CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA - VERBUL/ CUPRINS

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CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA - VERBUL
Asist uni. Georgeta Obilisteanu Lect.univ. Marioara Patesan 1. CUVÂNT INAINTE 2. LECTIA I - TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV 3. LECTIA II - CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR 4. LECTIA III - MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRAZELE CONDITIONALE 5. LECTIA IV - VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRECTA 6. LECTIA V - DIATEZA PASIVA 7. LECTIA VI - VERBELE MODALE 8. LECTIA VII - MODUL SUBJONCTIV 9. LECTIA VIII - MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI CONSTRUCTIILE VERBALE 10. LECTIA IX - CHEIA EXERCITIILOR 10.1 Timpurile modului 10.2. Exercitii cu concordanta timpurilor 10.3. Exercitii cu fraze conditionale 10.4. Exercitii cu vorbirea directa si indirecta 10.5. Exercitii cu diateza pasiva 10.6. Exercitii cu verbe modale 10.7. Exercitii cu modul subjonctiv 10.8. Exercitii cu constructii verbale 11. LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE

CUVÂNT INAINTE

Verbul constituie coloana vertebrala a unei limbi. Cartea „Curs practic de limba engleza – verbul" (cu exercitii si cheie) cuprinde o parte teoretica – prezentarea clara si sistematica a modurilor, timpurilor, concordantei timpurilor, verbelor modale si a altor probleme legate de verbul englez (cu exemple si traducere), precum si o parte practica cu exercitii la fiecare capitol si la sfârsitul cartii au fost incluse cheia exercitiilor si lista verbelor neregulate intâlnite in cadrul exemplelor si exercitiilor. Prezentarea teoretica a problemelor este facuta in limba româna. Cursul se adreseaza studentilor incepatori si intermediari din anii I si II de studiu, precum si cursantilor adulti, cu conditia ca acestia sa aiba cunostinte anterioare, chiar sumare, de limba engleza.

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Negativ I am not working. You are not (aren’t) working. He/she/it is not (isn’t) working. We are not (aren’t) working. You are not (aren’t) working. They are not (aren’t) working. Interogativ Am I working? Are we working? Are you working? Are you working? Is he/she/it working? Are they working? Present Tense Simple se foloseste pentru a arata o actiune in plina desfasurare in momentul prezent. Ex. Where are you going? I am going to school. De asemenea poate arata o actiune care se desfasoara pe timp limitat in perioada prezenta. Ex.: I go to school by bus this week. My father is taking me in his car. Uneori se poate folosi timpul Present Tense Continuous cu adverbul always, pentru a arata o actiune repetata. In acest caz, exista o conotatie afectiva (nemultumire) sau actiunea respectiva este caracteristica pentru acea persoana. Ex. You are always losing your things. You are always grumbling when I ask you to help me in the kitchen. Exercitii cu Present Simple si Present Continuous 1. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii (Present Simple) la interogativ si negativ: Nota: Verbul „to have", atunci când nu inseamna „a avea, a poseda", ci este parte dintr-o expresie (to have breakfast, to have a shower, to have a party), formeaza negativul si interogativul cu ajutorul auxiliarului „to do". I love my brother. She talks too much. I understand you. You play the piano very well. I always believe you. He remembers my phone number. They live in Bucharest. He has a hot bath every day. I trust my friend. I have lunch at one o’clock.

LECTIA I TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV Exista doua aspecte in limba engleza: simplu si continuu. In general, timpurile simple se folosesc atunci când accentul se pune pe actiunea propriu-zisa, iar timpurile continue se folosesc atunci când accentul se pune pe durata actiunii, pe perioada de timp in care aceasta are loc. In explicarea intrebuintarii timpurilor continue se va intâlni formularea „actiune in plina desfasurare". Aceasta inseamna ca actiunea a inceput inainte de momentul la care se face referire si va continua dupa acel moment. Exista un numar de verbe in limba engleza care nu se folosesc la forma continua, deoarece ideea de durata e inclusa in continutul lor semantic. Ex. to want, to like, to dislike, to understand, to owe, to matter, to love, to hate, to belong, to believe, to remember, to know. A. Present Tense Simple Afirmativ Negativ I work I do not (don’t) work You work You do not (don’t) work He/she/it works He/she/it does not (doesn’t) work We work We do not (don’t) work You work You do not (don’t) work They work They do not (don’t) work Interogativ Do I work? Do we work? Do you work? Do you work? Does he/she/it work? Do they work? Present Tense Simple se foloseste pentru a arata o actiune regulata, obisnuita, in perioada prezenta. Ex. What do you do? (Cu ce te ocupi?) I am a student. What time do you usually have breakfast? Present Tense Continuous Se conjuga verbul „to be" la timpul prezent si se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. Afirmativ I am working We are working. You are working You are working He/she/it is working They are working

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

2. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii (Present Continuous) la negativ si interogativ:

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CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 3 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 4 of 18 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. It is raining. I am having a walk. He is telling the truth. You are typing a letter. They are swimming in the river. My friend is wearing a new dress. My mother is resting. We are studying English. Ann is knitting. The child is learning to play the piano.

I (think) of my mother just now. 7. You (know) what time is it? 4. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. Iarna ninge. Duminica el nu se scoala devreme. Eu nu studiez seara. Ce faci? Citesti sau privesti la televizor? Secretara tocmai bate la masina un referat. Ea merge la cumparaturi sâmbata. Acum imi fac temele la engleza. Nu-mi place cafeaua. Ce carte citesti? La ce ora se scoala John dimineata? Ce faci tu in zilele libere? Cui ii telefonezi? El nu merge la scoala cu metroul, merge pe jos. De ce deschizi fereastra? Adesea citesc carti englezesti. Ea isi face bagajul. Cât de des le scrii parintilor tai? Când merg la mare imi place sa inot mult. Clientul tocmai isi alege o pereche de pantofi. B. Past Tense Simple Past Tense Simple se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei – ed in cazul verbelor regulate. Ex. to work – worked Daca verbul este neregulat, Past Tense trebuie invatat din tabelul de verbe neregulate care indica cele trei forme de baza ale verbului: forma I – infinitiv, forma II- Paste Tense, forma III – participiul trecut. Ex. to speak – spoke – spoken Afirmativ

3. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Present Simple sau la Present Continuous: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. I (not go) shopping because it (rain). What you (do) on Sundays? He usually (drink) coffee but now he (drink) tea. In England it often (rain). I (not like) that boy. He usually (speak) so quickly that I (not understand) him. You (like) this book? You (dream) at night?

Yes, I (dream) every night. 1. I can’t answer the phone now because I (cook). 2. How you usually (get) to work? I usually (go) by bus, but now I (take) a taxi because I am late. 1. The manager can’t receive you now as he (have) an interview. 2. You (write) to John now? Yes, I (be). I always (write) to him on his birthday. 1. Where you (hurry)? To the theatre, as I (not want) to miss the first act. 1. She always (borrow) books from me and never (remember) to give them back. 2. You (go) to work every day? Yes, of course, except Saturdays and Sundays. 3. Why you (smoke) so much? 4. Who you (wait) for? I (wait) for John, but he is late, as usual. 5. I always (have) a rest after lunch. 6. What you (think) of?

worked I/you/he/she/it/we/they spoke Negativ work I/you/he/she/it/we/they did not speak

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CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 5 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 6 of 18 Interogativ work? Did I/you/he/she/it/we/they speak? Forma prescurtata a lui did not este didn’t (I didn’t work). Past Tense Simple arata o actiune trecuta, terminata, efectuata intr-o perioada de timp trecuta, terminata. Este timpul de naratiune. Se traduce, de obicei, cu perfectul compus. Ex. Yesterday I went for a walk. (Ieri am mers al plimbare.) Last year I travelled to England. (Anul trecut am calatorit in Anglia.) Past Tense Continuous Se formeaza prin conjugarea verbului „to be" la trecut (Past Tense) si adaugarea formei ing a verbului de conjugat. Afirmativ I was working We were working You were working You were working He/she/it was working They were working Negativ I was not working We were not working You were not working You were not working He/she/it was not working They were not working Formele prescurtate sunt: was not – wasn’t I wasn’t working. were not – weren’t They weren’t working. Interogativ Was I working? Were we working? Were you working? Were you working? Was he/she/it working? Were they working? Arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intr-un moment din trecut. Se traduce, de obicei, cu imperfectul. Ex. This time yesterday, I was watching TV. (Ieri pe vremea asta priveam la televizor.) Adesea, in aceeasi fraza, este posibil sa apara un verb folosit la Past Continuous si un verb folosit la Past Simple. In acest caz, verbul la Past Continuous (tradus cu imperfectul), reprezinta fundalul de timp pe care se petrece actiunea exprimata de Past Simple (tradus cu perfectul compus). Ex. While I was crossing the street, I met John. Este, de asemenea, posibil sa apara intr-o fraza timpul Past Continuous in mod repetat. In aceasta situatie, ambele verbe se traduc cu imperfectul, ele aratând actiuni paralele, in plina desfasurare, intr-un moment trecut. Ex. While John was reading, his sister was watching TV. (In timp ce John citea, sora lui privea la televizor.) Exercitii cu Past Tense Simple si Continuous 1. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii la Past Tense Simple: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. I sleep until 9 o’clock every day. He meets John on Sundays. You speak English well. You drink too much. You ask too many questions. I play football. I own two umbrellas. I like to have a coffee in the morning. That sounds interesting. I always make cakes on Sundays.

1. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii la negativ si interogativ: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. He thought about you. They drank all the wine. I hated him. He changed his library book every day. I sold my car. We worked very hard. He came home late. I enjoyed travelling. He translated the text. He forbade her to do this.

1. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Tense Simple sau Continuous: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. When you (come in), I talk on the phone. When I first (meet) him, he (work) in a bank. While he (learn) to drive, he (have) an accident. As I (write), someone (ring up). Where you (go) when I (meet) you? What you (do) this time yesterday? When I (enter) the classroom, the teacher (write) on the blackboard. When I (arrive), she (have) dinner. This time last Sunday, I (watch) a film on TV. He suddenly (realize) that he (not wear) his glasses.

1. Traduceti in limba engleza:

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intereseaza in prezent. terminata. ora 10 a. 5.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. this year. Ex.) Trebuie precizat faptul ca. Unde ti-ai petrecut concediul vara trecuta? Ieri m-am sculat devreme. Cine a câstigat meciul alaltaieri? In timp ce ploua.. 2. mi-am luat micul dejun si apoi am plecat la scola. El a dat primul examen saptamâna trecuta. Ei au ascuns imediat cartile si si-au scos manualele de scoala. In acest caz. 7. incepând din) si for (de.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA. 13. nu mai poate fi folosit timpul Present Perfect. just.html 5 of 42 12/15/04 . la care se adauga forma a treia (participiul trecut) a verbului de conjugat. 12. Afirmativ I have worked We have worked You have worked You have worked He/she/it has worked They have worked Negativ I have not (haven’t) worked. 22. always. Have you seen Hamlet? (Ai vazut Hamlet?) I have lost my umbrella . 3. 10. http://quintet. seldom.) l arata o actiune trecuta.. (Nu l-am vazut pe John de doua luni. timp de). efectuata intr-o perioada de timp neterminata. folosirea timpului verbal este conditionata de momentul in care se face afirmatia.m. Page 8 of 18 1.) I have known John since 1990. Când te-ai intors de la munte? Când ai cumparat acest televizor? Ieri mi-am pierdut manusile.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. C. In acest caz. 18. Ai dormit bine noaptea trecuta? Ieri nu am mers la bazinul de inot. Soarele nu a apus la ora 8 aseara. Timpul Present Perfect nu poate fi folosit cu un adverb de timp precizat in trecut. Ex. this week. Ce faceai martea trecuta la ora 7 dimineata? Ma pregateam sa merg la facultate. Cu acest sens se folosesc de obicei prepozitiile since (din. He/she/it has not (hasn’t) worked.) I have known John for two years. 20. 17. Page 7 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA. intrucât „when" reprezinta un moment precizat in trecut. Baietii jucau carti când l-au auzit pe tatal lor intrând in casa. dintr-un motiv sau altul. (Am vazut doua filme saptamâna aceasta. 11.) I haven’t seen John since September. Ieri pe vremea asta ploua. daca se mentioneaza momentul trecut in care a avut loc actiunea care intereseaza in prezent sau care are rezultate in prezent. se foloseste Past Simple. 6. Present Perfect Simple Timpul Present Perfect Simple se formeaza prin conjugarea verbului „to have" la prezent. 21. 14. Timpul Present Perfect Simple se foloseste in urmatoarele situatii: l l Ex.. Saptamâna trecuta am fost bolnav si nu am mers la scoala. When did you see Hamlet? I saw it last week. arata o actiune inceputa in trecut care continua pâna in prezent. Interogativ Have I worked? Has he/she/it worked? Timpul Present Perfect este un timp de relatie. 4. (Nu l-am vazut pe John din septembrie. I must buy a new one. Acum doua zile am cazut si mi-am rupt piciorul. ever. (Il cunosc pe John de doi ani. never. Batea un vânt puternic când am iesit din casa. this month. I have seen two films this week. 8. Se foloseste cu adverbe de timp neprecizat care leaga trecutul de prezent. daca se pune o intrebate referitoare la trecut care incepe cu „when". Ex. I didn’t get up early this morning. Nu m-am sculat devreme azi dimineata. arata o actiune trecuta. Traducerea celor doua propozitii in limba româna este identica.m.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. El arata o legatura intre trecut si momentul prezent. De asemenea. Adverbe de timp neprecizat care se aseaza intre auxiliar si verb: often. I must buy a new one.) Daca adverbul de timp este „this morning". daca aceasta este in cursul diminetii (pâna la ora 12) sau dupa amiaza.actrus. I haven’t seen John for two months. Ex. care are rezultate in prezent sau care. eu conduceam masina spre Sinaia. Duminica trecuta prietenii mei au jucat sah. already. I haven’t got up early this morning. ora 2 p.actrus. 9. 15. nu se poate folosi timpul Present Perfect. 19. I lost my umbrella yesterday. In timp ce imi cautam pasaportul am gasit aceasta fotografie veche. 16. (Il cunosc pe John din 1990. (Mi-am pierdut umbrela. Trebuie sa-mi cumpar una noua. M-am sculat târziu ieri dimineata. folosirea lui este insotita de adverbe precum: today.. Ex.

You (see) your mother this week? No. care continua in prezent.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA. 9.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. I (get) a job last month. When are you going to do it? Ever since that woman came to work here. Exercitii cu Present Perfect Simple si Continuous 1.. I (lose) my pen. When you (use) it last? 2. Yes. sa continue si in viitor. Would you like a cake? No. Afirmativ I have been working We have been working You have been working You have been working He/she/it has been working They have been working Negativ I have not (haven’t) been working. vom avea inundatii. 5. Folositi Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau Past Tense Simple in locul infinitivelor: 1. 17. Adverbe de timp neprecizat care stau la sfârsitul propozitiei: lately. 9. I haven’t. He has not (hasn’t) been working. 12.) I haven’t seen him lately. Ex. 3. I (ask) you to clean your room for two days.) Ca si Present Perfect Simple. 12/15/04 http://quintet.m.. 3. she (try) to make trouble. He (not come) home yet. He hasn’t returned home yet. We (know) each other for several years. Ex. Daca nu se opreste in curând. (Nu l-am vazut in ultimul timp. I (lend) him some money today. You must come and see it. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. It has been raining for three hours. (El nu s-a intors inca acasa. Your ever (try) to give up smoking? Yes. in functie de context. 12.) De asemene. 21. 16. we shall have floods. 6. 4. 15. I (buy) a new house. 2. It (not rain) since December. 7. You (visit) the Village Museum? You ever (eat) caviar? I (not write) to my friend for three months. If it doesn’t stop soon. How long you (live) here? I (live) here for one year. I have never been to England. He (sleep) for 10 hours now. Ex. poate arata probabilitatea ca actiunea inceputa in trecut. 6. 11.) Dupa cum se poate observa. I’m tired of it. I (wear) my hair long since I (be) a little girl.. 8. 4. fie cu perfectul compus. 8. How long you (wear) glasses? I (cook) all the morning. I am tired because I have been working all day. Folositi Present Perfect Simple in locul infinitivelor din paranteze: 1.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 20. Page 9 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. 5. 2. 18. 4. I (do) a lot of work since I (get up) in the morning. 10. You (not see) it anywhere? No. (Ploua de trei ore. You ever (drive) a car? He always (rely on) his friend. You (water) the flowers? He just (leave) home.. The radio (play) since 7 a. (Sunt obosit pentru ca am muncit toata ziua.actrus. I already (see) this film. timpul Present Perfect Simple se traduce in româneste fie cu prezentul. Where you (be)? I (be) to the market. yet (in propozitii negative). Folositi Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous in locul infinitivelor din paranteze: 1. Page 10 of 18 Ex. 10. I am not out of work now. Have you ever been to England? (Ai fost vreodata in Anglia?) No. 1. He (fish) for two hours but he (catch) nothing yet. 22. Interogativ Have I been working? Has he been working? Timpul Present Perfect Continuous arata o actiune in plina desfasurare. 8. Present Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Present Perfect Simple al verbului „to be". I (try) last year but I (not succeed). I (not be) to the seaside this year. 19. You (be) out of work long? 5.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. There isn’t any train service because the engine – drivers (go) on strike.html 6 of 42 . I (shop) all day and I want to have a rest now. she (leave) for Brasov a week ago. 11. It’s time we woke him up. I have often been to England. 7. You (read) Sorescu’s last book? You (pay) the telephone bill? He (not go) to bed yet. 13. cu accent pe durata. 6. thank you. 14. 7. She (change) a lot since I (see) her last. intre un moment trecut si prezent.actrus. How many dishes you (cook)? Why you (be) in the garden so long? I (water) the flowers. se poate traduce cu prezentul sau cu perfectul compus din limba româna. I just (have) one. 3. 1.

