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and assessments for schools

STUDENTS NAME:

Read the instructions on the ANSWER SHEET and fill in your NAME, SCHOOL and OTHER INFORMATION. Use a 2B or B pencil. Do NOT use a pen. Rub out any mistakes completely. You MUST record your answers on the ANSWER SHEET.

MatheMatics

Mark only ONE answer for each question. Your score will be the number of correct answers. Marks are NOT deducted for incorrect answers. MULTIPLE-CHOICE QUESTIONS: Use the information provided to choose the BEST answer from the four possible options. On your ANSWER SHEET fill in the oval that matches your answer. FREE-RESPONSE QUESTIONS: Write your answer in the boxes provided on the ANSWER SHEET and fill in the oval that matches your answer. You may use a ruler and spare paper. A CALCULATOR is required.

1.

Terry is in Station Rd and is going to a party in West St, which runs parallel to Station Rd. The angles between some of the streets are shown.

3.

What is the value of this expression correct to three significant figures? (A) (B) (C) (D) 3.19 3.197 3.20 3.200

West St

Oak St St

z y Sm West St ith z Sm Rd x

ith w Rd

Station Rd x w Station Rd

4.

NOT TO SCALE

This scatter diagram shows the relationship between the air temperature T and the number of people P visiting a beachside shopping centre. Number of people (P) (A) Number of people (P) Air temperature (T ) Air temperature (T ) Which formula could describe the relationship between the air temperature and the number of people? (A)

Smith Rd

2.

A company uses this formula to predict total profit P based on the number of Smith Rd West St products n sold. y

Oak

P = n + y 4000 60n

West St

How many products are Station Rd w sold if there is zero profit? w Station Rd (A) 0 (B) 40 (C) 100 (D) 4000

5.

This picture is based on the style of the Dutch artist Piet Mondrian (18721944).

6 2 6 4 2

7.

A farmer purchases water released from a dam. There are two pricing schemes and these depend on the flow rate of water (in litres per second). Pricing scheme 1 Flow rate (L/s) 6 000 10 000 Cost ($/1000 L) $23.50 $35.60

4

NOT TO SCALE

Which expression gives the total area of the three coloured rectangles in the picture? (A) (B) (C) (D) 6. 6a2 + 48ab 32b2 20a2 + 24b2 4a2 + 36ab 24b2 6a2 + 16b2

What is the difference, in whole dollars per second, between pricing schemes 1 and 2? (A) 12 (B) 105 (C) 215 (D) 497 8. This diagram shows a cubic section of a sodium chloride crystal. Each green sphere represents a chloride ion and each yellow sphere represents a sodium ion.

A ship leaves position X and travels north-west for 1000 km to position Y, as shown. Y

10

This ship then travels due south. How far south, to the nearest km, does the ship have to travel before it is at a position bearing south-west from X? (A) 2000 (B) 1414 (C) 1000 (D) 707

00

NOT TO SCALE

km

The distance between the centre of a chloride ion and a sodium ion is as shown here.

What is the approximate volume, in m3, of the prism whose vertices are the centres of the eight ions that form the corners of this crystal section? (A) 1.4 1015 (B) 2.1 1017 (C) 2.7 1015 (D) 8.6 1017

3

ICAS Mathematics Practice Questions Paper I EAA

QUESTIONS 9 AND 10 ARE FREE RESPONSE. Write your answer in the boxes provided on the ANSWER SHEET and fill in the ovals that match your answer.

10.

Mario knows that a number is divisible by nine if the sum of its digits is divisible by nine. He has eight cards with the digits 1 to 8 written on them as shown.

9.

This square poster shows a circular star chart. The line PR is a tangent to the circle at Q, such that PQ = 20 cm and QR = 6 cm.

R

Canis Minor Procyon

CH

Puppis

Mario selects three of these cards to make a three-digit number that is divisible by nine. He then replaces these three cards and repeats this selection procedure to select different three-digit numbers divisible by nine. How many even three-digit numbers is it possible for him to find in this way?

