This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Physics, Chemistry, Biology
(Higher Secondary Stage)
Medical Council of India
Prepared by:NATIONAL COUNCIL OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH AND TRAINING (NCERT)
Feedback may be forwarded to firstname.lastname@example.org by 11th Aug 2011
22July2011_NEET-UG Core Syllabus_Draft1
S.No. 1 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.
Physics syllabus of class 11th Topics Information Physical world and measurement Kinematics Laws of Motion Work, Energy and Power Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body Gravitation Properties of Bulk Matter Thermodynamics Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory Oscillations and Waves Physics syllabus of Class 12th
Page No. 5-7 8 8 8 9 9 9 9 - 10 10 10 10 - 11
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.
Electrostatics Current Electricity Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents Electromagnetic Waves Optics Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation Atoms and Nuclei Electronic Devices Communication System Chemistry syllabus of class 11th
12 12 13 13 13 - 14 14 14 15 15 15
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.
Information Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry Structure of Atom Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure States of Matter: Gases and Liquids Thermodynamics Equilibrium Redox Reactions Hydrogen s-Block Element (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals) Some p-Block Elements Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques Hydrocarbons Environmental Chemistry
17 - 18 19 19 19 19 - 20 20 20 20 21 21 21 21 - 22 22 22 - 23 23
Feedback may be forwarded to email@example.com by 11th Aug 2011
22July2011_NEET-UG Core Syllabus_Draft1
Chemistry syllabus of class 12th S.No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. Solid State Solutions Electrochemistry Chemical Kinetics Surface Chemistry General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements p- Block Elements d and f Block Elements Coordination Compounds Haloalkanes and Haloarenes Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen Biomolecules Polymers Chemistry in Everyday Life Biology syllabus of class 11th 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Information Diversity in Living World Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants Cell Structure and Function Plant Physiology Biology syllabus of class 12th 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Reproduction Genetics and Evolution Biology and Human Welfare Biotechnology and Its Applications Ecology and environment 34 34 – 35 35 35 35 - 36 30 - 31 32 32 32 - 33 33 Topics Page No. 24 24 24 24 25 25 25 26 26 26 26 – 27 27 27 27 28 28
Feedback may be forwarded to firstname.lastname@example.org by 11th Aug 2011
org by 11th Aug 2011 .22July2011_NEET-UG Core Syllabus_Draft1 PHYSICS 4 Feedback may be forwarded to neet-ug@mciindia.
The learner is expected to realize and appreciate the interface of Physics with other disciplines. Emphasis on use of SI Units. technology and studying courses in applied areas of science and technology at tertiary level. engineering. Promoting process-skills.2005. RATIONALE The higher secondary stage is crucial and challenging stage of school education as it a transition from general science to discipline-based curriculum. The recommendations of National Curriculum Framework-2005 have been followed. Physics is being offered as an elective subject at the higher secondary stage of school education. It is expected that the syllabus will help to develop an interest in the learners to study Physics as a discipline and inculcate in learners the abilities. The present effort of reforming and updating the Physics curriculum is an exercise based on the feedback received from the school system about existing syllabus and curricular material. Due care has been taken that the syllabus is not heavy and at the same time. meaningful and interesting. Also. useful concepts of Physics in real-life situations for making learning of Physics relevant. problem-solving abilities and applications of Physics concepts/content. meaningful and interesting. large expansion of Physics knowledge. appropriate to the comprehension level of learners. At this stage. and also the educational and curricular concerns and issues provided in the National Curriculum Framework. as a discipline. keeping the disciplinary approach with rigour and depth. The syllabus provides logical sequencing of the subject matter with proper placement of concepts with their linkages for better understanding. Due care has been taken that the syllabus is not heavy and at the same time it is comparable to the international standards. the students take up Physics. with a purpose of pursuing their future careers in basic sciences or professional courses like medicine. • 5 Feedback may be forwarded to neet-ug@mciindia. it is essential to develop linkages with other disciplines for better learning of Physics concepts and establishing relationship with daily-life situations and life-skills. keeping the disciplinary approach with rigour and depth.org by 11th Aug 2011 . SALIENT FEATURES • • Emphasis on basic conceptual understanding of content.22July2011_NEET-UG Core Syllabus_Draft1 INFORMATION The syllabus for Physics at the Higher Secondary Stage has been developed with a view that this stage of school education is crucial and challenging as it is transition from general science to discipline-based curriculum. it is comparable to the international standards. appropriate to the comprehension level of learners. Symbols. useful in real-life situations for making Physics learning more relevant. nomenclature of physical quantities and formulations as per international standards. There is a need to provide the learners with sufficient conceptual background of Physics which would eventually make them competent to meet the challenges of academic and professional courses after the higher secondary stage. The recommendations of National Curriculum Framework-2005 have been followed.
the Physics curriculum at the higher secondary stage attempts to: • Strengthen the concepts developed at the secondary stage to provide firm ground work and foundation for further learning Physics at the tertiary level more effectively and learning the relationship with daily-life situations. The time allocation of learning Physics content per Units in terms of instructional periods have been mentioned for each Unit to help the Textbook Development Team members to develop the instructional material so as the cover it within the time frame. The syllabus is arranged in Units spread over two years duration. reducing the descriptive portion and providing suitable formulation/depth of treatment appropriate to the comprehension level of learners. There is an imperative need for evaluating the learners through Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation of various concepts covered in a Unit. • • • 6 Feedback may be forwarded to neet-ug@mciindia. Reducing the curriculum load by eliminating overlapping of concepts/ content within the discipline of Physics or with other disciplines. manipulative. content related practical work (one core experiment. • Develop conceptual competence in the learners and make them realize and appreciate the interface of Physics with other disciplines.22July2011_NEET-UG Core Syllabus_Draft1 • Emphasis on Physics-related technological/industrial aspects to cope up with changing demand of society committed to the use of Physics. Providing logical sequencing of the ‘Units’ of the subject matter and proper placement of concepts with linkages for better learning and matching the concepts/content with comprehension level of the learners. • • • With this background. Each Units has been arranged with a topic. technology and informatics. two activities to be evaluated) and suggested investigatory projects (one project to be evaluated). Develop process-skills and experimental.org by 11th Aug 2011 . Promote problem-solving abilities and creative thinking to develop interest in the learners in the study of Physics as a discipline. decisionmaking and investigatory skills in the learners. The Units are so sequenced as to provide different dimensions of Physics as a discipline. observational. Expose the learners to different processes used in Physics-related industrial and technological applications. making room for contemporary core-topics and emerging curricular areas in Physics.
