arsebobs Tu ara samoqalaqo sazogadoeba? gv. 08 axali konstitucia gv. 14 / 23 / 26 ledi peilinis xmauri da mZvinvareba gv. 15 ori germania gv. 17 hamarbergis ganaCeni gv.

21 `qarTuli wylis~ ofSoruli saidumlo gv. 28 yalbi yalibi _ qarxnuli ganaTleba gv. 33 `istoriuli simarTlis komisia~ gv. 36 teleiavnana _ reketi uflis saxeliT gv. 39
fasi 2 lari

# 46 / 4 - 10 oqtomberi / 2010

sad aris opozicia?
gv. 10

# 46 / 4 - 10 oqtomberi / 2010

saxalxo krebis monawileebi,Tbilisi, 29 seqtemberi 2010

nomerSi: 02 fosta 04 mokled 06 vrclad 08 ori azri arsebobs Tu ara dRes saqarTveloSi samoqalaqo sazogadoeba? qeTi xuciSvili VS giga zedania 10 mTavari Tema sad aris opozicia? 14 Tvalsazrisi ratom vCqarobT? mark maleni msoflio 15 CrdiloeTis varskvlavi: ledi peilinis xmauri da mZvinvareba 20 wlis win 17 ori germania

19 21 23

26

28

31 33

kavkasia kavkasiuri proeqti konfliqtebi hamarbergis ganaCeni politika saprezidento respublikidan `sapremiero respublikamde~ Tvalsazrisi ratom ar hqonda azri `konstituciur procesSi~ CarTvas daviT usufaSvili Jurnalisturi gamoZieba `qarTuli wylis~ ofSoruli saidumlo regionuli mauwyeblebi dava teritoriis gamo sazogadoeba yalbi yalibi - qarxnuli

36 39

41 43 45 47

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ganaTleba `istoriuli simarTlis komisia~ istoriis gakveTilebi mediakritika teleiavnana - reketi uflis saxeliT kultura TeatroTerapia Tvalsazrisi fiqrebi mtkvris piras sporti `Semodgomis aznaurTa~ umaRlesi liga wereT wignebi! gio axvlediani qalaqSi moxetiale kacis Canawerebi konsumeruli gulisrevis sutra

garekanze:
sad aris opozicia?

Jurnali `liberali~ gamoicema fond `Ria sazogadoeba - saqarTvelos~ mxardaWeriT. avtoris / avtorebis mier sainformacio masalaSi gamoTqmuli mosazreba ar gamoxatavs fondis `Ria sazogadoeba-saqarTvelos~ pozicias. Sesabamisad, fondi ar aris pasuxismgebeli masalis Sinaarsze. The views, opinions and statements expressed by the authors and those providing comments are theirs only and do not necessarily reflect the position of Open Society Georgia Foundation. Therefore, the Open Society Georgia Foundation is not responsible for the content of the information material.

liberali . oqtomberi 2010 . № 46

1

foto levan xerxeuliZe

fosta
`misi zRva da miwa daabrune, RmerTo!~ afxazeTTan mimarTebaSi, marTlac mcdar ideologiur pozicize vdgavarT...ar vici oseTis SemTxvevaSi rogori unda iyos Cveni pozicia _ amas afxazeTsa da oseTze mogaxsenebT da ara afxazebsa da osebze, romlebsac Cveni qveynis sruluflebian moqalaqeebad moviazrebT...marTlac, Tu Cven, qarTvelebi varT rusuli provokaciis msxverplni, aseTebad unda miviCnioT afxazebic da osebic... da saerTod, droa Jurnalistebma erTxel da samudamod uari Tqvan terminebze _ `eTnokonfliqti~, `qarTul-afxazuri dapirispireba~, `osebma Caidines~ da sxva msgavs kliSeebze da ufro adekvaturi terminebi vixmaroT... momRerlebi am SemTxvevaSi arafer SuaSi arian, isini dakveTas asruleben, raTa isev gagrZeldes Cveni dabneuloba.... nene, www.liberali.ge da maTi gulebi unda davibrunoTo. romc wamoscdenoda vinmes, saqmiT es ar ganumtkicebia. teritoriuli mTlianobaa CvenTvis mTavari. am dros vupirispirdebiT ruseTs, romelic erTi anaqronuli saxmeleTo-teritoriuli derJavaa. amavdroulad vbaZavT dasavleTs, romlisTvisac teritoria meorexarisxovania da hegemonias Tavisufali bazrisa da kanonis uzenaesobis meSveobiT aRwevs. Cven ki ra? afxazeTTan mimarTebaSi ruseTisve standarts da faseulobebs
obamedia: Sewyvetili ambori gv. 16 17 weli omis Semdeg gv. 24-27 gansaxlebis koSmari afxazeTSi gv. 28 `daria Tu avdaria, miSa magaria~ gv. 30 Sinmousvleli prezidentis dabruneba gv. 33 reportaJi: subsidirebuli rTveli gv. 35 interviu gia dvalTan gv. 38 uniformirebuli kultura gv. 41 `mas Zalian movenatreT~ gv. 43
fasi 2 lari

www.liberali.ge

# 45
27 seqtemberi - 3 oqtomberi / 2010

ruseTis mravalwliani propaganda, romelic gamiznuli iyo qarTvelebsa da afxazebs Soris eTnikuri konfliqtis gasaRviveblad, romelic ruseTma warmatebiT ganaxorciela. Tu avtors undoda afxazebis TvaliT daenaxebina arsebuli mdgomareoba, aucileblad unda mieTiTebina, ra faqtori gansazRvravs maT politikur Sexedulebebs. araobieqturia is azri, rom afxazebi dadebiTad Sexvdnen ruseTis bazebis ganlagebas TavianT qveyanaSi, es me afxazeTSi mcxovrebi adamianebisgan vici. Zalian miyvars Tqveni Jurnali, magram aseTi calmxrivi da uniWo statiebi ar unda iwerebodes. STabeWdileba rCeba, rom statiis avtorma ara Tu wera aramed qarTulic ki ar icis. ucnobi, www.liberali.ge

gTxovT, adgeT fexze,
gv.

nafici msajulebi modian 10

mgonia, rom ninias eWvi epareba imaSi, rom es momRerlebi am yvelafers acnobierebdnen. amitomac is maT ar lanZRavs, aramed afiqrebs am sakiTxze. es momRerlebi am eris Svilebi arian da swored iseTive ybadaRebiT mistirian dakargul miwas, rogorc Cveulebrivi rigiTi birJaviki qarTveli. sworedac, rom qarTveli, vinaidan es danarCenebis omi ar yofila (ar vTvli konfliqtur regionebSi yvela eTnikuri jgufis qarTvelebis winaaRmdeg gaerTianebas). arc arasodes uTqvamT qarTvelebs, moqalaqeebi davkargeT

viyenebT. Cven verafriT davajerebT maT, rom saqarTvelos saxelmwifoSi maTi ufleba daculi iqneba, rom maTi qoneba xelSeuxebelia, rom maT aravin SezRudavs. rogor ginda, rom daajero?! pako, www.liberali.ge

axali afxazeTi aSkarad araobieqturi statiaa, am Temas Seexo da ar axseno aTasobiT qarTveli ltolvili, ar axseno

dakarguli drois sazogadoeba viRacam, bolos da bolos, dawera is, risi Tqmac mindoda. saerTod, mgoni qarTul mediaSi nel-nela Cndeba afxazeTis konfliqtisadmi midgomis orTodoqsaluri xedvidan gansxvavebuli xedva _ rasac, mxolod da mxolod, mivesalmebi. Tumca, sainteresoa, ramdenad aRwevs es gansxvavebuli azri enguris meore mxares. da ramdenad Tvlian afxazebi, rom es azri `genuine ~ aris da ara saqarTvelos xelisuflebis `CarTulobis strategiis~ nawili, romelsac isini ase sastikad ewinaaRmdegebian. Tamarika, www.liberali.ge

redaqtorebi: mTavari redaqtori Sorena SaverdaSvili /aRmasrulebeli redaqtori sofo Waava / kavkasia da konfliqtebi sofo bukia / Jurnalisturi gamoZieba beso kurtaniZe / sazogadoeba Tamar babuaZe / axali ambebi naTia axalaSvili, nana sajaia Jurnalistebi: maia wiklauri, nino gogua, marika qoCiaSvili, eka WiTanava, rusudan fanoziSvili, anita Tvauri, Tamar faradaSvili, nino CimakaZe, nino robaqiZe, naTia guliaSvili kontribucia: mark maleni, giorgi cxadaia, kaxa koxreiZe, levan izoria, bakur sulakauri, nana sajaia, rati amaRlobeli, ninia kakabaZe, daviT buxrikiZe, gio axvlediani, kaxa Tolordava redaqcia: foto-redaqtori levan xerxeuliZe / grafikuli dizaini Tornike lorTqifaniZe / redaqtor-stilisti paata Samugia / koreqtori Tamar RonRaZe gamomcemloba: proeqtis menejeri qeTi babunaSvili / proeqtis menejeris asistenti lela SubiTiZe / klientTa momsaxurebis menejeri naTia rusaZe / distributori zviad Sengelia gamomcemeli: Sps `liberali~. misamarTi: Tbilisi 0162, faliaSvilis q. 108. tel.: (995 32) 232235, 233731, 912326. el-fosta: info@liberali.ge sxva gamocemebi: `cxeli Sokoladi~, `cxeli Sokoladi _ literatura~, `biznesi: adamianebi, meTodebi, strategiebi~. `liberalis~ saavtoro uflebebi daculia. JurnalSi gamoqveynebuli masalebis nawilobrivi da/an mTliani gamoyeneba redaqciis Tanxmobis gareSe akrZalulia. beWdva: stamba `favoriti~. misamarTi: Tbilisi, CubinaSvilis q. 50. tel.: (995 32) 95 19 52. www.phfavorite.ge gamodis kviraSi erTxel, yovel orSabaTs. pirveli nomeri gamocemulia 2009 wlis maisSi. rekomendebuli sacalo fasi 2 lari.

www.liberali.ge

ISSN 1987-7528

2

liberali . oqtomberi 2010 . № 46

samxreT kavkasia
ჰაინრიჰ ბიოლის ფონდის სამხრეთ კავკასიის რეგიონალური ბიურო რეგიონალური სასტიპენდიო პროგრამის ფარგლებში აცხადებს კონკურსს სოციალურ მეცნიერებებში

რეგიონალური სასტიპენდიო პროგრამის მიზანი: სასტიპენდიო პროგრამის მიზანია მხარი დაუჭიროს სამხრეთ კავკასიის ქვეყნებში აკადემიური კვლევების ჩატარებას. პროგრამის ამოცანებია: ხელი შეუწყოს ახალგაზრდა მეცნიერების მიერ სამხრეთ კავკასიის ქვეყნებში სოციალურ მეცნიერებათა განვითარების ხელშემწყობი ინდივიდუალური და ინტერდისციპლინარული კვლევების ჩატარებას; ხელი შეუწყოს სამხრეთ კავკასიის ქვეყნებში სოციალურ მეცნიერებათა სფეროში მოღვაწე პროფესიონალების რეგიონალური ქსელის განვითარებას. კონკურსის პირობები განაცხადის შემოტანა შეუძლიათ 1975-1987 წლებში დაბადებულ ახალგაზრდა მკვლევარებს, რომლებსაც გააჩნიათ სრული უმაღლესი განათლება და ამავე დროს მუდმივად ცხოვრობენ სამხრეთ კავკასიის ქვეყნებში. სავალდებულოა ინგლისური და რუსული ენების მაღალ დონეზე ფლობა. პრიორიტეტი მიენიჭება განაცხადებს, რომლებიც თემატურ სიახლეს, სოციოლოგიური და თვისობრივი კვლევის ინოვაციური მეთოდებს გვთავაზობენ. ფონდი აფინანსებს აკადემიურ კვლევებს შემდეგი მიმართულებებით: 1. სამხრეთ კავკასიის ეთნო-ტერიტორიული კონფლიქტების შესახებ ახლებური ხედვის შემუშავება. 2. ლტოლვილები და იძულებით გადაადგილებული პირები სამხრეთ კავკასიაში: გადარჩენის სტრატეგიები. 3. საბჭოთა რეჟიმისათვის გაწეული წინააღმდეგობისა და რეპრესიების ისტორია. 4. უთანასწორობასა და დისკრიმინაციასთან დაკავშირებული პრობლემები სამხრეთ კავკასიაში. 5. გენდერული როლების ტრანსფორმაცია. სტიპენდიის ხანგრძლივობა და მოცულობა სტიპენდიის ხანგრძლივობა განისაზღვრება თორმეტი თვით (01.01.2011-31.12.2011). სტიპენდიის მოცულობა ყოველთვიურად 250.00 ევროს შეადგენს. ასევე შესაძლებელია ფონდის მიერ ორგანიზებული თანმდევი პროგრამა-სემინარებით, საზაფხულო სკოლითა და პუბლიკაციებით მხარდაჭერა.

სრული ინფორმაცია კონკურსის შესახებ მოიძიეთ ჰაინრიჰ ბიოლის ფონდის სამხრეთ კავკასიის რეგიონალური ბიუროს ვებ-გვერდზე: www.boell.ge

mokled
konstitucia meore mosmena
saqarTvelos parlamentma konstitucia, 125 xmiT 4-is winaaRmdeg, meore mosmeniT daamtkica. pirveli mosmenis Semdeg umravlesoba da umciresoba 4 sakiTxze SeTanxmda: prezidents ar eqneba ufleba, romelime partiuli Tanamdeboba daikavos. aseve, ar eqneba ufleba, parlamentSi sakanonmdeblo iniciativiT Sevides, an riggareSe sxdomis daniSvna moiTxovos. Semcirda mTavrobisaTvis undoblobis gamocxadebis procedura, romelic 3 Tvis nacvlad 2 Tvesa da 10 dRes gagrZeldeba. cvlileba Sevida axali konstituciis amoqmedebis vadebSic. 2012 wels, axali parlamentis arCevisTanave, avtomaturad dadgeba mTavrobis pasuxismgeblobis sakiTxi da prezidenti premierministrobis axal kandidaturas wamoayenebs. ris Semdegac mTavroba xelaxla dakompleqtdeba. parlamentarebi ver SeTanxmdnen sagamoZiebo komisiis Seqmnaze. opozicia iTxovda, rom aseTi komisiis Seqmnis berketi umciresobas gadascemoda. konstitucias parlamenti mesame mosmeniT, maqsimum _ 2 kviraSi, daamtkicebs.

foto Temo barZImaSvili

qarTveli jariskacebis avRaneTSi gamgzavreba, 2010

avRaneTSi oTxi qarTveli jariskaci daiRupa
avRaneTis samSvidobo misiaSi monawile oTxi qarTveli samxedro naRmze afeTqda. polkovniki ramaz gogiaSvili, serJanti daviT cecxlaZe, kaprali giorgi kolxitaSvili da kaprali nugzar kalandaZe misiis Sesrulebis dros daiRupnen. pirveli qarTveli jariskaci avRaneTSi seqtembris dasawyisSi daiRupa. ufrosi leitenanti muxran Sukvani helmandis provinciaSi samSvidobo misiis Sesrulebis dros TviTnakeT naRmze afeTqda. qarTveli samxedroebis daRupvis gamo mwuxareba gamoTqva saqarTveloSi vizitiT myofma nato-s generalurma mdivanma, anders fog rasmusenma: `dRes sevdiani dRea yvela CvenganisTvis, radgan Tqveni TanamebrZolebi guSin daiRupnen avRaneTSi. me minda, TanagrZnoba gamovucxado mTel qarTvel xalxs da im ojaxebs, romlebmac ojaxis wevrebi dakarges.~ rasmusenma nato-s misiaSi qarTuli SeiaraRebuli jarebis monawileobis mniSvnelobazec isaubra. `qarTuli danayofebi nato-s ZalebTan erTad mxardamxar ibrZvian Cveni usafrTxoebisTvis. isini exmarebian avRanur mxares, raTa avRaneTma miaRwios im dones, rom Tavad SeZlos sakuTar usafrTxoebaze zrunva. minda, madloba gadagixadoT im wvlilisTvis, romelic SegaqvT samSvidobo misiaSi. es misia aris naTeli manifestacia saqarTvelos da nato-s mWidro TanamSromlobisa, risTvisac kidev erTxel gixdiT madlobas~,_ ganacxada rasmusenma. qarTveli samxedroebi nato-s Zalebs samSvidobo misiis SesrulebaSi erT-erT yvelaze rTul zonaSi _ helmandis provinciaSi exmarebian. saqarTvelos avRaneTSi 925 jariskaci hyavs gagzavnili, maTgan 750 helmandis provinciaSi msaxurobs. avRaneTSi amJamad 150 000 jariskaci asrulebs misias, gasul kviras SeerTebuli Statebis prezidentma ganacxada, rom amerika avRaneTidan jarebis gayvanas momavali wlis ivlisidan daiwyebs.

ricxvebi
4

miliardi lariT ganisazRvra saqarTvelos momavali wlis biujeti.

7

8

milion laramde dajdeba mestiaSi aeroportis mSenebloba.

liberali . oqtomberi 2010 . № 46

mokled moskovis meri moxsnes
moskovis 18-wliani merobis Semdeg iuri luJkovi Tanamdebobidan ruseTis prezidentma gaaTavisufla. sapasuxod, luJkovma prezident medvedevs Ria werili miswera, sadac mas `stalinisti~ uwoda. misi TqmiT, kremls surs, iyos lideri, `romlis sityvebic granitze iqneba amotvifruli da romelsac usityvod unda mihyvnen.“ luJkovis merobisas moskovi nacrisferi qalaqidan ekonomikuri bumis magaliTad iqca. moskovis ekonomika mTeli ruseTis mSp-s meoTxeds, 200 miliard evros Seadgens. oponentebi iuri luJkovs moskovis feodaluri stiliT marTvaSi adanaSaulebdnen da ambobdnen, rom misi merobiT yvelaze metad misma colma ixeira, romelic ruseTis yvelaze mdidari qali gaxda. luJkovi moskovis merad 1992 wels boris elcinma daniSna. oTxwliani vadiT qalaqis merad is 2007 wels imJamindelma prezidentma _ vladimer putinma daniSna.

citatebi

`mixeil saakaSvili yvelaze maRal xeze dakidebisgan vixseniT~. silvio berluskoni 2008 wlis agvistos omSi misi da nikola sarkozis rolis Sesaxeb.

sazRvris demarkacia Sida qarTlSi
qarTuli mxare rus okupantebs Sida qarTlSi `sazRvris ukanono demarkaciaSi~ adanaSaulebs. Sss analitikuri departamentis ufrosis _ SoTa utiaSvilis _ gancxadebiT, `okupantebis es qmedeba aSkarad provokaciul xasiaTs atarebs da kidev ufro zRudavs regionSi saqarTvelos moqalaqeebisTvis Tavisufali gadaadgilebis saSualebas.~ ruseTisgan `provokaciis Sewyvetas“ da saerTaSoriso Tanamegobrobisgan `ukanono qmedebaze saTanado reagirebas~ iTxovs sagareo saqmeTa saministro. `ruseTis aRniSnuli qmedeba `cecxlis Sewyvetis~ Sesaxeb 2008 wlis 12 agvistos xelSekrulebas arRvevs da warmoadgens morig provokacias, romlis Sedegad okupirebul regionebsa da mimdebare teritoriaze mcxovrebi saqarTvelos moqalaqeebis Tavisufali gadaadgilebis ufleba kidev ufro izRudeba da maTi sakuTrebis ufleba irRveva~_ naTqvamia sagareo saministros gancxadebaSi. qarTuli mxare sazRvris demarkaciis sakiTxs Jenevis molaparakebebze daayenebs.

`yvelafers gavakeTeb imisTvis, rom Cveni reformatorTa jgufi, is ideologia da programa, romelmac saqarTvelos winsvla unda uzrunvelyos, darCes. Tu ra formiT SevZleb gundis daxmarebas, amas dro gvaCvenebs. axla Cems momaval profesiebze naklebs vfiqrob, ise ki, ra Tqma unda, didi gegmebi maqvs.~ prezidenti mixeil saakaSvili al-jazirasTan interviuSi

`saqarTvelos nato-Si gawevrianebis kuTxiT mxolod teqnikuri sakiTxebi rCeba gadasawyveti.~ parlamentis Tavmjdomare daviT baqraZe rasmusenTan Sexvedris Semdeg

`ruseTi nato-Si saqarTveloze adre gaerTiandeba.“ ruseTis politikuri da samxedro analizis institutis direqtori aleqsandre Saravini

297 milioni dolaris investicia Semovida saqarTveloSi pirvel-meore kvartlis SedegebiT.
liberali . oqtomberi 2010 . № 46

50 lari iqneba parkirebis wliuri safasuri TbilisSi
pirveli oqtombridan. 5

vrclad

trampi Tbilisis uZravi qonebis bazriT interesdeba
moli korso, `evrazianeti~
`Tu maikl jeqsoni popis mefea, trampi _ uZravi qonebis~, _ ganacxada koenma, romelic organizacia `trampis~ aRmasrulebeli vice-prezidentia. erTi SexedviT, niu iorkTan an las vegasTan SedarebiT, Tbilisi Tavisi 1.1. milioni mosaxleobiT, ~uZravi qonebis mefis~-Tvis uCveulo arCevans warmoadgens. qarTvelTa yovelwliuri Semosavali sulze samxreT kavkasiis masStabiT yvelaze mcirea _ is mxolod 4,400 aSS dollars Seadgens. es ki trampis tipuri momxmareblis Semosavals mniSvnelovnad CamorCeba. Tumca, koenis mtkicebiT, `saqarTveloSic, rogorc nebismier demokratiul qveyanaSi, aris xalxi, vinc acnobierebs, rom statusi mniSvnelovania.~ personalurma interviuebma da gamokiTxvebma es daadastura, _ dasZens igi. trampis wamowyeba misi postsabWoTa sivrceSi Semosvlis pirveli mcdeloba gaxdeba. es regioni ki mwvave konkurenciiT, bundovani sagadasaxado sistemiTa da sakuTrebis uflebis aramyari dacviT aris cnobili. saakaSvilma cda ar daaklo, rom es SeTanxmeba Semdgariyo _ sanam es gadawyvetileba cnobili gaxdeboda, igi orjer stumrobda trampis Stab-binas niu iorkSi. saqarTvelos bolodroindeli gamocdilebis fonze prezidentis Zalisxmeva gasagebia. bolo ori wlis ganmavlobaSi qveyanaSi pirdapirma ucxourma investiciebma mniSvnelovnad iklo: 2009 wels investiciebi TiTqmis 58%-iT Semcirda, xolo wels investiciebis saerTo moculoba _ 272 milioni aSS dolari _ 6%-iT Camouvardeba SarSandel maCvenebels. am klebis ZiriTad mizezad 2008 wlis meore naxevarSi dawyebuli msoflio finansuri krizisi da ruseTTan avadsaxsenebeli 2008 wlis agvistos omi saxeldeba. saqarTvelom saxeli sxva postsabWoTa saxelmwifoebisagan gamijvnis mcdelobiT gaiTqva, da amisaTvis Tbilisma dasavleTis investorebisaTvis xelsayreli biznesgaremos Sesaqmnelad araerTi nabiji gadadga. magaliTad, msoflio bankis biznesis keTebis 2010 wlis angariSis mixedviT, saqarTvelo xelsayreli biznes garemos mxriv msoflioSi me-11 adgilzea _ da es maCvenebeli yvela yofili sabWoTa respublikis maCvenebels aRemateba.

gancxadebam, rom amerikis uZravi qonebis bazris magnati donald trampi TbilisSi mSeneblobis wamowyebas apirebs, bevr qarTvels imedi Causaxa, rom qveyanaSi ucxouri investiciebis mozidvis krizisi dasrulda. 22 seqtembers trampma `silq roud jgufTan~ TanamSromlobis werils moawera xeli. qarTvelebis mier dafuZebuli es saerTaSoriso developeruli kompania TbilisSi sacxovrebeli saxlebis mSeneblobiT aris dakavebuli. evrazianetisTvis micemul interviuSi trampis warmomadgenelma, maikl koenma investiciis raodenoba, dafinansebis saxe da dagegmili mSeneblobis moculoba ar daakonkreta. Tumca man prezident saakaSvils da `silq roud jgufs~ biznespartniorad trampis arCeva `piradad miuloca.~

statia gamoqveynda vebgverdze www.eurasianet.org

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erTad aRvniSnoT paliatiuri mzrunvelobisa da hospisebis saerTaSoriso dRe
yovel wels, ganukurnebeli seniT daavadebuli milionobiT adamiani gausaZlis tkivils da sulier tanjvas ganicdis, rac maT srulfasovani da Rirseuli cxovrebis gagrZelebis saSualebas ar aZlevs. aseTi daavadebebis ricxvs miekuTvneba Sidsi, kibo IV stadiaSi, gul-sisxlZarRvTa da nevrologiuri daavadebebi... es adamianebi paliatiuri pacientebi arian, romelTac paliatiuri mzrunveloba esaWiroebaT. paliatiuri mzrunveloba mravalprofiluri mzrunvelobaa, romlis upirvelesi amocanaa ganukurnebeli seniT daavadebuli pirebisaTvis tkivilis moxsna, maTi socialuri da fsiqologiuri daxmareba da sulieri Tanadgomis gaweva. hospisebi ki is dawesebulebebia, sadac am adamianebs cxovrebis ukanaskneli dReebSi, rogorc fizikur, aseve sulier Tanadgomas uweven. dResdReobiT saqarTveloSi ori hospisi funqcionirebs. erTi _ onkoprevenciis centrTan arsebuli, meore ki fericvalebis dedaTa monasterSi. 9 oqtombers paliatiuri mzrunvelobisa da hospisebis dRe mTel msoflioSi aRiniSneba. am dResTan dakavSirebuli wlevandeli slogania Sharing the Care (saerTo sazrunavi). wels sxva qveynebTan erTad saqarTveloc erTveba am saerTaSoriso iniciativaSi, imisaTvis, rom Cveni mzrunveloba da pativiscema gamovxatoT ukurnebeli seniT daavadebuli adamianebisa da maTi ojaxebis mimarT. saqarTveloSi es dRe fond `Ria sazogadoeba-saqarTvelos~, pirveli ledisa da musikaluri komediisa da dramis saxelmwifo Teatris erToblivi ZalisxmeviT aRiniSneba. saqvelmoqmedo saRamo musikaluri komediisa da dramis saxelmwifo TeatrSi 9 oqtombers, 18:00 saaTze cnobili qarTveli mxatvrebis namuSevrebis auqcioniT gaixsneba da klasikuri/jazuri musikis koncertiT dasruldeba. RonisZiebaze mowveul stumrebs SesaZlebloba eqnebaT, Semowirulobis saxiT daexmaron saqarTveloSi arsebuli hospisebis ganviTarebas da rac SeiZleba met adamians Seumsubuqon darCenili dReebi.
pol devid hiuson (bono) irlandiuri rok jgufi, U2
sicocxleSi yvelafers akeTeb imisaTvis, rom Rirseba SeinarCuno. sikvdilis Semdeg ki amas SenTvis ukve sxva adamianebi akeTeben. paliatiuri mzrunvelobis daniSnuleba Zalian axlos dgas Rirsebis SenarCunebis arsTan. hospisTan pirvelad Sexeba maSin momiwia, sanam mama kibosgan gardaicvleboda. hospisSi momuSave adamianebi angelozebiviT arian. isini adamianebs sicocxlis ukanasknel karamde acileben. isini TiTqos momakvdavis momaval cxovrebaSi gadamyvanebi arian. is simyudrove da Sveba, rasac es adamianebi pacientebs aZleven, imdenad Zlieria, rom mTel ojaxze, megobrebze, kolegebze axdens gavlenas. sicocxlis ukanaskneli, umZimesi dReebis hospisSi gatareba adamianisTvis dalocvaa. yvelaze Rarib qveynebSi, sadac uamravi adamiani sicocxlisaTvis ibrZvis, sikvdilis kondicia Zalian rTuli gadasatania. is, Tu rogor vzrunavT avadmyof da momakvdav adamianze, Cveni adamianurobisa da humanurobis utyuari maCvenebelia (lakmusis testi). Cven unda vibrZoloT Tanaswori sikvdilisaTvis, rogorc vibrZviT TanasworobisaTvis sicocxleSi.

