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interviu giga bokeriasTan: klintonis gzavnilebi gv. 13 irakli alasania: klintonis vizitis kapitali gv.

15 ana doliZe: isev varsqen pitiaxSis saqarTvelo gv. 16 ori azri: unda iyos Tu ara rezervi savaldebulo gv. 08 CeCneTi: kavkasiuri vendeta gv. 17 samxreT oseTis axali era gv. 19 nawamebi patimrebi strasburgSi Civian gv. 21 seleqciuri licenzireba gv. 30 laSa buRaZe: hilari da qarTveli gogonebi gv. 38

fasi 2 lari

# 39 / 12 - 18 ivlisi / 2010

gv. 11

hilari klintoni: `demokratiaSi dgeba


xolme dro, roca politika unda gaCerdes da saxelmwifos marTva daiwyos~.

# 39 / 12 - 18 ivlisi / 2010

aleqsi maWavarianis opera `medeas~ sakoncerto Sesruleba. erovnuli musikaluri centri, Tbilisi, 5 ivlisi 2010

nomerSi: 02 fosta 04 mokled 06 vrclad 08 ori azri unda iyos Tu ara rezervi savaldebulo gia baramiZe vs paata gigauri 11 mTavari Tema nawyvetebi hilari klintonis gamosvlebidan 13 interviu klintonis politikuri gzavnilebi giga bokeria 15 Tvalsazrisi klintonis vizitis kapitali irakli alasania 16 Tvalsazrisi isev varsqen pitiaxSis saqarTvelo ana doliZe

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mezoblebi kavkasiuri vendeta samxreTi oseTi samxreT oseTis axali era

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Jurnalisturi gamoZieba nawamebi patimrebi strasburgSi Civian saubrebi liberalizmze internetis galaqtika adamianis uflebebi da samarTali gekuTvnis, magram ar gekuTvnis sazogadoeba seleqciuri licenzireba mediakritika Sou saxelwodebiT `hilari

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stumrad miSasTan~ kultura dasuraTebuli amerika _ fotoebiT moTxrobili istoria qarTuli pen-klubi saerTaSoriso RonisZiebebSi CaerTveba `medea~, rogorc masala Tvalsazrisi hilari da qarTveli gogonebi laSa buRaZe sporti jabulani sandro naveriani damTavrda gio axvlediani qalaqSi moxetiale kacis Canawerebi rusTavelze kaxa Tolordava

garekanze:
hilari klintoni foto: zura qurcikiZe

Jurnali `liberali~ gamoicema fond `Ria sazogadoeba - saqarTvelos~ mxardaWeriT. avtoris / avtorebis mier sainformacio masalaSi gamoTqmuli mosazreba ar gamoxatavs fondis `Ria sazogadoeba-saqarTvelos~ pozicias. Sesabamisad, fondi ar aris pasuxismgebeli masalis Sinaarsze. The views, opinions and statements expressed by the authors and those providing comments are theirs only and do not necessarily reflect the position of Open Society Georgia Foundation. Therefore, the Open Society Georgia Foundation is not responsible for the content of the information material.

liberali . ivlisi 2010 . 39

foto irina xuciSvili

fosta
unda daafinansos Tu ara kultura saxelmwifom? vicnob `xelovnebaSi da kulturaSi momuSave~ adamianebs, saxelmwifo dafinansebis gareSe rom arian mTeli cxovreba da ar uCivian jer gadarCenis problemebs. leqso maWavariani 5 ivlisi, www.facebook.com `yavarjnebs~, sikeTe arc erTi dargisTvis ar moutania, miT umetes am saukuneSi... xelovneba xom bazris erT-erTi nawilia da iseve iyideba, rogorc yvelaferi danarCeni, ratom ar unda dafinansdes maSin maseve, metyemaleoba?... ra gansxvavebaa, obieqturad? da Tu dargi arasicocxlisunariania, jobia droze mokvdes... qeTevan gabiani 5 ivlisi, www.facebook.com `is mosazreba, rom kulturis sferos saxelmwifo dafinanseba ar sWirdeba, aris im tendenciis gamovlineba, rasac SeiZleba vuwodoT `memarjveneobis saymawvilo seni postsabWour qarTul liberalizmSi~. es Sexeduleba efuZneba or absoluturad araswor Teziss: pirveli _ xelovneba bazris iseTive produqtia, rogorc yvelaferi danarCeni. meore Tezisi ki isaa, rom saxelmwifos mxridan dafinanseba garduvalad ganapirobebs biurokratiis arakvalificiur Carevas xelovnebis dargSi. daviwyoT imiT, rom bazris uxilavi xelis samarTlianobisa da yovlisSemZleobis dogmats Tanamedrove ekonomikur mecnierebaSi dRes ukve aRaravin iziarebs. praqtikam daadastura, rom aris sferoebi, romlebsac martooden bazari ver aregulirebs. esaa jandacva, ganaTleba da kultura. aSS-Sic ki, sadac kerZo seqtorSi ganuzomlad didi fuli trialebs, vidre evropis nebismier qveyanaSi (magaliTad, harvardis universitetis fondi, romelic mTlianad kerZo Semosavlebisa da Semowirulobebisgan Sedgeba, 40 miliard dolars aWarbebs). federaluri da Statis biujetidan garkveuli Tanxebi mainc ixarjeba

www.liberali.ge

nebis sakiTxia. Tu xelisuflebas unda, is mainc Caereva raoden legitimuri barierebic unda aRumarTo kanonebis saxiT, Tu arada, iseTi meqanizmis Seqmna, romelic am safrTxes praqtikulad nulamde daiyvanda, aranair problemas ar warmoadgens. ho da pank-roki rom saxelmwifom ar unda daafinansos. daviT zurabiSvili 5 ivlisi, www.facebook.com `mihyeviT imas, rac moxda 1968 wlis Semdeg dasavleTSi da mixvdebiT, ra unda gakeTdes xelovnebisTvis saxelmwifos mxridan. garda amisa, gaixseneT xelovnebis mdgomareoba impresionistebidan dawyebuli, vidre 1930-ian wlamde. xelovnebis dafinansebis istoria modernul perodSi am etapebiT SeiZleba adamianma Seiswavlos. ise, ramdenime wlis win kulturis politikaze rom daviwyeT laparaki, erTma xelovnebasTan pirdapir dakavSirebulma adamianma aseTi komentari gaakeTa, _ amaT sabWoTa kavSiri moenatraTo. axla Tavad wers statiebs kulturis politikis Sesaxeb. saxelmwifo xelSewyobis sakiTxic ase iqneba cota xanSi. es maSin moxdeba, roca am problemas sabWoTa kavSiris gamocdilebidan gamomdinare ar SeafasebT~. nana yifiani 5 ivlisi, www.facebook.com

kulturis sferoSi. evropaSi ixarjeba gacilebiT meti, Cvennairi qveynisTvis ki saxelmwifo dafinanseba aris araTu saWiro, aramed aucilebeli. sxva sakiTxia, Tu rogor unda moxdes es dafinanseba da ra formiT. rac Seexeba biurokratiis Carevis safrTxes, es mTlianad politikuri

redaqtorebi: mTavari redaqtori Sorena SaverdaSvili /aRmasrulebeli redaqtori nino jafiaSvili / politika da saerTaSoriso ambebi sofo Waava / kavkasia da konfliqtebi sofo bukia / Jurnalisturi gamoZieba beso kurtaniZe / sazogadoeba Tamar babuaZe / adamianis uflebebi da samarTali nino beqiSvili / axali ambebi naTia axalaSvili Jurnalistebi: maia wiklauri, nino gogua, marika qoCiaSvili, eka WiTanava, rusudan fanoziSvili, anita Tvauri, Tamar faradaSvili, nino CimakaZe, rusudan ruxaZe, nino robaqiZe, iago yuraSvili, naTia guliaSvili, daviT buxrikiZe kontribucia: mark maleni, giorgi cxadaia, kaxa Tolordava, gio axvlediani, laSa buRaZe, sandro naveriani redaqcia: foto-redaqtori levan xerxeuliZe / grafikuli dizaini Tornike lorTqifaniZe / redaqtor-stilisti nino svaniZe / koreqtori nino saiTiZe gamomcemloba: proeqtis menejeri qeTi babunaSvili / proeqtis menejeris asistenti lela SubiTiZe / reklamis da gayidvebis direqtori Salva CubiniZe / marketingi da sazogadoebasTan urTierToba naTia rusaZe / distributori zviad Sengelia gamomcemeli: Sps `liberali~. misamarTi: Tbilisi 0162, faliaSvilis q. 108. tel.: (995 32) 232235, 233731, 912326. el-fosta: info@liberali.ge sxva gamocemebi: `cxeli Sokoladi~, `cxeli Sokoladi _ literatura~, `biznesi: adamianebi, meTodebi, strategiebi~. `liberalis~ saavtoro uflebebi daculia. JurnalSi gamoqveynebuli masalebis nawilobrivi da/an mTliani gamoyeneba redaqciis Tanxmobis gareSe akrZalulia. beWdva: stamba `favoriti~. misamarTi: Tbilisi, CubinaSvilis q. 50. tel.: (995 32) 95 19 52. www.phfavorite.ge gamodis kviraSi erTxel, yovel orSabaTs. pirveli nomeri gamocemulia 2009 wlis maisSi. rekomendebuli sacalo fasi 2 lari.

www.liberali.ge 2

ISSN 1987-7528

liberali . ivlisi 2010 . 39

radio nacnobi gepatiJebaT klubSi nacnobi


tradiciuli qarTuli samzareulo cocxali musika

misamarTi: abanos q. N 3

mokled
miRebulmiuRebeli strategia
saqarTvelos mTavrobam `CarTulobis strategiis samoqmedo gegma~ daamtkica. es is dokumentia, romelic okupirebuli teritoriebis mimarT saxelmwifo strategias gansazRvravs. mTavrobaSi acxadeben, rom es strategia da misi samoqmedo gegma adamianebis keTildReobazea orientirebuli da misi mizania afxazeTisa da samxreTi oseTis de faqto respublikebSi mcxovrebi adamianebis cxovrebis gaumjobeseba da `sazogadoebis daSoriSorebuli wevrebis~ Serigebis procesis xelSewyoba. es gegma reintegraciis sakiTxebSi saxelmwifo ministris aparatma moamzada da mis ganxorcielebazec es uwyeba iqneba pasuxismgebeli. gegma 4 ganzomilebas moicavs _ humanitaruls, adamianurs, socialursa da ekonomikurs. damtkicebuli gegmis mixedviT, mravali axali proeqti amoqmeddeba _ magaliTad, daiwyeba piradobis neitraluri mowmobebisa da samogzauro dokumentebis gacema, Seiqmneba erToblivi ndobis fondi, sainvesticio fondi da a.S. Tumca, cxinvalic da soxumic uars amboben am strategiis ganxilvazec ki. baRafSi mis Sesaxeb jer kidev TebervalSi ambobda, rom es aris `instruqcia, Tu ra ar unda gaakeTos afxazeTma~.

Sin dabrunebuli jaSuSebi


`iak-42~ da `boing 767-200~ erTmaneTs venis aeroportSi Sexvdnen. TviTmxilvelTa TqmiT, Savi mini-veniT erTi TviTmfrinavidan meoreSi adamianebi gadaiyvanes. ramdenime wuTSi `iaki~ moskovSi gabrunda, `boingi~ ki _ aSS-Si. moskovSi `iak-42~-iT ruseTis is 10 moqalaqe dabrunda, romlebic aSS-Si jaSuSobis braldebiT daakaves. maT sasamarTlo procesze danaSaulic aRiares da realuri rusuli gvarebic gaamxiles. procesis dasrulebisTanave ki maT aSS-s mTavrobam kenedis aeroportidan Carteruli reisiT daatovebina qveyana. `boingiT~ ki is 4 adamiani gaemgzavra, romlebic ruseTSi aSS-sTvis jaSuSobis braldebiT iyvnen dakavebulebi. moskovma, Tavisi moqalaqeebis deportaciis sanacvlod, maTi deportaciis gadawyvetileba miiRo. mogvianebiT gavrcelda informacia, rom aSS-dan deportirebul ruseTis jaSuSobaSi braldebul 10 adamians moskovi binebiTa da yovelTviuri soliduri pensiebiT uzrunvelyofs. rogorc aRmoCnda, erT-erTi maTgani, perueli Jurnalisti viki pelaesi moskovSi SeTavazebul am winadadebas ar daTanxmda da sakuTar qveyanaSi dabruneba gadawyvita. moskovSi darCenas arc ana Cepmeni apirebs. savaraudod, is did britaneTSi gaemgzavreba sacxovreblad. ruseTis jaSuSobaSi braldebuli ramdenime adamianis Svilebi kvlav amerikaSi rCebian.

muxrovanis saqme saapelacio sasamarTloSi


Tbilisis saapelacio sasamarTlo muxrovanis amboxis saxeliT cnobili saqmis ganxilvas iwyebs. pirveli instanciis Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlom 11 ianvars gamoitana ganaCeni, romelSic braldebis mxaris versias daeTanxma. maSin sul 41 adamians hqonda sxvadasxva tipis braldeba wayenebuli. sasamarTlom maTgan mxolod erTi _ erovnuli gvardiis yofili wevri, koba kobalaZe gaamarTla xelisuflebis damxobis mizniT amboxebis nawilSi wayenebul braldebaSi. zogierTma dakavebulma ki prokuraturasTan saproceso garigeba gaaforma. xelisuflebis damxobis mizniT amboxebis mofoto zura qurcikiZe

wyobaSi dadanaSaulebul levan amiriZes, SoTa gorgiaSvilsa da koba oTanaZes xangrZlivi patimroba miesajaT. saapelacio sasamarTloSi ganaCens swored es sami msjavrdebuli da kidev 14 sxva asaCivrebs.

ricxvebi
4

217

procentiT meti turisti ewvia wels ukve aWaras, SarSandelTan SedarebiT.

67 -jer mdidaria elizabet meoreze tailandis mefe, romelic yvelaze mdidari monarqia.
liberali . ivlisi 2010 . 39

mokled
ganmartebebi CxartiSvilis Sesaxeb
eqs-premieri zurab noRaideli acxadebs, rom biznesmenma vano CxartiSvilma saqarTvelo mis gamo datova da rom xelisufleba 30 maisis arCevnebis Semdeg Tavad noRaidelis dakavebasac gegmavda. yofili premier-ministri acxadebs, rom xelisufleba mis winaaRmdeg saqmis `SeTiTxvnas~ cdilobda da vano CxartiSvils aiZulebda, mieca Cveneba, TiTqos premier-ministrad yofnis dros noRaidelma qrTami aiRo. noRaideli ambobs, rom moskovSi yofnisas telefoniT esaubra CxartiSvils da detalebi maSin gaarkvia. misi TqmiT, xelisuflebas 21 dRis ganmavlobaSi hyavda dakavebuli CxartiSvilis ojaxis wevrebi, romlebic bolos saqarTvelodan gaiparnen. yofili premier-ministri imasac ambobs, rom Tu CxartiSvili mis winaaRmdeg ar miscemda Cvenebas, soliduri Tanxis gadaxda mouwevda. ris gamo, rogor da rodis moaxerxa CxartiSvilma saqarTvelos datoveba, amaze aravin saubrobs.

citatebi

`es omi [2008 wlis] Cven ar dagviwyia da pasuxismgebloba maT ekisrebaT, vinc is daiwyo. viRac miiCnevs, rom samxreTi oseTi okupirebulia, viRac ki miiCnevs, rom gaTavisuflebulia. es ori xalxis _ qarTvelebsa da samxreT osebs Soris dialogis sagania. am dialogSi unda Sexvide mesame mxareze apelirebis gareSe~. vladimir putini 6 ivlisi, moskovi

`pirdapir vityvi, Cveni qveyana ruseTis

aurzauri magistralur gazsadenze


gasul kviras magistraluri gazsadenis Sesaxeb bevrs saubrobdnen. am sakiTxis garSemo aurzauri im sakanonmdeblo iniciativebis ganxilvas mohyva, romelTa damtkicebis SemTxvevaSi, gazsadeni strategiuli mniSvnelobis saxelmwifo obieqtebis nusxaSi aRar iqneba. parlamentSi misuli nika gilauri amtkicebda, rom mTavroba gazsadenis sakontrolo paketis privatizebas ar apirebs. Tumca iqve aRniSna, rom amis miuxedavad, 10-15 procentis londonis birJaze ganTavsebis sakiTxi ganixileba. gilauris azrs umravlesobaSi yvela ar iziarebs da, Sesabamisad, mTliani sakontrolo paketis privatizaciac SesaZleblad miaCniaT. parlamentma sadavo kanoni hilari klintonis vizitis meore dRes, pirveli mosmeniT daamtkica. magram, moulodnelad kanonproeqtis meore mosmeniT ganxilva mTavrobis moTxovnis safuZvelze gadado. cnobilia, rom gazsadenis yidviT yazaxuri `yazmunaigazi~, azerbaijanuli `sokari~ da rusuli `gazpromi~ arian dainteresebulebi.

federacias ar aqvs okupirebuli... ruseTs imaze metad ar aqvs okupirebuli afxazeTi, vidre aSS-s _ samxreTi korea an germania~. sergei baRafSi 6 ivlisi, soxumi `samwuxaro da imedis gamacruebelia is faqti, rom aSS-s ar unda is cxadi faqtebi da ubralo realoba aRiaros, romelic axla samxreT oseTSia... aSS Tavis politikas am regionSi absoluturad cru safuZvelze afuZnebs. es yvelasTvis sariskoa am regionSi, maT Soris _ saqarTvelosTvis~. eduard kokoiTi 6 ivlisi, cxinvali
200 -kilometrian gzas aagebs ruseTi Cerkaskidan soxumamde.

50

miliard aSS dolars daxarjavs BP momaval 5 weliwadSi meqsikis yureSi navTobis gaJonvis zaralis aRmosafxvrelad.

liberali . ivlisi 2010 . 39

vrclad

mestiaSi sakrebulos wevri daapatimres


giorgi WeiSvili
ivliss moinaxula. vizualuri daTvalierebiT dazianeba mxolod tariel jafariZes aReniSneboda. Tumca, man ganacxada, rom sastumro `mestiaSi~ specrazmis Sesvlisas Tavad wamohkra fexi samSeneblo nagavs, waiqca da daSavda. bagrat qiria _ `tariel jafariZes orive mxari dawiTlebuli hqonda da neknebzec SeimCneoda travmis kvali; misi pasuxis ganmapirobebeli faqtorebis Sesaxeb ki araferi vici~. TviTmxilvelebi ki adastureben, rom dapatimrebul tariel da SoTa jafariZeebs specsamsaxuris TanamSromlebma scemes. dakavebulebi imave dRes zugdidis winaswari dakavebis izolatorSi gadaiyvanes. neli naverianis gadasayvanad Tbilisidan specialuri vertmfreni Cafrinda, radgan mosaxleobam, protestis niSnad, saavtomobilo gza gadaketa. `liberalTan~ saubrisas fond `saerTaSoriso gamWvirvaloba _ saqarTvelos~ programebis direqtorma nina xatiskacma ganmarta, rom neli naverians xelT aqvs sadavo miwis nakveTis 1903 wels gaformebuli nasyidobis xelSekruleba; miwis nakveTi, romliTac ojaxi, saukuneze metia, sargeblobs, naverianis qmris babuis saxelzea gaformebuli. xatiskacis TqmiT, neli naveriani aqtiurad interesdeboda wina sakrebulos saqmianobiTa da unebarTvod gasxvisebuli miwebis samarTlebrivi safuZvlebis mokvleviT; aseve, erTerTi pirveli gamoexmaura mestiaSi 2010 wlis 3 maiss opoziciuri politikuri partiebis wevrebis mimarT ganxorcielebul Zaladobas, romelSic samegrelo-zemo svaneTis gubernatori zaza gorozia, samxareo policiis ufrosi Tengiz gunava, mestiis policiis ufrosi giorgi Sedania, misi moadgile joni

mestiis sakrebulos wevri, `aliansi saqarTvelodan~ _ neli naveriani da misi sami naTesavi: SoTa, tariel da daviT jafariZeebi 7 ivliss Tanxis gamoZalvis braldebiT daakaves. naveriani, meore welia, mama-papiseuli saTibebis dabrunebas iTxovs. es nakveTebi adgilobrivma xelisuflebam 2 wlis win, mis daukiTxavad, kanadel investors _ uiliam jeims simfsons mihyida. kanadeli investoris warmomadgeneli _ walenjixeli vinme daviT quxilava naverianTan mosalaparakeblad pirvelad adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobis periodSi gamoCnda. 7 ivliss igi mestiaSi avida da qalbaton nelisa da mis naTesavebs mosalaparakeblad sastumro `mestiaSi~ Sexvedra SesTavaza. Sexvedraze naverianis naTesavebi mividnen: mestiis municipalitetis sportis, kulturis da ZeglTa dacvis samsaxuris ufrosi daviT jafariZe, energo-pro jorjias~ mestiis samsaxuris mTavari inJineri tariel jafariZe da SoTa jafariZe. Tumca, sastumroSi SeWrilma SeiaraRebulma specrazmma isini Tanxis gamoZalvisTvis daakaves. TviTmxilvelTa gan-

cxadebiT, mosalaparakeblad misul samive pirs fizikurad gauswordnen. neli naveriani, fulis gamoZalvis braldebiT, sakuTar saxlSi daapatimres. Sinagan saqmeTa saministros gancxadebiT, jafariZeebi da naveriani kanadel investors daemuqrnen, rom Tu is 70 aTas lars ar gadaixdida, sadavo miwis nakveTze turistul bazas ar aaSenebinebdnen da mSeneblobaSi xels SeuSlidnen. policiis informaciiT, dakavebulebs xelT gamoZaluli 70 aTasi laric aRmoaCndaT. am versias Tavad mestielebi arasarwmunod miiCneven. specoperaciis Sedegad daSavda ramdenime adgilobrivi mcxovrebi, romlebic jafariZeebs gamoesarClnen. TviTmxilvelebi amtkiceben, rom `specnazelebma~ rezinis tyviebiani iaraRi gamoiyenes, ris Sedegadac xeli motyda gela jafariZes, Tavi gautyda mziuri jafariZes, xeli dauzianda inga margians, xolo epilefsiiT daavadebul, invalid goga jafariZes rezinis tyvia mucelSi moxvda. saxalxo damcvelis warmomadgenelma bagrat qiriam dakavebulebi 8

liberali . ivlisi 2010 . 39

vrclad
belqania, Sinagan saqmeTa saministros maRalCinosani anzor margiani, mestiis maJoritari deputati kandid (kaxa) kviciani da mestiis gamgebeli goCa WeliZec monawileobdnen. 3 maiss, gamgeobis SenobaSi dilis 3 saaTamde iZulebiT mihyavdaT politikuri moZraoba `Tavisuflebis~ kandidatebi da maTgan saarCevno registraciidan kandidaturis moxsnis Sesaxeb winaswar gamzadebul gancxadebebze xelis moweras moiTxovdnen. gancxadebas xeli oTxma kandidatma moawera, oTxma ki uari ganacxada; mogvianebiT kandidatura moxsna bloki `aliansi saqarTvelosaTvis~ wevrma maia CarTolanmac. politikuri moZraoba `Tavisuflebis~ warmomadgenelma, bogdan nigurianmac sakuTari kandidatura iZulebiT moxsna. leiboristuli partiis wevrma, aleko xergianma gviTxra, rom neli naverianis dakaveba pirdapir aris dakavSirebuli 3 maisis Ramis incidentTan. `xelisuflebam naverianis arCevnebis gziT CamoSoreba ver moaxerxa da mis gasaCereblad sxva xerxs mimarTa~. aRsaniSnavia, rom jafariZeebi da neli naveriani 7 ivliss diliT daakaves, xolo advokatebma maTi monaxuleba 8 ivlisis saRamomde ver moaxerxes. naverianis da misi naTesavebis sasamarTlo procesi zugdidSi 9 ivliss gaimarTa. sasamarTlom yvela dakavebuls orTviani winaswari patimroba Seufarda. mestiaSi 3 maiss momxdari incidentis gamoZieba, ukve ori Tvea, mimdinareobs. arsebobs am incidentis amsaxveli videomasala, magram gamoZiebas jerjerobiT aravin dausjia. ubralod, arCevnebis win zaza gorozia ramdenime dRiT SvebulebaSi gavida. dRes is Cveulebriv ganagrZobs saqmianobas. mestielebis nawili Tvlis, rom naveriani da misi naTesavebi politikuri niSniT dasajes.

