You are on page 1of 18

1. Why has Citibank introduced a Performance Scorecard?

The implemented performance scorecard specifies goals and measures managers performance in 6 areas: Financial measures Strategy implementation Customer satisfaction Control measures People Standards The primary purpose of the balanced scorecard is to set goals and allow managers to complete well-rounded performance reviews using both quantitative and qualitative measures. While financial measures are important in analyzing performance of the bank, they do not provide any insight into non-quantifiable measures that can be equally important in performance assessment. In addition, the balanced scorecard forces employees to adopt a broader view of the business and concentrate not only on financial measures, but on measures that are truly important to the success of the company. In the service industry, customer satisfaction is a particularly important measure in determining how the company is doing. A high level of customer service is a significant component of Citibanks strategy in California. Frit Seegers sees it as a leading indicator of future financial performance of the bank. From the past experiences, it was determined that customer satisfaction ratings do not follow the same pattern as financial performance, and it is necessary to measure customer satisfaction separately.

2. Assume you are Lisa Johnson, complete Exhibit 1 to evaluate James performance. Provide an explanation for each one of the seven performance areas evaluated.

Financial measures: Above Par The financial performance of James branch has consistently exceeded management expectations for the last 4 years. This year was no exception. James exceeded financial goals by 20%, thus ranking the branch #1 in the marketplace. Strategy implementation: Above Par This is the rating James received in quarters 2, 3 and 4. The branch met or

exceeded its growth goals in the business, professional and retail segments. (The scorecard does not indicate the goals for this measure, which makes analysis less dependable as we have to rely on comments only.) Control measures: Par This measure was assessed only in 3 quarters, and in all 3 quarters the branch scored above par. Even though James works hard on making sure his branch operates in compliance, there is still some room for improvement in this area, and James can implement several measures to lower the operating and fraud losses sustained by his branch. People: Above Par James is an excellent people manager. His performance is consistent in this area and always exceeds expectations. Standards: Above Par James is a well respected leader that has high standards for himself and people he employs. He continually works on improving himself and his employees. He is involved in the community and encourages the same from his employees.
Customer Satisfaction: Below Par This is a measure that can potentially cause the most controversy as James is concerned with the survey that is used to asses customer satisfaction. In two quarters, James scored below par on customer satisfaction. However, he identified the improvement opportunities and substantially improved service scores by the end of the year. Overall Evaluation: Above Par We understand that according to current policy James can not get an above par overall rating due to a below par score on the customer satisfaction measure. However, we will disregard the policy in this case due to several reasons: This is the first year the balanced scorecard was implemented. It will take some time to insure that all the areas are measured appropriately. James concerns about adequacy of the survey used to measure customer satisfaction might be valid. Management should review the survey and get some input from the branch managers on what indicators should be used to measure customer satisfaction. The current review process raises some concerns as well. Presently, a branch managers supervisor subjectively assesses performance in the non-quantifiable areas. The process can be improved by allowing the manager to self-asses his own performance and discuss it with his superior. This will allow the process to be less subjective. The manager will get an opportunity to defend his performance if he does not agree with the assessment of his superior. If we give James an overall rating of par, disregarding his hard work, it will lower the morale of one of our most successful managers and will possibly result in lower performance in the future, jeopardizing the performance of the #1 branch in the marketplace. Management has a valid concern that if James receives an above par score on his evaluation, employees might think that management disregards non-financial measures during the evaluation. However, it is easier to reiterate the importance

of non-financial measures than to negate the effects of low morale in James branch. Management should communicate the importance of qualitative measures in the balanced scorecard and the fact that it will be taken into full consideration during the performance review after management makes sure the survey is well suited to measure a customer satisfaction. 3. How would you communicate the decision to James? James should be aware that his concerns with the customer survey and consistently exceptional performance were the main reason for managements decision to give him an overall above par rating. He should also be told that in the future he will not get an above par rating if he fails to score par on all the measures. James should be aware that management will not disregard nonquantifiable measures in the future as steps are being taken to insure that they are measured appropriately. 4. What do you think James will do after receiving the communication? If James is aware of all the things mentioned in the answer to the previous questions, he will continue to consistently exceed the expectations of his superiors. Since James will see from his performance evaluation that management values his efforts, he will continue to work as hard or even harder than before to ensure that his branch remains #1 in the marketplace. 5. Would you roll-out this performance scorecard to other regions at Citibank? The balanced scorecard should not be rolled-out to other regions at Citibank without some revisions. James has already raised some concerns about the adequacy of the survey that measures customer satisfaction. His main concern is that the survey measures not only branch services but also centralized services such as ATMs that are out of the control of a branch manager. The survey can be revised in order to better meet the performance evaluation needs. It is possible that several surveys will need to be developed in order to better assess the different branches based on different types of customers served by them. This will result in increased costs but will allow for closer gauging of the performance of the bank and setting more defined performance goals for the branches. The concerns about the current review process were also raised above. The manager should be given an opportunity to asses his own performance on nonquantifiable measures in order to make the performance review less subjective. In addition, the discussion of the managers performance with his superior will ensure that the manager is satisfied with his performance evaluation and will result in increased employee morale.

