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Environmental Impact Assessment

Environmental Impact Assessment Report Document Stage: Final Project Number: 38456-03 March 2011

PAK: MFF for Power Distribution Enhancement Program (Tranche 2)

Conversion of Jalalpur-Nau and Kolu-Tarrar Grid Substations from 66 kV to 132 k V and Double Circuit Transmission Lines

Prepared by Gujranwala E lectric P ower C ompany ( GEPCO), G overnment o f P akistan for the Asian Development Bank (ADB).

The Environmental Impact A ssessment Report is a document of t he bor rower. T he v iews expressed herein do not necessarily represent those of ADB’s Board of Directors, Management, or staff, and may be preliminary in nature.

Power Distribution Enhancement Project Loan 2178 SF-PAK ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT (EIA) REPORT
For Conversion of Jalalpur-Nau and Kolu-Tarrar Grid Substations (from 66kV to 132kV) and Double Circuit Transmission Lines
Submitted to

Asian Development Bank March, 2011 By Gujranwala Electric Power Company Government of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility Tranche-2 Sub-projects, for Conversions of Jalalpur-Nau and Kolu Tarrar Grid Substations (From 66kV to 132kV) and D.C Circuit Transmission Lines Environmental Impact Assessment

Table of Contents
1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 1.2 2. Overview Scope of the EIA Study and Personnel 8 9 9 9 10 10 11 11 14 15 16 18 19 20 21

POLICY AND STATUTORY REQUIREMENTS IN PAKISTAN 2.1 Statutory Framework 2.1.1 Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997 2.1.2 Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency Review of IEE and EIA Regulations, 2000 2.1.3 National Environmental Quality Standards 2.1.4 Other Relevant Laws Structure of Report

2.2

3. DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECTS 4. DESCRIPTION OF THE ENVIRONMENT 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 5. 6. Project Area Physical Resources Biological Resources Economic Development Social and Cultural Resources

Cultural Heritage and Community Structure SCREENING POTENTIAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND MITIGATION MEASURES INSTITUTIONAL REQUIREMENTS & ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN PUBLIC CONSULTATION AND INFORMATION DISCLOSURE CONCLUSIONS Figures and Maps

21 27 30 31

7. 8. 9.

i

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility Tranche-2 Sub-projects, for Conversions of Jalalpur-Nau and Kolu Tarrar Grid Substations (From 66kV to 132kV) and D.C Circuit Transmission Lines Environmental Impact Assessment

ABBREVIATIONS
ADB COI CSP DoF DFO DTL DGS DIZ EA EARF EIA EMP GDP GOP GIS LARP GEPCO LARP Leq MPL NEQS NGO PC PEPA PEPAct PPMS REA SIA S-P SR TOR

Asian Development Bank Corridor of Influence Country Strategy Program Department of Forests Divisional Forest Officer Distribution Transmission Line Distribution Grid substation Direct Impact Zone Environmental Assessment Environmental Assessment Review Framework Environmental Impact Assessment Environmental Management Plan Gross Domestic Product Government of Pakistan Gas Insulated Switchgear Land Acquisition and Resettlement Plan Gujranwala Electric Power Company Land Acquisition and Resettlement Plan Equivalent Sound Pressure Level Maximum Permissible Level National Environmental Quality Standards Non-Governmental Organization Public Consultation Punjab Environmental Protection Agency Pakistan Environment Protection Act 1997 (as regulated and amended) Sub-Project Performance Monitoring System Rapid Environmental Assessment Social Impact Assessment Subproject Sensitive Receiver Terms of Reference
Unit of Pakistani Currency, US $ Approx. Rs. 86

Rupee, PKR

ii

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility Tranche-2 Sub-project, for Conversion of Jalalpur-Nau and Kolu Tarrar Grid Substations (From 66kV to 132kV) and D.C. Circuit Transmission Lines Environmental Impact Assessment

1. INTRODUCTION 1.1

Overview

1. This Document is the Environmental Impact Assessment for the Tranche-2 Sub-projects (Conversion of Jalalpur-Nau and Kolu-Tarrar Grid Substations with associated double circuit T/L's) proposed by the Gujranwala Electricity Power Company (GEPCO), under the Asian Development Bank (ADB) Power Distribution Enhancement Multi-Tranche Finance Facility (PDE-MFF). Under ADB Guidelines, the substations & distribution lines are to be taken as one integral subproject/ one package and the guidelines require environmental assessment of all components of subprojects whether financed by ADB, governments or other cofinanciers. This document is the Environmental Impact Assessment covers following two subprojects for the 1 sub-project proposed by the Gujranwala Electric Power Company: Sr. No. 1Sub-Project Location Project Conversion existing substation Conversion existing substation of Grid of Grid

Conversion of Jalalpur-Nau Grid substation (from Hafizabad 66kV to 132kV) and Construction of Kolu-Tarrar to Jalalpur-Nau 132 kV D.C Tr. Line Conversion of Kolu-Tarrar Grid substation (from Hafizabad 66kV to 132kV) and Construction of Hafizabad-II to Kolu-Tarrar 132 kV D.C Tr. Line

2-

2. The Government of Pakistan (GoP) has requested ADB to provide the PDE-MFF to facilitate investments in power distribution and development of networks of eight independent distribution companies (DISCO‟s) that distribute power to end user consumers. The funding from ADB is expected to be released in stages (Tranches). The Power Distribution Enhancement Investment Program is part of the GoP long term energy security strategy. The proposed ADB intervention will finance new investments in PDE and assist capacity building of sector related agencies. The investment program will cover necessary PDE development activities in secondary transmission/ distribution networks of eight DISCOs. The PDE-MFF activities include extension (additional transformers), augmentation (replacement of transformers with higher capacity), distribution line extensions, new/ replaced distribution lines, additional substations, transformer protection and other non-network activities such as automatic meter reading, construction equipment and computerized accounting. New distribution lines to and from various network facilities and some of the above activities will also be included in the later Tranches. The proposed PDE-MFF facility has been designed to address both investments and institutional aspects in the electrical power sector. 3. This EIA presents the results and conclusions of the Tranche-2 sub-projects (Conversion of existing Grid substations with associated double circuit T/L's) proposed by the Gujranwala Electricity Power Company (GEPCO) and are submitted by Pakistan Electric Power Company (PEPCO) on behalf of GEPCO. PEPCO has been nominated by Ministry of Water and Power (MOWP) to act as the Executing Agency (EA) with each DISCO being the Implementing Agency (IA) for work in its own area. PEPCO‟s role in processing and implementation of the investment program is like a coordinator of such activities as preparation of PC-1s, PFRs, monitoring and implementation activities that includes submission of environmental assessments for all subprojects in tranches of the PDE-MFF under ADB operating procedures. An EIA has been carried out to fulfill the requirements of ADB Guidelines (May 200312). This EIA study report is used to complete the Summary of
1

Initial subproject classification was carried out in 2006 and the Category is B. Most of the construction impacts will take place with only local impacts and there are no potential significant environmental impacts associated with the T2 (tranche two) sub-subproject construction. Initial environmental reconnaissance and REA carried out by consultants under ADB guidelines in August 2008 indicated that all the T2 subsubprojects will be Category B. Page 1 of 28

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility Tranche-2 Sub-project, for Conversion of Jalalpur-Nau and Kolu Tarrar Grid Substations (From 66kV to 132kV) and D.C. Circuit Transmission Lines Environmental Impact Assessment

Environmental Impact Assessment (SEIA) for disclosure by ADB if necessary3. 4. The Environmental Assessment requirements of the GoP for Grid substations and power distribution subprojects are different to those of ADB. Under GoP regulations, the Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency Review of Initial Environmental Examination and Environmental Impact Assessment Regulations (2000) categorize development subprojects into two schedules according to their potential environmental impacts. The proponents of subprojects that have reasonably foreseeable impacts are required to submit an Initial Environmental Examination (IEE) for their respective sub-projects (Schedule-I). The proponents of subprojects that have more adverse environmental impacts (Schedule-II) are required to submit an environmental impact assessment (EIA). New Distribution lines and Grid-substations are included under energy sub-projects and IEE is required for subtransmission/ distribution lines of 11kV or less and large distribution subprojects (Schedule I). EIA is required by GoP for all subprojects involving sub transmission/ distribution lines of 11kV or above and for DGS substations (Schedule-II). 5. Clarification has been sought from Pakistan EPA on the requirements for environmental assessment for certain energy subprojects and for sub transmission/ distribution lines. A Framework of Environmental Assessment (FEA) on power extensions and augmentation subprojects was prepared by consultants and submitted to the Pakistan EPA, after hearings with provincial EPAs. In response to the FEA submitted by NTDC to the Pakistan EPA4 it has been clarified that all proponents must follow section 12 of the Pakistan Environmental Protection Act for all subprojects. Pakistan EPA has also assumed that all proponents will consult with the relevant provincial EPAs (PEPA) and follow their advice. In 2006 Punjab EPA requested disclosure of the scope and extent of each subproject in order that the Director General of PEPA can determine if additional land is required and the need for EIA or IEE. Therefore, a review of the need for EIA/ IEE for submission to GoP is required by the relevant environmental protection agency, in this case the Punjab Environmental Protection Agency.

Environmental Assessment Guidelines (ADB May 2003). Category A subprojects that are deemed by ADB's chief compliance officer to be environmentally sensitive for the purposes of (i) the 120 day rule, and (ii) the environmental management plan requirement could involve subprojects that are near or in environmentally sensitive areas. At this stage no component of the T2 sub-subprojects under consideration is actually within a critical area and therefore the MFF trance as a whole is Category B. 4 Letter dated 29th June 2007 – Ref 2(1)2004-W/KCP-DD from Pak EPA Sajjad Hussein Talpur, Dy Director (EIA/Mont) to NTDC, Muhammad Tahir Khan, Subproject Director PPTA, NTDC, WAPDA House, Lahore.
3

2

Page 2 of 28

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility Tranche-2 Sub-project, for Conversion of Jalalpur-Nau and Kolu Tarrar Grid Substations (From 66kV to 132kV) and D.C. Circuit Transmission Lines Environmental Impact Assessment

Power Distribution Enhancement Project Loan 2178 SF-PAK ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT (EIA) REPORT
For Conversion of Jalalpur-Nau Grid Substation (From 66kV to 132kV) with D.C. T/ Line

Submitted to

Asian Development Bank March, 2011 By Gujranwala Electric Power Company Government of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Page 3 of 28

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility Tranche-2 Sub-project, for Conversion of Jalalpur-Nau and Kolu Tarrar Grid Substations (From 66kV to 132kV) and D.C. Circuit Transmission Lines Environmental Impact Assessment

Table of Contents
1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 1.2 2. Overview Scope of the EIA Study and Personnel 9 8 9 9 9 11 10 10 11 11 11 12 12 13 14 17 15 15 15 16 16 16 16 17 17 18 18 18 19 19 19 19 20 20 20 20

POLICY AND STATUTORY REQUIREMENTS IN PAKISTAN 2.1 Statutory Framework 2.1.1 Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997 2.1.2 Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency Review of IEE and EIA Regulations, 2000 2.1.3 National Environmental Quality Standards 2.1.4 Other Relevant Laws Structure of Report

2.2 3.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Type of Project Categorization of the Project Need for the Project Location and Scale of Project Proposed Schedule for Implementation Project Area 4.1.1 General Characteristics of Project Area 4.1.2 Affected Administrative Units Physical Resources 4.2.1 Topography, Geography, Geology and Soils 4.2.2 Climate and Hydrology 4.2.3 Groundwater and Water Supply 4.2.4 Surface water 4.2.5 Air Quality 4.2.6 Noise Biological Resources 4.3.1 Wildlife, Fisheries and Aquatic Biology 4.3.2 Terrestrial Habitats, Forests and Protected Species 4.3.3 Protected Areas/ National Sanctuaries Economic Development 4.4.1 Agriculture and Industries 4.4.2 Energy Sources Social and Cultural Resources 4.5.1 Population Communities and Employment 4.5.2 Education and Literacy 4.5.3 Health Facilities

4.

DESCRIPTION OF THE SUBPROJECT ENVIRONMENT 4.1

4.2

4.3

4.4

4.5

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Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility Tranche-2 Sub-project, for Conversion of Jalalpur-Nau and Kolu Tarrar Grid Substations (From 66kV to 132kV) and D.C. Circuit Transmission Lines Environmental Impact Assessment

5. 6.

Cultural Heritage and Community Structure

21

SCREENING POTENTIAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND MITIGATION MEASURES 21

6.1 6.2 6.3

Subproject Location 6.1.1 Impact Assessment and Mitigation General Approach to Mitigation 6.2.1 Cultural Heritage, Mosques, Religious Sites, and Social Infrastructure Potential Environmental Impacts in Construction 6.3.1 Encroachment, Landscape and Physical Disfiguration 6.3.2 Cut, Fill and Waste Disposal 6.3.3 Trees, Ecology and Protected Areas 6.3.4 Hydrology, Sedimentation and Soil Erosion 6.3.5 Air Pollution from Earthworks and Transport 6.3.6 Noise, Vibration and Blasting 6.3.7 Sanitation, Solid Waste Disposal and Communicable Diseases Potential Environmental Impacts in Operation 6.4.1 Air Pollution and Noise from the enhanced operations 6.4.2 Pollution from oily run-off, fuel spills and dangerous goods Enhancement

21 21 21 22 23 23 23 23 24 24 25 25 26 26 26 27 27 30 30 30 30 31 31 32

6.4

6.5 7. 8.

INSTITUTIONAL REQUIREMENTS & ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN PUBLIC CONSULTATION AND INFORMATION DISCLOSURE 8.1 8.2 8.3 Approach to Public Consultation Public Consultation Process Results of Public Consultation

9.

CONCLUSIONS 9.1 9.2 Findings and Recommendations Summary and Conclusions

Page 5 of 28

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility Tranche-2 Sub-project, for Conversion of Jalalpur-Nau and Kolu Tarrar Grid Substations (From 66kV to 132kV) and D.C. Circuit Transmission Lines Environmental Impact Assessment

Figures and Maps Figure 1.1 Pakistan EIA Process Figure 1.2 Letter from Pakistan Federal EPA on EIA Process Figure 2.1 Jurisdiction of GEPCO Figure 2.2 Location GEPCO 132 kV Jalalpur-Nau Grid Substation Appendices Appendix 1 Appendix 3 Appendix 4 Appendix 5 Appendix 6 Appendix 7 Appendix 8 Micro Location of Sub-station Photographs of the DGS locations Environmental Management Plan (Matrix) Monitoring Plan (matrix) Typical Bund for Transformer. Summary of Public Consultation Implementation Schedule

ABBREVIATIONS
ADB COI CSP DoF DFO DTL DGS DIZ EA EARF EIA EMP GDP GOP GIS LARP GEPCO LARP Leq MPL NEQS NGO PC PEPA PEPAct PPMS REA SIA S-P SR TOR

Asian Development Bank Corridor of Influence Country Strategy Program Department of Forests Divisional Forest Officer Distribution Transmission Line Distribution Grid Substation Direct Impact Zone Environmental Assessment Environment Assessment Review Framework Environment Impact Assessment Environmental Management Plan Gross Domestic Product Government of Pakistan Gas Insulated Switchgear Land Acquisition and Resettlement Plan Gujranwala Electric Power Company Land Acquisition and Resettlement Plan Equivalent Sound Pressure Level Maximum Permissible Level National Environmental Quality Standards Non-Governmental Organization Public Consultation Punjab Environmental Protection Agency Pakistan Environment Protection Act 1997 (as regulated and amended) Subproject Performance Monitoring System Rapid Environmental Assessment Social Impact Assessment Subproject Sensitive Receiver Terms of Reference
Unit of Pakistan Currency US $ Approx Rs. 85

Rupee, PKR

Page 6 of 28

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility Tranche-2 Sub-project, for Conversion of Jalalpur-Nau and Kolu Tarrar Grid Substations (From 66kV to 132kV) and D.C. Circuit Transmission Lines Environmental Impact Assessment

1. INTRODUCTION
1.1 Overview 1. This Document is the Environmental Impact Assessment for the tranche-2 sub-project (Conversion of Jalalpur-Nau Grid Substation with double circuit T/Line) proposed by the Gujranwala Electricity Power Company (GEPCO) under the Asian Development Bank (ADB), Power Distribution Enhancement Multi-Tranche Finance Facility (PDE-MFF). Under ADB Guidelines, the substations & distribution lines are to be taken as one integral subproject/ one package and the guidelines require environmental assessment of all components of subprojects whether financed by ADB, governments or other co-financiers. 2. The Government of Pakistan (GoP) has requested ADB to provide the PDE-MFF to facilitate investments in power distribution and development of networks of eight independent distribution companies (DISCO‟s) that distribute power to end user consumers. The funding from ADB is expected to be released in stages (Tranches). The Power Distribution Enhancement Investment Program is part of the GoP long term energy security strategy. The proposed ADB intervention will finance new investments in PDE and assist capacity building of sector related agencies. The investment program will cover necessary PDE development activities in secondary transmission/ distribution networks of eight DISCOs. The PDE-MFF activities include extension (additional transformers), augmentation (replacement of transformers with higher capacity), distribution line extensions, new/ replaced distribution lines, additional substations, transformer protection and other non-network activities such as automatic meter reading, construction equipment and computerized accounting. New distribution lines to and from various network facilities and some of the above activities will also be included in the later Tranches. The proposed PDE-MFF facility has been designed to address both investments and institutional aspects in the electrical power sector. 3. This EIA presents the results and conclusions of the Tranche-2 sub-projects (Conversion of existing Grid substation with associated double circuit T/L) proposed by the Gujranwala Electricity Power Company (GEPCO) and are submitted by Pakistan Electric Power Company (PEPCO) on behalf of GEPCO. PEPCO has been nominated by Ministry of Water and Power (MOWP) to act as the Executing Agency (EA) with each DISCO being the Implementing Agency (IA) for work in its own area. PEPCO‟s role in processing and implementation of the investment program is like a coordinator of such activities as preparation of PC-1s, PFRs, monitoring and implementation activities that includes submission of environmental assessments for all subprojects in tranches of the PDE-MFF under ADB operating procedures. An EIA has been carried out to fulfill the requirements of ADB Guidelines (May 200356). This EIA study report is used to complete the Summary of Environmental Impact Assessment (SEIA) for disclosure by ADB if necessary7. 4. The Environmental Assessment requirements of the GoP for Grid substations and power distribution subprojects are different to those of ADB. Under GoP regulations, the Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency Review of Initial Environmental Examination and Environmental Impact Assessment Regulations (2000) categorize development subprojects into two schedules according to their potential environmental impacts. The proponents of subprojects that have reasonably foreseeable impacts are required to submit an Initial Environmental Examination (IEE) for their respective sub-projects (Schedule-I). The proponents of subprojects that have more adverse environmental impacts (Schedule-II) are
5