"Zveli Tbilisis axali sicocxle" Seferxebulia


naTia axalaSvili

ukve 2 Tvea, meriam proeqt `Zveli Tbilisis axali sicocxlis~ meore etapze gamarjvebulebis gamovlena ver moaxerxa. konkursis meore etapSi CasarTavad 33-ma menaSene kompaniam meriaSi ganacxadi jer kidev maisSi Seitana. am ganacxadebis momzadebas win sakmaod Sromatevadi procesi uZRvis. menaSeneebma jer ama Tu im ezos yvela binadari unda daiTanxmon proeqtSi monawileobaze. winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi, es saxli ver moxvdeba proeqtSi; Semdeg bankebidan unda miiRon Tanxmoba, rom meriis garantiis mopovebis SemTxvevaSi, esa Tu is proeqti daufinansdebaT da mxolod amis Semdeg SeaqvT meriaSi mravali sakonkurso pirobis gaTvaliswinebiT Sedgenili ganacxadi. am programis pirvel etapSi sul 10-ma kompaniam gaimarjva da maTi proeqtebi mTlianobaSi 53 milioni lariT dafinansda. meore etapis biujetis odenoba wardgenil ganacxadebTan erTad gaizarda da 200 milioni gaxda. vrceldeba ramdenime versia, ris gamoc es procesi Seferxda. pirveli: Tanxis Semcirebas apirebs xelisufleba da procesic amitom janjldeba; meore: am proeqtis patronaJs, adgilobrivi xelisuflebis nacvlad, centraluri

xelisufleba apirebs da mesame: procesis SeferxebaSi bankebs adanaSauleben. `Cven pirveli etapis proeqtebze kidev vmuSaobT. meore etapze ki jer araferi xdeba da Cvenc velodebiT. bankis gamo, gamarjvebulebis gamovlenis procesi ar Seferxebula~, _ acxadeben `Tibisi bankSi~. samSeneblo kompaniebi gamarjvebulebis gamovlenis win Zalian Relaven. maTTvis proeqtis Semdgom etapSi monawileoba Zalian mniSvnelovania. umravlesobisTvis gamarjveba gadarCenis tolfasia. konkursSi monawile erT-erT kompaniaSi acxadeben, rom ganacxadis wardgenidan 10 dRis vadaSi, wesiT, arsebuli xarvezebi unda SeesworebinaT, magram jer es etapic ki ar damdgara. nerviuloben is adamianebic, vinc wina etapis warmatebam waaxalisa da am proeqtSi monawileoba gariskes. isini pasuxs samSeneblo kompaniebs sTxoven. Tumca, amjerad erTaderTi struqtura, romelsac pasuxis gacema SeuZlia, meriaa. meriidan ki gamarjvebulebis gamovlenis TariRisa Tu am proeqtis bedis Sesaxeb zust informacias verc menaSene kompaniebi iReben da verc Jurnalistebi.

liberali . ivlisi 2010 . 39

foto Temo barZimaSvili

ori azri
momxre gia baramiZe evroatlantikur struqturebSi integraciis sakiTxebSi saxelmwifo ministri

qarTuli profesiuli SeiaraRebuli Zalebis raodenoba imis saSualebas ar iZleva, rom Tundac saSualo masStabis agresiis pirobebSi Setevis adekvaturad mogeriebis imedi gvqondes. amisTvis CvensaviT patara saxelmwifos mTeli sazogadoebis mobilizeba sWirdeba. amitom unda iyos rezervi savaldebulo. Sveicariis msgavsi geografiuli mdebareoba rom gvqondes, romlis garSemoc sul evropuli civilizebuli saxelmwifoebia, maSin me piradad araTu savaldebulo rezervze davfiqrdebodi, aramed imazec, Tu saerTod ra raodenobis profesiuli jari unda hyavdes saqarTvelos. magaliTad israelSi, araTu rezervi, samxedro samsaxuri, mxolod kacebisTvis ki ara, qalebisTvisac savaldebuloa. 2008 wels rezervis komponentma saerTod ver imuSava. am Zalian seriozulma warumateblobam gamoavlina, rom is meTodologia, romliTac maSin rezervi mzaddeboda, absoluturad ar iyo adekvaturi. gamoCnda, rom moklevadiani jari Sedegs ar iZleva. aravis uxaria, adamiani Tavis ojaxs moswyvitos da raRac drois ganmavlobaSi sul sxva cxovrebis wesiT acxovros, magram Cveni qveynis dacva Cvenive saqmea. SeiZleba, amerikam da dasavleTma politikuri mxardaWera aRmogviCinon, magram ommac gviCvena, rom mxolod sakuTari Tavis imedi unda gvqondes, vidre nato-s wevrebi ar gavxdebiT. Zalian rTuli iqneba mxolod nebayoflobiT principze Tavdacvis ageba. aucilebelia, rom midgoma samarTliani iyos TiToeuli ojaxis TiToeuli wevris mimarT. yvelam Tanabrad unda imsaxuros Tavisi qveynis dasacavad, magram sazogadoebis udidesi nawili Tavisi surviliT am nabijs ar dgams da amitom saxelmwifom unda Seqmnas Sesabamisi meqanizmebi. SeiZleba, adamians Tavidan sulac ar undodes rezervSi wasvla, magram uSualod varjiSis dros mixvdes, rom masac sxvaze aranaklebad SeuZlia brZola da samSoblos dacvis motivaciac aumaRldes. rodesac qveyanaSi aris jansaRi politikuri situacia, roca adamians bavSvobidan unergav patriotizms _ ara yalbs, aramed jansaRs, bunebrivs, aseTi aRzrdiT jarSi wasvla moralis sakiTxi xdeba.

unda iyo rezervi sa


2008 wels rezervis komponentma saerTod ver imuSava. am warumateblobam gamoavlina, rom meTodologia, romliTac maSin rezervi mzaddeboda, absoluturad ar iyo adekvaturi. gamoCnda, rom moklevadiani jari Sedegs ar iZleva.
liberali . ivlisi 2010 . 39

ori azri
mowinaaRmdege paata gigauri sazogadoebrivi organizacia `aisi, gamgeobis Tavmjdomare

os Tu ara avaldebulo
aseTi SemTxvevebisgan Tavis dasacavad da maqsimalurad profesionali jaris Sesaqmnelad dasavleT evropaSi gavrcelebulia moxaliseobis principi, radgan aucilebeli araa, yvela mamakacma iaraRi daiWiros da frontze ibrZolos.
liberali . ivlisi 2010 . 39

2008 wlis omis dros naTlad gamoCnda, rom rezervis programam ver imuSava. aRmoCnda, rom rezervistebis nawils ara marto brZolis survili ar aqvs, aramed es arc fizikurad SeuZlia da arc moralurad. oms am adamianebSi panikis garda araferi gamouwvevia. is dro da finansuri resursi, romelic TiToeul aramotivirebul rezervistze daixarja, gaflangulia. es imis Sedegia, rom rezervistebis umravlesoba ubralod movaleobis moxdis mizniT gadioda kurss. aseT pirs, jobs, saerTod ar hqondes iaraRi, radgan adamiani Tu momzadebuli araa, an Tavis Tavs daiWris, an Tavisianebs SeuSlis xels. samwuxarod, 2008 wels moxda kidec ubeduri SemTxveva, romelsac ramdenime rezervistis sicocxle da sxvebis janmrTeloba Seewira. aseTi SemTxvevebisgan Tavis dasacavad da maqsimalurad profesionali jaris Sesaqmnelad dasavleT evropaSi sakmaod gavrcelebulia moxaliseobis principi, radgan aucilebeli araa, yvela mamakacma iaraRi daiWiros da frontze ibrZolos. magaliTad, 2008 wlis omis dros SeiZleba gvyoloda saTanadod momzadebuli jgufi, romelic daWrilebis da bazebis evakuaciaze izrunebda, imdeni samxedro teqnika rom ar dagvekarga, ramdenic davkargeT. ar vTvli, rom Tu rezervi nebayoflobiTi gaxdeba, qveyanas sakmarisi samxedro Tavdacva aRar eqneba. 2008 wlis movlenebma realurad gamoafxizla sazogadoeba. omamde `aisSi samxedro samoyvarulo wvrTnebis sul ramdenime msurveli gvyavda. omis Semdeg ki 200 adamiani gaiwvrTna, maT Soris rezervisti biWebi da gogonebic ki, miuxedavad imisa, rom raime samxedro wodebas Cven ver gavcemT. qarTvelebs gvaxasiaTebs xolme, kritikul situaciaSi yvela mamakaci komisariatSi mirbis da iaraRs iTxovs. imisTvis, rom am adamianebma SeZlon qveynis dacva, aucilebelia, hqondeT SesaZlebloba, gaiaron samxedro momzadeba. magram rezervi savaldebulo unda iyos mxolod kontraqtiT momsaxure jariskacebisTvis. winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi, Tu samoqalaqo pirs Tavad ar unda brZola, rezervs sasurveli efeqti ver eqneba.

mTavari Tema

hilari klintoni qarTvel lider qalebTan Sexvedraze erovnul biblioTekaSi, Tbilisi, 5 ivlisi 2010

"gmadlobT, rom akeTebT Jurnals, romelsac "liberali" hqvia"


The plane is wheels down! (TviTmfrinavi dafrinda!) Tqva amerikis saelCos erT-erTma TanamSromelma da ufro swrafad daiwyo rigebs Soris siaruli. am wuTidan amerikis SeerTebuli Statebis saxelmwifo mdivnis usafrTxoeba da vizitis lojistika mTlianad saelCos pasuxismgebloba xdeboda. erovnuli biblioTekis darbazSi 140-mde `qali lideri~ iyo Sekrebili da hilari klintons eloda. mogvianebiT, saxelmwifo mdivnis TbilisSi vizitis 6-saaTiani stenografiuli Canawerebis wakiTxvis mere davrwmundi, rom es 5 ivlisis yvelaze saintereso Sexvedra iyo (ixileT momdevno gverdebi da nawyvetebi am Sexvedridan). Seewireba Tu ara saqarTvelo ruseT-amerikis axal urTierTobebs da, aseve, nawilobriv arapopularuli prodasavluri xelisuflebis, susti prodasavluri opoziciis da mosalodneli mSvidi 2-3-wliani periodis gamo, eWvqveS xom ar SeiZleba dadges saqarTvelos prodasavluri orientacia? _ es im SekiTxvis perifrazia, romelic klintons davusvi. man ki kiTxvaze pasuxi ase daiwyo: `pirvel yovlisa, gmadlobT, rom akeTebT Jurnals, romelsac `liberali~ hqvia, rac kargi sityvaa, miuxedavad imisa, rom Cems qveyanaSic bevri wlis manZilze cdilobdnen, rom is warmoeCinaT, rogorc miuRebeli. roca es sityva ismis, igulisxmeba, arsebiTad igulisxmeba Tavisuflebis mniSvneloba da sapasuxismgeblo gadawyvetilebebi, TviTmyofadoba da ase Semdeg~. Sorena SaverdaSvili

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liberali . ivlisi 2010 . 39

foto zura qurcikiZe

mTavari Tema

nawyvetebi hilari klintonis gamosvlebidan


Tbilisi, 5 ivlisi 2010
yuradReba gavamaxvileT am teritoriebze humanitaruli misiis Sesvlis aucileblobazec. Cven arc momavalSi movaklebT Zalisxmevas konfliqtis mSvidobianad dasrulebaze zrunvas da amisTvis aRiarebul saerTaSoriso meqanizmebsa da konstruqciul, araZaladobriv gzebs gamoviyenebT~. xelmwifo, rogoric mxolod saukeTeso momavalSia SesaZlebeli~.

foto zura qurcikiZe

erovnul biblioTekaSi, qarTvel lider qalebTan Sexvedrisas, 2010 wlis 5 ivlisi


`vidre saqarTveloSi Camovidodi, amerikis SeerTebuli Statebis elCma saqarTveloSi, jon basma momwera, rom qalebi saqarTveloSi mimdinare cvlilebebis mTavar mamoZravebel Zalas warmoadgenen. Tumca, es Tqvens istoriaSi axali tendencia araa. didi xania, aRfrTovanebuli var Tamar mefiT. amerikeli Jurnalistebis nawilma SeiZleba arc icodes, rom Tamar mefe iyo qali, romelic qveyanas oqros xanaSi SeuZRva. ar arsebobs mizezi, romlis gamoc, 21-e saukunec ar SeiZleba iqces meore oqros epoqad saqarTvelosTvis. da vidre Cven vexmarebiT saqarTvelos pozitiuri cvlilebis ganxorcielebaSi, evropasTan daaxloebasa da nato-Si gawevrianebaSi, roca iReben gardamtexi mniSvnelobis mqone sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqss, roca xdeba qarTuli policiuri Zalebis gardaqmna, roca arseboben iseTi organizaciebi, rogorebicaa axalgazrda iuristTa asociacia, samarTliani arCevnebisa da demokratiis saerTaSoriso sazogadoeba, roca kanonis uzenaesoba mkvidrdeba da xelisuflebis reagireba umjobesdeba, me vxedav qalebs, romlebic am procesSi gadamwyvet rols asruleben. samoqalaqo sazogadoeba aris is webo, romelic kravs da aerTianebs saxelmwifos. mravalgzis gamocdili da damtkicebuli simarTlea isic, rom

prezident mixeil saakaSvilisa da aSS-s saxelmwifo mdivnis hilari klintonis erToblivi preskonferencia, prezidentis sasaxle, 5 ivlisi, 2010.
`sajarod minda, ganvacxado is, rac kerZo saubrebSi aRvniSne. saqarTveloSi Camovedi Cemi da prezident obamas calsaxa poziciis dasadastureblad. amerikis SeerTebul Statebs mtkiced aqvs gadawyvetili, mxari dauWiros saqarTvelos damoukideblobasa da teritoriul mTlianobas. aSS ar cnobs gavlenebis sferos. es pozicia pirdapir davafiqsireT Cvens rus partniorebTanac da bolos es vaSingtonSi, 24 ivnisis Sexvedraze gavakeTeT. Cven kvlavac movuwodebT ruseTs, Seasrulos 2008 wlis SeTanxmeba cecxlis Sewyvetis Sesaxeb, romelsac xels prezidenti saakaSvili da prezidenti medvedevi aweren da romlis mixedviTac, unda dasruldes saqarTvelos okupacia, rusuli jarebi ki samxreTi oseTisa da afxazeTis teritoriidan konfliqtiswina poziciebs unda daubrundnen.

`...Jenevis procesisadmi Cveni damokidebuleba aseTia _ vecdebiT, maqsimalurad CaverToT am procesSi da wina planze wamovwioT is sakiTxebi, romlebic mniSvnelovania konfliqtis mosagvareblad. magaliTad, daJinebiT movuwodebdiT afxazeTis de faqto xelisuflebas, konstruqciulad CarTuliyvnen Jenevis samSvidobo molaparakebebSi. Cveni mxridan am mimarTulebiT diplomatiuri Zalisxmeva dRemde ar wydeba. am etapze ar SemiZlia, zustad ganvsazRvro dro, Tu rodis gadawydeba es sakiTxi. didi imedi maqvs, rom es axlo momavalSi iqneba SesaZlebeli. Tumca, ra periodic unda dasWirdes amas _ Tveebi Tu wlebi _ mniSvnelovania, rom saqarTvelom modernizaciisken mimarTuli reformebis cikli ganagrZos, radgan... reformebis gagrZeleba pirvel rigSi qarTveli xalxisTvis gankuTvnili mniSvnelovani gzavnili iqneba, aseve es iqneba gzavnili samxreT oseTsa da afxazeTSi mcxovrebi adamianebisTvisa da rusuli da danarCeni mxareebisTvisac, rom qarTuli demokratia, qarTuli ekonomika kvlavac win miiwevs, rom okupaciis gamo ar Sesustebula saqarTvelos xelisuflebisa da qarTveli xalxis mowadineba, aaSenon iseTi Zlieri sa-

liberali . ivlisi 2010 . 39

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mTavari Tema
saWiroa pasuxismgeblobiT savse xelisufleba, Tavisufali, efeqturad gamarTuli bazari. magram im adgils, sadac sicocxle Rirs _ sivrces mTavrobasa da ekonomikas Soris _ samoqalaqo sazogadoeba hqvia. es is adgilia, sadac SegviZlia vicxovroT Cvens ojaxebTan erTad; esaa adgili, sadac SegviZlia, vuerTguloT Cvens rwmenas... esaa adgili, sadac demokratiis gaZlierebaSi viwvrTnebiT~. li gamoTqmaa. Cven gadavwyviteT, rom gvsurda ruseTTan urTierTobis gamosworeba, radgan roca prezidentma obamam da me Cveni qveynis sagareo politikaze pasuxismgebloba aviReT, es sakiTxi Zalian dabal doneze idga. iyo bevrnairi undobloba, rac mravali tipis gaugebrobas da sxva problemebs warmoSobs xolme. amitom Zalisxmeva ar daviSureT, rom ruseTTan ukeTesi urTierTobis damyarebaze gvezruna da garkveuli Sedegic ukve saxezea. gvaqvs axali xelSekruleba strategiuli iaraRis Semcirebaze, raTa orive mxarem SevamciroT birTvuli iaraRi. es Cemi azriT mniSvnelovania, radgan mxolod Cven orni mTel msoflioSi arsebuli birTvuli SeiaraRebis 90 procentze mets vflobT. Cven vmuSaobT imisTvisac, rom SevaCeroT CrdiloeT korea, irani da maTi birTvuli programebi da roca es sakiTxi wamovWeriT, jer kidev ar iyo garkveuli, dagveTanxmeboda Tu ara ruseTi iranis Temaze; axla ruseTi mxars uWers Cvens Zalisxmevas avRaneTSic. ruseTTan mimarTebaSi dadebiTi Zvra moxda bevri sxva mimarTulebiTac. Tumca, am yvelafris paralelurad, Cven vgmobT da vakritikebT ruseTis im qmedebebs, romlebic, Cveni azriT, mcdaria. da upirvelesad aseT qmedebebSi saqarTveloSi SemoWrasa da qveynis okupacias vgulisxmobT. Cven amas vambobT, Cven ase vfiqrobT da Cven vcdilobT, gagimagroT zurgi, rac im safrTxesTan gasamklaveblad gWirdebaT, romelic, Tqveni azriT, ruseTisgan modis. cota SemaSfoTa Tqvenma sityvebma da opoziciuri partiidan axalgazrda qalis sityvebma, rom igrZnoba mzardi imedgacrueba, rom dasavleTisgan Tqven gverdiT uxvevT. amis warmodgena CemTvis SeuZlebelia. ar vici, ar SemiZlia, ubralod Cemi warmosaxvis sazRvrebs scdeba imis gageba, rom qveyana, romelmac ase mtkiced ibrZola damoukideblobisTvis, sirTuleebis miuxedavad, sxva potenciuri gzis Ziebas daiwyebs~.

