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oqhunknch

opedophmhl`ek|qb`

--

2010

h.`. jnkhmh)emjn
Peko+en0oeano Rno-Poccucku+ peeuona:tnm+
6mpo Coeema no ncuxo:oeuu `MO no k:accuuecko+y
ynueepcumemcko+y o6pa:oeanum e kauecmee yue6noeo noco6un
0:n cmy0enmoe emcmux yue6nmx :aee0enu ncuxo:oeuueckux
u 5kono+uueckux aky:tmemoe
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,K 159.9:334(075.8)
EEK 88.4a73
KTK 0940
K60
Peuen:enmm.
ox+op ncnxooinnecxnx nayx, npoqeccop, san. xaqepo ncnxooinn
pasnn+na n ynpanenna Ha+niopcxoio iocyapc+nennoio nninnc+n-
necxoio ynnnepcn+e+a C.B. Xpenna,
ox+op ncnxooinnecxnx nayx, npoqeccop, npex+op MBd MOCV
H.B. Hnpax.
Konnnnuenxo H.A.
K60 Hcnxooina npenpnnnxa+eic+na . ynenoe no-
cone / H.A. Konnnnenxo. Poc+on n/] . dennxc,
2010. 179, [1] c. (Bicmee opasonanne).
ISBN 978-5-222-15808-1
B ynenox noconn npoexi ncnxooinn npenpnnnxa-
+eic+na paccxa+pnnam+ca na nepcnex+nnnox connaino-ixono-
xnnecxox npoc+panc+ne, n+o nosnoae+ ynn+ina+i nsanxoec-
+nne paa ixonoxnnecxnx nonpocon c nocennxn oc+nennaxn
n oac+n ncnxooinn. Anans xaccnnecxnx n conpexennix
naynnix +eopn n oac+n ncnxooinn n ixonoxnxn noxoe+
nona+i cymnoc+i ncnxooinn npenpnnnxa+eic+na. Kaaa
iana coepn+ ne +oixo +pannnonnoe nsoenne +ex, cna-
sannix c ea+einoc+im n nnnoc+im npenpnnnxa+ea, no n
ax+yainie, ncxyccnonnie nonpoci, xapax+epnie a conpe-
xennoio npenpnnnxa+eic+na.
Hpenasnaneno a c+yen+on ncnxooinnecxnx n ixono-
xnnecxnx qaxyi+e+on, nsynammnx ncnxooinm npenpnnnxa-
+eic+na, acnnpan+on, npenoana+ee, ncnxooion. Ma+epnai
ynenoio nocona +axe xoiy+ i+i pexoxenonani npenpn-
nnxa+eax n cnennanc+ax, pao+ammnx na oynammnxn
npoex+axn a cyex+on npenpnnnxa+eicxo ea+einoc+n
n nepconaa npenpnnnxa+eicxo opiannsannn.
V]K 159.9.334(075.8)
BBK 88.4a73
ISBN 978-5-222-15808-1
Konnnnenxo H.A., 2010
Oqopxenne. OOO dennxc, 2010
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3

