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Direct Retainers Infra Bulge Direct Retainers

Dr.Mohammad Al Sayed 26/4/2008

Infra Bulge Retainers: (Bar clasp: (Roach
Bar clasp originate from denture framework or a metal base and approaches the retentive undercut .from a gingival direction

g.Other bar clasps e.a circumferential clasp * * . T bar or modified T bar do not have a tripping action since the retentive terminal engages the . undercut from an occlusal direction The push type retention of bar clasps is more effective than the pull retention of .

“I” bar are “Push” type having a tripping action :Tripping Action Is caused by a clasp arm that engages the undercut directly from a gingival . . I.with lingual circumferential clasp arms Some types of bar clasps e.modified T.g. direction . Y or any letter clasp arm Bar clasp arms generally are used on the * buccal surfaces of teeth in combination .:Types of bar clasps The bar clasp arm is classified by the * shape of the retentive terminal into: T.

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Adequate relief must be applied under .2 . frame to the clasp The approach arm must never cross a deep soft tissue undercut requiring a great deal of relief.1 .3 . mucosa of the lip or cheek . the arm The approach arm must always taper uniformly from its attachment at the .:Rules applied to bar type clasp The approach arm of a bar clasp must never impinge on soft tissues. This will result in a food trap or lead to injury of the .

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02 inch undercut except for the “I” bar which .7 .5 .01 inch The occlusal rest of the clasp assembly must be thick enough to provide adequate support without breaking and to avoid impinging of the soft tissue due .6 .A bar clasp usually engages .some bracing to the partial denture The Approach arm should cross the gingival margin at 90° angle to avoid . engages . to settling of the approach arm The minor connector (proximal plate) should be rigid and strong to provide . irritation .4 .

The greater the length and more taper the more . never towards the gingiva It must be kept as low as possible on the . tooth to reduce leverage Flexibility of bar clasps can be controlled by the taper and length of the approach arm. component should be at least 5mm The retentive terminal of a bar clasp should point toward the occlusal surface .The distance between the vertical projection arm and other vertical .9 * * . flexible the clasp will be .8 .

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4 . approaching due to the trip action It is more esthetic than the occlusally .:Advantages Greater retention than occlusally .3 .2 .susceptibility .1 . controlled by its taper and length Covers less tooth structure than the occlusally approaching clasp (less caries (. approaching clasps The flexibility of the bar clasp arm can be .

irritation The retentive arm does not . contribute to bracing and stability .2 .1 food debris (more gingival (.:Disadvantages Greater tendency to collect and hold .

exists When a severe tissue undercut .3 When there is excessive buccal or .2 .When there is a shallow vestibule.5 to the occlusal surface of the .4 .1 . exists . lingual tilt of the tooth When the height of contour is close . tooth .:Contraindication When a deep cervical tooth undercut .

1 . there is distobuccal undercut In situations in which esthetics is .1 (projection :Indications On abutment for tooth supported or tooth-mucosa supported RPD when .2 . important .:Types of the gingivally approaching clasps Bar Clasp (Roach or vertical.

1 .combination clasp form .2 .a) Rest .Provides unilateral bracing.c) A cast bar retentive clasp arm d) A cast circumferential bracing .:Design Component parts: It is usually used as a. or I classify the bar clasp .Engages 0.clasp arm .4 T.Y.3 The shape of the retentive terminal as a .b) Minor connector .01 inch undercut.

The I and Y retentive clasp arm provide tripping action. One terminal of the T-bar clasp lies above the survey line for bracing and the other terminal below the survey line for retention. terminal below the survey line . The modified T-bar clasp has only one . clasp The T and modified T clasps did not have tripping action since the retentive terminal actually engage the undercut from an occlusal direction. which is called push type .

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Lingual view Buccal view .

dentures :Design :It consists of.mesial to it .2 :Indication Commonly used for tooth mucosa borne partial . the adjacent tooth c) Proximal plate contacts approximately 1 mm of . placed into the mesiolingual embrasure.:RPI Clasp. the gingival portion of guiding plane d) Cast I bar retentive clasp arm located at the mesiobuccal prominence of the tooth or .1 .a) Mesial rest b) Minor connector. but not contacting .

provide stabilization and reciprocation During function. functional load to edentulous ridge .5 .. 2 .01 inch undercut.Engages 0.4 . proximal plate and I-bar clasp arm move in a mesiogingival directiondisengaging tooth.Provide unilateral bracing. 3 The proximal plate and the minor connector . This distribute more .

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abutment tooth . when there is mesiobuccal undercut on the .:Combination clasp :Indication Commonly used for tooth mucosa borne RPD.

:Design :Component parts are.1 .a) Rest .b) Minor connector c) Wrought wire circumferential . but less than a .Engages 0.02 inch undercut.01-0. arm .3 . retentive clasp arm d) Cast circumferential bracing clasp . cast circumferential clasp .2 Provides bilateral bracing.

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4 .Greater flexibility. rather than the surface contact of the ( cast clasp arm .2 .:Advantages .5 . Which allow it to dissipate .1 It is more esthetically acceptable because .forces exerted on the abutment tooth The retentive arm can be adjusted in all . it is placed too much gingival It flex in all directions (round in cross section).3 . directions Makes little tooth contact (line contact.

1 . careless handling by the patient It does not possess the bracing and .2 stabilizing qualities of cast clasp . It involves extra step in fabrication.3 . arm .:Disadvantages It is easily distorted or fractured by .

the retentive. and .1 undercut present is used with any acceptable clasp type (clasping for (.convenience .:Criteria for clasp selection The selection of the clasp depends mainly on the type of support.esthetics For bounded saddle. the presence of undercut areas.

2 . wire. a stress releasing clasp that equitably distribute the force between the abutment and the .For distal extension base. wrought wire clasp is used . mesially) and the C-clasp are used c) If mesiolingual undercut is present a . a bar clasp. reverse circlet (the minor connector and the occlusal rests are placed . a combination clasp with the wrought . RPI. ridge is used a) If a mesiobuccal undercut is available on the terminal abutment. or RPA clasps are used b) If the retentive undercut is located on the distobuccal surface.