) When you rang me up. ca si Present Perfect. (Când mi-ai telefonat. Ai mai fost in acest oras? Da.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. 9.html 7 of 42 12/15/04 . 25. 2. El a scris numai doua scrisori de când a plecat in strainatate. 20. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind Past Tense Simple sau Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous: 1. The child (play) the piano since I (return) from school. Afirmativ I had been working. 16. Mergem pe jos de la ora 3. (Ieri la ora 9 luasem micul dejun. Ex. La ce te-ai uitat? A fost un accident. Trebuie sa-l inlocuim. 14. (El a spus ca ploua de trei zile. 10. 6. este vorba de o relatie intre doua momente trecute. Past Perfect Simple Se formeaza cu verbul „to have" la Past Tense Simple. perfectul compus sau imperfectul din limba româna. 23. Ai vazut ziarul de azi? A plecat John? Da. 22. 10. l-am luat la ora 8. Page 11 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. am mers arareori pe jos la slujba. De asemenea. they drank some coffee. Un copil a spart geamul. http://quintet.) Ca sens. Ei lucreaza la aceasta casa de un an si nu au terminat-o inca. Timpul Past Perfect Continuous arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intre doua momente trecute. It (rain) since we (leave) Bucharest. Am stat acasa si nu am regretat nici o clipa. 5. When he entered the room. acum doi ani. 24. Este. Se poate traduce cu mai mult ca perfectul sau perfectul compus. a plecat acum o ora. (Dupa ce John privise (a privit) la televizor 10 minute. De cât timp inveti engleza? Vremea s-a incalzit in ultimul timp. 13. 15.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Afirmativ I had worked. am petrecut o luna aici. Negativ I had not (hadn’t) worked. terminasem de scris temele. 2. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat.) After John had been watching TV for 10 minutes.) Dupa cum se observa.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. I had finished writing my homework. Past Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Past Perfect Simple al verbului „to be". acest timp se poate traduce cu mai mult ca perfectul.actrus. echivalentul in limba româna al acestui timp este mai mult ca perfectul. D. Yesterday at 9 o’clock I had had breakfast. 18. 3. 4.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC.. Cu cine ai votat la ultimele alegeri? Nu am mers la vot. 7. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Perfect Simple: 1. un verb de relatie. El este ministru de doi ani. 11. Ninge de doua ore. s-a plictisit. Interogativ Had I worked? Acest timp are aceeasi forma la toate persoanele. Page 12 of 18 9. 17. 12. 21. la care se adauga forma III (past participle) a verbului de conjugat. când in aceeasi fraza in propozitia principala se afla un verb la Past Tense.) He said it had been raining for three days. (Când el a intrat in camera.. Negativ I had not (hadn’t) been working. he got bored. ea batea la masina de o ora. Ex. 8.. Arata o actiune trecuta care a avut loc inaintea unei alte actiuni sau a unui moment din trecut. Ti-ai luat deja micul dejun? Da. De când mi-am cumparat masina. Past Perfect Continuous poate prelua functiile lui Present Perfect Cotinuous in propozitia secundara. Traduc un text de doua ore si nu l-am terminat inca. 1. She said she already (be) to England. she had been typing for one hour.. dar. After they (finish) dinner. 11. Interogativ Had I been working? Aceste forme se pastreaza la toate persoanele. He (be) very ill since the holidays (begin). 19.actrus. Am mers pe jos 10 km pâna acum. Cine te-a invatat sa vorbesti engleza atât de bine? Unde ti-ai petrecut vacanta anul acesta? M-am gândit adesea sa-mi iau carnet de conducere. in acest caz. Exercitii cu Past Simple si Continuous 1.

la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. When I left home. she (study) the subject for a week. 10. Interogativ Shall I go? Shall we go? Will you go? Will you go? Will he/she/it/ go? Will they go? Trebuie remarcat faptul ca la interogativ persoana I. am mers la culcare.. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau Past Tense Simple: 1. 7. When she decided to have a rest. The child (eat) all the cakes before his mother became aware of it. 10. 6. El mi-a multumit pentru ceea ce facusem pentru el.. Când am ajuns la statia de autobuz. he (go) downstairs to have dinner. The fire (spread) to the next building when the firemen arrived. 9.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. Acest timp arata o actiune viitoare obisnuita. 6. it (rain) for one hour. At 3 o’clock on Friday. E. He (tell) me he (be) to the theatre the day before. He (learn) English for two years before he (go) to England for the first time. The river became deeper after it (rain) heavily for a few hours. se foloseste numai „shall". She just (go) out when I (call at) her house. http://quintet. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Perfect Continuous: 1. a inmânat-o profesorului. Future Tense Simple Se formeaza cu shall sau will la persoana I. When I (find out) he (get married). 3. You will not be going. Ei au calatorit in multe tari dupa ce s-au casatorit. 6. When we arrived at Sinaia. Nu ti-am telefonat pentru ca am crezut ca plecasesi in strainatate. Secretara mi-a spus ca directorul vorbea la telefon de o jumatate de ora. He asked me whether I (meet) John before. 4. We (ask) him what countries he (visit). she (write) letters for one hour. 8. Page 14 of 18 3.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. We (shall) will be going. De indata ce a terminat de scris lucrarea. After we (walked) for an hour. 8. 5. When we met them. she (tell) me they (be) friends for five years. 4. El nu facuse nimic inainte de a-mi cere mie sfatul. We (shall) will not be going. 2. He told me he (catch) some fish on that day. He/she/it will not be going. we (climb) for 7 hours. After John (listen to) the news bulletin. When I called on her unexpectedly. we (realize) we (lose) our way. De indata ce au plecat musafirii. You will be going. You will be going. 2. They will be going. Ei mi-au spus ca locuiau in Franta din 1980. We were shocked to hear she (not pass) the exam. somebody told us it (rain) for hours. The professor (speak) for 10 minutes when I (enter) the hall. 3.actrus. I (ring up) him and (congratulate) him. la care se adauga infinitivul verbului de conjugat. When we reached the top. After John (leave). 8. When I rang her up. Afirmativ I (shall) will go We (shall) will go You will go You will go He/she/it will go They will go Negativ I (shall) will not go We (shall) will not go You will not go You will not go He/she/it will not go They will not go Forma scurta pentru „shall not" este shan’t. 2. 4. When she sat for the exam. 9. Page 13 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC.actrus. 1. After Jane (swim) for half an hour.. 10. 5. He/she/it will be going. 5. Mi-a parut rau ca il jignisem. they (wait) for the bus for half an hour. I (shall) will meet him next week. I realized she (have) a party. will la persoana II si III. she felt chilly. mi-am dat seama ca imi lasasem poseta acasa.. Se traduce cu viitorul din limba româna. iar pentru „will not" este won’t. (Il voi intâlni saptamâna viitoare. 1.) Future Continuous Se formeaza cu viitorul simplu al verbului „to be". 6. 9. Negativ I (shall) will not be going. 4.html 12/15/04 1.html 8 of 42 . 3.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. Afirmativ I (shall) will be going. Puneti verbele din paranteza la Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau la Past Tense Simple: 1. 7. 7. 7. 5. mother (cook) for two hours. The house was much smaller then he (think) at first. She discovered her child (not tell) the truth. 10. Ex. she (clean) and (dust) for 5 hours. I (return) from school. 9. When I arrived home. 12/15/04 http://quintet. 8.

actrus.) Intrucât nu poate fi intâlnit decât in propozitii secundare (dupa un verb la timpul trecut in propozitia principala). va calatori spre Anglia.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. la care se adauga infinitivul trecut al verbului de conjugat. Ex. Acest timp este folosit in concordanta timpurilor pentru a arata o actiune posterioara unui moment sau unei actiuni din trecut. You will have gone. (Mâine la ora trei voi calatori spre Anglia. nu se pune problema folosirii lui a interogativ decât in intrebari disjunctive. (Mâine pâna la ora trei voi fi ajuns la Predeal. At three o’clock. He/she/it will not have gone. Interogativ Shall I be going? Shall we be going? Will you be going? Will you be going? Will he/she/it be going? Will they be going? Acest timp arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intr-un moment viitor. Se traduce cu viitorul simplu sau cu viitorul anterior din limba româna. (El a spus ca in ziua urmatoare. (El a spus ca va intârzia. They will not have gone.. he would be travelling to England. Este un timp sestul de rar folosit. la ora 3. la care se adauga infinitivul verbului de conjugat. Future-in-the-Past Simple Se formeaza cu should (persoana I) sau would (toate persoanele). Ex. (have + forma III). iar cea de la „would not" este wouldn’t.) Se traduce cu viitorul din limba româna. We (shall) will have gone. By three o’clock tomorrow. When you come home. Negativ I (shall) will not have gone.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. They will have gone.) Alte mijloace de exprimare a viitorului http://quintet.. Afirmativ I (should) would go We (should) would go You would go You would go He/she/it would go They would go Negativ I (should) would not go We (should) would not go You would not go You would not go He/she/it would not go They would not go Forma scurta de la „should not" este shouldn’t. Ex. Ex. He/she/it will have gone. Afirmativ I (shall) will have gone.html 9 of 42 12/15/04 .actrus. You will not have gone. I should (would) be going. voi studia (voi fi studiat) de trei ore. They will not be going. Este un timp rar folosit. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. Ex. You will not have gone. Future-in-the-Past Continuous Se formeaza cu Future-in-the-Past Simple al verbului „to be". atunci când in principala se afla un verb la trecut. Future Perfect Simple Se formeaza cu shall sau will. I will be travelling to England.. Page 15 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC.. Page 16 of 18 You will not be going.) Future Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Future Perfect al verbului „to be". Interogativ Shall I have gone? Shall we have gone? Will you have gone? Will you have gone? Will he/she/it have gone? Will they have gone? Acest timp arata o actiune anterioara unei alte actiuni sau unui moment viitor.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. I will have been studying for three hours. He said that at 3 o’clock. I (shall) will have been going. Arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intre doua momente viitoare. We (shall) will not have gone. I will have reached Predeal. He said he would be late. Când vei veni tu acasa. Preia functiile lui Future Tense Continuous intr-o propozitie secundara. la care se adauga forma ing a verbului de conjugat. You will have gone. Se traduce cu timpul viitor anterior din limba româna. the next day.

we (climb) the mountain. Tomorrow morning at 8 o’clock. I am going to read this book. 6. I am sure I (succeed). 10. 7. I (work) at the office till late at night. If we don’t hurry. 10. 9. they (be married) for 25 years. Let’s hurry to the beach. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Simple: 1. 9. 5. (Plec/voi pleca la Londra mâine. 5. 10. (Voi citi/am de gând sa citesc aceasta carte. 1. 2. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Continuous: 1. you (see) all the exhibits in the museum. By the end of the month. 4. bine stabilit. 8. 8. 6.) l Present Continuous + adverb de timp viitor. it probably (rain)..ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. I (finish) reading the newspapers by lunch time.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. un aranjament prealabil pentru viitorul apropiat. 10. we (take) our exam. You (recognize) him when you see him? I (remember) this day all my life. Pâna la ora 1. This time next month. The sun (rise) in 10 minutes. I (work) on this paper for a month.m. 7. 8. Unde il vei pune? Ex. (Il intâlnesc/il voi intâlni pe John in dimineata aceasta. Am cumparat o masina de scris si voi invata sa bat. voi fi vazut acest film de 5 ori. I (cook) for two hours. 7. I (swim) in the sea. I am meeting John this morning. 4.actrus. 8. 3. 5. Trenul va fi plecat inainte de a ajunge noi la gara.) l Expresia „to be going to" + infinitiv. arata un program precis. Din cauza grevei soferilor de autobuze multa lume va merge pe jos la slujba. 11. Page 17 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. the sun (rise) before we reach the beach. the baby (cry).CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. I leave for London tomorrow. 2. El va studia in biblioteca luni de la ora 1 la 5. Arata de asemenea o intentie sau o probabilitate. 4. In a week’s time. You (be) in London tomorrow. Don’t expect me home for dinner. Uite ce am cumparat la o licitatie! E un obiect frumos. 2. Pâna la sfârsitul lunii. 3. I (pay off) all my debts. By the end of the season. When I take the exam. http://quintet. He (study) all day tomorrow. By the beginning of next week. one hundred thousand people (spend) their holidays at the seaside. This time next day. I (read) all the books on the bibliography list. I am sure you (like) this book. You (need) the vacuum cleaner tomorrow or may I borrow it? I am sure when I arrive home.. By the time you come home. 6. Don’t ring her up at 8 o’clock p. 4. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Perfect Simple sau Continuous: 1. When you reach Sinaia. mâine. Ex. 9.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. You (remember) to post my letter? I hope I (pass) the exam. vor fi economisit 5 milioane. ei vor avea ultima ora de engleza. She (watch) TV. He (be) pleased if you invite him. You (not find) a solution if you don’t know the whole truth. Ce faci mâine dimineata la ora 11? Voi vizita târgul international.) It is going to rain. 6. 3. Ex. intre orele 12 si 1. Page 18 of 18 l Present Simple + adverb de timp viitor. Exercitii cu timpurile „Future" 1. 5. Vineri.. 3.actrus. By 5 o’clock. 9. Arata o intentie. 12. 2. 3. 7. Next year. ea va fi terminat curatenia in casa.. I (know) the results in three days’ time. Intr-un astfel de context. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind unul din tipurile de viitor: 1.html 10 of 42 12/15/04 . I (have) breakfast. 4. Pâna anul viitor pe vremea aceasta.

) He said he would buy a car if he had money.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. (Ea a spus ca uitase unde si-a pus ochelarii. Last year I worked more than I have done this year. (Voi citi aceasta carte când voi avea timp. desigur. He said he would come to see me when he had time.actrus. (El a spus ca se intorsese acasa cu o saptamâna inainte. Present Tense Continuous. Future – actiune simultana – Present 2. Ex. Ex.) b. Situatiile cel mai des intâlnite sunt urmatoarele: a.) I arrived home after it had stopped raining.) Nota 1: Daca intr-o fraza exista doua propozitii secundara cu actiunea anterioara celei din principala. (Voi merge in Anglia dupa ce voi obtine viza. (El a spus ca va veni sa ma vada când va avea timp.) c) Past Tense – actiunea posterioara – Future-in-the-Past He said he would leave the next day. Past Perfect Simple. dintre care una este temporala sau conditionala. Present Perfect Continuous Orice timp cerut de sens Propozitia secundara Propozitia principala actiune posterioara celei din principala. Ex. Când propozitia secundara este comparativa.) He said he would come to see me after he had finished work. nu in propozitii. She said she had forgotten where she had put her glasses.) He said he was going to school. un timp „future" Teoretic se poate folosi orice timp cerut de sens. de exemplu. Cartea pe care o citesc acum mi-a fost data de fratele meu. The teacher told the pupils water boils at 100 oC. Ea consta in aceea ca folosirea unui anumit timp in propozitia principala obliga la folosirea unui timp adecvat in propozitia secundara. Past Tense Continuous. 2.html 11 of 42 .) She promised her mother she would help her. (Am ajuns acasa dupa ce incetase ploaia. (El a spus ca va veni sa ma vada dupa ce va termina lucrul. Future-in-the-Past se poate folosi numai o singura data. The book I am reading now was given to me by my brother. un timp „past" Past Tense Simple. Se poate intâlni. când propozitia secundara exprima un adevar general valabil.) Exceptii de la concordanta timpurilor 1. a) Past Tense – actiune simultana – Past Tense He said he was ill.) Nota 2: Daca intr-o fraza exista doua propozitii secundare cu I will read this book when I have time.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Page 2 of 5 LECTIA II CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Concordanta timpurilor se aplica. când propozitia secundara este atributiva. se poate observa uneori o oarecare tendinta de a nu se respecta concordanta timpurilor atunci când verbul din propozitia principala este la trecut. cu exceptia propozitii temporale sau conditionale. ci in fraze. dupa care (in temporala sau conditionala) se intrebuinteaza Past Tense (pentru simultaneitate) sau Past Perfect (pentru anterioritate).) I will have finished studying when you come home. 3. Ce inseamna „un timp adecvat" se va vedea in continuare.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. (El a spus ca este bolnav. (Voi fi terminat de studiat când vei veni tu acasa. Anul trecut am muncit mai mult decât anul acesta. Nota: In limba engleza contemporana. (El a spus ca va cumpara o masina daca va avea bani.actrus. (El a spus ca merge la scola. un timp „present" Present Tense Simple. Future – actiune anterioara – Present Perfect I will go to England after I have received a visa. Profesorul le-a spus elevilor ca apa fierbe la 100 oC. (El a spus ca va pleca a doua zi.) 1. o formulare 12/15/04 http://quintet. Ex. Propozitia principala 1.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. care nu pot include un verb la viitor. se poate folosi Past Perfect in mod repetat.) b) Past Tense – actiune anterioara – Past Perfect He said he had returned home a week before. Ex. Present Perfect Simple. Past Perfect Continuous Propozitia secundara Orice alt timp „past" Ex. (Ea i-a promis mamei sale ca o va ajuta.

