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Ha aTOM aaroramce raxace HMeeTca rpynna Apply To (llpHMeHRTb K).OCTYUHhI CTaJIbHhIe UepeKJIIQqaTeJIH H IIOJIS O co CIIHCKaMH rra aTOMaaanamce .ro narrpannenna C nOMO" msro q)JlamKOB Major Grids (I'nanrraa cerrca) H Minor Grids (Bcrrossor-arensaaa cerrca) BM onpeztenaere. CBoHcTBa KOOPAHHaTHoH ceTKH xpae OT OCH(cpJIamOK Opposite (HaDpOTl1B» Ii JIHHHJO.HHa) 3 aaaerc a TonID.ll. TaR' H' )J)111 .npoxoztanryro qepea ~YJIeByJO TOqKY na OCH (cpJIamOK Y~O (X=O)).HTb paapsrs.IJ. Ha a8KJIa.r:J.IJ.lJ.!(OnOJIHHTeJIb" aa HhIeJIHHHR: JIHHl:iJO.B TIOJIe Thickness (pts) (TOJIm.Ke Grid Lines OKHa Format I X Axis orrpezreamor- CH rpali>H'leCKHe csoacraa Koop.TaR me RaR H aa npensrnynrax 3aKJIa.IJ. HCHOJIb30BaHHe pa3pbIBOB ~OOp. '7.e c rroxomsro tPJIamKa Grid Lines (JIll" HHH ceTKH) If oooraercravromero Bhma. BhIoepHTe.JIHHblOCM) Bhl MomeTe 3a.2) H BaM CTaHYT .aTb 'MeCTOnOJIOateHHe CHMBOJIa paapsrsa.HoiiceTKH lPopMaTHpOBaHHe ceTRH aa paeyaxe MomHO C.ll.ll.PRC. TO· nenecooepastro BOCnOJIMIOBaTbca B03MomHoCTbJO paaopaazs rparpn« HeoToGpamaeMOM OOJIaCTbJO.lJ.n.Hbl.lJ.aaxonanryroca aa npOTHBOnOJIOmHOM Puc.€JIaTh Ha aaxrrazuce Grid Lines (JIHHHH ceTR~). I'pymra Additional Lines ()l.. B rpyrme Break Position (I10JIUmeHH€ 'paapsrsa) B nOJIe %.r:J. r 7.eJIaeTe paapsrs . CBoiicT~a :KOOPAHuaT.n.1.JIa KaRoM oCH BhI p. Hapasrerpsr paapsma OCDonpe.eT npoxo. na see crron aa crpamrne MJIH aa see OKRa B npoetcre. 7.1) BhIoHpaeTcH BepTHKaJIhHaa HJIH rop·H30HTaJILHaa OCB. 7. aaxoaameseea CJIeBa.).o) aaaxeaae OCH oY.aHHbIH CJIOH.Ke Break (Paaopsarr.€CTBeHHOpaanoe nonenenae B pa3JIH"tJHblXoGJIaCTHXH 3TH o6naCTH y.. . ¥CTaHOBHTe ¢JIaatOK Show Break CIIoKashlBaTh·paaphIBhl) (pRC.JIH OCHOBHOMceTKH.1.onOJIHllTeJJbRble JIHRHH)· no" aBOJIaeTOTOOPa2HTb rpa¢llKe cnezryronrae .7.Il..eJI€· mre) cneaa (pHC.n.ero crracxa Bhl MomeTe paC~1pOCTPaHMTh BblopaHHbIM CTHJIb cpopMaTH" pOBaHHa aa p. KaKHe JnIHHM ceTKH 6Y.r:J.Il. c xaxero From (OT) no rcaxoe To (.n.eJUlIOTCH aannaznce Break na B CllHCRe Selection (BbI.lWyra..BeT JIHHHH) H Line Type (THn JIHHRM) BLI MomeTe onpep. paapsma) 'YKaatMTe.lJ. Ana Kam. rp.tHHaTHoii OCH ECJIII CPYHKn. B rpyrrne Break Region (Ofinacm..eJIMTb rrser llTHn JIMHHH KaR )J. B / 38 39 .eJIaTb eTO . B CDHCRe Selection (BhI.arorn.z.aJIeHhI~pyr OT.HHa JIHHHM cerRH.eJIeHHe).OnOJIHHTeJIbHoM.<. \ 7. of Axis Length (% OT .MOatHOaa 3aKJI3.ll. .YTBH.HHaTBoHceTlm' B CIIHCKax LineColor (D.HlIHMeeT CYIll.C.2'.Il.n.KaX. 7.

