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New Microsoft Word Document (3)

New Microsoft Word Document (3)

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g e n e r a l v o c a b u l a r y

4

Descri bing & analys

ing tables
A.Look at the four tables below. These show demographic

The numbers on the left and right of each table show thenumber of .trends in four different countriesbetw een 1996 and 2000.

people in hundred thousands. Using the information in these tables, matchsentence s 1-13 on the next page with the appropriate

country. Use the words and expressionsin bold to help you.
For reference, see the Easier English Dictionary for Students (978 0 7475 6624 3)Number of peopleunder 18 years of

ageNumber ofmarried peopleNumber of peopleover 65 years of ageNumber ofsingle peopleNumber of deaths50454035302520 15105050454035302520 151050

1 1 1 1 2

9 9 9 9 0

9 9 9 9 0

6 7 8 9 0

Country 1: Lycia 50454035302520151050 50454035302520151050 1 1 1 1 2 9 9 6 9 9 7 9 9 8 9 9 9 0 0 0 Country 2: Cilicia .

50454035302520151050 50454035302520151050 1 1 1 1 2 9 9 6 9 9 7 9 9 8 9 9 9 0 0 0 Country 3: Moesia 50454035302520151050 50454035302520151050 .

1 1 1 1 2 9 9 6 9 9 7 9 9 8 9 9 9 0 0 0 Country 4: Cappadocia .

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Descri bing & analys .

ing tables g en er al v o c a b ul ar y .

5 For reference. see the Easier English Dictionary for Students (978 0 7475 6624 3) 1.In which two countries was there a considerabledis crepancy .

In which country was there a constant and considerable discrepancy .between married and single people between1996 and 1998?2.

between married and singlepeople over the five-year period?3.In which country was there a sudden and noticeable difference .

In which country did the number of under-18s rise dramatically .between those under 18 and those over65 in 1998?4.

between 1996 and 2000?5.In which country did the number of under-18s increase slightly between 1996 and 2000?6.In which country .

In which country did the number of married people .did the number of over-65s go up sharply between 1996 and 1998?7.

decline significantly over the five-year period?8.In which country did the number of deaths decrease significantly .

between 1996 and 1999?9.In .In which two countries wa s there a slight decline in the number of married people between 1998 and1999?10.

which country was there a sharp drop in the number of under-18s between 1997 and 1998?11.In which country was there a

slight reduction in the number of deaths over the five-year period?12.In which country was there a significant increase

in the number of deaths between 1998 and 2000?13.In which country did the number of deaths remain constant over the five-year period?

B. Now look at the table below. The . which shows the changes in economic activity in a town overa period of five years.

figures on the left and right show the number of people involvedin these activities. in thousands. Write your own .

sentences to describe the situation in thetown regarding the number of: 1.People employed in industry between 1996 and .

4.2000.People employed in retail between 1996 and 2000.People e mployed in public services between 1999 an d 2000.2.People employed in .3.

5.Peop le employed in industry compared with those in retail .tourism between 1996 and 2000.6.Unemplo yed between 1998 and 2000.

bus drivers.People employed in industry between 1998 and 1999. Number of peoplein tourismNumber of peoplein retailNumber ofunemployedNumber of semi-skilled / skilledpeople in public services (includingpolice.in 1996. doctors. .7.

)1098765432101098 76543210 1 1 1 1 2 9 9 9 9 0 9 9 9 9 0 6 7 8 9 0 Number of peoplein industry .etc.

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g e n e r a l v o c a b u l a r y .

6 How somet .

Look at these . see the Easier English Dictionary for Students (978 0 7475 6624 3) A.hing works For reference.

You will find the objects .sentences and decide which object is being described in each one. Use thewords in bold to help you.

hidden in the word grid at the bottom ofthe page. 1.The most important part of this object is a strip of two different metals. .

Asthey heat up . but one does it faster than the other.one on top of the other. The strip bends and . both metals expand.

the metals contract andthe switch is .connects with a switch. which turns off the power supply. When the strip cools down .