elton joni
saukeTeso xarisxiani mkurnalobis miReba maSin, rodesac adamiani avadmyofobis terminalur stadiaze imyofeba, yoveli adamianis uflebaa, Tumca am uflebas, bevr qveyanaSi, bevri adamiani moklebulia. Cven unda gavagebinoT yvela qveynis xelisuflebas, rom es dauSvebelia. gTxovT, SemomierTdeT am wamowyebaSi da mivawvdinoT Cveni xma, maT, visac am problemis gadaWra SeuZliaT.

ori azri
momxre qeTi xuciSvili `fondi Ria sazogadoeba-saqarTvelo~, aRmasrulebeli direqtori termini `samoqalaqo sazogadoeba~, romelic XVIII saukunis evropeli filosofosebis naSromebSi gamoCnda da Semdeg aleqsis de tokvilis wignSi `amerikis demokratia~ kristalizda, dRemde sxvadasxvagvarad aRiqmeba. Tavad tokvili mas ganmartavda, rogorc moqalaqeTa Tavisufali asociaciebis monawileobas demokratiis ganviTarebaSi da rogorc individisa da saxelmwifos damakavSirebel sivrces. XX saukunis 80-ian wlebSi, aRmosavleT evropaSi komunisturi reJimis winaaRmdeg moZraobis dasawyisSi, samoqalaqo sazogadoeba esmodaT, rogorc saxelmwifosgan damoukidebeli gaerTianebebis erToblioba da totalitarul saxelmwifosTan dapirispirebuli sfero. saqarTveloSi samoqalaqo organizaciebis Camoyalibeba 80-iani wlebis dasasruls daiwyo, roca Seiqmna ilia WavWavaZis sazogadoeba, saxalxo fronti da sxvani. sazogadoebaSi gazrdilma dapirispirebam da samoqalaqo omma am jgufebs bunebrivi ganviTarebis saSualeba ar misca, zogi maTgani ama Tu im politikur ZalasTan asocirda, zogi ki gauCinarda. meore talRa 90-iani wlebis Suidan daiwyo; qveyanaSi Semosuli saerTaSoriso donorebi mzad iyvnen, daxmarebodnen samoqalaqo aqtivobas, arCevnebze dakvirvebis process, adamianis uflebaTa dacvas. am periodSi mravali inteleqtualisTvis `en-ji-o~ gaxda erTgvari niSa, sadac iyo rogorc Tavisufali azrovnebis, aseve wesieri da anazRaurebadi Sromis saSualeba. maT garda, am jgufebSi CaerTo mravali iseTic, visTvisac samoqalaqo da liberalur Rirebulebebze ufro mniSvnelovani normaluri cxovrebis pirobebi iyo. 2000-2003 wlebSi saxelmwifos da xelisuflebis dasustebis fonze, moxda samoqalaqo seqtoris arabunebrivi gafarToeba da, faqtobrivad, gadatvirTva ararealizebuli energiiT. nawilma (rogorc maleve aRmoCnda) ukve xelisuflebaSi mosvlaze da qveynis marTvis xelSi aRebaze daiwyo fiqri. 2003 wlis revoluciis Semdeg moxda erTi nawilis xelisuflebaSi `gadineba~, meore (ufro mcire) nawilisa ki _ opozociur partiebSi. es, albaT, bunebrivi procesi iyo, magram misma siswrafem darCenili organizaciebi dasustebulad warmoaCina. dasustebas xeli Seuwyo, erTi mxriv, xelisuflebam, romelmac alternatiuli azris ignorirebis da sajaro sivrcis SezRudvis paralelurad daiwyo sazogadoebis dayofa `momxre~ da `opoziciur~ jgufebad, meore mxriv ki - donorebma, romlebmac yuradReba saxel-

arsebobs Tu ara d samoqalaqo s
mwifos daxmarebaze gadaitanes da samoqalaqo seqtori daiviwyes. bolo wlebis movlenebma aCvena, rom samoqalaqo sazogadoeba ar momkvdara. igi transformaciis mtkivneul process gadis da xelaxla yalibdeba, rogorc mniSvnelovani faqtori qveynis ganviTarebaSi. agvistos omis dReebSi ki moqalaqeebis aqtiurma daxmarebam devnilebisadmi cxadyo, rom qveyanaSi arsebobs moxaliseobis didi potencialic. dRes aq arian moqalaqeTa jgufebi, romlebic ibrZvian adamianis uflebaTa da sityvis Tavisuflebis dasacavad, cdiloben garemos gadarCenas an socialurad daucvelebis daxmarebas (grantiT Tu grantis gareSe). SesaZloa, am seqtorSi swored is xalxi darCa, romelTac arc hqoniaT xelisuflebaSi mosvlis pretenzia da romelTa umetesobac mzadaa, sazogadoebis ganviTarebas moaxmaros Tavisi energia. samoqalaqo seqtorSi wlebis manZilze dagrovebuli kompetencia, gamocdileba da sajaro sivrceSi komunikaciebis axali SesaZleblobebis gamoCena aucileblad moitans samoqalaqo aqtivobis sivrcis gafarToebas da axali iniciativebis SesaZleblobas.

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liberali . oqtomberi 2010 . № 46

ori azri
fikis gamo adamianebs Cvens qveyanaSi ar aqvT TviTorganizebis gamocdileba, Cvevebi da survili (erTaderTi gamonaklisi, am mxriv, mitingia, rac ufro erTjeradi aqtia, vidre xangrZlivi muSaoba); b) gavlenisaTvis saWiro resursebis TiTqmis mTliani koncentracia saxelmwifos xelSi. amis mTavari mizezi, cxadia, swored samoqalaqo kulturis ararsebobaa, magram es koncentracia, Tavis mxriv, xels uSlis samoqalaqo kulturis Camoyalibebasac. am ori mizezis gamoa, rom TiTqmis mudam erTaderTi gza, romliTac en-ji-oebi raRac Sedegis miRwevas cdiloben, saxelmwifo struqturebTan TanamSromloba an saxelmwifo struqturebze zewolaa. en-ji-oebi dRes swored am principis mixedviT arian orad gayofilni: isini, romlebic TanamSromloben da isini, romlebic zewolas cdiloben. efeqti orive SemTxvevaSi Zalian mcirea: saxelmwifosa da en-ji-os TanamSromlobaSi gadamwyvet rols yovelTvis saxelmwifo asrulebs, xolo zewola TiTqmis arasodes aRwevs mizans, Tu mas saerTaSoriso organizaciebis an partniori saxelmwifoebis warmomadgenlebis pirdapiri Careva ar mohyveba. aq mivediT erT saintereso daskvnamde: samoqalaqo sazogadoebis rols CvenSi dRes, ZiriTadad, swored ucxo qveynis diplomatiuri warmomadgenlobebi an saerTaSoriso organizaciebi asruleben. swored isini dganan liberaluri Rirebulebebis sadarajoze da axseneben rogorc saxelmwifo, ise _ arasamTavrobo subieqtebs maTi dacvis aucileblobas. arsebuli situcia namdvilad araa saxarbielo. magram arsebobs Tu ara ganviTarebis perspeqtivebi? erTi cvlileba, romelic am sferoSi ukanaskneli ori wlis manZilze xdeba, dakavSirebulia internetTan. esaa sivrce, sadac Zalian swrafad moxda politikuri poziciebisa da ideologiebis artikulireba, xdeba pozitiuri socialuri kapitalis (anu ndobis) dagroveba moqalaqeebs Soris da sadac virusuli siswrafiT vrceldeba axali ideebi, sentimentebi, argumentebi da informacia. esaa sivrce, sadac erTmaneTs erwymis feisbuqi, televiziebi, radioebi, forumebi, Jurnal-gazeTebi, blogebi, sxvadasxvaenovani sainformacio saitebi. cxadia, am sivrcidan ar unda velodeT swraf, myisier gavlenas sazogadoebaze, magram swored es sivrce iqneba gadamwyveti ufro neli da Rrma cvlilebebis momzadebis procesSi. rac Seexeba arsebuli samoqalaqo sazogadoebis (anu enji-oebis, aseve liberaluri jgufebis) ufro myisier gavlenas sazogadoebriv procesebze, es dakavSirebuli iqneba 2012-2013 wlebis cvlilebebTan politikur sistemaSi. wamyvan rols samoqalaqo sazogadoeba verc aq Seasrulebs, magram krizisul mdgomareobebSi samoqalaqo seqtoris wona SeiZleba, mniSvnelovnad gaizardos da kritikulic ki gaxdes.

dRes saqarTveloSi sazogadoeba?
mowinaaRmdege giga zedania ilias saxelmwifo universitetis profesori dRes samoqalaqo sazogadoeba saqarTveloSi imdenad sustia, rom aris cduneba, is ararsebulad CaTvalo. saqarTveloSi ar arsebobs wevrobaze dafuZnebuli organizaciebi. en-ji-oebi, romelTa erTobliobasac samoqalaqo sazogadoebas vuwodebT, masebis mier aRiqmeba, rogorc ucxo fenomeni, romelic ar gamoxatavs umravlesobis interesebs. moqalaqeTa absoluturi umravlesoba araa gawevrianebuli arcerT nebayoflobiT organizaciaSi (xolo is organizaciebi, romlebic dakavSirebulia marTlmadidebel aRmsareblobasTan (mag., mmk) ver CaiTvleba samoqalaqo sazogadoebis nawilad, radgan isini avrceleben Rirebulebebs, romlebic uaryofs gansxvavebuli azris Semwynareblobas da pluralizms; maT erTobliobas ufro araciviluri sazogadoeba SeiZleba, vuwodoT). am viTarebas ori ZiriTadi mizezi aqvs: a) samoqalaqo kulturis ararseboba. istoriuli speci-

liberali . oqtomberi 2010 . № 46

9

mTavari Tema

fotoebi levan xerxeuliZe

nino burjanaZe saxalxo krebaze, Tbilisi, 29 seqtemberi 2010

politika

roca opozicia gadawyvets, rom droa, politikas daubrundes, mas bevri siurprizi elis.
sofo bukia
`qalbatonebo da batonebo, mogesalmebiT. saxalxo krebis mosamzadebel konferencia-Sexvedras gaxsnilad vacxadeb!~ _ gaisma msaxiob gogi qavTaraZis Teatraluri xma filarmoniis did sakoncerto darbazSi. parteri da aivani savsea Tbiliseli da regionebidan Camosuli aqtivistebiT, romlebsac specialuri mosawvevebi uWiravT xelSi. `amas winaT erT SesaniSnav darbaisel kacs Sevxvdi Tbilisis quCebSi,~ _ agrZelebs gamosvlas gogi qavTaraZe. `Zalian Tavdaxrili midioda, Cumad, da raRaca awuxebda. mivedi mokrZalebiT da vkiTxe _ rame xom ar gtkivaT-meTqi. moulodneli iyo pasuxi _ gaCerda, Tavisi Wkviani TvalebiT Semomxeda da miTxra _ saqarTvelo mtkivao. Cven yvelas saqarTvelo gvtkiva. am tkivils daameba unda. gaverTiandeT, win aRvudgeT ukeTurobas da gavimarjvebT aucileblad! WkuiT, qarTvelebo!~ `miSa, mixeil saakaSvili satanistur movaleobas asrulebs da misi umTavresi ganzraxva aris mospos da

sad aris opozicia?
gaaCanagos qarTveli eri,~ _ ambobs mikrofonTan elizbar javeliZe. `gindaT am xelisuflebis moSoreba? maSin davdgeT erTad da saxalxo winaaRmdegobis gziT daviwyoT saakaSvilis xelisuflebis demontaJisTvis brZola!~ _ mimarTavs darbazs nona gafrindaSvili. Sekrebaze misuli 4 aTasi adamiani taSs ukravs. zogi fexze dgeba da gulze mjiRs icems: `Tu bevrni viqnebiT, amaT bolos movuRebT!~ rom ara garemontebuli filarmonia da plazmuri ekrani, 2010 wlis 29

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liberali . oqtomberi 2010 . № 46

mTavari Tema
`mmarTvel partias yovelTvis meti resursi aqvs, vidre opoziciurs. es yvelgan asea. Tumca, opozicias unda axsovdes, rom politikur scenaze yvelaferi resursebis flobiT ar ganisazRvreba. partiis pozicia, platforma da misi mTavari kandidatebi saqarTvelos mosaxleobis moTxovnebs da molodinebs unda exmianebodes.~

nona gafrindaSvili saxalxo krebaze, Tbilisi, 29 seqtemberi 2010

saxalxo krebaze iyo naCvenebi 2008 wlis agvistos movlenebis amsaxveli video masala, Tbilisi, 29 seqtemberi 2010

seqtembers Catarebuli es Sekreba gasuli saukunis partiuli yriloba gegonebodaT. am krebis mTavari momxseneblebi politikosebi ar yofilan. isini scenaze gamomsvlelebs parteridan usmendnen. politikuri miznebis miRwevis gzebze da dafinansebis wyaroebze Jurnalistebis uxerxul SekiTxvebsac maT nacvlad damsaxurebuli msaxiobebi, mwerlebi da moWadrakeebi pasuxobdnen. `Semowirulobebs velodebiT. dafinansebis wyaro ar vici~,_ ganacxada `liberalTan~ saubarSi sainiciativo jgufis wevrma nona gafrindaSvilma. miuxedavad imisa, rom scenaze ar gamoCenila, sayovelTao yuradRebis centrSi mainc nino burjanaZe iyo. igi darbazSi xalxis mier mowveuli sapatio statusiT imyofeboda, Tumca Sexvedris organizebisTvis ma-

dlobebs mainc mas uxdidnen da mxardaWeras mas hpirdebodnen. kreba konkretuli SedegiT dasrulda _ gamocxadda Semdegi krebis gamarTvis TariRi. igi noemberSi Catardeba. es Zvelmoduri Tavyriloba bolo ramdenime Tvis ganmavlobaSi TiTqmis erTaderTi maniSnebeli iyo imisa, rom Turme am xelisuflebas kritikosebi kidev hyolia. adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebSi mmarTveli gundisa da misi kandidatis gamarjvebis Semdeg, politikur procesebSi yvelaze naklebad CarTul adamianebsac ki gauCndaT kiTxva - sad aris opozicia? yvelas Tavisi argumenti aqvs: `is, rom ar vCandiT, zafxulis bralia. sadme kurortze ki ar viyaviT, ubralod ase xdeba. erTi politikuri sezoni damTavrda da mimdinareobs analizi _ xdeba ZalTa gadana-

wileba, Sida diskusia~, _ ganmartavs konservatori kaxa kukava. `SeiZleba, xSirad ar vCanvarT, magram vagrovebT masalas, rac aucilebeli iqneba Cveni sityvis TqmisTvis. xatovnad rom vTqvaT, qvebis Segrovebis procesSi varT. mova dro da am qvebsac visvriT~, _ ambobs kaxa seTuriZe salome zurabiSvilis `saqarTvelos gzidan.~ `agvistos Tvidan gadarTulebi varT Sidapartiuli struqturis ganviTarebaze. Cveni mizania, momavali wlis maisis bolos saqarTvelos TiTqmis yvela regionSi adgilobrivi organizacia gvqondes~,_ ambobs Tea wulukiani irakli alasanias partiidan. roca opozicia gadawyvets, rom ukve yvelaferi gaaanaliza da droa, politikas daubrundes, mas bevri siurprizi elis. magaliTad, axali konstitucia. mis

liberali . oqtomberi 2010 . № 46

11

mTavari Tema
miRebamde sul raRac erTi saparlamento mosmena darCa. an kidev axali sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsi, romelic ukve pirvel oqtombers Sevida ZalaSi da sasamarTlo sistemaSi mniSvnelovan cvlilebebs gulisxmobs. amasobaSi, Seicvala sagadasaxado kodeqsic. ganaTlebis sistemaSic siaxleebia, rac aseve opoziciis, rogorc politikur movlenebze mTavari damkvirveblis, monawileobis gareSe moxda. rodesac, maisis arCevnebis Semdeg, irakli alasaniam Tavis konkurents gamarjveba miuloca, bevri politikuri komentatori qarTuli opoziciis cxovrebaSi axal eras winaswarmetyvelebda. isini varaudobdnen, rom am arCevnebSi konstruqciulma opoziciam saxelisuflebo kandidatis damarcxeba Tu ara, opoziciur moedanze mTavar moTamaSed gadaqceva moaxerxa. xelisuflebis bolodroindeli iniciativebic politikur procesebSi CarTulobisa da Tavis gamoCenis yvelaze met Sanss swored konstruqciul opozicias aZlevda. sakonstitucio cvlilebebma qveynis saTaveSi minimum 2018 wlamde am xelisuflebis darCena unda uzrunvelyos. nebismieri opoziciuri ZalisTvis es araCveulebrivi sababia imisaTvis, rom safuZvliani kritikis meSveobiT qulebi daagrovos da amomrCevels sakuTari inteleqtualuri resursic aCvenos. opoziciam, romelic mTeli zafxulis ganmavlobaSi isvenebda, am procesSi veranairi damatebiTi qula ver daagrova. oponentebis pasiurobam, sakonstitucio cvlilebebi xelisuflebis eqskluziur Temad aqcia da sazogadoebis CarTulobac minimumamde daiyvana. amerikis SeerTebuli Statebis elCis moadgile kent logsdoni saqarTveloSi politikuri partiebis mTavar problemebze saubrisas ambobs: `partiebis mizani, pirvel rigSi, sazogadoebasTan pirdapiri urTierToba da xalxis ideis garSemo ga-

zurab noRaideli

erTianeba unda iyos. saqarTveloSi politikuri partiebis mTavar problemad rCeba xalxisTvis mniSvnelovan sakiTxebze Camoyalibebuli politikuri platformis SeTavazeba.~ politikuri ZalisTvis, romelic xelisuflebaSi mosvlas konstituciuri gziT apirebs, gadamwyveti TariRi 2012 wlis noemberia. platformas da ideologias rom Tavi davaneboT, saparlamento arCevnebamde 2 wliT adre amomrCevelma, sul mcire, is unda icodes, ra hqvia partias. mcire eqsperimenti: internet-saZiebo sistemebis daxmarebis gareSe daajgufeT liderebi da partiebi.
liderebi a) nino burjanaZe partiebi 1. `moZraoba samarTliani saqarTvelosTvis~ b) irakli alasania 2. `demokratiuli moZraoba _ erTiani saqarTvelo~ g) zurab noRaideli 3. `Cveni saqarTvelo _ Tavisufali demokratebi~

axali konstitucia, romelic sazafxulo ardadegebidan dabrunebul opozicias ukve gamzadebuli daxvdeba, partiebs qveynis politikur cxovrebaSi sruliad axal rols akisrebs. SesaZloa, es erTgvari fandia xelisuflebis, romelsac wasvla ar unda, magram axali konstituciis gadakiTxva mainc Rirs. `axla ukve saqarTveloSi partiebi maTsave SemadgenlobaSi saarCevno kandidatebsa da komisiis wevrebs unda arCevdnen da maT treningebze unda zrunavdnen. ra Tqma unda, partiebs ukve unda hqondeT Camoyalibebuli platforma, problemebis CamonaTvali da maTi mogvarebis gzebi, raTa arCevnebze myari mesijiT wardgnen. ungreTSi, magaliTad, partiebi maJoritaruli kandidatebis SerCevas ukve arCevnebamde ori wliT adre iwyeben~,_ ambobs anrea qerbsi, saerTaSoriso respublikuri institutidan. sakuTar pasiurobaSi opozicionerebi ZiriTadad mTavrobas adanaSauleben. maTi pretenziebi xSirad samarTliania _ isini xelisuflebas arajansaRi saarCevno garemos Se-

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mTavari Tema

irakli alasania

zviad ZiZiguri da levan gaCeCilaZe

qmnaSi, administraciuli resursis ukanono gamoyenebasa da absolutur media-kontrolSi deben brals. isini acxadeben, rom xelisuflebis SiSiT opozicias arc biznesmenebi afinanseben. amerikis erovnul-demokratiuli institutis direqtori luis navaro opoziciis pasiurobaze `liberalTan~ saubarSi ambobs: `ra Tqma unda, mmarTvel partias yovelTvis meti resursi aqvs, vidre opoziciurs. es yvelgan asea. Tumca, opozicias unda axsovdes, rom politikur scenaze yvelaferi resursebis flobiT ar ganisazRvreba. partiis pozicia, platforma da misi mTavari kandidatebi saqarTvelos mosaxleobis moTxovnebs da molodinebs unda exmianebodes. amas ki materialur resursze metad partiuli muSaoba sWirdeba.~ swored opoziciuri partiebis struqturuli gaZlierebisTvis ucxouri organizaciebi da saelCoebi yovelwliurad mniSvnelovan Tanxas gamoyofen. `Cven uzrunvelvyofT maT treningebiT, seminarebiT da rCevebiT. Cven ver moviZiebT maTTvis finansebs, ma-

gram vurCevT, Tu rogor unda moiZion sponsorebi. amas garda, partiebTan individualuradac vmuSaobT da maT wliuri gegmebis SedgenaSi vexmarebiT~,_ ambobs anrea qerbsi. axal politikur sezonze nacionalur mediaSi opozicia pirvelad 29 seqtembers gamoCnda. filarmoniis sakoncerto darbazidan vrcel reportaJSi erTmaneTs enacvlebodnen 90-iani wlebis personaJebi, 90-iani wlebis lozungebiTa da muqarebiT. opozicioneri politikosebi ki amave reportaJSi erTmaneTs akritikebdnen da tradiciulad, SesaZlo gadajgufeba-gadmojgufebas uaryofdnen, an adasturebdnen. `opozicia did dros xarjavs erTmaneTSi da erTmaneTze subarSi, rac mosaxleobisTvis mosawyeni da mosabezrebelia. amas mTavrobac uwyobs xels tele-mediaze gavlenis meSveobiT, romlic erTmaneTze molaparake daqsaqsul opozicias uCvenebs~,_ ambobs erovnul demokratiuli institutis yofili direqtori saqarTveloSi mark maleni. opoziciis marginalizaciis safrTxe realuria _ Tu is isev gaemijne-

ba mniSvnelovan procesebs, gaeqceva mTavar sakiTxebze saqmian msjelobas da ar eqneba gamokveTili platforma, romelic mxolod Sidapartiul dokumentad darCeba. Tu verc erTma opoziciurma Zalam ver moaxerxa axali realobis gaTvaliswineba, es niSnavs, rom 2012 wlis mowvevis parlamentSi igive suraTi iqneba: mmarTveli partia _ konstituciuri umravlesobiT, `opozicia~ki _ imdeni, ramdenic xelisuflebas unda. danarCenebs `saakaSvilis xelisuflebis demontaJisTvis~ brZola 2020 welsac sakoncerto darbazebidan mouwevT. 2007 wlis oqtomberSi, maSin, roca opoziciuri moZraoba yvelaze aqtiuri iyo, mixeil saakaSvilma, romelic Tavisi prezidentobis adreul wlebSi mudmivad qilikobda opoziciaze, Tqva: `me rom dRes opoziciaSi viyo, seriozul problemebs Sevuqmnidi am mTavrobas.~ karga xania, saakaSvils opoziciaze augi ar uTqvams, igi maT mxolod aqebs. statiaze muSaobdnen nana sajaia da nino gogua.

