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Material for this chart was taken from the following sources: http://math.about.com/library/blmeasurement.htm and www.wikipedia.org/.

**2D Shapes: Area Formulas
**

Rectangle or Cube Area = Length x Width A=LxW

**3D Shapes: Area and Volume Formulas
**

Rectangular or Cube Prism Surface Area = 2Lw + 2Lh + 2wh Volume = Length x Width x height V=LxWxh

Parallelogram Area = base x height A=bxh Triangle Area = 1/2 of base x height A = 1/2 b x h or A = b x h 2

Parallelogram shaped Prism (called a parallelepided) Surface Area = as per Rectangular Prism Volume = as per Rectangular Prism Triangular Prism Surface Area = 2b + Ph (b is the area of the base; P is the perimeter of the base) Volume = base x height x Length 2 V = b x h x L or V = ½ bhL 2

785d2 x h .14.2D Shapes: Area Formulas Trapezoid Area = height x average of bases A = h x base 1 + base 2 2 3D Shapes: Area and Volume Formulas Trapezoid Prism V = height of trapezoid x average length of bases x length of prism V = h x (base 1 + base 2) x L 2 Circle The distance around the circle is a circumference. The radius (r) is the distance from the center to a point on the circle.785d2 Spheres Surface Area = Pi x diameter squared Surface Area = πd2 Volume = 4/3 x Pi x radius cubed V = 4/3 πr3 V = 4/3 πr3 Cylinder Surface Area = (2π radius x height) + (2π x radius squared) Surface Area = 2πrh + 2πr2 Lateral Area = 2π radius x height AL = 2πrh or AL = πdh Volume = πr2 x height V = πr2 h or V = . C = πd π = Pi = 3. The distance across is the diameter (d). Area = Pi x radius squared A = πr2 or A = .

R2 are the radii of the two bases.(1/3 x L2 x W2 x h2) If you don’t know the original height.14 and R1.2D Shapes: Area Formulas 3D Shapes: Area and Volume Formulas Cones Surface Area = Pi x radius squared + Pi x radius x Slant height of the cone Surface Area = πr2 + πrS Lateral Area = π x radius x Slant height AL = πrS Volume = 1/3 x Pi x radius squared x height V = 1/3 πr2h Pyramid Surface Area: Area of base plus the sum of the areas of all of the triangular faces.(1/3 x Ah2) where A is the area of the bases V = (1/3 x L1 x W1 x h1) . . use: Volume = (1/3 x Ah1) . use: For circular cone frustums use: where π is 3. V = 1/3 Area of base x height V = 1/3 Ah where A is the area of the base Frustum If you know the original height.

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