RT A

P

20 cm 6c

ST A

Dorado

Volans

NOT TO SCALE

r

r P Q B R C

END OF PAPER

ICAS Mathematics Practice Questions Paper I EAA

Acknowledgment

copyright in this booklet is owned by educational assessment australia, UNsW Global Pty Limited, unless otherwise indicated. every effort has been made to trace and acknowledge copyright. educational assessment australia apologises for any accidental infringement and welcomes information to redress the situation.

The following year levels should sit THIS Paper: Australia Brunei Indonesia Malaysia New Zealand Pacific Singapore South Africa Year 11 Pre-University 1 Year 12 Form 5 & Lower 6 Year 12 Year 11 secondary 4 & 5 Grade 11

PAPER

eaa.unsw.edu.au

2011 Educational Assessment Australia. EAA is an education group of UNSW Global Pty Limited, a not-for-profit provider of education, training and consulting services and a wholly owned enterprise of the University of New South Wales. ABN 62 086 418 582

PaPer

M

EXAMPLE 1: Debbie Bach

FIRST NAME LAST NAME

and Assessments for Schools

THE UNIVERSITY OF NEW SOUTH WALES

FIRST NAME LAST NAME

FIRST NAME LAST NAME

Rub out all mistakes completely. Print your details clearly in the boxes provided. Make sure you fill in only one oval in each column.

A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A B C D E F G H I J K L

A B C D E F G H I J K L

A B C D E F G H I J K L

A B C D E F

A B C D E F

A B C D E F

A B C D E F

A B C D E F

A B C D E F

A B C D E F

A B C D E F

A B C D E F

A B

A B

A B

A B

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

U V

W X

Y Z

P

Y Z

Y Z

C A R

U V U V U V U V U V W X W X W X W X W X Y Z Y Z Y Z Y Z Y Z

U V

I T

U V U V W X Y Z W X Y Z

E C

Q R S T Q R S T Q R S T Q R S T U V W X Y Z U V W X Y Z U V W X Y Z U V W X Y Z

U Q

M N M N M N O P O P O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Q R S T U V W X Y Z Q R S T U V W X Y Z

IO T S E

G H I G H I G H I G H I G H I G H I G H I G H I G H I J J J J J J J J J K L K L K L K L K L K L K L K L K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

S N

C D E F C D E F C D E F C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

W X Y Z

DATE OF BIRTH

Day

Month Year

0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

(optional)

CLASS

*045911*

0 1

0 1 2 3 4

A B C D E F G H I J

K L M N O P Q R S T

Does anyone in your home usually speak a language other than English? Yes No School name: Town / suburb: Todays date: Postcode:

2 3

5 6 7 8 9

MULTIPLE CHOICE FREE RESPONSE

Example:

4 + 6 =

Example: 6 + 6 = The answer is 12, so WRITE your answer in the boxes. Write only ONE digit in each box, as shown, and fill in the correct oval, as shown.

(A) 2 (B) 9 (C) 10 (D) 24 C The answer is 10, so fill in the oval , as shown.

A B C D

1 2

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

START

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

A B C D A B C D

9

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

10

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

PaPer Your privacy is assured as EAA fully complies with appropriate Australian privacy legislation. Visit www.eaa.unsw.edu.au for more details.

I M

and Assessments for Schools

(C) y = x (D) z = y

QUESTION KEY SOLUTION Smith Rd West St STRAND LEVEL OF DIFFICULTY

Station Rd

Easy

Station Rd and West St are parallel, while Smith Rd crosses them. This results in angle y and angle w, that are alternate, being equal. Therefore, statement A is the correct statement. This is a quadratic equation. It factorises to (n + 100)(n 40) = 0 The solutions for this equation are n = 100 and n = 40. As n is the number of products, it cannot be negative. Hence, n = 40 is the correct solution. Alternatively, substituting the options will show that n = 40 gives P = 0. The result of the calculation is 3.197208465. This number rounded to three significant figures is 3.20. The diagram shows an inverse relation between the air temperature, T, and the number of people, P. As T increases, P decreases. Note that the relation is not linear. Option A is a quadratic equation that gives a parabola when graphed, where the relation is positive (considering positive values of T). This does not describe the given data. Options B and C are both linear equations that give straight lines sloping downwards when graphed. Again, these do not describe the given data. Option D is an equation that gives a hyperbola when graphed. For small values of T, P has a large value. As the values of T increase, the values of P decrease. This correctly describes the given data.

