# Intro to Trig: Day Five

Important Stuff 1. Complete this table.

Name:________________________

sin(α ) =

cos(α ) =

α α α α α

= 30° = 45° = 270° = 210° = 0°

( sin(α ) ) 2 + ( cos(α ) ) 2

2. For each quadrant below, determine if the sine and cosine of an angle whose terminal ray falls in the quadrant is positive (+) or negative (-).

**3. Suppose that for some angle β , we know that sin( β ) =
**

could the angle be in?

−2 . What quadrant 3

4. Suppose that for some angle η , we know that cos(η ) = 0.234 and that sin(η ) < 0 . What quadrant is the angle in? 5. We’re going to prove that sin 2 (α ) + cos 2 (α ) = 1 , always.

a. What is the equation of the unit circle?

**b. By definition, x = cos(α ) and y = sin(α ) . Make a substitution into the
**

equation of the unit circle that gives you what we’re trying to prove.

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Intro to Trig: Day Five

Name:________________________

**6. The theorem that you just proved is often called the Pythagorean Identity.
**

What does the theorem have to do with the Pythagorean Theorem? Is it similar? Different? Write a sentence or two of your thoughts.

**7. Suppose that, for some angle a in the second quadrant, sin( a ) =
**

figuring out what angle a is equal to, what is cos(a ) ?

3 . Without 5

**8. An angle, θ , has a terminal ray that falls in the first quadrant and cos(θ ) =
**

Determine sin(θ ) , and put your answer in simplest radical form.

1 . 3

Interesting Stuff Here are some next steps to investigate: • What does the graph of y = sin(x) look like? • What happens if you change a, b or c in y = a sin(bx) + c ? • Can you do a trigonometric regression? What sort of data would the trigonometric graphs be a good fit for?

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