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OPERATOR'S MANUAL

MARINE
MODEL

RADAR

FR-604 0

0

11

FURUNO' ELECTRIC CO., LTO.
NISHINOMIYA, JAPAN
880950KY (8809, yuto)
PRIN TEO IN JAPAN

-

FURU .. ----------------O
CON TEN TS

--FURU .. -----------------O
SPECIFICATIONS OF FR-604D

**********
SCANNER UNIT
1.

**************

SPEC IF ICATIONS CHAPTER 1
1.1

0-1 to 0-4 INSTRUCTIONS 1-1 to 1-13 1-1 1-7
1-8

Radiator: 2. Radiator Length: 3. Horizontal Beamwidth: 4. Vertical Beamwidth: 5. Sidelobe Attenuation: Within + 20° of mainlobe: Outside-+ 201,) of mainlobe: 6. Polarization: 7. Antenna Rotation:

Slotted Waveguide Array 120cm 2.00 22° -27dB -30dB Hor; zontal 24 r.p.m. nominal

OPERATION

Function of Each Control Operating Procedure

1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 CHAPTER 2 2.1
2.2

Range Measurement Bearing Measurement Radar Alarm Setting REMARKS ON VIEWING PICTURE Minimum and Maximum Ranges Radar Resolution Bearing Accuracy Range Measurement False Echoes MAINTENANCE TROUBLESHOOTING

1-9 1-10 2-1 to 2-5
2-1

TRANSCEIVER

MODULE (Contained

in the scanner housing) Nagnetron 9H302/E3513 9410MHz + 30MHz, PON 3kW nominal O. 25 O. 5 1. 5 Approx. 3360Hz Rate:

1. Transmitti ng Tube:

2. Frequency & Modulation: 3. Peak Output Power: 4. Pulselength Range Pulselength 5. Modul ator: 6. 1. F •: 7. Tuning: 8. Receiver Front End: 9. Bandwidth: 10. Duplexer:

2-1 2-2
2-2 2-2

&

Pulse Repetition Rate

2.3 2.4 2.5 CHAPTER 3 CHAPTER 4

I

I

3

Pulse Repetition

24 6 12 Approx. 840Hz

I

I

I

I

48

O.5us (Long) O.08us (Short) SCR Line Type Pulse Modulator 6m1Hz Manual MIC (Microwave
Ie)

3-1 & 3- 2 4-1 to 4-6
$-0 to $-7 $-8 0-1 to 0-3

7MHz/3~1Hz Circulator with Diode Limiter

SCHEMATIC DIAGRAt'1S INTERCONNECTION OUTLINE DRAWINGS DIAGRAM

DISPLAY UNIT
1. Indication

System: 2. Picture Tube:

Raster Scan, Daylight Display 9-inch rectangular CRT

0-1

II0VA (no wind load) (Rectifier needed) STANDARD SPARE PARTS (Type: SP03-02500. 1 2 3 Name Rectifier Power Cable Externa 1 Buzzer Type RU-3423 VV-S 2..Oxl.204-980 000-800-486 000-800-964 003-160-660 000-800-414 000-864-129 Qlty 1 2 2 1 5 5 + 1. .aa.5 0. VRM Range. 1 2 3 Code No. ST-BY. Ambient Temperature: 3.: 000-081-029) Type FP03-02010 8. 1 2 3 4 5 Name Scanner Unit Display Unit Accessories Standard Spare Parts Installation Materials Type RSB-0024 RDP-042 FP03-02000 SP03-02500 Weight (k g) 23 6. VRM.10mm KG-B3 ~18x25 FP03-01620 6x20 SUS304 . Range Ring. CONDITION ~------------------r_.-25 C to +70uC Display Unit -------. Interference 15.125 0. -----------------------------------3.. 1 (Type: FP03-02000. 008.5% or 70m. \~asher Knob Bolt Hood Assy. Bearing Accuracy: 8. Name Vibration: Total Amplitude + No. EBL Bearing.---~ ..125 2 2° k 1. whichever is the greater Heading Mark.9 Q'ty Bearing Resolution: 7.5 to 25Hz 25 to 50Hz ~~~. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Code No.-----------~----~ 1-----_.-15uC to +55uC Relative humidity. Range Ring Interval (RINGS). VRM Accuracy: 1 2.2VDC . Bearing Scale.5Hz Bracket Assy. 0 13. r~ar kin g s : OPTIONAL SUPPLY No. 50/60Hz. n ENVIRONMENT 1. 1¢. Alarm Zone.0VDC.5% or 70m. No.~-~---~~- O. whichever is the greater 1. .40.6mm ~---------------+---. Humidity: Scanner Unit -------. Range Ring Accuracy: 11..aa. --------------------- ~25 0. 45W (no wind load) or 100/110/115/220j240VAC. Range Discrimination: 9. EBL.._-----------+---------------1 ACCESSORIES Vibration Freq. 93% + ~k at +40uC + 3uC v SUS304 POWER SUPPLY & POWER CONSUMPTION 10.: 000-081-370) Type Code No.. -- FU.. 000-104-815 000-430-890 000-830-110 000-831-610 Q'ty 2 2 -1 1 Name I I I Fuse Carbon Brush L-handle Socket ~vrench Spare Parts Box FGMB lOA AC125V For R~1-3622 Diagonal 13mm For F710 4 0-2 0-3 .38mm + 0.5 6 6 1 - 1 12 2 6 24 4 4 6 i I 6 48 8 6 EQU IP~~ENT LIST r No. Number of Rings: 6. Interference Rejection (IR).5 0. Radar Alarm: Rejector: Built-in Bui It-. Panhead Tapping Screw Flat Washer 12. 2x30 . Range (nm) 4. Legends ~~eight (kg) 16.0x2C OP03. Tuning Bar Range..5 Q'ty 1 1 1 Remarks AC mai ns only Cable length:5m For al arm 14.25 6 3 0. Range Ring Interval (nm) 5.21 Code No.-~------~ ~------------+---- to 12. Minimum Range: 1 1 1 set 1 set 1 set Better than 10 Better than 25m Better than 25m 1. M6 2. FTC~ Alarm (ALARM) 10.

