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p- block elements Q.1 Explain with reasonSec- ‘A’ i. SF6 is not easily hydrolyzed though thermodynamically it should be. ii. Sulphur in vapour state exhibit Para magnetism. iii. NCl3 does not exist. iv. BiH3 is strongest reducing agent amongst all the hydrides of group 15 elements. v. H2S is less acidic than H2Te. vi. ICl is more reactive than I2. vii. Helium used in diving apparatus. viii. Sulphur in vapour state exhibit paramagnetic behaviour. ix. In solid state PCl5 behaves as an ionic species. x. Fluorine exhibit only -1 oxidation state where as other halogens exhibit +1,+3,+5& +7 oxidation state also. Sec ‘B’ i. CN- ion is known but CP- ion is not known. ii. Chlorine water has both oxidizing & bleaching properties. iii. NH3 has greater electron affinity for proton than phosphine. iv. Fluorine forms only one oxoacid HOF. v. Sugar gets charred on addition of conc. H2SO4. vi. Nitrogen exists as diatomic molecule & phosphorus as P4. vii. H3PO2 acts as a monobasic acid. vii. Metal fluorides are more ionic in nature than metal chlorides. viii. HF is weaker acid than HCl in aqueous solution. ix. Per-chloric acid is stronger acid than sulphuric acid. x. HF is stored in wax coated glass bottles. xi.ClF3 exists but FCl3 doesn’t. xii. Noble gases are mostly inert. xiii. Noble gases form compounds with fluorine and oxygen only. xiv. Neon is used in warning signals. Q.2 Draw structure of – i. XeO3 ii.HClO2 iii. HClO4 iv.O2 v. ClF3 vi.ClO4vii.IF6viii. SO32ix.IBr2x. XeOF4 xi. XeF2 xii. SF4 xiv.H3PO2 xv.H2SO5 Q.03 Arrange the hydrides of halogen family in increasing order of i. Relative strength of halogen acids ii.Thermal stability Q.04 Present a comparative account of i. Basic properties of NH3 & PH3 ii.Acidic properties of HCl & HF iii. Oxidising power of F2 & Cl2 Q.05 Arrange the following in the order of property indicated for each set – i. F2 , Cl2 , Br2 , I2 increasing bond dissociation enthalpy. ii.HF, HCl ,HBr HI increasing acid strength. iii. NH3 ,PH3 ,AsH3 ,SbH3 , BiH3 increasing basic strength. Q.06 Explain industrial preparation of NH3 . Q.07 How is XeO3 prepared? Q. 08. Discuss the general characteristics of groups-17 and 15 elements with reference to their electronic configuration, oxidation state, atomic size, ionization enthalpy and electro-negativity.