5. I wasn’t aware German (be) such a difficult language. 6. When I heard the main actor was ill. 8. 3. tinând seama de relatia de anterioritate exprimata de verbul din propozitia principala sau din cea secundara: 1. 2. As soon as the holidays (begin).CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR de tipul: „He said he loves me". 7. We all believed he (win) the competition. Last night I met the couple who soon (move) next door to me. precum si exceptiile: 1. Page 4 of 5 1. 6. He asked me if I usually (read) that newspaper. He told me hibernating animal (not eat) in winter. 3. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Present Simple sau Present Perfect Simple: 1. 13. He hoped he (finish) reading the book in two days. The teacher told the pupils what the capital of Mexico (be). respectând toate regulile de concordanta a timpurilor. He will write to me after he (arrive) in England. we (dig) in the garden for an hour. Last year I earned more money than I (earn) in the next five years. 19. 3. 9.actrus. They didn’t know that I (play) football. Last year you spoke English less fluently than you (do) now.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. 4. they will have been married for five years. 10.html 12 of 42 . I (not decide) yet. When he finally reached London. we supposed prices (go up). When I (finish) the book. they said they (listen to) music since 5 o’clock. Looking out of the window. the concert already (begin). We shall start dinner as soon as the guests (arrive). In 1998. 6. the Romanians travelled less than they (do) this year. I will buy a car when I (have) enough money. 2. sfatuim pe vorbitorii români de limba engleza sa respecte regulile de concordanta a timpurilor asa cum sunt prezentate mai sus. 6. I was not sure if you (speak) English. After he (repair) the car. având in vedere simultaneitatea actiunilor din propozitia principala si cea secundara: 1. cu timpul. this beach will become very crowded. 6. 11. 8. I didn’t know at what temperature this metal (melt). he was tired because he (travel) for three days. Exercitii cu concordanta timpurilor Page 3 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR 10. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect (Past Tense Simple sau Continuous). They said they (remain) at the seaside for another week. 12. You will get a shock when you (see) the mess in that room. 2.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 5. 8. 9. 2. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future-in-the-Past. I understood you (be) a painter. You didn’t tell me you (have to) type this report. 10. Pentru moment insa. he will drive to Sinaia. she saw the sun (shine) brightly. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. The book I (read) in the last few days was lent to me by John. He promised he (drive) me home. 10. you will feel better. I believed you (be) at the seaside. sa ajunga regula. After I (hear) the news. When I arrived. având in vedere faptul ca propozitia secundara exprima o actiune posterioara celei din principala: 1. It is said that one Englishman will not speak to another before they (be) introduced. He didn’t admit that he (steal) the book. too.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. 14. She told me his name after he (leave). 6. 3. You won’t be able to speak about this book till you (read) it. not before. 9. 7. 10. Yesterday I bought a new umbrella because I (lose) my old one. 3. I will pay my debts after I (receive) my salary. 16. 4. 4. 8. 12/15/04 http://quintet. He just (leave) home when he came across John. 5. 3. I thought you soon (have) a holiday. After you (drink) a coffee. When you asked me where I (spend) my holidays. 8. You will be surprised when you (see) how well she (look). I shall have typed all the letters. I will lend it to you. When it started to rain. The train will have left before we (reach) the station. He was in a hurry because he (want) to catch the train. she will take a job as a secretary. They (know) each other for a long time before they finally got married. 9. I was sue the performance (be cancelled). I will go on playing the piano till he (tell) me to stop. Last night I (read) the book which you (read) now. He believed the strike (end) very soon. 4.actrus. He told me he never (see) the sea. 7. When we (go) to see them last night. I was not sure I (remain) at home that evening. It was clear they (talk) business again. I found out that yoga (be) a very useful practice. 7. 4. She didn’t even say thank you after all I (do) for her. 7. By the time you (finish) translating the text. I will do it when I (want) to. 4. 5. When their first baby (be born). 1. 1. I will never forget what you just (tell ) me. After she (learn) to type. 5. He realized he (not remember) John’s phone number. 1. As wages had gone up. I didn’t think that book to be a nice birthday present for you because I (read) it and I (not enjoy) it. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. Este posibil ca ceea ce apare acum ca tendinta. 9. You will be surprised when you (see) how much she (change). 5. He was sure he (pass) the exam and he promised he (give) a party afterwards. 18. 5. 6. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect (Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous). Your mother will be upset when she (notice) you (break) the vase. tinând seama de exceptiile de la concordanta timpurilor: 1. they were listening to music. I will come as soon as I (finish) my work. 7. 2. 17. I hoped it (not rain) when I (arrive) at the beach. 8. 15. I congratulated him. 2. 20.

I hoped the company where I (work) (not go) bankrupt. Secretara mi-a spus ca directorul este ocupat. You will never know how much I (suffer).CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Page 5 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. Iti voi spune adevarul dupa ce il voi afla eu insami. 4. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. 7. 18. 2. M-a intrebat câte litere sunt in alfabetul chinez si nu am putut sa-I raspund. 8.. 6.actrus. 11. 7. Nu mi-am amintit ca ne cunoscusem cu un an inainte. Politistul ma va intreba ce am vazut in timpul accidentul. Era foarte suparat ca isi pierduse dictionarul si nu era sigur ca va gasi unul nou in librarii. 20. Hotul nu si-a dat seama ca politia il urmarea de o saptamâna. When I finally arrived home. Afirmativ I should/would go We should/would go You would go You would go He/she/it would go They would not go Negativ I should/would not go We should/would not go You would not go You would not go He/she/it would not go They would not go Forme prescurtate: shouldn’t.). 3. After we have finished dinner. we (drink) coffee and brandy. la care se adauga infinitivul prezent al verbului de conjugat. 14. he decided he (change) his job. A week ago. he (trust) his son and he (not expect) such a thing to happen. 5. my friends told me there (be) many small houses and narrow streets in Padua. Afirmativ I should/would have gone You would have gone He/she/it would have gone We should/would have gone You would have gone They would have gone Negativ I should/would not have gone You would not have gone http://quintet.html 13 of 42 12/15/04 . 15. 9. I was surprised that his son (fail) the exam.. I did not know that you (wear) glasses since childhood. He was very tired and he (hope) he (have) time to rest that afternoon.actrus.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 11.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. Past Conditional (conditional trecut) Se traduce cu should/would la care se adauga infinitivul trecut (have + forma III a verbului de conjugat). 13. I (be) very hungry because I (not eat) anything all day. Tata imi va da un cadou dupa ce voi lua examenul. 17. 10. I-am promis ca ii voi scrie când voi ajunge la Londra. After having visited Italy.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. Masina pe cae o voi cumpara va fi importata din Germania. 10. 16. Page 1 of 5 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri 9. He said he (have to) write down my address as he (not remember) it otherwise. 19. He discovered to his horror that he (eat) the worms in the cherries. He was very upset because I (be) late. 12. ar merge etc. wouldn’t. Nu am stat acasa sa te astept pentru ca nu stiam când vei veni. Stiam ca esti in Bucuresti. Interogativ Should I go? Should we go? Would you go? Would you go? Would he/she/it go? Would they go? Se traduce cu conditionalul prezent din limba româna (as merge. 12. ai merge. LECTIA III MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRAZELE CONDITIONALE Present Conditional (conditional prezent) Se formeaza cu should si would la persoana I si would la persoanele II si III.

(Voi sta acasa daca va ploua. we would be fined. atunci când actiunea din secundara este posibila. 7.) I would have stayed at home if it had rained.html 12/15/04 http://quintet..ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. suppose. If it (go on) raining. Unless you come at 6. tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 2: 1. would you visit me? 3. If I (know) his phone-number. If I see him. Frazele conditionale (If-Clauses) Exista trei tipuri de fraze conditionale: Tipul 1 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Future Present I will go to the seaside if the weather is fine. she (be) very angry. 6. If the police should find out the truth. If she finds out what has happened.) Nota 1: Trebuie sa se tina seama ca subjonctivul folosit in propozitia secundara are forma lui Past Tense Simple la toate verbele. What shall we do. If you (take) a dog. (Voi merge la mare daca vremea va fi buna. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. I (lend) you the book if you promise to return it in time. 9. Ex. cu exceptia verbului „to be". 5. (In caz ca politia ar afla adevarul/ Daca s-ar intâmpla ca politia sa afle adevarul. you (be) late. 2. If I tell you something. were.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. tell her I am out. you (promise) to keep it a secret? Unless you study more.. unde se intâlneste forma „were" la toate persoanele. Page 2 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA.actrus. we shall have floods. should poate fi folosit in secundara la tipul 2 de fraza conditionala. – if he were here – were he here – if it had rained – had it rained – if he should come – should he come Exercitii cu fraze conditionale 1. in loc de Present Simple. had. If I (move) to the country-side. should).) I would stay at home if it rained. (As sta acasa daca ar ploua.) Nota 2: – if poate fi inlocuit de provided (that). (As fi mers la mare daca vremea ar fi fost buna. 10. If she should ring up. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. Page 3 of 5 He/she/it would not have gone We should/would not have gone You would not have gone They would not have gone Interogativ Should I have gone? Should we have gone? Would you have gone? Would you have gone? Would he/she/it have gone? Would they have gone? Se traduce cu conditionalul trecut din limba româna (as fi mers. In caz ca telefoneaza. spune-I ca nu sunt acasa. 3. you (not pass) the exam. Acest tip de secundara este adesea combinat cu imperativul.) Tipul 2 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Present Conditional Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Tense I would go to the seaside if the weather were fine.actrus.) Nota 4: Atunci când if este urmat de un verb auxiliar (ex. you (not find) me at home. ar fi mers etc. Tipul 3 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Past Conditional Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Perfect I would have gone to the seaside if the weather had been fine. 4. In acest caz.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. si in acest caz se inverseaza ordinea subiect – auxiliar. Nota 3: should + infinitiv poate fi folosit la tipul 1. I (buy) it. (As fi stat acasa daca ar fi plouat. I (greet) him. Ex. You (buy) this house if you had money? http://quintet. I would ring him up. De asemenea. 8. ai fi mers.) I will stay at home if it rains. in case. (As merge la mare daca vremea ar fi buna. 1. daca sar intâmpla ca. noi am fi amendati. you will have to look after it. tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 1: 1.html 14 of 42 12/15/04 . dar improbabila. I won’t go shopping if you don’t come with me.. supposing he is late? (Ce vom face presupunând ca el intârzie?) ¡ if not poate fi inlocuit cu unless I won’t go shopping unless you come with me. Ex. providing. should se traduce cu: in caz ca. supposing..). If you don’t hurry. 2. este posibila omiterea lui if. If I like the dress.

8.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. I (answer) it.. Dacaar fi plouat. 9. If I (know) you had no driving licence. Ai fi prins trenul daca ai fi luat un taxi. 5. 3. 4. 7.html 15 of 42 12/15/04 . 10. I would speak to him. I (answer) the phone. 3.. Voi fi dezamagit daca nu voi afla adevarul. Should he have a headache. 4. Daca un cersetor ti-ar cere bani. What would you do if you (be) Prime Minister? If I (give up) smoking. 6. Page 4 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. 2. strazile vor fi ude. If I (see) him. he (not make) so many mistakes. 8. he would have gone home. 6. he would never have known. 10. 10. I would have succeeded. Daca va ploua. I wouldn’t have come unless you (invite) me. 3. 1. If he were more careful. Were I in your place. 9. He (tell) you if you had asked him. Had I been at home. I wouldn’t have come with you in your car. I (not do) this. Daca cina nu va fi gata la timp. Mi-ar placea mai mult piesa daca ar fi mai scurta. 9. As mai croseta un pulover daca as mai avea lâna. If he (realize) it was so late. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. 9. voi mânca la un restaurant. mi-ar fi fost frig. 6. 9. Mamaia ar fi un loc ideal pentru o vacanta daca n-ar fi atât de multi oameni acolo. 4. you (not get) into trouble. 8. Had I learned English grammar. 7. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. 6. Daca ar ploua. strazile ar fi fost ude.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. I (not make) so many mistakes in my translation. He will be at the airport in time if he (leave) now.. you (read) Shakespeare in the original. 6. 7. 5.actrus. 7. If you (drive) more carefully. 3. If I (work) harder. If the child is good. tinând seama ca se poate intâlni oricare dintre cele 3 tipuri de fraze conditionale: 1. If you had taken my advice. 2. tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 3: 1. you wouldn’t have an accident. Where you (go) if you had a holiday? 1. 10. 4. I (answer) your question if I can. Daca n-ai fi inchis fereastra. If he had written a letter to me. 8. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. Vei prinde trenul daca vei lua un taxi. 2. 7. I would go home immediately. If you had known English. strazile ar fi ude. He would have been arrested if he (try) to leave the country. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. I would be nervous.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. 1. 10. If I won the lottery. 5. 5. If I (be) you. It (be) better if you had waited. he (take) a pill. 1. Page 5 of 5 4..actrus. Il vei vedea daca il vei astepta. 8. I (buy) a car. 5. Ai prinde trenul daca ai lua un taxi. You (be) sick if you eat so much. Te vei supara daca iti voi lua creionul? Te-ai supara daca ti-as lua creionul? Te-ai fi suparat daca ti-as fi luat creionul? Ce vei face daca il vei intâlni pe John? Ce-ai face daca l-ai intâlni pe John? Ce-ai fi facut daca l-ai fi intâlnit pe John? http://quintet. 11.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. 2. he (get) a bar of chocolate. I-ai da? Ce s-ar fi intâmplat daca ai fi condus cu viteza mare? Nu vom merge la plimbare daca nu va sta ploaia. If I (not tell) him. 12.

could." 1. in propozitia secundara se schimba timpurile dupa cum urmeaza: Present past Present perfect past perfect Past past perfect Future future-in-the-past tipul 1 devine tipul 2: "If it rains. 3. should. He said: „I’ll be at home today". might ramân neschimbate la vorbirea indirecta. Frazele conditionale sunt trecute la vorbirea indirecta in modul urmator: ¡ LECTIA IV VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRECTA Vorbirea directa: John said: „She is not at home" Vorbirea indirecta: John said she was not at home. Verbele modale would. He said he had been working hard. Atunci când verbul din propozitia principala este la trecut. He said if itrained he would stay at home.actrus. I would stay at home. ¡ ¡ ¡ He said „I have been working hard. today that day yesterday the day before/the previous day http://quintet.. He said: „I am going to do this traslation tomorrow".. Ex. in functie de sens. 1. ceea ce se intâmpla in majoritatea cazurilor." Ex. à He said he was going to do that translation the next day.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. He said he was ill. ¡ tipurile 2 si 3 nu se schimba: "If it rained. Se schimba pronumele. Ex. I would have stayed at home. He said she had given him a book. 1. Pentru a trece o propozitie de la vorbirea directa la vorbirea indirecta.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Se schimba o serie de cuvinte in functie de sens. He said he would do the exercise.. He said „I will do the exercise".CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. Afirmatii: cu that (care se poate omite) Ex. Modalitati de introducere a propozitiilor secundare in vorbirea indirecta 1. He said if it rained he would stay at home.. Page 2 of 5 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri the day before yesterday two days before tomorrow the next day/the following day the day after tomorrow in two days’ time next week the next/the following week two years ago two years before now then this that these those here there Ex. He said: „She gave me a book". ought to." He said if it had rained he would have stayed at home. He said „I was ill".ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4.html 16 of 42 12/15/04 . Page 1 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. trebuie respectate o serie de reguli.actrus. à He said he would be at home on that day. – He said „I am ill". He said: „I might be late" He said he might be late. "If it had rained. 2. He said he had been ill. I will stay at home.

10. 5.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. 1. Ex. He asked me where I had been. 1. 2. 4. Where have you been? I’ve been away. Incorect: He asked me what was the time. trebuie acordata atentie ordinei cuvintelor din propozitia secundara. 3. 6. Last year I spent my holiday at the seaside. 7. à He said (that) he was ill. please! Write me a letter when you get to England! Don’t cross the street on a red light! Be careful with my books! Don’t smoke so much! Take this pill! Don’t interrupt me when I am speaking! Ring me up when you arrive home! 3. Page 4 of 5 trecut) Model: He said: „Come in!" He told (asked. 7. Intrebarile generale se introduc cu if sau whether (daca).CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE.actrus. 3. He said (that) he would leave for London the next day. Treceti urmatoarele intrebari generale la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): Model: „Will you be at home tomorrow?" He asked me if I would be at home the next day. 12. 4. 4. 10. Intrebarile generale sunt cele care incep cu un verb. 2. I saw this film a week ago. 8. 6. If I have enough money. The weather was fine yesterday. He said: „I am ill". In cazul intrebarilor speciale trecute la vorbirea indirecta. Ex. I don’t remember where I have bought this dictionary. 5. 3. please? Can you come to tea this afternoon? Has the train left? Do you know what this word means? Was your mother at home? Did you buy this book yesterday? Did you drink coffee every day? Were you at the library yesterday? Do you live in London for a long time? Can you speak English? Would you like a cake? Could you lend me a book. Intrebari Exista doua tipuri de intrebari: generale si speciale. 9.. 9. Treceti urmatoarele comenzi la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la http://quintet. on holiday. please? 4. à He told me to go out. He said „Go out". Will you help me. 2. 11. I went to England two years ago... ordered) me to come in. I think it’s going to rain tomorrow. 2. 4. 11. I am very busy today.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. Intrebarile speciale se introduc cu cuvântul interogativ respectiv. 3. 5. 1. How long have you been learning English? What are you going to do tomorrow? How long does it take you to reach your office? When will you be back? Ex. John left for Sinaia two days ago. 6. 12.html 17 of 42 12/15/04 . please! Read the text. Page 3 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. 10. I will go shopping right now. 3. 1. 2. 2. I will buy a car next year. He asked me if I liked music. Treceti urmatoarele intrebari speciale la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): Model: He said: „When did you come back?" He asked me when I had come back. exista tentatia de a folosi ordinea cuvintelor din propozitiile interogative. 9. Don’t drive so fast! Open the door. ceea ce este o greseala. iar raspunsul poate fi da sau nu. Treceti urmatoarele afirmatii de la vorbirea directa la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): Model: He said „I will leave for London tomorrow". He said „Don’t go out" à He told me not to go out. If I had been at home. Exercitii cu vorbirea directa si vorbirea indirecta 1. Comenzi: cu infinitivul (afirmativ sau negativ) Ex. Ex. I am going to have a nap this afternoon. I would have answered the phone.. He asked me: „What is the time?" Corect: He asked me what the time was.actrus. 7. Ex. 8. 8. Intrucât aceasta propozitie incepe cu un cuvânt interogativ.

