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Combining Like Terms

Key Skills

Like Terms same variable with same exponent


Simplify 6x + 2x = 6x + 2x = 8x Simplify 4x + 3y 2x + 4y = 2x + 7y Never, NEVER, combine xs and ys or constant terms with variable terms. 2x + 7y 9xy and 3a + 6 9a. www.GuarinoLand.com
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When combining like terms, only use the coefficients.

Combining Like Terms


Just Watch What Happens

+ 7x + 3y + 5y 9x 17y = 2x

= 9y

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Combining Like Terms


TRY THESE

1) 3q + 7q = 10q

Your welcome

2) 4x + 8y 10x + 3y = 4x + 8y 10x + 3y = 6x + 11y

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3 + 5x = 3 + 5x 8x
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3(5x) = 15x
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Combining Like Terms


In algebraic terms, find the perimeter of the following shape. 4x + 3y Key Skills

3x 2y
2x

3x 2y

To find the perimeter, add the sides together. P = 3x 2y + 2x + 3x 2y + 4x + 3y = 12x y What is the perimeter if x = 5 and y = 8?

P = 12(5) 8 = 52
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Combining Like Terms


Find the perimeter of the following shape when x = 2. TRY THIS 5x + y 6x 2y To find the perimeter, add the sides together. 5x + y

P = 5x + y + 5x + y + 6x 2y = 16x = 32 Does the value of y matter in this problem? Obviously Not!


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Combining Like Terms


TRY A farmer has two rectangular fields. THIS He wants to put a fence around both. In algebraic terms, how much fence would he need? 3x 6 2x + 5 Field 2 4 3 Field 1
P1 = 3 + 3 + 2x + 5 + 2x + 5 P1 = 4x + 16 Ptotal = 4x + 16 + 6x 4 Ptotal = 10x + 12 www.GuarinoLand.com P2 = 4 + 4 + 3x 6 + 3x 6 P2 = 6x 4 How much fence would the farmer need if x = 5? Ptotal = 10(5) + 12 Ptotal = 62

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