Ziri aSS-s mcdelobebs, SeaCeros iranis birTvuli programa. gamomwvevi foto, romelzec braziliis prezidenti (laTinur amerikaSi Cveni yvelaze didi mokavSire da Turqeliberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

Tis premier-ministri (nato-s muslimuri dasayrdeni naxevar saukuneze meti xnis ganmavlobaSi), mahmud ahmadineJadTan (msoflioSi yvelaze agresiul antiamerikul liderTan) erTad xels gviqneven, obamas sagareo politikis gamanadgurebeli verdiqtia. es foto, romelic TiTqos ambobs: aha Sen, biZia sem! aCvenebs, rom swrafad mzardma didma qveynebma (rising powers), amerikis tradiciulma mokavSireebma, gadawyvites, rom aranairi riski ar arsebobs amerikis mtrebTan daaxloebiT da arc aranairi mogeba amerikis prezidentTan TanamSromlobiT. isini uyurebdnen prezident obamas mier iranis daSoSminebis damamcirebel mcdelobebs, rodesac iranis mier uaryofil yvela SeTavazebas amerika samarcxvinod axal SeTavazebas ayolebda. isini uyurebdnen amerikis usityvo Tanxmobas ruseTis politikaze ukrainasa da saqarTveloSi. isini uyurebdnen Cven mier siriis `daSoSminebas~, iranis agentisa axlo aRmosavleTSi. Cven gavagzavneT elCi siriaSi, imis miuxedavad, rom siria aZlierebs Tavis marwuxebs libanze, amaragebs hezbolas skadebiT da ganamtkicebs Tavis sakvanZo rols iran-hezbola-hamasis aliansSi. isini uyurebdnen amerikis administraciis mier britaneTis gaumarTlebel gakicxvas folklendis kunZulebTan dakavSirebiT, mis agdebul damokidebulebas israelTan, CexeTisa da poloneTis gariyvas. isini xedaven aSS-s pasiurobas veneseulis prezidentis ugo Cavesis mimarT, romelic ruseTTan da iranTan samxedro da komerciuli TanamSromlobis gziT, antiamerikul bolivaristul koalicias awyobs. es ar aris mxolod amerika, romelic sustdeba, es aris amerika, romelic ukan ixevs _ amtkicebs, ratificirebas ukeTebs da xmamaRla acxadebs Tavis dasustebas, iwvevs mzard, Zlier qveynebs, rom amoavson vakuumi. es ar aris ukan daxeva daukvirveblobis gamo. es aris gamiznuli, principuli nabiji. es aris obamas mier miRebuli, amerikuli codvebis Sesaxeb mesame msoflios narativis SesaniSnavi aRsruleba. igi movida, rom samyaro am upativcemulobisgan da batonobisgan gadaarCinos. gasul seqtembers gaero-s generaluri asambleis mimarT warmoTqmul mis sityvaSi is ambobs, rom arc erTi calkeuli saxelmwifo ar unda ecados sxva saxelmwifoze gabatonebas (gamoicaniT, romeli iyo gabatonebuli saxelmwifo bolo ori aTwleulis ganmavlobaSi?). igi aseve uaryofs nebismier msoflio wesrigs, romelic erT saxelmwifos an adamianTan jgufs sxvebze maRla ayenebs (nato? dasavleTi?). obamas politikidan da principebidan gamomdinare, brazilia da TurqeTi racionalurad moqmedeben. ratom ar unda dafaron ahmadineJadis birTvuli ambiciebi? Tu amerika ukan ixevs iranTan, CineTTan, ruseTTan da venesuelasTan, ratom ar unda gaamyaron sakuTari investiciebi? obamasi ar geSinia da amave dros, gaqvs SesaZlebloba, rom bevri miiRo amerikis mtrebisgan. bolos da bolos, maT imis mainc sjeraT, rom megobrebs unda daexmaron da mtrebi unda dasajon.
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Tvalsazrisi

ratom aris opozicia susti


mmarTveli gundis gamarjvebis mizezi maTi siyoCaRec aris, opoziciuri partiebis SecdomebTan erTad. axla swored amaze vapireb saubars, ratom iyo opoziciis kampania araefeqturi.
mark maleni

termin opozicias saqarTveloSi aramyari mniSvneloba aqvs, radgan jer ar aris miRweuli Tanxmoba imaze, Tu ras unda niSnavdes es termini. opoziciis yvelaze agresiuli nawili Tvlis, rom mxolod isini floben legitimur uflebas, rom gansazRvron, vin aris namdvili opozicia. amgvari azrovnebis mixedviT, opozicia niSnavs imas, vinc winaaRmdegobas uwevs, da is, vinc yvelaze met winaaRmdegobas wevs, yvelaze seriozuli opozicia gamodis, ara? imis mizezi, rom msgavsi damokidebuleba arsebobs, Cemi mosazrebiT, sabWoTa warsulSi unda veZeboT, radgan maSin partia da saxelmwifo iyo erTi da igive da iyo ganuzomlad Zlieri, amitom, mis winaaRmdeg rCeboda mxolod erTi Zlieri opoziciuri azris adgili. axla situacia Seicvala. miuxedavad imisa, rom mmarTveli partia saxelmwifosTan aris asocirebuli, komunistur mmarTvelobasTan Sedareba arc ki SeiZleba. opoziciis cneba, sinamdvileSi, gacilebiT ufro naklebad dramatulia, vidre xalxs hgonia. isini, visac opozicias veZaxiT, arian ubralo adamianebi, romlebmac ramdenime politikuri cxovreba gaiares, ar moswonT axlandeli mTavroba da axerxeben televiziiT gamoCenas. mosaxleobas es ar moswons. mosaxleobas unda, rom maTi problemebi mogvardes, uflebebi daculi iyos, qveyana iyos usafrTxo da mSvidobiani. erT-erTi mTavari mizezi, ris
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politikis fundamenturi gakveTili is aris, rom Zlieri partia ar SeiZleba iyos ramis winaaRmdeg, is unda iyos raRacis mxardasaWerad.
gamoc, mmarTvelma gundma bolo arCevnebSi gaimarjva, is aris, rom maT es gaiazres da naTlad laparakobdnen problemebis gadaWraze. maT hqondaT SesaniSnavi winasaarCevno kampania. amitom, gamarjvebis mizezi maTi siyoCaRec aris, opoziciuri partiebis SecdomebTan erTad. amavdroulad, opoziciis kampania iyo araefeqturi da axla swored amaze vapireb saubars. bolo saprezidento da saparlamento arCevnebSi finansuri resursebis didi nawili mmarTvel partias miuvida. Zalian cota miiRo opoziciam. rodesac finansuri daxmareba opozicias misdioda, is dumda, radgan sagadasaxado inspeqciis eSinoda. Cemi STabeWdilebiT, axla es naklebad xdeba imitom, rom bolo arCevnebi naklebad mniSvnelovani iyo, Tu mTavroba ufro momwifebuli an TviTdajerebuli gaxda, CemTvis ucnobia. saintereso iqneba imisi naxva, gadawyvets Tu ara mTavroba, saparlamento arCevnebis win gamosvlas
liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

foto marika qoCiaSvili

Tvalsazrisi

da biznesmenebisTvis imis sajarod, naTlad da xmamaRla Tqmas, rom maT SiSis gareSe SeeZlebaT opoziciuri partiebis dafinanseba. SiSi biznesebs axla jer kidev aqvT. igive SeiZleba iTqvas calkeul damfinanseblebzec. bolo wlebSi im adamianebs, romlebic opozicias uWerdnen mxars, an narkotikebs aRmouCendnen jibeSi an samuSaos akargvinebdnen. situacia gamosworebis gzazea, magram SiSi jer ar gamqrala. opoziciuri partiebis sisustis kidev erTi mizezi is aris, rom maT ar esmiT, ra aris koaliciebi. koalicia aris partiebis aliansi. partiebi aris adamianebis jgufebi, romlebic Tanxmdebian garkveul Rirebulebebze da politikaze. sabWoebi, meore mxriv, adamianebis Sekrebebia. es ori erTmaneTSi ar unda agverios. garkveuli mizeziT, opoziciur partiebs surT sxvadasxva koaliciis Seqmna manamde, vidre Camoayalibeben myar partiul struqturas da eyolebaT bevri mxardamWeri. rogor grZnoben Tavs mxardamWerebi, rodesac erT dRes televiziiT igeben, rom maTi partia aliansSi Sevida sxva partiasTan? es niSnavs imas, rom isini, anu mxardamWerebi, iyvnen ara partiaSi, aramed ubralod mxars uWerdnen liders. politikis fundamenturi gakveTili is aris, rom Zlieri partia ar SeiZleba iyos ramis winaaRmdeg, is unda iyos raRacis mxardasaWerad. partiam, romelic Tavis Tavs gansazRvravs mxolod rogorc raRacis winaaRmdeg mimarTuls, SeiZleba ilaparakos mxolod imaze, ris winaaRmdegac aris mimarTuli. aseT saubars ki male gasdis yavli. Tu amomrCevels saqarTveloSi SeekiTxebian, Tu romeli partia ras uWers mxars, maT pasuxis gacema Zalian gauWirdebaT, radgan partiebi ZiriTadad erTmaneTze saubriT arian dakavebulebi. SemTxveviTi ar aris is, rom is opoziciuri partiebi, romlebmac bolo arCevnebSi yvelaze meti xma miiRes, swored is partiebia, romlebic saubroben, Tu ras gaakeTebdnen da ara mxolod imaze, Tu ris winaaRmdeg gamodian. xalxi maT motivebs ukeT igebs. sainteresoa imaze dakvirveba, Tu
liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

ramden dros uTmoben mTavari satelevizio arxebi da Jurnal-gazeTebi konkretul politikosebs, maTi popularobis xarisxis gaTvaliswinebiT. bevri Zalian arapopularuli politikosia, romelsac mediaSi didi dro eTmoba. qarTul televiziaSi, axal ambebTan erTad, Cveuli formatis gadacemaa interviuebi ramdenime politikosTan, romlebic erTmaneTs ver itanen. amgvari formati televiziisTvis ramdenadme momgebiania: televizia gamoiyureba rogorc Zalian demokratiuli, radgan eTers uTmobs dapirispirebul mosazrebebs; aseTi gadacemebis gakeTebas didi momzadeba ar sWirdeba, radgan bevr resurss, gamoZiebas da kvlevas ar saWiroebs; aseve, telemayurebels sTavazobs Seuracxyofebebs, Cxubs, agresias, rac saxaliso sayurebeli SeiZleba gamovides. iqidan gamomdinare, rom mTavroba ama Tu im gziT akontrolebs nacionalur telearxebs, mas SeuZlia uTxras ucxoel kritikosebs, rom samarTliani da demokratiulia, radgan opozicias tribuna eTmoba. amgvari programebi satelevizio saReWi rezinebia. isini gvTavazoben cota ufro met garTobas, vidre, vTqvaT, fanjaraSi yurebas da realurad aranair sakvebs. aseTi Souebis Sedegi is aris, rom opoziciis liderebs moaCvenebs, TiTqos isini individualurad metad mniSvnelovani arian. maTi ambicia xdeba televiziaSi moxvedra da ara amomrCevelTan urTierTobis damyareba. isini xdebian mniSvnelovani, radgan Cndebian televiziiT da televiziiT Cndebian imitom, rom warsulSic Cndebodnen. maT oponentebs xelisuflebidan realuri samuSao da pasuxismgebloba mainc aqvT. erT-erTi yvelaze samwuxaro faqti is aris, Tu ra cudad ician opoziciis liderebma is Tema, romelzec kamaToben. savaraudod, aseTi satelevizio gadacemebs yvelaze saSiSi grZelvadiani gavlena eqnebaT bavSvebze. rodesac bavSvebi xedaven am gadacemebs, eqmnebaT iseTi STabeWdileba, rom politikosebs Soris saubris manera is swori salaparako diskursia, romelic sxva adamianebTan SeiZleba

hqondeT. es xom ase ar aris! da bolos, opozicias ar aqvs pasuxismgebloba. mTavrobam da mmarTvelma partiam amas xeli Seuwyves imiT, rom maT ar misces saSualeba, rom seriozul postebze aerCiaT. Tu opoziciis wevri iqneboda qalaqis meri, an ministri, an rame sxva saxelmwifo Tanamdebobis piri, xalxs eqneboda imisi saSualeba, rom daenaxa, Tu risi miRweva SeuZlia mas. axla amomrCeveli xedavs mxolod imas, rasac amboben da ara imas, rasac akeTeben. es ki opozicionerebs ubiZgebs, saqmis gakeTebis nacvlad, ufro da ufro ararealuri gancxadebebi akeTon da yuradRebis miqcevis gzebi eZebon.
inglisuridan Targmna giorgi cxadaiam

saxelmwifo mdivnis TanaSemwe pi jei qroulis brifingi vaSingtonSi


vulocav qarTvel xalxs adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebis Catarebas. arCevnebs akvirdebodnen euTo-s saerTaSoriso damkvirveblebi, romelTa SefasebiTac, euTo-sa da evrosabWos demokratiuli arCevnebis standartebTan miaxloebis TvalsazrisiT, saqarTveloSi progresi SeimCneva. gaumjobesda teqnikuri sakiTxebi arCevnebis administrirebaSi. Tumca, dafiqsirda zogierTi darRveva individualur ubnebze, maT Soris _ xmebis daTvlis procesSi. imeds gvaZlevs centraluri saarCevno komisiis mzadyofna, iyos ufro gamWvirvale da moaxdinos reagireba saarCevno darRvevebze. Cven euTo-sTan erTad vTanxmdebiT, rom mniSvnelovani xarvezebi arCevnebis procesSi gamosworebas saWiroebs. 2010 wlis 2 ivnisi nawyveti saqarTvelos Sesaxeb
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interviu

lokaluri arCevani
interviu erovnul-demokratiuli institutis saqarTvelos ofisis xelmZRvanelTan, luis navarosTan

TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebSi gamarjveba ar niSnavs imas, rom sxva tipis arCevnebSi xmebi aseTive principiT gadanawildeboda.
erTi wlis ganmavlobaSi xalxs dro hqonda, efiqra, axali Sefasebebi gaekeTebina da gadaewyvita, ra moswonT da risi sjeraT. SesaZloa, gadawyvites, rom garemo ukeTesobisken Seicvala. Tumca, mniSvnelovani faqtori is aris, rom am arCevnebze qarTvelma moqalaqeebma arCevani lokalur sakiTxebze dayrdnobiT gaakeTes. rTulia, vTqvaT, ra Sedegi iqneboda, TviTmmarTvelobis nacvlad, saparlamento an sxva tipis arCevnebi rom yofiliyo. TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebi xelisuflebisTvis momgebiani aRmoCnda. Cveni gamokiTxvis mixedviT, bevr qarTvels miaCnia, rom saqarTvelo ar aris demokratiuli qveyana, da Cemi azriT, es aRqma ar Seicvleboda bolo periodSi. magram mTavari is aris, Tu ras irCev am konkretul arCevnebze. dasaqmeba yvela arCevnebze SeiZleba prioritetuli iyos. magram teritoriuli mTlianoba, sityvis Tavisufleba, demokratiuli reformebi _ am sakiTxebis mogvarebas xalxi ufro parlamentisgan elis, vidre municipalitetisgan. rogor imoqmedebs es mxardaWera xelisuflebaze? nebismieri mTavroba yovelTvis safrTxeSia, daijeros, rom dRes Tu gaimarjva, xvalac aucileblad gaimarjvebs. safrTxes sakuTari Zalebis zedmeti rwmena qmnis. magram am konkretul SemTxvevaze ver vityvi, ra SeiZleba moxdes. Cven mier gamokiTxulTa 52% ambobs, rom maT ar moswonT xelisuflebis mier ruseTTan warmoebuli politika; 32%-s moswons; 20%-iani sxvaobaa. es gamowvevaa opoziciisTvis. iseTi gamosavali unda moifiqron, rasac amomrCevlebi iTxoven. es advili ar aris, radgan gamokiTxulTa or mesameds arc opozicionerebis ruseTSi vizitebi moswons. erTmaneTisgan gansxvavdeba problema da misi gadawyvetis gzebi. is, rom qarTvelebs ruseTTan mTavrobis politika ar moswonT, es imas ar niSnavs, rom mTavrobis winaaRmdeg midian. raze metyvelebs amomrCevelTa aqtivobis maCvenebeli _ daaxloebiT saSualod 50 procenti am arCevnebze? zogadad, qveynis naxevari rom xmis misacemad midis, es maRali aqtivobaa. es SeiZleba imas niSnavdes, rom nawilobriv ukeTesobisken Seicvala saarCevno procesi. ver vityviT, rom yvelaferi kargad aris, an cudad. Tumca, wina arCevnebTan SedarebiT, win gadadgmuli nabijia. axla opoziciac ufro Zlieri iyo; aseve, iyo TviTon neba amomrCevelTa mxridan, rom arCevani daefiqsirebinaT. am yvelaferma erToblivad gansazRvra es aqtivoba. ra Tqva am arCevaniT mosaxleobam; ras moiTxovs igi momavalSi xelisuflebisgan da opoziciisgan? Cveni gamokiTxvac gviCvenebs, rom qarTvelebi yvelaze met daxmarebas dasaqmebaze moiTxoven, aseve, amomrCevlebi yuradRebas gaamaxvileben komunaluri servisebis fasebzec. Cemi azriT, momaval arCevnebSi es sakiTxebi iqneba aqtualuri. esaubra rusudan fanoziSvili
liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

foto marika qoCiaSvili

batono navaro, winasaarCevno kvlevebis gaTvaliswinebiT, ra Sedegebi aRmoCnda moulodneli ukve arCevnebis Semdeg? vfiqrob, erT-erTi yvelaze saintereso maCvenebeli, rac arCevnebze gamovlinda, sxvadasxva regionSi opoziciuri partiebis kandidatebze xmebis gansxvavebuli gadanawilebaa. magaliTad, TbilisSi `aliansi saqarTvelosTvis~ dominirebda, regionebSi, mTlianobaSi, sxvebs `qristian-demokratebma~ ajobes. axalqalaqSi ki `alianss~ `mrewvelebma~ gauswres. SeuZlebelia imis gansazRvra, Tu ratom gaakeTa aseTi arCevani mosaxleobam da es raze metyvelebs. Tumca, saintereso faqtia, rom opoziciur partiebs Soris garkveuli doziT yvelam moipova mxardaWera. 2008 wels saprezidento arCevnebisas Tbilisi opozicias uWerda mxars, 2010-Si sxva Sedegebi miviReT. TiTqos am arCevnebs unda eCvenebina, rom sazogadoeba xelisuflebas pasuxs mosTxovs omisa da saerTaSoriso arenaze popularobis dakargvis gamo. ratom moxda sapirispiro?
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politika

politikuri wyalgamyofi
30 maisis arCevnebi, SesaZloa, wyalgamyofi aRmoCndes opoziciis SigniT: erT mxares zomieri aliansi aRmoCndes, meore mxares ki _ radikaluri opozicia.
maia wiklauri
sozar subarma, romelmac 31 maiss, arCevnebis meore dRes `aliansis~ rigebi oficialurad datova, faqtobrivad ki arCevnebs maSin gamoeTiSa, roca erTi TviT adre sakrebulos TavmjdomareobisTvis brZola Sewyvita, radiointerviuSi ganacxada: `hitleris winaaRmdeg stalini da CerCili erTad idgnen. kargad viciT, erTi rogori demokratic iyo da meore rogori avtokrati. politikur ZalTa dRevandel konfiguraciaSi Tu raime Sedegi iqneba SesaZlebeli, fiqri yvelaferze SeiZleba~. es iyo subaris pasuxi Jurnalistis kiTxvaze: gaCeCilaZe-oqruaSviliburjanaZis aliansis Seqmnis SemTxvevaSi iTanamSromlebs Tu ara yofili saxalxo damcveli am politikosebTan. amgvari aliansis Seqmnas jerjerobiT arc erTi politikosi ar adasturebs, Tumca subaris pasuxidan
liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

gamomdinare, SeiZleba iTqvas, rom, miuxedavad politikuri procesebis saarCevno sibrtyeSi gadatanis mcdelobisa, amgvari radikaluri Zalis Seqmnis aucileblobas qarTuli politikuri speqtris mniSvnelovani nawili kvlav xedavs. roca subari am gancxadebas akeTebda, misi yofili Tanagundeli irakli alasania `aliansis~ ofisSi specialur preskonferencias marTavda, sadac 30 maisis TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebis Sedegebi Seajama. xmaTa 19 procenti, romelic `aliansma saqarTvelosTvis~ TbilisSi daagrova, azrTa sxvadasxvaobis mizezi gaxda. mTavari kiTxvaa _ es Sedegi `aliansis~ SesaZleblobebis minimumi iyo Tu maqsimumi? preskonferenciaze irakli alasaniam aRniSna, rom, miuxedavad `Zalian didi naklovanebebisa, arCevnebi Sedga, Tbilisma arCevani gaakeTa~; me-

tic, man Tavisi mTavari oponentis, gigi ugulavas mxardamWerebic axsena da maT imedebis gamarTleba usurva. qarTuli politikuri cxovrebisTvis am uCveulod konstruqciuli gancxadebiT alasania kidev erTxel Seecada zomieri politikosis imiji moergo, romelic xelisuflebis Secvlas mxolod konstituciur CarCoebsa da vadebSi Seecdeba: `sazogadoebis didma nawilma mxari dagviWira. Cveni mTavari gamarjveba swored es aris. aliansi gamoikveTa, rogorc yvelaze Zlieri, ualternativo opoziciuri Zala... mTavari gamocda jer kidev win gvelodeba, 2012 wlis saparlamento arCevnebis saxiT~. alasanias es konstruqciuloba da mis mier ramdenjerme naxsenebi sityvebi: `miRweva~, `warmateba~, `gamarjveba~, yofili Tanagundelebisa da danarCeni opoziciis mxridan mkacri kritikis mizezi gaxda. maT es ugula17

foto levan xerxeuliZe

politika

vas Sedegebis legitimaciad, gangeb dagegmil damarcxebad da xelisuflebasTan garigebad aRiqves. `aliansidan~ wasuli subaris mTavari argumenti is iyo, rom TbilisSi miRebuli 19 procenti, xolo saqarTvelos masStabiT 9 procenti aliansisTvis, `gamarjveba~ ki ara, didi marcxia. subari yofil Tanagundelebs adanaSaulebs imaSi, rom maT gamarjvebis realuri Sansi xelidan gauSves, radgan saarCevno kampania arasworad dagegmes da mosagebad araferi gaakeTes. gamarjveba iqneboda alasanias meroba da umravlesoba sakrebuloSi. Cven amisTvis vibrZodiT~. subari miiCnevs, rom `alianss~ agresiuli kampania rom ewarmoebina, bevrad ufro ukeTes Sedegs miiRebda. `Cven gamudmebiT ar vakritikebdiT gigi ugulavas gaflanguli biujetisa da saarCevno kampaniaSi administraciuli resursebis gamoyenebis gamo... ufro agresiulebi unda vyofiliyaviT; unda gamovsuliyaviT da adamianebis uflebebis darRvevis konkretuli SemTxvevebi unda gagveprotestebina. ar unda gavCerebuliyaviT, sanam saTanadod ar dasjidnen damnaSaveebs, _ ambobs subari. `aliansis~ kidev ori naklebad aqtiuri wevri, romlebmac arCevnebis Semdeg aseve datoves politikuri erToba, alasanias zomier politikas akritikebs. koka guncaZes da irakli baTiaSvilis jer ar uTqvamT visTan erTad gaagrZeleben brZolas, Tumca partniorebs radikalur opoziciaSi ukve eZeben. daicavi saqarTvelos erT-erTi damfuZnebeli da levan gaCeCilaZis megobari koka guncaZe ambobs, rom is da gaCeCilaZe `gayalbebuli arCevnebis Semdeg molaparakebebs yvela opoziciur ZalasTan awarmoeben~. `erT mxares arian xelisuflebasTan Serigebuli Zalebi, meore mxares ki isini varT, vinc vibrZolebT xelisuflebis vadamde Sesacvlelad~, _ ambobs guncaZe. TviTmmarTvelobis vadamdeli arCevnebis daniSvniT xelisuflebam dauTmo opozicias, romelic poli18

tikuri brZolisTvis quCas iyenebda. saarCevno maraTonSi opoziciis didi nawili CaerTo. maT Soris radikaluri opoziciis nawilic aRmoCnda. radikalebis meore nawilma _ nino burjanaZem, romelmac arCevnebs boikoti gamoucxada, winasaarCevno samzadisis fonze aqtualoba dakarga. parlamentis yofili Tavmjdomaris pozicia ucvlelia: is mxolod vadamdel saprezidento da saparlamento arCevnebSi miiRebs monawileobas. `quCis~ opoziciis meore frTam _ `erovnulma sabWom~ arCevnebSi monawileobiT scada sakuTari reitingis Semowmeba. isini ar malavdnen, rom arCevnebSi monawileoba axali saprotesto talRis asagoreblad sWirdebodaT _ `erovnuli sabWos~ liderebma winasaarCevno kampaniaSi CabmisTanave, arCevnebis gayalbebis SemTxvevaSi, quCaSi gasvlis piroba dades. `erovnuli sabWosa~ da danarCeni radikalebis gegmebSi mniSvnelovani cvlilebebi Seitana alasanias 19-ma procentma da mis mier arCevnebis Sedegebis aRiarebam. am pirobebSi me-7 adgilze gasuli `erovnuli sabWo~, romelic, alasaniasgan gansxvavebiT, arCevnebis Sedegebs undoblobas ucxadebs, opoziciuri eleqtoratis quCaSi gamoyvanas ver SeZlebda. `erovnuli sabWo~ da sxva politikuri moTamaSeebi, romlebsac `aliansis~ konstruqciuloba xels uSliT, Seecdebian sxva politikuri partniorebi moZebnon. ganaTlebis yofili ministri, politologi gia nodia ambobs, rom arCevnebis Semdeg radikaluri Zalebis gaaqtiureba mosalodnelia, radgan maT `marginalizaciis safrTxe~ igrZnes. arCevnebis SedegebiT gamoCnda, rom mosaxleoba zomier da konstituciur meTodebze orientirebul politikas irCevs. Tu politikuri mdgomareoba normalur konstituciur sazRvrebSi dabrundeba, am sivrceSi radikalebis adgili aRar iqneba, _ ambobs nodia. 2010 wlis aprilSi NDI-is mier Catarebuli kvlevis monacemebiT, gamokiTxulTa 44 procenti swored zomier

politikas uWers mxars, radikalurs ki _ mxolod 18. zogierTi eqspertis azriT, alasania da aliansi axla saintereso poziciaze imyofebian imisaTvis, rom radikalur Zalebs gaemijnon da sakuTari adgili daimkvidron politikur sivrceSi. amave dros alasanias konstruqciuli Sefasebebi da misi zomieri politika imis safrTxesac qmnis, rom igi xelisuflebis satelitad aRiqvan. es safrTxe alasanias opoziciaSi gadasvlisTanave gaCnda da mis Tavidan asacileblad opozicionerma alasaniam araerTi radikaluri nabiji gadadga _ xan aprilis quCis aqciebSi monawileobda, xanac, opoziciis gaerTianebis sababiT, yvelaze radikalur ZalebTan awarmoebda molaparakebebs. PR teqnologi soso galumaSvili ambobs, rom `arCevnebze miRebuli Sedegi `aliansisTvis~ da misi liderisTvis mosaxleobis mier micemuli foraa, raTa am Zalam damoukidebeli da Tanmimdevruli politika awarmoos~. irakli alasaniam ukve ganacxada, rom sakuTar partiasTan da aliansis sxva wevrebTan erTad 2012 wlis saparlamento arCevnebisTvis emzadeba da regionebSi, romlebic sruliad ignorirebuli iyo `aliansis~ mier, partiuli struqturis ganviTarebasa da meti mxardaWeris mopovebas gegmavs. TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebis eiforia dasrulda. savaraudod, gayalbebuli Sedegebis gasaprotesteblad radikaluri opozicia xalxs quCaSi ukve veRar gamoiyvans, Tumca arc xelisuflebis vadamde Secvlis mcdelobebze aiRebs xels. presaSi gavrcelebuli axali radikaluri aliansis konturebi, rasac jer aravin adasturebs, SesaZloa, ufro mkafio gaxdes. 2012 wlamde `alianss~ da mis liders mudmivad eqnebaT cduneba dauSvan Secdoma da an xelisuflebisadmi loialurad ganwyobilTa iarliyi daimsaxuron, an radikalebTan erTad aRmoCndnen. es riski kidev ufro gaizrdeba, Tu `aliansi~ iseTive araTanmimdevruli iqneba, rogorc winasaarCevno periodSi iyo.
liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

politika

foto marika qoCiaSvili

inga grigolia

zurab abaSiZe

foto levan xerxeuliZe

kaxa kukava

koba daviTaSvili

opozicia sakrebuloSi

rogorc minimum, fexburTis gundi


sakanonmdeblo organoSi moxvedrili opozicionerebis raodenoba fexburTis gundis Sesaqmnelad sakmarisi iqneboda, magram _ ara politikuri amindis.
nino gogua
opoziciuri partiebi sakrebuloSi umciresobaSi arian. dapirispirebis SemTxvevaSi, politikur procesebze maTi gavlena SeiZleba kidev ufro Semcirdes. TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebis Sedegad opoziciam dedaqalaqis sakrebuloSi mxolod 11 mandati moipova, Tumca 2002 wlis Semdeg es mainc yvelaze mravalpartiuli sakrebulo iqneba TbilisSi.
liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

