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gaZvirebuli wamlebi gv. 10 interviu lex valensasTan gv. 21 ratom unda gaviazroT sabWoTa kavSiri gv.

23 sakonstitucio alternativa gv. 26 SevCuki putinis winaaRmdeg gv. 28 osuri pasporti axalgorSi gv. 31 pacienti klinikis winaaRmdeg gv. 34 ganaTlebis reformis kursis cvlilebis Sesaxeb gv. 39 gio axvlediani: maradonas sizmari gv. 46
fasi 2 lari

# 35 / 14 - 20 ivnisi / 2010

saTamaSo
gv. 16

# 35 / 14 - 20 ivnisi / 2010

enguris xidi

nomerSi: 02 fosta 04 msoflio 06 mokled 08 fotoreportaJi 09 vrclad 14 ori azri jildovdebian Tu ara adamianebi xelisuflebisadmi politikuri loialurobis gamo? lela gafrindaSvili vs irakli gordulaZe 16 mTavari Tema saTamaSo 20 Tvalsazrisi sakvebi sxva saqmea mark maleni 21 interviu `dRes evropa ar aris mzad, yvela msurveli miiRos~ lex valensa

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saubrebi liberalizmze ratom unda gaviazroT sabWoTa kavSiri politika sakonstitucio alternativa mezoblebi SevCuki putinis winaaRmdeg azerbaijani-aSS-s urTierTobebi epistolaruli diplomatia konfliqtebi osuri pasporti axalgorSi gali ra xdeba galSi? Jurnalisturi gamoZieba pacienti klinikis winaaRmdeg saxelmwifos favoriti firmebi abazana saxuravis nacvlad

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sazogadoeba saswrafod iyideba `mersedesi~ `Jigulis~ nawilebiT! ganaTleba samoqalaqo Tavdacva Sesavlis gareSe kultura robert sturua moskovs `qariSxals~ umzadebs sporti isev daiwyo sandro naveriani maradonas sizmari gio axvlediani qalaqSi moxetiale kacis Canawerebi Zia zigmund, Sen miSvele!

garekanze:
saTamaSo foto: marika qoCiaSvili

Jurnali `liberali~ gamoicema fond `Ria sazogadoeba - saqarTvelos~ mxardaWeriT. avtoris / avtorebis mier sainformacio masalaSi gamoTqmuli mosazreba ar gamoxatavs fondis `Ria sazogadoeba-saqarTvelos~ pozicias. Sesabamisad, fondi ar aris pasuxismgebeli masalis Sinaarsze. The views, opinions and statements expressed by the authors and those providing comments are theirs only and do not necessarily reflect the position of Open Society Georgia Foundation. Therefore, the Open Society Georgia Foundation is not responsible for the content of the information material.

liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 35

foto Temo barZimaSvili

fosta
ratom aris opozicia susti
saqmes da opoziciis warmatebas (rac mniSvnelovnad mimaCnia) Zalian win waswevda konkretika, roca avtori ambobs: `SiSi biznesebs axla jer kidev aqvT. igive SeiZleba iTqvas calkeul damfinanseblebzec. bolo wlebSi im adamianebs, romlebic opozicias uWerdnen mxars, an narkotikebs aRmouCendnen jibeSi, an samuSaos akargvinebdnen. situacia gamosworebis gzazea, magram SiSi jer ar gamqrala~. Tu ar dakonkretdeba vin, ramdeni, sad, rodis, samwuxarod, es darCeba sakmaod zedapirul winadadebad, romelsac fasi ekargeba; xelaRebiT yvelas SeuZlia yvelaferi Tqvas. me piradad mjera, rom avtors, gansxvavebiT biznesebisa, romlebsac `SiSi axla jer kidev aqvT~, ar eSinia. amitom, konkretika mtkicebas gaaZlierebda. Tu avtors sTxoves, rom zogadad esaubra da, vTqvaT, gvarebi ar daesaxelebina SesaZlo SurisZiebis SiSiT, maSin zemoT moyvanili albaT arc unda eTqva. amas imitom vambob, rom sakiTxi marTlac mniSvnelovania da misi konkretikiT ganmtkiceba bizness, mosaxleobas da mTavrobas Zalian daexmareboda. stumari, 7 ivnisi, 2010 www.liberali.ge ar unda ereodes uxeSad. istoriulad, politikosebi yovelTvis iyvnen damkveTebi, yovelTvis undodaT, arqiteqtura maTi Zalauflebis da grandiozulobis dasturi yofiliyo. mediCebis dinastia amis yvelaze kargi magaliTia. Tumca, isini arqiteqturas arqiteqtorebs, saqmis specialistebs utovebdnen da ara _ dabali rangis politikosebs. rac Seexeba xids (absoluturad praqtikuli TvalsazrisiT), Zalian didi masStabis xidia, amovardnilia sanapirodan. ufro mcire zomis xidi gacilebiT ukeTesi iqneboda. grigol ganZieli-gegelia, 6 ivnisi, 2010 www.liberali.ge

www.liberali.ge

Tavis saxlSi auzs iSenebs, mas sruli ufleba aqvs, tenderi ar Caataros da konkursi ar gamoacxados, magram roca saqme biujetis Tanxebs exeba, saqarTvelos kanonmdebloba iTxovs alternatiuli winadadebebis arsebobas. es mxolod erT-erTi magaliTia imisa, rom qveynis mTavroba saxelmwifo institutebs, maT Soris _ sakuTar miRebul kanonebs, pativs ar scems. ucnauria, rom msgavsi kazusebis Semdeg mTavrobis `saxeebs~ ukvirT da aRSfoTebas ver malaven, roca xalxi pesimisturad xvdeba axal iniciativebs da miRwevebs kanonis uzenaesobis, kanonis winaSe Tanasworobis Sesaxeb. qalaqis mTavar arqiteqtors ver gavamtyuneb. Znelia, damsaqmeblis saqveyno kritika _ `loms, Tundac calTvalas vin Sehkadros, elami xaro~... Temuri, 9 ivnisi, 2010 www.liberali.ge

`didebis monumenti~ da monumenturi sworxazovneba


mSvenieri werilia. saerTod meomris kulturis sakralizacia didi danaSaulia. amiT Zaladobis aRzrdas ewyoba xeli. sxvaTa Soris, istoriis axleburad dawera namdvilad saWiroa. pirvel rigSi, damarcxebulTa Tvalsazrisis gaTvaliswineba da meorec, nacionaluri korporatizmis gadafasebisaTvis. irakli kakabaZe, 10 ivnisi, 2010 www.facebook.com

mSvidobis xidi riyeze


is, rom TbilisSi arqiteqturuli Tu infrastruqturuli inovaciebi xorcieldeba, ra Tqma unda, misasalmebelia. Tumca, TbilisSi arqiteqtorebs, rogorc Cans, bevrs ar ekiTxebian. politikosi arqiteqturaSi

mSvidobis xidi riyeze


xidis mxatvrul-kulturul-turistul daniSnulebasa da Rirebulebaze kamaTi dausruleblad SeiZleba. sxva sakiTxia Ria konkursis gamocxadeba da Catareba. Tu qalaqis arqiteqtori

redaqtorebi: mTavari redaqtori Sorena SaverdaSvili /aRmasrulebeli redaqtori nino jafiaSvili / politika da saerTaSoriso ambebi sofo Waava / kavkasia da konfliqtebi sofo bukia / Jurnalisturi gamoZieba beso kurtaniZe / sazogadoeba Tamar babuaZe / adamianis uflebebi da samarTali nino beqiSvili / axali ambebi naTia axalaSvili Jurnalistebi: maia wiklauri, nino gogua, marika qoCiaSvili, eka WiTanava, rusudan fanoziSvili, anita Tvauri, Tamar faradaSvili, nino CimakaZe, rusudan ruxaZe, nino robaqiZe, iago yuraSvili, naTia guliaSvili, daviT buxrikiZe kontribucia: mark maleni, giorgi cxadaia, kaxa Tolordava, gio axvlediani, laSa buRaZe, sandro naveriani redaqcia: foto-redaqtori levan xerxeuliZe / grafikuli dizaini Tornike lorTqifaniZe / redaqtor-stilisti nino svaniZe / koreqtori nino saiTiZe gamomcemloba: proeqtis menejeri qeTi babunaSvili / proeqtis menejeris asistenti lela SubiTiZe / reklamis da gayidvebis direqtori Salva CubiniZe / marketingi da sazogadoebasTan urTierToba naTia rusaZe / distributori zviad Sengelia gamomcemeli: Sps `liberali~. misamarTi: Tbilisi 0162, faliaSvilis q. 108. tel.: (995 32) 232235, 233731, 912326. el-fosta: info@liberali.ge sxva gamocemebi: `cxeli Sokoladi~, `cxeli Sokoladi _ literatura~, `biznesi: adamianebi, meTodebi, strategiebi~. `liberalis~ saavtoro uflebebi daculia. JurnalSi gamoqveynebuli masalebis nawilobrivi da/an mTliani gamoyeneba redaqciis Tanxmobis gareSe akrZalulia. beWdva: stamba `favoriti~. misamarTi: Tbilisi, CubinaSvilis q. 50. tel.: (995 32) 95 19 52. www.phfavorite.ge gamodis kviraSi erTxel, yovel orSabaTs. pirveli nomeri gamocemulia 2009 wlis maisSi. rekomendebuli sacalo fasi 2 lari.

www.liberali.ge 2

ISSN 1987-7528

liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 35

radio nacnobi gepatiJebaT klubSi nacnobi


tradiciuli qarTuli samzareulo cocxali musika

misamarTi: abanos q. N 3

msoflio
meqsikis yure SeerTebuli Statebi

regulaciebi
maSin, roca meqsikis yureSi BP-is milionobiT bareli navTobi iRvreba, yvelaze myisieri gamowveva isaa, Tu rogor SevaCeroT dRiTi dRe mzardi ekologiuri katastrofa. SegviZlia, mxolod imedi viqonioT, rom navTobis amofrqvevas SeaCereben da movlenebi yvelaze saSineli scenariT ar ganviTardeba. Tumca, es SemTxveva ufro rTul kiTxvebsac badebs _ rogor umklavdebian Tanamedrove sazogadoebebi kompleqsur teqnologiebs? inovaciebis daCqarebuli tempi TiTqos bevrad uswrebs mTavrobebis regulatorebis unars, gaumklavdnen an sulac iwinaswarmetyvelon msgavsi riskebi.

mSoblebi da teqnologiebi
masaCuseTsis teqnologiur institutSi (MIT) aswavlian, Tu ra gavlenas axdens mSoblebis mier teqnologiebis gamoyeneba bavSvebze da mozardebze. 5-wliani muSaobisa da 300 intervius Semdeg mkvlevrebma daaskvnes, rom bavSvebSi xSiria gaucxoebis, Surisa da konkurenciis SegrZneba. `TiTqmis yovel bavSvs mohyavda identuri magaliTebi, Tu rogor igrZnes Tavi, roca maTi mSoblebi TavianTi xelsawyoebiT iyvnen dakavebulebi da maT yuradRebas ar aqcevdnen sadilis, skolidan gamoyvanis an sportuli Sejibrebebis dros~.

TurqeTi

TurqeTis axali roli


bevri wlis ganmavlobaSi, TurqeTi amerikis erT-erTi yvelaze sando mokavSire iyo. magram cota xnis winaT TurqeTma Secvala Tavis pozicionireba regionSi, rac, savaraudod, vaSingtonis provocirebas da Tavis interesebis ganvrcobas emsaxureba. es cvlileba TvalsaCino mas Semdeg gaxda, rac israeli Turqul flotilias daesxa Tavs, ramac Tavis mxriv seriozuli ziani miayena TurqeT-israelis partniorul urTierTobas. erTi Tvis winac ganarisxa TurqeTma amerika, roca braziliasTan erTad iranis birTvul programas dauWira mxari. Tumca, TurqeTis Secvlilma strategiam premier-ministri erdoRani arabul samyaroSi gmirad aqcia. erdoRani mouwodebs amerikas, gadaxedos regionSi 2 yvelaze mwvave sakiTxs _ iranis birTvul programas da israelisa da palestinis urTierTobebs.
israeli

evrozona

vin dakarga evropa?


evropa, am etapisaTvis finansur katastrofas gadaurCa, magram evrokavSiris da evrozonis momavali jer kidev haerSia gamokidebuli. Tu evropa Zalian male ver moaxerxebs Tavisi ekonomikis gamococxlebas, is bevri wliT ver acdeba mZime momavals da usasrulo urTierTmxilebebsa da braldebebs imasTan dakavSirebiT, Tu `vin moaxdina evropuli proeqtis sabotaJi~.

israeli axal strategias eZebs


3 wlis Semdeg, rac israelma da egviptem natanj palestinas sanqciebi dauweses da misi ekonomika daasamares, gaCnda konsensusi, rom `hamasis~ dasustebis da xelisuflebidan gandevnis mcdeloba kraxiT dasrulda. am konsensusma saswrafo statusi mas Semdeg SeiZina, rac israeli Razas seqtorSi flotilias daesxa Tavs. didi qveynebi, antihamaseli palestinelebi da ramdenime maRalCinosani israelis xelisuflebidan palestinis politikis Secvlaze alaparakdnen. xelisuflebaSi yofnis 3 wlis ganmavlobaSi `hamasi~ srulad akontrolebs ara mxolod usafrTxoebas, ganaTlebas da sasjelaRsrulebiT sistemas, aramed _ kontrabandul koridorsac egviptesTan.

liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 35

msoflio
saberZneTi

berZnuli gakveTilebi msoflio ekonomikisaTvis


140 miliardi dolaris daxmarebis paketi, rac saberZneTis xelisuflebam, rogorc iqna, evrokavSiris partniorebisgan da msoflio bankisgan miiRo, saberZneTs cotaoden sasunTq haers aZlevs, rom finansuri ufskrulidan amovides. Tumca es paketi SeZlebs an ver SeZlebs daicvas espaneTi da portugalia msgavsi kolafsisagan. Se-

SeerTebuli Statebi

Tea Party Movement


`vaSington postisa~ da telekompania ABC-is mier Catarebuli farTomasStabiani kvleva aCvenebs, rom amerikul politikaSi erTwliani disonansis Setanis Semdeg Tea Party Movement -is (`Cais msmelTa moZraoba~) popularoba klebulobs. gamokiTxvis Tanaxmad, antiestabliSmenturi memarjvene moZraobis mxardaWera ecema. im amerikelTa ricxvi, vinc uaryofiTad afasebs moZraobas, 11%-iT gaizarda da gamokiTxulTa 50% Seadgina. magram, SesaZloa, es Sedegebi cota naadrevi iyos. Tea Party Movement gasul wels agorda da barak obamas, gazrdili gadasaxadebis da gazrdili sajaro seqtoris winaaRmdeg aris mimarTuli. gasuli 6 Tvis ganmavlobaSi moZraobam praimerebSi centristi respublikelebi daamarcxa, riTac respublikur partias centristuli poziciebis daTmobisa da marjvniv gadaxrisken ubiZga. es maSin, roca saarCevno kampaniis strategebi liderebs centrisken dabrunebas karnaxoben.
ierusalimi didi britaneTi

palestina fexze dgeba


miuxedavad imisa, rom msoflios presa Razas seqtoris blokadis gagrZelebaze laparakobs, axlo aRmosavleTSi gacilebiT ufro mniSvnelovani istoriuli movlena viTardeba. palestina damoukideblobis calmxrivad gamocxadebisaTvis emzadeba da amisaTvis konkretul nabijebs dgams.

BBC-is gamowveva
misi arsebobis manZilze yvelaze rTuli brZola mouwevs imisaTvis, rom axali koaliciuri mTavrobis pirobebSi fiqsirebuli salicenzio mosakrebeli SeinarCunos. BBC didwilad salicenzio gadasaxadiT finansdeba. es tarifi 10 wliT 2007 wels ganisazRvra, rasac konsultaciebisa da molaparakebebis 3-wliani periodi uZRoda win.

britaneTis kulturis yofili ministri, teresa joueli BBC-is sameTvalyureo sabWos imisTvis akritikebs, rom man ver SeZlo safrTxis ganWvreta. jouelma iwinaswarmetyvela, rom BBC-is

degis miuxedavad, cxadia, rom saberZneTis gamo, evrokavSirs axla Tvali Calurjebuli aqvs. ufro Rrmad rom wavideT, es krizisi `globaluri ekonomikis politikuri trilemis~ gansaxierebaa: ekonomikuri globalizacia, politikuri demokratia da eri-saxelmwifoebi erTmaneTis urTierTgamomricxavi fenomenebia. am samidan, erTdroulad, mxolod 2-ma SeiZleba iarsebos.

liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 35

mokled

saqarTvelo

biujeti 215 milioniT izrdeba


parlamenti mTavrobis mier momzadebul cvlilebebs ganixilavs. cvlilebebi 2010 wlis biujetis xarjebis daaxloebiT 215 milioni lariT gazrdas iTvaliswinebs. aqedan 150 milioni lari sagadasaxado Semosavlebis, danarCeni ki evrokavSiris mier saqarTvelosTvis gamoyofili sabiujeto grantebis xarjze gaizrdeba. eqspertebi biujetis zrdas laris gaufasurebas ukavSireben. biujetis proeqtis ganmartebiT baraTSi ki naTqvamia, rom cvlilebebi mosalodnelma ekonomikurma zrdam ganapiroba, romelic, dagegmili 2 procentis nacvlad, 4.5 procents miaRwevs. gazrdili xarjebidan yvelaze meti Tanxa _ 34,1 milioni lari devnilebs moxmardeba, danarCeni ki _ penitenciur sistemas, regionebSi wyalmomaragebis gaumjobesebas, miwisZvris Sedegebis likvidacias, turistuli da sagzao infrastruqturis ganviTarebas, Savi zRvis eleqtrogadamcemi xazis mSeneblobas da germaniaSi saqarTvelos saelCos Senobis SeZenas. amave Tanxidan dafinansdeba bagratis taZris sareabilitacio procesic.

axali gadasaxadebi da momatebuli jarimebi


uaxloes momavalSi mZRolebs gziT sargeblobis safasuris gadaxda mouwevT. jer kidev gaurkvevelia, am safasurs yvela mZRoli gadaixdis, Tu _ mxolod satvirTo avtomobilebis patronebi. Tumca, regionuli ganviTarebisa da infrastruqturis ganviTarebis sakiTxSi saxelmwifo ministris moadgilem laSa gociriZem dargobrivi ekonomikis komitetis sxdomaze ganacxada, rom, savaraudod, es gadasaxadi 150-160 lari iqneba da misi gadaxda sabaJoze gavlisas mxolod satvirTo avtomobilebis mZRolebs mouwevT. cvlilebebi jarimebsac Seexeba. `administraciuli samarTaldarRvevaTa kodeqsSi~ cvlilebebis Setanis Semdeg, Rvedis gamouyeneblobis SemTxvevaSi (im gzaze, sadac 80 km/sT-ze meti siCqariTaa moZraoba nebadarTuli), mZRolebi gaormagebulad dajarimdebian da 40 lars gadaixdian. jarimebi izrdeba nasvam mdgomareobaSi avtomobilis marTvis SemTxvevaSic.

qarTuli fexburTi - qarTul bizness


fexburTis federacia axali gziT cdilobs qarTuli fexburTis ganviTarebas. klubebi simbolur fasad _ 1 larad Sefasda da maT sxvadasxva qarTuli kompania swored am fasad SeiZens. msurvelebi ukve gamoCndnen. foTis `kolxeTis~ SeZena foTis ports surs, zugdidis `baias~ ki `jeoseli~ SeiZens. am biznesiT `aversi~, `pe-es-pe~, `magTi~, `sokari~ da `lukoilic~ dainteresdnen. saqarTveloSi sul 56 safexburTo klubia.

winaswari patimroba gulaSvilebs


Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlom Georgian Times-is redaqtor malxaz gulaSvilsa da mis Svil daviT gulaSvils, sazRvris ukanono gadakveTis gamo, aRmkveT RonisZiebad winaswari orTviani patimroba procesze dauswreblad Seufarda. mosamarTlem Sinagan saqmeTa saministros kontrdazvervis departamentis gamomZieblebis Suamdgomloba daakmayofila da gulaSvilebis advokatis, Salva xaWapuriZis moTxovna aRmkveTi RonisZiebis argamoyenebasTan dakavSirebiT ar gaiziara. prokuratura Suamdgomlobisas miuTiTebda, rom gulaSvilebma sazRvari ukanonod, okupirebuli teritoriidan gadakveTes maisis dasawyisSi da ise moxvdnen ruseTSi.

ricxvebi
Tanxa, romelic saarCevno subieqtebma 2010 wlis 30 maisis saarCevno kampaniisTvis Semowirulobis saxiT miiRes 6

176 408,5 lari


`erovnuli sabWo~

958 107 lari


`TofaZe-mrewvelebi~
liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 35

saqarTvelo

mokled
citatebi

uSedego meTerTmete raundi


gaero-s, euTo-sa da evrokavSiris SuamavlobiT JenevaSi mimdinare molaparakebebis me-11 da yvelaze xangrZlivi raundic uSedegod dasrulda. or samuSao jgufSi usafrTxoebasTan, humanitarul da devnilebTan dakavSirebul sakiTxebs ganixilavdnen. Tbilisi amjeradac ar daTanxmda Zalis gamouyeneblobis Sesaxeb SeTanxmebaze xelismoweras, romelzec meore mxridan ara ruseTs, aramed afxazeTisa da samxreTi oseTis de faqto xelisuflebebs unda moeweraT xeli. im samuSao jgufis Sexvedra, sadac devnilebisa da humanitaruli sakiTxebi unda ganxiluliyo, separatistuli reJimebis warmomadgenlebma, protestis niSnad, datoves. CixSi Sesuli da krizisuli, _ ase Seafases molaparakebebi soxumisa da cxinvalis warmomadgenlebma. momdevno raundi 27 ivliss gaimarTeba.

