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Zirconiul este un element chimic din grupa metalelor, care are numărul atomic 40. Simbolul chimic este Zr. Zirconiul este folosit mai nou și în stomatologie ca cea mai fizionomică opțiune pentru o coroană dentară. Se pune sub porțelan în loc de metal pentru a nu transpare sub porțelan. Se mai folosește și la implantologie tot din același motiv, dar și pentru că are o biocompatibilitate superioară, înlocuind titanul.
Zirconium crowns and bridges are so strong they can be used anywhere in the mouth. Zirconium crowns can withstand the biting pressure of the front teeth as well as back teeth grinding. The look of zirconium crowns and bridges is so close to natural teeth that it is hard to tell the difference and it is this quality which makes it very useable within dental work. Zirconium crowns can be fixed using traditional dental cements. Zirconium crowns have quickly become the preferred material for dental crowns. Zirconium is a very strong substance that can endure wear and tear of everyday use. When looking at Zirconium crowns from an aesthetic point it is clear and very similar to a natural tooth and reflects light the same way. This may be important if your new crowns are on the front of your mouth and it is particularly relevant in cases where the crown will be seen next to the natural teeth. Porcelain is the conventional material used for the new crowns however, Full porcelain can chip or break. This is overcome by making the crowns from the metal, in this case metal zirconia, then merge the porcelain on the outside. Zirconia metal gives the strength while the porcelain gives the appearance of a normal tooth. Zirconium crowns allow light to pass as a normal tooth would and that gives a natural look, unlike other metal cores that are block the light.
from the impression taken of the original teeth. Overview Zirconium crowns won’t corrode and the normal black gum line that you can see around a porcelain fused metal crown. ceramic or glass screen fillings and crowns (aka jacket crown. a metal free option). When the new zirconium crowns are ready the temporary crowns will be removed and your new custom zirconium crowns are securely fixed in place. won’t happen because of the strong ceramic material used.General Definition: A crown is a dental restoration that completely covers or surrounds a tooth or dental implant and it is typically fixed to the tooth using traditional dental cement. Full-porcelain (ceramic) dental materials include porcelain. Also the normal too hot/cold sensations you can feel with other crowns does not normally occur because of the lack of electrical conductivity. while the custom zirconium crowns are made in our laboratories. A temporary crown will be installed between visits. Zirconia Crowns . Crowns are frequently used to improve strength or appearance of teeth. which are usually fabricated using out-of-mouth method. Zirconium Crowns – Procedures Procedure consists of: To accommodate the new zirconium crowns a portion of your natural tooth’s structure is removed. Crowns can be made out of numerous materials.
the Zirconia manufacturers have worked on new crowns that are custom milled from solid blocks of Zirconia and baked at extremely high temperatures so that the completed crown is pretty near unbreakable. Strength and Longevity: Zirconia is virtually indestructible whereas Porcelain crowns are prone to chipping. Zirconia should last a lifetime. Zirconia Crowns have several advantages of both traditional Gold Crowns and Porcelain. it is not completely inert. Crowns have a lifetime of around 10 years. The Zirconia Crowns not only look more translucent. In most cases the choice will be between a Porcelain Crown and a Zirconia Crown. Zirconia is 100% biocompatible. inflammation. with the tell tale dark grey line at the crown join. but are much stronger than the Porcelain fused to the Metal posts. In Europe. and has proved to be highly biocompatible. It is inert. and the body does not reject zirconia so you don’t have to worry about allergies or adverse reactions. Zirconia Crowns have several advantages of standard Porcelain crowns. Cosmetic: Have you ever seen people with a large unsightly black line above their gums? Up until recently most crowns are Porcelain which is Fused to a Metal base. and this constant exposure in certain individual sometimes triggers side effects which may include soreness. With many millions of titanium implants a small minority of patients have suffered side effects from the effects of metal in the body. many consumers much prefer to have a natural effect that blends into the overall smile. and even autoimmune disease. Zirconia implants have been used for years to provide the ultimate in bio-compatability. Titanium constantly releases metal ions into your body. Although titanium is incredibly strong and resilient. Now. Although Gold Crowns are well tolerated. allergies. . and has a good history of bio-compatability.the saliva conducts the flow of electricity from one metal pole to another. Over time. last long and are a good technical choice. Metal in the mouth also creates a battery effect .What are Zirconia Crowns? Zirconia has been used in orthopedic surgery for years. Many also don't want metal in their mouths. the metal begins to show more and more and the restoration can look opaque and monochromatic. The Zirconia crowns are milled from a single block of crystal and can be up to five times stronger than a porcelain / metal fuse.