Initial subproject classification was carried out in 2006 and the Category is B. Most of the construction impacts will take place with only local impacts and there are no potential significant environmental impacts associated with the T2 (tranche two) sub-subproject construction. Initial environmental reconnaissance and REA carried out by consultants under ADB guidelines in August 2008 indicated that all the T2 subsubprojects will be Category B. 6 Environmental Assessment Guidelines (ADB May 2003). 7 Category A subprojects that are deemed by ADB's chief compliance officer to be environmentally sensitive for the purposes of (i) the 120 day rule, and (ii) the environmental management plan requirement could involve subprojects that are near or in environmentally sensitive areas. At this stage no component of the T2 sub-subprojects under consideration is actually within a critical area and therefore the MFF trance as a whole is Category B. Page 7 of 28

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility Tranche-2 Sub-project, for Conversion of Jalalpur-Nau and Kolu Tarrar Grid Substations (From 66kV to 132kV) and D.C. Circuit Transmission Lines Environmental Impact Assessment

required to submit an environmental impact assessment (EIA). New Distribution lines and Grid-substations are included under energy sub-projects and IEE is required for subtransmission/ distribution lines of 11kV or less and large distribution subprojects (under Schedule-I). EIA is required by GoP for all subprojects involving sub transmission/ distribution lines of 11kV or above and for DGS substations (Schedule-II). 5. Clarification has been sought from Pakistan EPA on the requirements for environmental assessment for certain energy subprojects and for sub transmission/ distribution lines. A Framework of Environmental Assessment (FEA) on power extensions and augmentation subprojects was prepared by consultants and submitted to the Pakistan EPA, after hearings with provincial EPAs. In response to the FEA submitted by NTDC to the Pakistan EPA8 it has been clarified that all proponents must follow section 12 of the Pakistan Environmental Protection Act for all subprojects. Pakistan EPA has also assumed that all proponents will consult with the relevant provincial EPAs (PEPA) and follow their advice. In 2006 Punjab EPA requested disclosure of the scope and extent of each subproject in order that the Director General of PEPA can determine if additional land is required and the need for IEE or EIA. Therefore, a review of the need for IEE/ EIA for submission to GoP is required by the relevant environmental protection agency, in this case the Punjab Environmental Protection Agency. 1.2 Scope of the EIA Study and Personnel

6. The Study Area included the identification of irrigation facilities, water supply, habitable Structure, schools, health facilities, hospitals, religious places and sites of heritage or Archaeological importance and critical areas9 (if any) within about 100m of the DGS or TXL Boundary. 7. The works are generally envisaged to involve the conversion of 66kV DGS into 132kV, Construction of 15.863 km TXL bases, foundation pads and towers to support the Distribution line. It will be carried out under the same subproject by GEPCO and supervised by the Jalalpur-Nau DGS management. 8. A scoping and field reconnaissance was conducted on the subproject site, during which a Rapid Environmental Assessment was carried out to establish the potential impacts and Categorization of the subproject activities. 9. The methodology of the EIA study was then elaborated in order to address all interests. Subsequently primary and secondary baseline environmental data was collected from possible sources, and the intensity and likely location of impacts were identified with relation the sensitive receivers; based on the work expected to be carried out. The significance of impacts from construction of 132kV double circuit 15.863 km TXL was then assessed and, for those impacts requiring mitigation measures were proposed to reduce impacts to within acceptable limits. 10. Public consultation (PC) was carried out in March 2009, in line with ADB guidelines 2. Under ADB requirements, the environmental assessment process must also include meaningful public consultation during the completion of the draft EIA. In this EIA the PC process included verbal disclosure of the sub-subproject works as a vehicle for discussion. Consultations were conducted with local families and communities around and Jalalpur Nau DGS site, and along TXL route, and staff of the subproject management. The responses from correspondents have been included in Attachment 5 and summarized in Section 6 of this EIA.

Letter dated 29th June 2007 – Ref 2(1)2004-W/KCP-DD from Pak EPA Sajjad Hussein Talpur, Dy Director (EIA/Mont) to NTDC, Muhammad Tahir Khan, Subproject Director PPTA, NTDC, WAPDA House, Lahore. 9 Critical areas as published by the PEPA on the website put in specific reference Page 8 of 28

8

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility Tranche-2 Sub-project, for Conversion of Jalalpur-Nau and Kolu Tarrar Grid Substations (From 66kV to 132kV) and D.C. Circuit Transmission Lines Environmental Impact Assessment

2.

POLICY AND STATUTORY REQUIREMENTS IN PAKISTAN
11. Direct legislation on environmental protection is contained in several statutes, namely the Pakistan Environmental Protection Act (1997) the Forest Act (1927) the Punjab Wildlife Act (1974). In addition the Land Acquisition Act (1894) also provides powers in respect of land acquisition for public purposes. There are also several other items of legislation7 and regulations which have an indirect bearing on the subproject or general environmental measures. 2.1 Statutory Framework 12. The Constitution of Pakistan distributes legislative powers between the federal and the provincial governments through two „lists‟ attached to the Constitution as Schedules. The Federal List covers the subjects over which the federal government has exclusive legislative power, while the Concurrent List contains subjects regarding which both the federal and provincial governments can enact laws. “Environmental pollution and ecology” is included in the concurrent list; hence both the federal and the provincial governments can enact laws on this subject. However, to date, only the federal government has enacted laws on environment, and the provincial environmental institutions derive their power from the federal law. The Punjab Environmental Protection Act 1996 is now superseded by the Pakistan Environmental Protection Act (1997). The key environmental laws affecting this subproject are discussed below.
2.1.1

Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997

13. The Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997 is the basic legislative tool empowering the government to frame regulations for the protection of the environment. The act is applicable to a wide range of issues and extends to air, water, soil, marine, and noise pollution, as well as to the handling of hazardous wastes. The key features of the law have a direct bearing on the proposed subprojects relate to the requirement for an ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT (EIA) and INITIAL ENVIRONMENTAL EXAMINATION (IEE) for development subprojects. Section 12(1) requires that: “No proponent of a subproject shall commence construction or operation unless he has filed with the Federal Agency an ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT [EIA] or, where the subproject is likely to cause non-significant environmental impacts, an INITIAL ENVIRONMENTAL EXAMINATION [IEE], and has obtained from the Federal Agency approval in respect thereof.” The Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency has delegated the power of review and approval of environmental assessments to the provincial environmental protection agencies, in this case the Punjab EPA. (Fig 1.1)
2.1.2

Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency Review of IEE and EIA Regulations, 2000

14. The Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997 (PEP Act) provides two types of environmental assessments: ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENTs (EIA) and INITIAL ENVIRONMENTAL EXAMINATION (IEE). EIAs are carried out for subprojects that have potentially „significant‟ environmental impacts, whereas IEEs are conducted for relatively smaller subprojects with relatively less significant impacts. The Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency Review of EIA and IEE Regulations, 2000 (the „Regulations‟), prepared by the Pak-EPA under the powers conferred upon it by the PEP Act, categorizes subprojects for EIA and IEE. Schedules-I and II, attached to the Regulations, list the subprojects that require EIA and IEE, respectively. 15. The Regulations also provide the necessary details on the preparation, submission, and review of EIAs and IEEs. The following is a brief step-wise description of the approval process (see also Attachment 1):

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Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility Tranche-2 Sub-project, for Conversion of Jalalpur-Nau and Kolu Tarrar Grid Substations (From 66kV to 132kV) and D.C. Circuit Transmission Lines Environmental Impact Assessment

A subproject is categorized as requiring an EIA or IEE using the two schedules attached to the Regulations. (ii) An EIA or IEE is conducted as per the requirement and following the Pak-EPA guidelines. (iii) The EIA or IEE is submitted to the concerned provincial EPA if it is located in the provinces or the Pak-EPA if it is located in Islamabad and federally administrated areas. The Fee (depending on the cost of the subproject and the type of the report) is submitted along with the document. (iv) The EIA/ IEE is also accompanied by an application in the format prescribed in Schedule IV of the Regulations. (v) The EPA conducts a preliminary scrutiny and replies within 10 days of the submittal of a report, a) confirming completeness, or b) asking for additional information, if needed, or c) returning the report requiring additional studies, if necessary. (vi) The EPA is required to make every effort to complete the EIA and IEE review process within 45 and 90 days, respectively, of the issue of confirmation of completeness. (vii) Then the EPA accords their approval subject to certain conditions: (viii) Before commencing construction of the subproject, the proponent is required to submit an undertaking accepting the conditions. (ix) Before commencing operation of the subproject, the proponent is required to obtain from the EPA a written confirmation of compliance with the approval conditions and requirements of the EIA. (x) An EMP is to be submitted with a request for obtaining confirmation of compliance. (xi) The EPAs are required to issue confirmation of compliance within 15 days of the receipt of request and complete documentation. (xii) The EIA/ IEE approval is valid for three years from the date of accord. (xiii) A monitoring report is to be submitted to the EPA after completion of construction, followed by annual monitoring reports during operation. 16. Distribution lines and grid substations of 11 kV or above are included under energy subprojects in Schedule-II, under which rules EIA is required by GoP. Initial environmental examination (IEE) is required for distribution lines less than 11kV or large distribution subprojects (Schedule-I). Therefore, a review of the need for EIA/ IEE submission is required by the relevant EPA, in this case the Punjab Environment Protection Agency (EPA) as the proposed subproject will be located in Punjab. 17. There are no formal provisions for the environmental assessment of expanding existing distribution lines and grid substations but Punjab EPA have requested disclosure of the scope and extent of each subproject in order that their Director General can determine if additional land is required and the need for statutory environmental assessment1. The details of this subproject will be forwarded to the Punjab EPA, in order to commence the local statutory environmental assessment process.
2.1.3

(i)

National Environmental Quality Standards

18. The National Environmental Quality Standards (NEQS) were first promulgated in 1993 and have been amended in 1995 and 2000. The following specified standards in the NEQS may be relevant to the tranche 2 subprojects: 19. Maximum allowable concentration of pollutants (32 parameters) in municipal and liquid industrial effluents discharged to inland waters, sewage treatment facilities and the sea (three separate sets of numbers) 20. Maximum allowable concentration of pollutants (2 parameters) in gaseous emissions from vehicle exhaust and noise emission from vehicles.
2.1.4

Other Relevant Laws

21. There are a number of other federal and provincial laws that are important in the context of environmental management. The main laws potentially affecting subprojects in this MFF
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Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility Tranche-2 Sub-project, for Conversion of Jalalpur-Nau and Kolu Tarrar Grid Substations (From 66kV to 132kV) and D.C. Circuit Transmission Lines Environmental Impact Assessment

are listed below. 22. The Punjab Wildlife Protection Ordinance, 1972 empowers the government to declare certain areas reserved for the protection of wildlife and control activities within in these areas. It also provides protection to endangered species of wildlife. As no activities are planned in these areas and no provision of this law is applicable to the proposed subproject. 23. The Forestry Act, 1927 empowers the government to declare certain areas reserved forest. As no reserved forest exists in the vicinity of the proposed subproject, this law will not affect the proposed subproject. 24. The Antiquities Act of 1975 ensures the protection of Pakistan‟s cultural resources. The Act defines „antiquities‟ as ancient products of human activity, historical sites, or sites of anthropological or cultural interest and national monuments, etc. The Act is designed to protect these antiquities from destruction, theft, negligence, unlawful excavation, trade and export. The law prohibits new construction in the proximity of a protected antiquity and empowers the Government of Pakistan to prohibit excavation in any area that may contain articles of archaeological significance. Under the Act, the subproject proponents are obligated to ensure that no activity is undertaken in the proximity of a protected antiquity, report to the Department of Archaeology, Government of Pakistan and any archaeological discovery made during the course of the subproject. 2.2 Structure of Report 25. This EIA reviews information on existing environmental attributes of the Study Area. Geological, hydrological, ecological features, air quality, noise, water quality, soils, social, economic aspects and cultural resources are included. The report predicts the probable impacts on the environment due to the proposed subproject enhancement and expansion. This EIA also proposes various environmental management measures. Details of all background environmental quality, environmental impact/ pollutant generating activities, pollution sources, predicted environmental quality and related aspects have been provided in this report. References are presented as footnotes throughout the text. Following this introduction, the report follows ADB guidelines and includes: Description of the Subproject Description of Environmental and Social Conditions Assessment of Environmental Impacts and Mitigation Measures Environmental Monitoring Plan Public Consultation Recommendations and Conclusions 3. 3.1

DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT
Type of Project 26. Jalalpur-Nau 66kV DGS is located in Mauza Jalalpur Bhatian, Tehsil Pindi Bhatian District Hafizabad. Access to the DGS is located on Hafizabad road near Masco rice mill on south side of DGS. On north and east side there is Masco rice mill and on west side adjacent to DGS there is open land and graveyard, Madina rice mill and huts. 27. The Conversion of Jalalpur-Nau from 66kV DGS into132kV and transmission line subproject has been prepared by Gujranwala Electric Power Company (GEPCO) to provide additional power supply to the Jalalpur Nau town and nearby towns. This substation will be linked to the under construction Kolu Tarar Grid station which is also being converted to 132 kV in the same Tranche by constructing a new 15.863 km long 132kV double circuit transmission line. New line will start from Kolu Tarar village of District Hafizabad (Punjab Province). This subproject will entirely be completed with in Hafizabad District. Conversion of grid station will be done with in the boundary wall of the existing 66 kV Jalalpur Nau grid station. The transmission line will pass through four villages and will
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temporarily affect a total of 47.15 ha of crops and 81 trees. There are 52 affected households (AHs) losing agricultural crops and trees, with a total population of 481 (APs). 28. The new transmission line is 15.863 km long and will pass through four villages Kolu Tarar, Manianwala, Rasoolpur and Jalalpur Nau located in Hafizabad District (Punjab province). The first 6,090 meters long section of the line traverses the farmlands of Kolu Tarar village then 3,906 meter section will pass through Manianwala village, then 3,955 meter section will pass through Rasoolpur village and remaining 1,911.73 meter section will pass through Jalalpur Naw village. The transmission line will traverse private farmland for most of its length 15,717.73 meter (99%) and only 145 meter (1%) uncultivated private and government lands (Canal, Road, Paths and watercourses). As a result, some 92 AHs, with a total population of 481 persons (APs), will be affected by temporary disruption to land, and loss of 47.15 ha of crops and 81 trees (72 wood and 9 fruit trees). 3.2 Categorization of the Project 29. Categorization is based on the environmentally most sensitive component of a subproject. The aspects of the subproject with potential for significant environmental impacts need to be assessed in detail and this environmental assessment has therefore focused on the significant impacts possible from the construction activities of the subproject. 30. The DGS, as well as the route of the proposed TXL, is located in a rural setting, with some minor settlements and other infrastructure around the site. The conversion of 66 kV Jalalpur Nau DGS into132kV and TXLSP is categorized as a Category-B sub-subproject under ADB requirements 1.3 and this EIA report is based on that assumption. 3.3 Need of the Project 31. The standards and conditions of the power distribution system in Pakistan are inadequate to meet rapidly growing demand for electrical power. This situation limits national development and economic growth. To cope with the constraints, the existing power distribution infrastructure has to be improved and upgraded. The overall contribution of power infrastructure also requires institutional arrangements, capacity that supports strategic management of the sector, planning and management of investments. Overall the proposed PDE-MFF facility has been designed to address both investment and institutional aspects in the electrical power sector. 32. Power demands in the Jalalpur Nau area of GEPCO jurisdiction (Fig 2.1) have increased rapidly, especially in summer months, so that the existing 66kVJalalpur Nau DGS is unable to cope up with the increasing demands of the domestic, commercial and industrial sectors. Therefore, GEPCO has planned to convert 66kV Jalalpur Nau DGS into 132KV by constructing 15.863 km 132KV double circuit transmission line to provide additional power supply to 66kV Jalalpur-Nau DGS and no additional land is needed for this subproject.

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Figure 2.1: Jurisdiction Map of GEPCO

3.4

Location and Scale of Project 33. This EIA has included field reconnaissance of the site and surroundings of the Jalalpur Nau SP and TXL. The Jalalpur-Nau DGS is located in (Figure 2.1). 34. The conversion of Jalalpur-Nau subproject will involve the conversion of 66kV Jalalpur Nau DGS into132Kv and construction of 15.863 km132 kV double circuit TXL (requiring installation of towers. The proposed route to the nearest 132kV line appears to be environmentally feasible and technically appropriate and will join the Jalalpur-Nau DGS by constructing 15.863 km 132kV double circuit transmission line starting from Kolu Tarar DGS. Figure 2.1: Location Hafizabad-ll Sub Station

35. This EIA has been conducted based on the assumptions available in March 2009 when the preliminary designs for the conversion of DGS and TXL were completed and the
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overall requirements for installation of the equipment had been identified (Attachment1). The detailed designs are currently being progressed by GEPCO. At this stage, the construction activities under the SP are expected to include the usual localized civil works, such as extension of the main yard, including excavation and concreting of foundations for the new transformers, capacitor banks, cable trays and terminal tower (within the DGS compound), equipment and fittings, erection of the towers, cabling, construction of the control rooms, installation of allied equipment, construction of the offices and residences. Impacts from conversion of 66kV Jalalpur-Nau into 132kV SP are envisaged to be minor, since no additional land needs to be acquired for construction of TXL, the works for the conversion Jalalpur-Nau DGS will be on the land of existing grid station owned by GEPCO and within the boundary of the DGS and works for the TXL will be mostly on private farmland. 36. The connecting line from Kolu Tarar DGS to the network will involve erection of 61 towers that will be strung with the new TXL. The design for the Tranche 2 (T2) subprojects will be developed under the subproject support component of the MFF. This EIA, however, is based on detailed line route surveys (which includes alternative routes and the route which minimizes the social impacts is chosen). The line route is then submitted to the design formation which determines the line profiles and tower locations, these towers are then located on ground. The EIA is, therefore based on line design which is final (baring any unforeseen occurrence) and only is changed at implementation stage if so warranted by new developments. The line design is based on the following parameters:
Permissible Conductor Clearances at 65 0C
Sr. No.Description 1 Cultivated land traversed by vehicles 2 Roads and Streets 3 Communication and power lines power lines up to 66 kV power lines up to 33 kV 4 Highways 5 Railroads 6 Electrified railroads trolley wire 7 River at high flood 8 places accessible to pedestrians only 9 Building roofs not accessible to people 10 Tops of trees (Orchards) 11 Canals Clearance m 6.7 7.9 2.7 2.7 7.9 7.9 3.85 9.1 7.9 5.2 5 9.1

3.5

Proposed Schedule for Implementation 37. Design for the conversion of DGS and TXL equipment layout, review of environmental management and construction processes could take several months. When the detailed designs are completed, tendering and award of contract will take place over about three to six months. The construction period will follow and best estimates indicate about eighteen months to two years. The preliminary schedule is presented in Attachment-9.