(by me) Complement indirect à Subiect He was given a book. Activ: She looked after the child. I will invite my friend to a party. la care se adauga forma III (participiul trecut) a verbului de conjugat. Ex. Activ: Directorul m-a chemat pe mine. my flat was being painted. 3.html 18 of 42 .. trecerea de la diateza activa la diateza pasiva se face prin transformarea complementului direct in subiect. Complement direct à Subiect A book was given to him. 8. Ex. I will be asked.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_5.actrus. Desigur. punctuality este un complement prepozitional. While I was in hospital. 7. my flat is being painted.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. complementul indirect si. poate deveni subiect in cazul folosirii diatezei pasive: In this office punctuality is insisted on (by them). Ambele complemente pot deveni subiecte in cazul trecerii la pasiv. in unele cazuri. Ex. Nota: Se poate folosit aspectul continuu al diatezei pasive numai la Present Tense si Past Tense. Pasiv: Eu am fost chemat de director. Page 5 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/DIATEZA PASIVA 5. iar complementul indirect este him. Pasiv: The child was looked after (by her). Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva: 1. 10. se omite formularea by. de asemenea. Unde complementul direct este a book. Someone has found the missing child. I was asked. In limba engleza. In limba româna. subiectul va fi trecut la cazul nominativ. 4. In this office punctuality is insisted on. 5. 2. exista trei tipuri de complemente care pot deveni subiect in transformarea de la activ la pasiv: complementul direct. Exercitii cu diateza pasiva 1. I have been asked. Ex. He has found your bag. de la sfârsitul propozitiei.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. They will finish the work today. Un alt exemplu de complement prepozitional care poate deveni subiect. care.actrus. Activ: I gave him a book. A specialist will repair my TV set. While I am in hospital. Ex. complementul prepozitional. In multe cazuri.. I had been asked. In aceste situatii. 9. (by me) In propozitia: In this office they insist on punctuality.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. pasivul se foloseste atunci când nu este important cine face actiunea. 12/15/04 http://quintet. I am asked. 6. Where will you spend your weekend? Who is this man? Why is it so dark in this room? When did the rain stop? Which of these cakes do you prefer? How did you travel? Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 3 LECTIA V Pasivul se formeaza conjugând verbul to be la timpul cerut de sens.

2.actrus.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_5. 8. 15. They will give me a reward. 2. My friend doesn’t always tell me the truth. 9. 7. 9. Evenimentul a fost comentat de toate ziarele. 9. 14.html 19 of 42 12/15/04 . Nu s-a auzit nimic despre el de când a plecat la Constanta. 2. 3. America a fost descoperita la sfârsitul secolului al XV-lea. They were building a new supermarket in that district last month. 10. 8. 10. The noise frightened me. Don’t speak until someone speaks to you. 13. 4. The guide showed the museum to the tourists. We couldn’t account for his odd behaviour. I teach them English. 5. Page 2 of 3 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/DIATEZA PASIVA 3. 12. Acest timbru nu a fost bine lipit pe plic. Ni s-a cerut sa aratam pasapoartele. transformând atât complementul direct cât si cel indirect in subiecte: 1.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/DIATEZA PASIVA 6. The teacher asked me a difficult question. They didn’t look after the children properly. The climber was finally discovered by the rescue party. People play football all over the world. 3. Gasiti subiecte acolo unde este necesar: 1. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. The jury awarded the Romanian film director the Great Prize. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii de la diateza pasiva la diateza activa. 6.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 8. This book will soon be forgotten. 4. Sensurile cuvintelor noi trebuie cautate in dictionar. 6. 2. English is spoken all over the world. They have given me a nice present. 2. when I passed by. This house has been built out of stone and cement. 9. A reception was held in his honour. The pupils will be told where to sit. 10. Cursul profesorului a fost ascultat de toti studentii. 7. I have lent John two of my books. Burglars broke into the house. These books mustn’t be taken away. 5. This painting is admired by all the visitors of the museum. 6. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva: 1. Se construiesc multe blocuri noi in cartierul nostru. Scrisoarea va fi pusa la posta cât mai curând posibil. Muzeul a fost inchis pentru reparatii. http://quintet. 4. The doctor prescribed some pills to the patient. We laughed at John. He hates being made fun of. 8. Ni s-au spus lucruri foarte interesante la conferinta. We objected to his proposal. 4. In acest hotel se vorbesc limbi straine. 7. We called for the doctor. 10. Ni se vor da instructiuni detaliate in privinta referatului. 4.actrus. I was recommended a very good doctor. Has someone repaired the TV set? Will you write the letter in ink? Haven’t they told you to be here at 6 o’clock? Did the tornado frighten you? Will someone tell him the details? Have you fed the dog? Did the sight of the accident shock him? Did they tell you about the meeting? Do you think they will turn down your request? Would you have finished your work sooner if your colleagues hadn’t interrupted you? 5. 7. 2. 11. Page 3 of 3 His coworkers must do something for him. They set fire to the shed.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_5. Aceasta informatie treuie tratata confidential. 3. 8. 5. 5. 6. They are building a new house round the corner. 3. 9. 4. 7. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva in doua feluri. 9. 3. Când a ajuns acasa si-a dat seama ca I se furase portofelul. 7. 10. Treceti la pasiv urmatoarele propozitii care cuprind combinatii verb+prepozitie: 1. 5. He hasn’t slept in his bed. 6. 8. The policeman will show us the way. 6.

). Ex. Can = infinitiv. Ia-ti umbrela. Interogativ: Can I? Can you? etc. Pentru celelalte timpuri se foloseste inlocuitorul to be able to. S-ar putea sa fie acasa acum. Take your umbrella. can’t Ex. I couldn’t come to you yesterday. Voi sti sa conduc masina dupa ce voi lua câteva lectii. I will be able to come to you tomorrow. prezent Cu acest sens exista timpul might care reda ideea de trecut. Page 2 of 10 LECTIA VI VERBELE MODALE Can. prezent Negativ: cannot.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Voi putea veni la tine mâine. Am putut/mi s-a permis sa fumez in camera aceea.) Cu acest sens.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Ex. need. Ring up John. a fi in stare Ex. Ex. are sensul de a putea. Arata o anumita abilitate fizica sau intelectuala. Ex. would. Se traduce cu a sti sa. Pentru celelalte timpuri se folosesc inlocuitorii: to be allowed to. Ar fi putut sa fie aici in timp. I haven’t been able to ring you up this week. pot/am permisiunea sa iau masina ta? 4. It may/might rain.) I can speak English. Could you help me? Ai putea sa ma ajuti? Pentru conditionalul trecut se foloseste could + infinitivul trecut Ex. inlocuitorul to be able to pentru celelalte timpuri. l Nu formeaza negativul si interogativul cu „to do". Pentru a reda ideea de trecut cu acest sens. Ex. may. Can you make this translation? Could=Past Tense. He can speak English. 2. Soarele nu a apus inca. Caracteristici generale l Nu primesc to inaintea lor si dupa ele: Ex. (Vreau sa fac aceasta. Ex. might.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6.) l 3. ought to. nu e posibil sa. I can make this traslation. El e in strainatate. Nu primesc s la persoana III singular. I can swim. Ex.actrus. The sun hasn’t set yet. N-am putut sa vin la tine ieri. prezent. poti. can poate fi folosit cu sensul lui may de „a avea permisiunea". Ex. dar se foloseste numai dupa un alt verb la trecut (vorbire indirecta). should. Ex. You can’t/couldn’t have seen John in the street. Nu se poate sa-l fi vazut pe John pe strada. (Pot sa fac aceasta. to be permitted to. Can’t/couldn’t – nu se poate sa. He cannot (can’t) speak English.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. Can 1. 2. se foloseste infinitivul trecut. shall. He said I might smoke in that room. Ex. He may/might be at home now. mayn’t Interogativ: May I? May you? May = infinitiv. l Nu au toate timpurile. Ex. s-ar putea sa ploua. will. He is abroad. It can’t/couldn’t be 9 o’clock. Ex. In vorbirea familiara. http://quintet. N-am putut sa-ti telefonez saptamâna aceasta. Can is a model verb. (Stiu sa vorbesc engleza. I will tbe able to drive a car after I have taken a few lessons. Nu se poate sa fie ora 9. could. May 1.actrus.) Negativ: may not. I was allowed/permitted to smoke in that room. He could have been here in time. I can do this. May/Might – s-ar putea sa Ex. Se folosesc inlocuitori. conditional prezent al verbului can Negativ: could not (couldn’t) Interogativ: Could I ? Could you? etc. you may. can I take your car? Tata. are sensul de a putea. timpurile se folosesc ca la punctul 1 (could pentru Past Tense si conditionalul prezent. Telefoneaza-I lui John.) Spre deosebire de: I want to do this. Father. must. I cannot (can’t) make this translation. May I smoke in this room? Pot/am permisiunea sa fumez in aceasta camera? Yes.html 20 of 42 12/15/04 . Voi putea/mi se va permite sa fumez in camera aceea. (Da. I will be allowed/permitted to smoke in that room. (Stiu sa inot. a avea permisiunea Ex.

1. You may/might help me when I am in need. aici e limita de viteza. Must Page 3 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Ca verb modal.html 21 of 42 12/15/04 . You mustn’t drive so fast. Pentru a raspunde afirmativ la intrebarea de mai sus. N-ai vazut ca urma sa ploua? l Daca actiunea nu era necesara si nu a fost facuta. Shall Folosit cu persoana I. you must! (Da. se adauga infinitivul trecut. May/might pot exprima un repros. The teacher told us it was too easy for us. notional. Hai sa mergem acasa. Why didn’t you take your coat? You may/might have caught a cold.actrus. cu sensul de a fi nevoie http://quintet. John must be at home now. Nota: Nu trebuie confundat need not cu must not. poate indica. Ex. We didn’t need to do this exercise. Ar trebui sa o ajuti pe mama ta la treburile casei. trebuie!) Pentru exprimarea ideii de trecut a verbului need. Pentru a reda ideea de trecut. 3. A trebuit sa termin traducerea ieri. I was asleep when you arrived home last night. El nu are nevoie de aceasta carte. Let’s go home. Which dress shall I buy? Ce rochie sa cumpar? Shall I wait for you? Sa te astept? To need: verb obisnuit. se foloseste didn’t need + infinitivul Ex. you needn’t.actrus. Folosit cu persoana I. De asemenea. ar fi cazul sa. Need not se traduce cu „nu e nevoie". Ex. It must be late. You should not/ought not to have been so rude to him. solicitarea unui sfat. Ex. Ai fi putut sa imi scrii o scrisoare când erai in Anglia. I didn’t have to finish the translation yesterday. Couldn’t you see it was going to rain? Nu era nevoie sa uzi florile. De ce nu ti-ai luat haina? S-ar fi putut sa racesti. Must not se traduce cu „nu trebuie". Eu dormeam când ai venit tu aseara. I will have to finish the translation tomorrow. nu e nevoie. He doesn’t need this book. Should.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Cu acest sens. Probabil ca John e acasa acum. Ex. o recomandare. Hai sa-l vizitam. You needn’t drive so fast. Ought to Ambele verbe indica o actiune corecta.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. Need Exista doua verbe: l Ex. You needn’t have watered the flowers. se foloseste verbul must. se foloseste needn’t + infinitivul trecut. You should/ought to help your mother with housework. Ex. l Need: verb modal. 2. cu sensul de a avea nevoie Ex. Need I be here at one o’clock? E nevoie sa fiu aici la ora 1? No. need se foloseste numai la interogativ si negativ. Ex. avem destul timp. Ex.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. Se foloseste inlocuitorul to have to. ideea de trecut se reda prin adaugarea infinitivului trecut. Profesorul ne-a spus ca e prea usor pentru noi. Ex. shall indica viitorul. Nu. o obligatie morala. It’s got late. Probabil ca era târziu. prezent Nu are alte timpuri. exista 2 posibilitati: l Page 4 of 10 Daca actiunea nu era necesara. Va trebui sa termin traducerea mâine. Trebuie sa plec acasa. Ex. ideea de trecut este redata prin adaugarea infinitivului trecut. to have to formeaza interogativul si negativul cu ajutorul auxiliarului to do. Nu e nevoie sa conduci atât de repede. poate avea sensul probabil ca: Ex. A trebui Ex. de asemenea. I had to finish the traslation yesterday. interogativ. I must go home. mustn’t Interogativ: Must I? Must you? Must = infinitiv. It must have been late. we have enough time. Nu trebuie sa conduci atât de repede. Need I be here at one o’clock? Yes. Ai putea sa ma ajuti când sunt la nevoie. se adauga infinitivul trecut. ar fi bine sa. Ex. Nu ar fi trebuit sa fii atât de nepoliticos cu el. Nu a fost nevoie sa facem acest exercitiu. dar a fost facuta. there is a speed limit here. o oferta sau o sugestie. Ex. Se traduc cu: ar trebui sa.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Cu acest sens. S-a facut târziu. Negativ: must not. Probabil ca e târziu. Ex. Let’s call on him. You might have written me a letter when you were in England. Trebuie mentionat faptul ca inlocuitorul lui must. Pentru redarea ideii de trecut.

Mother to child: You shall have a bicycle if you pass the exam. I must look up the words in the dictionary. It can’t be easy to learn Chinese. Can you help me? You mustn’t do this . Mother to child: You shall not get any pocket-money if you don’t pass the exam. She can play the piano very well. 18. 12. O fi sora ei. He should go to school everyday. 13. 19. May I walk on the grass? He may not come in wearing dirty boots.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 15. 7. Ex. 13. 14. Mama mea obisnuieste sa stea ore intregi privind la televizor. shall poate arata o promisiune. 5. You needn’t do this. This radio won’t work. there is plenty in the fridge. 8. 9. 14. Când eram copil. Redati ideea de trecut in urmatoarele propozitii folosind infinitivul trecut in loc de infinitivul prezent: 1. When I was a child. 11.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. o obligatie sau o amenintare care provin de la cel care vorbeste. 17. John must be ill. my mother would read me fairy tales.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. 10. It must be difficult to climb this mountain.actrus. 3. Used to eate un verb semi-modal. cerere politicoasa: Will you/would you sit down? Will you/would you help me with my translation. You may not speak to your mother like that. O fi ajuns la Paris pâna acum.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Page 5 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE ca modal. care are numai forma de trecut. It can’t be too late. It might rain. He can swim very well. You should visit your sick friend in hospital. 20. 6. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la Past Tense Simple si Future Tense Simple. in timp ce la interogativ si negativ se poate conjuga atât ca un verb obisnuit cât si http://quintet. 11. You can’t see a bear in this part of the country.html 22 of 42 .actrus. my mother used to read me fairy tales. 2. 16. 6. I must learn English. He must be delayed at the office. She can lend you that book. 20. Ex. acolo unde este necesar: 1. Acest copil nu vrea sa faca ce-I spun. Exercitii cu verbe modale 1. He ought to tell me the truth. This girl looks very much like Jane. 4. He must be in the garden at this time of the day. You might write to me more often. Se poate folosi cu infinitivul trecut: He will have reached Paris by now. John could be a winner.in perioada prezenta My mother will sit for hours watching TV. You might pay more attention to your work. mama obisnuia sa-mi citeasca povesti. 5. 9. 8. 2. You may leave earlier. 12/15/04 l Presupunere: se traduce in limba româna cu o fi. I must go soon. 3. You shouldn’t go to bed so late. Mama spune copilului: Nu vei mai primi nici un ban de buzunar daca nu vei lua examenul. please? l A voi (cu sens extins la obiecte): This child will/would not do what I say. ideea de actiune repetata in trecut se poate exprima cu „used to". I cannot translate ten pages a day. This child may have another cake. 7. 18. He may be at home. 4. Aceasta fata seamana foarte bine cu Jane. Can Jane type very quickly? Can you speak Chinese? Everybody may borrow books from this library. 19. Mama spune copilului: Vei avea o bicicleta daca vei lua examenul. 12. You may not smoke in this room. Nota: In afara de „would". 16. She will be her sister. Un alt verb semi-modal este dare (a indrazni) care se conjuga la afirmativ ca un verb obisnuit. You might change your mind about that. 15. 17. Page 6 of 10 Shall we meet at one o’clock? Sa ne intâlnim la ora 1? Folosit cu persoanele II si III. 1. folosind inlocuitorii verbelor modale respective. Must you be so rude? She can read and write at the age of five. 10. l Actiune repetata: . He needn’t buy milk. Would l Formula de politete. ¡ in trecut When I was a child. Will. You can’t be pleased with this piece of news.