22July2011_NEET-UG Core Syllabus_Draft1 • Understand the relationship between nature and matter on scientific basis. Physics teaching-learning at the higher secondary stage enables the learners to comprehend the contemporary knowledge and develop aesthetic sensibilities and process skills. The experimental skills and process-skills developed together with conceptual Physics knowledge prepare the learners for more meaningful learning experiences and contribute to the significant improvement of quality of life. develop positive scientific attitude. and their linkages with overall national development. The learners would also appreciate the role and impact of Physics and technology.org by 11th Aug 2011 . and appreciate the contribution of Physics towards the improvement of quality of life and human welfare. • 7 Feedback may be forwarded to neet-ug@mciindia.
accuracy and precision of measuring instruments. technology and society. Physics. systems of units.org by 11th Aug 2011 . nature of physical laws. 8 Feedback may be forwarded to neet-ug@mciindia. fundamental and derived units. Length. • Need for measurement: Units of measurement. SI units. mass and time measurements. significant figures. errors in measurement.22July2011_NEET-UG Core Syllabus_Draft1 CONTENTS CLASS XI SYLLABUS UNIT I: Physical World and Measurement Details:• Physics: Scope and excitement.
Uniform circular motion.projectile motion. Dynamics of uniform circular motion. • • UNIT III: Laws of Motion Details:• Intuitive concept of force. conservative forces. UNIT II: Kinematics Details:• Frame of reference. Position-time graph. average speed and instantaneous velocity. lubrication. potential energy of a spring. dimensional analysis and its applications. motion in a vertical circle. Static and Kinetic friction. Motion in a straight line. speed and velocity. Newton’s third law of motion. Relative velocity. impulse. momentum and Newton’s second law of motion. nonconservative forces. kinetic energy. examples of circular motion (vehicle on level circular road. rolling friction. Scalar and Vector products of Vectors. elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.org by 11th Aug 2011 . work-energy theorem. for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment). general vectors. power. Centripetal force. • Notion of potential energy. Unit vectors. addition and subtraction of vectors. Uniform and non-uniform motion. • Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Inertia. Newton’s first law of motion. Cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration. conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies). equality of vectors. Uniformly accelerated motion. Scalar and vector quantities: Position and displacement vectors. Energy and Power Details:• Work done by a constant force and variable force. velocity-time and position-time graphs. Resolution of a vector in a plane-rectangular components. • UNIT IV: Work. vehicle on banked road). • Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion.22July2011_NEET-UG Core Syllabus_Draft1 • Dimensions of physical quantities. Motion in a plane. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications. general vectors and notation. multiplication of vectors by a real number. laws of friction. UNIT V: Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body 9 Feedback may be forwarded to neet-ug@mciindia.
Stress-strain relationship. Critical velocity. angle of contact. Pascal’s law and its applications (hydraulic lift and hydraulic brakes). change of state – latent heat. The universal law of gravitation. Centre of mass of a rigid body. centre of mass of uniform rod.org by 11th Aug 2011 . comparison of linear and rotational motions. thermal expansion of solids. shear. momentum conservation and centre of mass motion. Heat transfer. Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications. Reynold’s number. excess of pressure. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth. moment of inertia.I. Hooke’s law. Viscosity. • Pressure due to fluid column. rigid body rotation and equation of rotational motion. and Green House effect. Heat. modulus of rigidity. orbital velocity of a satellite. Values of M. Surface energy and surface tension. • Moment of a force. Young’s modulus. conservation of angular momentum with some examples. bubbles and capillary rise. thermal expansion. Anomalous expansion. Equilibrium of rigid bodies. bulk modulus.22July2011_NEET-UG Core Syllabus_Draft1 Details:• Centre of mass of a two-particle system. poisson’s ratio. and gases. gravitational potential.conduction and thermal conductivity. terminal velocity.-torque. Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications.calorimetry. Stokes’ law. angular momentum. Cv. UNIT VII: Properties of Bulk Matter Details:• Elastic behavior. radius of gyration. Specific heat capacity: Cp. for simple geometrical objects (no derivation). Escape velocity. convection and radiation. Effect of gravity of fluid pressure. application of surface tension ideas to drops. Geostationary satellites. Wein’s displacement law. • • • • 10 Feedback may be forwarded to neet-ug@mciindia. • Gravitational potential energy. elastic energy. liquids. temperature. • UNIT VI: Gravitation Details:• Kepler’s laws of planetary motion. streamline and turbulent flow. Qualitative ideas of Black Body Radiation.
reflection of waves. Principle of superposition of waves. phase. Periodic functions. UNIT X: Oscillations and Waves Details:• Periodic motion-period.22July2011_NEET-UG Core Syllabus_Draft1 • Newton’s law of cooling and Stefan’s law. forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only). Simple harmonic motion(SHM) and its equation. 11 Feedback may be forwarded to neet-ug@mciindia. Doppler effect. • Wave motion. speed of wave motion. • Second law of the thermodynamics: Reversible and irreversible processes. UNIT IX: Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory Details:• Equation of state of a perfect gas. Isothermal and adiabatic processes. law of equipartition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases. concept of pressure. frequency. standing waves in strings and organ pipes. concept of mean free path. Avogadro’s number. • Kinetic theory of gases: Assumptions. work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics. Beats. simple pendulum-derivation of expression for its time period. rms speed of gas molecules. energy in SHM –Kinetic and potential energies. UNIT VIII: Thermodynamics Details:• Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of Thermodynamics). Longitudinal and transverse waves. free. Kinetic energy and temperature. oscillations of a spring-restoring force and force constant. displacement as a function of time. Heat.org by 11th Aug 2011 . resonance. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Heat engines and refrigerators. work done on compressing a gas. fundamental mode and harmonics. degrees of freedom.
