HOUSEHOLD TIPS

M. Jaya Rao

Often we face the problems of cleaning up stains and sometimes wonder whether we have live with them. Also we often wish that the cut flowers in the vases do not wilt so quickly. During monsoons we face the problem of dampness in the cup boards and are there any solutions to these problems? Here are some useful household tips: 1. 2. Ripen green tomatoes quickly by placing them, along with an already ripe apple, in a paper bag for 2 days. For best results, maintain a ratio of about 5 or 6 tomatoes per apple. Keep your wooden or plastic cutting board clean by occasionally scrubbing it with a paste made from 1 tbsp each of soda bicarbonate , salt and water. Rinse thoroughly with hot water. To get rid of smells and dried – up spills inside the refrigerator, remove the contents, and then sprinkle some soda bicarb on a damp sponge and scrub the sides, shelves and compartments. Rinse with a clean and wet sponge. To clean your microwave, put a solution of 2 tbsps of soda bicarbonate in a cup of water in a microwave – safe container and cook on high for 2-3 mins. Remove the container, and then wipe down the microwave’s damp interior with a damp paper towel. Freshly cut flowers will stay longer if you add ¼ tsp. bleach per litre of vase water. 3 drops bleach and 1 tsp. sugar in 1 litre of water will also prevent the water from getting cloudy and inhibit the growth of bacteria. 6. Rose and other cut flowers keep fresh longer if crushed aspirin is put in the water. Other household items that can be added to extend the life of your flower arrangements include: a multivitamin, a tsp of sugar, a pinch of salt and soda bicarb. Clean artificial flowers by placing them in a paper bag with ¼ cup of salt. Give the bag a few gentle shakes and your flowers will emerge as clean as the day you bought them. The easiest way to pick up glass fragments is to press a slice of bread over the area. Tie a dozen pieces of chalk together and hang them in your damp cupboard. The chalk will absorb the moisture help prevent mildew. Replace the bunch with a fresh bunch every few months. To clean stuffed toys, rub a little corn flour onto the toy, wait about 5 minutes and then brush it clean. For more tips you may contact me on jayaraom@yahoo.co.in

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AYURVEDA AND PANCHAKARMA
Dr. H.B.Shailaja Ayurveda is one of the great gifts of the sages of ancient India to mankind. It is one of the oldest scientific medical systems in the world with a long record of clinical experience to validate it. However, it is not only a system of medicine in the conventional sense of curing disease, but also a way of life that teaches us how to maintain and protect health. It shows us how to cure disease and also to promote longevity. Ayurveda treats man as a 'whole' though at the same time viewing him as a combination of body, mind, and soul. Therefore it is a truly holistic and integral medical system. The word 'Ayu' means all aspects of life from birth to death. The word 'Veda' means knowledge or learning. Thus 'Ayurveda' denotes the science by which life in its totality is understood. It is a science of life that delineates the diet, medicines, and behavior that are beneficial or harmful for life. Ayurveda originated in the very beginning of the cosmic creation. Indian philosophers state that Ayurveda originates from Brahma, the creator of the universe. Brahma is not a mere individual but the unmanifested form of the Divine Lord, from whom the whole manifest world has come into being. Ayurveda describes remedies based on herbs, minerals,and other therapeutic procedures like PANCHAKARMA. Panchakarma means 'five procedures’. Basically therapeutic measures are taken to either prevent diseases or cure them. There are five types of procedures in the panchakarma therapy. These include 1. VAMANA(Forced Vomiting) 2. VIRECHANA(Purgation) 3. NIRUHA BASTI (Medicated Decoction Enema.) 4. ANUVASANA BASTI( Medicated oil) 5. Nasya VAMANA: It is administration of certain emetic drugs that induce a severe spell of vomiting to clean the upper gut. This procedure is best for diseases related to kapha dosha (excess of phlegm). That is Bronchial Asthma is often prevented by inducing vamana. VIRECHANA: Administration of purgatives to clean the bowel. This procedure helps in all the three doshas. That is Digestive disorders, Skin problems, and those related to blood also. (2)

in the varsha ritu(monsoon). then a preventive Vaman can be resorted to for normalizing it. Example: . It is a procedure in which medication is administered through the nostril in order to purify the head and neck region. Similarly. ANUVASANA BASTI: In this medicated oil is used in enema. shoulders. It is mainly done for vata dosha disorders.Arthritis. E-Mail shailaja31578@gmail. It is done to cleanse the sinus cavities.com STORY OF A BOAT Karthik P It was a very gloomy night Black was everyone’s sight The clouds were dark And the Moon was a faint one The lightning and the thunder Flashed and roared. facial paralysis.NIRUHA BASTI: In this a decoction is prepared from herbs according to the disease and administer through the anal region. Here we use liquid drops that are more cleansing in action. sunisitis. also the head and neck region. to prevent diseases from occurring due to a particular season when a particular dosha plays truant. They can be used as preventive or therapeutic measures. Indication: Headache. stiffness in head. neck. i. louder and louder The wind was threatening And the waves were slashing The rain was glutting It’s water was freezing At this hour. This is very much helpful in bowel disorders. The basic aim of panchakarma is to remove the excessively accumulated dosha. nasal pain. If one wants to use panchakarma for prophylactic purpose. as in Vasant ritu(spring).e. is administered with the niruha basti and is done alone. a single boat was sailing Amidst all the heavy pouring (3) The boat was in white painted And very well crafted It was designed in such a way that It could withstand any weather Land was straight ahead In the same route. Migraine. when the vata dosha is upset. the boat was led When all the troubles seemed to be gone The boat tumbled upside down A huge beam of light had passed And an immense wind had the boat tossed Deep under the dark water His own boat of paper . Virechana can be performed to normalize pittha. Osteoarthritis etc. lock-jaw. This enema NASYA: Nasya means nasal administration of medicated powders or liquids. we can do basti to mormalise the vata dosha and in the sharad ritu(autumn).com shailaja_31578@yahoo.