He must speak English well. 8. please? He always made mistakes because he …never take any advice. 10. 4. I don’t believe that he has passed the exam. You can’t be right. it will soon start raining. The sky is clear. 2. It may/might snow in the mountains. I think she was angry with you. You can’t have been right. 5. 3. 7. 3. You …not go to bed so late at night. I …wear my hair long. It is possible that I come home early. 8. 2. He …reach the Moon and walk there.html 23 of 42 12/15/04 . I …read one book a day. 10. 9. 1. but I doubt it. He is probably older than he looks. 4. I … return the books before the 1 st of September. Completati spatiile goale cu should sau would: 1. He …read for hours on end. 6. You probably knew the lesson very well to get a 10. 3. 6. I have bought his latest book. 8. Perhaps it snowed in the mountains It may/might have snowed in the mountains. 9. I …hurry up in order not to miss the train. 6. You … worry about money. Completati spatiile goale cu mustn’t sau needn’t : 1. When I was a teenager. 5. People … speak during the concert. You have probably forgotten his address. 7. 5. One …buy a ticket for a slow train in advance. 7. I don’t believe you were right. 10. The visitors … feed the animals in the Zoo. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind can’t + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul http://quintet. He probably came home very early. 9.actrus. I don’t believe she has learnt English in two months. You …not eat so many sweets if you don’t want to get fat. 1. Don’t wait. 9. 7. they are addictive. It is possible that he was right but I don’t think so. You … take sleeping pills too often. I don’t believe she has got so fat. 4. Man …travel through space now. 1.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. for once? 6. perhaps it will rain. 10. 8. You …not expect everybody to obey you. 4. I’ll give you as much as you want. When we … fly there as easily as we fly to other countries of the world. You must have forgotten to lock the door.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE 1.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. You …make a noise or the baby will wake up. …you tell me the truth. One … travel by bus without paying the fare. She is probably a very good doctor. 3. Perhaps she has returned the book to you and you have lent it to someone else. You…water the flowers. Completati spatiile goale cu shall sau will: 1. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind may + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul trecut: Model: Perhaps it snows in the mountains. 7. holidays will be very different. Completati spatiile goale cu can sau can’t: Page 7 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE trecut: Model: I don’t believe you are right. 9. 3. 8. 1. 5. 2. I don’t believe she has married that awful man. He … even drive on its surface. Page 8 of 10 1. You probably forgot to lock the door. 4. He was probably late. 2. 5. I don’t think he is at the office so late at night. 1. It probably took a long time to finish this translation. … you help me solve this problem? When I was young. I don’t think this is a true story. I don’t think you will miss the train if you hurry. This is probably the best Romanian film of the year. 9. 3. Perhaps she was out when you rang her up. 10. A good knowledge of English is likely to help you a lot in your career. …you be so kind and pass me the salt. 1. You probably left your umbrella in the shop. It is possible for her to be very late. I don’t believe it was his fault. But one still …breathe without extra oxygen and one certainly …stay there very long. 5. Take your umbrella. 2. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind must + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul trecut: Model: He probably speaks English well. 2. You … take an umbrella. 6. He probably thinks I am wrong. I don’t think the weather will change. 2. perhaps it is a good one.actrus. I don’t believe it is his fault. 6. Perhaps he has done the exercise correctly. My child …play with the cat for hours on end. 4. 5.

24. Toata lumea sa fie prezenta la sedinta. 26. 5. 10. 8. which would have saved me a lot of work. Sunt sigur ca voi putea gasi timp sa te ajut. This …be John’s house.actrus. 5. Va trebui sa ma ajuti mai mult astazi. Trebuie sa-mi schimb pantofii când intru in casa pentru ca sunt plini de noroi. you …re-type it. Toti studentii pot si trebuie sa scrie aceasta lucrare. 1. 10. he will never read them all. you…get a nice present. I …(be) in the garden. 3. Incercati sa gasiti un sens urmatorului dialog: "Do you think he will?" "I think he might. 29. You…(lend) him your text – book. 10. We …(wait) too long.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE 3. You …(buy) so much bread. Am cerut sa vorbesc cu directorul. va rog. I …(get up) so early today. I promise you not …be disturbed. Stiam sa cânt la pian când eram copil. 7. Probabil ca eram inca la facultate. 9. I locked the door and took the key with me. 10. Va trebui sa plec curând. 4. 11. You …(wait) for me." "His family consider he should. 25. folosind verbe modale sau inlocuitori ai acestora: 1. 21. I …(answer) the questions. He …(swim) across the Danube. 19. It’ll get stale. I am sorry you wasted your time. I haven’t got my bag with me. the road is dry. 5. 9. 28. She is away. … you correct my exercise. please? This letter is full of mistakes. Unde mergem acum? Mâine va trebui sa pun scrisoarea la posta. 13. am baut deja doua astazi. If you win the contest. but he himself believes he needn’t. te-ar putea ajuta un hamal. The student …(write) such a long composition. but I forgot it was Sunday. he was back soon. 8. John …(do) such a thing. 9. 23. Nu se poate sa fi gasit usa deschisa. 3. which was very convenient. Go to sleep. I …(leave) it on the bus. I …(see) him for that. sa astepti câteva minute? Nu aveti voie sa vorbiti in timpul examenului. http://quintet. Page 10 of 10 10. 8. 12. You …(lend) him so many books. Completati spatiile goale cu must. The child … (leave) home. 9.Completati spatiile goale cu didn’t need to sau needn’t have + forma III a verbului: I …(answer) the questions." "Yes. I …(buy) a new map of London as I already had one. You …do this whether you like it or not. Traduceti in limba engleza. He …(be) at home. She …write an article for this magazine every week. Page 9 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE 7.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. 18. It …(rain) here. 12. 27. E nevoie sa urcam la cabana pe jos? Nu. o incuiasem chiar eu. dar el nu a vrut sa vina la telefon." 1. Nu stiu sa crosetez. 2. Vreti. Ar fi trebuit sa citesc bibliografia pentru acest seminar. 4. 5. 6. Ar trebui ca toti copiii sa faca treburi in casa. You …(see) Anna yesterday. I wrote him a letter. 17. 2. Nu se poate sa fi fost acasa aseara. It …(take) you a long time to knit this dress. Ai putea sa-mi telefonezi mai des când stii ca sunt bolnav. 11. De ce ai vorbit atât de tare? Iti promit ca vei avea cartea mâine. This door … not unlock.actrus. 6. Nu era nevoie sa-mi faci cafea. Nu a fost nevoie sa spun „multumesc" când am aflat ora exacta formând 958 intrucât stiam ca informatia e inregistrata pe banda.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Ti-am telefonat si nu a raspuns nimeni. 8. 2. 15.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. he is a nice boy. 22. because the teacher won’t have time to read it all. 3. 20. 4. The light was on in his room. 4. can’t sau needn’t + infinitivul trecut: 1. I didn’t hear the phone. he is a very poor swimmer. He has one of his own. 14. 7. Profesorul mi-a spus ca pot sa lipsesc de la ora urmatoare. 6. Ar fi trebuit sa insisti. 7. 6.html 24 of 42 12/15/04 . Nu se poate ca profesorul sa fi fost multumit de acest raspuns. 16. putem lua autobuzul sau telefericul. Nu a fost nevoie sa-I telefonez lui Jane ca sa vorbesc cu ea pentru ca urma sa vina la mine peste o jumatate de ora. 30. Nu e nevoie sa-ti cari singura bagajul in gara.

a. Ex. to demand. to insist. You speak English as if you were an Englishman. Vorbesti engleza ca si cum ai fi trait in Anglia. Shakespeare: „If this be error"… If this is error Byron: „Though the hart be still as loving" …the heart is c.actrus. It is high time you began to study seriously. Toata lumea sa paraseasca sala. apare ca were la toate persoanele.. I would sooner/rather (as prefera sa…) 12/15/04 http://quintet. Mi-as dori sa fiu in Anglia acum. Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Tense sau Past Perfect: LECTIA VII MODUL SUBJONCTIV Apare dupa urmatoarele expresii: In engleza contemporana.actrus. b) If only – are aproximativ acelasi sens cu I wish Ex. would + infinitiv. may. bine ar fi sa) l Daca dorinta se refera la momentul prezent. It is desirable that we finish the translation first. Long live the king! Traiasca regele. Vorbesti engleza de parca ai fi englez. Dupa constructii de tipul: it is impossible that. might. I recommended that his proposal be accepted.) Ex.html 25 of 42 . it is necessary that. It is time the child went to bed. l Daca dorinta se refera la un moment viitor. Este imposibil ca el sa faca aceasta. Ex. Este de dorit ca noi sa terminam intâi traducerea. it is desirable that.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. o dorinta sau un blestem. E timpul sa mearga copilul la culcare. to recommend. a. se foloseste subjonctivul cu forma de Past Perfect. Poate fi intâlnit in poezia clasica. Ex. Apare in propozitii exclamative. De asemenea. Ex. El apare cu forme de infinitiv.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. de parca) even if/even though (chiar daca) Ex. in engleza contemporana.) It is high time. ar fi inlocuit cu prezentul. exprimând o lozinca. Page 1 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. God forgive you! Fie ca Domnul sa te ierte! Curse this fog! Blestemata fie aceasta ceata! b. exista echivalenti de subjonctiv care constau in verbele should. Cineva sa-mi aduca un pahar cu apa. to order Ex.. ca echivalent de subjonctiv. Somebody bring me a glass of water. Come what may. to suggest. 1. Fie ce-o fi. it is likely that. Era de mult timpul sa incepi sa studiezi serios. d)It is time. d. I wish I had been born in England. I wish I were in England now. You speak English as if you had lived in England. If only I lived to be a hundred! Bine ar fi sa traiesc pâna la o suta de ani! c) As if/though (ca si cum. Am recomandat ca propunerea lui sa fie acceptata.. Subjonctiv cu forma de infinitiv a. in situatii in care. It is necessary that you be present. subjonctivul nu are formele lui proprii. Mi-as dori sa ma fi nascut in Anglia. Mi-as dori sa inceteze ploaia. Ex. Ex. se foloseste subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense. e) Dupa verbe ca: to propose. Page 2 of 8 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri The doctor insisted that I keep indoors. It is impossible that he do this. I wish (mi-as dori. Ex. Poate fi folosit ca o modalitate de a da ordine. (Era de mult timpul. I wish it would stop raining. Nota: Verbul to be la subjonctivul du forma de Past Tense. o urare. (E timpul. Doctorul a insistat ca eu sa stau acasa. E necesar ca tu sa fii prezent. 1. l Daca dorinta se refera la un moment anterior.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. se foloseste would. de Past Tense si de Past Perfect. to urge.. Everybody leave the hall.

you have no right to do this. to urge. Hurry up lest you miss the train. daca verbul din propozitia principala este la timpul prezent. fie in vorbirea direca. Whoever you may/might be. la fel ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv (vezi 1-e). l Dupa so that. should poate aparea dupa verbe ca: to propose. fie in vorbirea indirecta. I recommend that his proposal should be accepted. to demand. se poate folosi fie subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense. Page 3 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. Dupa conjunctia lest (ca nu cumva sa) Ex. It is necessary that you should be present. verbele respective aduc in propozitie si sensul lor initial. Este posibil ca el sa ajunga aici la timp. Ex. in secundara se foloseste may. In cazul in care persoana care isi exprima preferinta este aceeasi cu cea care face actiunea. in aceasta situatie should este urmat de infinitivul trecut. The doctor insisted that I should stay indoors. Nota: Dupa cum se poate observa. no matter when. may poate aparea in lozinci si urari: Ex. Oricine ai fi. fie cel cu forma de infinitiv. whichever. I hope that he may pass the exam. Este vorba de cazul când propozitia secundara exprima o actiune anterioara celei din principala. in secundara se foloseste might. How should I know where he is now? http://quintet. Mi-e teama ca nu cumva sa piarda examenul. l Dupa to hope. should – ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv (1-d) se poate folosi dupa constructii de tipul: It is impossible that. Era posibil ca el sa fi ajuns aici la timp. why. however. where.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Study hard so that/in order that you may pass the exam. Nu vad de ce sa fii atât de nepoliticos cu el. persoana care isi exprima preferinta este diferita de cea care face actiunea. I was afraid that he might fail the exam. might Ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv.actrus.actrus.. Nota: In engleza contemporana exista tendinta de a se omite should dupa lest si de a se folosi subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. in order that De asemenea.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. l Ex.. Ex. a. Ex.. Exisa situatii când se pot folosi si alte verbe modale decât cele expuse in acest capitol ca echivalenti de subjonctiv.ci este necesara introducerea lui should. It is impossible that he should have done this. It is possible that he may be here in time. Sper ca el sa treaca examenul. I studied hard so that/in order that I might pass the exam. I am afraid lest he should fail the exam. Page 4 of 8 Ex. whenever. Este imposibil ca el sa fi facut aceasta. Wherever I may/might be. it is necessary that. l Ex. It is desirable that we should finish the translation first. I would sooner you stayed at home tonight. Echivalenti de subjonctiv a. Dupa cum se observa. It is impossible that he should do this. whatever sau dupa formulele echivalente no matter who. fie ca se foloseste in limba engleza subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. Invata serios ca sa treci examenul. to suggest. to recommend. fie ca se foloseste should ca echivalent de subjonctiv. l Dupa whoever. it was possible Ex. wherever. Ex. iar daca verbul din propozitia principala este la timpul trecut.html 26 of 42 12/15/04 . iti voi telefona. to be afraid Ex. 1. iar in aceste cazuri. you have no right to do this. to insist. Dupa cum reiese din exemplele de mai sus. Mi-era teama sa nu cada la examen.. Intrebari introduse prin how. l De unde sa stiu unde este el acum? I don’t see why you should be so rude to him.when. As prefera sa stai acasa in seara asta. I will ring you up. Exista o situatie in care nu se poate folosi subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. Ex. Am invatat serios ca sa trec examenul. echivalentii de subjonctiv sunt la origine verbe modale. nu ai dreptul sa faci asta. l Dupa it is possible. No matter who you may/might be. In exemplul de mai sus. I would sooner stay at home tonight. Oriunde as fi. Ex.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. etc. It was possible that he might be here in time. Acest tip de constructii se traduc la fel (vezi 1-d). may. May success attend you! Fie ca succesul sa fie cu tine! May you live long and be happy! Fie sa traiesti mult si sa fii fericit. I would sooner I stayed at home tonight. Grabeste-te ca nu cumva sa pierzi trenul. Hurry up lest you should miss the train.

I am sorry you live so far away.. It is high time you (start) studying for your exam. 10. I am sorry I was late for the party. 9. am putea merge la plaja! Ti-ai dori sa fi fost invitata la petrecerea lui John? Ce pacat ca nu mai sunt tânar! As prefera sa te scoli mai devreme. 1. 9. 9. Transformati urmatoarele propozitii. I would rather he (tell) me the truth. 2. 5. I’d rather I (stay) at home and (watch) TV. He would rather his daughter (not get married) so young. I regret you didn’t win the competition. I would marry you even if you (be) a pauper. I was sorry you had got a fine. 12. 10.actrus. 8. Transformati urmatoarele propozitii. As prefera sa mergi la teatru. I wish he would take my advice. 3. 3. 2. Transformati urmatoarele propozitii.. As prefera sa merg la teatru. 5. 8. 1. 5. Mi-as dori sa pot vorbi engleza/sa fiu in stare sa vorbesc engleza. I wish I might borrow your car. 11. He wishes he (have) a good English teacher in the next academic year. It’s high time he (take) a job and (stop) living on his parents. 6. If only my telephone (work)! I wish I (not catch) a cold on the trip yesterday. I regret I won’t spend my holiday in England. 6. 14. I am sorry you had an accident. Mi-as dori sa incetezi sa te mai vaicaresti pentru ca am si eu necazurile mele. I was sorry you were out when I called. 2. I am sorry I will get fat when giving up smoking. 7. 1. 8. 16. Mi-as dori sa incetezi cu zgomotul acela chiar in acest moment. Bine ar fi sa fii mai ordonata! Ce pacat ca ploua! Daca n-ar ploua. I am sorry they will not sign the contract. I regret I have no children. 7. I regret I won’t have a phone in my new flat. Page 6 of 8 Ex. 3. I am sorry he will not take my advice. 5. Puneti verbele din paranteze la forma corecta de subjonctiv: 1. 8. 1. 9. 20. 2. 2. I regret you won’t come on holiday with me.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. I am sorry my friend is ill. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense sau Past Perfect: 1. I wish I could speak English. I wish the weather were fine. I regret he will stay in hospital so long. 8. 17. You behave as if you (own) the place. 9. 15. I am sorry you were delayed at the office. 6. 6. 10. I am sorry he will be away for such a long time. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + would + infinitiv scurt: Model: http://quintet. 6. Bine ar fi sa nu fi facut atâtea greseli la lucrarea de control. I am sorry you won’t take a driving licence. It’s time we (go) home. I am sorry I had no money to buy that painting. 11. 5. 7. I would rather you (not waste) your time! I am cold. 10. If only I (be) in Italy now! I wish I (enter) the faculty last year. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + Past Perfect (afirmativ sau negativ): Model: I am sorry I lost my umbrella. 7. 13. 4.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. Mi-as dori sa pot/sa am permisiunea de a imprumuta masina ta.. Page 5 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. I wish I hadn’t lost my umbrella.actrus. I am sorry books are so expensive. 18. I am sorry I didn’t win the Great Prize. 4. I regretted the weather was bad when I was on holiday. 5. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + Past Tense (afirmativ sau negativ): Model: I am sorry/I regret the weather isn’t fine. 7. 4. 10. 3. I would rather you (close) that window. As prefera sa ma scol mai devreme.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. I am sorry I can’t play the piano.. I am sorry I don’t live in Bucharest. If only I (not forget) his phone number! He wishes his book (become) a best-seller! If only I (become) a millionaire. 4. Exercitii cu modul subjonctiv 1. It’s time I (get) a promotion! 1. I regret I won’t be able to read Goethe in the original. 4. I am sorry it rains so often. 3. I regret I have only one child. 12/15/04 1. I regret I can’t go to the concert. I am sorry he won’t accept my proposal.html 27 of 42 . 19.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. I regret I am not a student. Don’t treat me as if I (be) a child. I regretted you couldn’t come to me yesterday.