Coulomb’s law-force between two point charges. • Electric field.22July2011_NEET-UG Core Syllabus_Draft1 CONTENTS OF CLASS XII SYLLABUS UNIT I: Electrostatics Details:• Electric charges and their conservation.org by 11th Aug 2011 . electric field lines. superposition principle and continuous charge distribution. 12 Feedback may be forwarded to neet-ug@mciindia. forces between multiple charges. electric field due to a point charge. electric dipole. torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field. electric field due to a dipole.
Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Torque • 13 Feedback may be forwarded to neet-ug@mciindia. • Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire. • • UNIT II: Current Electricity Details:• Electric current. temperature dependence of resistance.org by 11th Aug 2011 . a dipole and system of charges: equipotential surfaces. potential difference and emf of a cell. electric potential due to a point charge. Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications. • Carbon resistors. electrical energy and power. Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. combination of cells in series and in parallel. and for comparing emf of two cells. flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor. statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire.22July2011_NEET-UG Core Syllabus_Draft1 • Electric flux. capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates. electrical resistivity and conductivity. electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric diploes in an electrostatic field. Potentiometer-principle and applications to measure potential difference. Wheatstone bridge. Oersted’s experiment. straight and toroidal solenoids. Ohm’s law. Biot-Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop. drift velocity and mobility. series and parallel combinations of resistors. potential difference. metre bridge. Internal resistance of a cell. energy stored in a capacitor. free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. • • • UNIT III: Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism Details:• Concept of magnetic field. Dielectrics and electric polarization. colour code for carbon resistors. and their relation with electric current. measurement of internal resistance of a cell. uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside) Electric potential. Cyclotron. Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere. electrical resistance. capacitors and capacitance. combination of capacitors in series and in parallel. Conductors and insulators. V-I characteristics (liner and non-linear). Van de Graaff generator.
visible. power in AC circuits. • UNIT VI: Optics Details:• Reflection of light. LCR series circuit. • UNIT V: Electromagnetic Waves Details:• Need for displacement current. bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid. lens-maker’s formula. wattles current. power of a lens. dia-and ferro-magnetic substances. 14 Feedback may be forwarded to neet-ug@mciindia. Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves. ultraviolet. thin lens formula. Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field. • Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. • Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (qualitative ideas only). Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements. Eddy currents. refraction at spherical surfaces. • Alternating currents. Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis.22July2011_NEET-UG Core Syllabus_Draft1 experienced by a current loop in a magnetic field. total internal reflection and its applications optical fibres. Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves. peak and rms value of alternating current/ voltage. combination of thin lenses in contact combination of a lens and a mirror. spherical mirrors. microwaves.org by 11th Aug 2011 . Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism. • • UNIT IV: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents Details:• Electromagnetic induction. with examples. moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter. Refraction of light. Permanent magnets. magnetic field lines. mirror formula. Magnification. LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only). reactance and impedance. infrared. Lenz’s Law. AC generator and transformer. gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses. Self and mutual inductance. induced emf and current. Electromagnetic and factors affecting their strengths. Para-. lenses. x-rays. Faraday’s law. resonance. Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron.
Optical instruments: Human eye.particle scattering experiments. Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes. Hertz and Lenard’s observations. isotones. only conclusion should be explained). uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids.particle nature of light. beta and gamma particles/ rays and their properties decay law. Polarisation. Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.22July2011_NEET-UG Core Syllabus_Draft1 • Scattering of light. image formation and accommodation. Mass-energy relation. isotopes. width of central maximum. Interference. Davisson-Germer experiment (experimental details should be omitted. coherent sources and sustained interference of light. Brewster’s law. Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygens’ principle. energy levels. hydrogen spectrum.wave nature of particles.alpha. plane polarized light. Einstein’s photoelectric equation. Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens’ principle. atomic masses. isobars. Rutherford’s model of atom. mass defect.org by 11th Aug 2011 . binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number. UNIT IX: Electronic Devices 15 Feedback may be forwarded to neet-ug@mciindia. reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wavefronts. Composition and size of nucleus. Young’s double hole experiment and expression for fringe width. nuclear fission and fusion. Diffraction due to a single slit. UNIT VIII: Atoms and Nuclei Details:• Alpha. Bohr model. de Broglie relation.blue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset. • Matter waves. • Radioactivity. correction of eye defects (myopia and hypermetropia) using lenses. • • • • • • • UNIT VII: Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation Details:• Photoelectric effect.
UNIT X: Communication System Details:• Elements of a communication system (block diagram only). Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere. Transistor as a switch . conductors. NAND and NOR). insulators and semiconductors. 16 Feedback may be forwarded to neet-ug@mciindia.I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias. NOT. Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Need for modulation. TV and digital data). Junction transistor. transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. diode as a rectifier. AND. sky and space wave propagation. semiconductor diode. Production and detection of an amplitude –modulated wave. Logic gates (OR. I-V characteristics of LED.22July2011_NEET-UG Core Syllabus_Draft1 Details:• Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only). bandwidth of signals (speech. characteristics of a transistor. transistor action.org by 11th Aug 2011 . bandwidth of transmission medium. photodiode. and Zener diode. solar cell.
there is a need to provide learners with sufficient conceptual background of Chemistry. engineering. at this stage.22July2011_NEET-UG Core Syllabus_Draft1 CHEMISTRY INFORMATION RATIONALE Higher Secondary Stage is the most crucial stage of school education because at this stage specialized discipline based.org by 11th Aug 2011 . 17 Feedback may be forwarded to neet-ug@mciindia. content oriented courses are introduced. Students reach this stage after 10 years of general education and option for Chemistry with a purpose of mostly for pursuing their career in basic sciences or professional courses like medicines. Therefore. which will make them competent to meet the challenges of academic and professional courses after the higher secondary stage. technology and studying courses in applied areas of science and technology at tertiary level.