. Code No.I-2 Assembly from No.---------------------------------Name Connector Signal Cable Assy. 1 2 Scanner Unit Name Connector Lug I Type CN-7042 ~4 FV5. ~ . Type FM-142P S03-11-10 (10m) S03-11-15 (15m) S03-11-20 (20m) S03-11-30 (30m) Code No.5-4 FVl...204-720 Q'ty 1 1 h ---IP"~""--------------------------------------------------------------CHAPTER 1 OPERATION INSTRUCTIONS INSTALLATION r·1ATERIALS I For No. 30 sec.. Press the TX touchpad to begin transmission. 2 I For No.) POWER Button When this button is pressed. 000-511-406 008. Both the liON" LED above the power button and the touchpad panel will light up. To cut off power to the radar. 000-510-580 000-536-100 000-538-123 000-538-113 000-850-021 000-862-191 000-863-112 000-864-132 000-864-263 000-866-390 300-330-010 000-862-187 000-864-130 000-864. and the antenna will begin to rotate.1-1 Fig.204-710 008. The GAIN and TUNE controls should be adjusted to display the radar picture.25-3 RED CW1053DX M12x60 SUS304 Code No.11 --. 1. Bolt Flat Washer Spri ng Washer O-ring Adhesive rn 2 SUS304 M12 SUS304 M12 SUS304 10x45 SUS 03-003-3001-0 M8x30 SUS304 M8 SUS304 M8 SUS304 JISB24011A-G80 #1211 (50g) 4 4 4 2 1 4 4 1ST-Byl ~G) ~~ [JJ~ (2](1) e ~§ ~18 ~18 12 13 14 15 16 Power "ON" LEO 4 1 1 Fig. press the button again. the screen will read as shown in Fig.l-l and the standby timer will begin to count down from 2min. 3 4 Crimp-on Lug Crimp-on Lug Seal Hasher Hex.1 Function of Each Control (Refer to page 1-13.262 000-851-313 000-854-118 Q'ty 1 4 Shortly after the radar set is turned on.Type: CP03-02801.~ . signifying the radar is ready for operation. power is applied to all circuits of the radar system.204-690 008.1 to No. When it reaches "0:0111 the screen will display ST-BY. 7 8 9 10 11 Hex. Nut Flat Washer Spring Washer Slotted Pin G-type Drain Tube Hex. Operating personnel should familiarize themselves with all the operating controls in order to make the best possible use of the equipment.204-700 008. 1 22 4 4 5 6 Bolt EjG) [l)G) 2:29 After 2min.: 008-206-960 0-4 1-1 . 30 sec. 1 Display Unit Remarks For power cable To be selected (With connector at display end) Adjustment and function for the respective operating controls are discussed in this chapter.

. this control is used to tune the receiver to the exact frequency of the transmitter. BRIL Touchpad This touchpad changes the brightness of the CRT in 4 steps. To tune the receiver. Every E) This control adjusts the sensitivity of the receiver. To select a range. depending on whether you want to select a higher range or a lower range respectively. If the radar is set on one of the longer ranges. push in and release the control to bring it out again. the radar is adjusted properly when the speckled background on the screen just fades out. Press this touchpad to alternate between transmit and ST-BY modes. the number of fixed range rings and transmission pulselength. When the control is turned clockwise. The receiver is tuned properly when the greatest number of tuning marks is displayed. set the range to maximum and rotate the tune control between its extremes to display the greatest number of tuning marks(4 or 5). ---------------O The following three controls are grouped together because they control the radar receiver. Selected Range xe ange / Ring Interval Fl· dR RANGE o. The message liST-BY!!will appear at the middle of the screen. followed by pressing either the ~ / IT:] touchpad. On short ranges. The tuning condition of the receiver can be confirmed at any time by checking the tuning bar at the top right-hand corner of the screen. in order to suppress reflections from waves near own ship. Therefore adjust the control prudently. When the control is turned clockwise the sensitivity of the receiver is raised. Touchpads The range selected automatically determines the fixed range ring interval. for optimal detection in both short and long ranges (see the Specifications). depression of the touchpad changes the brightness stepwise. -----------------O The following TX Touchpad ~ are the functions of each touchpad. STC Control This control reduces the gain at close ranges. ) STC properly adjusted (A) Sea Clutter. 25NII RI~GS 0. To prevent accidental alteration of the settings. and the echoes of targets are displayed on the screen. When readjustment is necessary. RANGE ~ & ARROW B / [Ej. After the radar is set to transmit the GAIN and TUNE controls are adjusted to display the radar picture. After standby is completed.125 STC: ON I > .1-3 1-2 1-3 .1-4 Fig. press the RANGE touchpad.FURU .s turned too far to the right. press the touch pad to begin transmitting. The control is adjusted so that targets masked by the clutter remain on the screen. the echoes from desired targets may be lost. STC control nOFF n Fig. only the clutter is removed. GAIN Control Tuning Marks --FURU . press the TX touch pad to set the radar to ST-BY. the sensitivity is reduced at close ranges (where sea clutter is the greatest) and the strength of echoes on greater ranges is restored gradually.. TUNE Control ~ After the radar is set to transmit. it is recommended that the GAIN control be set almost fully clockwise and the STC control be used to adjust the sensitivity. The range in use and corresponding fixed range ring interval are displayed at the top left-hand corner of the screen.. When the radar will not be used for an extended period of time. Set the control to the fully counterclockwise position when no clutter is visible the screen. all controls in this group may be locked by pushing in the control. If the control .