opedhqknbhe
Conpexennaa cn+yanna connaino-ixonoxnnecxoio pas-
nn+na Poccnn c+nxynpye+ cyex+on npenpnnnxa+ei-
cxo ea+einoc+n x nepeocxicennm pesyi+a+on cnoe
ax+nnnoc+n n xacm+aax nannonainoio xosac+na.
Pasnnnammeeca npenpnnnxa+eic+no ne +oixo nnocn+
necoxi nxa n ixonoxnxy c+pani, no n cnococ+nye+
noanennm cn+yann, nxemmnx na ceionamnn eni
npoexni xapax+ep.
B conpexenno Poccnn n sone nicoxoio nanpaenna
naxoa+ca +axne nonpoci, xax ncnxooinnecxne acnex+i
ynpanenna npenpnnnxa+eicxo opiannsanne, nsan-
xoec+nne npenpnnnxa+ea c nnnec+opaxn, o+nomenne
x connaino o+ne+c+nennoc+n nsneca n p., +peymmne
nnnxanna. Hoi+oxy nsynenne ncnxooinn npenpnnnxa-
+eic+na, necoxnenno, ono xaca+ica ne +oixo +pan-
nnonnix nonpocon ncnxooinn nnnoc+n n ea+einoc+n
npenpnnnxa+ea, no n +ex, +peymmnx +nopnecxoio
noxoa x nx pemennm.
]nnaxnnno nosnnxammne npoexi conpexennoio
npenpnnnxa+eic+na ninoa+ ncnxooinnecxym nayxy
na nx xanec+nennoe nepeocxicenne n anans. Hanpnxep,
ye neoc+a+onno ionopn+i o npenpnnnxa+eic+ne xax
qenoxene conpexennoio omec+na n cnn+ese eio ixono-
xnnecxoio n ncnxooinnecxoio acnex+on. Vconenne
npenpnnnxa+eicxo ea+einoc+n, nosnnxnonenne nn+-
panpenepc+na xax nny+pnqnpxennoio npenpnnnxa+eic+na
cnococ+nym+ nsynennm ncnxooinn npenpnnnxa+ei-
$$
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cxoio ynpanenna n ncnxooinn nepconaa xax pecypca
npenpnnnxa+eicxo opiannsannn.
B conpexennox omec+ne xopainaa onenxa ea+ei-
noc+n npenpnnnxa+ea co c+oponi oiennoio cosna-
nna nac+o npo+nnonoona peainoxy nooennm e.
]ncxyccnonnixn oc+am+ca nonpoci o connmexca
npo+nnopennnox opase npenpnnnxa+ea n oiennox
cosnannn, nnannn i+nnecxo c+oponi na o+nomenne
x +nnnnnoxy npec+ann+em npenpnnnxa+eicxoio coo-
mec+na, nnannn xonnennnn connaino o+ne+c+nennoc+n
nsneca na comenne xopainix +peonann omec+na.
Hpnneennie n ynenox noconn naynnie ncceonanna
cymec+nymmnx n oiennox cosnannn npec+anenn
nosnoa+ oee aexna+no onenn+i poccncxoe npenpnnn-
xa+eic+no, +ax xax oex+nnnie npec+anenna noxoiy+
peaino ncnxooinnecxo pao+e.
B ynenox noconn npec+aneni ocoennoc+n nnanna
ienepnoio nonpoca na iqqex+nnnoe pasnn+ne npenpnnn-
xa+eicxo ea+einoc+n, noi+oxy ncnxooina ienepnix
pasnnn npec+anena xax ncnxooina npenpnnnxa+ei-
c+na n xon+exc+e ienepnix ncceonann. Ax+yainixn
anam+ca nsynenne xycxnx n encxnx c+pa+ein n nsnece
n npoexi c+paxa ycnexa y poccncxnx enmnn-npenpn-
nnxa+ee, npn xo+opox enmnni ne npoc+o neoone-
nnnam+ cnon npoqeccnonainie oc+nenna, ne nceia
peansya cno no+ennna, no n sa+opxannam+ pasnn+ne
nnnnnsonannix o+nomenn n nsnece.
Heim annoio ynenoio nocona anae+ca nsoenne
+eope+nnecxnx ocnon ncnxooinn npenpnnnxa+eic+na a
c+yen+on ncnxooinnecxnx n ixonoxnnecxnx qaxyi+e+on,
nsynammnx xypc ncnxooinn npenpnnnxa+eic+na c nep-
cnex+nno ainemeio ncnoisonanna nxn noynennix
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5
snann n npoqeccnonaino ea+einoc+n. Hsoenne
naynnoio xa+epnaa paccnn+ano ne +oixo na ainemym
pao+y ncnxooia n ncnxooinnecxo cye opiannsannn.
3nanne ncnxooinn npenpnnnxa+eic+na noc+peonano n
pasnnnix o+pacax naponoio xosac+na.
Vnenoe nocone ye+ noesno cnennanc+ax, paspa-
a+inammnx xypc exnn no ncnxooinn npenpnnnxa-
+eic+na, ncnxooinn nsneca, ncnxooinn ynpanenna,
ncnxooinn eonoio omenna, n cnennanc+ax, coc+an-
ammnx oynammne npoex+i a npec+ann+ee xaoio
n cpeneio nsneca n nepconaa npenpnnnxa+eicxo
opiannsannn.
]oc+onnc+nox annoio ynenoio nocona anae+ca +o,
n+o npexe+ n npoexi ncnxooinn npenpnnnxa+eic+na
paccxa+pnnam+ca na nepcnex+nnnox qone ixonoxnnecxoio
npoc+panc+na.
Vnenoe nocone noxoe+ c+yen+ax n cyma+eax
naynn+ica npnxena+i naynni noxo x anansy onncan-
nix npoex, nosnnxammnx n ea+einoc+n npenpnnn-
xa+ea. 3+oxy cnococ+nym+ nonpoci a ocyenna
noce xao iani.
Hcnxooinnecxoe conponoenne oc+a+onno noc+pe-
onano n npoqeccnonaino ea+einoc+n conpexennoio
ncnxooia. Ho onenxe npax+nnecxnx ncnxooion, nonpoci,
c xo+opixn opamam+ca npenpnnnxa+en, nac+o xacam+ca
ycnemnoio c+anonenna n pasnn+na npenpnnnxa+eicxo
ea+einoc+n, o+nomenna x nnx n oiennox cosnannn,
ynpanenna nepconaox n opiannsannn, yc+anonenne nsa-
nxoo+nomenn co ncexn cyex+axn eono ax+nnnoc+n.
Hxenno na +axne npoexi opamae+ nnnxanne an+op.
Oxasanne ncnxooinnecxo noepxn npenpnnn-
xa+eax +peye+ ne +oixo naenna ncnxooinnecxnxn

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snannaxn, no n nonnxanna paa ixonoxnnecxnx nonpocon.
Hanpnxep, yymne ncnxooin cxoiy+ xopomo pasopa+ica
n npoexax nsanxoec+nna c cyex+axn nnnec+nnnon-
no cqepi, ecn noxy+, xaxoni nen n saann nnnec+nnn-
onno ea+einoc+n, n xaxne ncnxooinnecxne xonnennnn
npax+nnecxn cpao+am+ n +o nn nno cn+yannn nsan-
xoec+nna c nnnec+opaxn.
Hcnxooi, pasnpammnca n npoexax conpexennoio
npenpnnnxa+eic+na, necoxnenno, npnope+e+ peny+a-
nnm na pinxe npoqeccnonainix ycyi, a annoe ynenoe
nocone nocyn+ xopomnx saeox a pasnn+na yy-
mnx naynnix ncceonann n npax+nxoopnen+nponanno
ncnxooinn.
,okmop ncuxo:oeuueckux nayk,
npoeccop, :a ee0ymman kae0po
ncuxo:oeuu pa:eumun u ynpae:enun
Hnmueopckoeo eocy0apcmeennoeo
:uneeucmuueckoeo ynueepcumema
.. .
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c="= 1