`xSirad vfiqrob xolme axal demokratiebze, radgan Cemma qveyanam guSin damoukideblobis deklaraciis miRebidan 234-e wlisTavi izeima. demokratiul qveynebSi, konstituciis mier dadgenili wesebiT vcxovrobT, Cven rigrigobiT vmarTavT saxelmwifos. arCevnebis dasrulebis Semdeg, arCeuli kandidati valdebulia, qveynis gamTlianebisTvis izrunos da politikuri gaxleCva ar dauSvas. darbazSi ori qali SevniSne, romelTac Cemi saprezidento kampaniis droindeli maisurebi ecvaT, aman ki kidev erTxel Semaxsena, Tuki mWirdeboda saerTod Sexseneba, rom prezident obamas winaaRmdeg Zalian mZime brZola gamoviare. mTeli Cemi ZalebiT vcdilobdi mis damarcxebas, magram warumateblad. da roca misTvis winaaRmdegobis nacvlad, misi mxardaWera daviwye, esec Cemi mosazrebis nawili iyo, Tu ra mimaCnia Cveni qveynisTvis saukeTesod. da roca man gaimarjva, Cemda gasakvirad, saxelwmifo mdivnis posti SemomTavaza. am ambavma, mTel msoflioSi uamrav adamians gauCina kiTxva: `rogor SegiZlia iyo misi politikuri oponenti da imuSao Sens yofil metoqesTan?~ pasuxi ki Zalian martivi iyo: Cven orives gviyvars Cveni qveyana. da demokratiaSi dgeba xolme dro, roca politika unda gaCerdes da saxelmwifos marTva daiwyos...~

`... ra Tqma unda, yuradRebas vamaxvilebT problemebzec, rogoricaa sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsi, damoukidebeli sasamarTlo Tu Tavisufali media. am problemebze vsaubrobT, rogorc saqarTvelos megobrebi, rogorc misi mxardamWerebi, radgan Cven gvjera, rom saqarTvelos demokratiulobas didi mniSvneloba aqvs. dRes mogvianebiT opoziciis liderebsac Sevxvdebi, rogorc amas xSirad vakeTeb xolme msoflios sxva qveynebSic. magram vfiqrob, rom Tavisi wili pasuxismgebloba ukve opoziciasac aqvs. amitom vsaubrobdi qveynis momavlis mimarT xedvis mniSvnelobaze da imaze, rom es xedva erTad orives pasuxismgeblobaa _ xelisuflebaSi da opoziciaSi myofTaTvis. vfiqrob, rom dRevandel msoflioSi demokratiis erT-erTi yvelaze didi safrTxe isaa, rom demokratia kargavs unars, xalxs realuri Sedegebi aCvenos, radgan xelisuflebisa da opoziciis liderebi mTel dros xelisuflebisTvis brZolas andomeben. ... raRac etapze konsolidaciaa saWiro iseTi sakiTxebis gadaWrisTvis, rogoricaa mwvave ekonomikuri krizisi, romelic mTel msoflios Seexo... is problemebi, romlebic adamianebs yoveldRiurad awuxebT _ dasaqmeba, kreditis xelmisawvdomoba, jandacva Tu ganaTleba, an politikur sibrtyeSi informaciis xelmisawvdomoba _ es yvelaferi Tanabar pasuxismgeblobas akisrebs mTavrobebs, Jurnalistebs da moqalaqeebs... darwmunebuli var, rom yvelam mTavrobaSic, opoziciaSic da sazogadoebaSic qveynis prioritetebis gansazRvra da maTi Sesruleba unda daiwyos imisTvis, rom TvalsaCino gaxdes _ demokratias SeuZlia iyos efeqturi~.

`vfiqrob, rom amerikas ori saqmis erTdroulad keTeba SeuZlia. es Zve-

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mTavari Tema

klintonis politikuri gzavnilebi


interviu sagareo saqmeTa ministris moadgilesTan, giga bokeriasTan

obamas administraciis kritikosebi acxadebdnen, rom amerika-ruseTis e.w. `gadatvirTvis~ politikas amerikis mokavSire patara qveynebis interesebi Seewireboda. gasca Tu ara damajerebeli pasuxi am eWvebs aSS-s saxelmwifo mdivnis hilari klintonis saqarTveloSi vizitma? arsebuli administraciis politikis kritika normaluri movlenaa yvela Tavisufal qveyanaSi. ar vapireb SeerTebuli Statebis Sida diskusiaSi Cabmas. Cven arasdros migvaCnda, rom aSS-ruseTis urTierTobebs saqarTvelos interesebi Seewireboda.

Tumca, Tu Tavidan iyo raime gaurkvevloba da gadatvirTvasTan dakavSirebiT kiTxvebi arsebobda, CvenTvis sakmaod male gaxda met-naklebad naTeli aSS-s politikis konturebi. jer kidev gasul zafxuls prezidenti obama moskovSi Cavida da iq xazgasmiT isaubra saqarTveloze da im sakiTxebze, rac CvenTvis yvelaze mniSvnelovania. amas mohyva vice-prezident jo baidenis viziti TbilisSi, sadac man, aseve yovelgvari bundovanebis gareSe, gaakeTa mniSvnelovani politikuri gzavnilebi. anu obamas administraciis poli-

roca arsebobs spekulaciebi obamas administraciis mxardaWeris Temaze, saWiroa am kiTxvaze mudmivad pasuxis gacema da saxelmwifo mdivanma, Cemi azriT, es Zalian efeqturad SeZlo.
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foto levan xerxeuliZe

mTavari Tema
tika saqarTvelosTan mimarTebaSi dRes ar dawyebula. Tumca, cxadia, nebismieri TanamSromloba erTxel gakeTebuli gancxadeba ar aris. is unda grZeldebodes; miT umetes, roca arsebobs spekulaciebi obamas administraciis mxardaWeris Temaze, saWiroa am kiTxvaze mudmivad pasuxis gacema da saxelmwifo mdivanma, Cemi azriT, es Zalian efeqturad SeZlo. erT rames mivaqcevdi yuradRebas _ Tu ra detalurad isaubra saxelmwifo mdivanma, magaliTad, Jenevis molaparakebebis Sesaxeb. gaeca pasuxi spekulaciebs im Temazec, rom aSS-s ar ainteresebs da ar aris CarTuli molaparakebaTa am formatSi. saxelmwifo mdivnis aseTi CarTuloba Jenevis procesSi, aseve okupirebul teritoriebTan dakavSirebiT misi calsaxa definiciebi ra gavlenas iqoniebs Jenevis molaparakebebze? Jenevis molaparakebebSi seriozuli problemebi arsebobs moskovis uaRresad arakonstruqciuli poziciis gamo. es problemebi albaT gagrZeldeba. Tumca, Zalian mniSvnelovania, rom Cvens mTavar partniors _ aSS-s myari pozicia aqvs da kargad aris garkveuli sakiTxSi. klintonma moaxerxa am CarTulobis mkafiod demonstrireba. putini myisierad gamoexmaura klintonis mier TbilisSi gakeTebul gancxadebebs. politikuri mimomxilvelebi miiCneven, rom ruseTis premieri SedarebiT TavSekavebuli iyo, roca klintonis gancxadebas akritikebda. politikuri mimomxilveli ar var, magram SemiZlia mivce Tavs ufleba da vTqva, rom putinis tradiciulad cinikuri gancxadeba Zalian TavdacviTi iyo. miuxedavad yvelafrisa, ruseTi ar aris CrdiloeTi korea, romelsac ar aRelvebs, Tu rogor miiRebs danarCeni msoflio imas, rasac is akeTebs. ruseTs surs, rom is, rac man saqarTveloSi Caidina, msofliom miiRos rogorc respeqtabeluri mdgomareoba. bunebrivia, iseTi qveynis calsaxa pozicia, rogoricaa aSS, yvela SemTxvevaSi mniSvnelovani faqtoria saerTaSoriso TanamegobrobisTvis, maT Soris iseTi cinikuri xelmZRvanelobisTvisac ki, romelsac dRes kremlSi vxedavT. aSS-s pozicia imdenad mniSvnelovani faqtoria, rom SeiZleba saqarTveloruseTis urTierTobaSi garkveuli cvlilebebi moxdes? myisierad ara. amis aranairi winapiroba dRes ar arsebobs. Cveni survilia ruseTTan civilizebuli urTierTobebi Camoyalibdes. saboloo jamSi am urTierTobebis normalizeba moxdeba maSin, rodesac kremlis strategiuli amocana fundamenturad Seicvleba. dRes maTi strategiuli amocanaa saqarTvelos suverenitetis mospoba. am sakiTxSi moskovis poziciis Secvlas mniSvnelovnad gaaadvilebs, Tuki am amocanis miRweva misTvis rTuli, SeuZlebeli gaxdeba. saWiroa Cveni sazogadoebis mzadyofna am grZelvadian, mtkice da Tanmimdevrul brZolaSi Casabmelad. gvWirdeba aseve mTavari partniorebis mxardaWera, rogorc ruseTis agresiis mniSvnelovani Semakavebeli faqtori. es moklevadiani procesi ar iqneba. moxaruli viqnebi, Tu vcdebi. manamde ruseTTan teqnikur sakiTxebzec ar Rirs saubari? _ magaliTad, vizebis gacemis ganaxleba, sahaero mimosvlis aRdgena. vizebis gacema Cven ar Segviwyvetia da Cven ver ganvaaxlebT. igive exeba sahaero mimosvlas. cxadia, Tu ruseTi meorexarisxovani sakiTxebis mogvarebaze wamova, Cven mxolod mivesalmebiT. Tumca, aq ar unda dagvaviwydes mTavari _ am nabijebma, Tumca jer arc es Cans, ar unda gadafaros fundamenturi problemebi. arc Cven unda movityuoT Tavi da arc saerTaSoriso partniorebs unda mivceT amis ufleba. 90-ian wlebSi Cven daviviwyeT, rom ruseTTan fundamenturi problemebi gvqonda, magram am problemebma axali ZaliT iCina Tavi da es mudmivad ase iqneba. Cven da ruseTis sxva mezoblebsac erTi da igive problema gvaqvs _ moskovis mxridan Tavisi mezoblebis suverenitetis fundamenturi miuRebloba. saxelmwifo mdivnis vizitis dros iyo Tu ara saubari amerikel partniorebTan im sakonstitucio cvlilebebze, romlebic qveyanaSi igegmeba da ra rekomendaciebi miiReT? reformebTan, maT Soris sakonstitucio reformebTan dakavSirebiT mudmivad xdeba Cveni partniorebis informireba. aq araviTari saidumlo ar aris. iseTi urTierToba ar gvaqvs, rom raime sakiTxze myisierad miviRoT rekomendacia Cveni mTavari partniorisgan. zogadad, Cveni partniorebi, iseve rogorc mTeli Cveni sazogadoeba, xelisufleba da, me vTvli, rom politikuri speqtris didi nawilic, miiCneven, rom saqarTvelos Semdgomi svla stabiluri, liberaluri demokratiisken sakonstitucio reformasac gulisxmobs. axali modeli iqneba ufro dabalansebuli, vidre aqamde. es raime revoluciuri aRmoCena ar aris. amaze, didi xania, miRweulia konsensusi. konkretuli detalebis ganxilva arc erTi Cveni partnioris saqme ar aris. bunebrivia, veneciis komisia mogvcems detalebze mniSvnelovan rekomendaciebs, Tumca am SemTxvevaSic, saboloo gadawyvetileba saqarTveloSi miiReba. swored amitom hqvia saqarTvelos suverenuli qveyana. esaubra sofo bukia

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liberali . ivlisi 2010 . 39

mTavari Tema
Tvalsazrisi

klintonis vizitis kapitali


hilari klintonis vizitma cxadyo, rom barak obamas administraciam SeimuSava mkafio politika saqarTvelos mimarT.

irakli alasania, `Cveni saqarTvelo _ Tavisufali demokratebis~ lideri


hilari klintonis viziti mniSvne- garemos Tvisobrivad Sesacvlelad. es qarTuli sazogadoebisTvis, ise Cveni lovania ara marto saqarTvelosa da iqneba ara konkretuli partiis an opo- partniorebisTvis, ra Tqma unda, miuamerikis ormxrivi strategiuli ur- ziciisTvis, aramed mTeli saqarTvelos- Rebelia sqema, rom saakaSvilma moirgos TierTobisTvis, aramed _ mTlianad Tvis gaweuli daxmareba. konstitucia ise, rom Semdeg sxva forregionisTvisac. amerikis mxridan es adgilobrivma arCevnebma kidev er- miT gaagrZelos xelisuflebaSi yofna. iyo strategiuli partniorobis erT- Txel dagvanaxa, rom qarTuli saarCevno saxelmwifo mdivanma yuradReba gaagulebis kidev erTi dadastureba. Cemi garemo Sors dgas demokratiuli stan- maxvila strategiuli TanamSromlobis gadmosaxedidan am vizits ori ZiriTadi dartebisgan. ra Tqma unda, es iyo win TiTqmis yvela sferoze da maT Soris datvirTva hqonda. gadadgmuli nabiji, radgan kandidatebi usafrTxoebaze. vilaparakeT regioerTi _ naTeli gaxda, rom amerikis erTmaneTs upirispirdebodnen intele- nul usafrTxoebaze, im viTarebaze, damokidebuleba saqarTvelos mimarT, qtualurad, sxvadasxva Temis garSemo rac aris Seqmnili okupirebul teriruseTTan dawyebuli axali urTierTo- da es iyo swori politikuri kulturis toriebze. saqarTvelos amerikis mxribis miuxedavad, ar icvleba; piriqiT, damkvidrebis pirveli nabiji. Tumca, dan usafrTxoebis garantiebis Seqmnis gadatvirTvis politika xels TvalsazrisiT myari mxardaWera Seuwyobs saqarTvelo-amerikis eqneba. strategiuli urTierTobebis TavisTavad termini, romelic klintonTan visaubreT imaze, kidev ufro gamyarebas. saqaraxla iwyebs damkvidrebas _ `okurom saqarTvelo ar aris ruseTi da Tvelo ar iqneba mitovebuli pirebuli teritoria~ _ rogorc da gacvlili. Cveni erovnuli amerikel politikosebSi, aseve, saakaSvili ar aris putini, amitom usafrTxoebis xarjze ar daredidi imedi gvaqvs, evropel poliputinizaciis gegma ar imuSavebs. gulirdeba ruseT-amerikis urtikosebsa da sagareo politikuTierToba. Tumca unda aRvniSri elitis warmomadgenlebSic _ no, rom yvela gancxadeba, maT kidev erTi elementia, rac afxaSoris barak obamas gancxadeba zeTisa da cxinvalis regionis moskovSi vizitisas, swored am politi- iyo bevri xarvezi. araRiarebis politikas gaamyarebs. ar kur xazs mihyveba. gamixarda, rom qalbatoni klintonisa gvaqvs iluzia, rom uaxloes periodSi meore _ ukve gamoCnda, rom amerikam da amerikis administraciis SemoTava- raime cvlileba moxdeba qarTul-afxaSeimuSava politika saqarTvelosTan zeba Cems samomavlo gegmebs daemTxva. zur da qarTul-osur urTierTobebSi, mimarTebaSi. iyo eWvi, rom axali admi- didi xania vambob, rom CemTvis priori- magram es araRiarebis politika imisTvis nistraciis politika saqarTvelosTan tetia politikuri organizaciis, par- gvWirdeba, rom viTareba im teritoriemimarTebaSi Camouyalibebelia, konkre- tiis Camoyalibeba, misi struqturebis bze, romlebic okupirebulad iTvleba, tulad vgulisxmob Sida politikur vi- gaZliereba da am kuTxiTac, opoziciis mTeli msoflios mier adekvaturad SeTarebasTan dakavSirebiT maT pozicias. partiuli mSeneblobisTvis, amerika mi- fasdes, Semdeg ki ukve nabijebis gadadgdemokratiuli institutebis mSene- zanmimarTul daxmarebas gamoyofs. ma daviwyoT. bloba, saqarTveloSi saarCevno garemos Zalian mniSvnelovani iyo aqcenti mTavaria, rom es molaparakebebi SesSecvla da saqarTvelos momzadeba moma- sakonstitucio cvlilebebTan dakav- ruldes da konkretuli nabijebi gavali arCevnebisTvis aris qarTul-ameri- SirebiT, romelic Cvens qveyanaSi mza- daidgas. ramdenime dReSi cvlilebebs kuli urTierTobebis mTavari amocana. ddeba. hilari klintonTan visaubreT ver vigrZnobT, magram Rrmad mwams qarqalbatoni hilari dagvpirda, rom mo- imaze, rom saqarTvelo ar aris ruseTi Tul-amerikuli urTierTobebis momamavali arCevnebisTvis soliduri daxma- da saakaSvili ar aris putini, amitom pu- vlis da imis, razec qalbaton klintonreba gamoiyofa saqarTveloSi saarCevno tinizaciis gegma ar imuSavebs. rogorc Tan vilaparakeT.

liberali . ivlisi 2010 . 39

15

mTavari Tema
Tvalsazrisi

isev varsqen pitiaxSis saqarTvelo


Seicvala Tu ara saqarTveloSi qalebis mdgomareoba me-5 saukunis Semdeg? naklebad.

ana doliZe
`odes yofil ars aqamomde, Tumca masaqarTveloSi poziciis sajarod gasajaro sferoSi qalebis monawileomaTa da dedaTa erTad eWamaT puri?~ _ moxatvisa da gadawyvetilebis miRebis bis nakleboba ekonomikuri, socialuri ambobs ganrisxebuli varsqeni `SuSanikis mniSvnelovan upiratesobas mamakacebi da kulturuli winaRobebis bralia. wamebaSi~. floben. arada, swored qalebis saja- saqarTvelos saxelmwifo ki maTi mo2010 wlis 5 ivliss hilari klinton- ro sferoSi meti CarTviT mivaRwevT im nawileobisTvis pirobebis Sesaqmnelad Tan Sesaxvedrad 140-mde qali Seikriba. mdgomareobas, roca ucxoel stumreb- arafers akeTebs; xandaxan ki, sxvadasxva sxva delegaciebis da ucxouri stumre- Tan qalTa Sexvedrebis gamarTva saWiro interesisadmi msxverplSewirvis gamo, bis vizitebisagan gansxvavebiT, es Sexve- aRar iqneba. qalebisTvis mxolod ukeTe- maT mdgomareobas amZimebs kidec. gadra specialurad mxolod qalebisTvis si socialur-ekonomikuri pirobebis Se- vixsenoT Tundac is, rom axali Sromis moewyo. Tumca, Sexvedris stenografiu- qmniT mivaRwevT imas, rom mniSvnelovan kodeqsi orsuli qalis samsaxuridan li Canaweridan irkveva, rom monawileTa Sexvedrebze Tanabrad ismodes, rogorc daTxovnisagan damcvel meqanizmebs ar Soris aravin aRmoCnda iseTi, Seicavs. vinc qalebisaTvis yvelaze sahilari klintonTan misuli 140 Wirboroto problemas wamowarmatebuli qalis arseboba qmnis monawileTa Soris aravin aRmoCnda Wrida da ityoda, rom saqarcru warmodgenas, rom saqarTveiseTi, vinc qalebisaTvis yvelaze TveloSi qalebs uTanasworod loSi qalebis mdgomareoba dasaWirboroto problemas wamoWrida epyrobian. makmayofilebelia. Tumca, am 140 amis nacvlad, liderma qaqalis garda, saqarTveloSi cxoda ityoda, rom saqarTveloSi qalebs lebma yuradReba gaamaxviles vrobs bevrad meti mSromeli da uTanasworod epyrobian. okupirebul teritoriebze, mcodne qali, romelic, socialruseT-saqarTvelos urTierekonomikuri da kulturuli baTobebze, amerikasa da ruseTs rierebis gamo, sajaro sferoSi am Soris urTierTobebis ganaxlebasa da mamakacebis, ise qalebis azri. doziT monawileobas verafriT SeZlebs. qveyanaSi demokratiuli institutebis am mxriv, saqarTveloSi samarcxvino swored amitom, hilari klintonTan ganviTarebaze. viTarebaa. Sexvedraze misuli qalbatonebis misia es sakiTxebi, cxadia, umniSvnelo ar 2002 wlis aRweris monacemebiT, sa- am problemebze saubari unda yofiliyo. aris. Tumca, sazogadoebrivi sivrce am qarTvelos mosaxleobis umravlesoba maT unda wamoeWraT sakiTxebi, romelTemebiT isedac gajerebulia, oRond qalia. qalebi maSinac umravlesobaSi Tac mamakacebis mier monopolizebul _ mxolod mamakacTa mxridan. Jurnal arian, roca umaRlesi ganaTlebis mqone da gansazRvrul sivrceSi versad waawy`solidarobis~ 35-e nomerSi gamoqvey- moqalaqeebze midgeba saqme. magaliTad, debiT. problemebi, romelTa gadaWrac nebuli, Cem mier Catarebuli kvleva 2002 wels saqarTveloSi iyo umaRlesi Seqmnida qalebis mdgomareobis zogadi cxadhyofs, rom saxelmwifo da kerZo ganaTlebis mqone 42 aTasi qali da 36 da Zirfesviani gaumjobesebis saSualeteleviziebis popularul sazogadoe- aTasi mamakaci. swored am maCveneblis bas. da aseve aRmofxvrida qalebisaTvis briv-politikur gadacemebSi stumarTa gamo, miT ufro samarcxvinoa is, rom amgvari `specialuri~ Sexvedrebis gamar2/3-ze meti mamakacia. sajaro sferoSi monawile qalebis rao- Tvis saWiroebas. gamodis, rom varsqen pitiaxSis si- denoba ase mcirea. 18 ministridan Cvenmxolod ase, problemis gamomzeuretyvebi saqarTveloSi kvlavac aqtualu- Tan qali mxolod oria. parlamentis 150 bisTvis TiToeuli sajaro SesaZlebloria. mamakacebi da qalebi ikribebian da wevridan qali mxolod rvaa. 2009 wlis bis gamoyenebiT Tu mivaRwevT imas, rom saubroben erTsa da imave sakiTxebze, monacemebiT, saqarTvelos 40 elCidan 21-e saukunis saqarTveloSi varsqen pimxolod amas cal-calke akeTeben. mxolod xuTia qalbatoni. tiaxSis sityvebi aRaravis gaaxsendes.