`aliansi saqarTvelos 5 kandidati, `qristian-demokratebis _ 3, `erovnuli sabWos _ 2 da `mrewvelebis~ _ 1 warmomadgeneli muSaobas ivnisis bolodan daiwyeben. ra SeuZlia 11-kacian opozicias 50-mandatian sakrebuloSi, sadac umravlesobas _ 39 mandats `nacionaluri moZraoba~ flobs? winasaarCevno periodSi `gardamtexi politikuri brZolisTvis~

da meris savarZlis morgebisTvis SemarTuli opozicia ambobs, rom politikur procesebSi gardatexis Setana sakrebulodan, `nacionali~ meris pirobebSic SesaZlebelia. yvelaze xmauriani winasaarCevno dapirebis avtorebi _ `qristiandemokratebi~, tarifebis gaiafebisTvis brZolas samkaciani SemadgenlobiTa da ugulavas mxardaWeriT apireben.
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foto levan xerxeuliZe

foto levan xerxeuliZe

politika

`ugulavam Tqva, rom opoziciis SemoTavazebas gaiTvaliswinebs. Tu es morigi demagogia ar aris, Cven davumtkicebT, rom tarifebis gaiafeba realuria~, _ acxadebs sakrebulos wevri, `qristian-demokratebis siis pirveli nomeri, inga grigolia. Tu gigi ugulava giorgi Wanturias winasaarCevno dapirebis SesrulebaSi monawileobas ar miiRebs, zomieri `qristian-demokratebi~ sakrebulos SenobasTan masobrivi demonstraciebis mowyobas gegmaven. aqciebis gamarTviT imuqreba `erovnuli sabWoc~, romlis wevrebsac am saqmianobaSi didi gamocdileba aqvT. Tumca, sakrebuloSi gasuli kukava-daviTaSvili xalxs ukve sakuTari winasaarCevno dapirebis _ xelmisawvdomi jandacvis moTxovniT Sekrebs. `Tbiliselebis 95 procentis dakveTa xelmisawvdomi jandacvaa. am xalxis did nawils sakrebulos Senobis win davayenebT, _ imedovnebs kaxa kukava. wina mowvevis sakrebuloSi opoziciidan mxolod ori deputati moxvda _ `saxalxo partiis~ lideri koba daviTaSvili da `leiboristi~ paata jiblaZe. jiblaZes, romlis partiam amjerad TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebs boikoti gamoucxada, 11-kaciani opoziciis revoluciuri gegmebis ar sjera. `2008 wlis gazafxulze aqciebze 300 aTasi adamiani idga da amas xelisuflebaze araviTari gavlena ar mouxdenia. `respublikelebi~ da `axali memarjveneebi~ 2008 wels parlamentSi ar Sevidnen im mizeziT, rom umciresobaSi varT da iq yofnas azri ar aqvso, da neta axla risi imedi aqvT?~ _ ambobs jiblaZe. `aliansi Seecdeba, gansxvavebuli strategia hqondes: `roca opoziciaSi gamokveTili lideri xar, ufro maRalia pasuxismgeblobac. Tumca, rodesac umciresobaSi xar, bunebrivia, is gegmebi icvleba, romelic winasaarCevno kam20

paniis dros gvqonda. sakrebulo unda iyos mTavari politikuri instrumenti centraluri xelisuflebis Tavgasulobis winaaRmdeg da Tbilisis biujeti xalxis samsaxurSi unda Cadges, _ acxadebs xidaSeli. umciresobaSi yofna pirveli faqtoria, rac opozicias SesaZleblobas arTmevs iseve efeqturad gamoiyenos sakrebulo, rogorc es mixeil saakaSvilma 2002 wels gaakeTa. swored sakrebulodan iwyeba mixeil saakaSvilis aRmasrulebel xelisuflebaSi mosvla. konsultaciebis Sedegad 2002 wlis 4 noembers `leiboristulma partiam~ `nacionaluri moZraobis~ kandidats dauWira mxari da saakaSvili sakrebulos Tavmjdomaris postze, umravlesobaSi aRmoCnda. `leiboristul partiaSi~ myofi zurab Jvania mis moadgiled dainiSna. miuxedavd imisa, rom opoziciur fraqciebs Soris dapirispireba pirvelive dRidan daiwyo, mravalpartiul sakrebulos `SevardnaZis reJimis dasasrulis dasawyisad~ afasebdnen politikosebi. `Cven SevZlebT, rom qalaqs ufaso saswrafo daxmareba emsaxurebodes da dawyebiTi klasebis moswavleebs ufaso saxelmZRvaneloebi dausakrebulos opozicia `aliansi saqarTvelosTvis~ Tina xidaSeli daviT saganeliZe zurab abaSiZe naTela maWavariani viqtor doliZe `qristian-demokratiuli moZraoba~: inga grigolia jaba samuSia zaza gabunia `erovnuli sabWo~ kaxa kukava koba daviTaSvili ,,mrewvelebi~ giorgi tyemalaZe

rigdeT. zodelavasTan (Tbilisis maSindeli meri) Zalian principuli saubaria saWiro! davayenebT qalaqis mTavrobis impiCmentis sakiTxsac~, _ acxadebda mixeil saakaSvili. Tumca, xelisuflebis Secvla opoziciam mxolod masobrivi quCis aqciebiT SeZlo. opoziciuri fraqciebis urTierToba aranakleb mwvave sakiTxi SeiZleba aRmoCndes axal sakrebuloSic. `sakrebuloSi `qdm-s imedi ar maqvs. Tu grigolias eqneba raime damoukidebeli iniciativebi, ar gamovricxav Cven sasargeblod iyos aqtiuri. inga pragmatuli, angariSiani adamiania da ar mgonia, Secdoma dauSvas, _ acxadebs kaxa kukava. `qristian-demokratebi~ pirvel rigSi gigi ugulavasTan TanamSromlobis aucileblobaze saubroben da mxolod Semdeg _ sakrebuloSi opoziciis erTian strategiaze. `is faqti, rom mesame adgilze gavediT, niSnavs, rom xelisufleba ar gviqmnis sasaTbure pirobebs. sxvebisgan gansxvavebiT, arCevnebisas `qristian-demokratebs or frontze gviwevda brZola _ xelisuflebasac da opoziciasac erTnairad vupirispirdebodiT, _ ambobs grigolia. sakrebulos 11 opozicioner wevrs fexburTis gundiviT SesaTamaSeblad Tveze naklebi rCeba. axali sakrebulo ukve ivnisis bolos Seikribeba. daiwyeba fraqciebis, komisiebis Camoyalibebis, sakrebulos Tavmjdomaris da misi moadgilis SerCevis procedurebi. umciresobaSi darCenili opozicia jerjerobiT TamaSgare mdgomareobaSi aRmoCnda. am etapze maT mxolod sakrebuloSi mimdinare procesebis sajarod gamotanis SesaZlebloba moipoves. Tu gaviTvaliswinebT imas, rom esec xelisuflebis kontrolis erT-erTi meqanizmia, opozicia politikur TamaSSi CarTvas, savaraudod, sazogadoebrivi azris Seqmnis gziT Seecdeba.
liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

politika

saarCevno darRvevebi

diplomatiuri Sefaseba
`koordinatori qalebi ubnebze~, uxeSi darRvevebi eTnikuri umciresobebiT dasaxlebul regionebSi da piradobis mowmebebis arqona sapatimroebSi, 2010 wlis arCevnebis yvelaze seriozul xarvezebad CaiTvala.
rusudan fanoziSvili

`nacionaluri moZraobis~ koordinatorebi, 30 maisi 2010

`saarCevno ubanze misulma erTerTma amomrCevelma urnaSi, biuletenis nacvlad, piradobis mowmoba Caagdo. meoregan komisiis wevrebma damkvirvebeli iaraRiT daaSines... erT-erT ubanze `nacionalurma moZraobam~ xmebis 100 procentze meti daagrova _ 500 registrirebuli amomrCevlidan 550 xma miiRo~, _ ixsenebs moZraoba `mravalerovani saqarTvelos~ prezidenti arnold stepaniani, romlis 320 damkvirvebelic 30 maiss adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebs samcxe-javaxeTsa da qvemo qarTls akvirdeboda. am organizaciam TiTqmis yvela raioni moicva, sadac eTnikuri umciresobebi cxovroben. swored am regionebSi dafiqsirda yvelaze didi raodenobis da seriozuli saxis darRvevebi arCevnebis dRes.
liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

`mniSvnelovani proceduruli Secdomebi dafiqsirda xmebis daTvlis erT meoTxedze met SemTxvevaSi~, _ aRniSnulia damkvirveblebis daskvnaSi.
miuxedavad am darRvevebisa, 2010 wlis TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebi adgilobrivma da saerTaSoriso organizaciebma, saqarTveloSi aqamde Catarebul arCevnebTan SedarebiT, yvelaze win gadadgmul nabijad Seafases. Tumca, igive organizaciebma uamravi darRvevac aRricxes, romlebic, maTi SefasebiT, am saarCevno process `seriozul Crdils ayenebs~. arCevnebis dRem, 30-ma maisma, damkvirveblebis zogadi SefasebiT, gansakuTrebuli xmauris gareSe Caiara, Tumca, am `simSvideSi~ maT amomrCevelTa nebis gamovlenaze kontroli, kenWisyris Sedegebis mizanmimarTuli gayalbeba, damkvirveblebze fizikuri da sityvieri zewola, saarCevno procedurebis darRvevis araerTi faqti mainc aRricxes. wlevandeli arCevnebis mTavari `aRmoCena~ ki politikuri partiis `koordinatori qalebi~ iyvnen. ZiriTadad `nacionaluri moZraobis~ da zogjer `qristiandemokratebis~ momxreebi 30 maiss gansakuTrebulad aqtiurobdnen da im adamianebis saxels, gvars da koordinatebs iniSnavdnen, vinc maT partias xma misca. `samarTliani arCevnebis~ damkvirveblebis gadmocemiT, am sie21

fotoebi nino gogua

politika

bSi zogi saxelis da gvaris gaswvriv dapirebebic ewera; magaliTad, aseTi: `SvilisTvis samsaxuri unda~. `koordinatorebisa~ da mmarTveli partiis SefasebiT, es aRricxva kanonsawinaaRmdego ar aris. `samarTlianma arCevnebma~, saia-m da euTo-m ki `koordinatorebis~ mier aramxolod arCevnebis dRes, winasaarCevno periodSic gamoCenil gansakuTrebul aqtivobas fsiqologiuri zewola uwodes. `erTma qalma dareka radioeTerSi Cemi gamosvlis dros da miTxra, _ me orjer miveci gigi ugulavas xma da RmerTma Seargoso~, _ ixsenebs eka siraZe, `samarTliani arCevnebis~ xelmZRvaneli, romlis warmomadgenlebic mTeli saqarTvelos masStabiT 1100 ubans akvirdebodnen. gigi ugulavas mxardamWerma radiomsmenelma ki axsna, rom Turme jer, winasaarCevno periodSi masTan misulma koor-

dac TviTon erT-erTi damkvirvebeli iyo, `nacionaluri moZraobis~ koordinatorebi TiTqmis yovel 5 wuTSi erTxel urekavdnen amomrCevlebs da eubnebodnen, arCevnebze misuliyvnen. iqidan gamosulebs ki biuletenis nomrebsac ekiTxebodnen. masac miaCnia, rom koordinatorebma arCevnebis dRes fsiqologiuri zewola moaxdines. `Tu am SemTxvevaSi daSinebas an rame msgavss hqonda adgili, maSin es, ra Tqma unda, zewolaa~, _ ambobs euTo-s elCi odri gloveri da aRniSnavs, rom zewolisa da daSinebis Sesaxeb informacia mis organizacias jer kidev winasaarCevno periodSi hqonda. `saarCevno periodSi dafiqsirda iseTi xarvezebi, romlebmac mosaxleobis ndoba ver aamaRla saarCevno procesis mimarT~, _ aRniSna evrosabWos warmomadgenelma giunter krug-

wels winaswar patimrobaSi myofi 1 080 registrirebulidan mTeli saqarTvelos masStabiT xma mxolod 1-ma patimarma misca.
dinatorma misi monacemebi, piradi nomeri Caiwera, man ki koordinators furcelze xelic mouwera, anu `xma misca~. meored ki igive im qalbatons saarCevno ubanze gaumeorebia. aseTive `orjer xmis micemis~ SemTxvevebi damkvirveblebma regionSic daafiqsires. `fsiqologiuri ambavia: erTxel rom `koordinatoris~ TandaswrebiT im qalma `gigis xma misca~, meored saarCevno ubanzec darwmunebuli iqneba, rom igive kandidati unda Semoxazos. Semomedavebian: saarCevno ubanze misuli amomrCeveli gadawyvetilebas damoukideblad iRebso, magram es informirebul amomrCevelzea naTqvami, romelmac sakuTari uflebebi icis. Cveni problema ki swored is aris, rom xSir SemTxvevaSi ase amomrCevels aqvs aRqma, rom igi valdebulia saarCevno kabinaSic igive gaakeTos, radganac ukve raRac siaze aqvs xeli mowerili~, _ ambobs eka siraZe. iuristi Tamar gurCiani ixsenebs, rom naZaladevis olqis ubnebze, sa22

ma saarCevno procesis Sefasebisas. euTo-sa da evrosabWos `kongresis~ damkvirveblebma arCevnebis dRes sxva darRvevebTan erTad jgufurad xmis micemis, erTdroulad bevri biuletenis Cayris faqtebi gamoavlines. Tumca, am organizaciebma yvelaze uaryofiTad Seafases TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebze xmis daTvlis procesi. es iyo `cudi an Zalian cudi. mniSvnelovani proceduruli Secdomebi da gamorCenebi dafiqsirda xmebis daTvlis erT meoTxedze met SemTxvevaSi~, _ aRniSnulia daskvnaSi. bolo monacemebiT, saarCevno komisiaSi sxvadasxva organizaciis da politikuri partiebis saxeliT 232 saCivari Sevida. arasamTavrobo organizaciebma wels, wina wlebTan SedarebiT saCivrebis ufro meti raodenoba Seitanes. `ukve vicodiT, sad iqneboda problemebi da rogor unda davkvirvebodiT. ufro meti gamocdileba gvaqvs da konkretuli faqtebis dafiqsireba SevZeliT~, _ ambobs arnold stepaniani. `mravalerovani sa-

qarTvelos~ SefasebiT, eTnikuri umciresobebiT dasaxlebul regionebSi daaxloebiT iseTive masStabis darRvevebi gamovlinda, rogorc adre. wels sapatimroebSi uaresi mdgomareoba gamoavlines `saerTaSoriso gamWvirvalobis~ damkvirveblebma. wels winaswar patimrobaSi myofi 1 080 registrirebulidan mTeli saqarTvelos masStabiT xma mxolod 1-ma patimarma misca. 2-ma TviTon Tqva uari, danarCenebma ki TavianTi sakonstitucio ufleba ver gamoiyenes _ `administraciis warmomadgenlebis gancxadebiT, maT piradobis mowmobebi ar hqondaT, radgan prokuraturaSi iyo saqmeebis gansaxilvelad gadagzavnili~, _ ambobs `saerTaSoriso gamWvirvalobis~ xelmZRvaneli vaxtang kobalaZe. Tumca, faqtia, rom prokuraturidan dakavebuli pirebi arCevnebisTvis piradobis mowmobebis gamotanas TviTon ver SeZlebdnen da amaze TviTon sasjelaRsrulebis administracias unda ezruna. cesko-Si Sesuli saCivrebidan komisiam 15 saCivari daakmayofila, 13 _ nawilobriv. ar daakmayofila _ 63 saCivari, nawilobriv dakmayofilda _ 13, ar dakmayofilda _ 63, 30-s ki, saCivris usafuZvlobis an saCivris ganxilvis vadis gasvlis gamo, uari eTqva ganxilvaze. Tumca damkvirveblebis moTxovnebis dakmayofilebis Sedegad ramdenime ubanze Sedegebi gabaTilda da, radganac es TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebia, calkeul soflebSi gasaCivrebis Sedegad miRweuli cvlilebebi, ar aris gamoricxuli, Sedegebzec aisaxos. rac Seexeba TviTon arCevnebis ganmavlobaSi momxdar darRvevebs, albaT saboloo suraTs isinic didad ver Secvlidnen, radgan merisa da proporciul arCevnebSi pirvel da danarCen adgilze myofi partiebis mier dagrovebuli xmebis raodenoba mkveTrad gansxvavdeboda erTmaneTisgan. `Tumca, aqve aRsaniSnavia, rom saqme adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebTan gvaqvs da, Sesabamisad, maJoritaruli wesiT gamarTul arCevnebSi suraTi zog SemTxvevaSi SeiZleba Secvalos~, _ ambobs eka siraZe.
liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

