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Air Pollution

Air Pollution

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Published by Mirul Hasnul

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Published by: Mirul Hasnul on Apr 07, 2012
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Air pollution From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search

Air pollution from World War II production Air pollution is the introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or biological materials that cause harm or discomfort to humans or other living organisms, or cause damage to the natural environment or built environment, into the atmosphere. The atmosphere is a complex dynamic natural gaseous system that is essential to support life on planet Earth. Stratospheric ozone depletion due to air pollution has long been recognized as a threat to human health as well as to the Earth's ecosystems. Indoor air pollution and urban air quality are listed as two of the world's worst pollution problems in the 2008 Blacksmith Institute World's Worst Polluted Places report

Water pollution From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search

Water pollution affects plants and organisms living in these bodies of water.[7] Surface water seeps through the soil and becomes groundwater. such as fish. algae blooms.[3] Some 90% of China's cities suffer from some degree of water pollution. In almost all cases the effect is damaging not only to individual species and populations. oceans. California. and 32 percent of assessed bay and estuarine square miles were classified as polluted. [edit] Categories Surface water and groundwater have often been studied and managed as separate resources.000 Indian children die of diarrheal sickness every day. In the most recent national report on water quality in the United States.g.000 people daily.[5] In addition to the acute problems of water pollution in developing countries. lakes.[2] An estimated 700 million Indians have no access to a proper toilet. 47 percent of assessed lake acres.[1][2] and that it accounts for the deaths of more than 14. although they are interrelated. Natural phenomena such as volcanoes. developed countries continue to struggle with pollution problems as well. rivers. 45 percent of assessed stream miles. and earthquakes also cause major changes in water quality and the ecological status of water. such as drinking water. and/or undergoes a marked shift in its ability to support its constituent biotic communities.[6] Water is typically referred to as polluted when it is impaired by anthropogenic contaminants and either does not support a human use. .Raw sewage and industrial waste flows across international borders—New River passes from Mexicali to Calexico. and 1. aquifers and groundwater). Water pollution occurs when pollutants are discharged directly or indirectly into water bodies without adequate treatment to remove harmful compounds. Conversely. Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies (e. It has been suggested that it is the leading worldwide cause of deaths and diseases. storms. but also to the natural biological communities.[4] and nearly 500 million people lack access to safe drinking water. Introduction Millions depend on the polluted Ganges river Water pollution is a major global problem which requires ongoing evaluation and revision of water resource policy at all levels (international down to individual aquifers and wells).

sleep disturbances. since side-by-side industrial and residential buildings can result in noise pollution in the residential area. including motor vehicle noise. Noise pollution can cause annoyance and aggression. and other harmful effects. The source of most outdoor noise worldwide is mainly construction and transportation systems. stress and hypertension are the leading causes to health problems. or machine-created environmental noise that disrupts the activity or balance of human or animal life. Noise pollution From Wikipedia. search A Boeing 747-400 passes close to houses shortly before landing at London Heathrow Airport Noise pollution is excessive. hypertension. aircraft noise. hearing loss. high stress levels. tinnitus. displeasing human. and rail noise. population showed that chronic exposure to moderately high levels of environmental noise contributes to hearing loss.[4] High noise levels can contribute to cardiovascular effects and exposure to moderately high levels during a single eight hour period causes a statistical rise in blood pressure of five to ten points and an increase in stress[4] and . who were insignificantly exposed to transportation or industrial noise. to a typical U. metaphorically meaning disgust or discomfort[1]. the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation. The word noise may be from the Latin word nauseas.[2][3] Poor urban planning may give rise to noise pollution. severe depression and at times panic attacks. whereas tinnitus can lead to forgetfulness. though differences in hearing sensitivity decrease with time and the two groups are indistinguishable by age 79.[5][8] Chronic exposure to noise may cause noise-induced hearing loss. Sources of surface water pollution are generally grouped into two categories based on their origin. animal.S. Older males exposed to significant occupational noise demonstrate significantly reduced hearing sensitivity than their non-exposed peers. Human health Noise health effects describe problems in both health and behavior. Unwanted sound (noise) can damage physiological and psychological health.groundwater can also feed surface water sources.[4][5][6][7] Furthermore.[9] A comparison of Maaban tribesmen.