denoxen npenpnnnxa+eic+na saxmnae+ca n cnn+ese


ixonoxnnecxoio n ncnxooinnecxoio acnex+on. Pesyi-
+a+ nsanxoec+nna ixonoxnxn n ncnxooinn ocoenno
anno npocennae+ca npn yne+e ec+nn ixonoxnnecxnx
npnnnnnon n npann n cone+annn c qynaxen+ainixn
oc+nennaxn n oac+n ncnxooinnecxo nayxn.
Hpenpnnnxa+eic+no ec+i ea+einoc+i, cnasannaa
c cosannex, noepannex n pasnn+nex npenpna+na,
ea. 3qqex+nnnoc+i ncnoisonanna npenpnnnxa+ei-
cxoio no+ennnaa n ixonoxnxe e+epxnnnpye+ca ncnxoo-
innecxnxn ocoennoc+axn npenpnnnxa+ea, xo+opie ne
nceia oopam+ca n oiennox cosnannn. Onaxo nnno-
nannonni xoxnonen+ npenpnnnxa+eicxoio noneenna,
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8

opnen+nponanni na nepoa+noc+i oc+nenna npnin,
nsnexaexo ns cn+yannn pinonno neonpeeennoc+n,
anae+ca +ex nnia+eex, xo+opi ne +oixo oecne-
nnnae+ ixonoxnnecxym niioy, no n npnnocn+ noisy
omec+ny.
Cosanaexi opas conpexennoio poccncxoio npe-
npnnnxa+ea oen nxmna+i n cea nanym connai-
nym saany npnna+na o+ne+c+nennoc+n nepe omec+nox.
Bsanxoec+nne npenpnnnxa+eic+na n omec+na naxon+
o+paenne n xonnennnn connaino o+ne+c+nennoc+n ns-
neca, coiacno xo+opo oiocponnie nn+epeci nsneca
nisinam+ neoxonxoc+i eio co+pynnnec+na c omec+nox
n pemennn connainix npoex, npnnex nicmnx yponnex
connaino o+ne+c+nennoc+n npnna+o cnn+a+i npenocxn-
menne omec+nennix onann.
1.1. oqhunknch)eqjhe nqnaemmnqh
opedophmhl`ek|qjni
deek|mnqh
B.H. Hosnaxon onpeeae+
npepnpnnnvavenncvno xax cnenn-
gnuecxn nnp :xonovnuecxo pe-
avennnocvn, npepnonarammn
nannune y ero cy+exva ocomx
ncnxonornuecxnx xauecvn. Ianno saane ncnxooinn
npenpnnnxa+eic+na on cnn+ae+ pacxpi+ne coo+ne+c+ny-
mmnx ncnxooinnecxnx ocoennoc+e.
$$

:




:



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c="= 1.
9
Hpenpnnnxa+ei sannxae+ca nponsnoc+nox +onapon
n ycyi c neim noynenna npnin. B noonox cyennn
coepa+ca ixonoxnnecxn n ncnxooinnecxn acnex+i.
Bei npenpnna+i snann+ npoann+i ax+nnnoc+i n nnn-
nna+nny, a yxenne ic+po npnnnxa+i n peansonina+i
pemenna n yconnax neonpeeennoc+n xapax+epnsye+ +axoe
xanec+no nnnoc+n, xax npenpnnxnnnoc+i [12, c. 4].
3xonoxnnecxn acnex+ npenpnnnxa+eic+na, no xne-
nnm A.H. Acay, saxmnae+ca n npec+anennax o npenpn-
nnxa+ei c+ne xax ocoox nne xosac+nenno ea+einoc+n,
cosannn npenpnnnxa+eex a cea ynmnx qopx xosac-
+nonanna nocpec+nox pinonnoio oxena [2, c. 88].
Ha pnc. 1.1 o+paeni npec+anenna o npenpnnnxa-
+eic+ne xax ocoo ea+einoc+n.
Hona+ne npenpnnnxa+eic+na n pasnie npexena nxeo
pasnnnoe coepanne. Ono onpeeaoci n sanncnxoc+n
o+ xapax+epnc+nxn noneenna n cnoc+n nnnoc+n npenpn-
nnxa+ea, c ono c+oponi, n ixonoxnnecxnx nocec+nn
eio ea+einoc+n c pyio. Hc+opnnecxoe nosnnxno-
nenne annoio nona+na cnasinam+ c dpannne cpennx
nexon, ie ono oosnanao nocpennnec+no. Cymec+nym+
ncnxooinnecxne ocoennoc+n, xo+opie cxasinam+ca na
pesyi+a+nnnoc+n ncnoisonanna npenpnnnxa+eicxoio
no+ennnaa n ixonoxnxe.
Kax cnn+am+ P. Xnspnn n M. Hn+epc, npn onpeeennn
npenpnnnxa+eic+na pasnie ynenie nxainan n neio pas-
ni cxic, onaxo nensxenno nonepxnnae+ca io+onnoc+i
npenpnnnxa+ea x pncxy, nnnonannonno nanpanennoc+n,
c+pexenne x ycnexy, cnooe n nesanncnxoc+n. P. Xnspnn
n M. Hn+epc npeonn +axoe onpeeenne npenpnnnxa-
+eicxoio noneenna, npn xo+opox npenpnnnxa+eic+no
nic+ynae+ xax nponecc cosanna neio-+o nonoio n nennoio,
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10

