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A clutch is mechanism by which you change the gears. In simple words, it turns on or off power to rear wheel. A clutch is made of clutch assembly which includes clutch plate, Clutch basket, Clutch hub, pressure plates, Clutch springs, lever and clutch cable. Clutch Basket: It is bowl shaped basket which holds entire clutch assembly. It has teethes on the outside surfaces which fix on the primary drive teethes. It means that it is connected with the transmission. It is bolted onto the end of clutch shaft.
Clutch Hub: The clutch hub places between clutch basket and pressure plate. The clutch plates are mounted on it. It has teethes in the centre hole which rotate with main shaft. It means it is connected with the engine.
The surfaces of steel or aluminum plate interfaces between pressure plate and clutch hub. It is a wear and tear part of clutch assembly. The friction plate surfaces interface between the clutch basket tangs (gaps) and pressure plate. These plates are worn out very fast compare to steel plate. This teethes are fix on the cutouts of clutch hub. Mostly steel plates are used in clutch assembly due to their durability. . One is Drive (friction) plate another is Driven (Steel) plate Drive (friction) plate: The friction plate is ring shaped and coated with fiber.Clutch Plate: There are two types of plates in clutch plate. It has teethes on inside surfaces. It has teethes on the outside surfaces. Driven (steel) plate: It is ring shaped and made of steel and sometime of aluminum. It is coated with the same material as you see in brake pad (shoe). These teethes fix on the cutouts between clutch hub tangs (gaps). The aluminum plates are used in Moto GP due to their lighter weight.
Clutch springs: The clutch springs shape is like short coil. It releases the clamping action on the clutch plates when the clutch lever is engaged. For higher engine output stiffer or more springs are used while softer or few springs used in order to lighter clutch level pulling effort. . Most of motorcycle has five or more springs used per clutch assembly.Pressure Plate: It is the moving part of the clutch assembly which works against clutch spring tension. These springs continuously hold the friction and steel or aluminum plates through spring tension. It also prevents slippage except when the clutch lever is engaged.
Lever: It is metal rode which pivots on a perch located of the left handlebar. It gives input to clutch assembly. .
Clutch Cable: The clutch cable is a cable through which the rider’s input passes to the clutch internals. .
In the wet clutch set up the entire clutch is inside the case of the bike. The stake of clutch is arranged in such a manner that friction plate and steel plate alternate. There are two types of clutches: Wet clutch & Dry clutch Wet Clutch Wet clutch are universal and found on any bike. Here it is bathed in oil which acts like a kind of dampener. It makes the engine and clutch to move at different speeds. It stops the clutch from knocking on itself.Clutch Cover: It covers the entire clutch assembly. the coil springs in the clutch compressed and the pressure plate expands which allows the stake of clutch plates to move independently. When a rider presses the clutch lever for changing gears. It has smoother engagement compare to dry clutch It is cooled by engine oil . How A Clutch Works In a normal condition a clutch is engaged with the engine. Advantages: It has less wear and tear effect due to oil circulation. Ultimately the clutch disengages power to transmission which allows rider to shift the gears. Almost 99% of motorcycle manufactured uses this kind of clutch.
Sometimes it has tendency to grab during engagement which makes take off difficult. In the dry clutch set up the entire clutch is outside the case of the bike. Ducati’s are almost the only bike with this type of clutch. Advantages: It is very easy to replace as it is outside the case of bike. There is no oil circulated in to the clutch. It tolerates slipping during initial clutch take off It is cheaper to manufacture The wet clutch operation is quiet and makes less noise compare to dry clutch operation. You can use friction modified oils in engine It is easier to use. which result into clutch knocking on itself. The clutch overheats due to grabbing effect and wears out very fast. It is the biggest reason why it is use in Moto GP racing. which ultimately eliminate reduction in loss of Horse power due to oil circulation in clutch. Oil needs to be circulated specially for the clutch presence. Oil does not need to circulate for clutch. Due to rotation of clutch in oil then engine losses some horse power to rear wheel Clutch garbage and hammer mixes in engine oil (an oil filter fitted to avoid such problem) Disadvantages: Dry Clutch: The dry clutch is almost identical to the wet clutch the only difference s there are seals on the shafts that keep oil out. Disadvantages: .
