4G Network Architectures

Final report to survey  System issues  Selected concepts for 4G  Self-organizing ,Ad-hoc network for 4G


multicast.g.“4G” Design Challenges Although 3G is an important first step. e. several basic issues still need to be addressed for next generation wireless systems: Fast/reliable broadband radios (PHY/MAC) with QoS ~100 Kbps 1-10 Mbps with adaptivity. multihop & peer-topeer ... networks that grow organically 2 . link reliability & Qos Scalable system capacity for mass-market services high service penetration implies ~Gbps/Sq-Km Integration of multiple radio technologies into single IP network unified mobility architecture New networking modes.lower-cost infrastructure.

4G System Issues 3 .

4G System Issues: Scaling of Capacity  The grand vision of ubiquitous wireless and pervasive computing leads to a serious capacity problem. 4 .

4G System Issues: Scaling of Capacity (cont.2-0. Hiperlan):   avail BW ~ 100 Mhz.3 bps/Hz max capacity ~ 100 Kbps avg.3 bps/Hz max capacity ~ 100 Mbps avg. spectral eff ~ 0. spectral eff ~ 0. 1 Mbps peak (with packet MAC) per sq-Km avail BW ~ 25 Mhz.11x.3-0.5 bps/Hz max capacity ~ 1 Mbps avg. spectral eff ~ 0.2-0. 1 Gbps peak per sq-Km 5 . 10 Mbps peak (with packet MAC) per sq-Km  3G Cellular:    Wireless LAN (802.)  2G cellular:   avail BW ~ 5 Mhz.

. 6 . but need to work with shorter range. Moore’s Law  4G systems can exploit Moore’s law advances in radio speed.4G System Issues: Evolution of Radio Speed vs..

4G System Issues: Protocol Evolution 7 .

Selected Concepts for 4G 8 .

better end-user performance and more total capacity Infostations Use of “radio caches” for significant reduction in average cost per bit.) Content-based multicasting .Potential “4G” Network Ideas A few techniques for achieving the 4G design goals discussed earlier: 3G/WLAN Hot-Spots Use of WLAN in hot-spots for lower system cost. etc.and 9 person-aware information delivery to mobiles . sensors. ad-hoc wireless access networks Ad-hoc wireless network protocols which support multihop and peer-to-peer service models.. particularly for low-tier uses (in-home. facilitating qualitatively new mobile services Self-organizing.new network service paradigms for location..

Self-organizing. ad-hoc networks for 4G 10 .

 Hierarchical support of high-tier (cellular). ad-hoc wireless discovery & routing 11 . etc. sensor nets)  Self-organizing.4G Mobile Network features  Some desirable new features for 4G networks are:  Unified IP-based protocol architecture with support for multiple radios  Multicasting. caching and security features. med tier (WLAN) and low-tier (personal area.

personal area)  BS’s. WLAN. ad-hoc multi-hop routing 12 . based on: 3 service tiers (cellular. self-organizing network concept currently under consideration.4G Mobile Networks: Hierarchy & Self-Organization  Hierarchical. user devices  automatic discovery and power management protocols  hierarchical. FN’s (forwarding radio nodes). AP’s.

4G Mobile Networks: “network of wireless networks” 13 .

4G Mobile Networks: An Experimental Testbed 14 .

 4G:  --Extend 3G capacity.  --All network elements are digital.  --Circuit and packet switched networks.  --Data rate (up to 2Mbps).  --Entirely packet switched networks.  --Higher bandwidth (up to 100Mbps). 15 .Compare 3G & 4G  Comparison of 3G and 4G  3G:  --Back compatible to 2G.  --Combination of existing & evolved equipment.

operators are already thinking about the post 3G world and what comes next. aimed at developing a seamless converged mobile network architecture based on Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6). • • First Step Towards Full Range of WiMax / 4G Applications • This successful implementation of the OFDM waveform is the first step in Military Technologies plan to implement the complete IEEE 802.16 family of wireless data applications 16 .The NEWS about 4G  ASIA : South Korean is already arranging an auction of 4G wireless licenses across wireless and broadband internet. • Life After 3G Wireless • With 3G set for widespread launch in 2004 across Europe. • Successful Demo of Beyond-3G Wireless IP • NEC Europe Ltd announced the successful completion of the three-year “Moby Dick Project”.

• The New WiFi Gels With 4G • more robust standard for high-speed broadband wireless delivery to laptops and desktops will augment the burgeoning WiFi market beginning in late 2004.11 price vs.16a standard today parallels that of WLAN technology in the late 1990’s.” Dr Keiji Tachikawa. “I would recommend that the newspaper community forget about 4G. The position of the 802. performance gains converted WLAN from a niche to mass market.• 4G Wireless 10 Years Away • 4G? Not in this decade. when the market finally grew as 802. president and CEO of NTT DoCoMo • Basestation Architectures for 3G Wireless • picoChip Designs Ltd announced the world's most powerful processing device for wireless infrastructure. 17 .

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