Tvalsazrisi

arCevnebi 2010 - raundi oTxi


is, Tu rogor warimarTeba saarCevno procesi, xelisuflebisaTvis demokratiulobis xarisxis indikatoria.
eka siraZe-delone, samarTliani arCevnebisa da demokratiis saerTaSoriso sazogadoebis aRmasrulebeli direqtori

ramdenad iqneba mmarTveli partia mzad, rom arCevnebis wagebis Sedegad, daTmos xelisufleba da ramdenad iqnebian wagebuli partiebi mzad Rirseulad aRiaron damdgari Sedegi, qveynis mosaxleobis politikuri TviTSegnebis xarisxze mianiSnebs. iseT qveynebSi, rogoric saqarTveloa, arCevnebi mudmivad demokratiulobis testad aRiqmeba. gansakuTrebuli yuradReba, rogorc wesi, kenWisyris dRezea gadatanili. miuxedavad amisa, SeuZlebelia saarCevno procesebis Sefaseba, Tu srulad ar gaviTvaliswinebT winasaarCevno periodSi ganviTarebul procesebsa da arCevnebis Semdgom procedurebs. Cven 2010 wlis 1 aprilidan vakvirdebodiT winasaarCevno periods saqarTvelos 73-ive olqSi, xolo arCevnebis dRes _ 1100 saarCevno ubnis damkvirveblis, 73 saarCevno olqis damkvirveblis, 73 mobiluri jgufisa da 15 iuristTa jgufis meSveobiT. kenWisyris dRem srulad asaxa winasaarCevno periodSi dafiqsirebuli tendenciebi. arCevnebis dRes, iseve rogorc winasaarCevno periodSi, aSkarad gamoikveTa saarCevno administraciisa da xelisuflebis mcdeloba, mieRo dadebiTi Sefasebebi saerTaSoriso da adgilobrivi sadamkvirveblo organizaciebisgan. Tumca, mniSvnelovania, rom mcdelobas arCevnebis Semdgom periodSi Tan unda axldes nebis aSkara demonstrireba, swored es gaxdeba arCevnebis saboloo Sefasebis erT-erTi yvelaze mniSvnelovani kriteriumi. winasaarCevno periodSi centraluri saarCevno komisiisa da centraluri xelisuflebis mxridan namdvilad SeiniSneboda ramdenime dadebiTi tendencia, konkretulad: partiebis mier amomrCevelTa siis gadamowmeba da ceskos muSaoba gamovlenil xarvezebTan dakavSirebiT, ceskos partiul wevrTa Carliberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

Tva/informireba ceskos saqmianobebSi, arasamTavrobo organizaciaTa CarTva rekomendaciebis SemuSavebis nawilSi (amomrCevelTa siisa da IT teqnologiebis jgufebi) da sxva. Tumca kenWisyris dRes gamovlinda garkveuli tendenciebi, romlebic Crdils ayeneben arCevnebis dRis dadebiTad Sefasebas. esenia: saarCevno ubnebis mimdebare teritoriaze saarCevno subieqtebis aqtivistTa masStaburi agitaciis faqtebi. organizaciisaTvis rTulia imis gazomva, Tu ra zegavlena iqonia aman amomrCevlis nebis Tavisufal gamovlenaze. saarCevno administraciis qveda donis moxeleTa araSesabamisi kvalifikaciis done da maTi arasaTanado teqnikuri uzrunvelyofa, ramac samwuxarod dadebiTad ar imoqmeda zogadad amomrCevelTa ndobis amaRlebaze saarCevno procesebisa da saarCevno administraciis mimarT. arCevnebis dRes dafiqsirebuli seriozuli darRvevebi: damkvirvebelTa ubanze ardaSveba, maTze zewola/ muqara, sxvisi piradobis mowmobiT xmis micema, xelovnurad gazrdili amomrCevelTa raodenoba siis danarTSi, amomrCevelTa siebSi arsebul xelmowerebTan SedarebiT, zedmeti biuletenebis raodenoba saarCeno yuTSi. aseTi kategoriis darRvevebs, teqnikur Secdomebs ver vuwodebT. Tumca aqve unda aRiniSnos, rom aseTi tipis darRvevebs masStaburi xasiaTi ar hqonia. saarCevno olqebsa da centralur saarCevno komisiaSi saCivrebis ganxilvis procesis dakvirvebis Sedegad, ikveTeba tendencia, romelic saarCevno administraciis mxridan arakompetenturobis an/da tendenciurobis Sedegia. 2010 wlis 15 maiss, saarCevno administraciis 49 000-mde moxelis

mier demonstraciulad xelmowerilma eTikis kodeqsma Sinaarsobrivi datvirTva ver miiRo da mxolod piaris nawilad darCa. samarTliani arCevnebi miiCnevs, rom 2010 wlis 30 maisis adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebis Sedegebis oficialuri SejamebisTanave, xelisuflebis, politikuri subieqtebisa da saarCevno administraciis mxridan unda gamoixatos mzaoba da survili, raTa momavali arCevnebi Catardes ukeTes sakanonmdeblo da politikur garemoSi. moxdes demonstrireba imisa, rom xelisufleba mzadaa yvela saarCevno subieqti uzrunvelyofili iyos Tanabari saarCevno pirobebiT, xolo saerTaSoriso dokumentebis interpretireba moxdes maTi arsiTa da suliskveTebiT da ara mxolod formalurad. amisaTvis vTvliT, rom: aucilebelia daixvewos saqarTvelos saarCevno kanonmdebloba. gansakuTrebuli aqcenti gakeTdes winasaarCevno kampaniisa da agitaciis nawilze; gagrZeldes muSaoba amomrCevelTa erTiani siis daxvewaze da uzrunvelyofil iyos am procesSi politikuri partiebisa da arasamTavrobo organizaciebis CarTuloba; gadaidgas mniSvnelovani nabijebi amomrCevelTa ganaTlebis donisa da informirebis amaRlebis kuTxiT; gaizardos arCevnebis daniSvnis bolo vada, raTa moeswros arCevnebisaTvis Sesabamisi momzadeba; gadaidgas qmediTi nabijebi qveda donis saarCevno administraciis moxeleTa kvalifikaciisa da codnis donis amaRlebis mimarTulebiT.
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saubrebi liberalizmze

absoluturi Zalaufleba
jer kidev gviWirs gaviazroT, rom mxolod sxvadasxva Zalauflebriv jgufs Soris balansiT SevZlebT demokratiul sistemad gardaqmnas da brmad vuWerT mxars da yvelaferSi vendobiT xan erT, xan meore jgufs.
giorgi cxadaia
adgilobrivi arCevnebis Semdeg xelisuflebam TbilisSi xmebis daaxloebiT 55% daagrova. es bevrisTvis moulodneli iyo, radgan 2008 wlis saprezidento arCevnebze TbilisSi opoziciam gaimarjva. xelisuflebis reitingi ki mas Semdgom agvistos omma da ekonomikurma krizisma kidev ufro metad Seamcira. xelisuflebam imis SiSiT, rom arCevnebs damajereblad ver moigebda, 30%-iani barieri daawesa, rac imas niSnavda, rom xmebis absoluturi umravlesobis (50% + xmas) miRebis da meore turis Catarebis gareSe, SeZlebda gamarjvebas. am fonze, aseTi damajerebeli gamarjveba, erTi SexedviT, marTlac ucnaurad gamoiyureba. CemTvis Tanabrad saintereso iyo is mizezebi, Tu ratom gadasces xelisuflebis momxreebma mas ndobis mandati xelaxla da ratom aRar dauWires opozicias mxari misma Zvelma momxreebma. xelisuflebis tradiciuli momxreebis moqmedeba am arCevnebSi SeiZleba CavTvaloT, rom upasuxismgeblo iyo. maT ar mosTxoves pasuxebi xelisuflebas Tavis Secdomebze da kvlav aranormaluri ndoba gamoucxades. amomrCevlis is nawili, romelsac prodasavluri kursi moswons, am SemTxvevaSi, mxars uWers ara prodasavlur models, aramed am modelis saqarTveloSi gamavrcelebeli misionerebis _ prodasavluri saxelisuflebo elitis saqmianobas. xelisuflebis mimarT ukritiko damokidebuleba swored amgvari midgomiT aixsneba: maT ainteresebT ara is, Tu realurad ramdenad ganxorcieldeba demokratiis
24

da ekonomikuri ganviTarebis ideebi, aramed is, rom xelisuflebaSi iyvnen iseTi adamianebi, romlebic am idealebis deklarirebas axdenen. xelisuflebis warmomadgenlebma misionerebis roli kargad moirges da sakuTar Tavs modernizaciis iseT apologetebad saxaven, romlebsac kulturulad CamorCenil sazogadoebaSi uwevT mmarTveloba. xelisuflebis warmomadgenlebis Cveuli pozicia aris imisi gancxadeba, rom maT ician erTaderTi swori gza dasavleTisken da amomrCevelma mxari imitom unda dauWi-

ros, rom maT gareSe qveyana velur 90ian wlebs daubrundeba. xelisuflebis tradiciuli amomrCevelic swored amgvari kategoriebiT afasebs politikas. misTvis mniSvneloba aqvs konkretul saxelebsa da gvarebs da ara politikur movlenebs, romlebic ama Tu im partiisa Tu kandidatis Tvisebebze metyvelebs. politikosis amgvari Sefaseba ar efuZneba im Sedegebs, romelic misma qmedebebma gamoiwvia, aramed Sinagan rwmenas, rom misi kursi konkretuli ideisTvis ufro metis momtania, vidre sxva politikosis.
liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

dasavleTSi didi xnis win aRmoaCines, rom Zalaufleba ryvnis, absoluturi Zalaufleba ki absoluturad ryvnis. dasavlel moqalaqes gaazrebuli aqvs, rom mTavroba sakuTari interesebis mqone organizaciaa, xolo adamiani, romelic Zalauflebas flobs, im saeWvo pirebis kategorias miekuTvneba, romelic gamudmebiT unda Seamowmo. adamianuri bunebis da sazogadoebis kargad Seswavlam jer kidev meTvramete saukuneSi frangi filosofosi Sarl-lui monteskie im daskvnamde miiyvana, rom mmarTvelobis yvelaze saukeTeso forma is aris, romelSic Zalaufleba xelisuflebis sxvadasxva Stos Soris aris gadanawilebuli. ase gaCnda sakanonmdeblo, aRmasrulebeli da sasamarTlo xelisuflebebis idea. mogvianebiT, amerikis damfuZnebelma mamebma e.w. federalistis werilebSi am ideis damuSaveba gadawyvites. jeims medisonma federalistis 51-e werilSi ganacxada: Tu adamianebi angelozebi iqnebian, arc erTi mTavroba aRar dagvWirdeba. Tu angelozebi adamianebis marTvas daiwyeben, arc garegani da arc Sinagani kontroli mTavrobaze aucilebeli aRar iqneba. medisonis am citatidan gamomdinareobs, rom sazogadoebas sWirdeba

moqmedebs. am pirobebSi, SeiZleba interesebis dabalansebis pragmatuli politikis warmoeba. samwuxarod, xelisuflebis momxre amomrCevelma ver moaxerxa imisi gaazreba, rom prodasavluri opoziciis gaZliereba demokratiisTvis momavalSi sasicocxlo mniSvnelobis iqneboda. opoziciis tradiciuli momxreebis arCevani adgilobriv arCevnebze, marTali giTxraT, bolomde gaugebaria. opoziciuri amomrCevlis raRac nawilma arCevnebisadmi ndoba dakarga, radgan xelisufleba, tradiciulad, administraciuli da media resursebis gamoyenebiT advilad aRwevs xolme gamarjvebas. am pirobebSi, zogierTi opoziciis momxris azriT, opoziciuri partiebis gadawyvetileba, rom arCevnebSi mieRoT monawileoba, wamgebiania, radgan amiT isini xelisuflebas arCevnebis da sakuTari gamarjvebis legitimurad cnobaSi daexmarebian. sainteresoa, am logikiT ra unda iyos gamosavali: mitingebi, arCevnebis boikoti Tu saxelmwifo gadatrialeba? pirveli oris mimarT opoziciis momxreebis garkveul nawils nihilisturi damokidebuleba ukve gauCnda da mesames xmamaRla gancxadebas ver bedaven. arada, gasul wels qveyana namdvilad idga safrTxis zRvarze, rodesac dinamos stadionze

30 maisis arCevnebis Sedegebi gvafiqrebinebs, rom arCevnebisTvis saqarTvelos mosaxleobis didi nawili jer kidev moumzadebelia.
iseTi sistema, sadac erTi jgufis interesebi meore jgufis interesebs Seamowmebs da daabalansebs. mxolod am gziT aris SesaZlebeli namdvili demokratiisTvis brZola. axla, rodesac politikuri speqtri ar iyofa prodasavlur xelisuflebad da prurusul opoziciad, xelisuflebisTvis 55%-iani mandatis micema demokratiisTvis iseTive safrTxis matarebelia, rogorc prezidentobis kandidatebisTvis Tavis droze gamocxadebuli 90%-iani mxardaWera. opoziciuri speqtri dRes mravalferovania, dayofa Cven da isini aRar
liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