• With this background. no specific knowledge of topics in Chemistry is pre-supposed. • Emphasis has been on promoting process-skills. It recommends that theoretical component of Higher Secondary Science should emphasize on problem solving methods and the awareness of historical development of key concepts of science by judiciously integrated into content. • Develop problem solving skills and nurture curiosity. population. • The syllabus provides logical sequencing of the ’Units’ of the subject matter with proper placement of concepts with their linkages for better understanding.org by 11th Aug 2011 .22July2011_NEET-UG Core Syllabus_Draft1 National Curriculum Framework-2005 recommends a disciplinary approach with appropriate rigour and depth with the care that syllabus is not heavy and at the same time it is comparable to the international level. integrity. • Make the learner realize the interface of Chemistry with other disciplines of science such as Physics. and appreciate contribution of Chemistry towards the improvement of quality of human life. Biology. • Strengthen the concepts developed at the secondary stage and to provide firm foundation for further learning of Chemistry at tertiary level more effectively. concern for life and reservation of the environment. meaningful and interesting. to remove repetition besides reducing the content by suitably integrating the different content areas. • Inculcate values of honesty. cooperation. however. • Develop positive scientific attitude. whether industries and agriculture. Geology. Salient features of the present syllabus are thus: • Some background of Chemistry from secondary stage is assumed. It emphasizes a coherent focus on important ideas within discipline that are properly sequenced to optimize learning. 18 Feedback may be forwarded to neet-ug@mciindia. nutrition. • Develop an interest in students to study Chemistry as discipline. aesthetic and creativity. • Equip students to face challenges related to health. problem solving abilities and applications of concepts of Chemistry useful in real life situation for making learning of Chemistry more relevant. • An effort has been made on the basic of feedback. environment. The present exercise of syllabus development in Chemistry at Higher Secondary Stage is based on this framework. • Practical syllabus has two components. etc. the Chemistry curriculum at the higher secondary stage attempts to • Promote understanding of basic principles in Chemistry while retaining the excitement in Chemistry. There are core experiments to the undertaken by the students in the classroom and will be part of examination while each student will carry out one investigatory project and submit the report for the examination. • The course is self-contained and broadly covers fundamental concepts of Chemistry. • Attempt has been made to see discipline of Chemistry does not remain only the science of facts but becomes related to modern applications in the world around us.
Atomic and molecular masses. atoms and molecules. percentage composition and empirical and molecular formula. • Historical approach to particular nature of matter. • 19 Feedback may be forwarded to neet-ug@mciindia. stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry.22July2011_NEET-UG Core Syllabus_Draft1 CONTENTS OF CLASS XI SYLLABUS UNIT I: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry Details:• General Introduction: Important and scope of chemistry. Mole concept and molar mass. Dalton’s atomic theory: concept of elements. laws of chemical combination. chemical reactions.org by 11th Aug 2011 .
deviation from ideal behaviour. ironic bond. VSEPR theory. Kinetic energy and molecular speeds (elementary idea). melting and boiling points. dual nature of matter and light. empirical derivation of gas equation. atomic number. UNITV: States of Matter: Gases and Liquids Details:• Three states of matter. valence. Hydrogen bond. ionization enthalpy. covalent bond. isotopes and isobars. critical temperature. Nomenclature of elements with atomic number greater than 100. concept of shells and subshells. Heisenberg uncertainty principle. Bohr’s model and its limitations. geometry of covalent molecules. modern periodic law and the present form of periodic table. UNIT: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure Details:• Valence electrons. molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only). electron gain enthalpy. bond parameters.22July2011_NEET-UG Core Syllabus_Draft1 UNIT II: Structure of Atom Details:• Discovery of electron. periodic trends in properties of elements. belief history of the development of periodic table. concept of orbital.Aufbau principle. Lewis structure. ionic radii. Thompson’s of model and its limitations. p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules. covalent character of ionic bond. Avogadro’s law. polar character of covalent bond.p and d orbitals. quantum numbers. Pauli exclusion principles and Hund’s rule. electronegativity. rules for filling electronics in orbitals. 20 Feedback may be forwarded to neet-ug@mciindia. valence bond theory.atomic radii. Boyle’s Charle’s law. idea behaviour. shapes of s. intermolecular interactions. concept of hybridization involving s. liquefaction of gases. resonance. types of bonding. proton and neutron. Gay Lussac’s law. de Broglie’s relationship. role of gas laws of elucidating the concept of the molecule. stability of half filled and completely filled orbitals. electronic configuration of atoms. UNIT III: Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties Details:• Significance of classification. inert gas radii.org by 11th Aug 2011 . ideal gas equation. Rutherford’s model and its limitations. Avogadro number.
