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Matching Chapter 3

Matching Chapter 3

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Site Title: Marieb/Hoehn, MasteringA&P for Human Anatomy & Physiology, 8e Study Area Book's Title: Human Anatomy and Physiology with MasteringA&P, 8/e Book's Marieb/Hoehn Author: Location on Chapter 3: Cells: The Living Units Site: > Chapter Quizzes > Matching Quiz Date/Time September 25, 2011 at 11:14 PM Submitted: (UTC/GMT)

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Summary of Results
85% Correct of 19 questions:
66 correct: 12 incorrect: 15% 85%

19 questions contain multiple pairs, scored for a total of 78 questions. More information about scoring

1.

Correctly match the terms and definitions.

Option

Your Answer D. Glycolipid C. Phospholipid B. Cholesterol A. Protein

1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4

A plasma-membrane lipid possessing a sugar chain that functions in cell recognition The most abundant molecule found within the lipid bilayer of the plasma membrane A plasma-membrane lipid that improves the rigidity of the plasma membrane and increases the membrane's impermeability to water The component of the plasma membrane that can act as a doorway for charged particles

2.

Correctly match the terms and definitions.

Option

Your Answer C. Endocytosis

2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4

The method by which large particles and macromolecules enter the cell by an infolding of the plasma membrane The movement of water across a selectively permeable plasma membrane from a region of high concentration to a region of low concentration The mechanism by which substances are moved from the cell cytoplasm to the outside of the cell by the fusion of a vesicle with plasma membrane The tendency of molecules to move along their

D. Osmosis

E. Exocytosis

A. Diffusion

bacteria. Phagocytosis D. such as bacteria or cellular debris Endocytosis of a tiny quantity of extracellular fluid containing solute molecules Endocytosis that utilizes selective plasma membrane receptor proteins 4. Active transport mechanisms 5. Pinocytosis C. and other small uncharged molecules across membrane Movement of large particles.2 4.3 Hormones such as insulin.3 Endocytosis of large items. By which method does each of the following substances move into the cell? Option Your Answer B. pump molecules. lowdensity lipoproteins Water movement across membrane Movement of oxygen. Correctly match the terms and definitions.5 These methods carry molecules. Match the organelles with their characteristics. Option Your Answer B. or cellular debris by endocytotic vesicle Molecules moving against the concentration gradient 4. Receptormediated endocytosis E. Transport mechanisms 3.2 3.5 A.1 3. Osmosis C. Receptormediated endocytosis E. Diffusion C. Osmosis D. Diffusion 4.concentration gradient from a region of high concentration to a region of low concentration 2. Receptor-mediated endocytosis 3. Option Your Answer .4 4.1 4. Active transport mechanisms Correct Answer B. Phagocytosis A. Phagocytosis A. carbon dioxide. or form channels through which specific molecules pass across the plasma membrane B.

Intermediate filaments C. can be "free" in the cytosol or attached to rough ER D.3 5.2 5. Microtubules 6. matrix E. Nucleoplasm .5 Strands of DNA and associated histones in the nucleus of a non-dividing cell Membrane that surrounds the nucleus of a cell Tiny passageway that allows large molecules to freely pass in and out of the nucleus Dark-staining body found in the nucleus of a cell that functions in producing ribosomes Jelly-like fluid found within the nucleus of a cell A. composed of cisternae C. Option Your Answer E. Match the members of the cytoskeleton with their characteristics.1 5. Microfilaments B.4 5. Chromatin D.5 Mitochondrion Ribosome Rough endoplasmic reticulum Golgi apparatus Centrioles A.4 7. Composed of microtubules arranged in nine groups of three 6. Composed of two subunits.2 7. Produces protein transport vesicles B. Nucleolus B.5. Correctly match the terms and definitions. insoluble protein fibers that possess a high tensile strength These hollow tubular members of the cytoskeleton are composed of spherical protein subunits called tubulin and can be quickly assembled and disassembled by the cell 7. or nuclear membrane C.1 7. Possesses a cis and trans side. Nuclear envelope.2 6. Nuclear pore 7.3 These thinnest members of the cytoskeleton are composed of strands of actin protein These cytoskeleton members are tough.1 6. Option Your Answer A. Cristae.3 7.