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liberali . ivlisi 2010 . 39

mezoblebi
CrdiloeTi kavkasia

kavkasiuri vendeta
sisxlis aRebis wesi dRemde samarTlis alternativaa CrdiloeT kavkasiaSi.
laura xasanova

6 ivliss, kislovodskSi ruseTis mTavrobis meTauris vladimir putinisa da inguSeTis prezidentis iunus-bek evkurovis Sexvedraze kavkasiuri sisxlis aRebis wesis Taobaze mimdinareobda msjeloba. inguSeTis prezidentma moaxsena premiers, rom wina welTan SedarebiT, inguSeTSi 157 gadamterebuli ojaxis Serigeba moxerxda. man isic dasZina, rom moxerxda mkvlelobisTvis sisxlis aRebis gamosasyidis asi aTasidan erT milion rublamde aweva. `ase sisxlis amRebebs vebrZviT~, _ Tqva man. vladimir putinma Tavis mxriv ganacxada, rom `kargi iqneboda TandaTanobiT yvela am tradiciis moSla da urTierTobebis Tanamedrove meTodebiT mogvareba. da saerTod, ukeTesia, Tu saqme kanonis amgvar darRvevamde ar miva~. kavkasiaSi sisxlis aRebis wesi uZvelesi droidan arsebobs da dResac, 21-e saukuneSi kvlav aqtualuria. cxadia, droTa gan-

mavlobaSi sisxliani SurisZiebis tradiciebi icvleba, magram maTi sruliad aRmofxvrisgan jer Soria. erT-erTi problema isic aris, rom moskovma ver Seqmna CrdiloeT kavkasiaSi iseTi samarTlebrivi meqanizmebi, romelic adgilobrivi mosaxleobisTvis am adaTs Caanacvlebda. `sisxlis aRebis wesi kavkasiaSi, Crdilo-aRmosavleTi nawilis garda, yvelgan moqmedebs. daRestanSi, inguSeTsa da CeCneTSi dRes, sisxlis aRebisa da SuRlis Sewyvetis sanacvlod, fuls ixdian. adre ase ar iyo~, _ ambobs emil suleimanovi, praRis karlis universitetis ruseTisa da aRmosavleTi evropis kvlevaTa kaTedris doqtori. bolo ori aTwleulis manZilze CeCneTSi mkveTrad imata sisxlis aRebis SemTxvevebma. `rodesac omi mimdinareobs da sayovelTaod miRebuli normatiuli aqtebi ar sruldeba, uadvilesia

`sisxlis aRebis adaTi garkveulwilad Semakavebeli faqtoria. es aris wesi, romliTac saxelmwifo xelisuflebis institutebis gaumarTaobisa da ararsebobis kompensirebas axdens. damnaSave unda daisajos _ es aris misi mTavari postulati. gana yovelTvis SeuZlia saxelmwifos amis uzrunvelyofa? miT ufro kavkasiaSi~.

miagno da samagiero gadauxado Sens mosisxles. Zvel droSi yvelaze pativcemuli uxucesebi moSuRarTa SerigebiT iyvnen dakavebulebi. zogjer es procedura wlebis ganma-

liberali . ivlisi 2010 . 39

17

mezoblebi
vlobaSi grZeldeboda, zogjer ki _ mTeli Taobebis manZilzec. axla ki yvelaferi sxvagvaradaa. moSuRaris patiebac aranakleb sapativcemulo saqmed miiCneva, vidre misTvis samagieros gadaxda. oRond dRes erTmaneTs TiTqmis aRar patioben~, _ ambobs suleimanovi. CeCneTSi iSviaTad moiZebneba ojaxi, romelsac Soreul warsulSi mainc ar Sehxebia sisxlis aRebis adaTi. CeCeni qali selimati hyveba, rom sisxlis aRebis wesi mis babuas Seexo, romelmac Cxubis dros Tanasofleli mokla. `mamaCemi ixsenebda, rom dRemde esmis WiSkris gaRebis xma da mezoblis xma `Tavs gaufrTxildiT, Cven amieridan Tqveni mosisxle mtrebi varT~. tradiciisamebr, babua xaliCaSi gaaxvies. CvenTan asea miRebuli, rodesac adamians asaflaveben; da uxucesebma is daRupulis naTesavebs miuyvanes rogorc mkvdari, Tan yvelas muqi tanisamosi ecva da saxeebic daburuli hqondaT. xaliCa daRupuli vaJis dedas miarTves. Tu is xaliCas gulze miidebda, es niSnavda, rom man apatia. da Tu ar miuaxlovdeboda, ese igi _ sisxlis aReba unda momxdariyo~. selimatis babuas ar apaties. amitomac mTel maT ojaxs soflis mitoveba da gadasaxleba mouxda. maT im sofelSi Casvla saerTod ekrZalebodaT. babuas sami Zma sxvadasxva sofelSi dasaxlda, mosisxleebs rom ar miegnoT. Tavad babua ki gadaikarga, mere aravis unaxavs. tuhan e. CeCneTSi cxovrobs. misi Svili Tavisma megobarma 2008 wels mokla. `ar vCqarobdi Cemi Svilis mkvleli mosisxle mtrad gamomecxadebina da es mxolod mas Semdeg gavakeTe, rac mivxvdi, rom is Cadenil danaSauls ar nanobda. erTi wlis Semdeg Cemma ufrosma vaJma mokla Cemi Svilis mkvleli~, _ hyveba igi. am adaTebSi oficialuri kanonebis adgili ar aris. sabWoTa drosac ki arc sasamarTlo, arc cixe ar ixsnida mkvlels devnisgan. Tu damnaSaves ver pouloben, mis naTesavebs erCian. Tu mamakacebi ar darCnen, SurisZiebis ufleba qalze gadadis _ colze, daze, Svilze. sisxlisRvris SeCereba zogjer maSin SeiZleba, Tu mkvleli inaniebs danaSauls da Tan saqmeSi gamocdili momrigeblebi arian CarTulebi. mauldin salgereevis Tanamdebobas ase hqvia _ mosisxle mterTa momrigebeli. igi hyveba, Tu rogor mimdinareobs Serigebis procesi: daTqmul dros ZaZebSi Cacmuli damnaSavis naTesavebi midian moklulis saxlSi. damnaSaves, glovis niSnad, wveri unda hqondes moSvebuli, saxeze da tanze ki labada hqondes moxveuli. mxareebi locvebs kiTxuloben. Tu damnaSaves apaties, maSin daRupulis naTesavma mas wveri da Tavi unda gaparsos. es patiebis simboloa. patiebis Semdeg damnaSave pirobas debs, rom mTeli cxovreba daexmareba moklulis ojaxs. CeCneTsa da inguSeTSi asobiT ojaxi cxovrobs sisxlis aRebis tradiciiT. yaraCai-CerqezeTsa da yabardo-balyareTSi mxolod erTeuli SemTxvevebia. rac Seexeba CrdiloeT oseTs, aq SuRlis niadagze mkvleloba, ukve aTwleulebia, aRar yofila, Tumca es tradicia kargad axsovT. `sisxlis aRebis adaTi garkveulwilad Semakavebeli faqtoria. es aris wesi, romliTac saxelmwifo xelisuflebis institutebis gaumarTaobisa da ararsebobis kompensirebas axdens. damnaSave unda daisajos _ es aris misi mTavari postulati. gana yovelTvis SeuZlia saxelmwifos amis uzrunvelyofa? miT ufro kavkasiaSi~... _ ambobs salgereevi.

gamoiwereT Jurnali liberali


beWduri versia 12 nomeri _ 3 Tve 22 lari 24 nomeri _ 6 Tve 45 lari 48 nomeri _ 1 weli 90 lari

PDF versia 12 nomeri _ 3 Tve 13 lari 24 nomeri _ 6 Tve 25 lari 48 nomeri _ 1 weli 50 lari

Jurnalis gamosawerad dagvikavSirdiT telefonebze: 23 37 31, (899) 48 62 41 an mogvawodeT Tqveni sakontaqto informacia el-fostiT: info@liberali.ge

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liberali . ivlisi 2010 . 39

mezoblebi
samxreTi oseTi

samxreT oseTis axali era


samxreTi oseTi bolo oci wlis manZilze damkvidrebul politikur tradiciasTan ganSorebis tkivils ganicdis.
murat gukemuxovi, cxinvali
blobis Sesaxeb eSmakuria _ konstitucia sworedac unda Seicvalos, rom respublika avtoritarizmisgan daculi iyos. saqme isaa, rom samxreTi oseTis konstituciis mixedviT, prezidentobis kandidati aranakleb 10 wlis manZilze mudmivad unda iyos respublikaSi nacxovrebi, vidre sakuTar kandidaturas umaRles Tanamdebobaze waradgendes. es ki mkveTrad amcirebs pretendentTa raodenobas da prezidentis savarZels TiTqmis uTavisuflebs eduard kokoiTis gundis wevrebs. samxreTi oseTis samive mmarTvelis periodSi respublikidan meTodurad idevneboda opozicia, zogjer ki fizikuradac nadgurdeboda. sabolood ki xelisuflebis realur oponentTa Soris samxreT oseTSi ar darCa arc erTi qarizmuli da gavleniani lideri, romelic kanonierad SeZlebda prezidentobis kandidatad Tavis wardgenas. es situacia kokoiTis erTpirovnuli nebis Sedegi ar yofila. es yvelaferi 20 wlis ganmavlobaSi grovdeboda _ rogorc saqarTvelosTan konfliqtis Sedegi. araRiarebuli respublikis mcxovrebTa sasowarkveTilma mdgomareobam, konfliqtis saomar mdgomareobad qcevis mudmivma saSiSroebam da ruseTis mxridan realuri daxmarebis ararsebobam, saWiro gaxada xelisuflebisa da sazogadoebis maqsimaluri konsolidacia. am situaciaSi nebismieri gansxvavebuli azri damoukideblobisTvis brZolaSi xelisuflebisa da sazogadoebis erTobis Seryevis muqarad aRiqmeboda da lamis Ralats uTanabrdeboda.

eduard kokoiTi dacvis wevrebis TanxlebiT

ivlisis dasawyisSi samxreT oseTis mmarTveli partiis `edinstvos~ meSvide yriloba Catarda. saxelisuflo partiis warmomadgenelTa gancxadebiT, yriloba istoriuli iyo, radgan daiwyo samxreTi oseTis uaxlesi istoriis meore etapi. `ruseTis federaciis mier respublikis damoukideblobis aRiarebiT daiwyo _ mSvidobiani, aRmSeneblobisa da Sromis etapi WeSmaritad demokratiuli qveynis asaSeneblad~, _ iTqva yrilobaze. demokratiis idealebisadmi erTguleba gamoavlina samxreTi oseTis prezidentma eduard kokoiTim _ Tavis gamosvlaSi man ganacxada, rom ar apirebs respublikis konstituciis Secvlas da mesame saprezidento vadiT kenWisyras. amave dros mas ar uTqvams, rom qveynis politikidan midis. piriqiT, amave yrilobaze man Tavisi momavali `Tanamdebobis~ konturebi moxaza. man mouwo-

da sazogadoebas, politikur partiebsa da moZraobebs, miuxedavad maTi politikuri platformebisa da Sexedulebebisa, yvelaferi gadadon da eris sakeTildReod konsolidireba moaxerxon. aSkaraa, rom kokoiTi putinis magaliTiTaa STagonebuli da konsolidirebuli eris saTaveSi swored sakuTar Tavs, rogorc eris liders ise xedavs. `Cven yvelaze mTavars mivaRwieT _ gamarjvebas, saxelmwifoebrioba Zvirad dagvijda, _ ganacxada prezidentma kokoiTim, _ dRes ki win ufro mniSvnelovani da seriozuli amocanebi gvaqvs, da yvelaferi unda viRonoT, rom Cveni danakargi da gansacdeli amao ar aRmoCndes~. yrilobam da kokoiTis iniciativebma sazogadoebis araerTgvarovani damokidebuleba gamoiwvia. opozicias miaCnia, rom prezidentis gancxadeba konstituciis xelSeuxe-

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mezoblebi
opoziciuri partia `ironis~ politsabWos wevris, timur cxurbatis TqmiT, `samxreTi oseTis xelisufleba ostaturad iyenebda saqarTvelos faqtors _ yvelas, vinc xelisuflebas opoziciaSi Caudgeboda, saqarTvelos agents arqmevdnen~. osi samarTaldamcavis visarion oseevis azriT: `adamianebs imis ki ar eSinodaT, rom gansxvavebuli azris gamoTqmisTvis fizikurad gauswordebodnen, ufro imas ganicdidnen, sazogadoebis TvalSi moRalateebad ar gamoCeniliyvnen. sabolood ki aman demokratiuli principebis nebayoflobiTi uaryofa gamoiwvia, rac nebayoflobiTi avtoritarizmiT dasrulda~. adamianebs saomari droisTvis damaxasiaTebeli faseulobebi gauCndaT.isini, vinc saomar moqmedebebSi ar monawileobdnen, anda komfortuli cxovrebis ZiebaSi datoves respublika, darCenilTa TvalSi avtoritetsa da karieris gakeTebis uflebas kargavdnen. amgvari sazogadoebrivi TviTSegnebis Camoyalibebas mniSvnelovnad Seuwyo xeli sabWoTa kavSiris daSlis Semdeg samxreTi oseTis gare samyarosgan mowyvetamac. adamianebma aq didwilad SeinarCunes sabWoTa mentaliteti. `ras warmoadgens, rom Cveni mmarTveli gaxdes? amden xans sad iyo~, _ samxreT oseTSi am frazas xSirad gaigonebT. amitom `qveyanaSi mudmivad cxovrebis cenzis~ Sesaxeb kanonis miReba samxreTi oseTis moqalaqeTa umravlesobam dadebiTad Seafasa, imis miuxedavad, rom sxvadasxva dros respublikis datoveba bevri pativcemuli warsulis mqone liders mouxda. axla es msoflmxedveloba respublikis ganviTarebas uSlis xels. 2008 wlis omis Semdeg situacia mkveTrad Seicvala. respublikaSi Camoyalibeba daiwyo Sida opoziciam. manamde opozicia warmodgenili iyo samxreTi oseTis gareT, calkeuli pirebis saxiT, romlebic prezident eduard kokoiTis piradad mtrobdnen. samxreTi oseTis parlamentis deputati, partia `edinstvos~ wevri, amiran diakonovi Sida opoziciis gamoCenas kokoiTis mier 2008 wlis omis Semdeg aRdgeniTi samuSaoebisTvis gamoyofili Tanxebis miTvisebas ukavSirebs: `respublikas hqonda Sansi, sakuTari ekonomika da socialuri sfero principulad axal doneze aeyvana. Tumca, respublikis interesebi calkeuli rusi Cinovnikebis moqrTamvas anacvales, romlebic biujetis datacebaSi daostatdnen~. respublikas, romelSic mudmivi mosaxleoba 35-40 aTas adamians Seadgens, ruseTma aRdgeniTi samuSaoebisTvis 1 miliardi amerikuli dolari gamouyo. Tumca, omidan 2 wlis Tavze damwvari 400 saxlidan aRdgenilia mxolod 60 saxli. cxinvalSi dRemde ar aris uzrunvelyofili wylisa da eleqtroenergiis Seuferxebeli miwodeba. samagierod, maRal donezea garemontebuli rkinigzis sadguri, Tumca respublikaSi rkinigza ar aris. samxreTi oseTis fiskaluri organoebis warmomadgenlis TqmiT, romelic anonimurad gvesaubra, saSualod, ruseTis mier gamoyofili erTi rublidan, realurad saqmes 30 kapikic ar moxmarda, danarCeni _ moipares. timur cxurbati sazogadoebaSi saprotesto ganwyobis zrdas 2008 wlis agvistos omsac ukavSirebs, Tumca, misi azriT, sxva mizezebic arsebobda: `prezidentma omis dawyebis win saomari mdgomareoba ar gamoacxada; metic, man piradad gauSva adamianebi saxlebSi, ris gamoc, bevrma iaraRis miReba ver SeZlo. 7-dan 8 agvistos RamiT cxinvalis Tavdacva ar iyo organizebuli. Cven es mixeil saakaSvilis xrikis Sedegi gvegona, romelmac wina dRes konfliqtis zonaSi Zalis gamouyeneblobaze ilaparaka. magram, omidan erTi Tvis Semdeg samxreTi oseTis `kagebes~ ufrosma, generalma atoevma erT-erT preskonferenciaze ganacxada, rom qarTuli jaris Semosvlamde 4 saaTiT adre maTTvis cnobili iyo mosalodneli saomari moqmedebebis Sesaxeb~. es iyo pirveli SemTxveva, rodesac respublikis meTauri imaSi daadanaSaules, rom man ver SeZlo cxinvalis Tavdacvis uzrunvelyofa _ samxreTi oseTis istoriaSi oci wlis manZilze xelisuflebis siwminde pirvelad SeibRala. nebismier SemTxvevaSi, 2008 wlis Semdeg omis saSiSroeba Semcirda, Sesabamisad, gaqra sazogadoebisa da xelisuflebis konsolidaciis aucileblobac. xelisuflebisTvis axali SekiTxvebis dasmis dro dadga. adamianebi korufciis problemebiT, kanonebis da samoqalaqo uflebebis arasrulyofilebiT, sasamarTlo sistemis damoukideblobiT da bevri sxva sakiTxiT dainteresdnen. mTavrobis saxlTan mitingebisa da piketebis gamarTva, samoqalaqo sazogadoebis gaaqtiureba da xelisuflebisadmi, ara materialuri, aramed faseulobiTi pretenziebis gaCena samxreT oseTSi siaxlea. dRes adamianebs araTu aRar eridebaT xelisuflebis sawinaaRmdego azrebis gamoTqma, aramed amaze weren kidec. meore mxriv, adamianis uflebaTa damcvelis visarion oseevis azriT, xelisuflebas ar awyobs im komfortuli mdgomareobis daTmoba, ris garantiasac mas qarTuli muqara aZlevda. dRes, 2008 wlis Semdeg, roca yvelaferi Zalian Seicvala, kokoiTi veRar SeZlebs sazogadoebis gaerTianebas qarTuli safrTxis winaaRmdeg. am xelisuflebisa da sazogadoebis Semdgomi konsolidacia samxreTi oseTisTvis damRupvelia. xalxma unda gaacnobieris, rom axla sxva droa _ samxreT oseTs axali politikuri tradiciis Camoyalibebis xangrZlivi da mtkivneuli periodi daudga. statiaSi gamoyenebuli terminologia ekuTvnis avtors da ara `liberals~

statia momzadebulia hainrih biolis fondis mxardaWeriT. am publikaciaSi gamoTqmuli Sexedulebebi da mosazrebebi ar aris aucilebeli, gamoxatavdes hainrih biolis fondis Sexedulebebs.

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liberali . ivlisi 2010 . 39

Jurnalisturi gamoZieba
samarTali

nawamebi patimrebi strasburgSi Civian


oTxi wlis win patimrebis cemis faqtze aRZrul sisxlis samarTlis saqmesTan dakavSirebiT, dRemde aravin dakiTxula dazaralebulTa garda.
nino TofuriZe
suflebis aRkveTa miusaja. patimari orTaWalis me-5 sapyrobilis 103-e sakanSi moaTavses. orTaWalis cixidan, 2006 wlis martSi buTxuzi, sxva mraval patimarTan erTad, rusTavis #6 sapyrobileSi gadaiyvanes. pirvelad igi swored rusTavis cixeSi transportirebisas scemes. cixis misaReb oTaxSi damxvdnen niRbianebi, xelketebiTa da muStebiT mcemes. maT Soris iyo cixis direqtori gigineiSvili. cemis Sedegad, damizianda xerxemali da Tavis areSi sisxlCaqcevebi mqonda, _ wers sakuTar CvenebaSi imeda buTxuzi. cemis Semdgom, buTxuzis mdgomareoba damZimda. igi saavadmyofoSi gadaiyvanes, patimari eqimma asaTianma miiRo. eqimma pacients windawinve ganumarta, rom cemis faqts mis samedicino baraTSi ver Seitanda. `cemisgan droebiTi dambla mqonda, radgan xerxemali damizianda, Camtvreuli mqonda gulmkerdis malebi da TavSi hematoma ganmiviTarda. miuxedavad amisa, eqimma miTxra: Seni diagnozi baraTSi rom Sevitano, samsaxuridan momxsnian da SeiZleba me TviTon mcemono~, _ ixsenebs imeda buTxuzi. cemis faqtTan dakavSirebiT, patimari samedicino eqspertizis Catarebas dRemde uSedegod iTxovs. mas imedi aqvs, rom dazianebebs eqspertiza gamoavlens. 2006 welsve, cixis administracia Seicvala, rusTavis me-6 sapyrobilis ufrosad, sandro xulordava dainiSna, mis moadgileebad ki _ giorgi

2010 wlis 8 marts, saxalxo damcvelis TanamSromlebs rusTavis meore mkacri reJimis koloniis patimarma rudik ovakimianma mimarTa. igi Cioda, rom cixis administraciam scema. `ovakimians sxeulze aReniSneboda dazianebebi, marcxena Tvalze silurje, siwiTle muclis areSi, msjavrdebuls awuxebda mravalmxrivi tkivili~, _ saxalxo damcvelma giorgi tuRuSma, mTavar prokurors, murTaz zodelavas, patimris cemis faqtze reagirebi-

saTvis mimarTa. rudik ovakimianis da kidev erTi patimris _ imeda buTxuzis wamebis faqtze gamoZieba jer kidev 2006 daiwyo. saqme 333-e muxliT, samsaxurebrivi uflebamosilebis gadaWarbebiT aRiZra, magram im droidan moyolebuli saqme win ar waweula. patimrebi strasburgis sasamarTloSi apireben Civils. imeda buTxuzi, 2005 wlis 2 marts, policiam yaCaRobis braldebiT daakava. sasamarTlom mas 7 wliT Tavi-