liberali . oqtomberi 2010 . № 46

13

foto levan xerxeuliZe

Tvalsazrisi

ratom vCqarobT?
mark maleni
saqarTveloSi mosaxleobis umravlesobas konstituciis sakiTxi ar anaRvlebs. gansxvavebebi organul kanons, Cveulebriv kanons, konstituciasa da sxvadasxva regulacias Soris bevrisTvis bundovania. konstituciis saukeTeso ganmarteba aseTia: kontraqti moqalaqeebsa da saxelmwifos Soris. rogorc yvela kargi kontraqti, isic ar unda iyos zedmetad vrceli. dawerili unda iyos martivi eniT, ise, rom yvelam gaigos. detalebi naklebad mniSvnelovania, radgan maTi Sevseba mogvianebiT parlamentis mier miRebuli kanonebiT SeiZleba. konstituciis mizania, daawesos, Tu rogor imuSavebs mTavroba, ra uflebebi eqneba mas da ra uflebebi eqneba xalxs. biznesis erT-erTi upirvelesi kanonis mixedviT, Tu vinmesTan kontraqts unda moawero xeli da meore mxare umizezod Cqarobs, araviTar SemTxvevaSi ar unda gaaformo es kontraqti. ubralod, uari unda Tqva. am dokumentSi aucileblad iqneba raime damaluli detali, romelic uaxloes momavalSi dagazianebs. am statias xuTSabaTs, seqtembris bolo dRes vwer. iuridiuli komitetis sxdomidan movdivar da yvelaferi ise Cans, rom konstituciaSi cvlilebebs parlamenti xval, plenarul meore mosmenaze miiRebs. amiT parlamentSi myofi politikuri liderebi saSinel Secdomas uSveben. konstituciis miRebis procesi aucileblad unda Seneldes. xelisuflebaSi amboben, rom amis Sesaxeb ukve weliwadze metia, rac saubroben. es teqnikurad simarTlea, magram radgan diskusias formaluri procedurebi ar hqonia, amgvari diskusia, faqtobrivad, arc iTvleba. Tu vinme odesme parlamentSi, an romelime warmomadgenlobiT organoSi muSaobda an damkvirvebeli yofila, ecodineba, rom procedura yvelafers gansazRvravs. Tu procedura ar arsebobs, diskusia wreze trialebs da mis beds Zalauflebis mqoneni gansazRvraven. konstituciuri an rame sxva saxis diskusiis gamarTvis saukeTeso gza, pirvel rigSi, imis gansazRvraa, Tu vin miiRebs monawileobas da rogor Sedgeba ganrigi. ganrigi unda iyos mkacri, zogadi diskusiiT unda daiwyos da ufro specifikuri detalebis ganxilvaSi gadaizardos. ganrigisa da proceduris gareSe, Tavmjdomare imas gaakeTebs, rac unda. ivlisamde SesaZlo cvlilebebis pirveladi versiac ki ar arsebobda. azri, rom qarTvelebi ivliss da agvistos konstituciis cvlilebebis ganxilvaSi gaatarebdnen, suleluria. aranairi dawerili ganrigi ar arsebula. Tu sakonstitucio komisia garkveviT ityoda, rom 24 seqtemberi pirveli mosmenis TariRi iqneboda, xalxs ukve eqneboda dro saboloo vadamde samuSaod. aseTi daTqmuli TariRi ar yofila. mTavrobam nafici msajulebis instituti imisTvis SemoiRo, rom xalxis sasamarTlosTan daaxloeba surs. Cemi azriT, es saukeTeso gzaa da saqarTveloSi nafici msajulebis instituts sruliad vuWer mxars. konstituciaSi cvlilebebis Setanis process ki xalxi konstituciasTan an mTavrobasTan axlos namdvilad ar mihyavs. ucnauria, rom am daCqarebuli tempebis fonze, konstitucia ZalaSi 2013 wlamde ar Seva. ratom? mniSvnelovania, es kargad gaviazroT. Tu es cvlilebebi sistemuri gaumjobesebaa, axlave ratom ar Sedis ZalaSi? da Tu 2013 wlamde ar aris saWiro misi ZalaSi Sesvla, maSin ratom ar aviRebT kidev ramdenime Tves, rom mSvidad ganvixiloT? Cveulebrivi kanonisTvisac ki or mosmenas Soris mxolod erTkviriani Sualedi, Zalian cotaa. konstituciaze xom saubaric zedmetia. miuxedavad imisa, legaluria Tu ara Tavad konstituciis modeli, Cans, rom mis miRebas zedmetad vCqarobT. ratom? konstitucia 2001 wels Seicvala da es maSin cotam Tu SeamCnia. 2003 wlis Semodgomaze ki ukve yvela mixvda, rom SevardnaZem konstitucia imisTvis Secvala, rom 2004 wlis saprezidento arCevnebSi Zalauflebis realuri gadacema ar daeSva. es iyo umTavresi mizezi, ris gamoc, axlandelma xelisuflebis wevrebma 2003 wlis 22 noembers saparlamento sesiis Catareba ar dauSves da me moxaruli var, rom swored ase moiqcnen. 2004 wlis 4 Tebervals, sami dRis diskusiis Semdeg, axali xelisuflebis interesebis dasakmayofileblad, konstituciaSi axali cvlilebebi Sevida. amis Semdeg konstituciaSi kidev bevri cvlileba Seitanes. darwmunebuli var, rom axal cvlilebebsac male miiReben. momaval TveSi Cveni yuradReba nafici msajulebis institutis danergvisken da sxva axali ambebisken iqneba mipyrobili. rodesac 2013 weli dadgeba, konstitucias kvlav SevxedavT da, albaT, gavocdebiT, roca aRmovaCenT, Tu ra Secvala man sinamdvileSi. kontraqtis siCqareSi gaformeba yovelTvis cudi ideaa. inglisuridan Targmna giorgi cxadaiam.

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liberali . oqtomberi 2010 . № 46

msoflio
amerikis SeerTebuli Statebi

CrdiloeTis varskvlavi: ledi peilinis xmauri da mZvinvareba
`sadac unda mivyavdeT gzas, CrdiloeTis varkvlavi yovelTvis Sinisken migviTiTebs~, _ sara peilini, 2009 weli
sem devisi

sara peilini

rodesac `vaniti fearis~ reportiorma maikl ioseb grosma amqveyniuri amaoebis seqtembris nomerSi sara peilinis vrcel portrets `xmauri da mZvinvareba~ daarqva, Zneli saTqmelia, folknerze fiqrobda Tu Seqspirze. sara peilinis gulmxurvale momxreebisTvis, grosis statia ufro makbetidanaa: `idiotis sruliad umniSvnelo monayoli savse xmauriTa da mZvinvarebiT~; liberali feministebisTvis kidev erTi Tavdasxmaa, zogadad, lider qalze, Tavad sarasTvis ki

sakmaod konkretuli SesaZlebloba _ ar moakldes nacionaluri mediis yuradReba. yofili mis vasilas da aliaskas silamazis konkursis mesame prizioris saxeli pirvelad aliaskas gareT amerikelebma 2008 wlis 29 agvistos gaiges, rodesac, yvelasTvis moulodnelad, axalgazrda gubernatori gamocdilma jon maqkeinma vice-prezidentobis kandidatad daasaxela da Tqva: `peilini zustad isaa, vinc ase gvWirdeba, mec da qveyanasac, Zveli

vaSingtonis politikis dasamarcxeblad.~ bevris azriT, peilinma 2008 wels maqkeini daamarcxa da misi saprezidento ambiciebi daasamara, 2012Si ki SeuZlia, prezident obamas meore vadis TiTqmis dasamarebuli Sansebi gaacocxlos. internet gamocema `politikos~ da jorj vaSingtonis universitetis gamokiTxvaSi, romelic 26 seqtembers gamoqveynda, 44 procenti ambobs rom 2012 wels nebismier SemTxvevaSi obamas winaaRmdeg miscems xmas da mxolod 38

liberali . oqtomberi 2010 . № 46

15

msoflio
procenti miiCnevs, rom prezidentma meore vadiT arCeva daimsaxura. Tumca, aris Sansi, rom barak obamam arCevnebi moigos – mxolod im SemTxvevaSi, Tu misi mowinaaRmdege kandidati sara peilini iqneba. dRes obama peilins 8 procentiani sxvaobiT ugebs. am gamokiTxvis mixedviT, sara peilini gansakuTrebiT qalebs ar moswonT _ 54 procenti misdami uaryofiTad aris ganwyobili. am qalebs SesaZloa, ukve wakiTxuli hqondaT Jurnal `veniTi fearSi~ dabeWdili misi portreti. `xmauri da mZvinvareba~ gamokiTxvamde erTi kviriT adre, 2 seqtembers gamoqveynda. maikl grosis peilini gulgrili deda, moZalade coli, despoti ufrosi, matyuara politikosi da Caketili, egocentruli, SurismaZiebeli qalia TiTqmis ledi peilini. tizmiTaa gaJRenTili: sabrZolo himnebi, samxedro Zlierebis amsaxveli da jariskacebis pativsacemi videorgolebi, droSebi da saubrebi diad qveyanaze, romelic maT unda daibrunon. `ar mivcemT saSualebas, gagvaCumon! noemberSi Cven davibrunebT Cven qveyanas!~ _ eubneba peilini momxreebs. TiTqos araferi gansakuTrebuli... noembris arCevnebamde bolo praimerebis dros, kandidatTa umetesobam, visac peilinma dauWira mxari, maT Soris, iseTma kandidatebmac, romelTac mcire Sansebi da ufro naklebi unarebi hqondaT, gaimarjves. `Tqven amayad CasWidebixarT Tqven iaraRs da religias~, _ eubneba peilini xalxs wiTel StatebSi, sadac dRemde axsovT, axalma prezidentma maTi ltolva iaraRisa da religiisadmi sayovelTao frustracias rom daaramdenime Tvec ar iyo gasuli, avtobiografiuli wignisTvis damaintrigebeli da inglisur enaze araerTazrovani saTauriT `dinebis winaaRmedg~ (Going Rogue) mxolod avansad 7 milioni dolari aiRo. noemberSi peilinis kidev erTi wigni gamova, amerika guliT (an zepirad) (America by Heart: Reflections on Family, Faith, and Flag) sadac isev ojaxis, rwmenisa da droSebis Sesaxeb isaubrebs. misi, rogorc avtoris, saqmeebs vaSingtonis yvelaze warmatebuli literaturuli agenti, robert beneti ganagebs. peilinis faqtori respublikuri part-elitisTvis orlesuli maxviliviTaa: erTi mxriv, is energia, romelic peilinis momxreebs moaqvs winasaarCevno brZolebSi, respublikelebs Zlier sWirdebaT, meore mxriv, igive energia zedmetad marjvniv miaqanebs partias, da zomier amomrCevels aucxovebs. bolo dros peilini imeorebs, rom margaret tetCeris naxva unda. rkinis ledi, romlis mexsiereba demenciam daafragmenta, politikur mrCevlad, albaT, veRar gamoadgeba, magram peilins garSemo amerikeli konservatori mrCevlebis yvelaze Zlieri jgufi hyavs Semokrebili. `viqli standardis~ redaqtoris uiliam kristolis da misi gundis daxmarebiT, sagareo politikaSi umecari gubernatori axla Zlieri oponentia. misi inteleqtualuri garemocva ambobs, rom ambiciuri da Wkviania da rac mTavaria, gulgrils aravis tovebs. respublikuri olimpos mkvidrebs ki misi ganaTlebis da SesaZleblobebis bolomde ar swamT, seriozuli kampaniis warmoeba erTsulovnad rom miandon. dRes zustad veravin ambobs, emzadeba Tu ara Tavad peilini 2012 wlisTvis. dRes is pop-staria, CrdiloeTis varskvlavi, romelsac bevri siamovnebiT miuTiTebda gzas Sinisaken _ isev aliaskaze. sanam iq iyo, yvelani xom ase mSvidad iyvnen. arc xmauri iyo da arc mZvinvareba.

dRes aliaskas yofili gubernatori, 5000-kaciani qalaqis, vasilas yofili meri multimilioneria.

mcired sxvagvaria peilini, romelic yoveldRe nacionaluri sakabelo axali ambebis dadebiTi da imavdroulad, uaryofiTi personaJia: `Cais msmelebis moZraobis~ wevrebis gulmxurvale, xSirad brma Tayvaniscemis obieqti; mgznebare oratori, romlis yovlad umniSvnelo da zogjer xSiri ganmeorebebisgan gacrecili, azrdakarguli frazebi masebis yurebisa da gulebisken gzas advilad ikvlevs; politikosi, romelmac prezidentis jandacvis reformis debatebSi diskursi ise Secvala, rom dRes reformis xsenebisas yvelas misi fraza `sikvdilis msajulebi~ axsendeba da ara is sikeTeebi, rasac prezidenti am reformiT hpirdeboda; 5 Svilis deda, romelic scenaze yovelTvis SvilebTan da meuRlesTan erTad Cndeba da ojaxis faseulobebze saubrobs. mis gamosvlebzec ojaxebiT dadian. daswreba Zviri Rirs. haeri patrio-

brala. iaraRi da religia Tavadac uyvars. umetes fotoze iaraRiTaa xelSi xan uZrav samizneebs esvris da moZrav cxen-irmebs. meinstrim medias peilini ar uyvars. kargad axsovT peilinis 150 000 dolariani partiuli Sopingi, afrika qveyana rom egona, uzenaesi sasamarTlos gadawyvetilebebi rom ver gaixsena da isic ver Tqva, diliT romel gazeTs ecnoba Wiqa yavasTan. Tavad peilini meinstrim medias `leimstrims~ _ koWls uwodebs da noemberSi sakuTari gadacemis premieras gegmavs, mosalodneli saTauriT da arcTu moulodneli honorariT: `sara peilinis aliaska~-sTvis peilini 2 milionian anazRaurebas miiRebs. dRes aliaskas yofili gubernatori, 5000-kaciani qalaqis, vasilas yofili meri multimilioneria. 2008 wlis noembris damarcxebidan

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liberali . oqtomberi 2010 . № 46

msoflio
20 wlis win

aRmosavleT da dasavleT germaniis gaerTianeba procesia, romelic dResac grZeldeba.
Tamar babuaZe

ori germania

`1.378 kilometri~ _ ase hqvia axal kompiuterul TamaSs, romlis prezentaciac dasavleT germaniis qalaq karlsrueSi xuTSabaTs gaimarTa. dizainis, mediisa da xelovnebis universitetis 23 wlis studentma iens stoberma mZafrsiuJetiani TamaSis arenad dasavleT-aRmosavleT germaniis yofili sazRvari aiRo. moTamaSe TviTon irCevs rols _ iyos gdr-s moqalaqe, romelsac dasavleT germaniaSi gaRweva surs, Tu iyos sazRvris mcveli, romelic daiWers an pirdapir dacxrilavs mas. studenti, romlis ideasac universitetis administraciac uWers mxars, acxadebs, rom TamaSis mizania, axalgazrdebs uaxlesi istoria Seaxsenos, kompiuteruli TamaSebi ki Tineijerebze `gasvlis~ saukeTeso gzaa. mwvave reaqcia, romelic am TamaSis ideas mohyva, erTs mowmobs _ germanelebisTvis warsuli dResac mgrZnobiare Temaa, romlis gadasalaxad 20 wlis manZilze daxarjuli miliardobiT evro sakmarisi ar aRmoCnda.

germania aRniSnavs berlinis kedlis dangrevis 20 wlisTavs

kviras, 3 oqtombers, germaniaSi ori germaniis gaerTianebis TariRi aRniSnes. zustad 20 wlis win germaniis demokratiulma respublikam arseboba Sewyvita da germaniis federaluri respublikis nawilad iqca. msoflioSi arc erTi sxva qveyana ar gamqrala politikuri rukidan ise umtkivneulod, rogorc gdr-i. ori germaniis gaerTianebisTvis axali

konstituciis miRebac ki ar iyo saWiro. rkinis fardis qveS 45 wliani cxovrebis Semdeg, aRmosavleTma 20 Tavisufali weli gaatara erTiani germaniis sazRvrebSi. Tumca, koleqtiuri mexsiereba mainc cocxlobs. swored es mexsiereba gaaRiziana 23 wlis studentis mier mogonilma kompiuterulma TamaSma. Stazis sai-

liberali . oqtomberi 2010 . № 46

17

msoflio
dumlo policiis msxverplTa memorialis direqtorma sasamarTloSi saqmec ki aRZra. rainer vagnerma ki, romelic patara biWi iyo, rodesac aRmosavleT germaniis mesazRvreebma sazRvarze daiWires, `Spigel onlains~ ganucxada: `es iyo saxeSi gartyma. TiTqos isev mesroles tyvia. emociurad zustad igive ganvicade~. dRes germania cdilobs, 21 wlis win dangreuli kedlis emociuri kvali waSalos. im adgilas, sadac odesRac 155 kilometrze iyo berlinis kedeli gadaWimuli, dRes mxolod am kedlis fragmentebia darCenili, rogorc turistuli sanaxaoba. sakontrologamSvebi punqti `Carli~-sgan priala bilbordiRa darCa, quCa ki erT-erT yvelaze mdidrul savaWro raionad gadakeTda. amitom Tu warsuls ar ikvlevT, albaT, yuradRebas arc miaqcevT qalaqis erT-erT mTavar quCaze, unTer den lindenze, uzarmazari Senobis Tavze SemorCenil warweras: aq aRmosavleT berlini iwyeba; arc qalaqis aRmosavleT nawilSi sabWoTa arqiteqturisTvis damaxasiaTebeli mkacri Senobebi mogxvdebaT TvalSi, radgan isini ukve axali, bohemuri da kreatiuli berlinis simbolo gaxda. berlinis meriis spikeri riCard mengi ambobs: `evropaSi bevria lamazi da istoriuli qalaqi, romlebic aRarasdros Seicvleba. magaliTad, parizi, vena, londoni. berlinis mTavari xibli ki mis kreatiulobaSia. berlini dResac gardaqmnaSia, is sul icvleba. axla Sendeba.~ cvlilebebi, romelsac berlini ganicdis, ori germaniis gaerTianebis procesis nawilia. germaniis xelisufleba yvela SesaZlo gziT cdilobs, gaerTianeba warmatebul proeqtad warmoaCinos. Tavdapirveli eiforia, rom gaerTianebisa da CamorCenili aRmosavleTis aRmSeneblobis procesi ramdenime weliwadSi dasruldeboda, gaqra. jer kidev 1991 wels, gaerTianebis wlisTavze, Jurnali `Taimi~ werda: `politikosebi axlaRa xvdebian, ramxela dro da fuli iqneba saWiro. Tavdapirvelad iTqva, rom naprali aRmosavleTsa da dasavleTs Soris 2-3 weliwadSi unda amovsebuliyo. Semdeg 4-5 weli dasaxelda. axla ki amboben, rom gaerTianebas kidev 10 weli sWirdeba~. Tumca, es procesi dasrulebulad arc dRes, 20 wlis Semdeg, iTvleba. ukve wlebia, dasavleT germaniaSi mcxovrebi TiToeuli moqalaqe specialur gadasaxads ixdis, riTac aRmosavleT germaniis mSeneblobas exmareba. 2005 wels am gadasaxadis gadaxdis vada 2019 wlamde gaxangrZlivda. amitom germanelebi xSirad wuwuneben, rom `gaerTianeba Zalian Zviri ujdebaT.~ xelisufleba politikuri mizezebis gamo ar asaxelebs zust Tanxas, Tu ra dajda germaniis gaerTianeba 1989 wlidan dRemde. Tumca, eqspertis TqmiT, mxolod sufTa gadaricxvebiT, aRmosavleT germaniam 1.600 trilioni evro miiRo. laipcigis _ aRmosavleT germaniis istoriuli qalaqis _ meri, burqhard iungi Tavisi qalaqis `saswaulebriv gardaqmnaze~ enTuziazmiT gvesaubreba. arigebs bukletebs, sadac weria, rom dRes laipcigi ganaTlebis, mecnierebisa da media-kompaniebis centria. is hyveba, rogor ganviTarda laipcigSi mcire biznesi, rogor aRdga istoriuli Zeglebis 90 procenti da dabrundnen cnobili dinastiebis STamomavlebi, romlebic meore msoflio omamde laipcigis saqmian elitas qmnidnen. Tumca, naprali or germanias Soris kvlavac arsebobs. quCebSi amweebisa da burRebis monotonuri zuzuni TiTqos miwyda, sabWoTa qarxnebisgan dabinZurebuli haeric, TiTqos, gaiwminda, magram aRmosavleTi jer kidev ver daewia dasavleTs. aRmosavleT germania ganviTarebasTan erTad SesamCnevad `berdeba~. axalgazrdebi aRmosavleTidan isev ise iswrafvian dasavleTisken ukeTesi cxovrebisa da maRalanazRaurebadi samsaxuris saZieblad. `adamianebs Tanasworobis molodini tyuilad SeeqmnaT. Turme, gaerTianeba ar niSnavda uflebas Tanaswori cxovrebisTvis~, _ xSirad gaigonebT germaniaSi. saSualo Taobis aRmosavleT germanelebi dResac, iseve rogorc 20 wlis win, ganzrax Tu qvecnobierad, sakuTar cxovrebas dasavleli germanelebis yofas adareben: iq dResac saSualo xelfasi ufro maRalia, biznesi ufro ganviTarebuli, adamianebi ufro iSviaTad kargaven samsaxurs da advilad pouloben Semosavlis stabilur wyaros. iq adamianebs ufro meti Sansi da garantia aqvT. germaniis universitetebSi dRemde ikvleven _ rogor gardaiqmneba gdrSi dabadebuli adamiani germaniis federaluri respublikis moqalaqed. drezdenisa da laipcigis universitetebis mecnierTa daskvniT, adamianebi, romlebic gdr-dan dasavleTSi gadavidnen sacxovreblad, ufro janmrTelni da daculni arian dabali xelfasiTa da umuSevrobiT gamowveuli stresisa da sasowarkveTisgan. kiTxvaze _ ra dro dasWirdeba dasavleT da aRmosavleT germanelebis erT sazogadoebad Camoyalibebas, drezdenisa da laipcigis universitetebis mkvlevarebma aseTi pasuxebi miiRes: aRmosavleT germanelebis mxolod 18 procenti fiqrobs, rom gaerTianeba ukve moxda. 16 procents sjera, rom amas kidev 6-10 weli sWirdeba. 33 procenti ki fiqrobs, rom es arasdros moxdeba. me-20 3 oqtombers germania isev gaorebuli identobiTa da konkretuli problemebiT Sexvda. aguris kedeli adamianTa cnobierebaSi sagrZnoblad Seirya, magram kvlavac arsebobs. ori germaniis gaerTianeba ki, rogorc istoriaSi erT-erTi yvelaze warmatebuli proeqti, jer mxolod procesia.