redox reactions oxidation number. preparation. formation. criteria for equilibrium. Introduction of entropy as state function. properties and uses of hydrogen. isotopes. heat. UNIT IX: Hydrogen Details:• Position of hydrogen in periodic table. ionization of polybasic acids.org by 11th Aug 2011 . UNIT VIII: Redox Reactions Details:• Concept of oxidation and oxidation and reduction. strong and weak electrolytes. types of systems. ionic equilibrium-ionic equilibrium. covalent and interstitial. • First law of thermodynamics-internal energy and enthalpy.Vapour pressure. equilibrium constant. solution and dilution. applications of redox reactions. degree of ionization. combustion. UNITVI : Thermodynamics Details:• Concepts of system. sublimation. Second law of thermodynamics. law of mass action. Gibbs energy change for spontaneous and non-spontaneous process.22July2011_NEET-UG Core Syllabus_Draft1 • Liquid State. Hess’s law of constant heat summation..ionization of acids and bases. • • Third law of thermodynamics. heat capacity and specific heat. energy. buffer solutions. ionization. factors affecting equilibrium-Le Chatelier’s principle. common ion effect (with illustrative examples). physical 21 Feedback may be forwarded to neet-ug@mciindia. UNIT VII: Equilibrium Details:• Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes.Brief introduction. dynamic nature of equilibrium. viscosity and surface tension (qualitative idea only. hydrides-ionic. enthalpy of : bond dissociation. atomization.. occurrence. solubility product. acid strength. Hydrolysis of salts (elementary idea). extensive and intensive properties. work. state functions. measurement of U and H. phase transition. concept of pH. balancing redox reactions in terms of loss and gain of electron and change in oxidation numbers. Henderson equation. no mathematical derivations). surroundings.
methods of purification qualitative and quantitative analysis. anomalous properties of first element of the group. occurrence. Carbon-catenation. anomalous properties of the first element of each group. occurrence. variation of properties. heavy water. trends in chemical reactivity. oxidation states. Important compounds of silicon and a few uses: silicon tetrachloride. trends in chemical reactivity. electronic configuration. Boron-physical and chemical properties. • • UNIT XII: Organic Chemistry. diagonal relationship. oxidation states. hydrogen and halogens.Some Basic Principles and Techniques Details:• General introduction. • • • UNIT XI: Some p-Block Elements Details:• General Introduction to p-Block Elements. use and structure. CaO. trends in chemical reactivity with oxygen. Preparation and Properties of Some important Compounds: Sodium carbonate. biological importance of sodium and potassium. classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds.22July2011_NEET-UG Core Syllabus_Draft1 and chemical properties of water. occurrence. reactions with acids and alkalies. boric acids.org by 11th Aug 2011 . physical and chemical properties: uses of some important compounds: oxides. boron hydrides. allotropic forms. hydrogen peroxide-preparation. trends in the variation of properties (such as ionization enthalpy. electronic configuration. • Group 13 elements: General introduction. variation of properties. and industrial use of lime and limestone. sodium chloride. silicones. their uses. sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogencarbonate. General 14 elements: General introduction. 22 Feedback may be forwarded to neet-ug@mciindia. reactions. biological importance of Mg and Ca. UNIT X: s-Block Element (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals) Details:• Group I and group 2 elements: • General introduction. Aluminium: uses. silicates and zeolites. electronic configuration. some important compounds: borax. anomalous behaviour of first element. uses. hydrogen as a fuel. CaCO3. atomic and ionic radii). water.
hydrogen. Aromatic hydrocarbons. 23 Feedback may be forwarded to neet-ug@mciindia. methods of preparation: chemical reactions: addition of hydrogen. green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution. major atmospheric pollutants. Benzene. methods of preparation. chemical properties: mechanism of electrophilic substitutionNitration sulphonation. hydrogen halides and water. acid rain ozone and its reactions. structure of triple bond (ethyne). oxidation. ozonolysis. smogs.Introduction. water and soil pollution. Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: free radials.org by 11th Aug 2011 . electrophiles and nucleophiles. resonance and hyper conjugation. types of organic reactions. geometrical isomerism. addition reaction of. hydrogen halides (Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect). carbanions. directive influence of functional group in mono-substituted benzene. physical properties. combustion and pyrolysis. greenhouse effect and global warming-pollution due to industrial wastes. carbocations. chemical reactions: acids character of alkynes. carcinogenicity and toxicity. structure of double bond (ethene). water. aromaticity. effects of depletion of ozone layer. halogens. • UNIT XIII: Hydrocarbons Details:• Classification of Hydrocarbons. chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation. halogen. IUPAC nomenclature. • • • UNIT XIV: Environmental Chemistry Details:• Environmental pollution: Air. isomerism. strategy for control of environmental pollution. conformations (ethane only).Nomenclature. Alkynes-Nomenclature. Alkanes-Nomenclature. halogenation. electromeric effect. physical properties. • • Aliphatic Hydrocarbons: Alkanes. mechanism of electrophilic addition. chemical reactions in atmosphere.22July2011_NEET-UG Core Syllabus_Draft1 • Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: inductive effect. physical properties. resonance. Friedel Craft’s alkylation and acylation.
unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices. packing in solids.org by 11th Aug 2011 . point defects. molecular. semiconductors and insulators and n and p type semiconductors. packing efficiency. amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea). calculation of density of unit cell.22July2011_NEET-UG Core Syllabus_Draft1 CONTENTS OF CLASS XII SYLLABUS UNIT I: Solid State Details:• Classification of solids based on different binding forces. UNIT II: Solutions Details:24 Feedback may be forwarded to neet-ug@mciindia. electrical and magnetic properties. voids. ionic covalent and metallic solids. number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell. Band theory of metals. conductors.