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Jurnalisturi gamoZieba
xuxua da laSa bregvaZe. axali administraciis mosvlasve daemTxva e.w cixis bunti, romlis drosac ramdenime patimari daiRupa. 24 marts, cixeSi baCo axalaia specrazmTan erTad Semovida, piradad var mowme, rogor umowyalod Caxoca patimrebi. vnaxe patimarTa gardacvlili gvamebi, _ amtkicebs buTxuzi. buntis Semdgom, cixeSi mdgomareoba gamkacrda, sacxovrebeli pirobebi ki gauaresda. patimrebi SefarviT, Tumca mainc gamoTqvamdnen pretenzias, sakvebis, siviwrovisa da antisanitariis gamo. tusaRebs ar hqondaT telefoniT sargeblobisa da werilebis gagzavnis saSualeba. rogorc Tavad amboben, administraciis misamarTiT saCivrebis gamo patimrebi bevrjer ucemiaT. ojaxTan 6 Tve ar mqonda kavSiri _ ar icodnen cocxali viyavi Tu mkvdari. bolos cixis socialuri samsaxuris ufross, zviad zviadaZes vuTxari, rom mas evaleboda ojaxTan davekavSirebine, razec mipasuxa _ gaCerdi Torem, isedac avadmyofs samudamod dagaavadmyofebo, _ ixsenebs buTxuzi. buTxuzi miiCnevs, rom swored zviadaZesTan Selaparakebis gamo Camoatares igi SiSveli cixis derefanSi da SiSvelive Casves karcerSi. karcerSi patimris SiSvlad Casmis faqts adasturebs im droindeli saxalxo damcveli _ sozar subaric. `2006 wlis 15 oqtombers ombudsmenis ofisis warmomadgenlebi _ giorgi mSvenieraZe, oTar kvaWaZe, koba Cofliani me-6 sapyrobileSi Sevidnen. maT naxes imeda buTxuzi, romelic karcerSi, sacvlebis amara ijda. es pirveli SemTxveva ar iyo. 13 oqtombers saxalxo damcvelis rwmunebulebma karcerSive SiSvel mdgomareobaSi naxes patimari _ vaJa gegenavac. patimris tanisamosi karceris gareT eyara~, _ ganmartavs subari. patimarma saxalxo damcvelis rwmunebulebs cixis administraciis ukanono qmedebis Sesaxeb mouyva da werilobiTi Cvenebac misca. amis Semdgom imeda buTxuzi baCo axalaiam kabinetSi daibara. man mkiTxa _ Sen xar imeda buTxuzio? rogorc ki dadebiTi pasuxi miiRo, ayvirda _ me miCivi biWoo?! _ da damiwyes man da kidev sxvebma cema, _ ambobs patimari. manve gviTxra, rom cixeSi Tea TuTberiZem moinaxula. pirispir Sexvedrisas TuTberiZem patimars mosTxova baCo axalaias winaaRmdeg dawerili gancxadebis ukan gamotana. TanamSromlobis sanacvlod TuTberiZe mas pirobebis gaumjobesebas dahpirda. imeda buTxuzTan Sexvedras adasturebs Tea TuTberiZec, Tumca uaryofs, rom man patimars rame SesTavaza. TuTberiZe sakanSi gaSiSvlebul samive patimars Sexvedria. `me maTTvis araferi SemiTavazebia, es sruli sicruea. samive patimars cal-calke vesaubre, maTi Cvenebebi erTmaneTs ar emTxveoda da, bunebrivia, eWvi Sevitane faqtis sizusteSi. vizualurad fizikuri Zaladobis niSnebi ar emCneodaT. magram Tu isini marTla SiSvlebi Caatares derefanSi, es namdvilad adamianis uflebis darRvevaa~, _ gviTxra TuTberiZem. male, imeda buTxuzi rusTavis me-2 zonaSi gadaiyvanes. patimris mtkicebiT, zewola aqac grZeldeboda. misgan sarCelis gamotanas da aRiarebiTi Cvenebis videokameriT Caweras moiTxovdnen. `usafrTxoebis samsaxuris ufrosi giorgi xuxua da misi TanaSemwe mcemdnen, memuqrebodnen Tu Cven moTxovnas ar Seasruleb _ ojaxs amogixocavTo~, _ ambobs buTxuzi. patimarTa cemis gamo, prokuraturam sisxlis samarTlis saqme 2006 wels aRZra, Tumca faqtTan dakavSirebiT, uSualod dazaralebuli patimrebis garda, jer aravin daukiTxavT. 2008 wlis miwuruls sozar subar-

`cemisgan droebiTi dambla mqonda, radgan xerxemali damizianda, Camtvreuli mqonda gulmkerdis malebi da TavSi hematoma ganmiviTarda. miuxedavad amisa, eqimma miTxra: Seni, diagnozi baraTSi rom Sevitano, samsaxuridan momxsnian da SeiZleba me TviTon mcemono~.

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Jurnalisturi gamoZieba
ma patimarTa mimarT #6 sapyrobilis TanamSromlebis samsaxurebrivi uflebamosilebis gadaWarbebis saqmesTan dakavSirebiT, prokuraturisagan saqmis msvlelobis dokumentacia moiTxova. Tumca, saxalxo damcvels mxolod is acnobes, rom Tanamdebobrivi uflebamosilebis gadaWarbebis muxliT winaswari gamoZieba daiwyo. gamoZiebam, romelic axlac mimdinareobs, mowmis statusiT dakiTxa #6 sapyrobilis patimari rudik ovakimiani. rudik ovakimiani 2005 wels ixdida sasjels, rusTavis #5 sapyrobileSi, mogvianebiT igi sxva patimrebTan erTad, amave cixis #6 korpusSi gadaiyvanes. rudik ovakimianisa da imeda buTxuzis saknebi erTmaneTis mopirdapire mxares mdebareobda. sakani, sadac Semiyvanes, 28 kacze iyo gaTvaliswinebuli, magram 100 kaci vijeqiT. sakans Tunuqis saxuravi hqonda, ris gamoc zafxulSi oTaxis temperatura 40 gradusamde adioda, ar niavdeboda, ar modioda wyali, sapirfareSo Ria hqonda. sakanSi iyo antisanitaria, taraknebi, virTxebi, baRlinjoebi. dagvesia tilebi. gagviCnda kanis daavadebebi: muni, soko. aravis anaRvlebda Cveni mkurnaloba. viZinebdiT morigeobiT, ar gvqonda leibebi da TeTreuli, _ ambobs patimari ovakimiani. `im dros, orTaWalis cixeebSi, namdvilad mZime mdgomareoba iyo. 20-kacian sakanSi 120 adamiani ixdida sasjels. fanjrebi TunuqiT iyo daburuli da arsaidan niavdeboda. sakvebis da samedicino momsaxurebis donec dabali gaxldaT. patimrebs an arasworad mkurnalobdnen an saerTod ar mkurnalobdnen, rasac xSirad fatalur Sedegebamde mivyavdiT~, _ ambobs subari. saCivris werilis gamo, 2006 wlis ivlisis bolos, mcemes, xulordavam, daviT mamukiZem, zurab zviadaZem, or adgilze gamityda Tavi da damizianda xerxemali. cixis ufrosis kabinetSi amaTries, xulordavam miTxra: aq me var yvelaferi, eqimic, mosamarTlec, jalaTic, roca am dazianebebisTvis eqims momTxov, moval da xerxemals amogaclio, _ ixsenebs patimari. autaneli pirobebis gamo, ovakimianma sxva patimrebTan erTad saCivris weriliT saxalxo damcvels mimarTa. isini aprotestebdnen imasac, rom cixis telefonis gamosayeneblad da mono baraTebis sayidlad fuls korpusis ufross, giorgi xulordavas aZlevdnen, romelic 5-larian mono baraTs 20 larad yidda. telefoniT rom gvesargebla, fuli unda agvegrovebina. mere, am fuls xSirad ubralod gvarTmevdnen, Caatarebdnen Cxrekas, naxavdnen fuls, iZaxdnen e.w obSiakis fuliao da mihqondaT. mere Tanxis agroveba isev Tavidan gviwevda imisaTvis, rom ojaxTan darekva SegvZleboda, _ ambobs ovakimiani. ovakimianis TqmiT, igi imeda buTxuzTan erTad ramdenjerme sastikad scemes. igi karcerSi uWmel-usmeli 4 dRe Casves. meoTxe dRes mivxvdi, mets veRar gavZlebdi. amitom daviwye yvirili, rom vinmes xma miewvdina saxalxo damcvelisaTvis. es yvelaferi davafiqsire saxalxo damcvelisTvis gagzavnil saCivarSic, ris Semdgom, cixis ufrosis kabinetSi giorgi xuxua da laSa bregvaZe mokvliT memuqrebodnen, _ ganmartavs rudik ovakimiani. imeda buTxuzisa da rudik ovakimianis saqmeebi saxalxo damcvelis 2008 wlis saparlamento moxsenebaSic moxvda, Tumca raime samarTlebrivi reagireba ar mohyolia. saqme aRiZra sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis 333-e muxliT, romelic samsaxurebrivi uflebamosilebis gadaWarbebas gulisxmobs. 2006 wlidan, gamoZieba erTi nabijiTac ar waweula win, saqmesTan dakavSirebiT arc erTi eWvmitanili ar arsebobs. isini, vinc patimrebs scemdnen, dRes isev TavianT Tanamdebobebze muSaoben, _ ambobs patimarTa advokati, adamianis uflebaTa centris iuristi nino andriaSvili. advokatis ganmartebiTve, saqme aramxolod uflebamosilebis borotad gamoyenebis muxliT, aramed wamebisa da araadamianuri mopyrobis gamoc unda aReZraT. nino andriaSvili: pirvelsave Suamdgomlobaze moviTxove, danaSaulis kvalifikaciis Secvla, Tumca Cemi moTxovna ar daakmayofiles. araerTxel mivmarTe mTavar prokurors. Tumca, pasuxi ar mimiRia. saqmis gamomZiebelTan SevTanxmdi, rom erTad dagvekiTxa patimrebi. mas mere sami Tve gavida, jer aravin Semomxmianebia. saqmis aseTi mizanmimarTuli gaWianurebis gamo, Cven evropul sasamarTlos mivmarTavT~. `saxalxo damcvelis TanamSromlebi, romlebmac uSualod CamoarTves Cvenebebi nawameb patimrebs, prokuraturas Txovdnen _ dagvkiTxeTo. Tumca, ar dakiTxes~, _ ambobs sozar subari. nika legaSvili, `adamianis uflebaTa centris~ evropuli samarTlis advokati: 2006 wlidan moyolebuli, gamoZiebas eWvmitanilic ar hyavs. es aris gamoZiebis ganzrax gaWianureba. aseT SemTxvevebSi kanonmdebloba gvaZlevs saSualebas, rom Sida instanciebis movlis gareSe pirdapir strasburgis adamianis uflebaTa sasamarTlos mivmarToT. am uflebis gamoyenebiT, wamebisa da uflebamosilebis borotad gamoyenebis muxliT, Cven evrosasamarTloSi viCivlebT. cixis TanamSromlebis nawili, romlebsac patimrebi wamebis gamo uCivian _ daawinaures, nawili imave cixeSi isev agrZelebs saqmianobas. imeda buTxuzi da rudik ovakimiani ki kvlav rusTavis #6 sapyrobileSi ixdian sasjels.

statia momzadebulia evrokavSiris mier dafinansebuli proeqtis saqarTveloSi mediis _ rogorc makontrolebeli institutis _ rolis gaZliereba farglebSi, romelsac axorcielebs evraziis TanamSromlobis fondi.

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saubrebi liberalizmze
Tvalsazrisi

internetis galaqtika
socialur medias socialur, politikur da kulturul ganviTarebaSi potenciurad imaze meti wvlilis Setana SeuZlia, vidre dRes viazrebT.
giorgi cxadaia
socialuri qselebis qarTvel momxmarebelTa ricxvi dRiTi dRe izrdeba. gansakuTrebiT popularulia rusuli odnoklasniki da amerikuli feisbuqi. odnoklasniki, `feisbuqisgan~ gansxvavebiT, virtualur sajaro sivrces ar qmnis, radgan ZiriTadad mainc piradi kontaqtebiT da yofiTi TematikiT Semoifargleba. `feisbuqi~ ki namdvil virtualur agorad iqca, sadac adamianebi qveynisa da sazogadoebis winaSe mdgar saWirboroto problemebze msjeloben, Cxuboben, erTmaneTis mimarT simpaTias gamoxataven, da politikur moRvaweobasac ki ewevian. magaliTad, `feisbuqis~ erT-erTi aqtiuri momxmarebeli, respublikuri partiis wevri, daviT zurabiSvili Tvlis, rom `feisbuqi~ misTvis, rogorc politikosisTvis, sazogadoebasTan urTierTobis alternatiuli saSualebaa. axali media tradiciuli, centralizebuli mediisgan gansxvavebiT (televizia, radio, Jurnal-gazeTebi), maqsimalurad bevri adamianis gamoxatvis Tavisuflebas uzrunvelyofs. faqtobrivad, yvelas, vinc internetis qselSia CarTuli, saSualeba aqvs, Tavisi kompetenturi Tu arakompetenturi azri sajaro gaxados. amas mniSvnelovani gavlenis moxdena SeuZlia sazogadoebis ara mxolod politikur, aramed socialur suraTzec, radgan sajaro sivrce xdeba maqsimalurad inkluziuri (izrdeba moqalaqeebis CarTuloba) _ Tu adre mediasaSualebebSi mxolod avtoritetebad miCneuli adamianebis azrs eTmoboda gansakuTrebiT didi dro, axla yvelas SeuZlia, Tavi farTo sazogadoebas gaacnos. aSS-Si 2008 wlis saprezidento arCevnebis dros da Semdegac qveyndeboda popularuli liberali da konservatori blogerebis (damoukidebeli internet veb-gverdebis avtorebis) sia, romlebsac orive partiis amomrCevelze hqondaT gavlena _ isini ise iqcnen avtoritetebad, rom arc erT wamyvan nacionalur telearxze da beWdur gamocemaSi arc ki gamoCenilan. saqarTveloSi daaxloebiT msgavsi SemTxveva moxda ramdenime wlis win erT-erT internet forumze, rodesac `nacionaluri moZraobis~ mxardamWeri ramdenime adamiani, imis gamo, rom forumul diskusiebSi TavianT pozicias jerovnad icavdnen, xelisuflebis wevrebma erT-erT saministroSi TanamSromlebad miiwvies. xelisuflebis mxardamWerebma da xelisuflebis wevrebma erTmaneTi virtualur sajaro sivrceSi _ forumze gaicnes. sazogadoebis socialuri suraTi SesaZloa potenciurad iman Secvalos, rom internetiT informaciis demokratizacia xdeba, rac niSnavs, rom amieridan ama Tu im saxis mniSvnelovani informacia aRar aris privilegirebul adamianTa jgufis sakuTreba, aramed vrceldeba internetSi da masze rac SeiZleba bevr adamians miuwvdeba xeli. magaliTad SeiZleba moviyvanoT iseTi ucxouri veb-gverdebi, rogoricaa www.academicearth.org da www.ted.com. pirvel maTganze SegiZliaT naxoT leqciebis videoCanawerebi msoflios ramdenime wamyvani universitetidan, xolo meoregan Tavis dargSi moRvawe gamoCenili adamianebis mokle, magram Zalze sasargeblo leqciebs mousminoT. saqarTveloSi daaxloebiT msgavsi efeqti hqonda iseT veb-gverds, rogoricaa www.lib.ru, sadac rusul enaze Targmnili klasikosi da Tanamedrove mwerlebis nawarmoebebia ganTavsebuli. Sedegad, saqarTveloSi dainteresebulma adamianebma waikiTxes nawarmoebebi, romlebic qveyanaSi jer arc iyo wignad Semosuli. dRes lib.ru-s analogi popularuli qarTuli vebgverdi www.lib.ge mkiTxvels qarTul enaze naTargmn ucxour prozaul, poetur da publicistur nawarmoebebs sTavazobs, qarTul enaze daweril na-

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saubrebi liberalizmze
warmoebebTan erTad. msofliozec da saqarTvelozec, Zalze didi gavlena hqonda ufaso enciklopediis _ vikipediis (www.wikipedia.org) Seqmnas, ramac informacia da codna gacilebiT ufro demokratiuli, maqsimalurad bevri adamianisTvis xelmisawvdomi gaxada. socialuri suraTis SecvlasTan erTad interneti da socialuri qselebi politikis sferoze axdens gavlenas. Tu adre mTavrobas efeqturad SeeZlo SeezRuda gamoxatvis Tavisufleba imiT, rom tradiciul mediasaSualebebs dapatroneboda, axla es TiTqmis SeuZlebeli gaxda. amis naTeli magaliTi gorSi stalinis Zegli aRebis faqti iyo. rodesac faqti arc erTma centralurma mediasaSualebam ar gaaSuqa, `feisbuqze~ namdvili koleqtiuri nius konferencia moewyo: adamianebi erTmaneTs gadascemdnen informacias Zeglis aRebis garSemo ganviTarebul movlenebze, uziarebdnen sakuTar mosazrebebsa da eWvebs. albaT internetis aqtiur momxmareblebs isic gecodinebaT, rom Cvens mezobel qveyanaSi _ TurqeTSi popularuli videoportali iuTubi akrZalulia, radgan TurqeTis mTavrobas eSinia, am saSualebiT moqalaqeebma mTavrobisTvis miuRebeli videoebi ar gaavrcelon. socialur qsel tviters uzarmazari gavlena hqonda 2009 wlis iranis arCevnebis Semdgom momxdar movlenebze, rodesac gabrazebuli iraneli amomrCeveli, totaluri mediacenzuris pirobebSi, swored `tviteriT~ gamoxatavda Tavis azrebs da zog SemTxvevaSi `tviteri~ xdeboda realuri Sekrebebis inicirebis adgili. saqarTveloSi 2007 wlis 7 noembridan moyolebuli opoziciis momxreebi `forumis~ da Semdgom `feisbuqis~ saSualebiT aqtiurad uziarebdnen erTmaneTs da danarCen sazogadoebas mitingebze momxdar movlenebs, maSin rodesac centraluri mediasaSualebebi mitingebs arasakmarisad da mokled aSuqebdnen. aranakleb sainteresoa virtualuri sociluri qselebis da internetis roli kulturuli faseulobebis Sesaxeb gamarTul msjelobebSi. harvardis saerTaSoriso mimoxilvis veb-gverdze mkvlevari jon feferi wers, rom sityvis Tavisuflebis moZraoba, romelic 1964-65 wlebSi berklis universitetTan realur sivrceSi mimdinareobda, egviptesa da sxva avtoritarul da konservatorul qveynebSi axla virtualur sivrceSi _ socialur qselebis mier Seqmnil sajaro sivrceSi mimdinareobs. axalgazrda iranelebisTvis `feisbuqi~ is sivrcea, sadac sakuTari cxovrebis Tavadve warmarTvis virtualuri saSualeba eZlevaT, rac realur drosa da sivrceSi saxelmwifosa da sazogadoebis mier aqvT warTmeuli. saqarTveloSi virtualurma sajaro sivrcem erTgvari virtualuri kulturuli omebi gamoiwvia sazogadoebis konservatofis wevrebma internetis meSveobiT moaxerxes. kulturuli omebi, romlebic am da sxva sakiTxebze virtualur sivrceSi mimdinareobs, orive mxarisTvis _ konservatorebisa da liberalebisTvis sasargeblo iqneba, radgan isini ufro ukeT gaiazreben imas, risic sjeraT da rasac icaven. sazogadoebis kulturuli ganviTareba da gaxsniloba swored aseTi mcire brZolebis Sedegia. sxvadasxva socialuri jgufebi am gziT erTmaneTis arsebobis Sesaxeb igeben, ecnobian erTmaneTis faseulobebs da cxovrebis wess. socialur medias, SesaZloa, socialur, politikur da kulturul ganviTarebaSi potenciurad imaze meti wvlilis Setana SeuZlia, vidre dRes viazrebT. swored amitom, am sferos mimarT gansakuTrebuli yuradReba gvmarTebs. momavalSi liberali gegmavs, rom am mxriv Tavisi saqmianoba gaaaqtiuros _ aqtiurad

axali media tradiciuli, centralizebuli mediisgan gansxvavebiT, maqsimalurad bevri adamianis gamoxatvis Tavisuflebas uzrunvelyofs.

rul da liberalur nawils Soris. gansakuTrebiT TvalSisacemi iyo jguf derviSebis mier video portalebze gamoqveynebuli musikaluri video klipebi, romlebic Semdgom tradiciulma mediamac gaaSuqa. derviSebi video klipebSi cnobili simReris sulikos alternatiul versiebs gvTavazoben, cnobili rok jgufebis simRerebis remiqsebis meSveobiT. internetis momxmareblebis nawilma videoebi qarTuli kulturis da tradiciebis Seuracxyofad aRiqva, rasac maT mier video portalebze gakeTebuli ucenzuro da Seuracxmyofeli komentarebi adasturebs. am SemTxvevaSi, sazogadoebis konservatoruli nawilis kulturuli normebis winaaRmdeg gamosvla jgu-

CarTos axali mediasaSualebebi. bolos imasac mogaxsenebT, Tu ratom davarqvi statias internetis galaqtika. komunikaciis saSualebebis cnobilma Teoretikosma, berklis universitetis sociologiis profesorma manuel kastelsma Tavis erTerT uaxles wigns swored es saTauri SeurCia. am epiTetiT igi aRniSnavs, rom beWduri manqanisa da televiziis gamogonebebis Semdeg (gutenbergis da makluenis galaqtikebi), interneti kacobriobis ganviTarebis istorias radikalurad Secvlis. qarTul virtualur sajaro sivrceze dakvirveba da masSi CarTva CvenTvis, rogorc mediisa da samoqalaqo sazogadoebis warmomadgenlebisTvis, mniSvnelovani nabiji iqneba.