Sekrebili opoziciis momxreebi giorgi gaCeCilaZem ara parlamentisken, aramed samebis sakaTedro taZrisken waiyvana, sadac patriarqma mSvidobisken mouwoda xalxs. opoziciis momxreebis yvelaze radikalurma nawilma opoziciis da mitingebis rwmena, savaraudod, swored maSin dakarga. amave dros metnaklebad yvelas gaazrebuli aqvs, rom dRevandel geopolitikur situaciaSi, saakaSvilis xelisuflebis Zaladobrivi Secvla ar aris mxolod saSinao politikis Tema da supersaxelmwifoebis Widilis sababi gaxda. opoziciis

momxreebis garkveuli nawili, rogorc Cans, am axal realobas jer saTanadod ver moergo da politikuri brZolis axal reJimze, romelic arCevnebSi monawileobas da gamarjvebas gulisxmobs, ver gadaerTo. unda aRiniSnos isic, rom damoukidebeli saqarTvelos istoriis manZilze xelisuflebis cvlileba arCevnebis gziT arasdros momxdara, amitom, opoziciurad ganwyobili moqalaqeebis nawils mtkiced aqvs Canergili rwmena, rom arCevnebiT verafers Secvlis. opoziciis mxardamWerebis is nawili, romelic arCevnebs ar endoba da, misi samarTlianad uzrunvelyofis nacvlad, alternatiul arakanonier gzebze fiqrobs, aseve qmedebaze orientirebuli adamianebi arian da ara Sedegze. Cvens SemTxvevaSi, namdvili Sedegis miRweva xelisuflebis Secvla srulebiTac ar aris. demokratiul Sedegs mxolod maSin mivaRwevT, rodesac sistemis da misi xasiaTis Secvlas movaxerxebT. TavisTavad araferi Seicvleba, Tu `nacionaluri moZraobis~ nacvlad, sxva dasaxelebis mqone partia Caigdebs xelSi im resursebs, romelic arCevnebze upiratesobis mopovebas gauadvilebs. Cveni mTavari sazrunavi arakonkurentuli, arasamarTliani garemos Secvlisken unda iyos mimarTuli da ara axali `moqalaqeTa kavSiris~, an `nacionaluri moZraobis~ tipis partiis Seqmnisken. 30 maisis arCevnebis Sedegebi gvafiqrebinebs, rom arCevnebisTvis saqarTvelos mosaxleobis didi nawili jer kidev moumzadebelia. am meqanizmisadmi ndoba qveyanaSi arc ise maRalia. TavisTavad opoziciuri partiebis cudma winasaarCevno kampaniamac maT kolafsSi garkveuli wvlili Seitana, magram qarTuli sazogadoeba jer kidev ar aris politikuri sazogadoeba, romelsac Zalauflebis, rogorc aseTis, SezRudva ainteresebs. Cven jer kidev gviWirs gaviazroT, rom mxolod sxvadasxva Zalauflebriv jgufs Soris balansis SetaniT SevZlebT demokratiul sistemad gardaqmnas da brmad vuWerT mxars da yvelaferSi vendobiT xan erT, xan meore jgufs.
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Jurnalisturi gamoZieba

ojaxuri dava
miuxedavad gauqmebuli mindobilobisa, saqarTvelos mTavrobis kancelariis ufrosis moadgilem, qarTlos yifianma mamidis samsarTuliani saxli Tavad gayida, Tavadve iyida da 20 aTasi lari Tavis Tavsve gadauxada. Tumca, am Tanxidan mamidisTvis araferi miucia.
iago yuraSvili
saqarTvelos mTavrobis kancelariis ufrosis moadgiles, qarTlos yifiansa da mis mamidas, nani yifians Soris sasamarTlo dava, ukve sami weliwadia, grZeldeba. isini erTmaneTs TelavSi samsarTulian saxlsa da miwis nakveTs edavebian. fsiqologiis mecnierebaTa doqtorma nani yifianma TelavSi saxlis mSeneblobas 20 weliwadi moandoma. igi memkvidreobiT mis qaliSvils ana axvledians unda mieRo. ana dabadebidan SezRuduli SesaZleblobis mqone gaxlavT. 2007 wels qarTlosis mama, zurab yifiani gardaicvala. Zmis gardacvalebis gamo, nerviulobis niadagze, nani yifians insulti daemarTa da man ramdenime dRe saavadmyofoSi gaatara. saavadmyofodan gamosvlisTanave ZmisSvilma masTan saxlSi notariusi maia bregvaZe miiyvana. notariusis mier qonebis gankargvis Taobaze mindobilebis teqsts mxolod nanis xelmoweraRa aklda. mamidam, romelmac insultis gadatanis Semdeg metyvelebis da gadaadgilebis unari dakarga, movla-patronobis sanacvlod, dokuments xeli moawera. `wamlis fulic ki ar mqonda. mindobilobas xeli movawere da mas gadaeca Cemi qonebis marTvis ufleba, _ ambobs nani yifiani. misi ZmisSvili amJamad saqarTvelos mTavrobis kancelariis ufrosis moadgilea. mindobilobis aqti 2007 wlis 5 oqtombers gaformda.
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nani yifiani naqiraveb binaSi, Tbilisi 4 ivnisi 2010

pirvelad qarTlos yifianma mamidis qonebidan Sps `kompiuterSi~ (yofili msubuqi mrewvelobis saministros gamoTvliTi centri) misi 5-procentiani wili gayida. mogvianebiT gairkva, rom qarTlos yifianma Sps `kompiuterSi~ 25%-iani wili 140 000 larad gayida. aqedan 20% man memkvidreobiT mamis qonebidan misi gardacvalebis Semdeg miiRo. xolo 5%, romelic 35 000 lars Seadgenda, nani yifians ekuTvnoda. `rodesac qarTloss Tanxa movTxove, man SemomiTvala, _ mag TanxiT Seni mkurnalobis xarjebi davfareo. rogor davijero, rom Cemi mkurnaloba 35 000 lari dajda?~ _ ambobs yifiani.

qarTlos yifiani am braldebas uaryofs: `nani mZime avadmyofi iyo da saavadmyofoSi iwva. Cven mas oTxi Tvis ganmavlobaSi vuvlidiT.misi wili _ 5% Seadgenda 19 700 dolars. dRes avadmyofis mosavlelad adamiani rom daiqiravo, 1000 lari unda. saerTo Tanxidan movlis xarjebi gamovukeliT da 16 000 dolari mas gadaveciT. mamidaTqvens finansurad rom daexmaroT, xelwerils xom ar gamoarTmevT, rom fuli namdvilad aiRo? magram dRes nani xelebs asavsavebs da ambobs, rom kapiki ar auRia~. nani yifiani klinika `nevrologiaSi~ rva dRis ganmavlobaSi mkurnalobda. klinika `nevrologiis~
liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

foto marika qoCiaSvili

buRalteris movaleobis Semsrulebels warvudgineT janmrTelobis mdgomareobis cnoba, romelic am klinikis mier aris gacemuli da vTxoveT, rom daeangariSebina, Tu ra Tanxa dajda qalbatoni nanis mkurnaloba 8 dRe-Ramis ganmavlobaSi. gavarkvieT, rom intensiur ganyofilebaSi pacienti dRe-Ramis ganmavlobaSi 22 lars ixdis. rva dRis safasuri 176 lars Seadgens. mkurnalobis erTi kursi 105 laridan 150 laramde meryeobs. xolo kompiuteruli tomografia 150 lari Rirs, sul jamSi 431 laridan 470 lari gamovida.

nani yifianma qarTloss mosTxova, warmoedgina sabuTebi ramdenad gayida man kompiuterSi misi wili, Tumca qarTlosma ar warudgina nasyidobis xelSekruleba da Tanxac ar gadasca, arc wilis SemZenis vinaoba gaumxila. aRniSnuli faqti da aseve sxva garemoebebi gaxda mindobilobis gauqmebis safuZveli. mindobiloba notariulad 2007 wlis 28 dekembers gauqmda. misi gauqmebis gadawyvetileba imTaviTve cnobili gaxda qarTlos yifianis ojaxisaTvis. miuxedavad gauqmebuli mindobilobis xelSekrulebisa, qarTlosma

nani yifianis dayadaRebuli saxli TelavSi, ivnisi 2010

qarTlos yifiansa da mis mamidas Soris dausrulebeli sasamarTlos seria, ukve mesame weliwadia, grZeldeba.

radgan nani yifianis movla rTuli iyo, mas morigeobiT sami momvleli auyvanes. saerTo jamSi, maTi anazRaureba TveSi 360 lars Seadgenda. erT-erTi maTgani ia daTunaSvili dResac masTan muSaobs. igi, orweliwad-naxevaria, ufasod uvlis mas, vinaidan qarTlosma mamidas konfliqtis Semdeg dafinanseba Seuwyvita.
liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

2008 wlis 17 ianvars, anu notariusis mier mindobilobis gauqmebidan 20 dRis Semdeg, sabuTebis mixedviT, mamidis samsarTuliani saxli Tavad gayida, Tavadve iyida da 20 aTasi lari Tavis Tavsve gadauxada. Tumca am Tanxidan mamidisTvis araferi miucia. swored aqedan daiwyo daumTavrebeli sasamarTlos seria, romelic,

ukve mesame weliwadia, grZeldeba. 2008 wlis 7 Tebervals qalbatonma nanim sarCeli Seitana Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTloSi, raTa sasamarTlos baTilad ecno qarTlos yifianis gaformebuli xelSekruleba sakuTar TavTan da daebrunebinaT qoneba kanonieri mflobelisaTvis. 2008 wlis 30 maiss Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa kolegiam nani yifianis sarCeli daakmayofila da baTilad cno qarTlos yifianis mier saxlis yidvagayidvis aqti. Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa kolegiis gadawyvetilebaSi weria: baTilad iqnas cnobili q. TelavSi, rCeuliSvilis quCa 4-Si mdebare uZravi qonebis nasyidobis xelSekruleba dadebuli 2008 wlis 17 ianvars nani yifiansa (rwmun. qarTlos yifiani) da qarTlos yifians Soris reestris 1-478, damowmebuli nino ginturis mier da aRniSnuli uZravi qoneba aRiricxos nani yifianis saxelze. amis Semdeg qarTlos yifianma baTilad cnobili gadawyvetileba saapelacio wesiT yvela instanciaSi gaasaCivra da yvela instanciaSi gadawyvetileba qalbatoni yifianis sasargeblod gadawyda. qarTlos yifiani Tvlis, rom gadawyvetileba iuridiulad ar aris sakmarisad dasabuTebuli. qalbatoni nanis TqmiT, qarTlos yifiani dRemde ambobs, rom mas mindobilobis gauqmebis Sesaxeb oficialuri gadawyvetileba ar miuRia, rodesac yidva-gayidvis aqti Seadgina. Tumca, mindobilobis gauqmebis Sesaxeb misma meuRlem Tea yifSiZe-nigurianma gauqmebis dResve gaigo, igi im dRes nani yifianTan saxlSi imyofeboda, rac sasamarTlom mowmeebis CvenebiT daadastura. qarTlos yifianma liberalTan saubarSi Tqva, rom man am mindobilobis gauqmebis Sesaxeb mxolod sasamarTlo procesze gaigo, rodesac mis winaaRmdeg Seitanes sarCeli. `Cemi meuRle iq im dRes saerTod ar yofila, es yvelaferi aris tyuili, aman Tqva, rom me iq ar vyofilvaro. exla imaTma aiRes
27

Jurnalisturi gamoZieba

da viRac siafandi mowme moiyvanes, rom is iq iyo. nani aris msxverpli. imitom, rom SeuCnda ara erTi piri, visac garkveuli interesebi aqvs qonebrivi. misi qonebidan undaT patara naWris waReba~. mamida-ZmisSvilis dava yvela sasamarTlo instanciaSi ganixiles. saqalaqo da saapelacio sasamarTloebma nani yifianis sarCeli daakmayofila da saqme mis sasargeblod gadawyda. Semdeg dava uzenaes sasamarTloSi gagrZelda, saidanac saqme isev saapelacio sasamarTloSi gadaigzavna arsebuli arazusti faqtobrivi garemoebebis dadgenis mizniT. Tbilisis saapelacio sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa palatam Seamowma gadawyvetilebis kanoniereba da miiCnia, rom igi unda darCes ucvleli. 2010 wlis 12 aprils qalbatonma nanim sasamarTlo uwyeba uzenaesi

qoneba momeciT, da me vici, rasac vizam da rogor vizamo~, _ ambobs qarTlos yifiani. dedas surs, rom samomavlod ana ia daTunaSvilTan darCes da man mouaros: `Cemi sikvdilis Semdeg qoneba anaze unda gadaformdes. ana ias Zalian mieCvia, ver warmomidgenia, ias gareSe rogor unda icxovros~. ia daTunaSvilis TqmiT: `rodesac nanim sasamarTloSi pirvelad iCivla, qarTlosma nanis megobrebSi da naTesavebSi xma gaavrcela, rom TiTqos nani fsiqikurad SeiSala da amis niadagze Tavadac ar icis, ras akeTebs. amis gamo, fsiqonevrologiuri dispanseridan specialistebi moviyvaneT, romlebmac daaskvnes: fsiqikuri funqciebis mxriv mniSvnelovani paTologia ar aReniSneba. aqvs situaciis adekvaturad aRqmis unari~.

vnebs, rom usaxsrobis da uyuradRebobis gamo, didxans ver icocxlebs. `saapelacio sasamarTlos mosamarTlem, marina farcvaniam mirCia, _ wlobiT sasamarTloSi siaruls, girCevnia, Sens ZmisSvils mourigdeo. ratom unda dasWirdes Sesaswavlad wlebi sruliad naTel, ukve Seswavlili saqmis garCevas? imitom, rom qarTloss ar awyobs procesis dasruleba, axalgazrdaa, dro aqvs. Cemze ki fiqrobs, rom male bolo momeReba. Cemi Svili ana ki SezRuduli unaris mqone adamiania da mas iolad gaumklavdeba~, _ ambobs nani yifiani. misi TqmiT, qarTlosi 2008 wlis noemberSi amxanagoba `mwerali 207~is Tavmjdomares lili arCvaZes daukavSirda da, rogorc nani yifianis memkvidrem, misi wilis gayidva SesTavaza. mwerali 207 sacxovre-

mamida eWvobs, rom qarTlosi saqmes specialurad aWianurebs, imedovnebs, rom usaxsrobis da uyuradRebobis gamo, didxans ver icocxlebs.
sasamarTlodan isev miiRo. saqme ganaxlda. ZmisSvili, qarTlos yifiani, ar apirebs mamidisTvis warTmeuli qonebis ukan dabrunebas. TelavSi mdebare samsarTulian sadavo saxlze qarTlos yifiani amtkicebs, rom saxli ojaxuri sakuTrebaa. misi TqmiT, saxlis mSeneblobaSi monawileobas iRebdnen nani yifianis meuRle levan demetraZe da aseve mamamisi _ zurab yifianic. `nani aris Rrma avadmyofi, romelsac sisxli Caeqca TavSi da axla TavisTvis sasurvel raRacebs realobad acxadebs. mzad varT, rom es qoneba gadaformdes mis qaliSvilze, anu Cem mamidaSvilze. SevTavazeT, rom ai, batono _ giTmobT am qonebas, oRond ara gankargvis uflebiT. nani winaaRmdegia: Cemi gasul zafxuls nani yifians, medikamentebis uqonlobis gamo, ganmeorebiT daemarTa insulti. mas yvelanairi saqmianoba aukrZales. SiSobs, rom sasamarTlos saboloo gadawyvetilebis aRsrulebas ver moeswreba da misi erTaderTi qaliSvili ana axvlediani usaxlkarod, da lukma puris gareSe, quCaSi aRmoCndeba. `nani naqiravebSi ratom cxovrobs? nucubiZeze mas bina vuyideT. yvela yidulobs mamidisTvis binas?~ bina, romelzec qarTlosi saubrobs, nucubiZis ferdobze me-4 mikroraionSi mdebareobs da qarTlosis meuRleze _ Tea yifianzea gaformebuli. mamida eWvobs, rom qarTlosi saqmes specialurad aWianurebs, imedobel saxls aSenebs da aq nani yifians 140 kv.m. farTi ekuTvnis. amis Taobaze nanim lili arCvaZisgan Seityo da sakuTari qonebis nawili gayidvas gadaarCina. informaciis gadasamowmeblad amxanagoba `mwerali 207~-is Tavmjdomares lili arCvaZes davukavSirdiT, romelmac zemoT aRniSnuli faqti dagvidastura. gviTxra, rom mSenebare sacxovrebel saxlSi nani yifianis wilTan dakavSirebiT yifianis ZmisSvilma daureka da wilis gayidva SesTavaza. 65 wlis nani yifiani qaliSvilTan da momvlelTan erTad griboedovis quCaze naqiraveb binaSi cxovrobs. agvistos Semdeg, usaxsrobis gamo, binis qiras ver ixdis. binis patroni ojaxs gasaxlebiT emuqreba.