Condensed chromatin 8. Option Your Answer A.3 8. Option Your Answer E. Chromosomes D. Extended chromatin B. Option Your Answer D. and growing rapidly B. Histones C.3 G1 G2 S 10. Match the stages of interphase with the events that occur in each. Condensed chromatin Correct Answer C.8. Chromosomes 8. Chromosomes line up along the cell equator C.5 A. Chromatin condenses into chromosomes.2 Metaphase Prophase . Cell division enzymes are synthesized. Match the stages of mitosis with the events that occur in each. The cell is metabolically active. uncoiled strands of DNA in the nucleus of a non-dividing cell Dark-staining regions in the nucleus of a non-dividing cell composed of tightly coiled strands of DNA A section of DNA and its eight associated histone proteins 8.2 9. centrioles move toward opposite poles of the cell 10. and the centrioles complete replication C.4 B. Correctly match the terms and definitions. DNA replicates itself 9.1 Dark-staining. Nucleosome 9. rod-shaped structures composed of highly coiled chromatin. Chromosomes line up along the cell equator B.1 10. Histones D. found in cells undergoing cell division Spherical protein molecules around which DNA wraps Fine. synthesizing proteins.1 9. Extended chromatin E.2 8. Nucleosome A. Identical sets of chromosomes are moved to opposite sides of the cell Correct Answer D.

ATP A. Protein synthesis D.3 11. nuclear membranes form around the sets of chromosomes 10. Cilia and flagella (microtubules) Correct Answer C.4 Telophase 11. Match the structures with their functions. Match cell structures with the products that they produce.4 12.5 Mitochondrion Rough endoplasmic reticulum Golgi apparatus Nucleolus Centrioles 13. Transport vesicles B.3 12. Support the cell and give it shape. Transport vesicles B. involved in cell movements 11. Intracellular digestion A. . centrioles move toward opposite poles of the cell A.10.1 11.3 Anaphase C. Ribosomes D. Cilia and flagella (microtubules) 12. Option Your Answer E. Lysosomes and secretory vesicles E.2 12. nuclear membranes form around the sets of chromosomes B. Option Your Answer C. Lysosomes and secretory vesicles A. Lipid synthesis B.2 11. Chromatin condenses into chromosomes.5 Ribosomes Smooth endoplasmic reticulum Lysosomes Centrioles Microtubules 12. Chromosomes uncoil and revert to chromatin.1 12. Ribosomes E. Match the stages of the cell cycle with the events occurring in each. Identical sets of chromosomes are moved to opposite sides of the cell A. Organize the spindle during mitosis C. ATP D. Chromosomes uncoil and revert to chromatin.4 11.

1 14.1 15. Option Your Answer D.2 14. certain genes 15.4 mRNA tRNA rRNA microRNA 16.Option Your Answer C.3 14. DNA replication. Match each form of RNA with its function. or inhibit. Carries genetic instructions from nucleus to the site of protein synthesis B. and preparation for division 13. A passive process utilizing a protein carrier or channel B. Match the cell membrane structures. Random motion of a substance resulting in movement from area of high to lower concentration D.2 15. Separation of two identical sets of chromosomes to opposite sides of the parent cell A. Movement of a substance that utilizes a carrier. Movement of a substance that utilizes a carrier. and has a concentration gradient as the source of energy 14. energy comes directly from hydrolysis of ATP A.3 Cytokinesis Mitosis Interphase 14. Division of the parent cell cytoplasm into two daughter cells B. Option Your Answer C.1 13. Uses an anticodon to guide its attached amino acid to the complementary codon on the mRNA at the ribosome C. Combines in a complex with proteins to make the large and small subunits of a ribosome A. Option Your Answer . Can control.4 Diffusion Facilitated diffusion Primary active transport Secondary active transport 15. Non-dividing stage involving rapid growth. Match each type of membrane transport with the appropriate characteristics.3 15.2 13.

1 16.2 18.4 Hydrophobic Hydrophilic Integral protein Peripheral protein 19.1 17.16.1 19.2 16. Option Your Answer B. Match the terms with their definitions.3 Tight junction Desmosome Gap junctions B. The force of a liquid Correct Answer B.3 Microvilli Cilia Flagella 18. Correctly match the terms and definitions. Option Your Answer C. A protein that is found on only one side of the cell membrane 18. Adjacent cells joined by a line of membrane proteins that form an impermeable junction A.1 18. Tiny fingerlike projections of the plasma membrane. The force of a liquid pushing against something E. Button-like junctions that use linker proteins to hold adjacent cells together C. cellular projections that are tail-like and aid in propulsion 17.2 17. Water loving A. Adjacent cells held together by connexon proteins that form cylinders allowing ion flow between the cells' cytoplasm 17. A protein that goes all the way through the cell membrane B.2 Hydrostatic pressure Osmotic .3 18. The force that solutes have to attract water B. Match the terms with their definitions. Motile cellular extensions found in large numbers in some epithelial cells A. Long. Option Your Answer E. Water fearing D. increase surface area for absorption C. The force that solutes 19.

4 19.pressure pushing against something A. A solution containing more solutes than the cell C. A solution containing fewer solutes than the cell have to attract water A. A solution containing more solutes than the cell C.3 19. A solution containing equal solutes to the cell D.5 Isotonic solution Hypertonic solution Hypotonic solution . A solution containing fewer solutes than the cell 19. A solution containing equal solutes to the cell D.

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