imedi maqvs, uflis nebiT, ruseTsa da saqarTvelos Soris saqme aRarasodes miva SeiaraRebul konfliqtamde. Cven adrec vakeTebdiT yvelafers imisTvis, rom es ar momxdariyo... Tanamedrove SeteviTi kompleqsebi iZleva saSualebas, saqarTvelos teritoriis mTel siRrmeSi nebismieri samxedro operacia ruseTis teritoriidan vawarmooT. amisTvis mistrali ar aris saWiro. vladimir putini 10 ivnisi, frans presi

kiTxvaze, mivaRwieT Tu ara Cven saqarTvelos damoukideblobis gaZlierebaSi realur progress, pasuxi aseTia _ ara. maikl makfoli _ aSS-s nacionaluri usafrTxoebis sabWos ruseTisa da evraziuli regionis saqmeebis direqtori 10 ivnisi, vaSingtoni

rusuli postebi saqarTveloSi


ruseTi rokis gvirabTan da mamisonis uReltexilze sasazRvrogamSvebi punqtebis gaxsnas apirebs. rogorc rusuli media iuwyeba, cxinvalis e.w. xelisuflebasTan Sesabamisi SeTanxmebis xelmoweris Sesaxeb brZaneba ruseTis premierma vladimir putinma gasca. SeTanxmebis proeqti ki premiers ruseTis saxelmwifo sazRvris mowyobis federalurma saagentom warudgina. qarTuli mxare ruseTis gancxadebebs politikur spekulaciasa da morig provokacias uwodebs. saxelmwifo ministri reintegraciis sakiTxebSi Temur iakobaSvili ambobs, rom msgavs sulelur gancxadebebs qarTuli mxare ar wamoegeba.

aliansi ganagrZobs reformebis mxardaWeras [saqarTveloSi] da axali mimarTulebebis miTiTebas, kerZod _ Tavdacvisa da usafrTxoebis Zalebze demokratiuli samoqalaqo kontrolis dawesebas. anders fog rasmuseni 11 ivnisi, briuseli

14 113 41,8 lari


`erTiani nacionaluri moZraoba~
liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 35

104 570, 20 lari


`aliansi saqarTvelosTvis~

646 631 lari


`qristian demokratiuli moZraoba~ 7

fotoreportaJi

msoflio Cempionatis pirveli dRe


vuvuzelebis gamayruebel zuzunSi safrangeTis gulSematkivrebi daZabulebi adevnebdnen Tvalyurs safrangeTi-urugvais safexburTo matCs. rogorc ki TeTrebSi gamowyobili frangi fexburTelebi burTiT urugvais karisken daiZrebodnen, qarTvelebi fexze dgebodnen, zurgze mofarebul droSebs wamoSlidnen da sulganabulebi elodnen golis gatanas, Tumca, imedi yovel jerze ucruvdebodaT. safrangeTis gundma filarmoniis `ivenT holSi~ misuli gulSematkivrebi saxtad datova.

liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 35

foto marika qoCiaSvili

vrclad

nanatri viziti
`garRveva~ _ ase uwodeben saakaSvilis vizits safrangeTSi, Tumca mis konkretul Sedegebze aravin saubrobs.
naTia axalaSvili
elises sasaxleSi, ruseTis premier-ministris putinis vizitamde safrangeTis pirvelma pirma nikola sarkozim cnobil verandaze saqarTvelos prezidentTan isauzma. 2008 wlis agvistos omis Semdeg es iyo mixeil saakaSvilis pirveli oficialuri viziti dasavleTSi (Tu ar CavTvliT rumineTs _ 2010 wlis 2 ivniss) da igi swored agvistos omis dros mniSvnelovani rolis SemsrulebelTan Sedga. saakaSvili aseve pirveli qarTveli prezidentia, romelic elises sasaxleSi oficialuri stumris statusiT Cavida. kidev erTi detali, ris gamoc Tbilisma am vizits istoriuli uwoda, is iyo, rom igi ramdenime dRiT win uswrebda parizSi vladimir putinis stumrobas: `marto is faqtia mniSvnelovani, rom Cemi oficialuri viziti putinis vizitis wina dReebSi mimdinareobs. es asamarebs ruseTis Zalisxmevas, izolaciaSi moaqcios Cemi qveyana~, _ ganacxada saakaSvilma. bevrad ufro TavSekavebuli gancxadebebi gakeTda frangul presaSi. `ukve eqvsi Tvea, rac is nikola sarkozisTan Sexvedras iTxovs. elises sasaxle, rogorc iqna, daTanxmda saqarTvelos prezidentis Txovnis dakmayofilebas~, _ werda Le Figaro. zogierTma politikurma komentatorma es viziti marTlac Seafasa omis Semdeg arsebuli saerTaSoriso izolaciis garRvevad, Tumca jerjerobiT am vizitis konkretuli Sedegebi bevrad ufro naklebad istoriulia, vidre misi detalebi. `mistrali~ _ es is sakiTxia, romelzedac sarkozim orive stumar-

sarkozi da saakaSvili meuRleebTan erTad, parizi, ivnisi 2010

Tan _ saakaSvilTan da putinTanac isaubra. molaparakebebis dasrulebis Semdeg safrangeTis prezidentis oficialurma warmomadgenelma ganacxada, rom safrangeTs myarad aqvs gadawyvetili, iTanamSromlos ruseTTan `mistralTan~ dakavSirebiT, radgan `ruseTi mniSvnelovani partnioria evrousafrTxoebis mSeneblobaSi. prezidentma sarkozim ganmarta, rom aseTia safrangeTis politikuri arCevani~. ucxouri presa anonimur wyaroebze dayrdnobiT wers, rom sarkozi saakaSvils putinTan afxazeTisa da samxreTi oseTis Temebis ganxilvas Sehpirda. Sexvedris Semdeg komentarebi mxolod saqarTvelos prezidentma gaakeTa: `Cven kidev erTxel davrwmundiT safrangeTis erTmniSvnelovan da uryev mxardaWeraSi. evropis

mTavari qveynis prezidentis mxardaWera mowmobs, rom saqarTvelo ufro evropuli qveyana xdeba~, _ ganacxada saakaSvilma. mixeil saakaSvilisa da nikola sarkozis Sexvedra erT saaTs gagrZelda. amdenive xnis manZilze saubrobda sasaxleSi ori qveynis pirveli ledic. franguli presa wers, rom saakaSvilis sajaro reabilitaciis garda, am vizits sxva datvirTvac hqonda _ es Sexvedra iyo mkafio niSani, romelic dasavleTma saakaSvils gaugzavna _ saqarTvelom ruseTTan Semdgomi konfrontaciisgan Tavi unda Seikavos. `mixeil saakaSvili Tavis moqalaqeebs putinis ruseTis mimarT SiSs unergavs... es arcTu Znelia, radgan ruseTis damokles maxvili saqarTvelos teritoriaze hkidia axalgoramde, romelic Tbilisidan 45 kilometrSia~, _ wers Le Figaro.

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daZabuloba yirgizeTSi
naTia axalaSvili
yirgizeTis samxreTSi dawyebulma daZabulobam qveynis dedaqalaqSi gadainacvla. yirgizeTis samxreTSi uzbekebsa da yirgizebs Soris dawyebuli Cxubi masobriv SetakebebSi gadaizarda. Tumca, areulobis zust mizezebze veravin saubrobs. arsebobs mosazreba, rom am dapirispirebis ukan bakievis xalxi dgas. daZabulobam qalaq oSidan biSkekSic gadainacvla. srolebis Sedegad 45-ze meti adamiani gardaicvala, daWrili ki 700-ze metia. srolebi mTavrobis saxlTanac ismoda. areulobis monawileebma manqanebi da Senobebi dawves, maRaziebs ki qvebi dauSines. oSsa da mis mimdebare regionSi sagangebo situacia gamocxadda. milicia yazarmul reJimze gadavida biSkekSi. qalaqSi Sinagani jaric Seiyvanes. masobriv areulobaSi monawileobisaTvis miliciam 5 adamiani daakava. yvela maTgani oSSi mcxovrebi 20-23 wlis axalgazrdaa. miuxedavad imisa, rom qalaqis garSemo ramdenime blok-posti daidga, mezobeli regionebidan 2 aTasamde adamianma oSSi SeRweva mainc moaxerxa. droebiTi mTavrobis xelmZRvaneli roza otunbaeva irwmuneba, rom situacia kontrols eqvemdebareba, Tumca, adgilobrivebi amtkiceben, rom srolebi kvlav grZeldeba.
foto Temo barZimaSvili

gaZvirebuli wamlebi
nino gogua
wamlebis fasma mateba wina kviras, mas Semdeg daiwyo, rac laris kursi dolarTan da evrosTan mimarTebaSi ramdenime niSnuliT daeca. bolo 4 wlis ganmavlobaSi es erovnuli valutis rekorduli gaufasurebaa. `raRac periodis ganmavlobaSi wamlebs isev Zvel fasSi vyiddiT, dolaris kursiT 1,75. magram orSabaTis kursi _ 1.92 _ imxela maCvenebeli iyo, rom realurad, kompania izaralebda da fasebic amitom gavzardeT~, _ ganmartavs `pe es pe~-s sazogadoebasTan urTierTobis samsaxuris ufrosi naTia xabeiSvili. `araferi gaZvirebula, piriqiT, gaiafda~, _ acxadebs `liberalTan~ saubrisas kompania `aversis~ direqtori paata kurtaniZe. wamlis erovnul saagentoSi acxadeben, rom realurad medikamentebis fasma saSualod 10-12%-iT moimata. amas afTiaqebis momsaxure personalic adasturebs. gaZvirebas farmacevtuli kompaniebi imiT xsnian, rom maT medikamentebi ucxoeTidan SemoaqvT da maT SesaZenad dolarsa da evros ixdian. laris kursis vardnis Sedegad axla importirebuli wamlis SemotanisTvis igive raodenobis dolari, magram ufro meti lari unda gadaixadon. Tumca, bolo kviraSi ara mxolod importirebuli, aramed saqarTveloSi warmoebuli wamlebic gaZvirda. marTalia, mwarmoeblebs medikamentebis dasamzadebeli nedleuli ucxoeTidan SemoaqvT, magram saqarTveloSi warmoebuli medikamentebis fasSi importirebuli masalis wili gacilebiT naklebia. `imis gamo, rom farmacevtuli bazari absoluturad daxurulia, ar gvaqvs aranairi obieqturi informacia; miT umetes, roca Cvens bazarze afTiaqebi ZiriTadad erTmaneTTan SeTanxmebiT adgenen fasebs, rTulia, gaigo, ramdenad adekvaturia fasebs momatebis tendencia~, _ acxadebs jandacvis eqsperti devi xeCinaSvili. `rogorc ki laris kursi aiwevs da dastabilurdeba, maSinve davaklebT fasebs~, _ acxadeben `pe es pe~-Si. Tumca, qarTul bazarze kerZo kompaniebi fasis swrafad zrdis tendenciiT ufro xasiaTdebian, vidre _ klebis. Tu laris kursi moimatebs da amas wamlis swrafi gaiafeba ar mohyveba, devi xeCinaSvilis azriT, kidev erTxel dadasturdeba, rom qarTul farmacevtul bazarze realuri konkurencia ar arsebobs.

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qarTuli idea opoziciuri moZraobisTvis


maia wiklauri
sozar subari, romelmac sul cota xnis win datova `aliansi saqarTvelosTvis~, axal partniorebTan erTad erTian moZraobaSi Cabmas gegmavs. mis gverdiT, savaraudod, iqnebian _ levan gaCeCilaZe, zurab noRaideli da irakli oqruaSvili. noRaidelma da oqruaSvilma ukve ganacxades, rom samomavlod brZolas xelisuflebis winaaRmdeg erTad gegmaven da gasaerTianeblad sxva opoziciur ZalebTanac iTanamSromleben. `axalma gaerTianebam qveyanas da sazogadoebas krizisidan gamosvlis gegma unda SesTavazos. am gaerTianebas unda hqondes erTiani struqtura da idea~, _ weria politikosebis erTobliv gancxadebaSi. politikuri moZraobis erTobas safuZvlad daedeba `qarTuli idea~, romlis damuSavebasac sozar subari dainteresebul pirebTan erTad gegmavs. mis iniciativaze sasaubrod 9 ivniss levan gaCeCilaZis organizebiT sozar subari, koka guncaZe, gia gaCeCilaZe (ucnobi), erosi kiwmariSvili, Jurnalistebi da eqspertebi Seikribnen. `modiT, movifiqroT is idea, ris garSemoc xalxs moundeba gaerTianeba. aq ar aris saubari mitingebze, droSebis qnevaze, xelisuflebasTan dapirispirebaze. aq saubaria, rom vipovoT is simebi, romelic yvela qarTvelis gulSia da rac mogvcems eris, naciis, qveynis ganviTarebis, progresis elementebs~, _ ganacxada fondi `20/20~-is xelmZRvanelma erosi kiwmariSvilma. kiwmariSvili, romlis fondic, ukve 2 welia, erovnuli ganviTarebis strategiaze muSaobs, erovnuli ideis agebas qaquca ColoyaSvilis da geronti qiqoZis pirovnebebis, patriotizmisa da progresis sinTezSi xedavs. sozar subari ki erovnul ideas sam sakiTxze agebs: qveynis usafrTxoeba, Tanamedrove teqnikuri da kulturuli progresi da TviTmyofadobis, qarTvelobis SenarCuneba. subari, dasavlur kulturasTan `veluri konkurenciis~ pirobebSi, im gansakuTrebul Rirebulebebad, rasac `qarTuli idea~ unda daeyrdnos, miiCnevs qarTvelobas, qarTul tradiciebs, kulturas, tolerantobas da mravaleTnikurobas. axalma `qarTulma ideam~ unda Seqmnas dRevandeli saqarTvelosgan gansxvavebuli koncefcia. saxelmwifom `samxedro ritorikidan~ ganaTlebaze unda gadaitanos aqcenti. subari ar gamoricxavs, rom SesaZloa, nato-Si gawevrianeba aRar iyos erovnuli prioriteti da militarizaciisTvis dasaxarji fuli ganaTlebas moxmardes. qveyanaSi samecniero dargebi da kultura gaxdes prioritetuli. subari da misi Tanamoazreebi qarTuli sazogadoebis gamaerTianebel ideas sakuTari erTobisaTvis qmnian. savaraudod, es axali politikuri gaerTianebis axali SefuTvaa, rac, ideis avtorebis azriT, mas sazogadoebisTvis mimzidvels gaxdis.

erosi kiwmariSvili

levan gaCeCilaZe da sozar subari

savaraudod, es axali politikuri gaerTianebis axali SefuTvaa, rac, ideis avtorebis azriT, mas sazogadoebisTvis mimzidvels gaxdis.

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fotoebi levan xerxeuliZe

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aRiarebis tvirTi
ICG miiCnevs, rom Tbilisma mxari unda dauWiros evrokavSiris, gaero-s, euTo-s da sxva organizaciebis iniciativebs samxreT oseTis ruseTis gavlenisgan gasanTavisufleblad.
saerTaSoriso krizisis jgufi
oseTi CrdiloeT kavkasiis respublikebs daemsgavsa. gansxvaveba mxolod is aris, rom samxreT oseTSi prezidents irCeven da mas ruseTis meTauri pirdapiri wesiT ar niSnavs, _ aRniSnaven krizisuli jgufis eqspertebi angariSSi. krizisuli jgufis daskvniT, miuxedavad imisa, rom ruseTma samxreT oseTs 840 milioni dolari gamouyo reabilitaciisa da sarekonstruqcio samuSaoebisTvis, omis Sedegad dazaralebulTa sacxovrebeli pirobebi am dromde ar gaumjobesebula. ICG miiCnevs, rom Tbilisma mxari unda dauWiros evrokavSiris, gaero-s, euTo-s da sxva organizaciebis iniciativebs samxreT oseTis ruseTis gavlenisgan gasanTavisufleblad. `qarTvelebsa da osebs Soris ndobis aRdgenas didi dro sWirdeba, _ ambobs ICG-is evropuli programebis direqtori sabin freizeri. saqarTvelosadmi ndoba aRdgeba, Tu igi iqneba demokratiuli, ekonomikurad ganviTarebuli qveyana, sadac uyuradRebod ar toveben araRiarebul regionebSi adamianebis uflebebis dacvisa da eTnikuri umciresobebis sakiTxebs~. saxelmwifo ministri reintegraciis sakiTxebSi Temur iakobaSvili ambobs, rom `qarTuli mxaris yvela mcdeloba, humanitarul Temebze vesaubroT osebs, uSedegoa. iqneb ICG-im isic Tavadve gvaswavlos, rogor gamovnaxoT saerTo ena kokoiTisTan? masTan rusebic ki ver laparakoben~.

samxreTi oseTis administraciuli sazRvris miRma darCenil mosaxleobasTan ekonomikuri da adamianuri kavSirebis aRdgena, sazRvris gaxsna, kokoiTis xelisuflebasTan TanamSromloba _ krizisebis Semswavleli saerTaSoriso organizaciis (ICG) eqspertebi miiCneven, rom swored aseTi unda iyos saqarTvelos xelisuflebis reaqcia im faqtze, rom ruseTis mier samxreTi oseTis damoukideblobis aRiarebidan ori wlis Semdeg cxinvali bevrad ufro damokidebuli gaxda moskovze, vidre odesme iyo. dokumentSi, romelic 7 ivniss gamoqveynda, weria, rom samxreT oseTs dRes ar aqvs arc politikuri, arc ekonomikuri da arc samxedro avtonomia. respublikis mTavrobis did nawils moskovi

akompleqtebs, biujetis 99 procents rusuli fuli Seadgens da teritoriasa da sazRvrebsac rusi samxedroebi akontroleben, romelTa ricxvi sul ufro izrdeba da am droisaTvis mosaxleobis erT meeqvseds Seadgens. angariSis Tanaxmad, samxreT oseTSi, daaxloebiT, 3 000-4 500 rusi samxedro mosamsaxure imyofeba; garda amisa, iq aseve ganTavsebulia ruseTis uSiSroebis federaluri samsaxuris 900 mesazRvre. rusul wyaroebze dayrdnobiT, angariSi ityobineba, rom samxreT oseTSi ruseTis SeiaraRebaSia T-72 da T-90 tipis tankebi, 150 BMP-2, 12-mm BM-21 gradis sistemebi, 152mm 23 tipis saartilerio danadgarebi da S-300 tipis haersawinaaRmdego sistemebi. aRiarebis Semdeg samxreTi

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ori azri
momxre lela gafrindaSvili filosofosi

saxelmwifo jildo gaicema dargebis waxalisebis an pirovnebebis Rvawlis dafasebis mizniT. problema is aris, rom sazogadoebisTvis ucnobia, Tu ra kriteriumebiT xdeba dasajildoebelTa SerCeva. 9 aprils prezidentma 16 adamians gadasca jildo. maTi sruli siis mopovebac ki garTulda. am siaSi moxvda erT-erTi pedagogi, romlis mxolod saxeli da gvari iyo moxseniebuli. darwmunebuli var, rom Rirseuli pedagogia, magram sazogadoebisTvis ucnobia, riTia is ufro gamorCeuli, vidre Tundac Cemi maswavlebeli. ucnobia, ra meqanizmi muSaobs saxelmwifo jildoebis gadacemisas. bundovania dajildoebulTa konkurentebis vinaobac da maTi miRwevebic. 26 maiss dajildoebulTa siaSi isic iyo dasaxelebuli, Tu risTvis ajildoebdnen ama Tu im adamians (patriotizmi, novatoroba, Tavdadeba da a.S.), Tumca konkretulad ra gaakeTes maT, ar viciT. es bundovaneba badebs eWvs, rom prezidenti gascems jildos xelisuflebisadmi loialurad an politikurad neitralurad ganwyobil pirebze. marTalia, jildo paata burWulaZesac gadasces, magram is politikurad neitralurad ganwyobil pirebs miekuTvneba, me misgan xelisuflebis mwvave kritika ar msmenia. SesaZloa, jildos gadacema misi gadmobirebis mcdelobac yofiliyo. roland axalaias dajildoeba ki imis yvelaze naTeli magaliTia, rom xelisufleba Tavisi piradi simpaTiebis mixedviT gascems jildoebs. mikerZoebuloba iqidanac Cans, Tu ra dargis warmomadgenlebi dajildovdnen _ ufro metad mwerlebi da samxedroebi, an is politikosebi, romlebic `nacionalur moZraobasTan~ arian dakavSirebulebi; am siaSi iSviaTad xvdebian ekonomistebi, mSeneblebi, inJinrebi an arqiteqtorebi.

jildovdebian Tu xelisuflebisad loialurob


ucnobia, ra meqanizmi muSaobs saxelmwifo jildoebis gadacemisas. bundovania dajildoebulTa konkurentebis vinaobac da maTi miRwevebic.
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ori azri
mowinaaRmdege irakli gordulaZe prezidentis saparlamento mdivnis moadgile

mixeil saakaSvili ordeniT ajildoebs iliko suxiSvils da niaz diasamiZes, Tbilisi, 26 maisi 2010

u ara adamianebi dmi politikuri bis gamo?


jildo SeiZleba misce im adamiansac, romelic quCaSi nagavs urnaSi agdebs, da amas samoqalaqo patriotizmi hqvia.
liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 35

saxelmwifo jildos gacemis mTavari mizania saxelmwifos mxridan adamianebisadmi pativiscemis gamovlena. maTi damsaxurebis Sesaxeb samTavrobo uwyebebi atyobineben prezidentis aparatis specialur samsaxurs, romelic saxelmwifo jildoebis gadacemaze muSaobs. es samsaxuri TiToeuli wardgenili kandidatis monacemebs Seiswavlis da maT sias saqarTvelos prezidents gadascems. saboloo gadawyvetilebas prezidenti iRebs. am adamianebis dajildoebis kriteriumebi Zalian naTlad aris asaxuli parlamentis mier miRebul Sesabamis dadgenilebaSi. saxelmwifo jildoebi gadaecemaT saqarTvelos saxelmwifoebrivi damoukideblobisTvis brZolisa da aRorZinebis, sazogadoebis konsolidaciis, demokratiis damkvidrebis saqmeSi Setanili wvlilisTvis. samxedro mosamsaxureebi jildovdebian gmiruli Tavdadebisa da mamacobisTvis, moqalaqeebi ki _ Rirseuli samsaxurisTvis. marTalia, aseTi adamiani SeiZleba Zalian bevri iyos, magram maT Soris saukeTesoebic arseboben da amisTvis muSaobs prezidentis aparatis jildoebis gacemis ganyofileba. 26 maiss prezidentma Zalian bevr adamians gadasca `brwyinvalebis saprezidento ordeni~. maT Soris iyo paata burWulaZec, romelsac, moaruli xmebis mixedviT, TiTqos `xelisufleba ar swyalobda~. mas Zalian didi damsaxureba miuZRvis qveynis winaSe. misTvis prezidentis Rirsebis ordenis gadacema imis dasturia, rom es jildo damsaxurebis mixedviT gaicema da ara _ politikuri SexedulebebisTvis. aseve dajildovda musikosi niaz diasamiZe. misi Semoqmedeba samoqalaqo patriotizmis magaliTia. jildo SeiZleba misce im adamiansac, romelic quCaSi nagavs urnaSi agdebs, da amas samoqalaqo patriotizmi hqvia.