S. The king. it can be concluded that Telugu-speaking people were probably the older peoples inhabiting the land between Krishna and Godavari before the advent of the Satavahana dynasties. The golden age of Telugu literature dawned around the 16th century AD under the patronage of the emperor Krishnadeva Raya of the Vijayanagar Era. an accomplished poet himself. Burmese. Potana's "Dasamaskandham". Some of the early landmarks in Telugu. Modern composers like Mysore Vasudevachari have also chosen Telugu as their medium of composition. His court was graced by the "Ashtadiggajas". Hyderabad. The origins of Telugu. Javanese and Balinese languages' scripts. This article probes the origins and history of this language. Thai. Telugu is recognized as one of the languages of India and is the official language of the state of Andhra Pradesh. Telugu is another language of consequence in the Indian subcontinent. However.com With 80 million speakers and the language of a thriving entertainment industry. introduced the "Prabandha" form of poetry in Telegu literature with his "Amukta Malyada".Telugu . The Telugu script is largely syllabic in nature and is written from left to right in sequences of simple and complex characters. lack satisfactory and conclusive evidence. The first clear archaeological inscriptions in Telugu date back to the 7th century AD.Rao Source: bhashaindia. The Telugu script is believed to have descended from the Brahmi script of the Ashokan era. C"am. considered to be among the greatest poets of that time. Thus. The first known work of literature in Telugu was the "Mahabharata" written by Nannaya around the 11th century AD. Their similarities to the Telugu script are easily discernable. its closest cousin.The Language of Honey Collected by : B.S. Telugu words first made an appearance in the Maharashtri Prakrit anthology of poems titled "Gadhasaptashathi" created by the Satavahana king Hala in the first century BC. are Srinathudu's "Sringara Naishadham". Annamacharya and Kshetrayya are some names in a large list of illustrious contributors. Thyagaraja. Khmer. home to the hi-tech capital of India. A number of famous luminaries in Carnatic Music composed their works in Telugu. unlike most other Dravidian languages. Jakkana's "Vikramarka Charitra" and Talapaka Timmakka's "Subhadra Kalyanam". The appearance of the Telugu alphabet system is very similar to the Kannada alphabet. prior to Raja Krishnadeva Raya's golden age. Merchants took the Eastern Chalukyan script of Telugu to Southeast Asia where it is believed to have parented the Mon. Since the number of possible syllables thus formed (4) .

European travelers in the 19th century often referred to Telugu as the "Italian of the East". Hyderabad's proximity to the arena of Information technology and the concerted efforts of Telugu-language proponents ensures Telugu's growing significance in the Information Technology sector and in the Computing scene. young poets gave birth to a new form of romantic poetry called the "Bhavakavithwam" in the middle parts of the 19th century. Although Telugu has a unique set of symbols to depict numerals. 3 vowel modifiers and 41 consonants. Keats and Wordsworth. consists of 60 symbols in total. Although the first printed Telugu book was out by 1796. Telugu literature's Renaissance came full circle with Kandukuri Veeresalingam's book. Telugu literature's renaissance set in later on in the early part of the 19th century.is very large. Heavily influenced by the works of Shelly. Arabic numbers are extensively and more commonly used. Thus Telugu. A sentence in Telugu ends with either a single bar (called a "purna virama") or a double bar (called a "deergh virama"). called "Vyavaharika Bhasha Vadam" followed suit with Gurajada Apparao and Gidugu Ramamurty with works like "Mutyala Saralu" and Cattamanchi Ramalinga Reddy's (also Founder of Andhra University) "Musalamma Maranam" and Rayaprolu Subbarao's "Trunakankatam" forming the pioneering examples of the new age in Telugu literature. Owing to the fact that virtually every word in Telugu ends with a vowel sound. (5) . considered to be the first novel in Telugu. However. "Karma"(object of the verb) and "Kriya" (action or the verb) follow a sequence. syllables are composed of basic units such as vowels ("achchu" or "swar") and consonants ("hallu" or "vyanjan"). with 16 vowels. Telugu is often considered an agglutinative language. The shapes of "maatras" differ greatly from the shapes of the corresponding vowels. Today. just as it had throughout the course of history over the centuries. Telugu also has a "Vibhakthi" (preposition) tradition. Grammatically. The consonants in the consonant clusters take different shapes in reference to the context it is utilized in. it is traditional to write and read consonants with an implied 'a' vowel sound. the vowel part is indicated orthographically using signs known as "maatras". This is one of several ways through which Telugu could be clearly classified as a Dravidian language. "Karta" (nominative case or the doer). The colloquial form of literary usage. Consonants are presumed to be pure consonants without any vowel sound in them. in effect. "Rakashekharacharitramu". When consonants combine with other vowel signs. in Telugu. wherein certain syllables are added to the end of a noun in order to denote its case. Time and effort will ensure that this mellifluous language will prosper.

infinite knowledge and indomitable energy lies within you. stop not till the goal is reached . Thus yoga was born. if we are able to realize our own self. Believe this and that power will be manifested. There are many people who have everything they need but are still unhappy and restless. The founders were the Rishis and Maha Rishis. Yes. If you can think that infinite power. Modern science provides us with all luxury and comfort for an easy existence. you also can become like me”. The objective of Yoga is self realisation through various methods especially ‘Asanas’ and ‘Pranayama’. Yoga is a technique designed to reveal the sources of creative inspiration hidden inside humans and lays the foundation for self development and self awareness. Yoga teaches us self discipline through which one can attain the desired results. These great people realised that life had its limits. It is a search for inner development of consciousness which modifies a person’s social and cultural behaviour. But it is not so. awake. there will be no misery. moderation of food. Yoga should not be mistaken for a religion. it’s a way of life. Other than performing Asanas regularly. The tradition of Yoga was born in India thousands of years ago.Lakshmi The word ‘YOGA’ seems to be magical word in this modern age. no pain. It is only through Yoga that they can overcome all these and realise the ultimate reality as well as having positive attitude in life. only happiness and joy. It had a lot of pain and suffering. However. no suffering. Yoga is not just about doing exercises.within each of you. If you have the will power and a strong determination. many people feel that Yoga is very difficult or impossible to practice. They found out a truth that there was a way to escape the tragic problems of life by bringing the body and mind under control. “Rise. Swami Vivekananda once said. discipline in behaviour.THE POWER OF YOGA K. Yoga is regarded as a science as well as a method that allows man to live a harmonious life while attaining his spiritual progress through the control of mind and body. But what is this ‘Yoga. but deprives us of peace of mind. and if you can bring out that power. In India. there is the power to remove all wants and all miseries. (6) . purity of thought are also a part of Yoga. nothing is impossible. How has it come into human life? What makes it so popular? Is it beneficial in our every day lives? There are some of the questions which arise in a common man’s mind.

Discipline entails the strict observance of rules. It is the most indispensable quality of life and is the backbone of character. Silence . Cleanliness . Discrimination. Hence discipline is the law of nature and is essential for every person. regulations and directions. Discipline is essential to succeed in any endeavor what ever the field may be whether it is economic. what is most needed today is to make a person manifest more tolerance. Without Discipline the mind of a person is turned into a wild elephant in a rut. No hatred . social. inner values find expressions in righteous conduct (7) . 3. Thus. more humanity. military and is even more essential for success in spiritual effort. 4. These have proved to be beneficial by centuries of practice. more compassion and deeper awareness of springs of joy and peace that lie within the heart of person. don't waste food as food is God.V. Service. Determination. It would lead to good actions and more positive thoughts.it is the first step in practice to promote self control 2.it is a doorway to Godliness.DISCIPLINE S .S. Vaishnavi S. The five important points of discipline are: 1. The sense of duty can yield results only when discipline is observed. education. Determination is required to convert good actions into good habits until they become our second nature. Discipline comes to our rescue during our time of crisis. cloth. Similarly.no being is to be looked down as unimportant We should not waste time as time wasted is life wasted.it is selfless service. brotherlinenss. Hence Discipline is to be taught at an early age.it. The process of transformation is achieved by a close combination of Five 'Ds' -Devotion. 5. building more accommodation etc. broadens our vision and deepens our compassion.Shashidhar Man has set down certain modes of behavior in all lands and communities in order to secure orderly and smooth running of lift. Duty and Discipline Devotion is the starting point with proper discrimination we should see that only positive thoughts are put into action. With a disciplined approach we should repeat good actions so that they form into good habits. All efforts today are being concentrated on production of more and more products like food. Love .