npenoaiammn npnna+ne qnnancono, xopaino n co-
nnaino o+ne+c+nennoc+n n npnnocamn oxo n nnnoe
yone+nopenne pesyi+a+ox [12, c. 322].
Hcnxooinnecxoe +oxonanne npenpnnnxa+eic+na
E.H. Epxoaeno saxmnae+ca n ceymmex. npenpnnn-
xa+eic+no i+o nn +pyono ea+einoc+n npenpn-
nxnnno nnnoc+n, coepannex xo+opo anae+ca an+o-
noxnoe npnna+ne n ocymec+nenne pemenn no noncxy n
ncnoisonannm nonix nosxonoc+e pinxa n yconnax







,
,


,



. 1.1.
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46
c="= 2




Tenennnn connaino-ixonoxnnecxoio pasnn+na ome-
c+na c nosnnxammnxn ixonoxnnecxnxn xpnsncaxn, c+pex-
ennex x ononennm n pasnn+nm npnnoa+ x ocosnannm
neoxonxoc+n nepexen nny+pn opiannsannn. Cn+yanna
opiannsannonnoio pasnn+na na qone yconammnxca
nnemnnx yconn cnococ+nye+ noanennm pyxonon+ea
nonoio +nna, cnoconoio no+n na pncx npn nnepennn
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c="= 2. ...
47
nono nen pan ninnanna opiannsannn n oecnenenna
ee xonxypen+ocnoconoc+n. Taxnx neonexox cnn+am+
nn+panpenepa, a eio ea+einoc+i (nn+panpenepc+no)
oosnanam+ xax npenpnnnxa+eic+no nny+pn xpynno
opiannsannn.
Hn+panpenep oen oaa+i onpeeennixn nnno-
c+nixn xanec+naxn, cnoc+nennixn ycnemnoxy pyxono-
n+em n npenpnnnxa+em. O+nnn+einie ocoennoc+n
eio ea+einoc+n saoeni n caxox nonnxannn npenpn-
nnxa+eicxoio ynpanenna, cnococ+nymmeio cosannm
yconn a npax+nnecxoio nnepenna nona+opcxnx xox-
nnann n nponsnoc+no.
Hn+panpenep, opiannsya cnc+exy nsanxoec+nna
pao+nnxon c opiannsanne, cnococ+nye+ on+nxnsannn
nponsnoc+nenno n connaino-ncnxooinnecxo aan+a-
nnn nepconaa. Cnn+ae+ca, n+o npenpnnnxa+eex nne+
xo+nn caxopeansannn nnnonannonnoio npoex+a, a ne
onoc+noe nponnenne n xapiepa. Onaxo n o+nnne
o+ coc+nenno npenpnnnxa+ea, nn+panpenep c+apa-
e+ca noepnna+i xapiepnie yc+pexenna nepconaa
cnoe opiannsannn pan nx pasnn+na n peansannn cnoeio
npoex+a.
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48

2.1. oqhunknch hmp`opemepqb`
j`j bmrphthplemmncn
opedophmhl`ek|qb`
Kaccnnecxn npenpnnnxa-
+ei i+o n coc+nennnx n yn-
panammn n onox nne. Pasnn-
+ne n yconenne nponsnoc+na
npnneo x pasennennm i+nx
qynxnn. Hoannca ocoi xacc xeneepon, oipann-
nennix n cnoe ea+einoc+n naopox mpoxpa+nnecxnx
npann, cnoc+nennix opiannsannn, +ax xax on n cax
anae+ca neonexox opiannsannn. Ecn xeneep na-
nnnae+ npoana+i nnnnna+nny, ocymec+na+i noncx pe-
menna nonix saan, +o on nocosna+eino nn ocosnan-
no +nnox cnoe ea+einoc+n npnope+ae+ nep+i npe-
npnnnxa+ea. Tepxnn en/repreneur ship, xo+opi nepe-
noa+ xax nny+pennee npenpnnnxa+eic+no, +. e.
npenpnnnxa+eic+no, ocymec+naexoe xeneepox
nny+pn opiannsannn, i npeoen sananix ncceo-
na+eex I. Hnnmo [12].
Taxnx opasox, nnvpanpenep neonex, xo+opi
pao+ae+ n opiannsannn, no oaae+ cnoconoc+axn
npenpnnnxa+ea n+n na pncx npn cosannn nonoio no-
paseenna n opiannsannn n (nn) nnepennn nono nen,
npoyx+a nn ycyin.
Hnvpanpenepcvno npenpnnnxa+eicxaa ea+ei-
noc+i, npononxaa nny+pn xpynno qnpxi nn nnoio
oimoio eonoio npenpna+na.
Binonenne npenpnnnxa+eicxnx qynxnn cnasano
c ynpanennex opiannsanne n nneennex nonmec+n n ne,
$$