3).eJIHTb nepeMeHHYIO COCTaBJI. KaK MomHO TaKHM cnocoecx Bblll.HHRTHOii ceTKH MomHO yxaaa'rs mar OCHOBHon lliTpHXOBKH aa OCH. aarrpmsep.l nOJI$lX Before Break (Ilepen paapsrsow) H AfteF Break (Ilocne paspsraa) ~ KOJIH"IeCTBO BCIIOMOraTeJIbHhlX IIITpIixo.0 paapsrsa H I'IOCJIe. Ha 4tparMeHTe (6) noxaaaa oeu )1.I1IO. B IIocJIe paapsma aa npaaosr pHcYHKe YClJ'aHOBJIeHanorapHI!lMH"IeCKa$l IlIKaJIa (Pile. CBoiiCTBaKOOPP.YIOI!lYHKD.B Mem.7.ll. BOT.JlJI npHMep npuMeHeHuB 4>parMeHTa (a) rpynne Scale Increment ~re~k (Ilepezt paapsraox) (mar H After lIIKaJIbI) B nonax Before Break (IIocJIe paapsma) 40 41 .0 H nOCJIe paapsrsa). COOTBeTCTBeHHO. -20 o 20 40 60 80 100 x 1000 100 10 o -1 -20 o 20 AO 60 '80 x paspsraa Puc.ID. 7. 7.3. )].A B. CBojicTBa KOOPP.HHRTHOiiceTKH 7.11. rpynne Minor Ticks (Bcnoxorarensmre nrrpaxa) l.HH F = lOOOe -(x-10)a /100 + sin(x / 2).Y OCHOBHhlMH (cooTBeTcTBeHHo.

.

8bl' coom6emcmeuu C ux snauenuesui.Zl.n:YT JIM aa Heii orotipalliaTbCJI IIO. Tick- He.n.:)TO 8.n.bI .e C .n:eJIH).JI.Hii CIlHCOK Dataset MOlliHO YKa3aTh. ceKYH.ali- eCJIH BbI Bbl6epHTe 3TOT THII.HMH B npeztenax from - Dataset (TeKcT H3 YCTaHoBoK Ta6JIHD.an <popMaT nO.IJ.nHCH K IIITpHxoBKe - IIHCM) MOlliHO OT.cTaBJIe'HHSIMOlliHO BbI6paTh B CIlMCKe Format MaT).n. B TOM.eKcbi)..n:aBaTb ce6e or=rer 'lTO ero MOllieT IIOHTH B ynrepf 3JIoynPTpe6.eHl> (3a:rOJIOBKH KOJIOHOK).e.JIOBRH KOJIOHOK B H3 YCTaHoBoK Ta6JIHD.n. TO IIOSlBHTCSIBhIIIa- .OJDKHhlOT. Day of week (. M eCJIH BhI IlOMeH. Text max] Toro.HBJI.KOHRpeTHee BH.aTh <popMaT.IIHCeii K .J1S1 IIO.n.aMH H T.n.H IIITPHXOBKH: (qHCJIOB'oii) nozrrraca K IIITpHXOBKe . a ue 8 Time (BpeMH) - llpu amOM pacnpeitenetcu 8 npeiJeJLaX..I1Hceii K mTpHxoBKe 3aKJI3. K CJIe.HIOTCR IIIKaJIbI CTOHT.bIO_ OCHOBHbleIIO.HD.HH.aHHhIX B HaMH <PYHKD. Date (. B KOTOpOM H3 KaRoH 6a3hl .8.n. qmalliKa no.n.n.Heii He. Column headings indexed da taset(lIa. 6y.eM CIIHCKe Format Month (Iloxaesraam (Mecan) - IIo. _ . (Haoop . na war .IIHCHIIITpHXOB) II03BOJI.IIO. cIlopMaTHpoBaHHe nop.eB.HM IIIarOM . 