Frolic on a vast array of golden beaches that dot an enviable coastline. on the north east by Madhya Pradesh and Orrisa and on the east by Bay of Bengal. 2000 cavalry and 1000elephants. Puranas and Buddhist Jataka Tales.65%. Let the jungle lure you to a fascinating world at a diverse array of wildlife sanctuaries and park!!!! Andhra Pradesh is the fourth largest state in India with an area of 275000 sq. The official language of Andhra Pradesh is Telugu and is spoken by 85% of the population. According to Wikipedia. A state in southern region of India. Jakkanna (second half of 14thcentury).History. (8) . Explore modem cities that have grown IT on the roots 'of a multi-hued past. Andhra means "leader in battle" and Pradesh means "region". When it comes to the history of Andhra Pradesh. Ramayana. km. In common with Rest of the Indian . short story. Meander through lands steeped in chivalry and pageantry. During the same period some Telugu poets translated Sanskrit poems and dramas. During 1022-1063 AD. It is interesting to note that 38% of the Urdu speaking population in Andhra Pradesh is bilingual in Telugu as well. while others attempted original narrative poems. The popular Telugu literary form called 'Prabhanda' was evolved. internationally it ranks between 13-17th position. There are 23 districts in Andhra Pradesh and the state is crossed by two major rivers Godavari and Krishna. Heritage and Culture of Andhra Pradesh Movva Sai Krishna Lose yourself in the Wonder that is Andhra Pradesh. Then emerged a period of Renaissance. Sri Krishna Devaraya's Amuktamalyada is regarded as a Mahakavya. prose. His work Sringara Naishadham is very well known. Megasthenes mentioned that Andhras has 30 fortified towns and an army of a million infantry. Mahakavi Nannaya translated Sanskrit Mahabharatha into Telugu. Peddanna's 'Manucharitra' is also another great work of literature. Make a pilgrimage to the holy shrines that echo with tales of antiquity. There were other religious poets like Potana (1450-1510). Telugu language is the second largest spoken language in India after Hindi. on west by Kamataka. Telugu literature was increasingly influenced by European literary forms like the novel. During the period of Chandra Gupta Maurya (322-297 BC). Srinatha (1365-1441) was the foremost poet who popularized this style of composition. Andhra is an ancient society of India. on north and north west by Maharastra state. They confirm the ancient existence of Andhra society. Urdu is spoken by 8% and Hindi by 2. sport with adventure in style. Later in 13thand 14th century Tikkanna and Yerranna continued the translation started by Nannaya. drama etc. the free encyclopedia. Europeans like C P Brown played an important role in the development of Telugu language and literature. Buddhist books reveal that Andhras established their kingdoms in the Godavari valley. The golden period of Telugu literature was the 16th and 17th century. There are several references about Andhra in epics like Mahabharatha. With the conquest of the Deccan by the Mughals in 1687AD there ensued a period of decadence (1750-1850) in literature. Andhra Pradesh is bordered on south by Tamil Nadu state.

Dappu. Ahobilam. Annavaram. Bhadhrachalam. Devulapalli Venkata Krishna Shastry. All three legends of the Carnatic Music Trinity . Lambadi.Shimachalam. Shyama Shastri and Muttuswami Dixitar were of Andhra descent. Apart from Kuchipudi. who wrote a novel. Gurazada Appa Rao. Burrakatha. Srisailam. Veeranatyam. Movva Kshetrayya and not to forget the contemporary legend Mangalampalli Balamurali Krishna. Gurram Jashuva. Puttaparthy Narayana Charyulu etc. Dhimsa and Kolattam. Bhamakalapam. Sri Sri. Sri Kalahasti.Thyagaraju. As far as dance is concerned. Other great composers include Annamacharya. RammappaTemple etc. The state also has a rich musical heritage. Bhadrachala Ramadasu. Viswanatha Satyanarayana. (9) .The father of modem literature is Kandukuri Viresalingam Pantulu (1848-1919). He was the first person to use literature to eradicate social evils. Mangalgiri. He was followed by Rayaprolu Subba Rao. Kuchipudi is the state's best known and widely practiced dance. inspired by the Vicar of Wakefield. Rajasekhara Charitamu. Butta Bommalu. the various forms of dance that existed through the state's history are Chenchu Bagotham. who contributed to the growth of Telugu literature. Katuri Venkateshwara Rao. Tappeta Gullu. Some of the famous religious places in AndhraPradesh are Tirupathi. Bonalu.

meaning mother dish for the people of Andhra. varied collection of sculptures. Bidri. fascinating woven sarees of Pochampalli. Pickles and chutneys. Mouth waters if you have a look at Andhra cuisine.D.Some of the cultural institutions like Archaeological Museum at Amaravati near Guntur. Salarjung Museum at Hyderabad and Vishaka Museum at Vishakapatnam display the relics of nearby ancient sites. Andhra Pradesh is also famous for Kondapalli dolls and wood carvings of deities from Chittoor district. Gadwal & Venkatagiri are also world famous. The temples in Lepakshi town of Anantapur district in Andhra Pradesh are home to some of the most beautiful paintings of Vijayanagar period available today. aavakaaya. called 'pacchadi' in Telugu are particularly popular in Andhra Pradesh. In keeping with the rich traditions of the state. A mango pickle. Sri Rama Navami in Bhadrachalam are the most popular. Many temple fairs like Bhrahmotsavam in Tirupathi. Brahmotsavam in tirupati: Fairs and Festivals are a part of living heritage in Andhra Pradesh. is probably the best (10) . The cuisine of coastal Andhra is reputedly the spiciest of all Indian foods. The Papaneshwar temple in Lepakshi was built in 1535 A. Muharram. respectively. brinjals and roselle (also called Gongura). Vijayadasami (Dussera). Many festivals like Sankrantri. Deepavali. history of the pre-Independence Madras Presidency. paintings and religious artifacts. Kalamkari. Hyderabad is also famous for glass bangles and a variety of pearls. Milad-un-Nabi. Ugadi. Deccan festival etc. Nirmal paintings. Christmas etc. otherwise called Andhra matha. Vishaka Utsav. are also celebrated by Andhra people in a big way. Varalakshmi Vratam. the people of Andhra Pradesh have patronized a host of arts and crafts that not only enrich the milieu but earn the artisans a lively hood. Chutneys are made from practically every vegetable including tomatoes. Andhra Pradesh Tourism organizes fairs like Lumbini fair.