vasoconstriction leading to the increased blood pressure noted above as well as to increased incidence of coronary artery disease. due to misuse.[14] If creatures do not "speak" loud enough. and their message can propagate through the environment more clearly. This contamination is caused by a number of factors. A 2005 study by Spanish researchers found that in urban areas households are willing to pay approximately four Euros per decibel per year for noise reduction.[15] The same study showed that daytime noise was a stronger predictor of nocturnal singing than night-time light pollution. Acoustic overexposure can lead to temporary or permanent loss of hearing. Noise pollution has caused the death of certain species of whales that beached themselves after being exposed to the loud sound of military sonar[12] (see also Marine mammals and sonar).[13] Scientists and researchers have conducted experiments that show whales' song length is longer when submarine-detectors are on. Land pollution basically is about contaminating the land surface of the earth through dumping urban waste matter indiscriminately.[16] Land Pollution Land pollution is basically about the contamination and degradation of the land surface and soil of the earth. causing the whole ecosystem to eventually speak louder. and streets. These unheard voices might be warnings. including both the physical aspects and the living organisms. Noise also makes species communicate louder. it will mask other species' voice. Read more about it in the following paragraphs. increasing the risk of death by changing the delicate balance in predator or prey detection and avoidance. and misusing the soil by harmful agricultural practices. which in the case of endangered species may be part of the path to extinction.[10] [edit] Wildlife health Noise can have a detrimental effect on animals. Land Pollution Comprises: Solid Waste and Soil Pollution . The soil gets polluted by the chemicals in pesticides and herbicides used for agricultural purposes along with waste matter being littered in urban areas such as roads. European Robins living in urban environments are more likely to sing at night in places with high levels of noise pollution during the day. dumping of industrial waste. Pollution is the process that introduces contaminants into the environment. finding of prey. mineral exploitation. and interfering the use of the sounds in communication especially in relation to reproduction and in navigation. their voice will be masked by anthropogenic sounds. There are three types of pollution namely land pollution. to which the phenomenon is often attributed. This could alter a population's evolutionary trajectory by selecting traits. Land pollution includes visible litter and waste along with the soil itself being polluted. suggesting that they sing at night because it is quieter. or preparations of net-bubbling.[11] An impact of noise on animal life is the reduction of usable habitat that noisy areas may cause. which is called Lombard vocal response. Noise pollution is also a cause of annoyance. Zebra finches become less faithful to their partners when exposed to traffic noise. air pollution and water pollution. which in turn causes the instability of the ecosystem. parks. sapping resources normally devoted to other activities and thus lead to profound genetic and evolutionary consequences. When one species begins speaking louder.

it also causes damage to terrestrial organisms. Moreover. animal manure. Chemicals that are used for purposes like sheep dipping also cause serious land pollution as do diesel oil spillages. which leaches into the nearby land areas. and even used cars and electronic goods are not biodegradable. Hence. and humans in a number of ways. more useful purposes. paper. and unsightly places to reside in. What are the Consequences of Land Pollution? Land pollution can affect wildlife. like paper. such as poisons that are used to kill agricultural pests like insects and herbicides that are used to get rid of weeds. and which are disposed because they are hazardous or useless are known as solid waste. such as:     Cause problems in the respiratory system Cause problems on the skin Lead to birth defects Cause various kinds of cancers The toxic materials that pollute the soil can get into the human body directly by: . and settled solids. metal. cloth. decaying wastes also attract household pests and result in urban areas becoming unhealthy. biomass sludge. wood.Solid Waste Semisolid or solid matter that are created by human or animal activities. Garbage: This comprises waste matter from food that are decomposable and other waste matter that are not decomposable such as glass. plants. when they accumulate they pose a health threat to people. Ashes: The residual matter that remains after solid fuels are burned. Wastes from Industries: Industrial waste matter that can cause land pollution can include paints. Some of the sources of solid waste that cause land pollution are:  Wastes from Agriculture: This comprises waste matter produced by crop. Most of the solid wastes. Land pollution is caused by farms because they allow manure to collect. Harmful practices of irrigation methods. soil pollution results from:   Unhealthy methods of soil management. Wastes from Mining: Piles of coal refuse and heaps of slag. Thus. while also reducing the uses of the land for other. Solids from Sewage Treatment: Wastes that are left over after sewage has been treated. plastic. and farm residues. chemicals. plus. which means they do not get broken down through inorganic or organic processes. bottles. and so on. plastic containers. cans.      Soil Pollution Soil pollution is chiefly caused by chemicals in pesticides. and so on. dirty.