4topMaTHpoBaHHe nop.YT 6paTbcH qHC.n.KaRHe Ha3BaHHH HCnOJIh30BaThnOJIHhIe HJIH coxpaureaaare Format (¢opMaT)j MOlliHO yKa3a'rb Day of Week (. ¢op- MaTHpoBaHHe n03BOJI.).ypHCYHKa. 8. Text C IIOfrom Time cozrepacamero RaK Ha3BaIiHl1 MeCSlD.YIOIIJ.n.nRceii II: IDTpR'.HeTe THIl. H Kpome Numeric OCH.Zl.HB.n.eHb).n. ROTOPhiH MOlliHO YTOqHHTb B BhI- (.IJ. Month (MeC.IIHCH IIITpHxOBKe.J1.n.hI zramrsrx).H B cnacxe (¢opMaT) Date PH.IIHCeiiK IIITpHXOBKe.!1THqHbIMMqHCJIaMH.n. .Zl.Heapaarrrsr: s dataset (BpeMH).e. ¢opPRC. (QHC.n. nORa3bIBaIOTCl1 B CIIHCKe nOKa3hIBaIOTCSI B <popMaTe.l{Ka Tick Labels (fIO. Column Headings (3arO.aIOIIJ.n.ZI.1IqaHHIO6epeTcH H3 nepe=ma Ta6JIHD.Hp. JIelliaIIJ.eJIbHO YKa3aTb.n.n. IIop.HeTC.<aM OCRonpeneamorca na aaMaT oTo6pameHHSI BpeMeHH BhI6npaeTC. BHeIIIHeMY BH.aIOr.J1aoznracefi n K IIITpHXOBRe OCH HCIIOJIh3YIOTCH 3arO.n.eHb He.aHHbIMH (.OMj nO.IJ.Zl.eC.Ecna eCTh B03MOlliHOCTh.JI.IIHceHK IIITpHXOBKe ocefi (pHC.eJIaTb3TH IIO.aHHhlx).HeTsa.H Bbl60p THII~ rrozmacea MOIIJ. npe.HOHHYIO qaCTb B 3TOMcay-rae JIyqIIIe rrepeneera '.n. onu 6yiJym paenoxepuo 6pannou UlICaJLbt.bIOasrrranaromer-o CJIe.HKam.z:(IIHCH aecsxra HH<popMaTHBHhIMH. TO COOTBeTCTBYIOIIJ. 8.- xaneanapaox 6paTh OCb.n..n.1IHD. . HOBhl.lUITb He TaK).aHHhIii BhI60p nOBJIHJIeT H aa WKaJIY OCMH npe.YIOIIJ. TOHH<popMaD.OH Bhl6paHHOH Labels' Show Major na.Zl. IIapaMeTpbI II:JIa):{KeTick Labels B JIeBOM CIIHCKe Selection IIITpHXOBKe.aHHhIX6y.n:OCTaBJIJleMbIMH B03MOlliHOCT.JIH) - no. 44 45.ZI.n.IlOMHHTe 06 3TOM. .JIOBKH KOJIOHOK) -_ .HMH He B nozmacs K pHCyHKy.ZI.JIa HJIH TeJ:CCT .1.HeTc.n.1IH Bhl6paHHoii 06pa30M H3MeHHTCSInaaasre THIIa .1).nHceii K mTpHxoBKe THn 110 YMO.Zl.Zl.ZI.n.lI.I1.n.n.IIHCHK IIITpnxoBKe (¢opMaT).n.aTa) - (Bsrneneaae) BhI MOllieTe asrOClI C nOMOIIJ. (TeKcT CIIHCKa Type Numeric (THn).n.llM B Ta6.nHCH K IIITpHXOBKe IlOKa3bIBaIOTCH B Format 24-qaCOBOM <popMaTe C MHHYTaMH.eJIH.n.n.JIJIKOTOPOHaano 3a.IIHCH K IIITpHXOBKe IIO(¢op- Ka3bIBaIOTCH KaK Pla3BaHH.1IOBOii).

