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The biosphere is the sum of all living matter on the Earth. The biosphere is interconnected with three other spheres of the physical environment: the lithosphere, the hydrosphere, and the atmospheree biosphere is interconnected with three other spheres of the physical environment: the lithosphere, the hydrosphere, and the atmosphere.
The lithosphere is the solid outer layer of the Earth's crust, including rocks, sand, and soil. The Earth's lithosphere is a dynamic area, with processes such as erosion, earthquakes, and plate tectonics constantly altering and forming/destroying the surface. The tectonic cycle described the formation of new crust in some areas and its destruction in others.
The part of the physical environment that consists of all the liquid and solid water at or near the Earth's
ATMOSPHERE: Atmosphere is the huge blanket of gas that circles the
entire Earth. ... The oxygen so characteristic of our atmosphere was almost all produced by plants (cyanobacteria or, more colloquially, blue-green algae). Thus, the present composition of the atmosphere is 79% nitrogen, 20% oxygen, and 1% other gases. The Earth is surrounded by a blanket of air, which we call the atmosphere. It reaches over 560 kilometers (348 miles) from the surface of the Earth, so we are only able to see what occurs fairly close to the ground. Life on Earth is supported by the atmosphere, solar energy, and our planet's magnetic fields.