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c="= 2. ...
49
a +axe paccxa+pnnae+ca xax o+nnn+einaa ocoennoc+i
iqqex+nnnoio, nnnonannonnoio ynpanenna, no xnennm
M. Mecxona n H. ]pyxepa. B coo+ne+c+nnn c i+nx nc-
noisym+ca +epxnni npenpnnnxa+eicxoe ynpanenne,
a +axe xopnopa+nnnoio, nny+penneio npenpnnnxa+ei-
c+na [10].
Bneenne +epxnna npenpnnnxa+eicxoe ynpanenne
npnnncinam+ I. C+nnencony. Hpenpnnnxa+eicxoe ynpan-
enne nanpaneno na npeopasonanna nny+pn opiannsannn,
nosxono aioapa cnooe npnna+na pemenn.
C+nnencon nieae+ nep+i npenpnnnxa+eicxoio
ynpanenna, npo+nnonoc+anaa eio axnnnc+pnponannm
(cx. iana 2, +anna O+nnne axnnnc+pnponanna o+
npenpnnnxa+eicxoio ynpanenna), a nxenno, xanec+-
nennoe o+nnne, nanpanennoc+i, o+nnne no xpn+epnm
c+pa+einnecxo opnen+annn, no o+nomennm x cnonx
nosxonoc+ax n no o+nomennm x ncnoisonannm pe-
cypcon. Anansnpya pao+i I. C+nnencona, A.H. Aieen
nnme+ ceymmee. Paseenne npenpnnnxa+eicxoio
ynpanenna o+ axnnnc+pnponanna no cy+n nocnpons-
non+ nem o xanec+nennox o+nnnn ynpanenna o+
peiynponanna. Ecn a noceneio xapax+epna na-
npanennoc+i na noepanne nponsnoc+na n paxxax
connmeca opiannsannn, +o ynpanenne oecnennnae+
eme n nepeno ns onoio opiannsannonnoio coc+oanna
n pyioe [10, c. 24].
3aanaa, n+o npnna+ne pemenn noome nxxa-
nen+naa nep+a npenpnnnxa+eic+na, cnasinammaa eio c
ynpanennecxo ea+einoc+im, A.H. Aieen nonepxnna-
e+, n+o an+onoxna npnna+na pemenn nonce ne osnanae+
cnoenona, ona oipannnena xnoec+nox oc+oa+eic+n,
no ecn npenpnnnxa+em ne ye+ npeoc+anena ixono-
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c="= 3



Hpoexa nsanxoo+nomenn c nnnec+opaxn anae+ca
ono ns ocnonnix saan conpexenno npenpnnnxa+ei-
cxo ea+einoc+n.
Connainie ncnxooin no nsanxoec+nnex nonnxam+
nanpanennie pyi x pyiy ec+nna nnnnnon. Conxec+-
naa ea+einoc+i me e+epxnnnpye+ neoxonxoc+i nx
omenna n nsanxoec+nna, +ax xax n +pyono ea+einoc+n
nano ynn+ina+i, no nonoy neio n xaxnx opasox omae+ca
cyex+.
C+pyx+ypa nsanxoec+nna npec+anena cyex+axn
nsanxoec+nna, nannnex nsanxno cnasn xey nnxn,
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92

nosec+nnex pyi na pyia n nsanxnixn nsxenennaxn.
Bsanxoec+nne cyex+on nnnec+nnnonno ea+einoc+n
nic+ynae+ xax conoxynnoc+i cnase n nsanxonnann m-
e n ocymec+nae+ca no nonoy conxec+no peansannn
nnnec+nnnonnoio npoex+a.
Pasnn+ne nponsnoc+na, naynnie ncceonanna, conep-
menc+nonanne n xoepnnsanna oopyonanna nosxoni
nmi npn ipaxo+no opiannsannn nnnec+nnnonnix no-
enn.
Pyxonoc+no opiannsannn ono ynn+ina+i asonie
npnnnnni nnnec+nponanna a oc+nenna iqqex+nnnoc+n
noenn. Vne+ ec+nna i+nx npnnnnnon c npax+nnecxnx
npnxenennex oc+nenn n oac+n ncnxooinn noxoe+
on+nxnsnpona+i nsanxoec+nne npenpnnnxa+ea c nn-
nec+opaxn.
3.1. oqhunknch)eqj` qrymnq|,
gm`)emhe
h enphh bg`hlndeiqbh
Hocxoixy npenpnnnxa+ei-
c+no ec+i nponecc conxec+no e-
a+einoc+n n nsanxoec+nna
oimoio xonnec+na me, a ne
o+einix npec+ann+ee i+o ea+einoc+n, nsynenne
ncnxooinn nsanxoec+nna npenpnnnxa+ee c nnnec-
+opaxn nnone oocnonanno.
$$