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kavkasia
saqarTvelo da CrdiloeT kavkasia

kavkasiuri proeqti
ra unda saqarTvelos CrdiloeT kavkasiaSi?
varvara paxomenko
mdgomareobas bevri oficialur separatizmad afasebs, misi axalgazrda lideri ramzan kadirovi, romelsac, sxvaTaSoris, gacilebiT meti damoukidebloba aqvs, vidre dudaevs da masxadovs erTad aRebuls, putinis erTgul adamianad iTvleba. CrdiloeT kavkasiis bevri subieqtisTvis CeCneTis magaliTi sakmarisi aRmoCnda, raTa ruseTisgan gamoyofis Tema arc ki wamoeWra. bevrs ki, federalur centrTan uTanxmoebebis miuxedavad, amaze arasodes ufiqria. meore omis Semdeg CeCneTis respublikis paralelurad arsebuli iCqeriis CeCnuri respublika dRes mxolod virtualurad arsebobs. 2007 wels misma prezidentma doku umarovma „iCqeriis dasasrulis“ Sesaxeb ganacxada. iCqeriis mxardamWerebis umravlesoba sazRvargareTaa, respublikis kidev erTi lideris _ axmed zakaevis CaTvliT. sxvebi ki iZulebulni gaxdnen, kadirovis CeCneTSi cxovrebas Seguebodnen. iCqeriasTan damSvidobebis Semdeg iatakqveSeTis liderma doku umarovma 2007 wels „kavkasiis emiratis“ _ CrdiloeT kavkasiis islamuri saxelmwifos Seqmnis Sesaxeb ganacxada, romelic msoflio xalifatis SemadgenlobaSi unda Sesuliyo. iatakqveSeTis mizans emiratis moRalateebisgan gaTavisufleba warmoadgenda. amasTan aRniSnuli iyo, rom brZola aucilebelia ara mxolod uSualo Tavdamsxmelebis (Zalovani struqturebi), aramed imaT winaaRmdegac, vinc moZaladeebis Zalauflebas egueba da uWers mxars _

23 seqtembers gaeros usafrTxoebis sabWos sxdomaze saqarTvelos prezidentis mixeil saakaSvilis mowodebam kavkasiis gaerTianebis Sesaxeb, bevrs 20 wlis winandeli movlenebi gaaxsena, rodesac msgavs gancxadebebs zviad gamsaxurdia akeTebda. „Cven, SesaZloa, kavkasiis qedis sxvadasxva mxares, sxvadasxva saxelmwifoSi vcxovrobT da gansxvavebul eTnikur jgufebs warmovadgenT, magram adamianuri da kulturuli kuTxiT samxreT da CrdiloeT kavkasias Soris gansxvaveba ar arsebobs. arsebobs erTiani kavkasia, romelic msoflio civilizacias da evropas miekuTvneba… gaerTianebis dro dadga!~ _ ganacxada saakaSvilma. Tavi rom davaneboT rTul urTierTobebs, erTi mxriv, samxreT kavkasiis qveynebs Soris da, meore mxriv, am regionsa da ruseTs Soris,

bunebrivad Cndeba kiTxva: mainc, vis mimarTavda CrdiloeT kavkasiaSi saqarTvelos prezidenti? amisTvis saWiroa, regionSi mimdinare movlenebs gadavxedoT. gamsaxurdias, Tavis droze, axlo urTierTobebi hqonda 1990-ian wlebSi CeCnur respublika iCqeriasTan, romelmac joxar dudaevis dros damoukidebloba gamoacxada. CeCneTSi saqarTvelosadmi damokidebuleba dRemde gansakuTrebulia. CeCnebi TavianTi istoriisa da damwerlobis nawilad miiCneven „qarTlis cxovrebas“, saqarTveloSi CeCnebis monaTesave qistebi cxovroben, 2008 wlis omis dros ki CeCnebi pirad saubrebSi saqarTvelos mimarT simpaTiebs gamoxatavdnen. Tumca, or omgamovlil CeCneTs dRes naklebad aqvs saerTo 90-iani wlebis iCqeriasTan. miuxedavad imisa, rom respublikis dRevandel

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kavkasia
anu mSvidobiani mosaxleobis. es brZola msoflioSi muslimTa mier gaCaRebuli `wminda omis~ nawili unda gamxdariyo. aRniSnuli strategia moqmedebaSia moyvanili: sisxliani teraqtebi kavkasiaSi da mis gareT ruseTis Tanamedrove cxovrebis realobad iqca. saakaSvilma Tqva, rom im wuTebSic ki, roca is gaeros tribunasTan sityviT gamodis, kavkasiaSi „aTasobiT tanki, samxedro manqana da raketmzidi gadaadgildeba.“ am gancxadebidan ramdenime dReSi CrdiloeT oseTis prezidentma Teimuraz mamsurovma, romlis respublikaSic seqtemberSi morigi sisxliani teraqti moxda, gazeT `komersantTan~ interviuSi Tqva, rom am konkretul momentSic ki sadRac axlos axali temezobeli yaraCai-CerqezeTic aseve `kavkasiis emiratis~ farglebSi Sedis, Tumca iq jer SedarebiT simSvidea. samagierod, aq Cerqezebis eTnikuri sakiTxi dgas mwvaved. es ukanasknelni federaciis ramdenime respublikaSi gadaanawiles. regularulad ismis nacionaluri avtonomiis Seqmnis moTxovnebi. mravalricxovani Cerqezuli diaspora me-19 saukuneSi Cerqezebis eTnikuri wmendis aRiarebis moTxovniT gamodis. Temas gansakuTrebul mniSvnelobas isic sZens, rom soWis olimpiuri TamaSebi 2014 wels swored am teritoriaze unda Catardes. am kampaniaSi saqarTvelocaa CarTuli, rasac CrdiloeT kavkasiaSi araerTgvarovnad afaseben. mimdinare wels TbilisSi am sakiTxze gamarTul konferencias, ZiriTadad, diasporis warmomadgenlebi Jurnalistebi da adamianis uflebaTa damcvelebi saqarTvelos sazRvarze gadasvlisas did sirTuleebs awydebian sazRvris rusul monakveTze. mixeil saakaSvilis gancxadeba im politikis gagrZelebaa, romelsac Tbilisi agvistos omis Semdeg kavkasiasTan mimarTebaSi irCevs. CerqezTa eTnikuri wmendis ganxilvebis paralelurad, mimdinare wlis TebervalSi saqarTvelos parlamentma moskovis gverdis avliT CrdiloeT kavkasiur respublikebs megobroba SesTavaza. TbilisSi mauwyeblobs aseve satelevizio arxi `pirveli kavkasiuri~, romelic aseve, Crdilo kavkasiaSi moskovis politikis kritikiTaa dakavebuli. mixeil saakaSvilis am gancxadebas ukve gamoexmaura islamuri iatakqveSeTis saiti kavkazcenter-i. aq

SeiZleba ki, gonivruli politika vuwodoT saakaSvilis gancxadebas msoflios erT-erTi yvelaze araprognozirebadi regionis misamarTiT? aq xom nebismier nabijs, SesaZloa, gamousworebeli Sedegebi mohyves.
raqti igegmeba. CrdiloeT oseTi erTaderTi marTlmadidebeli respublikaa regionSi da, tradiciulad, moskovis dasayrdenad iTvleba. amis gamo igi iatakqveSa muslimi meomrebisTvis mtrul teritorias warmoadgens. `kavkasiis emirati~ am etapze CrdiloeT kavkasiis erTaderTi separatistuli proeqtia. yabardoelebma da balyarelebma, romlebic sabWoTa dros erTi respublikis SemadgenlobaSi ZaldatanebiT moaqcies, Tavis droze saerTo enis gamonaxva swored radikaluri islamis garSemo moaxerxes. kavkasiis am mSvidobiani respublikisTvis cxovreba orad gaiyo: 2005 wlis 13 oqtombers nalCikze orasamde boevikis Tavdasxmamde da Semdeg. axla iq dRe ar gadis teraqtisa da policielebis mkvlelobis gareSe. eswrebodnen. CrdiloeT kavkasielebis nawilma monawileobaze uari saqarTvelos ormagi standartebiT axsna: afxazebi CerqezebisTvis monaTesave eria. msgavsi situaciaa CrdiloeT oseTSic. geografiuli mdebareobidan gamomdinare, swored am respublikas aqvs yvelaze mWidro kavSirebi saqarTvelosTan: aq gadis samxedro gza da transkavkasiuri magistrali. bolo wlebSi tradiciuli kavSirebi Sewyvetilia, radgan ruseTi da saqarTvelo ver Tanxmdebian iseT sakiTxzec ki, rogorc mosazRvre regionebisTvis Semsubuqebuli savizo reJimis daweseba. Tumca, CrdiloeT kavkasielebisTvis saqarTveloSi mogzauroba problemaa im SemTxvevaSic ki, roca Ria gamSvebi punqtebidan gadmodian. daRestneli, CeCeni da inguSi saqarTvelos mTavrobas urCeven, rom Tu igi marTla dainteresebulia kavkasiis respublikebTan TanamSromlobiT, `kavkasiis emiratis~ interesebi unda gaiTvaliswinos da pirvel rigSi, swored emiratTan unda daiWiros saqme. SeiZleba ki, gonivruli politika vuwodoT saqarTvelos amgvar qmedebebs msoflios erT-erTi yvelaze araprognozirebadi regionis misamarTiT? aq xom nebismier nabijs, SesaZloa, gamousworebeli Sedegebi mohyves. saeWvoa, rom gaeroSi sityviT gamosvlisas saakaSvili CrdiloeT kavkasiaSi vinme konkretuls mimarTavda _ albaT, ufro viRac fantomebs. qarTuli mxaris SeTavazebas jerjerobiT isini gamoexmaurnen, vinc mxolod sisxlismRvrel brZolaSi gaerTianebis momxrea.

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konfliqtebi
konfliqtis zona

hamarbergis ganaCeni
hamarbergis moxseneba dartymaa qarTuli policiisTvis da piradi tragedia osuri ojaxebisTvis.
olesia varTaniani, `radio Tavisufleba~ `liberalisTvis~
dakargulebis axloblebi administraciul sazRvarze rus, cxinvalel da qarTvel Cinovnikebs da policielebs ramdenjerme Sexvdnen. biWebis saqmeSi veravin moaxerxa garkveva. mSoblebs araoficialuri arxebidan awvdidnen informacias, rom maTi Svilebi qarTvelma policielebma daapatimres da goris policiis ganyofilebaSi gadaiyvanes. qarTuli policia kategoriulad uaryofda aRniSnul braldebas. es saqme kvlavac gamouZiebeli darCeboda, gasul gazafxulze qarTul sait myvideo.ge -ze naxevarwuTiani, mobiluriT gadaRebuli videoCanaweri rom ar gavrcelebuliyo. videofirze Canda, rogor dakiTxes sami osi axalgazrda da Semdeg isini scemes. mSoblebma dakavebulebSi Svilebi amoicnes. kadrebi umal gavrcelda osur internet-saitebze. saqmeSi cxinvalis xelisufleba CaerTo. gazafxulidan moyolebuli isini nebismier molaparakebebze ultimatumis saxiT moiTxovdnen Tbilisisgan: „gaaTavisufleT Cveni biWebi!~ qarTuli mxare ki agrZelebda mtkicebas: „Cven ar gvyavs osebi, isini aravis daupatimrebia.~ Sedegad es SemTxveva politikuri vaWrobis Temad iqca da xSirad gamxdara molaparakebebis CaSlis mizezi. magaliTad, amitom CaiSala „incidentebis aRkveTis meqanizmis~ formatis Sexvedrac. urTierTbraldebebi TiTqmis erTi weli ismoda. gazafxulze evropis sabWos komisari adamianTa uflebebis sakiTxebSi tomas hamarbergi axali ini-

tomas hamarbergi

gasul SabaTs evropis sabWos komisarma adamianTa uflebebis sakiTxebSi tomas hamarbergma Tavisi ori eqspertis muSaobis Sedegebi gamoaqveyna, romlebic xuTi Tvis manZilze ugzoukvlod dakarguli osebis da qarTvelebis saqmiT iyvnen dakavebulni. moxsenebis mniSvnelovani nawili sami osis _ alan xaSirovis, alan xugaevis da soslan plievis dakargvis istorias eTmoba. isini agvistos omis Semdeg or TveSi ugzo-ukvlod daikargnen. oseTis mxare eWvs gamoTqvamda, rom am ambavSi saqarTvelos Sinagan saqmeTa saministros miuZRoda wvlili. Tbilisi braldebebs uaryofda. hamarbergis moxsenebaSi naTqvamia, rom am adamianebis dakargvaSi qarTuli mxare monawileobda da, rom oficialuri gamoZieba xels afarebs policiur struqturebTan dakavSirebul damnaSaveebs. 2008 wlis 13 oqtombers 19 wlis alan xugaevi mamis cisfer „ladaSi~ Cajda da

ojaxSi daibara, rom babuasTan midioda. mas megobari soslan plievi, gzad ki 15 wlis alan xaSirovi SeuerTda, romelic im dRes skolidan gamoipara. manqana cxinvalidan omis Semdeg erTerT yvelaze saxifaTo raionisken _ sofel dmenisisken gaemarTa. es adgilebi administraciul sazRvarTan axlosaa. ramdenime dRiT adre iqauroba ruseTis jarebma datoves da aqaurebis gakontrolebas ukve qarTvelebi iwyebdnen. mosaxleoba am adgilebSi TiTqmis ar iyo. qarTvelma mosaxleebma aqauroba omis dros datoves. daaxloebiT sam saaTze biWebi `kalaSnikovis~ avtomatebiT xelSi SeniSnes. isini patara sofel koSkasken mimaval cariel gzas miuyvebodnen. am droidan maTi kvali ikargeba, isini TiTqos aorTqldnen. daaxloebiT 10 dRis Semdeg xaCirovis deda cxinvalis Sinagan saqmeTa saministros daukavSirda. amis Semdeg

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konfliqtebi
ciativiT gamovida: sami osis da sxva ramdenime adamianis dakargvis faqtTan dakavSirebuli gamoZiebis gakontroleba or ucxoel eqsperts daevala. hamarbergis oficialuri moxseneba namdvil tragediad iqca. swored aqedan mSoblebma danamdvilebiT Seityves, rom maTi Svilebi cocxlebi aRar arian. „xaSirovis, xugaevis da plievis ojaxebs dResac sjeraT, rom maTi dakarguli naTesavebi cocxlebi arian. dadis sxvadasxva Worebi, rom TiTqosda es axalgazrdebi romeliRac saidumlo adgilas an cixeSi imyofebian. am Worebis Sesaxeb eqspertebmac ician, Tumca, samwuxarod, maT ver aRmoaCines sakmarisi mtkicebulebebi, rac daadasturebda, rom es sami axalgazrda cocxalia~, _ naTqvamia hamarbergis moxsenebaSi. amasTan, komisari uapelaciod acxadebs, rom 2008 wlis 13 oqtombers molaparakebebSi saqarTvelos mxares warmoadgens. hamambergis moxsenebis gamoqveynebis Semdeg utiaSvilma ganacxada, rom isini „imedgacruebulni arian dokumentis mikerZoebulobiT.~ misi TqmiT, moxsenebaSi „ar aris moyvanili arc erTi pirdapiri mtkicebuleba~, romelic qarTveli policielebis mier osebis dakavebas daamtkicebda. utiaSvilma aseve ganacxada, rom hamarbergis eqspertebi muSaobis procesSi ramdenime policielis gvars asaxelebdnen, romelTac, savaraudod, am saqmesTan unda hqonodaT kavSiri. „yvela es adamiani Semowmda da maTi am saqmeSi monawileoba ar dadasturda~, _ aRniSna utiaSvilma. hamarbergis moxsenebaSi calke Tavi aqvs daTmobili imas, Tu rogor iZiebda saqarTvelos prokuratura sami lic darRvevebiT Catarda. winaswari SeTanxmebis miuxedavad, SeSinebuli mSoblebi prokuraturis Senobis nacvlad, policiis ganyofilebaSi miiyvanes. iq, sadac mSoblebis azriT, maT Svilebs cemdnen. mSoblebis dakiTxvis detalebi moxsenebaSi asea aRwerili: „Tavdapirvelad prokurori eqspertebis SenobaSi yofnis winaaRmdegi iyo. es gaugebroba mogvarda, radgan saeWvoa, mSoblebs Cveneba eqspertebis monawileobis gareSe miecaT. erT momentSi alan xaSirovis deda SenobaSi marto aRmoCnda 8 mamakacTan erTad. zog policiels iaraRi aSkarad demonstraciulad edo gamosaCen adgilas maSin, roca dakargulis deda Svilis gauCinarebis garemoebebze da SesaZlo damnaSaveebze saubrobda~. eqspertebi aseve dawvrilebiT aRweren, Tu rogor afarebdnen xels gamomZieblebi policielebs. maT, aseve, dainaxes eWvmitanili policieli, romelic derefanSi oficialuri saqmidan amoRebul mis winaaRmdeg micemul Cvenebebs kiTxulobda. eqspertebma Sss-s eWvmitanilTa telefonebis mosmena SesTavazes, raTa gaerkviaT, raze an visTan saubrobdnen isini dakiTxvamde. es rekomendacia mxolod policielebis dakiTxvis Semdeg Sesrulda. moxsenebis daskvniT nawilSi weria, rom saWiroa saqmis xelaxali gamoZieba, romelSic iseTi eqspertebi CaerTvebian, romelTac regionTan aranairi kavSiri ar aqvT. gamoZiebis msvleloba pirdapir Tbilisidan unda gakontroldes. Tumca, hamarbergis am rekomendaciebis gaTvaliswineba naklebad mosalodnelia. gasul kviras SoTa utiaSvilma ganacxada, rom gamoZiebis formatis Secvla ar igegmeba da axali faqtebis aRmoCenis SemTxvevaSi gamoZieba kvlev gagrZeldeba. erT-erTma qarTvelma Cinovnikma ki kerZo saubrebSi aRniSna: „es biWebi morodiorebi iyvnen. Cven maTi mkvlelobis ufleba gvqonda~.

hamarbergis moxsenebaSi naTqvamia, rom adamianebis dakargvaSi qarTuli mxare monawileobda da rom gamoZieba xels afarebs policiur struqturebTan dakavSirebul damnaSaveebs.
biWebi swored qarTvelma policielebma daapatimres. hamarbergis eqspertebs mtkicebulebad saerTaSoriso damkvirveblebis Canawerebi mohyavT. magaliTad, seqtemberSi saguSagosTan myofma qarTvelma policielebma euTos damkvirveblebs uTxres, rom erTi dRiT adre maT teritoriaze sami osi mamakaci daapatimres da goris mimarTulebiT waiyvanes. damkavebeli policielebis vinaoba dadgenilia. hamarbergis eqspertebma gvarebi qarTul mxares ukve gadasces. saqarTvelos Sinagan saqmeTa saministros analitikuri departamentis ufross SoTa utiaSvils, ukve weliwadze metia, am sami dakarguli adamianis saqmis detalebze muSaoba uwevs. is Jenevis diskusiebis erT-erTi monawilea da dakavebulebisa da dakargulebis sakiTxebTan dakavSirebul axalgazrda osis dakargvis saqmes. komisari pirdapir ambobs, rom qarTul mxares damnaSaveebis gamosavlenad saWiro da drouli mcdeloba ar gamouCenia. hamarbergis eqspertebma qarTul mxares mTeli rigi rekomendaciebi warudgines, romelTa gaTvaliswineba saqmes adgilidan daZravda. erT-erTi yvelaze martivi rekomendacia is iyo, rom Sss yvela regionul ganyofilebaSi dakargulebis fotoebi gamoekraT. fotoebi zogierT adgilas marTlac gaCnda, Tumca karebis im mxares, romelic mudam kedliskenaa mimarTuli. eqspertebma gorSi dakarguli axalgazrdebis mSoblebic Camoiyvanes saqarTvelos prokuraturisTvis oficialuri Cvenebis misacemad. Tumca, rogorc moxsenebaSia naTqvami, gamoZiebis es mniSvnelovani deta-

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politika

saprezidento respublikidan "sapremiero respublikamde"
sakonstitucio reforma ara mmarTvelobis sistemis Secvlis principuli politikuri nebiT, aramed calkeuli politikosebis subieqturi interesebiT iyo nakarnaxevi.
irakli kobaxiZe, samarTlis doqtori

saqarTvelos parlamentma konstituciis proeqti meore mosmeniT miiRo, 1 oqtomberi 2010

24 seqtembers saqarTvelos parlamentma ukve meore mosmeniT miiRo konstituciuri kanonis proeqti, romliTac arsebiTad icvleba saxelmwifo mmarTvelobis moqmedi modeli. parlamentSi gamarTuli sakomiteto ganxilvis dros saparlamento umravlesobam gamoTqva mzadyofna, eqspertebisa da opoziciis SeniSvnebis Sesabamisad gadaesinja kanonproeqtis ramdenime norma. Tumca, am

debulebebis cvlileba ver uzrunvelyofs im ZiriTadi problemebis aRmofxvras, romelTa Sesaxeb mkafiod mianiSnebdnen rogorc veneciis komisiis eqspertebi, ise _ qarTveli konstitucionalistebi. saxelmwifo sakonstitucio komisiis mier SemuSavebuli kanon-proeqtis ZiriTad problemur aspeqtad unda ganvixiloT uflebamosilebaTa araproporciuli gadanawileba

sakonstitucio cvlilebebiT mkvidrdeba mmarTvelobis sistema susti parlamentiT, susti prezidentiT da Zlieri premierministriT.
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foto levan xerxeuliZe

politika
saxelmwifo xelisuflebis ZiriTad subieqtebs _ parlaments, prezidentsa da mTavrobas Soris. sakonstitucio cvlilebebiT mkvidrdeba mmarTvelobis sistema susti parlamentiT, susti prezidentiT da Zlieri premier-ministriT. am TvalsazrisiT, sakonstitucio cvlilebebiT SemoTavazebuli modeli Zalze waagavs saqarTveloSi dRes moqmed naxevradsaprezidento sistemas, sadac sust parlamentsa da sust mTavrobas ar SeswevT unari, efeqtianad daabalanson prezidentis xelSi koncentrirebuli Zalaufleba. axali modeli moqmedisgan arsebiTad mxolod imiT gansxvavdeba, rom Zalauflebis centri prezidentidan premier-ministrisken inacvlebs. kanonproeqtis avtorebi cvlilebebSi moazrebul mmarTvelobis sistemas xSirad moixsenieben Sereul Tad axorcielebs saparlamento respublikis meTaurisTvis damaxasiaTebel simbolur kompetenciebs. igi ar moiazreba aRmasrulebeli xelisuflebis subieqtad da mxolod formalurad monawileobs mTavrobis dakompleqtebis procesSi. Zalze SezRudulia prezidentis uflebamosilebebi sagareo urTierTobebisa da Tavdacvis sferoebSic. aqedan gamomdinare, erTmniSvnelovnad SeiZleba iTqvas, rom cvlilebebSi moazrebuli prezidentis instituti ar aris mowodebuli, daabalansos aRmasrulebeli xelisuflebis meTauris _ premierministris politikuri Zalaufleba. konstituciuri kanonproeqti uzrunvelyofs aRmasrulebeli kompetenciebis koncentracias swored premier-ministris xelSi. premier14 dRis ganmavlobaSi, erTi mosmeniT. kanonproeqtis ganxilva SezRudul vadaSi da erTsafexuriani proceduriT parlaments ar aZlevs masze msjelobis saTanado SesaZleblobas, rac parlamentis sakanonmdeblo kompetenciebis gaumarTlebel SezRudvad unda ganvixiloT. garda amisa, kanon-proeqtis armiRebis SemTxvevaSi, parlamenti dgeba daTxovnis seriozuli riskis winaSe. Sesabamisad, proeqtis mocemuli norma premierministrs aniWebs parlamentis `daSantaJebis~ SesaZleblobas. amgvari proceduris gamoyenebiT, premierministri uxeSad iWreba parlamentis sakanonmdeblo uflebamosilebaTa sferoSi, rac ewinaaRmdegeba xelisuflebis danawilebis konstituciur princips. mocemuli proceduris gaanalizebisas, xazi unda gaesvas im gare-

parlamentsa da premier-ministrs Soris balansis premier-ministris sasargeblod darRvevisas, saparlamento respublika warmogvidgeba `sapremiero respublikad~.

modelad. Tumca, konstituciuri samarTlis dogmatika gvaiZulebs, ar daveTanxmoT am Sefasebas da saxelmwifo mowyobis axali modeli ganvixiloT ara Sereul, aramed saparlamento, ufro zustad _ kvazisaparlamento respublikad. Sereuli, naxevradsaprezidento mmarTvelobisTvis damaxasiaTebelia aRmasrulebeli xelisuflebis dualizmi, rac gulisxmobs aRmasrulebeli kompetenciebis gadanawilebas prezidentsa da premier-ministrs Soris. naxevradsaprezidento respublikaSi prezidenti gvevlineba aRmasrulebeli xelisuflebis erT-erT liderad da igi asrulebs aqtiur rols mTavrobis dakompleqtebis procesSi. aRniSnulis sapirispirod, sakonstitucio cvlilebebi iTvaliswinebs susti prezidentis institutis damkvidrebas. prezidenti arsebi-

ministri aris aRmasrulebeli xelisuflebis eqskluziuri meTauri da qveynis politikuri lideri. premier-ministris poziciebis gansakuTrebul gaZlierebas ganapirobebs parlamentis araadekvaturad Sesustebuli politikuri poziciebi. am TvalsazrisiT, gansakuTrebuli yuradReba unda davuTmoT parlamentisa da premier-ministris urTierTobis or umniSvnelovanes aspeqts _ kanonproeqtTan dakavSirebiT parlamentis mier mTavrobisTvis ndobis gamocxadebisa da parlamentis mier mTavrobisTvis undoblobis gamocxadebis procedurebs: konstituciuri kanonproeqtis Tanaxmad, premier-ministri uflebamosilia mTavrobis mier inicirebul kanonproeqtTan dakavSirebiT dasvas mTavrobis ndobis sakiTxi. amasTan, parlamenti valdebulia, kanonproeqts kenWi uyaros sakiTxis dasmidan

moebas, rom warmodgenili saxiT, mas demokratiuli saxelmwifoebis konstituciebSi analogi ar moeZebneba. im qveynebSi, sadac mTavroba uflebamosilia, kanonproeqts uSualod daukavSiros ndobis sakiTxi, kanonis armiRebis erTaderT Sedegs, rogorc wesi, mTavrobis gadadgoma warmoadgens. amgvari gadawyveta parlamentis kanonSemoqmedebiTi uflebamosilebis da xelisuflebis danawilebis principis dacvis aucileblobiT aris nakarnaxevi. konstituciuri kanonis proeqti adgens mTavrobisTvis ndobis gamocxadebis rTul formulas _ undoblobis votumTan dakavSirebuli procedurebis vadebi uprecedentod aris `gawelili~. proeqtis mixedviT, undoblobis gamocxadeba saWiroebs aranakleb 60 dRes, rac, erTi mxriv, parlaments uki-

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duresad urTulebs am iniciativis warmatebiT ganxorcielebis perspeqtivas, xolo, meore mxriv, qmnis umwvavesi politikuri krizisis warmoqmnis realur safrTxes; konstituciuri kanon-proeqti iTvaliswinebs prezidentis mier undoblobis konstruqciuli votumis mimarT `vetos~ uflebis gamoyenebas, rasac dasavleTis qveynebis sakonstitucio praqtikaSi analogi ar moeZebneba; uprecedentoa proeqtis is normac, romlis Tanaxmadac, vetos gadalaxva da mTavrobis axali SemadgenlobisTvis ndobis gamocxadeba siiTi Semadgenlobis 3/5-is mxardaWeras saWiroebs. mTavrobisTvis ndobis an undoblobis gamocxadeba aris gadawyvetileba, romelic saparlamento umravlesobis mier miiReba da gamoxatulebas yovelTvis xmaTa absolutur umravlesobaSi hpovebs. Sesabamisad, proeqtiT SemoTavazebuli gadawyveta uSualod ewinaaRmdegeba konstituciuri samarTlis principebs da logikas. ndobisa da undoblobis procedurebis gaanalizebis safuZvelze unda aRiniSnos, rom sakanonmdeblo organo moklebulia unars, efeqtianad ganaxorcielos misTvis gankuTvnili ori umTavresi funqcia _ SeimuSavos qveynis kanonmdebloba da ganaxorcielos kontroli aRmasrulebeli xelisuflebis saqmianobaze. aRsaniSnavia, rom demokratiul samyaroSi saparlamento modeli esoden susti parlamentiT uprecedento movlenaa. saparlamento respublikis aucilebel atributs warmoadgens parlamentis SesaZlebloba, martivi proceduris safuZvelze gamoucxados undobloba mTavrobas. winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi, warmoiSoba mkveTri disbalansi parlamentsa da mTavrobas Soris, rac arRvevs xelisuflebis danawilebis fundamentur konstituciur princips. parlamentsa da premier-ministrs Soris balansis premier-ministris sasargeblod darRvevisas, saparlamento respublika warmogvidgeba `sapremiero respublikad~, sadac saxelmwifo Zalaufleba araadekvaturi formiTa da moculobiT aris koncentrirebuli aRmasrulebeli xelisuflebis lideris _ premierministris xelSi. aseT pirobebSi, Sesabamisi survilis SemTxvevaSi, premier-ministrs advilad SeuZlia, amgvari `sapremiero respublikis~ safuZvelze daamkvidros `supersapremiero~ mmarTveloba. undoblobis votumis proceduris garTulebis gasamarTleblad, kanon-proeqtis avtorebi xSirad miuTiTeben, rom saqarTveloSi dRemde ver Camoyalibda stabiluri partiuli sistema, romlis ararsebobis pirobebSi parlamentis metismetma gaZlierebam qveyana rTul da xangrZliv politikur krizisamde SeiZleba, miiyvanos. es argumenti, TavisTavad, ar aris logikur safuZvels moklebuli. im pirobebSi, rodesac rogorc calkeuli partiebis ganviTarebis done, ise partiuli sistemis institucionalizaciis xarisxi Zalze dabalia, marTlac arsebobs saSiSroeba imisa, rom arastabilurma partiulma speqtrma politikuri procesebis saerTo destabilizacia ganapirobos. Tumca, gaugebaria, ratom SeaCeres kanon-proeqtis avtorebma sakuTari arCevani saparlamento modelze, Tu isini parlamentis gaZlierebaSi destabilizaciis safrTxes xedavdnen. logikurad Tu vimsjelebT, am safrTxis gaTvaliswinebidan gamomdinare, maT qveyanaSi saprezidento an naxevradsaprezidento mmarTvelobis ganmtkicebaze unda ezrunaT. yovelive es ganamtkicebs eWvs, rom sakonstitucio reforma ara mmarTvelobis sistemis Secvlis principuli politikuri nebiT, aramed calkeuli politikosebis subieqturi interesebiT iyo nakarnaxevi.