determination of molecular masses using colligative properties abnormal molecular mass. EMF of a cell. concentration. rate law and specific rate constant. expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids. UNIT III: Electrochemistry Details:• Redox reactions. electrophoresis. UNIT IV: Chemical Kinetics Details:• Rate of a reaction (average and instantaneous). order and molecularity of a reaction. conductance in electrolytic solutions. dry cell. lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids. Activation energy. osmotic pressure. fuel cells. UNIT V: Surface Chemistry Details:• Adsorption-physisorption and chemisorption. no mathematical treatment). standard electrode potential. colligative properties. solubility of gases in liquids. catalysis chomogenous and heterogeneous. integrated rate equations and half life (only for zero and first order reactions). emulsions. Van Hoff factor. solid solutions. UNIT VI: General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements Details:• Principles and methods of extraction. factors affecting rates of reaction. temperature. catalyst. zinc and iron. coagulation.electrolytic cells and Galvanic cells.relative lowering of vapour pressure.types of emulsions. activity and selectivity: enzyme catalysis. reduction electrolytic method and refining.concentration. Relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell. kohlrausch’s Law. Tyndall effect. Brownian movement. lyophillic. concept of collision theory ( elementary idea. 25 Feedback may be forwarded to neet-ug@mciindia. lead accumulator. Nernst equation and its application to chemical cells. oxidation. elevation B. factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids.org by 11th Aug 2011 .P. specific and molar conductivity variations of conductivity with concentration. Raoult’s law. occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium. properties of colloids. copper. colloidal state: distinction between true solutions.22July2011_NEET-UG Core Syllabus_Draft1 • Types of solutions. colloids and suspensions. electrolysis and Laws of electrolysis (elementary idea). Arrhenious equation. depression of freezing point. corrosion.
alloy formation. classification of oxides. chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences. oxidation states. properties and uses. oxidation states and comparison with lanthenoids. properties and uses. Preparation and properties of k2Cr2O7 and KMnO4. • • UNIT VIII: d and f Block Elements Details:• General introduction. PCI5) and oxoacids (elementary idea only). ionic radii. trends in physical and chemical properties. ionization enthalpy.Block Elements Details:• Group 15 elements: General introduction.electronic configuration. occurrence and characteristics of transition metals. occurrence. electronic configuration. trends in physical and chemical properties. magnetic properties. • Group 16 elements: General introduction. Phosphorousallotropic forms. oxoacids of sulphur (structures only). Actinoids: Electronic configuration. oxidation states. occurrence. ozone. properties of manufacture. dioxygen: preparation. halides (PCI3. trends in physical and chemical properties. occurrence. colour. properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid. • Lanthanoids. oxides of nitrogen (structure only). preparation. compounds of sulphur: preparation. nitrogen-preparation. preparation. Group 17 elements: General introduction.org by 11th Aug 2011 . interstitial compounds.22July2011_NEET-UG Core Syllabus_Draft1 UNIT VII: p. properties and uses of sulphur dioxide. compounds of phosphorous: preparation and properties of phosphine. electronic configuration. electronic configuration. Sulphur – allotropic forms. oxidation states. oxidation states. oxidation states. trends in physical and chemical properties. • UNIT IX: Coordination Compounds 26 Feedback may be forwarded to neet-ug@mciindia. occurrence. catalytic property. electronic configuration. interhalogen compounds oxoacids of halogens (structures only). electronic configuration. compounds of nitrogen: preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid. properties and uses. general trends in properties of the first row transition metalsmetallic character. uses. sulphuric acid: industrial process of manufacture. compounds of halogens: preparation. Group 18 elements: General introduction.
Uses and environment effects of – dichloromethane. nature of carbonyl group. Werner’s theory VBT. acidic nature. ligands. Optical rotation. • Phenols: Nomenclature. methods of preparation. • UNIT XI: Alcohols. methods of preparation. • Haloarenes: Nature of C-X bond. DDT. physical and chemical properties uses. iodoform. colour. extraction of metals and biological systems). bonding. acidic nature of phenol. Phenols and Ethers Details:• Alcohols: Nomenclature.org by 11th Aug 2011 . and mechanism of nucleophilic addition. magnetic properties and shapes. UNIT X: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes Details:• Haloalkanes: Nomenclature. uses. physical and chemical properties. Ketones and Carboxylic Acids Details:• Aldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature. secondary and tertiary alcohols. electrophillic substitution reactions. substitution reactions (directive influence of halogen for monosubstituted compounds only). coordination number. IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds. • Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature. physical and chemical properties. mechanism of substitution reactions. mechanism of dehydration.CFT. identification of primary. • UNIT XII: Aldehydes. physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only). physical and chemical properties. isomerism (structural and stereo) importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis. nature of C –X bond. freons. reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes. uses. with special reference to methanol and ethanol. used. trichloromethane. physical and chemical properties. tetrachloromethane. methods of preparation. uses of phenols. Ethers: Nomenclature. methods of preparation. UNIT XIII: Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen 27 Feedback may be forwarded to neet-ug@mciindia. methods of preparation.22July2011_NEET-UG Core Syllabus_Draft1 Details:• Coordination compounds: Introduction.
soaps and detergents. peptide bond. lactose. • Proteins. methods of polymerization (addition and condensation). disinfectants. oligosaccharides (sucrose. denaturation of proteins. proteins. artificial sweetening agents. physical and chemical properties. uses. Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA • • • UNIT XV: Polymers Details:• Classification. monosaccharide (glucose and fructose). antibiotics. copolymerization. tranquilizers. • Cleansing agents. Diazonium salts: Preparation. Biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers. UNIT XVI: Chemistry in Everyday Life Details:• Chemicals in medicines.Classification and function. UNIT XIV: Biomolecules Details:• Carbohydrates.will be mentioned at relevant places I context.preservatives.Natural and synthetic.Elementary idea (excluding structure). • • Cyanides and Isocyanides.Classification (aldoses and ketoses). antacids. polypeptides.org by 11th Aug 2011 . tertiary structure and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only). identification of primary secondary and tertiary amines. antiseptics. Some important polymers: natural and synthetic like polyesters. glycogen): importance. 28 Feedback may be forwarded to email@example.com. antimicrobials.22July2011_NEET-UG Core Syllabus_Draft1 Details:• Amines: Nomenclature.Elementary idea of a – amino acids. D. antifertility drugs.L. methods of preparation. primary structure. rubber. elementary idea of antioxidants. cleansing action. maltose). Hormones. classification. structure. configuration. enzymes. secondary structure. chemical reactions and importance is synthetic organic chemistry. Vitamins. polysaccharides (starch. • Chemicals in food. cellulose. antihistamines. bakelite.