foto irakli gedeniZe

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bavSvebis konkursi `princebi da princesebi~, Tbilisi, lisis tba, 5 ivnisi 2010

fotoebi marika qoCiaSvili

mTavari Tema

saTamaSo
bavSvTa silamazis konkursebiT mSoblebi sakuTari survilebis realizebas axdenen. patarebis fsiqikaze ki es konkursebi uaryofiTad aisaxeba.
marika qoCiaSvili
TeTrkabiani gogo, koplebiani TeTri elastikiTa da TeTri beretiT, muxlebze xelebdawyobili da TvaldaxuWuli zis. grimiori Tvalebze, tuCebze pomadas da `blesks~ usvams, saxezec _ cota `rumiana~, `bliostkebi~ da gogonac scenaze gasasvlelad mzad aris. makiaJis dasrulebis Semdeg gamopranWuli gogonebis rigs uerTdeba da misi saxelisa da gvaris gamocxadebis dros scenaze Cveulebriv gadis. gogona sami wlisaa, magram podiumze Tavdajerebuli miabijebs. manamde repeticiasac daeswro da didi modeliviT scenaze siaruli da mixvra-moxvra iswavla. `patara princebi da princesebi~ _ ase erqva 5 ivniss lisis tbaze gamarTul bavSvTa silamazis konkurss, romlis erT-erTi organizatori am TeTrkabiani 3 wlis gogonas deda, Teona CixlaZe iyo. `gvinda, Cveni Svilebi mivaCvioT qvelmoqmedebas da davexmaroT, cxovreba gavulamazoT im patarebs, romlebic bavSvTa saxlebSi cxovroben. amitom mTeli Semosuli Tanxa Cvil bavSvTa saxls gadaecema~, _ Tqva Teona CixlaZem, romelmac Tanxis Sesagroveblad silamazis konkursze didi yulaba dadga da Cvil bavSvTa saxlisTvis Tanxis gadasacemad sadResaswaulo tortebis gamofena-gayidva moawyo. RonisZiebis keTilSobilurma mizanma lisis tbaze 10 gogonasa da 2 biWis mSobeli miizida. Tumca, TavianTi gadawyvetilebis mizezad mSoblebma sxva argumentebi daasaxeles: `minda, rom Cemma Svilma sakuTari Tavis warmoCena iswavlos sazogadoebaSi~... `minda, gapranWva da sworad siaruli iswavlos~... `minda, rom sazogadoebis yuradRebis centrSi yofnas mieCvios~... `minda, iswavlos wageba... namdvili konkursic rom iyos, mainc moviyvandi~... _ ambobdnen `patara princebis da princesebis~ dedebi. bavSvTa silamazis konkursebi msoflios sxvadasxva qveyanaSi 1960-iani wlebidan imarTeba. yvela mSobels, romelsac Svili silamazis konkursze gamohyavs, TiTqmis iseTive motivi aqvs, rogoric _ qarTvel dedebs. `bavSvi es aris Cemi danamati _ aseTia mSoblebis pozicia~, _ ambobs fsiqologi qeTi mayaSvili da ase cdilobs, axsnas dedebis gadawyvetileba, Svilebi silamazis konkursSi CarTon. fsiqologebis azriT, bevri maTganisTvis es piradi ambiciebis dakmayofileba ufroa, vidre bavSvis survili. mSoblebs moswonT is, rom maTi Svilebi saerTo aRfrTovanebas imsaxureben, yuradRebis centrSi eqcevian da maTi mTavari `jildoc~ swored es `meoradi~ kmayofilebis SegrZnebaa. am procesSi mSoblebi TiTqmis ar fiqroben sakuTari Svilebis gancdebze. qvelmoqmedebis keTilSobiluri egidiT gamarTul silamazis zeimebze, saerTo mxiarulebis

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mTavari Tema
dros meorexarisxovani xdeba isic, Tu ra fsiqologiuri travma SeiZleba miadgeT patarebs, romlebsac erTmaneTs silamazeSi ajibreben. CvenTan es problema jer kidev sawyis etapzea. bavSvTa silamazis konkursebi, marTalia, sul, magram mainc qaoturad imarTeba da jer Soubiznesisa da industriis forma ar miuRia. albaT amitomac, saqarTveloSi jer ar Catarebula kvleva, Tu ra kvals tovebs msgavsi konkursebi patarebze. amerikeli fsiqologebi ki askvnian, rom mSoblebi, romlebic silamazis konkursSi rTaven 5 wlis gogonebs, maTi sxeulis seqsualizebas uwyoben xels. mkveTri makiaJi, maRali quslebi, gamomwvevi saRamos kabebi, xelovnuri wamwamebi, kbilebi da pariki _ am aqsesuarebiT amerierTma pataram podiumze mSvenivrad gamoiyena repeticiebze naswavli manerebi, meorem gadaifiqra _ wiTel xaliCaze gavla aRar mounda da ukan dabruneba gadawyvita, magram buStebis bariers aqeT mdgarma dedam xeli mohkida da xaliCis bolomde miiyvana. `dauqnie xeli~, _ eubnebodnen 2 wlis nitas da patarac warbSekruli uxalisod esalmeboda mayureblebs. nita manamde ise gajiutda, rom miwaze fexis dadgma saerTod ar undoda, amitom xelSi aiyvanes da ise warudgines publikas. kabebis wardgenis Semdeg bavSvebi mSoblebma sacurao kostiumebSi gamoawyves. `me mgoni, sizmaria, RmerTo Cemo, kupalnikebSi gamodian gogoebi~, _ gadauCurCula xis Crdils bisTvis seqsualizebuli imijebis Seqmna maT fsiqikaze uaryofiTad moqmedebs. amasTanaa kavSirSi qalebSi yvelaze metad gavrcelebuli sami mentaluri problemac _ araswori kveba, dabali TviTSefaseba da depresia. eka aRdgomelaSvilis azriT, silamazis konkursebis SemTxvevaSi, ara mxolod damarcxeba, aramed monawileobac ki stresia. bavSvs uwevs imis mtkiceba, rom yvelaze lamazia. aman SeiZleba gamoiwvios is, rom mTeli cxovrebis ganmavlobaSi misTvis umniSvnelovanesi faseuloba sakuTari sxeuli gaxdes, survili ki _ rogorme moergos winaswar dadgenil silamazis standarts, SeiZleba maniadac eqces. `patarebs, romlebsac silamazis konkursSi uwevT CarTva, am

sportuli Sejibreba wagebul pataras Tavis gamoCenisa da sakuTari unarebis ukeT gamovlenis Sanss meoredac aZlevs, silamazis konkursSi ki mTavari bavSvis sxeulia.

kul silamazis konkursebSi monawile patarebs Tojinebs amsgavseben da sakuTari garegnobis mimarT gadametebul moTxovnebs uCenen. lisis tbaze gamarTul bavSvTa konkursSi ori, sami, oTxi, xuTi, eqvsi da Svidi wlis `patara princesebic~ makiaJiT arian, Tumca, organizatoris TqmiT _ maqsimalurad bunebrivi makiaJiT. wiTel xaliCaze gamosasvlelad maT mSoblebi amzadeben. `dedam rom miTxra, magitom davTanxmdi~, _ ambobs 6 wlis elene, romelic silamazis konkursSi pirvelad monawileobs da Tavs uxerxulad grZnobs. etyoba, rom nerviulobs. roca wiTel xaliCaze gasvlis dro dgeba, daZabulobisgan repeticiaze naswavli manerebi aviwydeba da podiumze gaSeSebuli xelebiT, muStebSekruli miabijebs.

Sefarebulma 6 wlis biWma Tavis or megobar biWs da cnobismoyvare TvalebiT daeloda patarebis scenaze gamoCenas. `sxvas amas verafers davarqmev, Tu ara pedofilias. amas dRes naxavT scenaze, mediaSi, silamazis konkursebze. dedas gamohyavs scenaze naxevrad SiSveli bavSvi imisTvis, rom TviTon ver SeZlo cxovrebaSi raRacis realizeba da bavSvs saTamaSo obieqtad iyenebs. silamazis konkursi sxva araferia, Tu ara scenaze gamotanili sxeuli, da es asea patarebis SemTxvevaSic~, _ ambobs qalTa iniciativebis mxardamWeri jgufis direqtori, eka aRdgomelaSvili. amerikis fsiqologTa asociaciis mier 2007 wels Catarebuli kvlevis mixedviT, dadginda, rom mcirewlovani da mozardi gogone-

asakidanve aCveven, rom mudmivad akontrolon sakuTari garegnoba da sakuTar sxeuls mudmivad sxvisi TvaliT uyuron, imitom rom SeiZleba sxvisi kritikis obieqti gaxdnen. bavSvebs cirkis cxoveliviT wvrTnian, rom Semdeg sazogadoebaSi gamoiyvanon~, _ ambobs eka aRdgomelaSvili. vidre konkursantebi mesame turisTvis emzadebodnen, iqve Cvili bavSvebis xoxvaSi Sejibri gaimarTa. miwaze gaSlil did fardagze yvela pataras Tavis biliki hqonda gamoyofili. bavSvebi startTan dasves, finiSTan Cacucquli mSoblebi ki yvelanairi gziT cdilobdnen maT mityuebas. zustad or wuTSi yvelaferi ase gamoiyureboda: papanaqeba sicxeSi atirebuli da miwaze gagorebuli bavSvebi da muxlebze garTxmuli dedebi,

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mTavari Tema

bavSvebis konkursi `princebi da princesebi~, Tbilisi, lisis tba, 5 ivnisi 2010

romlebsac im wuTs mxolod erTi mizani hqondaT _ maTi Svili finiSamde misuliyo. marTalia, xoxvaSi Sejibri ver Sedga, magram guldawyvetili arc erTi mSobeli ar darCenila _ saCuqari TiToeulma konkursantma miiRo. princesis da princis titulic yvela monawiles ergo. swored amiT gansxvavdeboda es konkursi sxva, Tundac sazRvargareT an Tundac saqarTveloSi, skolebs SigniT gamarTuli konkursebisgan _ aq damarcxebuli aravin yofila. amerikaSi bavSvebis silamazis konkursebi ki bevrad ufro `daxvewili~, mravalferovani da masStaburia. erTi wlis ganmavlobaSi iq 5000-ze met konkursSi 250 000 bavSvi monawileobs. maTi umetesoba fasiania, amitom iq dRes bavSvTa silamazis konkursebi biznesmenebisTvis

momgebian industriad aris qceuli. arsebobs mosazreba imis Sesaxeb, rom aranaklebad stresuli SeiZleba iyos bavSvisTvis sportul SejibrSi damarcxebac. Tumca, gansxvaveba isaa, rom sportuli Sejibreba wagebul pataras Tavis gamoCenisa da sakuTari unarebis ukeT gamovlenis Sanss meoredac aZlevs, silamazis konkursSi ki mTavari bavSvis sxeulia. 24 wlis nuca ambobs, rom Tavis qaliSvils silamazis konkursSi monawileobas arasdros miaRebinebs: `mezizReba bavSvebis silamazis konkursebi. patarebs ise pranWaven, rom didebs hgvanan. Semdeg bavSvebs hgoniaT, rom ufrosebs zustad aseTi bavSvebi moswonT da imis magivrad, rom qviSaSi iTamaSon, sarkis win gamomwvevad siarulSi varjiSoben. da saerTod,

ras eubnebian amiT bavSvebs _ rom mTavari garegnuli silamazea?!~ bavSvebis silamazis konkursebSi gamoyvana ar iTvleba bavSvis Sromad. Sesabamisad, amas amerikuli kanonmdeblobac ki ar aregulirebs. es pirdapiri mniSvnelobiT arc bavSvTa uflebebis darRvevaa, radgan mSobels aqvs ufleba, 10 wlamde bavSvis magivrad, gadawyvetilebebi TviTon miiRos. `patara princebi da princesebi~ erTjeradi aqcia ar yofila. mis organizators survili aqvs, gacilebiT ufro masStaburi zeimi saaxalwlod moawyos. patarebis silamazis konkursi sul ufro xSirad ewyoba sajaro skolebSic. es erTi SexedviT uwyinari garToba ki, xSirad qvelmoqmedebis keTilSobiluri sababiT, patarebze uaryofiT kvals tovebs.

liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 35

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foto marika qoCiaSvili

Tvalsazrisi

sakvebi sxva saqmea


ganviTarebuli qveynebi apireben, rom TavianTi soflis meurneobebi im yaidaze moawyon, rogoric saqarTveloSi 15 wlis win iyo, am dros ki saqarTvelo sawinaaRmdego mimarTulebiT midis.
mark maleni xelisuflebis sasoflo sameurCven Tavisufali vaWrobis xana- fexiT ufro mets moZraobda, vidre Si vcxovrobT da es saqarTvelos dRes, magram amJamad yvelgan manqa- neo politikaSi usafrTxo sakvebs mTavrobaze ukeT cota mTavrobas niT siaruls aniWeben upiratesobas. ukve prioriteti eniWeba, magram amas Tu esmis. miuxedavad imisa, rom am sakvebi TbilisSi gansxvavebulia. sa- evrokavSiri moiTxovs, da Tu saqarsferoSi gasakeTebeli kidev bevria, vaWro barierebi Zalian dabalia da Tvelos evrokavSirTan yvelasaTvis sakvebi produqtebis importirebis importirebuli sakvebi yvelgan ia- sasargeblo Tavisufali vaWrobis sferoSi, SevardnaZis periodTan Se- fad iSoveba. aTi wlis win, rodesac xelSekrulebis gaformeba surs, am darebiT, mniSvnelovani gaumjobese- xalxs sakvebis yidva undoda, yidu- politikas unda daemorCilos. amave ba SeimCneva. saqarTvelos mTavro- lobdnen purs da mcenareul sakvebs, dros fermerebi da maTi megobrebi, bis libertarianul Sexedulebebs Tu meti fuli hqondaT _ xorcsac, romlebic TavianT produqcias pirmivyavarT Tavisufal vaWrobamde, da es yvelaferi axlomaxlo iyo da- dapir mosaxleobaze yiddnen, axla rac yvela sxva politikur qmedeba- mzadebuli. axla sakvebi produqtebi Tbilisis gareT darCnen, sakvebis distribuciis bizness CamoSoreze ufro Wkvianuria, magram bulni. axla sakveb produqtesakvebi sul sxva saqmea. sakvebs didi firmebi yiduloben bi produqtebis miRebisa da msoflioSi saqarTvelo da yidian, rogorc es ganvigayidvis gzebi saqarTveloSi maRali xarisxis sakvebi Tarebuli msoflios udides icvleba da, Sesabamisad, icvnawilSi xdeba. mdidar qveyneleba isic, Tu rogor ikvebeproduqtebiTa da janmrTeli bSi ganaTlebuli adamianebis bian qarTvelebi. problema mosaxleobiTaa cnobili. modi, didi nawili aRiarebs, rom isaa, rom saqarTvelo sakvegadamuSavebuli sakvebi probis moxmarebis kuTxiT ganvies asec darCes. blemaa; saqarTvelo ki sakvebi Tarebuli samyaros sawinaaRproduqtebis importirebiT mdego mimarTulebiT midis. swored sawinaaRmdego mimarvinc inglisurad kiTxulobs, maT albaT daainteresebT amerikaSi mTeli msofliodan Semodis da maTi TulebiT midis. zogierTi importiream sakiTxze momuSave yvelaze mniS- warmoeba ZiriTadad mTavrobebis buli sakvebi adgilobrivze ukeTesivnelovani mwerali. amisaTvis es ve- mier aris subsidirebuli. es produ- caa da ufro iaficaa. amitom, SeiZleba bgverdi moinaxuleT: www.michael- qtebi plastikur fuTebSi inaxeba da vamtkicoT, rom momxmarebels aqvs bevr specialur Semnaxav nivTierebas ufleba iyidos pomidori, romelic pollan.com Cemi ojaxis wevrebi amerikidan sa- Seicavs _ marils, xorblis siro- aqve, TurqeTSia moyvanili da uaresia, qarTveloSi pirvelad 11 wlis win fsa da qimiur nivTierebebs. saqar- vidre qarTuli. am tendenciis logiCamovidnen. erT-erTi pirveli, rac Tvelom aucileblad unda miaRwios kuri gagrZeleba saSiSi mimarTulebiT maT SeamCnies, is iyo, Tu ra kargad imas, rom es sakvebi produqtebi wagviyvans. sxva problemebi imasTan gamoiyurebodnen qarTvelebi ame- qarTulad iyos dafasoebuli, raTa aris dakavSirebuli, rom fermerebi rikelebTan SedarebiT: isini iyv- yvelam waikiTxos maTi Semadgeneli saqarTveloSi ver uzrunvelyofen nen gamxdrebi, SesaniSnav formaSi. ingredientebi. es raRac tipis regu- msxvili gadamyidvelebisTvis didi amerikaSi saswavleblad Casul qar- lacias hgavs da mTavroba amitomac raodenobis produqtebis regularul Tvelebs maSinve TvalSi xvdebaT, frTxilobs mis ganxorcielebas. vin miwodebas. da mainc, saqarTveloSi mcxovrebi Tu rogori msuqnebi arian amerike- unda ganaxorcielos inspeqcia? ropatiosani ucxoeli getyvis, rom xili lebi. aTi wlis win TbilisSi xalxi gor moxdeba am yvelafris marTva?

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interviu
da bostneuli saqarTveloSi ukeTesia, vidre mis qveyanaSi. amis mizezi is ki ar aris, rom qarTuli miwa ukeTesia, aramed is, rom nakveTebi mcirea da mcire raodenobis genetikurad modificirebuli Tesli, sasuqi da sawamlavi moipoveba. sxvaTa Soris, am yovelives gamoyeneba saqarTveloSic matulobs da es zogierTi ucxoeli donorisa da samTavrobo politikis mier waxalisebulic kia. ras niSnavs es fermerebisTvis? saqarTvelos bevri sofeli dausaxlebelia. fermerebisTvis sakveb produqtebSi gadaxdili safasuri mcirea, radgan qalaqis mosaxleoba iafi importirebuli sakvebiT ikvebeba. me ar minda, rom Tavisufal vaWrobas xeli SevuSalo, piriqiT _ Tavisufali vaWrobis momxre var yvela sferoSi, garda sakvebi produqtebisa. ganviTarebuli qveynebi apireben, rom TavianTi soflis meurneobebi im yaidaze moawyon, rogoric saqarTveloSi 15 wlis win iyo, saqarTvelo ki am dros sawinaaRmdego mimarTulebiT midis. saqarTvelo viTardeba da es didebuli saqmea, magram man unda airCios mimarTuleba, saiTken ganviTardes. msoflioSi saqarTvelo maRali xarisxis sakvebi produqtebiTa da janmrTeli mosaxleobiTaa cnobili. modi, es asec darCes. am sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT bevri gansxvavebuli interesi ikveTeba, romlebic, SesaZloa, erTmaneTTan konfliqtSi Sevides. es interesebia: mcire fermerebi, msxvili fermerebi, mezobeli qveynebi, evrokavSiri da saqarTvelos evrokavSirSi integraciis mcdelobebi, qalaqebSi mcxovrebi momxmareblebi, msoflio savaWro organizacia. faqtobrivad, es sakiTxi yvelafers moicavs. es aris iseTi politikuri sakiTxis klasikuri magaliTi, romelic bevr fiqrsa da diskusias moiTxovs, da erovnul konsensussac, Tu misi warmatebiT gadaWra gvsurs.
inglisuridan Targmna giorgi cxadaiam

"dRes evropa ar aris mzad, yvela msurveli miiRos"


interviu poloneTis yofil prezidentTan, lex valensasTan

gdanskis Zvel nawilSi, erT-erTi Senobis karze hkidia abra: `lex valensas biuro~. poloneTis yofili prezidenti, legendaruli profkavSirebis `solidarobis~ lideri, nobelis premiis laureati, lex valensa aq ucxoel Jurnalistebs, politikosebs, eqspertebs maspinZlobs. `igi ubralod lex valensad muSaobs~, _ amboben masze gdanskSi. `liberals~ igi `aRmosavleT partniorobis programaze~, poloneTsaqarTvelos urTierTobebze da evropis momavalze esaubra.

batono valensa, `aRmosavleT partniorobis programa~, romelic yofili sabWoTa kavSiris qveynebis evropasTan daaxloebas isaxavs miznad, poloneTis iniciativaa. Tqveni

azriT, ra perspeqtivas usaxavs is saqarTvelos? modiT ase gipasuxebT, mamaCemi meore msoflio omis dros daiRupa. masTan erTi wuTiT gasaubreba

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interviu
rom SemeZlos, vetyodi: `mama, ver warmoidgen, rogor gamoiyureba dRes evropa! dRes evropaSi sazRvrebi aRar aris! poloneT-germaniis sazRvarTan jariskacebi aRar dganan! _ albaT ar damijerebda sawyali mamaCemi. 20 wlis winac ki es daujerebeli iyo. msoflio ufro swrafad icvleba, vidre Tqven fiqrobT. saqarTvelo dRes ar aris evrokavSiris wevri, magram misi siaxlove evropasTan gardauvalia, iseve rogorc _ samxreTi kavkasiis sxva qveynis. Tumca, es mtkivneuli procesia. didi sifrTxile gvmarTebs. jer unda SevamzadoT erTmaneTi. fundamenturad gansxvavebuli sazogadoebebi varT _ sxvadasxva religia, msoflmxedveloba gvaqvs. belorusSi arsebul viTarebasTan dakavSirebiT, radgan am gancxadebebis ukan konkretuli nabijebi ver iqneba. cxadia, warmoudgenelia evropa belorusis da ukrainis gareSe, magram axla iseT viTarebaSi varT, rom hipokrates fics unda mivyveT _ ar unda vavnoT.belorusi, iseve rogorc sxva bevri qveyana, jer kidev damokidebulia ruseTze da Tu ruseTs ganvarisxebT, isev belorusi xalxi izaralebs. pragmatulebi unda viyoT. saqarTvelosTan mimarTebaSic igive pragmatizmi moqmedebs? Tbilisidan 30 kilometrSi rusuli jari dgas, sarkozi-medvedevis gegma dRemde ar sruldeba. ruseTze zewolis ra berketebi aqvs evropas? ra saTamaSoebi aqvs ruseTs. iq araferi Secvlila, isev Zveleburi politika aqvT. erTaderTi gzaa, wynarad, teqnikurad, inteleqtualurad, nabij-nabij vimoqmedoT. brZnuli gadawyvetilebebi miviRoT. saqarTvelo aucileblad unda mivides Tavisuflebamde. oRond Tavisuflebamde da ara ufskrulamde da sikvdilamde. ruseTTan mamacebi unda viyoT, magram amave dros pragmatulebi. meore mxriv, ruseT-saqarTvelos konfliqti udidesi testi iyo gaero-sTvis, aSS-sTvis, evrokavSirisTvis. Cven unda gamoviyenoT es SesaZlebloba da gavacnobieroT yvela nakli da xarvezi, romelic kargad gamoavlina am testma.

roca me viyavi prezidenti, mqonda cduneba, ruseTisTvis omi gamomecxadebina. xelebi mefxaneboda, rogorc ityvian.