Then. Therefore deactivate the circuit when there is no interference.. See the Specifications. Furthermore. when this touchpad is pressed . Then. FTC: OFF IR (on/off) Touchpac1 ~ Fig. press either the B 1[3 touchpad to increase or decrease the range of the VRM respectively. press and hold this touchpad to erase the mark from the screen. -----------------O RING (on/off) Touchpad The RING touchpad is pressed to turn on/off the fixed range rings.1-5 FTC: ON EBL ~ ~ & ARROW ~/ ~~ ~Touchpads Should radar interference from other radars operating in the vicinity be observed on the screen (see Fig. it may be used to separate groups of echoes on a congested short range picture. snow or hail storms may be hidden by the clutter displayed on the screen.--FUAU .1-7 1-4 1-5 .n clear weather. As noted earlier the number and interval of the rings are related to the range in use.0' Indicator Fig.1-7. To cancel the FTC function at any time. When heavy storms or partial clutter is visible on the screen. See Fig. Therefore. press this touchpad to remove the clutter. press the touchpad to erase the rings from the screen when they are not needed. --FUAU . The EBL touchpad is pressed to display the EBL and its bearing indicator at the lower left-hand side of the screen. The letters IlIR" appear at the top right-hand side of the screen when the circuit is activated. -----------------O FTC (on/off) Touchpad Echoes of ships operating inside rain.::]~ ~ Touchpads The VRM touch pad is pressed to display the VRM and its range indicator at the lower right-hand si de of the screen.1-6 Bearing H~1 OFF Touchpad ~ Should you desire to observe a small echo under the ship's heading mark. the letters IIFTCIIare displayed at the top right-hand side of the screen. Interference Rejector: ON [Bl IR: ON Rt1 45. Selected Range Fixed Range Ring Interval '-----> Fixed Range Ring Interference Rejector: OFF Fig. press the FTC touch pad again. I FTC indicator VRM & ARROW ~/ rr. If the FTC is activated. The interval is displayed below the range in use at the top left-hand corner of the screen. The interference rejector circuit is switched on whenever power is applied. The fixed range rings are presented on the screen every time the power is turned on..1-6) this touchpad may be pressed to eliminate or suppress the interference. press either the IB/0 touchpad to rotate the EBL clockwise or counterclockwise respectively •.

------.NO ----------------ARROW Touchpad (used with VRt1/EBl/RANGE) --FU. The B touchpad performs. I --:-. This permits quick recognition of which setting can be changed without having to press the touchpad. MARK OFF Touchpad ~ The HARK OFF touchpad is colored green and orange to indicate that it is used in conjunction with the EBL and VRM touchpads. The message "ALAR~~IIis displayed at the top right-hand side of the screen to alert the operator that the alarm is activated. For further details about how the alarm is set.- FU . --. depending on which touchpad is pressed.------------- Se 1 ect the desi red range. I Adjust GAIN/STC controls and FTC touchpad according to weather/sea conditions. see page 1-10. or move the VRM out away from the center of the CRT.. showing that radar is ready to transmit. ~ Continued 1-6 1-7 . The bearing sector alarm can not be set without first setting the range alarm. e..2 Operation Procedure points are satisfied before turning on the B/rB The two arrow touch pads are tri-colored to signify that they are used in conjunction with the EBLt VRM or RANGE touchpad.. See Fig. VRM and RANGE.. Make sure there are no obstructions around the antenna... the B touchpad except that it works in the OPPoslte dlrectlon. or selects a lower range scale. Set the detecting range at maximum by pressi ng RANGE & [3 touchpads and adjust TUNE control.25 n. (~ Wait for 2mi n. Note that it is possible to set the range alarm only. The alarm is set by maneuvering the EBL and VRM to the desired guard zone followed by pressing the SET/RESET touchpad once. It rotates the EBL counterclockwise. See Fig. or change the range scale in use. moves the VRM closer to the center. Check that the settings of the controls are as shown below. Confirm that the following radar. the ~ame :unct i on as. The [3 touchpad is used to rotate the EBL clockwise. . among EBL. NO---------. where the maximum number (4 or 5) of tuning marks are produced. j --------Power is supplied to radar. the arrow touch~ads are used to maneuver the markers which are used to measure the bearlng and range of a target appearing on the display screen (EBL and VRM respectively).. I ------ ALARM SET/RESET Touchpad ~ Press TX touchpad. a green light frames the onscreen indicator of the touchpad last pressed.g. Transmission begins on 0. 1-1. When activated by pressing one of the above three touchpads. After the alarm is set the EBL and VRM may be operated without disturbing the settings of the alarm. The tuning point.m. Button & Controls Settings POWER GAIN & STC TUNE Others OFF Fully CCW Center Any positions Start i ng Remarks Press POWER button.--------1. Indication of "ST-BY" is displayed.~---_----- Adjust GAIN cont rol s] Target echoes appear. Press and hold the SET/RESET touchpad for at least two seconds to cancel the alarm.1-2. Its function is to erase the EBL and/or VRM from the screen. Adjustment of TUNE control should be made 10 minutes after transmission has begun. range and range rings are observed on the screen. 1) Confirm 2) 3) that the power supply is within the rating. For operator convenience. 30sec.. the antenna begins to rotate and time remaining for warm-up is displayed. or select a higher range scale. is normally found around mid-travel.

