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Charles Darwin British Entomology 1829 - 1832 1829_Stephens_A120

Charles Darwin British Entomology 1829 - 1832 1829_Stephens_A120

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lLLUSTHATIONS

BRITISH

ENTOMOLOGY;
OK,A

;:;!!lIoJ,J$i$ of lllllJigtllOIl$

llll$£ct$;

TIIEIIl

GENERIC

AND SPECIFIC

DISTINCTIONS;

,\N

ACCOUNT

01·' TII~;1It AS FAit

,\lE'I'Al\IORPHOSES, FOOD, ANn

THIES ECONOi\1Y,

OF

AI'P.EAItANC~;,

LOCALl'I'IIIS,

AS PIlACTICABLE.

BY .TAMES l<~rtANCISSTEPHENS,
''':""En (W Tnll ~OOLOO!CAl. SOCIETY, ETC.

F. L.S.

EMllEI.J,fSIIEJ)

\\'ITH none

COLOURED

FIGUHES OF 'rUE SPECIES,

R.4.RElI ,\lim

INTE1U:S1'INO

HA USTELLATA.
VOL,I1.

"In hi,t8mI'""'iolllm<juofaenull;" po'rl'eclio!"_I·I;~ • •o:::~i,~~~:~~OJl" 'roll",; ...

qu", ratio ! q"""tnvis!
Kalu,"""

qnaruin.uricabi1;' per llomrnem

I gloria DEI, <x """'"

LONDON:

I'UHLISH",;J)

JIY

JJALDWIN.AND .1829.

CHADOCl{.

© The ccrncrete

Work

of Charles

Darwin

Online

193 Sp. 4. olcrllcea. Ph. No olerncea. Albin.pl.U<VII.J. Head and thorax anlenor somcrhncsalittledoudcd, literated: third the .,igma alonecon.picuou.; stigma posterior mllrgin posterior Ali. ,,,,Iiei. eO.lanco:f" oleracee. varying .... ugineia 1IIucul!i ..enifo .. m,· 1,,1e$,'~"I~ I unc.6-'Tlin.) p.83. wings 1\'0. 6217.the ~amc,

slri1J6'fueut.rnJ.IIIMbMl:1Jla/d. Li~..e.-Ma. 4.Qr--</. c.."tancous,

('EXI'.alar.

SI<p/l. CallJI. fJi.rlii. in intensity: plain, anterior

but in gcncral fulvOIIll;in

with rile ordinary

8triglc obthe margin ofa on

peleashy-brown.small,

round.eomenmes

oomeexampl<'Btbe

rudiments

are visible, border.

they are 6OmetimcsfuSCQns,stothersfulvcscent: billcntaleS\I"ign: with po"teriorwingswhitish_ and lateral

i. a whitish with black, the image

a.h,with

a dusky

CaterpilJarlivid,sl'olted found 1\Iay. in the autumn;

a fu!lCOUS dorsal

whitish iti"

lillc:-itispolyphaguII,butpref.ncabbage,lettuces,amlsimiIBrplam.: eppcarlng !n thespring,toward$l.heendof

Vcry common in gardens in and about Loudon, and throughout the south of Engl'lIId; "Dublin:'-Rev. J. Buhocr. "Kimpton." -Rev. G. F. Rmlil. "Netlcy."-Ret·.F. IV. Hope. vBottisham.' -s-Rco. L. JenYlis. "Alderley, Cbcshirc."_!i('v. E. Stank!).
8]>.
$.

suasa.

A/is

Im/icis j~M:i •• ubllehulosis, suasa. antertor

lintoloi ba~i i~ler'"I!ld it". S.1. Nv.6218. dou,led

"igrd.,

IIrigfi'luep No. sunM..

.. lirubideu/alaallR1. Wi,,,,. 1'"er=.-i\!a. fuscous: wtth

(EXll.alar.lunc.4-$!in.) S/el~ Ca/<1I.l'arl wtngs glossy brown,

Heat! and thorax darkershadcs: stigmataofthe between a white,

a little

with of the

an acute blacklincola

at rhe base, and the margins pa!c ashy-bro,..n, arrow_shaped are fuacous. dock,lelluce, towarrlslhepooteriormarginis

... mecolour;

the stigmBlaofB ~trtgn, wtth hlack

and situated on it" all_

two ...ery ob$cureraulerl>aiestriwe: deeplybidcnlate the cilia and postcriorwinl!'l is polyphagous,feetling the imago appeanin

stlcakB

kriormargin: rolour:-it trefoil,&c.:

(:atcrpillargrl'Cn,wirhrut{,,;centandbluish"J>Ot.samllhrce.~aksofthelatter upon the cabbage, ,)ulle. plantain,

Of this rare lnsoct I have seen hut four examples, rlo-ce ofwhich were captured near London, and one in Norfolk; my specimen, which is the only female I have seen, was taken at Blrch.wood ill the Legillllilig ofJllly,.1818: it is rather in a tuttererl conditio ••.
Sp. No. 6. nigricans. nigricans.
I'L~·,"

2·t.

J

2.-Alis

anlid •• ••

"'uxhr«(;co-nig","co"tibu., alar. 1 ""C. 111;11.) ii. p. 83 .. 11'0.

.li({",Qlihu.s 6219. Ant~n"re

.lrilJisqut

ordi~arii'IHJlidi<nibu nigncan&.

(Exjl.

";erL'~K?-Ma.

SI~1'1t. en!,,!. parI

rusty-Iuteous

; head and thorax

l'al~ immuculate 1829.

dusky_brown,

with

Bllochraceouslillgc;

antcriorwingsthesanre,witbob60lcte

l'aicr and darker

H<l.USTELLATA. VOL.

11.

1ST JUNE,

(C) The Comolete

Work

of Charles

D<trwin

Online

1!:IIi Tbi~ in..eet "aries Caterpillargrt'en,

1I,'IT~·n~L1."'T\.-1.f:I'lllOl"I·t:lI.\ lllnch in colour, amL a liltl~ in the disposilion with an obscure dorsal and redrlish lateraillne: of iii mRr~inS"it feeds on

variouspot_herb5Iike'Ma.llrl!SSic",amlotJletsoflhegonus:thcimagoR1'11Cllr"

A very common species, frclillelilint;' the g'Hrriens and ~qllnl'CS of the metropolis itself nndubounding in till' Icn-mcrsituutions through_ ont its vicinity.
Sp. II. l'ersicari.e.
}",ndo,""",

AI;~ anlicis nig-ris, $I~ilfi$ Iribu fu""'~""" Lim':, ,I;gmnle re"ifo~mi

fu.tcelCfmlibus, /um./,; f~/vl1. Slcl'.

u~Ii'J"~ (Exp. Calnl.

ptJ,I;",'i

n;uta

a!at.lunc.6_Slin.) I'],. No. P€tsicar;'~. l"'rl ii. 1"84. Do". IX. pl. :n7.-lIIa.l'ersicari",·. JVQ. 6225. black,the latter with a few darker obSl:1lre fullCOUS 8lrig'll', spot"; I.'dged anteriorwingl~ll>O with black, and a "" row aDterior~ligma wiul a fulvou. posterior

I lead and thorax hhek,l'I'iih .Jightlyw(lsed rather indistiD~t,

thr ..... rather

oeriClioffuivousspotl! with a stigmatiforrn "pecies; on the ern;taare at the base, three

Dcarlhehindcrrnargin: ~tigmB pure wbite, and

spot belWCI'n it and the inner margin, or four whiw.pots, nrC hlack lunulc, a minute

in the last-mentioned e<;ntraliunulc: ofth~ wings wbitiih

posterior cilia, which

same nt thc baac of the

and indented:

with a ecntrnl

nnd thehindcrmllrsilldcel' the fourth and othc, pIa nlSj

Caterpillargretlll,withawhitedornallinc, and fifth aegmcnt; aud i. found the taiL conic: in uleautumn:

and anob"'l'redoudon it feeds on tire hop, elder, theirnago'I']lt'aringlnthefol1owingJune.

Rather uncommon: 1 have, however, found several specimens in agarricn at Hertford incertain seasons, and occasionally ut Birley; and 011 Clundon-eommon, Surrey: it also occurs throughout (he metropolitan district. "AlIeslcy."-llev. W. T. llrcc. " Net!"y."Rev. F. JI'. Hope. "Epping."-Mr. II. Doubleday.

APPEXDTX.
rage':;. guisl,,'s -}{eu. l1Er1.\I,~$ litis sl'ccia hcctu .. itis It should
QS

ha"c a

been rrmarkl.'d, hy the name "Longnnr,

Dr. Lca~b dtsnnC~clowu', which abUlHlan\."

in hi.;\ISS, "llodeliffand

I.'(RU',

c:\llllot beretlliIlCo.!,1IJI

preoccupied.

Salop,not

F.

IV. HoFf'.

Castletown."-'I:

C.}f"!fsli",.",

";"'1'

© The Complete

Work

of Cherles

Darwin

Online

HEI'JAUll.'I':,-XOTonO),l'lll.l:.-DOMU\'CIIH:.

I!J1

I'age G. -T. Page 6.

H"FlAtU!

hmnuli. /:.'Jq. vcllc,la.

"In

some I!elUlQnsVf!ry abunda.n~ nc-at Oarlisle.~

C. He_ysl,a""
HenA'.us

«Littlwm C. Hewif!/<JII, "Littleton

CUl"e,

"Newcastle, I'age 7.

rarcly."_W. CRrnnS.

.£'",.

30th uh."-Re".

U, T. }lurid.

HHv.Lu~

Copse,

with the foregoing,

29th and

30th ult.~ -Rev. Page 8. "Near Page 9. /lopo, ZtUZEAA

J.

1'. Rudd. "Lamberhur'lt, C. lle,~ilw~, Suuex.Esq. P. W. -Rec. 1:'. W. 1I1J1'"

b:SCuli.

Soutllwolo.l, Suffolk,"-IiC Cossus "Oak lignil'er,1a. woods .£'.'1'

"Abundant Newcastle,

at Matlock in 1828," -lleo. of mack &"."-/F. Hale C.lIe"·i/so,,,Rs'I' Orton,

in the neighbonrlux,,1 "York,

ami Floshes."-

T. C. He.y.lwlII, l'I'3"c 12, lIe!JJha"" W: IIlJpe, l'age J.l.. WlIope.

PYO,ERA buccpuale. J:_'J". "Common "Ybrkshire,

"Cummersdalc, in Salop; larva: very

llockc\iff, called common.~-W, Rt Netley

&c,"-'J'.C, "'. 1:-'411' n

If;!!hla~derJ.''-lIe". C. llewilwn, in 1S28."-lIcv.

and Suffolk,

Ep,nM.I

Cll'ruleocephala.

"Common

CHRURA Viuula. In Me. Children', ~moky_black; ,,'iththe I'age 21. collcctioni.a

"Harraby,

Knell~, Hraml'ton,

&c."-T.

C,

HI'!).

rcm~rkab!evariety considerably

of this insect; with a similar

haY;ngtl,a hue, but

headan,lfrontofthethoTax,tbehirslltiesofthclcg>l·auubrcastufa,leep with the wings ""ffuseU ordinary &triS'" andfasc;a: "'fhe it was found nearllrighlon, malecaplurcd scvernl timeg at BurghflcM, C. S. Bird. C. He!j,{,am, H""

STAUROYIIB Fagi. candle,

by means of a lighted J'age 26. l'age 25, Page 21. fuscous, page2S);

in the evcnillg."-Rell, "~lear Roekdift:"-T.

LEJOCA~U'" <Iiol",a,

LB'Q~"MI"~ dict(Jloidcs.
LOI'UO",'ERYX

"01<1 Broml'ton,"-.Ilfr. Var.~. markings wing \I'"ilh
D.8

G. Waler"",I.I~, wings deep to ill picked wbQ kh"Uy

earme1ita. reddish; example the

the anterior

tinted

with

ill

va,.~.

Of Ill;s variety

there ill a beautiful and avery up in Ongar-p:ll"k,

in the Dritishi\luscllm(tbeonereferrcd of the satlle~arietywllS 1828, by Mr, II. Doubleday,

l'erfCf't anterior

the 22d of April,

Page 29. Pege aa. Page 33.

PTlLOI}01<"IH

l'alpina. "Oft"alH.

"Dromptoll,

161i!9."-.ilfr.

G. Waler',o" .•~.

I'ER]])£.I

"Dorkiug,iIl1828."-Jl(,..G.Walerhool.lc, "Bishup's Cutlc, and Lenlcy, Salop."-

ESDRUM'S

versicolor.

RnI.F.W.H~. l'agc36. SATORSIA Pavonia. Castle "The catcrri'lar.-e:yabundalllQnlleath QU RllI\

the Dishop's

1Ii111i in 19'26."-Rc,'.1". W, C.lfcwiI30", Huh;. C. Ife,";/,on,

ncar Newcnstlc."Page 38. "York,
LASJOCAITI'A

£,,,.

!/'.llopo.

"Yorkshire,

"Rockclilf F.s~.

,\los~."-'1'.

C. lI~!JJ',a""

B.q.

&c."_W.

© The Complete

Work

of Cherles

Darwin

Online

IUS

11'\U~Tf.l.UT".-1.EI'I[)UPTP.I!.\. Lu")t",,,,,\ NetIe, (JUCtt:Ulin G. T. RlUla. .. r" Populi. "Very abundant near Hinninghnm.·_u"". "Otlon l\I'_"-T. F. 1I'.lIope. C. ll~rM",. "CoIJingboum~",(lod EMJ.

rage4il..

"Common.l

1828.~-R,"".

in profw;jon.~_Rno. Page "-3. Pac,~(lc" F. W.llope. I'age
-i.i • .;. E,,(1""~T£.

Lanl'f[tr;" Neustria.

"Vorl.:."

-w.

C. Ihu::ilMnl. Bank,

E6'1' C.

rag.. oW.

CI.1I1QU"''''

"D .. idlon·.

ncar CarlWe"-1'.

fI~6A(Jm.£ItJ· Page52. l'age &2. Page 59. EII/. Page 61. l'age 61. lIoJX. I'age 6t. E~. !'lIgeH. HYPH,coIIP~ J)om;nu.!a.. "Very .bund.an~ 8t Daremh_wood lu\ LEUCOM .. Salle;" "Woods near Cummend.le.--T. C. ll~,A""'. OnO"ESTII G.uTaO'''cu", O"nCH1KA "Near VorK; polAtoria. "Nl!llrWoodbank:-T.C.H~.h(J"', "NI'f[' "Black Sheffield." -Rn. Hole Woods."-T. E.q. F. IV. Ho,,,. C. H~.IIa""

qucrcirolia. l'uilibum.!a.. larvle
On

bc""h.H_IV.

C. 1I •• uil,on, Etq. ..... F. IV. Oxfordshire.
}[o~.

ORGY'"

RIltiqua.

"NeUey,

in August."-R ....

O.tln

... gonOitigma.

":&gIey

ood.

.._R

..... F. IV.

June(J828).'"-.Mr./IIg"pe1I. I'age 61t. E"TIlIUIO"'" lJ.ewdJey_fore!lt." -R~u. J[~.h(J ..., l'a,,<>e69. "!:luffulk, ['age,2i'age 71-. n1l11!ul.. "Common IIcn.MOII about Binningham, and ntar C.

P. IV. Hope.

8ml Tam

Wa.d.ling." -7'.

EMt.
C.ja. .. Dum-hill, H.rk ....

A.eTt" York,

&e." -T.
E,'1'

C.

H..,w_. RM/.
IV.

Ne ... castle, &c.p-W. l'l.ntaginis.

C. ll~"'il"., "Southcnd, "N"t1~y,

NElIROr"".~

&c."-R,o. F.
August

H~,~.
£",.

I'Hn ..H:M~TOB'~ fuliginosa. "Cutl=wn lubriceprda. ml'lldica.

amI Sq'tcmbcr."-

Ji'I!. F. W. Hope_ l'age77. S~lLO"""A

and' RMkdilf.·'_"I'.
t<Near

C. lfq./uvtr.

ElIn-b,'-_T.

C. H~u.,,, .., EItJ. IR~~. ...oot.Ia.."-Afr.I"K1In. F. W.llo~. C.1fe!J.Aum.,

I'age 18. D,.UUORA l'ageln. Fu

"Near

Norwood."-;1(r.

mu~Ua. mundsna.

"lIornlle)'andllighgate-"Common.t

Page 83. Xuv l'ape !In. £.,/. I'age 93.
VEIUPE'A

Xetley."-Ra. Orton,

CALLU1Q"r[[A

Jacoba:re.

" Kingmoor,

&c.~-T.

pulchella. ;_","t y~

"A

specimm

IAken near Oxford,

.nd

"" ... in

the Botanic-ganlen I'age 91.

fOllnd at G ... ~nd."-Re". "Once taken

F. 1I'.1Iopt:.

L,TltOI' .. qUid ...

;n IIUTiIDn_5treet,

Grail

Inn

lto&<l."-.ilfr.lngpe~. Page 98. GN"OrHR'A rubricollil. insect ""riod; I am Ilotl.a.itive, having taken but it my.dfin Whether it is eeru.in July, there may not bet""o and Il'ecimCPI brood~ ofthia ..etllO

thnt tile iiUlCCt is about for a long havingoc:~ur

© The Complete

Work

of Charles

Darwin

Online

199
early aslhe Ih"!lsham, Jlo!'". fortnight Page 1O~. Page 103. cn,1 of May. Esq. past,-lst "IVOOlis nea.Dlack eml or May, Hale nnd Cast!ctowu.B_T. "cry eommon."-R~~. alllithisycarforthi. C. F. II'. "Dagley_wood, in profusion June,

"Takell

in 1828, corlyinJunc; G. T. Rudd. 8U11 Flosbcs."-T. Moss," &c.-T.

1829."-Rcv. "Durdan "New

'I'n[[·""'.,.. ... oroou8.
TRIPI .. ",...

C.lleysha""E8tJ. C. He!j.h",,,, Esq.

pronuba.

Page 105. TI<I1·u ... ""

intcrjCl:tR.. "Netley, Janthina.

very abnndnnt."-Rel·, p, W. Hope.

F. W. Hopr.

I'age

106. 'f'lll·II,F."'A

"Ncr.ley."-R,,~. This genu., fimbria, mal

Page 107. GE~'O! LYT JEA. SI'Cl:ies, in addition po'terior wings duskystriga, the anterior with n dark

wbich now contains
OUI

three indigenous citcll,h aothe gl08S y; trnn.ycrse

to the characteta

pointed
II

in

the place

marC or less distinct

with a centrnl sl'ot of similar considCr.lbly rounded

hue;

antl aU the wingBvety

at the base.

Sp.2.1.YT£.leucographn. ardi"llri;$olhid"9. Ncctua leuoographa. (F.xp.alar. I SlepJ.. Clllal. Appntdiz. ur rufeaeent; one: the letter with Billorior wings or Hiib~er.f<g. 572.-Ly.lcnccgrapha. of'fulvoue

Head and thorax n transverse reddish-brown, col'peryshadCli;

ftlSe<lns,,,·ir.l1 e mixtuee

dusky str~ak,

fo\lowe,1 by n r~lluisb-brown

varied witb wbite and ochraceous-yellow, which jl rather indistinct

with fine purplish

at the basc isa sHgbtly bifid bbckBlreak,rcachingncarlyw and very irregular; the postcrioratriga the spacei>ctween willi the third is Bndthe a row or this otrlga

the second "triga, a!lll1aUblackflOokon elongate-triangular

COllOidcrnblyhentbehindthel'OSleriuretigmB,andiauniledtolhe.econdby the inner margitt; spots en il8 anteriur bctween edge; hindermarginioaYf!ryfnintintei7upted anti thcJlo,tcriormarginiKplninl'urplish-brown, .tigmata white, whitish, placed in a dusky or black patch: lunule insect Knd Iwo tran"'erwstriglll Bndbrowll.pnts. was taken inseetsnnder ncar York. I·Hibner seem. to have the above name. wuh whtre of this pale waved Btriga, bearing

the nervure.slightly wiugs ochreous-

ochreous;a",lonthemarginaresomeindi.tinctblackdots:ciliareddish-(lchre: posterior fn.eonl;. with a central

Cnlcrpillargrccn, 1\Iy specimen figured Sp.3.

two very distinct Rlbhnncnla. with 1'l!lCt'li it:

LYT.,.a

Gral'h;phol"BRlbimacula,page137,whichevidenlly this genus thall with tile ollC nnder which I have the Icregoing, Sninp, 1!!'i!1and lS2S."-1l1'l'. F. JV.

aswciatc, tloubtingly l'''I!e Ill. lfol'e.

hetter

itclO&ely resembles

CnaRN-AS Gram;ni e, "Nctley, "])cnoon, Holmc."-T.

C.lICy61"11!1, H.!q. tt appeere by a letter received from l\!r . .Kirby" delltroyedinsuch,

1'''I!CII6.A""nTlsSegetnlll. ahundancebyJllr.Rodwell. Page 118. AOI\o"!"u vaillgeee. Page uro. AGaOTt5 villa.

that insteadofthelarvaloftbisinsect,itwasslugsthatwere

"Occa~ional1ynear "Alderley,

Nctlcy."-llcv,

1<:

w'Hopc

•.

Cbeahire."-Rtv,

e. Stanley.

Rl The Complete

Work

of Charles

Derwin

Online

20U Page 12{;. AGllons ncar Netlcy."--Rcv.F. exclamation; W.lfope. •.• , In the utmOBt l'rofu<ioll in July, 1827,

Page 130.

GRAPHIPIIORll

pyrophila. augur.

"Flisk, "Common

not Zctland."-Rcv. atNctley."-Ret·.

Dr. FleminlJ. F. IV. Hop •. C. H0j.,lut)JI,

Page 131. G".\)·IIJP"O~A 133. G~APlllpnO"A

triangulum.

"llockc1iff_moss:·_l'.

l'age

136. G""P"II'''O''A

plceta.

"Cambri,lge."-C. Scc Lytfl'a "A single

Darwil!, albimacula,

Esq. 1"199. P. LV.

Page 13;. (;"",·H(I·J(OJ<Aalbimacula. l'age 14.~.
O""HOSlA

m;niosa.

specimen

at Netley."-B.".

lJop". Page 146. l'age H9.
OI""lTO~'A O"j'HOSIA

I'istaeina. Upsilon_

"Epping:'-.J1fr. "Epp;ng."-Mr.

If.nouN.day, H. Do1lM.day.

"Excce<iinglyabunuant,lastAugust,near

Page 161. Page

GJ.IE'

Vaccinii.

"Kiml'ton."-Re1l. "N~w·mo"

G. T. Budd. .. "-T. C. JI0js/lUm, Esq •.

163. A),IP(!(PVltA

l'yramidea. letra.

Page 16S. Pn,oPHlLA

"Kimpton."-Rev.