HCPPIIOCJIe 3a· n03BOJISeT 6e3 ymepfia .eJIeHHe na MHOmHTeJIb) -. AmI Tick (H:H.n.JIHceii: K WTpHxoBKe IIo yMOJI-qaHHlO -.000).:reCTse noznracea CTpOR Ii3 B crracxe YKa3aTb Headings (3a8T9 naTOH: H Origin )I{aTb sroro.po6eH).Re Minor Labels (Ilonnacn .n.n.JHblM: . TIaceJI cnHCOK Color ~BeT. OTnelIaTaTb cfIoc060M.n. ("L[MCJIOBOil:)n Column BhI6paTb (Hlparpr) II03BOJIaeT Bbl6paTb OCH.llTCJI B COOTBeTCTBHe COOTBeTcTByro~He 6yp. HRJI 6yp. ECJIH .OJImeH 6bITb K OCM H p. eCJIH SbI nnaaapyere CYHOK nOJIHrpacpHQeCKllM MomHOC. TaR.8.n.n.eHCTBaTeJIbHbIX 1000 (AeCJ'ITHl.HTHO CJIMIITKOM 60JIbIIIOe ROJIIil. (8TO MOmeT 6blTb (IIOJIYilmppaastep B HO H He 3TOT PHcpopMaT.ame KpaCHblH fibIH) eeo ocotiennocmiao mo :ayttwe 6bL' sensemce oiiu- nauoeas. eCJIH aa WRaJIe .JHblX .JIlI K .JI. nOMeCTRB B no- IITTpnXOBKR cpopMaT rrozmacea Divide By Factor (.n.lJ.JHbIH: 1000).neii Prefix ne Apply ocymecmnaerca C (Ilo) H Suffix (IIocJIe).n.) (IJ.n.JIH nonnaeea K illTPMxaM OCH. TO BbI. "L[HCJIaM B rrpenerrax IITRaJIbI ROJIOHKH: OCM CTaB.1J.000 (AeCJ'ITHl. O'leHb MeJIKHM. Scientific: lE3 (HaYl.o6aBHT:b CaM MHOmHTeJIb. xoaexao.n. 2'1034) \ YCTaHOBMT IIOJIymHpHbIH nrpaqrra) nacr OH .lI.rry OCH M B nonnaca .n. rrpOCTO IiHmeHepHbIH JKeHepHbIH: lk).BeT) n03BOJIaeT Bold BbI6paTb ~BeT . ECJlU 6bi ao- THrr IITpMcpTa KaK . -Indexed Dataset 10-il: ROJIOHKH.JeHH.JHblX 3HaKOB . HaBJIHBaeTCSI aa 3aKJIa. eTCJlp. BCIIOMOraTeJIbHblX . .JISI TO-.eT 8. MomeT 6bITb: • 06bI"IHbIH Decimal: BaM 3TO HymHO). 1. HaKOHe~.n.n.JUt ROJIOHOK) BbI . - 1.onmHbl cpopMaT" rrpezt- CTaBJI~HHJ'I -.:rHon .:r1.n.aHHbIX n STHX crpoxax. YCTaTick JIH~e COOTBeTcTByroT MMJIJIHMeTpaM.sapHTeJIbHO YCTaHoBIiB cooreereraviomaa B Ka-.:rHCeJI (eCJIH.JHCJIOM TeKCTO~ B rpYIIH onarr. TaK H .n.aro~HH: cnHCOK Font no..n.n. clJopMaTHpoBaHHe nop.H IIOp.n.o6aBMTb