Chemical Reactions: Exothermic & Endothermic

(Energy & Chemical Reactions)
Energy Changes s Exothermic Reactions s Endothermic Reactions
s

A. Energy Changes
s During

a chemical reaction… • energy is used to break bonds • energy is released when new bonds are formed
breaking bonds making bonds

B. Exothermic Reaction
s reaction s energy

that releases energy

released by making new bonds outweighs energy required to break old bonds

H2(l) + O2(l) → H2O(g) + energy
• reaction that powers the space
shuttle lift-off

Exothermic process: a change (e.g. a chemical reaction) that releases heat.
Burning fossil fuels is an exothermic reaction

C. Endothermic Reaction
s reaction s energy

that absorbs energy

required to break old bonds outweighs energy released by making new bonds

2Al2O3 + energy → 4Al + 3O2
• process used to obtain
aluminum from aluminum ore

s Endothermic

process: a change (e.g. a chemical reaction) that requires (or absorbs) heat.

Measuring Heat
Exothermic reaction, heat given off & temperature of water rises

reaction

reaction

Endothermic reaction, heat taken in & temperature of water drops

s Lets

Practice with a Lab!!!