Energy Efficiency Developments in the Hotel industry

March 4, 2010

Mr.Boonpong Kijwatanachai Thai Alternative Engineering Consultant Co.ltd 365/1188 Phuttabucha 47, Thungkrue, Bangmod Bangkok 10140 Tel. 02 874 8164 Fax. 02 874 8165

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000-30.m ) 1.000+ 7 20-150 100-500+ 1-10 10-30 . Introduction Hotel Classification Small and Medium Scale Large Scale Classification Scale Small and Medium Large March 4.1. 2010 No.000-6.000+ 300. of Room Useable Area ( sq.000 6.000 Storey Electricity bill ( Index based on 3000kWh/m2-yr ) 50.

2010 8 .Hotel No. of guest rooms Hotel utilities Banquet and meeting room March 4.

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36% March 4. Energy End Use in Hotel Other system 28.65% Split type air conditioning system 0.89% 10 .93% Sanitary and Waste system 5. 2010 Central air-conditioning system 46.18% Lighting system18.2.

2. 2010 11 . Most Typical Load Profile 15-min kW Load Profiles of 5-star Hotel 1400 1200 1000 kW 800 600 400 200 0 14:15:00 22:30:00 6:45:00 15:00:00 23:15:00 7:30:00 15:45:00 0:00:00 8:15:00 16:30:00 0:45:00 9:00:00 17:15:00 1:30:00 9:45:00 18:00:00 2:15:00 10:30:00 18:45:00 3:00:00 11:15:00 9/11/00 9/11/00 9/12/00 9/12/00 9/12/00 9/13/00 9/13/00 9/14/00 9/14/00 9/14/00 9/15/00 9/15/00 9/15/00 9/16/00 9/16/00 9/16/00 9/17/00 9/17/00 9/17/00 9/18/00 9/18/00 Time March 4.

3. 2010 12 . Energy Potential Guideline Energy Management System Reduce Loss Improve Efficiency Reclaim Heat and Recovery March 4.

Case Study How to conduct energy conservation How to measure and analysis How to gathering all data How to reduce losses and improve efficiency How to evaluate and follow up How to do the energy measures and financial model How to share option March 4. 2010 13 .

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Hotel Energy End Use Hotel Electricity • • • • • • HVAC Lighting Waste Water Treatment Cold Water System Compressed Air System Others Thermal • Boiler System (Laundry and Cooking) March 4. 2010 17 .

ELEVATORS LIGHTING &RECEPTACLES March 4. 2010 18 .Electrical System Single Line Diagram 2500 kVA 33 kV-400/230V G TIE BUS 2500 kVA 33 kV-400/230V LIGHTING & RECEPTACLES SPARE MOTORS ELEVATORS WATER PUMP AIR COND.

2010 19 .HVAC Central Cooling Diagram CONDENSER WATER PUMP ROOM AHU/FCUs (CDP) CHILLED WATER PUMP (CHP) CHILLER COOLING TOWER (CT) March 4.

Sanitary System Cold Water Supply Diagram SUPPLY P4 BO O STER PUMP F P3 P5 F P2 P6 P1 S CO LD WA TER PUMP WATER T ANK P7 SO FT WATER PUM P P8 P9 March 4. 2010 20 .

2010 21 .Waste Water System Waste Water Treatment Diagram AB AB CI2 TRANSFER SUMP PUMPS AERATED GRIT COMMINUTOR CHAMBER AND PREAERATION AERATION TANK CLARIFIER SPRAY WATER STORAGE TANK CHLORINE CONTACT TANK EFFLUENT PUMP SUMPS TO PUBLIC SEWER RETURN SLUDE EXCESS SLUDE AB SLUDGE SUMP SLUDGE DEWATERING MACHINE DRY SOLIDS TO DISPOSAL AB CI2 PUMP AIR BLOWER CHLORINE GAS March 4.

Energy use Power x Time of use March 4. 2010 22 .

Energy Efficiency Ratio (EER)
Cooling Capacity, BTU/Hr Power input, watt
EER = 10.6 will be equal No. 5
COP : Coefficient of performance COP = EER/3.41 COP kW/RT kW/RT
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= 0.293 EER = 12/EER = 3.516/COP
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2010 32 .Step1 : Survey all Thermal and Electricity Equipment Step 2 : Detail energy end use per annual March 4.