2. 5. nu poti câstiga un astfel de concurs. I closed the window lest (get) too cold. I’ve told you everything so that you (understand) my position. It is desirable that they (divorce) immediately. Vorbeste mai tare ca sa te aud (asfel incât sa te pot auzi).html 28 of 42 . El a intrat in casa fara zgomot.actrus. you should remember your own phone number. All success (attend) you! I wish I (be) there when it happened. 19. Este important ca tu sa stii engleza bine. 12/15/04 http://quintet. 10. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de subjonctiv should + infinitivul prezent: 1. Vrei sa spui ca este probabil sa ne petrecem concediul in Bucuresti? Este necesar sa fiu prezent la aceasta sedinta? 1. Directorul a cerut ca toata lumea sa fie prezenta la ora 8. 17. Este imposibil ca el sa se fi intors atât de devreme. 9. Prietenul meu a insistat sa merg cu el la concert. Este probabil ca fiul meu sa fi luat examenul. 17. It is impossible that my sister (tell) this to you yesterday. He throws money away as if he (be) a rich man.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. The road is wet. 2. Ea arata de parca ar fi manechin. drive carefully lest you (have) an accident. Este posibil ca ea sa fie plecata din oras. 19. 7. Inlocuiti infinitivele din paranteze cu unul dintre tipurile de subjonctiv sau cu un echivalent de subjonctiv: 1. 6. 18. I’d rather you (retire) as soon as possible. 7. 6. 2. If only I (have) a brother or a sister! 7. 4. 9.. astfel incât sa nu-l aud eu. 8. 16. 3. I propose that we (leave) by the 9 o’clock train. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de subjonctiv may sau might + infinitivul prezent: 1. It is strange that she (leave) the lights on when she left the town. E ora 10! Nu crezi ca era demult timpul sa te scoli si sa te apuci de lucru? 15. Am facut un imprumut ca sa (astfel incât sa) pot sa-mi cumpar casa. nu te pot crede. I have to work hard so that my company (prosper). 9. Jane si-ar dori sa-mi petrec sfârsitul de saptamâna cu ea. Oricare ar fi motivul. Era demult timpul sa incepi sa citesti cartile cerute pentru examenul de literatura româna. Era ciudat ca el sa nu fi citit aceasta carte. Insist ca tu sa accepti aceasta slujba. Este imposibil ca el sa se intoarca atât de devreme. 4. la tara. Mama a hotarât ca noi sa stam acasa. She speaks about her son as if he (be) a genius. 8. 7. 5. eu voi fi acasa si te voi astepta. I closed the window so that it (not get) too cold. Directorul a propus ca eu sa lucrez in alt sector. nu ar trebui sa ma minti. 13. 8. 12.. Ea se poarta cu el de parca ar fi sotul ei. nu ar fi trebuit sa crezi.actrus. Oricât te-ai stradui. Este necesar sa fii informat despre ce se intâmpla in tara. Am sugerat sa-l alegem presedinte. Este enervant ca tu sa fi uitat sa-mi aduci cartea inapoi. 8. 6. 3. 13. 3.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. Este foarte important ca acest contract sa fie semnat foarte curând. I have such a boring job. 11. 10. E timpul sa-mi inapoiezi banii pe care ti I-am imprumutat. 7. 4. 14. 10. 5. Oricând te vei intoarce.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. El a sugerat ca noi sa cumparam aceasta casa. 4.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 3. 20. El mi-a vorbit ca si cum nu se intâmplase nimic intre noi. I wish my car (not break down) last week. 6. Orice mi-ai spune. 16. 2. Da-te la o parte ca sa vad (astfel incât sa pot vedea) ecranul. 15. I suggested that we (take) a taxi. dar eu prefer sa mergi la bunicul. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de sobjonctiv should + infinitivul prezent sau trecut: 1.. 8. 14. I wish I (find) another. 18. Stiu ca tu ti-ai dori sa-ti petreci vacanta intr-o tabara. 5. 6. Profesorul sugereaza ca noi sa citim aceasta carte. The doctor recommended that the patient (have) an operation. Oricine ti-ar fi spus asta despre mine. No matter how/however absent – minded you (be). Page 7 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. Vorbesti ca si cum ai fi suparata pe mine. Page 8 of 8 12..

actrus. to hear.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. He admitted the news to be false. He is considered to be a good student.) b. Diateza activa ¡ ¡ nedefinit: calling perfect: having called a. Participiul prezent si gerunziul pot avea timpuri si diateza. Acuzativ cu infinitiv Consta dintr-un verb urmat de un pronume sau substantiv in acuzativ + un verb la infinitiv. I consider him to be a good student. I want you to go now.) I let him go out and play.) d. Adverbe exprimând dorinta sau vointa: to want. to allow.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8.. Ex. modurile nepersonale sunt urmatoarele: infinitivul. to suppose. to count upon/on . (Vreau ca John sa faca aceasta.) He ordered the door to be locked. verbe exprimând perceptia senzoriala: to see.) I expected him to come in time.actrus. I rely on you to do this. a. in cazul verbelor neregulate. Ex. to feel. to expect. to like. to watch. I’d like him to come with me. to suppose.) e.) 1. I made him study English. He considered the news to be false. I consider him to be a good student. to make. (Vreau ca tu sa pleci acum. to believe. forma -ing (gerunziul si participiul prezent) si participiul trecut.) f.. Diateza activa ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ infinitiv prezent simplu: to call infinitiv prezent continuu: to be calling infinitiv perfect simplu: to have called infinitiv perfect continuu: to have been calling Diateza pasiva ¡ ¡ infinitiv prezent simplu: to be called infinitiv perfect: to have been called Forma -ing.) c.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . I saw him leave the room. o permisiune sau o cauzalitate: to make. (L-am vazut ca paraseste camera/parasind camera. to know. I made him study English. He is said to be a good writer. to expect. to believe. Verbele to make si to let sunt urmate de infinitivul scurt (fara to). (L-am lasat sa iasa afara sa joace fotbal. to wish.) They declared him to be the man of the year. diateza si timpuri. folosit cu verbe la diateza pasiva: to see. Atât participiul prezent cât si gerunziul se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei -ing la infinitivul verbelor (to call – calling). Ex.. Ex.) I want John to do this. Page 1 of 6 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . to hear. to understand. Ex. (Se spune ca el este un bun scriitor.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. to say. He was made to study English. verbe exprimând un ordin. Nominativ cu infinitiv Consta dintr-un subiect in nominativ + un verb la diateza pasiva sau activa + un verb la infinitiv. to cause.) Exista câteva tipuri de verbe care accepta acest tip de constructii: http://quintet. Ex.. (M-am asteptat ca el sa vina la timp. verbe exprimând perceptia mentala: to think. to dislike. to consider.) Sunt situatii in care Nominativul cu Infinitivut exprima o formulare pasiva a Acuzativului cu Infinitiv: Ex. Page 2 of 6 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA VIII MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI CONSTRUCTIILE VERBALE In limba engleza. verbe declarative: to state. Diateza pasiva ¡ ¡ nedefinit: being called perfect: having been called Participiul trecut se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei -ed la verbele regulate. (L-am facut sa invete engleza. (Consider ca el este un bun student. Ex. to declare. (As vrea ca el sa vina cu mine. Aceste verbe sunt urmate de infinitivul scurt (fara to). el reprezinta forma a III-a: ¡ ¡ to call – called – called to go – went – gone Constructii cu infinitivul 1. to hate. to consider. Ex. (Ma bazez pe tine sa faci aceasta. to know. to order. (El a ordonat sa se incuie usa.html 29 of 42 12/15/04 . Infinitivul poate avea aspect. cu anumite verbe urmate de prepozitii obligatorii: to rely upon/on. to admit. (Ei l-au declarat a fi omul anului. (El a recunoscut ca stirile erau false.

He proved to be a good journalist. Ex. to seem. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind constructia Acuzativ cu Infinitiv sau Acuzativ cu Participiu: 1. Acuzativ cu participiu Se foloseste cu verbe exprimând perceptie senzorial: to see. de obicei. Ex. vom merge la plaja. Este de asemenea sa apara situatii in care actiunea exprimata de participiul trecut este facuta de altcineva in detrimentul persoanei exprimate de subiect. Exercitii cu constructiile verbale 1.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8.) In cazul verbelor de perceptie. For – phrase Consta din propozitia for + un substantiv sau pronume in acuzativ + un verb la infinitiv. (Voi merge sa ma coafez. to watch. aceasta constructie este asemanatoare cu Acuzativul cu Infinitiv.html 30 of 42 . Ex. (E usor sa fac asta. Nominativ cu Participiu Este pasivul constructiei Acuzativ cu Participiu: Ex: He was seen leaving. to smell. It is impossible that I (should) come. Ex.) Nota: Din nou avem in limba engleza o expresie personala care se traduce in româneste cu o expresie impersonala. to turn out. (S-a intâmplat sa-l intâlnesc pe strada. Ex: The classes being over. 2. (Aceasta ramâne sa o decida el. cu verbele: to happen.) 3. I had my bedroom window broken.) I happened to meet him in the street. (Este necesar ca eu sa merg acolo. in timp ce acuzativul cu participiu arata actiunea in desfasurare.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Cineva mi-a spart geamul din dormitor. (El a fost vazut plecând.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. I-au fost ucisi doi fii in razboi. to appear ¡ la diateza activa: Ex. In timp ce I saw her leaving se poate traduce numai Am vazut-o plecând. a.) It is necessary for me to go there. to leave. Constructii cu participiul prezent 1. ii voi spune unde esti. 12/15/04 http://quintet.) This remains for him to decide.) She was heard singing. (Daca se va intâmpla sa-l intâlnesc. (Ea a fost auzita cântând.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . (Trebuie sa-mi dau pantofii la reparat. I will tell him where you are. (Am lasat-o / gasit-o plângând.actrus. to hear. Diferenta de sens intre cele doua constructii este urmatoarea: folosirea acuzativului cu infinitiv pune accentul pe actiunea propriu-zisa. (Este imposibil ca el sa vina.actrus.) I left / found her crying. They declared him to be the man of the year. She had two sons killed in the war. b.) Weather permitting. am mers acasa. He was declared to be the man of the year. It is necessary that I (should) go there. She is sure to come in time. Daca vrem sa traducem expresia personala: „Ea e sigura ca va veni la timp" o redam in modul urmator: „She is sure the she will come in time". Ex: I must have/get mz shoes repaired. we went home. to prove. (El s-a dovedit a fi un bun jurnalist.) I will have my hair done.) Aceasta constructie arata ca actiunea este facuta de catre altcineva spre avantajul sau la ordinul persoanei reprezentate de subiect. (E sigur ca ea va veni la timp. (Daca vremea va permite. 1. It is easy for me to do this.) It is impossible for him to come. (Orele fiind terminate. Astfel: I saw her leave s-ar putea traduce Am vazut-o ca pleaca sau Am vazut-o plecând. tradusa cu o expresie personala in limba engleza. Nominativul absolut Este o constructie participiala care are un subiect al ei propriu.. cu expresiile: to be sure / likely / unlikely / certain Ex. precum si cu verbele to find.. M-am asteptat sa vii mai devreme.) Nota: Ultimele doua propozitii se se pot reda in limba engleza si cu ajutorul subjonctivului.) Nota: Trebuie remarcat faptul ca expresia impersonala din limba româna se intâmpla sa este.) Constructie cu participiul trecut Este formata din verbul to have sau to get + un complement + participiul trecut. (Am auzit-o cântând. I saw him leaving (L-am vazut plecând...) I heard her singing. Page 4 of 6 The news was considered to be false.) If I happen to meet him. Page 3 of 6 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . we shall go to the beach.

ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. It is important that you should come to the office. 4. 8. Reformulati urmatoarele fraze cu modul subjonctiv folosind constructia Nominativ cu Infinitiv. l. We should have a heart to heart talk. 5. This problem is too difficult.actrus. The letter being written. She heard the hunters shooting. I didn’t want her to miss the train. 6. You should read it. we were seared about having floods. The time has come. Reformulati urmatoarele fraze cu modul subjonctiv folosind constructia „forphrase": Model: It is important that I should know the truth. Page 6 of 6 2. 5. 8. we hurried to the beach. 10.. at once. 15. John a recunoscut ca vina era a lui. It is expected that he will arrive at 2 o’clock. I ordered a taxi. The mud having ruined my shoes. It is important to know the truth. 2. 2. 3. I had to change them. 11. Everybody being at home. This is a good book. I can’t solve it. 3. 12. 10. Mama ar vrea ca eu sa devin doctor. I can’t believe she said that. It was proved that she was a liar. 6. Treceti la pasiv urmatoarele constructii Acuzativ cu Participiu. 5. I went home relaxed. 1. 5. 10. I don’t want you to catch a cold. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind constructia „for-phrase": Model: This translation is easy. 2. Weather permitting. 6. Am auzit-o certându-si copilul. I went to post it. I saw her lying on the beach.html 31 of 42 12/15/04 . transformându-le in Nominativ cu Participiu: Model: I heard the dog barking. 3.. 5. I saw her fainting. I went shopping. 1. It is advisable that you should resign. 4. 7.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . 2. 10. The people were impatient. I thought she was unable to win the contest. 8. It is impossible that he should have said that. 4. It is necessary that he be present. I saw the plane landing. She was thought to be a gifted child. Traduceti in limba româna urmatoarele propozitii cu constructia Nominativul absolut: 1. 6. 9. 4. Folositi drept subiect pronumele subliniate: Model: Her parents thought she was a gifted child. 2. 4. Ma bazez pe tine sa-mi imprumuti niste bani. L-am vazut vorbind cu prietena lui. 4. The rain having stopped. 3. 8. The concert being over. Page 5 of 6 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . She heard the baby crying. 9.. 7. People believed he was a brilliant surgeon. This is the main thing. 3. This is a strange thing. Stiam ca el e un om foarte ocupat. The dog was heard barking. I found her digging in the garden. I heard the child breaking the vase. They heard him repeat it several times. The match was about to begin. 8. I saw the peasants working in the field. 9. El m-a facut sa pierd trenul. 7. 9.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. This fact is important. I could hear her typing. 1. 5. 7.actrus. I found the boy breaking the window. It is possible that I might buy a car. The plane having taken off. Everybody. 7. 5. It is possible that the plane might be delayed. we shall climb to the top of the mountain. 10. 4. 7. 6. Expected that he would resign. It is necessary that you should study the matter seriously. 9. Ea m-a facut sa inteleg ce se intâmplase. You should bear it in mind. 10. 13. 9. It is recommendable that you should read this book. They said she was ill. The river having risen in the night. We should do it now. This translation is easy for me to make. Presupuneam ca el stie sa conduca masina. It is sure they have had an argument. It’s time you started learning foreign languages. 14.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. It seemed that she was satisfied with me. Inteleg ca ea e o profesoara foarte buna. Am vazut câtiva copii jucându-se in parc. The sun having risen. 3. 6. http://quintet. I-am privit jucând fotbal. El voia ca eu sa-l ajut. we sat down to dinner. The decision being taken in my favour. 3. I cam make it. 8. It happened that she made three spelling mistakes in her letter. 6. 2. Cred ca el e un sot bun. You should take it. the audience left the hali. I stopped smoking. It’s time we met again. I have closed the window. This is a valuable piece of advice..