25 NU ~INGS O.See para.) Fixed Range Ri n9 Interval Fixed Range Ring Fig. Press B or IGI touchpad until the circle described by the VRM touches the inside edge of the target. Selected Range ~ R~NGE Fig. 1-3.4 o. first check the range ring interval. 2. -------...s recommended to set the radar to ST-BY unless observation of the picture is necessary. The bearing measured by the EBL can be read at the lower left-hand corner of the screen. The range to targets can measured more accurately ---. 1-5 on page 1-10. To measure the range to a target.__ O 2) Range Measurement with the VRM using the VRM.12S Stopping EBL Target VRM Ensure the GAIN control is turned fully counterclockwise off the power. 2..- FURU . See para. bearing of a target.0· The range to a target is measured roughly with the fixed range rings..-----------------. Press the VRM touchpad to display the VRM on the screen.. (The bearing measured is relative to own ship. Press TX touchpad to cease radar o eration tem orarily. O ---------------- --FURU . and estimate the range to the target.. To extend the life of the magnetron it . before turning 1.1-9 1-8 1-9 . 1-4 on page 1-9. 3. 25NU Bearing Measurement 1. The rings are displayed on the screen by pressing the RING touchpad. Press the EBL touch pad to display the EBL on the screen. Then count the number of rings between the center of the CRT and the target.1-10 1. shown at the upper left-hand corner of the screen. The range measured by the VRM can be read at the lower right-hand corner of the screen. RANGE 0. range to a target~ fixed range rings.. Press B or [8 touchpad until the EBL is positioned over the center of the target.3 Range Measurement 1) Range Measurement with the Fixed Range Rings Bearing Indicator ESt Ran e Indicator 45. 1. 3.See para.

. See Fig.. a 90u bearing sector between 3150 and 45u• use the 2.. Too high a gain will trip the alarm needlessly. To change the inner or outer range of the alarm.. l .. and if the gain is set too low weaker targets may be missed. following procedure.. The alarm is very effective as an anti-collision aid when using an autopilot or navigating in narrow channels.1-14. press the VRM touchpad to display the VRM marker on the screen. !Bt 1 1-10 1-11 . A "doughnut ring" marks the inner and outer limits of the alarm. Furthermore. for example. 7.0 • '" Fig. »>: --.20 •• \ Although the alarm is useful as anti -coll ision aid. You may cancel the alarm at any time by pressing and holding the SET/RESET touchpad for at least two seconds. and the bearing in step 7 is set.) See Fig. the message "VRMl" wi 11 change to "VRM2. Set the range at 6nm. 3. .l-II.20nm and press the SET/RESET touchpad._ ..l-I5. The alarm should not be used as a primary means to detect possible collision situations.1-12 8. Fig. PressB / IG unt i1 the VRM stops at 2. At this time the EBLI indication will change to EBL2. I I \ " \ \ / . Press the SET/RESET touch pad once.. U • Fi g. repeat steps 2 thru 4. U ) - FURU_O -----. £BL1 is displayed at the top right-hand side of the screen.30nm use the following procedure. '\ . Should ship's.I-13 and Fig. . 1 ..5 Radar Alarm Setting The alarm function allows the operator to set the desired range (0 to maximum range) and bearing (0 to 360 for a guard zone. l. informing you to up the range to redisplay the guard zone on the screen..--FURU. A small 2-3 degree blank space is created in the doughnut ring at the area around 315u• however it is "repainted" once the other side of the bearing sector is set.. press [8 / Bunt i 1 the VRM stops at 3.20 and 3.1-12. etc..." and the message "ALARM" is displayed at the top right-hand side of the screen. landmasses. come into the guard zone an alarm will be generated. . indicating the alarm is now activated.. IAH(lt 6 1 11"'$ vsu . -----------------O 1. Press the EBL touchpad to display the EBl on the screen.10 VO" . By observing the EBL indicator at the lower left-hand side of the screen press the IB / B touchpad unti 1 the EBL is positioned at 3I5 See Fig. ". . and the outer/inner range of the alarm is set. To set. l11 . for example.30nm. 5. ( '\ 2.I-13 1. 6. VRMI is displayed at the top right-hand side of the screen.5. I If you desire to set a bearing sector alarm as well. indicating you shbuldset the other side of the bearirig sector. (The order which you set the inner and outer range limits is interchangeable. While observing the VRM indicator at the lower right-hand side of the screen. To set.I-16. the message "UP RANGE" is displayed at the top right-hand side of the screen.. . See Fig. islands. Now if a target comes into the zone marked by the doughnut ring an alarm is sounded. If the guard zone goes out of the screen when changing to a lower range. proceed to the next step. a guard zone between 2.------ _ 4.. Press the SET/RESET touchpad... Now the procedure Procedure Before setting the alarm ensure the gain is set properly.1-16 . At this time a weak intensity ring is overlaid on the VRM to mark the inner or outer limit of the guard zone. See Fig.I-11 II-lAliLI V'R)I Z 1. the alarm will not sound should weaker targets come into the guard zone. it does not rel ieve the operator of the responsibility to watch out for possible collision situations.. .. to set the alarms.'" Fig.