Has Citibank introduced a Performance Scorecard? The implemented performance scorecard specifies goals and measures managers performance in 6 areas: Financial measures Strategy implementation Customer satisfaction Control measures People Standards The primary purpose of the balanced scorecard is to set goals and allow managers to complete well-rounded performance reviews using both quantitative and qualitative measures. While financial measures are important in analyzing performance of the bank, they do not provide any insight into non-quantifiable measures that can be equally important in performance assessment. In addition, the balanced scorecard forces employees to adopt a broader view of the business and concentrate not only on financial measures, but on measures that are truly important to the success of the company. In the service industry, customer satisfaction is a particularly important measure in determining how the company is doing. A high level of customer service is a significant component of Citibanks strategy in California. Frit Seegers sees it as a leading indicator of future financial performance of the bank. From the past experiences, it was determined that customer satisfaction ratings do not follow the same pattern as financial performance, and it is necessary to measure customer satisfaction separately. James Performance Financial measures: Above Par Strategy implementation: Above Par Control measures: Par People: Above Par Standards: Above Par Customer Satisfaction: Below Par Overall Evaluation: Above Par This is the first year the balanced scorecard was implemented. It will take sometime to insure that all the areas are measured appropriately. James concerns about adequacy of the survey used to measure customer satisfaction might be valid. Management should review the survey and get some input from the branch managers on what indicators should be used to measure customer satisfaction. He has done exceptionally well across the scorecard and though he is seen as struggling in the area of customer satisfaction, he is consciously making efforts to over come it. Lets not forget the parameters which are beyond branchs control are also detrimental for customer satisfaction score.

How would you communicate the decision to James? James should be aware that his concerns with the customer survey and consistently exceptional performance were the main reason for managements decision to give him an overall above par rating. He should also be told that in the future he will not get an above par rating if he fails to score par on all the measures. James should be aware that management will not disregard nonquantifiable measures in the future as steps are being taken to insure that they are measured appropriately.

"Citibank Case Analysis" Introduction: Through reading the article titled "Citibank: Performance Evaluation" and performing my own in-depth case analysis, I was able to analyze the issues Citibank California was confronted with and determine possible solutions to help run their business more successfully. Although Citibank is a well-run corporation that made necessary improvements in an effort to gain a competitive advantage over their main competitors, Bank of America and Wells Fargo, a main area that needs improvement is clear: customer satisfaction. As Frits Seegers, President of Citibank California, identified, without improving customer satisfaction, the extreme success that Citibank was experiencing through financial profits, would be extremely temporary. As a result of reading this article and through concepts learned in class and through the text, I have developed some recommendations that may help Citibank in the future. History: James McGaran was the manager of the most important of the 31 Los Angeles area Citibank locations and as a result, his Performance Review was perhaps the most important for the expected success of Citibank California. Located in the financial district, the branch had a staff of 15 people, revenues of $6 million, and $4.3 million in profit margin. With a diverse customer base, this specific branch reached many different business people as well the typical home banker. Competition for the branch was extremely intense with competitors branches within a block of McGaran's branch. McGaran's performance reviews exceeded expectation every single year and he delivered impressive financial statistics in yearly reviews. However, when the compan ...