G. '1'. Rlidd .

•••

'("he labular

view of the Noctuide ofthefamiJy.

will

be given at Iheend

© The Cornolete

Work

of Charles

Darwin

Online

LIST

OF PLATES.

n t: ~~
1.l.f'J: :L

gl'!i:~:'~~tron'i' :1. C..-"",bicuspi>1

.

t ~.!~:~ =::m~oa i r;:!~ir~;~~:~:'M . so..~:~~,~:a f
10. f. ~: P,ycho~f'

SpilosomaMenlb.. ]7. i7~:,~::l~u. f.~. ..U

Jr.. rr. Cerurafuscinula 2.-bi6da 3._integra 16.f. I. Closterareclu .. /l.? ~. Leucoma Vau_alp. 3. triVa •. ,.

~~~~,,:~:~a? . Lophopte.pcanne1ita

.

ru.

f.

ar.

~. Sogetia negl""... :L Xylina .. ",ibnmQ" ~.r.~:Agrotis::=::23.f.~: XYlina~':\!~ca 2. lIodenaa,~ka? :J.-och'acea. ~4. f.). Hdiophobu,l""""phreus 2. J\Iam.,.tJanigri.BII.? :l.~-nlbiCQlou

3. f.].

Agr<>ilihmig<ra C.,.aihinaglllteDoa

ERRATA.
]'''II"2,1ine'27,fiJT","",ooM,nadOOCOOll'' 47,_~I,f ... neou,rard""L M~_9and H,f""pil_nadpllO&i. W,_:J9,f""·troog<t',,au/f&inter.

89,--32IlIld3~,forCe.,road~ 90,-:1""d~,jo'Ce.,' .. dCa. fl],_22,jo, largcr,rcad 10l'g<!' 111J,__ 29,jorPlate2(l.f. 1. .. "dl'laUl2!1.f.2. 11:t,_29,jurPlat.20.f.2,,,,a~P1MC20.f.:I. 119,_lf',jorl'lalcilO.f.a.",,,II'lalo20.f.l 1~B,-3jJfortho",bai<l .... l'l~tol!l,f.l. 8. rcnd,ubrol.a.

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Darwin

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The Cornolete

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The Cornolete

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ILLUSTUATIONS

BRITISH

ENTOMOLOGY;

~1!nopsiS of lllllligcnous llnsects:
THEm GENERIC AND SPECIFIC DISTINCTTONS;

AN

ACCOUXT APPE,\RANCE,

OF

THEIR

METAMORPHOSES,

LOCALITIES, AS 1,'AR AS

roo»,

TBIES ECONQ)IY,

0,"'

AND

l'RACTrCABLJ.:.

BY .JAMES FRANCIS STEPHENS, F.L.S .

•:M8EfLISIIED

WITn

COLOUR~;D .'!OURES

OF THE RARER ANI}

MORE INTERESTING

SI'.:CIES.

MANDIBULATA. VOl., II.

"Tn hi. tam P""'"' tamquo fere "ulli, q"",mti~! pcrf<Cti .. !"_PI;~. "'1~~~:::Li~::~oni' Telluri. ",I glori. Dr..,

qUllIltaviJll quam inoxt,;cahlli, per 110m;".. "

ex opet'!' Natu,,.,

LONDON:

PUBLlSHED

BY

BALDWIN I 82!J.

AND

CIlADQCK.

rles Darwin

Online

188
Sp. I. thcrecicus.

:\IANI)lIlULATII.-COLEOPTERA.

R"j"Irj"uscIJ.S, Owracc d!Jlrorurnque

apicib"s

pallid;s.

{Long'

Taken occasionally in damp bauks ueur London.

APPENDIX.

Pnge 6.

T ACHYB immunis.

"Taken

occasionally

on Canlew.mi,c,

near Dal·

ston."-T.

C. He!fshum, Esq. "On the old course of the river£<[cn, bclowllot-

TACHysobtusus.

I'age

J.

I'JIlLOOIlTllUS

",neus.

"Under

rejectamenta,

on the coast,

Burgh.

marsh:'-T.

C. He!fsham, Esq.

Page l'age

10. 10.

Ocn

curren •.

"De,'onshirc."-T.lIIarslwll, '<Pembrokeebire, tr~es on the b~nh on the Caldew, near

Esq. lS2~_"_Capta;nB/v",er. of the E(leu, Dals10n Hale."-T.

OCY" mdanoccl'halus. the bark of decayed Hichardby, &c.; aud

" Under castle,

llcysl,am,E9q.

I'age "On

12.

PEnYPHUS concinnus.

v Devonslrirc."

-Mess

..". Chant and BenllC!I' ESt,. T, C.

the eonst, Drumhurgh·manih."-1'. PE"\"PHU~ saxatilis. "Banks

C. ll"!p!,am, of the Eden,

near Beaumont:'_

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llEMIHDJID.iF..-ELAPunID£. _ Sp. PRRHllua 1001liui,. Be. nlbipes. Above uf;)_ rufescent, Rnd adecp piceousj Slim" albipcs. 1/-1'0. lP.neo-~iridi, nlll!imllis. iJrns"ygrcen: ",tiulU, aM",w;, ruf~""~ntibu"

189 ptdiIR..

(Lollg.corv·2Iin.) Sioph. No",. 4. mouth anglcs: pitchy: palp; dusky: antcnn.c

rich shining

with the ICI'II,inaljoinlsdusky: fovea on each of the hinder uhe dlsc breesy geeen ;

Ihoraxwitioafaintoio,"alchanncl clytra, with the suture, r41her striate, thestril! lega "erypale but I am not 110\

rntl,erdceplyl'unctate to the apex of theelytra: from the north

rainrer
I pOfiS= having Page

ou the

sldca

andreaching in'ect the

testaceous. specimens of this of England, po"itiYe of its itlclltitywith 1'e. a.. imili~ of i'lI,. iley"balU·si\ISS.,

a typicalcxamJ'lu

to guide me. "On thebanka of the Esk,llcarJamcs-town."

13. l'EnYPHuarul'cstfili.

-'l'.C.He!pham,E"I· ['age 14. P"RYPHU$ ustll~?-" near Sandsficld."-'!·. Page 14.. P':RUHUS I'nge15.I'e"YPIlu. 1'.C.H,,!}.hM",Efq. Page 15. l'ERYPnU8 tibialis. the Esk." -T. Page 17. Peavi-nus " On gra~el-be(b T. C.H~!fsha"" C. l!~!J.k'''''l "Rather Esq. common on the banks of the F... dcIl and Chonl. CkanlandBMllky. and Cnmmersdalc."Rare: only two specilU~'I1staken in June, 1828,

C. Ifey,h"''',Elq. nitidulus. viridi-rmeus, "Devnnshire."-llfr. "n~Uk5 Chanl. near MOIII!-land."-

of tho Esk,

"Devon~hirc."_lIf~. "Devonshirc.H_Jlf~,"s. near Long Island

arro-eccruleus, on the C ...ldew, [,'",.

l'age2j..

LoP!", Ely.

puliearia.

"Drumburgh_marnh,

U111lerr~jectamenta."-T.

C.

lle!Jlka"" I'age t'ege
28.

TACHVPUS

bipunclatus. Garric._town."

"Common "This

(In

the banks

or theE'k,

below

thciroll

bri,lgcat

28. TACHYI'u88trialus. Ihnvclllkcn "Devonshire,

sl'ccics has only occurred the banh ofjhc [lolme."-T. Benlie!J 1'>,1828.

to me "cry Edcn nco< C. II"!J-

sparingly: sham, Elq. l'agc30. - common

solitary "pccimen.011 in July,

AJlerby and Killl!garLh,

and on the CaMew in Denton ISI!S:·-.IIfu,rs. August "jlut IS2S."-T.

and Ch,,,,I. It i. not un_ F. "'.ll&~; on the Elf,.

llE"BID'U>lI'a1m\osulU. in Lancashire, me with ofCardcw_mire,

"Sheffield, lhis .pccics. ill July,

where itis taken by fllr. Ilobson." -Reo.

who kindlyfurnishcd western extremity

onee met with C. lle!l$h/i./Il,

I'age 32. Sp. J. NOTlQP"'W" .trireontbeelytrn

aquaticus.

This

~pccies may be known hy tho not reaching to the,811Cl<;

bcitlgrathcrdistant,

fBint,anu

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190

trlANDIllULATA.-COLEOM'ERA the disc of the Ihono.l< !lIIIooth; thclcgsusually

thedytra.ofallunifonntint;

tl""'Pbronzcd_black,withthetibi",slightlyruf~t. "Common near Newcastlc."_G. Wailes, E'1'

Above

glossy

CUI,reoUB:

head

vcrybroa<l, head,

the forehead the marginsvcry channel

vcry <l""ply suJentetl: <leeply and coal1lCly transversely faint oucon wrillkl('tl; with anuh_ to to CIIChllhic

thono."ratherna.rrowcrlhanthe pnnctured, hrcviatcd the dille Glllooth,with angle punctaLe 8tria ncar the on each hinder of Lhe suture,

the dorsal

is II "cry deep fcrea : clytr. scutcllum,arnther punctate which deeply

vcry smooth.

ulld alx very

once doscly i. smooth;

approximating cl,e"" stria're!Wil leg. hrightfcr-

each other towards

the outer mnrgin,

theape.~,whichi.obBcurelypalerthauthercstofthcel),tra: ruginous:bru;eofantcnnll'thcsame,theapexdusky. "Only II single Bpecimen hIlS occurred

to me, taken on the south "Devonshire,

Bide of Tllm 1828."-

W.dling, High
I'"go 33. Sl"3. wanting "t;~trclnely in Hants

Hcsket."-T.

C. Il~!JlhaTll, £"1'

~[e.. rs.Be~llcyandChanl. N01'tOJ'I)'!.U8 biguttatus. Thi. dilfersfrom Esq. "Common "Not the followillgin very common

tho ""ooud dOTIl.11irnpressionbctwC'Cll commoLl at Marton amt Wilt&."-Reu. Lo<\gc."-L.Rudd, G. T. Budd.

the second aud thi .... slrhc. l at Newcastlc."_

G.JVaile.,Esq.

t

Sp. 4. NOTIOPIIILUI

quadripunctatus.

De Jea7/.-C"pre,,~, (l.ong.corp.2Iin.) fotohca,\ moderately

Mpi/e awgus/a,

·d!flnste",';;puMlulo-.ln·oli.,p!aga!o1lf;i/udi"ali"ilidiui7llG,puMIi.rIrihu8 ;mpre,si.inlers!r-ianlsecunda",ett.rlm",. OfabtightshiningcoJlper: with the margins puucmtej head narrow,

sulcated:

thorax clytr,.

the disc transvcrscly,butfaintly,rugOlle: Iwodwp imprcssions

rathcrfaintlypunctate-strintcd,thesUltcasintlleforegoingspeci"",nn,lbcIwe<en the .. oond and third tlleapcx,whichi'J>alcycllowisb: wbatpale. " A solitary The No. rufipcs they appear examination: specimen be truly different, taken dlsrlnct near the Canal rcscrvoir."-7'. C. HC!J.hum, whether Eli!. this Or for also on the back, and one towards base of theantcnna:andofthctibia:lKlmc-

impressed

,lois on the dytra ~Ir. lIe~il;ham either

differ On t·he two sides; having other

frcm theolherspccics,

time alone can dcci,\c;sent me his specimens in collections which

kindly
examples

and I have observed

seem to diffcruom vestigatcth=pl'(lpcrly. PlI{;e 33. ELArllRua Esq. "Not detected }'agc3J..

of the above,

but time h.aa not permitted

me to in_

uliginesue.

"Cambridge, at Fyflcld,

in plenty, Hants;

lSIJ9."-C.

DaYU'in,

Ul1CQUlmon, but local

the only speciClihithcrto

by me at KiLlll'ton."-Rev. ELArHRuscul'rcua.

G. 7'. Jludd.

"V~ryabundantRtthe8idCllofponds,atil1nrton fludd, E"I' "Ncwcaatle."-G. IVai/e., Eli!.

Lodge, Yorkshire."_L.

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10'
l'age35. Ep/. ""9' E~"r"RUS "Abundant riparius.. "Found with the last, common."-L. IlwJd, on the north aide of Tarn Wadling."-T. C. ltC!}.oom, "Ncwcastle."-G. Wailes, E",. "[n great abundance Car, commOll."_G. in n water near Cambridge, IVai/IlK,EMJ. Thruxton, 1'.'81/. Yorkshire." £'9' somewhat 1:.'11/. I'age 36. UU:TH!SA in 1629."-C. Page 39. multipunctata. Esq_

Darw;",

"1'reHtwick "Sparingly

HAUl'!.US

ck"atll>l'1'. Rudd. ferrugincul!.

meatlow,

IlantI!.N_Jlco.G. ['"se 40. I.,l/IIdd, 11AL1PLUB Esq.

"N""r
"Not Hlq.

Cambridge, common,

1829."-C.Darwill, Marton Lodge, WailcJ, the last, but

"Scarce

near Kimpton."-I/,,,·.

G. T. Rudd.

"Ditcheancur

Cnrdcw-mire."-T. J'nge<l,\. "The

C. Ih!J.lhlil/j,

"Ncwcastlc."-G. plentiful than I'ery

llar.rr r.cs obliquus, neighbourhood

"Morc

ecaece at Kimpton:

very common of Marlon

at Winlcrbornc Lodge, but

Stoke."-

Reo. G. T.lludd. /Vailes,

rare.~-L. ]ludd,

"Wimb!edon-common.~-Mr. E~'I' I'ase Esq. Pngo 42. <!.!. Hs trr-i.uslineato-ccllis. Rev. G. T. Jlwld. "Cardew_mirc."_T.
HAUPT,US

G. IVa(crAw,".

"Newcastlc."_G.

"Plentiful "Not

at)\impton,

in gra~clly5treaJns

ill the spring."

uncommon

ill Yorkshirc."_L.R"dJ,

C. l!c!JsliUIII, £8'1' "Common in Yorhhirc."_L. Rudd, Esq,

ruficollis.

"l\impton."-i1eu.G.T.J/udd. l'agc43. IL"I.IPT.uS BIRnis. "Abundnn! Kimplo~. "In ill nwn!er meBilowbetween fonntl elsewhere Monxten tillhi,

RlId Abbot'sATln,in district."-llt:u. !'nge4-l. Andover Mr. !'age

October, G. '1'. Rudd,

1828, but not hitherto

"Ncwcastle."-G. a pOlnd On I'ark_hOluse "Once

Wailes, HI". TIill, between by

j'..,LOluus'Hennanni. and Amesbury."-Rt:v. fJ'a;/u, Esq. ovatua, HewitsOn,"-G.

G. '1'. Nu,ttL

ncar NewCBlltie,

-t,b.

Hr r-nmaus

"CAlmmOln ncar Marton of oS to l."-L. }ludd,

Lodge, E'7'

Yorhhin)j_

the males

in the proportion

"NewcastJe."_

G.Wai/eJ,Es". l-!YGROlTUS " Not couttucns. ncar "In profusion nCBr Kimpton."_R"". Radd, E.q. G. 'J'.

common

l\Iarton."-L.

"Newcastlc."_

1"ogc4S. l'il8
lit

I!YGRoTtl.in,c'<jua!ia. Abbof. Ann."-Rev.G. Ncwcastie."_G. scitulus.

"Common Waile., ,,"9,

inpomls

at 'VeyhiIJ,a~d neae i\larlou."-L.

in lurf_ J/uM,

'1'. J/UIIJ. "Scaree

E8',...
l'o;c

,19. IhGROTUS

"CAll11TlTon in Yo.-kshlre ... -L.

]ludd,

E'9'

" Not yet found

neat Kiml'tou."-Rcu.

G. T. Ru4d-

"Near

Cambridgc."_

l'age49.l!\"GaOTUS G. '1'.

pictus. "Not

I. In profusion

nearWinterbomeStokc:'-Rcv. Budd, E$II' vNcw-

neu:

UHCOlnnuou

in Y"rbhirc."-L.

cio.llllc."-G.lVailf$,Esq. I'ngc50. HYDlIorORUS

Frater.

"Very

sl'ariugly

ncar

Marton

Lodgc."_

L.Rudd,E'q.

W rk 0

h rles Darwin

Online

192
Page.'>l.
HYDIlOl'ORUS

ltiANDI1IULAT,\.-COU;OPTF.IlA.
arcola'tuB.

"Cambridge."_C.

DarwIn,

Esq.

water

meadow between Monxton and Abbot', Ann, Rlldd, E,'g. "Common ncar Marton Ln<lge, Yotkshire."-L.

Oct. 1825;-plentiful G. T. R"dd.

E'q.

1'a[;052.

HYDRoPoRuslineatus.

"Sourhend,IS29,

in great profusion."_Rev.

P.W.JIo!",. Page 53. H"UROPQRua Rov. G. 1'. Rudd. Hope.

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"3
Hy<l.
opntrinus. J)cJ"an?-Sr~l'h. Hy. dorsalis; the margius Ihoru punctured; ll,r""'enc/alurc, but of rather IIOmc....hatrordatc; slightly "Nelley,

p.4.
a di!l~'Tcllt fonn: with d~"'I' black, a bellttransver.;e

Somcwhnt

resembling

.lightlypubescent; imPl'I'SlIiOll,the

clytraoblollg_ovate,withirregu1nrl'unc_ clevBtctl t'Ostre: ieSB lind antenne Saiop."-J/c -RCII, •. F.W-U"I"" F. IV. Hope.

tnrCllonthedisc,whi(lhhasscvcral pitchy_blnck,thclaltcrpalest. Page SG.
HmaOP()RUI

deplenatue,

"O~ford.H

Hydroporlill ofa with

ferruginOOllJl. pitchy

Radd,.J.lf$S.-Sf"ph. the and rufoue, riots,

NQ"'ellClatur~, brightest, margin

p.l. Depressed; themargiru.of margin with a curved withlhcbasc

deep

fcrruginou$, ,mated of impressed

hcad and thorax nnd

tJ,e latter somewhat n faint series

the disc smooth; the hinder

the anterior

thicklypuncturedilllpression:

elylramucbdel'rcued,l'icrou.,

irrcgullll"lytestaceou8,Bodlheul'I:tltpalc;lhediscregularlyi>utnotvcry deeplypuoctatetbroughout.",ithtwolongitudioalstri",ofdeeperimprcs&ioo.: body beneath

black,

!lIlten",,,

amllcgs

ferruginous;

hin~er

tarsi

very long. at Kimp_

"Ncar

Colling!Journ~_wood;

once in 1828,ao<1

OI)vcral in

a "trcum

tonuuringlastsl'ring."_Rev.G.T.fludd. Pagc5S. shaw: Page 58. H .. DBoponusgeminns. Oct.IB28.w_J1~". H""Boroous "Not G. T.lludd. granularis. at Fytield."-llno. "Somewhat common at'VeyhiH, and in C. plentiful, inthegn.,·el_l'itatApplc-

a ne"ll"_malie pond

G. T. RuM.
Lodge,

"Cardew_mire."_T.

Page

68.

H .. DROP(lRUS ovalis. fou",l

"Marton

Yorhhire."_L. Rudd. every where E.tq. last,

fludd,

Esc,.

"Nothitltcrto

ncar Kiml'ton."_Rev. melam.rf<l,halul. "In

G. 1'.

Page (;0. HVDaoPoRul Wi!ts.~-ReD. Pagc(;O. Rev.G. Pege st.

"Common

in IIanl5 8ml

G. T. RuM.

YorkBhire.n_L.lludJ, "Same Mille

11"0801'01<"1

erythroccphalus.

abunolantly."-

'l';..RuJd. HYDBOPOaua ho\osericeus. "Wilh the prcreding, abumlnntly.w_

R~ •. G. T.lludd. Page 61. HYDROPORus l'age
(;4. l.AC~Ol·Il1I.US

pubescena, mlnutus.

"Common "Common "Very

at \\'eyhiIl."-Re". at 1I]"rtoll."-L. abun,]ant

G. T. fludd. Rud", BiJOl'

l'age6-\..

LlICCOflHl.US

illterruplUll. -G.

at "'cyhill."-Ul'v.

G. 1'. Rudd. "age 60.

"NcwClllirlC.n

lJ'~ilC8, E.tq. "In streams ncar Kimpton."-Ro". E'''I' 182\). Ncwcnsdc:·_(/. (/. 1'. rvai'e~,

COT.YMIIF.TE6 gllttatll6 .. "Car<icw_mire."'_'l'. VOL. II.

}1"dd.

C. H"!fJ/"m., 15TH JUNE,

£.".
MANIl1DULATA.

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Page 1>7. COJ.n,nETES L.

suiatus.

"Not

"cry

abundant

near Marton ESt,.

Lotl);c:'-

"Cardcw_rnirc."_T.

C. HI!!"ham,

"Newcastlc."-

"Abnn~antly

neat

Cambtidge."-C.

l)ar-

'<Plcntlfulnear

CambrtdgeIn

18:29:'-

castle,vcryabull<lant."-G. 13.
COL"MBETES

Wailes,E"I' "u\mcblllusus. "One specimen near l\Iarton."-L.

PRge 73. COT.n,"",·F.S

Sturmi;.

"Not

uncommon

near Abbot's Ann."-Rcv.

"Ncwcastlc."-G.

Wmks,Bsq.

COLYMRETES chalcollotus.

"Not

commOll near

KiIlll'ton."-Rcy.

cabinets

lI['wants

of twenty

yedr~.

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I'age 78. C<'>LYMUI!:TO;~ u1iginOSII6. at 'I'eyhill, !IOnwthing gently found clytra: It fl('quents impnnclulo, etnl in April, in October, remarkable

"At

\I'imcrbonrnc G. ,/'. ll"dJ: of this al'ccie~;

stoke, for

nn!1 in the pits "Thera is although amI I dili_ is 10 be beiug Sonth_ •

182!;."-Rev. iu the appearing pond., i,wbject usual ~itc."

whoobserv(.'I!,

collectcd

in the samcplacC$lhroughouLlhcyear III o;l<.>wlyruuning

1S21,itncvcroccurrc,,]. streams,

sha!l0wgraI;SY except the

c1o&e 3t theedgcs:-it it .aries cons;:'!crahly

to l'ariationofsculplurc,lIOInc "Two 8pccilllen~ laken

strio:, and thcBCntt<:rcti
ill

dots at the apex of the
nCM

lB29."-Rc,u.

P. W. Hope. .. This Insect eccme to he closely allied to, if Schiinhcn. F. II'. Hope.

Page 79. COLY)[BETE9 not the same...., Page
SO.

ferrugineu confinls. \'ittiger?

the Dyticu.s

cutancusof

COU~WETES

"Netley."-&u. "In

t'age

at.

COI.\,MBETES

the flooJcdgmvcl_pilaat'Vcyhill."_ with
it

Rev. G. I have

'1'. j{~,ld;
not yet had

who kilH!ly furnished]fle an0l'l'ortunityofexamining:

!!Cri~s of the h"'cct, it may

which be only

probebly
aL Longnor,

Co.fontinalis. Pa,,"C SI. COLl'IIBETES guttiger. "Commou in ponds Salop,

lS2S."-l/~,·.P. Page St;, lln)A'frcu, Page 86. TJY'I'ICVS. Illtro.Inctionlo genus, by the theapJle"diK

WHope. Hybneri. "Near Cambridge, IS\!9."-G. Dorm;", E.,/.

The Itev. W. Kirby,
[.HIO~·OTIl!;

in the I~~t edition thccharactera

of IIi. ;"wrcsting fir:!t"l'ccics,a.sa

Entoll1oiogy,judiciouslyseparatcsthctwo name of which toCal'tain l'nrty'sTravels. C.,mforllli .. "Ncar Cambridge,

will

hedctailctl

io

Page 81. D"TICus(LE!ONOTUB)

not rnrc, HII!D:'

C.D"r.u;",E.~.
I'age 90. -Rell. L.]t,,,ld, species, Page 9.2. DI'1'IOU8 I'age 96. C"UII'US I'age 91. GYR'''U' circumflexu luinutul;. .uhstriatu& •. "1{impton."_J/" 1IIarton."_L. •• G. T. fludd. j{,,,W, E",. RuJJ, /:.',,/.
UYT1CUe

l'unctulatul;. "Not

"Plentiful of
\'er'j

every where

in Hants ncar

and WilLs." 1IIartoll."tlf this

G. '1'. /ludd. Esq.

frC<JUt'lll occurrence C.lI~!lJAa"" i. a "ingular /:,"'1'

"Cardew_,nire."_'1'. of the Rev. t·. W. llope

In the ~oUcction

hermaphrodite

"Ncar
"Marton

"Common

in Yorbllirc."-L. .. /ludJ, .l::Jq.

I'age 97. Gn;tNuslineatus.

Lodge."-l

I'age

100.

Hn~ROCSRU"

msrginatul;.

below Page Page

lIockdilT,

as well

a.

"Common

on the banks C.lIc!lsAum,

of the Ed"n, EM/' llwld, .1::81/. on Canlcw_

11]1011he coast."-'1'. t "Scarce "Pretty

101. HnEaOCEBUS 103. I'''R''US

I",vigalllij.

llcar l\lartOIl."-L. eornmon in ditches

protefericornte. Watlling."_'1'. auriculatus.

mire anu Tarn I'nge

C. Ire!I-./.mll, R.q.
"Killlpton."-Rn'. G. T: R~dd.

\O.~. 1'"",,"lIs E.q.

"i\hrtuu."

L.j{~dd,

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I!W
I'egc 106. 108. EMIl"-

}IASOJIlULATA.-COLt:OPTEIiA. Volkmari. "Mancho~tcr."-lk". "l\Iuuchester." In aditeh F. IV. H~pe.
-]l"u.

I'ege

EUIL"- l'~anelipiIJellus. ELHISll'neUs." G. T.Rudd.

F. JV.lf~l't. ncar Abllot'5

I'age 108. Ann."-Rc'·.

on Menyanthisuifoliala,

GE>!!18 l'alpi5hotl; lowing, Ie""", eecend minute, with joint ""uil/ury which

XCV. b.-ENIGOCERUS",,·M,
ateut , the.b:wtljointmoreslcoderthaothef clavate, elongate, ILLmid, with alightlybcnt, lhinl gratlually the ape.,< obtuse. at the iueraseated 01Alltlpex; fourth forming the

rather

is somewhat sllort, somewhat club,

the basaljoiut

qnadnate:

lru-ge, cop-shaved; the remainder is lergeeubglobose, large,

subglobosc,

IWO following

larger,

an c1ongat~fh"_joillted two following IhoraJ:subcordate: claws 'Iilesingularstructnreoftbe IOmewbaldcpre6Sedbody,

[he firstjointo[w],ich Ihenext h~"d triangular: obtuse:

5malleramlofcqual.bro; cI!Jlrabroad,del'r_cd: antcnn",