2010 33 .Step 1 • HVAC • • • • • Chiller Chilled Water Pump Condenser Water Pump Cooling Tower AHU/FCU • Lighting •Cold water •Waste water • Cold Water Pump • Booster Pump • Soft Water Pump • Lift and escalator • Others March 4.

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CHILLER AUDIT เครื่องทําน้ําเย็น ระบายความรอนดวยน้ํา March 4. 2010 41 .

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2010 46 .Flow meter March 4.

2010 47 .Power Meter March 4.

2010 48 .Air flow meter and Hygrometer March 4.

2010 Power meter 49 .March 4.

2010 50 .SPLIT TYPE AUDIT March 4.

2010 51 .WATER PUMP AUDIT March 4.

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Step 2 Sanitary Lift 5 % 3% Cold water 12 % Lighting 16 % Others4 % March 4. 2010 HVAC 60 % 56 .

Drying machine 54 % Hygiene 34 % Ironing 8 % Washing 4 % March 4. 2010 57 .

Recommendation to measure Position to measure Type of instrument Accuracy Condition of machine Method of measure Others March 4. 2010 58 .

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 March 4. 2010 Hygrometer Anemometer Power Meter Flow Meter Conductivity Water Analysis Thermocouple Lux Meter Power Recorder 59 .

2010 60 .Load profiles in one week kW 1600 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 2:00:00 PM 2:00:00 AM 2:00:00 PM 2:00:00 AM 2:00:00 PM 2:00:00 AM 2:00:00 PM 2:00:00 AM 2:00:00 PM 2:00:00 AM 2:00:00 PM 2:00:00 AM 2:00:00 PM 2:00:00 AM 2:00:00 PM 28/10/2003 29/10/2003 29/10/2003 30/10/2003 30/10/2003 31/10/2003 31/10/2003 1/11/2003 1/11/2003 2/11/2003 2/11/2003 3/11/2003 3/11/2003 4/11/2003 4/11/2003 LOAD PROFILE Time March 4.

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2010 62 .Losses in the systems are mostly come from improper operation and maintenance Efficiency / Efficacy means: Losses Control Method Operation Hours March 4.

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Recognize Problem Plan to Take Action Analyze Variance to Problems Conduct Energy Audit Establish Reporting and Control System Identify and Analyze ECOs Monitor and Followup March 4. 2010 Energy Report to Management (Implementation) 64 .

Energy Saving= Baseline Energy Use .Post installation Energy Use Engineering Calculations Metering and Monitoring Billing Analysis Computer Simulation Assessment and agreement between relevant firms March 4. 2010 65 .

Example Graph kw/ton Ton of Cooling % Load kwh % Occupancy Time Ambient Temp. 2010 Time 66 . March 4.

000 March 4.926) = 59. 2010 49.926) = 12.541 GPM Btu/hr โหลดความรอนรวมที่อุณหภูมิ 25 OC Btu/hr Btu/hr 542. Proper adjust room temperature Existing : Room temperature 25 OC Chilled water flow rate Water friction losses = = = Adjust temperature to 27 OC= Adjust temperature to 28 OC= 900 50.770 667.4 .075 Btu/hr ตัน ตัน 67 การคํานวณ : ที่อุณหภูมิ 27 oC ตันความเย็น = (667.075 + 50.541 + 50.926 848.Example of Energy Measures 1.000 ที่อุณหภูมิ 28 oC ตันความเย็น = (542.87 12.

Part Load Performance Graph of Room Temperature 100 % kW Room Temp 50 28 10 20 50 RT 75 59.248 บาท/เดือน 4.0 .7 82.4 % of use 25 20 16.1 25 27 28 100 % Load During night time room temperature can be increased and saving will be as shown Room temerature 27 OC Tariff rate 2 บาท/kWh) Room temerature 28 OC (Tariff rate 2 บาท/kWh) March 4.424 บาท/เดือน = (82.0 76.212 2. 2010 = (93.124 kWh/เดือน kWh/เดือน 68 .5 % kW 32 28 26 kW 93.1) x 12 x 30 = = 4.8 49.76.0) x 12 x 30 = = 8.7 .82.

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3. 8.Daily Energy Measures 1. Turn off unused lamps Traffic planning Optimization of HVAC Increasing room air conditioning as much as possible Optimization of water Reuse and recycle papers Turn off PC and notebook computer Regular maintenance HVAC March 4. 6. 2010 70 . 2. 7. 4. 5.

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Thank you for your attention March 4. 2010 72 .

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