www.phoenixbooks.ru
c="= 3. ...
93
B.H. Hosnaxon n pao+e denoxenooina npenpnnn-
xa+eic+na. cnn+es ixonoxnnecxoio n ncnxooinnecxoio ac-
nex+on saxenae+, n+o sananie ynenie oc+a+onno xnoio
nnnxanna yeam+ npoexe nnnoc+n npenpnnnxa+ee
n non+n o+cy+c+nym+ naynnie annie, nocnamennie conn-
aino-ncnxooinnecxnx acnex+ax npenpnnnxa+eic+na.
omennm n nsanxoec+nnm npenpnnnxa+ea c nap+nepa-
xn n npec+ann+eaxn pyinx connainix ipynn, conxec-
+no npenpnnnxa+eicxo ea+einoc+n [16, c. 14].
Bsanxoec+nne nyx nn oee nn nsynae+ca n co-
nnaino ncnxooinn. ]a oc+nenna onpeeennix
npax+nnecxnx saan nn peansannn nennoc+e npnxena-
e+ca conoxynnoc+i cnocoon ec+nna. Onn ns ocnonnix
ninoon, ceannix connainixn ncnxooiaxn, +o,
n+o nsanxoec+nne xey mixn npec+anae+ ns cea
+oixo nnemnne qopxi ax+on noneenna. B ncnxnxe xa-
oio neonexa nponcxoa+ nponecci, peansyexie nepes
connainie ec+nna, ocymec+naexie c opnen+anne na
pyinx me, onannex opa+no cnasn o+ nnx. B c+pyx-
+ype connaino cnasn nieam+ca ee cyex+i, npexe+
cnasn (+. e. +o, no nonoy neio i+a cnasi ocymec+nae+ca)
n xexannsx peiynponanna nsanxoo+nomenn. Hpexe+
connaino cnasn xoe+ y+pa+n+i cnoe snanenne a cy-
ex+on i+o cnasn, xoe+ nponso+n eio nsxenenne. B i+ox
cynae cnasi xoe+ npexpa+n+ica. Kpoxe +oio, ynac+nnxn
xoiy+ ne coiama+ica c npnnnnnaxn peiynponanna i+o
cnasn [18].
B omeuecmeenno couua:tno ncuxo:oeuu nsanxoec-
+nne xey mixn n connyxe nsynae+ca n +ecno cnasn
c omennex.
9 omenne npnpannnnae+ca x nsanxoec+nnm (A.A. eon-
+ien),
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94

9 nocxoixy ea+einoc+i nenosxona es omenna,
+o omenne ec+i nponecc nsanxoec+nna, neoxon-
xi a naannanna aionoynno ea+einoc+n
(B.H. Hanqepon),
9 omenne anae+ca nsanxoec+nnex xey mixn
c neim yc+anonenna nsanxoo+nomenn, coep-
annex omenna nic+ynae+ oxen nnqopxanne
c noxomim pasnnnix cpec+n xoxxynnxannn
(A.A. Bo aen),
9 nn+epax+nnnaa c+opona omenna ec+i opiannsanna
nsanxoec+nna xey omammnxnca nnnnna-
xn, +. e. oxen ne +oixo snannaxn, neaxn, no n
ec+nnaxn (I.M. Anpeena),
9 nsanxoec+nne ec+i cnc+exa+nnecxne, peiyapnie
ec+nna nap+nepon, nanpanennie pyi na pyia
n nxemmne nei nisna+i onpeeennym o+ne+nym
peaxnnm, xo+opaa n cnom onepei nopoae+ nonym
peaxnnm nosec+nymmeio (.]. C+oapenxo),
9 omenne ec+i nsanxoec+nne cyex+on, a nocxoi-
xy omenne anae+ca cnc+exnix opasonannex,
ono xoe+ i+i paccxo+peno c i+o c+oponi xax
nsanxoec+nne pannonpannix cyex+on (E.B. Py-
encxn).
B cen:u c 0enme:tnocmnm+ no0xo0o+ e omeuecmeenno
ncuxo:oeuu omenne n ea+einoc+i paccxa+pnnam+ca.

xax na napaeino cymec+nymmnx nsanxocnasan-


nix nponecca,

xax ne c+oponi connainoio i+na neonexa (B. d. o-
xon),
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141

c="= 4

Hpenpnnnxa+eicxaa ea+einoc+i npeanae+ cnon


+peonanna x nnnoc+nix xanec+nax npec+ann+ee i+o
npoqeccnn. Henon+opnxoe n ynnxainoe cone+anne nn-
noc+nix cnoc+n n noneennecxnx ocoennoc+e nnae+
na ycnemnoc+i n xacm+anoc+i ea+einoc+n n nosnoae+
npenpnnnxa+em sana+i n omec+ne nooenne nepa,
no neisa y+nepa+i, n+o xai npenpnnnxa+ei
oen oaa+i nxn n nono xepe, nei xoxnexc
ncnxooinnecxnx ocoennoc+e nnnoc+n anae+ca ne
xexannnecxo cyxxo xanec+n n cnoc+n, a saxonoxepno
opiannsonanno cnc+exo.
Ienepnaa +exa+nxa, cnasannaa c connainix n xyi-
+ypnix ocxicennex neonenecxoio noa, c+anonn+ca nce
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142

oee pacnpoc+panenno n nonyapno. B npenpnnnxa-
+eic+ne ienepnie pasnnna npnope+am+ npoexni
xapax+ep. B omec+ne eme cnini connoxyi+ypnie +pa-
nnnn n npec+anenna o xec+e n pon xynnn n enmnn
n npoqeccnonaino ea+einoc+n, onaxo conpexennie
yconna xoppex+npym+ i+n npec+anenna. Vcnemnaa en-
mnna-npenpnnnxa+ei noc+oanno io+ona x nsxenennax,
cnocona x nononneennax, yxee+ iqqex+nnno ncnoi-
sona+i nanixn n cnoconoc+n pyinx me, cnocona
x npoqeccnonainix oc+nennax.
4.1. kh)mnqm{e j`)eqb` h rqoeu
b opedophmhl`ek|qjni
deek|mnqh
B.H. Hosnaxon, anansnpya
ncceonanna nnnoc+n npenpn-
nnxa+ea, o+xenae+, n+o necxo+-
pa na nannne cepiesnix ncce-
onann o+einix acnex+on i+o npoexi, enno
+eopnn, nosnoamme o+ne+n+i na nonpoc, xaxne ncnxo-
oinnecxne ocoennoc+n oyconnnam+ niop npenpn-
nnxa+eicxo ea+einoc+n n ycnemnoc+i ee ocymec+-
nenna, noxa ne cosano. K nncy nanix qenoxenon
ncnxooinn npenpnnnxa+eic+na, esyconno, o+noca+-
ca ocoennoc+n xo+nnannn oc+nenna, nn+epnaini
$