Venkatapathy Raju. democratic politicians like Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. Prof. P V Narasimha Rao. freedom fighters like Alluri Sitaramaraju. Potti Sriramulu. N G Ranga. Osmania biscuit Bagara Baingan and Irani Chai are also very delicious and relished by many. Many Central and State Government units including prestigious research & development and defense establishments have made Hyderabad their home. 238 Engineering Colleges and 53 Medical Colleges. Karnam Malleshwari.V. Tanguturi Prakasham panthulu . mutton and chicken biriyanis are perhaps the most distinctive and popular of the Hyderabadi dishes. Andhra Pradesh is well known world over and its culture is still being propagated in all parts of the world through the people who are settled globally. the highest in the total exports touching Rs. which arrived in Telangana centuries'ago. Pingali Venkayya. The State is today on the top internationally with regard to information technology and its capital Hyderabad has metamorphosed into one of the best cities in the country. Its people are achievers who display a rare hospitality and courtesy.S. Rice is the staple food and is used in a wide variety of ways. Rani Rudrama Devi. Hyderabadi cuisine is influenced by the Muslim population. It is worthwhile noting that Andhra Pradesh has achieved 51% software exports in the year 2005-2006. Andhra Pradesh has three major cities Hyderabad. Durgabai Deshmukh scientists like Yellapragada Subba Rao. As many as 173 new software units were added making the state a leading destination for IT industry. religious leaders like Sri Pothuluri Veerabhrahmendra Swami. colleges and educational institutions of excellence. Their staffs drawn from all parts of the country feel at home in the new environment and culture. (11) . M. rice is either boiled and eaten with curry/chutneys or made into batter for use in Crepe dish called Attu or dosas or rice cakes called idlis. Meat. vegetables prepared with different masalas into a variety of strongly favoured dishes. sports personalities like Pullela Gopichand. V. Hyderabad acquired the nickname 'Cyberabad' because of tremendous growth in the Information Technology Industry. Laxman. From such a background emerges the modem day Andhra Pradesh.known of the Andhra pickles. Yogi Vemana. Sri Satya Sai Baba. Number of offices and R&D centers has cropped up in every nook and corner of the city. Kings and Queens like Goutami Putra Satakarni.12521crore. Azharuddin. Y Nayudamma. 'Chepala Pulusu' and other sea foods of Nellore are also famous. Much of the modem cuisine revolves around meat. It has around 1330 Arts. Andhra Pradesh is also having many schools. Other items like Haleem. Typically. Science & Commerce Colleges. on the forefront not just alphabetically. C R Roo. The vegetable. Vishakapatnam and Vijaywada. Sri Krishna Devaraya. V V Giri. Emperors. Other centers like Indian School of Business and "International Institute of Information Technology are also well known. Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy. Number of famous personalities took Andhra Pradesh to great heights and spread Andhra's name and fame all over the world. Koneru Hampi and latest sensation Sania Mirza are some of the well known people from Andhra Pradesh.

followed by another lion. Software Engineer Method: Catch a cat and claim that your testing has proven that it is a Lion. then also u wont! Yash Chopra method (director): Take the lion to Australia or US and kill it in a good scenic location.. The lion will live in fear and die soon in fear itself. ok.How to Catch a Lion!! ?? Sravan K Newton's Method: Let.. while it's sleeping! Manirathnam Method (director). the lion will also run faster and will get tired soon. Now send another lioness (third) into the forest. the lion catch you.. it will die automatically (12) .. Keep murmuring something in its ears. Our lion and lioness fall in love with each other. Send another lioness in to the forest. Make sure the lion does not get sun light by putting it in a dark room with a single candle lighted.read it after 15 yrs. Now you can trap it easily. Einstein Method: Run in the direction opposite to that of the lion.. Karan Johar Method (director): Send a lioness into the forest. For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. Jayalalitha Method: Send Police commissioner Muthukaruppan around 2AM and kill it. Govinda method: Continuously dance before the lion for 5 or 6 days. If anyone comes back with issues tell that you will upgrade it to a Lion. Menaka Gandhi method: save the lion from a danger and feed him with some vegetables continuously. But 2nd lioness loves both lions. You bat for 200 balls and score 1 run. Implies you caught lion. The lion will be highly irritated and commit suicide. Due to higher relative velocity. First lion loves the first lioness and the second lion loves the 2nd lioness. George bush method: Link the lion with Osama Bin Laden and shoot him!!! Ravi Shastri method: Ask the lion to bowl at you. Rajnikanth Method: Keep warning the lion that u may come and attack anytime. You don't understand right. Indian Police Method: Catch any animal and interrogate it & torture it to accept that it’s a lion.

Realize it. Life is a Life is an Life is a Life is a Life is a Life is a Life is Life is an Life is a it. Unfold it. INITIATIVE. Catch it. Dare it. Cope up with Smell it. Utilize it.A to Z of Life Explained Vinay Deep Life is an Life is a Life is a Life is a Life is it. Life is Life is a Life is Life is an Life is a Life is Life is Life is a ADVENTURE. TIME. Find it. DREAM. REALITY. Go after it Attain it. Meet it. The Rain A. WEALTH. Play it. Gives us a wonderful view. ENDURANCE. ZENITH. X? YEARNING. Take it. Answer it. Burn it. SONG. Enjoy it. The rain with the sun and dew. Complete it. Solve it. GAME. Worship it. Listen to Acquire it. HEAVEN. (13) . JOURNEY. QUESTION. KEROSENE. LOVE. PROMISE. Sing it. Make it. Lavanya The rain comes occasionally. CHALLENGE. BEAUTY. VOICE. Everything becomes lush and green. Life is Life is Life is an Life is NAME. Satisfy it. Face it. Fulfill it. MYSTERY. FRAGRANCE. The atmosphere changes typically. OPPORTUNITY. URGE. With the cool air felt and seen.

she lost track of her dream Anne opened her eyes They were filled with blurred light This really didn’t feel nice She got scared that she’d lost her sight Slowly. she was able to see Next to her. she wheeled back ahead “Wear the helmet”. a tall nurse stood Anne smiled. from the start A bike accident – brake failure Two passengers – boy and girl Boy dead on the spot Helmet saves the girl Skimming through the paper The truth flashed into her The Joe whom she had doubted Had wilfully sacrificed his life for her.P A normal and quiet life There lived a boy and a girl Anne wanted to become a wife But Joe would never agree “I love you” she said A million times a day Even before bed Swearing to go all the way Such was the girl’s love None like it was seen before As fresh and beautiful as a cave Yet. (14) . long lived as a tortoise ashore One bright and beautiful day They started off to the beach Speeding off a long highway They started munching a gum each Five minutes on the highway “Will you marry me“ asked Anne Gaining momentum on the way Silence filled the man Tears ran down her eyes She did’nt even wipe them Could’nt take his silence And couldn’t even forget him Could it be true? Did he lie? And if he had She was sure to die Except for him.LOVE NEED NOT BE SPOKEN Karthik. switching over the paper There it was The alarming part Giving a short pause She went on reading it. there was nothing she had She remembered her mom and dad Crying and weeping Her brother Tom might have Told the news of her eloping “Anne”. Joe’s voice She strapped the gear onto her head In no mood of making a different choice She went back to her thoughts This time. for the nurse to see Who refilled her bottle of blood “What happened”? Anne questioned The nurse handed her a journal “The third page” she motioned. it was a different dream It was full of dark red spots Finally.