statia dafinansebulia amerikis SeerTebuli Statebis German Marshal Fund-is proeqtis The Black Sea Trust-is mier. am publikaciaSi gamoTqmuli Sexedulebebi da mosazrebebi ar aris aucilebeli, gamoxatavdes German Marshal Fund-is, The Black Sea Trust-is da misi partniorebis Sexedulebebs. 28
liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

ekonomika

umoqmedobis wminda danakargebi


warmoidgineT, rom amocanad dagisaxes avtomobiliT Tbilisidan baTumSi Casvla, magram erTi pirobiT: yovelTvis mxolod marjvniv unda gauxvioT. moaxerxebT? vfiqrob, gagiWirdebaT.
kaxa koxreiZe

saqarTveloSi Catarebuli adgilobrivi arCevnebi imiT iyo saintereso, rom yvela monawile subieqtma winasaarCevno kampaniis mTavari aqcenti dasaqmebasa da mcire biznesze gaakeTa. erTi mxriv, ucnauri amaSi araferia, radgan winasaarCevno kvlevebis mixedviT, moqalaqeebs
liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

yvelaze did problemad umuSevroba miaCniaT, magram saintereso is aris, rom xelisuflebis memarjvene neoliberaluri frTa yovelTvis ewinaaRmdegeboda mcire biznesis saxelmwifo mxardaWeris ideas, dRes ki mmarTvelma gundma saarCevno kampania am komponentze aago.

libertarianul ekonomikur politikas xelisuflebis gareTac hyavs momxreebi, Tumca maTi raodenoba didi ar aris da Semoifargleba msxvili biznesisa Tu rigi arasamTavrobo organizaciebis warmomadgenlebiT. Sesabamisad, amomrCevelTa saerTo ganwyobis fonze
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ekonomika

Tavisufali ekonomikis haiekiseuli gzavnilebiT arCevnebSi gamarjveba SeuZlebeli iqneboda. 1964 wels mister konservatorad wodebuli bari golduoTeri TiTqmis amave mizeziT damarcxda arCevnebSi demokratTan _ lindon jonsonTan, magram ronald reiganma maleve SeZlo is, rac manamde veravin moaxerxa: antiunionizmisa da patara mTavrobis ritorikiT man konservatorul moZraobas amerikaSi masobrivi dasayrdeni Seuqmna. saqarTvelos arc amerikis gza aqvs gavlili, sadac Tavisufali bazari tradiciulad viTardeboda, sadac mewarmeoba kulturul fenomenad Camoyalibda da arc reiganis msgavsi lideri moiZebneba politikur speqtrSi. an ki rogor unda daeyrdno bizness, rodesac is TviTon suls Rafavs?

rac ufro emsaxureba biznesisTvis xelis arSeSlis politikas, magram es sakmarisi ar aris, radgan saqme ufro kompleqsur problemasTan gvaqvs. mTavrobam dro ar unda dakargos da ekonomikaSi administraciuli da politikuri reformebis gziT xeli unda Seuwyos kompaniebis konkurentunarianobis da produqtiulobis zrdas. anu xelis arSeSlis politikidan xelSewyobis politikaze unda gadavides, rac mxolod sagadasaxado reformiT ver miiRweva. mcire biznesis Tanmimdevruli politikiT garantirebuli iqneba moqalaqeTa Semosavlebis zrdac, ra drosac konkurenciis mamoZravebeli faqtorebi ganaTleba da efeqturad funqcionirebadi sasaqonlo/Sromis/finansuri bazrebi gaxdebian. aseT midgomas socialuri efeqtic

sxva niSniT kompaniebis dakavSireba), industriuli parkebis (teritoriebi biznes-resursebis efeqturi gamoyeneba/ganviTarebisTvis) Seqmnas da mniSvnelovnad gazarda eqsportze orientacia. qarTvel libertarianelebs mainc miaCniaT, rom Tanabari mindori yvelasTvis sakmarisi pirobaa ganviTarebisTvis, saxelmwifom, mTavaria, mxolod xeli ar SeuSalos bizness, danarCeni ki evoluciurad moxdeba. TavianTi poziciebis argumentebad ar iyeneben mecnierul analizs, cifrebs, aramed civi omis inteleqtualebis msgavsad mxolod moraluri aspeqtebiT xelmZRvaneloben. magaliTad: mdidars wavarTvaT da Raribs mivceT rom aRar amarTlebs. maTi azriT, ar aris saWiro mcire biznesis mxardaWera, ekonomikis sti-

calmxriv ultramemarjvene utopiur orientacias, rogorc wesi, Sedegad moaqvs meti siRaribe, meti umuSevroba, mkveTri diferenciacia moqalaqeTa SemosavlebSi da, Sesabamisad _ gamZafrebuli uTanasworobebi.

dReisaTvis 2 milionamde ekonomikurad aqtiur moqalaqeTa daaxloebiT 16 procentia biznes kompaniebSi dasaqmebuli, danarCeni ki umuSevari an TviTdasaqmebulia. 2009 wlis monacemebiT, sagareo vaWrobis saldo mkveTrad uaryofiTia, importi samjer aRemateba eqsports. qarTuli biznesi Sida bazarzeve arsebul moTxovnas ver akmayofilebs, maSin rodesac Tundac malaiziur produqts msoflios nebismier wertilSi SexvdebiT. albaT ifiqrebT, rom saqarTvelo sul raRac oriod aTeuli welia, sabazro ekonomikaze gadavida da vacaloT, Sedegebze saubari odnav adrea. logikuria, magram saqmec esaa: vacaloT Tu vimoqmedoT? mTavrobis axali sagadasaxado iniciativebis Sefasebas dokumentis gamoqveynebis Semdgom SevZlebT. mTlianobaSi administrirebis gamartiveba dadebiTi movlenaa,
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maRali eqneba. ganviTarebul ekonomikebSi yovelwliurad axali samuSao adgilebis 70 procentze mets mcire kompaniebi qmnian da bazarze damkvidrebisTvis ufro inovaciuri da riskianebic arian. makdonaldsi da hiuleT pakardi kargi magaliTebia Tu ra warmateba SeiZleba mohyves mcire wamowyebas. aziur vefxvebad cnobilma qveynebma bolo 50 wlis reformebiT Seqmnes maRali ganviTarebis modelebi, romelTac ekonomikur saswaulebs uwodeben. mTavrobebma ultramemarjvene Teoriebi gverdze gadades da pragmatul amocanad biznesis ganviTareba daisaxes. Sesabamisad, stimulirebis meTodebs aqtiurad iyenebdnen, maT Soris mcire da saSualo biznesis uSualo mxardaWeris formebs, ramac didi wvlili Seitana saerTo ganviTarebaSi. magaliTad, 1980-ian wlebSi taivanis mTavrobam xeli Seuwyo mcire mewarmeTa seqtoruli klasterebis (geografiuli an

mulireba, axali kompaniebis da samuSao adgilebis Seqmnis waxaliseba. es yvelaferi blefia da zRudavs Tavisuflebas. amgvar calmxriv ultramemarjvene utopiur orientacias, rogorc wesi, Sedegad moaqvs meti siRaribe, meti umuSevroba, mkveTri diferenciacia moqalaqeTa SemosavlebSi da, Sesabamisad _ gamZafrebuli uTanasworobebi. Raribi adamiani ki verasdros iqneba Tavisufali. nacvlad amisa, aris mcire biznesis universaluri mxardaWeris gza, romelic moqalaqeebs miscems SesaZleblobas, Caeban biznesSi, moiwyon uzrunvelyofili da marTlac Tavisufali cxovreba. magram albaT advilia, ar imoqmedo, iyo ultramemarjvene pesimisti da gerqvas libertarianeli, radgan rTulia, iyo optimisti da imoqmedo siRaribis daZlevisa da keTildReobisTvis. yvela did mizans xom rTuli gza axlavs...
liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

sazogadoeba

dausrulebeli cvlilebebi
`sazogadoebriv mauwyebelSi~ cvlilebebis morigi talRa iwyeba.
anita Tvauri
`Tqven ra, mogwondaT es arxi?~ _ kiTxvaze kiTxviT upasuxa `sazogadoebrivi mauwyeblis~ generalurma direqtorma, gia Wanturiam, arxis reorganizebis mizeziT dainteresebul Jurnalistebs. `pirveli arxis~ reformirebis aucileblobaze man 2 ivniss gamarTul preskonferenciaze isaubra. es pirveli arxidan TanamSromleliberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

bis daTxovnisa da sruli reorganizebis mesame mcdelobaa. rogorc wesi, pirveli arxis xelmZRvanelobis Secvlisa da arxis morigi reorganizaciis wamowyebis procesi mudmivad raime politikur movlenasa Tu dapirispirebas emTxveva. am SemTxvevaSic, reorganizaciis Sesaxeb gancxadeba Wanturiam

TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebidan mesame dRes gaakeTa. arCevnebis gaSuqebis mediamonitoringis procesSi sainformacio gamoSveba `moambe~ saerTaSoriso damkvirveblebma teleinformaciis yvelaze dabalansebul wyarod daasaxeles. cvlilebebis am saerTaSoriso `komplimentis~ fonze wamowyebas
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foto levan xerxeuliZe

sazogadoeba

Wanturia imiT xsnis, rom `arxze pirveli mniSvnelovani miRweva `moambis~ muSaobaa da modernizaciis es procesi sxva gadacemebsac unda Seexos~. `im teqnikuri da adamianuri resursis gaTvaliswinebiT, rac pirvel arxs aqvs, gacilebiT metis gakeTeba SeiZleba~, _ ambobs gia Wanturia da `sazogadoebrivi mauwyeblisTvis~ sazafxulo taimauts iRebs. ivnis-ivlisis TveebSi pirveli arxis ZiriTad satelevizio bades fexburTis Cempionati Seavsebs. eTerSi darCeba sainformacio gamoSveba `moambe~ da dilis gadacema `alioni~. sistemuri cvlilebebis motiviT, daixura gadacemebis umravlesoba da kontraqtebi aRar gaugrZeles TanamSromlebis did nawils.

mdeg opozicia Tavis mxardamWerebs gamarjvebas ulocavda da mimarTavda sityvebiT: `Tqven daibruneT televizia, romelic sazogadoebas ekuTvnis~. realurad ki, nebismieri es cvlileba, romelic ufro politikuri gadawyvetileba iyo, vidre arxis saWiroebebiT nakarnaxevi, araTu win gadadgmuli nabiji, zog SemTxvevaSi ukan svlac ki iyo. Wanturias daniSvnidan Svidi Tvis Tavze `sazogadoebrivi mauwyeblis~ mayurebels kvlav eubnebian, rom arxis reorganizaciis procesi xelaxla unda daiwyos. wlebis manZilze verc erTma mmarTvelma ver moagvara is problemebi, romlebic pirvel arxs srulfasovan sazogadoebriv mauwyeblad gardaqmnaSi uSlis xels.

denime adamiani ise asrulebs, rom maT Soris komunikaciac ki ar xdeba. ar aris mkafiod gansazRvruli konkretul TanamSromelTa zusti valdebulebebi. es maSin, roca arxis biujetis 64 procenti 1030 TanamSromlis xelfasze ixarjeba. burWulaZe acxadebs, rom reorganizacia xelfasebis gacemis wessac Seexeba. Tu TanamSromlebi fiqsirebul xelfass samuSao saaTebis daangariSebis gareSe iRebdnen, momavalSi es praqtika Seicvleba. fiqsirebuli xelfasebis Semcirebis paralelurad moxdeba anazRaureba gamomuSavebis mixedviT. Semcirdeba TanamSromelTa ricxvic. dazogil Tanxebs ki arxi axali proeqtebis ganxorcielebas moaxmars. `4-Tvianma auditma gaarkvia, rom `sazogadoebriv mauwyebelze~

wlebis manZilze verc erTma mmarTvelma ver moagvara is problemebi, romlebic pirvel arxs srulfasovan sazogadoebriv mauwyeblad gardaqmnaSi uSlis xels.

wina wlebSic `sazogadoebriv mauwyebelze~ wamowyebuli yoveli reorganizaciis dros gadacemebis didi nawili swored arxis xarisxis gaumjobesebis mizniT ixureboda, televiziidan aTavisuflebdnen `gaberil Statebs~. Tavad Wanturiac, televiziis direqtoris Tanamdebobaze erTerTi aseTi Zirfesviani gardaqmnis talRaze movida, roca Tanamdebobidan gadadga levan yubaneiSvili _ generaluri direqtori, romelsac 2009 wlis sagazafxulo aqciebis dros televiziis win `sircxvilis derefans~ uwyobdnen. `sazogadoebrivi mauwyebeli~ im periodSi opoziciis mTavar samizned kidev erTxel iqca misi daubalansebeli sainformacio politikis gamo. manamde igive Tanamdeboba opoziciis aqciebis fonze datova Tamar kinwuraSvilmac. nebismieri aseTi gadadgomis Se32

dRemde gadauWrelia menejmentis problema, romelic teleradiokorporaciis moZvelebuli struqturis gadaxalisebas da modernizebas SeZlebda. 4 Tvis win `sazogadoebrivma mauwyebelma~ arxis problemebis gasarkvevad sakonsultacio kompania `Georgian Management Consulting Group~ daiqirava, romelsac am televiziis organizaciuli auditi erTxel ukve daavales _ 2000 wels. `aRmoCnda, rom televiziaSi dResac igive problemebia, rac aTi wlis win iyo, radgan zaza Sengeliam Cveni daskvna Taroze Semodo. maSin politikuri neba ar arsebobda~, _ ambobs `GMCG~is warmomadgeneli, gia Wanturias mrCeveli aleqsandre burWulaZe. dResac televiziis erT-erT mTavar problemad, tradiciulad, gaberili Stati saxeldeba. aq xSirad erTsa da imave funqcias ram-

calkeuli teleproeqtebis xarjsac ver iTvlian. am meqanizms axla vqmniT~, _ ambobs burWulaZe. sakadro cvlilebebi ukve daiwyo. Seicvala finansuri direqtori da direqtoris mrCeveli adamianuri resursebis sakiTxebSi. `me mWirdeboda gundi, romelSic ar iqneboda ganumeorebeli komponenti da erT adamianze ar iqneboda yvelaferi damokidebuli~, - ambobs burWulaZe. gia Wanturia acxadebs, rom wina mmarTvelebisgan gansxvavebiT, mas Zlieri sameurveo sabWo hyavs da dagegmili cvlilebebis ganxorcielebaSi es faqtoric daexmareba. Tumca, pirvel arxze dagegmili arc erTi cvlileba TavisTavad ar niSnavs imas, rom arxis sazogadoebriv mauwyeblad reorganizaciis procesi warmatebuli iqneba. wina gamocdilebidan gamomdinare, politikuri nebis gareSe es TiTqmis SeuZlebelia.
liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

kultura

Cveni pasuxi Cemberlens


reni harlinis `jorjias~ moskovi italieli politikosisa da Jurnalistis, julieto kiezas dokumentur films upirispirebs.
daviT buxrikiZe

endi garsia film `jorjias~ gadaRebebze, reJisori reni harlini, 2009

rogorc Cans, yovlisSemZle interneti mainc ver SeuSlis xels kinematografs, ideologiuri Tu politikuri TamaSebisTvis aRmoCndes `ganwiruli~. sakmarisia, Tvali mivadevnoT holivudSi blokbasterebis keTilsindisierad mkeTeblis, reni harlinis CvenTvis sabediswero `jorjias peripetiebs, rom naTeli gaxdes, ramdenad Zviri ujdeba saqarTvelos dasavleTSi gasatani Tavisufali qveynis imiji. miT umetes, roca politikuri mowinaaRmdege sapasuxo argumentebiT arc zewolas erideba, arc saxelovani reJisoreliberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