www.phoenixbooks.ru
c="= 4.
143
oxyc xon+poa n cxonnoc+i x yxepennoxy pncxy. O-
naxo nn onn ns i+nx qax+opon cax no cee, nn ae nx
cone+anne ne xoiy+ paccxa+pnna+ica xax oc+a+onnie n
onpeeammne xapax+epnc+nxn ncnxooinn npenpnnn-
xa+eic+na [10, c. 1415].
3nann+einoe nnco ncnxooinnecxnx ncceonann
nocnameno nnnoc+n npenpnnnxa+ea, xo+opi ana-
e+ca xmneno qniypo i+o ea+einoc+n. Hanpnxep,
n conpexennix ncceonannax oc+onepno yc+anoneno
ceymmee. npenpnnnxa+ei onpeeae+ca xax neonex
ocooio +nna, ncnxooinnecxne ocoennoc+n xo+opoio
xoiy+ npoana+ica n paccxa+pnna+ica eso+nocn+eino
x coepannm ninonaexo nx ixonoxnnecxo qynxnnn.
Hxenno aioapa noono nee, sanxc+nonanno ns
pao+ H. Byxne+epa, noannnci ncnxooinnecxne ncceo-
nanna, xo+opie in nocnameni noncxy +ex ocoennoc+e,
xo+opie c+nxynpym+ neonexa x ocymec+nennm ycnem-
no n iqqex+nnno npenpnnnxa+eicxo ea+einoc+n
[10, c. 10].
B sapyeno ncnxooinn ncceonanna ncnxooinn
nnnoc+n npenpnnnxa+ea xacam+ca.
9 +omueauuu npe0npunu+ame:tcko 0enme:tnocmu
(nanpnxep, ]. Maxxean yc+anonn, n+o nicoxn
yponeni xo+nnannn oc+nenna anae+ca ncnxoo-
innecxo ocoennoc+im ycnemnix, pannonainix
npenpnnnxa+ee, ]. A+xnncon, X. Xexxaysen
niannn xapax+epnie ocoennoc+n me, xo+nnn-
ponannix na oc+nenne ycnexa n xo+nn nseianna
neyann. B cnasn c i+nx xnoine ncceona+en
cnn+am+, n+o a ycnemnix npenpnnnxa+ee
xapax+epno npeoaanne xo+nnannn oc+nenna
ycnexa),
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144

9 :okyca konmpo:n (nanpnxep, ]. Po++ep npeon
pasnna+i me n sanncnxoc+n o+ npeoaanna
oxyca xon+poa (nnemneio ixc+epnai n nny+-
penneio nn+epnai)). 3xnnpnnecxne ncceo-
nanna P. Bpoxxayc, Ke+c e Bpnc, ]. Mnep n p.
no+nepnn npenooenne o +ox, n+o npenpn-
nnxa+en xapax+epnsym+ca oee nicoxnx yponnex
nn+epnainoc+n (cnn+am+, n+o caxoc+oa+eino cno-
coni xon+ponpona+i snannxie a cea coi+na
n cxonni npnnnxa+i na cea o+ne+ c+nennoc+i sa
cnon oc+nenna n neyann),
9 omnomenun npe0npunu+ame:n k pucky (nanpnxep,
P. Bpoxxayc niann, n+o nanoee ycnemnie npe-
npnnnxa+en cyex+nnno io+oni x yxepennoxy pnc-
xy. K.- 3. Bepnepn o+xe+n, n+o npenpnnnxa+ei
xoe+ npec+ana+i cn+yannm ne +axo pncxonanno,
xax ee npec+anam+ pyine mn, aioapa +oxy,
n+o on nicoxo onennnae+ coc+nennie cnoconoc+n
n ycnna) [10, c. 1014].
B o+enec+nenno ncnxooinn xono nien+i pao-
+i A.B. Kapnona, n xo+opix onncinam+ca cyex+nie
e+epxnnan+i ea+einoc+n, naxoamneca n ocnone iq-
qex+nnno ee peansannn n cnasannie c npoqeccnonaino
nanixn xanec+naxn (HBK) ee cyex+a. K nnx o+noca+ca
xo+nnanna, nanpanennoc+i, npoqeccnonainaa xoxne+en+-
noc+i. Iannoe e xec+o cpen nnx sannxam+ nnnoc+nie
xanec+na cyex+a, nxemmne ceymmne xapax+epnc+nxn.
oosnanam+ca xax npoqeccnonaino nanie xanec+na, ne-
oxonxie a peansannn +o nn nno ea+einoc+n,
nipam+ onpeeammym poi n ncnxnnecxo opiannsannn
i+o ea+einoc+n [8, c. 62].
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177
nck`bkemhe
Hpepncnonne ................................................................3
} 1. 4EHOMEH COBPEMEHHOIO
HPE,HPHHHMATEHLCTBA ...............................7
1.1. Hcnxonornuecxne ocoennocvn npepnpnnnvavenncxo
peavennnocvn .......................................................8
denoxen npenpnnnxa+eic+na. nsanxocnasi
ixonoxnxn n ncnxooinn ......................................8
3apyenie n o+enec+nennie ncceonanna
ncnxooinn npenpnnnxa+eic+na ........................ 18
1.2. Hpepnpnnnvavenncxaa peavennnocvn: nayunm nopxop
n ompennme npepcvannenna ................................ 23
Hsynenne xopan n i+nxe n ncnxooinnecxo
nayxe .............................................................. 23
Conpexennie ncnxooinnecxne ncceonanna
npec+anenn o xopan npenpnnnxa+ea
n oiennox cosnannn....................................... 28
Connainaa o+ne+c+nennoc+i nsneca
n nc+opnxo-ncnxooinnecxox acnex+e .................... 33
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178