transvCT6c,thcter_ lar8iwithlarge wi\h ila broad, wen dislinguish to belong. p• .!l.
CIn-

luina! one smalt, semiovatc,

~VU s1i!;hlly l,rominel1t:

leg8moderate;

of this remarkablegenllS, which famOy it appesl'$ 6. Stel''''

largeclawsalHlabbrevialedpa1pi
to

it from othent of the Hdophoridre, Sp.1. ENTCOCl<IU18 virtdlaineu •. •• "iten8; !"dibu.

PLA1'E ;'{,V.f. JligrfJ-piuU

Nr'",ell"I~lure, t(Jr8i8""~ niJ;ri.,

-1"iridi_umeu lenni.pJlfidi6.

~njeMli8

(Long.tcr:I>.14-lilin.) green: head with n trsosversefl'{)uUtI thor&xwithit..lalCralmargin with a dorsalchannel, channel,andtwo much antI dilated anobUque ICb",dusky

Above or a rich shining decpimpresslous anteriorly, punctate: piceous, The

onthev~rtex:

thcdiscsomewhatoonvex,

deepergrooveoneachpostcrioranglc;theKnterioraugledcpressc<l,sli"htly clytraverydcclllypunctate-striale;bcncathblack; with thejoint8ltll'\ figure tan;i somct;mlll' ofthi. singular to whom black. ilIustrate;ta! Yorkshire, in

accompanying

inscctwiU5ufficiently "Hebden-luidge, I WlTindebted

p""uiiarcharaclert;: October IA28."-.JIr.

theinllCCtwastakenat (;i/'.Io";

for my "P'"cimeD!!. 1IlLdd, E.q. W.ll"~. nncommOIl."_f.. Ru"d, "Common

Vag" 112. n~I.OI'IJORl'.'gri!ll.lus. 8t Hams."_Re Page Bs? 112. •. G. T. R~dd.

"l\IartOIlLoclge."-I" "Sootland."-Reo.P. "Marton LoJge,

Jh:!.OPHORUS "Frequent near

dOl'$llli ..

Kiml'ton."_RI!!I.

G. T. fludd.

"'Vimblc!lon_com_

mon,ioI829."-.'1[r.W"lcrl,Duu. I'ageI13.1'laccd;vi.ionll,aoo\·eHELOP"oau.tnbcrculatns. l'ab"fl 113. fhI.OI·UOllUS fcnnicns. I'age 114. HY.lol'](ol<Us IOTJmlafa. Ochthchius clining
ICUll",.

"Cardcw_mire."_'I'. ': C"nlcw_mire." Cupre",

C. Hr.ysfllllll, __ 'f'. C.l{O.9.f"U", tubl",he"u1u,

1':"1' £"1'

nubilus.

I'agt! 117.+ SI'o 10. OCI\THEU!U~ hibernicns. (Long.corp.lliu.) hibemieus. to h"~ck; ocllrco,,~,rathcr Curlis, "paril,s-iy Iuscous vi. pl. 2;;0.-" with at their til's.

c(Jpit~ 1";_ in-

.QuI! cupreous, loug whili"h iIea<.laud thorax

sometimes pUllctured,the

covered

hnira : 1'411'; anrl all_

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_

HYDROJ>HILlD£.-SPHlERIDIIDlE._ANISOTOlllIlJif:. former anterior eacllof power; with three fovce and between rather on the crown, one close 10 tlicbase; the posterior Elytr!l angles membnl.llOUS the back, hut covercd lens, hut two long fOle!eon not striatct.!, under rcgular

197

the luttcr wIth the alld IrRnoparent; a on

margins the angles.

deep channel

amI a large depression scattered nndcr I.e.

with Illrgc deep punea high

turcs, spp"aring TakellutDelfastin

n wcnk

IIIglI fcrruginous,

the tarsi piceous lIIr. Haliday.

at their

tip&."-Curiil.

lreland,by picinus. nilidu!.

l'lltle 121. LUHa:Dlus Page 1£2. LUI1"I'IBIt"

"Wimbleolon_commoIl."_Mr. "\Vimbledon_commo;>n. "Newcasue."-G.
B

Watcrlwu.e. -Mr. WlltcrMH.e.

Page]22. Page Page

Hvnaonspiceua.

WIiile" E"l.
chalcono;>tus. Curli., vi. pl. in April IlIIIt, several

127. HYll"O~lUS 135. Hvnaoanrs

piclpee=-Hydrobiue mneUS.

"\VimbIe,\oD_com.mon

apecime_"-M ... WrdcrllOue.
Page 137. Cue'·ONlittora!e. ".Beneath rejectamem:a, SidllloUUI,I828."'i'.Marshall,Esq. ('age 15-l. Sr"AlalDllJM near Black Scarabll'Oides. Oru>n.n -T. "Mel with ouasiona.lly E"J. -T. C.l1e!J8Iw.m, B~~. yol. m. in the wood

Hale, and Great

C. Hoy.horn,

Pnge 155. SI'IlA:RU>IlJM bipuuctatum, l'age 157. AN!~O;>ToMI"n:. (published (publisbL'<l npou the evident in the synonyw8 An

"nockliff_lllols.~ ofPaykul'a

inspection

Ilauo,,- Suedca,

p.olS5-4!ll.(publishedinISOO),Fa\nicius·sSyatemaElelllheratonun,'I'OLi. 1'.92-106. p. 101)-109. wtiters u8 quoted in lSOI),orScbonherr·sSyoonymia in IB06), affinity '-"'tween the various will Ineectorum,voI.i. of tho,. mem~rs of ,IIi. group, ulehi;;torieal far as in Olher places, with tllC adoption of that work. in thi" while it tendB to show the opiuions

to my Catalogue,

Be the same time exemplify

theorigi"a/ilyofSmrm'sarrangement,publishedinI807,so,\ corrcctncsBoflhosewho,inorUertoOl'l'ugnl'articnlarvieWs,caro.Jlothow they mi,l~uu their reader$. Sronn'. arrangement being mcrely a copy of that of the SyatemaEleuuleratorwn, of ""me few genCJ"a,proposeo.!subsequcnuy J'ageI59.I'flAl.AcRusmaritimus. my doubts apl'roximate8 I'age 168. El'''' F. whcthcr it bel'lacedin 10 the Byrrhid to the l'ublieation

Ul'onarc-examinationofthisin.ectlhavc ilsproperlocution; inlKhcrs itdcparto; in wood, as in mnny therefrom. fre!;h from the eaw, poinlB it ... , thongh

STEIllU. Gyrinoide.. W. Hope. confinis. "Old

"Abundant

l'it."-Rev. Page Btr.

169. Ep'n8T~Mu8 "'rdcr"(IIj~e. For

I.Irompton,

eereralapecimene,

in 182"9."

l'uge 171. L.lOllES

1.F.lOn~~

brnnnca,

rea,l Le. GyUcnhalii; the descril'lion, .

and

pnge

l15,

for

Stunnii,

rea,~ Le. brunnea:

&c. efBtunn

havil'g

8I,pearedilllS01,andthatofGylienhalinI81O

••• want

1 have

recently

obta.ined

several

evidently

distinct and

epecies or Hydrene, which, from

lIyllrobiu.,

&c.;

as well as of Hy.ura'kl'haga

IJcmbiiliidm,

of tilllC, it is iml"lliHible for me to introduce

ilitouIePnlSI:lltAl'l'cndix.

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200

LIST

OF PLATES.

ERRATA.
1'.g<:r.2,linc2~,fur.trl"" ,,,,,d,tri .. fi~, __ 14,J"'lJalip",.,retldilollplu 75, _ ~,for abo • ., nod 01.,.... 1l1,_JO.j"," Ab",""fflIdAhron .. ••

.~~:=~~:~~E~ t It:ttl.:,;::~I:~~~eiiil~·:'114,--IO,jilrapic:i.&l,_d""ical. 117, __ 16,jorlJ<geaIl,rt:adDeJ<::Ul. 121,_1,:I,f""b;!(I";'an.,,,adni~rinu,. 1:l1,_:lf.,ji>rNolhiuphili"""dI'/Oliophili. 1:m,_l7,j<>rimm""uJatc, ,""ad h"",",u .. , 148,_ :I,jarnigril.,rtJaJrufiL i5!J,_ l,fi"max;I'-',rordmandiblca. __ ,_:lJ,35,jorin,r<Qdon.

~=:'2:f:!f~;:::1t.--

lIi2,

_

:~),f"r lI[n, ",,,aN,,.,

Fl.X

©

The Ccrnolete

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of Charles

Darwin

Online

fLXl

(C) The Complete

Work

of Charles

Darwin

Online

r/.s»:

c

Th

I

Wr

f

Irwin

ni

/t.xm

I

Wr

f

I

l'LXW

I

W rk

f

Irwin

ni

r/ xv

Rl The Complete

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of Charles

Darwin

Online

ILL US'l'RATIONS

BRITISH

ENTOMOLOGY;

~!lnopSiS of Ilnlligenou$ Insects:
TI-IEIit GENERIC AND SPECIFIC DISTINCTIONS
j

AN

ACCOUNT

OF

THEIR

METAMORPHOSES,

TL\fES

OF

AI'PEARA!,\'CE, LOCALITIES, .'000, AND ECONOMY, AS FAR AS PRACTICABLE.

BY JAMES FRANCIS STEPHENS, F.L.S.
~'E}{BEIl Of' 'fJU: 7.00LO(lIC .. " OOCIETY, ETC.

J::.\lB}:LUSHED

WITH )fORE

COLOURED

nOURES

OF THE

RARER AND

IN'n:R};STINO

SPECIES.

MANDIBULATA. VOL. III.

"Inhi't"mparvistamqueforonul!i'qu""a,in! l"rf,"tio!"~Pljn.' ",,1:~:':::L~H::~ioni' 'l'eUuri •• or gloria DEl,

quanta,,;.!

q01ominutri"ablli.o
pet

ex opera NalU,,",

"'_in.."

LONDON:
PIHl<TED FOI< Til.: AUTIIOR;

PUllLISHEJ)

BY

BALDWIN

AND

CRADOCK.

1830.

rles Darwin

Online

ILLUSTRATIONS

BRITISH

ENTOMOLOGY.

Subsectio
INCLUDES Mandibl joint rarely ..

4.-NEcnOl'HAGA,

lifac LCD!!. have
the palpi with the basal

such Rypopbagous
exsened or evanescent, thenca

tnsects

as

generally

IIml don gale : tile maxillary appearing

minute

three-jointed;

tho m=ilkn

wititadoublcrnembrnnacmu"proccll!i,theoutl)rlobeofteu"lelltler,sublincar; articulated: thecl!Jirafrequcnt.lyabbreviated; ti,e legs all grelllOrial: thebod!JIDoreorlcss elonll"le,depressetl: the larsiwiththenumbcrofarti_

culalionsvarious,bulmo.tfrequcntJypcntamerous:

And the principal object of whose existence seems to be that of cleansing the surface of the earth from the remains of animal impurities, as that of the preceding section appears to be from vegetable remains; the conterminous genera ill both sections subsisting upon putrid fungi or similar vegetable productions, while some few of the Sllphlde prey upou Iurvra und living terrestrial Mollusca •

• In HOme of the Engidre, capitulnm of the enrenue VOL. MANIHBULATA.

a family

that

probablY'require" than Ih,,,,, 1830. joint";

.ubdiviaion,the while olhen'

canoisl5

of more 30TH

III.

APRlI~

rles

Darwin

Online

711---------- - --SCAPH!I)[l)JE._I'TOMAl'IIMlUS. <:.s\Jlncow;..brown,clothcdwilhshortflave&cellt-griseOU8down,finelybl1tirr~larlypullctulate; and nearly headblack;tl,oTu$lighllyoornpressedanteriorly, wilh a.traigbt narrow, and ncar rnMgiD,posreriody: pe1'Cilptiblynarrowed the suture rather dilated elyera twice es from the base and enas wide again, which long as the IhnrRX, to the apex, other on the margill; i.roumied; i. a single stria, lcgspitc!i.y_brown.

A rare species, which has been only three or four times met with in the north of England, whence I lmve recently obtained a specimen, among some minute insects taken at hazard by a friend. CXIX,-P,.oMf,.I'IIAGus,
the lastjoiut clavate, oubulate, oonie;

GF,NUS

llliger.
labial. with the bn joint

l'aJpi. mazililJ'"!j ohtlUi!;

."u.,.n",

with

stl'2igbt,

no! longer

than the thOI'3X, with a livethe intermOOiate tar.; with

jOiutcdclub;tiwraxwiththchinderangil.'SlU:ute;e1!ltranotstriBtOlI; a~ler;"r fl:fflora in both ""xes Ilimilar and short; theflntjointrnrelydilatcd.

This and the two following genera are perhaps rather too finely ,liscriminated; hutnavcrthcless, as there-are gevcral species of cuch, and their numbers are 'Iltily beeomlug au~mellted, it is far better to keep them separated than to reunite them notwithstanding their trilling distinctions, which arc perhaps of equal value with those {'xi,ling amongst several other groups of Coleoptera, especially amongst the Remhidiitl:e: the present genus may be known from tile following hy rhe absence of strise eu the elytra, and from Cholevn hy the acute posterior anglC!l of the thorax, and shorter and more di~liu{'[ly thickened antcnnse.
~l" 1.IM"'''''tus l'I,.trllncntu

Q""""",,,,,u,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,",',",,,,,,,,,,,,,,",,,,,,,,,,',d,,,',,,
rather upon hroadestllnteriorly, the removal antenn., and more with slender black, and clothed with the surface appearn the base ferruginf'Olls,tlle than the adjoiningonl'll,

"'.'II"".al'icr"ubirlinclltis. •. -llliger.

!lr>onewhat quadrate-<>blong,
R

,len""

gri"""""nt

down,

of which

\ran.vcracly, cighthjointthrce

bllt finclyacuducle<.l: timl'll sboner oblique, legs black,

therenninalo,·ate-BCIlte:clytrnblackorpitehy,.ometimeslulCOu90rre<.ldisl,; Iheacuduct.edstrilernu,er obliqllclyt O"l'ilohy. ThCl'arallclai<lell body, trallsvel'Sllly acudllcted surface and subtruncatcelyttk [\i"inguiahlhi"variablcspecieafromil8congeners. "I'[ic ..uncate: with asutllralandmarginalatria,theapclt and l&rSigeneraUy blackish_browu tbclibiK'

most abundant species of the family;

freqnentingdry

bones,

rles Darwin

Onli

e

putrid fungi and vegetable remuins : tI,rougllOut the metropolitan district. "llotrisham."-Rcv. L. J/'II!Jns. "Norwich."-.A. N. Davia,Esq. "Nelley."'-Rev.F. W.Hope. "Glanviiles wccnou." -J. C. Dale, Eaq.-" Taken by Dr. Leach on the Craig, and by Mr. Jeffreys on Ki!vey-hill" (near SlI'ansea).-L. IV. Dillril!Jll. E8g.

llodyova!,tI,elridcsi.>eillgalittJeroundc,!,nbovc oolour,bencathdarker,withaycllow_gri~ntdoWIl;

ofaruoty_broWIlor

cin"amon

headblack:anwnnt rest of the club, c1)·tra rounded thi.from the tenninal at the BI"'J<: theforegoillg joint fromlhe

ferrugineous,aslongasthcthoraJ<,,"bclavatc,thecigbthjointocarcely diff.ring ,"btwate: The rounded either ill length Or breadth •• and bodydiatinguiBh autenme with !:<jual eighth from the thornxwith apel[ of the the thediscliOm<.1ime!l dylra black:

1cga,labrum,andpalpifel1"llgineou ijp<!dt'S, and following. scar<:clyclavate

Hare; found in the metropolitan nndYorkshire.
81" eh. 3. f~matu8. fumat... Obk"'!(O-<J'·a/i., Spmee.-I't_ fumatus. ",g.r,

district;

Norfolk, Dcv()nsllil"c,

a"l~nn;' ... Cal"'.

Ihoracis corp. 72. No.

longiludin~, 14"lin.) 719.

I,asi,

tl!lt";s,p"d;buStJueob.eurer~fo:ferr"gind SIr",..

(I.ong.

Oblong-oval, the

black, clothedwitb thorax

a dense fUBCO-griOl'Ous down: rufo-fcrrugineonO!, 8uhqu"drate: elylra

antennlllfusooLL9; obscure fusco-ru_

with the! ...o Or tbree adjoining:

firstjoinlA tnlll.v~n!Cly

the dghtbshortcrthRn

f('(lctlut, the apex roondedj

I~g. and I'ulpi rufo-fcrrnginoous.

More frequent than the preceding; but nevcrthelsss somewhat, uucouuuon: found in the neighbourhood of London, in York~hirc, Norfolk, &c, ., In moss from Humby, Liucolnshirc."_A.lI. Dnvis, Esq. "Ill putrid fungi in the woods about Peullergare."_L. IV. Dillw!JII,Esq.
5p. ....."'alllOni. Ch. Watsoni. Oblong-oval, rulIty-brown; rcddi8h~bro elytrnred_brown, thccoJ<""palest. Obk"'gtJ-<}u"Jis, "ig~~, o~le~nis Sp""ce.-Pt. black, clothed Watsoni. c~"";, tlwrace brn>;&rib~s, ban', (Long. corp.. 1.4 lin.)

~I!llri" ptdib"I<f"~"'fo-b",~~eis;

Iltoraubre~ill;mtJ.

St~"", c.,tul. 7'2. No. 780. labrum angles rcd,li.h;

with a81ightlydcll!ICgriseo-fulvesctllltdown: ulltcmullurowll, thorax black, with their the pOlllerior

palpi ferrugineou.; .. n, the tetminalpalc;

three 008:1.1 joim~

theapcxoomcwhntucUlC;

lcgsred-brown,unterior,cxccpt

SCA1'111IH[)JE:,-I'To~rAI'HAGUS, 1'ho.llOrlllT .udtlLickerantclln.,alldllwrenCUleapexWlheelytradislingui,h

thisll""'iesfroml'b,fumalll,

AisoanuneommO/1 tropolitan district.

spcciC1: found near Iiull, and in the me"Bottisham."-Rcv.
L. JCIIYns.

GloMy,

oval, pitchy-black, .... ,the

c!olh~dwith anten"", uud eighthjoilll

v,'ry .hort

gri"""cent

down;

labrum the ree-

.lldl,all'il"crruginous; whatc.pitate-clavat minRllarge, margin ginous. rubglobose

I'nieIlAw.cent,

u.longa.lhethorax,.omeIhorax wilh Ihe hinder

..,,,,e.. hat
..

lHuch less than thea,ljoining, mucronale; elylra ovalo_com'ex;

gcneraUy palesl,and

straight:

legs pale-ferru_

Somctiml'lll'nlirclyofapaleteslacc'Ou The great co"vexity lilorax, ,\i.tingui.h

of the hoo.ly, and all1liglll.ly truncatehinder Ihis "I"'cics from thc resr oflhe genus.

margi"

of tI,e

Not veey nbundnut ; foun(inCllrLonrion, Hull, Norfolk, &c. "Botti~llllrn."-f{cT" L. JCII.'I!lS. lIumby."-A. H. Davis, Esq. "SI,ropshire."-C.
81,6. Ct.. \\'ilkillii. Obl~"g"~,J;'Jro-Jliu"" (l..ong.oo'l,.I~lin.) Sp<"IIU.-I',.

in Devonshire, "~los8 from Dai"wi.l, E'SIJ·

""k"";~ l"'<ii6us1IMj/"_f"''""g;uei.,
Sir"". Cil/al. 72. N~. very.hort ,82. gr'oelICenll]OI''': ..

/A",."up,n/i".:'reclo.

wuuen.

wnnen

Oblollg

or "ubliurar,

pitchy_brown,

dOlh(~1 ",;,h

]m1l'iyello"'fcrruginOWl;am''''"lI.'lhclcnglhofthe\hOl""3.xan<iufayeliowCerrugilloul;tboraxwiththehin<l"rmnrginstraight:elytrn.oblong,thc.idl ,'early straight, lheal'''X but to",,,lcl1: Irg. ycll"w~fernlginou". from :,10(1 well tI,at by its which l\(.1!('mblc.l't. I·el"", i'''distinguished

Inhabits the county of'Xorfolk, and has been taken ncar Londun, nnrl in other parrs t but uncommon. "S1JOp."'-C. Darwin, E8q. tsl"
7. Da\"isii. ""'gno, Oblong<>-<>lllllis, IJMIi~j "RJ.r~.liori,S"6p"bi:u~lU,f".r:o-b cI,,~ii mag",.. ...mNe,,~, (Long. cor]>.

{hora",

~ n".)
I',./).,·i.ii",il';.

l"OH""""",

(lll/.IIII;' r~fr'ts'llrei"

Oblong-ol"nte,rathernarroweJ thcthoraxnrylarge, ~!raight: elytr. rOlitCTacuminared l\1"ND!llllLAU,

bebintl,slightly co"\"ex, (liicklylnttfincly

l'ubescent,ofafWlcou._browII; [",ncturcII,ti1clti",ll'r acute aud palerth,,, lIIargill the thall thc Ihor"x,

paler, and cloth~(1 witi1111o":;cr[lrotuueranc~ at the ajJI'x,whic1t VOL. is aomewhat

Iii. 31sT M.IY, 1830.

rlesOarwinOnli e

baie,nearthe tal1li paler: The great clytfB

suture

IS a .angle ohscurc.lria; rufo-tes1.llccou", brood and di.tinet,

legs pitcby_brown,

with

the join~

palpi and antennm

the laller ,,-ith the basal •• l""'ies,w1lhHsacuminaled

large, and thecluh..-ery

the wrminal JOInt obtu5C. it from lIS congeners.

bulk and coD~eJ[ltyofthethoraxofthi

and broad clava of theantenn."

"'ell di~tinguish

1 huve aeen one specimen only of this species, which was found in moss, "from ncar Humby in Lincolnshire, in December iast."A.H. Davis,E8q.

GENL$ CXX.~CATOI'~,
Pnip'·, mlU;ilary obtuse: jointed:
(mlff;,>r

Paykul.
labia/with the thorax, in=ted thclBlltjoint the club fivetoward. the

with with

the last joint the hinder

subulat.e,conie;
1I0t

anun ...... traigbt,davate,
IAorf1:r JNnON~

longer

than

angles acute:

~1!Jlro.

more Or less.uiated;

in tIle males

generally

50mtwhat

apex;

the intermedlatetar.i

with thchlU;aljointdilated.

Cutop~ is known from Ptomal'hilgus by the greater width of its Iwiy, the more or less evidemly eelatod visiblc chamcters ; and from Cholevaby more incrassnted, nnteunm, acute posterior angl(!~ flf the thorax, &c.
A. Thora" Sp. I. fomicatus. ft~ruginriz. wjth the hinder margin cut out ncu thcangle!l.

OM(YI!g<>-arml;znign-,aHI~R;zIAoNlcelaugionbru,p:dilm8l{"e (Lnng.oorp.24-lin.)

De.

fornieatus.

n.

Gur'-Ca.

fornicatus.
it

SI,ph.

Calal. 73. .\'0. 783. pall'iferruginOIlS: subclavatc, rather the a little side: legs and

Oblong-oval, .lntenn", n,ljoining,

black, clothed with ferruginous, tbc terminal with

j!risco-fulveacentdown: hrownish, tnthcr

the npex sometimes

longer than the thorax, obtusclymucronate: ,liIntc<l ill the middle, clytrB obsolctdystria!£d, pitchy_ferruginous. \'ar. $. Var.,..

the eighth joint thorax tr~nsvcrscly

shortcrandnarrowerthnn "tc,withtbeapex mMgin each

more tOhUSLth.lltherc5t,gloho8c_ov qun,lrate,lhchin~€r and distinctly cut out n~.r

the angJeson

the .trirerullningfrom pitchy_brown, theheadralherobseurc.

the ba,e to the apex; with the labrum, antcuom,

St."".

Cold I. c.-Of"

legaferruginou5. Ytllow_iuteons,with Body more obloug than in the re!lt of the genlU.

The most abundant species of the genus ncar London; and not uncommon in other parts ofthc country. "Bottisham, several specimens extracted from 11 decayed cheese."-Rev. L. JC1IYIl8. " Carfiu, Scotland."-llev. F. lV.flope.

rles Darwin

Onlin

SCAPHIDID£.-CATOPS.

S~;;g.::~~p'Z;:~~'e ~!:;:;:;;.fu(:'~~::p.a;i~~:~; f'3ulcl
tAoroc. Ca. sericem. Ovale, P"!Jku{.-Steph. erdal. 7S. N~. 78~. doth",l with variable IIntollnle fulvescent, rather glaucous or gibbous.collvcJ(, down: pnlri ~paringly "risoous pitchy-ferruginous: longer thRIl the thol1lX,ferrugilloul,Lhebasealldal'0xl'nlcr:lhoraxquadr.tc-tran.we"e, thebasale:-;ci5ionsl_ewidentthaninlheprecedinginsect:elytrawerybroad, obrol~tcly stri~ted, the stri., (beneath
R

len.) "'Rehing

from

the base

to the

.pex:legspiLchy_fcrruginous. Somctilnesentirclyofnyellow-testaeeoushue. J\ntellu" species: generally: following. ratber .hUrler nlld more joim slender at the apex than ill the I'reCe,lillg in it. collb",ncrs lerlS thnn the and the body much the eighth bronder an,1 more conve~ than