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liberali . oqtomberi 2010 . № 46

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Tvalsazrisi

ratom ar hqonda azri "konstituciur procesSi" CarTvas
konstituciur-saxelmwifoebrivi ganviTrebis TvalsazrisiT damoukideblobis 20 weliwadi fuWad gavlieT: qveynis mmarTvelebi kvlav sabWoTa restornis saxanZro usafrTxoebis wesebiviT martivad cvlian konstitucias da qveynis moqalaqeebi kvlav sabWoTa restornis „mebufetesaviT“ gulgrilad SevcqeriT am process.
daviT usufaSvili

aseTi saqarTvelo evropul standartebTan mimsgavsebuli saxelmwifo rom ar aris, es jer kidev araferia; aseTi saqarTvelo arc aRmosavluri standartebis saxelmwifoa; aseTi saqarTvelo mxolod Crdilouri standartis mini„derJava“ saxelmwifoa. mas evropulisgan sakuTari moqalaqeebisadmi gulgriloba ganasxvavebs, aRmosavlurisgan _ saxelmwifoebrivi strategiis uqonloba, CrdilourTan ki qveynisa da eris xarjze kvlavwarmoebadi TviTmpyrobeli xelisufleba aerTianebs. iseve, rogorc 2004 wels, dResac mmarTveli gundi dakavebulia qveynisa da eris xarjze sakuTari kvlavwarmoebisaTvis „politikuri“ moednis mopirkeTebiT. amas ki CvenSi konstituciur process eZaxian, amaze brtyel-brtyeli terminebiT saubroben („xelisuflebis boWvis evropuli modeli!!!“) da amgvari konstitucionalizmis ganviTareba-popularizaciisTvis baTumSi specialur centrebs xsnian (isev xalxis xarjze, rasakvirvelia). ise, simarTle unda iTqvas _ nacmoZraobis „elitis“ xelisuflebaSi darCenis SemoTavazebuli sqema (sakonstitucio cvlilebebis proeqtad wodebuli) sakmaod maxvilgonivruli da racionaluria. es sqema efuZneba Semdeg ZiriTad postulatebs: 1. nac.moZraobis xelisufleba mo-

mavalSi veRar daefuZneba gamokveTil erTmmarTvel liders da aseTi liderisTvis 2004 wlis sakonstitucio cvlilebebiT Seqmnil saprezidento „taxts“, vinaidan:

 saakaSvili prezidentad veRar iyris kenWs;  misi srulfasovani memkvidris (konstituciuri statusiTac da piradi monacemebiTac) Ziebis procesic ki afeTqebas uqadis mmarTvel gunds;  romelime potenciurma memkvidrem SigniT (nac.moZraobaSi) romc daalagos situacia, saprezidento arCevnebSi mas veranairad ver eqneba gamarjvebis garantia;

 Zlieri saprezidento modelis pirobebSi nacmoZraobis axali „yoCis“ damarcxebas (rac savsebiT realisturia, mravali faqtoris gamo) gardauvlad moyveba saxelisuflebo sistemis myisieri demontaJi, „nac.elitisTvis“ katastrofuli SedegebiT. 2. saakaSvilis prezidentobis dasrulebisas „nac.elitis“ mier xelisuflebis SesanarCuneblad saWiroa Zalauflebis centrebis diversifikacia, rac mTel saxelisuflebo sistemas ufro moqnils da politikuri krizisebisadmi (cxadia, „nac.elitis“ da ara qveynis krizisebisadmi) ufro medegs gaxdis, kerZod:  prezidentis uflebamosileba unda Semcirdes, oRond ise, rom man dakargos Zveli garegnuli momxibvleloba (da piradad saakaSvilisTvis mogonili gasarTobi „zizil-pipiloebi“), magram SeinarCunos sakmarisi Zalaufleba im SemTxvevisTvis, Tu parlamenti an premieri gavida „nac.elitis“ kontrolis farglebidan;  prezidentisa da parlamentis Zalauflebis Semcirebis xarjze unda gaZlierdes premier-ministri imdenad, rom man da parlamentma an man da prezidentma warmatebiT gaaneitralon „nac.elitis“ kontrolidan gasuli, Sesabamisad, prezidenti an parlamenti. oRond premieri ise ar unda gaZlierdes, rom Tavad SeZlos „nac.elituri“ prezidentisa

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Tvalsazrisi
da parlamentis kontrolidan gasvla.  parlaments unda daekisros metad mniSvnelovani da mravalfunqciuri (viTarebidan gamomdinare) roli: man jer, rac SeiZleba, umtkivneulod, unda Svas „nacelituri“ premieri (amisTvis „nacmoZraobas“ parlamentSi fardobiTi umravlesobac hyofnis); mere, rac SeiZleba _ metad, miiZinos (wevrTa minimum 60% samkvdro-sasicocxlod Tu ar aumxedrda premiers, ise maT mier xmis amoRebas parlamentis daTxovna mohyveba) da naklebad mouSalos nervebi „naceliturad“ moqmed premiers (Torem nebismier kanonproeqts SeiZleba, gadaayolon da daiTxovon); da bolos, prezidentTan erTad gaumklavdes kontrolidan gasul premiers (prezidents roca unda, parlamentis wevrTa 50%-is ukmayofilebac sakmarisia premieris mosaSoreblad). 3. Sesabamisi sakonstitucio cvlilebebis parlamentis mier miReba unda moxdes, rac SeiZleba, swrafad, sanam:  qveynis politikuri Zalebi adgilobrivi arCevnebis Semdeg jer kidev gadajgufeba-gadmojgufebaSi arian da ar ZaluZT, ase Tu ise, erTiani frontiT SewinaaRmdegeba;  dasavleTi jer kidev odnav ukeT Catarebuli adgilobrivi arCevnebis miqsturiTaa miZinebuli;  jer kidev agvisto-seqtemberia (saxelisuflebo avantiurebisTvis saukeTeso dro);  ekonomikuri da socialuri krizisis piki jer kidev winaa;  veneciis komisiis saboloo daskvna gamoqveyndeba; 4. es „diversifikacia da dabalanseba“ unda moemsaxuros nac.moZraobis politikur dRis wesrigs da grafiks, risTvisac, sakonstitucio cvlilebebi ZalaSi unda Sevides ise, rom:  morigi saparlamento arCevnebi (2012) Catardes konstituciis Zveli redaqciiT da, Sesabamisad, am arCevnebs ar mohyves axali mTavrobis axleburad Seqmna (ra saWiroa siCqare, am dros xom saakaSvili jer kidev prezidentia da mTavrobac „swori“ gvyavs).  morigi saprezidento arCevnebi (oqtomberi, 2013) Catardes konstituciis Zveli redaqciiT, oRond ise, rom cvlilebebic maleve Sevides ZalaSi (1 dekemberi, 2013). es imisTvis, rom jer saparlamento da Semdgom saprezidento arCevnebis Sedegebidan gamomdinare da saakaSvilis SesaZlo SromiTi mowyobis sakiTxis „sworad“ gadasawyvetad „nac.elitas“ hqondes manevrirebis saSualeba: an parlamentis minimaluri monawilerespublikelebs visTan erTad da ratom unda migveRo monawileoba am sqemis daxvewa-gapiarebaSi? Tumca arian am yvelafriT ukiduresad Sewuxebuli moqalaqeebi, romlebic xavss eWidebian da gvirCeven xolme aseT procesebSi monawileobas im imediT, rom iqneb axla mainc aexilos vinmes Tvali. magram saxelisuflebo gundis SedarebiT wesier da ganaTlebul wevrebTanac ki (sayofacxovrebo da politikur kriminalebze rom aRaraferi vTqva) aRar aqvs azri konstituciur Temebze seriozul saubars, vinaidan saxelisuflebo ideologebis mier maTTvis STaberili moralur-saxelmwifoebrivi kredo daaxloebiT ase gamoiyureba:  2003 wels xelisuflebaSi cudi xalxis nacvlad movida kargi xalxi da daiwyo saxelmwifos mSenebloba;  is cudi (da kidev, Semdgom gafuWebuli) xalxi cdilobs xelisuflebis Secvlas da, maSasadame, saxelmwifos isev dangrevas, rac kargma xelisuflebam ar unda dauSvas, Tundac cudi meTodebiT;  cudi xalxis winaaRmdeg aucilebel am cud meTodebSi konstituciis Wra-kerva ar aris yvelaze cudi da igi quCebSi xalxis xvretasa da momitingeebisTvis Tav-piris mtvrevas sjobs.... amitomac, respublikelebi vaRiarebT, rom varT „cudebi“ („Semdgom gafuWebulebis“ seqciidan) da saakaSvilis gundTan seriozul, globalur, grZelvadian, strategiul sakiTxebze saubars _ anu saxelmwifos mSeneblobaSi monawileobas _ veRar vaxerxebT. Cven maTTan saubari mizanSewonilad migvaCnia mxolod konkretul taqtikur sakiTxebze: saarCevno kanonmdeblobaze, amomrCevelTa siebze, satelevizio sivrceSi eTeris mopovebaze, polit.devnilebis gamoxsnaze da xelisuflebis SecvlisaTvis _ anu „saxelmwifos dangrevisaTvis“ _ aucilebel sxva berketebze.

saakaSvilis prezidentobis dasrulebisas „nac.elitis“ mier xelisuflebis SesanarCuneblad saWiroa Zalauflebis centrebis diversifikacia, rac mTel saxelisuflebo sistemas ufro moqnils gaxdis.
obiT axali prezidentis meSveobiT daniSnos axali premieri, an axali prezidenti gaTiSos am procesidan da moqmed parlaments daaniSninos axali premieri. 5. am dinamiuri procesis Sedegad „nac.elitam“ unda uzrunvelyos minimum 2016 wlamde xelisuflebaSi yofna saakaSvilianad an uimisod. amisaTvis mas unda eyos 2012 wlis saparlamento arCevnebSi sxvebze meti mandatebis miReba (Tundac, saerTo raodenobis 35-40%) da erTi 10-15% sateliti opoziciuri partiis dabeveba.

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faruli garigeba xelisuflebaSi

"qarTuli wylis" ofSoruli saidumlo
2007 wlis 25 noembers, postidan gadadgomamde erTi dRiT adre, saqarTvelos prezidentma `Tbilisis wyali,~ romelic dedaqalaqis mosaxleobas sasmeli wyliT amaragebs, ofSorul kompanias mihyida. uamravi SeRavaTis miuxedavad, dRes es kompania mricxvelebis SeZenasa da maT montaJs Tbiliselebis xarjze apirebs.
mari roWikaSvili, „studia monitori“
riuli `maltipleqs soluSensi~ dasaxelda. kompania valdebulebas iRebda, obieqtebSi 85 662 000 milioni dolari gadaexada, 350 milioni dolaris investiciebi ganexorcielebina da wylis tarifi 2013 wlamde 2,95 larze metad ar gaezarda. komisiam mxolod Sesasyidi Tanxa da tarifebi gamoaqveyna, investiciebis moculobebi ki gaasaidumlova. satendero komisiis wevrebma `maltipleqs soluSenze~ mxolod is icodnen, rom es kompania Sveicariuli iyo. `maltipleqs soluSensi~ Jenevis savaWro reestrSi 2005 wlis 23 agvistos aris registrirebuli. kompaniis erTaderTi damfuZnebeli vinme bit spoueria. misi saxeli da gvari kidev 87 kompaniis saregistracio dokumentaciaSi figurirebda. kompaniam saqarTveloSi warmomadgenloba 2005 wlis bolos gaxsna, Tumca tenderamde misi saqmianobis Sesaxeb aranairi informacia ar gavrcelebula. gamarjvebul kompanias saprivatizacio sawarmoebi pirdapiri miyidvis wesiT unda gadascemoda. Tumca, sakuTar gadadgomamde erTi dRiT adre, 2007 wlis 23 da 24 noembers mixeil saakaSvilma gankargulebebi gamosca da saprivatizacio obieqtebi gamarjvebuli Sveicariuli `maltipleqs soluSenis~ nacvlad, virjiniis kunZulebze registrirebul `maltipleqs enerji limiteds~ gadasca. am cvlilebebis

maSin, rodesac evropis rekonstruqciisa da ganviTarebis bankma `Tbilisis wyals~ 25 milioni evro gamouyo, es kompania jer kidev dedaqalaqis meriis sakuTreba iyo. misi gayidva kanoniT ikrZaleboda, radgan wylis sistemebi strategiul obieqtebs warmoadgenda. kreditis damtkicebis paralelurad parlamentma kanonSi cvlilebebi Seitana da wylis sistemebi strategiuli obieqtebis nusxidan amoiRo. amis Semdeg, zustad 2 kviraSi mTavrobam `Tbilisis wylis~ gasxvisebis Sesaxeb gamoacxada. miuxedavad imisa, rom proeqti ukve damtkicebuli iyo `EBRD~-m uari Tqva sesxis gacemaze. ise gamodioda, rom `Tbilisis wylis~ gasxvi-

sebis SemTxvevaSi `EBRD~-is fuli ucnobi kerZo kompaniisTvis unda gadaeca, arada `EBRD~-is moTxovna iyo, rom mis winaSe angariSvaldebuli saqarTvelos saxelmwifo yofiliyo. proeqti CaiSala. 2007 wlis 25 ivliss saxelmwifom `Tbilisis wyali~, `Jinvalhesi~, `mcxeTawyalkanali~ da `saqwyalkanali~ erTdroulad gamoitana auqcionze. gamarjvebuli kompaniis gamosavlenad 3 ZiriTadi kriteriumi dasaxelda: SesaZeni fasi, sawarmos ganviTarebis gegma da investiciebis moculoba. miuxedavad imisa, rom tenderSi msoflios umsxvilesi wylis kompaniebi monawileobdnen, gamarjvebulad naklebad cnobili Sveica-

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Sesaxeb mTavrobas aranairi ganmarteba ar gaukeTebia. es gadawyvetileba ar gauprotestebia gamarjvebul Sveicariul kompanias. `maltipleqs enerji limiteds~ ar gaaCnia saqarTveloSi warmomadgenloba, ar aqvs veb-gverdi da am kompaniis Taobaze internetSi arcerTi gverdi ar iZebneba. kidev erTi Seusabamoba, rac gankargulebaSi aRmoCnda, iyo is, rom gasayid obieqtTa CamonaTvalSi `rusTavwyalkanalic~ gaCnda, romelic manamde am siaSi ar figurirebda. gankargulebis Tanaxmad, `maltipleqs enerji limitedma~ `rusTavwyalkanali~ 15 milion dolarad, `saqwyalkanali~ da `mcxeTawyalkanali~ _ 662 000 dolarad, `Tbilisis wyali~ ki 85 milion dolarad Seisyida. virjiniis kunZulebze dafuZnebul kompanias aseve 50 milioni dolaris sabanko garantiis wardgena daevala. prezidentis gankargulebis gamocemis Semdeg, myidvelTan Sesabamisi xelSekrulebebis gaformebis procedura unda dawyebuliyo, Tumca procesi gaurkveveli mizezebiT Wianurdeboda. 4 Tvis Semdeg, 2008 wlis 10 aprils, prezidentis axali gankarguleba gamovida da 23 da 24 noembris gankargulebebi Zaladakargulad CaiTvala. saakaSvilma ofSorSi registrirebul kompanias axali SeRavaTiani pirobebi dauwesa - sabanko garantia 50 milioni dolaris nacvlad 10 milionamde Semcirda. xelSekrulebis gaformebis dRes, saakaSvilma kidev erTi gankarguleba gamosca da investors morigi SeRavaTebi dauwesa _ Seumcira obieqtebis SesaZeni fasi. pirveladi gankargulebiT, Tbilisis wyali 85 milion dolarad unda gayiduliyo, gankargulebaSi Sesuli cvlilebebiT ki myidvels obieqti 70,4 milion dolarad gadaeca. `rusTavwyalkanalis~ gasayidma fasma 15-idan 10 milion dolaramde daiwia. darCenili TanxiT, sagadasaxado davalianebis dafarva daevala. aseTive sqema Seiqmna `mcxeTawyalkanalisTvisac.~ 2008 wlis 14 maiss maSindelma ekonomikis ministrma ekaterine SaraSiZem da vice-merma mamuka axvledianma `ofSorSi~ registrirebul `maltipleqs enerji limitedTan~ xelSekruleba gaaformes. `Tbilisis wylis~ direqtorad ruseTis moqalaqe iuri lesi dainiSna. iuri lesi manamde moldovis `gresis~ generaluri direqtori iyo. `gresis~ 100 procentiani wili `inter-raoes~-is sakuTrebaa. Tavad `interrao-esi~ ki 1997 wels `rao-es rasiam~ daafuZna. gaCnda eWvi, rom `qarTul wyalSi~ rusuli kapitali Caido. xelSekrulebis gaformebis dRidan arasamTavrobo organizacia `mwvane alternativam~ saqarTvelos mTavrobas mimarTa da investorTan gaformebuli xelSekrulebis asli moiTxova. Tumca, dokumenti komerciuli saidumloebis sababiT ver miiRo. saxelmwifo uwyebebTan erTwliani uSedego mimoweris Semdeg, `mwvane alternativam~ sasamarTlo dava wamoiwyo da dokumentis gasajaroeba moiTxova. aTi Tvis ganmavlobaSi sasamarTlos mosamzadebeli sxdoma Svidjer gadaido. mizezi - davis mesame mxaris `maltipleqs enerji limitedis~ procesSi CarTva ver moxerxda. rogorc aRmoCnda, ekonomikis saministro arc kompaniis da arc misi romelime warmomadgenlis adgilmdebareobaze informacias ar flobda. erTaderTi sakontaqto informacia, romelic saministros gaaCnda _ es iyo is misamarTi, romelzec kompania sawarmoebis Sesyidvis procesSi mcire xniT funqcionirebda. sasamarTlo dasrulebuli ar iyo, roca xelSekruleba moulodnelad sajaro reestris veb-gverdze daido. xelSekruleba veb-gverdze arasruladaa warmodgenili. xelSekrulebis danarTebi da xelSekrulebaSi 2009 wlis dekemberSi Sesuli cvlilebebis Sesaxeb SeTanxmeba kvlav saidumlod rCeba. amis gamo, arasamTavrobo organizaciam sasamarTlo dava gaagrZela xelSekrulebis danarTebisa da cvlilebebis Sesaxeb SeTanxmebis sajaroobis moTxovniT. mimdinare wlis 9 ivliss Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlos administraciul saqmeTa kolegiam

cxrili 1. im kompaniaTa CamonaTvali, romlebsac surdaT "Tbilisis wylis" SeZena
kompania maltipleqsi _ Sveicaria bondi _ CexeTi aqulia36 1 _ espaneTi aqulia 2 aqulia 3 kaskali da saqarTvelos banki _ britaneTi penta investments _ CexeTi veolia _ safrangeTi SesaZeni fasi 85 662 000 80 000 000 107 635 710 91 806 928 61 186 287 72 532 844 91 200 000 75 562 080 2008 2.40 2.40 2.40 2.40 2.40 2.40 2.40 2.70 2009 2.40 3.60 3.50 3.33 2.40 3.80 5.02 3.00 2010 2.95 3.60 5.13 4.60 2.89 3.80 10.08 3.20 2011 2.95 3.60 5.13 4.60 3.47 3.80 10.08 3.42 2012 2.95 4.70 5.13 4.60 3.47 3.80 11.11 3.78 2013 2.95 4.70 5.13 4.60 3.47 3.80 11.66 3.79

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cxrili 2. tarifi erT sul mosaxleze evropis sxvadasxva qalaqebSi
qalaqi vilniusi briuseli madridi londoni berlini helsinki parizi oslo kopenhageni stokholmi romi moskovi Tbilisi 1 suli mosaxle litri/dRe-RameSi 80 108 126 136 146 151 159 175 190 194 220 400 800

`mwvane alternativis~ moTxovna ar daakmayofila. xelSekrulebiT irkveva, rom kompanias SeRavaTebi ara marto obieqtebis SesaZen fasebze dauweses, aramed Seumcires Tanxis saerTo moculobac. miuxedavad imisa, rom maSindeli vice-meri mamuka axvlediani acxadebda, rom kompania mzad iyo 350 milioni dolaris investicia Caedo, xelSekrulebaSi investiciebis saxiT mxolod 220 milioni dolaria Cawerili. gasuli wlis maisSi `Tbilisis wylis~ rebrendingi ganxorcielda da kompanias `jorjian uoTer end faueri~ ewoda. saxelwodeba Seicvala mflobelmac da `jorjian global utilitis limitedi~ gaxda. amave periodSi direqtoris postidan gaTavisuflda iuri lesi da xelmZRvanelad germaneli iorg maTisi dainiSna. mogvianebiT maTiss `Jinvalhesis~, `mcxeTawyalkanalisa~ da `rusTavwyalkanalis~ xelmZRvanelis postic Caabares. kompaniidan, iseve rogorc, samTavrobo uwyebebidan _ investoris Taobaze informacia ver miviReT. germaneli xelmZRvaneli mxolod maSin dagvTanxmda interviuze, rodesac SevuTanxmdiT, rom mflobelze arafers vkiTxavdiT da

mxolod imaze isaubrebda, Tu ra gakeTda bolo 2 wlis ganmavlobaSi. `infrastruqturis reabilitaciaSi daaxloebiT 60 milioni laris investicia ganvaxorcieleT, ZiriTadad, TbilisSi. dedaqalaqsa da rusTavSi SevakeTeT 1500 kilometris sigrZis ZiriTadi milsadenebi. investiciebi CavdeT aseve wylis gadamamuSavebel, gamfiltrav saSualebebsa da Jinvalis kaSxalSi. gvesmis, rom TbilisSi amJamindeli mdgomareoba aradamakmayofilebelia, radgan uwyveti reJimiT wyals mxolod mosaxleobis 85%-i iRebs. `axla vmuSaobT im naklovanebebis aRmosafxvrelad, romelic jer kidev gvaqvs~,_ ambobs maTisi. Cven movipoveT Tbilisis wylis 2007 wlis finansuri angariSi, saidanac Cans, rom 2007 wels dagegmili Semosavali 74 milion 483 aTasi lari iyo, xarji 53 milion 665 aTasi lari. rogorc dokumentidan irkveva, damatebiT 20 milioni lari investiciebis saxiT _ dargis teqnikur reabilitaciasa da srulyofaze unda daxarjuliyo. es niSnavs, rom kompanias marto TbilisSi, sakuTari saxsrebiT weliwadSi 20 milioni laris investiciis ganxorcieleba damatebiTi Tanxebis mozidvis gareSec SeeZlo. Tbilisis sakrebulos gadawyvetilebiT, 2007 wlidan, wylis gadasaxadi gaormagda. dRevandeli tarifiT, 1 kuburi metri sasmeli wyali 10 TeTri Rirs. Tumca fiqsirebuli gadasaxadi erT sul mosaxleze TveSi - 2 lari da 40 TeTria, rac dRe-RameSi 800 litri wylis xarjvazea gaTvlili, anu sakrebulom gadawyvita, rom TiToeuli adamiani 24 saaTSi 80 saTl wyals moixmars. es monacemi TiTqmis 4-jer da me-

tjer aRemateba evropaSi TiToeul sulze wylis moxmarebis normas. dedaqalaqis sakrebulosa da mmarTvel kompaniaSic, TbilisSi aseTi maRali maCveneblis mizezad, sacxovrebeli saxlebis Sida qselebis da sveli wertilebis mouwesrigeblobas, aseve wylis uyairaTod xarjvas asaxeleben. yofili energoombudsmeni daviT ebraliZe miiCnevs, rom kompaniam wylis danakargebis problema mricxvelebis drouli damontaJebiT unda gadaWras da moqalaqeebs erTianad, dausabuTeblad maRali fasi ar unda gadaaxdevinos. amis dasamticeblad, yofilma ombudsmenma eqsperimenti Caatara da saxlSi ukve 6 Tvea mricxveli daamontaJa. aRmoCnda, rom 6 TveSi mricxvelma 150 kuburi metri dawera, rac 10 TeTrze gaangariSebiT sul 15 laria. maSin, roca ebraliZis 4 suliani ojaxi, TveSi 9 lars da 60 TeTris gaangariSebiT eqvs Tveze _ 57 larsa da 60 TeTrs ixdis. esperimentma aCvena, rom ojaxebi, romelTac sistema mowesrigebuli aqvT da maTi onkanebidan wyali ar Jonavs, gaumarTleblad maRal gadasaxads ixdian. swored amis gamoa, rom virjiniuli mmarTveli kompania finansurad ar zaraldeba. Sesabamisad, kompania individualuri mricxvelebis damontaJebasac ar Cqarobs. semekis gadawyvetilebiT, kerZo saxlebSi mricxvelebis montaJi 2015 wlamde unda daasrulos. semekis gadawyvetilebiTve, kompania gamricxvelianebasac mosaxleobis xarjze moaxdens. mricxvelsa da mis montaJze daxarjuli Tanxa mosaxleobas tarifTan erTad daericxeba.