} 2. HCHXOHOIHHECKHE ACHEKTL
A,AHTAHHH H CTHMHHPOBAHHR
KAPLEPL HEPCOHAHA
HPE,HPHHHMATEHEM ................................... 46
2.1. Hcnxonorna nnvpanpenepcvna xax
nnyvpngnpvennoro npepnpnnnvavenncvna .............. 48
Hcnxooinnecxne acnex+i nn+panpenepc+na
n npenocixn eio nosnnxnonenna ....................... 48
Xapax+epnie o+nnna nnnoc+nix xanec+n
n ea+einoc+n nn+panpenepa .............................. 52
2.2. Connannno-ncnxonornuecxaa apanvanna:
npepnpnnnvavenncxn pecypc ............................... 56
Hpoqeccnonainaa aan+anna n esaan+anna
n ixc+pexainix yconnax +pya ......................... 65
Hcnxooinnecxne npoexi aan+annn x nno
xyi+ypno cpee n opiannsannn .......................... 68
2.3. Cvnvynnponanne xapnepm nepconana
npepnpnnnvavenev ............................................. 71
Hcnxooinnecxoe coepanne nona+n xapiepa
n +pyonaa xapiepa ......................................... 71
Teopnn npoqeccnonainoio pasnn+na n +nnooina
xapiep ............................................................ 75
Vnac+ne npenpnnnxa+ea n nannponannn xapiepi
pao+nnxon ...................................................... 82
} 3. HCHXOHOIHR B3AHMO,EHCTBHR
HPE,HPHHHMATEHR C HHBECTOPAMH ......... 91
3.1. Hcnxonornuecxaa cymnocvn, :nauenne n veopnn
n:anvopecvnna ................................................. 92
Hcnxooinnecxaa cymnoc+i n snanenne nponecca
nsanxoec+nna ................................................ 92
]nnaxnxa nsanxoec+nna
n connaino-ncnxooinnecxne +eopnn
nsanxoec+nna ................................................ 97
www.phoenixbooks.ru
3.2. Hcnxonoro-:xonovnuecxne ocnonm
nnnecvnponanna ................................................103
Hen, saann n snanenne nnnec+nponanna .............103
Hcnxooinnecxoe oocnonanne nnnec+nnnonnix
pemenn ........................................................111
Hpnnnnni nnnec+nponanna.
ncnxooio-ixonoxnnecxn noxo .......................119
3.3. Ocoennocvn n:anvopecvnna npepnpnnnvavena
c cy+exvavn nnnecvnnnonno peavennnocvn ..........123
Hpec+anenna o cyex+ax n oex+ax
nnnec+nnnonno ea+einoc+n............................123
Hcnxooinnecxne ocnoni nsnec-nana ................131
} 4. HCHXOHOIHR HHHHOCTH
HPE,HPHHHMATEHR ....................................141
4.1. Hnunocvnme xauecvna n ycnex
n npepnpnnnvavenncxo peavennnocvn ..................142
Hcnxooinnecxne ncceonanna xanec+n
nnnoc+n npenpnnnxa+ea ...............................142
nnnoc+nie npenocixn ycnemnoio
npenpnnnxa+eic+na .......................................146
4.2. Ienpepnm acnexv npepnpnnnvavenncvna ..............156
Hcnxooina npenpnnnxa+eic+na n xon+exc+e
ienepnix ncceonann ...................................158
Ienepni acnex+ npec+anenn o xopan
n oiennox cosnannn npenpnnnxa+ee ............169

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Cepun Bmcmee o6pa:oeanue
Konnnnenxo Hpnna Aexcanponna
HCHXOHOIHR HPE,HPHHHMATEHLCTBA
Vnenoe nocone
O+ne+c+nenni peax+op C. Ocmamoe
Texnnnecxn peax+op H. Baepnnueea
Xyonnx A. Bapmanoe
Koppex+opi M. Henexuna, I. Bu6ukoea
Honncano n ne na+i 08.11.09.
dopxa+ 84108/32. Byx. oqce+naa.
Iapnn+ypa CG Times. Hena+i oqce+naa. Vc. n. . 10,08.
Tnpa 2500 ixs. 3ax. N
OOO dennxc
344082, i. Poc+on-na-]ony, nep. Xa+ypnncxn, 80
O+nena+ano n nonox coo+ne+c+nnn
c xanec+nox npeoc+anennix nanosn+nnon
n OOO Kyaninena+i
350059, i. Kpacnoap, y. Vpaicxaa, 98/2
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