Ilocano History

The present Ilocanos are descendants of mixed race predominantly of the Austronesian (Malay) race. Chinese, Indian and Spanish bloods are significantly mixed. The early Austronesian ancestors of the Ilocanos arrived in the Philippines through barangays (boats) and settled the coastal side of northwestern Luzon. When the Spanish conquered the Philippines, an exploration led by Juan de Salcedo led him to the coastal towns of now Vigan, Currimao and Laoag. He find the people living in coves and described them as more barbarous than the Tagalogs in Manila. When he conquered this place he established a province called ILOCOS which originally comprises the now provinces of Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur and parts of Abra and La Union (shown on map). During the Spanish colonial era especially in 1800s, migrations were initiated to other parts of Luzon due to some reasons aside from increasing population. Others who look for more fertile land went eastward to the wider plains of Cagayan Valley and down to Central Luzon. One of the more significant reason of the migration was that Ilocanos were chosen by the Spaniards to help them colonize the other parts of Luzon and evangelize the people. Later migration was during the American period. When the Americans penetrated the Cordillera, Ilocanos were asked for help and were encouraged to settle just like the establishment of the city of Baguio. It was also during this era that migration in Hawaii and later in California was opened because of the needed Filipino labor in these American territories. After the World War II, governement sponsored migration invited the Ilocanos to migrate in Mindanao especially in Cotabato, Davao, Sultan Kudarat and Zamboanga. Other migration led the Ilocanos in Mindoro, Babuyan Island and Palawan. Today, the Ilocano diaspora has reached the whole face of the globe.

The first Ilocos inhabitants were living in large villages at sheltered coves or rivermouths. The Ilocano dialect is related to the languages Indonesian. a humble civilization already resides in the Ilocos Region (Ilocos Norte. Maori. Malagasy. The region stretched from Cape Bojeador at the northwestern tip of Luzon down to the Gulf of Lingayen. Malay. Basically. Traders from China and Japan often come here to trade gold with beads. Ilocos Sur. Today. The Ilocos region was primarily famous for their gold mines. the conquistadors headed to Laoag.History of Ilocanos The Ilocanos are the third largest ethnolinguistic group in the Philippines. which is a contraction of the phrase sao mi ditoy (this is our language). ceramics and silk. They were also referred to as Samtoy. Chamorro. Spanish conquistadors headed by Juan de Salcedo arrived in Vigan in 1572. La Union and Abra). Hawaiian. Samoan. Tetum and Paiwan. The term “Ilocano” was derived from the words “i-“ (from) and “looc” (cove or bay). Fijian. After landing in Vigan. The Spaniards weren’t particularly lucky with their conquest of Ilocos. It was in January 1661 when the Ilocanos . the Ilocano dialect is the third most spoken language in the Philippines. Currimao and to Badoc. Spanish era Prior to the Spanish colonial regime. the Ilocanos are Austronesian-people / Austronesian-speaking people. which when combined means “People of the bay”. They’ve named the region “Ylocos” and its people “Ylocanos”. The Ilocanos were the first ethnic group to revolt against Spanish officials. Tahitian.

. as their King. He was executed by the Spaniards after the kingdom was dissolved. but are particularly fond of dishes flavored with [1]bagoong. sometimes spartan day-to-day living. Culture They are characterized as being hardworking and frugal. Many Ilocanos have risen to high office in the central government. live shrimp with kalamansi juice. fermented fish that is often used instead of salt. [edit] Food Pinakbet. one of the staples of the Ilocano diet. and "jumping salad" or tiny.proclaimed their illustrious leader. focusing mostly on work and productivity." soft white larvae of ants. and they engage primarily in farming and fishing. Local specialties include the "abuos. Ilocanos also exemplify a great degree of respect and humility in their everyday dealings. One of the Philippines’ most notable uprisings was lead by the Ilocano Diego Silang. The most famed and controversial of all is the late former president Ferdinand Marcos. The Ilocano culture represents very simple. Don Pedro Almazan. which was continued by his wife Gabriela Silang. The Ilocanos were prominent in the nationalist movement. Ilocanos often season boiled vegetables with bagoong monamon (fermented anchovy paste) to produce pinakbet. The Silangs’ revolt was fueled by the grievances stemming from Spanish taxation and abuses. spending only on necessities and not on so much on ostentatious material possessions. Ilocanos boast of a somewhat healthy diet heavy in boiled or steamed vegetables and freshwater fish.

The ilocano write Elizabeth Medina is probably the most remarkable living ilocano writer in spanish language. Ilocanos are also known for their beautiful folk songs . an epic poem about the fantastic life and escapades of an Ilocano hero named Lam-ang.[edit] Literature One of the most well-known Ilocano literary works written in Iloco is the Biag ni Lam-ang (The Life of Lam-Ang).

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