Jurnalisturi gamoZieba momzadebulia studia `monitoris~ proeqtis farglebSi. Jurnalisturi gamoZieba ganxorcielda evrokavSiris finansuri mxardaWeriT.

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Jurnalisturi gamoZieba
regionuli mauwyeblebi

dava teritoriis gamo
goris televizia adgilobrivi xelisuflebis mxridan zewolas uCivis.
giorgi WeiSvili
telekompania `TrialeTs~ gadamcemebi goris raionSi mdebare teleradiocentris anZaze aqvs damontaJebuli. yovelTviuri gadasaxadi - 1500 lari, romelSic moxmarebuli eleqtroenergiis xarjebi ar Sedis, kompaniisaTvis sakmaod Zviria. `TrialeTis~ damfuZnebeli badri nanetaSvili ambobs, rom sakuTari anZiT mauwyeblobas damoukideblad da iafad SeZlebdnen. 2009 wlis seqtemberSi joni nanetaSvilma, goris municipalitetis gamgebels _ daviT xmiadaSvils, teleradiocentris anZasTan mdebare nakveTis SesaZenad mimarTa. auqcionisTvis proeqtis momzadeba municipalitetis gamgeobis qonebis marTvis yofil ufross _ gia papitaSvils daevala. joni nanetaSvili: `2009 wlis bolos gia papitaSvili damikavSirda. miTxra, rom viRac pirovnebas CemTan Sexvedra undoda. Sexvedraze `kavkasus onlainis~ sami warmomadgeneli movida. erT-erTma teritoriis daTmoba SemomTavaza, anZas davdgam da gadamcemebi ufasod daayeneo. Cven damoukideblad gvindoda mauwyebloba da uari vuTxari. damemuqra, yvelafers dakargav da miwas mainc me viyidio. vikamaTeT da vuTxari auqcionze SevxvdebiT-meTqi.~ joni nanetaSvilis TqmiT, daviT xmiadaSvils da gia papitaSvils yovel kvira ukavSirdeboda, isini ki pasuxobdnen, rom sabuTebi mzaddeboda da miwas auqcionze gasayidad male gamoitandnen. gazafxulze daviT xmiadaSvilma satelefono saubrisas `TrialeTis~ generalur direqtors uTxra, rom auqcioni arCevnebis mizeziT `zemo-

sadao miwa, romelzec anZa aSenda, goris raionis sofeli variani, 2010

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Jurnalisturi gamoZieba
dan~ SeaCerebines. badri nanetaSvili: `arCevnebis Semdeg gubernators ramdenjerme vkiTxe, ra iyo auqcionis Seferxebis mizezi; varZelaSvili mpasuxobda, yvelafers movagvarebo. agvistoSi SevityveT, rom anZa im teritoriaze daidga, romlis SesaZenadac municipalitetSi gancxadeba erTi wlis win SevitaneT. Cemi Zma daviT xmiadaSvils daukavSirda, romelmac uTxra, rom miwa man ki ara, Tavad gubernatorma gaasxvisa. gamodis, teritoria varZelaSvilma korufciuli garigebiT survilisamebr gasca.~ `liberali~ daviT xmiadaSvils daukavSirda. goris municipalitetis gamgebeli uaryofs faqts, TiTqos nanetaSvilebs uTxra, rom miwa goris gubernatorma sakuTari survilisamebr gaasxvisa. `miwa romlis SeZenac `TrialeTs~ surda, ar gasxivsebula. gamgeobam 8 dRis dagvianebiT upasuxa, rom teritoria ar gasxvisebula. `liberalma~ sajaro reestrSi is xelSekruleba gamoiTxova, romelic goris municipalitetis gamgeobasa da `kavkasus onlains~ Soris gaformda. dokumentis mixedviT, daviT xmiadaSvilma, sofel varianis satelituri anZis mimdebare 500,30kv.m miwis farTobis municipalitetis gamgeobis balansze dasaregistrireblad, sajaro reestris goris saregistracio samsaxuris ufross _ daviT oniaSvils, 2009 wlis 1 dekembers mimarTa. 2010 wlis 12 Tebervals goris municipalitetis gamgebel _ daviT xmiadaSvilsa da Sps `kavkasus onlainis~ warmomadgenel _ kaxa meliqiZis Soris miReba-Cabarebis aqti gaformda. xelSekrulebis mixedviT `kavkasus gvis wesiT gaeca. samarTlebrivi TvalsazrisiT, aRniSnuli qonebis gankargvasTan dakavSirebiT goris municipalitets yvela formaluri detali daculi aqvs. badri nanetaSvilis TqmiT, municipalitetma biujets fuli daaklo, radgan, auqcionis Catarebis SemTxvevaSi, miwis gasayidi fasi moimatebda, xolo varZelaSvilis CareviT miwa saidumlod, korufciuli garigebiT gasxvisda. `anZis aSenebamde gvatyuebdnen, rom auqcioni dainiSneboda. icodnen, am faqts gavaxmaurebdiT da problemebi SeeqmnebodaT. mas Semdeg, rac gubernatoris moadgileobis posti davtove, ar surdaT, rom telekompania `TrialeTi~ damoukidebeli yofiliyo, amitom miwa `kavkasuss~ misces, Cven SevizRudeT, isev saxelmwifo anZaze unda viyoT damokidebuli da

`Sida qarTlis gubernatorma varZelaSvilma televiziis saqmianobaSi Careva scada. Jurnalistma mosaxleobis mitingi gadaiRo, gubernatorma ki miTxra, siuJeti ar unda gavideso.~
`kavkasus onlains~ ijaris wesiT sul sxva miwis nakveTi gadaeca.~ badri nanetaSvili 2010 wlis martamde Sida qarTlis gubernatoris moadgiled muSaobda. am postidan gadadgomis mTavar mizezad mis kuTvnil telekompania `TrialeTze~ xelisuflebis zewolas asaxelebs. `Sida qarTlis gubernatorma varZelaSvilma televiziis saqmianobaSi Careva scada. Jurnalistma mosaxleobis mitingi gadaiRo, gubernatorma ki miTxra, siuJeti ar unda gavideso. amas `TrialeTis~ sainformacio samsaxuris xelmZRvanelis gadabirebis mcdeloba mohyva.~ 2010 wlis 9 agvistos telekompania `TrialeTma~ goris municipalitets gancxadebiT mimarTa. `TrialeTis~ kiTxvebs _ visze, rodis, ra wesiT da ra fasad gasxvisda teritoria, goris municipalitetis onlains~ aRniSnuli farTi _ 49-wliani ijariT gadaeca. ijaris Rirebuleba 1 kvadratul metrze _ 0,24 lars, anu wliur - 120 lars Seadgens. saqarTvelos axalgazrda iuristTa asociaciis iuristi _ beqa doWviri ambobs, rom xelSekrulebidan gamomdinare, goris municipalitetma aRniSnuli teritoria Tavis saxelze 2009 wlis dekemberSi dairegistrira da 49-wliani ijariT `kavkasus onlains~ gadasca. im periodSi moqmedi kanonmdeblobidan gamomdinare, TviTmmarTvelobis aRmasrulebel organos ufleba hqonda, municipalitetSi Sesuli gancxadebebidan misTvis prioritetuli amoerCia da miwa pirdapiri gankarxval Tu viRac `gagvibrazdeba~, gadasaxadi unda mogvimaton.~ 2010 wlis 14 seqtembers, tele-radio kompania `TrialeTis~ mflobelsa da generalur direqtors acnobes, rom teleradiocentris anZas mexi daeca da maTi gadamcemebi daiwva. `TrialeTSi~ mogvianebiT gaarkvies, rom anZaze ganTavsebuli 50-mde gadamcemidan, mxolod maTi gadamcemebi dazianda, sxva mediasaSualebebi ki Cveulebriv ganagrZobdnen mauwyeblobas. televiziaSi am faqts, nino burnajaZis `TrialeTis~ pirdapir eTerSi gamosvlas ukavSireben. `TrialeTis~ damfuZnebeli badri nanetaSvili sakuTari uflebebis dacvas sasamarTloSi apirebs.

statia momzadebulia evrokavSiris mier dafinansebuli proeqtis „saqarTveloSi mediis _ rogorc makontrolebeli institutis _ rolis gaZliereba“ farglebSi, romelsac axorcielebs evraziis TanamSromlobis fondi.

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sazogadoeba
Tvalsazrisi

yalbi yalibi - qarxnuli ganaTleba
ganaTlebis sistemaSi mimdinare cvlilebebi moZvelebul qarxnul models efuZneba. Sedegi iseTive warumatebeli SeiZleba iyos, rogoric moZvelebuli sawarmoo meTodebis TanamedroveobaSi gamoyenebas mohyveba.
siko janaSia

qarxnis metafora saskolo sistemaze saubrisas xelovnurad ar Seqmnila. saskolo sistemis Camoyalibeba istoriuladac industriis ganviTarebas emTxveva. ganaTlebam industriuli warmoebisgan ara mxolod miznebis mniSvnelovani nawili SeiTvisa, aramed _ organizebis meTodebic. sanam konkretul magaliTze gadavidode, mokled SevexoT ganaTlebaze warmoebis qarxnuli modelis gavlenas.

modeli aseTia: Tu muSebi zustad asruleben davalebebs, Tu masala xarisxiania, Tu dazgebi da Carxebi gamarTulad muSaobs, Tu yvelaferi warmoebis gegmiTa da mkacri meTvalyureobiT mimdinareobs, maSin konveeri minimaluri wunis mqone produqts awarmoebs. amave modelSi, muSis samuSao naklebad aris damokidebuli meore muSis samuSaoze, da radgan produqcia did raodenobas exeba, mniSvnelovani xdeba,

am TamaSs qarxnobana hqvia. maswavlebeli Tavs moaCvenebs, TiTqos, uxaria, rom pasuxismgeblobebi ar aqvs, moswavle Tavs moaCvenebs, viTom raRacis swavla surs, xolo saministro, sazogadoebasTan erTad, yalibs Seqmnis. es yalbi yalibia.
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liberali . oqtomberi 2010 . № 46

ilustracia TaTia nadareiSvili / wignis saxelosno

sazogadoeba
rom konveerma Seuferxeblad imuSaos. ukve konveeridan gamosul produqts Cautardeba inspeqcia da gadairCeva wuni. am modelis Semqmnelebs sjerodaT, rom muSebis unar-Cvevebi, masala, dazga, gegma, meTvalyureoba _ es yvelaferi rac ufro standartulia, miT ufro prognozirebadia Sedegic. xom logikuria _ yalibis gamoyenebiT erTsa da imave produqcias viRebT miuxedavad imisa, Tu ra interesebi da warmomavloba aqvs muSas, romelic yalibSi masalas asxams. amitom procesis meTvalyures naklebad ainteresebs masalis warmomavlobaca da Sinagani Tvisebebic. masalas interesebi da gamocdileba ar gaaCnia... axla vnaxoT, rogor gadavida warmoebis es modeli saskolo sistemaSi: maswavleblebisTvis (muSebi) SemuSavda detaluri miTiTebebi. moswavleebi (masala) daiyo asakisa da lirebis mxriv wels ganxorcielda: SarSan skolebi saswavlo wlis kalendars TviTon gegmavdnen mocemuli CarCoebis farglebSi (swavlis dawyebisa da dasrulebis zRvruli TariRebi, saswavlo dReebis minimaluri raodenoba, wlis dayofis principebi). am dros skolebi iTvaliswinebdnen gansakuTrebul klimatur pirobebs, turistul sezons, sasoflo-sameurneo saqmianobaSi CarTuli maswavleblebisa da moswavleebis saWiroebebs da imasac, Tu ramdenad droulad mTavrdeboda zafxulSi dawyebuli remonti skolaSi. wels ganaTlebisa da mecnierebis saministrom yvelaferi skolebis nacvlad gansazRvra. amis dRevandeli Sedegia is, rom skolebis nawilma swavla moumzadeblad daiwyo, grZelvadian perspeqtivaSi ki es gamoiwvevs skolebSi dagegmvis unarebis ganviTarebis Seferxebas. kalendris garda, saministrom wels leebi da saxelmZRvaneloebis gamomcemlebi ki Semdeg am rekomendebuli Sinaarsis interpretirebas axdendnen, axla ki arsebobs standartuli moTxovnebi. Tuki, skolaSi surT galaktionis Semoqmedebis Seswavla, amisTvis nawarmoebebs TviTon veRar airCeven, savaldebulo leqsebi, romlebic skolaSi unda Seiswavlon, winaswarve gansazRvrulia. skolebs jerac darCaT damatebiTi, fakultaturi sagnebis SemoRebis Tavisufleba, magram, samagierod, savaldebulo sagnebis gaZlierebisTvis saministros unda mimarTon. magaliTad, Tuki, romelime skolaSi surT, ufro maRal doneze anda rTulad aswavlon fizika-maTematika an ucxo ena, es ukve saministros unda hkiTxon. arada, winaT, saswavlo gegma am mxriv minimalur moTxovnebs awesebda im mizniT, rom skolebs sakuTari SesaZleblobebisa da interesebis gaTvaliswinebiT Tavad Se-

es qarxnuli modelis safuZvelze azrovnebis nimuSia, romelic ar iTvaliswinebs imas, Tu ra viciT adamianebis swavlis unaris Sesaxeb. ar iTvaliswinebs arc, zogadad, ganviTarebis fsiqologias, rogor xdeba pasuxismgebliani sazogadoebis Camoyalibeba da sxva.
SesaZleblobebis mixedviT. saxelmZRvaneloebSi (dazgebi) Sevida standartuli Sinaarsi. es Sinaarsi unda gaxdes skoladamTavrebulis (produqtis) maxasiaTebeli. skolis direqciasa da saxelmwifos (qarxnis meTvalyure) daevala imis gakontroleba, rom yvelaferi saswavlo gegmis (warmoebis gegma) mixedviT mimdinareobdes. gamocdebi (inspeqtireba) skoladamTavrebulebis ganaTlebis xarisxs amowmebs imisTvis, rom arasakmaris viTarebaSi xeli Seuwyos maT skolaSi mibrunebas. sazogadoebis molodinebi da skola (erTad yalibi) erTsa da imave Sedegs unda iZleodes nebismieri moswavlis SemTxvevaSi. axla am sqemis gamoyenebiT gadavxedoT im cvlilebebs, rac skolis reguerovnuli saswavlo gegmiT daadgina isic, Tu ramdenjer unda moxdes moswavleebis Semajamebeli Sefaseba wlis ganmavlobaSi klasebisa da sagnebis miTiTebiT. saxelmwifom isic daadgina, rom moswavleebis Sefasebisas da, Sesabamisad, swavlebis drosac Tanabari mniSvneloba unda mieniWos saSinao, saklaso da Semajamebel davalebebs nebismier asaksa da saganSi. saxelmwifomve gansazRvra 60%-iani, savaldebulo, e.w. birTvi programac, ris gamoc saxelmZRvaneloebisa da saswavlo procesis Sinaarsis standartizacia moxda. anu, SeizRuda Sinaarsze arCevani. magaliTad, wina erovnuli saswavlo gegmis mixedviT, zogierTi unarisa da damokidebulebis ganviTarebisTvis saxelmwifo iZleoda mxolod rekomendaciebs, maswavleblebi, moswaveZinaT individualuri saxe. am cvlilebebis dasabuTeba araerTxel movismineT mediis meSveobiT. ministrisa da sxva pasuxismgebeli pirebis argumentiT, es siaxleebi Seamcirebs gaurkvevlobasa da mSoblebis gaRizianebas, gamoiwvevs maswavleblebis met mobilizebas, gaaadvilebs gamocdebis testebis Sedgenis process, Seqmnis met garantiasa da met interess swavlebis mimarT. sinamdvileSi ki, es isev qarxnuli modelis safuZvelze azrovnebis nimuSia, romelic, rogorc aRvniSneT, ar iTvaliswinebs imas, Tu ra viciT adamianebis swavlis unaris Sesaxeb. ar iTvaliswinebs arc, zogadad, ganviTarebis fsiqologias, rogor xdeba pasuxismgebliani sazogadoebis Camoyalibeba da sxva. ganaTlebis mecnierebam bolo 100 wlis ganmavlobaSi, da gansakuTrebiT ki

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sazogadoeba
gasuli saukunis 80-iani wlebidan, araerTxel daamtkica is, rom standartuli procesebisgan ganaTlebaSi mxolod standartulad mosalodnel Secdomebs viRebT, magram ara maincdamainc standartul efeqturobas. moswavle swavlobs imas, rac Sinaganad ainteresebs; rac misi winaswari codnis zednaSenia; swavlobs maSin, rodesac maswavlebeli da is erTad gansazRvraven ara mxolod swavlis Sinaarss, aramed swavlis instrumentebsac, garemos da meTodebs; rodesac moswavlis Sefaseba saswavlo miznebis Sesabamisia; da, ra Tqma unda, rodesac miznebi garedan Tavs moxveuli ar aris. iqneb, es cvlilebebi mxolod teqnikuri xasiaTisaa da sulac ar aRniSnavs misi SemmuSaveblebis rwmenas qarxnul modelSi? samwuxarod, industriuli metaforis mixedviT azrovnebis nimuSebis povna erovnuli saswavlo gegmis axal redaqciaSi mravlad SeiZleba. ai, kidev erTi TvalsaCinoeba: 2010-11 wlis redaqcia gveubneba, rom ganmsazRvreli Sefaseba `adgens moswavlis miRwevis dones saerTo normasTan mimarTebiT...~ wina wlis redaqciaSi ki weria, rom ganmsazRvrelia Sefaseba, roca is `gansazRvravs moswavlis miRwevis dones dasaxul miznebTan mimarTebiT~. erTi SexedviT, uwyinari gansxvavebaa. am dros axali, Sesworebuli varianti sworedac, rom im paradigmis farglebSia dawerili, romelSic garegnuli normebi da ara moswavlis interesebi, SesaZleblobebi da saWiroebebi gansazRvravs warmatebas. amgvarad, swavla Sinagan moTxovnilebebTan dakavSirebuli Sedegi da procesi ki ar aris, aramed garegnulad dawesebuli TamaSis nawili xdeba. am TamaSs ki qarxnobana hqvia. maswavlebeli Tavs moaCvenebs, TiTqos, uxaria, rom pasuxismgeblobebi ar aqvs, moswavle Tavs moaCvenebs, viTom raRacis swavla surs, direqcia TiTqos produqts Seamowmebs, xolo saministro, sazogadoebasTan erTad, TiTqos, yalibs Seqmnis. es yalibi ki yalbia. yavlgasuli qarxnebi, romelTa modelzec dRes ganaTlebis sistema igeba, TavianT ukanasknel dReebs iTvlian. maTi naxva saqarTveloSi mogzaurobis dros, axlad agebuli trasebis gaswvriv SegiZliaT: sawarmoebis nacvlad axla daJanguli nangrevebiRa dgas, romlebic Tanamedrove ekonomikisa da sazogadoebis saWiroebebs veRar akmayofileben; romelTac aRar hyavT mflobeli da _ aRarc Wirisufali.

liberali . oqtomberi 2010 . № 46

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sazogadoeba

`istoriuli simarTlis komisia~

istoriis gakveTilebi
50-gverdiani daijesti qarTulrusuli urTierTobebis 200-wliani istoriis Sesaxeb mzadebis procesSia. ra iqneba dokumentis mizani _ mtris xatis Seqmna Tu warsulis racionaluri gaazreba?
naTia guliaSvili

ilustracia ruslan beriZe

„dRes CvenTvis, rogorc arasdros, am istoriis Seswavla aqtualuria, es aucilebelia brZolis gasagrZeleblad da movlenaTa uaresi ganviTarebis Tavidan asacileblad“,_ aRniSna mixeil saakaSvilma simbolur TariRsa da adgilas _ 9 aprils, okupaciis muzeumSi. 4 Tvis Semdeg, prezidentma isto-

riuli simarTlis saxelmwifo komisiis Seqmnis Sesaxeb debulebas moawera xeli. aRniSna, rom saqarTvelos saboloo gaTavisuflebisTvis aucilebelia warsuli movlenebis zusti Sefaseba. komisiis mTavari amocana ki ase Camoayaliba: `safuZvlian samecniero-istoriul kvleva-Ziebaze damyarebuli daskvna-

reportis momzadeba, romelic srulad aRwers saqarTvelos mier caristuli da sabWoTa ruseTis okupaciis periodSi gadatanili istoriuli Zaladobis faqtebs.~ komisiis Seqmnis iniciativa, marTalia, prezidents ekuTvnis, Tumca ideaze saavtoro uflebas kentis universitetis doqtoranti, poli-

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sazogadoeba
gebi, fsiqologebi da politologebi unda Sesuliyvnen. maT 4 TveSi unda warmoedginaT fundamenturi naSromi, romelsac `Cveni momavali Taobebis garda, msoflio sazogadoebasac ramdenime enaze Targmnils~ miawvdidnen. Tumca, komisiis aRmasrulebel mdivanTan, Tornike SaraSeniZesTan saubrisas gairkva, rom `fundamenturi naSromi~ sinamdvileSi 50-gverdiani, popularuli eniT dawerili moxseneba iqneba, romlis Sedgenasac sociologebis, fsiqologebis da sxva specialistebis nacvlad, 5-6 konsultanti-istorikosis muSaoba hyofnis. SaraSeniZis TqmiT, komisiis TiToeul wevrs qarTul da rusul arqivebSi muSaobis gamocdileba aqvs, `mTeli cxovrebaa, am Temebze weren~ da amitom 4 TveSi moxsenebis dawera maTTvis sirTules ar warmoadgens. `Cveni movaleoba am etapze ara arqivebSi, aramed wignebze, publikaciebze, monografiebze muSaobaa, romelTa avtorebma, Tavis mxriv, swored arqivebze dayrdnobiT daweres naSromebi. Cven ki am yvelafers vkiTxulobT da 40-50 gverdamde vajerebT. konkretuli faqtebi unda SevkriboT da ara Sorisdebulebi da brtyel-brtyeli frazebi~,_- ambobs istorikosi goCa saiTiZe, romelic istoriuli simarTlis damdgeni komisiis erTerTi konsultantia. masTan erTad, saboloo moxsenebisTvis, 200 wlis istoriidan 10-10 gverds simon masxaraSvili, dodo WumburiZe, dimitri SveliZe da bondo kupataZe weren. me-19 saukunis ruseTis dasaxasiaTeblad istorikosebi sabWoTa periodis naSromebis nawils daeyrdnobian, radgan, rogorc TviTon amboben, komunistur epoqaSi gamoqveynebul Sexedulebebs caristuli ruseTis borotebis Sesaxeb srulad eTanxmebian. sabWoTa epoqis damuSavebisas ki mxolod 90-iani wlebis Semdeg daweril naSromebs gaiTvaliswineben. politikosTa nawilma am komisiis Seqmna ukve Seafasa, rogorc xelisu-

tologi vasil ruxaZe flobs, romelic 11 welia, StatebSi cxovrobs. 2010 wlis ianvarSi `niusvikSi~ gamoqveynda misi vrceli statia `koleqtiuri mexsiereba _ qarTuli saxelmwifoebriobis ganviTarebis samsaxurSi~, romelSic igi xazs usvamda msgavsi komisiis Seqmnis aucilebelobas _ rusuli okupaciis gaanalizebis

da qarTveli eris koleqtiuri mexsierebis CamoyalibebisTvis. ruxaZis es statia mogvianebiT qarTulad iTargmna da gazeT `24 saaTSi~ gamoqveynda. 9 aprils okupaciis muzeumSi prezidentma vasil ruxaZe komisiis Tavmjdomared daasaxela. Tavdapirveli gegmis mixedviT, komisiaSi istorikosebi, sociolo-

