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Simple Present – VERB TO BE (ser/estar) - Affirmative form: I am happy. You are my teacher. He is my classmate. She is in Fortaleza.

It is a good movie. You are at school. We are fine. They are my parents. - Negative form: Verb to be + NOT Ex. I am not/ He is not/ They are not - Interrogative form: Invert the sequence Ex. Are you…? Yes, I am or No, I am not / Is he…? Yes, he is or No, he is not. * Lembre-se que existe a forma abreviada. PRESENT CONTINUOUS – Ação que está em progresso, está acontecendo. (verb to be+ principal verb + ING) - Affirmative form Ex. I am working now. - Negative form Ex. He is not watching TV at the moment. - Interrogative Form Ex. Are you studying for the test? * Interrogative Pronouns: WHAT – o que/ qual? WHERE – onde? WHO – quem? HOW – como? WHY (Because…) – Por quê? (Porque…)