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4.

DESCRIPTION OF THE SUB-PROJECT ENVIRONMENT 4.1 Project Area
4.1.1

General Characteristics of Project Area

38. GEPCO is providing electricity to Jalalpur-Nau village and nearby towns through 66 kV Jalalpur Nau grid station. Domestic, commercial and industrial power demand of the area is increasing rapidly like all other areas of Pakistan. Due to the increased power demand of the area the existing grid station has become overloaded and insufficient, and there is need to improve the power supply of the area. For this purpose, GEPCO is planning to convert the Jalalpur Nau grid station from 66kV to 132kV at the same site owned by GEPCO. The construction work of grid station will be done on the land owned by GEPCO. The substation will be linked to the proposed 132kV Kolu Tarar Grid station by constructing a new 15.863 km long 132kV double circuit transmission line. 39. The Conversion of Jalalpur-Nau 132kV GS and transmission line subproject has been prepared by Gujranwala Electric Power Company (GEPCO) to provide additional power supply to the Jalalpur Naw town and nearby towns. This substation will be linked to the Kolu Tarar Grid station which is also being converted to 132 kV in the same tranche by constructing a new 15.863 km long 132 kV double circuit transmission line and new line will start from Kolu Tarar village of District Hafizabad (Punjab Province). This subproject will entirely be completed with in Hafizabad District. Conversion of grid station will be done with in the boundary wall of the existing 66 kV Jalalpur Naw grid station. The transmission line will pass through four villages and will temporarily affect a total of 47.15 ha of crops and 81 trees. There are 52 affected households (AHs) losing agricultural crops and trees, with a total population of 481 (APs). 40. The new transmission line is 15.863 km long and will pass through four villages Kolu Tarar, Manianwala, Rasoolpur and Jalalpur-Nau located in Hafizabad district (Punjab province). The first 6,090 meters long section of the line traverses the farmlands of Kolu Tarar village then 3,906 meter section will pass through Manianwala village, then 3,955 meter section will pass through Rasoolpur village and remaining 1,911.73 meter section will pass through Jalalpur Nau village. The transmission line will traverse private farmland for most of its length 15,717.73 meter (99%) and only 145 meter (1%) uncultivated private and government lands (Canal, Road, Paths and watercourses). As a result, some 92 AHs, with a total population of 481 persons (APs), will be affected by temporary disruption to land, and loss of 47.15 ha of crops and 81 trees (72 wood and 9 fruit trees).
4.1.2

Affected Administrative Units

41. The area to be indirectly affected by the extension works for the conversion of JalalpurNau 66 kV Grid Station and Double Circuit TXL falls in Kolu Tarar, Manianwala, Rasoolpur and Jalalpur-Nau located in Hafizabad District (Punjab province (Fig 2.1) Interviews were conducted with the public near the DGS site and TXL corridor (Attachment 5) to obtain their views on the subproject, and any perceived impacts. In addition to main road, settlements along road there are factories of various types, educational institutions, along the RoW. The nearest settlement is Mohala Alampura at 200m from DGS. 42. The subproject 15.863 km transmission line requires 61 towers and consists of the Section A: Kolu Tarar (6,090 m long requiring 23 towers), Section B: Manianwala (3,906 m long requiring 15 towers), Section C: Rasoolpur (3,955 m long requiring 15 towers) and Section D: Jalalpur-Nau (1,912 m long requiring 08 towers).

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4.2

Physical Resources
4.2.1

Topography, Geography, Geology and Soils

43. The whole district is a flat alluvial plain. It can be divided into two parts. The low lying alluvial lands fringing River Chenab with the upland area lying away from the lowland area of the Chenab. The former is called the Hithar and the latter area is called the Uthar. The soils in the upland area are less fertile. The main soil in the district is Gora a highly manured artificial soil commonly found around villages. The Rohi is the fine dark clay soil. The Dosahi or Missi is a fine clay soil. Canal irrigation has changed the pattern of agriculture. The Chenab River forms the north western boundary of the district. It flows from north east to south west and has a broad and shallow stream. The deposits are sandy, but the floods are extensive, owing to the loose texture of the soil on its bank. Construction of affected the role of river by reducing its usefulness as a fertilizing agent of the riverine area considerably. 44. The main types of soil in the district are (i) Gora, an artificial soil highly manured, commonly found around villages and wells: (ii) Rohi, the finest natural soil and stiff clay dark/ reddish dark in color; (iii) Doshair or Missi which is a fine clay soil; (iii) Maira, which is of less loam with less clay than sand; (iv) Tibba, which is inferior maira; (v) Kallar, which is a sour and barren clay unsuitable for cultivation within adequate suitable treatment and (vi) Bela of the riverain soil is a fine alluvial soil mixed with sand.
4.2.2

Climate and Hydrology

45. There is no variation of altitude above sea level in the land along the alignment and the short length of the distribution line means no variation between the climates of the subproject area. The climate at Jalalpur-Nau 66kV Grid Station is typical of that of the central Punjab. 46. The maximum temperature in summer reaches 40C. In winter the minimum is 6C. The mean maximum and minimum temperatures in summer for this period are 40C, 27C respectively and in winter 19C and 5C respectively. The summer season starts from April and continues till October. May, June and July are the hottest months. The winter season on the other hand starts from November and continues till March, December, January and February are the coldest months. 47. The rainy season starts in July and ends in September. Average Annual rainfall during 1961-98 is about 629 mm. More rains occur in July and August than any other months. Most of the winter rains are received in the months of March and April.
4.2.3

Groundwater and Water Supply

48. Irrigation is largely dependent on the canals, but tube wells have also been sunk in the areas where water is fit for irrigation. The chemical quality of ground water in the district varies in different areas and at different depths. Potable water is available in the district. Irrigation supplies are perennial and tube wells have been installed to make up the deficiencies. The strata near the DGS and TXL are water bearing and alluvial deposits, giving groundwater potential throughout the subproject area and the water table is about ten to twelve meters below the surface. The water table is not seasonal and dug wells do not generally run dry. Groundwater sources exist in the area and there are no tube wells within 500m of the proposed TXL requiring 61towers. The local population near most of the DGS and TXL is generally reliant on supply from hand pumps.

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4.2.4

Surface Water Rivers and Tributaries

49. The Chenab is only one river in the district. The Chenab River forming the northern boundary has been described as a broad shallow stream. Its deposits are sandy, but its floods are extensive and owing to the loose texture of the soil on its banks, the moisture percolates for inland, but the weirs at Khanki and Marala have affected the river, and its usefulness as a fertilizing agent for the riverine tract has been reduced considerably. 50. There are several Nallahs in the district which form channels for floodwater in the rains. The most important of them are Palkhu, Aik, Khot, Beghwala and Dek. 51. Irrigation: The major means of irrigation in the district are the canals and tube wells. The lower Chenab canal starts from Khanki head works on the Chenab River and irrigates the whole district through its branches specially the Gugera branch, Jhang branch and the Kot Nikka branch. 52. The sources of irrigation are perennial and non-perennial canals supplemented by tube wells. The land ranges between sandy to clay loam and is almost plain. The entire district is irrigated through canals and tube wells. The sub soil water is sweet and in abundance. Tube wells have been installed and seven canals including main canals, link canals and feeder canals pass through the district. Besides, there are about 35 minors/ distributaries and Rajbas which supply water all over the district for irrigation purposes. Canals irrigated 9884 Tube wells irrigated 177,919, Canal cum well irrigated 19,769, Canal cum other sources 452,211 and well irrigated 2,417 acres.
4.2.5

Air Quality

53. Air quality in most of the project area appears good based on observation during the study period. Emissions should be controlled at source under the EMP. There will be a few items of powered mechanical equipment to be used in the conversion of the DGS works that may give rise to complaints of dust and other emissions; However, these should be minor and easily dissipated. Domestic sources of air pollution, such as emissions from wood and kerosene burning stoves as well as small diesel standby generators in some households, are minor. Although there are some rice mills but no other industrial pollution sources in the vicinity of the Jalalpur-Nau SP. The project area is distant from major sources of air pollution like industries or urban type traffic, domestic sources such as burning of wood and kerosene stoves, etc. or fugitive sources such as burning of solid wastes. Air quality in the project area appeared very good during the study period. Air quality measurements in major urban centers, carried out by Pak-EPA, revealed that CO, SO2 and NO levels were in excess of the acceptable levels in some areas but the average levels were found below WHO standards. Air quality testing by DISCOs (average values are: TSP 1.09 mg/m3, CO 634 ppb, SO2 24.34 ppb, NO2 23.73 ppb) through various consultants has reveled that most sub stations have NO2, CO2 and CO values below international standards although TSP levels at some locations was higher than international standards. 54. There should be no source of atmospheric pollution from the project. In the operational phase, the industrial facilities with fuel powered mechanical equipment will be the main polluters. All such emissions will be very well dissipated in the open terrain and there will be no cumulative effect from the project. 55. The other major source of air pollution is dust arising from construction and other ground or soil disturbance, during dry weather, and from movement of vehicles on poorly surfaced or damaged access roads. It has been observed that dust levels from vehicles may even be high enough to obscure vision significantly TXL temporarily.

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4.2.6

Noise

56. Noise from vehicles and other powered mechanical equipment is intermittent. There are also the occasional calls to prayer from the PA systems at the local mosques but there are no significant disturbances to the quiet rural setting. However, the construction from the proposed power expansion will use powered mechanical equipment. Subjective observations were made of background noise and also of individual vehicle pass by events. Based on professional experience background daytime noise levels are probably well below 55 dB(A) L90. DISCOs have carried out noise level measurements at various sub stations and transmission line locations within the system. These analyzed to calculate Leq values have resulted in Leq values much below the 85 dBA limit prescribed under the NEQs established by the EPA or the 75 dB(A) used by DISCO‟s/ NTDC/ PEPCO in the equipment specifications. Typical values were: average 46.21 dBA, high 63.14 dBA and low 34.35 dBA. 4.3 Biological Resources
4.3.1

Wildlife, Fisheries and Aquatic Biology

57. There are no areas of wildlife significance near the subproject area. Trees commonly found in the district are Shisham, (Dalbergia sissoo), Keekar (Acacia Arabica), Shareen (Albizza lebbck), Bari (Ziziphus Jujuba), Guava, citrus etc. in the recent past some farmers have started growing mini forest of Popular, Eucalyptus, Sumbal etc. There are some marshy areas along the river Chenab where water stagnates. These areas are popularly known as Baila. These are also covered with tall grasses, reeds and spices. 58. There are no reservoirs or other water bodies except Chenab River that forms the northern boundary of the district.
4.3.2

Terrestrial Habitats, Forests and Protected Species Vegetation Cover and Trees

59. The subproject area, which is not dry, is dominated by urban suburbs and with various factories present in the subproject area. Common floral species with rooted vegetation are also present near most of the water bodies of the area. 60. However, there is very little vegetation in the RoW for the line (Attachment 8). Just either side of the distribution line alignment are planted trees In addition, there are scattered wood trees. The trees include Shisham (Dalbergia sisso), Kikar (Accacia arabica) Eucalyptus, Popler, Mulberry, Beri and Darakh. GEPCO‟s technical survey and design team made utmost efforts to avoid affecting trees, and as a result, only 81 (72 wood and 9 fruit trees) trees will need to be removed from the 30m wide corridor and of the fruit trees are being affected by the line. 61. Trees commonly found in the district are Shisham, (Dalbergia sissoo), Keekar (Acacia arabica), Shareen (Albizza lebbck), Bari (Ziziphus Jujuba), Guava, citrus etc. in the recent past some farmers have started growing mini forest of Popular, eucalyptus, Sumbal etc. There are some marshy areas along the river Chenab where water stagnates. These areas are popularly known as Baila. These are also covered with tall grasses, reeds and spices. Protected and Religious Trees 62. There is little forestry in the district the forest area is only 1162 acres. There is no protected forest near the areas of works. There are also planted trees along canals and roads. The major trees grown in the forest are Shisham (Dalbergia sissoo), Kikar (Acacia arabica) and Poplar and Eucalyptus. In general permission should be sought from the local concerned department for the felling of any trees. LARP for the Conversion of JalalpurNau SP has been prepared which has made provision for compensation for concerned parties if needed, after detailed study. There are 81 trees in the ROW likely to be removed
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These trees belonged to private land owners so compensation will be paid to private land owners and re-plantation of these trees (3:1) is recommended. The works must deal with trees that need to be lopped or removed for safety reasons with the necessary permissions.
4.3.3

Protected Areas/ National Sanctuaries

63. In Pakistan there are several areas of land devoted to the preservation of biodiversity through the dedication of national parks and wildlife sanctuaries. There is no wetland, protected area or national sanctuary near the area of works and subproject area. 4.4 Economic Development
4.4.1

Agriculture and Industries

64. Cropping Pattern: The major crops are wheat, barley, gram, masoor, water melon in winter and rice, sugarcane, maize, jawar etc. in summer. The best variety on Basmati rice (Karnal) is cultivated in the fertile land of Hafizabad district. The export quality of rice is very popular in USA and the Gulf states. Pakistan earns millions of dollars by exporting rice from district Hafizabad. 65. Horticulture: The main fruits grown in the district are mango, orange and guava. Nearly all vegetables, found in the districts of the Punjab, are grown in this district as well. There are gardens/ nurseries of flowers like rose, chambeeli (jasmine), murva, guilder rose, etc. in and around Hafizabad. People are very fond of gardening and they have utilized their lawns and fields in urban and rural areas. There are many gardens of mangoes, jaman, guava etc. There are 2,186 acres of land excluding house nurseries under orchard as per data of revenue department of the district. 66. Industry: In Hafizabad, there is a Madina Sugar Mills, Crescent greenwood (in Pindi Bhattian), 28 agricultural implements manufacturing workshops, 15 rice shellers, 735 power looms, 2 sizing plants, 10 ice factories, A mobile oil clinic, 3 pre-cast, slabs and girders factories, 18 saw mills, 68 brick kilns, 128 flour mills, 36 rice husking mills, 4 oil extracting units, 3 flour mills, 5 cold storages, 130 carpet making units and hand looms, 9 Earthen pottery making units, 22 furniture workshops, 134 embroidery machines, 38 leather shoe making industries, and 9 artificial leather and foam foot wear making industries. Transportation 67. There is a network of metalled and un-metalled roads in the district. There are also metalled canal roads. All tehsil headquarters and important towns are connected through metalled roads. The Motorway road M-2 passes through Hafizabad. 68. Railway branch line between Faisalabad and Wazirabad section is passing through Hafizabad. 69. Hafizabad district is not linked by air with other parts of the country but it is connected with other parts of the country through Lahore International Airport which is about 50 km from Gujranwala.
4.4.2

Energy Sources

70. More than 40% housing units are using wood as cooking fuel in their houses while 34% are using gas for their purpose. About 4 percent are using kerosene oil and 21% are using other sources of cooking fuel in their houses.

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4.5

Social and Cultural Resources
4.5.1

Population Communities and Employment

71. Total population of Hafizabad district is 832,980 as enumerated in March, 1998. The 1998 Census showed the district population is 98.4% Muslims. The next higher percentage is of Christians with 1.2%, followed by Ahmadi less than 0.1% while other minorities like Hindu (Jati), Scheduled castes etc are very small in number. The proportion of population of Muslims in rural and urban areas is 97%. Christians are found more in urban areas than in rural areas. Similarly Ahmadis are more in urban areas. Punjabi is the predominant language being spoken in the district by 98.7% of the population followed by Urdu spoken by 0.9% and Pushto 0.3% while others speak Siraiki, Sindhi, Balochi, Brahavi and Dari. 72. The total economically active population 95.3% were registered as employed in 1998 nearly three-fifths i.e. 76.4% were self employed, 5.6% government employees and 11.7% private employees. Unpaid family helpers were recorded as 4.7%. The difference in proportions of employed population was significant between the genders, urban and rural residences.
4.5.2

Education and Literacy Literacy

73. The literacy ratio in Hafizabad district has increased from 19.6% in 1981 to 40.7% in 1998. The literacy ratio for males is 51.8% and 28.7% for females. The ratio is much higher in urban areas when compared with rural areas both for male and female. 74. There are 2,442 educational institutions in Gujranwala district imparting education from Mosque/ Primary School to postgraduate level. There are Government Primary, Middle, High and Private Schools located at Mohala Alampura about 200m at Solangi Awan and High school in Jalalpur-Nau at 06 km from DGS. There are also primary schools for girls and boys in each of the affected village while there are many schools and colleges in Hafizabad at 10km. The number of institutions available in 1995-96 is given in the following table: Educational Institutions
TYPE OF INSTITUTION MALE 1 2 35 13 322 1 FEMALE 1 3 8 26 367 1 TOTAL 2 5 43 39 689 2

Degree colleges Higher secondary schools High schools Middle schools Primary schools Commercial/ vocational institutions

Sources: Punjab Development Statistics, Bureau of Statistics, Punjab.
4.5.3

Health Facilities

75. There is district headquarter hospital of 60 beds at Hafizabad and 05 rural health centers, 31 basic health centers, 08 council‟s dispensaries and only one Red Crescent dispensaries. There is rural health center in Jalalpur-Nau at 06 km from DGS.

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5. Cultural Heritage and Community Structure
76. There are no officially protected heritage sites or historic, religious or archaeologically important sites located in the subproject works areas. There is no major historic or archaeological feature of note but there are a few places of worship within about 500m of the works. 77. The main tribes in Hafizabad inhabited are Awan, Chatha, Tarar, Syed, Khral, Rajput, Ansari and Bhati. Hafizabad District is divided into 8 segments according to the cost and major population of land holders of the area.