Citibank Performance Evaluation Case Study 1. Analysis of the Citibanks new evaluation system In order to deeply understand the Citibanks new performance evaluation, first we need to clarify the purpose of Citibanks introduction of the new performance scorecard. Its basically an attempt to highlight the importance of a diverse set of measures instead of the single financial performance in

achieving the strategic goals of the division. Specifically, from Frits Seegers point of view, the high service quality strategy and other dimensions were critical to the long-term success of the franchises. The customer satisfaction and strategy implementation indicators, therefore, were introduced into the new performance scorecard. Consequently, the new scorecard has consisted of six diverse perspectives. And the objective for implementing the scorecard performance measurement was to figure out what need to be done to meet the measurement perspectives from a balanced view. Then the targets also have been established for each perspective, for example the customer satisfaction has been set for achieving a rating of at least 80 in 1996. However, looking deep into Citibanks new evaluation method, we could spot several big weaknesses: 2. - Subjectivity plays an important role in the new evaluation system. First there are two ratings related to people and standards that lack an appropriate objective indicator and largely be determined by branch managers superior. This leak leaves a big room in the evaluation system for causing unfair results according to personal relationship between branch managers and their superiors and other drivers instead of real performance. However, from the case, we could hardly know what James really did on these two perspectives because his high ratings on these two factors were significantly due to the Lisa Johnsons one-sided praise. Another issue is how the quarter evaluations combine into the annual evaluation. The supervisor has way too much power to change the annual...

Citibank: Performance Evaluation CASE :Citibank: Performance Evaluation Harvard Business School 9-198-048 rev: October 14, 1999 The Performance Scorecard: a strategic management tool Frits Seegers, President of Citibank California, is convinced that in a competitive marketplace where businesses compete for customers, customer satisfaction is seen as a key differentiator and increasingly has become a key element of business strategy1. Fulfilling customers expectations is a critical issue for the long term business sustainability and profitability. This realization is what underlies the decision of the top management to develop and complete the former Citibanks performance evaluation system mainly based on financial measures. In 1996, a new Performance Scorecard integrating non-financial measures, including a customer satisfaction indicator, was introduced in order to be used as a central management tool to implement [high service] strategy and evaluate performance.2 This is a sign of great......... .... willingness from the California Division to broaden its business vision and control. This effort to improve the effectiveness of the organization as a whole is aligned and can be bring closer to the McKinsey 7Ss model. Indeed, the model clearly emphasizes to managers that the soft side of managing is

just as important as the hard side. Peters and Waterman suggested that the 7-S model, which included both soft as well as hard issues, was a more suitable framework than the rational model3. Frits Seegers has obviously understood that managing people with financial measures only (rational side) would not be enough to guarantee the long term success of his division4. All seven of Ss -strategy, structure, systems, skills, staff (people), style, and shared values (culture) are interconnected variables accounting for effectiveness5 as are the six performance measures integrated in the Performance Scorecard strategy implementation, financial, control, people, standards and customer satisfaction6....

Citibank: Performance Evaluation


CASE Citibank: Performance Evaluation Harvard Business School 9-198-048 rev: October 14, 1999 The Performance Scorecard: a strategic management tool Frits Seegers, President of Citibank California, is convinced that in a competitive marketplace where businesses compete for customers, customer satisfaction is seen as a key differentiator and increasingly has become a key element of business strategy1. Fulfilling customers expectations is a critical issue for the long term business sustainability and profitability. This realization is what underlies the decision of the top management to develop and complete the former Citibanks performance evaluation system mainly based on financial measures. In 1996, a new Performance Scorecard integrating non-financial measures, including a customer satisfaction indicator, was introduced in order to be used as a central management tool to implement [high service] strategy and evaluate performance.2 This is a sign of great Is this essay helpful? Upgrade your account to read more and access more than 550,000 just like it! GET BETTER GRADES

willingness from the California Division to broaden its business vision and control. This effort to improve the effectiveness of the organization as a whole is aligned and can be bring closer to the McKinsey 7Ss model. Indeed, the model clearly emphasizes to managers that the soft side of managing is just as important as the hard side. Peters and Waterman suggested that the 7-S model, which included both soft as well as hard issues, was a more suitable framework than the rational model3. Frits Seegers has obviously understood that managing people with financial measures only (rational side) would not be enough to guarantee the long term success of his division4. All seven of Ss -strategy, structure, systems, skills, staff (people), style, and shared values (culture) are interconnected variables accounting for effectiveness5 as are the six performance measures integrated in the Performance Scorecard strategy implementation, financial, control, people, standards and customer satisfaction6....

Citibank:Performance Evaluation I. Critical evaluation of Citibank performance evaluation form: Citibank corporate strategy: focused on combining excellent customer service strategy along with relationship banking to build a profitable competitive franchise.

