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Comparison of General Contractor, Construction Manager, and Owner's Representative Models
The General Contractor, Construction Manager and Owner’s Representative are the three main functions an owner / developer can utilize to get a project built. They are, however, very different in their approach to a project. The Owner - General Contractor - Subcontractor model is the most conventional or orthodox method for building projects as evidenced by the following diagram: Traditional System

In this model the owner assumes the least amount of risk, but gives up a lot of the project profits to the General Contractor. This is a good model for inexperienced developers. The Owner - Construction Manager - Subcontractor model is the most risky for the owner, but can be also the most rewarding by allowing the owner to avoid paying the GC mark-up on each of the subs. However, it does not allow the security of a lump sum bid, since the risk of a forgotten subcontractor or missed work scope is a burden of the owner and not the GC. Construction Manager System

This model is only recommended for experienced Developers and those who can afford the risk of mistakes being made.

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The Owner - Project Manager - General Contractor model is the most expensive on paper, since the cost of the owner’s rep. is added to the GC cost. But for the inexperienced or small Non-profit developer, this may be the best route to follow. See the following diagram for the responsibility/control lines for this model. Project Manager System

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