..l-18 1-12 .- FURO . etc. See Fig.l-IB. repeat steps 7 and 8. press B/ B to position the EBL at 45~. 10. islands.I-17 Fig. Then. coming into the guard zone will trigger the alarm. The guard zone and alarm sound may be cancelled at aRY time by pressing and holding the SET/RESET touch pad for at least two seconds.1-17 and Fig. landmasses. The setting of the guard zone is now completed. Fig. telling the operator to proceed with caution. and hit the SET/RESET touchpad. Any ships. To change the bearing sector. ----------------- 9.

_a~d --ll._e __ RANGE Touci1pad __________ (Touchpad Panel) 1-13 .. (Interference ff) Rej ect i on on /0 L BRI (CRT Touchpad l i ance ) ____ Srll l.. when se tting alarm lone.Ld.... TX ~ Touchpad FTC (on/off) Touchpad (Rain Clutter) IR (0 n / 0 f f) To u c~hp..Heading Hark Fixed Range Ring Fixed Range 1 Ring Interva / / / ker activated r1ar.:!.:_n.. TU NE Cont ra 1 N photo No._~ ~1ARK OFF TOl1Ch~~~) (VRM/EBL f~ark Ran e VRr~ Touchpad EBL Touchpad Indicator "rR~aa".:..21 32 DC ..

---IP"~""-----------------------------------CHAPTER 2 REMARKS ON VIEWING PICTURE -IP"~"" ----------------Range Discrimination Range discrimination is the ability to distinguish two targets which are in the same direction and close to each other. Multiple Reflection 2. the maximum range is equal to the radar horizon or a little shorter. and thus.2 Radar Resolution Bearing Resolution Bearing resolution is the ability to discriminate two targets which are located at the same range and close to each other.5 When the radar is used as a collision avoidance aid the minimum range is of urgent concern. The multiple echoes appear at equal intervals after the true echo as shown in Fig.1 Minimum and Maximum Ranges Maximum range The maximum detecting range of the radar.s 9 meters and the target height is 16 meters. varies considerably depending upon several factors such as the height of the antenna above the sea. However. False Echoes Occasionally echo signals appear on the screen at positions where there is no target or disappear even if there are targets.2 x {/19 + v-DS} = 15. where Rmax: hl h2 Radar horizon (no mile) Antenna height (meter) Target height {meter} 2. Generally. The usual bearing resolution is 1 to 3 degrees. bridge. shape and material of the target.3 Bearing Accuracy One of the most important features of the radar is how accurately the bearing of the target can be measured. Under normal atmospheric conditions. They are.4 (n . miles) = 2. Typical false echoes are shown below. there are two means of measuring the range: the fixed range rings which appear on the screen with a predetermined interval as a reference of the range measurement. The Rmax is given in the following equation. For example. The average discrimination range is 25 yards on a 0. if the height of the antenna above the sea . radar pulses are multi-reflected between your ship and the target. This is determined by pulselength only. It is proportional to the length of the antenna and reciprocally proportional to the wave length. the adjustment of the heading marker at installation is an important factor to determine bearing accuracy. the bearing is usually taken relative to the ship's heading.4 Range Measurement Measurement of the range to a target is also a very important function of the radar. 2-1 2-2 . and the atmospheric conditions.08 micro-second pulse. The radar horizon is longer than the optical one by about 6% because of the diffraction property of the radar signal.2-1. It is very dangerous for a target to disappear when it approaches the ship. put the target echo at the extreme position on the screen by selecting a suitable range. the height of the target above the sea. The range to the target measured by the VRM is displayed digitally. the size. building on a pier and breakwater exists near the ship. recognized if you understand the reason why they are presented. The accuracy of the bearing measurement basically depends on the narrowness of the radar beam. the maximum radar range is. The minimum range is determined by the transmission pulse width and the height of the antenna (vertical beam wi dth of antenna) above the sea". however. This results in presentation of multiple echoes on the screen. and the variable range marker which can be moved inwards and outwards so that it will touch the inside edge of the target. To minimize error when measuring the bearing of a target.2 x (3 + 4) Minimum Range 2. When a wide and plane target such as the sideboard of a ship. 2. 2 x (Ihl + Vli2) 2. Rmax. R ma x = 2. Rmax = 2.