How often do you write to your parents? 18. 5. Did he change? 5. 8. 2. On Sundays. 18. I have been asking. My friend isn’t wearing. My mother isn’t resting.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. Did you sleep well last night? 3. 2. Do I love? 2. 9. 5. He doesn’t remember. Last week I was ill and 1 didn’t go to school. She is packing her luggage. it often rains. 14. he is having. 19. I have already seen. 5. I like to swim a lot. Page 2 of 4 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri 1. have you been wearing? 6. I5. I am not having. are you waiting? I am waiting. 17. I have been watering. speaks. I had breakfast and then I left for school.. 14. 15. The secretary is just typing a report. Are you typing? 5. Have you visited? 12.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. 2. Did I hate? 4. 16. 3. drinks. When did you return from the mountains? 11. 2. Does he have? 9.. Two days ago I fell and I broke my leg. he wasn’t wearing. What were you doing last Tuesday. 10. 10. I didn’t go to the swimming pool. he was-learning. He hasn’t come. Are you writing. 20. Am I having? 3. I always made. I don’t love. They didn’t drink. Do you know? Exercitiul 4: l. 9. I have bought. Do I understand? 4. 8. Have you lived? I have lived. have you been. Does she talk? 3. 6. I have lent. Do you like? 8. 10. my friends played chess. Are they swimming? 6. Are we studying? 9. the sun didn’t set at 8 o’clock. I got up late yesterday morning. They hid the cards away and took out their school books. I don’t have. Does he remember? 7. 5. are you hurrying? I don’t want. 7. I do not study in the evening. They don’t live. he walks. Have you ever driven? 16. It isn’t raining. someone rang up. I didn’t hate. 9. That sounded. 10. 1 don’t like. While it was raining. he realized. Who won the match the day before yesterday? 20. I didn’t sell. were you doing? 7. 6. At what time does John get up in the morning? 11. Where did you spend your holiday last summer? 15. The customer is just choosing a pair of shoes. I slept. I don’t always believe. 13. 20. Did he come? 8. Have you watered? 3. He has always relied. the teacher was writing. 1t hasn’t rained. The radio has been playing. 9. Exercitiul 4: 1. We aren’t studying. I don’t like coffee. 8. Exercitii cu Present Perfect Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: l. Do they live? 8. You aren’t typing. 3. I arrived. He has been fishing. she was having. We have known. Is the child learning? Exercitiul 3: l. The child isn’t learning. I don’t trust. Did I enjoy? 9. Do you play? 5.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 4. Have you read? 18. Whom are you ringing up? 13. 9. 11. I have’ been shopping. 4. Exercitiul 2: CHEIA EXERCITIILOR LECTIA I TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV Exercitii cu Present Simple si Continuous Exercitiul l: 1. 11 . 8. 5. Page 1 of 4 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR.actrus. I was writing. Did he translate? 10. The boys were playing cards when they heard their father entering the house. 16. What are you doing? Are you reading or watching TV? 5. He isn’t telling. Did they drink? 3. I have just had. 2.actrus. What are you speaking about? Exercitii cu Past Tense Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: 1. You drank. 2. It snows in winter. always borrow/is always borrowing. Did he think? 2. 18. 2. 19. have you cooked? 7. I don’t understand. Exercitiul 2: l. I didn’t enjoy. Do you usually get. I met. Is he telling? 4. 6. What book are you reading? 10. Yesterday. at 7 o’clock in the morning? I was preparing to go to the faculty. I am not going. I entered. 14. it is raining. 10. I played. Ann isn’t knitting. A strong wind was blowing when I left the house. Do you dream? I dream 9. 1 am cooking. He doesn’t have. Do I trust? 10. I owned. 8. She goes shopping on Saturdays. you came in. This time yesterday it was raining. Have you ever eaten? 13. 1 first met. He hasn’t gone. 20.. 13. go. He didn’t change. I always have. Last night. We didn’t work. remembers. am. 6. http://quintet.. When did you buy this TV set? 12. She doesn’t talk. are you thinking? I am thinking. He didn’t come. They aren’t swimming. Yesterday I lost my gloves. He doesn’t go to school by underground. Now I am doing my homework in English. write. 17. the engine – drivers have gone. Last Sunday. Is Ann knitting? 10. 6. You spoke. 7. He didn’t think. do you do? 3. Do I have? Exercitiul 2: l. I was talking. When I go to the seaside. Is it raining? 2. 4. What do you do on your free days? 12. Do you smoke? 17. He sat for his first exam last week. he was working. 17. she has been trying. don’t understand. 12. 7. Do I always believe? 6. am taking. Did I sell? 6. I haven’t been. 4. I have been cooking. You don’t play. Did we work? 7. Have you been? I have been. You asked. 3. He has just left. he has caught. He met. he doesn’t get up early. I was watching. 19. 4. 4. Have you paid? 19. 7. I haven’t written. Yesterday I got up early. I found this old photo. He didn’t forbid. Why are you opening the window? I5. Did he forbid? Exercitiul 3: 1. Is my friend wearing? 7.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR. He didn’t translate. 14. is drinking. he had. 9. 3. I often read English books. He has been sleeping. 7. Is my mother resting? 8. 6. 10.html 32 of 42 12/15/04 . 8. 1 liked. I was driving to Sinaia. 4. were you going. Do you go? 16. While I was looking for my passport. 5.

Since I bought a car. Look what I have bought at an auction! It’s a very beautiful object. 6. I didn’t succeed. 5. 2. On Friday. 2. The weather has got warmer lately. I found out. You will not/won’t find. he had caught. 4. I saw. As soon as he had finished writing the paper. The child has been playing. wilt be rising. I shall/will have read 8. The train will have left before we arrive at the station. 10. We have been walking since 3 o clock. 4. Exercitiul 3: 1. 7. He has written only two letters since he went abroad. 3. He hadn’t done anything before he asked for my advice. Where have you spent your holiday this year? 3. 8. we realized. Exercitii cu timpurile „Future" Exercitiul 1: 1. two years ago. How long have you been learning English? 5. I shall/will have finished. began. They travelled to many countries after they had got married. 6. I stayed at home and I haven’t regretted it for a moment! 16. 3. I rang him up. 9. they had finished. 8. she had already been. We have walked 10 km so far.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 3. 7. He will be. we asked. They have been working on this house for a year and they haven’t finished it yet. he had thought. 10. had listened. As soon as the guests had left.actrus. I have bought a typewriter and I shall learn to type. I didn’t phone you because I thought you had gone abroad. he told. she had been writing. I shall/will pass. You will be.. 8. he handed it to the teacher. 6. 9. he went. 10. Have you seen? she left. I shall/will know. 9. Have you seen today’s newspaper? 17. they had been waiting. 6. She will be watching. I had met. 5. it had been raining. Who did you vote for at the last elections? I didn’t go to vote. What will you be doing tomorrow morning at 11 o’clock? I shall/will be visiting the international fair. 5. Has John left? Yes. we left. Will you recognize? 4. I got. Have you ever tried? I tried. 18. he went. had been swimming. 2. 10. We must replace it. 7. 2. he had got married. 8. A child has broken the window. I returned. Exercitii cu Past Perfect Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: 1. 12.. We shall/will have taken. 9. had spread. By the end of the month I shall/will have seen this film 5 times. I had returned. 3. Because of the strike of the bus – drivers. 6. 10. will be crying. he had learned/he had been learning. 13. 6. 10. Page 4 of 4 Exercitiul 3: I. 3. I went to bed. 20. 8. It has been snowing for two hours. will have risen. 10.actrus. 4. she told. I have been doing. 6. I spent a month here. You will like. Exercitiut 2: 1. 5. The secretary told me the manager had been speaking on the phone for half an hour. I called. haven’t you seen? did you use? 2. he left an hour ago. 2. Exercitiul 4: 1. it had been raining. 4. I entered. He has been a Minister for two years. I have seldom walked to my office. 2. I have often thought of taking a driving licence.. 2. 3. 9. 15. 7. Wil1 you remember? 9. they will have been married. I have lost. He will be studying in the library on Monday from one to five o’clock. he had been. 2. 19. 7. 7. 5. What did you look at? It was an accident. 4. 8. 7. 5. Have you already had breakfast? Yes. many people will be going to work on foot tomorrow. 5. 14. 7. congratulated. I had it at 8 o’clock. 6. it had been raining. I got up. he had visited. will/shall will be climbing. It has been raining. Exercitiul 2: 1. I shall/will have been working. I shall/will be working. Have you been. She had just gone out. I shall/will have paid off. she had been studying. had been having. I shall/will have been cooking. 8. I have been wearing. had not told. 10. 3. 9. Exercitiul 3: 1. She has changed. I was. had been climbing. 5. had eaten. I shall/will be swimming. They told me they had been living in France since 1980. they had been. He will be studying. By 10 o’clock she will have finished cleaning the house. had left. 4. between twelve and one o’clock. Exercitiul 4: 1. I shall/will succeed. You will have seen. I realized I had left my bag at home. she had not passed. By this time next year. 7.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. I shall/will remember. Page 3 of 4 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR. 8.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR. 4. 9. 10. I shall/will have saved five million lei. we had lost. will have spent.. they will be having their last English class.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. it will probably be raining.html 33 of 42 12/15/04 . 3. had been speaking. When I arrived at the bus stop. I was sorry I had hurt him. 3. I shall/will be having. she had been cleaning and dusting. Where will you put it? http://quintet. had been cooking. 6. Have you been to this town before? Yes. He has been. I have been translating a text for two hours and I haven’t finished it yet. 7. Who has taught you to speak English so well? 2. 8. 11. 10. 9. 9. 4. Will you be needing? 5. Exercitiul 4: 1. 4. He thanked me for what I had done for him. 6. we had been walking.

4. 9. there are. he wanted. I had read.. 19. they would remain. 5. prices would go up. is. 3. I have. he would win. 6. we will drink. 15. 11. I have suffered. he had left. melts. I have received. 13. 16. we had been digging. 8. I was. he had not expected. I had lost. 14. The thief did not realize that the police had been following him for a week. 7. 8. 6. 5. 4. The car I will buy will be imported from Germany. I was. 20. 6. you see. 17.. he had to write. he would give. I promised him I would write to him when I arrived in London. 4. 10. 6. do not eat. they had known. he would drive. He was very upset because he had lost his http://quintet. 3. I didn’t remember that we had met a year before. is born. 10. Page 2 of 2 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA II Exercitii cu concordanta timpurilor Exercitiul 1: 1. 14. 6. I want. you were. The policeman will ask me what I have seen during the accident. arrive. I read. he had been travelling. you would soon have. 5.. would be cancelled.actrus. he had just left. 10. had failed. 8. you have drunk. I finish. 3. 2. You had to type. 8. you are reading. 11. 10. I didn’t stay at home to wait for you because I didn’t know when you would come. they have done. they have been. we went. 10. he hoped. 6. you have read. you have just told. I finish. 4. 3. 8. is. I had heard. we reach. Father will give me a present after I have passed the exam. 9. 5. you were. The secretary told me the manager was busy.html dictionary and he was not sure he would find a new one in the bookshops. Exercitiul 3: 1. you see. 20. 11. 13. he had never seen. 2. 17. Exercitiul 7: l. he had eaten. I had not decided. He asked me how many letters there are in the Chinese alphabet and I couldn’t answer him. 3. 9. he would not remember. he has arrived. 2. I played/I was playing. he would change. 7. 7. 8. 10. I will earn/will be earning. 7. would end. I have been reading. 4. 3. Exercitiul 5: 1. Exercitiul 2: 1. they had been listening. begin. will soon move. 6. 7. 15. 8. I will tell you the truth after I have found it myself. you had been wearing. 9. he would finish. 16.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_2. 18. had already begun. 9. 2. he has repaired. I would remain. 7. 5. you finish. Exercitiul 4: 1.actrus. would not go. is. 2. I had not eaten. I work/I worked. I had not enjoyed. did not remember. he tells.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA/EXERCITII CU CONCORDANTA TIMPURI. 2. 12. 5. Exercitiul 6: 1. they were talking. 18. 5.. Page 1 of 2 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA/EXERCITII CU CONCORDANTA TIMPURI. 9. he would pass. 19. 12. I had done. was shining. he trusted. you do. you spoke. 10. 7. 2. she notices you have broken. she looks. 4. he had stolen.html 34 of 42 12/15/04 . I knew you were in Bucharest. she has changed. 4. you see. she has learnt. it would not be raining when I arrived. he would have. I usually read. I would spend. 9. 12/15/04 http://quintet. 12. 3.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_2.

8.. it goes on. 7. 10. would you go? Exercitiul 3: l. 2. 7. He told me to ring him up when I arrived home. 2. He asked me if my mother had been at home. 8.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Exercitiul 2: 1. I would buy.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_3. If it had rained. you take. He asked me what I was going to do the next day. He asked me if I had lived in London for a long time. He told me to write him a letter when I got to England. 7. would you give him some? 3. 10. Will you be angry if I take your pencil? 8. He asked me how long it took me to reach my office. you had driven. 9. 10. he will get. 4. 9. you will be.actrus. He asked me if I would like a cake. 9. He asked me how I had travelled. 10 He asked me if I could speak English. 6. You would have caught the train if you had taken a taxi. He asked me which of those cakes I preferred. 12. He told me not to interrupt him when he was speaking. Page 1 of 1 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA III Exercitii cu fraze conditionale Exercitiul 1: l. 8. the streets will be wet. 4. He asked me if the train had left. He said he was very busy on that day. I would have answered. He asked me if I had bought that book the day before. He asked me where I would spend my weekend. you will not pass. 4. 3. If it rains. 7. It would have been. 2.. He asked me if I could lend him a book. 10. 5. He said she would go shopping right then. 2. He asked me if I drank coffee every day. 3. He told me to be careful with his books. you were. Exercitiul 1: LECTIA IV Exercitii cu vorbirea directa si indirecta 1. 9. I knew. He said if he had enough money he would buy a car the next year. If it rained. Exercitiul 2: 1.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_4. He said the weather had been fine the day before.English. 3. 6. 4. 4. 11. I had known. 5. He told me not to smoke so much. Exercitiul 5: 1. 3. If dinner is not ready in time. He asked me if 1 had been at the library the day before. I would like the play more if it were shorter. you would have read. 5. Exercitiul 4: l. 5. 5. Mamaia would be an ideal place for a holiday if there weren’t so many people there. you wouldn’t have got. We won’t go for a walk if the rain doesn’t stop/unless the rain stops. 2. 7. I moved. 6. 10.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA/EXERCITII CU FRAZE CONDITIONALE Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 1 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VORBIREA DIRE. He said he thought it was going to rain the next day. I were. You will catch the train if you take a taxi. 6. If you hadn’t shut the window I would have been cold. 7. What would you do if you meet John? 12. I wouldn’t do. you had invited. 6. 3. He said he had spent his holiday at the seaside the year before. You will see him if you wait. 8. Exercitiul 3: 1. http://quintet. He said he had seen that film a week before. 8. 8.html 35 of 42 12/15/04 . 9. He asked me if I could come to tea that afternoon. 7. He told me to take that pill. 10. 9. 9. 5. the streets would be wet. I will be disappointed if I don’t find out the truth. If a beggar asked you for money. 7. He said he was going to have a nap that afternoon. I had not told.actrus. will you promise? 6. I will buy. 10. she will be. I gave up. I would not have made. Exercitiul 4: 1. 8. he would not make. 6. He said if he had been at home he would have answered the phone. I will eat at a restaurant. 4. Would you have been angry if I had taken your pencil? 10. he had realized. 2. 8. He asked me how long I had been learning . 12. I had worked. I will lend. He said he had gone to England two years before. You would catch the train if you took a taxi. 10. 4. 9. He asked me who that man was. I will answer. What would have happened if you had driven at a high speed? 4. 5. What will you do if you meet John? 11. He asked me when the rain had stopped. 6. 11. he would have told. 7. He told/asked/ordered me not to drive so fast. 3. the streets would have been wet. He asked me when I would be back. 3. I will greet 2. Would you buy? 4. 8. He asked me why it was so dark in that room. he had tried. 7. He said he didn’t remember where he had bought that dictionary. What would you have done if you had met John? Exercitiul 6: l. 4. 9. 3. 6. He asked me if I knew what that word meant/means. you will be. I would knit another sweater if I had more wool. 2. you will not find. he leaves. 6. I would have answered. I saw. He told me to read that text. 5. 2. Would you be angry if I took your pencil? 9. 5. He told me not to cross the street on a red light. he would take. He told me to open the door. 3. 2. He said John had left for Sinaia two days before. 5. He asked me if I would help him.