Customers were offered the convenience of choosing the type of service delivery, whether personal or remote. But as high end customers become more and more valuable to the bank, their service expectations also went up. Increased service demands included broad array of financial products and careful personal attention. Thus improving customer satisfaction was realized to be of paramount importance for a successful future financial performance. President of Citibank California, Frits Seegers and top managers were dissatisfied with the past performance evaluation measures which mainly consisted of financial measures only. They took steps to improve the important competitive dimensions which they thought were critical to long term success of the franchise. Thus,
Is this essay helpful? Upgrade your account to read more and access more than 550,000 just like it! GET BETTER GRADES

California division chose to broaden its business vision by integrating non-financial measures to develop a Performance Scorecard which was implemented in 1996 and was a central management tool for evaluating strategy and evaluating performance. Financial district Branch strategy: After joining Citibank James McGaran went through a series of quick promotions to become Manager of largest and toughest branch in the division within seven years. Despite a highly diverse demanding customer base and stiff competition in face of two competitors located at walking distance, James delivered outstanding financial records for four straight years in a row. Even with limited staff of 15 people branch revenues and profit margins were high. He successfully operated the most important, challenging branch amongst the 31 branches in the division and enjoyed a sense of accomplishment in his job. James is supervised by hands on area manager Lisa Johnson. Performance Evaluation Form: Performance...

Performance Evaluation
Evaluating performance as well as development are important aspects and need to be included on the evaluation form. It is critical to both the employer and employee to understand what is being evaluated, how the employee is being evaluated as well as the ability to add additional information which the employer and employee will find useful. Feedback is both important for the employee and the employer. The employee needs the ability to comment on

their evaluation. The employee may have an issue to dispute on the evaluation, and this would be the 1st step in that process. Additionally, the employee may have information which might adjust the evaluation. An example is if a job was transferred to another person and the evaluation did not take that into account. Likewise, the employer may need to give written descriptions of both positive and negative actions which contributed to the employees score or evaluation. After feedback has been given, the employee should be given a copy of the

Is this essay helpful? Upgrade your account to read more and access more than 550,000 just like it!
GET BETTER GRADES
evaluation which they can keep for their files. The information given on feedback may allow the employee to receive additional training, a promotion, or used to implement something which would benefit the company overall. The purpose of the evaluation is to allow the employee receive constructive feedback on how they are performing their position. It is also important that feedback should be an ongoing process, not just once a year or twice a year. You can use the evaluation to assist the employee in creating a plan to improve their performance or to work on advancing their position for a promotion. Training will be provided on regular basis. Staff will be allowed depending on a variety of circumstances to received advanced training to those who excel in their positions. Likewise training to improve current skills will be offered as well to all employees so they may improve their performance and be eligible for the advanced training. The hours of operation will vary...

Divisional Performance Evaluation Divisional Performance Evaluation Overview:Most large Organisations adopt divisionalised structures. The manner in which divisional performance is controlled and measured is, therefore, of particular importance. A central issue of performance reporting is whether divisional managers should be held accountable for items that they cannot influence by their actions. The conventional wisdom of management accounting, as reflected in textbooks, advocates that the evaluation of a managers performance should consist of only those factors under a managers control. Therefore, divisional managerial performance measures should include only the items controllable by divisional managers. Or, performance measurement should be based on the application of the controllability principle.

Is this essay helpful? Upgrade your account to read more and access more than 550,000 just like it! GET BETTER GRADES

A manager is said to have a decision right if the enforcement and disciplinary powers of the top- level executive office will be used to enforce his ability to take an action. In large organizations, decision rights are more complex than the simple phrase suggests. For example, it is common in such organizations for no single individual to have all the decision rights necessary to undertake a major project. Instead, there is a complex process that brings many people into the decision-making function, a process that breaks the simple notion of a decision right into many components that are allocated to various decision agents. The following is a common breakdown: 1. Initiation rightthe right to initiate resource allocation proposals. 2. Notification rightthe right to be notified of the actions or proposed actions of others in the organization and the right to provide information or recommendations to the decision process regarding those proposals. 3. Ratification rightthe right to review and ratify or veto the resource allocation recommendations of others.