the spurious echoes may be represented at both sides of the true echo with the same range as shown in Fig.2-4 2-3 2-4 . O ---------------- - FUAU"O ----------------- Virtual Image large Object A relatively large target close to your ship may be represented at two positions on the screen.- FUAU . Target True Echo Own Ship Fig.2-1 Spurious Echoes False Echoes When the radar pulse is emitted from the antenna radiator.2-2. for example. your ship comes close to a large steel bridge such a false echo may temporarily be seen on the scope. they may return after the echoes from the next transmission pulse have appeared. no target is detected within a certain angle--called a "dead angle. If the target is strong. Spurious echoes can be removed by adjusting the GAIN and STC controls. echoes from very distant targets may appear on the screen.2-3 Dead Angle (Blind Sector) A funnel. Fig. If.. Thus false echoes appear together with the true echoes of the near distant targets. Fig. In that case. True Echo False Echoes Fig. some of the total emitted energy escapes on each side of the main beam--sidelobes.2-3. In this case.2-2 Second-trace Echoes Dead Angle If radio wave propagation is extraordinary. it can be detected by the sidelobes as well as the main lobe. mast or derrick post near the radar antenna may intercept the radar beam." A large object close to your ship may produce a similar effect. One of them is the true echo directly reflected by the target and the other is a false echo which is caused by the mirror effect of a large object on or close to your ship as shown in Fig.

wait for a few minutes until the high voltage components (CRT or HV capacitors) can discharge the residual charge. use a wooden hammer or plastic-head hammer.2-5 3 to 6 months Scanner radiator I I I I I ! I . IlCAUTION" Before maintenance work. Thick dirt should be wi ped off by us in 9 a soft cloth immersed in fresh water. be sure to switch off the radar at the main switchboard.2-5. Also check if the rubber packing of the scanner cover 1S ln good order. Terminal boards Open scanner cover to . 2-5 3-1 . i I *Use a soft cloth with a slight amount of anti-static-charge spray. ICRT screen Dirt on this creates symptom identical to poor sensitivity. When checking inside the units.. Interval Radar Interference Item Exposed bolts and nuts on scanner unit Check/Measures Check for corroded or loosened bolts/nuts. then call for repai r . Remarks *Sealing compound may be used instead of pa int. check termi na 1 board/plug and plugs in scanner unit connections inside. *Put slight amount of grease if bolts and nuts are replaced. CHAPTER 3 r~A INTE NANC E period. Replace them with new ones if heavily corroded. If any crack is found. To maintain optimum performance of the equipment for an extended general check and maintenance should be made periodically.-- FURU . apply a slight amount of sealing compound or adhesive as first-aid treatment. *When removing ice on the scanner unit. *When putting cover back in position.. clean them and repaint thickly. Crack on the scanner unit wi 11 cause permanent damage to the internal circuitry due to water leakage. *00 NOT use plastic solvent (th inners or acetone) for cleaning. Clean CRT surface using special care not to scratch it. If necessary. Never apply plastic solvent. --------------'-------- - FURU_. Check for dirt or cracks on the radiator surface. do not pinch flying wires. ----------------- Radar Interference When another ship is operating a radar the same frequency as your own ship's radar~ the radar pulses emitted from the other ship are received and appear on your radar screen as the curved spokes shown in Fig. I I II I I I Fig.

FURU .) i * If rubber cap is ab- Whenever an unusual symptom is encountered.) j I Check/Measures Remarks CHAPTER 4 TROUBLESHOOTING Check and clean carbon . sockets and plugs Check for loose connections. 1. I carbon brush wi 11 1 ast If brushes have worn out approximately 2000 or abnormal spark is seen hours. Previous service N Photo No. the following information should be given at a 1.. and moist dust will cause poor insulation. Do not attempt further component check in the p.c. Modulator 4. because these components are extremely delicate and high voltage may exist. service. Do not try to clean or repair it for yourself.3-2 4-1 3-2 . Clean contacts or replace plug.. If some board is found to be faulty.. if necessary. Careless handling may cause more serious trouble. Scanner Motor Brush CRT CRT Anode Cap "HIGH TENSION" Notes on Service Call To obtain effective service call.c. Power supply circuit 2. O---------------~-- - FI. Name of the vessel 2.. Sailing Schedule 4.. then proceed to individual function check along with the Trouble Finding List on the next page.. or if any cracks are found on rubber cap or wire . Symptom of trouble (Results of checks along with the Trouble Finding List) 6. Magnetron (Display Unit) Take special care 6 months to 1 year (Display Unit) (Scanner Unit) circuit (Scanner Unit) Terminal boards.-. replace them with new ones. replace it with a new one or call for service. ----------------- Interval Item Scanner motor (See Fig. the brushes and commutator. call for service. board.933 Fig.3-1 N Photo No. CRT circuit 3. CRT anode [(see Fig.lRU". turn off the radar and check the plug connections on p. I normally dusty "CAUTION" There are many high tension points in the radar system.. sheath. boards.3-1.2101 Fig. High tension on CRT attracts dust in environment. Radar model (Serial number/Date manufactured) 5.3-2. Vessel·s position (port/berth) 3. when approaching the following parts.*Under normal use.