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sazogadoeba
flebis mcdeloba - ruseTis agresia dokumenturad aRweros, raTa ori wlis winandel omze pasuxismgebloba moixsnas. komisiis Tavmjdomaris, vasil ruxaZis publikaciebidan Cans, rom 200-wliani istoriis Seswavla da am gziT koleqtiuri mexsierebis Camoyalibeba, misTvis mniSvnelovania ara imdenad faqtebis racionaluri gaazrebisTvis, ramdenadac mtris xatis Sesaqmnelad. is gamudmebiT usvams xazs ruseTis mier Cadenil danaSaulebebs, magram arsad axsenebs saqarTvelos sisusteebsa da Secdomebs. agvistos omis Semdeg daweril erT-erT werilSi ruxaZe xelisuflebas samxedro strategiis gadawyobas urCevs da partizanuli omis upiratesobaze wers. koleqtiuri mexsierebis ukeT Camoyalibebis mizniT ki, saZmo sasaflaoebis mowyobas, glovis dReebis dawesebasa da memorialebis aRmarTvas miiCnevs saWirod. amgvari simboloebiT gataceba saqarTvelos prezidentsac axasiaTebs. man am konkretul SemTxvevaSic xom simbolurad SearCia TariRica da adgilic _ simarTlis damdgeni komisiis prezentaciisTvis meti pompezuroba rom mieniWebina, RonisZieba okupaciis muzeumSi, 9 aprils gamarTa. `monumentebi koleqtiuri indoqtrinaciisa da politikuri propagandis sakmaod nacadi instrumentebia, romlis yvelaze xangrZlivi da efeqturi gamocdileba uaxles istoriaSi swored sabWoTa kavSirma dautova kacobriobas~, - acxadebs filosofosi giorgi maisuraZe. saeWvoa, rom simboloebi sazogadoebas im miznis miRwevaSi exmarebodes, razec Tavad prezidenti saubrobs - `warsulis movlenebis zusti Sefaseba~, `saqarTvelos saboloo gaTavisufleba~. `qarTveli sazogadoeba darCenilia `okupaciis muzeumis“ amara, romelic evropuli analogiuri dawesebulebebisagan gansxvavebiT, moqalaqeTa umravlesobisTvis mxolod keTilmowyobili Senobaa, sadac sabWoeTis amsaxveli masalebia gamofenili. muzeumidan gamosuli moqalaqe iSviaTad dafiqrdeba, Tu ra kavSiria Tanamedrove saqarTveloSi mimdinare procesebsa da cota xnis win nanax gamofenas Soris, Cvens cxovrebasa da xelisuflebis qmedebebs Soris~, _ aRniSnavs filosofosi lela gafrindaSvili. prezidentis iniciativiT, simarTlis damdgen komisias ufleba aqvs, iuridiuli Sefasebac moamzados, ara mxolod gasuli 2 saukunis, aramed ukanaskneli wlebis movlenebis Sesaxebac. es prezidentis mier xelmoweril debulebaSic sagangebodaa aRniSuli. msgavsi funqcia ekisreba erTi wlis win, ruseTSi Seqmnil `istoriis gayalbebis winaaaRdeg mebrZol komisiasac~. rusul variantSi, am komisias imis uflebac aqvs, pasuxisgebaSi misces adamiani, Tu misi damokidebuleba ama Tu im istoriuli faqtisadmi, maTi azris sawinaaRmdego iqneba. Tumca Tornike SaraSeniZe ambobs, rom prezidentTan maT agvistos omis Sesaxeb samarTlebrivi dokumentis Seqmnaze arasodes usaubriaT. am periods TavianT istoriul daijestSi arc Seexebian da Txrobas 1991 wliT daasruleben. `rom SemoeTavazebinaT uaxlesi istoriis Sefaseba, albaT, uars vityodi. rTulia, gverdidan dainaxo im periodis movlenebi, romelSic Cven TviTon vcxovrobT~, _ ambobs goCa saiTiZe. `am etapze Cveni erTaderTi movaleoba weraa. Tumca, ar aris gamoricxuli, samomavlod am komisiam samarTlebriv Sefasebebzec imuSaos~, _ dasZens komisiis wevri, dimitri SveliZe. manamde dRis wesrigSi rusuli okupaciis Sesaxeb saswavlo saxelmZRvanelos Sedgena dgas. am wignis momzadebas simarTlis damdgeni komisiis konsultanti, istorikosi dodo WumburiZe xelmZRvanelobs. erT-erT internet-gamocemasTan interviuSi, WumburiZe aRniSnavda, rom afxazeTsa da samxreT oseTSi omebTan dakavSirebiT saxelmZRvaneloze momuSave gunds sakmarisi samecniero masala aqvs, ris gamoc maTTvis arc agvistos movlenebis Sefasebaa rTuli da arc mikerZoebis safrTxe arsebobs. `damerwmuneba yvela, vinc msoflio istoria icis, rom yvela qveyana Sevidoda jariT im regionSi, sadac imas gaakeTebdnen, rasac akeTebdnen kokoiTi da baRafSi. gana ra gavakeTeT iseTi? gvindoda konstituciuri samarTlianobis aRdgena. amitom vwer am wigns, mimaCnia, rom arafers vamaxinjeb~, _ aRniSnavs dodo WumburiZe. Tumca, goCa saiTiZe miiCnevs, rom komisiis saboloo angariSze dayrdnobiT saxelmZRvanelos dawera, SeuZlebelia, Tundac imitom, rom komisia mxolod politikuri urTierTobebis, uSualod ruseTis mxridan okupaciis mcdelobebis Cvenebazea orientirebuli da ara, vTqvaT, kulturuli urTierTobebis aRweraze, romelTa Soris dadebiTi faqtebic moiZebneba da romlis gareSe saxelmZRvanelo ver Sedgeba. gamodis, rom istoriuli simarTlis saxelmwifo komisia, sakuTar naSromSi uaxloes warsuls ar Sefasebs, Tumca, amave dros, komisiis erT-erTi konsultanti moswavleebisa da studentebisTvis am periodis Sesaxeb saxelmZRvanelos moamzadebs. rusul-qarTul urTierTobebis Sesaxeb popularuli eniT daweril simarTles komisia wlis bolos SemogvTavazebs. istorikosebis namuSevrebs ki, debulebis mixedviT, saboloo moxsenebis forma komisiis Tavmjdomarem - ideis avtorma, vasil ruxaZem unda misces.

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mediakritika

teleiavnana reketi uflis saxeliT
upasuxod darCenili kiTxvebi
ninia kakabaZe baTumidan Tbilisisken gza manqaniT yvelas gamogivliaT da warmoudgenelia, ar SegeniSnaT neoniT ganaTebuli jvrebi mTel trasaze, romelic ukanaskneli mgzavrobisas davTvale da 42 iyo. ar gamovricxav, rom ramdenime gamomrCa. kiTxva: - vin dgams am jvrebs? ratom dgas isini gzaze? risi aRmniSvnelia? ra funqcias asrulebs? visTvis dgas? baTumi-Tbilisis gzaze, Tuki saWesTan swrafmavali mZRolia, gangoWi. es yvelaferi saqarTvelos sapatriarqos madliani wvrili biznesia. da visac megobari `mamao~ ar gyavT, xom ar iciT, ra jdeba kurTxevis ceremoniali? qarTul media sivrceSi arsebobs saxelisuflo, saxelmwifo, nacionaluri, kerZo, damoukidebeli Tu damokidebuli tele da radio arxebi. e.w. opoziciurad ganwyobil media saSualebebSi, ukve qarTuli biznesis kulturad iqca, mis ganTavsebaze uars ityvis? sainteresoa! aris aseTi saqvelmoqmedo fondi `iavnana~, romelsac paata burWulaZe xelmZRvanelobs. is erTaderTi iyo, romelic usaxlkaro ojaxebs asaxlebda da miusafar bavSvebs mSoblebTan abrunebda. misi arsebobis periodSi `iavnanam~ 60 ojaxi daasaxla da 800 bavSvi daabruna mSobelTan. `gasakeTebeli jer kidev bevria~ _ Tqva saqvelmoqmedo

sakuTrebiT maSin, avtomanqanebis ukanalze mimagrebul bolnur jvrebsac SeniSnavT _ es viciT, manqana nakurTxia. manqanis patronma kurTxevaSi fuli gadaixada. es e.w. teqdaTvalierebis alternativaa. aseTs sacxovrebeli saxlis karebzec SeniSnavT, anu saxlic nakurTxia da amaSic fulia gadaxdili. bunebrivia, megobari mRvdlebi, megobar ojaxebs fuls ar arTmeven da mxolod sazeimo vaxSmiT kmayofildebian. pirSi bolokgarWobili goWi sufrazea, marxvis dros ki _ soiosgan damzadebuli samarxvo

rom reklamas aravin debs _ saxelmwifosi gveSinia. magram aris instancia, visic yvelas eSinia da misi reklama yvela damoukidebel Tu damokidebul tele-radio mediaSi trialebs. `SemowireT wminda taZris mSeneblobas! angariSis nomeria: ....~ galobisa da zarebis fonze, yvela xelsawyo, rac denSi erTdeba, amisken mogviwodebs. bunebrivia, es reklama, praqtikulad, yvelgan ufasod Tavsdeba. netav, ra moxdeba im SemTxvevaSi, Tuki romelime radio an televizia

aqciaze paata burWulaZem da axali samonastro kompleqsisTvis mSeneblobis dasawyebad saqvelmoqmedo koncerti gamarTa. koncertze Semosuli zarebiT 300 aTasamde lari Semovida. fuls wiravdnen kerZo pirebi, kompaniebi, korporaciebi, skolebi da a.S. am angariSis paroli xom ar iciT vinmem? is, rom saqarTvelos yvela kuTxeSi, Tbilisis TiTqmis yvela quCaze, maRaziaSi, restoranSi Tu sxva

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sazogadoebrivi TavSeyris adgilas e.w. saqvelmoqmedo yulaba devs da axali monastris Semowirulobas iTxovs Cvengan da is, rom yvela tele-radio eTeridan amisken mogviwodeben _ amas ukve SevegueT. Cven viciT, rogor iTxovs da iRebs fuls sapatriarqo (aseve 28 milions saxelmwifos biujetidan yovelwliurad), magram ar viciT, raSi ixarjeba es fuli. ai, magaliTad, axlac maxaTas mTaze axali monasteri qarTveli biznesmenebis, qarTuli biznesis, kerZo pirebis xarjze aSendeba. aravin svams kiTxvas _ ra saWiroa? mogvaxsenes, rom am axal samonastro kompleqsSi narkotikze damokidebulTa pirebis sareabilitacio centric iqneba da usaxlkaro bavSvTa TavSesafaric. ratom unda aSendes axali, Tuki SeiZleba ukve arsebulis da savalalo mdgomareobaSi myofi centrebis Tu saxlebis rekonstruqcia? 25 seqtembers, saRamos 10 saaTidan 3 saaTis ganmavlobaSi saqarTvelos mosaxleoba da `rusTavi 2~-is mayurebeli sayovelTao tele-reketis momswre iyo. RvTiT kurTxeulki gamocura, jer aTonis mTaze daido bina, Semdeg ki saqarTveloSi, RvTismSoblis wilxvedr qveyanaSi. axla swored am xatisTvis unda avagoT axali samonastro kompleqsi. kiTxva: netav, ratom ar SeiZleba, ukve arsebulSi rom davabrZanoT? koncertamde erTi dRiT adre msoflio bani paata burWulaZe `rusTavi 2~-Si dilis gadacemas stumrobda, sadac warmoadgina organizaciebis anketa, ris mixedviTac yvela maTganma unda (rasakvirvelia sakuTari nebiT) moiTxovos fulis gadaricxva angariSze: 000666000. reketis axali teqnologiebic aviTviseT. sapatriarqoSi ukve kargi, kvalificiuri biznesmenebic gaCndnen. da neta, vinc am anketis Sevsebas ar moindomebs, am sayovelTao madlis gacemis koniunqturis pirobebSi _ mas ra elis? maxaTas mTaze iveriis RvTismSoblis saxelobis taZris mSeneblobisadmi miZRvnili telemaraToni uprecedento iyo, aseTi aqtiuroba da amdeni Semosuli Tanxa am saqvelmoqmedo fonds ar axsovs. aqamde saxelmwifos mier gaxarjuli nebismieri TeTri sazogadoebis mier gakontrolebuli unda iyos. aseve didia ukmayofileba, maT Soris Cemic, xelisuflebis mier sxvadasxva media saSualebebis kontrolis mimarT. magram aravin saubrobs da aravin svams kiTxvas, ramdenime gamonaklisis garda _ ramdenad didia qarTuli eklesiis cenzura da kontroli mediaze? arc erTi damoukidebeli Tu damokidebuli arxi ar aris kritikuli qarTuli eklesiis mimarT. arc erTi kritikuli siuJeti ar mzaddeba maT saqmianobaze Tu biznesze. sad ismenT gansxvavebul azrs saqarTvelos patriarqze, sapatriarqoze Tu qarTul eklesiaze? feisbuqSi? madloba ufals! axla uklebliv yvela satelevizio da radio arxi, albaT, beWduri mediac CaerTveba axali samonastro kompleqsis mSeneblobaSi maxaTas mTaze. Tavi davaneboT ubralod gaWirvebulebs, siRatakis zRvars miRma myofi socialuri fena, romelmac saxlidan carieli da gafuWebuli macivari gadaagdo imisaTvis, rom saxelmwifos is Ratakad ecno, mas eklesia iveriis RvTismSoblis xatis savanes auSenebs, sadac miva da sefiskvers SeWams kviraSi erTxel. ra mniSvneloba aqvs visi saxeliT gareketeben? sagadasaxado saxelmwifos saxeliT Tu eklesia RvTis saxeliT? amaze pasuxs, albaT, gadacema `profili~ gagvcems da yvelaferi maSin iTqmeba sabolood, rodesac `profilis~ wamyvans Sublze wminda jvari gamoesaxeba. P.S. fondi `iavnanas~ saqvelmoqmedo koncerts, Canaweris saxiT internetSi, internet gverdze `myvideo.ge~-ze vuyure. maSin, rodesac qarTulma siyalbem da farisevlobam kulminacias miaRwia, es daaxloebiT 2 saaTSi moxda, myvideo.ge-s sensori TavisiT gadaaxta dros da `Sex and the City~-ze dajda. maSin davijere, rom RmerTi marTlac arsebobs!

axla uklebliv yvela satelevizio da radio arxi, albaT, beWduri mediac CaerTveba axali samonastro kompleqsis mSeneblobaSi maxaTas mTaze.
ma `rusTavi 2~-ma amisaTvis oqros cxeni, jildoc ki miiRo, radgan ase profesionalurad daexmara qarTul eklesias fulis SegrovebaSi. arxis da saqvelmoqmedo koncertis wamyvanebma maia asaTianma da nino arazaSvilma mogviTxres ambavi avazakTa Sesaxeb, romelnic iveriis RvTismSoblis xatis mosaparad Tu gasanadgureblad mividnen, am dros rogor wamouvida xats sisxli, Semdeg rogor Secura zRvaSi da gaapo talRebi. aravin daxmarebia, yvelaferi TviTon qna. 200 wlis Semdeg fuls konkretuli adamianebisTvis krebdnen, axla samonastro kompleqsisTvis. es patriarqis iniciativaa, romelmac, savaraudod, burWulaZes uTxra: `Svilo paata, Semigrove fuli maxaTas mTisTvis. ufali daglocavs!~ rame sxva versia gaqvT? dRes bevrs laparakoben saxelmwifos prezidentis, sxvadasxva fondebidan Tu pirdapir biujetidan gaxarjuli Tanxebis Sesaxeb. iqneba es sofo niJaraZis benefisi Tu kris de burgis. bunebrivia,

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kultura

TeatroTerapia
daviT buxrikiZe STambeWdavi optimizmi, feradi feierverkebi da wiTel xaliCaze valsis mocekvave Teatris varskvlavebi _ aseTi iyo Tbilisis meore saerTaSoriso festivalis dasawyisi. ukve vixileT pirveli premierebi, moTelili namuSevrebic da cota usiamovno ambebic SevityveT: STamagonebeli piariT aRWurvili da mravalgzis waxalisebuli marjaniSvilis Teatri speqtakl `dekameronisTvis~ samwuxarod, mzad ar aRmoCnda. levan wulaZis mier bokaCos novelebis mixedviT dadgmuli speqtakli, romelic qarTuli `Sou keisis~ mTavar gasaRebad unda qceuliyo, CaiSala. erTgvari kompensaciis saxiT, publikam marjaniSvilis Teatris sxvenze 30 seqtembers Temur CxeiZis speqtaklis premiera ixila. `brma mxedveli~ (`moli suoni~) _ ase vTqvaT, ormagi saxelwodebiT dadga fsiqologiuri Teatris ostatmareJisorma ingliseli dramaturgis, braian frilis piesa. dRevandel qaotur ritmSi mcxovrebi publikisaTvis es sakmaod rTuli mosanelebelia, miT umetes, roca TvalSisacemia vrceli monologebi da umoqmedobiT datvirTuli, magram mravalmniSvnelovani pauzebi. raRaciT es Cexovis dramaturgiasTan analogiis cdunebas badebs da cotaTi masTan gapaeqrebasac niSnavs. iqac xom vrceli da metyveli pauzebis velia da `wyalqveSa

Tbilisis saerTaSoriso Teatraluri festivali - rbola saSualo distanciaze dabrkolebebiT

scena speqtaklidan `hamleti~

scena speqtaklidan `ori batonis msaxuri~

liberali . oqtomberi 2010 . № 46

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kultura
dinebebiT~ savse svlebi igulisxmeba. Temur CxeiZe swored imgvar sityvier qsovils da odnav Senelebul ritms irCevs, rac aucilebelia msaxiobze msxvili xediT dakvirvebisTvis. amgvari tipis msaxiobebTan muSaobas igi miCveulicaa. samwuxarod, bergmanisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli es `kinematografiuli impulsebi~, raRac momentSi, reJisoris sawinaaRmdegod iwyebs amoqmedebas. natifi fsiqologizmiT aRbeWdili scenebi da daxvewili mizanscenebi gbezrdebaT, xolo scenografia karga xniT daviwyebul, mtverwayril da lamaz avejs emsgavseba. venuri skamebi, piupitrebi, rkinis sawoli, sofitebiT ganaTebuli portretebi, kedel-sarkeebi, romelSic personaJTa mSvidi siSmage airekleba _ es yvelaferi 70-iani wlebidan moyolebuli, CxeiZis speqtaklebSi TiTqos bevrjer gvinaxavs. damRleli erTferovnebis surnels gamoscems reJisurac da speqtaklic. arada, msaxiobebic kargad TamaSoben (moli _ nani CiqviniZe, frenki _ aleko maxarobliSvili, eqimi raisi _ goga pipinaSvili) reJisurac zustia da gasagebi, xolo mxatvar gogi aleqsi-mesxiSvilis namuSevari _ SesaniSnavi niuansebiT savse. vaso abaSiZis saxelobis musikisa da dramis TeatrSi dagegmili `sirano de berJerakis~ premiera, rac organizatorTa gaangariSebiT, festivalis movlenad unda qceuliyo, samwuxaro gaugebrobis gamo aseve CaiSala. Tu moarul xmebsa da presaSi gamoCenil mcireoden informacias davujerebT, morigi qarTuli `Sou keisis~ CaSla zura yifSiZis `varskvlavuri daavadebis~ bralia, romelmac reJisoris diqtati ver aitana, rac sxvaTa Soris, absurdulad gamoiyureba. oriode dRis win, Tavissave gancxadebaSi daviT doiaSvils `brwyinvale reJisorad~ moixseniebs. asea Tu ise, morigi sapremiero `Cavardna,~ garkveulwilad, laxavs Tbilisis Teatraluri festivalis saerTaSoriso imijs, romelic jer xeirianad arc dawyebula. Tu qarTuli programis garkveul da droebiT `Terapiul~ waramatebaze SeiZleba vilaparakoT, es upirveles yovlisa, regionul Teatrebs exeba. maTi monawileoba festivalSi da gadamdebi energia Tu enTuziazmi, marTlac, dasafasebelia. magaliTad, mkafio konceftualuri naxaziT dadgmuli da odnav damRleli speqtakli `romeo da julieta~ (quTaisis lado mesxiSvilis saxelobis saxelmwifo dramatuli Teatri, reJisori giorgi sixaruliZe); an Telavis, vaJa-fSavelas saxelobis saxelmwifo dramatul TeatrSi gogi CakvetaZis mier dadgmuli - Tamaz WilaZis piesa `mSvidobiT lomebo~. ucxouri humanitaruli organizaciebis daxmareba da koncerti moxucebulTa TavSesafarSi waruSleli sevdisa da autaneli martoobis kvals tovebs mayurebelze. unda aRiniSnos baTumis ilia WavWavaZis saxelobis saxelmwifo dramatuli Teatris speqtakli `bananisa da komSis pudingi koniakiTa da romiT~, romelic gamrje dramaturgis, irakli samsonaZisa da aranakleb nayofieri reJisoris, giorgi TavaZis erToblivi, sxarti, ironiuli da cxadad postmodernistuli namuSevaria. Teatralebs SeeZlebaT foTis valerian gunias saxelobis TeatrSi dadgmuli `piloni~ (jon steinbekis `tortila fletis~ mixedviT, variaciebi _ rezo kldiaSvili, reJisura _ irakli gogia) goris erisTavis saxelobis saxelmwifo TeatrSi dadgmul mkveTrad politikur `cxel agvistos~ Seadaron. stumrebis didi interesi gamoiwvia speqtaklma `vgavarT Cven axla ltolvilebs?!~, romelic britanelma reJisorma-qalma aleki blaiTma rusTavelis TeatrSi dadga. es aris 2008 wlis agvistos omis Semdgom, ltolvilTa dasaxlebaSi monaTxrobi ambebis Seulamazebeli asaxva scenur sivrceSi, anu verbatimis JanrSi (realuri da Seulamazebeli dokumenturi teqstebis akinZva) dadgmuli pirveli speqtakli. xalxuri simRerebisa da rusTavelis Teatris msaxiobebis _ marina janaSias, Temiko WiWinaZis, qeTevan svaniZisa da laSa oyroSiZis monawileobiT. warmodgenam, romelic rusTavelis Teatris, londonis nacionaluri Teatrisa da britaneTis sabWos erToblivi proeqtia, didi mowoneba daimsaxura edinburgis saerTaSoriso festivalze, sadac ramdenime prestiJuli jildo aiRo. ara mgonia, perspeqtivaSi jildosa da aRiarebis gareSe darCes reJisor beso kupreiSvilis axali speqtakli `Cemi hamletic~, romlis premiera aseve qarTuli programis farglebSi gaimarTeba (marjaniSvilis TeatrSi, sxvenze). `TiTebis Teatris~ warmatebulma avtorma mravaltanjuli `hamletis~ istorias originaluri da ironiuli sunTqva SesZina. marjaniSvilis sxvenze `asul~ mayurebels saSualeba eqneba, axlomxedveli damlagebeli qalis (msaxiobi qeTi cxakaia) saTvaliT Sexedos danieli princis yofierebis asatan simZimes... da Tu saWiroa `TeatroTerapiis~ kursis gavlis Semdeg, Seumsubuqos es tvirTi. vidre festivalze qarTuli programis dasasruli moawevs, girCevT, ar gamotovoT rezo gabriaZis genialuri Tojinuri speqtakli `stalingradis brZola~ (arada, ra uxerxulad JRers filosofiuri siRrmis mqone warmodgenis mimarT es Janruli iarliyi!). igi TiTqmis eqvsi wlis ganmavlobaSi ar dadgmula da imedia, wlevandeli festivaliT ganaxlebul sicocxles daibrunebs. omi xom arc sabWoTa mebrZolebs, arc germanelebs da arc... WianWvelebs daindobs. es rezo gabriaZis martivad gasagebi da poeturad amaRelvebeli filosofiaa.

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Tvalsazrisi

fiqrebi mtkvris piras
laSa buRaZe aRar davZrav, raki ase ayeneben sakiTxs: gindaT wignebi meliqiSvilze? maSin daemSvidobeT Tbilisis gaparizebis ideas! ikmareT Tqveni guami, zed ar Semogvxedavs evrokavSiri... mokled, ra gaewyoba, SeveCvevi axal adgils (mec minda parizSi!), Tan ager mweralTa kavSiris Tavmjdomarem, amx. m. gonaSvilmac moiwona iqauroba _ gazafxulzec kai iqneba da Semodgomazeco... sanapiro me ar SemaSinebs! zogjer iseT adgilebSi davdivar wignebis sanaxavad, deda-enis Zeglis midamoebi marTlac parizis gulad mogeCvenebaT, q-no mayvala... davakonkretoT SekiTxva. ratom brazobs mkiTxveli? pasuxi: brazobs imitom, rom isini, vinc iq, meliqiSvilze idgnen da `bukinistebad~ moixseniebodnen, realurad, Cveulebrivi, axali wignebiT movaWreebi gaxldnen (cxadia, zogs Zveli wignebic hqonda, magram ZiriTadad mainc ruseTidan Camotanil axal gamocemebs yidda es xalxi), axla ki gaqrnen da jerac ar gamoCenilan mtkvris piras... mkiTxveli ki Relavs, radgan miuxedavad ruseT-saqarTvelos urTierTobisa _ jerac imitom rCeba aqtiur mkiTxvelad, rom mravalgvar rusul gamocemas yvelaze xSirad (da sistematurad) swored amaTTan iZenda... mxolod arsebuli wignis maRaziebis amara rom darCe (mgoni, sul eqvsi calia TbilisSi, aqedan oric _ kafe), saukeTeso variantSi, weliwadSi orjer mogiwevs axalmiRebuli `partiis~ SeTvaliereba, xolo rusul-qarTuli omis mere, Tu ar vcdebi, mxolod erTxel Camoitanes SedarebiT saintereso wignebi. nu, ra vqnaT, Cveni ra bralia, Tuki yvelaze meti momxmarebeli mainc rusul Targmanebs hyavs TbilisSi? marTalia, putini sisxlismsmelia da arc medvedevi gamodga didi liberali, magram wignebs ki mainc magra da bevrs beWdaven ruseTSi. erTi sityviT, imis Tqma minda, rom mxolod es maRaziebi rom SegrCes da maTTan erTad ki mxolod qarTuli wignebi, ukanasknel uwignurad aResrulebi. rac Seexeba wignebs inglisur, germanul, frangul da sxva enaze: bevrs ki vlaparakobT, rusuli ena dagvaviwyda da yvela inglisurad avmetyveldiTo, magram dasavlur enebze gamocemuli wignebi, samwuxarod, kvlavac dekoratiul funqcias asruleben maRaziebSi _ wignis maRazia `parnasSi~, magaliTad, wlebia samuzeumo eqsponatebiviT warmoadgenen ramdenime mSvenier inglisur da germanulenovan wigns (am eqsponatTagan erT-erTi _ hainer miuleris piesebi _ didi xvewna-mudaris mere wavglije maRaziis direqtor, b-n g. darsalias. rogorc eqvTime TayaiSvili qarTul ganZs, isic massaviT bejiTad da saTuTad ufrTxildeba Tavis `ucxour~ wignebs). sasiamovno garemoa, magram mwiri arCevania inglisuri wignis maRazia prospero's books-Sic. aq, ZiriTadad,

dameTanxmeT, yvelaferi rigze iqneboda, saqarTveloSi rom bevri adamiani kiTxulobdes wigns... yovel SemTxvevaSi, amdens aravin iyvirebda `bukinistebis~ mtkvris piras gasaxlebis gamo! davsvaT SekiTxva: ratom yviris es xalxi (mkiTxvelebi, wignebis gamyidvlebi, gamomcemlebi)? piradad me, magaliTad, is ar mesiamovna, imave adgilas rom ver mividodi wignebis SeTvalierebaSeZenisTvis, sadac 10 weliwadze metia davdivar, da arc is momewona, konkretuli adgilis SeCvevaSeyvarebisTvis rom gakicxes zogzogierTebma Cemnairebi. nu, ha, gadaveCvevi, batono, raxan aseTi ambavia _ raxan qveynis ganviTareba-gabrwyinebisaTvis ase sasicocxlod mniSvnelovania meliqiSvilis quCidan wignebis daxlebis gaqroba! krintsac