of the nnte"'l'~ lIul "ery Evidclltly

Found near London ami in Devonshire. "Southi'nd."_llev. F. IV. Hope. "~ot uncommon (ncar SlI'ansea)."-L. IV. Diliw!Jll, Esq. "Camhridge and Saiop."-C. ))urwill, Esq.
"igor, all/clwis bw;i, lihih /ar'i~qllr JeT.

(Long.corl'.lr-2lin.)

Oblong-oval,

blacl.:,dothetl the cighlh

with afulV<'"""ntdown: join, minute: thorax

head rather

.hortbct

.. een

theamennll':plllpiferruginous;antennrefcl'TtlginousBlthchll$!,thcnI"'X fllSroWl-blnek; elytrawith latter rOlludet!: transvcrselY'llhqlladrate: nearlytothC81"'X, pitcl,y_blacl.:; the the tihill! 1111<1 ve,yub""lctc.trill'reachingfrollllhebaSt! leg. rufo-ferruginous, s. tl,e npclt of tl,e dytm more TOunJe.1 [bill! ill by the shur!n!."Q of Ihe ""lIlctimcs

tar$irufo_fc'·'''l:!iuo" thatin~et; forepart

Dine .... frolll Ca. o<criceus by having of the head.

ant! from the ot.her spccies of the gCnll.

Not uncommon near London, also found in Devonshire; ncar Bristol; the New Forest, &1'. "Dottisklln."~RIf<" L. Jfll!JIIS. " Darfiu, Scotlalld."-Re-J. F. W. Hope.
Sp .
.t,.

fcstinans.

Oblnngo_ovulus"dger,anl.,,,,;,hw;i, (Long. SlepA. SJIf"Ct:.-(;a. dothcdwith fesrinans. a ratheruense .. taccou8 Gaia!

labro,el!llro'"pcdib,uquc co'1"2 lin.) 73. No. 784. labrumaod the
refit

ruf"-ie,tacei.,thoraceanliceang",/iore. Ch. f""linam_ Obleng-OYate, rug,nolU: thorax margin ohwletdy

pubeaoence; at the c~g""; dytra

palpifer. ftlla,lw!: the hinder

antenlltl:

with

the six basaljoillt.

ferruginous, rather

blacl.:-brown,fulco-t slriatcu,thcslrill'

short,

Wilh tho c"cisionssomewhatob!lOl~tc: reacl:tingfrom

moltli,h, or tufo-t~taceous, tothenpcx. inh",ingthc{horax,horter

thebnsencarly

"FromtllCl'rcccdingspcciestbisdiffcrsincolour,

,2

.....

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SCAPHIDJD.i£.-CIIOLEI'A.

13

-the

specimen described by Mr. Spcnce ; the other taken near

London.
51" 13. dissimulator. libii. lar.l'·'qu.' Ch. dissimulator. Oblong-o,'al, ferruginous: and O,·"U., niger, o~lm"'·., •. (Long. Spe~c •. -Ca. dissimulator. Ihorllc;, carl" Stcpf,. /01Igil!Uiine, basi apiCfque

r~ro-J"rrug;m:i

II lin.) Calal. 13. NQ. 79~. palpi elytra ruf ..... not

blaek,dothed antcnnm81

with a dense Ihorax

fulvescent_griseousdowo; fUl!COus,withtbe anl.>quadratc-ltansverse;

long as the Ihorax,

twobasaljoints

the ~nninal

ferruginous: thetibi",

striatl."d,a.ing!c,triall poBteriorblack,with ""I'hi.in..ecl,".uya

.....rthesururcexcepled:antcriorlegsrufo-fcrrugilIOU"; and tarsi ruf ..... crruginous. f oft llisnlldtlle Mr. Sl'ence,fromwhoacvuluablcmonograph

ki",lrcdgenetalhnvecxtractedthclca(UngchuraclerSofthespccicsthercin .:Icscribed,"affordsastrikingexampleoftl(c obscuregcncl"3,1.0 resembles characters, minlltecharaclcrs,51lch (oections)areher<l8epanted. Ca. cln,·ioorni., them relldcr .:Iecidetlly pronounce neceasityofat~nding,inlhcse ns thosc llpoll which thefnmiliea "'ould Olher

Inoolourapdgeocralappearanceitooencily that all ento1l10logistllot lhe same.» The fonn very evident. versed in the genus of the thorax, and

the distinction

One of my obtaiuedfrom

SPCCil11CllSwus

captured »cnr London,

the ether I

Bristol.
GE:O:USCXXI.-CHoLEI'A.,

Latreille
conic; tholl labiolwilh the thorax, the last joint Ille club five. ('''_

1'olp'-, TIln;:illar"!I wilh the lnet joint ohlu.,,: tJnl~h"'~ .traight ~lriat(..J: of similar .. curved tar, .. with joint<:l!, Ih" jOilll8 r;omcwhat el!llr~ ohlong, lerior.femora male with i,,/"mM;tJt~

subulate, longer long,

.ubfiliform, dongalcJ: leg~rather form

thorax

with the hinder angk~ obwsc: as long simple in both as the body; frot:hn.nhn of ille in the sexes; female ; the ti,e an/trior

pOlltcrior margin, Alifonn

in both

8CXcs;po.fcr;or

tooth on the lower Ihe hasaJ joint

Viiththethteebasaljointsdilatedintbcmalc.

Cholevu is distinguished externally from Cctope by its more elongate formj uud by theleugth nnd slcudemess of its autcnme and legs, the obtuse angles of the thorax, and in other less cvirlcut characters.
Sp.. I. angustata. angmlata. A.~ta/o-oblanga, f"abri.;u •. -Steph. tlwrau po./ice ong ..../ior., m~io

",hSa.

fot!eoIaia. Cistcla

(Long.oorp.1I41in.) Co/al. U. No. 196.-Ch. ablonga.

mo""Ue,pl.~.J.9. Narrow-oblong, with an obscure fulveecem pubeocence: heat! black, &hining,

IL

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to\,
ijlllooth: the sidell

MAl'ODIIIULATA.-COLEOI'Tt:I\A.

lahrUlIl and palpi pale-fcrruginoua eighth paler, and posteri ..... anglell the base

: antonn!!) fcrrugin(lu~, .hortesl: equal thorax or wilhh; sorneti", ... bIRd:,

thejoint.8 with

ofn"ariy~uaiiength,lhesecondand qUluirate·orbiculBr, oblong, l1Iginous: apex. Very variable in colour; when

piceous,

pitchy_black; Ihe mid,lle piceong, 6trire: legs rerpale at the or

Rnd apex of nearly

bro8,lcr:dytrngenct.lIyoh.cnre-red<lish,orblack,orpitchy-biack,or the apex ohtu,*,ly aMornen black, rounded, with eaeh with ""ven obsolete the u,nnioal ",,&mems rather from thcl'upa,

recentlycmcrge,l

itiaentirely

a pale-teetaeeous

ur yellow.

Extremely common throughout the metropolitan district, and in other parts adjacent thereto. "Bottisham, very common."-Rcv. L. Jen!Jn$. "Carlin, Scotland."-Ilcv. F. W. Hope. "Epping." - ..lIr. Doublcdo.y. "Under stones on Crwmlyn Burrows and clscwhcre."-L. IV. Dillrc'!J1I, Esq. "Carli~lc.'·-T. C.llrY8!tO.lII, E~q. "Lel1.1Iliugtoll."-Mr. fVeatwood. "Nctley."-Rev. F. TV. Hope. "North \Vales."-C. Darwin, Esq.
SI"2. agilis. OMo"gO-QI!IJ/i" /horace IIIiKtr.-Cb. and breeder nntenmc the apex, seven agili&. than bca,l nigra, supra piceo-hnmnc(I, 1l1l/cn",',pcdihusquc

/<,rrugi".i,; l't. agilis. Booly aborter palpi

l'o81ic8/n/iore.

(Long.corp.2.}lin.)

Stq>l •• C41ol. H. No. 191. in the prece<ling; with margin the dotl,cd apex .tTaight: body with a ,]cnser tnnn,liblc., thorax grisooBnd pitchy_

fulv""""ntpnbescence: y.llow: than hrown,wilhtllcdlscdarkcT, broader

pircby-bleckemcoth:

labrum, darker: elytra beneath

ferruginous, the bimlor

lubconvex,transvl.'nt,-,]uaoiTat.e,the very obsolete strio;,:

base rather ovate-oblong, pitchy-black
j

pirchy_hrown,with leg. ferruginous. Like thepr ..ct'ding,tbi

•• pccinvariellconaidcrably

in colour,

and the Immature

lIICCimen.areofatestaccou!l-YcUow.

Less common than the last, but occasionally found not only t!lrollghout the metropolitan district, but ill other parts. "Moss from Humby, Dec. 1829."-A. ll. Davis, E6tJ. ":Kctley."_ Rev. F. W. Hope. "North 'Vales."-C. Darwin, E.g. 51. S.
gau ... pata. Ohi>:mgo-ovali" Spence ~[SS.~-Cl. oblcng-eval, above Ie6taccous, pU:-nigra goml'hosata. pd. Wio,... d .... iori tJeltito, ad.""i6

ptdihusqu CI. gausapat.a.

piceo-ferrMffin.i"

Ilwrac'1"',ti~

(Leing. corp. 2} lin.) Step/ •. Calal. clothed U. No. 798. with a dense thorax convcx,

Size of the last; "'itll i~

deep pitchy-black, labrumandpall'i

thaIlS ..... iefulvC$CeDlpub.'IICf'nce: b marginssli.ghtly

l'ilchy-fnlvoul;

the discpitchY_blaek;

sligluly

©

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SlI.l'IU1M·:. tran8\.erse-quadrate, si,l .... gradnallyronndetl: Whether ,lrllCrihed Ihi. be the true distinct thebiodcr elytra eh. margin rather broader Ihan Ibeape.:, sule:

15
the body caUe.!. above knowu sud illl

oblong-ovate,

with very obsolete MSS.

bclll'lllhpitchy_black;lcgsan,IBllIenn!l!fclTuginous. g&uupata, from cithct Spence'. (inadvertently insect and maybe it is clothed, gtlmphouta in my Catalogue), isc!early density I am unable to determine-the

of h. congenerl', Wilh which

by the greater durkerhue.

of the l'ubl'lcence

FOlltidneurLondoll;inDcvotishire,nllll,Ibelieve,iuYorl,8hirc uml Norfolk.

!C,I..ltlLY

XVlII.-SILPIIIDjE,

Leach .

.AnlfUIrBwutnslongasthethorax,graduaUythiekeniDgtowaros\heirex-

Ir<:mitics, Or
rarclyS_jointed. the terminal

terminated P<Jil'i joint rather

byaperfoliatcc!ub,lhclattergcnerally filifonn,thema;ri/lary slcmlcr, cylindric: locadillllcctetl, rather mandih!cs much with

4orS-jo their

inted,

lODger than Ihelabial: apitx cnbody,

tire:

body onte,

depressed:

Darrower

thun the

COlllrnctcdposteriorly,andfonninganock;llwr=large,peltate,morcotlcss IiCmicitClllar or orbicular: or truncatcd, apex rather with aculc, e.pedully el!Jlrl1.eo,·crlngthcgrcatcrportiODof generally eha!lDelled: I~g' nOI much in Ihcmales. in the female: theabdolllcll, ah<i,mv:l.wilh elongated: its taNi the OUlcrlDargin

f\Yll-joilltecl,theall1erior

mote or le.s dilated

The Silphid:e, which form the typical group of the Necrophllgrt, Ilelight in prowling amongst carrion, carcasses, or any putrefying animal matter, upou which they subsist (whence they contract a l1lostdi5agreeablefootid odour), but some few attack living cuteruillnrs or terrestrial mollusca; they urc consequently of great utility in the eeonomy of nature, by thus removing those unlmal nulsuncca which would otherwise tend to infect the utmospherc aud render it unwholesome, The larval inhabit the same materials, and are frequently observed in company with the perfect insect; the body is elongate, very much depressed, generally black, composed of twelve segments, terminating on the sides in a sharp imgle; the anterior segment is largest: the head is small, furnished with two strong jaws; the antr-nnm short, filiform, trhn-tiuulnte : the legs six in number, short, tluoo-joluted, the terminal one with a hook at its tip; th~ last ~egJIIClit of tile body has two conical uppcndagos : theyarc very active, ~rHI cllange to pupa beneath thegrollJld.

rk 0

rles Darwin

Online

lG

1IIA:SIllUULATA._COL1WPTERA.

'rhe genera which are reputed to inhabit Britain tected by the following concise characters j

may be de-

GENUS Ant.fU'"

CXXll.-NECUOI'1I0RU3,

Fabriciu.t.
"mi. tho offour ooarctatejointB,

rntbcr longer than the hca(l,alcnder head with truncato poJlerior
B

at the base, and terminating distinct

dClIlyinllbrgeovatcl'erfoliatedub, last of which is acuminated: rounded bruad: thcapexj behind, transvcr:.ely robust;

compoB.d anteriorly: Iroc/lanlcrs

n~ck: thorax suborbiculale, .1!Jlra truncated ~omctimes with ill a ~light thnn at .pine much longer
11

lillc,withnmnrginalchnnncl,llotcarillutcd; liM", shorl, onterior

bod!Joblong,

tarsi dilatcd and fumishedwith

IOllg cilia in the males.

This conspicuous genus may be readily known by the large subglobose quudriaeticulate clava of the nntenme, combined with the truncate elytra, irregular suborbicular thorax, short robust lcgs, oblong body, and distinct neeki-c-theie wings are exceedingly long, and during flight the insects carry their elyee erect, the upper surfaces being opposed to each other. The species frequent the same haunts as the rest of the family, but, unlike theirallics,thcy bury thc unirnals upon which thqy, or rather their progeny, subsistwhence the names of several of the species-c-three or four specimens SUtIiChlg for the interment of a small quadruped, bird, &c., which they will perform in an incredible short space of time, by digging away the earth around and under the animal till it falls into the prepared hollow, and covering the body with the displaced mould: --some of the species are found also ill fungi: they are very subject to be infested with acari.
A. Withtheposteriortibj a. With th./lwraJ' .. ~traight; the troehanten.umple. dUateda~leri"rl!J' .I!I/forum marginr

"~'"!I",uch
n"dil)

Sp.

I.

r~/o, ~"Icmwru'"

gcrmnnicm.

1Viger, «'IP'" da,·'; !llr6.

"'.mhranac~o.ffa"'" lin.)

(Long. corp. 13-16

© The Comolete

Wor

of

h rl

In

SII.1'H1DlE.-NECRoruonus. Si. ~rmanica. No. 799. Ulock, with a large triangular membranacC<llls tClltllccous.yellow"pot
011

17
Calal. U.

LinM.-Ne.

gennanicu..

Cu~lis,

ii. pl. H.-SlopA.

the forethcclava

, heatl,antlthcolllcrmurginu!'theelytrabroadlyrnfo-f'crruginons: of the antenn., black. Towar,ls tile apelt of the elytra Known from Ne.llumator is sometimes a rufous spot; probably

imma1I1argin

by tbe black club thorax,

of the

autenn .. , tile rufous si!e.

ro the elyere, theamcriorlyuilatcd

and by ita supcrior

Very rare ill 13ritain; but rather widely dispersed: I possess II specimen from Mcushold Heath, »cur Norwich. "Lord Abillgdou's woods, ncar Oxford."-Rro. I,: IV. Hope. "011 the banks of the Thames, above \Vindsor."-Dr. Leach.
Sp. '1. Sepuhor. Jusci(i aur'" Ulack, lecl~. henllwith
PLATE

xvi.

f. I. pwlmor.

~Vig.~, un/enna"",' inlrr ....ptti,

copi/ufo .f!}/l'O't'I<m,!u,

dupUci nuranlial;is, (Long. a.yll,n/,ul.-Ne. a trinllgular thorax

Ihr>racis fimoo funu jlu<-o-

corp. 1'--104 lin.) anglicu.. llltcaus dothcd Slef'h. Coiol. 74. No. 800. spot on the clytra e alltennm with a richgaldcn_yellow two or~nge one generally grollnd with the

Nc.8epllltor.

club oranl,"c: .nBrgin, ";derably (inuous; uiviu~d leaves 'fhe Ne.

densely anteriorly:

down, broad,

on its
0011.

especially

eJytrn. with interruptell

f:.scire, varying

indifl"~ntil1<1i~i,lll the I'0llt~rior narrow, illtot_o

..b; the anterior

andcun_ which their

at the ~Ulure, and "ery frequently oftheelytra, Ra doalao

very une<J.llal part" by theblB.ck the outer fusci",onthe other "pede.

a ijlll...u "pot between the orange iB the only

loortion Bnd the suture. ely .. av~ricicon"id~mbly, of the gCIllli whieh posterior

willthof VespilJo

formun,linlegr;ty. h ... the anterior tibi .. or Ne.s,,_ in whichthe margin pultor of the thorax pUDcscent, but the straight

at onceuillingW.hitfrom

the aforl~nemioned

species,

elytraalooarepubcaccnt.

Rare; found in Buueesea-fielda and on Hampstead-heath, and other parts of the metropolitan district. "Twice taken at Ealing; not uncommon at Netley."-Rev. !.: IV.llupe. "In carrion, not nncommon [ncur Swullsca)."-L. lV. Dillrl!!Jll, Esq.
b. Wilhlhelhora.:nol",uch,lilul.dl1nl~,,;'>rI!l' Sp.3.lIumBtor. Nil,<er, imrnaculaJ ...., unltnJ!4rumcapi/uloaMranliacD. Oliviu.~.Don. x~. pl. 631. (Long. Slep/I. Calat corp. 9_14. lin.)

e. tlumator.
a.
No. SOl. Enrircly

f.

l.-Ne.

Hllmator.

of' a dccpglceey-black,

Witll the thrCClcrmina.i all,l tile ddlcxctl

joints margin

of the alltcnnIC of the l·ly!r.

or 3n orange

or tc~laccous_}'cllmv,

L

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18
som~rimr. orange Var. Dlack, ofa

~IANDIBULATA.-Cot.EOl'1'£nA. o.huky ",obscure brown; tllllci1ia lin the tarsi are abo of an i. 82. pl. 9...fig. "'p._ of the elyln the e1ytra and two

e:

hue. Ne, bimaculallu. EnlornolOfJ;cal1'mn.,c/;pw, the outer mnrgin ou the forehead,

with 11patch

"pots towards Very variable brown, arising

UIC nllC" ferruginous. in some ~xami'le8 are entirely douhlicn from immaturity.

both i!l~ize and colour;

The most abundant species of the gcnlliJ in Britain, occurring in plenty throughout the metropolitan district. "Bottis ham, common in the spring; nppearing by the end of Marc1l."-Rev. L. JellY"", "Nctley, Bnrmouth, &c."-Rev. P. JV.Ilo]lc. "Eppillg.". i1fr. Doubleday. "Glunville's Wootton."-J. C.Dale, E$I]. "Common (near SlI'unsea)."-L. IV. Dillf0'!lll, Esq. "Carlisle."_'l'. C. lleysll4m,Eaq.
Sp. 4.. v .. tig3tor. -lunc.) Nc.veatigator. Jllnck; general and its aineaied v""""nt; Alao vcry theelytra, posterior. ThcIlakedthoraxand '\'l!SJIillo, guishit. and the continuous aulctior straight tile fOllIler hinder tibia: distinguish Ne. &pultor; and their this in""ct greater from Ne. charaeterfrom from the following width distill_ the Ilcrlchcl.-Siep4.Cala/.7r..]Ilo.S02. entcnue with the three width, and 1311tjoinl8 the anterior or alightly orange; of which narrowed the elytl!l. with i'rontinuou5 towards anterior two N,p, anleARarUnI ",billferrupi<i, ~"p;I~Jr, tl!JINmlmrpre udl>. .fagia ,llIpliei

aurtuUUu;is, p",/",'ore

1Iw>"lJ« "'pTa

(Long.

corp. 7 lin.

transverse

fulvoua-orange nearly of an unifonn

bands,

nudin the luture,

edges eiuuate-dentete
tow ....ds the suture, thorax variable, naked. with regard

, the postenoronc thetan.al to si"~ and the

iB n~brevialed

and irregularly oue ~y ule or Ha-

iB connCCUll1 10 the

lutcousreflcxe<lmarginoftheelytra;

cilia are also orange width of the orauge

fnr;ciICon tile

bmofthelatt~rthcautcrioroncisgCllcrallymuch

widcrthun

fllSCia on the clytl'll

Less common than Ne. Vespillo; fount! throughout the metropolitnn district, in Norfolk, &c. v Boulsbam and elsewhere, ccmmon; chiefly in the carcasses of the l;lrger animals about mid, summcr."-llcv. L . .lC'll!JIlS. "Veryabulldant at Netley."-llev. F. IV. Hope.-" Milford Haven and Dartmoor."-Dr. Leach. "Common (near SlI'ansea)."-L. IV. Dillwyn, Esq. "Carlisle." -1'. C. He!lS!UlIII, Esq.
S1" 5. jn(~rruptull. I'LATE xvi. ,/uahu8 iul,rruplis f. 2. N;IJ~', tharau tl!Jlro(Long.

rumquejaJri;8 «>tl',S-9!lj~.)

aurantiad8,

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SILl'HTD£.-NECROl'I10RUS. Nc. interruptus, Ne. Vespillo. C:lossy-bl~ck; ami united

mihi.-Ne. 5epu!tor. Silmouelle, l. 2. f. p
nnto"'''c exteriorly and dcar with

DeJ~II'-Steplo.
6. jO;Ilts ornngc; margiu

CrUoL75. No.
the elylm of the with

803.-

the tcrmillnl

two

irregulatlrnngvcr>lebtiglitfull'ous-orangeband9,i!ltctrupte(\atthe by the lateo-fulvous fuivOUs-4Jnmge fuci.e nal.:ed. The interrupted smaller flrucalled an,lfrom satisfied eilher

Bulute, elytra , tllOIliJ( with tile uau.tlly "rofessorHenslow Ne. ve&tigator; lmn of examples, cxclusivdyufthe fosci", on t.hc clytm Olle the broadest, wlier"""

on the elytra, My friend distinction

lile of the insect, hitherto my anenticn atl attentive lhatitiA not

at oncc distinguish been confounded. to thc po;n\ ofilll of
0

this zpecies from the forrgoing, from

... ith ... hieh ithu

examination

Ilnrnerousaeric8

a

variety

ofthnt

inacct,

from

which,

at>ovecharactcr8,italaodiff'c'TSinhovingthcintcrrul'ted ofancarly~imilarwidlh, or the posterior speciee, the cemrary io the case with the preeedlng

Much less nbundnnt than the last: foundin vnrious places withln the metropolitan district; in Norfolk, the New Forest, &0::. "Found with the preceding, but occurs much less frequently." -Rev. L, JCII1)1I8 mul C. Darwin, Esq. «Dnce found at Eallug." -RI"II. F.
flp. Ne.

tv. Hope.

G. i\lortuorum.
MOrluon"".

Nigtr,

d!jl";s

apids ..ura~n"cis. ,,~Ieu ..rum ClaM dig~(j. P,,}m·dlls.-Slqk 1Jo~. xv. pl. 5$1.1 2. Black; thcdytrl.withabtontl

i=;/i laM.c~e~"IatS, macrtM'J'Urcniform; (Long. corp. 5-9 liD.)