`avRaneTi: weli nuli~

kadri filmidan `9/11 _ gamoZieba nulidan~

films ver eqneba dasavleTze ideologiuri gavlena da miT umetes _ obieqturobis pretenzia.
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foto marika qoCiaSvili

kultura

bis moqrTamvas da arc dasavleTis mediaze gavlenis mopovebas. 2008 wlis ruseT-saqarTvelos omis gamoZaxili, ukve erT welze metia, kinoduelSic airekleba. reni harlinis `jorjias~ trailerSi endi garsias (mixeil saakaSvils emociurad da odnav aRmosavluri aqcentiT warmogvidgens) cremlebsac ixilavT da vel kilmeris (is filmSi Jurnalistia) STambeWdav ZunZulsac da namdvili operatoriviT, sirbilisas videokameriT gadaRebul omis kadrebsac. arc tradiciuli qorwilis scenebi da ganaTebuli Ramis Tbilisia urigod gadaRebuli, romelmac berlinsa da kanSi albaT auCuya guli 20-wuTiani traileris mayurebels. igi jer kidev TebervalSi vnaxe berlinis kinofestivalze da momeCvena, efeqtur, zomierad STam-

formaciis moZieba. Tavad reJisori, ukve xuTi dRea, cxinvalSi imyofeba (cxadia, iq Crdilo-oseTidan Cavida) da lamis gasamxedroebul-gasaidumloebul viTarebaSi muSaobs `dokumentur masalebze~... `am omis Sesaxeb evropaSi warmodgenac ar aqvT. miT umetes, konfliqtis realur mizezebze _ Tu ratom ibrZvis osi xalxi damoukideblobisTvis~, _ ambobs julieto kieza, romelic didi xnis ganmavlobaSi, ufro zustad, 70-80-ian wlebSi sabWoTa presis (`izvestia~, `komsomolskaia pravda~, `kniJnoe obozrenie~) cnobili ucxoeli avtoria. Tumca, rogorc Jurnalistma, fexi italiis kompartiis flagman `unitaSi~ aidga, sadac ZiriTadad, socialur reportaJebs aqveynebda. mogvianebiT ki `la stampas~ mimomxilveli gaxda.

akritikebda dasavleTs ruseTTan mimarTebaSi... 2001 wels niu-iorkSi momxdari teraqtis Sesaxeb man gadaiRo dokumenturi filmi `9/11 _ gamoZieba nulidan~, romelSic momxdar teraqtSi amerikis specsamsaxurebsa da xelisuflebas adanaSaulebs. amerikas sdebs brals mogvianebiT, avRaneTis Sesaxeb gadaRebul filmSic, romelSic amerika gamoyvanilia, rogorc adgilobrivi mosaxleobis genocidis momwyobi, ruseTi ki avRanelebis mxsnelad aris warmodgenili. cxadia, amgvari biografiis dokumentalisti da garkveulwilad politikosic, Znelad Tu daajerebs vinmes, rom `obieqtur dokumentur films gadaiRebs samxreTi oseTis brZolisa da damoukideblobis mopovebis Sesaxeb~. miT umetes, rom

saeWvo kompania Orme Sas, romelic 69 wlis reJisoris momaval dokumentur films, saxelwodebiT `samxreTi oseTi: gza damoukideblobisaken~ afinansebs, aSkarad rusuli kompaniebis `aCrdilia~.

beWdav, magram mgrZnobiare patriotul Canaxats hgavda _ `mamaci gulis~ tradiciisa Tu `eqSen muvis~ kliSeebis gaTvaliswinebiT. ukve agvistos bolos `jorjia~ evropisa da amerikis kinogaqiravebaSi gamova. albaT amis sapasuxod, ruseTis xelisuflebam sagangebo zomebi miiRo: Tavis droze cxinvalidan moulodnelad wasul (an iqneb droulad gons mogebul?!) emir kusturicas nacvlad, romelic aseve apirebda mxatvruli filmis gadaRebas 2008 wlis omis Sesaxeb, cxinvals italieli publicisti, kinodokumentalisti, evroparlamentis wevri da mxurvale socialisti, julieto kieza moavlina. saeWvo kompania Orme Sas, romelic 69 wlis reJisoris momaval dokumentur films, saxelwodebiT `samxreTi oseTi: gza damoukideblobisaken~ afinansebs, aSkarad rusuli kompaniebis `aCrdilia~. mis Sesaxeb internetSic Znelia normaluri in34

misi simpaTiebi sabWoTa kavSiris mimarT (ruseTis dRevandeli xelisuflebis msgavsad) arc siaxliT gamoirCeva da arc gansakuTrebuli fantaziiT. ruseTs did, samarTlian da warmatebul qveyanas uwodebs, amerikas _ imperializmisa da usamarTlobis budes. kieza, ramdenime welia, evroparlamentis deputatia. amJamad kulturisa da ganaTlebis komitets xelmZRvanelobs da, rac yvelaze ucnauria, yovelTvis, nebismier sakiTxSi ruseTis interesebs icavs. jer kidev 70-iani wlebidan, roca lamis yvela dasavlel turists uSiSroebis komiteti aRricxavda, kieza axerxebda mSromelebTan Sexvedras, sabWoTa inteligenciasTan saerTo enis gamonaxvas da patris lumumbas saxelobis universitetSi `kapitalizmis fundamentur krizisze~ leqciebis wakiTxvas. werda reportaJebs, iRebda dokumentur filmebs, mudmivad

germanul presaSi jer kidev gasul wels gamoqveynda misi interviu, romelSic ruseTis mier samxreTi oseTis aRiarebas logikur procesad miiCnevs. films ver eqneba dasavleTze ideologiuri gavlena da miT umetes _ obieqturobis pretenzia. es mSvenivrad ician ruseTSic. ubralod, reni harlinis `jorjias~ Semdeg raime gamaneitralebeli RonisZieba saswrafod mosafiqrebeli iyo da ruseTSi didxans fiqri arc dasWirvebiaT. pretenziuli, politikurad frTxili da sakuTar TavSi darwmunebuli kusturicas Semdeg batoni julieto kiezas kandidatura finansurad misaRebi da politikurad Tavis autkivebeli variantia. aba, toliatis qarxana tyuilad uSvebda italieli komunistebis sayvarel `fiats~; anu, sabWourad rom vTqvaT, `Jigulis~? iqneb sabWoeTis mimarT nostalgiis gamo, cxinvalSi kiezo swored am `JiguliT~ dadis?!
liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

wignebi

xelisuflebis TviTSezRudva, konstitucionalizmis Sesavali


andraS Saiom am wigniT martivad da gasagebad axsna sakmaod rTuli da aqtualuri sakiTxi _ ra aris qveynis konstitucia.
nino robaqiZe
2003 wels aSS-s saerTaSoriso ganviTarebis saagentosa da merilendis universitetis IRIS Centeris mxardaWeriT daibeWda. maSinac da dResac wignis gansakuTrebul aqtualobas saqarTvelos konstituciis araerTgzis cvlilebebi da am procesis irgvliv dausrulebeli debatebi ganapirobebs. Tumca `xelisuflebis TviTSezRudva~ gansakuTrebiT saintereso imitom aris, rom es wigni avtorma postsabWoTa ungreTis konstituciuri dafuZnebisas arsebuli konkretuli problemebisa da gamowvevebis, Secdomebisa da warmatebebis magaliTebze dayrdnobiT Seqmna. postsabWoTa ungreTis magaliTebi ki Zalian axloa dRevandel saqarTvelosTan, romelmac damoukideblobis mopovebis miuxedavad, jer bolomde ver daZlia sabWoTa memkvidreoba da ver gaxda `postsabWoTa~ qveyana. gamowvevebi, rasTan gamklavebac aRmosavleTi evropis qveynebs sabWoTa kavSiris kraxis Semdeg mouxdaT, jer kidev dgas qarTuli saxelmwifoebriobis winaSe. `damarcxebuli faSisturi reJimebisa da sabWoTa totalitarizmis narCenebze aRmocenebuli axali mTavrobebi Cafiqrebuli da dakanonebulni iyvnen, rogorc demokratiebi. samwuxarod, da es gardauvalic iyo, demokratia mxolod legitimurobis iafi da advilad dasakmayofilebeli meTodi aRmoCnda am axali reJimebisTvis. bevr maTganSi demokratiulad arCeuli mTavrobebi sakmaod xSirad ise iqceodnen, TiTqos maTi Tavisufali arCevnebis gziT mosvla amarTlebda saxelisuflebo uflebamosilebis usazRvrod, amoralurad da borotad gamoyenebas, _ wers Saio da wigns konstituciis daniSnulebaze msjelobiT iwyebs, _ konstituciebis sazrunavi ar gaxlavT naTeli momavali... konstitucionalizmis ideebiT ganayofierebuli konstituciis sagani SezRuduli xelisuflebaa~. SezRuduli xelisufleba, xelisuflebis danawileba, demokratiis konstituciuri SezRudva, konstituciis Seqmnis uflebamosileba _ yvela es sakiTxi gansakuTrebiT aqtualuria dRes qarTul politikur diskusiaSi, Tumca miuxedavad maTi mniSvnelobisa, Zalian iSviaTad ganixilavs maT qarTuli media da amitom amomrCevlisTvis politikuri procesis es nawili absoluturad ucnobia. argumenti, TiTqos am Temaze sazogadoebrivi polemikis wamowyeba rTulia, sruliad ususuri xdeba andraS Saios wignis wakiTxvis Semdeg. es wigni aris imis saukeTeso magaliTi, Tu ra martivad SeiZleba imsjelo erTi SexedviT rTul samarTlebriv sakiTxebze. Saios wignis kidev erTi Rirebuleba is aris, rom naTlad warmoaCens kavSirs qveynis konstituciasa da qveynis TiToeul moqalaqes Soris. Saio xazs usvams postsabWoTa qveynebis politikur diskusiaSi
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`xelisuflebis TviTSezRudva, konstitucionalizmis Sesavali~ andraS Saio, 2003 weli, qarTuli Targmani

ungreli konstitucionalisti, andraS Saio `aRmosavleT evropasa da sxvagan xelisuflebaSi myofma ampartavanma da uvicma adamianebma aiZules~, es wigni daewera. meore da aranakleb mniSvnelovani mizezi ki is inteleqtualuri vakuumi iyo, romelic aRmosavleT evropis qveynebSi zogadad konstitucionalizmis irgvliv arsebobda. Tumca sakiTxi aranakleb aqtualuri iyo ufro damkvidrebuli demokratiebisTvisac. Saios wignis qarTuli gamocema
liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

wignebi

konstitucionalizmis ideebis aqtiuri ganxilvis mniSvnelobas, maSin, roca tradiciul demokratiebSi SeiZleba msgavsi saWiroeba ar arsebobdes. `Tu ar arsebobs xelisuflebis SezRudva, misi mimarTeba individTan aris Zalis da ara samarTlis mimarTeba. sajaro samarTali, Tu igi moklebulia xelisuflebis mimarT imperatiul xasiaTs, saerTod ar aris samarTali~, _ Tundac samarTlis aseTi ganmarteba SeiZleba sruliad axali ambavi iyos im JurnalistisTvis, romelic samxedro aRlumidan CarTvisas `ubralo xalxze~ da `xelisuflebis warmomadgenlebze~ saubrobda da romelsac albaT hgonia, rom kanonebi mxolod `ubralo xalxisTvis~ akrZalvebis dasaweseblad Seqmnes `xelisuflebis warmomadgenlebma~. zogadad individis ZiriTad uflebebs andraS Saios wignis bolo da yvelaze didi Tavi eZRvneba. Saio wers, rom konsti-

iqmneba konstituciebi, da ara _ komunistebis msgavsad, lamazi da abstraqtuli cnebebiT `momavlis sazogadoebis~ daxatvisTvis. konstituciad gamocxadebuli mmarTvel politikur Zalas morgebuli populisturi doqtrina ver gauZlebs sazogadoebrivi cxovrebis gamowvevebs. swored amitom, didi konstituciebis Seqmnas SiSi da uaryofis gziT TviTdamkvidreba sdevda Tan, risi aRiarebac ar uyvarT konstituciis avtorobaze pretenziis mqone politikosebs. damfuZnebelma mamebma amerikis konstituciaze muSaobisas zustad icodnen, rom ar surdaT mefis uRlis aRdgena. meore msoflio omis Semdeg germaniis konstituciis avtorebs ar asvenebdaT nacisturi mmarTvelobis SiSi da vaimaris respublikis umarTaobis gavlili saSineleba. 1958 wels Sarl de gols surda, arasdros gameorebuliyo safrangeTis meoTxe respublikis paralizebuli parlamenti, da am qveynebis

es wigni aris imis saukeTeso magaliTi, Tu ra martivad SeiZleba imsjelo erTi SexedviT rTul samarTlebriv sakiTxebze.
tucia imiT gansxvavdeba ubralo ZiriTadi kanonebisgan, rom pirveli Tavisuflebis uzrunvelyofas cdilobs maSin, roca meore SezRudvebs awesebs. inividis Tavisuflebas ki dacva sWirdeba xelisuflebisgan. TviT demokratia SeiZleba xelisuflebis SezRudvis elementic iyos, magram misi ganxorcielebisas is SeiZleba umravlesobis tiraniis instrumentad iqces, `an Tundac iseTi myvirala umciresobis tiraniis instrumentad, romelic acxadebs, rom romeliRac demokratiuli umravlesobis saxeliT moqmedebs~. saxelmwifoebrivi ganviTarebis gzaze swored yvelaze uaresi scenarebis gamoricxvis mizniT konstituciebSi yvela am SiSma hpova asaxva. dRes saqarTvelos konstitucia kidev erTxel TiTqmis Tavidan iwereba. mTavari kiTxva, romelsac andraS Saios wigni konstituciaze momuSave adamianebis jgufs dausvams, aris _ gaiTvaliswinebs Tu ara damoukideblobis mopovebis Semdeg Cveni qveynis winaSe mdgom yvelaze did safrTxeebs saqarTvelos konstitucia; gaxdeba Tu ara es dokumenti xelisuflebis TviTSezRudvis, individis Tavisuflebisa da demokratiis saukeTeso formiT ganxorcielebis garanti, Tu darCeba dokumentad, romelsac, rogorc dRemde, momavalSic mudmivad dasWirdeba qirurgiuli Careva.
liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

www.liberali.ge

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Tvalsazrisi

evropuli politika
laSa buRaZe, mwerali ra saSineli Tviseba aqvT am evropelebs: cxovreba ar SeuZliaT am wyeuli politikuri konteqstis gareSe! politikas Txrian iseT uvnebel movlenaSic ki, rogoric Tundac musikaluri konkursi `evroviziaa~. nuTu ar SeiZleba, rom ubralod amReron adamianebi? ra saWiroa yvelas da yvelafris politizeba! pirdapir vityvi _ evropelebma Tavi moiWres! gegoneba, saqme akldeT germaniis kancler merkels, frangTa prezident sarkozis da berZenTa premier papandreus! pirvelma arCevnebi waago erT-erT yofil sakurfiurstoSi, meores lamisaa ququlasaviT CamoeSala ojaxi, mesames ki TiTqmis yoveldRe demonstaciebs uwyobda mosaxleoba, eseni ki marto imaze fiqrobdnen, rogor gaemarjva maTi qveynis warmomadgenels `evroviziaze~! Cven ki am dros ra Rirseulad warvdeqiT... sawyal Cvenebs imdeni saqme ayriaT Tavze, arc `evrovizia~ gaxsenebiaT da arc am konkursSi monawile qarTveli momRerali. anu, erTaderTi, mouclelobisa da uyuradRebobis gamo Tu vusayvedurebT, sxva mxriv _ sasayveduro araferi aqvT. aba, Cvenebi rogor ikadrebdnen imas, rac evropis mTavrobebma ikadres! Turme, arc meti, arc naklebi, piradad erT-erTi qveynis prezidenti yofila evro-konkursanti gogonas Cacma-Sekazmva-amRereba-gapopularulebiT dakavebuli (qveyanas eTikuri mosazrebebis gamo ar vasaxeleb), kulturis ministrs dReSi aTjer urekavda da axal-axal brZanebebs Cahkioda telefonSi:
liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

