Cairo University Faculty of Engineering Chemical Engineering Department

Card Diagrams of Gasoline and Diesel Cycles

Gasoline Engine: The Gasoline Engine operates on the principles of the Otto cycle.The differences between the Gasoline and Diesel engines can be summarized in the following table: These points are clear in the card diagrams of both engines as illustrated below. The PV diagram of such cycle (Ideal) is shown below. . 1.

Comments: . . . the curve above represents the relation between P&V at adiabatic conditions. .The mixture is then compressed from an initial volume V1 to V2 during the compression stroke (The pressure increases).Then the exhaust valve is opened and the mixture is released leaving space for a fresh mixture.The horizontal line represents the intake of the air to fuel ratio at a constant pressure (probably atmospheric) .At point (2) in the diagram. . the spark is introduced and the mixture ignites and builds up pressure at a constant volume V2 .Then the mixture expands again to V1 in the power stroke producing the required work.

. . Comments: .At 2 the fuel is injected and self ignited at constant pressure but increasing volume due to addition of fuel. . The PV diagram of such cycle (Ideal) is shown below.Air is admitted in the cylinder and compressed to a much lower volume ( high compression ratio) in step 1 to 2.From 3 to 4 is the power stroke in which the gas expands giving the needed work then the exhaust valve is opened to allow for intake of a new fresh feed. The Diesel Engine: The Diesel Engine operates on the principles of the Diesel Cycle.2.

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