6. SCREENING POTENTIAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND MITIGATION MEASURES
6.1 Subproject Location 6.1.1 Impact Assessment and Mitigation 78. This tranche 2 subproject will involve the conversion of Jalalpur-Nau from 66kV to 132kV and construction of 132kV 15.863 km TXL, implying an expansion of facilities, both outside and inside the existing boundaries of the DGS presently occupied by grid and owned by GEPCO. There are a few sensitive receivers (SR) including some houses, schools, deras, which are more than 50m away from the DGS and TXL ROW and there are no sensitive receivers close to the TXL which could be possibly affected by certain activities of the SP works. There are some other sensitive receivers (SR). The TXL will also cross some roads, watercourses, canal, and could require the removal of some trees, but there are no other sensitive receivers on its route, which could be affected by the works. 79. The location and scale of the works are very important in predicting the environmental impacts. Therefore, it is essential that a proper analysis is carried out during the subproject planning period. This process of impact prediction is the core of the EIA process. It is critical that the recommendations and mitigation measures are carried out according to, and with reference to the conditions on the ground in the affected areas in the spirit of the environmental assessments process (Figures 2.1 and 2.2 shows the location of the proposed DGS and TXL route). In this section, the potential environmental impacts are reviewed where impacts are significant enough to exceed accepted environmental standards, mitigation is proposed in order to reduce residual impact to acceptable levels. In this regard, the impact prediction plays a vital role as these predictions are used for developing mitigation measures and any alternative options, if appropriate. When the detailed designs are completed the impacts and mitigation measures will need to be further reviewed to take into account how the contracts are set up and in the light of any fine tuning of the subproject proposals. 80. The environmental management plan (section 5 and EMP matrix attachment-3) has been reviewed based on the assessment and shall be reviewed in due course at subproject inception and through construction in order to provide a feed back on any significant unpredicted impacts. It is based on the analysis of impacts, primarily to document key environmental issues likely to arise from subproject implementation, to prescribe mitigation measures to be integrated in the subproject design, to design monitoring and evaluation schedules to be implemented during subproject construction and operation, and to estimate costs required for implementing subproject mitigation measures. The EMP must be reviewed in the subproject inception by the subproject management and approved before any construction activity is initiated, to take account of any subsequent changes and fine tuning of the proposals. 6.2 General Approach to Mitigation 81. Based on professional experience on some projects, contractors have put emphasis on the financial compensation for nuisance. This may be acceptable for some social impacts where evacuation is necessary or where houses have been accidentally damaged, however it is not
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best international practice to accept payment for environmental impacts. An approach whereby the subproject contractor pays money for nuisances rather than control impacts at source will not be acceptable. This practice and financial compensation should not be allowed as mitigation for environmental impacts or environmental nuisance. 82. For the subproject preparations during the construction phase, the future contractors must be prepared, notified to cooperate with the executing and implementing agencies, subproject management, construction supervising consultants and local population in the mitigation of impacts. Furthermore, the contractor must be primed through bidding stages and contract documentation to implement the EMP in full and be ready to engage/ train staff in the management of environmental issues, audit the effectiveness and review of mitigation measures as the subproject proceeds. The effective implementation of the EMP will be audited as part of the loan conditions and the executing agency (GEPCO) must be prepared for this. In this regard, the GEPCO must fulfill the local law requirements and guidance prepared by Pak EPA on the environmental aspects and recommendations made for power subproject in this EIA and under Pakistan‟s PEP Act. 83. The location of the residences, mosques, schools, hospitals, civic, cultural and other heritage sites has been reviewed in Section 3. Residences or schools are not close enough to the subproject on which there could be some potential impacts in the construction stage from disturbance and significant noise and dust. This is because the conversion works will take place within the boundaries existing grid and the TXL is very short (only 15.863 km), and the alignment is mostly through cultivated fields. 84. Work on the tower sites could cause some generation of air borne dust, but any nuisance from this is likely to be very localized and temporary. Other project activities, e.g. movement of heavy vehicles on unpaved tracks during the works, could generate considerable dust. Water is available in the study area, although surplus water may not always be available to suppress dust at vulnerable locations in the dry season. Therefore, as a general approach it is recommended that where works are within 15m of any residential sensitive receivers, the contractor should install segregation between the works and the edge of the sensitive receivers. The segregation should be easily erectable 2.5m high tarpaulin sheet and designed to retain dust and provide a temporary visual barrier to the works. Where dust is the major consideration the barrier can take the form of tarpaulins strung between two poles mounted on a concrete base. These can be moved along from tower base to tower base as the work proceeds. 85. Noise from the construction of the towers should not be a major consideration unless very close to schools or hospitals where construction should be avoided at sensitive times. In addition to the physical effect of mitigating dust and noise with barriers installation of such measures should be discussed with the local population and serve as a vehicle for further public consultation at the implementation stage to assist in public relations. 6.2.1 Cultural Heritage, Mosques, Religious Sites and Social Infrastructure 86. The location of mosques, cultural and other heritage SR sites has been reviewed in Section 3. There are no mosques or other religious sites close to the TXL route. The transmission line will pass through five villages and will temporarily affect a total of 46 ha of crops and 79 wood trees. There are 67 affected households (AHs) losing agricultural crops and trees, with a total population of 606 (APs). The new line will also not affect or disturb any such site. (Attachment 6) 87. The nearest clinic/ hospital is more than 500m from the edge of the Subproject or TXL route, but the nearest school is at 500m from the TXL, and the nearest houses at about 50m from the TXL. The TXL will also cross some roads, water course sand a canal. Apart from these features, there will be sufficient buffer distance between the works and any other SRs, so that no significant impacts should be expected. Public consultation should be undertaken at the implementation stage to ensure nuisances are not allowed to escalate the SRs close to the DGS and TXL route. 88. The transmission line will pass through four villages temporarily affecting a total of 46 ha of crops and 81 wood trees. There are 67 affected households (AHs) losing agricultural crops and
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trees with a total population of 606 persons. 6.3 Potential Environmental Impacts in Construction 6.3.1 Encroachment, Landscape and Physical Disfiguration 89. The extent of the proposed power expansion is moderate and should not extend beyond the power corridor (RoW) created by the subproject. No significant landscape impacts are expected from conversion of 66kV Jalalpur-Nau SP. 6.3.2 Cut, Fill and Waste Disposal 90. Disposal of surplus materials must also be negotiated through local authority approvals prior to the commencement of construction. The Subproject work should not involve any significant cutting and filling but minor excavations (down to 4m) and piling may be required to create the foundations for the new transformers and for some towers (if required). It is envisaged (depending on the mode of contract) that the surface under the towers will need to be scrabbled to remove unstable materials, or to stockpile topsoil. 91. Mitigation measures must focus on the minimization of impacts. In order to allow the proper functioning of the settlement sites (access to villages) during construction it is recommended that consideration be given to erect temporary hoardings immediately adjacent to the nearest houses and shops if they are within 15m of the power distribution line tower construction. 92. If surplus materials arise from the removal of the existing surfaces from specific areas, these should be used elsewhere on the subproject before additional soil, rock, gravel or sand is brought in. The use of immediately available material will generally minimize the need for additional rock based materials extraction from outside. 93. The subproject detailed designers have so far estimated that no substantial additional materials will be required subject to confirmation at the detailed design stage. 94. At this stage no areas require removal of woodland. However, if specimen trees of religious plantations are affected the owners should be given the resources and opportunity to reinstate the woodland long term and a plantation compensation plan should be drawn up to replant the woodland/ trees. In the event that the land is not suitable for plantation then other areas should be identified to replace the cut trees and sufficient areas should be identified to allow plantation of trees at a rate of say 3:1. The replacement ratio should allow for a high mortality rate among the newly planted trees in the dry environment or otherwise as based on advice from the forest authority. 95. Contractual clauses should be included to require each contractor to produce a materials management plan (one month before construction commences) to identify all sources of cement and aggregates and to balance cut and fill. The plan should clearly state the methods to be employed prior to and during the extraction of materials and all the mitigation measures to be employed to mitigate nuisances to local residents. Financial compensation shall not be allowed as mitigation for environmental impacts or environmental nuisance. Mitigation measures shall seek to control the impacts at source in the first place. The engineer shall be responsible to update the subproject cut and fill estimates and create Materials Master Plan to facilitate materials exchange between the different contract areas along the power line and subcontractors on the power line and to provide an overall balance for materials and minimize impacts on local resources. 6.3.3 Trees, Ecology and Protected Areas 96. There are no reserved or protected forests or trees near the DGS site or TXL alignment. The proposed line will require the installation of 61 towers. In addition to crop loss, 81 private trees also fall within the 30 meter wide corridor of transmission line. Of these 81 trees 63 trees will be affected by the transmission line and 18 trees will be affected by the tower construction. Of these 81 trees, 72 trees are wood trees and only 9 trees are fruit (Guava) trees all these will need to
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be removed for the construction of the line. Some 39 AHs will lose 81 trees. All affected trees are scattered and mostly located along the field boundaries. There are no plantations, orchards of fruit trees affected by this subproject. Compensation for the affected trees will be paid for once on their initial removal. 97. If some unforeseen reason or changes of alignment, any trees with religious significance or other trees need to be removed, written permission should be obtained from the forest authority and the owner after written justification by GEPCO. Trees shall be planted to replace the lost trees with three trees planted to replace every cut tree (3:1) or more as agreed with the authority. 98. A requirement shall be inserted in the contracts that no trees are to be cut on the JalalpurNau 132kV Grid Station and D.C TXL site or outside, without the written permission from the supervising consultant who may permit the removal of trees if unavoidable on safety/ technical/ engineering grounds after written justification by GEPCO to satisfy the forest authority and owners. 6.3.4 Hydrology, Sedimentation and Soil Erosion 99. The drainage streams en-route of the subproject should not be impeded by the works. The scale of the works does not warrant hydrological monitoring. 6.3.5 Air Pollution from Earthworks and Transport 100. The material (cement, sand and aggregate) requirement of a typical 132kV sub station (about 150 cum) and 132kV transmission tower (4.8 cum, or 40 bags of cement per tower) are not large. In transmission line construction, sand and aggregate are delivered directly to the tower location from the quarry/ source. There is no intermediate or bulk storage of these materials. Similarly, construction materials for the sub station are stored within the substation site are scheduled as per the work progress (which is staggered as the buildings which require bulk of the construction materials are built in phases over 6 to 12 months period), which means that at any given point in time the amount of construction material stored is not significant. The quantities of construction material required for a typical substation or transmission tower are not so larger that they potentially represent a traffic hazard, these requirements are time dispersed in case of sub stations, time and space dispersed in case of transmission lines. However, the contractor will be required to provide a traffic management plan before commencement of work at site. Field observations indicate that ambient air quality is generally acceptable; emissions from traffic and other powered mechanical equipment in the area are rapidly dispersed. There will be a few items of powered mechanical equipment to be used in the construction of the distribution line works that may give rise gaseous emissions. However, these should be well dissipated. The major sources of complaint will likely to be any necessary earthworks and local soil compaction. 101. Earthworks will contribute to increase in dust, foundation earthworks for transformers and the line poles will generate dust. Following mitigation measures are needed: a). Dust suppression facilities (water sprayers/ hose pipe) shall be available where Earth and cement works are required. b). Areas of construction (especially where the works are within 50m of the SRs) shall be kept damp by watering the construction area. c). Construction materials (sand, gravel, and rocks) and spoil materials will be transported trucks covered with tarpaulins. d). Storage piles will be at least 30m downwind of the nearest human settlements. 102. All vehicles (e.g., trucks, equipments and other vehicles that support construction works) shall be well maintained and not emit dark, smoky or other emissions in excess of the limits described in the NEQS. 103. The need for large stockpiles should be minimized by careful planning of the supply of materials from controlled sources. Stockpiles should not be located within 50m of schools, Hospitals or other public amenities such as wells and pumps and should be covered with
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Tarpaulins when not in use and at the end of the working day to enclose dust. 6.3.6 Noise, Vibration and Blasting 104. It is anticipated that powered mechanical equipment and some local labor with hand tool methods will be used to construct the subproject works. No blasting is anticipated. Powered mechanical equipment can generate significant noise and vibration. The cumulative effects from several machines can be significant. To minimize such impacts, the contractor for subproject should be requested by the construction supervision consultants (engineer) to provide evidence and certification that all equipment to be used for construction is fitted with the necessary air pollution and noise dampening devices to meet EPA requirements. 105. A criterion of 70 dB(A) Leq (exterior, boundary of DGS) has been used for assessment in previous EIA studies. Any noisy equipment should be located within DGS as far from SRs as possible to prevent nuisances to dwellings and other structures from operation. 106. Noise from construction of the power distribution lines and improvements to substations is not covered under any regulations. However, in order to keep in line with best international practice it is recommended that no construction should be allowed during night time (9 PM to 6 AM) and 70dB (A) Leq should be the criterion at other times during the day measured at the boundaries of land from which construction noise is emitted. A criterion of 70 dB(A) Leq (exterior, boundary of DGS) has been used for assessment in previous EIA studies. Any noisy equipment should be located within DGS or as far from SRs as possible to prevent nuisances to dwellings and other structures from operation. 107. Vibration from construction of piles to support pads may be required for some tower construction and may be a significant impact but this should be short duration. Where vibration could be come a major consideration (within say 100m of schools, religious premises, hospitals or residences) a building condition survey should take place prior to construction. The physical effect of piling should be assessed prior to construction and measures should be discussed with the local population as well as timing of the works to serve as a vehicle for further public consultation at the implementation stage and to assist in public relations. At nearby schools, the contractor shall discuss with the school principals the agreed time for operating these machines and completely avoid machine use near schools during examination times, if such a need arises. 6.3.7 Sanitation, Solid Waste Disposal and Communicable Diseases 108. The main issues of concern are uncontrolled or unmanaged disposal of solid, liquid wastes into watercourses, natural drains, improper disposal of storm water and black water and open defecation by construction workers. 109. In order to maintain proper sanitation around construction sites, access to the nearby DGS lavatories should be allowed or provision of temporary toilets should be made. Construction worker camps will not be necessary, based on the scale of the works needed. If for some unforeseen reason a larger workforce is needed any construction camp should not be located in settlement areas or near sensitive water resources and portable lavatories or at least pit latrines should be provided. 110. Wherever water is allowed to accumulate, in temporary drainage facilities, due to improper storm water management, or improper disposal of wastewater generated from the site, it can offer a breeding site for mosquitoes and other insects. Vectors such as mosquitoes may be encountered if open water is allowed to accumulate at the Jalalpur- Nau SP site. Temporary and permanent drainage facilities should therefore be designed to facilitate the rapid removal of surface water from all areas and prevent the accumulation of surface water ponds.

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6.4 Potential Environmental Impacts in Operation 6.4.1 Air pollution and noise from the enhanced operations 111. The subproject works will extend the power distribution lines but no houses, mosques or schools will be close to the DGS and new TXL in the operational phase. Nevertheless some houses, deras are close to the TXL. Under conversion grid station is located on Hafizabad road and the extended level of operation of the facility is not likely to cause any appreciable increase in the noise level already generated by the existing equipment. However, it is recommended that an acoustical check be made on the detailed design to determine of any noise barriers are required. There should be no source of atmospheric pollution from the subproject. In the operational phase, any nearby industrial facilities with fuel powered mechanical equipment will be the main polluters. All such emissions will be well dissipated in the open terrain and there will be no cumulative effects from the subproject. 112. Noise impacts from the operation of the DGS and TXL equipment should be reviewed at the detailed design stage. There are/not national noise standards in Pakistan for power distribution noise emissions that would apply in the operational stages. A criterion of 70Db (A) Leq (exterior, boundary of DGS) has been used for assessment in previous EIA studies. It is recommended that a check be made on the likely acoustical performance based on makers specifications of the installed equipment at the detained design stage. 6.4.2 Pollution from oily run-off, fuel spills and dangerous goods 113. No significant impacts from oily residues such as transformer oil and lubricants are expected to arise in this subproject. However control measures will be needed for oily residues such as transformer oil and lubricants in the case of accidental or unexpected release. Transformer oil is supplied in drums from an imported source and tap tanks are topped up as necessary on site. There are facilities in some subproject DGS maintenance yards for recycling (dehydrating) oil from breakers. However the areas upon which these recycling facilities are located have no dedicated drainage which can capture run-off. Oily residues and fuel and any contaminated soil residues should be captured at source and refueling and maintenance should take place in dedicated areas away from surface water resources. Contaminated residues and waste oily residues should be disposed at a site agreed with the local authority. No significant impacts from oily residues such as transformer oil and lubricants are expected to arise in this subproject. However, control measures will be needed for oily residues such as transformer oil and lubricants in the case of accidental or unexpected release. Transformer oil is supplied in drums from an imported source and tap tanks are topped up as necessary on site. There are facilities in some subproject DGS maintenance yards for recycling (dehydrating) oil from breakers. However, the areas upon which these recycling facilities are located have no dedicated drainage which can capture run-off. Oily residues and fuel and any contaminated soil residues should be captured at source by installing bunds (Appendix 6) and refueling and maintenance should take place in dedicated areas away from surface water resources. Contaminated residues and waste oily residues should be disposed at a site agreed with the local authority. DISCOs are served by the Technical Services Group (TSG), TSG prepare a detailed routine maintenance schedule for each piece of hardware. TSG also supervise and monitors the implementation of this schedule by Grid System Operation (GSO). Transformer oil has a long life (typically over 15 years, which depends upon the level of load the transformer serves). Oil spills are very rare and are preempted by routine maintenance. TSG and GSO have a written down procedure to deal with oil spills. TSG ensure that the maintenance schedule of each piece of hardware is adhered to. DISCOs have also established a safety unit, which among other tasks, investigates all accidents. Frequency of accidents, on average is about 1 per DISCO per year (based on last 4 years record) i.e. about 60 % of these are non-fatal. Most accidents occur due to staff and supervision negligence. Detailed report of each accident is prepared.

