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# Perhitungan abutment (kepala jembatan)

1.Abutment kanan

## G1 = 1,3 x 0,02 x 2,4 = 0,624 ton

G2=

1,15

,x1 = 0,25 m
x

0,2

,x2 = 0,725 m
G3 = x 0,851 x 0,85 x 2,4= 0,86802 ton

,x3 = 0,717 m

,x4 = 1,15 m

,x5 = 0,933 m

,x6 = 0,533 m

,x7 = 1,05 m

,x8 = 1,8667 m

,x9 = 1,5 m

,x10 = 0,075 m

,x11 = 0,3667 m

,x12 = 0,475 m

,x13 = 0,8667 m

,x14 = 0,4333 m

## G15 = x 0,052 x 0,15 x 1,7 = 0,00663 ton

,x15 = 0,5 m

G = 13,11564 ton
MG = 11,74499 t.m
X G = MG = 11,74499 = 0,89 meter
G

13,11564

## Gaya Gaya Pada Kepala Jembatan

Pu = 41,379 t.m (Rcombo1)
Hs = 1,886 ton/m (reaksi pada perletakan sendi akibat gaya rem) dr tabel beban rem
Qll = 0,9 t/m2
Qdl = tebal perkerasan x bj beton = 0,2 m x 2,4 ton/m3 = 0,48 ton/m2
Q total = 0,9 + 0,48 = 1,38 ton/m2
Pll = 4,9 t/m
Beban tanah dibelakang abutmen= 4,386 ton
Beban jalan = 0,48 ton/m2 x 0,5 m = 0,24 ton/m

## Beban lalu lintas = 0,9 t/m2 x 0,5 = 0,45 ton/m

Perhitungan Tekanan Tanah
a. Data Tanah Timbunan
= 30
= 2/3 = 20
=0
=0
tanah =1,7 ton/m
beton = 2,4 ton/m
air = 1
b. Koefisien tekanan tanah aktif
Kah = 0,279 (Tabel Kah,PEDC Mekanika Tanah)

## Tekanan Tanah Aktif

Akibat tekanan tanah aktif
Pah = tanah H2 Kah = . 1,7 . 52 0,279 = 5,93 t/m
Akibat beban merata
Pq = qtotal Kah = 1,38 . 5 .0,279 = 1,9251 t/m
Akibat beban terpusat
P = p K, dimana K = 0,39 (tanah lempung keras)
= 4,9 . 0,39 = 1,91 t/m
Akibat Beban Rem (Hs)
Hs = 1,886 ton/m
PH = 11,6511 ton/m

H

## 5,93 x 5/3 + 1,9251 x 5/2 + 1,91 x 5/3 + 1,886 x 3,7 = 2,133 m

11,65

Xv = 3 m
PV = PH tan ( + ) = 11,6511.tan 20 = 4,24 ton/m

## Perhitungan Kontrol Stabilitas tanah

MT = G.XG + PV.Xv + Rcombo1 .x
MG

PH.Yh
= (13,11564 x 0,89) +(4,24 x 3) +(41,379 x 1,05) = 2,97 > 1,5 (aman)
10,7081 x 2,133

## 2. Stabilitas terhadap daya dukung

v = 17,3556 t/m
MG = 22,808 ton-m
A = 3 x 1 =3 m2
W = 1/6 x 1 x 3 = 1,5 m3

Qmin

Abutment kiri

## Perhitungan Berat Abutment Dan Tanah Dibelakang Abutment

G1 = 1,05 x 0,2 x 2,4 = 0,504 ton

,x1 = 0,6 m

,x2 = 0,75 m

,x3 = 0,833 m

,x4 = 1,15 m

,x5 = 0,933 m

,x6 = 0,9 m

,x7 = 1,866 m

,x8 = 0,533 m

,x9 = 1,5 m

,x10 = 0,533 m

,x11 = 0,65 m

,x12 = 0,933 m

,x13 = 0,833 m

## G14 = 4,3 x 0,5 x 1,7 = 3,655 ton

,x14 = 0,25 m

G = 13,9879 ton
MG = 12,5345 t.m
X G = MG = 12,5345 = 0,8960 meter
G

13,9879

## Gaya Gaya Pada Kepala Jembatan

Pu = 33,758 t.m (Rcombo1)
Hs = 4 ton/m (reaksi pada perletakan sendi akibat gaya rem) dr tabel beban rem
Qll = 0,9 t/m2
Qdl = tebal perkerasan x bj beton = 0,2 m x 2,4 ton/m3 = 0,48 ton/m2
Q total = 0,9 + 0,48 = 1,38 ton/m2
Pll = 4,9 t/m

## Perhitungan Tekanan Tanah

a. Data Tanah Timbunan
= 30
= 2/3 = 20
=0
=0
tanah =1,7 ton/m
beton = 2,4 ton/m
air = 1
b. Koefisien tekanan tanah aktif
Kah = 0,279 (Tabel Kah,PEDC Mekanika Tanah)

## Tekanan Tanah Aktif

Akibat tekanan tanah aktif
Pah = tanah H2 Kah = . 1,7 . 52 .0,279 = 5,93 t/m
Akibat beban merata
Pq = qtotal Kah = 1,38 . 5 .0,279 = 1,9251 t/m
Akibat beban terpusat
P = p K, dimana K = 0,39 (tanah lempung keras)
= 4,9 . 0,39 = 1,91 t/m
Akibat Beban Rem (Hs)
Hs = 4 ton/m
PH = 13,7651 ton/m

## YH = Pah yh + Pq yh+ P yh + Hs.yh

H
= 5,93 x 5/3 + 1,9251 x 5/2 + 1,91 x 5/3 + 4 x 3,7 = 2,374 m
13,7651
Xv = 3 m

## Perhitungan Kontrol Stabilitas tanah

MT = G.XG + PV.Xv + Rcombo1 .x
MG

PH.Yh
= (13,9879 x 0,896) +(5,01 x 3) +(33,7588 x 1) = 2,41 > 1,5 (aman)
10,7081 x 2,374

## 2. Stabilitas terhadap daya dukung

v = 18,9979 t/m
MG = 25,42 ton-m
A = 3 x 1 =3 m2
W = 1/6 x 1 x 3 = 1,5 m3

Qmin

## = 18,9979 / 3 24,47 / 1,5 = 6,33 16,311 = -9,981 t/m2 (mengalami tarik)

Qmaks = 18,9979 / 3 +24,47 / 1,5 = 6,33 + 16,311 = 22,6411 t/m2 (mengalami tekan)