22July2011_NEET-UG Core Syllabus_Draft1 BIOLOGY 29 Feedback may be forwarded to firstname.lastname@example.org by 11th Aug 2011 .
22July2011_NEET-UG Core Syllabus_Draft1 Information In the present attempt of the NCERT to revise the Biology syllabus of the Classes XI and XII . several documents like ‘Learning without Burden’. health and agriculture. The format of the syllabus allows a simple. Since it was important that the quality of Biology education at the higher secondary level was not compromised in any way. the revised syllabus aims primarily at reducing the information load while ensuring at the same time that ample opportunities and scope for learning and appreciating basic concepts of Biology continues to be available within the framework. sequential flow of concepts without any jarring jumps. and if any topic was in isolation with no evident horizontal or vertical linkages. The Committee chose to leave topics out if: the question about why the child needs to study the topics at the particular stage could not be answered. the reduction in load from the syllabus required a very careful selection of topics to be taught. the National Curriculum Framework-2005. if the topic had no direct relevance to the child i. the report of the ‘National Focus Group on Teaching of Science’ as well as reports of several external and internal reviews carried out. if the content was repetitive across stages with no change in expected understanding. The revised syllabus stresses the connection of the study of Biology to real life problemsuse of biological discoveries / innovations in everyday life-in environment. was not contextual. The Biology Syllabus reinforces the ideas introduced in the lower classes while the children learn new concepts besides getting an exposure to contemporary areas of Biology. The empirical experience gained and practical exercises carried out during the course would prepare the student to handle Biology easily at higher levels in case she / he opts to continue further studies in this area. clear.org by 11th Aug 2011 . helped to decide the main focus of the revision. medicine. The need for a 30 Feedback may be forwarded to neet-ug@mciindia. as well as highlighting the interrelationships of Biology with other areas of knowledge. industry.e. Hence. The syllabus aims also at emphasizing the underlying principles that are common to both animals and plants.
The importance of careful selection of illustrations and their use to make the concepts more explicit was stressed. health and other ethical issues that arise with any interference of human beings in the natural processes. Besides.org by 11th Aug 2011 . which have great relevance from the societal. in a effort to bring out the processes that led to the discovery of principles and ideas in Biology. the proposed course at the higher secondary stage provides substantial orientation to the students to professional / career opportunities available in medicine. research teaching and industry. not merely through a chronological listing. These would stimulate critical and creative thinking. agriculture. 31 Feedback may be forwarded to neet-ug@mciindia. a holistic view of the syllabus across all stages from the primary to the higher secondary and beyond was taken. It was also felt that the contributions of scientists (women scientists in particular) that led to critical and important discoveries in Biology should be highlighted. in Biology the quality of illustrations can make or mar any attempt at good textbooks / teaching.22July2011_NEET-UG Core Syllabus_Draft1 network of ideas and cross-linking between the areas being identified was deemed very important. Reducing the use of too many technical terms and avoiding very large numbers of examples will also help to make the content a little lighter. but through brief biographical discussions. The principal objective at this stage would be to explore the variations amongst the living and developing respect for the diversities. and to appreciate that the most complex biological phenomena are also built on essentially simple processes. The syllabus also takes up issues pertaining to environment. While deciding on the units / topics and the depth of each topic for the higher secondary level. Learning Biology should uncover these elementary aspects and illustrate their linkage to more complex phenomena.
• • • UNIT II: Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants Details: 32 Feedback may be forwarded to neet-ug@mciindia. Gymnosperm and Angiosperm (three to five salient and distinguishing features and at least two examples of each category). Tools for study of Taxonomy – Museums.org by 11th Aug 2011 . Botanical gardens. characteristic features and examples). Salient features and classification of animals-non-chordate up to phyla level and chordate up to classes level (three to five salient features and at least two examples). Salient features and classification of plants into major groups-Algae. Three domain of life. Bryophytes. Viruses and Viroids. Herbaria. Zoos. Need for classification. Five kingdom classification. Taxonomy & Systematics. salient features and classification of Monera. Binomial nomenclature. Biodiversity. Lichens. Pteridophytes. Concept of species and taxonomical hierarchy.22July2011_NEET-UG Core Syllabus_Draft1 CONTENTS OF CLASS XI SYLLABUS UNIT I: Diversity in Living World Details: • What is living? . Angiospermsclassification up to class. Protista and Fungi into major groups.
Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell. osmosis. (Brief account only) • UNIT III: Cell Structure and Function Details: • Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life. Transpiration-Opening and closing of stomata. phloem transport. Morphology. Plant cell and animal cell. nervous and reproductive) of an insect (cockroach). leaf.org by 11th Aug 2011 . • • UNIT IV: Plant Physiology Details:• Transport in plants: Movement of water. Mineral toxicity. Chemical constituents of living cells: Biomolecules-structure and function of proteins. root pressure and guttation. macro and micronutrients and their role. Cell organelles-structure and function. Cell envelope. enzyme action. plastids. Deficiency symptoms. mitosis. gases and nutrients.22July2011_NEET-UG Core Syllabus_Draft1 • Morphology and modifications. Plant – water relations – Imbibitions. meiosis and their significance. biological nitrogen fixation. flower. vacuoles. Nitrogen metabolism-Nitrogen cycle. Cytoskeleton. micro bodies. Anatomy and functions of different parts of flowering plants: Root. apoplast. carbodydrates. Golgi bodies. centrioles (ultra structure and function). fruit and seed (To be dealt along with the relevant practical of the Practical Syllabus). active transport. stem. facilitated diffusion. symplast. cell wall. nucleolus. Nucleus-nuclear membrane. Enzymes-types. chromatin. lipid. respiratory. water potential. Mass flow hypothesis. plasmolysis. Tissues. mitochondria. anatomy and functions of different systems (digestive. Animal tissues. cell membrane. B Cell division: Cell cycle. Cell to cell transport-Diffusion. • Mineral nutrition: Essential minerals. ribosomes.cymose and recemose. Endomembrane system-endoplasmic reticulum. 33 Feedback may be forwarded to neet-ug@mciindia. Long distance transport of water – Absorption. inflorescence. flagella. nucleic acids. Diffusion of gases (brief mention). circulatory. properties. lysosomes. Elementary idea of Hydroponics as a method to study mineral nutrition. transpiration pull. cilia. Uptake and translocation of mineral nutrients-Transport of food.