Cat"l. 15. No. SO~.-Si. MottuOT\un.

crenulalcdorungofllllciaat bYBlutoousmargin of that • to Ihcclytro, oolour:

theba>;e,

and a reui-

form or lunate of the reflexed lumblack. The black club

~Ioot a~ the BpeX, not C<lnncetcd 10 the anterior, lllRrgin alonc being to the antenna, and antenmewith

as in t·hc two thecapltu_

lBst_mentioned~pceiC'l,

tbe base and middle

Iheaimplc

spot towards

Ibe apex of!l," thia and ill!

ely tra, are the most oo"spieuoUll flUlCialcdcongcners.

math

of distinction

bctw""n

Not so ahundunt as Ne. VespilJo, but found tl,roughout the metropolitan district. "Not yet observed by me in Cambridge-

• Dnring through viously Catalogue

Ibe progress

of the

ea.ly

portion which

of my

Systematic fourth

Catalogue \'olumo, prethe

Ihe preee, 10 the receipt

[obtained c-c-tbe

e hesty

viewcf

Gyllenhel's ,lkl not arrive

of my own copy,

till u~ntly half

was printed

refereucC!! thereto a",1 i"lhis, out, appear

Rrc consequently!c""

defluitc

than they millht ~ta,,~es hereafter

otherwi ... ha\'ebecn; to b~ \,ointe,!

as in one or two other in-,

10 be erroneou •.

L

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31

Or-NUS CXxlx.-·rJ[Y~{,\LUS.
A,,/cnnmrathcr equal,grat!ually lub::lavate; terior margin shorr, the basal joint dongnte, clavate,

Latreille.
Ihir~ and fourth joints pulpi bylbe the the auposterior abdomen:

thickeIlC(] 10 thccxlJ"crnily, \('nnillaljoin\ 6Il00Vale: which

the three

la.tjoin(sformingan

eiongate,comprCQlltl,pcrfoiiarecluh,wilh of tile IAl1rlU,

theterminaljointorbicular; heaJ very 6mall, ooncealed ja ~jgllt1y on the emarginate,

Iruncate,andrhcahICOlbroadlymarginooauddepresset!: subo"ale,pubeo""nl,d""piymarginoo bod!joouvex,BUbhcrni"l'heric: iegJ.hort,8imple:

.1!JIMlarge,cntire, Ri(]"", covering lor.ipentamcrOU6,iimplc.

This genus serves beautifully to unite the Nitidulidte with the preceding family, to the last genus of which it is so closely ullled tklt most writers have hitherto included them under one name; but from Peltis, Thymalus differs by it>! convex, subhemispheric form, shorter untenme, with its club more coarctate, and dissimilar habit, which is so analogous to that of a Cnsslda, that sevcrnlautho rs l.uvo pluced the only known species in that genus.
Sp. 1. limbaUls. strialis. l'w;ida limbata. l1~nro-bru", .. a, p"be&cen$, limbo limbatus. .~"guilU!o, eI!Jtri$ ]lulle/atoStqJ/I. C()1ai.

(L(}ng.ctlrp.I!.t-3Iin.) Jo'ab~;c.·ru.~Th. Cu~lis, i. p.39.

llra .. y_brown,pu~nt;hl!lldfcrruginoUB,puncturcd;ey<"Sblack;thorurufnferruginous, behin,l, con"ex, margin and finely and thickly ami punctntc, somewhat with the <lise somewhat the pnnctate-striate, bo<1y wir.h convex the an<1 an_ bloSilcd with sangnineous, ,~reou.; elytr .. brlm<1er than irregnlarly r.hotl<X, very

<1ccl'l.v, coarllCiy, oh~c"ro

or mfo_ferrugiuous;

ICS"

tcnnrefcrruginou.;

theformerpnucturcd.

Discovered several yeaN since in some abundance in the New, forest, by Mr. D. Bydder, and since observed in the same neighbourhood by others. "Near "'esterham, in Kent, on a flower."_ }III". JlIgpcn. "Leeds, by 1\1r. Denny, who took sel'eral:'_A. II. Davis, E,~'1. 'v Urulcr the burk of uu oak near Danygraig, by Mr. Millard, and also under bark in Clive-wood."-L. TV.Dittu,!!lI, Esq. GD.·US CXXX.-NITIDUI.A
Anlelln", fourth, very allort, the basal joint orbicular, thcnpex terminating in a large, }JulpillenrlyequaJ,Rhort, Auci()rulII. the third broad, 100ger than the [lCrfoliate,

diiatcd, nbrupt, filiform:

coarctate,

threc-jointedelnlj-

'.eadsmali,iIlEICrtcdul'

______

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)llANO]IIULAT.\.-COU:OI'TIWA.

to the eyes in the IMroz, the lauermnreoriessclnarginateon the sbles depressed, of the abdome]\: legs short; deeply margined; .Iylra hroad, brood, entire, "ubovat.,glabrous,dC<'l'lymargin~d,andingencralconcealingthecxtremity bod.~ ovaw, or elliptic, the anterior

its anterior rarely

etige,

truncate, dCl'rc~8('~:

obtu8(', somewhat

li/,i,,, broad,

clm,gate-triungulat; miuute,

ia.·,·,.

p"ntamcrou~,

with the th.irdjointdilat<.'tl

and bifi~, thefollowtng

indistinct.

From Thymalus, this genus may be known by its more depressed peltate body, but more especially by the structure of its antenue, of which the basaljoint is generally orbicular and consirlcrably dilated, the third joint longer than the fourth, and the capitulum is abrupt, and composed of three broad, eonrctate. joiuts j the tarsi hnve the Ihinl joint dilated and bilobcdy und the tibirear c broad. The species frequent putrid animal and vegetable substances, old bones, &c., and some few deligbt in revelling amongst flowers.
A.Thornxwithth~d.iscunequal, Sf'. 1. marginata. Ni. lIlarginat". O'·atc,fe.rruginous: thorax with the Ihicklybut ai~esd""ply with four Ovala, ferrugiliea, (Long. l'·"liricius.-Slql,. head dlse fiyl,.",.u", corl'.2-2tlin.) cyeoprominent, behind; black, lhe l'arC<j<rru.g;"eornaculuJa. fov ....latcd. dl'$tO convexo ",kala Ju,,,,,

C"lal. 78. No. 825. not fovealatcd, ovate, the di!IC onc in dull fusco_ferruginoulI, Ibicklyputlcture<.l, ofa brightcr

ruther dull, fiudypuncturc<l, very convex, puneta!c; and dull elytra

very finely margined 6uicl, of

subaeuminatcd
COllV~I,

ferruginouli, truncate,

a

fusro_ferruginou., and legs fcrruginou~.

with Iwo small "POlO n the \hc middle,

base, and a larger ferruginollll;

common,

hotly heneath

Very rare: it hue bceu uucc taken at Direbwood, and two or three times at Coombe. I cuce captured It sillgle specimen ill May, beneath the bark of an old birch,at the latter place, ineompauy with tile two following species, which were in plcnty. «Neuey, under injured bark of oaks."-Rev. F. IV. JJope. "Bristol."-Dr.
Sp.2. l'unctatiBsima. lulal",

Leac".
Ovala, ..~bco~"e.,a, "igr" ob.eurJ)'orrug;nea, vllr;egato',. (Long. crebcrrim,: co,!,. 3-3~ JI"~Clin) d!Jir;"f''"

OWNce i"mqllaii

Ni. punctalissima. Ovate, thorax somewltat dusky deeply

I/Iigcr.-Sloph. convex, between notched

Calal. 18. N~. 826. head posteriorly; unequal, much behilld; punctured, black; the sid .... ....IB~d, behind; the
i.'_

dull f=uginous; the an!enO", in front, brooder clytra

obscure

ey ... prominent,

Rnd truncate

obscureferruginous,puncrulsted;thediscratherconvex,un"'lnal,fov ob50letely variegated (IitICslightlyconvex, gatc~wiLh obwlclC, wilh black: lll"ch irn'!;ular, broa~, OVale, rouudcd puncLu'n<I,ofnllobl!Cureferruginou",'>lti t"OllfiuCllt, black marks; an,j a little

bcyolJ(l

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Work

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the

rnid,Ue

an

undatl"d, and

abbre~iatell, 00 the disc

paler ve

fal;Cia, somewhat

~ariable

in

diflc...,nl Much larger

indi"idua1s,

the rudiments it aeems

of clevatetl.tri~; to differ in bcillg

bo<lybeIlCllthferruginou.;legsruf Ihan the following ahoru:r

o- fcfT\Iginou .. "[ocei<'S, from which
10

aud mOre CODYCX, n proportioll i

ilB sizc.

Not very abundant; fouud beneath the hark and ill holes of decayed oaks, birches, &c., which huvc been perforated by Coset, &0., at Coombe. "SI,r0]lshire."-C. Dnrwill, E8q. "Netley."lieu, F. W. Hope.
SI"3.

..e-« h~Mlu macu/ali>,!"c.
Li"U.-L;n". ,\'0. 1127. CdlaL78.

grioea.

OhlU1Jgo-<>",,/a, gr;.J«l-J<rruginta, (Long. Tran,. Ii. S6. pl. 5.

tl"",ace

iRequaJi, grisea.

el!l/riJrp;.e SlcpA.

corp. 1~-'11liD.)

Si. gri-.

f.

G-ll.-Ni.

Ohloug-o~ale; Ihornxwilh \'I1rioul, which more

heatldepresscd,fcrruginoul,l'ullC1uroo; tl,e disc dentoo, or 1CS5 confluent, el~vated uuc<]uul, black
COl!~C,

ey""promiucnt.black; grisro-fcrruginoua,witb black lines, ablackloho; of the conthe th IS clytTII.obloug_ovate,griscoforming tlie extent neady

foveola!oo, \narh,
01<

lL'StacC<)u', with ob""ur~ beCOIDcuniw,\ pitchy, marks body bcu~a!h

which are interrupted the midJle, audin lcgs pale ferruginous.

aml con!lucntbo],iml with the IIpCX p"l~r; there'llu, ofa
liOn:

Very

vnrillble black

iu thc oolour of the upl'cr wl,ich oblong,

surfaee,

fluent umler chiefly

arc 8Olnetime.

evanl!Scent; IIlzc.

s;,lc is occasionally difl'en
ill

pale grillCOus:-from

theprreed.inginscct, aud of smaller

bcing

ku

COIlYU,

Not uncommon beneath the bark of trees thronghoutthemetropolilllu district; also found in Norfolk, Suffolk, &c. =Bottislmm." -ReT!. L. Jellylls. " Under bark of willows, Plaietow-marahes.t'e-; Mr, Jllgprn. "Netley, Cllnque, &e."-Rev. F. IV_Hope. "Ep_ piug'."-.Afr. Doubledny. "Kcw."-Rev. T. T. Hav~d'cld. " \Valtllllmst()lI', cOI11!Jlon."-A. Cooper, Esq. "Glanvillcs Wootton and llurue."-J. C. Dale, Esq. "In the Pcullcrgaec wood~."-L. W. Dillwyn, E81].
Sp. ~. (kprcssa. lin_) SI. dcpr('III;JI.. Li,,";.-Xi. dcp .......... b·lep/<. Calai. 18. No. 828. punctured, dilaktl, dusky, ferwilli {ftata, depreua, elylris Imm~eo-fi""""ginea, olMolte;;

ulri~~Me n~hulo ;Rciu4tl,

»«......... 'IJCI.j/alis.

IAorad> di,oo nJhJQ.~l)lo (Long.

corp. l~

Ovalc,dcpresscd,ferrugiuous-brown,wlth au(lwilhthe ruginou., dytra two obsolete hroa,l, punotured, mouth a distinct Ioveolrc ferruginous: curvet! bellind, thorax the entire convex, irnprC8Sion

the head of a dusky hue, with the sides much the latter on the disc, surface black, deeply

ol-ate, slightly

.!ull ferruginous,

with obooleu:

rles Darwin

Onli e

3S

MANDlBULATA.-COI.EOPTICRA.

Not uncommon ncar London: also found in Norfolk, Suffolk, Devonshire, &c., in flowers. "Ncar Swansca.v-c-L. IV. Dillwyn, Esq.

Common beneath the bark of trees, of in flowers, throughout the «Bouishum.v-c-Rs». L. Jen.Ylls. "'.IV. Hope. "Glanvilles \Vootton."-J. bridgeshire and North \Valcs."-C. Darwin,

birch especially, also Lanarksltire."-Rcv. Dale, Esq. "CamE8q.

Rather scarce: found near London, beneath bark, especially of firs and larches. "Near Swansea, not commOB."-L. IV. Dillwyn, E,~'l'

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Nt'l't[)ULtl).t:,-Nt'!'tI)ULA,

Sp. 17. imprco:sa. NL iml,reua.. OYaIe,.tightly .'Hcrio'

OlJ(lla, ,~kon.u",jla_I'6fnc~, Nigr-a.

tl,lriUHbl""'NMlil,'~fu~(J.

(Long. corp.
rather

l'

IJl.Orace nn/iei lin.)

ffllM"ginlllo,

Kirby/lfSS.?-S/rp/l. convex,!eII!accomi-yellow, between c1ytrarothcr f"scou~ broadly,

Ca/al. 19. N(J. S·U. gl055Y, finely punctureo I: head black: thor.x the slightly sides with the rounded with

with a deep impression margin to the himlcrangles:

the eyes, broad,

tbe tatt~r

butnotvcrydl't:ply,emarginate, d"cl'tymarginoo, or black, form, with the npex

the disc slightly truncale,

convex,
The

the smutC

the

II.nglcorounded:bodypaleh."lltuccouabcneath,withthelegspalcr. sitort, ovate,.ubconvex me I"btruncateelytra and (lark suture, are the <iticfeharacte ... of!hi~ "pe<':ies.

Fmlcr bark, near London, and iu Suffolk.
~l" [~·I)usiUII.. OhlLmc'J-<JlIiI1a, d~un,f~rruKilleQ,tlwrnnmbq~adraIQ",,/lrgi"atQ,tI$t,.i8apinrot~ndlJtis. Ni. I'u,illa. Oblong_o"alc, black; lhorax llIilJer?-S/ep/o. dcp"""",d, .uhquadrutc,wilh the.Jiscrn(her pubellCcnt, (Long.corp.l!lin.) Calul. 19. ferru{;"inous:

No.
head

812thickly thickly and I'unctate; ey"" gloholltl, l'unctille, toward~ thennwriormargin but very finely slightly gaping

thcsi(\csncarlystrnillhl, convex,

brondlycmnrginatc, .. ",I.lightlYl'ubesccnt: finely l'unctllre<l, 'l'hcbra.d form,

oblong_ovute,alittleconvex,thicklY"IHI apex rOUlI<!etl, emarj,';nate

thc.uture:hodybeneathdccpfcrruginou8;legsrufo-testaceous. with the subquadrate to mark thisin .. ct. thorax and roundCil

al'c;(

10

thcclytra,II<''''e

UIIII('r bark, throughoullhe metropolitan district, mOll; also in flowers. "Nelle)" 011 flowers."-liev.
Sp. III. I'ygmll'a. 1.. lac.i" lin.) Ni. PYW""'''O.ale, hearl somewhat unequal, G!fllenlwl.-Sleph. ,Icpre'sed, wilh elllarginate, Cal"l. 79. No. S~3. very much thorax straiglot, : elytra
tn{)r(iU

but not comF. W. I{op',
",argon;"", corp. 1;1

O"oin,

SlJ.bilepreA'u, ""f.,..bnm"etJ, cl!llri, ..pice

puHdafiuima,

law emargi~alo,

rotlJ.ndlJti,.

(Long.

rufo-hru""COII~, the aides

alld tlliekly with the thc

punctured alllerior mnr_ broa.lly the lev the

the eyeR glcbosc,

hl~ck; nearly

gillS broadly HUU!nmt, anu Ilightly apex obtu"",

margins

t ... ta.ceou~, the roun,led: hoJy

.lilK: subeouves the mnrgill beneath

broad, much

oUle-een.cx,
ICSt.aCCOU.,

l'ubescent,dull

brow)), with

narrowlypnlc

dusky-brown, more

punctured.;

palelCllta<fOU!I. DiH~ from the foregoing .. .urfacedCCl'ly ill ha.ingthelhoraJ< hroadlyemarginate, pale. ]>Ul1cturoo, the colour deeper, with the margins

A lsc found near London, Sp. 20.
(rUIICllta. OM/a,

bcnentlr bark; net commcn.
/e.laeea, cupit' thor''"'1!(c

~ubco~,'exa, l>ullc/uialiSli",a, •.

obtourinrihu',o/!llri.apice."bl,.,mcnli Ni. trllll~.ta. Kir!'!f lIISS.!I-S/op'" VOl .. ;\t~NOIBULH.~.

(Lotlg.eOlI'.llin.) 1830.

Calnl. 1~. No. 8H 31ST MAl',

TIL

_______

zi

rhe

Comolete Work of

h rl

rn

40
Ovate,subconv(lX,llneJypunctnred: subquadrate; butlittlcmargillcd; elytraovatc,pnlctcBtnccons, eMe, the angles rounded: narrowlyemarginate Ihedisc rather body bc&,ldn.kyteBt:u:oons; antcriorly,lhesidesslightly convex, beneath with the ~yesblaek; Iho r .,;: and paler: tnm, tel-

roundetl epex nlinlc legs pale

fU!lC<l'Io:ent, the margins fulvo_lcstaceous; obacurehead foregoiog;
IL'I

slighllYl'u~secnt,

'I'he small siae er this spectes, subtruncate and thorax elylra,

with itsovatc.form, this from the

and thorax,aud the dark head

distinguiili

do from the following.

Found in Suffolk, Norfolk, near London, and in the New-forest, beneath the bark of trees.
81'.21. nIHni •• •. 11>'"";', (Long. Q"""', oorp. stlhcMwe:r6, 1 lin.) Calal. 79 .• \"0. B~5. yil108(!: headfulrc ...testacrous,with edge slightly the apex beneath body theey"", emar_
108/0006,

viIlQ$ula, IhQracj.lal~r;bu8

8ubmargillali Ni. aOlni .. Short, ovate,

.Mar.hamllfSS.?-SItp/,. subconvcx,testaet"Ous, the margins short, ovate, truncate,

black;thotaxrathcrglo liulemarp;ined, gina!e: what pierou., elytra obliqudy

.. y,fulv~nt,lhedisealightlyeonvcx,thelidesbut palc t... tacrous; immaculate the angle. the anw.i(lr pale Ustacl'Ou" slightlyrountled; villo"",

som.,...
dusky thiN

legs te~taeCOlt"" es cent,separates

Theslight\ymarginetlthorax,whieh,withthchcad,isfulv fromitsalliC"S.

From tire Mnrshamlan collection; I possess one specimen only: the insect has, I believe, been captured in Suffolk, and near London.

Short,

ovate,

slightly the

convex: same;

heaU antenne the

ami thnrax and elylra IIOmcwhat

or a dull testaceous, acute; ..

rufons the the

or pitehy~ lalter ob-

black, liquely Known

scutellum 8ubtruncatc, hy thednrk

wlth

angles

body

beneath

pitchy_blaek;Dcutcatlheapcx:legapalctestacooml head and thorax, obliquely truncate what-promincntnbdomen.

clytra,

and acute ecme-

Not common: found near London under bark. "]l.1oss from Humby, Dec, I 829.-Do. Seven Oaks."-A. H. Duvill, Esq.
Spo '23.. limbata.. Ni. lirnbata. Ovate, OlJlltl1., :tUhrolt~Ul1.,ftTT1l.ffiMM, .Iglris cm-pm-~ mUllS, IA&NJCi1 ~gl""" (Long. corp.

rli.m'l"~ disco 1'00ticof=is,

Gl'iu I'1JtuNda.li~.

I-It

lin.)

Fl<hririu~.-Steph. ferruginous:

Gala!.. 79. No. 8-'1. head convex, thickly puncture,l, fUleo-fct~

wbconvcx,

nlgiuous,

w;th the eye. black:

antenll~fcrruginou.,withalargeblnckc\ub:

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NtTIDUI.lD.t:._Nll'JIlULA. U,ot&X sbort, leriorly, el<l'lmled roundell, hlnck,with Vnrinhle: only. The great broad, thicklypuncturcd,deeply 81Ul hroadlyemarginBte margins broad,ovatc,

41 Bn_

truncate

1'0"tcr1orly, witb theKillesrounded,the t11edillCoo,wcx,dusky, clytrB tbe ,lise convex, scutcllumahort,fcrruginous: hrOJld,rdlexell; li",b broadlyrufo-fcrrugiuou.: lcge rufo-Fcrruginous. tho diM: of ~hc thorax tile latter with

oon.Killcrabl Y the apex beneath, ure nenrly the apex

and rufo-ferruginoUJI; Ule margin the

...ith BtrBnavcl1Jeim_ puncturoo,rUSCOUi_

I'rclAlionbehiml:

body pitchy-black mul of the dytra towards

with the Rpexnlfesecnt: in 80me example. other. have concoloroua: width

a dUBkycloud nml rollnded

of the insect,

with itBcloudcd

apex to tbe elytrs,

,liAtingui$hthi.inseet.

Rat"er uncommon; found ill grassy banks ncar Hertford and elsewhere: also in Norfolk and Suffolk. "~etley, in moss during winter,"-/lcv. F. W. Hope. "Taken by1\Ir. Spence, ncar Hull, in 1805."-Jl/orslw.m illS'S. "North \Vales."-C. Danom, Esq.
tSp.Ii!-~.mfomarginata.

lfi,"'h'~'Ifi".
Ni. rufonlnrginata.

(Long.

corp.

Da"i.lltSS.
Ihave has hitherto occurred; which A. lI. theineeet, possessor,

Ovate,l"bconvcx,black,withthemarginsofthethoraxandoftheelytrarufoU1;. Cl_lyal1ied ],all but I _ kindly tothelast,bu~of~dccperbucandbroadcrinpro[lOrtion.

C8JIuaI

in.pe..tionof

the only example will be sufficient

that

but Ihelboveahortcharactcn submitted Oavil,EII)_.

to recognize

to my notice by ilS active and .e~lolls

A single example E"J.

taken

near"

Seven Oaks."-A.

H. Davi.r,

Oblong_ovate,

somewhat prominent:

convex,

fUIICO-ferruginous:

heali

deeply the

punctured: Inlnca\e lateral rnar_

cy..

blBck,

thornxshort, thelaltet'expandcd

deeply

emerginete

antcncrry,

pOiteriorly,

above thicklYBndrathcr

II"""pIy pllucturcd,'lfith

gins and adonWline, angle rounded; ahoulder,tbe the middle mars",
CCOl1~:

[lOOteriorlY,palegrill<'o-ferruginoll':

dytraoblong-ovate,witbthetipobtuse,ratherobliquelycruncate,lhc8umrai thediscofcacllelytronwithfivepaleapot.,placed,oneonthe .. condlerge ovete, near the Il(tllellum,thethird,Bngniatell,il1 fourth, slighdywedg<l-ahapcd near theapex bOllybcneath a little of the fusee-testaand the fifth, oblong, the third: dcrnatc. E2

of the lateralmargin,tbe near Ihe .uture,

bchil~d tllemiddle

nnd frequcntlyconf!ulllltwith ICgl< pale testscrollS. the posterior feruorn sligluly

Themnlehas

rles Darwin

Online

7;1
flowers
011

plants.und occasiollallyunder logs the sea-shore {ncar Swansea)."-L. w. Dillu'!JlI, ESI].
nf nmbellifemus el!ft,·is (Long. abdomin09"" lin.) corp.2±-3

of wood

811h.,.,,...

Ips. silaceus.

Hcrbsl.-An.

Sllaeeus,

SI.",,-

CM~I. 86. No. 937. porrect, rounded anteriorly,

Testacrous-yeUow,sIightlypubescent: veryfinelypunctund; deep te"taccoua,with beneath tonn,e tlbi!C rather bJack,and Larger, than with obscure. "Yeshlack; agingleobsol~1.e punctate: The opposite

head ralhcr

thorllXtrallsve~,rectangular,sIightly abbreviatedatria legs pale yellow, pale; near Ihe suture: with body antibi",

