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330(038)=111=161.1
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ISBN 9785222161562

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Business English,

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ISBN 9785222161562

330(038)=111=161.1
81.24
.., .., 2009
, , 2009

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,


 , 

(
).


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. . . (1993), 
(), 
(2004)
, 
(. ).


, , 
,

, .

( ,
), , 

,
. ,
(The
Financial Times, The Economist .), , 
, 
, 
.


.
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, ,
.

. 
, 
, 
.

, , .. ,
.
,
.
:
, ,

Noun (Adverb, Adjective) + Participle II. 
, ,
Business English
( ) 
.
. ..
.

www.phoenixbooks.ru

Aa
abandon the product ,

ability 1. : This company has the ability to increase
production using the present equipment.; 2. pl ,
; 3. (, , . .)
ability to finance 

ability to pay
ability to repay
abnormal growth ,
abnormal insurance risk
abnormal profit
abolish (, , . .): To
help staff towards independence of mind, Liisa has abolished
territorial space.
above board 1. , , ; 2. , 

absentee 1. ,
; 2. , 
; 3.
absenteeism 1. ( 
. .); 2. , 

abundance , : A certain climate in a particu
lar country may allow that country to grow agricultural products
in abundance.
abundant : Natural resources such as
oil or coal are abundant in other countries.
abundant goods , : Luxury
clothes is the abundant goods in Russia, but to buy a cheap
clothes for an average customer is a problem.
accept , , ,
accept a bill
5

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ACC

accept the losses


accept responsibility for
acceptance liabilities
accepted business practice
access 1. : The sort of facilities we provide you is a very
ready access to education.; 2. ,
accessibility : So theres accessibility to other people
in other parts of our building.
accident policy
accomodation 1. , , ; 2. 
( . .); 3. ; 4. 

accomodation of conflicting interests 



accomplish , ,
accord favourable treatment

account for , : Street


furniture advertising accounts for some 20% in Europe and
about 5% in America.
accounts manager 1. ;
2.
accounts staff
accountable for smth 
accountable to smb 
accountancy ( 
) (BrE)
accountant 1. ,
; 2. , ;
3. ; 4. 

accountant in charge
accounting 1. ,
, ;
2. ; 3. ,
accounting entity ,

6

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ACH

accounting error : You did


not receive the proper payment due to an accounting error.
accounting money ( , 

, , 
. .)
accounting policy ( 
)
accounting requirements
(AmE)
accounting system service ()

accounting transaction ,
accrued liability
accrued wages payable , 

accumulate , ,
accumulated , : A companys accu
mulated knowledge and experience is part of company culture.
accumulated (= accrued) depreciation
,
accumulation 1. , , ;
2. (., ); 3.
( ): The accumulation of capital is
always deliberate, either on the part of individual citizens or on
the part of the state.
accumulation risk
accuracy 1. , ; 2. : Its
success depends on accuracy speed and ease of operation.
accurate 1. , ; 2.
accuse smb of smth (of doing smth) , 
: Firms may accuse each other of using unfair
methods such as dumping.
achieve a goal (objective, target) , , 

achieve a plan (strategy, tactics) , 

7

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ACQ

acquire (, )
acquisition , ( , 
. .
merger)
act on 1. (, , 
. .); 2. ( ,
. .): If a company puts its code of ethics in writing, it is
more likely to act on it.
action minutes
: Action minutes are intended to make sure that
decisions of the meeting are understood and carried out.
action plan
action points ,
,
active assets , , 

activity 1. , ; 2. pl , 
; 3. ,
actual sales ,
ad . advertisement ,
ad valorem duty . ,

ad valorem tax . : Most sales taxes are
ad valorem taxes. They are based on the value of item sold. For
example, 6% of the value of the item is added to the cost.
adapt 1. , , ;
2. , : The old railroad car was
adapted for use as a restaurant.; 3. , . . 
, .,
adapt to smth ,
added interest
added value , . . , 


additional fee
adequate 1. , , ;
2. ; 3.
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ADV

adequately 1. , ; 2. : Are
you paid adequately?
adjust 1. , , 
; 2. ; 3. , 
: Supplies of many commodities can generally be
adjusted to suit the market conditions.
administer 1. , , ;
2. , ; 3. , 
,
administration overheads

administration staff
administrative assistant 1.
; 2. (, 
, . .)
administrative staff , 

administrator , , 
,
admissible (allowed) risk
admission fee (= affiliation fee)
adopt  ,
, : The President of Russia promised to
adopt strategy of doubling standard of living in three years
(20042007).
advanced capital
advantage 1. : The great advantage of globali
sation in my view is that it increases competition.; 2. ,

adverse 1. ( ); 2.
( )
adverse possession
advert . advertisement ,
advertise 1. ( ); 2. 
,
9

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Appendix I
FUNCTION
WORDSRELATED EXPRESSIONS
. .
AmE
BrE
smb
smth


American English
British English
somebody
something

Aa
a bit
a bit at a time , , , ,
( )
a bit more (less) ()
a bit of smth (+ . .)
a considerable (great, large) number (
, )
a good (great) many , (+ . .)
a great deal , ,
a great deal of smth , ( . .)
a great deal more (better, worse) (,
)
a great number . a good many
a great number of , ,
a great variety of ,
a little
a little doubt
237

