Implementing Spanning Tree Protocols (STP


Lecture 16

• Explain the role of redundancy in a converged network • Summarize how STP works to eliminate Layer 2 loops in a converged network • Explain how the STP algorithm uses three steps to converge on a loop-free topology • Implement rapid per VLAN spanning tree (rapid PVST+) in a LAN to prevent loops between redundant switches.

Redundancy in a Hierarchical Network .

Redundancy can Cause Loops .

Layer 2 Loops in Well Managed Networks .

The BID in STP .

STP Algorithm .

STP Port States and BPDU Timers .

Elect the designated and non-designated ports . Elect a root bridge 2. Elect the root ports 3.STP Convergence Steps 1.

“I am root bridge” • Switches compare priorities • Root bridge decided by lowest priority (and lowest mac address if priorities are equal) • Root bridge switch sends BPDU frames • Other switches determine root ports • Designated and blocked ports determined .BPDU Exchanges • Initially each switch says.




PVST+. RSTP and Rapid PVST+ .

Features of PVST+ .

RSTP • Preferred protocol for preventing Layer 2 loops • Relationship with Cisco-enhancements – Transparently integrates them – Performs better – Incompatible with some enhancements • Defines different port states and roles • Relationship with IEEE 802.1D – – – – Backward compatible Most configuration parameters unchanged Same BPDU format Does not need 802.1D’s timers .

RSTP Edge Ports .

RSTP Link Types .

RSTP Port States .

Configuring Rapid PVST+ .

Designing STP to Avoid Problems .

Troubleshooting a Failure Need to know: • Topology of the bridge network • Location of the root bridge • Location of blocked ports and redundant links .

Summary • STP’s long convergence time (50 seconds) facilitated the development of: –RSTP – convergence time is slightly over 6 seconds –Rapid PVST+ • Adds VLAN support to RSTP • The preferred spanning-tree protocol on a Cisco switch network .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful

Master Your Semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master Your Semester with a Special Offer from Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.