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adamianis uflebebi da samarTali


sajaro informaciis xelmisawvdomoba

gekuTvnis, magram ar gekuTvnis


maisidan dRemde, sajaro informaciis gamoTxovis mizniT, Jurnalma `liberalma~ sxvadasxva saxelisuflebo organos 11 sajaro weriliT mimarTa. 11 gancxadebidan 4 werilze arasruli pasuxi movida, 5-ze xelaxali gancxadebis dawera gaxda saWiro, 2 werili ki saerTod upasuxod darCa.
nino TofuriZe

maisis pirvel kviras, 14-ma regionulma gazeTma, protestis niSnad, pirvel gverdze mxolod erTi winadadeba dabeWda: `mogveciT sajaro informacia!~ `... miuxedavad imisa, rom sajaro informaciis gamoTxovisa da miwodebis wess aregulirebs saqarTvelos zogadi administraciuli kodeqsi, mudmivad irRveva aRniSnuli kanoniT dadgenili normebi... informaciis aseTi SezRudvis pirobebSi, ver vaxerxebT Jurnalisturi saqmianobis srulad da Seuferxeblad ganxorcielebas. mediisaTvis sajaro informaciis dablokviT xelisufleba cdilobs, sazogadoebas waarTvas ufleba, miiRos zusti informacia~, _ weria gancxadebaSi, romelsac regionuli gazeTebis Jurnalistebi, aseve damoukidebeli studia `monitori~ aqveynebs, romelic Jurnalistur gamoZiebebze muSaobs. `TiTqmis SeuZlebelia sajaro informaciis miReba Sinagan saqmeTa saministrodan, prokuraturidan, Tavdacvis saministrodan. `miuwvdomelia~ satelefono zarebi, TiTqmis yvela saministros pressamsaxurSi upasuxod rCeba eleqtronuli werilebi~, _ ambobs

ia mamalaZe, gazeT `guria niusis~ gamomcemeli. msgavsi problemebi aqvT TbilisSi momuSave Jurnalistebsac. Jurnal `liberalis~ korespondentma naTia axalaSvilma, Tbilisis merias 2010 wlis 10 maiss mimarTa. igi maisis TveSi dagegmili kulturuli RonisZiebebis siasa da biujets iTxovda. mas pasuxi werilze dRemde ar miuRia. `im periodisaTvis arCevnebis cieb-cxeleba iyo, merias uamravi RonisZieba hqonda dagegmili, romelsac an mTlianad an nawilobriv afinansebda. erT dResac damibares, _ modi, pasuxebs gagatanTo. mivedi da axsna damiwyes, _ jer masala mzad ar aris da xval gagatanTo. darwmunebuli var, Cemi kiTxvebi ubralod udevT da ganzrax ar mipasuxes. axla Cemi masala iseTi aqtualuri aRaraa, rogorc es winasaarCevno periodSi iqneboda~, _ ambobs naTia axalaSvili. pasuxebis gareSe darCenilma Jurnalistma Tbilisis meris saxelze administraciuli saCivari dawera da axla merisgan elodeba pasuxs, Tumca TiTqmis darwmunebulia, rom arc amas eqneba Sedegi da Civili sasamarTloSi mouwevs.

Jurnalistebi sul ufro xSirad Civian, rom maT sajaro dawesebulebebidan informacias ar aZleven. `imisTvis, rom yvela wyaro gyavdes da daicva balansi, xSirad sajaro informaciis gamoTxova gvWirdeba~,_ hyveba Jurnalisti sofo Todua, romelic, meaTe welia, Jurnalistur gamoZiebebze muSaobs da sistematurad uwevs saxelmwifo samsaxurebidan informaciis moTxovna. `dRes pressamsaxurebisgan informaciis miReba praqtikulad SeuZlebelia. imis magivrad, rom dagvexmaron, yvelanairad xels gviSlian. mere amboben, _ saqarTvelos kvalificiuri Jurnalistebi ar hyavso~, _ aRniSnavs gazeT `24 saaTis~ Jurnalisti. TiTqmis igives imeorebs eka qevaniSvili radio `Tavisuflebidan~: `magaliTad, sapatrulo policiis samsaxuris presasTan urTierTobis xelmZRvaneli telefons arasdros iRebs, Tu saswauli moxda da mipasuxa, meubneba, _ Sexvedraze var, cota xanSi damirekeo, _ Semdeg ki telefons TiSavs. aseve, TiTqmis SeuZlebelia Zalovan struqturebTan urTierToba~. JurnalistebTan saubris Semdeg

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adamianis uflebebi da samarTali

sami ZiriTadi problema gamoikveTa: uwyebebi sajaro informaciis gacemaze uars acxadeben, medias arakompetentur pasuxebs awvdian da pasuxis gacema xelovnurad Wianurdeba. am sami problemidan yvelaze tipuri sajaro dawesebulebebidan gamoTxovili arasruli informaciaa, ris gamoc, Jurnalistebi iZulebulebi arian, xelaxla mimarTon dawesebulebas da kidev 10 dRes daelodon pasuxs. `liTonis xidebis mSeneblobasTan dakavSirebuli satendero dokumentacia gvWirdeboda da Tbilisis merias mivmarTeT. meriam iZulebuli gagvxada, sam etapad gamogveTxova informacia, vinaidan pirveli werili sanaxevrod pasuxgaucemeli iyo, meore werilSi ki kiTxvebi saerTod gamotovebuli hqondaT.

meriaSi darekvisas yovel jerze sxvadasxva operators vesaubrebodi, vuxsnidi saqmis viTarebas da pasuxebis mowodebis daCqarebas viTxovdi. gveubnebodnen, am uwyebam gvipasuxa, _ axla sxva samsaxurTanaa gadagzavnili da xval usaTuod gamzaddebao. zogjer, gveubnebodnen, _ ubralod rezolucia aris dasadebi da velodebiTo. amasobaSi ki 1 Tve gavida~, _ hyveba adamianis uflebaTa teleportalis Jurnalisti Tamar mSvenieraZe. gazeTi `kviris palitra~: xaTuna paiWaZe `ukanaskneli wlebis manZilze Zalian garTulda informaciis mopoveba, yvelaferi daxurulia. roca irakli oqruaSvilis dakavebis sabuTebs viTxovdi, Sinagan saqmeTa

saministrom saerTod ar mipasuxa. ra pasuxsac maZlevdnen, isic arasrulyofili iyo~. Jurnali `liberali~: gio WeiSvili. `sajaro dawesebulebebi~ gadamisamarTebis strategias xSirad mimarTaven. amiT pasuxismgeblobas icileben Tavidan. erTi organo meores uwers werils, meore _ mesames da ase dausruleblad. roca pasuxi mova, Tu saerTod movida, ukve saWiroc aRaraa~. Jurnali `liberali~: maia wiklauri `informacia mWirdeboda quTaisSi parlamentis mSeneblobasTan dakavSirebiT. kiTxvebiT sakanonmdeblo organos mivmarTe. 10 dRe

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adamianis uflebebi da samarTali

malodines da mipasuxes, _ es sakiTxi Cven ar gvexebao. amis Semdeg igive kiTxvebi premier-ministrs gavugzavne. isev 10 dRes malodines da momweres, _ Tqveni werili saTanado reagirebisTvis parlaments gadavugzavneTo. parlamentidan pasuxi momivida, _ erTxel ukve xom mogwereT, rom es sakiTxebi Cven ar gvexebao~. Jurnali `liberali~: nino gogua `viZiebdi varskvlavebis akademiis kedlis CamoSlis Temas, saqalaqo sasamarTlodan samSeneblo kompania `art-iqsis~ mier Sedgenili oficialuri, standartuli naxazebi mWirdeboda, romlis mixedviTac

Senoba iyo daproeqtebuli. Tavidan dampirdnen, _ yvelafers mogcemT, fotomasalis CaTvliTo. roca dokumentaciis wasaRebad mivedi, gamomicxades: naxazebi komerciuli saidumloebaa, ver mogcemTo. arc suraTebi gadamaRebines. SeuZlebelia standartuli naxazebi komerciuli saidumlo iyos, es xom ar aris saidumlo recepti, an wamlis damzadebis wesi!~ zogadi administraciuli kodeqsiT sajaro dawesebulebam informacia dauyovnebliv unda gasces, Tumca Tu es SeuZlebelia, informaciis gacema araugvianes 10 dReSi unda moxdes. axalgazrda iuristTa asociaciis, mediis Tavisuflebis

sakiTxebis iuristi Tamar korZaia ambobs: `iseTi SemTxveva, roca masalis Segrovebas 10 dRe ar sWirdeba, magram informacias dauyovnebliv mainc ar gascemen, SeiZleba samuSao procesis dayovnebad CaiTvalos. samwuxarod, arcerTi kanoni, amgvar SemTxvevaSi raime tipis pasuxismgeblobis dakisrebas ar gulisxmobs. erTaderTi qmedeba, romelic am dros iuridiulad gamarTlebulia, informaciaze pasuxismgebeli piris disciplinuri pasuxismgeblobis dayenebaa, rasac misi Tanamdebobidan gaTavisufleba unda mohyves~, _ ganmartavs Tamar korZaia. misganve vigebT, rom axalgazrda iuristTa asociaciisTvis Jurna-

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adamianis uflebebi da samarTali

Jurnalistebis saCivrebze dayrdnobiT, irkveva, rom yvelaze xSirad informacias Semdegi uwyebebi ar gascemen

1. Tbilisis meria; 2. Sinagan saqmeTa saministro; 3. Tavdacvis saministro; 4. sapatrulo policia; 5. ganaTlebis saminstro; 6. sagareo saqmeTa saminstro; 7. komunikaciebis maregulirebeli komisia.

listebs sarCelebiT araerTxel miumarTavT. sarCelTa umravlesoba meriis winaaRmdegaa. merias TanrigiT Sinagan saqmeTa da Tavdacvis saministroebi mosdeven. `Zalian xSiria arapirdapiri pasuxebi, rac igivea, rom uari Tqva informaciis gacemaze. aseTi ram jer administraciul doneze, Semdgom ki sasamarTloSi unda gasaCivrdes~, _ ambobs `liberalTan~ saubarSi Tamar korZaia. `meriaSi gasaCivreba calke drosa da energias moiTxovs. amas garda, arc gpasuxoben gasaCivrebul werilze. miuxedavad amisa, piradad me Setanili maqvs saCivris werili da vecdebi, aucileblad miviyvano saqme bolomde. rasac pressamsa-

xurebi akeTeben, es autanelia~, _ ambobs sofo Todua, gazeT `24 saaTis~ Jurnalisti. Jurnalitebi ara mxolod pressamsaxurebis ugulisyuro damokidebulebaze, aramed respondentTa mxridan gamoCenil daudevrobaze amaxvileben yuradRebas. saxelisuflebo struqturebSi Jurnalistebis kiTxvebs xSirad ubralod ar pasuxoben. `Sinagan saqmeTa saministros arc erTi maRalCinosani mcire komentarsac ar gvaZlevs. adre Tu SoTa utiaSvili mainc gaimetebda TiTo sityvas, axla masTan urTierTobac gaWirda. amgvari viTarebis gamo xSirad, siuJetebSi meore mxare ar gvyavs~, _ ambobs radio `Tavisu-

flebis~ korespondenti eka qevaniSvili. JurnalistTa nawilis azriT, amgvari mdgomareoba xelovnurad iqmneba. maTi mtkicebiT, xelisufleba informaciul vakuums qmnis, riTac Jurnalistebs xarisxiani Jurnalisturi saqmianobis ganxorcielebis SesaZlebloba ar eZlevaT. Jurnalisturi standarti moiTxovs, am statiaSi saxelmwifo uwyebebis mosazrebebic iyos dafiqsirebuli, aseT SemTxvevaSi statiaSi balansi srulad iqneboda daculi. Tumca, zustad imave problemebis gamo, rasac es werili eZRvneba, is calmxrivi gamovida. amaze ki pasuxismgebloba Jurnals ar ekisreba.

liberali . ivlisi 2010 . 39

29

sazogadoeba

samauwyeblo licenziebi

seleqciuri licenzireba
komunikaciebis erovnuli komisia sazogadoebrivi azris kvlevis arqonas imizezebs da mauwyeblobis licenziis aTamde maZieblis saqmeebs arc ganixilavs.
nana sajaia
`gadacemebs kasetebze vwerdiT da marneulSi `marSutkebis~ mZRolebs vurigebdiT. magram aba, rogor unda gamego, CarTavda Tu ara `marSutkis~ mZRoli naCuqar kasetas. adgilobriv TviTmmarTvelobasac gadavcemdiT 5 disks imitom, rom vicodiT, iq 5 kompiuteri hqondaT~, _ ase ixsenebs jipas Jurnalistikis skolis studenti kamila mamedova 2006 wels marneulis saTemo radioSi muSaobis periods da im meTodebs, romlebsac gadacemebis gasavrceleblad iyenebdnen mauwyeblobis licenziis mopovebisaTvis orwliani uSedego mcdelobis Semdeg. komunikaciebis erovnul komisiaSi _ organoSi, romelic Tavisufal sixSireebs gankargavs _ marneulis saTemo radios garda, aTamde sxva kompaniis gancxadeba devs. aTive

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ilustracia sofo kirTaZe / wignis saxelosno

sazogadoeba
gancxadebis avtori mauwyeblobis uflebas iTxovs, magram aTives Txovnas komisia, ukve 6 welia, erTi da imave mizeziT ar akmayofilebs _ is elis sazogadoebrivi azris kvlevis Sedegebs, romelTa daxmarebiTac unda daadginos, Tu rogor tele da radioproduqtze aqvs mayurebels moTxovna. Tumca, rTuli gamosacnobi ar unda iyos is, Tu ra tipis informacia ainteresebs, vTqvaT, eTnikuri umciresobebiT kompaqturad dasaxlebuli regionebis mosaxleobas. iq problemaa, rogorc nacionaluri mniSvnelobis mqone movlenebis srulfasovani gaSuqeba, ise lokaluri ambebisTvis Tvalyuris devneba. ninowmindasa da marneulSi saTemo radioebis proeqtis avtorma, studia `re~-m yovelgvari kvlevis gareSe miagno am problemas, romlis gamosworebac, oficialuri licenziis molodinSi, qalaqis skverSi damontaJebuli xmamaRlamolaparakeebis saSualebiT scada. 2006 wlidan moyolebuli, ori wlis ganmavlobaSi, ninowmindaSi, radios ofisis win, patara skverSi yoveldRiurad ikribebodnen adgilobrivebi da naxevarsaaTiani gadacemebiT, Ria cis qveS iRebdnen maTTvis praqtikuli mniSvnelobis mqone informacias: rodis iwyeba Tibvis sezoni, rodis moitanen gamgeobaSi sasuqs, rodis igegmeba esa Tu is kulturuli RonisZieba qalaqSi... `mamakacebi ki modiodnen, magram iq miRebuli ar aris, rom qali quCaSi dadges, amitom qalebi iqve maRaziaSi midiodnen da radiogadacemebs iqidan usmendnen~, _ ixsenebs proeqtis xelmZRvaneli lia CaxunaSvili. saTemo radios licenziis molodinSi ori xmamaRlamolaparake daayenes marneulSic, erTi kulturis parkSi, sadac dedebi bavSvebs aseirnebdnen, meore ki CaixanaSi, sadac mamakacebi ikribebodnen. saTemo radioebis gaxsna studia `re~-s BBC World Service Trust-ma da IREX evropam daufinanses. imis gaTvaliswinebiT, rom saTemo mauwyebloba saqarTveloSi axali koncefcia iyo, proeqtis monawileebma Seagroves da Targmnes literatura, romelic maregulirebeli komisiis maSindel Tavmjdomares dimitri qitoSvils da komisiis wevrebs dauriges. rogorc CaxunaSvili ixsenebs, saubrebis doneze komisiac da adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobis warmomadgenlebic ambobdnen, rom proeqti saintereso iyo, Tumca amis miuxedavad, licenzia arc erT radioze ar gacemula. `gacnobebT, rom Tqvens werilSi aRniSnul raionebSi saTemo radiomauwyeblobaze licenziis misaRebad konkursis gamocxadebaze gadawyvetilebis miRebis SemTxvevaSi, aRniSnuli gadawyvetileba ganTavsdeba veb- gverdze~, _ acnobes erT-erT etapze proeqtis avtorebs. `amis Semdeg yoveli Cemi dila iwyeboda komisiis veb-gverdze SesvliT. mere mivxvdi, rom uazroba iyo. Cven ver mivaRwieT imas, rom eTqvaT an ki, an ara, ar gaZlevT licenzias~, _ ixsenebs lia CaxunaSvili. ucxouri organizaciebis mier dafinansebuli proeqtis orwliani vada komisiasTan uSedego mimoweraSi da licenziis ZiebaSi gailia. male xmamaRlamolaparakeebi skverebidan aiRes, aparatura ki ofisSi Seinaxes. dRes ninowmindisa da marneulis mosaxleoba maTi TemisTvis aucilebel praqtikul ambebs isev masmediamdeli epoqisTvis damaxasiaTebeli xerxiT _ zepirsityvierad igebs. radios moxaliseebs imedi gaucruvdaT. aparaturas ki sazogadoebrivi azris kvlevis molodinSi mtveri edeba. `is, rom administraciuli organo Tavis movaleobas ar asrulebs da me ar SemiZlia, visargeblo uflebiT, miviRo mauwyeblobis licenzia, gamoxatvis Tavisuflebis SezRudvaa da sxva araferi. aravinaa damnaSave, Tuki romelime administraciuli organo Tavis valdebulebebs ver asrulebs~, _ ambobs iuristi Tamar korZaia. pirveli da ukanaskneli sazogadoebrivi azris kvleva komisiam 2004 wels Caatara. kanonis mixedviT, momdevno kvleva ori wlis Semdeg, 2006-Si unda Catarebuliyo, magram radgan es `didi xnis win iyo~, komisiis samarTlebrivi departamentis ufross, kaxi yuraSvils, `ar axsovs, ratom gadaido maSin kvleva~. Semdeg etapze, anu 2008 wlis oqtomberSi kvleva komisiam BCG-is SeukveTa, sami Tvis Semdeg pirveli Sedegebic miiRo, magram radgan dokumentSi iyo mxolod statistika da ara misi analizi, rac komisias sazogadoebis moTxovnebis Sesaxeb srulfasovan warmodgenas Seuqmnida, amitom kvlevis dasrulebisTvis damatebiTi dro misces. mas Semdeg, BCG-is kvlevis menejeris, rusudan veliZis TqmiT, kompania komisiasTan kiTxva-pasuxis reJimSi muSaobs. `kvleva gvaqvs Catarebuli, magram iqidan wamovida mTeli rigi kiTxvebi. varT ai ase. raRacebs gvekiTxebian, Cven vpasuxobT~, _ ambobs veliZe. kiTxvaze, Tu rodis dasruldeba kvleva, veliZe pasuxobs: `roca isini CaTvlian dasrulebulad da aRar gauCndebaT aranairi kiTxva~. `gamudmebiT xdeba sazogadoebrivi azris Seswavla, es aris swored maTi pozicia, rom ar ainteresebT sazogadoebis azri~, _ ambobs studia `re~-s direqtori mamuka yufaraZe. saTemo radioebis proeqtSi CarTuli samive wyaro miiCnevs, rom sazogadoebrivi azris kvleva mxolod oficialuri sababia, realurad ki, saTemo radioebs licenziebs, SesaZloa, imitom ar aZleven, rom mTavroba eTnikuri umciresobebiT dasaxlebul regionebSi separatistuli moZraobis gaRvivebas ufrTxis.

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sazogadoeba
`Znelia imis Tqma, aseTive reaqcia Tu eqnebodaT, qarTvelebiT dasaxlebul regionebSi rom dagvewyo igive proeqti~, _ ambobs lia CaxunaSvili da dasZens, rom sinamdvileSi maT proeqts swored antiseparatistuli mizani hqonda _ eTnikuri umciresobebis qarTvelebTan integraciis xelSewyoba. saTemo radioebis garda, kvlevis arqonis gamo konkursis gamocxadebaze uari uTxres kaxeTis radio `hereTs~, romelic, ukve or welze metia, samauwyeblo licenziis modificirebas da Tbilisze mauwyeblobis nebarTvas iTxovs. `2008 wlidan maqvs mimowera komisiasTan, zogjer saerTod upasuxod mtovebdnen, ZiriTadad ki erTi da igive Sinaarsis werils viRebdi, rom verafers mogvixerxeben, vidre kvleva ar dasruldeba. were da ikiTxe, azri ara aqvs, samwuxarod~, _ ambobs radios direqtori ramaz samxaraZe. litikuri garigebis Sedegad miiRo. kaxi yuraSvili ambobs: `imisTvis, rom mRelvareba Camcxraliyo da arc kanoni dagverRvia, `maestros~ Cven TviTon SevTavazeT licenziis modificireba~. arada, 2004 wels miRebul kanonSi mauwyeblobis Sesaxeb weria, rom is `gamWvirvaleobis, samarTlianobisa da miukerZoeblobis principebs~ efuZneba da am principebiT aregulirebs mauwyeblobis sferoSi saqmianobasa da `sixSireebis gamoyenebas~. Tumca, iurist Tamar korZaias TqmiT, xSirad usamarTlo gadawyvetilebebis mizezi es kanonic SeiZleba gaxdes, radgan masSi xarvezebi gvxvdeba. magaliTad, kanonis 42-e muxlis Tanaxmad, komisias SeuZlia, licenziis msurvelis gancxadeba warmoebaSi arc ki miiRos, Tu gancxadebas arasrulyofilad miiCnevs. es muxli ki ewinaaRmdegeba zogad administraciul kodeqss, romelic saqmis kiwmariSvili. maregulirebeli komisiis vebgverdze ganTavsebul wliur angariSSi weria, rom 2009 wels sul 14 licenzia gaica. am licenziebis mflobelebi, ZiriTad SemTxvevaSi, sakomunikacio kompaniebi arian _ iseTebi, rogoricaa `axali qselebi~, `global erTi~ da `rkinigzis telekomi~. Tumca, am 14-s Soris ori samauwyeblo kompaniacaa _ `studia maestro~ da `realtivi saqarTvelo~. Tuki, am angariSs mivyvebiT, gamodis, rom sazogadoebrivi kvlevis arqona Semaferxebeli faqtori ar gamxdara komisiisTvis maSin, roca Tundac `realtivis~ licenzia misca. TviTon kaxi yuraSvili `realtivisTvis~ axali licenziis gacemas uaryofs da acxadebs: `Tuki aseTi Secdoma angariSSi gaparulia, avtori daisjeba~. misi TqmiT, `realtivi saqarTvelom~ licenzia Sps `medievalisgan~ miiRo, mxareebis Tanxmobis safuZvelze.