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A LITTLE WHILE

a little while
a matter of fact , (,
)
a matter of habit
a matter of opinion 1. ; 2.
, (
 )
a matter of time
a means ,
a means to an end 

a number of ,
a question of (= a matter of)  (., 
, , . .)
a run , , ,
a short while . a little while
a sort of  , ,
a turning point 1. , ; 2.
, , ( )
a variety of 1. , ; 2.
a way off 1. ; 2.
a while
a while ago ( )
a wide range of (, 
),
about 1. , ; 2. ,
above 1. , ; 2. ,
; 3. ,
above all : Above all, the purpose of the seminar is
to reward the managers for their hard work.
above the average
above the standard ()
according as , ,
according to , 

238

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ALL THE BETTER

accordingly 1. ,
; 2.
after all (= in the end) : Show enthusiasm for
the job because, after all, thats what theyre looking for in the
candidate.
after a while ( )
after the fashion of
after the manner of , ,

afterwards , , ,
again and again ,
against , , , 
,
ahead 1. ; 2. : This focuses our team on the task
ahead.
ahead of 1. : How do you stay ahead of your
competitors?; 2. 
ahead of time , : Can you tell me
ahead of time if you are coming?
all along the line , (
, )
all at once 1. (= ); 2. ,
all but 1. , , ; 2. , ,

all important , (..
)
all in all (= in all) 1. + ; 2. ,
all in good time . ( 
, , )
all manner of
all other things (conditions) being equal

all over ,
all round
all that ,
all the better
239

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Appendix II
COMMON PHRASAL VERBS
FREQUENTLY USED
IN BUSINESS ENGLISH

A
account for 1. , 
; 2. ; 3. 
( )
act on 1.  
, , 
; 2.  
adhere to 1. , , 
, ; 2.  , ,

B
back down 1. ( ); 2. ,

back out 1. ; 2. 

back up 1.  ,
; 2. 
 ( )
be made for 1. ;
2. 
borrow from . 1.   (
, ); 2. , (
)
299

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BOTTOM OUT

bottom out 1.
( , 
, )
branch out 1. , ; 2. 
( );
3.
break off 1. , ; 2. 

bring about . 1.  
; 2.  

bring around (round) 

bring back 1. ; 2. 
,
bring down 1. ; 2.  
; 3.  (= AmE)
bring in 1. (); 2. ()
, ; 3. ( . .);
4. ( ); 5. 

bring off ( )
bring on 1.  ; 2. 
, ,
bring out . 1.
; 2. ; 3. 

bring over . bring around
bring smth into force 1. , ;
2.
bring smth into the open  

bring smth to light  ( 


 )
bring up 1. ,

300

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CATCH UP WITH

brush up 1. ; 2.
, ,
build up . 1. (, ); 2. 
(); 3. ,
buy out 1. 

call back . 1. , ( 
); 2. ; 3. (
. .)
call in . 1. (); 2. 
( ); 3. 

call off . 1. 
; 2.  ;
3. ( . . = AmE)
call smb to account 
call together . ,
call up . 1.  ( ); 2. 
,
catch on 1. , ; 2. 

catch smb out 1.  ,
; 2. 
carry on . 1. ( ); 2. 

carry out . 1.  ; 2. 

cash in . 

cash in on

catch up with 1.   (
); 2. 
301

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CHECK IN

 ( ); 3.

check in . ,

check
in 1. , 
; 2.


check out . 1. 
; 2. 
(= AmE)
clear up . 1. ; 2. 
; 3.

come across 1. ; 2.
; 3. ,

come down 1. 
;
2.  ; 3. 
,
come down to 1.  ;
2. ; 3.
( , )
come down to brass tacks . , ,
,
come down to earth . ,

come into 1. ( , ); 2. 
( ); 3. , ;
4. ; 5.
come into action , 

come into focus


come into force ( )
come into line with
come into sight (view) ,
302

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Appendix III
COMMON EXPRESSIONS
USED IN BUSINESS ENGLISH WORD
COMBINATION
Noun (Adverb, Adjective) + Participle II
A
above
mentioned
administration
sponsored
air
borne 1. (
); 2. ; 3.
( )
air
conditioned 1. ; 2.

air
cooled
air
dried
air
filled 1. ; 2. 

air
operated 1. ; 2.
American descended
American financed
architect
designed
award
winning 
,

B
backbreaking , ( )
bar
coded
320

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CARD CARRYING

batch
produced 1. , ; 2. 

battery
powered (= battery driven)
bed and breakfast stayed 

best
selling ( )
bootlegged
(, , )
brackets
enclosed
brainstorming 

British
backed
brass
faced ,
( )
brick
dressed
bridge
building
( )
British backed
broad
brush ( )
broad
casted
bronze
clad
bumper
sticked
( , )
business
dominated
business
engaged
business
oriented
business
sponsored
bus
shuttled (. .
)

C
card
carrying 

321

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CAREER ENGROSSED

career
engrossed , 

cart
loaded
cash
strapped ,

child
centered
childproofed
city
financed
city
owned 1. , 
; 2. ; 3. 

clear
sighted 

clock
watching 
,
close
grained ( )
close
run


closure
scheduled
coarse
grained
coarse
wooled ,
colour
coded ,

commodity
oriented
, 

company
paid ,
completely
replaced ( 
)
computer
aided 1. ; 2. 

computer
assisted ,

computer
controlled
computer
printed
322

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.......................................................................... 3

....................................................... 5

1. Function WordsRelated
Expressions ...................................................................... 237
2. Common Phrasal Verbs Frequently
Used in Business English ................................................. 299
3. Common Expressions Used
in Business English Word Combination NOUN
(Adverb, Adjective) + Participle II ................................... 320
.......................................................................... 345



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