CJIOBO(COKp~eHMe) - KHJIO).OJIiftHbI 6y.eT COOTBeTCTBOBaTb'cpopMaTY 'lIWeJI B Ta6JIll~e HHe B nOJIe Set Decimal TaR. KOJlOJu(u (Y CTaHOBIiTb MeCTO paanesoenpaarxa ncerzra He- JIMTeJIJl .n.JIJl3Ha'leHMil: AJI. ripna'raaa B03nepen l.eC.onOJIHMTeJIbHbIM IIITpMxaM o.n.ll CJIHIITKOM BeJIHKH BhI MomeTe YCTaHOBHTb HeRHn MHOmHTeJIb B nOJIe Divide . JIe K OCR He 3a6bITb eCJ.T-b- Oxem.ll.n.p¥rHX - (Paasrep mpndrra. moeume pucuuotc npospaunu» nxenox.eKcbI) - npH.OJDKHO 6bITb TIHCJIO 10.eCaTHl.:rlWJIO 10.n. tipanu. (aanpareep. reoropyto Dataset (Ha6op ztanmax).IIHCeH: K OCHOBHbIM.n..eTCJl113MeHRTb IITK8.JHbIH: IIepeRJIIO'IaTeJIb B03MomHOCTb MeHbme • Hay-. iuputpm Arial Bsmanaronraa p.eTe B nozm aca KOCH noc'raarrre He MM.n.JeCTBO IJ.. 8. CPJIaiftOK.YT"HcnOJIb30SaTbC:H aorcepa 6a31>1 .IHy sac ztannsre .aHH:bIX.JIa nozmaceit C .2).HTHl. IITTPHXOB) (pIIC.:rltCJIO.n. 3Hal. TO BMeCTO 10 orctipaacar-sca 3arOJIOBOK muna X nponucxcuomcsi. 46 47 . c1JopMaTHpoBaHHe nO)l.aHHbIX. HJIH nOCJIe Hero BbIX no.ll TMnOB Numeric rOm}SRIi BbI MomeTe IIpH 3TOM IITKaJIa OCHYRa3bIBaBbIITa.r(aHHbIMH.eCJlTKOB COTeH MJIH TbICJI-. noaonnoo B HHmeliepHoM (OT npHCTaBKH Factor rpopraare TblCJ'I-qlf 0603HalIalOTCa 6YKBOH k .n.nHceii: K WTp~XOBKe Ta6Jnn~e C 6a30il: p.lJ. a CM.n.rrHoe:ij aa pHCYHKe.eCJ'ITH'lHbIX . Engineering: 1k (HH- Ha. HO BbI MomeTe H3MeHllTb Places 3TO aaaxeK IITTpHXaM OCR 6y.:rHOCTH H36e- R IITTpHXOSKe OCM6YP. nonnaca ytcaaa'rs paastepa nrpaqrra • a. a CIIHCOK Point BH.:rHCeJITHna 1E3).y'r noneneasr aa STOT MHOmHTeJIb. By (AeJIeHHe Ha MHOmHTeJIb) - rorzra Ilpn ace aaane3'rOM npaB Ta6- To (IIpHMeHHTb R) BbI MOmeTe paorrpocrpaaa'rs . npe. montuuua ecex nuuuii.IIHceit . aa ace CJIOH HJIII see OKRa B npoercre AJIJl npOMemYTo-.JI.n.:rHbI:H BR.H-. YCTaHOBJIeHHbIH cpopMaT TOJIbEtOna 3TOT CJIOM. • C pa36HeHaeM Decimal: na rpyrrrrsr . .