Tu daaxloeba zedmetad swrafad moxdeba, SevZlebT ki situaciis gakontrolebas? dRes evropa ar aris mzad, yvela msurveli miiRos, magram Cven yvelafers vakeTebT, rom es qveynebi dauaxlovdnen evropas. mixaria, rom swored poloneTia aRmosavleT partniorobis programis iniciatori. TanamSromlobis es forma moamzadebs qveynebs evropisTvis. es programa holiviTaa, saidanac mere ganaTebul misaReb oTaxSi gagiZRvebian. poloneTi, romelsac ukeT esmis Tqveni, yovelTvis daexmareba yofil sabWoTa qveynebs, magram samwuxarod, evropelebs bevri Sida problema gvaqvs, bevri uTanxmoeba mTel rig sakiTxebze. unda davelodoT dros, roca evropa marTlac Zlieri iqneba. dRes poloneTi ver akeTebs xmamaRal gancxadebebs, magaliTad,

Tqven Cemze kargad iciT, ramdeni naRmia Cadebuli ruseTis federaciaSi. samxreTi oseTis da afxazeTis aRiarebiT ruseTma precedenti Seqmna. ruseTSi 60 Tu 80 erovnebis warmomadgeneli cxovrobs. es saxifaTo pirvel rigSi kremlisTvis unda iyos, radgan SeiZleba imperia Tavze daengres. ra SeuZlia dasavleTs? omi gamoucxados ruseTs? es sisulele da TviTmkvleloba iqneba. Tumca, gamogitydebiT, roca me viyavi prezidenti, mqonda cduneba, ruseTisTvis omi gamomecxadebina. xelebi mefxaneboda, rogorc ityvian. gacofebuli viyavi, magram Wkvianma xalxma gamaCera. dRes me maTi madlobeli var. samwuxarod, ruseTTan aseTi tipis dapirispirebam SeiZleba gamoiwvios is, rom mTeli evropa haerSi aRmoCndes. yvelam viciT,

zogi politikuri komentatori varaudobs, rom saqarTvelos didi gulSematkivris _ lex kaCinskis gardacvalebis Semdeg poloneTisa da saqarTvelos urTierToba ufro civi da pragmatuli gaxdeba. Tqven Tu iziarebT am mosazrebas? polonelebs Zalian uyvarT qarTvelebi da es mxolod kaCinskis damsaxureba ar yofila. Cven _ polonelebs mxolod erTi qarTveli ar gviyvarda, sxva yvela gviyvars. Cvens prezidents _ lex kaCinskis sCveoda emociebis sajarod gamomJRavneba. zogs es moswonda, sxvas _ ara. me, piradad, vamjobineb, konkretuli saqmiT davamtkico Cemi damokidebuleba, vidre emociebiT. poloneTis saprezidento arCevnebSi aTamde kandidati iyris kenWs. maT Soris ar aris arc erTi, romelic gamarjvebis SemTxvevaSi saqarTvelosTan urTierTobebs gaafuWebs. piradad me

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saubrebi liberalizmze
_ lex valensa, yvelafers gavakeTeb, rom qarTveli da poloneli xalxis megobrobas araferi daemuqros. 20 ivniss poloneTi axal prezidents irCevs. vis uWers mxars lex valensa _ bronislav komorovskis Tu iaroslav kaCinskis? me komorovskis vuWer mxars. Tumca, demokratias Tavisi wesebi aqvs _ visac xalxi airCevs, prezidentic is iqneba. sinamdvileSi, didi sxvaobaa, Tu rogor gamoiyureba kandidati winasaarCevno periodSi da gamarjvebis mere. mxolod arCevnebis Semdeg gamoaCenen xolme rqebs. mogvianebiT gavigebT, vin rogor gamoadgeba poloneTs. Cemi azriT, komorovski ukeTesi kandidaturaa. me mas mivcem xmas. dRevandeli poloneTi is qveyanaa, romelzec Tqven komunisturi reJimis dros ocnebobdiT? ara. sul sxva qveyanaa. Cems revoluciamde vinmes rom eTqva, rom am dros moveswrebodi, ar davujerebdi. ar davijerebdi, rom CemTan stumrad movidoda Jurnalisti saqarTvelodan. ar davijerebdi, rom moveswrebodi dros, roca ar aris komunizmi. me mTel galaqtikaSi yvelaze bednieri adamiani var, rom am dros moveswari. meore mxriv ki, cxadia, es is evropa da is msoflio ar aris, rac Cven gvinda. sam princips gamovyofdi, romelic mTeli msofliosTvis erTiani da ucvleli unda iyos _ aRar unda icvlebodes me-20 saukuneSi saerTaSoriso samarTliT dadgenili sazRvrebi; unda davamarcxoT Sovinizmi, antisemitizmi, rasizmi; da, cxadia, araviTari terorizmi axal msoflioSi. Cven 21-e saukunis Taoba varT. aravis unda mivceT ufleba, es sami punqti daarRvios. esaubra sofo bukia

Tvalsazrisi

ratom unda gaviazroT sabWoTa kavSiri


sabWoeTis ukeTesad gaazreba dagvexmareba imaSi, rom TanamedroveobaSi warsuli sistemis gavlenebi davinaxoT.
giorgi cxadaia

liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 35

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saubrebi liberalizmze
dasavleTSi civi omis periodSi arsebobda sabWoTa kavSiris Semswavleli mecniereba, romelsac sovietologia erqva. dRes igive disciplinas kremlinologias eZaxian. yofil sabWoTa sivrceSi ki sabWoTa kavSiris kvleva dRis wesrigSi TiTqmis arasdros damdgara. amis erT-erTi mizezi is iyo, rom qarTuli socialuri mecnierebis mdgomareoba _ SezRuduli materialuri da adamianuri resursebi SeuZlebels xdida istoriul, politikur da ekonomikur sakiTxebze seriozulad diskusias. mecnierebis gulgrilobis kidev erTi mizezi, nawilobriv, SesaZloa, isic iyo, rom sazogadoebaSi am Temis mimarT yovelTvis Cndeboda orazrovneba da winaaRmdegobebi. postsabWoTa qarTuli sazogadoebisTvis ori ukiduresobaa damaxasiaTebeli: erTi mxriv, sabWoTa warsulze tabus daweseba da misi ignorireba, rogorc tragediis, romelic male unda daviviwyoT, meore mxriv, sabWoTa warsulis gaidealeba, masze nostalgia da misi dabrunebisTvis Wmunva. orive SemTxvevaSi problema ukavSirdeboda istoriuli faqtebis arcodnas, politikuri da ekonomikuri Sefasebis da am sakiTxze racionaluri diskusiis naklebobas. orive es tendencia erTnairad uwyobda xels imas, rom maT safuZvelze iracionaluri ideologiebi Camoyalibebuliyo. pirvelis SemTxvevaSi, safuZvliani niadagi momzadda memarjvene libertarianizmis radikaluri formis Camosayalibeblad. sabazro kapitalizmis es idealizirebuli versia saxelmwifos nebismieri tipis Carevas bazarSi aRiqvams komunistur, sabWoTa gadmonaSTad da sazogadoebisTvis damRupvelad afasebs. imisi codna, Tu rogori iyo sabWoTa ekonomika da ratom ar SeiZleba saxelmwifos mier bazarSi yvela saxis Carevis erT sibrtyeze ganxilva, am sakiTxebze racionalur debatebs mniSvnelovnad Seuwyobs xels. meore tendenciis SemTxvevaSi, adamianebs aqvT idealizirebulad dadebiTi warmodgena sabWoTa ekonomikasa da sazogadoebaze. sinamdvileSi, Tu sabWoTa ekonomikis muSaobis istoriul dinamikas erT mTlian qronologiur CarCoSi ganvixilavT, SevZlebT imis danaxvas, Tu ra iyo sistemis SedarebiTi zrdisa da recesiebis mizezebi da ratom gamoiwvia ekonomikurma krizisma sabWoTa kavSiris daSla. am sakiTxebze mxolod folkloruli warmodgenebis qona xels uwyobs moqalaqeTa naivuri damokidebulebis waxalisebas saxelmwifosa da sazogadoebis rolis mimarT. dRemde Zalian bundovani warmodgenebi arsebobs imaze, Tu rogor muSaobda sabWoTa ekonomika, ra problemebi hqonda mas sxvadasxva ekonomikuri reformebis dros. erTi sityviT, ar xdeba im ekonomikuri modelis naklovanebebis mTlianobaSi aRqma, romelmac kraxi ganicada. televiziiT dRemde gamigia xolme fraza, rom saxelmwifom fabrika-qarxnebi unda aaSenos. saxelmwifos rolze warmodgenebi jer kidev gulisxmobs sayovelTao ZiZa saxelmwifos arsebobas, romelic moqalaqeebs aZlevs yvelanair saSualebas imisTvis, rom sakuTari Zalisxmeva naklebad ga-

fataluri Secdomebis ganxilvam mudmivad unda dagvafiqros imaze, Tu ra unda iyos Cveni sazogadoebis prioriteti da sad unda velodoT safrTxes sazogadoebis ganviTarebisTvis.

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liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 35

saubrebi liberalizmze
moiyenon politikuri da samoqalaqo problemebis gadaWrisas. am SemTxvevaSi, fabrika-qarxnebis amSenebeli saxelmwifo yovlisSemZle institutia, romelic resursebze bunebrivi limitis miuxedavad, SeZlebs erTi xelis dakvriT yvela problemis gadaWras. sinamdvileSi, demokratiuli da warmatebuli sazogadoeba efuZneba moqalaqeTa Soris Zlier samoqalaqo kavSirebs, warmatebul, qvemodan (da ara zemodan) inicirebul koleqtiur qmedebas da socialuri pasuxismgeblobis gaazrebas sazogadoebaSi. ra Tqma unda, saxelmwifo fabrika-qarxnebs ver aaSenebs ise, rom moqalaqeTa imgvar srul dasaqmebas miaRwios, rogorc es sabWoTa dros iyo. aseTi mdgomareoba mxolod im eqstraordinarul situaciaSi iyo SesaZlebeli, rodesac ramdenime aTeuli wlis manZilze sistema SedarebiT stabilurobas aRwevda, bunebrivi resursebis gamoyenebiTa da Crdilovani ekonomikis arsebobiT. es situacia unikaluri iyo imiTac, rom sxvadasxva respublikebs Soris erTgvari Sromis danawilebis sqema arsebobda. magaliTad, iseTi respublikebi, rogoric saqarTvelo da moldaveTi iyo, Rvinis da alkoholuri sasmelebis eqsportze iyo specializirebuli, yazaxeTi _ xorblis eqsportze, azerbaijani _ navTobis, da a.S. avtarqiuli anu TviTkmari sabWoTa ekonomikis SenarCuneba sabolood SeuZlebeli aRmoCnda, radgan gare samyarosTan ekonomikuri, kulturuli da inteleqtualuri gacvla-gamocvlis gareSe, sistemis resursebi male amoiwura. sabWoTa ekonomikis eqstraordinarul xasiaTze ufro metad sabWoTa sistemis politikuri mxare xdeba xolme kontroversiis mizezi. dRemde kamaToben imaze, Tu ramdeni adamiani Seiwira reJimis mier ganxorcielebulma represiebma da ramdenad Seuwyo xeli, ekonomikur krizisTan erTad, sabWoTa kavSiris daSlas glasnostis reformebma. politikuri represiebis, gulagebis da sakoncentracio banakebis Tema postsabWoTa sivrceSi myofi saxelmwifoebis bevri moqalaqisTvis jer kidev burusiTaa moculi. am politikuri operaciebis didi gasaidumloebulobis gamo, maT Sesaxeb xSir SemTxvevaSi detaluri informacia ar moipoveba, Tumca rac moipoveba, is savsebiT sakmarisia imisTvis, rom met-naklebad realurad aRviqvaT, Tu ras warmoadgenda politikuri represiebis manqana. analogiurad, 30-iani wlebis represiebis Sesaxebac moqalaqeebs xSirad istoriuli suraTis danaxva uWirT. perestroikis dros sityvis Tavisuflebam xeli Seuwyo ara mxolod sistemis demokratizacias, aramed dakarguli warsulis gaxsenebas. es warsuli mtkivneuli da sisxliania, magram amave dros adamianuri bunebis yvelaze bneli mxareebis arsebobis Sesaxeb gvauwyebs. Secdomebi, romelic 100 da 50 wlis win dauSves, SesaZloa, dRemde aqtualuri iyos, radgan maTSi sazogadoebis uunaroba da degradacia Cans. fataluri Secdomebis ganxilvam mudmivad unda dagvafiqros imaze, Tu ra unda iyos Cveni sazogadoebis prioriteti da sad unda velodoT safrTxes sazogadoebis ganviTarebisTvis. adamianebi dRemde gaucnobiereblad moqmedeben totalitaruli reJimis mimarT SiSisa da konformizmis CarCoebSi. sabWoeTis ukeTesad gaazreba dagvexmareba imaSi, rom TanamedroveobaSi warsuli sistemis gavlenebi davinaxoT. sabWoeTis demistifikaciiis, misi Seswavlisa da analizisTvis erT-erTi yvelaze mniSvnelovani iniciativa sabWoTa istoriaze dasavleli avtorebis naSromebis da wignebis Targmna iqneba. axlaxan wavikiTxe amerikeli istorikosis, ruseTis istoriis cnobili eqspertis martin malias wigni sabWoTa tragedia: socializmis istoria ruseTSi, 1917-1991 (1994). samwuxarod, msgavsi wignebi qarTulad jerjerobiT ar iTargmneba. momavalSi imedia, rom am sferoSi mniSvnelovani Zvrebi iqneba. socialur qsel feisbuqze bolo xanebSi gaixsna jgufi sabWoTa warsulis kvlevis laboratoria, romlis aRweraSic vkiTxulobT, rom es aris arasamTavrobo organizacia, romelic dainteresebulia sabWoTa periodze zepiri da dokumenturi informaciis mopovebaSi. aseve, sul axlaxan, fond Ria sazogadoeba-saqarTvelos dafinansebiT, Jurnalma cxelma Sokoladma daiwyo axali proeqti _ gansabWoeba, romelic moicavs saqarTvelos 8 regionSi sabWoTa politikis, sazogadoebisa da kulturis Sesaxeb seminarebis Catarebas da diskusias. sabWoTa warsulis kvlevisa da analizis mcdelobebi ki ar unda Semoifarglos mxolod Cem mier zemoT CamoTvlili iniciativebiT da sazogadoebrivi dainteresebis sagnad unda iqces.

stalinis muzeumi gorSi

liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 35

foto Temo barZimaSvili

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politika

sakonstitucio alternativa
interviu sazogadoebrivi sakonstitucio komisiis wevrTan, mindia ugrexeliZesTan

sazogadoebrivma sakonstitucio komisiam, romelic erTi wlis win Seiqmna, `saqarTvelos konstituciis axali redaqciis ganvrcobili koncefcia~ 2010 wlis 9 aprils gamoaqveyna.
da legitimuri da realobas ver asaxavda. rogor SeafasebdiT saqarTvelos konstitucias 2004 wlis cvlilebebamde da ra saxis problemebia saxelmwifo komisiis mier Seqmnil proeqtSi? 1995 wlis konstituciis Sefasebisas SeiZleba ver viyo obieqturi, radgan Tavad vmonawileobdi mis SeqmnaSi. maSin marTlmsajulebis qvekomisiis Tavmjdomare gaxldiT da sakmaod sainteresod vimuSaveT. maSindeli konstitucia im minimalur standartebs, rasac evropa iTxovda, akmayofilebda, metadre _ adamianis uflebebis nawilSi. cxadia, aRmoCenebi ar gagvikeTebia, es iyo qarTuli varianti imisa, rac civilizebul qveynebSi xdeba. amitomac, dRevandel proeqtSi adamianis uflebebis mxriv maincdamainc did cvlilebebs ar unda velodeT. mokled, ase vityodi _ 1995 wlis konstutucia gacilebiT ukeTesi iyo, vidre romelime postsabWoTa qveynis konstitucia, magram cxadia, Sors iyo im idealisgan, rasac meocnebe iuristebi visurvebdiT. mimaCnia, rom iuristi realisti unda iyos, magram aseve is ukeTes momavalzec unda ocnebobdes da zrunavdes. saxelmwifo sakonstitucio komisiis mier warmodgenil proeqtSi balansi sam xelisuflebas Soris, ar mgonia, optimaluri an delikaturi iyos. proeqtis mixedviT, aRmasrulebel xelisuflebas kvlav rCeba sadaveebi, danarCeni ori ki mokrZalebuladaa warmodgenili. balansis amgvari darRveva safrTxes uqmnis im xalxs, romelic Tavad aris xelisuflebis wyaro. Tqveni komisia konstituciis saparlamento modelze muSaobs. sazogadoebrivi azris ukanaskneli kvlevebis mixedviT ki, qveynis mowyobis am models xalxis mcire raodenoba, sul 7% uWers mxars. moiqeciT Tu ara Tqven da am komisiis wevrebi ise, rogorc `meocnebe iuristebi~? xalxis Sexedulebas imaze, Tu rogori unda iyos qveynis mowyobis sakonstitucio modeli, SeiZleba profesionalisTvis gadamwyveti mniSvneloba arc hqondes. sikvdiliT dasja xom gacilebiT martivia, vidre sakonstitucio mowyoba, magram gagiWirdebaT msoflioSi naxoT iseTi xalxi, sul erTia, inglisSi, safrangeTsa Tu birmaSi, romelic sikvdiliT dasjis winaaRmdeg erTxmad gamova. xalxs unda bednieri cxovreba, magram ar icis, rogor unda aaSenos bedniereba da cdilobs, moZebnos mesia, am SemTxvevaSi _ prezidenti, romelic mova, Caibarebs saqmes, xalxi ki arxeinad icxovrebs.

foto evrosabWos arqividan

batono mindia, ratom gadawyviteT, rom damoukideblad gemuSavaT da ar geTanamSromlaT saxelmwifo sakonstitucio komisiasTan? saxelmwifo komisiaSi muSaoba SemomTavazes, magram aRmoCnda, rom iq ar iyo warmodgenili farTo politikuri speqtri. arada, swored politikuri partiebi warmoadgenen sazogadoebis sxvadasxva nawilis Rirebulebebs da maT interesebs. amitom, CavTvale, rom Tuki politikuri partiebi komisiis gareT darCebodnen, konstituciis proeqti ar iqnebo-

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politika
msoflioSi dagrovili gamocdilebis mixedviT, SeiZleba iTqvas, rom saparlamento respublika yvelaze ukeT iZleva saSualebas, politikuri krizisi mSvidobiani, xaverdovani gzebiT gadaiWras. es ar niSnavs, rom es mmarTvelobis idealuri formaa. cxadia, Tavisi sirTuleebi aqvs, magram vcdilobT, isini sxvadasxva saSualebebiT davZlioT. demokratia umravlesobis nebaa, magram TviT umravlesobis nebac ki SeiZleba safrTxes Seicavdes, Tu raRac muxruWebi ar amuSavda. mTel Cvens mecadineobas ori mimarTuleba aqvs: erTi _ rac SeiZleba meti politikuri mexamridi CavdoT, raTa ar aiwyvitos ramem, Tundac sruliad legitimurma umravlesobis nebam, da meore _ parlamentis SigniTac davicvaT balansi. vinc unda iyos umravlesoba, da Cven ar viciT, vin iqneba, ganixilos. Cven damoukidebeli iuristebi varT, calke komisia gvaqvs da Cvens produqcias ara mxolod saxelmwifo komisiis wevrebs, aramed nebismier qarTvels vawvdiT, mzad varT, movisminoT yovelgvari, maT Soris, uaRresad kritikuli azric. axlaxan koncefciis inglisuri Targmani veneciis komisiaSi gavagzavneT, raTa komisias hqondes saSualeba, gaecnos ara mxolod saxelmwifo sakonstitucio komisiis proeqts, aramed Seadaros im produqcias, rasac Cveni mokrZalebuli ZalebiT vqmniT. ukanasknel gancxadebaSi, romelic sazogadoebrivma sakonstitucio komisiam arCevnebis Semdeg gamoaqveyna, politikuri Sefasebebi sWarbobs. magaliTad, aseTi: `eWvgareSea, rom totalitaruli tendenciebi momavalSi kidev ufro gaZlierdeba, rac minimumamzogi wuwunebs. Cven vfiqrobT, rom es ukmayofileba SeiZleba gagrZeldes dapirispirebis, an linCis, an samoqalaqo omis gziT. migvaCnia, rom ar arsebobs politikuri daZabulobis mogvarebis imaze ukeTesi xerxi, vidre konstituciuri revolucia. swored amitom daviwyeT muSaoba konstituciis proeqtze. Tuki am gancxadebas uwodebT politikurs, maSin es iqneba farTo gagebiT politikuri gancxadeba; viwro gagebiT ki, Cveni gancxadebebi verafriT iqneba politikuri xasiaTis. magaliTad, am koncefciis erT-erTi Tanaavtori vaxtang xmalaZe respublikuri partiis wevria, respublikelebi `aliansSi~ arian gawevrianebulebi da maT liders, savaraudod, qveynis prezidentoba unda, magram vaxtang xmalaZe kbilebiT icavs saparlamento models, sadac prezidents

demokratia umravlesobis nebaa, magram TviT umravlesobis nebac ki SeiZleba safrTxes Seicavdes, Tu raRac muxruWebi ar amuSavda. iseT modelze vmuSaobT, sadac mxolod umravlesobis ufleba ki ar iqneba daculi, aramed _ umciresobis nebac gaTvaliswinebuli.
mas unda hqondes raRac dabrkoleba umciresobis mxridan. iseT modelze vmuSaobT, sadac mxolod umravlesobis ufleba ki ar iqneba daculi, aramed _ umciresobis nebac gaTvaliswinebuli. ratom ar warudgineT saxelmwifo sakonstitucio komisias Tqveni koncefcia gansaxilvelad? komunikacia am or komisias Soris mudmivad arsebobs, ufro metic _ Cven saerTo wevrebic gvyavs. koncefcia davwereT, gamoveciT, yvelasaTvis xelmisawvdomi gavxadeT. Tuki saxelmwifo komisias miaCnia, rom masSi raime Wkvianuria, SeuZlia aiRos da de Seamcirebs xelisuflebis mSvidobiani gziT Secvlis albaTobas da gardauvals gaxdis samoqalaqo dapirispirebas~... jer imaze unda SevTanxmdeT, ras vgulisxmobT sityva `politikaSi~. politikis uamravi ganmarteba arsebobs. politikuri situaciis Sefasebis ufleba nebismier moqalaqes aqvs. adamianTa garkveuli jgufi, misi partiuli kuTvnilebis miuxedavad, fiqrobs imaze, ra ukeTesi iqneba konstituciuri mSeneblobis TvalsazrisiT da amitomac akeTebs amgvar Sefasebas. ukanaskneli arCevnebis Semdeg bevri darCa ukmayofilo, zogi ilanZReba, zogi imuqreba, mxolod simboluri mniSvneloba aqvs. rogori gegmebi gaqvT samomavlod? ar gvaqvs iluzia, rom vinme moitacebs Cvens proeqts. jerjerobiT vmuSaobT, vapirebT, SevxvdeT sazogadoebrivi da arasamTavrobo organizaciebis warmomadgenlebs, politikuri partiebis wevrebs da maTTan erTad ganvixiloT nebismieri sakiTxi. mas Semdeg, rac konstitucia daiwereba da saboloo saxes miiRebs, imedia, SevagrovebT 200 000 xelmoweras da parlaments warvudgenT. esaubra nino beqiSvili

liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 35

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mezoblebi
putini da inteligencia