FACT: It is not true lever pressure is very dependent on clutch set up. which can be engaged and disengaged. so that they never slip. Different Kinds Of Clutches Friction Clutch Friction clutches are the most commonly used clutch mechanisms. Dog Clutch A dog clutch couples two rotating shafts or other rotating components not by friction. different kinds of clutches are used. In these devices. which employs different configurations and different principles in various models available. but frictional clutches with conical surfaces. The conical surface provides a taper. Only dry clutch can be used as slipper clutch FACT: It really does not make any difference. material. Myths About Wet & Dry Clutch Wet clutches are easier to pull on the clutch lever. this type of clutch disengage the driveshaft from the driven shaft. Dry clutch can transmit more power. The same thing makes clutch operation less progressive. the pressure on the mating surfaces increases rapidly. Both the parts of the clutch are designed so that one pushes into the other. FACT: It is not true as most of the powerful bikes have wet clutches like Suzuki Hybusa. torque produced and finally the use of the whole device. causing both to rotate at the same speed. The area of contact differs from normal frictional surfaces. Cone Cutch Cone clutches are nothing. which means that while a given amount of actuating force brings the surfaces of the clutch into contact really slowly. Depending on the orientation. but by interference. It is very noisy sometimes makes you feel like hammering. one shaft is typically driven by a motor or pulley. In the following lines. and the other shaft drives another device. Clutches are useful in devices that have two rotating shafts. High performance bikes uses stiffer spring hence it require higher pressure to pull the lever. or be decoupled and spin at different speeds (disengaged). when the driven shaft rotates faster than the driveshaft. It has very shorter life. we have provided the different kinds of clutches that are available. Clutch is a mechanism for transmitting rotation. An example of such a situation can be . The clutch in itself is a mechanism. They are used to transmit torque by using the surface friction between two faces of the clutch. Let us take an instance where one shaft is driven by a motor and the other drives a drill chuck. If you use soft springs it will make the pull operation easier and if you use stiffer spring it require more pressure to pull lever. speeds. Once hot it is very difficult to calm if there is no open clutch cover is there. The dry clutch eliminates the loss of horse power due to oil bathing so that power is available to rear wheel. Overrunning Clutch Also known as the freewheel mechanisms. The clutch connects the two shafts so that they can either be locked together and spin at the same speed (engaged).
There is a rotating member on the driving shaft. the coupling is hydrodynamic and the shafts are not actually in contact.when a cyclist stops peddling and cruises. in case of automobiles going down the hill. The ends of the driven and driving pieces are kept separate and they act as the pole pieces of a magnet. If you do so. it stops immediately and does not hamper the blades. However. They work as an alternative to mechanical clutches. which rises up as the speed of the shaft increases and engages the clutch. as there is no free wheel system. the electromagnet activates and the clutch is engaged. . When a DC current is passed through the clutch system. Centrifugal clutch Centrifugal and semi-centrifugal clutches are employed where they need to engage only at some specific speeds. Electromagnetic Clutch These clutches engage the theory of magnetism on to the clutch mechanisms. this device allows a rotating shaft to "slip" or disengage when higher than normal resistance is encountered on a machine. An example of a safety clutch is the one mounted on the driving shaft of a large grass mower. They are known to have common problems associated with hydraulic couplings. you cannot take your feet off the gas pedal. and are a bit unsteady in transmitting torque. the whole engine system can be damaged. Hydraulic Clutch In a hydraulic clutch system. which then drives the driven shaft. If a stone or something else is encountered by the grass mower. Safety Clutch Also known as the torque limiter.
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