Characteristics of Zirconium Oxide as a Dental Material Zirconium dioxide (zirconia) is a high strength ceramic material. all these benefits come with a price. It virtually eliminates any allergic reactions. When the manufactures boast that their products are guaranteed for life. a Zirconia Crown can be used because if provides more strength in less volume than a porcelain crown. Applications Aluminum oxide and zirconium oxide ceramic materials have been used for over twenty years in medicine. it protects against unpleasant hot/cold sensitivity in the mouth. will not occur. so it doesn't generate an electrical charge. One of the reasons that dentist still prefer working with gold is because it's a relatively soft metal that gives. Zirconia is very tough. for example. formulated ZrO2. and is referred to as ceramic steel. it's often decay underneath the crown that causes the crown to fail. As an insulator. It can also be referred to as Zirconium oxide or Zircon oxide. and onto the existing root. Color: White . that again. gingival reactions like the usual "black line" at the gumline of traditional porcelain-fused-to-metal restorations.for example if an tooth abutment is already quite bulky. seem like a good thing.Ivory Hardness: High Zeno Zeno Is the trademark for the Zirconium oxide discs used in the Zeno Tec System. Electrical conductivity contributes to the corrosion of other metals in the mouth. mainly for hip replacements. It is not an electrical conductor. until you realize. there is no corrosion. These materials have shown over this long history that they are fully biocompatible. not the crown itself. Characteristics of Zeno: It has extremely high tensile strength. And it only stands to reason--they consist mainly of minerals which are also found in natural bone tissue. Chemically it is a composition of the rare element Zirconium and oxygen. which is. Therefore. Disadvantages of Zirconia Crowns: As with everything in life.Less tooth Removal: In cases where their is not much room for porcelain build up . . used in aerospace technology. which is good until you consider the abrasive effect of the material against the other teeth. Being non-metallic.
Zirconium oxide has the following superior characteristics that make it the most ideal material available: Excellent biological compatibility: absolutely bio-inert. radiopaque. o Optimal material for crowns: tasteless.9% o Translucence of the framework material makes excellent cosmetic results possible o Equivalent fit to precision gold castings: edge opening 20-50 ym.One of the most difficult areas in dentistry today is the restoration of dental structures with biocompatible materials that are strong enough to withstand the forces of chewing (500-1000lbs pressure on molar teeth).01mg/m2x24h o Very small particle size: <0. strong. . o Zirconium oxide is manufactured and optimized industrially so that the material qualities remain unchanged through the complete production chain.6ym o No glass phase for particle binding o Extremely high density o Porosity: 0% o Purity (Zr/Hf/Y): 99. Recent technology from Germany now offers a material that has overcome most of the pitfalls of present day products. That material is called Zirconium oxide. Precludes the need to use adhesive cements. pure. Outstanding physical and mechanical qualities: o Hardness (Vickers) 1200 HV o Compressive Strength 2000 MPa o Bending Strength 1000 MPa o Modulus of Elasticity 210 GPa o Tensile Strength 7 Mpavm o Wear characteristics (Ring on disc) <0. Patients now have a choice of a material that is esthetic. no pulp irritation because there is no need to use adhesive cements and minimal invasive preparation by dentist. biocompatible and capable of being used for single and long span dental bridgework.002 mm 3/h o Absolute corrosion resistance: Ringer's solution 370C <0.
Smith. This avoids the use of an invasive procedure of etching the tooth with acid and injuring the pulp or nerve of the tooth. DDS Zirconium oxide forms the core of each crown and provides the cross-link that bridges the gap of missing teeth. The precision fit of the Zirconium core is derived from computer guided Swiss lathes that cut the form out of a solid Zirconium oxide block.9% pure) is baked on to the Zirconium core and then shaped like a tooth. The cutting instructions are obtained from a laser beam that reads 120 points per millimeter from the anatomy of a model of the prepared teeth. new synthetic porcelain (99. Once formed. Because of the extreme accuracy of the crown fit. the crowns can be cemented with biocompatible dental luting material. Advantages of ET zirconium high performance ceramic compared with other full ceramics . This latter procedure often times results in the pulp dying and necessitating root canal therapy.Photos courtesy of Gerald H.
For years there has existed substantial clinical tests and examinations which confirm the high quality of zirconium oxide. Vita Mark II and Empress is in the area of 1-2. This process is also accompanied by a volume expansion. zirconium oxide reaches a bending strength of over 1000 Mpa. While with metals under high tension in the area of cracks. zirconium oxide is being used more and more as the material of choice especially for hip prosthesis. Further decisive advantages of zirconium oxide are its high resistance to corrosion.g. The unusual feature of zirconium oxide ceramic in comparison with other ceramics is that at the appearance of a high-tension area a transformation of the crystal structure can take place. it usually comes to excessively high tension within a defect area (pores. it is now possible to fabricate posterior bridges with zirconium oxide. zirconium oxide shows values in the range of 10 Mpam-1/2. of Dicor. In connection with the tensile strength there also stands the characteristic of bending strengths. Because of the high tensile strengths exhibited in test results. Crack resistance is the resistance with which the material counteracts the spreading of cracks. In medicine. stability to hydrolysis and its high biocompatibility in comparison with other ceramics makes this material ideal for restorative dentistry.5 Mpam-1/2. cavities) or it cracks. While the critical tensile strength (KIC) e.Zirconium oxide ceramic primarily stands out due to its high crack resistance. By this volume increase it builds wedges in the crack and therefore it reduces the continuation of the crack. If a material is stressed. surface deficiencies. . While conventional glass ceramics show results of 100-200 Mpa and aluminum oxide ceramics lie in the area of 400-600 Mpa. Even In-Ceram (glass infiltrated Al203 ceramic) and Procera aluminum oxide (pure Al203 ceramic) show values less then 5 Mpam-1/2. in ceramics due to missing plastic deformation possibility the cracks continue to grow. plastic deformation appears and the top of the tension can be reduced by rounding the cracks.