collvex,faintIypuuctulatc,paleochraeeou6:elYlraveryobl;curelypullctulate, glO"sy Ferruginous, ofduoky_brown, the m.sc of the

sex IUUlthcinlerme(liatcjoiutsoftlic thc basc orthe

the base Bnd apex being

the tarsiqu,l{lriarticulRto>. tbehead and thorax iCSlI diBlinetly punctate and ora pal~t hue

the preeetling

$pet:ies. t1owcr~

Less abundant than the last, like which it frequents in various places t],rongllOutthe metropolitan district.
Sp. 3. glaber? ",b •• margi~ato. Cr. glaber. RwO-testaceous, eyes black: JI"JIJ-te.t~c"u." (I..ong. torp. G!lllenAlI/f~An. glaher, l~ lin.) SI,l'/'. glaber. ""bdqll"u,,,,, tlwrace

tra""·~"IiJ,

lIntic<

coa. 86.
thc dtec

No. 938. rufa-ftrruguinou$; smooth, gloillY

glabroull,slightlydeprest;Cd: thorax 90mewhat slightlywa"ll~,

hca,\~mooth

emarginateantCTiorly,tl"IIncateposteriorly,th~ convex,

latcralmarginaroun.\c(lanu rufu-ferruginoua: and the anterior Whether are, lam this

c1ytmmoderatelycmlVcx,i"'l'unctate. margin of the thOI1!X scmewhnt Or castanea emaegtnate. ur what thOlM: ,pceiC8

D;ffersfromit.sCOllgenCl1!byhnvingthcsurfacegl~brons,and.carcelypuncturcu; be the An. simili" of Curtis,

notnwarc.

Rare:

found within the

metropolitan

district.

Gl·:NU5

CXLIIl.-CItYI'TOI'JIAGUS,

Herhst.
thchasaljoint than eilhCTof the the ovate: fC"lol"ull

AntCllnd1BOmcwhntap!,roximating,"tout,aalongnsthelhorax; large,glooo..,; others,clavate; remainiug the third tnmcate three conical. behind, !!£"tOnd Imaller,also the five following forming inserted tran~verse: the dub, l'ai"ishort,filifonD; the lateral margins glohoae; smaller thif!llonger than

theserond,subglobose: joint elongate, thorax or crenate: elongatc-ovntc:

the two fintjoim

.. of which are cup-shaped, transverse,

the terminal more or lc .. dentate convex: eiytra

lu:adtrigollato>, broa<l, short,

up to th~ eyes, which hod!) ovate,

arc .mall:

"imple,five-jGinte(IJlhepostcriorpairinoneoexfour~jointedonly.

G2

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Sp.13. Cariei •• Obltmgtu, le,lacei ..,lhorace/o"giori. Ipjj Carid.. Ohlong, cate, black, black, Oli"ier._C;r. thickly tll;ckly

Niger, hO/fJltricU) puhe,orn., (Long.""rp.l-lilin.) Carici.. 8Iel'/'.

IJ"lon,,;' ptdib~s'l~t

"'JiJ-

Calili. 8~. No. 93~. silken the an<l al'ex margin. the diacvcry elytn rather punClat.e: bo<lypilcby_ Ihe laleral hea,l trull_ regularly convex, black

clothc<lwith pUllcture<l:

an
thorax

ashy.greenish rather long,

triangulat,

theJ1O"terior

angl ..... Ii{lhtlyacuminatc,l; Bnd ,lellS<'ly puhe:se<:nl: thickly but irregularly

dilaledan<irounde<i,alldralhero\)gol"'elye~nulatcd; finely punctured, roundeJ,vcty""",·cx,

IOHg, the apex

he"fath,pullctulnte,lheapexpalel<!!ltaceous:

legs ehoerj pale rufo-teetaceoua;

Found

in

marshy

places, Burrows."-L.

but

not

common.

"Taken

hy

Dr.

Leach

all Crwmlyn

W. Dillw_yn, Esq.
ant""";'pedib""I',e (Long.rorp.I-lt

OlJlong, p:J.Ie

hlack,

clothed the the from

wilh a silken down, thorax shorl, Blightly

with the antennil", anteriorly dytra Ih" thorax

I<£s and tani ofs JIOIIteriorly dothed

U>SUICe(IUS;

transverse, prominent: byhaviug

truncate, fusoous.-blad:, sh(lrter,

$uhsinuated; Distinguished rather

angle!! the

withcinereoWldown:

bo<lyhenealhpitehy_ll,uacoou.,wilhtheapexllll.ler. foregoing the anten!\!C thedytrn clOtllCd witllacinercousdown,an<l

I(luger an,1 lnoreslendcr,

thelcgsandtarsi(lfouccolour,paleteslaccous. Found 1I0t very other Bog."-L. in

marshy
phmts,

places "On not

throughout the Bowers

the

metropolitan palustris, about

district,

but all

abundant.

of Caltha particularly

and
Crwrnlyn

aquatic

uncommon,

IV. Dill'IJ.IjI', Esq. "Aquatic fields, JUllC."-11f<r.lngpclI. "Cambridgeshire -C. Darwin, Esq.
G.:NUS Anfem.", shotter elongate, the three dub,the gloooSll: next than CXLIV.-BYTunus, the two lirstjointa SI(luter, Ihe

plants,

Copeuhapcn, North 'Vales."

and

Latreille.
robust, the fil'lll slightly elongate and c!Jc.l~rge, anglCli diatinet,

the thorax, slightly

thelieCondoYllte,themrrefoilowingshorl,obconic,ofequallellg,h, shorter, remainder fonning!lll thelastlarger Ihe two firlltjoints of which are trunsvcrse-trigcnnte, l!eadtrigonatc,rmrrow.,J.ant.eriorly: broader I.>chill~, wiu,

6ubacuminatc.

l'(!/pifiliform:

Ihora..: ~llbtrnl'"~irorm,

Rl The Cornclete

Work

of Charles

Darwin

Online

103
Alliroto tbe foregotng, hut narrower rather and more glO&'ly; pitchy-black, rather obion!;, with clytrR very ubscletely punetutwO R)'atriated r

IRU~d, the puncrures

8I>a1l0..-; the thorax

prol<imatingd""plyimpr~dfoverebcbind: Rntenn .. and legs ferruginous.

Found near London. Kirby."-.ilIllrsl,am lIISS.
Bp, 3. pallida. ptdi'''''quep,llidis. 1\10. pnlli'la mihi.-Slep!,. Angu"lat",

-c'Iukcn

in Suffolk iu May, by Mr.

pallid<] corp. !i-I Calal. 911. No. 9Sl.

""milida,

capite

picen,

aidelllli.

(Long.

Narrow,paletesta""oUll,slightlygIOll8Y: The

"",-

thchcadpitchy, larger:

theantenn

... and legs be an imma_

fonn oftbe

preceding,

hut somewhat

it may however

ture state thereof;

its principal

dilf~rcucc

consisting

in the 1,a1e colonr.

Found ncar London, and in Norfolk. CLXr.-Cn~I'1"A,
that,

GENUS .Ant"",w joint tenth "ll('x; joint con.iderably robust, large,

Kirb!J MSS .
combjllt~l, the the b .. ,.) to the the atmnr(ar~i

longer cyliudric rather

the heRl1 anll thorax short, ~ltbglobo"e; incrcasillg l'cry slightly

; second larger

thinl

ne(l1"lyoferJuallcngthal1l1 the eleventh oecurifonn:

in bulk towards thetcrruinal POI"Te<:t and slightly inCl"llSSlllro;

ovale-acuminate. prominent: round",1

Palpiwitb A~ad brood,

mandibles rather 'Yf~largc, I~gs rather ~!Jtrn entire, short,

tcnuatetlinfront: sincdonlhc~i(les: clongate-<>'l"ate: 6Omcwhatdilatcd.

prominrnt:

thorn",.nbcylindric, at tbe apex; slightly

W!J slightly

convex,

stoU!;.f"",Ort,

The securiform palpi of this genus at once ,listinguisl,es it from all tilt! other genera of the present socuo» of the family; and its graduaIIY1.ltickl'tlc<ialid scarcely CI:wMl' nntcunm also form it pcculiutity.
Sp. t. bil'nnctata. Tesiacfa,Capil""I"/omiufl"'oclo,!,,. corp. 1l-2t lin.) Fahrin·~~.-Ct. bipunetata, thor!l~ rather ~hin,l between Step/t. Catal. 92. ,yo. 1182. immaculate: towarJ. the ab,lo_ '·er ....sOficcme!yt,.or"m

"ib"';~'
T('Slaceoua: round

(Lang.

An. bipunctatus.

head w...ck or pitchy:

finely punctured, the middle and

clytraratherobsoletely.triat
II

ed,lheintcrsticestl1m.~ernelypnnctubtcd.wiell ofthesUiure which is also black: dusky

black spot on \he,lillCalinle the portion andanlcnn",test.Cl'OUS,

the tip of the latter

or black.

The

thorax

is frequently

red,lish

or rufo-f~rr\lginou".

Not vcry nbuuduut ; f"olllldiIIDevotlsltire,SomersctAhirc; lieve in Norfolk, and within the metropolitan district, h1~\'illg
J\LI.'oIOlllUU"fA. VOL. IlL I.'iTH AVUUST, 1830.

I betaken

W

0

h rles Darwin Online

IO"t

MANDlllULA1'A._COLEOPTERA.

it several times at Hertford ill the month of June. bridgc."-C. Darwin, E.sq.

"Near

Cam-

GENUS

CLXIl.-SYLVANUS.

Latreille.

Sylvanus has the club of the antenna, triarticulate, and by that character, united to the cquallength of the second and third joints of the antenme, filiform palpi, and elongate more or less crenate or denticulate thorax, it may bc disringulshed from the other genera of this group.

A. 'Vlth

the sitles of the thorax

consi,lerablydenticulate.
aiterm·s Sfeph. elevatiQrih,,... Calal.

p,mdaloosiria/;,!, LillnG.-Sy.

ilttet"stiliis

Surinamensis.

92.

No.

983.

© The Cornolete

Work

of Charles

Darwin

Online

14.3 ulshed by their autennse, form of body, &c. :-the dllug.
Sp. 1. striatua, f~· Hi.ltriatllB. .o..'tlphlack, .A.t~r, tlwO"/Ju.I!llri"lueli~dJ.Ii:~ali4 Por.ler.-On. slighllyshining: striBtus. SI.ph.

species inllabit

""', antl'ftni.o ltigriJ,

capitulo

(I,ong.corp.i!-llio.) Cot"l. 100. No. 104~ • broa,l,with each.identthebase: nhuolllcn thickly and four elevatedlines e1ytrawitlt <lool'ly pun clale: of the upper

head amI thorax

inthcmid<11e,andtwoabhreviatcdollclon ar"lohsolctelypunctBte:breBstnnd ante",ue Much lurface,but alldlCS" hlack, 1_ than th~ following, Biso in tbe colour

thc8utureand.ix,listinctlyelevutcllli"C8;theintel'lltic".delicatelystriatcd the ciub of tire formerUusky. Bcd differs not only in the sculpture of Ibe Bntlmnll'.

Common in Bene-sea-fields, and in other places within the metropolitan district. "Netle)" abulldantly."-Rev. F. W. Hope. " In horse and cow dung, not uncommon [near SlI'ansea)."_L. W. lJillTIJYII,E3q. "York and Ncwcnstle."-IV. C. Hewitson, Esq. '<Dulstcn, Hockc1iff, and Common."-1'. C.Iley81w.m, Esq.
Sp. 2. aulcetus. Ater, obseuru., /Iwracc li",,'$ clevat,'s '[I1;'~9"o, ely/ria capil"to sulcatus. punctate, .ulYerr"giaoo. Sitph. the latter Calal. with (I.ong.ro,p.ll100. N,,_ 1045. five ele"a\ed ciytra breast with wilh linea, the irib, ..., ;"lcr.llilii8pu.nctaUs,tmto"'UJrUf"

Ii lin.)

tu.

sulcatus.

Fabrici,....-On. headandthor.lx

DullblBck: eeuual elevated punctate: Largur orzthc than

oue furcare

befcre and channelled

at the base: punctate:

the suture f~ur finely

and three lin"" on each very "JUch elevawd., ri~g ..... thesltemate , mouth and antennll' ont'll "p"ringly llull ferruginoDi, which itzliffero

the intenrices tllebassljoillt in havingfh'c

and abdOlo~n of thE latter elevated Iinea 11<1

black:lcgspit.chy-bla.ck. theforegoing,frOIll anuthree thorax only on thccJytra;ital.o,liff"rsin.cnlpturca

colour. Rare: it hus been taken ill several parts of Norfolk,and west of Eug1and. "Kingsbridge, Devon."-Dr. Leech; CLXXXIIL-Ilts'fER
tbe thorax, with

in the

GE:-;US Anlt~"'" shorter curved, tban

A/lcttJrum. very large, robust, in_

th~ basal joint isemarginate; which an<l eighth elongate,

and incrassatedatth~Bp"x,

which following,

thel!l'COntl slender, the four ; the re1'1lIpi.hor~ truncate: elJIn< con-

rccun'c,\,lorgtTthanthetwo nextveryshort,trao"ven.c, ,nainder fzlifortn, Iwad forming unequal, l/wraJ: with asubglohOlle, transverse,

are ahortobrooic; being broadest BlIhfuslform, anteriorly:

the scventh the tcrmi'lI,1

coml'reued, joiut lll'<'l'ly

triarticulate,c1ub.

small:

unarglnatc

es Darwin

Ooline

'44 llilletablyabbreviatell: d,ort: jemOTa teriorfurnishoo

)],\SlJIUUI,A·I·.\.-COU:OI'Tt:l!A. body

convex a!.love:~ternu'"
simpler lihi~ mueh

dilated

anteriotly:

legl

compressed, with

oompres:!etl;

the fOUll"O'-

twa LlCrica orapinca:

la~sishort,"imple.

The genus Histar, which from the species feigning death when uluemed have been termed Mimic beetles, differs from the other genera of this family by ha"iug two series of spines on the four posterior tibise, combined with a considerable convexity of body, slightly narrowed thorax anteriorly: - from Dendrophilus, by huving the untennee differently constructed, the second joint bciug curved, and the seventh lind eighLh very short and broad, &c.;the species inbabit {lung, dead animals, rotten vegetable matter and refuse of all kinds.
A.'Viththeclytnsttlatal;

t.heextemalsm...cntire.
whh

a. WilhtlLJokmgituJ;ooll/",·woRtlufsiJesriflhcthor=. I. Thedytra Sp. I. Marshami. (1.0111;. I'LATE lin.) Cala/. 100. NQ. 10.t6 . black: hcadanll thora."{ impltnct.ate, the latter of which lanching the former tWLI xviii.

a

marg1ual

stria. 8ubdcpre .. "", alor, nilid"s, .. ;",it.

f. ~.-Eu"'lfal"",

el.'1lr;8.lrii8'!,W/IJ.Dr

iJjlegri8,

I;bii •• "'lici.lride"lati.,po./j;;i~Sl''''""i

corp. 3~

Hi. i\lur~hami. .Elongate, faint

Sleph.

deep, very glossy, curved ItriLe on the IllIU"~n, very "Illooth,

with a ~ligbtly elongate, clytTa; sixth

illlprell8etl wilh Bill

line on the foreheatl, one ucarly

with

the inner

the hue:

elytrB
the 011"

obeoletelypnllclUJ"cdslrill',
antcriorly, anll beiugabout

nearestthesutUle autl Ihe others abdomen, 'l'hcdollgate tlcllsdy COllgcner •.

isll.bbrcviatcd ilightly cutYelI; faint

half the lllllgth of tile .... rlystnaight allgle of the ~lytt" segmont9 picecus, of ia a the with

thefoUJ"followillgnmtlleentirclenglh,t11efil"l!theiugn Oil the outer pnuctate:

abbreviated mther
cbpeciaUytlleallal form of this

illlpuncULte Ollc,llmo\l

0110: expeeed

legs slighdy

the four posterior

tar~i thickly furniBhl~1
spcci(!"ll, with tibiw, at ollce

wid, cutaneous point out

spincs.
of sculptllrc, anti t.he from its

it~ dissimilarity

.pinolO!: pD'ltcrior

its distinction

TIle only example of this insect which I have seen, I obtalucd from the Murshamian cabinet, ill which it was placed as t!ttl other sex of Hi. unicclor.
Sp.~ mcrdariw.. .4t ... ,mlid!U,eiylrile:dern4'1uiRl[llll (Loug. Enl. Hifte.-Sltpl.. shining black: slriaJis,t/wra.:-islakcorp. 3 lin.)

,.,bJU pUl1J;laii., antenna .... '" cla,-liferr"lfi~e(1. Hi. Illcrllarius. Oulong-quedrate, the

Calal. 100. N~. IOH. titornxM:arcelynamlwooanteriotly; tlt"~l'aec ~CCl'lyBtri"lc~l, !l'e .uture abbrc-

bct.wCCI' the two latcru1atrire

thickly anti the

l'ullcturcd:

d)·lra rather nearcst

~1ri",slightly

punctate,

two Oil each

rk 0

es

Darwm

Ooline.s;

~_

1M,

MANDJ])UI.ATA.-COI.EOI'TER]\,

Hure : it Las uccurrerl on the Welsh coast. Swansea, by 1\'Ir. Millard." -Dr. Leach.

<

South 'Vales, near

anterior

tibi""cllaracterizethis

imleCl.

Decidedly uncommon: it has, however, been captured on several of the coast. "B,mTIouth."-Rev. F. 11': Hope, and C.

© The Comolete

Work

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Online

180 Sp.l. reeli. vulgaris.

~[AN[)[flULAT.\.-COLEOI'n:lIA. Nigt:r,tAl)ru~eantic8 tricorll;,JIl.r<liob~"i~r;,/IJI""lilmlpo [",mina, Ihoracc 'I/bmul;co. (Loug. .... corp.

dOl/gil";', el!flr;s .lriaN., Li,,"';.-'fy. vulgaris.

5-lOliu.) Sc. Typhmuli. NfJ.llO\.. Entirelyblack,ahininS:hcaddepre4Sed,riIlD!ICBtthcsides:ciYpewlBnguiatcd, margined,with with the sides a longitudinal puncuted ~nglc, .horter hom dongate In end clevateo.lridgc: Icveolated, the reaching thcrax male smooth with elytra ill the middle, acutc and an female two porrect striated: Sa",o~c/lr, pl.

I.f.

I.-Stcp!..

Cata/. 106.

llOrn~ nt the anterior intermediate with a tran.,croe Very variable tnrcandcolour. sidcrablylongerthan nearly elytra obliterated thonlX'eryruga;e;
taSUU'OOUH

oYcr, and as long

as, tI,e hend,

ascen(ling ridge.

one in the mid,!Je:

the lateral

on thethoraxv~ry5hort,andinphceof\heccptralone the lcngth examples of the thoracic the lateral some horns, as well asi n.culpmale ate con_ whileothcrs~Te have the sitles of the orhms again have the

in Mzeandin some

horns

in the

th~hcutl,an<! and perfectly and rather

have atlistincttoothabove; &mple: cumples hnt

while others are liiml'ly punctate: deeply sulcate: all be wn~dcred ee belonging

es all intenuetliate

oI11td""

occur, they must

to cne ~peci"".

Taken most commonly on heaths and commons within tile metro. politau district, in April and May, and found in numbers lying dead about the end of June or July. "Far from common in Cambridgeshire."-Rev. L. Jen,'Ilis. "Hill-ends, Cardew Neck, &c."-T. C. !{eyslw.l/f, Esq. "Stockton Common nent- York, burrowing in snnd."_IV. C. Hexoitson, Es'}. vLuudy Island.v-cG. lVaring, Esq. "Epping."-1l1r. Doubleday. Latreille.
slightly pi)()lc; aeeced forming Ih9M.r Irg.stoot: the the bUill joint

GENUSCXCV.-GEOTRUPES,

A"tC1lnm
elongate;

rather

sl~nder,

ba!aJ

joint

long,

triangular,

shoTt,globolie;

thirtlelongalc; following

fourth

IIhorter tllsn thefifth,which theremaimln

is slightly

tbe three

transvel"SC, cupshapetl; Aeadtriangular:

an oval trilamellatedub. equal lengtl"thelattereyHndric: broad, femora anterior shorlcst. convex,unarmed: short, sometime.

l'alpimllrillar!Jwiththethinlandfourthjointsof clypt:Ulrhomboidal: more or les. compreqcd, tl!Jtro.large,o,·W: ipiuosc: Ihe others bod!Jconvex,robWit: notched: Il1r.iwith

libi(1j curved,

dClltateU exterunlly,

L1treille-than whom no one is more competent to decide upon a point relative to the structure of insects, and" whose accuracy is beyond all praise" in the details tiJereof, but who is not iu-

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G1WTllllPIll.'E.-GEOTl!lIj'j,S,

181

frequently at fault. when he ventures an opinion regarding tile diversity of species-says" Magniturline, colore ndmodum vnriat Ge.sterCQrarius. :Majoresuostri supra nigri,marginibU9 thoraeis I't elytrorum eorporeque infri!. violaceo-cceruleis, &e.-Alii mincres, colore supra intense viridi, infnl uurato-vitidis, &e,-Hus meras varietatcs ut species distinxit Dom . Murshum, in Entomologia Britannica ; Sc. stercora-ins, spiniger, fovcatus, mutatori-c-which opinion given nearly a quarter of a century since has been recently assumed as a proof of the identity of certain Murslmmlan species of this genus with Ge. stcreorarlus, in spite of the subsequent observations of Molinousky, in the first vol. of the Transactions of the Natural History Society of Halle, and of the palpable diversity of the insects in question, a point which I have attempted to render evident in the subjoined pages, by submitting the dictum of Latreille to the test of experience, truth nloue being my objcet; while a retrograde movement, solely 10 follow tile views of a distinguished writer, must lnevltablylcad to error and its consequences. The short third joint of the antcnuee and basal joint of the tarsi, as well as the smooth unarmed thorax, will at once enable any person to detect the insects of the present genus- which are usually found in meadows, fields and wastes, where cattle are pastured; their usc in the economy of nature belng to devour the dung of herbivorous animals-they abound most in the spring and autumn, and very frequently are observed of an eveuiugflying towards sunset, with a loud hum :-they are much infected with acari.
Sp. 1. vernalis. So. vemali .. SuMemispha:rjr~s Linn~.-DonoJlIJII, viJJ1ac_nigcr, n;Udu~; IJRtMMru", copUula

rUu:<J,thDrIJceei.9triS'f"c/.e",'bu8,![labril. 1(11.1\'0.1105. Subhemispheric: clnlCUS faintly whith punctate on each appear glOMy violet-black; the with slightly elytra striate,

(1.ong.oorp.6-91ln.)

xvi. pL M7 -.f.1.-Gco.

vernali~.

Sleph. Cala!.

the

cluu of fbe sntenne thorn on the lalerAI obsoletely

fu.cous: near with between a

rugose, with
sirle

vertex

prominent:

,cryfindy51l!] margin, but

on the faintly

disc,

rather

ooarscly80 and

is a (Ieep fovea: punctate pubescent,

verygloesy,l1Inooth,