4-3) 2. (Transmission ci rcuit may be faulty. CRT board is defective.4-2. PROCESSOR board (Fig.- FURUMO ----------------- - FURUM. Scanner motor r1arks. 4. 1. Adjust GAIN control with STC set at minimum. ) 1.4-2) I Ii *~!~~:~ is 1 it. Plug P21 on display rear (Fig. Note that coaxial cable should be disconnected at both ends before checking it with ohmmeter. I See Fig.4-2). l________ l I Iion CRT. 3. ~~~~~i~~ltage/ 1 i I I Antenna does not rotate.4-2). Bearing signal generator (Scanner unit) {Fig. 1. Sympt on I i Check Point I i Remarks I appl ied to radar system. If it is disconnected or I loosened.(L1) and horizontal synchro pot. -C-R-T---2.2 and 40. Multicore cable (TX trigger 1 ine) between display and scanner units 3. IF amp 1 ifie r 2. CRT board Remarks *Adjust vertical synchro pot. If synchronization is not achieved. referring to Fig. I _l . I i_ ~ *Transmit the radar on maximum range and measure magnetron current.(R56) on CRT board (Fig. If the voltage is not within the rated value mentioned in Fig. I CRT assembly is OK. PROCESSOR board (Fig.4-1) I*Remove inner panel on display rear (Fig.s not synchronized with antenna rotation.4-1) and check the connection of plug P21.4-3) *Check continuity and isolation of coaxial cable.4-3) After message ST-BY appears.4-3} 2. (R37) on I CRT board (Fig. check that CRT 1 j ci rcuit I 3. Check Point 1. I 2.4-4. (Fig. I ! ("ON" LED above up. .T.4-2. Power supply ci rcuit for scanner motor 3.l_ ~ 4. 2. CRT board (Fi g.4-3) mechanism jammed' 2. t1agnetron 4 • ~~od 1 at 0 r u Nothi ng '-a-p-p-ea-r-s---i-1-. Marks and legends appear abnorma 11y • 1. CRT H. connect it I tightly.4-2) I I I . PROCESSOR board (Fig. magnetron is deteriorated.0VDC. ~ ~lY ~1arks and Legends appear but no noi se nor echo. Symptom Picture synchronization is abnormal.(R7)1 and BR IGHT pot. ----------------- Trouble Finding List Operation Operation Press POWER button.) I Power is not I Ii I I I Il the POWER light I button does not i I 1. Multicore cable between display and scanner units 3. PROCESSOR board (Fig. PROCESSOR board __ (~F'~·9~. I 1. 4-1. POWER SUPPLY i board (PTU-6171) I See Fig. Main fuse F1351 I (Display rear) See Fi g. legends and noise appear but no echo. press TX touchpad. I Sweep rotat ion . PROCESSOR board Continued Continued 4-2 4-3 . 1L--. The voltI age should be between ! 10.4_-~3_} *Adjust CONTRAST pot. If some picture appears.4-4. Scanner rotating i*~~a~~~~/1:1(~)V~1~~(:).

Buzzer Alarm zone appears but no alarm sound. magnetron is deteriorated.) Plug P21 (located inside the inner panel 2.2106 Multicore cable is connected here.4-2) Inner Panel PROCESSOR Board (SPU-6394) r1ai Fuse n F1351 (IDA) N photo No. Symptom Poor sensitivity Check Point 1.4-4.4-1 Display Unit. Bad contact of #6 . (L1) CRT Board 2.#1 TP30 I I I.I I Horizontal Synchro Pot. (Message ALARM appears on CRT. PROCESSOR board (Fi g. Detuned ~lIC Poor sensitivity (Bri ght ci rcl e appears on 0.4-3) 1. range.) Press each touchpad key Function corresponding to the touch pad pressed is not activated. 2104 ..- FUauNO ----------------- --FURU . (Message ALARt~ does not appear... Alarm zone .4-3) 1. Deteriorated magnetron Remarks *Transmit the radar on maximum range and measure magnetron current..4-2) 3. ATI board (Fig. PROCESSOR board (Fi g.m.25 n . Rear View 4-4 4-5 N photo No. (R37) Operation Adjust TUNE control. (R56) Set radar alarm zone. -----------------O ATI Board (ATI-6397 BR IGHT Pot.. touchpad key N photo No.s not produced by pressingSETj RESET touchpad. ATI board (Fig. Vertical Synchro Pot.4-3 Display Unit Fig. Top View (Cover removed) 2. Water leakage inside antenna CONTRAST 1. 2107 2. Bad contact of ( R7) Pot.) 1. If the voltage is not within the rated value mentioned in Fig. touchpad key Fig. referring to Fig..4-4... Fig.4-2 Display Unit.

C 3292-015 C3292-022 C3292-025 I Page 5-1 5-2 S-3 S-4 S-5 qOODDDP Current TP601 #5(+) . 1 I MC IF Amp.-/ #5 #1 Name DISPLAY UNIT ATI BOARD ! Type i Drawing No.4VDC (long ranges) 4 I \ I I N 5 6 Photo No.4VDC (short ranges) 1.#3(-) 2 3 ATI -6397 PRESET CONTROL BOARD CRT DISPLAY POWER SUPPLY BOARD SCANNER UNIT IF AMPLIFIER I ADJ-6398 1.) TP601 ~.. C3306-002 C32'92-018 C3002-005 Page 0-1 0-2 0-3 N Photo No.4-4 Transceiver Module i -r 1 I I I A1QA9DSP41 PTU-6171 C3289-016 C3289-008 C3306-006 I S-6 S-7 5-8 7 IF-6515 DIAGRAM I C3292-021 C3292-014 8 ! I INTERCONNEC nON CONTENTS OF OUTLINE DRAWINGS Magnetron No.2t 09 Fig.. MODULATOR Board (MD-3576) MODULATOR TRIGGER Board (ARF-4476 1 2 3 Name SCANNER UNIT DISPLAY UNIT RECTIFIER RU-3423 Type Drawing No. Case (IF AMPLIFIER board is located inside the case.. Bottom View (Shield Cover removed) 4-6 S-O .-- FURO .4-5 Transceiver r1odule. 2256 MB5 Board t~B5-6518) Fig.3 to 2.8 to 2. ------------ _ --FURUNO-----------------CONTENTS OF SCHEMATIC DIAGRAMS No.