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6.5

Enhancement

114. Environmental enhancements are not a major consideration within the subproject site. However, it is noted that it is common practice at many such sites to create some local hard and soft landscaping and successful planting of fruit trees and shrubs has been accomplished in many sites. This practice should be encouraged as far as practicable. Other opportunities for enhancements can be assessed prior to construction and proposed enhancements should be discussed with the local population to serve as a vehicle for further public consultation at the implementation stage and to assist in public relations. Trees removed for construction purposes should be replaced as compensation in line with best practice at ratio of three replaced for one removed however additional trees should be planted as enhancements where there is space in along the TXL and DGS. 7. INSTITUTIONAL REQUIREMENTS & ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN 115. In this Section, the mitigation measures required for the conversion of 66kV Jalalpur-Nau into 132kV SP tranche 2 subproject, to reduce residual impact to acceptable levels and achieve the expected outcomes of the project, are discussed. The Environmental Management Plan is based on the type, extent and duration of the identified environmental impacts for the conversion of Jalalpur Nau SP Tranche 2 subproject. The EMP has been prepared following best practice and by reference to the ADB Environmental Assessment Guidelines 2003. 116. It is important that the recommendations and mitigation measures are carried out according to the spirit of the environmental assessment process and in line with the guidelines. The EMP matrix is presented as Attachment 3. The impact prediction (Section 4) has played a vital role in reconfirming typical mitigation measures and in identifying any different approaches based on the feasibility and detailed design assumptions and any alternatives available at this stage. 117. Prior to the implementation and construction of subprojects; the EMP shall be amended and reviewed by the GEPCO in due course after detailed designs are completed. Such a review shall be based on re-confirmation and additional information on the assumptions made at this feasibility stage on positioning, alignment, location scale and expected operating conditions of the subprojects. For example, in this case if there are any additional transmission lines or extension of the substation boundaries to be included, the designs may be amended and then the performance and evaluation schedules to be implemented during project construction and operation can be updated and costs estimates can be revised. The EIA and EMP should than be revised on a subproject by subproject basis. 118. The EIA and EMP plan must be reviewed by the project management and approved by the PEPA before any construction activity is initiated. This is also an ADB requirement in order to take account of any sub-sequent changes and fine tuning of the proposals. It is recommended that, before the works contract is worked out in detail and before pre-qualification of contractors, a full extent of the environmental requirements of the project (EIA/ IEE and EMP) are included in the bidding documents. Professional experience indicates that past environmental performance of contractors and their awareness of environmentally responsible procurement should also be used as indicator criteria for the prequalification of contractors. 119. In order to facilitate the implementation of the EMP, during the preparation for the construction phase the GEPCO must prepare the future contractors to co-operate with all stakeholders in the mitigation of impacts. Furthermore, the contractor must be primed through the contract documentation and ready to implement all the mitigation measures. GEPCO will need to engage at least one trained environmental management staff and the staff should audit the effectiveness and review mitigation measures as the subprojects are rolled out. The effective implementation of the EMP will be audited as part of the mid term review of loan conditions and the executing agency must prepare for this at the inception stage. 120. The details of EMP given in the Attachment 3 are for the Gujranwala New (500kV) Hafizabad-ll subproject. The EMP matrix will have much in common for many other future (Tranche 2) substation and line projects that have a similar scale of works and types of location
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but will be different for more complicated substation and line projects that involve impacts to land outside the existing substations and for lines traversing more sensitive land. In all cases, separate dedicated EIAs must be prepared. 121. The impacts have been classified into those relevant to the design/preparation stage, construction stage and operation and maintenance stage. The matrix provides details of the mitigation measures recommended for each of the identified impacts, time span of the implementation of mitigation measures, an analysis of the associated costs and the responsibility of the institution. The institutional responsibility has been specified for the purpose of the implementation and the supervision. The matrix is supplemented with a monitoring plan (Attachment 4) for the performance indicators. An estimation of the associated costs for the monitoring is given with the plan. The EMP has been prepared following best practice and the ADB environmental assessment guidelines 2003. 122. Prior to the implementation of subproject, the GEPCO needs to comply with several environmental requirements such as submitting an IEE/ EIA to PEPA, obtaining PEPA clearance (“No Objection Certificate” compiling acceptable EMP and Clearance Certificate) under PEPAct (guidelines and regulations 2000) and any other permission required from other authorities. GEPCO will also need to confirm that contractors and their suppliers have complied with all statutory requirements and have appropriate and valid licenses and permits for all powered mechanical equipment and to operate in line with local authority conditions. 123. The EMP (Attachment 3) was prepared taking into account the limited capacity of GEPCO to conduct environmental assessments of the subprojects. GEPCO has yet to engage any graduate staff with field experience. However, an environmental manager will be required. It is envisaged that experience in this field should therefore develop in the near future. However, it is also strongly recommended that for subprojects in future tranches that the GEPCO be prepared to engage more support where necessary (e.g. senior environmental specialist with at least 3 years experience in environmental management one years site experience in environmental monitoring and auditing) to guide the subsequent formal assessment and submission process under the PEPAct and monitor compliance with the EMP. As of March 2009, the GEPCO has demonstrated only limited commitment to developing in-house environmental and social capability. 124. The appointed environmental manager has to have a good level of awareness and will be responsible for addressing environmental concerns for subprojects potentially involving hundreds kilometers of distribution lines and DGS. Whereas, some of their work may in future be delegated to consultants they will need more training and resources if they are effectively provide quality control and oversight for the EMP implementation. They will require robust support from senior management staff members and the management consultant if they are to address all environmental concerns for the subprojects effectively. Specific areas for immediate attention are in EMP auditing, environmentally responsible procurement, air, water and noise pollution management and ecological impact mitigation. It is recommended that an environmental specialist consultant with 10 years experience be made available to all the DISCOS to cover these aspects full time for at least the first six months of the PDEMFF project and that on a call off basis with local support those services are retained for the life of the PDEMFF loan. The newly appointed graduate environmental manager can then shadow the environmental specialist to improve awareness; hopefully provide independent quality control and oversight the EMP implementation for the first 12 months. 125. In order to achieve good compliance with environmental assessment principles the graduate environmental manager for the project implementation team must be actively involved prior to the outset of the implementation design stage to ensure compliance with the statutory obligations under the PEPAct. It is also recommended that GEPCO Board allow direct reporting to Board level from the in-house Environmental and Social Unit (ESU). If the ESU requires resources for larger subprojects then environmental specialist consultants could be appointed through the project implementation unit to address all environmental aspects in the detailed design. It is recommended that the project management unit (PMU) should liaise directly with the ESU to address all environmental aspects in the detailed design and contracting stages. The
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graduate environmental manager will cover the implementation of environmental mitigation measures in the project packages. 126. Overall implementation of the EMP will become GEPCO‟s responsibility. GEPCO and other parties to be involved in implementing the EMP are as follows: 127. Contractors: responsible for carrying out the contractual obligations, implementing all EMP measures required to mitigate environmental impacts during construction; 128. The GEPCO Board of Directors will be responsible to ensure that sufficient timely resources are allocated to process the environmental assessments and to monitor implementation of all construction and operational mitigation measures required to mitigate environmental impacts, 129. Other government agencies such as the regional PEPA and state pollution authorities, Department of Forests, Department of Wildlife Services, who will be responsible for monitoring the implementation of environmental conditions and compliance with statutory requirements in their respective areas and local land use groups at the local levels. 130. Considering that other government agencies need to be involved in implementing the EMP, training or harmonization workshops should be conducted for ESUs in all DISCOS every six months/ twice each year for the first 2 years (annually thereafter), share monitoring report about the implementation of EMP, share lessons learned during implementation and to achieve a consistent approach decide on remedial actions, if un-expected environmental impacts occur. 131. The monitoring plan (Attachment 4) was designed based on the project cycle. During the preconstruction period, the monitoring activities will focus on (i) checking the contractor‟s bidding documents, particularly to ensure that all necessary environmental requirements have been included; and (ii) checking that the contract documents‟ references to environmental mitigation measures requirements have been incorporated as part of contractor‟s assignment and making sure that any advance works are carried out in good time. Where detailed design is required (e.g. for power distribution lines and avoidance of other resources) the inclusion and checking of designs must be carried out. During the construction period, the monitoring activities will ensure that environmental mitigation measures are implemented and some performance indicators to be recorded the subprojects environmental performance and to guide any remedial action to address unexpected impacts. 132. The Monitoring activities during project operation will focus on recording environmental performance and proposing remedial actions to address unexpected impacts. The potential to use local community groups for monitoring should be explored as part of the activities in setting up Environmental and Social Unit which should have regular meetings with the NGOs as a matter of good practice and to discuss matters of mutual concerns. 133. At this stage, due to modest scale of the new power distribution projects will be generally kept to non-sensitive, non-critical areas and construction/ operation impacts will be manageable. No insurmountable impacts are predicted providing that the EMP is implemented to its full extent and required in the contract documents. However, experience suggests that some contractors may not be familiar with this approach or may be reluctant to carry out some measures. In order to ensure compliance with EMP, the contractors are fully aware of the implications of EMP, it is recommended that environmental measures be costed separately in the tender documentation and that payment milestones are linked to environmental performance, via carrying out the EMP. 134. The effective implementation of the EMP will be audited as part of the loan conditions and the executing agency must be prepared for this. In this regard the GEPCO (the IA) must be prepared to guide the design engineers and contractors on the environmental aspects.

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8. PUBLIC CONSULTATION AND INFORMATION DISCLOSURE 8.1 Approach to Public Consultation 135. The public consultation (PC) process with various stakeholders has been approached So as to involve public and other stakeholders from the earliest stages. Public consultation has taken place during the planning and design and viewpoints of the stakeholders have been taken into account and their concerns and suggestions for possible improvements have been included where appropriate. Much of the PC process to date has revolved around concerns for the mitigation of construction impacts and the possible side effects from the proximity of high voltage power lines and the DGS and its equipment. 136. There is also a requirement for ongoing consultation for land acquisition and resettlement (LARP) and the completion of the Resettlement Plan (RP) is documented separately. It is expected that this process will continue through all stages of the subproject in order to accommodate stakeholders' aspirations and to orient the stakeholders positively towards the project implementation and where possible to harness cooperation over access issues in order to facilitate timely completion. 8.2 Public Consultation Process 137. The public consultation process has commenced in the initial feasibility stages (prior to construction) in order to disclose the project information to the stakeholders and record feedback regarding the proposed project and preferences. The stakeholders involved in the process were the population likely to be impacted along the route of the proposed power lines; the village leaders and school teachers. 138. Prior to the implementation of the consultation, feedback etc. has been carried out to support this EIA and recorded. The focus of attention has been the population near the proposed TXL that may be affected by the Subproject expansion. The level of engagement varied from the stakeholder to stakeholder with some registering no major comment but it is noted that none registered any outright opposition to subproject. 139. The disclosure of the enhancement project in advance and subsequent consultation with stake holders has advantages in the environmental assessment and mitigation of impacts. Public consultation can also provide a conduit for the improvement of the project implementation to better serve the stakeholders. 140. The environmental assessment process under the Pakistan Environmental Protection Act only requires the disclosure to the public after the statutory EIA/ IEE has been accepted by the relevant EPA to be in strict adherence to the rules. In this EIA the consultation process was performed to satisfy the ADB requirements. The locations of consultation and people consulted are listed in the full table of public consultation presented in Attachment 5. 8.3 Results of Public Consultation 141. The consultations identified some potential environmental and social impacts and perceptions of the affected communities. The public consultation resulted in 53 responses in February 2009(Attachment-5). The community generally supports the construction of TXL. The local poor people predominantly requested for unskilled and semi skilled jobs on priority basis with the contractors during implementation of the project. No land acquisition and resettlement is involved in this subproject. However, compensation will be paid to the concerned parties / owners of land under the towers and where the loss of some trees and for damage to crops is expected. 142. On the basis of the consultations so far, it appears that the project will have no insurmountable environmental and social impacts but GEPCO will have to make sure that compensation and assistance amounts are assessed justly and that skilled and unskilled employment should be preferentially given to the AP as far as is reasonably practicable.

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9. CONCLUSIONS
9.1 Findings and Recommendations 143. This study was carried out at the planning stage of the project. Primary and secondary data were used to assess the environmental impacts. The potential environmental impacts were assessed in a comprehensive manner. The report has provided a picture of all potential environmental impacts associated with the Project, and recommended suitable mitigation measures. This study recommends that some further follow up studies are undertaken during project processing in order to meet the ADB requirements. 144. There are some further considerations for the planning stages such as obtaining clearance for the project under the Pakistan Environmental Protection Act (1997) but environmental impacts from the power enhancements will mostly take place during the construction stage. There are also some noise impacts and waste management issues for the operational stage that must be addressed in the detailed design and through environmentally responsible procurement. At the detailed design stage the number of and exact locations for transmission tower enhancements may change subject to detailed surveys but the impacts are likely to be broadly similar at most locations and impacts have been reviewed in the environmental impact section of this EIA report. 145. There are a number of key actions required in the detailed design phase. Prior to construction, the GEPCO must receive clearance certification from the PEPA and GEPCO must complete an EMP that will be accepted by the PEPA and agreed by the contractor prior to signing the contract. The information provided in this report can form the basis of any further submission to PEPA as required in future. 146. No Land Acquisition, Compensation and Resettlement is involved. However, some trees will be compensated to the concerned parties, if needed. However, provisions may be made in LARP, based on the proposed alignments these should not be difficult tasks and can be conducted as the detailed designs are worked out and to dovetail with the existing system and minimize adverse impacts and maximize benefits. A social impact assessment and resettlement action plan (LARP) has been completed in tandem with this EIA for the whole subproject. The study has: Examined and assess the overall social and poverty profile of the project area on the basis of the primary and secondary data sources and preparation of a socio-economic profile of the project districts. ii. Prepared a social and poverty analysis, taking into account socio-economic and poverty status of the project area of influence, including the nature, extent and determinants of poverty in the project area including assessment. In addition, estimation of the likely socioeconomic and poverty reduction impacts of the project should be included. iii. Held consultations with relevant officials from the government and other relevant officials, including consultation with affected communities to assess responses to the project and ascertain the nature and scope of local participation in project planning and implementation. iv. Identified, analyzed and where appropriate, quantified the potential resettlement impacts (minimal) of the proposed Project on the area and the population. 147. Baseline monitoring activities should be carried out during project detailed design stage to establish the baseline of parameters for checking during the construction stage. The monitoring schedule (Attachment 4) recommends monitoring on two occasions at the site location. The results should be integrated with the contract documentation to establish performance action thresholds, pollution limits and contingency plans for the contractor‟s performance. 148. During the commissioning phase, noise monitoring should ensure that statutory requirements have been achieved. Monitoring activities during project operation will focus on periodic recording environmental performance and proposing remedial actions to address any unexpected impacts. i.

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9.2 Summary and Conclusions 149. The conversion of Jalalpur-Nau DGS from 66kV to 132kV and transmission line SP is a feasible and sustainable option from the power transmission, engineering, environmental, and socioeconomic points of view. Implementation of the EMP and environmental impacts associated with the subproject need to be properly mitigated, and the existing institutional arrangements are available. Additional human and financial resources will be required by GEPCO to complete the designs and incorporate the recommendations effectively and efficiently in the contract documents, linked to payment milestones. The proposed mitigation and management plans are practicable but require additional resources. 150. This EIA, including the EMP, should be used as a basis for an environmental compliance program and be included as an Attachment to the contract. The EMP shall be reviewed at the detailed design stage. In addition, any subsequent conditions issued by PEPA as part of the environmental clearance should also be included in the environmental compliance program. Therefore, continued monitoring of the implementation of mitigation measures, the implementation of the environmental conditions for work and environmental clearance, and monitoring of the environmental impact related to the operation of the subproject should be properly carried out and reported at least twice per year as part of the project performance report.

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Attachment- Layout of Grid Substation

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Appendix 3 Environmental Management Plan– Matrix July 2010-2011
Environmental Concerns
DESIGN STAGE 1. Social preparation completed (June 2008). LARP etc in place IN CASE UNFORSEEN ADDITIONAL LAND IS REQUIRED 2. Acquisition of lands completed to minimize the uncertainty of people. 3. Completed implementation of LARP and LARCs to provide compensation and assistance to the APs. 4. GEPCO to select a site that will not affect any public in property or house such that no additional land is required. 5. All the payments/ entitlements are paid according to the Entitlement Matrix, prepared according to the LARP. 6. All the impacts identified by the EIA are incorporated in to the project as well as the LARP and relevant entitlements included into the Entitlement Matrix. 1. Hydrological flow in areas where it is sensitive, such as water courses or bridges and culverts. 2. Design of adequate major and minor culverts facilities will be completed 1. Conduct detailed acoustic assessment for all residential, school, (other sensitive structures) within 50m of DGS and line. 2. If noise at sensitive receiver exceeds the permissible limit, the construction activities should be mitigated, monitored and controlled. 3. If noise at sensitive receiver exceeds the permissible limit, the design to include acoustic mitigation (noise barrier or relocation of noisy equipment) and monitoring.

Attachment Resp. Imp MM Resp. Mon. MM

Objectives

Mitigation Measures Recommended

Timing to Implement MM

Locations to Implement MM

1. Social Impacts

To ensure that the adverse impacts due to the property acquisition & resettlement are mitigated according to the LARP.

Before construction of the GSS and all the included structures, the APs to be given sufficient time with compensation money and to resettle satisfactorily.

Affected Families will be compensated by GEPCO through the concerned District Revenue Department and Land Acquisition Collectors.

GEPCO ESU/ LACs

MC and Monitors

2. Hydrological Impacts

To minimize hydrological and drainage impacts during constructions.

Before the commencement of construction activities/ during design stage

If lines or substation are relocated near water courses, culverts or bridges in the design stage reports

GEPCO ESU with the Design Consultant

GEPCO

3.Noise barriers

Ensure cumulative noise impacts are acceptable in construction and operational phase.

1. During detailed design stage. No later than prequalification or tender negotiations. 2. Include acoustic specification in the contract.

Noise sensitive locations identified in the EIA/ IEE/ EMP or as required/ approved by PEPA.

GEPCO ESU with the design consultant

GEPCO ESU (if any).

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Environmental Concerns

Objectives

Mitigation Measures Recommended
1. Create waste management policy and plan to identify sufficient locations for, storage and reuse of transformers and recycling of breaker oils and disposal of transformer oil, residually contaminated soils and scrap metal “cradle to grave”. 2. Include in contracts for unit rates for remeasurement for disposal. 3. Designate disposal sites in the contract and cost unit disposal rates accordingly. 1. Identify locations where drainage or irrigation crossing RoW may be affected by works. 2. Include protection works in contract as a payment milestone(s).
1.

Timing to Implement MM

Locations to Implement MM
GEPCO ESU. Locations approved by EPA and GEPCO and local waste disposal authorities. Locations based on drainage or irrigation crossing RoW near DGS.

Resp. Imp MM

Resp. Mon. MM

4.Waste disposal

Ensure adequate disposal options for all waste including transformer oil, residually contaminated soils and scrap metal. Include mitigation in preliminary designs for erosion control and temporary drainage.

1.Prior to detailed design stage no later than prequalification or tender negotiations 2. Include in contract.

GEPCO ESU and EPA with the design consultant.

GEPCO ESU and CSC

5.Temporary drainage and erosion control

During designing stage no later than prequalification or tender negotiations.

GEPCO ESU and design consultant.

GEPCO ESU a

6.Contract clauses

Ensure requirements and recommendations of environmental assessment are included in the contracts.

2.

3.