SevCuki putinis winaaRmdeg


SevCukis gamoyeneba vladimir putinis reklamis mizniT scades da am saqmidan raRac gamovida kidec. Tumca, moigo ki amiT putinma?
olga alionova, moskovi

vladimir putini

premier putinis Sexvedram sanktpeterburgis SemoqmedebiT inteligenciasTan ufro meti kiTxva gaaCina, vidre pasuxi. 29 maiss mixailovskis TeatrSi putini saqvelmoqmedo speqtaklis monawileebs Sexvda, da maTTan `nebismier Temaze~ saubars daTanxmda. am dialogs afeTqebuli bombis efeqti hqonda, gansakuTrebiT _ im nawils, sadac premieri putini da momRerali iuri SevCuki barikadis sxvadasxva mxares aRmoCndnen. SevCukma ikiTxa, ratom arbeven `daumorCilebelTa~ marSs. premierma ki

upasuxa, rom aravin arafers arbevs, da rom marTalia, demokratia mniSvnelovania, magram am demokratiam agarakze mimaval moqalaqeebs gza ar unda Cauketos da diskomforti ar unda Seuqmnas. SevCuki laparakobda sacodav meSaxteebze, romlebic yoveldRe sasaklaoze midian. premierma ki mas auxsna, Tu ra gansxvavebaa koqsur da energetikul naxSirs Soris. kidev SevCuki laparakobda fenebad danawevrebul qveyanaze, sadac arian `boiarebi da Tavadebi `migalkebiT~ da begaris gadamxdeli glexebi~; mi-

rogor aRmoCnda opozicioneri SevCuki putinTan Sexvedraze; marTla ar icoda putinma am gaburZgnuli da gauparsavi rok-momRerlis vinaoba; da ratom gaaSuqes ruseTis federalurma masobrivma sainformacio saSualebebma es arcTu sasiamovno Sexvedra?
liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 35

28

mezoblebi
liciaze, romelic `ufrosobas da sakuTar jibes emsaxureba da ara _ xalxs~; da imaze, rom qveyanaSi ar arsebobs Tavisufali presa. mas kidev bevri ramis Tqma undoda, magram kolegebma aRar daacales da saubari yofiT problemebze gadaitanes. saerTod, mTeli es istoria, dawyebuli putinis anekdoturi kiTxviT: `mapatieT da, Tqven vin brZandebiT?~ da momRerlis pasuxiT: `iura SevCuki, musikosi~ _ detalur ganxilvas Tu ara, sul cota sam kiTxvaze pasuxis gacemas imsaxurebs. kerZod: rogor aRmoCnda Tavisi opoziciurobiT cnobili iuri SevCuki putinTan Sexvedraze; marTla ar icoda putinma am gaburZgnuli da gauparsavi rok-momRerlis vinaoba, romlis saxec mTeli qveynisTvis nacnobia; da ratom gaaSuqes ruseTis federalurma masobrivma sainformacio saSualebebma es arcTu sasiamovno Sexvedra, imis nacvlad, rom, rogorc yovelTvis, `mieCqmalaT~? rogorc wesi, ruseTis xelisufleba amgvar Sexvedrebs mxolod winasaarCevnod marTavs an roca cdilobs, dasavleTi daarwmunos, rom ruseTSi demokratia sufevs. vladimir putinis winasaarCevno kampania jer ar dawyebula, magram es-esaa daiwyeba. am mimarTulebiT gadadgmuli pirveli nabiji ki premieris imijis gadarCena unda iyos. putinis imiji seriozulad Seirya kuzbasSi momxdari tragediis gamo. milionobiT rusis cnobierebaSi gajda meSaxteTa dasaflavebaze Casuli putinis gayinuli saxe. gamoCenil msaxiobebTan da momRerlebTan Sexvedra da maTi mxardaWera kargi gamosavali iqneboda am situaciidan, Tanac ubralod cnobilebTan ki ara, xalxis rCeulebTan: oleg basilaSvili, alisa freindlixi, leonid iarmolniki, Culpan xamatova. da es yvelaferi qvelmoqmedebis humanitaruli sousiT _ aba, romeli amomrCeveli ar SeWams aseT kerZs? ratom miiwvies SevCuki putinTan Sexvedraze? marTla ar icnobda putini Tavis saxelovan Tanamoqalaqes, romelic dResac avsebs stadionebs? an SeiZleboda, rom putins ar hqonoda mosmenili cnobili hiti _ `kapitani kolesnikovi~, romelmac SevCuki opozicionerad aqcia, da ar enaxa masze gadaRebuli videoklipi? `kapitani kolesnikovi~ wyalqveSa navis _ `kurskis~ tragediis Semdeg daiwera. rusi opozicionerebi am tragediaSi dRemde ruseTis xelisuflebas adanaSauleben _ erTi versiiT, navis erT-erTi nakveTuris afeTqebis Semdeg gadawyda, rom ekipaJi ar unda gadaerCinaT, raTa ar gamJRavnebuliyo `kurskis~ saidumlo misia, rasac SeiZleboda saerTaSoriso skandali mohyoloda. meore versiiT _ ekipaJi imitom daiRupa, rom generlebma navis gadarCenis pasuxismgebloba sakuTar Tavze ver aiRes, vladimir putins ki erT dReRameze metxans ver ukavSirdebodnen. videoklipSi Cndeba maSindeli genprokuroris ustinovis saxe da SevCuki mReris frazas: `Semdeg momxdarze didxans icrueben~; simReris bolos ki, am sityvebis Semdeg _ `Tanatolebo, gmiri vin aris Cven Soris da, `Cmo~ vinaa~ _ ekranze vladimir putinis saxe Cndeba, romelic gaRimebuli warmoTqvams Tavis cnobil frazas: `is CaiZira~. es simRera SevCukis samoqalaqo pozicia gaxda. am simReram igi reJimTan mebrZol gmirad aqcia. Tavis erT-erTi bolo koncertis dros ki SevCuki moulodnelad ruseTis mTeli samoqalaqo sazogadoebis simbolod iqca. man pirdapir tribunidan ganacxada: `Cvens qveyanaSi arsebulma sistemam ulmobeli, mkacri, araadamianuri xelisufleba Seqmna. adamianebi ara marto cixeebsa da koloniebSi itanjebian, aramed bavSvTa saxlebsa da saavadmyofoebSic. ramdeni ubedureba xdeba dRes... ai, Tundac xodorkovski Tavis megobarTan erTad _ ramden xans SeiZleba kidev maTi gamomwyvdeva... maT ukve yvela vali gaistumres... arada, ramdeni garewari da muqTamWamelia dRes xelisuflebaSi... samxreebianebi, gzebze rom gvxvdebian da gvatyaveben, maRaziebSi rom gvesvrian; amaze pasuxs aravin agebs~. cxadia, aseTi warsulis adamians premierTan SexvedrisTvis gankuTvnili mosawvevis gareSe ver datovebdnen. winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi, mTeli es demokratiobanas TamaSi siyalbe aRmoCndeboda da mayureblis simpaTiis prizi premieris nacvlad vinme sxvas ergeboda. sruli warmatebisTvis es yvelaferi televiziiTac uCvenes. teletranslaciis dros premieri Zalian fermkrTali rom ar gamoCeniliyo, SevCuki legendaruli momRerlis da meomris kvarcxlbekidan unda CamoeqveiTebinaT. swored am mizeziT gaisma is kiTxvac: `mapatieT da, Tqven vin brZandebiT?~ morCili, mravalmilioniani auditoriac maSinve mixvda _ arc aravin, raki premieri ase Tvlis. am Sexvedridan zustad or dReSi sankt-peterburgSi `daumorCilebelTa~ marSma mSvidad da incidentebis gareSe Caiara. apolitikuri da maZRari moskovisgan gansxvavebiT, milicia moerida tradiciulad ufro meamboxe peterburgSi demonstrantebis daSlas. putinma aSkarad mianiSna, rom `daumorCilebelTa~ marSebs aravin daarbevs. masobrivma sainformacio saSualebebma es demonstracia swored am konteqstSi gaaSuqes. marSi gaimarTa rostovSic, sadac adgilobrivma xelisuflebam aseve gadawyvita, rom yoveli SemTxvevisTvis xeli ar exloT `daumorCileblebisTvis~. SevCukis mwvave kiTxvebis damsaxureba udavoa _ ara mxolod imitom, rom ruseTis or qalaqSi xelisuflebisadmi daumorCileblebma sakuTari protestis gamoxatva SeZles, aramed imitomac, rom putinis vertikals pirvelad gauCnda xiluli bzari.

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mezoblebi
azerbaijani-aSS-s urTierTobebi

epistolaruli diplomatia
azerbaijanis da aSS-s prezidentebi erTmaneTs werilebs sweren, raTa gafuWebuli ormxrivi urTierTobebi daalagon.
Sahin rzaevi, baqo
pentagonis xelmZRvanelis, robert geitsis azerbaijanSi viziti ramdenime mizeziT aris mniSvnelovani: pirvel rigSi, es ukanaskneli xuTi wlis manZilze aSS-s mTavrobis warmomadgenlis pirveli vizitia azerbaijanSi; meore _ geitsi amerikul-azerbaijanuli urTierTobebisTvis rTul periodSi Camovida, da bolos, es viziti daemTxva kidev erT axloaRmosavlur daZabulobas, romelic israelsa da TurqeTs Soris momxdari incidentiT iyo gamowveuli. geitsis vizitis oficialuri mizezi or qveyanas Soris samxedro sferoSi TanamSromlobis ganxilvaa. azerbaijani erT-erTi sakvanZo qveyanaa, romlis gavliTac aSS avRaneTSi tvirTsa da jars agzavnis. pentagonis monacemebiT, koaliciis mier miwodebuli tvirTis daaxloebiT 25 procenti samxreT kavkasiaze, maT Soris _ azerbaijanze gadis. 2001 wlidan azerbaijanis sahaero sivrcis gavliT aTasobiT frena ganxorcielda da avRaneTSi 100 aTasze meti jariskaci Cafrinda. Tumca, gansakuTrebuli yuradReba prezident obamas werilma miiqcia, romelic pentagonis xelmZRvanelma ilham alievs gadasca. TeTr saxlSi demokratebis administraciis mosvlis Semdeg am ori qveynis prezidentebi erTmaneTs piradad arc erTxel ar Sexvedrian. garda imisa, rom werilSi, tradiciisamebr, gamoTqmulia megobrobis da urTierTTanamSromlobis survili, yuradRebas erTi fraza ipyrobs: `kargad mesmis, rom Cvens urTierTobaSi seriozuli problemebi arsebobs, Tumca darwmunebuli var, rom maT mogvarebas SevZlebT~. am frazas azerbaijanSi lupiT ikvleven, radgan obamam Tqva ara ubralod `problemebi~, aramed _ `seriozuli problemebi~. bolo xans oficialur baqos marTlac hqonda mizezebi, amerikis mxridan misadmi megobrul damokidebulebaSi eWvi Seetana. is, rom aprilSi mTavrobis gadawyvetilebazea damokidebuli. rogorc Cans, obamas administraciam gaacnobiera, rom sakuTari interesebis orbitidan azerbaijanis gamoricxviT, aSS im safrTxis winaSe dadgeba, rom iarsebebs regioni, sadac ruseTi erTpirovnulad gansazRvravs usafrTxoebis sakiTxebs. Sedegad, vaSingtoni dafacurda da saswrafod daiwyo situaciis gamosworeba. pirveli nabiji iyo senatisTvis azerbaijanSi aSS-s elCis kandidatad baqoSi cnobili amerikeli diplomatis, minskis jgufis yofili TanaTavmjdomaris, meTiu braizas wardgena, romelsac zogjer azerbaijanuli mxarisadmi gadaWarbebul simpaTiaSic sdeben brals. manamde, daaxloebiT erTi wlis ganmavlobaSi azerbaijanSi saerTod ar iyo aSS-s elCi. bunebrivia, amerikul-azerbaijanuli urTierTobebis dasaTbobad mxolod geitsis viziti da elCis daniSvna ar iqneba sakmarisi. uaxloes momavalSi baqoSi Casvlas aSS-s saxelmwifo mdivani hilari klintoni gegmavs, rac Tavad geitsma ganacxada azerbaijanSi vizitisas. am dReebSi stambolSi yofnisas alievma Jurnalistebs ganucxada, rom uaxloes momavalSi apirebs, sapasuxo werili misweros prezident obamas, rac, misi TqmiT, iqneba kidev erTi `seriozuli nabiji Cveni samomavlo urTierTobebisken~. ra konkretuli Sedegebi mohyveba am `epistolarul~ periods azerbaijanul-amerikul urTierTobaSi, dro gviCvenebs.

ilham alievi

birTvul usafrTxoebasTan dakavSirebiT vaSingtonSi gamarTul samitze prezidenti alievi ar miiwvies, diplomatiuri etiketis yvela normas arRvevs; Tanac, somxeTis prezidenti serJ sargsiani araTu miiwvies, aramed igi prezident obamas pirispirac Sexvda. geitsis vizitis erT-erTi mizani isic iyo, gaerkvia, ra imaleba ruseTisa da azerbaijanis Tavdacvis ministrebis urTierTobebis gaaqtiurebis ukan. garda amisa, axlovdeba gabalinis radiolokaciuri sadguris momavali statusis gansazRvris dro (2012 weli); am adgils amJamad ruseTi qiraobs da misi momavali azerbaijanis

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konfliqtebi
axalgori

osuri pasporti axalgorSi


axalgorSi darCenil qarTvelebs, sakuTar saxlebSi cxovrebis sanacvlod, samxreTi oseTis de faqto respublikis pasportis aReba mouwevT.
goga afciauri, gori
pasportizaciis procesi, romlis dawyebasac axalgorSi apireben, jerjerobiT gaurkveveli vadiT gadaido, Tumca axalgoreli qarTvelebisTvis es ukve mTavari salaparako Temaa. 2008 wlis agvistos omamde axalgorSi 5500 adamiani cxovrobda, umravlesoba _ eTnikuri qarTveli. dRes maTi didi nawili werovanis devnilTa dasaxlebaSi devnilis statusiT imyofeba. axla axalgorSi mudmivad mxolod aTasamde qarTveli cxovrobs. werovanidan devnilebi axalgorSi periodulad Cadian. zogi maTgani dRemde oficialurad gaformebulia Zvel samsaxurSi da arc osuri administraciis mier gacemul xelfasze amboben uars da amavdroulad werovanSic iReben devnilTa Semweobebs. dabis osurma administraciam pasportebis Secvlis TariRad jer _ 10 maisi, Semdeg 1 ivnisi gamoacxada. mogvianebiT ki es procesi gaurkveveli vadiT gadado. rogorc axalgorelebi amboben, axali osuri pasportebis sanacvlod, osuri administracia qarTuli piradobis mowmobebis Cabarebas moiTxovs. axalgoris osuri administraciis xelmZRvaneli alan jusoevi ambobs, rom axalgorelebisTvis cxinvalis xelisufleba ormag moqalaqeobas ver dauSvebs, radgan amiT, Sesa-

axalgoris Sesasvleli

Zloa, megobari ruseTi gaanawyenos: `rusulma mxarem gvaRiara da samxreT osuri pasportebiT ruseTSi Sesvlis ufleba mogvca. Cven igive privilegias qarTvelebs ver mivaniWebT, radgan partnioris mimarT garkveuli pasuxismgebloba gvaqvs. 58 wlis naira axalgoridan, romelic werovanis dasaxlebaSi cxovrobs da axalgorSi regularulad dadis, ambobs, rom dilemis winaSe dgas: `orive pasporti damWirdeba. axalgorSi, Cems saxlSi osuri pasportebis gareSe aravin SemiSvebs, qarTuli piradobis gareSe ki, aqeT aRar gadmomiSveben. ra unda vqna? osuri pasportis aRebis dros vi-

tyvi, rom qarTuli piradobis mowmoba davkarge da orives davitoveb~. osuri administraciis sxva warmomadgenlebi `liberalTan~ pirad saubarSi irwmunebian, rom msgavs darRvevebze Tvals daxuWaven da osur pasports maTac miscemen, vinc ganacxadebs, rom qarTuli piradobis mowmoba dakarguli aqvs. axalgoris moswavle-axalgazrdobis sasaxlis direqtoris, Tamar mearayiSvilis TqmiT, Tu pasportizacia daiwyeba, dabaSi darCenil axalgorelebs saxlebis datoveba aRar mouwevT. vinc aq mudmivad cxovrobs, imas pasportizaciis SiSi

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konfliqtebi
ar aqvs. imdeni ram gadavitaneT, rom amaze aRar vdardobT. mTavaria, omi ar daiwyos. raRac saSveli gamoCndeba; miT umetes, rom am pasportizaciis vadebma ukve ramdenjerme gadaiwia, vin icis, marTla rodis daiwyeba. roca daiwyeba, mere vnaxavT, rogor moviqceT, Cven mainc verafers SevcvliT. osur administraciaSi ukve msjeloben imazec, rom raionSi Sesasvlelad gadasaxadi daaweson, Tumca rodidan amoqmeddeba axali wesi, ar ician. `amboben, _ 250 rubli eRireba Sesvlao. fuls osur saguSagoze gadaixdiTo~, _ hyveba naira. axalgorelebi produqts ZiriTadad administraciuli sazRvris aqeTa mxares yiduloben, dabaSi Sesvla TveSi ramdenjerme uwevT. amdenad, es gadasaxadi maT mZime tvirTad daawvebaT. saguSagoebze axalgorelebs problemebi arc aqamde akldaT. axalgorSi Tbilisidan axalgoris mimarTulebiT bargis an samSeneblo lebma qalebs rusuli warmoebis Sededebuli rZe gadauyares. erTerT mamakacs ki jibidan rusuli warmoebis sigareti amoacales da uTxres, _ ar grcxvenia, rusul sigarets rogor ewevio. qarTuli saguSagos Semdeg axalgorelebi ukve rusul saguSagoze mowmdebian. `Tbilisis zooparkSi migvyavda bavSvebi da iZulebuli viyaviT, nawil-nawil gamogveyvana, radgan rusebma Cveni avtobusi Tbilisisken ar gaatares. jgufurad gadaadgilebis saSualebas saerTod ar gaZleven, bavSvebsac ki problemebs uqmnian~, _ ambobs mearayiSvili. axalgorelebis TqmiT, bolo dros dabaSi Crdilo kavkasielebi, maT Soris CeCnebic gamoCndnen, Tumca isini adgilobriv mosaxleobasTan ar urTierToben. rusebi dabaSi samxedro bazas da jariskacebisTvis sacxovrebel korpusebs aSeneben, CeCnebi mSeneblobaze arian dasaqmebulebi. zafxulis moaxloebasTan erTad, samxreTi oseTis pasportis aRebis SemTxvevaSi, axalgorel qarTvelebs uflebas miscemen, monawileoba miiRon samxreTi oseTis arCevnebSi, daiwyon muSaoba sajaro samsaxurSi, SeiZinon da gayidon qoneba, uvizod gadavidnen ruseTis teritoriaze. meore mxriv, konfliqtologi paata zaqareiSvili ambobs, rom pasportebis aRebiT qarTvelebi am regionis srulfasovani `moqalaqeebi~ xdebian da saqarTvelos xelisuflebas maTi saSualebiT regionis politikur cxovrebaSi Careva SeeZleba: `magaliTad, galis raionis mTel mosaxleobas rom hqondes afxazuri pasportebi, maT SeeZlebaT principuli gadawyvetileba miiRon arCevnebis dros. afxazebma es ician. isini cdiloben, gali gaTiSon politikuri procesebidan. galis raionSi 45 aTasi kaci maincaa, visac ufleba aqvs, aiRos pasporti, da aqvs mxolod 3400-s. axalgorSi jer aravin minaxavs osuri pasportiT~, _ ambobs zaqareiSvili da saqarTvelos xeli-

axalgorelebi amboben, rom axali osuri pasportebis sanacvlod, osuri administracia qarTuli piradobis mowmobebis Cabarebas moiTxovs.

masalebis gadatana qarTuli policiis saguSagoze praqtikulad SeuZlebelia, Tu policiidan da konstituciuri usafrTxoebis departamentidan sityvieri nebarTva ar arsebobs. `xSirad policielebi saaTobiT ayovneben xalxs. TviTonac ar ician wesebi _ gamudmebiT rekaven aqeTiqiT da kiTxuloben. magaliTad, SeiZleba Tu ara sawolis an skamis gadatana~, _ ambobs axalgoreli qalbatoni. werovanis dasaxlebaSi mcxovrebi axalgorelebi hyvebian, rom axalgoridan gamosvlisas, CanTis Cxrekis dros qarTvelma policie-

tradiciulad, yvela imaze msjelobs, axali omis safrTxe xom ar arsebobs. `mSvidobaa mTavari, Torem sxva safiqrals ra gamogvilevs~, _ amboben werovanSi. qarTveli eqspertebis azriT, 2008 wlis omis dros, qarTvelTa eTnikuri wmendis Semdeg osuri xelisufleba axalgorSi darCenil qarTvelebs ar aviwroebs, radgan kokoiTis saerTaSoriso sazogadoebis TvalSi Selaxuli imijis gamosworeba unda, da cdilobs, yvelas daanaxos, rom qarTvelebi nebayoflobiT xdebian oseTis moqalaqeebi.

suflebas urCevs, de faqto pasportebis gamoyenebis nebarTva danarCen saqarTveloSic gasces. rogorc saxelmwifo ministri reintegraciis sakiTxebSi Temur iakobaSvili ambobs, saqarTvelos xelisuflebis pozicia oseTSi pasportizaciasTan dakavSirebiT erTmniSvnelovania: `cxinvali araviTar pasportizacias ar apirebs, amas apirebs ruseTis federacia da mis mier daniSnuli marionetuli reJimi. samxreTi oseTis pasporti SegiZliaT waiRoT Jurnal niangSi, Tu kidev arsebobs. is ufro komiqsi iqneba, vidre _ realuri pasporti~.

