Daftar Isi Gabungan

# Pemodelan dan Aplikasi Simulasi Reservoir, Joko Pamungkas

DAFTAR ISI
BAB I. PENDAHULUAN ................................................................................. I-1
1.1. Pengertian Simulasi Reservoir ................................................................. I-1
1.2. Hubungan Manjemen Reservoir dan Simulasi Reservoir ......................... I-1
1.3. Tahapan Simulasi Reservoir .................................................................... I-2
1.4. Diagram Alir (Work Flow) Simulasi Reservoar ......................................... I-2
BAB II. DASAR-DASAR PERSAMAAN SIMULASI RESERVOIR
2.1. Konsep Dasar Model Matematik Reservoir Minyak dan Gas ................... II-1
2.1.1. Hukum Darcy ................................................................................ II-1
2.1.2. Potensial Aliran ............................................................................. II-3
2.1.4. Tipe-tipe Fluida ............................................................................. II-7
2.1.5. Aliran Dalam Media Berpori .......................................................... II-9
2.2. Penurunan Persamaan-Persamaan Aliran Dalam Simulasi Reservoar II-14
2.2.1. Persamaan Aliran Satu Fasa ...................................................... II-15
2.2.2. Persamaan Aliran Multi Fasa ...................................................... II-20
2.2.3. Sistem Multi Komponen .............................................................. II-28
2.2.4. Jenis-jenis Simulator ................................................................... II-30
2.3. Model Finite Difference ......................................................................... II-31
2.3.1. Proses Diskritisasi ....................................................................... II-31
2.3.2. Konsep Formulasi Explicit dan Implicit ........................................ II-34
2.3.3. Kriteria Stabilitas ......................................................................... II-38
2.4. Solusi Untuk Persamaan Simulator ...................................................... II-43
2.4.1. Proses Pengerjaan ...................................................................... II-43
2.4.2. Metode Implicit Pressure – Explicit Saturation (IMPES) .............. II-43
2.4.3. Metode Implicit Pressure – Implicit Saturation ............................. II-46
BAB III. PENGOLAHAN DATA RESERVOIR DAN PRODUKSI .................. III-1
3.1. Tujuan ..................................................................................................... III-1
3.2. Pengolahan Data Kurva Permeabilitas Relatif ........................................ III-1
3.2.1. Konsep Dasar .............................................................................. III-2
3.2.2. Normalisasi dan Perata-rataan Kurva Permeabilitas Relatif......... III-8
3.2.3. Pengolahan Data Permeabilitas Relatif ...................................... III-45
3.2.4. Pengelolaan Permeabilitas Relatif untuk Rekahan..................... III-56
3.3. Pengolahan Data Tekanan Kapiler (Pc) ................................................ III-57
3.3.1. Definisi Tekanan Kapiler (Pc) ..................................................... III-57

3.3.2. Leverett J-Function ............................................................. III-59
3.3.3. Konversi Data Laboratourim Tekanan Kapiler ............................ III-60
3.3.4. Prosedur Pengolahan Data Tekanan Kapiler (Pc) ..................... III-61
3.3.5. Contoh Pengolahan Data Tekanan Kapiler ( ).......................... III-62
3.4. Pengolahan Data Porositas .................................................................. III-69

Daftar isi, Gambar dan Tabel i

.......2..... IV-50 4............4..........................................3.......Pemodelan dan Aplikasi Simulasi Reservoir..................2.................... IV-8 4.4.....................4............2. Parameter yang Dapat Diubah ...... IV-1 4............................. Hasil Pemodelan Geologi ....3........................................... IV-29 4. Langkah-Langkah Umum Dalam History Matching .............................. IV-1 4............................2............ Gambar dan Tabel .................................... IV-26 4........4................................................................ IV-22 4.... Inisialisai Model Simulasi Reservoir ..................... Sifat-sifat Fisik Minyak....4............... Pembuatan Model Grid ....... IV-24 4...5..5....... IV-46 4.......1. Parameter Data Produksi Sebagai Input .......................4...................................4.......... III-71 3....... lanjutan 3........ Produksi........ Pengolahan Data PVT ............ Tahapan Umum Inisialiasi dan Parameter yang Dapat Diubah ..................... Identifikasi Mekanisme Pendorong ......1................................4.. Key Well (Sumur Kunci) ........................ IV-17 4.................................... IV-27 4..................... Penyelarasan Data Tekanan ......... III-74 3.... IV-25 4........3.... IV-1 4.......................... SIMULASI RESERVOIR BLACK OIL ........................................ Inisialiasi Inplace ....................3...........1............4................. Kriteria Penyelarasan .............................4. Inisialiasi Tekanan .........2.. Pendahuluan ...........6....................................1...4.....5....1.................8...... Penyelarasan (History Matching)...... III-110 BAB IV...8............ IV-29 4............................2...............................................................3....................... Pengolahan Data PVT untuk Reservoir Gas ..4.............. IV-44 4........ IV-23 4... Prediksi Simulasi Reservoir ................. Diagram Fasa Minyak dan Gas .................... Penentuan Rock Region ....5.. Joko Pamungkas DAFTAR ISI.................... IV-14 4....... IV-25 4....... Pembuatan Model Simulasi Reservoir ........ IV-14 4..... IV-24 4.4..... III-86 3.3............................ III-98 3.................................5....... Kesalahan-Kesalahan Pada Pengukuran Di Lapangan .................. Productivity Index (PI) Matching ...............................................7........ Pengolahan Data PVT Minyak . IV-52 ii Daftar isi.................. Data Yang Harus Diselaraskan ...... Penyelarasan Data Produksi .4.........................7.................................................................................11........ Ekuilibrasi ........5................5..............3..... III-82 3.............. Pendahuluan ....... IV-28 4......................3.......................... Pengelolaan Data Produksi...2...... Pemboran dan Penunjang ....... III-105 3.....6............9.................5.......... Data Reservoir............ Contoh Pengolahan Data PVT Minyak .....................5........................................2........................... IV-7 4..... III-85 3..3....10...................... IV-1 4........................... III-71 3...........4........................