A disc . (1 word)2.disconnected . most of which are made of plastic.This obje ct has several component parts .

inserted into theobject spins quickly. At the same time a thin beam of light strikes the disc and converts .

These sounds can be increased or decreased in volume by means of a button or dial.(3 .digital symbolsinto sounds.

This can be released by pushing or squeezing .Liquid a nd gas are compressed in a hard metal tube.words)3.

abutton which opens a valve. it rapidly . When the liquid-gas combination leaves the tube and is mixed withoxygen.

This object is mainly made of aluminium. air flows .expands . (1 word)4. As it moves forward.

As it accelerates . a vacuum is formed over the horizontal sections and the object is pulled .over two horizontal sections.

into the airby the force of this vacuum. one is made mainly of plastic and metal. the other is .This object consists of two main parts. (1 word)5.

mademainly of glass. Light enters the glass section and a small door in the device opens up when a buttonis pressed .

The light is then absorbed . a smaller window called an aperture adjusts itself to control the amountof light. At the same time..

by a sheet of plastic coated in a special chemical. An image is formed and this can then be processed and developed .

A sharp blade inside a pl astic container rotates very quickly.(1 word)6.into a twodimensional paper-based object. It chops .

This is a very simple . sauces and dressing.or grinds anything it touches. (2 words)7.which we can then use to produce soup.

A small piece of paper is lit with a match. It burns away until the flame ignites .object which originated in China.

There are nine more objects hidden . The result is adisplay of light and colour. (1 word) B.the chemical compound inside a cardboard tube.

in the grid. using the bold words and expressions . Choose four of them and write a briefdescriptio n of how they work.

Q A E G N C R N I E . There are somemore useful words in the answer key (on page 103).above.

W R T U S F H K Z C B E T Y A D G J L X V O .

N B L P I T E A A W W M A L O N P N Q C Q E .

R O D R C S O B Y I P F O P O E S R T U O A .

D A R T J A N K T L V S G K M I M B E T E O .

C P C C Z K H F S R H E T E X L J G D S U Y .

R A O U T E E T C M A S P I Y R O W E O P C .

T I C L Y R P K H F S D S P A E L L J G D A .

Q E R E I H B L M B C W R M L G T U B N V X .

O A E A F R W R U L K C M R I I E O K S N J .

H F S Q E T T E E I O S G D A W R Y T L V I N .

T U O A I R W V O E Y I P M C O A E V N .

N E G T .

Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial. Font color: Black . 12 pt.

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matchsentences 1-13 on the next page with the appropriate country. For reference. Using the information in these tables. see the . These show demographic trends in four different countriesbetween 1996 and 2000. Use the words and expressionsin bold to help you.g e n e r a l v o c a b u l a r y 4 Describing & analysing tables A.Look at the four tables below. The numbers on the left and right of each table show thenumber of people in hundred thousands.

In which country was there a constant and . see the Easier English Dictionary for Students (978 0 7475 6624 3) 1.Easier English Dictionary for Students (978 0 7475 6624 3)Number of peopleunder 18 years of ageNumber ofmarried peopleNumber of peopleover 65 years of ageNumber ofsingle peopleNumber of deaths5045403530252015105050454035302520151050 19961997199819992000 Country 1: Lycia 5045403530252015105050454035302520151050 19961997199819992000 Country 2: Cilicia 5045403530252015105050454035302520151050 19961997199819992000 Country 3: Moesia 5045403530252015105050454035302520151050 19961997199819992000 Country 4: Cappadocia Describing & analysing tables g en er al v o c a b ul ar y 5 For reference.In which two countries was there a considerablediscrepancy between married and single people between1996 and 1998?2.