temples. lime and rice flour. THE TRADITIONAL ART OF ANDHRA Rajeswari Viswanadham Muggu is a traditional art of decorating courtyards. girls and women compete with each other to draw a new design every time. etc. The combination of even and odd number of dots in rows and columns allows to draw any type of pictures.. Occasionally. They believe that the gods are fond of cleanliness and things of beauty and this is one household-art meant for propitiating deities. Every morning before sunrise. One important point is that the entire pattern must be an unbroken line. Now-a-days. The crescent is made at the centre of the design. Making muggu is not an occasional ceremony but a part and parcel of every day life of people of Andhra. the universal purifier. Newly-wedded people also receive guests in such decorated surroundings when the wedding celebrations are going on. decoration is not the sole purpose of a Muggu. The rice powder is said to invite birds and other small critters to eat it. places of worship and sometimes dining spaces in houses. cow-dung is also used to wax the floors. with no gaps to be left anywhere for evil spirits to enter. The Muggu is generally drawn while the surface is still wet so that it is held better. This is a design made with the powder of white stone. A ratha. It is indeed a test of mastery. It also provides contrast with the white powder. as one cannot repeat a pattern for 30 days. the drawings get walked on. naming ceremony or thread ceremony. finely laid out on the floor. The designs are symbolic and convey some meaning related to the occasions. reproductive organs and help in overall stretching of the body. rained out. The girls and women showcase their skills by covering the entire width of the road with one big design. Throughout the day. Every morning in southern part of India. North and South. The Muggu is considered a sacred spot where pooja (prayer) is performed or a child is seated for his or her birthday. (15) . even when there are no prizes to be given. chariots. However. These acts involve the protection of other forms of life and the environment. West. Some women are so skilled with their fingers that they can create figures of deities. Sometimes colors and petals are used in addition to flour paste. There is no special training for the art but is typically transferred from generation to generation and from friend to friend.it is said to help her digestive system. The Muggu is generally drawn on the basis of dots. Chariot is drawn after the Makara Sankranthi (Kanuma) to invite Lord Vishnu. thus inviting other beings into one's home and everyday life: a daily tribute to harmonious co-existence. In Andhra. The rice flour used in Muggu is a meal provided for insects such as ants. millions of women draw Muggu on the ground with white rice powder. there are magazines publishing traditional and new designs of Muggu. in the month of Dhanush Sankranthi (December). Women use their bare fingers or a brush to create various designs from chalkstone powder or grain-flour. Cow dung has antiseptic properties and hence provides a real threshold of protection for the home. the muddy floor is swept well for an even surface and is cleaned with water. so new ones are made the next day. the patterns made are open with designs having four paths to East. Not to be underestimated are the benefits for the artist who bends down each morning to draw the patterns painstakingly . However. or blown around by the wind.MUGGU. Each state of India has its own way of painting. Muggu is used for enhancing the beauty of the surroundings and spreading joy and happiness all around.

spices like turmeric. Rangoli in Gujarat. butter scotch. The patterns range between geometric and mathematical line drawings around a matrix of dots to free form art work and closed shapes. Folklore has evolved to mandate that the lines must be completed so as to symbolically prevent evil spirits from entering the inside of the shapes. Sometimes saw-dust or sand is soaked into water based color and dried to give various tints. Just then I heard a familiar voice “ wake up”. flour of wheat etc are also variously used. That night. Karnataka and Maharashtra.. and green leaves provide the artist the ability to work out various patterns and colors. She brought me chocolate to eat. There was only ice cream in the fridge. people visit each other's homes to exchange greetings and sweets. and thus are they prevented from entering the inside of the home. Some of these. (16) . when I was very tired. chilli. I went to bed early. Aalpana in Bengal. mango. Various day to day colored powders like indigo used for cloth staining. pista badam and many more. I was having a party of a lifetime. It used to be a matter of pride to be able to draw large complicated patterns without lifting the hand off the floor (or unbending to stand up). chrysanthemums. vanilla. I waited for the dream to continue the next night but it never continued……. The doors & windows. they were made up of chocolate. I felt like being there forever. “ Wake up Kartik” I sat abruptly on my bed and glanced around. the Goddess of prosperity. specially many of the North Indian ones like Aalpana more often refer to floor painting with traditional wet color. rawa. A CHOCOLATY DREAM K. Aripana in Bihar. Kartik One day. such floral designs create the ambience of a well-planned divine garden. rather than the powder rangoli more conventional in south India. Chowkpurana in Uttar Pradesh and Kolam in Kerala and Tamilnadu. I saw a delicious dream. I roamed around and checked all the rooms of course. Muggu is an art enriched with culture passed on for generations that needs to be preserved for next generations.It is a sign of invitation to welcome all into the home. Alas! My eyeballs almost popped out of my eyes. No chololate! I realised that it was just a dream. zenia. I couldn’t stop myself from eating my favourites. Similar culture is observed all over India but with some differences. In north India the rangoli is used as an expression of warm hospitality. the chimney and even the smoke coming out of the chimney was made up of cream and chocolate! My mouth began to water on seeing the house. Everything was free. the bed. In particular. cosmos. I ate a lot of chocolate. Petals of various flowers such as oleanders. I felt thirsty and opened the fridge . the Diwali festival is widely celebrated with rangoli. rice flour. Powder colors can be simply mixed into the base. when oil lamps are lit and the atmosphere is cool and pleasant. There were various varieties – chocolate. There was a maid servant made of Chocolate cleaning the dust off the floor and believe it or not. I felt very sad. I ran like a Cheetah and went hurriedly into the house. Madana in Rajasthan. that too free of cost. I watched TV made of chocolate and kept eating chocolates and ice-creams. In the evenings of festive occasions. since at this time. even the dust was made up of Chocolate. not the least of whom is Goddess Lakshmi. They are known by different names in different parts of the country. I was in a house made up of cream and chocolate.