lena they

strigoae

the su-i .. : borly bcneath dellticuJatedin orncarlyblack. themak.

<leep violet or greenish:

postcriorfemor& greenish

Vcryvariableinsizeandcolour"pecimen~ocC\lrringofaTichviolCl-blue,

Somewhat local; but found in sandy sritnntions in aeveral placea

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182

MANDTBULA·I'A.-COLEOI'TF.lIA.

within the metropolitan district :-in plenty on \Vimblctlou common; also near Ripley, Hertford, Croyrl.on, iu the New Forest, in Devonshire, and abundantly in Suffolk, ncar 'Voodbridge. "Baron \Vood."-T. C.IIc!J8ham, &q. "Eppiug."-llJr. DouhlecUr!J.
8".2. I.. via. Subhen,i'pha:rickJ, afro_'vio/auus, irngulariti:robsoleliJ Slep/J. Calal. ~ilid"J, thorflee conferlissimi (Long C~rli., vii.

punclulofo, e1ylti$l"miJ8imi., corl'.6----&lill.) Sc. leIl.·ia. pl. 266. HOICQr/h.-Ge. I",vis.

punclala-slr,·ali$. 101. No. 1106.

SUbhcmispheric, with.

dC~I' violet

or

black, the

sllining;

vertex

slightly

prominent; and

c1ypcu.rugose;thorax.erythicklyandrather<lCl)l'lypllucturedthroughout, fovea on each side near lsi..,.,.} margin; elytrn verY$moolh glossy, with lI<!verai obsolete margin in the males; fcnubrinollS. irregular raintIypnneluredstru,,; black, with boolybeoeath its apex IIOmctime..

pu~nt,violet,lIOmetimesgrecni':h;l'osteriorfemora.'''rat.dontbcinner club of the antemue

Variablebolhinsizeandcolour,Ii"eihlcongene~

Not very uncommon on heaths near London, out more abundant in the mountainous districts of'ValesandCumbel'land; ulso fonud in the New Forest. "Barmouth and North \Vales."-Rev. F. IV. Hope and C. DUJ"win, E8'1' "In abundance 011 the mountains near 'Vast \Vater in Cumberland, and in Borrcwdalc.v-c, W. C. Jlewilson, Esq. "Common on heaths in the neighbourhood of Nottingham, from March to October."_Dr. Howitt.
Sp. S. "yIVlltiC115. SuMemispho:riau,

"'pm

»o-, Tdo!aett>
acuto,

margimll

...., infra

.,iol(1U!U fUJI ou,..,ta-viridi., .par';$,el!Jfr;s.lriati.,inlerstitii.lrm lin.)

"""Iiet! luben:ulo

fhortu:i8 •• (Long.

disco ""nefis corl'. 6-10 SI~pIo. Cala/.

.. vers;",.lriIlOJi xvi.

se, aylvatieu..
107.No.1I01. Subhcmiapheric; thorax edge: femora Extmnely purplish ooouionally

PU!Jkul.-Don.

pl. :.47. f. 2.-Gt!.
mugined oomcwhat margins, with remote

ly!vaticlU.

above with

blue_black, distiuct,

violaceous; punctures

bencmh

l"io-

laC<'<lll8orgol<lengrc'en; sprinkled IIOTI1c",hat tugose

c1Yl"'llsrugosc,withanaCulctubcrcleontllcvertcx;

on

the disc,

on tbe lateral

with

a punetaee

fovea tow~rd.the pooler;or of m neh

c1yttatalherfaint1y.triated,thcintcntic,"transversclystrigose; Wilh the and club [USCOU$; tar.ipiceou.; ""lIIe Homp1:. and theundcr being in thcmalewith~singlcdollticulationolllhci!l!leredge. variable ofa in IIhe, end in colour; violet above, olhClll ncarlyblack; 5urfmeebcing

an!Cnnresomewbatl'iceous,

rich o;:Opl"'ry-pU'1'I~, or golden_green.

The most abundant species of this genull within the metropolitan

Elongate: thorax another aevnai the disc,

black, more

tinged

with

brassy, the

and with

very

finely

grannlatE.'li:

head before

Bud and 01\

siightlypunctate, obsoietebebiud irregular

the latter

a tran.veneimpression unequal longituilinal

mhldle : clytra anti en ebscure

at thebase,with impression

punctatestri..::,

This remarkable, though minute, insect has been very frequently captured in the broom field near the gravel-pit at Coombe-wood, ill the spring, within these few yem's; and it has also occurred in other places, but sparingly. "Sonthenrl."-Rev. F. 1V. Hope. "Batb, by Dr. Davies; and Kiugsbridge, Devonshire, by J. Cranc!""-Dr.Leaelt. "Grassy places, Coombe-wood."-Messrs. ["gall, IlIgpen, and IVcstwoo<i.

GENU~

CCXVII.-TuACH\·s,

Fabricius.
the four following sl€l1der, eqnal, ~hort, clylm r I.g~ slender; c'Juul: bron,],

A"I~'!n~ short, with the two basaljointBrobuBt; ~"hovate; O'·'ltC. the four nextl'r<l<hlt'edo" (,,,I,,,",,, transverse, ob®urdy Ihol'lt.r transvcrl!<!, apex: theillllcr

edge, theterminaloneobli'Jucly

".adbrond,cmarginate: tuse anteriorly, attenuated

nearly trinngulnr,atteuuatedto the
behind,

.tC"ldlumminute:

hod!J"hort,ol.>lar&i with dilat~'ll

deproesed

jointa, the

terminal

joint with two claws. known from the other Bupeestide by body, which is greatly depressed, the joints of tho anteuuea, whiuh are \'ery half above serrated, somewhat as ill short, lubrumtransverse,&c.

Trnehys may be at onee the width and brevity oftbe robustness of the two basal short, lind hare the apical Aphanistictls, the palpi very

viii.pI.2SI!. Head and thorax ofarich wlI.nla blue, brilliantglD6Sy_ooppt'l',impunctate: black-bfasa, foreheadexcal'ateU;c\ytra

rudelypunctate,thepunctureallOmewhatdisposffiintitri..::to-II.

the I!llture: body beneath
eneeus.

linleglOSlly fineiyrug<*!: aud

lega and enteane

Very rare in Britain: three or four examples only have as yet occurred, and of these two in the IIcighbourilOod of Coombe-wood. " Cumbridgc.v-c-C. Dan~ill, E~·If'

W rk 0

h rles Darwin Online

2(j<!

J{,I:<lOIBULATA.-COLEOPTErlA.

Lurlius is distinguished by the remarkable peculiarity of the terminal joint of the antennee, which is so abruptly acuminated as to give the appe:trance of u twelfth the secoud and third joints arc very small, and with the exception of the basal one, very acutely serrated.

This gigantic species is extremely rare in Britain; it has however been occasionally captured within the metropolitan district. ""\Vindsor and Darenth.wood.v-c-Dr. Leach. "Clcngrc, Gloucestcrshire."-Rev. F. TV. Hope. "Has once occurred at Bottisham, in a decayed walnut tree."-Rev. L. Jen_,/ns. "Taken ill a willow (near Swansea)."-L. W. Dillw;;n, Esq. GJ;;NUSCCXXVI.-OrEN1Cl;:HUS, Latreille.

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26:j This genus, termed Cleniocerus by Dr. Leach, in allusion to the conspicuous anteume of some of the males, may bc readily known from all the preceding ones in the family, by huving the second joint of the antonne alone minute aud nodose, the third being nearly as IOllg and of similar form with the fourth; the terminal one elongate; the thorax considerably longer than brond, a little depressed, the body usually adorned with rich metallic hues, ami tile untenusa more deeply serrated; by several of which elmmcters it rna)' also be distinguisherl from the following genera.
A. lViththeantennrepectinnted +Sp.1. aulien .. Uh.cure in themalcs; elyl.·i. serrntedin i"slacci. the females. (Long.

viridi-rr:llcu" aulicu .. bra.sy_grcen,

;mmacul"lis. lQ{i·~

corp.1-SHn.) EI. aulicu.. Heatlandthorax Panoer.-CI. obscure Stepk. Cal"/. 12t .. No.

the former

<1cp,""ssed and pnnctulat",l, the elytra, which on Witll a slight imprcssion blackisll_brass:

,.,lmm,,,I,,.,,,,,,,",",
.ide at the base: black.

pubescent:

scutellum

concolorouswith

atriate_pullctatc,

leg" and body beneathdull

antenn",

III the British Museum is a pair of this insect, said to have been taken by Dr. Leach ill Devonshire, about fonr years since ; [JUt doubts have recently been started by Mr. Curtis, with his wonted caprice. as toits indigenons origin; and also of several other species reported to have been captured about the same period, some being admitted and others doubted.
Sp. 2. pectinicorni,.. £long-aius Linni.-Don. IIB.J.V".126->. ~iridi_am."s x. pl. 356 . niiidus, i1w'ra,," .ufea/o, pe.:tinicorni.. eI!J/ri. Step".

(T.ong.corp.7-8lin.)

.f

2.-CI.

Found chiefly I believe in hilly and mountainous districts; abundant on the Malvern Hills, and in mallY parts of the north of "North 'Vales."-Rev. F. IV. Hope. "Ncar York also noarWustwater, Cumberland females rare." ,'2

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266

MAKnUJIjLAT,\.-COU;(lM·t:nA.

-Il'. C. Hc;:"it.I()J!,E.fq. "Marton-Lorlge, ill plellty."_1I11;. C.1'.lludd. "B<!wdl ... -Forest."-W. y RUlld())!, Esq.

&u:trh!l,i.pI.72.
Beneath copper, black_b-rasa or dn.ky; anglc8 or cnpreou_, Ihorax elollgate, with above carinate: tho apex: various clytra tintll of red_purple or p;reen_ clongate, thickly and ratherCO>t.l1;ely punctate,with Tnthcrfaintly Or Ie"" yellow and legs stria tc,theill_ or ochroou8, hinck, the but lutler

the posterior fr(,quently Scarcely colour vescent,

tersticesobsc"rclyv"ncturc<l, concoJoroua slightlyreneous. two examl'les !iIIrface,

the base more

antonn.e

of this protean great

spedCII OCCUr precisely IlRye the h'l!e two-third. the

alike in thewlour of nearly oftbe entire elytr. every fla_

oftheupl'er

wbichindilferentimU'·id".lspartakfS proportion the wloUT occupying

of the rainbow;. in S0111e inatanees the apex; impol!i!ible

of the 8urrace, disc ia '''In000U'8, 80 tbat

while in oLhers it grolluallyvanishcs, colorouswitb ithccomcs cvcryp""sible to discriminatc

lill at length the vnrim.il!l<.

slmlle antI proportion

Inhabits similar places with the former; females generally rare; at least fifty mules to one female having usually occurred; but iu August, 1829, out of score! of specimens now under my inspection, captured by the Rev. F. 'V. Hope and C. Darwin, Esq., in North 'Vales, scarcely a single male was observed. 'v Hoime-Hill.t'L, T. C. Hqpltam, Esq. "Moushold-Hemh, Norwich.v-c, IV. C. Hewilson, E,'q. "Cheltenham, nml Allesley."-Rev. IV. T. Bree. " III profusion ncar Marton~LO{lge."-Ilcv. G. T. Rudd.
t,Sp.4.. castaneus. Niger, •. thl)roce ptJ.~ju1""lCtmle corp.!; lin.) SI.ph. Calol. 125. No. 1261. m.dahili tee/I), ~{!ltrUjWui.

(Jpire ... m"w~ilfri El. castanell..

(Long.

Unn".~CI. castaneus.
Kndlegs down:_

llC>ilybenell\h,hcnd,nnwnnre, with a shon fulvcsccnt

blnek :

thornxnlsoblack,thicklyclothed ciytrB.testaccouJ;-yellow, with

scutellum

blnck:

theapexbiack,thedi"""triated,tlieinterstlccspunctllrcd.

I believe that hitherto a single c1ytron only of this insect has been found ill Britain, and tbat was picked up by the late \V. Hooker, Esq. on Moushold-hearh, near Norwich.
B. WiLh tho nntennre Sp.5. sangu.iliico1li8. Niger serrated in thcmalCII, u.ora.~ simple in the females. (Long. corp.

pt1hcsce7l.f,

tolo·sangu;""".

4.lia.)

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278

MANDIBU['AT,I..-COLIW1"rErtA.

metropolitan district; in Devonshire, the Ncw Forest, Norfolk, Src. "Southend."-liev. F. W. Hope. "Rose Castle."-T. C. Ifc!J8'1fI1II, Esq. "Bottisham, common," -Rev. L. JC1I1)lls. Var. (3. " Has been taken in the neighbourhood (of Swansea), but is far from common.v-c-L. liT. Dillw!Jll, Esq.

GENlIS CCXXXII.-CuIPYLus"Fiscl!er.
AnienlUllratherlong,.leniler,aerrllteil; obconie, acuminate. ele'lited; the hi",lcr clonll'Btc; 1',,1,,; the e!lu large, angles, the .bott: tenninal one the basal joint slender, thor= anlcriorly, longer Jnmleratdyrobust; than the then the broaller the

1IIl<:0ndBbbrcviated,subgloOO8e;thethit,ltothetenthnearlyof"luallcnglll, preceding, margin in front an,l abbreileI,dexocrted, prominent: ele"at~d, subqllar\ratc; scarcely frontal

globose,

Ihan tJ,c head;

si<le. nlittledil.!C,1 which are stout,

oon!ractc ,I towards bent ollll\'ar.lIy

5Om~what

aeu.tc:borf!llinear,81ightlypubescellt:elylraclongBUl,roUlhlc,lattheapex:

'_g,

dongute,

slender;

lar8i with simple joints;

tllC fourth

somewhat

,·latcd.

The large projecting eyes of this genllS, with the exserted head, prominent, elevated, acute posterior angles of the thorax, linear body, and elongate antcmue, wen characterize it, and (listinguish it from its allies: the only indigenous species is extremely variable in eolonrr it occura upon trees.

Sr. I.lineari
}:I.linearis. Body

..

Thorat:o cnu:e ;mprem"
•. (Long. Lin,,-".-Ca. black, above the thorax with disp!r. the

clylriutrialo-pw'dnfis: 54--7 Calal. lin.) 127. ]1,'0. 1~94.

"/,domi,,.

nilJro

'llorgin,·an"'lutl.lfacei

St."".
or behind

corp.

heneath with

margin variable

and in

ape:<, aud colour: with black pale testacoou$,

sorueumes head deeply with the the

Ihe

hreast, deCl' and bright the di5c oblong, convex

tl'stac(!Ous; black, a h,unncous: transverse teataccous--red, fus""""

extremely mouth

punctured, eyes cbannel, or

te,taccous, a little with angles pubescent, this especia!ly leg. varie(lwith

pale

in both...,,,es

punctate, a deep above pale latter

a deep donal dioooidal spot,

impression som~times thellinder slightly wrl"atc,

tllC middle,

"uperficic.

with

teeteceoae dilated, with

: scutellum and rather the

testaccousorhlack: in the female, times over itself the entire bright

dytrllpunctatc_.triate,lincar, testaceous, colour

suture'someprcdomtneting margin

more or less fuscescent, testaceous:

ccceeionally leuing

in the females,

only the more That

t~"tscco\ls.with

tllC femora family.

Or leosfus. the above

ceeeent : antenn.,blsck, One of the moot incon~tant variations, whieh,infact,

testaCI!(lU< atthebasc.

spcciea of this most variable

arc mere sltadcs of to lour, tI,C fovea an dsculp:ureof

6J

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279
each sex not undergoing the fact ol'1Oy having diaputably;apoiotl prevailing turiug amongst thcinaeetsin !hcsligh!e:stchnngc, repeate,lly taken whOJhave the nlnhereinducedtonoticefroma eutomologieia plcnry. not had posit.ivdybdong insects in 1(1one spcc ies, col'uill proV,'8 in_ of opinion of cap_

difference the opportunity

Extremely abundant in certain years in Coombe-weod, towards the end of June; I have also taken tho insect in the hedges ubcur Darenth and Birch woods, und occasionally nt Ripley, Dover, and Hertford: it also occurs in Norfolk. "Thlron_wood." - T. C. Heys/lam, Esq. "\Vooill! near Cambridgc."-C. Darwin, Esq. "Epping."-ftlr. Doubleday. "Stockton_common, near York j nnd near Kewcastle."_IV. C. Hcioitson, Bag. "Ill moist woods ubout Pcullcrgaro, and woody parts of Crwmlyn-bog."-L. W. DiUwYTI, E8q. .. Common ncar Kimpton." -Rev. G. Rudd.

'!.

SUBS£C1"ION Anf~nn~ 11_ rarely tinnie-I; pactly IO_jQin\ed,

IV. more Or less !J{;rratod, or peejoint8 more robuBt(somctimes somewhat in the and more pro-

mo~tly elongated, terminal

occasionally united

with thcthrcc

considerably,andsuddenly,elongatl'll):orclavate,theclnbcoml'osedofcomarticulations, rostrum hcad nutant, in general in somc dcel'ly instan"c~ inserted dnce<lintoa coruatc: anteriorly,

thor(l",
6U

.. ·hich is more m-less semicircular cylilulricand e!nngate: leg. rather

or suhqua,lrate,sometimeocylindticor consistence long; t~rJifive-o. four-jnintcol, the

b-

hody""ftnmldepreS'leti,orofllfirm

or less pell_

ultimatejointfrequentlybilobcd.

There is consldomble diversity of appCanltlCe amongst the insects of this subdivision; nevertheless, although they seem to form a gronp sufficiently natural to allow of beiug associated together, it appears useful to divide them into the subjoined families, concisely distinguished by the following external chamcters :

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LIST

OF PLATES.

ERRATA.
PagoC,!!oolll,/vrequal.rt:fJd.ube<ju&l. 21, __ 17,_for('u<li.i.,rcndCUl"lisii. 60, _6 Frombottom./or largn. rcod 1001>-" Ml.inlabl.,jl>rNI .... r<tdMoHdi~HI~. -,_11 From 1>01<"""/'" mill ut, ",,,d minute. HJ._ 3,/~rllt:n;..uh,rc.dHaina"lt. II:!, __ 10 from bon"m,/or reod Kybor. I~~,_lr.,/<lr .\logatoma, rtaJ Ctcsiu. l:I.I,_:lfrombouom,jl>rf ••dolotcd,r •• d;a>cicl,latcd.

",bell,

1[~J:=t'tf:..1i!,~;:t~'::I;:;", ... ::!.t~~b~~~u1U"
W:I,--'.!land2:./<lrotilicu.,r<adotiet.ious. IB from boltom,/o>r """bra,,., bot\omilno,jor,bla"'a,rc"d,;ola.cou,.

~~Il:=~~~~~:'~f":; festi",.. f:::t.!~Vr::d :!l7,_1'.!,d,kgri .. ;•.
3~1, _ -

r""a

terdnan,.

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The Complete

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fUI!

"

i

~

•..

I


Rl The Complete Work

-

of Charles

Darwin

Online

J'LXYJL.

c Th

I

W rk

f

rt.xvn:

(

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1'1..

=

RlThe

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ILLUSTRATIONS

BRITISH ENTOMOLOGY;

THEm.

GENERfC

AND SPECIFIC

DISTINCTIONS;

AN ACCOUNT Af'I't:AUANCE,

OF THEiIl.

METAilIOIiPIIOS.:S, FOOD,

TDJ£S

OF

I.OCALITlES,

AND ECONOMY,

AS FAR .\5 PIUCTI<.:AIlLE.

BY JAi\IES

PRANCIS

STIWHENS,

F.L.S.

J';~llH:r,[,rS1ll·;n WI'I'II COLOURED nounes OF TilE [l.1111::11 ,IN]) .\I0REINTEI\t;S'l'r/'i(;Sl'.;cm~.

MANDIIlULATA.

LONDON:

PUBLISHED

11\'

IIALDWIN

ANI)

CltAUOCK.

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CURCULIOSlf>.+:.-OT!(lIlHVNCIiUS.

11:3

Sr. ~. mom"" lin.) Cu. maurU..

Ni!;",

,ubop"o''',

cl.r1ris puncIMo-,lriali,.

(I.ong. corp. 4_S

,1far.ham._Li.

.nauru..

Sitpio. CtJla/. 11~ N~. 17$1.

n!aek,

9Omewb.ot opaque, ",itA""1 sroIe •. - h",,~ wi!h a ~"'p i.n]>t<'rlli<m bet"' .. n thol"llx somewhat rough, with a .mon abh",.iated CClltraleatin.· Huten"., """

!h.ey""

eI!flra "iet.nntlypunolat .... trif<tc, of an uniforrn,lullish_htacl_: leg. also ~I.ck.

Taken in the hedges near Coombe and Darenth \VoOOs,!lot
very abundantly. "On the sand-hills, nnd not UtlL"otntnonamong

grass and the roots of grass about Crwmlyn and Skotty Burrowa: Mr. Millard Ions most commonly found it at tl", roots oftho sea pink at Teztby."-L. W. Dil1fO:YlI, Esq.

Gt:NUS

CCCXX1.-OTlUTIUl"l'CItUS,

Germer.
1~-joint.d,lhcsral'C ra,her long,

1101",,,,,, geuicul"IO",long,~ncr.ny.lell(ler,ra,c1y.tout,

","ching beyond !he ey,,"; funiculus with its Iwo hasaijoints obconic;lheremainderrather.hortandobconic,orrobu.t."dlenlicular; the dub nan-ow obl<mg, or lu\>onlc, or but little prominent' acumiu.".

Honru", il1"' ..... I. alille '!Ie. round<:<l, modcrately
'~~lrtI dhd.",.~

apex"lilalo,l,emarginatct1,thoapexdiv.ricating:

thoro", Wilh lhc sidCli rQu1l(kd, <on.ox ahov.:

united, ovate or oblong..,v.lc: h<IJ!I"plcro"'" '""td/~n' minulo: concave ", ...""Is !hebue in Ihemales: /'lP rnodc",lo, SIOu~:f~"'''''' somelimPldCfltsle,ato!h.raunarmed; apex dilatct1,trnncate,fnrnilhedwilh amimnc horizontal

da~alC, or

libia:9OJTJctim "",nularC<iwithin,lhe ... dcntieul.lion,

Otiorhynchus to tile present day eoctaius a multitude cf dissi, rnilar insects, which however may geuerally be known by having the groove for the antellUal nearlystm;ght,the rostrum somewhat IOllgerthan lhch(>ud, dilated at its apex und fumishcd on eachside with a kind of lobe or winglct ; the body U!!nallyovate, glabrous,