Double fertilization.org by 11th Aug 2011 . gemmule. Post fertilization events-Development of endosperm and embryo. Outbreedings devices. budding. Pollen-Pistil interaction. Menstrual cycle. Infertility and assisted • • 34 Feedback may be forwarded to neet-ug@mciindia. agencies and examples. sporulation. Amniocentesis. Development of male and female – gametophytes. Special modes-apomixis. a characteristic feature of all organisms for continuation of species. • Sexual reproduction in flowering plants: Flower structure. Pregnancy and placenta formation (Elementary idea). Lactation (Elementary idea). Asexual reproduction. Pollination-types. polyembryony. Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary. Birth control-Need and Methods. Gametogenesis-spermatogenesis & oogenesis. Significance of seed and fruit formation.22July2011_NEET-UG Core Syllabus_Draft1 CONTENTS OF CLASS XII SYLLABUS UNIT I: Reproduction Details:• Reproduction in organisms: Reproduction. parthenocarpy. Parturition (Elementary idea). vegetative propagation in plants. implantation. Fertilisation. Modes-Binary fission. Development of seed and formation of fruit. Modes of reproduction – Asexual and sexual. embryo development upto blastocyst formation. Contraception and Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP). fragmentation. Human Reproduction: Male and female reproductive systems. Reproductive health: Need for reproductive health and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STD).
org by 11th Aug 2011 . Typhoid. Adolescence. Pneumonia. Adaptive Radiation. Mendelian disorders in humans-Thalassemia. embryology and molecular evidence). drug and alcohol abuse. Cancer. Turner’s and Klinefelter’s syndromes. types of natural selection. Modern Synthetic theory of Evolution. DNA replication. Structure of DNA and RNA. Chromosomes and genes. Colour blindness. Chromosome theory of inheritance. translation. industrial production. sewage treatment. parasites causing human diseases (Malaria. Central dogma. Human evolution. amoebiasis. birds. • UNIT III: Biology and Human Welfare Details:• Health and Disease. • Improvement in food production. Gene expression and regulationLac Operon. genetic code. Multiple alleles and Inheritance of blood groups. Co-dominance. DNA finger printing. Plant breeding. DNA packaging. Biofortification. comparative anatomy. Sex linked inheritance-Haemophilia. Deviations from MendelismIncomplete dominance. Pleiotropy. Apiculture and Animal husbandry. HIV and AIDs. Linkage and crossing over. Sex determination-In humans. Gene flow and genetic dirft. Pathogens. Mechanism of evolution-Variation (Mutation and Recombination) and Natural Selection with examples. • Molecular basis of Inheritance: Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic material. Transcription. Ascariasis. ring worm). Darwin’s contribution.22July2011_NEET-UG Core Syllabus_Draft1 reproductive technologies – IVF. Down’s syndrome. • UNIT IV: Biotechnology and Its Applications 35 Feedback may be forwarded to neet-ug@mciindia. Hardy-Weinberg’s principle. Evolution: Origin of life. Basic concepts of immunology-vaccines. Biological evolution and evidences for biological evolution (Paleontological. Microbes in human welfare: In household food processing. UNIT II: Genetics and Evolution Details:• Heredity and variation: Mendelian Inheritance. Genome and human genome project. Filariasis. common cold. tissue culture. Chromosomal disorders in humans. honey bee. energy generation and as biocontrol agents and biofertilizers. ZIFT. single cell protein. GIFT (Elementary idea for general awareness). Elementary idea of polygenic inheritance.
Biodiversity conservation. Importance of Biodiversity. Radioactive waste management. productivity and decomposition. Biosafety issues-Biopiracy and patents. Any three case studies as success stories addressing environmental issues. parasitism. pollination. Loss of Biodiversity. energy. Energy flow. biosphere reserves. • 36 Feedback may be forwarded to neet-ug@mciindia. Genetically modified organisms-Bt crops. Hotspots. Transgenic Animals. endangered organisms. gene therapy. UNIT V: Ecology and environment Details:• Organisms and environment: Habitat and niche. Solid waste management. oxygen release. Ecological Services-Carbon fixation. Agrochemicals and their effects. Population and ecological adaptations. Deforestation. Patterns of Biodiversity. Environmental issues: air pollution and its control. predation. • Biodiversity and its conservation: Concept of Biodiversity. birth rate and death rate. age distribution. Nutrient cycling (carbon and phosphorous). components.org by 11th Aug 2011 . National parks and sanctuaries. • Ecosystem: Patterns. Greenhouse effect and global warning.22July2011_NEET-UG Core Syllabus_Draft1 Details:• Principles and process of Biotechnology: Genetic engineering (Recombinant DNA technology). biomass. Ozone depletion. Red Data Book. Ecological succession. extinction. Population interactions-mutualism. • Application of Biotechnology in health and agriculture: Human insulin and vaccine production. Water pollution and its control. Population attributes-growth. Pyramids of number. competition.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.