Kumar Sweet Shop was still to be established and the sweet tooth was satisfied by three Sindhi Sweet Shops. This rubbed on to me. which meant that he had ‘parked’ it in the cycle stand of the football stadium. as Vijayawada was then known. to have a free view. The railway station looked almost as it looks now. and my brother if had tagged along. in the early fifties. at any time. I remember the monthly ritual when I used to accompany Nannagaru to Atmaram’s shop to buy groceries. kajus and kismis to munch. I would scale the wall of the Pavilion.R. Scooters appeared only in the sixties. He was a keen sports buff and did not miss an opportunity to watch the football matches held during the season at the Pavilion grounds. Our family went by tonga to his friend’s house in the Survey of India quarters in Hathibarkala for a few days while he scouted around to rent a house. KRISHNA MOORTY On the occasion of the golden jubilee celebrations of the Andhra Samiti. Names like Ram Bahadur. Atmaramji would give me. on which Hari Garu and Rukmini Akkayya garu reside. The horse-drawn tonga was the only means for the middle-class and we would prefer to walk. The Euclyptus Road. along with my friends. While we would wait for the items to be packed in paper bags. (17) . It was a matter of great pride for all Doonites when one year Vijay Cantt held the great East Bengal Football Club to a draw three times in the Rovers Cup tournament in Bombay before eventually losing to them in the fourth rematch. Ghanta ghar appeared the same as it does today. Nannagaru was a man of many interests. was a narrow street with euclyptus trees in profusion on both sides. His plea that he had to work late in the office would cut no ice with Amma as she would point to the chalk mark on the seat of his cycle. the two weekly magazines published from Bezawada. The neighborhood shops and shopping centres were to come long after. Dehra Dun. Nannagaru (my father) had been transferred to Dehra Dun in 1953. Nannagaru would take short leave and enthusiastically root for his favorite team Jubilant Jyoti. as his eldest son.REMINISCENCES OF A SON J. Cars were scarce and bicycles were in abundance. He was already a regular contributor of short stories in ‘Andhra Patrika’ and ‘Andhra Prabha’. He would sometimes take me along and on other occasions. Dehra Dun I would like to share some reminiscences of my early days. was pure bliss as the sweet smell from the eucalyptus trees made it seem that one was in heaven. Paltan Bazar was the one and only market those days for each and every purchase. His coming home later than usual would be noticed by my mother. The purchases would be loaded in a big round basket and carried by a porter right up to the house for a sum of four annas. Some shops in Paltan Bazar still exist while many have changed hands and have been smartened up. A walk on this road. Laalu. The then mahant would arrive ceremonially in a two-horse buggy and we children would be fascinated by the pomp. The Mahant Memorial and North Zone Railway Football Tournaments were a great draw in those days.A. was a sleepy town with narrow roads and poor public transport. PK Das and Kala later made their mark at the national level.

if any. film related songs or programs were scarce but skits and mimicry would be in full flow. When-ever any Andhraite was to come to Dehra Dun for any purpose. and hence was referred to as meesala raju. making end-less cups of filter coffee and savouries while Nannagaru and his friends would be discussing issues. He lived with his spinster sister. which had been arranged by Nannagaru using his clout with a Mr Mukherjee. Kanya Sulkam or some other play. who taught little girls dance. For almost a month in advance. some of the ladies had prepared items like pulihara. All the families would come decked up on the anointed day to the local Town Hall. Any one speaking Telugu on the street was welcomed like a long lost brother. would be essayed by a youngish male. For us. (18) . Andhra Samithi then started religiously celebrating Ugadi and Dusshera. as it was known then) played the harmonium to give sound effects. with songs on Telugu talli and ‘desham ante matti kadoi.He was a member of the winning team in ball badminton in his office in Bangalore and when he shifted north. Shri SS Dharmayya (of IRDE) and Nannagaru would play other parts. Earlier. Nannagaru would not hear of the visitor staying in a shoddy hotel. masala vadas etc in their houses. I vividly remember the annual Republic Day celebrations held in the Survey of India grounds in Hathibarkala with a day full of sports events. as the Dakshin Bharat Sangh. Amma would be lost in the kitchen. Mr Mukherjee had massive moustaches. The most enjoyable event was of course the ‘pillow fight’ when the two contestants. seated on a thin pole raised some four feet from the ground had to dislodge the other with the help of pillows. it did not take him long to switch to shuttle badminton and win laurels at the office level here also. Shri Kamakshachari (of Blind School. a formidable cook who could beat any house-wife in the culinary department. but that is another story. formed some two years earlier. the clerk of the officer in charge. Dr PR Rao (of FRI) and Dr ATR Raju (of ONGC) were considered stars because of their hefty personalities and booming voices. while Shri Ramaiah (father of our present treasurer Shri B Sambasive Rao) did sundry jobs much as his son does nowadays. Out of these meetings emerged the idea in 1955 of an Andhra Samithi. thinking that fight had broken out. It was no less than a rodeo. Soon. As a child on the sidelines. desam ante manushuloyi’ sung with full-throated gusto. they were the Olympics. did not fully meet the aspirations of the Telugus. These were carted to the venue and coffee would be made there by Mr K Rama Rao of IRDE. with the mega-opus play being the climax. He would warmly extend an invitation to stay in his house for a couple of days till they found suitable accommodation or their job was done and they would go back. which was what they could afford. while the female roles. using only one hand. With no TV and no cable. The cultural program would then start. The neighbours often used to drop in. I was privy to many of their enthusiastic plans and was used as an errand boy to fetch ‘this’ or ‘that’. he would somehow get a reference to meet Nannagaru. This strained the resources of my mother as she already had to take care of me and my two brothers and a sister. our house became a meeting place for all Andhraites in Doon . there would be noise and shouting in our house as eager actors would rehearse Gayo Pakhyam.

it was again his duty to send the reels back to the distributor. One day Dr Ram Murthy rang up Nannagaru in his office and excitedly asked him to come immediately to Doon Hospital. Each state was supposed to encourage a third Indian language. the MLA did not forget the good samaritan of Dehra Dun. On returning to Hyderabad. going to each Andhra family’s house on that route. The ‘madrasi’ turned out to be an influential MLA from Andhra Pradesh who had come to Mussoorie on a holiday and had had a stroke there. there was no TV and the radio sets could not catch Vijayawada radio station. The question was ‘where to locate the Telugu Library’? Nannagaru had the answer: “In my house”. He meticulously catalogued all the books. A screening of a Telugu film would be scheduled at 9 AM on a Sunday at a local theatre. The longing for Telugu films meant that father soon got into correspondence with film distributors. covering Karanpur and ending with IRDE. He would take them to the theatre in a tonga and sort out the reels as their order would usually be disturbed. The library was open on other days in our house. His pride in everything ‘Telugu’ was such that his most memorable farewell party when he was transferred to Hyderabad in 1965 was the one he got from Andhra Samithi in the Napoli Hotel. Nannagaru jumped into the fray and used his after-office time to take Telugu classes for the local gentry. One more task had been added to his numerous activities. apart from Hindi and English. I am sure Nannagaru would be overjoyed to know of the vast strides made since his days. the long winter nights would be spent by our family in razais and Nannagaru reading from Veya Padagalu or Bhamitipati’s books. some more books were purchased. After the screening was over. as my father would proudly claim. which is where the present day Nirulas stands. doctors and shop-keepers would attend these classes and try to learn Telugu.It was in the early sixties I think that the government announced the three language policy. The reels would arrive the previous day and Nannagaru would go the railway parcel office to collect them. Another important social activity was the Telugu film. He and his colleagues sowed the seeds. As I have said earlier. (19) . He arranged for the AP government to send a consignment of Telugu books to serve s a nucleus of a Telugu library in Dehra Dun. As an eye-witness to those early days of Andhra Samiti in Dehra Dun. With so much Telugu literature available in our house. he was told that a patient had been admitted with a heart condition. One week they would go on Chakrata Road towards FRI. the ritual would be repeated on Raipur Road. but they could not converse with him as the patient knew no English or Hindi. Nannagaru took it upon himself to look after the patient and spent many evenings in the hospital to make the MLA comfortable. Lawyers. in order to foster national integration. Every Sunday. What little Telugu I know is from such exposure. The family could get two books issued. and was rushed to Doon Hosptial. With donations from members. the Italian of the East. On reaching there. It was during these classes that Dr Ram Murthy Sharma came to know Nannagaru. Next Sunday. the results of which we are enjoying today. He appeared to be some ‘madrasi’. He apprised the MLA about the activities of the Andhra Samiti. he would accompany his office orderly Madan Singh who had a wooden case fitted on his cycle to carry the books.