In which country did the number of under-18s rise dramatically between 1996 and 2000?5.In which country was there a sudden and noticeable difference between those under 18 and those over65 in 1998?4.In which country did the number of married people decline significantly over the five-year period?8.In which country did the number of under-18s increase slightly between 1996 and 2000?6. Now look at the table below.In which country was there a sharp drop in the number of under-18s between 1997 and 1998?11.considerable discrepancy between married and singlepeople over the five-year period?3.In which country was there a significant increase in the number of deaths between 1998 and 2000?13.In which two countries was there a slight decline in the number of married people between 1998 and1999?10.In which country was there a slight reduction in the number of deaths over the five-year period?12. which shows the changes in economic activity in a town overa period of five years.In which country did the number of deaths decrease significantly between 1996 and 1999?9.In which country did the number of deaths remain constant over the five-year period? B. The figures on the left and right show the number of people involvedin these activities.In which country did the number of over-65s go up sharply between 1996 and 1998?7. .

People employed in industry between 1998 and 1999.)109876543210109876543210 19961997199819992000 Number of peoplein industry g e n e r a l v o c a b u l a r y 6 How something works For reference. one on top of the other.7.4.People employed in industry between 1996 and 2000.People employed in industry compared with those in retail in 1996. Write your own sentences to describe the situation in thetown regarding the number of: 1.The most important part of this object is a strip of two different metals.6.5. Use thewords in bold to help you.People employed in retail between 1996 and 2000. Asthey heat up .People employed in public services between 1999 and 2000.2.3.Unemployed between 1998 and 2000. You will find the objects hidden in the word grid at the bottom ofthe page. doctors.Look at these sentences and decide which object is being described in each one. .People employed in tourism between 1996 and 2000. Number of peoplein tourismNumber of peoplein retailNumber ofunemployedNumber of semi-skilled / skilledpeople in public services (includingpolice. bus drivers. 1. etc.in thousands. both metals expand. see the Easier English Dictionary for Students (978 0 7475 6624 3) A.

(1 word)2.This object has several component parts . At the same time a thin beam of light strikes the disc and converts digital symbolsinto sounds.Liquid and gas are compressed in a hard metal tube. This can be . the metals contract andthe switch is disconnected . which turns off the power supply. The strip bends and connects with a switch.(3 words)3.but one does it faster than the other. A disc inserted into theobject spins quickly. These sounds can be increased or decreased in volume by means of a button or dial. When the strip cools down . most of which are made of plastic.

This object consists of two main parts. it rapidly expands . (1 word)4. air flows over two horizontal sections. a vacuum is formed over the horizontal sections and the object is pulled into the airby the force of this vacuum. one is made mainly of plastic and metal. the other is mademainly of glass.As it accelerates . Light enters the glass section and a small door in the device opens up when a buttonis . As it moves forward. When the liquid-gas combination leaves the tube and is mixed withoxygen. (1 word)5.This object is mainly made of aluminium.released by pushing or squeezing abutton which opens a valve.

At the same time. A small piece of paper is lit with a match. There are nine more objects hidden in the grid. (1 word) B.which we can then use to produce soup. sauces and dressing. The light is then absorbed by a sheet of plastic coated in a special chemical. It chops or grinds anything it touches. The result is adisplay of light and colour.A sharp blade inside a plastic container rotates very quickly. An image is formed and this can then be processed and developed into a two-dimensional paper-based object.This is a very simple object which originated in China. (2 words)7.pressed .(1 word)6. Choose . a smaller window called an aperture adjusts itself to control the amountof light. It burns away until the flame ignites the chemical compound inside a cardboard tube.

using the bold words and expressions above. There are somemore useful words in the answer key (on page 103).four of them and write a briefdescription of how they work. QCARENGINEWERTTYUASDFGHJKLZXCVBONMBALLPOINTPENAQACWQWERFOODPROCESSORBTYUI OPADSAGRKTMJIAMNBKETTLEVOCEPTCECXZLKJHGFDSSRUHYRSAPOIUYTREOEWTECOMPACTDISCPL AYERLPLKJHGFDSAQWERRMELIGHTBULBMNBVCXOCAMERAIFIREWORKUSLNKJHGFDSAQWERTYTTEL EVISIONTYUIOPAMICROWAVEOVENNGET .

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