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Maldives - Country Assistance Program Evaluation

Maldives - Country Assistance Program Evaluation

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93. The CAPE addressed the following key evaluation questions and areas:


At the strategic level, were the CPS priorities and/or objectives designed to be
relevant in relation to the Maldives’ development needs and challenges? The
development needs and challenges include widely dispersed, small island
communities; limited resource base and high dependence on imports; reliance on
aid and foreign capital; weak public sector capacity and financial and fiscal
management; and a weak enabling environment for investment and SME
development. The CAPE also assessed if ADB’s country strategies were well
positioned (e.g., in terms of focus, long-term continuity, modalities, and


At the program level, were the country program series of cumulative project,
program, and TA interventions by sector, designed to be relevant to the country
partnership’s strategic objectives and development constraints? Were they
implemented efficiently to cumulatively achieve development results (outcomes
and impacts) under such strategic objectives in a sustainable manner?


Has ADB, as an institution, done well in terms of responsiveness to client needs,
supervision, policy dialogue, aid coordination, and other value addition, in
facilitating its assistance to achieve such strategic objectives?

(iv) What are the key issues and factors affecting these performance aspects?


What are the key lessons and recommendations that can be drawn? Further, an
assessment of individual projects and TA activities has been undertaken for
ongoing and completed interventions.




94. This chapter summarizes the performance of the program at the overall country level
taking account of ratings from seven sector assessments: PSM, transport and ICT, energy,
multisector, tsunami emergency assistance, education, and industry and trade. These were
rated using the standard six evaluation criteria. The chapter also includes a discussion of ADB’s
performance on five cross-cutting themes: environment, regional integration and cooperation,
private sector development, gender and development, governance and capacity development.

95. This evaluation covers the entire period of engagement in the country from 1978 to
2010, during which the country context has undergone transformation and development needs
have changed, as have ADB’s own strategic frameworks and corporate focus.

96. The first formal country strategy was prepared in 1995 through its COS, 1995. This was
followed by CSP, 2002–2006 and its updates, and CPS, 2007–2011. Although the CAPE covers
the period between 1978 and 2010, a majority of projects were implemented, or were ongoing
during 2002–2010. Out of the total 20 financial assistance37

and 41 ADTA projects approved by
ADB, 6 financial assistance and 23 ADTA projects were completed up to 2001. Of the financial
assistance projects, 3 were in transport and ICT, 2 in energy, and 1 in multisector. The
remaining 14 loans and 18 TA projects have been implemented since 2002 or are still ongoing.
These have been assigned substantially higher weights, ranging from 50%–100%, depending
on the number of activities in each sector.

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