Include EMP Matrix in tender documentation and make contractors responsible to implement mitigation measures by reference to EIA/ IEE in contract. Include preparation of EMP review and method statement WM plan, TD and EC Plan in contract as a payment milestone(s). Require environmental accident checklist and a list of controlled chemicals /substances to be included in the contractor’s work method statement and tender documentation.

1.

During tender preparation. 2. No later than prequalification or tender negotiations 3. In bidding documents as evaluation criteria.

Noise sensitive locations identified in the EIA/IEE/EMP or as required/ approved by PEPA.

GEPCO ESU with the design consultant

GEPCO ESU (if any).

CONSTRUCTION STAGE To ensure the proper implementation of any requirements mentioned in EPA conditions of approval letter in relation to Hydrology of the project.

1. Hydrology And Drainage Aspects

1. Consideration of weather conditions when particular construction activities are undertaken. 2. Limitations on excavation depths in use of recharge areas for material exploitation or spoil disposal. 3. Use of landscaping as an integrated component of construction activity as an erosion control measure. 4. Minimizing the removal of vegetative cover

Prepare a thorough drainage management plan to be approved by CSC one month prior to a commencement of construction Proper timetable prepared in consideration with the climatic

1. Locations of each construction activity to be listed by the CSC engineer. 2. Special locations are identified on the site by the contractor to

1. Contractor supervised by CSC or to actively supervise and enforce.

GEPCO ESU

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Environmental Concerns

Objectives

Mitigation Measures Recommended
as much as possible and providing for it s restoration where construction sites have been cleared of such areas.

Timing to Implement MM

conditions of the area, the different construction activities mentioned here to be guided.

Locations to Implement MM

Resp. Imp MM

1. GEPCO ESU environmental specialist to monitor and progress all environmental statutory and recommended obligations. To ensure that the CSC contractor and workers understand and have the capacity to ensure the Environmental requirements and implementation of mitigation measures. 2 Conduct special briefing for managers and / or on-site training for the contractors and workers on the environmental requirement of the project. Record attendance and achievement test for contractors site agents. 3. Agreement on critical areas to be considered and necessary mitigation measures, among all parties who are involved in project activities. 4. Continuous progress review and refresher sessions to be followed. Compile temporary drainage management plan one month before commencement of works. 1. Proper installation of temporary drainage and erosion control before works within 50m of water bodies. 2. Proper maintenance and management construction of TD and EC measures, including training of operators and other workers to avoid pollution of water bodies by the considerate operation of construction machinery and equipment. 3. Storage of lubricants, fuels and other hydrocarbons in self-contained dedicated enclosures >50m away from water bodies. 4. Proper disposal of solid waste from construction activities.

minimize disturbances. 3. A list of locations of irrigation channels /drains to be compiled and included in the contract.

Resp. Mon. MM

2. Orientation for Contractor, and Workers

Induction course for all site agents and above including all relevant GEPCO staff / new project staff before commencement of work. At early stages of construction for all construction employees as far as reasonably practicable.

All staff members in all categories. Monthly induction and six month refresher course as necessary until contractor complies.

GEPCO ESU, Contractor and the CSC and record details.

GEPCO & observe and success.

3. Water quality

To prevent adverse water quality impacts due to negligence and ensure unavoidable impacts are managed effectively. Ensure adverse impacts on water quality caused by construction activities are minimized.

1.Contractor (GEPCO ESU & CSC to enforce). 1. 50m from water bodies 2. Relevant locations to be determined in the detailed project design. 2. Contractor has to check water quality and report to GEPCO. 3. CSC supervises implementati on activities.

1 Month construction.

prior

to

GEPCO review results

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Environmental Concerns

Objectives

Mitigation Measures Recommended
5. Cover the construction material and spoil stockpiles with a suitable material to reduce material loss and sedimentation and avoid stockpiling near to water bodies. 6. Topsoil stripped material shall not be stored where natural drainage will be disrupted. 7. Borrow sites (if required) should not be close to sources of drinking water. CONTROL ALL DUSTY MATERIALS AT SOURCE. 1. All heavy equipment and machinery shall be fitted in full compliance with the national and local regulations.(Relevant regulations are in the Motor vehicles fitness rules and Highway Act). 2. Stockpiled soil and sand shall be slightly wetted before loading, particularly in windy conditions. 3. Fuel-efficient and well-maintained haulage trucks shall be employed to minimize exhaust emissions. 4. Vehicles transporting soil, sand and other construction materials shall be covered. Limitations to speeds of such vehicles necessary. Transport through densely populated area should be avoided. 5. To plan to minimize the dust within the vicinity of orchards and fruit farms. 6. Spraying of bare areas with water. 7. Concrete plants. to be controlled in line with statutory requirements should not be close to sensitive receptors. 1. Review requirements for piling and use of powered mechanical equipment within 100m of SRs. 2. Review conditions of buildings and conduct public consultation with SRs to establish less sensitive time for works involving piling and schedule works accordingly. 3. Non-percussive piling methods to be used wherever practicable.

Timing to Implement MM

Locations to Implement MM

Resp. Imp MM

Resp. Mon. MM

4. Air quality

To minimize dust effectively and avoid complaints due to the airborne particulate matter released to the atmosphere.

During all construction.

1. Construction sites within 100m of sensitive receivers. 2. A list of locations to be included in contract and other sensitive areas identified by the CSC along the ROW during works.

Contractor should maintain acceptable standard CSC to supervise activities.

GEPCO ESU /

5. Ground Vibration

To minimize ground vibrations during construction.

1 Month construction.

prior

to

1. Construction sites within 100m of sensitive receivers. 2. A list locations to included of be in

Contractor should maintain the acceptable standards CSC to supervise

GEPCO ESU

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Environmental Concerns

Objectives

Mitigation Measures Recommended
4. Percussive piling shall be conducted in daylight hours. 5. Hammer- type percussive pile driving operations shall not be allowed at night time. 1. Review requirements for use of powered mechanical equipment within 100m of SRs. 2. Conduct public consultation with SRs to establish less sensitive time for works and schedule works accordingly. 3. All heavy equipment and machinery shall be fitted in full compliance with the national and local regulations and with effective silencing apparatus to minimize noise. 4. Heavy equipment shall be operated only in daylight hours. 5. Construction equipment, which generates excessive noise, shall be enclosed or fitted with effective silencing apparatus to minimize noise. 7. Well-maintained haulage trucks will be used with speed controls. 8. Contractor shall take adequate measures to minimize noise nuisance in the vicinity of construction sites by way of adopting available acoustic methods. SCHEDULE WORKS IN SENSITIVE AREAS (e.g. NEAR RIVERS) FOR DRY SEASON 1. In the short-term, temporary drainage and erosion control plan to be presented with tender. Temporary drainage and erosion control plan one month before commencement of works to protect all areas susceptible to erosion. (Permanent drainage works shall be in the final design). 2. Installation of TD and EC before works construction within 50m of water bodies. 3. Clearing of green surface cover to be minimized during site preparation. 5. Meaningful water quality monitoring up and downstream at any tower site during

Timing to Implement MM

Locations to Implement MM

Resp. Imp MM
relevant activities.

contract and other sensitive areas identified by the CSC along the ROW during works.

Resp. Mon. MM

1. Construction sites within 100m of sensitive receivers. 1 month construction. prior to 2 A list of locations to be included in contract and other sensitive areas identified by the CSC along the ROW during works.

6. Noise

To minimize noise increases during construction.

Contractor should maintain the acceptable standards CSC to supervise relevant activities.

GEPCO ESU

7. Soil Erosion/ Surface Run-off

Prevent adverse water quality impacts due to negligence and ensure unavoidable impacts are managed effectively. To minimize soil erosion due to the construction activities of towers, stringing of conductors and creation of access tracks for project

1 month prior to construction because the area can be subject to unseasonal heavy rain Plan before and during construction (cut and fill, land reclamation etc.) while considering the climatic conditions.

1. Locations based on history of flooding problems indicated by local authorities. 2. A list of sensitive areas during construction to be prepared by the detail design consultant in consideration with the cut and fill, Contractor and CSC

GEPCO ESU / CSC

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Environmental Concerns

Objectives
vehicles.

Mitigation Measures Recommended
construction within a river or stream bed. Rapid reporting and feedback to CSC. 5. Back-fill should be compacted properly in accordance with GEPCO design standards and graded to original contours where possible. 6. Cut areas should be treated against flow acceleration while filled areas should be carefully designed to avoid improper drainage. 7. Stockpiles should not be formed within such distances behind excavated or natural slopes that would reduce the stability of the slopes or cause slippage. 8. Measures shall be taken to prevent ponds of surface water and scouring of slopes. Newly eroded channels shall be backfilled and restored to natural contours. 9. Contractor should arrange to monitor and adjust working and adopt suitable measures to minimize soil erosion during the construction period. Contractor’s TD and EC plan should be endorsed and monitored by CSC after consulting with concerned. authorities. 10. Replanting trees to be done before the site is vacated and handed back to GEPCO with appropriate trees (other vegetation cover as appropriate) to ensure interception of rainwater and the deceleration of surface run-off. (consider also for future trances if civil works) 1. Use only EPA licensed sites for raw materials in order to minimize adverse environmental impacts. 2. Measures to be taken in line with any EPA license conditions, recommendations and approval to be applied to the subproject activities using the licensed source including: (i) Conditions that apply for selecting sites for material exploitation. (ii) Conditions that apply to timing and use of roads for material transport. (iii) Conditions that apply for maintenance of vehicles used in material transport or

Timing to Implement MM

Locations to Implement MM

Resp. Imp MM

land reclamation, borrow areas etc. 3. Locations of all rivers, streams, culverts, irrigation channels, roads and highways.

Resp. Mon. MM

8. Exploitation, Handling, Transportation and Storage of Construction materials

To minimize disruption and contamination of the surroundings, minimize and or avoid adverse environmental impacts arising out of construction material exploitation, handling, transportation and storage by using sources that comply with EPA license

Month prior to starting of works. Update monthly.

1. List of borrow areas to be prepared with tender stage contractor’s method statement and updated one month prior to construction. 2.List of routes of transport of construction material is to be prepared for the

Contractor and CSC to agree format of reporting

GEPCO ESU /

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Environmental Concerns

Objectives
conditions

Mitigation Measures Recommended
construction. (iv)Conditions that apply for selection of sites for material storage. (v) Conditions that apply for aggregate production. (vi)Conditions that apply for handling hazardous or dangerous materials such as oil, lubricants and toxic chemicals. 1. Waste management plan to be submitted to the CSC and approved by GEPCO ESU one month prior to starting of works. WMP shall estimate the amounts and types of construction waste to be generated by the project. 2. Investigating whether the waste can be reused in the project or by other interested parties without any residual environmental impact. 3 Identifying potential safe disposal sites close to the project, or those designated sites in the contract. 4 Investigating the environmental conditions of the disposal sites and recommendation of most suitable and safest sites. 5. Piling up of loose material should be done in segregated areas to arrest washing out of soil. Debris shall not be left where it may be carried by water to down stream flood plains, dams, lagoons or other water bodies. 6. Used oil and lubricants shall be recovered and reused or removed from the site in full compliance with the national and local regulations. 7. Oily wastes must not be burned. Disposal location to be agreed with local authorities/EPA. 8. Waste breaker insulating oil to be recycled, reconditioned, or reused at DISCO’s facility. 9. Machinery should be properly maintained to minimize oil spill during the construction. 10. Machinery should be maintained in a dedicated area over drip trays to avoid soil

Timing to Implement MM

Locations to Implement MM

Resp. Imp MM

contract and agreed one month prior to construction. 3. Map of locations of storage is prepared by the contractor.

Resp. Mon. MM

One month prior to starting of works. Update monthly

1.Dumping: A list of temporary stockpiling areas and more permanent dumping areas to be prepared at the contract stage for agreement

9.Construction Waste Disposal

Minimize the impacts from the disposal of construction waste.

One month prior to starting of works. Update monthly

A list of temporary stockpiling areas and more permanent dumping areas to be prepared at the contract stage for agreement (in W M Plan)

1.Contractor 2-11 CSC and GEPCO ESU should supervise and take action to ensure that contractor’s complete relevant activities according to EIA / IEE / EMP requirement & NEQS.

GEPCO/ CSC

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Environmental Concerns

Objectives

Mitigation Measures Recommended
contamination from residual oil spill during maintenance. 11 Solid waste should be disposed at an approved solid waste facility and not by open burning which is illegal and contrary to good environmental practice. 1. Identify location of work camps in consultation with local authorities. The location shall be subject to approval by the GEPCO. If possible, camps shall not be located near settlements or near drinking water supply intakes. 2. Cutting of trees shall not b permitted and removal of vegetation shall be minimized. 3. Water and sanitary facilities (at least pit latrines) shall be provided for employees. Worker camp and latrine sites to be backfilled and marked upon vacation of the sites. 4. Solid waste and sewage shall be managed according to the national and local regulations. As a rule, solid waste must not be dumped, buried or burned at or near the project site, but shall be disposed of to the nearest sanitary landfill or site having complied with the necessary permits of local authority permission. 5. The Contractor shall organize and maintain a waste separation, collection and transport system. 6. The Contractor shall document that all liquid and solid hazardous and non-hazardous waste are separated, collected and disposed of according to the given requirements and regulations. 7. At the conclusion of the project, all debris and waste shall be removed. All temporary structures, including office buildings, shelters and toilets shall be removed. 8 Exposed areas shall be planted with suitable vegetation. 9. GEPCO and Construction Supervising Consultant shall inspect and report that the

Timing to Implement MM

Locations to Implement MM

Resp. Imp MM

Resp. Mon. MM

10. Work Camp Operation and Location (if required)

To ensure that the operation of work camps does not adversely affect the surrounding environment and residents in the area.

UPDATE Once a month

Location Map is prepared by the Contractor.

Contractor

GEPCO ESU /

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Environmental Concerns

Objectives

Mitigation Measures Recommended
camp has been vacated and restored to preproject conditions. 1. Tree location and condition survey to be completed one month before tender. 2. The route for the distribution line should be selected so as to prevent the loss or damage to any orchard trees or other trees. Use of higher towers to be preferred to avoid trees cutting. 3. Clearing of green surface vegetation cover for construction, borrow of soil for development, cutting trees and other important vegetation during construction should be minimized by careful alignment. Written technical Justification for tree felling included in tree survey. 4. At completion all debris and waste shall be removed and not burned. 5. The contractor’s staff and labour will be strictly directed not to damage any vegetation such as trees or bushes outside immediate work areas. Trees shall not be cut for fuel or works timber. 6. Land holders will be paid compensation for their standing trees in accordance with prevailing market rates (LARP). The land holders will be allowed to salvage the wood of the affected trees. 7. The contractor will plant three (3) suitable new trees outside the 30 meter corridor of the transmission line in lieu of one (1) tree removed. 8. Landscaping and road verges to be reinstalled on completion. 9. Compensatory planting of trees/shrubs/ornamental plants (at a rate of 3:1) in line with best international practice. 10. After work completion all temporary structures, including office buildings, shelters and toilets shall be removed.

Timing to Implement MM

Locations to Implement MM

Resp. Imp MM

Resp. Mon. MM

11. Loss of Trees and Vegetation Cover of the Areas for Towers and Temporary Work-space

To avoid negative impacts due to removing of landmark, sentinel and specimen trees as well as green vegetation and surface cover.

Route design and site identification (1 & 2) during design stage and other matters during construction of relevant activities

Tree survey to be completed one month before tender at relevant Locations with a Map to be compiled prior to tender by the design consultant / GEPCO ESU during detailed design and CSC to update as necessary.

Design consultant, Contractor and CSC

GEPCO ESU /

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Environmental Concerns
12. Safety Precautions for the Workers

Objectives

Mitigation Measures Recommended
Providing induction safety training for all staff adequate warning signs in health and safety matters, and require the workers to use the provided safety equipment. 2. Providing workers with skull guard or hard hat and hard toe shoes.
1.

Timing to Implement MM
Prior to commencement and during construction

Locations to Implement MM
Location to be identified by the CSC with contractor. The most important locations to be identified and listed. Relevant plans of the Contractor on traffic arrangements to be made available.

Resp. Imp MM
Contractor and CSC

Resp. Mon. MM
GEPCO/ CSC

To ensure safety of workers

13. Traffic Condition

Minimize disturbance of vehicular traffic and pedestrians during haulage of construction materials and equipment.

1. Submit temporary haul and access routes plan one month prior to start of works. 2. Routes in vicinity of schools and hospitals to be avoided.

Prior to and throughout the construction.

Contractor and CSC

GEPCO ESU /

1.
To ensure minimum impacts from construction labor force. on public health.

15. Impacts

Social

Potential for spread of vector borne and communicable diseases from labor camps shall be avoided (worker awareness orientation and appropriate sanitation should be maintained). 2. Complaints of the people on construction nuisance / damage close to ROW to be considered and responded to promptly. 3. Contractor should make alternative arrangements to avoid local community impacts. Capacity building activities were taken by Environmental Officer in Tranche 1. Environmental Management Unit (EMU) was setup with in GEPCO under Director Operations in Tranche 1. Development of strengthening plan for the EMU should be taken up with resources.

Complaints of public to be solved as soon as possible

All subprojects all tranches

Contractor and the CSC

GEPCO/ CSC

16. Institutional Strengthening and Capacity Building

To ensure that GEPCO officials are trained to understand and to appreciate EMP

Initiate preconstruction and continue beyond project completion.

Awareness training for all management and senior staff in GEPCO at senior engineer and above in PMU and related units. all subprojects in future tranches all subprojects in future tranches

GEPCO ESU

GEPCO & ADB

OPERATIONAL STAGE 1. Air Quality 2.Noise

Minimize air quality impacts Minimize noise impacts

No significant Impacts Tranche 1.Monitor designs and plans for all future tranches. No significant Impacts Tranche 1. Acoustic designs checking and plan for all future tranches.

Operational phase Operational phase

GEPCO GEPCO

GEPCO ESU GEPCO ESU

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Environmental Concerns
3. disposal Waste

Objectives
Minimize improper waste disposal Maintain survival of trees planted Avoid landslips and loss of productive land Minimize water quality impacts Monitor impacts from maintaining tree clearance under transmission lines Ensure no encroachments / construction under the transmission line. No violation of clearance spaces.