_ Savi Caicvas, ufro gamxdari gamoCndeba! _ saxeze TeTri ferumarili waicxos, Tvalis konturi ukeT gamouCndeba! _ Wama Sewyvitos scenaze gamosvlamde 11 saaTiT adre, dietis cxrils Tavad Sevudgen! _ TeZoebi msubuqad gaaqnios, metismeti araferi varga! _ bolos xalxs inglisurad gadauxados madloba, icodes msofliom, rom izolacionistebi ara varT!

diasporebs konkursantis kompaqt diskebi daugzavnes, _ xalxSi gaavrceleT da dRedaRam amas usmineTo. aRar ikiTxavT, fuli vinRa gadaixada am yvelaferSi? _ saxelmwifom, rasakvirvelia! saelCoebSi dagzavnili saesemeso xarjic da diskeulis Cawera-gavrcelebisac saqarTve... ukacravad, X qveynis diasporebis saministrom gaiRo. ese igi, ra gamovida: momRerali-gogona saxelmwifos biujetidan dafinansebula, prezidents ki misi menejerobac SeuTavsebia.

sofo niJaraZis gamosvla `evroviziaze~, maisi 2010

gana sasacilo ar aris imgvari politlideri, romelic scenaze mokuntruSe gogonas meSveobiT cdilobs `didi politikis keTebas~! madloba RmerTs, aseTebi ara varT... es raa, marto prezidents ki ara, didron saxelmwifo institutebsac SeutaniaT wvlili am mgalobeli gogonas gamarjvebaSi: msoflioSi gabneul saelCoebSi 16 aTasi lar... ukacravad, evro gadauricxavT, _ mobiluris baraTebi SeiZineT, bavSvs uxvi esemesebiT waexmareTo, _ xolo

_ asea, genacvale, saWiro, _ eubneboda Turme ministrebs, _ Tuki kargad imRerebs, arc arCevnebs wavagebT da arc finansuri krizisis gamo Segrisxaven amomrCevlebi. xedavT xom, ra xalxi yofila? evropelebi hqviaT amaT amis mere? oh, kidev kargi, Cemi mTavroba Sors idga amnairi maqinaciebisgan... Cvenebi imas gabedaven, rom xalxis daukiTxavad gaeflangaT qveynis xazina? ras ambobT!

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sporti

hoda, afrikaSi CavediT


gio axvlediani, londoni

axla marTla aRarc araferi darCa: paraskev saRamos fexburTis msoflio Tasi daiwyeba, rogorc Zvel, tkbil dros ityodnen _ msoflios pirveloba fexburTSi. istoriaSi pirvelad msoflio Cempionati afrikaSi tardeba, rac Tavis drozec didi xmauris sababi iyo da xels axlac aravin aklebs. Tanac afrika didia da mTels
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afrikaSi amorCeuli iqna samxreTi afrikis respublika, nelson mandelas samSoblo, sxvanairad cisartyelas eri. ase eZaxian am qveyanas da Sesabamisi samuSaoc maSinve gaxurda. Cveulebriv, maspinZeli qveynis amorCeva eqvsi wliT adre xdeba da muSaobac maSinve iwyeba xolme; zogan meti da zogan naklebi, qveyanas gaaCnia. amis Taobaze gasul

kviraSic viwerebodi, amitom aRar gavagrZeleb. Tavis droze, roca samxreT afrikas msoflio Tasis maspinZlad irCevda, fifa-s lozungi is iyo, rom mTeli Savi kontinentisTvis eCuqebina fexburTis mTavari zeimi da Sesabamisad safexburTo meurneobis da ganwyobis stimulirebac moexdina. Tanac msoflio Cempionati nebismieri qveynisTvis
liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

didi saCuqaria, raxanRa msoflioSi yvelaze momgebiani sportuli RonisZiebaa. oRondac, ramdenad ewvevian afrikelebi cisartyelas qveyanas, Zneli saTqmelia. mTel kontinentze, maspinZeli qveynis gamoklebiT, sul 13 aTasi bileTi gaiyida. Tu gaviTvaliswinebT, rom aseTi bileTi sul 2,9 milionia, maSin gairkveva, rom afrikelebi siRaribis gamo msoflio Cempionatze ver miemgzavrebian da, vTqvaT, kamerunsa da kot divuaris nakrebebs mxolod fanebis mcire jgufebi Camohyvebian. yvelaze meti turisti, 50 aTasi, cxadia, inglisidan iqneba. Tumca, inglisuri laSqari gvariani gamocdis winaSe dgas. samxreTi afrika Jeneva da ciurixi ar aris. axali stadionebi ki ufro im adgilebSia aSenebuli, sadac aparteidis droindeli RatakTa getoebi iyo da sadac Zalian maRalia quCis kriminali. rogorc amboben, quCis bandebi ubralod xelebs ifSvneten msoflio Tasis molodinSi. da ratom ar aaSenes stadionebi wesieri ubnebis axlos? imitom, rom jer es erTi, iq fexburTi aravis ainteresebs. fexburTi afrikaSi yovelTvis RatakTa sporti iyo, aparteidis dros ki, ra Tqma unda, ragbis marginali Zma gaxldaT; meorec, mTa-

msoflios Tasi erT-erTi tradiciuli sponsoria. anda rogor aRkveT mekobruli maisurebis gayidvas? fifa-s isic ki ar undoda, rom gaxsnis ceremonialze, iohanesburgis soker sitiSi afrikeli musikosebi gamosuliyvnen da arc Tmobda, sanam musikosebi ar daimuqrnen, swored mag dros Cven Cvens saxalxo koncerts CavatarebT da naxavT, rac mogivaTo. mokled, yvelafers etyoboda, rom fifa-m afrikas Sejibri ki aCuqa, magram gzadagza raRacebi ar moewona da Tanac, mTeli is ambavi, rom msoflio Cempionati afrikas aayvavebda, sisulele gamodga. oriod kviris win qveynis prezidentma zumam mosaxleobas mimarTa da am mimarTvis azri daaxloebiT aseTi iyo: e biWo, am erT Tves ramenairad SeikaveT Tavi, mTlad nu moviWriT msoflios winaSeo. misi mowodebis arsi gasagebia, magram aba, aseTi sakbilos xelidan gaSvebac rogoria. afrikuli bandebisTvis yvela ucxoeli mdidaria. samxreTi afrika ki 49-milioniani qveyanaa, sadac sayovelTao umuSevroba, Sidsi, narkotikebi da loToba, kriminalTan SexmatkbilebiT arsebobs. aq weliwadSi 18 aTas adamians klaven swored Zarcva-yaCaRobis mizniT, 200 aTasi seriozuli Zaladoba xdeba, da amaTgan _ 18 400 saxlis Zarcvaa da,

gamoiwereT Jurnali liberali

beWduri versia 12 nomeri _ 3 Tve 22 lari 24 nomeri _ 6 Tve 45 lari 48 nomeri _ 1 weli 90 lari

PDF versia 12 nomeri _ 3 Tve 13 lari 24 nomeri _ 6 Tve 25 lari 48 nomeri _ 1 weli 50 lari

istoriaSi pirvelad msoflio Cempionati afrikaSi tardeba, rac Tavis drozec didi xmauris sababi iyo da xels axlac aravin aklebs.
vroba fiqrobda, rom stadionebis cud ubnebSi aSenebiT im ubnebis cxovrebas gaaumjobesebda, rac afrikaSi aSkarad ar gamovida da mravali problemac warmoSva. magaliTad, fifa-s sastikad ar undoda, rom cxeli sauzmeuliT movaWre adgilobrivi fast fudebi stadionis Semogarens gahkarebodnen, raxanRa gulSematkivari stadions SigniT, ufro Zviri makdonaldsiT unda gamoskdes, romelic
liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

rac sruliad gansacvifrebelia, 380 aTasi gaupatiureba. hoda, saxelmwifos marTlac gvariani oflis Rvra mouwevs uaxloes erT TveSi, mTeli Tavisi specnazebiT da ambebiT. rogorc amboben, dandoba ar iqneba, magram, meore mxriv, msoflio Cempionati xom zeimia da am SemTxvevaSi zeimi albaT mxolod stadionebze iqneba, rac arcTu warmtaci perspeqtivaa.

Jurnalis gamosawerad dagvikavSirdiT telefonebze: 23 37 31, (899) 48 62 41 an mogvawodeT Tqveni sakontaqto informacia el-fostiT: info@liberali.ge

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qalaqSi moxetiale kacis Canawerebi

avadari anu YUCK FOU


morCi saqmeebs? maSin wadi saxlSi, gzad afTiaqSi Seiare, nebismieri saxis sawmendi saSualeba iyide, an Tu es `gepazoreba~, maSin saxlSi misvlisTanave bamba daname da saxeze gadaisvi.
kaxa Tolordava ukve ramdenime kviraa, Tavisufali dro miCndeba Tu ara, internetSi veCrebi da minimum erTi saaTi mainc jiutad `vguuglav~ sityvebis kombinacias, sadac, ra kombinaciac ar unda vcado, _ `benzini,~ `benzinis xarisxi,~ `gamonabolqvi~ da `onkologia~ ucvlelad figurirebs xolme. mere ki, rodesac mopovebul informacias vecnobi (me internetis moxmarebis mravalwliani gamocdileba maqvs da kargad vici, sad da rogor veZebo sando informacia), fanjarasTan mivdivar da ezoSi viyurebi, seriozulad SeSfoTebuli, Zalian seriozulad SeSfoTebuli. am dros TavSi sul erTi da igive azri mitrialebs, _ gacnobierebuli gvaqvs Tu ara Cven yvelas, ara zedapirulad, ise, Cven rom gvCvevia, aramed sruli pasuxismgeblobiT da seriozulobiT, Tu ra Rrmad ukanalSi vimyofebiT yvela erTad, Cven, Tbiliselebi? qalaqSi haeris sisufTaves da am haeris Cven janmrTelobasTan kavSirs vgulisxmob. Tu amaze ar gifiqriaT, Tu amis dro ar gqoniaT, Tu gainteresebT, SeamowmoT simarTles vlaparakob, Tu Segnebulad an Seugneblad vamuqeb suraTs, ai, ras girCevT _ erT mSvenier dRes amis SesaZlebloba Tu mogecaT, Tu amis survili gagiCndaT, mTeli dRis ganmavlobaSi fexiT gadaadgildiT qalaqSi. maTTvis, vinc amas ver axerxebs, modi, ai, amas movyvebi. diliT, saxlidan rom gamoxval, miT umetes Tu adre xar saqmeze gasasvleli, SeiZleba verc veraferi SeamCnio. am dros Tbilisi iRviZebs, meezoveebi ukve qalaqs arian modebuli, quCebi irwyveba, manqanebi cotaa, garemovaWreebi TavTavianT improvizirebul daxlebze awyoben saqonels an maRaziebis mZime fardulebs xsnian. mokled, yvelaferi wesrigSia, yvelaferi isea, rogorc unda iyos. pirveli sagangaSo `niSani~ SeiZleba im momentSi igrZno, rodesac, vTqvaT, quCaze gadasvlisas manqana Cagivlis. suni! mZime! arabunebrivad agresiuli! es SeiZleba igrZno, an SeiZleba ara; imazea damokidebuli, ramdenad yuradqceuli cxviri gaqvs. dro garbis. ukve Tormeti saaTia. Sen saqmis garkveuli nawili gaakeTe da isev quCaSi gamodixar, vTqvaT WavWavaZis gamzirze. am dros cxviri Tu ar gRalatobs, ukve unda igrZno is, rac me ase maSinebs _ haerSi avardnili, yvela nestos, xorxs da filtvs modebuli uxarisxo sawvavis uxarisxo gamonabolqvi. kidev erTi saaTic da am suns ukve versad gaurbixar, versad emalebi. Zalauneburad tokioSi niRabafarebuli adamianebi gaxsendeba da SuriT ayoleb Tvals cxvirze operacia gakeTebul niRbian qalebs
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da maTac, vinc Roris grips erideba. saxlSi ver brundebi, saqmeebi gaqvs. ra Tqma unda, ramdenime wuTiT SeiZleba romelime maRazias Seafaro Tavi, boTli wyali iyido da saylapavs modebuli benzinnarevi simSrale Cawmindo, magram mere xom isev quCas unda daubrunde? iq ki manqanebis raodenoba matulobs da benzinis sunad qceuli, wlebis ganmavlobaSi ar da vergaTvaliswinebuli gulgriloba axali ZaliT gitevs. nurc Seecdebi, gaeqce am suns. oTxi-xuTi saaTisaTvis Sen ukve seriozulad intoqsirebuli daiarebi aqeT-iqiT da erTaderTi, rasac axerxeb, periodulad binZuri haeris Zlier nakadad cxviridan `amogdebaa~, ai ise, ZaRlebi rom akeTeben, quCaSi sunsulis dros nestoebSi raRac saeWvo rom uvardebaT xolme. ukve saRamos eqvsi saaTia? morCi saqmeebs? maSin wadi saxlSi, gzad afTiaqSi Seiare, nebismieri saxis sawmendi saSualeba iyide, an Tu es `gepazoreba~, maSin saxlSi misvlisTanave bamba daname da saxeze gadaisvi. ras xedav? xedav bambis gaSavebul zedapirs? aba kidev erTxel gadaitare saxeze axlad danamuli bamba. ras xedav? rwmundebi, rom pirvelma cdam mTlianad ver CamogaSora is WuWyi, rac qalaqma `agkida~? mere ki ai, ras girCev: aiRe bambis orive burTula, dajeqi magidasTan, daiwyve es burTulebi cxvirwin da daiwye fiqri. didxans, Zalian didxans ifiqre, Seecade, sakuTari Tavi ar moatyuo, mere ki Zalian gTxov, midi kompiuterTan da gamomigzavne werili da miTxari, ra daskvnamde mixvedi, ai, am misamarTze: tlrdv@yahoo.com. minda, davrwmunde, rom me erTaderTi idioti ar var am qalaqSi.
liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 34

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