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konfliqtebi
gali

ra xdeba galSi?
galis mosaxleoba ambobs, rom mas Semdeg, rac raions rusi samxedroebi akontroleben, maTi usafrTxoeba kidev ufro myifea.
geronti yaliCava, zugdidi

enguris xidi

`galis raioni afxazeTis teritoriaa, iq Cveni moqalaqeebi cxovroben da valdebulni varT, maT cxovrebis normaluri pirobebi SevuqmnaT da maTi usafrTxoeba davicvaT~, _ ganacxada afxazeTis de faqto respublikis prezidentma sergei baRafSma sagangebod mowveul uSiSroebis sabWos sxdomaze. bolo ramdenime kviraa, galSi viTareba gamwvavebulia. soflebis _ saberios da dixazurgas mkvidrni hyvebian, rom maT soflebSi saxlebi gadawves da ramdenime adamiani daapatimres. baRafSma provokaciebis mowyobaSi qarTuli mxare daadanaSaula. ~Tu qarTuli mxare ar daanebebs Tavs diversiebis mowyobas, Cven iZulebulni viqnebiT, adekvaturi zomebi miviRoT~, _ ganacxada baRafSma. misi es sityvebi galSi bevrma qarTvelma galidan qarTvelebis gaZevebis muqarad aRiqva.

qarTul mediaSi ki vrceldeba informacia, rom areulobebis mizezi rus samxedroebsa da afxaz mesazRvreebs Soris arsebuli uTanxmoeba gaxda. 1 ivniss ucnobebma afxazi mebaJeebis avtomanqanas cecxli gauxsnes, erTi mebaJe daiRupa da ori daiWra. 3 ivniss ki manqanaSi Cacxriles galis raionis sofel repis administraciis ufrosi dimitri kacia. orive incidenti sofel saberiosa da dixazurgaSi moxda, swored amis Semdeg soflebSi 5 qarTvelis saxli gadawves. rogorc galis raionis administraciis xelmZRvaneli beslan arSba ambobs, sofelSi dazaralebulTa naTesavebi SeiWrnen da adgilobriv mosaxleobas SurisZiebis gamo daesxnen Tavs. `liberali~ sofel saberioSi mcxovreb 57 wlis qalbatons mobiluri telefoniT daukavSirda. is hyveba, rom 7 ivnisis Rame soflis macxovreblebma tyeSi gaatares.

`mudmivad panikaSi varT. ori dRis win CemTan saxlSi rusi samxedroebi Semovidnen da mkiTxes, _ romeli qveynis moqalaqe xaro? vuTxari, _ afxazeTis-meTqi! pasporti maCveneo. ar mqonda afxazuri pasporti, da ra meCvenebina? qarTuli piradobis mowmoba vaCvene. Sen, awi veRar waxval saqarTveloSio, _ miTxres da piradobis mowmoba moisroles. afxazebi roca iyvnen sofelSi, ufro mSvidad viyaviT. isini piriqiT, gvexmarebodnen, roca rame gviWirda. rusebs verafers gaagebineb~. soflis mkvidrni hyvebian, rom ivnisis dasawyisSi saberio-faxulanis sazRvarTan arsebul rusul bloksaguSagoze damatebiTi cocxali Zala Cadga _ `walenjixaSi aravis uSveben. afxazuri pasporti unda gqondes. amitom SemovliTi gzebiT viparebiT. Tu dagiWeren galSi, wagiyvanen da iq sasamarTlo dagajarimebs. fuls Tu ver gadaixdi, dagapatimreben da TveobiT unda iyo cixeSi~. afxazeTi-samegrelos tyeebSi SemovliT gzebad wodebuli bilikebi, qarTul-afxazur konfliqtamdec arsebobda. dRes es bilikebi mTavar gzad iqca da maTi gavliT yoveldRiurad daaxloebiT aTeulobiT moqalaqe samegreloSi gadmodis. galSi mcxovrebi qarTvelebi hyvebian, rom rusi samxedroebis gamoCenis Semdeg am gzebze gadaadgileba kidev ufro garTulda. `es aris brZola afxazebsa da rusebs Soris regionSi sruli zegavlenis mosapoveblad~, _ ambobs samegrelozemo svaneTSi afxazeTis devnili mTavrobis warmomadgenlobis xelmZRvaneli Tornike kilanava.

foto Temo barZimaSvili

statia momzadebulia hainrih biolis fondis mxardaWeriT. am publikaciaSi gamoTqmuli Sexedulebebi da mosazrebebi ar aris aucilebeli, gamoxatavdes hainrih biolis fondis Sexedulebebs.

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Jurnalisturi gamoZieba
yalbi dokumentis Sedgenis faqti

pacienti klinikis winaaRmdeg


meuRlisTvis mkurnalobis xarjebis dafarva akaki elizbaraSvilma jandacvis saministros sTxova. gancxadebas xeli l. elizbaraSvilma moawera. dafinansebaze Tanxmoba ki zurab elizbaraSvilma miiRo.
nino TofuriZe, giorgi WeiSvili

wels, TebervalSi nona elizbaraSvils Tavsa da xerxemalSi simsivnuri warmonaqmnebi aRmoaCnda. man samkurnalod _ erT-erTi kerZo klinikis radiaciuli onkologiis departaments miakiTxa. diagnozis dasmis Semdgom avadmyofs sxivuri Terapiis kursi dauniSnes. eqimebma mkurnaloba

8000 lari daafases. vinaidan pacients samedicino dazRveva ar hqonda, mas fuli xelze unda gadaexada. `es Tanxa centris xelmZRvanelma _ darejan lomiZem da klinikis buRalterma gviangariSa. fuli or nawilad gadavixade: 8 Tebervals erTi

nawili Sevitane, xolo meore nawili mkurnalobis dasrulebis Semdeg, 26 Tebervals~, _ gviTxra avadmyofis meuRlem, zurab elizbaraSvilma. pacientis ojaxma mkurnaloba nasesxebi fuliT dafara. nona elizbaraSvili Tbilisis pirveli saavadmyofos sauniversiteto

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foto Temo barZimaSvili

Jurnalisturi gamoZieba
klinika-neiroqirurgiis centris radiaciuli onkologiis departamentidan mkurnalobis dawyebidan sami kviris Tavze, 23 Tebervals gamoweres; ori Tvis Semdeg ki saxlSi jandacvis saministrodan gamogzavnili werili miiRo. jandacvis saministro zurab elizbaraSvils atyobinebda, rom misi gancxadeba meuRlis mkurnalobis Tanxebis dafarvasTan dakavSirebiT dakmayofilda da saWiro 8000 lars mTlianad saministro gadaixdida. `me saministrosTvis arasdros mimimarTavs. aseTi gancxadeba ar damiweria, amis Taobaze saubaric ki aravisTan mqonia~, _ gviTxra zurab elizbaraSvilma, romelmac jandacvis saministrodan viTomda misi dawerili gancxadebis asli gamoiTxova. am dokumentiT vinme akaki elizbaraSvili, romelsac sacxovrebel adgilad zurab elizbaraSvilis misamarTi aqvs miTiTebuli, meuRlis mkurnalobis xarjebis dafinansebas iTxovs. gancxadebas ki xels vinme l. elizbaraSvili awers. es gancxadeba ucnobma pirma 13 aprils dawera, xolo jandacvis saministros referaluri momsaxurebis komisiam pirvelive sxdomaze, 21 aprils ganixila da daakmayofila. faqtobrivad, saministrom ararsebuli piris gancxadeba ganixila da Tanxa maleve gamouyo, arada, aseT mokle vadaSi araTu dadebiT pasuxs, aramed saerTod pasuxsac iSviaTad iReben ganmcxadeblebi. `rom gamerkvia, Cem magivrad gancxadeba vin dawera, centris direqtorTan goCa ingoroyvasTan mivedi. mxolod mas mere mimiRo, roca davemuqre giCivleb-meTqi~, _ ambobs zurab elizbaraSvili. `ingoroyvam agvixsna, rom saministroSi gancxadeba da sabuTebi pacientis nacvlad Tavad klinikas Seaqvs, saministrosTan gaformebuli xelSekrulebis safuZvelze. saubris bolos ki sami aTasi lari SemogvTavaza, rom Cveni ambavi da gancxadebaSi daSvebuli Secdomebi ar gagvexmaurebina. iqve mogvca vinme daviT bancaZis nomeri, romelsac es Tanxa CvenTvis unda gadmoericxa~, _ ambobs nona elizbaraSvilis Svili Teona, romelic mamasTan erTad esaubra klinikis direqtors. zurab elizbaraSvils eWvi gauCnda, rom atyuebdnen da situaciaSi gasarkvevad `liberals~ mimarTa. mas ainteresebda, ratom gadaaxdevines meuRlis mkurnalobis Tanxa, Tu ki ojaxis danaxarjs jandacvis saministro faravda. samkurnalo centris direqtorma goCa ingoroyvam gviTxra, rom mkurnalobis maRali safasuris gamo, `klinika SeRavaTs uwevs avadmyofebs. Tanxis erT nawils _ 8 000 lars, pacienti ixdis, 3-4 aTas lars klinika aklebs, xolo 7000 lars jandacvis saministro ricxavs~. igi acxadebs, rom Tanadafinansebis Sesaxeb gancxadeba, zurab elizbaraSvilis magivrad, misive klinikis eqTanma _ ekam Seadgina da Tavadve Seitana jandacvis saministroSi. `ekam dakarga elizbaraSvilis dawerili gancxadeba da imis SiSiT, rom administraciisgan moxvdeboda, gancxadeba TviTon dawera. am saqmis erTaderTi iaRliSi es aris~, _ ganacxada goCa ingoroyvam. zurab elizbaraSvili kategoriulad uaryofs mis mier gancxadebis daweris faqts da ambobs, _ `rogor dakargavdnen imas, rac arasodes arsebobda da ratom mTavazobda fuls, Tuki marTalia?!~ goCa ingoroyva zurab elizbaraSvilisTvis, gaCumebis sanacvlod, 3 000 laris SeTavazebas kategoriulad uaryofs da ambobs: `araferi ar SemiTavazebia, vuTxari, _ Tu Zalian giWirs, piradad me, goCa ingoroyva dagexmarebi-Tqo. bancaZis nomeri miveci da davumate, rom Tu Cven gadavwyvetT daxmarebas, amas eqneba oficialuri saxe, bankSi angariSs gaxsni, bancaZes daurekav da geqneba masTan kavSiriTqo. mere gadavwyvet, Tu gveqneba saSualeba, dagexmarebiT-meTqi. Cven fuls vubrunebT avadmyofebs?! SegiZliaT naxoT~. _ batono goCa, saministroSi gancxadebis Setanisas pacientebs ar eubnebiT, rom maTi saxeliT jandacvis saministros mimarTavT?~ _ vkiTxeT mas. `mkurnalobis dasrulebis Semdeg pacients aRar ekiTxeba, Cven ras vizamT~, _ gvpasuxobs goCa ingoroyva, romelic ramdenime wuTSi amatebs, _ `rogor ara, veubnebiT pacients! SeiZleba sul ar davawerino avadmyofs gancxadeba, es ubralo formalobaa.~ misi pasuxidan gamomdinare, gamodis, rom sxvisi saxeliT gancxadebis dawera da Tanxis moTxovna sruliad kanonieria, Tavad pacients amis Taobaze ginda etyvi, ginda _ ara, formalobaa mainc. qeTi qacvliSvili, axalgazrda iuristTa asociaciidan, ganmartavs: `Tu klinikam miiRo an miiRebs Tanxas, maSin roca am adamianisgan miRebuli hqonda fuli, kanondarRvevasTan gvaqvs saqme. Tavad werilic arasworadaa Sedgenili, miTiTebuli saxeli da xelmowera ar emTxveva~. iuristis ganmartebiT, ucxo adamianis saxeliT sabuTebis Sedgena da xelis mowera gayalbebaa, romelic saqarTvelos kanonmdeblobis 262-e muxliT isjeba. `aseve, SeiZleba gamoikveTos TaRliToba _ saxelmwifosagan Tanxebis motyuebiT miReba~, _ dasZens qeTi qacvliSvili. elizbaraSvilis ojaxma daxmarebisTvis axalgazrda iuristTa asociacias mimarTa. radiologiis centrSi momxdari istoria, SesaZloa, sasamarTlo garCevis mizezi gaxdes.

statiis Sinaarsi ar gamoxatavs evrokavSirisa da evraziis TanamSromlobis fondis mosazrebebs da Sexedulebebs. masze mTlianad pasuxismgebelia Sps `liberali~.

liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 35

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Jurnalisturi gamoZieba

saxelmwifos favoriti firmebi

abazana saxuravis nacvlad


devnilTa saxlebis reabilitaciisTvis gamocxadebul tenderebSi saeWvo tendencia gamoikveTa. firma municipaluri ganviTarebis fonds sabazro fasze gacilebiT iafad sTavazobda samuSaoebis Sesrulebas, tenderSi imarjvebda da Tanxis gazrdas Semdeg iTxovda, razec fondi uproblemod Tanxmdeboda.
giorgi mgelaZe, studia `monitori
2009 wlis ianvridan saxelmwifom afxazeTidan da samxreTi oseTidan 90ian wlebSi devnili mosaxleobis sacxovrebeli saxlebis reabilitacia daiwyo. mTavrobis gadawyvetilebiT, garemontebuli saxlebi devnilebs sakuTrebaSi gadaecemaT. ramdenime aTasi devnili ukve garemontebul saxlebSi cxovrobs, magram aRmoCnda, rom samuSaoebis didi nawili uxarisxoa da devnilebi SeiZleba isev sayofacxovrebo problemebis winaSe aRmoCndnen. avTandil mesxia afxazeTidan devnilia. 10 welze metia, rac ojaxTan erTad vazisubanSi, avariul korpusSi cxovrobda. gasuli wlis zafxulSi devnilTa saministrom mesxiebis ojaxi 20 devnil ojaxTan erTad liloSi, Wirnaxulis 16 nomerSi, axalgaremontebul 3-sarTulian SenobaSi Seasaxla.

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liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 35

Jurnalisturi gamoZieba
moaCina. saia-s wevri, iuristi Tamar gurCiani ramdenime problemas gamoyofs _ cudad momzadebuli saxelmwifo Sesyidvebi, dausabuTeblad gazrdili xarjebi da uxarisxo samuSaoebi. tenderebi roca saxelmwifo ama Tu im obieqtis remonts apirebs, tenderis gamocxadebamde saproeqto organizacias qiraobs, romelic iTvlis, sabazro fasebis mixedviT ra dajdeba remonti. mas Semdeg, rac saxelmwifo sabazro fass gaigebs, acxadebs tenders, tenderSi imarjvebs firma, romelic yvelaze iafad iTavebs samuSaoebis Sesrulebas. devnilTa saxlebis reabilitaciisTvis gamoyofili 86 mln laris gankargvisTvis gamocxadebul tenderebSi erTi saeWvo tendencia gamoikveTa. tenderSi monawile firma municipaluri ganviTarebis fonds sabazro fasze gacilebiT iafad sTavazobda samuSaoebis Sesrulebas. amis gamo, tenderSi imarjvebda, gamarjvebis Semdeg ki Tanxebis gazrdas iTxovda, razec fondi uproblemod Tanxmdeboda. magaliTad: 32-e tenderSi gaTvaliswinebuli samuSaoebis sabazro Rirebuleba daaxloebiT 2 mln 100 aTasi lari iyo, `blok jorjiam~, municipaluri ganviTarebis fonds am samuSaoebis sabazro fasze 65%-iT nakleb fasSi gakeTeba SesTavaza da dabali fasis gamo gaimarjva kidec, Tumca mogvianebiT firmam Rirebulebis TiTqmis 70%-iT gazrda moiTxova, razec fondi iolad daTanxmda. sabolood `blok jorjiasTvis~ gadaxdilma Tanxam tenderSi gamarjvebul fass 1 milioni lariT gadaaWarba. analogiuri SemTxveva moxda 26-e tenderSi. aqac sabazro fasze daaxloebiT 40%-iT iafad Sesruleba iTava `niu enerjim~, orive lotSi gaimarjva da 2 mln larze meti Rirebulebis saxelmwifo dakveTa moipova. mogvianebiT `niu enerjis~ TiToeul lotze Tanxa 70%-iT gauzardes. sabolood `niu enerjim~ saxelmwifosgan daaxloebiT 1 mln lariT meti miiRo, vidre tenderSi monawileobisas asaxelebda. 45-e tenderSi `aqsisma~ Tavdapirvelad sabazro Rirebulebaze 1 mln lariT naklebi moiTxova, tenderSi gamarjvebis Semdeg ki Rirebuleba 35%-iT gaizarda. iuristTa asociaciis mier Seswavlil 68 tenderSi aseTi magaliTebi mravladaa. saremonto samuSaoebis Rirebulebebis zrdas municipaluri ganviTarebis fondSi samuSaos moculobebis zrdiT xsnian, rasac iuristTa asociaciaSi ar iziareben. sakontraqto Rirebuleba ki ar gazrdila, devnilTa moTxovniT, an im faruli samuSaoebis gamovleniT, romelic adgilze aRmoCnda, aucilebeli gaxda moculobis gazrda~, _ acxadebs municipaluri ganviTarebis fondis warmomadgeneli Tamaz lakirbaia. `Cven mier Seswavlili masalebis safuZvelze, ar dasturdeba, rom samuSaoebis moculobebi mniSvnelovnadaa gazrdili~, _ ambobs Tamar gurCiani. satendero dokumentaciis mixedviT, moculobebi marTlac aris gazrdili, oRond ZiriTadad e.w. farul samuSaoebze, rogoric aris kedlis baTqaSi, iatakis moWimva, Zveli nalesis Camofxeka. am tipis samuSaoebis dRes gadamowmeba ukve teqnikur problemas warmoadgens. misi Semowmeba kedlebis daburRviT, iatakis safaris aRebiT da laboratoriuli CareviT aris SesaZlebeli. xarisxi ramdenad aisaxa Rirebulebebis mniSvnelovnad zrda samuSaoebis xarisxze, amis gadasamowmeblad Cven garemontebuli obieqtebi adgilze, regionebSi davaTvaliereT. foTSi, devnilebiT dasaxlebuli obieqtebis remonti tenderiT Sps dagim moigo da valdebuleba aiRo, rom 1400 000 larad 6 obieqts gaa-

ramdenime TveSi axalgaremontebul saxlSi kedlebidan baTqaSi CamoiSala, metlaxis iataki daimsxvra, muyaos karebebi dazianda, saZirkvelSi wyali Cavida, kedlebi sistematurad sveldeba da iq cxovreba dRiTi dRe gausaZlisi xdeba. mesxiebis saxli devnilTa saxlebis reabilitaciis programis farglebSi garemontda, programis biujeti 86,6 mln laria da am Tanxis 80% evrokavSirma gadaixada. am proeqtiT saqarTveloSi saxli 8000-ze met devnil ojaxs gauremontes, proeqts koordinireba saxelmwifos mier dafuZnebulma municipaluri ganviTarebis fondma gauwia. fondma 70-mde tenderi gamoacxada, tenderebis samarTlebrivi mxare axalgazrda iuristTa asociaciam Seiswavla da mravali darRveva aR-

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Jurnalisturi gamoZieba
remontebda. samuSaoebis dawyebidan 3 TveSi saremonto obieqtebis nusxidan erTi saerTod amoiRes, arada es Senoba yvelaze Zviri _ naxevar milion larze meti jdeboda. misi amoRebis Semdeg, logikurad, saxelSekrulebo Tanxa unda Semcirebuliyo; amis nacvlad, fondma `dagis~ Tanxa gauzarda. sabolood `dagim~ 300 aTasi lariT meti aiRo, vidre tenderSi gamarjvebisTvis moiTxova. `dagis~ mier garemontebul obieqtebSi mcxovrebi devnilebi remontiT ukmayofiloebi arian. Cvenc davafiqsireT Camocvenili baTqaSi, cudad damontaJebuli kar-fanjrebi, Camocvenili eleqtroCamrTvelebi. `derefnebi saerTod ar gagvikeTes, oTaxebSi rac gaakeTes, uxarisxoa, lpeba yvelaferi. erT dRes movidnen da gamogvicxades, _ tenderi movigeT da remonts viwyebTo; aravin gvkiTxa, ra gvWirdeboda, _ ambobs devnili mzia tyebuCava. qarelis raionis sofel doRliaurSi mcxovreb devnilebs, romlebsac wyali ar aqvT, firma `arqstudia peristilma~ abazanebi mouwyo, saxuravis da dabzaruli kedlebis SekeTebaze ki uari uTxra. `saxuravidan wyali Camogvdioda, kedlebi iSleboda, isini ki abanos gvikeTebdnen. roca vuTxari, _ arc wyali gvaqvs da arc kanalizacia da kapitaluri abano rad gvinda-meTqi, _ miTxres, _ Cven tenderSi abazanebis mowyoba movigeTo. atmoric dagvimontaJes, magram ver viyenebT, isev taStebSi vbanaobT, _ gviyveba devnili ilo obolaZe. municipaluri ganviTarebis fondSi xarvezebs tenderebis daCqarebul vadebSi CatarebiT xsnian. ratom moxda aCqareba, gaurkvevelia, maSin, roca saqme afxazeTidan devnil ojaxebs exebaT, romlebic, ukve wlebia, am pirobebSi cxovroben. favoritebi rogorc municipaluri ganviTarebis fondis Sesyidvebis departamentis xelmZRvaneli malxaz qacarava ambobs, msxvili tenderebi 20-mde firmam moipova. tenderSi gamarjvebulTa nusxaSi ZiriTadad erTi da igive firmebia. saia-Si amboben, rom fondis mier dadgenili satendero pirobebi konkretul firmebze winaswar iyo morgebuli. iuristebs miaCniaT, rom municipaluri ganviTarebis fondi saremonto samuSaoebze gamocxade`blok jorjiam~ 100 aTasi, `aqsisma~ 130 aTasi, Sps anagim 120 aTasi lari, `dagim~ 40 aTasi, mSenebeli 80-ma~ ki _ 30 aTasi lari. swored am firmebma miiRes yvelaze masStaburi dakveTebi municipaluri ganviTarebis fondidan. kvlevis mixedviT, 86-milioniani saxelmwifo dakveTidan 37 mln laris dakveTa orma firmam `niu enerjim~ da `blok jorjiam~ miiRo. es is firmaa, romelic 100 saavadmyofos proeqtSi

`saxuravidan wyali Camogvdioda, kedlebi iSleboda, isini ki abanos gvikeTebdnen. roca vuTxari, _ arc wyali gvaqvs da arc kanalizacia da kapitaluri abano rad gvinda-meTqi, _ miTxres, _ Cven tenderSi abazanebis mowyoba movigeTo.
bul tenderebSi iseT sakvalifikacio moTxovnebs awesebda, romlis dakmayofilebac moqmedi firmebis mxolod mcire nawils SeeZlo. magaliTad me-13 tenderSi monawileobisTvis aucilebeli iyo firmas bolo 3 wlis ganmavlobaSi 21 milioni laris Rirebulebis analogiuri tipis samuSao hqonoda ganxorcielebuli. 22-e tenderSi es cifri 12 milion 200 aTas lars Seadgenda; 41-e tenderSi ki _ 12 mln 600 aTas lars. aseTi maRali moTxovnebi bevri qarTuli firmisTvis gadaulaxavi barieri aRmoCnda. municipaluri ganviTarebis fondis vebgverdze tenderSi gamarjvebulTa CamonaTvalia ganTavsebuli, niSandoblivia is, rom gamarjvebulTa siaSi yvelaze xSirad moxseniebuli firmebi nacionaluri moZraobis damfinansebelTa siaSic gvxvdebian. cesko-s monacemebiT, 2006 wlidan bolo arCevnebamde `niu enerjim~ mmarTvel partias 130 aTasi lari Seswira, monawileobda da skandalSi gaexvia. saxelmwifos mier devnilTa mimarT SemuSavebuli strategiis mixedviT, garemontebuli saxlebi devnilebs simbolur fasad _ 1 larad unda gadaeces, devnilTa umravlesoba CvenTan saubarSi acxadebs, rom erCivnaT, saxlebi jer gadaecaT da mere remontisTvis saWiro TanxiT daxmarebodnen. maT miaCniaT, rom TviTon ufro iafad da xarisxianad gaaremontebdnen sakuTar saxlebs. proeqtiT daxarjuli Tanxis mixedviT, saSualod, 1 ojaxze gaweuli remontis xarji 10 400 laria, 1 kv. m-s remonti ki 182 lari dajda. devnilebs samuSaoebis dawyebamde aravin hkiTxa, am TanxiT ra saxis daxmarebas ufro isurvebdnen, an risi gakeTeba ufro sWirdebodaT. maT arc is ician, rom xarvezebis gamovlenis SemTxvevaSi, ufleba aqvT, municipalitets mimarTon da naklovanebebis gamosworeba moiTxovon.