Mitigation Measures Recommended
Continue waste management arrangements in operational phase of all subprojects and GEPCO activities. Employ landscaping contractor to monitor, water and feed replacement saplings and replace dead specimens as necessary. No significant Impacts in Tranche 1. Review designs checking and plan for all future tranches. No significant Impacts in Tranche 1. Review designs checking and plan for all future tranches. Track growth conductors. of large trees under the

Timing to Implement MM

Operational phase Operational phase Operational phase Operational phase Operational phase

Locations to Implement MM
all subprojects in future tranches all subprojects in future tranches all subprojects in future tranches all subprojects in future tranches all subprojects in future tranches

Resp. Imp MM
GEPCO GEPCO GEPCO GEPCO GEPCO

Resp. Mon. MM

GEPCO ESU GEPCO ESU GEPCO ESU GEPCO ESU GEPCO ESU

3. Compensatory tree planting 4.Land slides and soil erosion 5. Water quality

6 Crops vegetation

and

7. Social safety Impacts

Necessary signboards with limits of height clearances to be placed all along the line. Identify and prevent any illegal encroachments under the DXLs..

Operational phase all subprojects in future tranches GEPCO

GEPCO ESU

LARP =Land acquisition and resettlement plan. AP = Affected Persons. LAC = Local Authority Council. TD = Temporary drainage. EC = Erosion control. WM = Waste management.CSC = Construction supervision consultant or equivalent. TXL = Transmission line. GSS = Grid substation NEQS = National Environmental Quality Standards

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Appendix 4 Monitoring Plan for Performance Indicators
Environmental Concerns
DESIGN and PRECONSTRUC TION STAGE 1. Review of EMAP 2. Social Impacts and Resettlement 3. Project disclosure Environmental Management Action Plan (EMAP) is reviewed Inventory of losses, Property acquisition, compensation and resettlement completed to RP requirements. Design changes notified During detailed design (later monthly by Contractor to cover any unidentified impacts) Completed prior to commencement of construction During detailed design by Contractor to cover any access roads and alignment changes, additional Villages. Once, before Contract is signed. Monthly or as required in waste management plan to identify sufficient locations for, storage and reuse of transformers and recycling of breaker oils and disposal of transformer oil, residually contaminated soils and scrap metal “cradle to grave”. 2. Include in contracts for unit rates for remeasurement for disposal. 3. After agreement with local authority, designate disposal sites in the contract and cost unit disposal rates accordingly. By completion of detailed design. Before removal of houses and structures. Completion of detailed design. All project alignment APs according to RP & LAFC. All project alignment. Method Statements include resources for mitigation measures. Contractor Initially DISCO’S Cell / later Contractor cost DISCO’S Cell staff cost DISCO’S, ESIC cell / ADB* DISCO’S /ADB* DISCO’S & ESIC cell / ADB* ESIC cell staff cost ESIC cell staff cost ESIC cell staff cost

Performance indicator (PI)

Frequency to monitor

Timing to check PI

Locations to Implement PI

Responsible to Implement PI

Cost of Implementation

Resp. PI Supervision

Cost of Supervision

DISCO’S Cell

Contractor

Contractor cost

4. Environmentally Responsible Procurement. (ERP)

Contract follows ADB Guidelines on ERP. Performance bond. Deposited Contractual clauses include implementation of environmental mitigation measures tied to a performance bond.

Before Contract is signed.

DISCO’S Project Cell.

Contractor cost

DISCO’S ESIC cell / ADB*.

DISCO’S staff cost

Cell

5. Waste disposal

Disposal options for all waste transformer oil, residually contaminated soils, scrap metal agreed with DISCO’S and local authority..

1.Prior to detailed design stage no later than pre-qualification or tender negotiations 2. Include in contract.

Locations approved by local waste disposal authorities.

DISCO’S cell with the design consultant.

ESIC cell

ESIC cell

DISCO’S

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Environmental Concerns
6. Noise and air quality mitigation in design. 7. Hydrological Impacts

Performance indicator (PI)
Design changes included in EIA (supplementary) & EMAP approved by MOEST.

Frequency to monitor
During detailed design by Contractor. During detailed design by Contractor and monthly to cover any unidentified impacts During detailed design updated by Contractor monthly to cover any unidentified impacts. During detailed design updated by Contractor monthly to cover any unidentified impacts. During detailed design updated by Contractor monthly to cover any unidentified impacts. 1. Once, 2. Once 3. Ongoing 4. Ongoing

Timing to check PI
Completion of detailed design. One month before commencement of construction One month before construction commences. One month before construction commences.

Locations to Implement PI
As defined in EIA (supplementary) & EMAP. Considered locations to be as identified in the Detailed Drainage Report. All stream and river crossings and where slopes indicate erosion will be a problem. Locations agreed DISCO’S cell in consultation with community and the Contractor. Locations agreed with DISCO’S cell in consultation with community and the Contractor. Throughout the project

Responsible to Implement PI
DISCO’S Cell / Contractor

Cost of Implementation
Contractor cost

Resp. PI Supervision
DISCO’S / /ADB* DISCO’S / and DISCO’S Project Cell. DISCO’S / and DISCO’S Project Cell. DISCO’S / and DISCO’S Project Cell.

Cost of Supervision
DISCO’S staff cost Cell

Temporary Drainage Management plan.

Contractor

Contractor cost

DISCO’S staff cost

Cell

9. Temporary drainage and erosion control 10. Planning construction camps

Erosion Control and Temporary Drainage completed.

Contractor.

Contractor cost

DISCO’S Cell staff cost

Use of land agreed with surrounding residents & Villages.

Contractor DISCO’S Cell facilitates.

Contractor cost

DISCO’S Cell staff cost

13.Traffic Condition

Temporary Pedestrian and Traffic Management Plan agreed.

One month before construction commences. 1. As soon as practicable 2, 3, 4. No later than one month before Contract award.

Contractor

Contractor cost

DISCO’S / and DISCO’S Project Cell.

DISCO’S Cell staff cost

1. Strengthening plan agreed for DISCO’S cell. 15. Institutional 2. International environment specialist (IES) strengthening and 3. Increase staffing of DISCO’S Cell. capacity building 4. Train DISCO’S Cell officials. CONSTRUCTION STAGE 1.Orientation for Contractor, and Workers 1. Contractor agreed to provide training to professional staff and workers. 2. Special briefing and training for Contractor completed. 3. Periodic progress review sessions. 1. Drainage Management plan 2. Temp. Pedestrian & Traffic Management plan, 3. Erosion Control & Temp. Drainage plan 4. Materials Management plan,

DISCO’S Project Cell.

DISCO’S Cell staff cost

DISCO’S / and /ADB*.

/ADB cost of IES & support for 1 month US$25,000

1. Once 2. Ongoing 3. Ongoing Deliverable in final form to DISCO’S cell one month before construction commences for any given stretch.

1. Before contract is signed 2. Before construction areas are opened up 3. Every six months One month before construction commences.

All BOT staff members in all categories. monthly induction and six month refresher course All of DISCO’S alignment.

Contractor with IES assistance and record details.

Contractor cost

DISCO’S and DISCO’S to observe and record success

DISCO’S staff cost

Cell

2. Plans to control environmental impacts

Contractor

Contractor cost

DISCO’S Project Cell.

DISCO’S staff cost

Cell

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Environmental Concerns

Performance indicator (PI)
5. Waste Management plan; 6. Noise and Dust Control plan, 7. Safety Plan 8. Agreed schedule of costs for environmental mitigation.{N.B. Forest Clearance and Compensatory Planting plan is prepared by DISCO’S cell} Meaningful water quality monitoring up and downstream during construction within 100m of rivers. Rapid reporting and feedback by DISCO’S. 1. Availability of water acceptable to community. No complaints. 2. Guidelines established to minimize the water wastage during construction operations and at worker camps. 1. Use of land agreed with surrounding residents & Villages. 2. Waste Management Plan implemented. 3 No open burning Noise mitigation measures implemented in line with guidelines for noise reduction from ISO/TR11688-1:1995(E) Noise and dust control plan implemented. Contractors workforce to instructed and train handling of chemicals 1. Use of land agreed with surrounding residents & Villages. 2. Waste Management Plan implemented. 3 No open burning Safety Plan submitted 1. Local labor is used and workforce 2. Local educated people for office work. 3. Complaints on construction nuisance

Frequency to monitor

Timing to check PI

Locations to Implement PI

Responsible to Implement PI

Cost of Implementation

Resp. PI Supervision

Cost of Supervision

5. Water quality

Once (line item when opening up construction near water bodies).

During detailed design by Contractor and update to cover any unidentified impacts.

Locations to be provided with the detailed designs including all bridges during construction within 100m of rivers All local water supply resources and rivers. All DISCO’S alignment.

Independent experienced laboratory.

Contractor cost

DISCO’S / DISCO’S Cell.

DISCO’S staff cost

Cell

6. Water Resources 8. Spoil disposal and construction waste disposal

1. Monthly 2. Monthly

Prior to submission of progress reports.

Contractor

Contractor cost

DISCO‟S and DISCO‟S Cell DISCO’S and DISCO’S Cell DISCO’S / DISCO’S Project Cell will monitor sample activities. DISCO’S and DISCO’S Cell DISCO’S and DISCO’S Cell DISCO’S and DISCO’S Cell DISCO’S / (ESIC cell to actively supervise and enforce. DISCO’S and DISCO’S Cell

DISCO’S staff cost

Cell

Monthly (line item when opening up construction).

Prior to construction. Update monthly. Maximum allowable noise levels are 70dB(A)LEQ. Prior to construction. Update monthly. Prior to construction. Update monthly. Prior to construction. Update monthly. One month before construction and update quarterly. During construction. Update monthly.

Contractor Contractor should maintain the accepted standards Contractor Contractor Contractor

Contractor cost

DISCO’S staff cost

Cell

10. Noise

Monthly (line item when opening up construction). Monthly (line item when opening up construction). Monthly (line item when opening up construction). Monthly (line item when opening up construction).

All DISCO’S alignment. All DISCO’S alignment. All DISCO’S alignment. All DISCO’S alignment.

Contractor cost

DISCO’S staff cost DISCO’S staff cost DISCO’S staff cost DISCO’S staff cost

Cell

11. Air quality 13..Soil Contamination 14. Work Camp Location and Operation 19. Safety Precautions for Workers 20. Social Impacts

Contractor cost Contractor cost Contractor cost

Cell Cell Cell

Once (update monthly as necessary) Monthly (line item when opening up construction).

All DISCO’S alignment. All DISCO’S alignment.

Contractor.

Contractor cost

DISCO’S staff cost DISCO’S staff cost

Cell

Contractor

Contractor cost

Cell

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Environmental Concerns

Performance indicator (PI)
damages close to ROW are responded to promptly by the Contractor. 4. Quarterly meetings with local VILLAGE for liaison purposes to monitor complaints. Contractor has included for some enhancements in detailed designs Including planting of trees in addition to bioengineering such as in median

Frequency to monitor

Timing to check PI

Locations to Implement PI

Responsible to Implement PI

Cost of Implementation

Resp. PI Supervision

Cost of Supervision

21. Enhancements OPERATIONAL STAGE

Once (update monthly as necessary)

One month before construction and update quarterly.

All DISCO’S alignment.

Contractor

Contractor cost

DISCO’S / Cell to actively supervise and enforce.

DISCO’S staff cost DISCO’S staff cost

Cell Cell

1. Air Quality

1. Roadworthiness of vehicles on DISCO’S. 2. Monitor NO2 and PM10 as indicators.

1. Roadworthiness of vehicles on DISCO’S Daily during operations 2. Yearly intervals for 3 years after opening for reassurance.

During operation.

5 locations on DISCO’S alignment nearest settlements.

Contractor

Contractor cost

DISCO’S / and ESIC Cell

DISCO’S staff cost

Cell

2. Crops and vegetation

1. Follow up on Tree Clearance and Compensatory Planting Plan. 2. Records on survival of planted trees. 3. The compensatory planting maintained 4. Audited report by ESIC cell for on site and off-site compensatory planting.

1) Quarterly 2) Quarterly 3) Quarterly 4) Quarterly

1) Throughout project 2) Each of three years after initial planting. 3) Continuous for three years after project completion 4) For four years after initial clearance of the forest.

All DISCO’S alignment.

Contractor

ESIC Cell

DISCO’S

MOFSC and DISCO’S Cell staff cost.

Note: LAFC= Land Acquisition Compensation Fixation Committee, DDS=Detailed Design Stage Based on EIA/ IEE Reports to be revised at DDS, RAP, SIA and other Engineering considerations may change, EIA= Environmental Impact Assessment, EMP= Environmental Management Plan, EPA= Environmental Protection Agency, TD = Temporary Drainage EC= Erosion Control, NGO= Non-government Organization ADB * = ADB checks that processes have been completed and signed off by DISCO’s before moving to construction stage.

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Attachment: Monitoring Plan
1. DISCO‟S have established (mostly with two exceptions) the Environmental and Social Impacts Cell (ESIC) manned by two professionals and support staff .The cell is attached to both Implementing Agencies, the Chief Engineer EHV (General Manager Grid System Construction, DISCO‟S) and the planning agency Project Director Technical Assistance (General Manager Planning DISCO‟S). The DISCO‟S instructional arrangement with respect to social and environmental monitoring and implementation is presented as follows: INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS 2. The implementation and monitoring of the social and environmental program involves a number of agencies including DISCO‟S as the implementing agency, the Environmental Protection Agencies of Punjab, Balochistan, KP and Sindh and Provincial governments in Punjab, Balochistan, KP and Sindh. Distribution--Supply Company 3. DISCO‟S as the executing agency (EA) bears the overall responsibility for the preparation, implementation and financing of all tasks set out in this IEE, as well as inter-agency coordination and monitoring and evaluation activities required for the EMP implementation, social preparation (LARP) and monitoring and evaluation. Institutionally, DISCO‟S has three functional divisions; Planning, Projects and Grid Station Construction. 4. The Planning Division is responsible for planning and preparation of subprojects and keeping liaison with the Government of Pakistan and Asian Development Bank (ADB), as the donor of this Project. This division is currently being assisted by the PPTA Consultants10, including an Environmental Expert for the preparation of the EIA and Resettlement Expert responsible for LARP preparation), in preparing the identified subprojects in line with the ADB Policies and obtaining approval from the donor ADB. 5. The Projects Division is responsible for the overall management and coordination of the subprojects. Its major functions include, keeping regular liaison with ADB and relevant departments of the federal and provincial governments, updating of EIA/ LARP and their monitoring and evaluation activities. In addition, the Project Management Unit takes care of the overall coordination and liaison with the Government of Pakistan and ADB. It will be assisted by the Project Management Consultants team, including a Resettlement Specialist, to be hired 11 shortly . Secondly, the Environmental and Social Impact Cell is responsible for the updating of and internal monitoring of EIA‟s/ LARPs of approved Subprojects. It will be assisted by the Resettlement Specialist in the external Monitoring and Evaluation Consultants team to be hired shortly12. 6. The Grid Station Construction Division is responsible for implementing the Subprojects, including IEE/ LARP preparation/updating and implementation. This large division is divided into two geographical regions, each headed by a Chief Engineer. They are EHV– I (Northern Region, Lahore) and EHV–II (Southern Region, Hyderabad). The Jamshoro to R.Y. Kahn 500 kV Transmission Line Subproject falls under the jurisdiction of EHV–II (Hyderabad), where a Project
10 11

British Power International (BPI), a UK Based firm. The hiring of Project Management Consultants team is under process of selection (proposals are being evaluated). 12 The hiring of Monitoring and Evaluation Consultants team is under process of selection (proposals are being evaluated). Page 49 of 156

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Director as head of the Project Implementation Unit (PIU), along with an Executive Engineer and Sub-Divisional Officers (Junior Engineers) will be managing the construction works. 7. Besides, each regional EHV has an in-house Land Acquisition Collector (LAC), who along with his field staff, an Assistant Land Acquisition Officer (Tehsildar) and Patwaris will take care of the updating (if required) and implantation of the LARP. The DISCO‟S LAC normally works as an independent entity, but in case of local needs like price updating, grievance redress, etc., involves the respective District Government, especially the District Coordination Officer (DCO/ District LAC), Union Council Nazims and other local leaders, and/ or the Provincial Revenue Boards, for addressing broader matters and resolving permanent Land Acquisition issues (not applicable to this Subproject). In addition, the DISCO‟S LAC will be provided technical assistance by the Resettlement Specialist included in both the Project Management Consultants and the external Monitoring and Evaluation Consultants teams. The intuitional arrangement is presented below:

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Figure AX31: DISCO’S Organization for EMP/ LARP Planning, Implementation and Monitoring
CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER

Consultants

Chief Engineer Development

Operating Department

MANAGER (PLANNING, SCHEDULING & ORDINATION)

CO-

MANAGER (PROCUREMENT)

(MANAGER FINANCE)

D.M (ENVIRONMENT & SAFEGUARD
DM

DM

(Monitoring Control & Coordination)

(Planning & Scheduling

DM

(PROCUREMENT)

DM

(PROCUREMENT)
AM (Social Impact) AM (Environment)

DM

AM

AM

AM (MC&C)

AM (P&S)

(PROCUREMENT)

AM

(PROCUREMENT)

AM

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8. The scope of work to be handled by the ESIC cell far exceeds the physical and professional abilities/ capabilities of the incumbents. To support the ESIC cell in order to carryout its responsibilities, monitoring consultants (MC) are being hired (these are also required as per ADB loan covenants). Terms of Reference for the Monitoring Consultants (MC) as follows: Environmental Monitoring 9. An environment evaluation expert(s) for a period of four (4) person-month (on as and when required basis) who will undertake monitoring of IEEs and also other environmental issues related to design, construction and commissioning of the sub-projects according to the relevant reports already prepared and approved by DISCO‟S/ADB. The expected completion time of these projects is one years. (A) Design Phase (I) (II) (III) (IV) (V) (VI) (VII) (VIII) (B) Monitor final site selection process and final alignment selection process and its environmental compliance with EMP. Review the implementation of the land acquisition plan and expropriation, including considerations concerning vulnerable groups among land-owners, farmers, and farm workers. Monitor contractor‟s detailed project design to ensure relevant environmental mitigation measures in EMP have been included. Monitor the detailed environmental guidelines for construction works, including procurement, management, works, closing operations etc in the light of EIA and EMP. Review the management plan for mineral construction materials and waste management. Audit detailed designs of facilities and installations to ensure standard environmental safeguards/ mitigation measures (as identified in EMP) have been included. Review landscape design plan, including compensatory planting. Monitor the performance of environmental training and briefings for the creation of environmental awareness of project staff and DISCO‟S.

Construction phase (I) Regular monitoring and reporting of contractor‟s compliance with contractual environmental mitigation measures in light of IEE and EMP. (II) Monitoring of the implementation of the landscape design plan. Operation and Maintenance Phase (I) Monitoring of routine maintenance of facilities and transmission line in light of mitigation measures specified in EMP. (II) Monitoring of the implementation of the landscape design plan.