Place on a medium or low flame and stir till all ingredients are well mixed. soak slices in milk and squeeze dry. Here are three simple recipes for some of who do not have time and patience. 3. 3.Make into oval flat cutlets. Silver leaves (vark) . Mash paneer. Elaichi Powder . Ghee for deep frying. Have a nice meal and enjoy the dishes (20) . 2. roast them till light brown and crunchy. cut into squares and serve. Remove from heat. Sugar . cocoa and butter.250 gms 5. 4.¾ cup 4. 2. Chocolate Fudge: Ingredients: 1. Pistachio nuts . greased baking tray and allow to cool. Mix 1 tin condensed milk and elaichi powder.500 gms Method: Pour the condensed milk in a heavy bottom pan. add elaichi and bread. At the same time there is a general misconception that the cooking procedures are time consuming and cumbersome. Hang it for 25-30 minutes to remove excess water.1 1/2 tsps Method: Remove bread crusts. Soak fried chitrakuts in sugar syrup for two hours. Steam for 15-20 minutes. Chitrakut: Ingredients: 1. Sugar .½ tsp 4. Add to the condensed milk. This is more so in today’s environment where we find very little time to spend in the kitchen.1 1/2 cups 6. Pour the mixture into a cool. Jaya Rao Indian cuisine is noted for its flavour and richness.3 slices 3. Add in the sugar.1 tin 2. Water . 1. Milk . Fry over a low fire till light brown. Tie 3 cups of curd in muslin cloth. Cocoa powder . Take chitrakuts out of syrup and decorate with silver leaves and pistachio nuts. This will take 15-20 minutes. Bread .QUICK AND DELICIOUS RECIPES M. Keep stirring and mixing till the contents begin to leave the sides of the pan. Once cooled. Chop the cashew nut s coarsely and. Chill and serve with nuts and raisins.½ cup 5. Make sugar syrup of one string consistency.Mash again.2 2. in another shallow pan. Paneer . Bhapa Dahi: Method: 1. Butter . For garnishing: 1. Cashew nuts .250 gms 2. Cover the bowl.½ cup 7.100 gms 3. Condensed milk .

Y. Maadhwa. and gifted ancestors have left behind a rich heritage . they were able to go to infinite depths in understanding the concept of Bramhin and the Almighty. Shaunaka. Swami Vivekananda. This makes it a total of 1180 sections for the four Vedas. Each Veda also has a upaveda (auxiliary text): Dhanurveda. Each Veda also is divided into a certain number of shaakhas (sections or branches): Rigveda has 109 sections. Vallabha. is a storehouse of spiritual knowledge. More recently. Also. Swami Aurobindo. Bhaarata. Adi Shankara. and Atharva Veda. the two epics Valmiki Ramayana and Maha Bharatha can be considered as encyclopedias of spiritual knowledge. and Upanishads (also called Vedaantha). Valmiki.Our Spiritual Heritage Dr. Aaranyaka. Our rishis. Let us first refresh our memory with the names of some of our great rishis and aacharyas. There are eighteen Puranas and eighteen Upapuranas. Bhaaskara. and many other divine souls have inspired us with their spiritual teachings. to name only a few. without corrupting the purity or genuineness of the original texts. Yajurveda has 21 sections. The highest spiritual traditions of our Nation are “Sanaathana" -they are existent in lively form from times immemorial. we have the Puraana and the Smrithi literature.Rigveda. These are: Brahmasutraas.a veritable treasure for all of us to enrich ourselves with. Vyaakarana. Sri Ramakrishna. Raamanuja. Sri Raghavendra. Sureshwara. Our great ancestors. Samartha Rama Das. and Kalpa. They were great thinkers and researchers. Ashtaavakra. Upanishads. and Aayurveda. Many of these texts have been rendered into vernacular languages by great poets. The line of aacharyas is studded with jewels such as Gaudapaada. Jaimini. were endowed with a profound intellect. Yamuna. Secondly. aachaaryas. There are also six other texts called as Vedangas. Kamba (21) . Yajurveda. What does this spiritual treasure consist of? First and foremost. The vedic era was illuminated by rishis such as Vasishtha. Kumaarila. Niruktha. Of these. and Bhagawadgita. The vedic literature is also called as the Shruthi since these sacred texts were not to be written down but passed on from one generation of scholars to another through the guru-shishya tradition. and Atharva Veda has 50 sections. Pathanjali. Sri Narahari Sadguru. Jyothisha. Vaishampayana. and Vidyaaranya. the four Vedas . 232 are devoted to Upaasana (the concept of pure. Gaandharva Veda. Paraasara. and due to their thaposhakti (power of penance) and purity of mind. sincere devotion). and 108 are devoted to gnyana. Shuka. Saamaveda. Krishna Dwaipayana (or Vyasa Bhagawaan). Chhandas. Yajnavalkya. Nimbaarka. The spiritual underpinnings of the Vedas are available in succinct form in three important texts called the Prasthaana-thrayas. Sri Chaitanya. Padmapada. Narahari Our great Nation. To name a few in this category: Sri Ramacharitha Manas (or the Tulsi Ramayana). Saamaveda has 1000 sections. 840 sections are devoted to Karma (the concept of action). Braahmana. These are: Shiksha. namely rishis and aacharyas. Each Veda has four components to it: Samhitha.

(22) . Indeed our great aacharyas and sadgurus have already simplified the process for us by presenting our infinite-dimensional heritage in a form understandable to all of us. let alone understand those. There is a rich treasure of spiritual works authored by other acharyas and divine souls both in Sanskrit and in vernacular languages. Samkhya Shastra of Kapila. Andhra Maha Bharatha (Telugu version of Mahabharata presented by Nannayya. just as a hamsa or swan picks up only the milky portion from water mixed with milk). and Madhwa. They championed three schools of spiritual thought. Please look at what one mahatma says: Anantha Shaastram Bahu Veditavyam Alpascha kaalah Bahavascha Vighnaah Yatsaarabhutham Tadupaasitavyam Hamso Yatha Ksheeramivambumishram (There are infinite number of scriptures and infinite quantum of knowledge to be grasped from them. and Erra Pragada). Then there are six famous systems of spiritual thought: Vaiseshika of Kanaada. The Thrimatha acharyas have also contributed numerous other texts. The Thrimathacharyas. However. Dwaitha (Maadhwa). Who is the enabler of this process? It is the Sadguru. It is impossible to present an exhaustive listing of the great works constituting our rich heritage and the great champions who created this infinite treasure for us. namely Advaitha (Sri Shankara). Next. They represent six different ways of reasoning about the absolute truth and are not contradictory.Ramayana (Tamil version of Ramayana). It is difficult to even recite or read a negligible fraction of these masterpieces. and Vishishtadwaitha (Ramanuja). who with his knowledge and vision. and Pothana Bhagavatham. our time is limited and obstacles are numerous. We will have occasion to learn about these in future articles. Nyaaya Shastra of Gauthama. the three schools are neither conflicting nor contradictory. can impart to the shishya what is most appropriate for the shishya. and Bhagawadgita. Upanishads. have written their understanding of the Vedas. Yoga Shastra of Patanjali. Thikkana. the great acharyas have contributed authentic commentaries and independent spiritual works. Ramanuja. Contrary to popular belief. Adi Shankara. Brahmasutras. Purva Meemamsa of Jaimini. Therefore we need to devote our attention to only the most essential aspects. and Uttara Meemamsa of Vyaasa.