Jurnalisturi gamoZieba momzadebulia studia `monitoris~ proeqtis farglebSi. Jurnalisturi gamoZieba ganxorcielda evrokavSiris finansuri mxardaWeriT.

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sazogadoeba
ganaTlebis reformis kursis cvlilebis Sesaxeb

saswrafod iyideba "mersedesi" "Jigulis" nawilebiT!


ganaTlebis cnobili mkvlevari da Teoretikosi jon diui Tavis cnobil wignSi `demokratia da ganaTleba~ aRniSnavs, rom ganaTlebis sistemis warmatebulad funqcionirebisTvis saWiroa, is mkafiod gamoxatuli miznebiT moqmedebdes.
simon janaSia

ganaTlebis ministri dimitri SaSkini skolis moswavleebTan Sexvedraze

diuis azriT, rodesac miznebis SemuSaveba ganaTlebis procesSi garedan xdeba, maSin mTavari, rac procesSi CarTul adamianebs amoZravebT, instruqciebis Sesrulebaa da ara _ kargi Sedegis miRebis survili. meore mniSvnelovani problema ki is aris, rom garedan Tavsmoxveuli miznebi Cveulebriv xistia da procesSi CarTul adamianebs maTi Secvlis ufleba ar aqvT. Sesabamisad,

diuis azriT, am miznebis miRwevis ara mxolod SesaZlebloba, aramed survilic, garedan CarTuli adamianebis garda, realurad aravis aqvs. 2004 wels, rodesac ganaTlebis sistemis reformis mniSvnelovani etapi daiwyo, saxelmwifo Seecada, sazogadoebisTvis daebrunebina Zalauflebis is mniSvnelovani nawili, rac mravali aTwleulis ganmavlobaSi TviTon hqonda miTvisebuli.

am axlad SemuSavebul miznebSi iyo bevri ram, risken svlac saxelmwifos zewolisgan gaaTavisuflebda yvelas: skolebs, saxelmZRvaneloebis gamomcemlebs, maswavleblebis momzadebasa da kvalifikaciis amaRlebaSi CarTul instituciebs, arasamTavrobo da profesiul organizaciebs da, rac mTavaria, mSoblebs, moswavleebsa da maswavleblebs. am miznebis mixedviT, isini ganaTlebis procesis

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foto levan xerxeuliZe

sazogadoeba
srulfasovan wevrebad unda qceuliyvnen da unda CarTuliyvnen sakuTari momavlis dagegmvisa da ganxorcielebis procesSi. maSin saxelmwifom arCia, TviTon procesis gareT darCeniliyo ara rogorc pasuxismgeblobebis armqone moTamaSe, aramed rogorc damxmare, mediatori, rogorc _ resursebis ganawilebaSi TamaSis wesebis dacvis mTavari instrumenti. samwuxarod, 2009 wlis bolodan da gansakuTrebiT ki bolo 2010 wlis pirveli xuTi Tvis ganmavlobaSi mTeli energia, romelic aRniSnuli midgomis danergvas moxmarda, fuWad gamocxadda. ganaTlebis ministris, batoni dimitri SaSkinis daniSvnis Semdeg, praqtikulad, yoveli axali cvlilebiT gegmazomierad izRudeba Semdegi: ganaTlebis sistemaSi adamianebis Tavisufleba da amis Tanmdevi pasuxismgebloba, rom TviTon, saxelmwifo biurokratiis minimaluri CareviT gansazRvron sakuTari bedi, izrunon ganaTlebis xarisxis amaRlebaze, Seafason sakuTari moswavleebis saWiroebebi da gamoiyenon xelsayreli swavlebis midgomebi. gamodis, rom axla ganaTlebis saministro, imis nacvlad, rom muSaobdes saskolo iniciativebis ganviTarebaze, saxelmwifosa da skolas Soris urTierTdaxmarebaze, ndobasa da gaziarebul pasuxismgeblobebze dafuZnebuli ganaTlebis sistemis Seqmnaze, es uwyeba Zalian swrafad aSenebs aTwleulebis manZilze araefeqturad gamocxadebul sistemas, romelic amave dros arademokratiuli, mkacrad administraciul-brZanebluri da araSemoqmedebiTia. es aris sistema, romelic ganviTarebis SeCerebasa da pasuxismgeblobebis vertikalur ganawilebazea dafuZnebuli. cxrilSi SegiZliaT, gaecnoT am mimarTulebiT gadadgmuli nabijebis nawils. TiToeuli es iniciativa araerT seriozul problemas da mcdar midgomas Seicavs, rac saerTaSoriso da adgilobrivi gamocdilebis, ganaTlebis kvlevebis Sedegebis, saxelmwifos ekonomikuri da socialuri politikis gacxadebuli prioritetebis gauTvaliswineblobis Sedegia. wyalSi iyreba saqarTvelos, rogorc postsabWoTa qveynebs Soris yvelaze inovaciuri, demokratiuli, ganviTarebasa da Sedegze orientirebuli ganaTlebis sistemis mqone qveynis, reputacia. am saxels ar qmnian ministrebi, romlebic mediis, maswavleblebis an donorebis winaSe cdiloben sakuTari moqmedebis dasabuTebas. am saxels ar qmnian arc mrCevelTa sabWoebi, sazogadoebrivi darbazebi an arasamTavrobo organizaciebis klubebi. ganaTlebis sferos specialistebisTvis Cveni qveynis miznebsa da ambiciebze gacilebiT ufro kargad metyvelebs ganaTlebis sistemis da misi konkretuli instrumentebis pasuxismgeblobebisa da Tavisuflebebis sqemebis aRwera, vidre ritorikuli gamosvlebi an maswavleblebTan Tu direqtorebTan Sexvedris dawyebis win dawerili pres-relizebi, romlebic winaswar gvamcnobs, rom Sexvedris yvela monawile mzad aris, muxlCauxrelad da kmayofilebiT imuSaos sabWoTa kavSiris aRdgenaze ministris mosazrebebisa da miznebis gaziarebiT. ganaTlebis reformis ganxorcielebisa da ngrevis procesi Semdegs hgavs: qarTvelebi vcdilobdiT maRali klasis avtomobilis (mag. `mersedesis~) awyobas. amitom SeviswavleT `mersedesis~ teqnologia, muSaobis principebi, viSoveT misi nawilebi, movargeT adgilobriv saWiroebebs da avawyveT pirveli manqanac. gamovcadeT es manqana qarTvel mZRolebTan, daviwyeT xelosnebis kvalifikaciis gazrda. rac mTavaria, awyobili manqanebi xalxs gadaveciT da nel-nela daviwyeT imis swavleba, rom maTi movlapatronoba da ganviTareba momavalSi TviTon SeZlebodaT. ekonomikurad Rarib ojaxSi awyobili `mersedesi~ Stutgartis qarxanaSi awyobilis donis ar aris. xan raRacis SeerTeba daaviwydebaT, xan ki gzaSi raRac detalis damateba iqneba saWiro, magram mainc `mersedesia~, romliTac usafrTxod, ekonomiurad, efeqturad da komfortulad mixval daniSnulebis adgilamde. avtomobilis mflobelebi nel-nela axali, gaumjobesebuli modelis Seqmnaze orientirebul erTobad yalibdebodnen. ai, bolo naxevari wlis ganmavlobaSi ki `manqanaTmSeneblobis saministro~ detalebs aclis am manqanas da `Jigulis~ nawilebiT anacvlebs. `Jiguli~ mainc ufro nacnobia adgilobrivi xelosnebisTvis, martivi detalebiTaa agebuli. marTalia, xSirad fuWdeba, magram SekeTeba yvela mZRolma icis. Tan gaugebari eleqtronikis nawilebiT ar aris Seqmnili, romelsac Tavs da bolos ver gaugeb. aRarc imis SesaZlebloba geqneba, rom siCqares gadaaWarbo da kiseri moitexo. sajarod gacxadebuli mizani kvlavac `mersedesis~ Seqmna rCeba da es cvlilebebi ise keTdeba, rom garedan sabWoTa manqanis daJanguli detalebi gamaRizianeblad ar Candes. avtomobilis mflobelebs mudmivi gaumjobesebis Sesaxeb mogviTxroben, da cdiloben, dagvarwmunon, rom `Jigulic~ usafrTxo, ekonomikurad gamarTlebuli, ganviTarebaze orientirebuli da efeqturi iqneba. mTavaria, mkacri da detaluri instruqciebi misce mZRols, kargad daaprogramo winaswar da xSiri Semowmebebi Caataro. arada, Cven xom TiTqos 20 wlis winaT mivxvdiT, rom `JigulebiT~ Sors, swrafad da komfortulad ver wavidodiT. amitom girCevT, rom visac gindaT, isev `mersedesis~ awyobas mivubrundeT, Tanac iseTis, romelic Cveni monawileobiT ixveweba da viTardeba, cota meti movTxovoT Cvens saxelmwifos, vidre xelfasebis gazrda, manqanaSi gamaTboblis dayeneba da gaumarTavi avtomobilebis marTviT gamowveuli jarimebis gauqmebaa.

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sazogadoeba
inergeboda 2004-2009 wlebSi gauqmda/uqmdeba 2010 wels 2009 wlis bolos da ZiriTadad 2010 wels SemoRebuli/dagegmili iniciativebi

skolebis TviTmmarTveloba/pasuxismgebloba administrirebis mimarTulebiT

skolebis damoukidebloba, rom TviTon airCion sakuTari direqtori; skolebis damoukidebloba gareSe pirebTan urTierTobisas;

direqtorebs daniSnavs ganaTlebisa da mecnierebis saministro; skolis direqtori an maswavlebeli mediasTan urTierTobisTvis saministros nebarTvas saWiroebs. msgavsi sistema inergeba skolebSi staJirebasTan dakavSirebiTac; skola valdebulia, awarmoos aRricxva mxolod saministros mier dadgenili Jurnalis formebis mixedviT; saministro skolebs ugzavnis TanamSromlebs (mag. mandaturebs), romlebsac winaswar centralizebulad amzadebs/arCevs. saministro ereva sakadro politikaSi, personalis raodenobis gansazRvraSi da sxva; damatebiTi servisebis organizeba Tavis Tavze aqvs aRebuli saministros (mag. saministro xsnis skolebSi bufetebs kerZo kompaniebTan SeTanxmebiT. skolas ar aqvs arCevani, daeTanxmos an uaryos saministros winadadeba);

skola valdebuli iyo moswavleebis aRricxva ewarmoebina, magram formis (Jurnalis) arCevani hqonda; skolas hqonda ufleba, Tavisi TanamSromlebi TviTon SeerCia kanonmdeblobisa da sakuTari biujetis Sesabamisad;

skola pasuxismgebeli iyo, TviTon SeeTavazebina moswavleebisTvis damatebiTi servisebi (rogoricaa mag. kveba) sakuTari Temis saWiroebebisa da interesebis, biujetis gaTvaliswinebiT;

skolebis damoukidebloba/pasuxismgebloba swavlebasTan mimarTebaSi

skolebs mieniWaT ufleba/pasuxismgebloba, TviTon airCion saxelmZRvanelo bazarze arsebuli wignebidan; skolas mieniWa ufleba/pasuxismgebloba, TviTon gansazRvros Sefasebis mravali komponentidan isini, romelic maT miaCniaT konkretul saganSi/klasSi mizanSewonilad da gansazRvron, Tu romelia am komponentebidan ufro relevanturi sagnisa da asakis gaTvaliswinebiT (mag. ra wona eqneba saSinao davalebas, klasSi aqtiurobas, ganmaviTarebel da Semajamebel Sefasebas da sxv.); skola valdebuli iyo, eswavlebina weliwadSi 180 dRe, magram SeeZlo, TviTon ganesazRvra kalendari (dawyebisa da damTavrebis TariRebi). saministro awesebda uadres da ugvianes TariRs swavlis dawyebisa da damTavrebisTvis; skolas hqonda ufleba/pasuxismgebloba, rom erovnuli saswavlo gegmiT rekomendebuli programis Sinaarsis mixedviT SeemuSavebina saskolo saswavlo gegma da mieRo gadawyvetileba, Tu ra iyo prioritetuli swavlebisas; skola pasuxismgebeli iyo, rom mis mier micemuli ganaTlebis xarisxi ganesazRvra erovnul saswavlo gegmasTan mimarTebaSi da amis safuZvelze gaeca saskolo atestati; swavlebis (da aseve administrirebis) procesis xarisxis Semowmeba unda momxdariyo skolebis akreditaciis kompleqsuri procesis safuZvelze, sadac ZiriTadi principi saxelmwifosa da skolis TanamSromlobas, skolis specifikurobis gaTvaliswinebas efuZneboda; skolas hqonda ufleba, TviTon aerCia sakuTari saswavlo profili, Tu ra mimarTulebas gaaZlierebda is Tavisi skolis farglebSi;

skola valdebulia, saministros winaswar SerCeuli saxelmZRvaneloebidan gaakeTos arCevani; skola valdebulia, Seafasos mxolod sami standartuli komponentis mixedviT, romelsac saministro miawvdis. esenia: saSinao, saskolo da sakontrolo samuSaoebi. skolas aRar aqvs ufleba, Seafasos moswavle iseTi komponentebiT, rogoric aris mag. proeqtebze muSaoba, SemoqmedebiToba, CarTuloba da sxv. aseve savaraudod dawesdeba Sefasebebis minimaluri raodenoba; skola valdebulia, ifunqcioniros saministros mier dadgenili kalendris mixedviT, miuxedavad misi geografiuli mdebareobis da Temis saWiroebebisa (mag. rogoric aris sasoflo sameurneo samuSaoebi, adgilobrivi dResaswaulebi da sxva); skola valdebulia, saswavlo gegmis 60% dauTmos saministros mier dadgenili programis Sinaarss;

saskolo atestati upiratesad gaicema saministros mier centralizebulad Catarebuli damamTavrebeli gamocdebis safuZvelze;

saministro atarebs skolebis e.w. `brendirebas~ (sinamdvileSi ki reitingebis dadgenas), romelic realurad skolebis swraf standartizacias emsaxureba maTi dasjisa da waxalisebis xisti midgomis safuZvelze; saministro centralizebuli wesiT aniWebs skolebs konkretuli profilis mqone skolebis statuss (fizika-maTematikuri da sxva);

maswavleblebis profesiuli ganviTareba

saxelmwifo zrunavda maswavleblis profesiul ganviTarebaze imiT, rom qmnida konkurentul garemos treningebis provaiderebis xarisxis gasaumjobeseblad. saxelmwifo aZlevda maswavlebels vauCers, maswavlebelTa satreningo provaiderebs ki akreditacias. maswavlebeli TviTon irCevda, sad gaivlida trenings.

saministro TviTon aarsebs (xelaxla) maswavleblebis kvalifikaciis amaRlebis centrebs, sadac centralizebulad moxdeba maTi kvalifikaciis amaRleba da qmnis xelovnur konkurencias kerZo provaiderebsa da sakuTar dawesebulebebs Soris.

liberali . ivnisi 2010 . 35

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sazogadoeba

samoqalaqo Tavdacvis gakveTili Tbilisis kerZo skola `ciskarSi~

ganaTleba

samoqalaqo Tavdacva Sesavlis gareSe


ganaTlebis saministros oficialuri informaciiT, saqarTvelos 15 sajaro skolaSi mimdinareobs axali sagnis, samoqalaqo Tavdacvis pilotireba. Tumca, realurad, zog skolaSi es gakveTili saerTod ar Catarebula.
rusudan fanoziSvili
15 skolidan ramdenimeSi gakveTili mxolod erTxel Catarda, roca iq misulma ministrma telekamerebis Tvalwin kabineti sazeimo viTarebaSi gaxsna. skolebSi ar gamoCenilan arc Tadarigis oficrebi, romlebmac sagani maRali klasebis moswavleebs unda aswavlon. Tbilisis kerZo skola `ciskarSi~ meTerTmete klaselebs samoqalaqo Tavdacvisa da samxedro xelovnebis sakiTxebze pedagogebi sul orjer esaubrnen. rogorc skolis saswavlo nawili ambobs, moswavleebs jer istoriis maswavlebelma gaacno qarTuli jaris istoriidan sakiTxebi, meored ki axali sagnis zogierTi Tema samoqalaqo ganaTlebis pedagogma sakuTar gakveTilze SeiTavsa. `jerjerobiT kombinirebuli gakveTilebia da pedagogic ar gvyavs, Tumca es xom jer pilotirebaa, _ amboben `ciskarSi~, _ seqtembridan, roca ukve srulyofilad daiwyeba swavleba, an Cven daviqiravebT samxedro oficers, anda albaT ganaTlebis saministro-

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foto levan xerxeuliZe

sazogadoeba
dan TviTon SemogvTavazeben, vin davniSnoT~. 10 ivniss, Tavdacvis gakveTilisTvis `ciskris~ meTerTmeteklaselebi samoqalaqo Tavdacvis kabinetSi Seikribnen. kabinetis aRWurvilobas kedelze gakruli plakatebi da karada Seadgens, romelSic saministros naCuqari broSurebi da wignebi inaxeba ZiriTadad nato-s Sesaxeb. oTaxis kedlis erT nawilze, `kalaSnikovis~, yumbarTmtyorcnebis da sxva iaraRebis plakatebia gakruli; meore kedelze moZraobis wesebi da sagzao niSnebi Cans. samoqalaqo ganaTlebis da samoqalaqo Tavdacvis gaerTianebul gakveTils 15-mde bavSvi da sami pedagogi eswreba: skolis saswavlo nawili, samoqalaqo ganaTlebis pedagogi da debatebis sagnis maswavlebeli. misi mowveva imisTvis dasWirdaT, gakveTili ufro cocxali rom gamosuliyo. Tema evakuaciaa. oTx jgufad gayofil moswavleebs maswavlebelma situaciuri amocanebi misca da bolo drois cnobili krizisuli situaciebis magaliTebis ganxilva daavala. erT-erTi mTavari kiTxva, razec moswavleebs unda epasuxaT, is iyo, Tu vin agebs pasuxs mocemul magaliTebSi xalxis usafrTxoebaze. `ki magram, moldovis prezidenti Tu gadadga, rogorRa aiRebda pasuxismgeblobas misi mosaxleobis usafrTxoebaze?~ _ `CamWreli~ kiTxva dausva erT-erTma moswavlem meore jgufis prezentators da debatebic daiwyo. meoTxe jgufs gansaxilvelad 2007 wlis 7 noembris demonstracia Sexvda: `Seni azriT, sworad moiqca Tu ara xelisufleba, 7 noembris aqcia rom daarbia?~ _ hkiTxa Tanaklaselma jgufis prezentators. Tumca maswavlebelma bavSvebs kamaTi maleve Seawyvetina _ am kiTxvaze pasuxis gacema davalebis Temas scildebao. gakveTilze wamoWril Temebze moswavleebi zaris darekvis Semdeg kidev ufro cxared kamaTobdnen. maTi umravlesobisTvis yvelaze mniSvnelovani is iyo, rom kamaTis xelovnebaSi sakuTari Tavi kidev erTxel gamoscades. `dRevandel gakveTilze aRmoCnda, rom gunduri muSaoba da daskvnebis gakeTeba SegviZlia~, _ aRniSna nanuka xujaZem. meTerTmeteklaselebi axali sagnis saWiroebas eWvqveS arc ayeneben. `qarTvel kacs mudmivad iaraRi eWira xelSi da ibrZoda. 2 wlis win ruseTi dagvesxa Tavs. Cven ise unda aRgvzardon, rom patriotebi viyoT, da ise unda vicodeT iaraRis xmareba, qveyanas rom gamovadgeT~, _ ambobs laSa babunaSvili. am meTerTmeteklaselze kidev ufro emociuri iyo ramdenime Tvis win ministrisa da prezidentis gamosvlebi, roca maswavleblebsa da moswavleebs samoqalaqo Tavdacvisa da usafrTxoebis sagnis saWiroebas uxsnidnen. maSin dimitri SaSkini xSirad iSveliebda israelis magaliTsac, sadac samxedro mobilizacia TiTqmis yoveldRiurad cxaddeba da amitom usafrTxoebis `Sesavlebis~ codna didsa da pataras Tanabrad sWirdeba. am da sxva mniSvnelovani detalebis gamo, samxedro-patriotizmis axal saskolo sagnad prezentacias Tavidanve azrTa sxvadasxvaoba mohyva. Tumca, miuxedavad imisa, rom sagnis pilotirebisTvis gamoyofili etapi TiTqmis ukve sruldeba, ramdenime Tvis win gaCenili kiTxvebis did nawilze pasuxebi isev ar arsebobs, anda es pasuxebi Zalian zogadia. magaliTad, jer isev bundovania, ra SemTxvevaSi Caatareben samxedro oficrebi gakveTilebs skolaSi, ukve gaiares, an gaivlian Tu ara isini saerTod specialur pedagogiur gadamzadebas, ucnobia isic, Tu rogor mimdinareobda sagnis dagegmvis procesi. erTaderTi, rac sagnis deklarirebuli pilotirebisas gakeTda, specialuri kabinetebis mowyoba iyo. Tbilisis 123-e skolis direqtoric acxadebs, rom samoqalaqo Tavdacvis kabineti mis skolaSi mzad aris, da saganic etapobrivad inergeba. mcxeTis me-2 sajaro skolaSi, sadac samoqalaqo Tavdacvis kabineti dimitri SaSkinma aseve sajarod gaxsna, gakveTili mxolod erTxel, stumrebis TandaswrebiT Catarda. Tbilisis 47-e, 70-e, 181-e sajaro skolebSi ki amboben, rom jer es gakveTili ar CautarebiaT. miuxedavad amisa, erovnuli saswavlo gegmebisa da Sefasebis centris xelmZRvaneli naTia joxaZe acxadebs, rom `samoqalaqo Tavdacvis moklevadiani pilotireba ukve dainerga. seqtembridan gvinda, rom es sagani meoTxe, merve da meTormete klasebSi davnergoT~. misi ganmartebiT, dabali klasebisTvis am sagnis swavlebas saTanadod gadamzadebuli maswavleblebic SeZleben, maRalklaselebisTvis ki, SesaZloa, oficrebic moiwvion. 18 ivniss sajaro skolebSi swavla wydeba. radganac am dromde sul raRac erTi kvira darCa, da radgan skolebSi acxadeben, rom ukve sagamocdo reJimze gadadian, Znelad warmosadgenia, rom samoqalaqo Tavdacvisa da usafrTxoebis sagnis realuri pilotireba saswavlo wlis dasrulebamde Sedges. skolaSi axali sagnis pilotireba misi iseTi meTodologiiT danergvas niSnavs, rogorc es realurad sWirdeba sagans. pilotirebis mizani ki, sagnis masobrivad danergvamde, xarvezebis Sefaseba da gamosworebaa. samoqalaqo Tavdacvis gakveTilebis SemTxvevaSi ki, am xarvezebis aRmoCena SeuZlebeli iqneba, im martivi mizezis gamo, rom pilotirebam araTu xarvezebiT Caiara, aramed TiTqmis arc ganxorcielda.