CITIBANK: PERFORMANCE EVALUATION


Citibank: Performance Evaluation is a Harvard Business School case. In light of her dilemma, Lisa Johnson hired you as a consultant to help her evaluate the merits of the current scorecard and resolve the evaluation of James McGaran. Prepare a memo to Lisa addressing the issues noted below. 1. Your evaluation of Citibanks scorecard, including: a. What is the nature and extent of association between the scorecard measures and Citibanks strategy? b. What is the quality of the estimators (i.e., bias, efficiency and consistency) in the scorecard? c. What role did subjectivity play in completing evaluation scorecard? Should the scorecard allow for more or less subjectivity? Why? d. What is your assessment of the scorecards fairness? 2. A recommendation for the final evaluation of James McGaran, including: a. Should he receive an overall above par score for his branchs performance? Why or why not? b. How would other branch managers likely react to James receiving an above par score? How would they react if James received something less than an above par score

Citibank : Performance Evaluation Performance management is about creating relationships and ensuring effective communication Its about focusing on what organisations, managers and team members need to succeed

- Robert Bacal Why do even best of great strategies fail? A study of 275 professional portfolio managers reported that the ability to execute strategy was more important than the quality of the strategy itself (Measures That Matter, Ernst & Young, Boston, 1998) In the early 1980s, a survey of management consultants reported that less than 10 percent of effectively formulated strategies were implemented successfully (Walter Kiechel, Corporate Strategists Under Fire, Fortune, Dec. 27, 1982).

A 1999 Fortune article, in a cover story of prominent CEO failures, concluded that the emphasis placed on strategy and vision created a mistaken belief that the right strategy was all that was needed to succeed. The authors concluded that in the majority of caseswe estimate 70 percentthe real problem isnt [bad strategy]its bad execution. (R. Charan and G. Colvin, Why CEOs Fail, Fortune, June 21, 1999). Q 1 : Why has Citibank introduced a Performance Scorecard Components of a Scorecard

Performance Management Involves establishing clear expectations and understanding about: The team member employee's essential job functions

How the team members job contributes to the goals of the organisation What it means, in concrete terms, to do the job well How job performance will be measured That barriers hinder performance and how they can be minimized How the member and the team leader will work together to improve the members performance

Performance Management Manage performance Performance evaluation is just a small part of performance management- and probably the least important The Steps are: Planning performance This involves both you as a manager an your team to analyze the work to achieve goal Making right decisions By collecting and evaluating data and information Diagnosis and Problem solving Identification of barriers to performance (past, present & future) so as to formulate plans to overcome the barriers Performance appraisal meeting Summary/Review

James Performance If I am Lisa, I shall give Above Par ratings to James.

He has done exceptionally well across the scorecard and though he is seen as struggling in the area of customer satisfaction, he is consciously making efforts to over come it Lets not forget the parameters which are beyond branchs control are also detrimental for customer satisfaction score.

Citibank . Return on Investment (ROI) is commonly used for divisional performance evaluation . and implicitly compared to cost of capital, so that the EVA concept is implictly used. . To prevent underinvestment, the formula can be modified. . E.g., Mars (the candy company) uses replacement value, rather than book value, of invested capital in the denominator. . At Vyaderm, there was one metric used to evaluate performance and determine the bonus EVA. . Companies (e.g., Citibank) often use multiple metrics, both financial and non-financial. These metrics are used to capture: . Financial performance, . customer satisfaction, . internal business processes, and . learning and growth. Some advantages of this performance scorecard include: . redistributing managerial attention toward broader value drivers; . balancing long-term and short-term orientations; . communicating value drivers and thereby increasing goal alignment; . e.g., having EVA as the sole performance measure does not tellemployees how to achieve high EVA (or what its drivers are). . and mapping a path for implementing strategy.

What is Citibanks competitive strategy in California? They are niche players here. They have a relationship banking / high service strategy. . Frits wants employees to have a broader view and long-term focus, hence the performance scorecard. . What problems do you see with the performance scorecard? Will managers over-invest in the easiest, rather than most value-adding, goals? . Could some measures (e.g., learning and growth) become value-consuming rather than valueadding? . Can multiple goals be distracting?

Does the performance scorecard specify the tradeoffs between the different goals?

Can you maximize on more than one dimension without knowing the tradeoffs? . i.e., what is the aggregation rule for the scores on different dimensions? In the end, we need a single score to judge performance, and will use an implicit aggregation rule in the absence of an explicit one.. So it may be better to have an explicit one.

What do you think of the customer satisfaction measure? Is it a leading indicator of future financial performance? Should uncontrollable aspects of service, such as ATMs and 24 hour phone banking be included in the survey? Are 25 surveys representative of the customer population for the branch?