WE ARE THE ANIMALS THE ANIMALS ON THIS LAND THE EARTH HAS BEEN OUR HOME FOR YEARS ZEBBIE ZEBRA ZEBBIE ZEBRA OPENED HER EYES. GREENLANDS AND THE SNOWS. WASTES FROM YOUR FACTORIES AND HOMES ARE CHOKING US ALL IN HERE. FORESTS AND WATERS TO LOOK AT HERSELF & LAUGH LOUDLY YOU SEE ZEBBIE HAD A BAD DREAM SHE HADN’T LOST HER STRIPES AT ALL ZEBBIE ZEBRA ZEBBIE ZEBRA FROM AFRICA SHE IS THE PRIDE OF AFRICA DESERTS. THE WATERS ARE HOMES OF MANY PLANTS AND ANIMALS HERE. IT’S GETTING WARMER ON THE EARTH THE TREES ARE GETTING DESTROYED SO OUR HOMES ARE COMING DOWN IT’S JUST NOT EASY TO LIVE HERE. WE LIVE ON MOUNTAINS. THEN SHE RAN TO THE DEER FAMILY HAVE YOU GOT MY STRIPES SHE ASKED WE DON’T HAVE ANY STRIPES AT ALL THEY ALL SAID TO POOR ZEBBIE!!! EARTH WE ARE THE ANIMALS THE ANIMALS ON THIS LAND THE EARTH HAS BEEN OUR HOME FOR YEARS WE LIVE ON MOUNTAINS. ZEBBIE ZEBRA ZEBBIE ZEBRA FROM AFRICA SHE HAD LOST HER STRIPES THAT DAY. SHE RAN UP TO THE GIRAFFE HAVE YOU GOT MY STRIPES SHE ASKED I DON’T HAVE YOUR STRIPES ZEBBIE I HAVE BROWN PATCHES ON ME. GREENLANDS AND THE SNOWS. FORESTS AND WATERS DESERTS.KIDDIE SONGS Collection by: Siddhi Sriganesh ZEBBIE ZEBRA ZEBBIE ZEBRA ZEBBIE ZEBRA FROM AFRICA ONE MORNING SHE LOST HER STRIPES SHE COULDN’T FIND THEM ANYWHERE YIKES SHE CRIED! I’VE LOST MY STRIPES ZEBBIE ZEBRA ZEBBIE ZEBRA FROM AFRICA SHE HAD LOST HER STRIPES THAT DAY. (23) .

So it is essential that we prioritize tasks and categorize them into Urgent. Some habits will be harder to overcome than others. we take time for granted and give little thought to it until we no longer have enough of it.All About Time Management Collected by: Venkanna. Along with a daily plan. We all have the same amount of time each day but it is how effectively we use it that is important.particularly personal calls during work hours No planning of tasks .V. there should also be longer term goals to work towards. weekly. That doesn't mean we have to schedule every waking second in our day. There are also habits that we have had all our life that will require a lot more commitment to overcome.Includes your desk. Important and Wasting Time categories. • • • • • • • Time Wasters Include Telephones . Plan Your Time By having a clear and precise plan for each day you have a target to aim at which eliminates many of the hours wasted in-between tasks or thinking about what to do next.Unscheduled or non work related visits Cluttered Workplace . Spend the majority of our time on tasks that are important and either delegate low priority jobs or move on to them only after completing the more urgent tasks. particularly small business owners and managers.Having the wrong tool or poor office equipment can waste hours of time every week Many of the poor time management habits we have formed can be easily fixed by simply being accountable for your working hours. Very Important. Understand how you use each day Honestly review your day and understand how you are wasting time. Like many things in life. Source: from the web To achieve maximum success and productivity in the work place it is essential that we understand how we use our time at work. Review Your Progress Many work habits have been formed over a life time. Set Priorities Even with a well organized schedule and good work habits. understanding exactly how we use our time and having a plan for each day. Setting daily.constantly checking your e-mail throughout the day Surfing the Web . Here are some good habits we can form to eliminate time wasting. computer and other organizing tools Poor Quality Resources/Tools . monthly and yearly goals can dramatically increase your focus and productivity. there is still often not enough time in each day for workers. but (24) . then commit to becoming more efficient with your time. but there are several effective time saving habits that we can use to dramatically increase our productivity. so we will often slip back into them if we fail to continually review our progress.focus gives direction E-mail .Jumping from one site to the next Casual Visitors . It's important to be honest and objective about how you really spend each day. work area.

less stressed. but many people forget to include the Not to do list. browsing the Internet. To do List. Through better planning and a commitment to improve our use of time we increase our job satisfaction.. increase productivity. list several other jobs to do of lesser importance. Things like checking your E-mail every 10-20 minutes. It's fine to have a well planned to do list each day. After you are clear about a of couple tasks that must be done. (25) . checking statistics too often. Obviously you will have more time to do other thing during the day. But do not go overboard with way too many things as you will only be setting yourself up to fail each day by never completing all your set jobs. Browse the web. after completing a Must do task you could reward yourself with 15 minutes of browsing the Internet or writing E-mail to friends. work out what should not be done. Must do List! First. but the Must Do list is the list that has to be done before we even think about leaving the workplace.the effort we put into overcoming them will be rewarded with added productivity. or what should be given the least priority. For example. or whatever it is that you do to escape from your real work! You can also use some of these time wasting tasks as a form of motivation to increase your productivity. These are the tasks that we find ourselves doing when we lose focus or have a lapse in concentration during the day. For those of us with wandering minds or restless feet it's easy to get distracted and caught up in doing very low priority jobs while our highest priority jobs continue to pile up. so we should also plan for times when we can wind down and do less important tasks. become more confident. These tasks should be done only after you have completed your Must Do list. profitability and a more focused workplace. Take Time Out We are only humans. get clear about what is really important and what must be done during the day. That doesn't mean that they should be taken lightly or treated as a wish list. Most people that are actively trying to increase their productivity are aware of the importance of a To Do list. Try to only have one or two really major tasks that you have to do for the day and make them an absolute priority. It's only when we make a habit of doing these time wasting tasks that they become a problem. but if you are easily distracted then it will be the things that you are doing in-between completing your list that will be the big time wasters. Must Not do List! Now that you know what should be done. List a sensible amount of tasks to complete and perhaps extra one or two things to challenge yourself. Get clear about what you should be doing AND what you shouldn't be doing to get the most out of each day. watching hourly news reports. call a friend or have a longer lunch sometimes. cut costs and improve our chances of business success! When preparing a "to do" list you should also consider the things you should not be doing during your day.

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