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kultura

robert sturua moskovs "qariSxals" umzadebs


saxelovani `Seqspirologis~ refleqsia Temaze _ davdgaT, Tu ar davdgaT... an saerTod, rogor davdgaT.
daviT buxrikiZe

scena speqtaklidan `Sailoki~

saxelovanma reJisorma, robert sturuam ganvlili weli saqarTvelos prezidentiviT, ZiriTadad, ucxoeTSi gaatara. gastrolebi baqosa da israelSi, Seqspiris saxelobis festivali erevanSi, sadac is aleqsandr kaliaginTan erTad, yvelaze sasurveli stumari iyo, STambeWdavi viziti da giorgi tovstonogovis saxelobis Teatraluri prizi sankt-peterburgSi da bolos, xangrZlivi stumroba moskovSi... odnav mtanjveli refleqsiis Semdeg: CavideT Tu ar CavideT, an davdgaT Tu ar davdgaT moskovSi. ver getyviT, Teatr Et Cetera-s samxatvro xelmZRvanelis, cnobili msaxiobis, aleqsandr kaliaginis profesiulma mudaram gaWra, Tu saxelovani prodiuseris, daviT smelianskis fi-

nansurma jadom, magram faqtia, rom robert sturua SarSan noembridan moyolebuli, ramdenjerme imyofeboda moskovSi. rogorc gairkva, reJisorma jer kidev 2009 wels gadawyvita, rom misTvis axlobel da saSiS Seqspirs kidev erTxel gapaeqreboda, amjerad, didi bardis ukanasknel da yvelaze mistikur piesas `qariSxali~. 2000 wels, amave TeatrSi sturuam swored Seqspiris `venecieli vaWari~ dadga. orazrovani da tragikuli personaJis, Sailokis mniSvnelobas (am rols swored kaliagini TamaSobda) speqtaklis saxelwodeba _ `Sailokic~ adasturebda, xolo romantikos, brZen da odnav cinikos antonios, aleqsandr filipenko ramaz CxikvaZis azdakiviT ironiuli xerxiT uswordeboda.

momdevno wels, gazafxulze speqtakli TbilisSi Teatris gastrolisas vnaxe _ gogi aleqsi-mesxiSvilis safirmo daxvewilobebiTa da cota absurdiT nakvebi scenografiiT, plus gia yanCelis minimalizmiTa da monoruli-marSuli melodiuri xaziT, romelic mxolod aZlierebda reJisoris mier SerCeul ritms. ori wlis Semdeg ki sturuam imave Et Cetera-Si mTlad bejiTi absurdi dadga: samuel beketis SesaniSnavi, magram TeatrSi naklebad popularuli monodrama `krepis ukanaskneli firi~, romelic, Cemi azriT, sturuas mier ocdameerTe saukuneSi dadgmuli speqtaklebidan saukeTesoa. ar aris gamoricxuli, rom `sakanSi~ ramdenjerme stumrobis Semdeg cnobilma reJisorma sazogadoebac da realobac axal, misTvis ucnob ganzomilebaSi dainaxa da Sesabamisi daskvnebic gamoitana. amitom Seqspiris `qariSxalSi~, romelsac is moskovSi dgams, iseve amotivtivda Zalauflebis, moralis, SurisZiebis, imedgacruebis, sikeTiT SeniRbuli borotebis motivebi. yovel SemTxvevaSi, berlinSi, Teatralur festivalze yofnisas, gazeT `komersantis~ mimomxilveli da Tanamedrove dasavluri Teatris SesaniSnavi mcodne, roman dolJanski amtkicebda, rom Tu ivnisis bolos moskovSi `qariSxalis~ premiera moeswreba, publika xelaxla aRmoaCens sturuas. igi uSualod eswreboda Teatr Et Cetera-Si gamarTul ramdenime mniSvnelovan repeticias da cxadia, garkveul informaciasac flobs. `da rac aq naxeT, sizmari iyo~ _ es aris fraza arielis cnobili monologidan, romelsac piter brukma Tavis droze `dasasrulis dasawyisi~ uwoda. vin icis, iqneb Seqspiris bolo, yvelaze gamoucnobi piesa robert sturuas SemoqmedebaSi marTlac axali etapis dasawyiss moaswavebs?

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sporti

isev daiwyo
ra daiwyo da rom daiwyo, yvelam kargad icis, imanac ki, visac fexburTi sZuls da amis gamo mTeli es erTi Tvec moZulebuli eqneba.
sandro naveriani mundialis dawyebamde yvelaze metad ori ramis meSinoda, pirveli _ arCevnebi ar gayalbebuliyo masobrivad, rom viRac-viRacebs samxreT afrikidan goramde yvela magistralis gadaketvis sababi ar miscemodaT; da meore _ Zalian meSinia, frangma fexburTelebma zedmiwevniT ar Seasrulon mwvrTnelis davalebebi. pirveli safrTxe avicile Tavidan. Tqvenc. ai, meores saSiSroeba jer kidev arsebobs. saqme isaa, rom, rogorc bevrisTvis, Cems SemTxvevaSic fexburTi mSoblebiT daiwyo, ded-mamis da safrangeTi-germaniis dapirispirebiT. daiwyo mamaCemis monayoliT, rom sicxianma rumenigem platini da jigrebi gaamwara da dedaCemis ufro romantikuli naambobiT: 84-Si frangebi fexburTs ki ar TamaSobdnen, balets cekvavdneno. hoda, ase gamovida _ 1992 wlidan frangebs vqomagob, da amitomac maqvs ai, is, meore SiSi. es kaci _ raimon domeneki, frangebis mwvrTneli _ erTi TviTdajerebuli degeneratia, romelsac hgonia, rom fexburTis gaegeba, magram realurad am `parikmaxerma~ fexburTis inCibinCi ar icis. aba, rogor SeiZleba kacze Tqva, _ profesionali mwvrTneliao, _ rodesac astrologis rCeviT nakrebs miRma erT-erT saukeTeso fexburTels datovebs, _ ivnisSi mZime Tve eqneba da imitomo. Tan es ukve meored gaakeTa, jer iyo da, 2006-Si nakrebSi ar miiwvia rober piresi, axla ki _ samir nasri. erTi sityviT, safrTxe kidev arsebobs da RmerTma qnas, frangma fexburTelebma mwvrTnels iseve usminon, rogorc me Cemi qimiis maswavlebels vusmendi. mundialis pirveli Sexvedra fred dasrulda _ maspinZlebma da meqsikelebma erTmaneTs TiTo-TiTo mSvenieri goli Seugdes da daiSalnen. TamaSi didi veraferi. Tumca, Zalianac kargi vqeni, rom vuyure, radgan am matCis Semdeg ganvewyve im nevrozisTvis, romelsac vuvuzelas gadamkide avikideb. vuvuzela yvelaze saSineli JReradobis Casaberi instrumentia, romelic mizanmimarTulad klavs adamianis tvinis ujredebs. es yvelam kargad icis, magram miuxedavad amisa da fifas didi mcdelobisa, rogorme am sakravis stadionze Setana aekrZalaT, mainc araferi gamovida. magram rogori Wyvitinic unda iyos samxreTi afrikis stadionebze, vuvuzela ver SeuSlis xels im sanaxaobas, rasac veli, magaliTad espanelebisgan, argentinelebisgan, ingliselebisa da holandielebisgan. gamarjvebulic, Cemi azriT, am oTxi gundidan romelime iqneba. miuxedavad imisa, rom mTavar favoritad yvela espaneTs asaxelebs, mainc mgonia, rom aseTi momqancveli sezonis Semdeg isini ver SeZleben erT TveSi Svidi TamaSis uSecdomod Catarebas. garda amisa, arc mwvrTne-

safrangeTi-urugvais safexburTo matCi, 11 ivnisi 2010

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sporti
li hyavT didi taqtikosi. espaneTis warmateba aragonesis 2008 wlis gundis inerciaa. Tumca, ar aris gamoricxuli, 12 ivlisamde am inerciiT gaqaCon kidec. am oTxi gundidan yvelaze naklebi Sansi, Cemi azriT, argentinas aqvs, im ubralo mizezis gamo, rom maTi mwvrTneli maradonaa. mis mimarT didi pativiscemis miuxedavad, maradonas mogebuli an gadawyobili TamaSi ar minaxavs _ argentinelebi mxolod fexburTelebis ostatobis xarjze aRwevdnen warmatebas. mundialze ki rTulia, mxolod saukeTeso SeteviT gaxvide fons, miT ufro, rom argentinis naxevardacva da dacvac am oTxi nakrebidan yvelaze sustad gamoiyureba. erTi sityviT, Cemi favoritebi (Tumca, mxolod Jurnalis furcelze) holandia da inglisi arian. garda imisa, rom inglisis nakrebSi yvela poziciaze msoflios saukeTeso fexburTelebi TamaSoben, maT hyavT udidesi mwvrTneli fabio kapelo, romelic gundis warmatebis 50 procentia. mwvrTnelis mxriv arc italias aqvs saqme cudad _ marCelo lipi, ra Tqma unda, didi mwvrTnelia, Tumca imis fonze, Tu rogor regress ganicdis italiuri fexburTi, rTuli warmosadgenia, italielebma oTxi wlis winandeli triumfi gaimeoron. mwvrTnelze gamaxsenda, Sveicariis nakrebs msoflios erT-erTi saukeTeso specialisti otmar hicfeldi wvrTnis da rogori gasakviric unda iyos, misi gundisgan siurprizebs veli. es albaT mervedfinalSi moxdeba. bolos ki, mainc vityvi, rom CemTvis erTi siamovnebaa, rodesac mundialze vinme, ucnobi fexburTeli gamoCndeba xolme, buRs daayenebs moedanze da im erTi Tvis ganmavlobaSi mTel msoflios aalaparakebs. gisurvebT, aseTi welsac bevri yofiliyos, da Tundac toto skilaCiviT dakarguliyvnen mundialis Semdeg.

maradonas sizmari
gio axvlediani, londoni

rac gindaT, isa TqviT, oRond nel-nela gaxurebul msoflio CempionatSi gmirebis nakleboba ar igrZnoba. mravalTa Soris, ra Tqma unda, pirvel rigSi saxsenebeli da xSirad naxsenebi diego maradonaa, romelic Tavis mexuTe msoflio Cempionatzea Camosuli, oRond

amjerad rogorc nakrebis mwvrTneli da WaRara wveriTa da kvlavac kunapeti (oRond ukve SeRebili) TmiT da zedac dayolebuli Tavisi dardiani TvalebiT, kvlavac yuradRebis centrSia. maradonas mwvrTnelobisa msoflios ar sjera, magram isic icis, rom maradonas maradonobas versad

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sporti
argentina Zlivs moxvda msoflio Cempionatze, rom man 102 fexburTeli aTamaSa SesarCev ciklSi, rom misi mwvrTneloba SeuZlebelia, rom veravin daadgina, rogori urTierToba aqvs leo mesisTan, rom gundSi iseTi kacebi daabruna, romlebTan erTadac TviTon uTamaSia, rom giJia da im dRes teleoperators fexze gadauara manqaniT, mere ki miagina da ase dausruleblad ucnobia misi taqtikuri miswrafebebi da Semadgenlobis gamocxadebis motivebi; ucnobia, ras izams Semdeg wams da saerTod ucnobia, ratom mounda maradonas nakrebis mwvrTneloba. oRondac kvlav da kvlav cnobilia, rom is maradonaa da misgan yvelaferia mosalodneli _ xeliTac, fexiTac, TaviTac da guliTac. argentinas brwyinvale fexburTelebi hyavs, sanerviulo ambavi mwvrTnelia. Tumca, argentinas yovelTvis brwyinvale fexburTelebi hyavs da namdvili, paltoiani mwvrTnelebis xelSic gasWirvebia. imisTvis, rom gavigoT, riT xelmZRvanelobs xolme maradona, mindori da samwvrTnelo procesi sruliadac araa sakmarisi. rogorc erTma baireselma taqsistma Tqva, maradona argentineli ki ar aris, li ariel garse, romelsac nakrebSi sul oTxjer uTamaSia, aqedan ukanasknelad saqvelmoqmedo TamaSSi haitis nakrebis winaaRmdeg iqauri miwisZvrisTvis fulis Sesagroveblad. garses sagzuri uyidia da samxreT afrikaSi Svebulebis gatareba da Tanac nakrebis TamaSebze daswrebac gadauwyvetia, _ sanam dasvenebaa, da axla qveyanasac vnaxav da Cvenebsac vuqomagebo. hoda, axla garse samxreT afrikaSia, oRond ara rogorc turisti, aramed rogorc argentinis nakrebis wevri. rogorc amboben, garses xarisxis mcveli argentinaSi bare duJini moiZebneba, magram maradonam, yvelasTvis moulodnelad, swored is miiwvia nakrebSi. da ratom? imitom, rom maradonas sizmari unaxavs, rogor daarbeninebda gamarjvebuli argentinis nakrebi msoflio Tass mindorze da erTaderTi fexburTelis saxe, romelic im oromtrialSi sizmridan gamohyva, ariel garses saxe iyo. es ambavi mTlad swors ara hgavs, imitom, rom maradonas ar uaruyvia da garsem ki Tqva: `rac gindaT, is ilaparakeT, me ocneba amixda, da msoflio Cempionatze var. am ocnebas aravis wavaxdenineb~.

maradonas mwvrTnelobisa msoflios ar sjera, magram isic icis, rom maradonas maradonobas versad wauva.
wauva. rogor unda ajobos maradonam iseT mwvrTnelebs, rogorebic kapelo da lipi arian? anda pareira da Tundac radi antiCi? imiT, rom gundSi geniosi hyavs da zedac dayolebuli namdvili varskvlavebi? yvela daiRala imis moyoliT, rom maradonas xelmZRvanelobiT maradona argentinaa da es naTqvami albaT kulturologebs ufro daainteresebT, magram ar iqneba, bolo dros msoflioSi moaruli ambavi ar gavixsenoT. Cveulebriv, argentinul klub `kolonSi~, romelic bolo saqveyno CempionatSi meToTxmete adgilze gavida, TamaSobs 30 wlis mcvehoda, sanam kapelo, lipi, dunga da pareira rameebs xazaven TavianT did davTrebSi, mgoni, maradonas sul sxva rameebisa sjera. miuxedavad yvelafrisa, maradonas cremlebisa sjera. ase da amdenjer motirali kaci teleekranze iSviaTad gvinaxavs; aseTi eSmaki, gulwrfeli da aseTi gadareulic.

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qalaqSi moxetiale kacis Canawerebi

Zia zigmund, Sen miSvele!


CvenTvis yvelaferi is, rac Tbili, rbili, sasiamovno, lamazi, gafurCqnuli, nayofiani da mobibinea, aucileblad d e d a a.
kaxa Tolordava
am teqsts viRac grZelcxvira da utvino axalgazrdas da mis agreTve utvino megobrebs unda vumadlode, gverdze rom Camiares guSinwin saRamos. fizikis institutis baRis WiSkarTan videqi da S i g Suagul baRSi vake-saburTalos gamgeobis axlad wamoW i m u l Senobas vuyurebdi, rodesac axalgazrdebis jgufma Camiara gverdze da saCuqrad orjer zedized sxapasxupiT warmoTqmuli C e m i d e d a damitova. d e d a-qalaqis quCebi savsea CemidedebiT, es yvelam kargad viciT. piradad me d e d a-qalaqSi siarulisas minimum Svid, rva warbSeuxrel `Cemidedas~ vawydebi xolme. am dros, rogorc wesi, nabijs vaneleb da yuradRebiT vaTvaliereb im `Cemidedebs~. sul mainteresebs, guliT undaT amis gakeTeba, Tu rogorc amas Zia zigmundi varaudobda, bavSvobaSi CarCenilebi arian. amaze jer pasuxi ar maqvs. kargi, gavagrZeleb. im `Cemidedebma~ swrafi nabijiT Camiares, etyoba, dedebTan eCqarebodaT, me ki kvlav baRSi wamoW i m u l Senobas mivaSterdi da uecrad mivxvdi, rom qarTvelebi yvela `Cemidedaze~ magari `Cemidedebi~ varT msoflioSi. CvenTvis yvelaferi is, rac Tbili, rbili, sasiamovno, lamazi, gafurCqnuli, nayofiani da mobibinea, aucileblad d e d a a. miwa _ dedaa, samSoblo _ dedaa, qalaqi _ dedaa. ise, imasac davamateb, rom es asea germanelebisTvis, ingliselebisTvis da kidev sxva erebisTvisac, magram, sruliad auxsneli mizezebis gamo, mxolod Cven gaveCxireT ganviTarebis infantilur fazaSi da mxolod Cven gviCndeba `Cemidedas~ survili sityviTac da saqmiTac. am ukanasknels rac Seexeba, modi, d e d a-qalaqur samSeneblodeveloperul bizness davakvirdeT. ramdenadac vxvdebi, am biznesma sruliad gaucnobiereblad mogvawera Cven, d e d a-qalaqis macxovreblebs mamis roli. isini ver gvpatioben imas, rom swored Cven gvekuTvnis d e d a-qalaqis mobibine da gafurCqnuli sivrceebi, gaormagebuli ZalisxmeviT eZeben amgvar sivrceebs da TvalisdaxamxamebaSi gegmaven, an a k v e x e b e n am sivrceebSi `Cemideda~ nagebobebs. Tu rame meSleba, amixseniT, ra unda fizikis institutis baRSi (radgan amiT daviwyeT), iq, sadac adre CogburTis korti iyo, imxela `Cemideda~ Senobas? SemiZlia gavagrZelo da gavagrZelo, magram am SemTxvevaSi es teqsti mxolod CamonaTvali gamovidoda. d e d a-qalaqi g m i n a v s misi mSenebare S v i l e b i s mxridan aseTi daundobeli mopyrobisagan. Cem mier zemoT moyvanil, SemTxveviT gaCenil mosazrebas Tu vendobiT, yvela aseT SemTxvevaSi developerebi saxifaTo

manZilze uaxlovdebian dedebs da am dros mniSvneloba ara aqvs, teritoriulad sad imyofebian es ukanasknelni. axla rac Segvexeba Cven, d e d a-qalaqis mcxovreblebs. eWvi maqvs, rom Cven didad ar ganvsxvavdebiT `Cemideda~ enTuziastebisgan, radganac ase rom ar yofiliyo, maSin erTxel mainc unda gamogvexata protesti imis gamo, rom xSir SemTxvevaSi ase daundoblad epyrobian d e d a-qalaqs. rogor viqceviT Cven? Tvals vxuWavT. ratom? imitom, rom Cvenc infantilurebi varT da araviTar SemTxvevaSi ar avwevT erT adgils, Tu istoriulad mniSvnelovan qariSxlis zonaSi ar migvipatiJes. magaliTad, prezidentis gadasagdebad. kargi, Tqvenc SegeSvebiT da mxolod Cemze gavagrZeleb. me rom normaluri mo-d e d a-qalaqe vyofiliyavi imave wams, rogorc ki mSeneblobis pirveli niSnebi SevniSne fizikis institutis baRSi, an sadme sxvagan, yvelaferi unda gverdze gadamedo, gavqceuliyavi mSeneblobis adgilze, davmjdariyavi Sua samSeneblo moedanze da fexi ar momecvala iqidan, sanam policiis ZaliT ar momacilebdnen iqaurobas. mere isev davbrunebuliyavi, amjerad maTTan erTad, visac CemsaviT guli Setkioda amaze da axla ukve erTad gvecada mSeneblobis gaprotesteba. da ase, vidre mTeli qalaqi ar Seityobda am patara brZolis Sesaxeb. gavakeTe es? ara. Sesabamisad, es teqstic TvalTmaqcobaa, romelic mxolod imitom gaCnda, rom viRac idiotma sakuTari deda moixsenia, CvenTvis samwuxarod, yvelasTvis gasageb konteqstSi, me ki ratomRac momeCvena, rom misi meSveobiT iseT teqsts davwerdi, romelic aranairad ar Semexeboda piradad me.

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msoflio klasika
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