Irfan Danish Rosdi was believed to have fallen into the lake unnoticed and drowned while his mother. aunt and cousins were 100m away. so that the generations to come will be able to a live a decently healthy life. iv. Coming into contact with the skin Being washed into water sources like reservoirs and rivers Eating fruits and vegetables that have been grown in polluted soil Breathing in polluted dust or particles How can Land Pollution be Prevented?      People should be educated and made aware about the harmful effects of littering Items used for domestic purposes ought to be reused or recycled Personal litter should be disposed properly Organic waste matter should be disposed in areas that are far away from residential places Inorganic matter such as paper.A boy. Missing boy found dead in KL lake MALAYSIA . plastic. uncle. who was left unattended for several minutes at Taman Tasik Titiwangsa on Wednesday evening. 2. was found drowned in the lake yesterday. ii. . glass and metals should be reclaimed and then recycled It has become the need of the hour to protect the earth from the harmful effects of pollution.i. two elder brothers. iii. Every individual will have to take the onus on himself and work towards bettering the environment and keep the earth green and healthy.

Narenasagaran said Nornabila Mat Yaacob did not return home after going out with a friend to buy the card in Jerantut.45pm. The group went to a gazebo. They had been staying with a relative in Sentul when they decided to go to the lake.Another 15-year-old girl was reported missing while on the way to purchase a mobile top-up card on Monday. remained in Kluang as he was working. when met at her home in . "I had to pull him away twice as he was going too near to the lake." The family lodged a police report when they failed to locate him and continued looking for him in the area till about 2am. While the adults sat around. "I kept hoping someone would find my son safe." she said at the Kuala Lumpur Hospital mortuary yesterday. Rosdi Abdul Raman. Norazura Ahmad. said Irfan's body was floating in the lake yesterday morning by a jogger. Pahang CID chief SAC T. Norazura and her children had come here from Kluang. She described her son as bubbly and active. at 6.His mother. ANOTHER TEENAGE GIRL REPORTED MISSING IN PAHANG KUANTAN. Meanwhile. Her husband. March 21 (Bernama) -." he told reporters after attending a crime prevention dialogue with residents of Taman Tas here today. Norazura realised her son was missing 15 minutes later. the girl''s mother. Norazlina Osman." The family took Irfan's body to Kluang for burial yesterday. 47. 100m from the lake. for a short vacation on Sunday. "He was just learning how to speak. 27. "Police have received a missing person report lodged by the family and will print and distribute photograph of the missing girl to the public to help find her. but that was dashed when the police contacted me this morning. He was just staring out at the water. "Earlier. Johor. the five children played near the lake. I noticed Irfan paying special attention to the lake." she said while crying.

"However. said Nornabila left the house at about 8pm on Monday on a motorcycle with her friend.04am today saying that she is now safe. was reported to have been kidnapped in Taman Tas. but left on her own free will. 15. following a report on the disappearance of the girl. but to no avail. "When she did not return at 11. THREE ARRESTED OVER MISSING SERI ALAM GIRL JOHOR BAHARU. a 15-year-old girl. Last Sunday. I contacted Norsyazwani and she said that she had already sent Nornabila home. Siti Nur Fatihah Mahadi." he told reporters at the Johor . Jerantut. Jalan Suria in Bandar Seri Alam here. "They have been remanded until tomorrow. Johor police chief Datuk Mohd Mokhtar Mohd Shariff said police arrested the trio. she was later found safe at her male friend''s house in Kampung Merchong near Pekan and admitted that she was not kidnapped. However.Police arrested two men and a woman in connection with the disappearance of a five-year-old girl from the Seri Delima Flat. Norsyazwani Mazlan." Norazlina said. She said calls made to her daughter''s mobile phone were also left unanswered. I received a text message from her mobile phone at 8. aged between 36 and 40.Taman Koperasi. Nurul Nadirah Abdullah. on the same day.MORE GIRL-MISSING 2 (LAST) KUANTAN Norazlina said efforts to find her youngest daughter were mounted soon after.30pm. -. last Thursday." Norazlina said. March 5 (Bernama) -.

allegedly after he was kicked by a police volunteer last Saturday. while the personnel said that the teenager was injured after their motorcycles collided. This followed a report by the boy''s father and the personnel. Mohd Mokhtar said police had commenced an investigation into the claim by the father of a 15-year-old boy who was injured after falling off his motorcycle. in Sagil. In a separate case." he said. bringing RM4 along with a note "mi segera dan telur RM2" (instant noodles and RM2 of eggs) but had not returned home after that. Mohd Mokhtar said police had so far covered 20 locations in their search for the girl but to no avail. -.MORE POLICE-MISSING 2 (LAST) JOHOR BAHARU Her parents allowed her to go to the shop located at the next block. The teenager is now being treated at the Melaka Hospital. today. "The father claims that a friend of his son saw the police volunteer kicking the boy who was not wearing a helmet.police headquarters here. Ledang. . Nurul Nadirah had gone out to a grocery shop in the area to buy instant noodles and eggs at about 11am and had not returned ever since.

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