`is, rom administraciuli organo Tavis movaleobas ar asrulebs da me ar SemiZlia, visargeblo uflebiT, miviRo mauwyeblobis licenzia, gamoxatvis Tavisuflebis SezRudvaa~.
kaxi yuraSvili `hereTis~ saqmis Seferxebas imiT xsnis, rom radios mauwyeblobis geografiuli zonis Secvla ukve ara licenziis modificirebas, aramed axali licenziis gacemas saWiroebs, amisTvis ki swored zemoT xsenebuli kvlevis dasrulebaa saWiro. Tumca, roca `studia maestros~ licenziis miniWebis aranakleb rTulma da droSi gawelilma procesma qveyanaSi didi politikuri vnebaTaRelva gamoiwvia, komunikaciebis maregulirebelma komisiam situaciidan gamosavali TviTonve naxa. sabolood, sainformacio gadacemebis gakeTebis ufleba, anu saerTo Tanamgzavruli mauwyeblobis licenzia, `maestrom~ swored powarmoebaSi miRebaze uaris Tqmis safuZvlebs ar icnobs. `rodesac gancxadeba registrirdeba administraciul organoSi, is ukve warmoebaSia. administraciul organos kanonmdeblobiT ar evaleba, Seamowmos, Tu ramdenad srulyofilia gancxadeba Semotanis dros. Sesabamisad, warmoebaSi yvela SemTxvevaSi unda miiRos~, _ ambobs Tamar korZaia. telekompania `rusTavi 2~-is da fond `2020~-is damfuZnebeli erosi kiwmariSvili komisiis mxridan msgavs qmedebas voluntarizms uwodebs. `voluntarizmia is, rom licenziis msurvelebs elementarulad ar pasuxoben, an srul ignorirebas ukeTeben da ganacxadis Setanis saSualebasac ar aZleven~, _ ambobs mudmivi lodinis reJimSi myofi danarCeni potenciuri licenziantebi ki komisiasTan urTierTobisas isev yru kedels awydebian. radio `hereTis~ xelmZRvanelebi sazogadoebrivi kvlevis xangrZlivi molodinis paralelurad, cdiloben, saqmis arsSi TviTon gaerkvion. swored amitom moiTxoves maT sajaro informacia imis Sesaxeb, Tu vin da ra tipis licenzia miiRo komisiisgan 2005 wlis Semdeg. pasuxi erTi Tvis win miiRes. komisiis sapasuxo werilSi weria, rom am periodSi sul 47 axali licenzia gaica da modificirda _ 48. arc erTis SemTxvevaSi sazogadoebrivi kvlevis arqona uaris Tqmisa da bundovani mikibvmokibvis mizezi ar gamxdara.

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mediakritika

Sou saxelwodebiT "hilari stumrad miSasTan"


ninia kakabaZe

hilari klintoni da mixeil saakaSvili, Tbilisi, 5 ivlisi 2010

moqmedeba Tbilisis aeroportSi viTardeba. piradi saubari mTlianad Targmnilia. hilari klintoni jer nikoloz saakaSvils mimarTavs: `gamarjoba, rogor xar?~ Semdeg sandra rulovss: `Zalian lamazi bavSvia. ucxo enaze vlaparakobT da albaT misTvis gaugebaria. me Tqven dagexmarebiT, momewona Tqveni sityviT gamosvla. Zalian kargi da sasiamovno mosasmeni iyo~. amis Semdeg eduard saakaSvils miubrunda: `eduard, ramdeni wlis xar?~ eduardi: `ToTxmetis~. saqarTvelos prezidentis ojaxis wevrebi da aSS-s saxelmwifo mdivani TviTmfrinavisken miemarTebian.

hilari klintoni nikoloz saakaSvils: `ginda, CemTan erTad wamoxvide TviTmfrinaviT?~ sandra rulovss: `madloba, CamodiT zafxulSi CvenTan amerikaSi~. sandra rulovsi: `qaliSvilis qorwilisTvis saCuqars aucileblad gamogigzavniT~. qarTulma mediam am piradi saubris CvenebiT dagvanaxa, rom amerikis saxelmwifo mdivani hilari klintoni qarTuli ojaxis axlobelia. hilari klintonis saqarTveloSi vizitis 6 saaTi da 40 wuTi TiTqmis srulad gadaica pirdapir eTerSi. pirveli iyo saqarTvelos prezidentisa da amerikis SeerTebu-

ucxoeli Jurnalistebis kiTxvebi gacilebiT ufro saqmiani, arsebiTi da, rac yvelaze sayuradReboa, saqarTvelosaTvis ufro mniSvnelovani iyo.

li Statebis saxelmwifo mdivnis brifingi, romelsac qarTveli da ucxoeli Jurnalistebi eswrebodnen. saakaSvilisa da klintonis sityvebis Semdeg pirvel kiTxvas `moambes~ Jurnalisti lika xurci-

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foto irakli gedeniZe

mediakritika
Ze svams. ginaxavT albaT, rodesac deda mcirewlovan bavSvs fafas aWmevs, rogor aRebs masTan erTad pirs, TiTqos WamaSi exmareba; an dafasTan gasul umcrosklasels rogor exmareba keTilmosurne maswavlebeli da mowafis nacvlad asrulebs winadadebebs, an magaliTad _ leqsis yoveli strofis bolo sityvas. mixeil saakaSvilsa da lika xurciZes Soris msgavsi gageba da Tanadgoma iyo. `Tqven aRniSneT, rom saqarTveloSi Zalian bevri adamiani cxovrobs okupaciis pirobebSi. apirebT Tu ara am Temis ganxilvas ruseTis liderebTan?~ _ am kiTxvas svams xurciZe da vidre is laparakobs, saqarTvelos prezidenti amayad ucqers Jurnalists da Tavs ayolebs. bolos ki, rogorc keTilmosurne pedagogi skolis gakveTilze, dabneuli mowafis nacvlad amTavrebs da aswomovnebs Rvinos restoran `ovalTan~, isev gadmodis xidze da isev agemovnebs Rvinos restoran `ovalTan~. gamagrilebel sasmelze Jurnalistebs hilari klintoni patiJebs. `daiRaleT, mTeli dRea, muSaobT, mobrZandiT, miirTviT civi sasmeli~... aseTi JestebiT xom Cveni prezidenti gamoirCeva?! ai, es ki gaepara qarTul medias da Cvens prezidentze ufro uSualo hilari klintoni aRmoCnda. kafeSi axalgazrda gogonebic isxdnen, romelTac saxelmwifo mdivani gaesaubra da maTive naambobiT gavigeT: `mogvesalma, mogvikiTxa, gviTxra, _ ra momxibvleli axalgazrdoba gyavTo, ra lamazi gogoebi xarTo. biWebi sad ariano?... Zalian uSualo iyo qalbatoni hilari~! romeliRac TviTmarqvia reJisoris xeli etyoboda am epizods, magaliTad... ara ar davakonkreteb. `Tamar mefis xana saqarTveloSi bloba Tu masmediis Tavisufleba. aSS qarTvel xalxs mxars uWers, mxars uWers qarTul demokratias da Cven yvelafers gavakeTebT, rom dasaxul miznebs mivaRwioT~. ara uSavs, vin Seamowmebs Jurnalistis sityvebs?! 5 ivlisis sainformacio gamoSvebis erTma nawilma istoriuli eqskursi SemogvTavaza. qarTulamerikuli urTierToba `dasabamidan~ dRemde. jorj buSis viziti, kondoliza raisis viziti, barak obamas gancxadebebi da a.S. da a.S. amerika odiTganve saqarTvelos partniori da megobaria. saubari karg amindze, daRlilobasa da Sexvedrebis grafikze. saqarTvelos prezidenti, rogorc eqskursiamZRoli sakuTar rezidenciaSi. samuSao oTaxi, endi garsias foto, parlamentis axali SuSis Senobis maketi... `SuSa imas

5 maisis qarTuli teleeTeri sanimuSo magaliTi iyo maTTvis, vinc axla swavlobs, rogor unda SevqmnaT mediasimulacia, ras niSnavs spini da mediis mier Cveni gonebis manipulacia.
rebs mis dawyebul winadadebas: `anu, ganixilavT Tu ara?~ lika xurciZes daaviwyda, rom Sedegi dResve unda vicodeT! ucxoeli Jurnalistebis kiTxvebi gacilebiT ufro saqmiani, arsebiTi da, rac yvelaze sayuradReboa, saqarTvelosaTvis ufro mniSvnelovani iyo, vidre _ pirSi fafadagubebuli qarTveli Jurnalistebis. `vaSington postis~ Jurnalisti pirdapir da mkafiod vadebze akeTebs aqcents, `rusTavi 2~-is Jurnalists ki ainteresebs, ratom megobrobs amerika saqarTvelosTan. ver getyviT, sinamdvileSi cota iseirna Tu bevri hilari klintonma Zvel TbilisSi, magram faqtia, rom siuJetSi erTsa da imave kadrebs atrialebdnen. gadmodis xidze, age21-e saukuneSi dgeba~, _ mogvaxsena hilari klintonma. televiziis meSveobiT vigebT, rom kritikuli SekiTxva, mosazreba mxolod respublikuri partiis wevrma, Tina xidaSelma gamoTqva. xidaSelis kiTxva saqarTveloSi demokratiis xarisxs da am demokratiis mimarT amerikis pozicias Seexeboda. `hilari klintonma Tina xidaSels konstruqciulobisken mouwoda~, _ aRniSna Jurnalistma kadrs miRma teqstSi. klintonis sityvebSi ki aseTi mowodeba ar Cans. misi pasuxi amgvari iyo: migvaCnia, rom saqarTvelom didi progresi ganicada da rTul pirobebSi mdgradobis demonstrireba moaxdina. aseve viciT, rom Cndeba kiTxvebi _ iqneba es sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsi, sasamarTlos damoukideniSnavs, rom CvenTan yvelaferi gamWvirvalea~, _ ambobs mixeil saakaSvili. 5 maisis qarTuli teleeTeri sanimuSo magaliTi iyo maTTvis, vinc axla swavlobs, rogor unda SevqmnaT mediasimulacia, ras niSnavs spini da mediis mier Cveni gonebis manipulacia. mxolod erTia, es yvelaferi umtkivneulo, iumoristuli JanrisTvis ufro gamodgeba, arada, Cven mediamanipulaciis gacilebiT ufro mtkivneuli SemTxvevebis gamocdileba gvaqvs. 5 maisis teleeTeri iumoristuli Janris xelovanebisTvis saukeTeso produqtia. sagangaSo araferia _ sxva, gansakuTrebiT postsabWoTa qveynebSi uaresi xdeba. amitom, madloba RmerTs, saqarTvelos xelisuflebas da qarTul televizias!

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kultura

dasuraTebuli amerika _ fotoebiT moTxrobili istoria


nino CimakaZe
`es erTgvari mexsierebis Teatria, sadac suraTebiT SegviZlia aRvadginoT amerika~, _ ambobs erovnuli biblioTekis direqtori emzar jgerenaia. gamofena erT did istoriul wignsac mogagonebT, sadac TiToeuli namuSevari axali wakiTxuli furcelia Tavisi saintereso detalebiTa da niuansebiT. Tumca, aseT wignebSi moyvanili mSrali istoriuli faqtebisgan gansxvavebiT, vizualuri masala ufro efeqturi da emociuria: `aq Tavmoyrilia ara erTi klasikuri foto, romelic minaxavs Cemi cxovrebis manZilze da romelic Zalian amaRelvebelia CemTvis, rogorc amerikelisTvis. am namuSevrebze kargadaa asaxuli is kulturuli mravalferovneba, gamocdilebebi da gamowvevebi, romelTa winaSec videqiT, da romelic gadavlaxeT imisTvis, rom gagveumjobesebina Cveni demokratia~, _ aRniSnavs `liberalTan~ saubarSi jon basi, aSS-s elCi saqarTveloSi. Tomas harT benToni, jozef stela, uolker evansi, frenk loid raiTi _ fermwerebi, fotografebi Tu moqandakeebi Taviseburad asaxaven amerikis ganviTarebis sxvadasxva etaps da gviCveneben, Tu ra sirTuleebis gadalaxva mouxda qveyanas imisTvis, rom dRes msoflios erTerT wamyvan da Zlier saxelmwifod qceuliyo. gamofena TbilisSi 19 ivlisamde gastans. Semdeg `amerika~ aTenSi gaemgzavreba, sadac kidev erT Zveli civilizaciis qveyanas gaacnobs sakuTar arcTu ise xangrZliv, magram metad mniSvnelovan istorias.

foto marika qoCiaSvili

gamofena saqarTvelos parlamentis erovnul biblioTekaSi, 7 ivlisi 2010

40 fotoSi Cateuli ori saukune: ra gza gaiara amerikam Tanamedrove demokratiamde. samoqalaqo omi, brZola segregaciisa da diskriminaciis winaaRmdeg, aborigenuli kultura da industrializacia _ amerikis istoriis am da sxva mniSvnelovani movlenebisa da etapebis gacnoba damTvaliereblebs 7 ivlisidan saqarTvelos parlamentis erovnul biblioTekaSi warmodgenil gamofenaze SeuZliaT. sxvadasxva Taobis amerikeli mxatvrebis da fotografebis namuSevrebis reproduqciebi saqarTveloSi aSS-s saelCos xelSewyobiT Camoitanes. msgavsi gamofenis gakeTebis idea Tavdapirvelad amerikeli skolis moswavleebisTvis informaciis martivad miwodebis mizniT gaCnda, Tumca Semdeg aRmoCnda, rom qveynis istoriis amgvarad gacnoba ucxoelebisTvisac saintereso iq-

`es erTgvari mexsierebis Teatria, sadac suraTebiT SegviZlia aRvadginoT amerika~.


neboda da gamofenamac mogzauroba daiwyo. 2009 wlidan moyolebuli gamofena msoflios bevr qveyanaSi iyo warmodgenili. saqarTvelomde amerikis dasuraTebul istorias ungreli damTvalierebeli gaecno. 1852 wlis sagrafos arCevnebi, 1965 wlis marSi saarCevno uflebebisTvis, abraam linkolnis da jorj vaSingtonis portretebi, industriuli xanis nagebobebi da futuristul stilSi Sesrulebuli bruklinis xidi _ gamofenaze warmodgenili eqsponatebi amerikis cxovrebis sruliad sxvadasxva etaps asaxavs.

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kultura

qarTuli pen-klubi saerTaSoriso RonisZiebebSi CaerTveba


nino CimakaZe
1990 wels daarsda. misi pirveli prezidenti Wabua amirejibi iyo, Semdeg es adgili jansuR Carkvianma daikava. 1997 wlidan ki gaerTianebas daTo maRraZe xelmZRvanelobs. qarTuli pen-klubi araerTi RonisZiebis iniciatoria. maT Soris iyo gamofena sabWoTa dros represirebuli adamianebis Sesaxeb, gazeTi da Semdeg ukve Jurnali `qomagi~, saprotesto gancxadebebi adamianis uflebebis darRvevis SemTxvevebis dros. Tumca, is, rac dRes qarTuli pen-klubis egidiT xdeba, mxolod mciredia imasTan SedarebiT, rasac msgavsi organizaciebi dasavleTSi akeTeben. garda amisa, sabWoTa periodSi Seqmnili `mweralTa kavSiris~ reputaciidan gamomdinare, dRes bevri axalgazrda mwerali saerTod erideba raime saxis organizaciaSi gaerTianebas. Tumca International Pen damoukidebeli gaerTianebaa, romelic ZiriTadad sxvadasxva kerZo da sagranto fondebidan finansdeba da dasavleTSi masze raime saxis samTavrobo gavlenebze laparakic ki zedmetia. iujin Sulginma qarTvel mwerlebTan am mniSvnelovan sakiTxebzec isaubra. maT erToblivi gegmebic dasaxes: gadawyda, rom 2011 wlis oqtomberSi TbilisSi pen-klubis saerTaSoriso literaturuli festivali Catardeba, sadac mTavari aqcenti isev sityvis Tavisuflebaze gakeTdeba. irakli kakabaZem `liberalTan~ am RonisZiebis detalebzec isaubra da aRniSna, rom festivalze iseTi cnobili da gavleniani mwerlebis Camoyvana igegmeba, rogorebic arian _ britaneli salman ruSdi da nobelisa da puliceris premiebis laureati mwerali qali, toni morisoni.

fotoebi levan xerxeuliZe

International Pen-is gamgeobis Tavmjdomare, mwerali iujin Sulgini Jurnal `liberalis~ redaqciaSi, 9 ivlisi 2010

wina kviras Tbiliss britanuli International Pen-is gamgeobis Tavmjdomare, mwerali iujin Sulgini stumrobda. mas saqarTveloSi Camosvla da adgilobrivi mwerlebis gacnoba, ramdenime welia, undoda. mas Semdeg, rac londonSi mwerali irakli kakabaZe gaicno, am sakiTxze fiqri ufro seriozulad daiwyo da saqarTveloSi Camosvlac masTan erTad gadawyvita. TbilisSi vizitisas Sulgini da irakli kakabaZe Jurnal `liberalsac~ stumrobdnen. `Zalian mainterebs, ra xdeba postsabWoTa qveynebis pen-klubebSi da mwerlobaSi. vici, rom aqauri gaerTianebebi SedarebiT daxuruli iyo garkveuli drois manZilze da ar iyo mzad axali wevrebis Tu axali gamowvevebis misaRebad. magram imedi maqvs, es situacia TandaTan Seicvleba da dialogis gziT win wasasvlel gzasac naxavT~, _ aRniSna mweralma. International Pen TiTqmis erTi

poeti gaga naxucriSvili iujin Sulginisa da qarTveli mwerlebis Sexvedraze

saukunis win daarsebuli mweralTa saerTaSoriso asociaciaa, romelic msoflioSi erT-erT pirvel masStabur literaturul gaerTianebad da adamianis uflebaTa dacvis mxriv pirvel organizaciad iTvleba. dRes organizacias msoflios 100-ze met qveyanaSi aqvs centri, maT Soris _ saqarTveloSic. sxva postsabWoTa qveynebis msgavsad, pen-klubi saqarTveloSic `perestroikis~ Semdeg, ufro zustad ki

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kultura

"medea", rogorc masala


aleqsi maWavarianis operis dagvianebuli premiera erovnuli musikaluri centris scenaze
daviT buxrikiZe
lis morjulebis~, opera `hamletisa~ da simfoniur nawarmoebebTan erTad, didi xania, elis scenur da vokalur sicocxles. ormoqmedebiani operis statikuri sakoncerto Sesruleba solistebs gansakuTrebul pasuxismgeblobas akisrebT, radgan vokaluri monacemebi erTdroulad musikalur da artistul mxaresac iTavsebs. dramatul-vokaluri sinTezi yvelaze ukeT `la skalaSi~ gawvrTnilma baritonma nikoloz lagvilavam SeZlo, romlis SesrulebiT ori mefis _ mefe aietis (pirveli moqmedeba) da mefe kreonis (meore moqmedeba) _ partiebi gulwrfelad da damajereblad JRerda, Tumca igrZnoboda frazirebis xarvezebi. medea qeTevan xomerikis SesrulebiT raRaciT vagnerisa da rihard Strausis saopero partiebis cnobil interpretators, birgit nilsons mogagonebT; odnav civi, magram Zlieri xmiT. tenori anzor xidaSeli (iazoni) rafinirebuli, magram odnav susti da fokusirebuli xmiT meore ganyofilebaSi ufro srulad gaixsna, goCa daTusanis jer kidev dasaxvewi banis mosmenis saSualeba publikas mxolod pirvel ganyofilebaSi mieca. mefe kreonis asuls _ glavkes, dramatulis nacvlad, sacekvao partia aqvs daTmobili, rac moulodnelicaa da efeqturic. aRsaniSnavia, rom operis libreto (gustav Svabis dramis mixedviT) Tavad maestro vaxtang maWavarians ekuTvnis, romelic SemarTebiT diriJorobda. opera `medea~ sakoncerto SesrulebiT marTlac masalas hgavda, romlisganac, sareJisoro `wvrTnisa da aRWurvis~ SemTxvevaSi, konceptualuri da Tanamedrove opera SeiZleba gamoiZerwos. Tumca, saremontod daluquli operis fonze, es namdvili futurizmia.

aleqsi maWavarianis opera `medeas~ sakoncerto Sesruleba. erovnuli musikaluri centri, Tbilisi, 5 ivlisi 2010

meoce saukunis 80-iani wlebis germaniaSi yvelaze gavleniani, skandaluri dramaturgisa da memarcxene Sexedulebebis reJisoris, hainer miuleris piesa `medea-masala~ ramdenime wliT adre daiwera, vidre aleqsi maWavarianis opera `medea~. 1991 wels, gardacvalebamde ramdenime wliT adre, cnobilma qarTvelma kompozitorma es mravalplaniani, Tanamedrove musikaluri eniTa da struqturiT agebuli opera sankt-peterburgis, marias saxelobis saopero Teatris dakveTiT dawera. Tumca samSobloSi kolxi misani-qalis saopero istoria lamis akrZalul hainer miuleris `medeaze~ ufro tabudadebuli aRmoCnda. 2010 weli, garkveuli TvalsazrisiT, istoriulia: erovnuli musikaluri centris scenaze 5 da 7 ivliss opera `medea~ sakoncerto SesrulebiT pirvelad da srulad aJRerda. aRmaSenebelze mdebare erovnuli musikaluri centris sanimuSod da winasaremontod `gatyavebuli~ kedlebi, SiSveli da

mouwesrigebeli scena TiTqos sagangebo atmosferos qmnida. amas davumatoT musikalurad SemarTuli publika, evgeni miqelaZis saxelobis gadaxalisebuli orkestri, lamis gaaTmagebuli pasuxismgeblobis maestro vaxtang maWavariani, aqromatulad kostiumirebuli da STagonebuli erovnuli kapela da aranakleb mondomebuli solistebi... banalurad rom vTqvaT, aleqsi maWavarianis Semoqmedeba mravalferovania: simfoniebi, operebi, baletebi, saorkestro piesebi, kameruli musika da instrumentuli koncertebi (safortepiano, saviolino da CelosTvis). miuxedavad didi aRiarebisa da ucxoeTSi warmatebisa (misi musika xSirad JRerda ruseTis, amerikisa da evropis sakoncerto darbazebsa da saopero scenebze), kompozitoris Semoqmedeba, xiluli da uxilavi mizezebis gamo, mainc tabudadebuli iyo. gamonakliss arc opera `medea~ warmoadgens, romelic baletebis _ `firosmanisa~ da `Wirveu-

liberali . ivlisi 2010 . 39

foto irina xuciSvili

37

Tvalsazrisi

hilari da qarTveli gogonebi


laSa buRaZe, mwerali

hilari klintonis, mixeil saakaSvilis da gigi ugulavas gaseirneba Zvel TbilisSi, 5 ivlisi 2010

yvelam naxa, rogor gaiseirna Zvel TbilisSi aSS-s saxelmwifo mdivanma saqarTvelos prezidentTan da qalaqis merTan erTad. isic vnaxeT, rogor gadaeyarnen planetisa da qveynis gamgebelni kafeSi msxdom melanqoliur gogonebs da maTi pawia dialogis mowmenic SeviqeniT. Tumca, raRa dagimaloT da, veWvob, rom am saubris sruli ver-

sia gaeSvaT sainformacioebSi. ara mgonia, q-ni hilari erTi SekiTxviT dakmayofilebuliyo (`biWebi sad arian?~), qarTvel gogonebTan gasaubrebis Sanss is namdvilad ar gauSvebda xelidan _ dialogi, Cemi azriT, bevrad ufro vrceli gamovida. gTavazobT maTi saubris konstruirebul versias (Targmani Cemia): q-ni hilari: mogesalmebiT, qar-

Tvelo gogonebo! qarTveli gogonebi: (morcxvad, RimiliT da melanqoliurad) salami, qalbatono hilari. q-ni hilari: biWebi sad arian? biWebTan erTad ratom ar sxedxarT? qarTveli gogonebi: (maT prezidenti ubrialebs Tvalebs) biWebi jarSi arian. q-ni hilari: ratom gacviaT yvelas Savi tansacmeli?