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..~ ~u A "b lU -... i i DWG. NO. LL..f -kit i REMARKS ~i]...::..In -J.X N 12 A G. SCANNER UNIT CHECKED DRAWN 1~ 8l .co a:: <:I: 0-1 .J 0 2 3 I. • __ ~ 8J J(JMJ.K 1fo . 'r:::B l::--~\ln \ *'~ ~v • T1SNO -Ir I \\_ \~J ~. y. Q~~~~ ~j:t:~O <I)«I-OLL.1t RADAR 23k<.J t.1A 00::: I" rr~ ..:-O-+_T_H_IR_D_A_N_G-.. 002-C . --I co II--> ::::>« " LL.: _ 0" jfj OJ NAME iilil ~ t-A_P_P_R_O_V_E_DE..... _...!JI-Q?z -0 a3~UjV) :::: V} <. o --r-" '. .>.. lr) 002 0 $Lu > ~ w~ B o o V?ff$ o o ):1llfi C() SBS u :2 W Cl:)UJ UjO at: --I U) c c -. -.~* t:l~ 1-8 1:--* ~!:i 0::::> ~ Ih '\ n <->~ f'--.. n _ ~ • NAME m ts ru·.J.'lJ I ~K a ~ lJ. I'~.:I. V) 2...3 • ~ r(.--..~ I o:C() (/) ~ :t: "'" t--= I 8Q ~n <:'$ <:0 . tI !'--.fa ..I v Li5 ~ :r: o <: ::::>:::J IJ. ?IIU: _ 1..J a t~ I oU t--10 Gcc ~10 UJLu I r- Q::UJ f'._ REMARKS FR-60fD/602D/60JD/604D ~E.-.J~~ I.:~ 0/ ~~ ~' lLJ _ $~ FR-603 0/ ( 6040 '--.!J S...l ~.J t-!J..'~-~- 8~ it-.J e U • lli~ <:(CCi««u u<::czCi5w ~~ .. .-a..)7':'" ~AJ.L. 1M ~ ~7 it ~ f.J I:z:U lU Lu :J:: ~ ~ a >::2-"<0 ~iIlI\b . TITLE RADAR ~ .F R S 8 _ 00 Z 4 ..::.:I-CC a:::lUUuZ UJ I --~--~. 8] ~ C3292-018-A .Qo «UCOI._JJ_A_K_A_:_AJ.~ __ "" ftI OJ ----~ j M • <'-I o O-+H 2. ~ .: . 2alJ.. 1---- .' Of:11 .-::-.J [g] it: OOG..... . 1"\ O::w --I ~w I-..NO..e.}\ ~~ 9~"1 rm OISPLA Y UNIT C3306_ _-. .L..J :z..-... ~~ MATERIAL Q'TY DWG..J tc~t:UJ~ lJ.NO.__ Fe R-903/904 6t* FR-80JOD ITEM I_) ----+-. C/j/ _ "~-"l" -------.. rlJ it ~ -+~~~~~~~~~T~H~IR~D~AN~G~L~E~PR=O~J~E~C~T~IO~N~ I~ .LJ I~ ...-LE_P_RO_J_E_C_TI_0---jN TITLE C~ECK~D A~~ ''i'_~ t:p tfR %11 -1 5t.:t: r-~::::>I-f-.J Jim -I+> 'Ww \s~ <.FURUNO 2 3 0-1 FURUNO UJ CI:: <.[.O!.... {-::? l0 C!:J 2: x -e.

ji * REMARKS !iii ~ THIRD ANGLE - ftl PROJECTION .--=~-=~~ ITEM NAME ~ . 2.H LI402. /1 ~ 2S0 270 ~ /1 V V 777777~ ~ . NO.1M COMPASS A?/"'Y·'-j-:.-~-~--.C20V AC INPUT. CONNECT 7140/ PRIMARY WINDINGS ~-:~-~---~---.5!01 c 71401 At] INPUT ACtOO-IISV 200-2JOV SO". LTO.t/77777 NOTE CA 8L E CLA MP I J.'i RU-3423 ~ 3jC ~ RECTIFIER UNIT 1B. :J /I\'~ ~~..Skg [2] • ONG.NO.re SAFE *it DISTANCE.FURUNO ~1'1 HOLES 2 . 7" STEERING- /. SERVICING CU.~-~.) . .ti./ / D-3 :t 210 A I I I I I c ~ i 1:::1 l.ARANCE.o) (\.: 8/8S FURUNO ELECTRIC CO.'1 R ~ ~ :g~ DWG.~~~-..' RECOMMENDED !!t4l. 60Hz C1?140/ LJ40/.:: :ti~"tJ'-t. IN SERIES. TITLE CHECKED DRAWN H~ ~ [2] SCALE [2] WEIGHT .. C3002-005-H R£V..· STANDARD ~ 7" 7 . 2. ~ f. f I".. . "':l ~ I I ~ I k j : B /1 /./J"H -- o NOTE FOR ."'..