Easy

Medium

Medium

The blue area is = length width = (6b + 2b) 5 A = 8b (6a 4b) Algebra and Patterns Medium

= 48ab 32b2 Therefore the total area that is coloured is = green + orange + blue = 2a2 + 4a2 + 48ab 32b2 = 6a2 + 48ab 32b2

Y N

45

10

00

45 45

W

45

10

00

To be south-west from X and south from Y, the boat must be at position Z, as shown. Notice that Triangle XYZ has two 45 degrees angles which means it has to be an isosceles triangle. Hence, the distance from X to Z must also be 1000 km.

Medium

Using Pythagoras theorem in Triangle XYZ the distance that the boat must travel south is YZ = 10002 + 10002 = 1414.21356 = 1414 rounded down to the nearest km. Pricing scheme 1 has 6000 L flowing per second, at $23.50 per 1000 litres. So the cost is ($23.50 1000) 6000 = $141 per second. Similarly, pricing scheme two is ($35.60 1000) 10000 = $356 per second. The difference is therefore 356 141 = $215 per second. To solve this question, a cube that is 4 4 4 units, with each unit being 2.78 106 m should be considered. 8 A That is, the cube with side lengths 4 2.78 106 = 1.11200 105 Hence, the volume of the cube will be (1.11200 105)3 =1.4 1015 (rounded up). Measurement Medium/Hard

Medium

cm

NOT TO SCALE

r P Q B R C

60

It is given that PQ = 20 and QR = 6 AP = PQ = 20 (tangents to the circle from P are equal) Similarly QR = RC = 6. Let r be the radius of the circle. Then, r = AP + PB = PB + 20 so PB = r 20 Similarly, BR = r 6 Using Pythagoras Theorem on triangle PBR, (r 20)2 + (r 6)2 = 262 2r2 52r + 436 = 676 2r2 52r 240 = 0 r2 26r 120 = 0 (r 30)(r + 4) = 0 As r is the radius, it cannot be negative. Hence, r = 30. Therefore, the width of the poster, the diameter, is 60 cm.

Measurement

Hard

Numbers to be considered are numbers with a digit sum that is divisible by 9. So the sum of the digits must be multiples of 9: 9, 18, 27... The highest digit sum that can be obtained from the numbers 1 to 8 is 8 + 7 + 6 = 21. So only numbers whose digits sum to 9 or 18 need to be considered. The numbers must be even, so they must be of the form: _ _ 2, _ _ 4, _ _ 6 and _ _ 8. Take for example _ _ 2. To make this numbers digits sum to 9, the first two digits must sum to 7. We can therefore have 342, or 432. We cannot have 252 or 522 as the number 2 cannot be used twice. This table summarises the solutions.

Possible numbers Sum to 9 First two digits sum to: Solutions Sum to 18 First two digits sum to: Solutions

10

18

Hard

432 __2 7 342 162 612 __4 5 234 324 126 __6 3 216 12 14 684 864 486 846 756 576 468 __8 1 10 648 738 378 16 -

Therefore there are 18 possible numbers that Mario can find. Note: This is one possible method. The question can be solved using other methods.

Level of difficulty refers to the expected level of difficulty for the question. Easy Medium Medium/Hard Hard more than 70% of candidates will choose the correct option about 5070% of candidates will choose the correct option about 3050% of candidates will choose the correct option less than 30% of candidates will choose the correct option

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