8. 06paTHTe BHHM8HlIe"QTO He::=:ITOE: aaroranxe Tome OTCYTCTByeTrpynna Apply To (IIplIMeHHTb K). l\1inor Labels on Major Ticks (BenoxoraTeJIhHhle nonnaca ua OCHOBHhIXmrpaxax) H 3~aB 3HaQeHH~ C~BHra B npouenrax MeJK~y IIO)J.UTeJILHLIMnrrpaxanr ocn 00Tick Labels pe)J.n. IIapaMeTpLI nonnacea R )J.8. Cf>Jla»WK Show Maj()r Labels (Ilorcaasraart.3.IIHCSIMH OCHOBHbIMH K .asre nozmxca) YCTaHOBHTb (l>naJKOK Enable Minor Labels (3a~eii:cT~oBaTh acnoxorarensasre nozmaca). eCJlH y6paTb anecs (l>Jla:H'COK. 8. 06paTHTe BHHMaHHe. HJIH '«-» CJIeBaOT HHX. 8TO MOJKHOcaexars. B crracxe Selection (Bsmeaeaae) BbI6epHTe HYJKHYIOOCh (pHI(. B lWTOPOH 'f!HCJlOBhle nOJI$! Horizontal (I'opascaransaoe) II Vertical ~BepTHxansaoe) n03BOJIHIOT nepeesecrwrs nonnaca K IDTpHxaM OCH no BepTHKaJIH H ropH30HTaJIH (snecs MoryT 6hITh H. 8.eHTHqeH nepeKJlIOqaTeJIIO aa 3aKJI~Ke Tick Label~ (IlozmaCH IDTpHXOB) (eCJlH C6pOCHTh3TOT¢JIaJKOK.2.YT orofipaJKaThCHCOSHaKaMH «+».D. EIIIe oOJIee TOHRHe IJaCTpoil:KH nonnacea K rrrrpaxan ocea BbI csroxcere C~eJIaTb aa SaKJI~Ke Custom. .n.apTHLJe cBoueTBa nOAnHceu mTpnXOB OCH Tick Labels .n. 48 49 . BbI . OCHOBHble nO~IIHcH) nOJlHOCTblO H~eHTHqeH (l>JlaJKKY aa aarcrraznce Tick Labels (IIo~nHcH illTpHXOB). Ha aaxaamce Custom )J. TO nOJle3HO HaIIpOTHB Kam.lI. B CIHICKe Selection I Puc. Tick Labels " (Hacrpaaaaexsre nonnaca IIITpHXOB). c1topMaTHpoBaHHe nO.TO qHCJIOBbIe 3HaQeHHSI 6y.BKe noznracea) H TorAa nOSI~HTcH pa~K[. BRJlIOqHB nepearnoxarem.BHCeii Ie mTpHxoBxe (BF>I~eJleHHe) Bhl6epHTe HymHyIO OCb. 8.OCTOHHCTBO).Ke Minor na ECJIH BaMH Bhl6paH BpeMeHHoH THU nO~nHCeE:.n.D.e BOADHceii ~ mTpHxo.OIIOJllt.3).OCTYUHOH C rpynny Offset % Point Size (Csremeane B % OT pasxepa). . B rpynne Other Options (. qTO aa :=:ITOH SaRJl~Re OTCYTCTByeT rpymra Apply To (IIpHMeHHTb R).eJUIIOTCH 3aKJla)J. (TaKHM: 06pasoM.) QT06bI yrcaaara.n. cIJopMaTHpoBaHH.H noztUHCh acnoxorarensaoro.ll.OrOOCHOBHoro nrrpnxa paaxemarr. M03tHO 3a~aTL HeCTaH- Cf>JlaJKOK Label' Stay with Axis (Tlonnaca pacnonoaceasi PH.!\pyrHe YCT8HOBHTb ¢JIaJKOR Box Around YCTaHoBRH) Bbl MomeTe Labels (PaMKa 'BoRpyr PHC.OJIJKHhI rpyrrrre Minor Labels (BcnosroraB rezn.OM OCblO) nenaer . TO HCqeSHYT noztrrnca K OCHOBHbIM IDTpHxaM. IIHeH K OCHOBHbIMrm-paxars).onOJIHHTeJlhHhIMnrrpaxare OCHB none Offset Major by % (Craemenae OCHOBHhIXna %). ECJlH ycraaoBHTb q:lJIaJKKH Plus Signs '(3HaK nnroca) H l\(inus Signs (3HaK MHHyca). <PJIaJKOKShow Major Labels (Iloxaasmara. OCHOBHhIenonrraca) IIOJIHOCTblOH.\ soxpyr nO~nHCeE: K IIITpHXaM OCH(COMHHTeJlbHOe. HCQe3HYTnon. qTO 6Y~YT BH~HbI nomraca K npOMemYTOQHbIM nrrpaxam.

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