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Tvalsazrisi
ikiTxeT liberalis ganaxlebul portalze
kavkasiur omebze dawerili literatura, turgenevis `mumus~ inglisuri Targmanebi, hemingueis `moxuci da zRva~, vadagasuli `ali da nino~ da msgavsi wignebi gvxvdeba. SedarebiT Tanamedrove literaturuli teqsti (1989 welsaa dawerili!), romelic am koxtad mowyobil maRaziaSi moviZie, famukis `me wiTeli mqvia~ iyo. da, ha, kidev es saSineli vampiruli saga... amas davumatoT diumas centric, Tavisi TargmanebiT da morCa, wignis saZiebel rukaze bolo wertili gveqneba moniSnuli. Tumca gana imas vambob, literaturul kafe-maRaziaTa mflobelebis ar mesmis-meTqi, mesmis, rogor ara! imitomac ar CamoaqvT xSirad bevr-bevri axali wigni, rom maTi myidvel-mkiTxveli ar moiZieba saqarTveloSi. absoluturad veTanxmebi mwer-kavS-Tavmjdomares, q-n m. gonaSvils _ diax, yvela ver iqneba `kurierSi~ _ aq gazafxulzec kaia da Semodgomazeco... mkiTxveli ki imitom ar gvyavs bevri, rom saqarTveloSi kiTxva ar uyvarT (an ar ician), kiTxva ki imitom ar ician (da ar uyvarT), rom skolaa cudi (da mSoblebis drosac aseTi iyo _ winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi, maT mainc eyvarebodaT kiTxva), skola ki cudi imis gamoa, rom raRac mourCeneli sWirs Cvens ganaTlebas da kulturas (rogorc sistemas), mourCeneli ki imitomaa, rom safuZvlianad ar vmkurnalobT, safuZvlianad ki imitom ar vmkurnalobT, rom realurad Tavad varT samkurnaloebi, Cven TviTon ki imitom varT samkurnaloebi, rom planeta ssrk-s macxovreblebi viyaviT, planeta ssrk-Si ki imitom vcxovrobdiT, rom noe Jordania bolo wuTamde fiqrobda _ lenini ar momatyuebdao da mere kai Citic daiWira, ase ki imitom

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nobelis premia kabelebs
ZiriTadad babua `arfaneti~ samxedroebTan muSaobda sabWoTa kavSirTan SesaZlo omis Temebze da saerTod ar fiqrobda pacifizmze. pirveli `arfaneti~ 1969 wels Honeywell DP-516-ze daayenes. Cveni koleqtiuri gonis _ `vikipediis~ cnobiT, maSin kompiuters 24kb operatiuli mexsiereba hqonda, anu Zalian cota giorgi cxadaias blogi

marTalia, putini sisxlismsmelia da arc medvedevi gamodga didi liberali, magram wignebs ki mainc magra da bevrs beWdaven ruseTSi.
didi eqvTime! marTlac ganZad xom ar dadeb yvelafers! magram SekiTxva maqvs: maS, wignis garemovaWreebi rogorRa yidian (ufro sworad, yiddnen) axalSemosul inteleqt-saqonels? Tu amaT cotac hyofnidaT? SeiZleba. ar vici. sad maRaziis flobis xarjebi da sad quCis erT-or kvadratulze dgoma! amaze pasuxi ara maqvs. Cemze Wkvianebma unda axsnan. mokled, mainc iq mivediT, sadac dasawyisSi viyaviT: arc mkiTxveli gvyavs da arc wignis myidveli. eseni rom blomad gvyavdes, wignis maRaziebic uxvad gveqneboda da mtkvris pirasac, ara mxolod guamsuamis, aramed rogorc evrokavSiris wevrebi, ise CavidodiT. ra, tyuilad ki ar iTqva rusTavi 2-is fiqrobda, rom, leninis ar iyos, TviTonac marqsisti gaxldaT, marqsizmma ki tvini auria evropels, upirveles yovlisa _ germanel inteleqtuals, germanel inteleqtualebs ki imitom aeriaT tvini, rom srul anaqronizmad miiCnia evropuli monarqia, evropul monarqias ki zog-zogierTebi ukve 1789 wlidan Tvlidnen anaqronizmad, anaqronizmi ki maSin iqceva namdvil anaqronizmad, roca cnobismoyvare mkiTxvels `bukinists~ ar Seatoveb... yvelaferi ki imitomaa ase, rom Cems kritikul werils bevri adresati hyavs, konkretuli ki _ arc erTi. saCivleli, rogorc xedavT, blomad maqvs (Tundac zemoT CamoTvlil sakiTxTa gamo), magram, aba, vis SevCivlo, rusTaveli mkvdaria.

buSis quCis ambavi grZeldeba
saqarTveloSi, gavlenian politikur wreebSi buSi danarCeni msofliosgan radikalurad gansxvavebulad aRiqmeba. amaze metyvelebs is faqti, rom misi saxeli Tbilisis im quCas hqvia, romliTac saqarTveloSi Camosuli ucxoeli stumrebi aeroportidan TbilisSi Semodian....

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qarTuli safexburTo klubebis wliuri biujetebi

"Semodgomis aznaurTa" umaRlesi liga
qarTuli safexburTo klubebis wliuri biujetebi
daviT mSvildaZe
`liberalma~ saqarTvelos umaRlesi ligis safexburTo klubebis wliuri biujetebis dazusteba scada. aRmoCnda, rom klubebis umravlesoba biujets Zveleburad aRar malavs. klubebis xelmZRvanelebis mier dagegmili biujetebi sezonis msvlelobisas SesaZloa Seicvalos, vinaidan ramdenime klubs mepatronis da sponsoris sakiTxi bolomde mogvarebuli ar aqvs. rusTavis `olimpi~ 1.500.000 lari `olimps~ kompania `qarTuli foladi~ afinansebs. klubis prezidentma zurab jafariZem kidev erTxel dagvidastura sezonis dawyebamde naTqvami, rom `olimpis~ 2010/11 wlebis sezonis biujeti milionnaxevari laria. am TanxiT afinanseben ZiriTad gunds, dublSemadgenlobas, asakobriv klubebs, saWiro xarjebs da a.S. `zestafoni~ 7.162.200 lari `zestafonis~ prezidentma ilia kokaiam biujeti detalurad gagvimxila. biujeti ori nawilisgan Sedgeba: sainvesticio xarjebi 2010/11 wlebis sezonSi 2 milioni dolaria, radgan iwyeben bazis mSeneblobas da daasruleben stadionis rekonstruqcias. Tavad klub `zestafonisTvis~ damtkicebuli biujeti 1,8 milioni dolaria, stadionis xarji 92000 dolari, klubis administraciuli xarjebi ki, 87000 dolari. anu 3.979.000 dolari, rac larebSi 7.162.200 laria _ `zestafoni~ finansurad yvelaze welgamarTuli klubia. `zestafoni~ cnobili ukraineli biznesmenis, igor kolomoickis mZlavri jgufis partnioria, romelic oTx ukrainul safexburTo klubs flobs _ kievis `dinamos~, dnepropetrovskis `dneprs~, kievis `arsenals~ da mariupolis `iliCevecs~. Tbilisis `dinamo~ (Tb) 800.000 lari `dinamo~ badri patarkaciSvilis ojaxs ekuTvnis, romelic `dinamos~ aRar afinansebs. amdenad, klubis biujeti menejmentis efeqturobazea damokidebuli: evropis ligis sam etapze monawileobisTvis, uefa `dinamos~ 270 aTas evros Cauricxavs, gracis `SturmTan~ matCis reportaJisTvis satelevizio saagento _ 22 aTasi evros. garda amisa, guram kaSias holandiur arnemis `vitesSi~ gaSvebisTvis, Tbiliselebs sakompensaciod 100 aTasi evroc daericxaT. samive Semosavlis jami 392 aTasi evroa, mimdinare kursiT (1 evro = 2.4194 lari), TiTqmis milioni lari. Tumca, klubSi 800.000 lari dagvisaxeles da Tan dagvikonkretes, rom es mxolod mTavari gundis xarjia _ amaSi ar igulisxmeba bazis Senaxvis, stadionebis qiraobisa da sxva mimarTulebiT dasaxarjavi Tanxa. mokled, `dinamos~ biujeti 800 aTas larze metia. Tbilisis `vit jorjia~ 2.200.000 lari `vit jorjias~ oficialuri vebgverdisTvis 13 ivliss micemuli interviuSi, klubis prezidentma guram ruxaZem Semosavlebze isaubra: `Sveicariul telesaagento `sport 5~-Tan gaformebuli kontraqtiT, 2 wlis ganmavlobaSi evroturnirebze saSinao matCebis teletranslaciis ufleba am kompanias xelsayreli pirobebiT gadaveciT. evroligaze TamaSisTvis Tanxas uefasganac miviRebT. klubis biujeti korporatiuli dafinansebiTac Seivseba. damdegi sezonisTvis `vit jorjias~ biujeti uwindelze naklebi namdvilad ar iqneba.~ klubSi araoficialurad gviTxres _ sezonSi xelfas-premiebze, Sekrebebis, mcxeTis stadionis, aseve asakobriv gundebze gaTvaliswinebuli xarji 2,2 milion lars Seadgens. bolnisis `sioni~ 1.000.000 lari bolnisis gamgeobis balansze myofi bolnisis `sionis~ mepatrone male „madneuli~ gaxdeba. kompania bolnisur klubs ukve exmareba. es „sionis~ sameTvalyureo sabWos Tavjdomarem, „madneulis~ warmomadgenelma giorgi arevaZem gviTxra: `savaraudod, klubis biujeti milioni lari iqneba. bunebrivia, klubis saWiroebidan gamomdinare, es Tanxa odnav meti, an naklebic SeiZleba iyos, magram dasaxelebuli cifri mniSvnelovnad ar Seicvleba.~

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foTis `kolxeTi~ 900.000 lari foTis `kolxeTis~ prezidenti Temur barqaia: `klubi foTis portsa da foTSi dafuZnebul eqvs kompanias unda daefinansebina. amis imedad, wliuri biujeti 900 aTasi lariT ganvsazRvreT. Tumca, jer sponsori `kolxeTSic~ ar gamoCenila da dainteresebul kompaniebTan molaparakebebi dRemde grZeldeba _ maT biujetis Semcireba surT da SesaZloa, asec moxdes~. amitom `kolxeTis~ biujetad vasaxelebT 900.000 lars minusiT. `samtredia~ 500.000 lari klubis prezidentma zaza adeiSvilma gasuli sezonis biujeti gaamxila _ 380 aTasi lariT, patara imeruli qalaqi umaRlesi ligis `konkiaa~. sponsoris misvlis imedad, sezonis dawyebamde 500.000 lariani biujetis Sedgenas apirebdnen. samwuxarod, wels `konkia~ ubiujetod darCa. `samtredias~ adgilobrivi biujetidan dafinansebaze uari uTxres, sponsoric ar Cans da gundi ufulod darCa. klubs pirveli Tanxa sezonis dawyebidan mxolod meSvide turSi Cauricxes _ kompania `bilainma~ `samtredias~ agvistos 20.000-lariani davalianeba gaustumra. amdenad, klubSi uWirT imis Tqma, ramxela biujeti eqnebaT. viTarebidan gamomdinare, `samtredia~ umaRlesi ligis erTaderTi klubia, romlis biujetze, laparakic Zalian rTulia. zugdidis `baia~ 1.200.000 lari sezonis dasawyisSi federaciis prezidentma zviad siWinavam preskonferenciaze ganacxada, rom zugdidis `baias~ `sokari~, `jeoseli~ da `ji-emsi jgufi~ upatroneben. `jer klubSi axali mepatroneebi ar mosulan. Tumca, winaswari molaparakebebis safuZvelze, klubis biujeti 1,2 milioni lariT ganvsazRvreT~, _ gviTxra `baias~ direqtorma revaz pertaiam. cxinvalis `spartaki~ 1.000.000 lari `spartaks~ samxreT oseTis droebiTi administracia afinansebs. klubis yofilma mTavarma mwvrTnelma sergo gabeliam gasul sezonSi `lelosTan~ interviuSi ganacxada, rom `spartakis~ biujeti 1,3 milioni lari iqneboda. rogorc klubSi gviTxres, mimdinare sezonSi klubis biujeti odnav Semcirda da milioni lari gaxda. quTaisis `torpedo~ 2.000.000 lari quTaisis `torpedo~ `visolma~ 2010 wlis ivlisSi SeiZina. `torpedos~ biujetze informacia `visolis~ 7 agvistos pres-relizSi amovikiTxeT. `gundis axali mflobeli `torpedos~ ganviTarebisaTvis yovelwliurad 2 milionamde laris investicias gegmavs~, _ ambobs `visolis~ sameTvalyureo sabWos Tavmjdomaris moadgile, `torpedos~ prezidenti levan fxakaZe. dan 2000 laramde. `visolma~ `torpedoSi~ axali mwvrTneli da fexburTelebi miiyvana. erT-erTma axalwveulma `torpedoelma~, gviTxra, rom kontraqtis safasurad `visolma~ TbilisSi bina SeuZina. gundma Tbilisis `vit jorjiadan~ Tavdamsxmeli vaxtang kvaracxelia 100 aTas dolarad SeiZina. amxela sakontraqto Tanxas saqarTveloSi mxolod `zestafoni~ ixdis. am ukanasknelma gasul sezonSi Tornike afciauri azerbaijanuli `gabaladan~ 120 aTas dolarad gamoisyida. Semdeg modis `olimpi~, romelsac mihyvebian `vit jorjia~ da `dinamo~. `dinamos~ saintereso saxelfaso politika gaaCnia, mcirexelfasiani (300, 400, 500 lari) fexburTelebis gverdiT, zogierTi sakmaod maRal anazRaurebas iRebs _ magaliTad, guram kaSias `dinamoSi~ xelfasad bolos 1500 dolari dauniSnes. yvelaze mokrZalebuli xelfasebi `samtrediaSia~ _ 500, 600, maqsimum 800 lari. Cveni maRali xelfasebi evropulTan axlosac ver miva _ magaliTad, avstriis bundesligis autsaideri `altaxi~ _ „vit_jorjiel~ leqso kvaxaZes 4000 evros sTavazobda. `France Football~ monacemebiT, msoflioSi yvelaze maRalanazRaurebadi fexburTelis, `barselonas~ forvard lionel mesis wliuri Semosavali 33 milioni evroa, anu Cveni klubebis jamur maCvenebelze oTxjer meti. `Celsis~ yvelaze maRalanazRaurebadi fexburTelebi frenk lampardi da jon teri, kviraSi 121 aTas girvanqas iReben, anu TveSi daaxloebiT 1.370.000 lars, imaze mets, rasac Cveni klubebis umetesoba wliurad xarjavs. belarusis Cempion borisovos `bates~ wliuri biujeti 6 milioni evroa, anu 8.17172 dolari, yvela qarTuli klubis biujetebis jamze cotaTi naklebi. amdenad, investiciis gareSe, qarTuli fexburTis gamococxleba da evropul doneze gasvla warmoudgenelia.

Cvens mier dadgenili biujteebis mixedviT, klubebi Semdegnairad ganlagdnen:
klubi 1 2 3 4 5 6-7 8 9 10 sul `zestafoni~ `vit jorjia~ `torpedo~ `olimpi~ `baia~ `sioni~, `spartaki~ `kolxeTi~ `dinamo~ (Tb) `samtredia~ biujeti (lari) 7.162.200 2.200.000 2.000.000 1.500.000 1.200.000 1.000.000 900.000 800.000 500.000 18.262.200

fexburTelebs yvelaze maRali xelfasebi `zestafonsa~ da quTaisis `torpedoSi~ aqvT _ saSualod 1000-

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wereT wignebi!
gio axvlediani

wina kviras rom azerbaijaneli ymawvilis araz abdulaevis evertonSi gadasvlis ambavs mogaxsenebdiT da premierligaSi moTamaSe qarTvelebic gavixsene, zurab xizaniSvili, Cveneburad ki _ xizana, ar mixsenebia. ufro ki imitom, rom vicodi, uqmeebze gadaveyrebodi da vifiqre, erTi tkbili saubris Semdeg misi ambavi ukeT mecodineba-meTqi. egrec moxda. am seqtemberSi, rogorc iqna, mogvarda misi saqme da sezonis bolomde londonis axlo, redingSi iTamaSebs, bleqbernma is sixaruliT gaanaTxovra, raxanRa menejer sem alardaiss saerTod gadafiqrebuli hqonda xizanas ZiriTadSi gamoyvana. egrec uTqvams _ bolos da bolos, me sxvanairi fexburTelebi mWirdebao. hoda, gazafxulze niukaslSi samTviani yofnis Semdeg, xizana ukve kargad moewyo redingSi, ojaxobiTac iq gadavida da fanobam avansad simRerac ki gamouTqva, Tumca ki jer mxolod pirveli matCi iTamaSa da iqac, beds ras uzam, meore yviTliT gaaZeves, magram gaZeveba usamarTlo iyo. es yvela telearxma daadastura, Tumca ki, raRa eSveleboda. saerTod, fexburTelebTan laparaki, erTi didad saintereso ram aris. gansakuTrebiT iseT fexburTelebTan, romlebsac fiqrs, niWs da zrdilobas daatyob da imasac miuxvdebi, rom ufexburTodac gaitandnen cxovrebas. xizanac aseTia da amaSi misi ucxouri gamocdilebac gvarianad gamosadegia. Cveni fexburTelebisa yovelTvis is menaneba, rom wignebs ar weren. es gansakuTrebiT inglisSi dagenaneba xolme kacs, sadac fexburTelTa wignebi mTeli calke Janria da Tuki moTamaSe gemos gaugebs am saqmes, mere imis gaCereba Znelia. cxadia, fexburTelebi Tavad ar weren TavianT wignebs, aramed cnobili Jurnalistebis daxmarebiT, magram visac fexburTi uyvars, imisTvis aseTi wignebi didi saCuqaria. Zvelad CvenTanac iwereboda aseTi wignebi, oRond, patarpatara da iSviaTad, dinamos ucxouri turneebis Sesaxeb, anda sxva ambebze da saintereso sakiTxavic iyo, axal droSi ki mxolod SoTam dawera. SoTas meti vin moabamda Tavs. hoda, xizanas rom vusmendi, kidev erTxel gamaxsenda es ambavi. fexburTelebis cxovreba didi Tavgadasavalia da es Tavgadasavali sruliad SeumCneveli rCeba mayureblisTvis. Tu

sagazeTo ambebs ar CavTvliT, aba, ra viciT fexburTelebisa? hoda, yovelTvis magaria, roca isini mindorsgareTa safexburTo istoriebs yvebian. aba naxeT, rogoria, roca Tvrameti wlisas arsenalSi isinjebi da gazeTebi weren, arsen vengerma toni adamsis mravalwliani Semcvleli ipovnao, TviT vengeri ki ukve nomrian maisurs gaZlevs, yvelaferi gadawyvetilia, TiTqos mogvarebuli, saklubo sasadiloSi denis berkampi geubneba, gverdiT momijeqi, didxans mogviwevs erTad TamaSio da uceb, Seni qarTuli klubi iseT Tanxas iTxovs am zRapruli istoriis sanacvlod, rogoric arsenals arasdros gadauxdia Seni asakis biWSi. hoda, saqmec CaiSleba da mere ifiqreb, rom aRarasdros iTamaSeb, imitom, rom ase axlos iyavi raRac didebulTan da mxolod mamaSenis, Zveli dinamoeli varskvlavis rCeva dagabrunebs mindorze cxra Tvis Semdeg _ fexburTSi uaresebic xdebao. me axlac mjera, rom is arsenalis ambavi rom ar CaSliliyo, xizanas kariera sul sxvnairi iqneboda, sad arsen vengeris xelSi rom moxvdebi da sad patara klub dandidan rom daiwyeb, nel-nela da xelaxla. es aTi wlis winandeli istoria namdvilad Rirs imad, rom wignSi moxvdes. da aseTi kidev ramdenia da ra sasargebloa, maTi Setyoba axalgazrda fexburTelisTvis, gulSematkivris xarb Tvals rom Tavi davaneboT. xizana ki agrZelebs, egrec unda, mgoni skamze jdomis wlebi sabolood moitova ukan. hoda, kargia. me ki SevZaxebdi: fexburTelebo, wereT wignebi!

zurab xizaniSvili

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qalaqSi moxetiale kacis Canawerebi

konsumeruli gulisrevis sutra
(sareklamo sloganebiT Sedgenili teqsti)

kaxa Tolordava
tarifebis damrtymeli daweva saukeTeso saSualebaa faRaraTis sawinaaRmdegod. dro Sens xelSia. mizanic Zalian axlosaa. moiTxove dRes da miiRe ufro meti. asea. SeeCvie mogebas. srulyofileba xom Seni cxovrebis devizia! ganTavisufldi zedmetisagan da ebrZole sibneles Seni ojaxis maRaziaSi. an afTiaqSi. ra mniSvneloba aqvs sad, mainc xom yvelaferi kavSirSia. Tu meTanxmebi, gadafxike da moige elitaruli saxli vakeSi. Sen xom am saxlze ocnebobdi? Sen xom elodi? maS, nu ayovneb, gamoiyene Seni Sansi. axla xom Seni droa. SeZena, Seneba, remonti! SeZena Seneba, remonti! asaSenebeli kidev bevria. ra moxda? ar xar mzad moulodnelisaTvis? maS daagrove rac SeiZleba meti vaSli da CaerTe draivSi. ho, icekve da iyavi bednieri! ho, iyavi yoveldRe grilad! ho, iyavi yoveldRe mxned! Cven Sen gverdiT varT. optika `nuciko~ gpirdeba cxovrebas saTvalis gareSe. sagangebo situaciis samsaxuri `aligatori~ usafrTxoebas, xolo fsiqotropuli afTiaqi `lazare~ _ janmrTelobas da sulier simSvides. xom giTxari, Cven SenTan varT! kargi, droebiT SeeSvi saqmes, davlioT yava da davayoloT eqstra-rbili arayi. axla ukve Jolos gemoTi. mere ki vifiqroT gonivrul sesxze, romelic gadafaravs yvela sxva bankis davalianebas. arc amas moelodi? diax, mwvane Suqi Sens anabars. Tqven xarjavT, Cven gCuqniT. ai, fasebis saidumlo. ai, xelmisawvdomi fasebis da mSvidi depozitebis zeimi! viT-ibi ise icxovreb! modi CavkidoT erTmaneTs xelebi. Cven xom erTmaneTi gviyvars? Cven xom erTmaneTs vaZlierebT? Cven xom erTad varT! yvelgan, yvelgan SenTan erTad. modi, isev SevisvenoT. `nataxtaris~ limonaTi ginda? ara? aba, ra ginda? ginda, gecvas IKKS-i? ki batono, wamo Sok-SofSi. kidev ra ginda? srulyofili sxeulis formula? ratomac ara? silamazis saloni `romeo~ Tqvens gankargulebaSia. momentaluri liftingi mowifuli saxis kanisTvis? ra problemaa?! exchange Tu sexchange? Sen oRond isurve! yvelaferTan erTad 24-saaTiani datenianeba axalgazrda kanisTvis garantirebuli gaqvs! amis Semdeg ki, Tu Seni cxovreba iseve mSvenieria, rogorc Cveni, maSin giwvevT sasubrod nino kasraZesTan, namdvil CempionTan tkivilis moxsnaSi. ar dagaviwydes, es yvelaferi dResve moiTxove, mere ki, raxan ase gsurs, visaubroT lazerul epilaciaze kafe-bar `reroSi.~ Zalian momwons iq; namdvilad sando da usafrTxo arCevania. mxo-

lod maTTvis, visac cxovreba wyuria. Tanac daakvirdi, Cven vsaubrobT, sxvebi laparakoben. es mniSvnelovania. ho, damaviwyda meTqva: araviTari dafaruli gadasaxadebi, mxolod gamWvirvale urTierToba, mxolod aromatuli siamovneba, mxolod da mxolod cxovrebis maqsimaluri gemo da srulyofili STabeWdileba! Cven avirCieT, axla Sen airCie, axla Sen gadawyvite, magram ufrTxildi angelozs! icodi? is ukve saqarTveloSia. mas xom araferi gaegeba cxovrebis tonebis Sexamebis teqnologiebisa?! ganiqarve! ganiqarve! ganiqarve! nu daiviwyeb, am dros Sen mSrali da bednieri xar, ramdenjerac ar unda daece. Tanac, elastiuri kideebi SeaCerebs gaJonvas. iyavi gamorCeuli da SeigrZeni sami ganzomileba. es mogcems met dros cxovrebisaTvis. TiTqmis erTi Tve damuxtvis gareSe gaZleb. TiTqmis erTi Tve! gaxsovdes, rodesac gtkiva! Caifiqre, iTamaSe, moige. am dros popkorni ufasoa. Caifiqre, iTamaSe, moige! mxolod am dros Tu moaxerxeb, ganicado idealuri komforti! ai ra miyvars! TamaSi didebisaTvis. es da simindis tkbili burbuSela, tkbili rogorc bavSvoba. bavSvoba xom yvelaze gemrieli dacvaa kariesisgan? dauviwyari kocnisTvis. nu geSinia, es yvelaferi ar iwvevs miCvevas. nu geSinia, yvelaferi es bunebis STagonebaa, gamocdili da klinikurad damtkicebuli. nu geSinia, yvelaferi kargad iqneba. Senze zrunaven xelmisawvdom fasad!

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liberali . oqtomberi 2010 . № 46

WWW.LIBERALI.GE

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