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foto irakli gedeniZe

Tvalsazrisi
gogonebi erTmaneTs uyureben, Tavs uxerxulad grZnoben, ar ician, ra upasuxon. prezidenti: (erTveba saubarSi) rusul ocprocentian okupacias glovoben. q-ni hilari: maSin Savi feric ocprocentiani datvirTviT unda figurirebdes Tqvens tanisamosSi. zeda mainc unda iyos Wreli. konstitucionalisti demetraSvili: (xalxs Soris gamoyofs Tavs) ki, zeda da qveda palata iqneba, batono hilari (ratomRac `batonobiT~ mimarTavs q-n sax. mdivans)! qalaqis meri: (faravs konstitucionalists _ xels iSvers SuSis xidisken) iqiT xom ar gagveseirna, qalbatono hilar? prezidenti: (sxapasxupiT) moicamoica... (acnobs mers q-n mdivans) ai, esaa Cveni meri, esaa Cveni falavani! q-ni hilari: (qalaqis mers _ aRtacebuli) ah, es Tqven mougeT mister ZiuZiugurs (uWirs gvaris gamoTqma)? yoCaR-T, mero, yoCaR-T. misTer ZiuZiuguri Cven cnobili `samtrediis incidentis~ Semdeg dagvamaxsovrda _ im kacis damarcxeba, romelmac ekonomikuri diversia mouwyo ruseTs, Cemi azriT, rTuli unda yofiliyo. ase ar aris? qalaqis meri: (amayad, muSts Sekraqalaqis meri: (jiutad) umorCilesad gTxovT, gaviseirnoT axal xidze! q-ni hilari: (kvlav gogonebs) rogori urTierToba gaqvT geebTan? qarTveli gogonebi: Cveni azriT, egeni avadmyofebi arian, magram ar gvaRizianeben. zogierTi vmegobrobT kidec. q-ni hilari: rogor epyrobiT eTnikur umciresobebs? qarTveli gogonebi: (Tvalebi eparebaT prezidentisken _ prezidenti uxmod, tuCebis moZraobiT imeorebs maT naTqvams) visac somxebi ar uyvars, somxebi varT imisTvis, visac osebi ar uyvars _ osebi, xolo visac afxazebi _ afxazebi varT imisTvis... q-ni hilari: (prezidents) bravo, winsvla aSkaraa! (gogonebs) romel saaTze iRviZebT? qarTveli gogonebi: (gulubryvilod) saRamos oTx saaTze! q-ni hilari: (Sewuxdeba) ups. prezidenti: (gamoasworebs) amerikis droze varT, qalbatono hilari, amas gulisxmobdnen. q-ni hilari: (gogonebs) dapatiJebT Tu ara kafeSi `lider qalbatonebs~? (qarTveli gogonebi iWyanebian) ra, geTakilebaT maTTan erTad siaruli? (gogonebi ibRvirebian) crad gamoxteba da xelSi Jurnalebs miaCeCebs q-n mdivans _ CurCuliT da mudariT) aq Cemi colis fotoebia, `sivi~, ordenebi, puantebis qserokopia, bavSvis skolis gadasaxadebi, curvis abonementis asli... gadaxedeT, daaTvaliereT... (aReldeba) mTeli Cemi cxovrebaa aq, mTeli Cemi ocnebebi... miSveleT... (Cumad) dagvpatiJeT sadme... prezidenti: (win swevs finansTa ministr bainduraSvils _ q-n mdivans) vici, Tqveni qaliSvili Txovdeba da Tuki gadaifiqra _ xom iciT, yvelaferi SeiZleba rom moxdes _ icodeT, rom ager gvyavs savsebiT realisturi kandidatura. q-ni hilari: (finansTa ministrs) iciT inglisuri? finansTa ministri: (SeSinebulia) msoflios yvela ena vici, qalbatono hilari. q-ni hilari: (elCs) Seitane siaSi. (Tmaze xels usvams skolis moswavlis ieris mqone gogonas) Sen visi xar, Svili? gogona: (gabrazdeba) metyvi kidev ase da xelze gikben, yvela amomiwydes! Seni Svili ki ar var... ekonomikis ministri var. q-ni hilari: ups. ukacravad. qalaqis meri: (ujikebs q-n mdivans) xidii! wavida!

q-ni hilari: Sen visi xar, Svili? gogona: (gabrazdeba) metyvi kidev ase da xelze gikben,

yvela amomiwydes! Seni Svili ki ar var... ekonomikis ministri var.

vs) gavanadgure, ra. pirdapir geubnebiT. q-ni hilari: Tqven kolosi xarT! bravo! (ubrundeba gogonebs _ saqmianad) Savebi unda gaixadoT, Torem seqsi ar geqnebaT. qarTveli gogonebi: (erTxmad) gvaqvs seqsi, gvaqvs! q-ni hilari: (ironiiT) visTan, oficiantebTan? neba miboZeT, ar dagijeroT.

prezidenti: (mers, CurCuliT _ gogonebze) daiRalnen da veRar pasuxoben, wavediT! qalaqis meri: (rixianad da jiutad _ q-n mdivans) wamodiT axali xidis sanaxavad! q-ni hilari: (Riziandeba) nu, ra jandabaa es xidi! wavediT, ha! (gogonebs) Savi SeamcireT _ mxolod oci procenti! sagareo saqmeTa ministri: (ue-

q-ni hilari: xo, wavediT, wavediT... SemWama, nu! me ra miqna da misTer ZiuZius ras uzamda! planetisa da regionis mmarTvelebi midian. kafeSi msxdomi gogonebi saswrafod ixdian Sav kabebs _ Turme, sportisa da axalgazrdobis saministros TanamSromlebi lomiviT biWebi yofilan.

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sporti

jabulani
sandro naveriani ha, gavxdiT istoriuli faqtis momswreni. marTalia, me jer ar vici, holandia gaxda Cempioni Tu espaneTi, magram mTavari aq aris siaxle msoflio fexburTSi _ dedamiwas axali Cempioni hyavs. finalze da mTlianad mundialze Semdeg nomerSi moviwerebi, axla ki jabulanze da msajobaze minda, giTxraT. Tu vinmem ar icis, jabulani `adidasis~ burTis saxelia, romelic specialurad mundialisTvis Seiqmna raRac zeTanamedrove teqnologiebiT. mis garSemo atexili ayalmayaliT `nasa~-Sic ki Sewuxdnen da gadawyvites, SeeswavlaT burTi da misi amoucnobi traeqtoria. safuZvliani gamokvlevis Semdeg daadgines, rom Tu jabulani mifrinavs 70 km.sT. siCqariT da kidev ufro swrafad, maSin misi traeqtoriis gansazRvra SeuZlebelia. amas unda davumatoT isic, rom didi mniSvneloba aqvs, zRvis donidan ra simaRleze dafrinavs jabulani da ra mimarTuleba da siCqare aqvs qars. ase rom, es burTi tyuilad ar gamxdara adamianebis da aradamianebis ukmayofilebis sababi. garda amisa, arc `nasa~ da misi sqelSuSa saTvaliani `znaikebia~ saWiro imisTvis, rom jabulanis ucnaurobaSi darwmunde _ yvela TamaSSi aSkara iyo, rom dartymis Semdeg jabulani ZiriTadad zevidan scdeboda kars. amas garda, is Zalian swrafi burTia da miwidan asxletis Semdeg faqtobrivad inarCunebs pirvelad siCqares. ar vici, kidev ramden xans gagrZeldeba jabulanze saubari, Tumca erTia, Cven aq vsxedvarT da vlaqlaqebT, jabulanis avkargianobaze ki sul ramdenime fexburTelma gamoTqva azri, danarCenebi mSvenivrad TamaSoben, seivebsac akeTeben da golebic gaaqvT. ase rom, Tu fexburTelebs ar aqvT salaparako, jobs Cvenc gavCumdeT. rac Seexeba msajobas, uyoymanod SeiZleba msajobasac jabulani davarqvaT. amoucnobi da gaugebaria, Tu ra wesebiT msajoben. ra Tqma unda, ori yvelaze didi Secdoma arCaTvlili da CaTvlili golebi iyo. jandabas, gaxurebul sezonze aseTi goli uiqendze xuTi mainc gadis da msajebi maT auqmeben, magram mundialze da Tan aseTi mniSvnelovani golebis gauqmeba? magaliTad, tevesis goli! bevri ityvis, _ argentina mainc Seugdebdao, _ magram sinamdvileSi kacma ar icis, ra moxdeboda _ argentina Seigdebda, Tu piriqiT, Seugdebdnen. kidev uaresi iyo arCaTvlili lampardis goli, romelmac pirdapiri gavlena iqonia Sexvedris Sedegze. kidev iyo amerikelebis gatanili golebi, romlebic ar CaTvales. iyo uazro wiTlebi _ magaliTad gurkufis, romelmac aseve didi gavlena iqonia Sedegze. iyo fabianos xelburTi, kalaTburTi da goli, romelic CaTvales... ar var momxre, karis SigniT sensorebi damontaJdes imisTvis, rom msgavsi Secdomebi Tavidan aviciloT, arc video-referis momxre var... fexburTs adamianebi TamaSoben da Secdomebic adamianuri unda iyos, magram kuTxuris xazebTan ori msajis damatebis momxre var da es msajebi Tundac tofik baxramovebi iyvnen. erTi sityviT, msajoba Zalian cudi iyo, SeiZleba 2002-ze cudic, magram muRami imaSia, rom fexburTs mainc vuyurebT da erTi-ori jabulani arbitri amas verasdros Secvlis.

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41

sporti

damTavrda
gio axvlediani, londoni

es msoflio Cempionati xom gadagorda da mTeli ambavi. sabolood mainc kargi iyo, da rac mTavaria, msoflios axali Cempioni hyavs. es namdvilad didi xalisia da am saqmeSi samarTalic didia. Torem aba, ra gamodioda; am mso-

flio Tasze, burTi mekares Tu ar moxvdeboda, ise karSi lamis ar Sedioda da raRaca hokeisaviT ambavi iyo. saerTod, es Cempionati, premierligas hgavda. arc iyo gasakviri, iq imdeni fexburTeli iyo premierligidan. da maincdamainc fexburTe-

lebSic ar aris saqme. saerTod, es fexburTic, mgoni, imas emsgavseba, rom ityvian xolme, _ Zvel malboros kai suni hqondao da axla kidev aRara aqvso, malboro ki aweria zedo. Torem moTamaSeebi didebuli. nu, TiTqmis didebuli. anu viciT,

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sporti
rom brwyinvale, magram velodebiT, aba dRes Tu gamouva TamaSi, da vakvirdebiT, da ar gamoudiT. daiRaleno. ra gasakviria, rom daiRalon. sxvebs marto sirbili da fexis qneva moeTxovebaT, imaT kidev _ sirbili, fexis qneva da Tan Tavisi gansakuTrebuli niWis warmoCena. aba, msoflio Cempionati hqvia da marto `nakolka~ da sirbili ras geyofa: `nakolka~ iq yvelas aqvs, da sirbilic yvelas SeuZlia. Sen kidev Tavi unda gamoiCino. leo mesi xar. diax, runi xar da kidev erTi-ori biWi. zidans mainc ar daenebebina Tavi, magram mindors vin gamoekereba? saucxoo Cempionati iyo im mxriv, rom yvelaze lamazad utevda germania. gansakuTrebiT kontrSetevaze. sul cariel karSi Seagorebdnen xolme burTs, sadac ki gauvidodaT. sxva mxriv, mTavari iyo karisken dagertya. Tundac iqiT, sadac mekare idga, burTs xelSi mainc verc erTi mekare ver iWerda. es namdvili sacodaoba iyo. imisTvis, rom burTi xelidan gaucurda, mekare mxolod inglisma Secvala; karg mekares, ormoci wlis kaci amjobina, romelsac burTi xelidan ar gavardnia _ pirdapir uSvebda. safrangeTi ajanyda, ise rogorc yovelTvis, 1789 wlis Semdeg. amden durasic iq iyo, agebda da qveyanaSi uqmeebs acxadebdnen. bolos aRar waago. fexburTelebs xSirad aZevebdnen, bolosken Sewyvites. Trilerebic iyo, da maradonac xom iq iyo da iq iyo. argentina gavarda, saSineli wagebis Semdeg. brazilia gavarda gaocebuli, rom SeiZleba SemTxveviTi burTi gauSva. dunga gadadga, maradona jer ar gadamdgara. mgoni, arc gadadgeba. erTma argentinelma politikosma Tqva, _ argentinelma xalxma gviCvena, rom roca maradona SeSfoTebulia, TamaSis Sedegi mniSvnelobas kargavso da iqave daurTo, _ maradona, karga xania, sportze, Sedegebze da aseT rameebze maRla dgas, Cveni qveynisTvis is socialuri fenomenia da ara diadi fexburTeli. amitom, is erTaderTi kacia qveyanaSi, romelic rasac unda, imas izams da davacadoT, gadawyvitoso. zogjer marTla kargi yofila, maradona rom xar. pelec iq iyo, ase Tqva, _ finalSi romelime afrikuli gundi gavao. rogorc yovelTvis. erTxel Tqva, _ kolumbia gava finalSio. Tqvens mters, maSin rom kolumbia finalSi gavida. sawyali andres eskobari medelinis quCaSi mokles, _ sakuTar karSi goli ratom gaitaneo.

ikiTxeT

liberalis
portalze

www.liberali.ge
blogi: nana sajaia

Jurnalistebi, rogorc `cocxali mikrofonebi~


karl aidsvugi kentis universitetis profesoria, is jipaSi teleJurnalistikas maswavlida. yurSi dRemde Camesmis misi fraza: `Tqven Jurnalistebi xarT da ara cocxali mikrofonebi, kiTxvebi unda dasvaT da ara Tavi uqnioT, imitom rom Tqven Jurnalistebi xarT da ara stenografistebi~.

saerTod, es fexburTic, mgoni, imas emsgavseba, rom ityvian xolme, _ Zvel malboros kai suni hqondao da axla kidev aRara aqvso, malboro ki aweria zedo.

multimedia:

irakli alasania:
`saWiro iyo cxadi gamxdariyo aSSs erTguleba~. multimedia:

pikniki Waobis piras


weliwads uTmines TavianT medidur mwvrTnels da gadadgomamde aTi dRiT adre veRar mouTmines. msajebs kidev ufro gauWirdaT, sul cdebodnen da cdebodnen, xolo Sveicaria ratom gavarda, ver mivxvdi. hondurass ver mougo. honmokled, msoflio Cempionati msoflio Cempionatia. magram ratom daemsgavsa ase premierligas, mainc SemaSfoTebelia. premierliga isedac yovel weliwads aris da raRad gvinda oTx weliwads cda?
sakrebulom diRmis tye-parkis solidur nawils rekreaciuli zonis statusi mouxsna da sazogadoebriv saqmian zonad gamoacxada, ramac tye-parkis teritoriaze intensiuri mSeneblobebis ufleba daakanona.

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qalaqSi moxetiale kacis Canawerebi

rusTavelze
Tbiliselebma rusTavelis `dakargva~ maSin daiwyes, rodesac gadawyvites, rom `rusTavelze mxolod soflelebi dadian~, Semdeg ki sxva rameebic moimizezes. Sedegad ki miiRes/miviReT is, rom qalaqis mTavari quCa arc Cvenia da arc eSmakebis.
kaxa Tolordava pirdapir minda vTqva, rom rusTavelis prospeqti albaT erT-erTi yvelaze ufro mosawyeni centraluri quCaa, rac ki minaxavs. aq ubralod araferi xdeba. an, ufro sworad, xdeba is, rac xdeba da rasac TviTon gamziri gvTavazobs. am mxriv ki TiTqos yvelaferi wesrigSia _ aq Teatricaa, operac, kinoTeatric, muzeumic, galereac, sastumroebic, gansakuTrebul SemTxvevebSi aq SeiZleba gadayrodi niCbian rus jariskacebs, tankebs, erTmaneTis mkvlel qarTvelebs, qarTvelebs vardebiT xelSi, nacemgabruebul qarTvelebs da karvebSi gamoketil qarTvelebsac. mokled, prospeqti sruliad samarTlianadaa cnobili, rogorc qalaqis centraluri quCa da stumari Tu Camogivida, rusTavelze avla-Cavla iseve ar acdeba, rogorc patarZals sixarulis cremlebi. da mainc, gaaCere quCaSi nebismieri Tbiliseli da TiTqmis yvela maTgani getyvis, rom rusTavels is xibli aRar aqvs, rac adre hqonda da rom arc is da arc misi ojaxis wevrebi rusTavelze aRar dadian; mxolod im SemTxvevebSi, rodesac es aucilebelia. piradad CemTvis am naTqvamis pirveli nawili Zalian misaRebia _ ho, rusTavels a R a r unda hqondes mxolod Z v e l i xibli, mas a x a l i xiblic unda hqondes, magram vaglax, es ase araa. prospeqts arc galamazebam uSvela da, raRaciT daamgvana romeliRac gmiri sabWoTa qalaqis centralur quCas. iq yofnisas gansakuTrebiT araproporciulad farTo sagazono sivrce mxvdeba xolme TvalSi da kidev erTxel maxsenebs, rom rusTaveli xreSCatiki araa. is bevrad ufro kompaqturi da intimuria, Sesabamisad aseT midgomasac iTxovs. meore mxriv, simarTle rom giTxraT, ramdenadac daxvewili unda gaxdes Tbilisis mTavari quCa am TvalsazrisiT, is verasdros veraferi gaxdeba im adamianebis gareSe, vinc mas suli unda STaberos. pirvel rigSi _ TviT Tbiliselebis, mere ki aq Camosuli stumrebis gareSe. an piriqiT. Tbiliselebma rusTavelis `dakargva~ maSin daiwyes, rodesac gadawyvites, rom `rusTavelze mxolod soflelebi dadian~, Semdeg ki sxva rameebic moimizezes. Sedegad ki miiRes/miviReT is, rom qalaqis mTavari quCa arc Cvenia da arc eSmakebis. is kvlav molodinSia. darwmunebuli var, rom rusTavelTan dakavSirebiT qalaqis mesveurebs bevri gegma aqvT. es asec unda iyos, magram ramdenic unda aSeno da alamazo (da es nebis-

mier quCas exeba), verafers gaxdebi, Tu adamianebi ver moizide, ufro zustad ki _ meditatiuri siamovnebis misaRebad ganwyobili adamianebi. qalaqis centraluri quCebis SemTxvevaSi, mxolod ase muSaobs meore, aranakleb mniSvnelovani elementic _ SemecnebiTi. ra unda SesTavazos rusTavelis prospeqtma adamianebs? Tbiliselebs, dids Tu pataras, imis SegrZneba, rom qalaqis mTavar quCaze yovelTvis xdeba raRac iseTi, rac maTTvis saintereso SeiZleba aRmoCndes, kulturuli Tu komerciuli TvalsazrisiT. es dedaqalaqis centraluri quCisadmi dakarguli pativiscemis aRdgenasac Seuwyobs xels da axali qalaquri istoriebis warmoSobasac. rac Seexeba Camosul stumrebs, prospeqtma maT sxva qalaqebisgan gansxvavebuli gamocdileba unda SesTavazos. is erTdroulad globaluric unda iyos da lokaluric, am ukanasknels ki mxolod rusTavelisadmi `gulmobrunebuli~ Tbiliselebi Tu moaxerxeben. mokled, rusTavelis prospeqtis potenciali udavoa. mas yvelaferi aqvs imisTvis, rom erT-erTi yvelaze saintereso mTavari quCa gaxdes kavkasiaSi, an Tundac evropaSi _ ratomac ara. ramdenadac vxvdebi, es advili saqme ar unda iyos, magram rac dro gadis, sul ufro vrwmundebi imaSi, rom namdvilad gvWirdeba erTi iseTi quCa, romelic ara marto revoluciebis mosawyobad gamogvadgeba, aramed ubralod erTad yofnisTvis. TbilisSi erTaderT aseT quCad dRemde rusTavelis prospeqti mimaCnia.

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