How is McGarans branch different from others in L.A.? It has a diverse customer base. It is in the financial district, and so has many demanding customers. Competitors are less than a block away. It is not in a residential area, so it likely has a higher-churn customer base.

What is an important agency problem in this setting (geographically dispersed branches)? . The free-rider problem. . A given branch can free-ride on the brand reputation by lowering (service or product) quality. . The branch receives the full benefit from the cost-of-quality savings, and bears only a fraction of the cost. This free-rider problem is accentuated by the managerial horizon problem. The manager can skimp on quality and save costs, get promoted in a couple of years, and pass the cost of reduced quality on to the next manager. The free-rider problem is more of an issue when the cost of reduced quality is revealed more slowly. How does this relate to the customer base of the branch? If the customer base is low-churn, i.e., lots of repeat customers, then cost of reducing quality is very high for the branch. . E.g., if the branch is in a residential area. Customers are lost and word of mouth spreads. . Effect of low quality shows up quickly in revenues. If customer base is transient, i.e., lots of one-time customers, cost of reducing quality is very low for the branch. Effect of low quality is unlikely to show for a few years or several years (depending on composition of customer base).

Do you think this is a problem at McGarans branch? Why? . Likely. Profits exceed plan by about 19%. . Of course, the target may have been too low, but this is usually not the case. Area manager thinks target is aggressive (Exhibit Perhaps not. Revenues have grown, and there is growth in all business segments. . But again, if the business is generally growing, and if customer base is highly transient, will the effect of poor quality show up in revenues? Why does the area manager appear to underweight the poor customer satisfaction scores? . Perhaps customers are rating support services, such as ATMs, that are not controllable at the branch level. . However, this should be the case at every branch then. Is the answer in her performance measurement scheme? o . Most likely, though the case provides no evidence on this. o . If McGarans scheme does not specify the tradeoffs between the dimensions, is it likely that hers does? She has 31 branches, which will help dampen the effect of poor customer satisfaction stores at one branch. . To align goals, there must be congruence along the reporting chain. What is the effect of a discrete performance scale (below-, at-or above-par)? . Increasing the rigidity of the system induces behavioral distortions. . A manager may manage numbers to reach a higher category, . or abandon the goal altogether if the higher category is unreachable in a given year. . Managers may be forced to break rules, which undermines those rules. E.g., o . why did Johnson give McGaran a par rating on customer satisfaction in two quarters? o . Why is Frits faced with a dilemma whereby he might have to break the rule for giving an above par rating? . There is a loss of information comparisons across managers and over time are coarse.

Reinforcing this problem is a discrete bonus payoff scheme 0, 15%, 30%. This can be seen as imposing high risk, and it will provide further incentive for behavioral distortions.

Does the scorecard help balance long term and short term incentives, asintended? o . The way to do this is to reward a long term orientation. Would a bonus bank, as at Vyaderm, be useful? o . This could be used to smooth bonus payments. If beating plan by a wide margin does not pay off as much today, it might reduce divergent behavior. o . Customer satisfaction scores could be used to determine contributions to the bonus bank. o . Poor customer satisfaction scores in a single quarter will not affect the bonus payout from the bank as much. o . If gains from customer satisfaction will show up in a few years, manager is assured that these gains eventually will show up as bonus payments. McGaran can tradeoff some profit today, for much higher returns from customer satisfaction in a couple of years. . o Make the bonus bank portable, to control the horizon problem.

What would you do with McGaran now? . One solution is to override the system and give him an overall above-par, but then to limit his bonus to 20% (instead of 30%). . As an aside, what does McGarans willingness to work weekends, holidays and during his vacation to ensure customer satisfaction, operational control and financial growth tell you about him as a manager? . A manager should be able to effectively delegate, and should be able to build a system (well-developed employees and procedures, etc.) to preclude the need for this. . In emergencies however, his willingness is admirable.

How effective is McGarans performance scorecard? . Customer service is vital to Citibank Californias strategy, but the scorecard is not communicating this. . The scorecard is not aligning goals along the reporting chain. . It does not provide long-term incentives.

How would you redesign the performance measurement system? . Specify the weights for the different performance dimensions.

. Have a continuous performance scale and bonus payoff scheme. . Ensure goal congruence along the reporting chain. . Introduce a bonus bank to limit large single-period gains from well-above-plan profitability and to provide long term incentives.