Singular Nomina tiv Akkusat iv Dativ Genitiv Ich mich mir mein er du dich dir dein er er ihn ihm sein er sie sie ihr ihr er es es ihm sein er

Plural: wir uns uns unser er ihr euch euch euer er sie/Sie sie/Sie ihnen/Ihn en Ihrer/Ihre r

2. Pronomen, die wie bestimmte Artikelwoertre dekliniert werden.

Maskulin Femenin Nominativ Akkusativ Dativ Genitiv der den dem des die die der der

Neutru Plural m das das dem des die die den der

3. Possessivpronomen & unbestimmte Artikel

Maskulin Nominativ Akkusativ Dativ Genitiv mein meinen meinem meines

Femenin meine meine meiner meiner

Neutrum Mein mein meinem meines

Plural meine meine meinen meiner

An indirect object is the beneficiary of whatever happens in a sentence. Das ist ein Tisch. If you ask yourself: “TO whom or FOR whom is this being done?”. For whom? For me.Nominative. Jeden Morgen esse ich Brot zum Frühstück. and in German it will need the dative case. Note that the very common expression "es gibt" (there is/are) requires that the noun be in the accusative case because it is grammatically a direct object. Es gibt einen Stuhl da drüben. Remember that not every sentence will have an indirect object -. den ganzen Tag. to bring (to). There is a chair over there. Er schenkt mir ein Buch. etc. Accusative. ohne. He's giving me a book. In English. Ist das Geschenk für mich? Around what? The table. although it doesn’t have to be. use the nominative for both subject and predicate nouns. instead. letzten Sommer. I’m giving her a book = a book to her. we don't distinguish the direct and indirect object in the forms of words. diesen Abend. as well as the postpositions bis and entlang . We haven’t officially learned this yet. • for predicate nouns: when the main verb is sein or werden. • time expressions in a sentence are usually in accusative: jeden Tag. Every morning. What is being had? A table. but it’s good to know. Dative • for the indirect object of a sentence. . • after the accusative prepositions and postpositions: durch.only some verbs allow an indirect object: to give (to). um (memory aid: dogfu). If a noun follows these prepositions. für. the answer will be the indirect object. it will ALWAYS be in the accusative! Er geht um den Tisch. gegen. and Dative: When to Use Them Nominative • for the subject of a sentence: who or what is doing this? Der Student lernt Deutsch. Accusative • for the direct object of a sentence: who or what is being <verbed>? Ich habe einen Tisch. we often use "to" or "for" to mark these. to tell (to). It’s usually a person. Ich gebe der Frau ein Buch. I already told the man that. to send (to) are some examples of verbs that will almost always have an indirect object. Ich habe das dem Mann schon gesagt. to buy (for).

We're thanking you = we're giving thanks to you. these are your friends when it comes to case -. He’s in the house). Wir danken Ihnen. von. Then look for adirect object (put in accusative) and indirect object (put in dative). pp. 3. Der Tisch steht in der Küche. Mir ist warm. 2. mit. 4. nach. it's just an idiosyncrasy of German -. danken. 239-240. You'll just need to know these as fixed phrases. bei. depending on exactly what the context of the sentence is. when you're trying to decide which case to use. außer. To my aunt's. passen. I'm helping you = I'm giving help to you. or Es tut mir Leid) Does the noun follow either an accusative or a dative preposition? If so. or none at all. Ich fahre am Wochenende zu meiner Tante in Minnesota. schmecken. the most you need to know is that when ‘in’ is used with a stationary verb (e. for more detailed explanation of the meanings of each preposition. For's best just to memorize these verbs as requiring the dative. even though the following noun doesn't 'feel' like an indirect object. • with some adjectives which describe a condition. • after dative verbs: helfen. Remember that not every sentence necessarily has a direct object and an indirect object: some have only one or the other. it takes the dative case.) Is the verb a dative verb? If so.g. Where is it? In the kitchen. Summary: When to use which case So. Herr Stein. Except for my mother. Is it a fixed expression? (such as Mir ist kalt. seit.they tell you exactly what to do. If none of the other conditions apply. plural. Just make sure you know which prepositions take the accusative (dogfu) and which take the dative (Blue Danube Waltz). here's a table of the different endings and pronouns in the three cases: Nom Akk Dat (Poss) . Note that im = in dem The children are in their rooms. (Next semester you will learn some other prepositions which aren't quite so easy. since the preposition determines the case. and put that in nominative. this should be easy. Later this week you will be learning more about this preposition and how to use it correctly. A noun immediately following these prepositions is ALWAYS in the dative case. gehören. Ich helfe dir mit deinen Hausaufgaben. Once you have the accusative and dative prepositions memorized. consider the following things: 1.• after the dative prepositions: aus. zu (memory aid: Blue Danube Waltz). Außer meiner Mutter spricht meine ganze Familie Deutsch. the object will be in the dative. How's it going / How are you doing? • the preposition “in” often uses the dative case. If you need reference to these. Sie haben ein Geschenk von ihrem Vater bekommen. There are many possible translations of these prepositions. Wie geht es dir? To me (it) is warm / I'm warm. gefallen. There's no direct translation that explains why these verbs take a dative object. then you need to determine which noun in the sentence is the subject. See your book for more details on each verb. Please refer to your textbook. Mein Schreibtisch ist im Arbeitszimmer. From their father. Die Kinder sind in ihren Zimmern.

in other words. the direct object. den-die-das-die. you need to decided whether the “who” is the subject.1 sg 2 sg 3 sg 3 sg 3 sg 1 pl 2 pl 3 pl form masc fem neut plur masc fem neut plur masc fem neut plur masc fem neut plur ich du er sie es wir ihr sie Sie der die das die ein eine ein keine unser unsere unser unsere dieser diese dieses diese mich dich ihn sie es uns euch sie Sie den die das die einen eine ein keine unseren unsere unser unsere diesen diese dieses diese mir dir ihm ihr ihm uns euch ihnen Ihnen dem der dem den (+ _n) einem einer einem keinen (+ _n) unserem unserer unserem unseren (+ _n) diesem dieser diesem diesen (+ _n) (mein_) (dein_) (sein_) (ihr_) (sein_) (unser_) (euer_) (ihr_) (Ihr_) It may help you to remember these changes with the mnemonic device “rese nese mr mn” -. The question words wer . Wer ist das? Wer kommt morgen zur Party? Wen hast du eingeladen? Wem hast du das Buch gegeben? Who is that? Who’s coming to the party tomorrow? Whom did you invite? To whom did you give the book? http://www.wem.nthuleen. der-die-dasdie. dem-der-dem-den.wen .html . The forms of ‘wer’ are just like the masculine article: wer . or the indirect object.wen .wem To ask “who” in

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