and alwaya apterous. A. Wilh,hcf.lllomdcntale. Sp.1. Ligustici. Nig"",gri,e<>-"l"amO-su" •. LiIo... '-oti'" Liguotid. "<rl<l,margi"up"nda/IJ-,Iriali Cu. Ligustici. a. llod!lo"cJ<. Ih/)r/jo<gmn'u/alo, $Iql.. cl!Jlrilscahri.,

(Long. oorp. &--1 lin,) Ca/al. ne. No.. 17$~. head

HlIJl:~·,clothecl wil" griIeotu antenn"'pitcl'y_hlack:

""In 8ndscattetcdhai",:

rus __

puncta"" (li"ca

I/w,,,,, ",l/I,the

6i(lcs comi'lerablyrouml<:<l,tl'e doroal imprcs,io((, ,2

little oouvex, with an obsolclO longitudioal

on" having

©

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Derwm

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ll(i Sp- 8. ovatus. deolali&. C".ov.tus. Nige~,

M.IlJDIlIULAT".-COLEO,·1·EJI.I. s~bn;l;d,." ""ria.cis, ohl"",u. thor""" pmi6 .. '11U: .... .fo-ftrrUginei., ,yhg'rdIoIo, ru!!""',femqr-i/nu S/cp/l.Culal.I73.NQ.1759.
1",/r,,",

f",ale .a!id1:

TWIT<x{"<mb/ili.lim~ Mars/wm.

(l,ong.oorl'.\l-31in.) O~io.ovatu,. .. y: hond with thevorteo< .moolh,thejo'c/ICMand with a few cincrco,," hai", Ihor(!.7!..."'yeonvCJt"uhglo!Jose,thiekly="~cd "'~I!Ul;"", ",r;.H •• .. i.hlhe all witb a stouI, ..... hy.hain: elJI",abo~e""".e><, lcgsraLilcrlong,.tout,

JJlack,slightlygla

fI.t and finely ru!{u/o'.·l","c/a/c, unle""",ruf<>-j.rr"g;"ou,:

eye, Lrowu:

with e/~.alro. I"beret . , frcqu.nLiy uDit.etl and.fQrm,'ng . ;ntA.",;JJJeofthebatk,andhaving.r intcrslicesrugos<>-gnUlulat. rufu.ferrugino"s, f.,nora clong.te, ac1!lo tooth.

withth.baok.lighllydel'.........J.antcriorly,coanclypunClJlI.&-Slri.te, omlsparinglypubeaoen.: clavate, ",,!,cc;,jly the anterior;

Extremely nbnndnnt ill hedges, &0. throughout the vicinity of Loudou , also in Devonshire aud near Bristol. "On thistles on Crwmlyn_bnrrows."_L. IV. DilIw!!", £8'1'
Sp.9. pahuliDU1 Irn,u.pedibuli("., Cu. Jlahulinus. F~sc<>-Jerrll(fi.""" '[yl';6 ftlbg/0/xJ.6isp".ctatlJ-llriati., •• lacti •. (Long.ro'l'-'t--31in.) l'ano.,.._Otio. pahulinus. Sic,,", Cal,,!. 173. No. 1760. " ••

l"ho,cI .. , long..tout:

B

"j>rillkl;I1g of dowIlYl'u],c"".ncc: botlyhcneathgl hn\itoform .... y

Sibbou',l'UDet.tc-.triatcd,lheal'cx,lighdy,culllillal.C:lcgst.csUlcoou5,rathcr fcmoraclavate,acutelyandstronglytlcntatc: fcrruWDOtlS'''''I<n~I<o/_'. I'robablyan. immatu",.lateofLileroregoing.pccie., app"arslightlydissimilar.

andscuJpturo

Tukeuwithin the metropolitan district.

11"'<1:,

<>b.........

head obooi"tclypuncrurcd,

anlilranlv"..,..]ywrinlli>dhe!ween

d""y"':Tonr'ml[""git"d;R"'19~:IMr(J.,,...ryth;"Id)gr,,,,ula,,"I,,,,,l>groboso,!L"lhlh.ce"/retlistincLiY""goI<:elylrapU!lctatc.striate,tl,el'unctnrcsr.therJarg<>"l1l1dccp,thcintersticcsconvox,antl,lightiy, e'l'cciallyonLi,e,itle,: /eg.antlantcnmt:pilc/,y,UIlck: •• brous, fcmorarathernculcly

the

L. W. Dillw!I'"

The only ex:trnplcs I have seen of this illscctwcre captured ill yicinity of SII1II1SC3; wherc they were diseovcred byrnyfricnd, &q., to whom the speeiea is dedicated

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CUIlCULJON1Jl.t:.-Ol·WltIJYNCIlI.'S.

111

lJ. '?,mcmn""n"cd 61" II. Limn. <"(1'1'.81;".)

.•.

J!:lylraNvldislinct/!/.lrillf<d. '<ali"". {Lm'J;:.

Oblcng<>-uua/ .., nig<" Mu" JI"""I,', promi"uli, Lima. SI<pI.. Col,d.
Jl3.

Cu. Lima. ,If~n~"m.-O,i" Uhkmg-<>• Ic,.",i",lybl:.ck; • plaoed"",n"whntr.gularly0" wrinkle"ou

No. 1162.

co,'o.<dlkrouCko.fwifh

"""broUJ c/cll<li<d1"'inl.,

the thorax, alH\,\ill'''''odin

Ih. e\)'tr~, especially on the ,ide'll:

rori.a:aboJo",e"ovate,rathcracutebehi"d. Of

this

very

rcruerkaulc

insect

I have

hitherto

$ecn

but

one

sl'ccimcn,whichlolotIinedfromthcJ\larshamiancollcctlo!l;

ofiLS

IOCillity I

am notaware,
1iS.

Sl~ !2. teb.btl ....

Nig<r,

.~b,.;liJ.s,

pt<lihu d,,"lt"iu

rufo-/Ii«is,

d!Jlril (Long.

1JbW"f['>-<>""lu,tW"*buime,trialis,api«a/I<~uati.,liw,""",,a'¥{"'lo. corp. 1-6 lln.) Cu. "'nohri"",,, •. JIcr&il,-O\i~. tcnchri""""e. t.:ur.",",itilUUJ,var. Dtmo"a.,xv'J,[.533.f.~. Riack,6llghlly """,mllCrfe<1 ohlc"C-ov"w, .hining: head Kndliwr= SI&f","Culal.

178. No. 1703.

fincly cori~ceous;

the 1~lIcr ",,,row, hai"" elglro above the rno",

~Ii~dric,w;,htheoid""vcryslightlydilal.t.'d.theilisc,""ry"""vcx,andi,, 'pecimen., ,pa,inglyclothe<lwith afelvdciic"te aUe"uatcdlN.I""iud!), bu, the txtreme al"'X ruun,l"l:

,·cryco"v"x"oiIAoomev«yowoletesrr;«.'<on'po""dofminutcp"tlelUtes, imenti"""tr,,,",v"n;ely,bntOboolc,.ly,rugnlollC, ..ml in fine .pedm"n, ~r Ie... clothed with "in"""",,", h.i"" tufo-ferruginQusor the bas. and inf"'nl,the.l'exofthc'''"trum~''''Ply the mm!tofhmnaturity. !IOmetimeo united rufo-piceou6,with

inlO minutel'atches: the IIt".i tiuJi-y, the nnW"nllJ black;

lo"",,,·d, II" .,~,~; emarginate.

rostrumthioklyrl1g<1"'_l'uncuuc,witha""rin~inthcmiddle.Qboolelclybifid Slightly voriahle in colour, bei"g IOm.tim .. ruf ....l'iceous, witb the l~ paler:_

Very ubnndunt in hudges, &c. throughout the metropolitan district, and not uncommon in the metropolis itself: also found in Devonshire, Norfolk, Suffolk, &c. "On the sand-hills (near SlI"lLIIsea),comIDon."-L.1I'.Dill":!J",E8fj.

Cn. alroaplt'J"U6.

IHG.,..,..-Oli"

a'roaptcl\lS.

SI,ph. Cala~ 173. No. 1J6~.

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118

MANDIBULATA.-COJ.EOI~I'EI(.\.

the disc

finely

punctured, very convex,

amI haYing some delicate
\0}

!lOme 'nillUle lind cine.....,u. which

!;liscou. ltairs: latter

hait1l: surrace

ely/: .. C01v"red 100ng, crner-

o~ate, ohm"", ·wilh minu/"
1111

obllOlrlel!l ~ul(al.,

the entire

et•• alirms, and carina

le!;ll rather is scercely

stout,rufo-pi~01\lS: el"\'at~d ginated:autelltlOlblack.

fcrrtora very stout: 1I0t reaching

rostrumlhicklyrugo

.... punctate,with

the apex,

Common on most of the coasts of England, and on those of 'Vales. vBabbicombe-clifls, ill abuudance."-AIaTs!wm :dlSS. "Not uu, common on the sand-hills: (near Swausca)."-L. IV. DillwyTl, E8q. oTynemouth.v-c-C. lVailcs, Esq. " Ourmonth."-Rev. F. IV. Hope and C. Darwill, Esq.
Sp. 14.. aler. Cu. ater. Do"o""n, Bll).c~·" helld thickly with Nigu, pedibus liter.
I.

r'!fis, Sfep..

larsis eal"t.

gtn~bu''I''e (Lollg.

nigris, corp.

elylri$rUlJ"'i"obllOltli,sinli~tcaJO-p".u:I"Ji,. J{eTwt.-Otio. xv. "I. 533.f. very tlnely bit"l impr~1

3.

Ihoraa: lin.)

aU/fu,lo, ...

p. I1S. No. 1765.-011.

mariti",u

punctured, will. tip: at the

with /horru

the .forehead

depreued: finely

TQ,lnm, above mill. the ami stout, Bn_

and Rttdy

punctu]ale, p"beI!cCDee

Ihe IJ.l'e~

a

little

emarginal.,

u"ele!J(lledcari"a,

'",rrow, very

rugoSi:_IJlIllclale, narrow long, black:

a

delicat.c

on the sidC3: ciylra broadpullctunlll, towa"'s the

obllOfflefJ ... lcale, rather tarsi also

sulci willt slightly transversely tCJIII'" black,

lind tbe interstices sides: Ies" black;

rugose,

CBpecially

ruf...,.,nt;(emorastout,clavate,with with lItIitydown.

the apex

Less abundant than the last, but found .1150 on several of the coasts. «Dn the coast of CornwnlJ, by Mip-hill."-lIIars!wm MSS. "Common on the sand-hills [ncar Swansea)."-L. 1C!Jn, };:6g. vSea-shore, Cramond."-Rcv. IV. Lillle.
Sp. 15. Ig,vigatu... """;"ll/O. Cu. lrevigalUll. (Long. ,Yi~r Hitidul, u.nI~nil p<diw"T"t

IV. Dill-

picri~,thorae<

6ubtifiti:r rwtro
HO"

1"~nc/ull).to, ~I!ltri, ,ub/ilis.ime f'uhTic"iu8.-0tio.

pu.u:/a/o_.lri"tis l",vi!;lllUllo

IJOIteri"~:angustllti., Slcp". .u/ure

cGrp. 3~ lin.) Co-tal. p. 113. No. thickly 177f.;.

Black,8hining:headglabrous,fillclypunctotc: nbl.cllrinalctl,with sitk8, the due very the apex ImIarginated: "",we"" glos<y,glllhrow~, tlylrll with p".u:lured: very the convex, inlers/ictt

'I"Uff",e-I,""c/aic. IIlId d,lal.do" Ihelidu the and verj

IIlOrru rounded ruining, .flat

II';rkl!l p"utaJe, alld very

benell!hfinelYi[T'I1IvlatM: dtlica1ely Ihicklyalld p"~ctallN/rialt, irregularly

amiglabrolll,

ob.Jci,.rt/!I, but rufo-piccoIIs;

legs elongate, l'ube.ccnl.

black,ordull

tibi",curvedandseabrolls:

tarsi slightly

Apparently

rare;

J possess three examples from the coast of

CR[OC£R!!)t£.-DOS,,"C[A.

267

nearly turi&thy

110, aphidin'rous of the destroying above the the

'_lOme are acmiunl surface,

few subsist extremely Ieaves ROlnctimes

upon injurious

fungi, plants

aud others agricnl_ acres immediately whole

(astiLo!!e

Hnlricee]

to the

of the

they appllllr by their

de"lls1ntiug

numbers.

Subsection

l.-EUI'OD ..,

Latreille.

lh.",

tho elylm, ""l"ci.lJy

"rt!

donj).te,

,ometime,

/"If' modorate: sometimes

i"mora, dentate'

the posterior, more or 1.... davol,', .nd elong.te,

tibilZ,imple,wilhll,u[Sal,he.p""':

la"itelnmcrOWl,r.lther.borl,

tltepl'nuhirualejoin,bilobcd,thelobetelongale. The indigenous species of

this

snbsection

cornpose

F_HtrLY

XLIX._CIUOCERIDJE,
by the above

Leadl.
und contains

'VI,iclt

maybe

distillgllishcd BritishgclIeta:

charueters,

the

following

:uw. Do"~clA. lI87.AI"c.o"Al.i".
~IIII. O".onACUXA. :!IJ~. Z~1I00'JlOR"

Anlt,,, ... approximaling,wilh,,

... ly,Ulheartirulati,,n.el,,nS.Ie; with the basal joint biloh"d: abbre";alt'd.

mncl'!OlIger longer an,l
maodi_

,I .. " broad, Irnboy1indric, "r ",,~i.,.cylindric, 'touLl'r, an<tobc<lnic, theoccoml Ue. hifid at the .pex: "uperior m.rgi~ "f'le]\ (run"aleat 1ianlmelallic""loun. entire: <'!Ie, promi!(ent,"miglohosc, which are f""luently dcnUtIe:

1'011'; f(>~r, fl1ifo,m:

."arm,~ membranaeeo"" ""lire,

,,,,,.1 110"""1, ~nit ...\ IOlhethorax
larsishort:

lahi"m ",j,h the by ~ diSlillct neck: terior, ilhbril-

'{1/lrasubtrigollal,nn"owedbehind,nnd ""loeci.uly the Wdggt'llera!lyatlOtllW

Iheape"'.r~m"riJ.dong.te-clayale,

(Cj The Complete

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274

MAIlD!BULATA.-COI.IWl"T£RA.

Also very nbuntlant throughout the soull. of England. 8n:. L. ,/rn!J"8. "Epping."-Mr. DauMcda!J.

"Ely."

Afal,fu""""
... ",,/It

... black:.fr:maltgre<'Tli.h.hrtU,;

ho.hoex .. whh thea~I ... "o:rufOlU: Ih,,&ol"';O, angle

aI.o rufou.:

rnorax raLhet broad, Snely pun~lulatI'tI.

round"d,tbedi..,withadon;alf1llY<lw,andaf",·eaoneo.clt.ide:elyll1lpunc....., ... triate,wi.hthcin"''''ti_tnn.ve...,lyrugose:''pe'''if''~''"d. ''lr,roj"Ii.if' male. pOllCTiorfernorawithOIlacutetoo.h,.toutcs.andlollges.intl,e

Not very common, but found ill YariOl,g parte of England, in the of London, 'Vhittlescn·mcre, Devonshire, neur Bristol, &c. "lhttC"(>il-fi~I<h."-"Mr. [";.rpen. "Cambridge.~lilT. G. Walcr"Off.fC. "'Veston.~-Rev • .II. II . .Jlfalfl"=8.
neighbourhood

11•• ,1 hra"y·hI~,~·: • Iighllypromincnl;

""JrIU;

""boordal<, bro)(ZOtI Liu., with the anl<riorangl ... a ,10".1 c\,anncl, becoming obsolele il< .... bebind: .. y-black,or clytratatherd""plypu""la~ ....riDkledltaD,'·el'llCly, .li(d~ timed with bluiah on th~ an\<,,,,, .. a!oorufou,,a.wellBliluC

.he dise "ith

iront,aodlenningtl"gin.f"v toe apc::<<>r.....,h Toun,led,hn ial<'tallllargi".: apex of d,,, abdomen,

.triated"heintcr.li<:tllalittl"raisedandta'herd~ply 1(lI"ra,hcr/O'Vf,~tif_: .nd th.em.q;;ns

of each acgmom

Also 'ffiOllcrat.ely common: fom"l oce:,~ionally in the murshl"l about 'Voolwich mul Battersea, Fnlham, &c. "Southcnd."-llcv. P. IV. Hope. "Ncar C:,rnbridgc."_C. Durwin, Esq. «Epplng." -Mr. DQUbleday. "Whittk&'a."_:R~v.;d. Ii . .MatUICW.I• .n.Wi.htheposUTiorli!mora';"u>le. Sp.17. ~renyanlhi<li .. Eltmgata, "'I'm viriJi.",nMfI;/i,/a, •• hlu.-crC'""'_

,.,.,·cM,a"l.nni.'~f'"r."mp<diLu"l".nifo:r<"""g;"ti."I!llri$c"'''''If>-JI,ifrlis, ;nler,liIii.,I ..,," •• cr.I"'rogo.i.s.I(Loug.oorp·6--6t1in.) Do. M.nysn,llidi •. :F,,"",C;u,.-SI'11h. 'On/al. ~e. No. \,l1111l~L •.• implex. Ma~/!/A,(l.I"·9:8·fil5. EJ""IJ"I" .lightly dtr~l; .h<l~e of a Jh;~i~K brnMY-gr«"', beneath dOlhed with a oJIv.ry dth<n: I,ead finely pun.nrn:d, "',ib a d..ep frontal channel: t!torax";thadct'plmJ"l"l8ianoo"themiddlcrneachliae. an """"Iete donal

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LIST Ol~ PLATES .
.xX.
f.

;:~~:;JE~
;l ];\:\~:':"r :r:bojd.. : ~
i~ ~;:~':. . ~'~'~~i:'
6.

I.

llli.omsNortIlrtU

.

G'"""po"mam.

XXI.

f.

4.1IIycl<ru'gri,eu. r. SpJ""ri.... ~.p.. tul.'u. . Ii C.cuj"-,, .. ta«u.o x.."lI.f.l. Sopord.rerreo. • Z. Callidium.uoticum 3. Leptunrirrno .

XXII.l.

(.1.

i: l=:E.::
c...id.a<itta\a •

2.
:l.

Oocrio<li.o 7.p.~cwa, .ar. Eo",olpu.olhll..-ynii
ChrY"'fiI<lacereali •. CryplDC<:phalWlnigriponnio H;'p".tn

4.
Ii.

6.

EnUA'l'A
!'''S.I,line4frombottom,jOrUroho<ly",., ... dIlruhely'''' :I,-30,forb,ungulaw"",dbiunK"I.to.. :I,_:I6,forC£"T".IL"'''C''A,,,,,dC~'''rOKILY''C''U'' :1,_43,f ... a.naliculum,r<eJC2Dalic"loru. 4,-31,jOr2.00"",d3.tio. (;,_ 1,/erNE)lorc,rmJN""OICU" ~,_ 6,jOrthi~,,,,,,,,_nd. 0,_13,frtl'ldtgno<>ll'.,,,,Jindigonous. 02,_ 3,.f/"iQin .. ,.-ca<ijoiOL 1&9,- 4,j"or[6;2·,r<04l6re'. 11U,_ l,f"'cal~noou .. "udWigi"",,"m. 119,_ 4,jUt"pU_ .. "/>r;""" •• , .... J,,II .. o-'".';"'n.". 201,_lU,jOr!'HLOEB'YI,T",dPlll.0y.on,u •. ~g:lj"rAPL"G"E"'A.'<"J!i.l'l(r.LOC"EMlA. 2~1, _ 2:1, fu, ~I"CRO'~""", ...",[ M,C"O'·"F.A. , 217, - 17,/urho>, ,,,,,dh ... 2U;;, _ 14,jorODoN·rO"~E"",,,,,,[C""'TOCJ"'''A. 20;, _ 33.,for4.m.f\,Io""r.~, .. "d4.macul.""j".G. 28G._2;"i,,forf.G.r<aaf.6. :U,7,_26,j"'''id"be<l,tr&,mld''iththe,bo7U. :16:1,_11,,for.b!cu"' bocu.u •. :JG.I, _ L4,f",rugooomuS p',

;;~:=

©

The Complete

Work

of Charles

Darwin

Online

/'( xx.

T

m

'w rk

r

rwn

nli

J'LXXI

l~j
s

e
I

I

~>---~.
.L.''"t. ... ''''~.~J.I'..~.rx:i'·.JtJ".'

© The

Comolete

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of Charles

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Online

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The

comolete

Work

of Charles

Darwin

Online

ILLUSTRATIONS

BRITISH

ENTOMOLOGY;
int:lfctt:l:

S!.!Uopt:ltt:l of inbtgtnout:l

THEIR GENERIC AND SPECIFIC DISTINCTIONS;
AN ACCOUNT 01<' THEIR METAMORPHOSES, TIMES OF APPEARANCE, LOCALITIES, FOOD, AND ECONOMY, AS FAR AS PRACTICABLE.

BY JAMES FRANCIS STEPHENS,
)!EMBER OF TilE ZOOLOGICAl. SOCIETY, ETC.

F.L.S.

R.\IBELLISHED

WITH COLOURED FIGURES OF THE MORE INTERESTING SPECIES.

RARER

AND

MANDIBULATA.
VOL. V.

"In his 111m parvis tamque fere nullia que ratio! quanta vis! qUllm inextricabilie perfectioJ"_Pli,!. "Finis Creationis Tclluri~ est gloria DEI, ex opera Nature, per Hominem !olum."_LiIlIlC.

LONDON:
PRINTED FOR THE AUTHOR; AYD

PU8LISHED

BY BALDWIN

AND

CRADOCK

.

...

-<W""-'_m.>""'""""~arlesDarwinonline

_

394
the anterior tarsi stature dilated, moderate,

.AI'PEXDIX.

compressed, slightly

and convex,

with viz.;-

very

minute
genel

acetubuli obscure.

beneath: Ericbeon

colour

ally

divides this genus into five sections, the basal joint (Species of the posterior II to 16 of2d Stepb, Nomen,

§

1.

With

tarsi ciliated

beneath

in the males.

edit. of Nomeocletore.) 2d edit. col. 11.-0blongo-ovalulJ triba« irregu/a1'ihus piceo, punctorunv
nl~erJ

Sp. 16, Cor .. cyaneus. 8uhdepressl1s, serum, (Long. interne

el!Jtris hI!viuimi,~ sirigis nigro-c'!Jalll:is, margine slightly depressed, disc within black;

impres-

libiis tars/ague piceo:fhrugineis. with three strire the apex some off towards

corp. 3!-liu.) elj tra very smooth, punctures, bright and at blackish-blue, of very ones
j

Oblong-ovate, composed scattered Taken the margins

irregularly-placed

the

shaded

to pitchy;

tibim aud tarsi pitchy-red.

near London. With the two basal joints males. (species Loudon, muennis (Long. convex, hlack; of the posterior tar-si ciliated 2d edit.) (Bahinglon) suhcon1lex'U~, pedihus very [aecis, finely e. v, P: 329. beneath in the

§

2.

17 to 19 Nomen. jJfag. Hist.l\rat. ferrugiueis, corp. 3 liu.) the

Bp. 19. COL. hranchiatus.

-Steph. Nomen. 2dedit.
lissime Jlunctaio-strigosua, slightly anteune line. \Vales

col. 17.-0blongo-ollaiu."

niger,

subti-

d!Jt1'isgue punctatetrans-

lineoM obsoielafenestrat6.
Oblong-ovate, strigose; parent Taken

surface

ferruginous;

.legs fuscous ; elytra Esq. posterior tarsi

with an obsolete

in North With

by C. Darwin, of the

§ 3.

the three

basal joints males.

ciliated

beneath

in the

(Sp. ~o to 24 Nomen. joints of the posterior to 31 Nomen. This insect

sd edit.) tarsi dilated sd edlr.j has been taken near
«

§ 4. With

the

four

basal males.

beneath

in the

(Sp.:;!5

Page

79. Sp. 30. COL. ferruglncus. C. Babillgtull, E~q.

Deer-

nUl'V01l."-C.

§ /j.
Page

With

all the joints

of the tarsi ciliated 36 Nomen.

beneath

in the males. • (Newman)

{Sp. 3'2 to

2d edit.] Mag.

80. Sp. 36.

COL.

Snowdonlus.

Eruoni.

u, i. p. 55.ontennis pedi-

Nigro-wneus, busfjue pitchy; Probably Taken

{wvis, capite post (Long. smooth;

ice

punciis

duobusJen'ugillcis, dots; elevated

piceis,
elytra a variety

corp. 6 lin.) head behind with two rusty obscure autenne lilies. and legs with three

Blackish-brass,

finely strigoec,

of Co. bipustulatus. by Mr. Newman. Erichsen; scccud joint nearly equal in length with the third
j

on Sllo~don --

who kindly

supplied

me with the species.

II.YDws, with the

Labial

pufpi

© The CpmpMe

Work of Charles

Darwin Online

_

LIST UF PLATES.

PI.ATE

FIG.

I'AGE

XXIV.

XXV.

XXVI.

XX V I r.

Alphitophagu$ 4-pustulatus Helicphilus obsoletes Scraptia nlgricans . PhlO"iotryarufipes . ii. HypulusQuercinus 6. Abdcra4.fascinta . 1. Donopnlpua Vigorsii . 2. Nnthua bimaculatus t and palpi 3. . 9 and palpus 4. Sybnris irnmunis and claw. 5. Nctoxus Rhinoceres. 11. 'l'horaxofN. Rhinoceros b. " N.lHonoceras. 6. Adcrusllolcti I. Seydmmnua Dennii a. Antenna. b.lHaxillary palpus. 2. Bolitochara colleris 3. Zyras Haworthi .1. Enccphalus camplicans 5. !\Icb'Tllcronusformosus ft. l\laxillary palpus. b. Lnbial palpus. 6. Vcl1ciu~di\atatu5 II. Antenna. I. Dryptobium fracticornc . b. l\Jaxilla andits palpus. e. Labium and its pelpus, d. :l\lentum. e. Mandible. 2. Medon Rudrlii .•. a. Maxilla. h. Maxillary palpua. c. Labium and its palpus, d. Mentum. e. Mandibles, f. Anterior tarsus. 3. Bledius Ruddi • 4. Carpulimus bilineatus 1\. Antenna. b. Labium and pnlpua. c. Maxilla and palpua. d. Labrum. c. Mandibles. f. Anterior tarsus. g. Posterior leg and tibia. 5. Magnrthrusrnfeseens • a. lUaxilla and palpus. b. Labrum. c.Mandible. d. Labium and palpus, e.])06teriorleg. t. Intermediate leg. 6. AcidotRctenata. . a. Maxillaandpalpns. b. Labium and palpus. c. Labrum. d.1Uandible.
EXO OF VOL.

1. 2. 3. 4.

12 18 J9

ae
>6

38 60 '9

70 72
72

76

83 125 126
16..l

167 201 2jl

273

308 324

331

358

v.

© The Complete Work of Charles Darwin Online

.

rt.xa:

'

1ttt

;

I

I

.1'( XXV

n.rm:

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