A difficult question was asked of me by the teacher. The doctor was called for (by us). My friend recommended me a very good doctor. 4.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_5. 9. 7. The professor’s lecture was listened to by all the students. A nice present has been given to me (by them). 3. English is taught to them (by me). My friend will be invited to a party (by me). 10. 15. Were you frightened by the tornado? 5. 2. This stamp hasn’t been well stuck on the envelope. 8. I will be given a reward (by them). When he arrived home he realized his wallet had been stolen. Nothing has been heard about him since he left for Constanta. Exercitiul 6: l. 5. Some pills were prescribed to the patient (by the doctor). Two of my books have been lent to John (by me). 4. The meanings of the new words must be looked up in the dictionary. The house was broken into (by burglars). We were asked to show our passports.html 36 of 42 12/15/04 . The Great Prize was awarded to the Romanian film director (by the jury). Would your work have been finished sooner if you hadn’t been interrupted by your colleagues? Exercitiul 5: 1. very interesting things were told to us at the conference. Will the letter be written in ink? 3. 3. 9. All the visitors of the museum admire this painting.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Do you think your request will be turned down? 10.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_5. I have been given a nice present (by them). Will the details be told to him? Will he be told the details? 6. Many new blocks are being built in our district. Fire was set to the shed (by them). 8. They are taught English (by me). Were you told about the meeting? 9. 8. 10. People mustn’t take away these books. John has been lent two of my books (by me). A reward will be given to me (by them). 6. They held a reception in his honour.: 3. Foreign languages are spoken in this hotel. The missing child has been found (by someone). Something must be done for him by his coworkers. The children weren’t looked after properly (by them).actrus. 10. The rescue party finally discovered the climber. 6.actrus. He hates people making fun of him. 5. The museum was closed for repairs. The Romanian film director was awarded the Great Prize (by the jury). 4. John was laughed at (by us). 10. Your bag has been found (by him). 6. 12. Has the TV set been repaired? 2. People speak English all over the world. His proposal was objected to (by us). 2. A new supermarket was being built in that district last month. Was he shocked by the sight of the accident? 8. 2. 6. Detailed instructions will be given to us about the paper. His odd behaviour couldn’t be accounted for (by us). 5. I was frightened by the noise. Football is played all over the world. The tourists were shown the museum (by the guide). 7. 9. 6. The work will be finished today (by them). I’m not always told the truth by my friend. 5. His bed hasn’t been slept in (by him). The event was commented on by all the newspapers. I was asked a difficult question by the teacher. 3.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU DIATEZA PASIVA Page 1 of 2 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU DIATEZA PASIVA Page 2 of 2 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA V Exercitii cu diateza pasiva Exercitiul 1: 1. Has the dog been fed? 7. 7. 14. The way will be shown to us by the policeman. America was discovered at the end of the 15th century. The teacher will tell the pupils where to sit. The truth is not always told to me by my friend. when I passed by. 8. 5. 4. People will soon forget this book. 9. A new house is being built round the corner (by them). 13. 11. 7. We were told very interesting things at the conference. 4. Exercitiul 4: 1. 3. Haven’t you been told to be here at 6 o’clock? 4. The patient was prescribed some pills (by the doctor). We will be given detailed instructions about the paper. My TV set will be repaired by a specialist. 2. The letter will be mailed as soon as possible. 2. 8. Don’t speak until you are spoken to (by someone). Exercitiul 3: 1. http://quintet. 7. Exercitiul 2: 1. They have built this house out of stone and cement. We will be shown the way by the policeman. 9. This piece of information must be treated confidentially. The museum was shown to the tourists (by the guide).

She can’t have married. I didn’t need to ring up Jane in order to speak to her. 12. He will be able to swim. He must have been late. 1. Exercitiul 8: l.actrus. Exercitiul 10: 1. needn’t. needn’t have written. would. He can’t have passed. You needn’t have made 12/15/04 http://quintet. You can’t have seen. „Do you think he will marry that girl?" etc. 14. 4. 10. I won t be able to translate. You won’t be allowed/permitted to speak. 4. You should have visited. 6. 9. The teacher told me I might skip the next class. He was not allowed/permitted to come.html 37 of 42 . 19. 7. Need we walk up to the chalet? 15. Exercitiul 4: l. mustn’t. 15. 6. 5. It must have been. 3. Everybody shall be present at the meeting. 16. can’t. will. 7. She could lend. Could Jane type? Will Jane be able to type? 17. 3. 3. 2. 14. I could play the piano when I was a child. You might have paid. You might have changed. 2. 4: She must be a very good doctor. 15. 3. You might have written. will. 6. 20. Was I not allowed/permitted to walk? Shall I be not allowed/permitted to walk? 11. will. because she was to come to my place in half hour’s time. 2. You must have known the lesson. 5. He must be older. 3. 3. Exercitiul 12: 1. 17. needn’t. You will not be allowed/permitted to smoke. will. He may have been. 10.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VERBE MODALE Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 3 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VERBE MODALE Exercitiul 6: Page 2 of 3 LECTIA VI Exercitii cu verbe modale Exercitiul 1: 1. He won’t be allowed/permitted to come. He needn’t have bought. You will have to help me more today. needn’t have lent. must have been. we may/might take the bus or the ski-lift. S. 4. 6. mustn’t. 2. 2. 6. should. 10. 5. I had to look up. 2. The child was allowed/permitted to have. I will have to learn. Sensuri posibile: „Do you think he will try to enter the faculty?". You must have left your umbrella. 6. 8. 8. She may/might be very late. All the students can and must write this paper. 16. 11. He could swim. You needn’t have done. 6. He may/might have been right. She can’t have learned English. 10. needn’t. All the children ought to/should do some housework. This can’t be a true story. 9. You may ring me up more often when you know I am ill. It can’t have been. 5. She may/might have been angry. A good knowledge of English may/might help you. can. 9. You were allowed/permitted to leave. can. This must be the best. 8.actrus. 2. 4. 3. 2. can.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_6. didn’t need to wait. 7. 14. He can’t be at the office. I can’t knit. 6. mustn’t. 4. can’t have swum. mustn’t. 7. 4. It can’t have been his fault. must have left. shall. I will have to leave soon. No. 5. would. should. 6. 18. 6. didn’t need to answer. He may/might have done. I had to go. needn’t have answered. 3. Could he speak? Will he be able to speak? 18. Did you have to be? Will you have to be? 20. 6. John must have been. He should have gone. needn’t have waited. 10. 8. She will be able to read and write. 5. 3. needn’t. 7. didn’t need to buy. 10. 4. 5. can. 10. should. 16. 9. 11. 10. didn’t need to see. He must have been. 10. needn’t. 7. 19. Exercitiul 13: 1. 9. You shouldn’t have gone.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. You were not allowed/permitted to smoke. 8. I will have to look up. 5. can’t. Exercitiul 11: 1. shall. You can’t have been. 13. 5. 12. 9. would. 13. can’t have rained. I must change my shoes when I enter the house because they are full of mud. 6. She can’t have got. 8. 5. Everybody will be allowed/permitted to borrow. 17. He must think. 7. John could have been. I will have to go. You were not allowed/permitted to speak. 8. It can’t be his fault. It must have taken a long time. 4. can’t have seen. 9. She could play. 8. He could read and write. 8. will. You will be allowed/permitted to leave. should. 10. 9. can’t have left. 7. You can’t miss the train. The child will be allowed/permitted to have. Everybody was allowed/permitted to borrow. needn’t have lent. I ought to/should have read the bibliography for the seminar. Exercitiul 5: 1. 9. 8. It can t have been. must have been.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_6. needn’t have bought. shall. needn’t have got up. can’t have done. I couldn’t translate. 4. 3. Exercitiul 2: 1. 7. 2. 4. must have taken. would. Could you help? Will you be able to help? 9. Exercitiul 7: 1. 5. She may/might have been out. will. You needn’t carry your luggage in the station yourself. 4. would. I had to learn. He ought to have told. 9. It may/might be a good one. 5. 3 It might have rained. a porter could help you. Exercitiul 9: 1. 7. 7. You didn’t have to do. You must have forgotten. He must have been delayed. Exercitiul 3: 1. mustn’t. I may/might come home. 2. He must have come home. 3. 2. 10. She will be able to lend. She will be able to play. She may/might have returned. shall. It may/might rain. 12. 2. would. You won’t have to do. 13. 1 am sure I will be able to find time to help you. The weather can’t change.

You speak as if you were angry with http://quintet. 19. 4. S. I wish you hadn’t had an accident. I wish I had money to buy that painting. I wished the weather hadn’t been bad when I was on holiday. 6. I asked to speak to the manager but he wouldn’t come to the phone. he would have. I wish/If only it didn’t rain! If it didn’t rain. 2. today. Tomorrow I will have to mail the letter. She looks as if she were a model. 5. I wish I had won the Great Prize. I were. I would rather I got up/I would rather get up earlier. I wish he wouldn’t be away for such a long time. 4.. 6. 20. I wish I didn’t have only one child. too. stopped. 4. I wish I would able to read Goethe in the original. Will you. I wish I would have a phone in my new flat. 10. 8. I must have been still at the faculty. 9. you started. You can’t/couldn’t have been at home last night. 26. I wish you stopped that noise right away! 3. I got.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_6. 13. 4. 25. 2. I would rather I went/I would rather go to the theatre. 3. 6. Exercitiul 4: 1. 24. 6.actrus. 8. 19. 9. 7. I have already drunk two. 16. I wish he would accept my proposal. You can’t have found the door open. It’s time you paid me back the money I lent you. you owned. he told. I didn’t need to say „thank you" when I found out the exact time by dialing number 958. I wish it didn’t rain so often. 14. 22. hadn’t caught a cold.. as I knew the information was recorded on tape. It’s 10 o’clock! Don’t you think it’s high time you got up and started working? 15. 3. I wish you hadn’t been delayed at the office. 10. 11. watched. we went. you were. 21. I wish/If only I hadn’t made so many mistakes in the test-paper! 2. I wish you stopped complaining because I have my own troubles. I wish I hadn’t been late for the party. I wish he wouldn’t stay in hospital so long. I rang you up and nobody answered. please. 10. you closed. Why did you speak so loud? Somebody might have heard you. his daughter didn’t get married. I wish/If only I were young again! 8.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_7. I wish you would take a driving licence. I wish I wouldn’t get fat when giving up smoking. 9. 23. I wish I would spend my holiday in England. 6. It’s high time you started reading the books required for the exam in Romanian literature. 17. 1 wish I had children. 18. 8. I wish you had won the competition. Exercitiul 2: l. 12. wait for a few minutes? 30. I would rather you went to the theatre. I wish/If only you were tidier! 5. I wish they would sign the contract. 4. 3. 9. I wish you would come on holiday with me. Where shall we go now? 28. 18. I were. his book would become. I hadn’t forgotten. 10. 15. he took. I wished you hadn’t got a fine. 11. I promise you. I wish I were a student. 8. I wish you didn’t live so far away. I had entered.html 38 of 42 12/15/04 . I wish I could pay the piano. we could go to the beach. Exercitiul 5: l. You ought to/should have insisted. 5. 7. You may not speak during the exam. I wished you had been able to come to me yesterday. 12. Do you wish you had been invited to John’s party? 7. 29. I stayed. I wished you hadn’t been out when I called. 10. 14. 13. 2.actrus. LECTIA VII Exercitii cu modul subjonctiv Exercitiul 1: 1. 3. Exercitiul 3: 1. I would rather you got up earlier. my telephone worked. I wish books weren’t so expensive. 7.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. I wish my friend weren’t ill. The teacher can’t/couldn’t have been satisfied with this answer. you shall have the book tomorrow.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VERBE MODALE Page 3 of 3 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU MODUL SUBJON. I would become. 7. I had locked it myself 27. 20. I wish I lived in Bucharest. 9. 2. 16. you didn’t waste. S. I wish I could go to the concert. Page 1 of 2 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri coffee for me.

6. me.. It is possible for the plane to be delayed. 2. The peasants were seen working in the field. 12. 2. 7. I would find. 7. I rely on you to lend me some money. 2.actrus. I suggested that we (should) elect him president. 9. 7. but I would rather you went to your grandparents in the countryside. 9. 4. 7. He spoke to me as if nothing had happened between us. 9. 4. My friend insisted that I (should) go to the concert with him. 8. 4. They are sure to have had an argument. Exercitiul 9: 1. 3. 7. 6. 6. Jane wishes I would spend my weekend with her. 1. 5. 5. It is recommendable for you to read this book. The plane was seen landing. 6. 2. 15. 13. The hunters were heard shooting. Page 2 of 2 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU CONSTRUCTIIL. Exercitiul 4: 1. 10. you retired. He was expected to resign. He wanted me to help him. 18. I insist that you (should) accept this job. you should have.. 20.actrus.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_8. 3. 19. 4. (should) have. 20. He suggested that we (should) buy this house. we (should) leave. Speak louder so that I may/might hear you. He is expected to arrive at 2 o’clock. It is necessary that you (should) be informed about what is happening in the country. you may/might understand. 7.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_7. She was thought to be unable to win the contest. 10. 3. No matter how hard you may/might try. She behaves to him as if he were his husband. I understand her to be a very good teacher. Mother decided that we (should) stay at home. She was seen fainting. It is possible for me to buy a car. I had been. She made me understand what had happened. It is necessary for you to study the matter seriously. 6. She (was) proved to be a liar. This is the main thing for us to do. Move aside so that I may/might see the screen.html 39 of 42 12/15/04 . he were. 10. 4. 8. Whatever you may/might tell me. 5. It is very important that this contract (should) be signed very soon. He entered the house noiselessly so that I might not hear him. Whenever you may/might return. I will be at home waiting for you. I heard her scold/scolding her child. 4. 2. 11. 2. we should take. 12. This is a good book for you to read. should have told. The boy was found breaking the window. 2. This is a valuable piece of advice for you to take. I know you wish you would spend your holiday in a camp. She happened to make three spelling mistakes in her letter. 3. you shouldn’t have believed it. 10. 18. It is important for you to come to the office at once. 3. 11. I think him to be a good husband. it might not get. 7. he were. It is possible that she might be away. I supposed him to be able to drive a car. I watched them playing football. It’s time for you to start learning foreign languages. I expected you to come earlier. 17. The baby was heard crying.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU MODUL SUBJON. 9. 3. It is advisable for you to resign. they (should) divorce. 5. I made a loan so that I might buy the house.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 2. 4. 16. 10. 8. I can’t believe you. Do you mean it is likely that we (should) spend our holiday in Brasov? 10. I saw some children playing in the park. 6. She seemed to be satisfied with me. 8. 14. Whatever the reason may/might be. 8. it should get. I ordered a taxi for her not to miss the train. 17. It is necessary that I (should) be present at the meeting? Exercitiul 7: 1. It’s time for us to meet again.. It was strange that she shouldn’t have read this book. It is annoying that you should have forgotten to bring me back the book. Exercitiul 3: Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 2 LECTIA VIII Exercitii cu constructiile verbale 1. This is a strange thing for her to have said. She was said to be ill. 8. 5. John admitted the fault to be his. It is likely that my son should have passed the exam. He was heard to repeat it several times. I saw him speaking to his friend. 9. 2. It is important that you (should) know English well. 10. The manager proposed that 1 (should) work in another department. This fact is important for you to bear in mind. 19. 8. 8. hadn’t broken down. Exercitiul 8: 1. 3. 15. 6. you may/might be. might prosper. Exercitiul 6: Exercitiul 1: 1. I have closed the window for you not to catch a cold. It is impossible for him to have said that. 9. 7. The manager requested that everybody (should) be present at 8 o’clock. you shouldn’t lie to me. The teacher suggests that we (should) read this book. 5. 10. Whoever may/might have told you this about me. 7. may attend. 5. 6. 5. you can’t win such a competition. The time has come for us to have a heart to heart talk. 14. It is impossible that he should have returned so early. I had. He was believed to be a brilliant surgeon. She could be heard typing. Mother would like me to become a doctor. The people were impatient for the match to begin. She was seen lying on the beach. Exercitiul 5: 1. It is impossible that he (should) return so early. 9. 5. 8. He made me miss the train. she should have left. 4.. Exercitiul 2: 1. The child was heard breaking the vase. 4. 9. 3. 3. Exercitiul 6: http://quintet. 1 knew him to be a very busy man. It is necessary for him to be present. She was found digging in the garden. 13. This problem is too difficult for me to solve. 6.

ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_8. Intrucât râul crescuse in timpul noptii. Intrucât noroiul imi stricase pantofii.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU CONSTRUCTIIL. LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE to be to bear to beat to become to begin to bend to bite to blow to break to bring to build to burn to burst to buy to catch to choose to come to cost to creep to cut to deal to dig to do to draw was. 8. ne era teama sa nu avem inundatii. 9. 4. am plecat la cumparaturi. Toata lumea fiind acasa. 3. Page 2 of 2 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE Page 1 of 5 1.html 40 of 42 12/15/04 . Concertul fiind terminat. 5. ne-am grabit spre plaja.actrus.. am plecat acasa linistit. Scrisoarea fiind scrisa. publicul a parasit sala. born beaten become begun bent bitten blown broken brought built burnt burst bought caught chosen come cost crept cut dealt dug done drawn http://quintet. Daca vremea va permite. Intrucât soarele rasarise. a trebuit sa-i schimb. ne-am asezat la cina. 2.actrus. vom urca pâna la vârful muntelui. 6. 7. Dupa ce avionul a decolat am incetat sa fumez. 10. Decizia fiind luata in favoarea mea.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_10. Intrucât ploaia incetase. am mers sa o pun la posta. were bore beat became began bent bit blew broke brought built burnt burst bought caught chose came cost crept cut dealt dug did drew been borne.html 12/15/04 http://quintet..

actrus.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE Page 2 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE Page 3 of 5 to dream to drink to drive to eat to fall to feed to feel to fight to find to fly to forbid to forget to forgive to freeze to give to go to grow to hang to have to hear to hide to hit to hold to hurt to keep to kneel dreamt drank drove ate fell fed felt fought found flew forbade forgot forgave froze gave went grew hung had heard hid hit held hurt kept knelt dreamt drunk driven eaten fallen fed felt fought found flown forbidden forgotten forgiven frozen given gone grown hung had heard hidden hit held hurt kept knelt to know to lay to lead to lean to learn to leave to lend to let to lie to lose to make to mean to mow to meet to pay to put to read to ride to ring to rise to run to say to see to seek to sell to set knew laid led leant learnt.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_10.actrus. learned left lent let lain lost made meant mown met paid put read ridden rung risen run said seen sought sold set http://quintet.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_10.html 41 of 42 12/15/04 . learned left lent let lay lost made meant mowed met paid put read rode rang rose ran said saw sought sold set known laid led leant learnt.

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