(C)

10. The MC will mainly assist the ESIC cell in the monitoring functions. DISCO‟S is also in the process of hiring management consultants, who will assist the Project Management Unit (PMU) of DISCO‟S in amongst other matters relating to the implementation of the EIA/ LARP including updating of LARP‟s (price updating) and updating of EIA and EMPs when ever major changes are made to the approved sub-projects.

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Terms of Reference for Project Implementation (Management) Consultants Terms of Reference (related to social and environmental aspects) of the Project Implementation (Management) Consultants are specifically, the PMC shall ensure that: 1. ALL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT, FRAMEWORK AND PLANS FOR ALL THE
SUBPROJECTS SHOULD BE CONDUCTED AND IMPLEMENTED IN ACCORDANCE WITH ADB‟S ENVIRONMENT POLICY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT GUIDELINES AND PAKISTAN ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT REGULATIONS AND GUIDELINES.

2. ALL LAND ACQUISITION, AND RESETTLEMENT FRAMEWORK AND PLAN ARE
IMPLEMENTED PROMPTLY AND EFFICIENTLY ACCORDING TO ITS TERMS IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE APPLICABLE PAKISTAN LAWS, AND ADB‟S POLICY ON INVOLUNTARY RESETTLEMENT.

3. PMU WILL GUARANTEE THAT ALL SUBPROJECTS AFFECTING ETHNIC MINORITIES ARE

CONSTRUCTED AND OPERATED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE REQUIREMENTS OF ADB‟S POLICY ON INDIGENOUS PEOPLES AND APPLICABLE PAKISTAN RULES AND REGULATIONS. DEVELOPMENT AND USE APPROPRIATE PAKISTAN LAWS DURING EACH SUBPROJECT IMPLEMENTATION. MEASURES ARE INCORPORATED INTO CONTRACT DOCUMENTS.

4. PMU WILL FOLLOW THE PRINCIPLES OF THE ADB‟S POLICY ON GENDER AND

5. ENSURE THAT SUBPROJECT SPECIFIC ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL MITIGATION 6. SUPERVISE AND EVALUATE THE IMPLEMENTATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL MITIGATION
AD MONITORING MEASURES AS SPECIFIED IN THE ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLANS (EMP).

7. UPDATE THE EMP AS NECESSARY, INCLUDING CARRYING OUT SUPPLEMENTAL
ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENTS FOR ADDITIONAL SUBPROJECTS APPRAISED AFTER LOAN APPROVAL.

8. SUPERVISE SOCIAL SAFEGUARD‟S RELATED REPORTING REQUIREMENTS AND ENSURE
ITS TIMELY SUBMISSION. THE REPORTING DOCUMENTS INCLUDE LARP‟S UPDATING, PROGRESS AND COMPLETION REPORTS. ACTIVITIES, AS DEFINED IN THE APPROVED AND FINAL LARP‟S.

9. MONITOR AND SUPERVISE RESETTLEMENT AND OTHER SOCIAL IMPACT MITIGATION 10. ENSURE NO CIVIL WORKS TO BE DONE UNLESS THE APPLICABLE PROVISIONS OF THE
LARP ARE, INCLUDING IN PARTICULAR THE TIMELY DELIVERY OF COMPENSATION TO AFFECTED FAMILIES HAVE BEEN COMPLIED WITH.

11. ESTABLISH A GRIEVANCE MECHANISM PROCEDURE FOR THE SUBPROJECTS. 12. CONDUCT AND DEVELOP INTERNAL MONITORING AND EVALUATING REPORTING
SYSTEM OF THE LARPS AND EMPS IMPLEMENTATIONS. THE REPORT WILL ALSO INCLUDE ANY CHANGE IN THE IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE, PROBLEMS OR DIFFICULTIES ENCOUNTERED AND WORK TO BE CARRIED OUT IN THE NEXT PERIOD IN ACCORDANCE WITH PROCEDURES AND DETAILS ACCEPTABLE TO ADB. THE

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MONITORING REPORTS WILL BE INCLUDED IN THE QUARTERLY PROGRESS REPORT TO BE SUBMITTED TO ADB.

B PROJECT MONITORING ACTIVITIES DURING THE PROJECT CYCLE: 11. The Activities at various stages of the project cycle have been summarized in the terms of reference for consultants as presented in Table AX3.1.
Table AX3.1 Monitoring Program for Tranche-2

Monitoring Parameters

Monitoring Locations

Timing

Responsibility

DESIGN PHASE Audit project bidding documents to ensure Prior to issue of biding DISCO’S through project 1. IEE and EMP is included documents implementation unit. Monitor that the selection process and Prior to DISCO’S approval of DISCO’S with the assistance of and 2. final alignment selection process and its contractor’s detail alignment external environmental consultants environmental compliance with EMP survey Monitor contractor’s detail project design Prior to DISCO’S approval of to ensure relevant environmental DISCO’S with the assistance of 3. contractor’s detail alignment mitigation measures in EMP have been project implementation unit survey included Monitor through implementation of detail environmental guidelines for construction Prior to DISCO’S approval of DISCO’S with the assistance of and 4. works including procurement contractor’s detail design external environmental consultants management, works and closing operation Review the mineral, construction materials Prior to DISCO’S approval of DISCO’S with the assistance of and 5. and waste management contractor’s detail design external environmental consultants Audit detail design of facilities and Prior to DISCO’S approval of DISCO’S with the assistance of 6. installation to ensure standard contractor’s detail design project implementation unit CONSTRUCTION PHASE Monitoring Parameter Monitoring Locations Timing Responsibility During routine 1 Observation of soil erosion Construction sites, campsites PMU monitoring At wells and surface water bodies near grid station and construction Before mobilization Contractor/PMU campsites 2 Water quality Selected local wells Monthly Contractor/PMU Selected locations at nearby Monthly Contractor/PMU surface water bodies 3 Water consumption Construction sites, campsite Daily Contractor/PMU Checks for any damage to water During routine 4 Construction sites PMU course, groundwater wells monitoring Construction sites, campsites Before mobilization Contractor/PMU 5 Ambient air quality Once every two Construction sites, campsites Contractor/PMU months Construction sites, campsites During routine Contractor/PMU Checks for exhaust emissions monitoring 6 Checks for dust emissions Construction sites, campsites, During routine Contractor/PMU

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project roads 7 8 Noise Public concerns At nearby communities At nearby communities Monitoring Locations Selected sites for plantation of trees Land under the transmission line Population along transmission line

monitoring Fortnightly or during the construction activities causing noise. Throughout the field activities. Timing After construction phase During routine maintenance During routine maintenance

Contractor/PMU PMU Responsibility DISCO’S DISCO’S DISCO’S

OPERATIONAL PHASE Monitoring Parameter 1 2 3 Compensatory tree planting Crops and vegetation Social safety Impacts

Complete Record of Sampling and Analysis should be maintained and documented. PMU= Project Monitoring Unit, DISCO‟S= National Transmission and Dispatch Company.

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C

SUMMARY OF ESTIMATED COSTS FOR EMP
Table AX3.2 Implementation for Tranche-2

Pak. Rs.
Staffing, audit and monitoring Monitoring activities Mitigation measures Transport Contingency Total
I US$ = 80 Pak. Rupees

US $
1 2

1 person for 3 years As detailed under EMP As prescribed under EMP and EIA 1 dedicated vehicle 3 years 3% contingency

1,800,000

22,500 87,500 125,000 18,780 7,613 261,443

7,000,000 10,000,000
3 4

1,502,250

609,000 20,912,250

@ P.Rs. 50,000/ month: Laboratory charges for: testing of construction materials; water quality teats; ambient air tests; emissions measurements; and noise measurements. 3 Includes: Compensatory tree plantation under supervision of forest department; and training on counterpart staff. 4 @ P.Rs. 25000 per month rental charges and Rs. 550.0 per day fuel and operating cost
2

1

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Appendix 6
Project: Conversion of Jalalpur-Nau 132kV Grid Station and Double Circuit Transmission Line Trees & Infrastructure Likely to be affected by 30m RoW No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 TOWER From-To GS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 278 244 280 282 284 282 192 308 288 273.87 200.13 280 282 280 230 312 310 258.96 274.04 282 282 224 282 214 270 280 11-kv House k-1 DISTANCE IN METER TREES TL HOUSE/ FACTORY FISH FARM/ GARDEN Tube Well CULVERT DRAIN K ROAD/ P ROAD CANAL Water Course

Road Nala

k-1

WC WC
Road

11-kv

k-1 11-kv Dera Dera T.well k-1 k-2 K-1

11-KV Road

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28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61

27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60

28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61

278 284 279.64 268.36 206 288 154.80 281.20 296 230 282 210 264 250 278 282 136 268 306 312 276 280 288 284 286 228 204 254.64 285.36 280 274 311.40 130.60 247.73

Dera F.F

k-1

Culvert

Road

11 kv

k-1 k-1 k-1 Road Soling k-1 k-1 GARDEN Road

11 kv

11 kv 11 kv

WC WC WC

11 kv

k-1 2 tracks

66 kv 11 kv

WC WC

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Appendix-7 Type and Number of Affected Trees in 132kV TL Hafizabad Road Subproject (Within 30m Wide Corridor- Right of Way) TL Reach (Tower Nos.) From To A: Kolu Tarar GS 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 5 5 6 6 7 7 8 8 9 9 10 10 11 11 12 12 13 13 14 14 15 15 16 16 17 17 18 18 19 19 20 20 21 21 22 22 23 23 24 Sub-total (A): B: Manianwala 23 24 24 25 25 26 26 27 27 28 28 29 29 30 30 31 31 32 32 33 33 34 34 35 35 36 Shisham (Sisso)
1 1 2 3 1 8 1 2 1 1 1 2 1

Affected Wood Trees (No.) Eucalyptus/ Kikar Guava Poplar (Acasia)
2 1 1 1 5 1 3 1 1 2 1 2 1 6 -

Others
1 1 1 3 1 2 1 -

Total Affected Trees (No.)
1 2 1 2 1 1 3 2 5 2 2 22 2 5 1 1 4 2 1 2 1

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36 37 37 38 38 39 Sub-total (B): C: Rasoolpur 38 39 39 40 40 41 41 42 42 43 43 44 44 45 45 46 46 47 47 48 48 49 49 50 50 51 51 52 52 53 53 54 Sub-total (C): D: Jalalpur Bhatian 53 54 54 55 55 56 56 57 57 58 58 59 59 60 60 61 61 GS Sub-total (D): TOTAL: Percentage:

4 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 9 1 1 2 23 28.40

5 1 2 1 4 1 1 2 16 19.75

1 7 2 1 3 1 2 3 19 23.46

9 9 9 11.11

1 5 1 1 1 3 2 1 3 14 17.28

2 21 1 1 1 3 2 4 10 1 1 3 1 28 3 2 3 2 -

10

81 100.00

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Power Transmission Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility – Tranche 2, –Conversions of Jalalpur Nau and Kolu Tarrar Grid Stations from 66KV To 132KV and Double Circuit Transmission Lines

LARP Activity/ Task Land Acquisition and Resettlement Framework Indigenous People Development Framework Survey & Design of Transmission Line (TL) Site Demarcation of Affected Lands (TL) Resettlement Field Survey of Transmission Line Draft Land Acquisition and Resettlement Plan LARP Revision (if necessary) Disclosure of LARF & LARP on ADB Website LARP Disclosure - Brochure in Urdu Mobilize project supervision consultant LARP revision (if necessary) Information dissemination to Affected People Adjust compensation rates for inflation Submit revised LARP / Approval by EPA/ ADB Award of Contracts for Civil Works Grievance Redress Process

Preparation

(Appendix-9) Implementation Schedule Responsibility 08 Year 2009 Year 2010 Year 2011 Second Primary ary N D J F MA MJ J A S ON D J F MA MJ J A S ON D J F MA MJ J A S O Consult Adopted from the first trancheGEPCO ant 2 of MFF Consult Adopted from the first trancheGEPCO ant 2 of MFF GEPCO GEPCO GEPCO GEPCO GEPCO ADB GEPCO Govern ment GEPCO GEPCO GEPCO GEPCO GEPCO GEPCO Consult ant Consult ant Consult ant Consult ant Consult ant GEPCO SDC SDC/R S SDC/R S Govt/A DB Contrac tor SDC/R S

Implementation

Power Transmission Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility – Tranche 2, –Conversions of Jalalpur Nau and Kolu Tarrar Grid Stations from 66KV To 132KV and Double Circuit Transmission Lines

Construction

Delivery of compensation, prior to start of Works Final payment of crop compensation (3 seasons) Internal Monitoring of LARP Implementation Possession of land for starting works Contractor mobilized to start work Commencement of Civil Works External M&E of LARP implementation

GEPCO GEPCO GEPCO GEPCO Contract or Contract or EMA

SDC/R S SDC/R S SDC/R S SDC/R S Consult ant Consult ant GEPCO

Power Transmission Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility – Tranche 2, –Conversions of Jalalpur Nau and Kolu Tarrar Grid Stations from 66KV To 132KV and Double Circuit Transmission Lines

Appendix 2 (Photographs of the DGS Locations)

Picture 1: Trees and Crops under the proposed Transmission Line

Picture 2: Proposed Line Route

Power Transmission Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility – Tranche 2, –Conversions of Jalalpur Nau and Kolu Tarrar Grid Stations from 66KV To 132KV and Double Circuit Transmission Lines

Picture 3: Sign Board of 66kV Jalalpur-Nau Grid station

Picture 4: An overview of existing transformer at Jalalpur Grid Station

Power Transmission Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility – Tranche 2, –Conversions of Jalalpur Nau and Kolu Tarrar Grid Stations from 66KV To 132KV and Double Circuit Transmission Lines

Picture 5: 11 kV feeders of Jalalpur grid station

Picture 6: Available open space at Jalalpur-Nau grid station

Power Transmission Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility – Tranche 2, –Conversions of Jalalpur Nau and Kolu Tarrar Grid Stations from 66KV To 132KV and Double Circuit Transmission Lines

Picture 7: Available open space at Jalalpur-Nau Grid Station

Power Transmission Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility – Tranche 2, –Conversions of Jalalpur Nau and Kolu Tarrar Grid Stations from 66KV To 132KV and Double Circuit Transmission Lines

Power Distribution Enhancement Project Loan 2178 SF-PAK ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Conversion of Kolu-Tarrar 132 kV Grid Station Along with T/ Line Submitted to

Asian Development Bank March, 2011 By Gujranwala Electric Power Company Government of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility – Conversion of Kolu Tarar 132 kV Grid Station and Double Circuit Transmission Line ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

Table of Contents
1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 2.2 2. Overview Scope of the EIA Study and Personnel 4 5 9 9 9 10 10 11 11 11 12 12 13 14 11 15 15 15 16 16 16 16 17 17 18 18 18 18 19 19 19 19 20 20

POLICY AND STATUARY REQUIREMENTS IN PAKISTAN 2.1 Statutory Framework 2.1.1 Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997 2.1.2 Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency Review of IEE and EIA Regulations, 2000 2.1.3 National Environmental Quality Standards 2.1.4 Other Relevant Laws Structure of Report

2.2 3.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 4.1 Type of Project Categorization of the Project Need for the Project Location and Scale of Project Proposed Schedule for Implementation Project Area 4.1.1 General Characteristics of Project Area 4.1.2 Affected Administrative Units Physical Resources 4.2.1 Topography, Geography, Geology, and Soils 4.2.2 Climate and Hydrology 4.2.3 Groundwater and Water Supply 4.2.4 Surface water 4.2.5 Air Quality 4.2.6 Noise Biological Resources 4.3.1 Wildlife, Fisheries and Aquatic Biology 4.3.2 Terrestrial Habitats, Forests and Protected Species 4.3.3 Protected areas / National sanctuaries Economic Development 4.4.1 Agriculture and Industries 4.4.2 Energy Sources Social and Cultural Resources 4.5.1 Population Communities and Employment i

4. DESCRIPTION OF THE SUBPROJECT ENVIRONMENT

4.2

4.3

4.4

4.5

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility – Conversion of Kolu Tarar 132 kV Grid Station and Double Circuit Transmission Line ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

4.5.2 Education and Literacy 4.5.3 Health Facilities 5. 6. Cultural Heritage and Community Structure SCREENING POTENTIAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND MITIGATION MEASURES 6.1 6.2 6.3 Subproject Location 6.1.1 Impact Assessment and Mitigation General Approach to Mitigation 6.2.1 Cultural Heritage, Mosques, Religious Sites, and Social Infrastructure Potential Environmental Impacts in Construction 6.3.1 Encroachment, Landscape and Physical Disfiguration 6.3.2 Cut, Fill and Waste disposal 6.3.3 Trees, Ecology and Protected Areas 6.3.4 Hydrology, Sedimentation and Soil Erosion 6.3.5 Air Pollution from Earthworks and Transport 6.3.6 Noise, Vibration and Blasting 6.3.7 Sanitation, Solid Waste Disposal and Communicable Diseases Potential Environmental Impacts in Operation 6.4.1 Air Pollution and Noise from the enhanced operations 6.4.2 Pollution from oily run-off, fuel spills and dangerous goods Enhancement

20 20 21

21 21 21 21 22 23 23 23 23 24 24 25 25 26 26 26 27 27 30 30 30 30 31 31 32

6.4

6.5 7. 8.

INSTITUTIONAL REQUIREMENTS & ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN PUBLIC CONSULTATION AND INFORMATION DISCLOSURE 8.1 8.2 8.3 Approach to Public Consultation Public Consultation Process Results of Public Consultation

9.

CONCLUSIONS 9.1 9.2 Findings and Recommendations Summary and Conclusions

ii

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility – Conversion of Kolu Tarar 132 kV Grid Station and Double Circuit Transmission Line ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

Figures and Maps Figure 1.1 Pakistan EIA Process Figure 1.2 Letter from Pakistan Federal EPA on EIA Process Figure 2.1 Jurisdiction of the GEPCO. Figure 2.2 Location GEPCO 66 kV Kolu-Tarar DGS and new TXL Attachments Attachment 1 Attachment 2 Attachment 3 Attachment 4 Attachment 5 Attachment 6 Attachment 7 Attachment 8 Attachment 9 Layout of Kolu-Tarar Grid Station Photographs of the DGS Locations TXL Environmental Management Plan (matrix) Monitoring Plan (matrix) Summary of Public Consultation Trees and other Infrastructure affected by distribution line route Trees affected by 30m RoW of transmission line Typical bunds for Transformers Implementation Schedule

iii

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility – Conversion of Kolu Tarar 132 kV Grid Station and Double Circuit Transmission Line ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

ABBREVIATIONS ADB COI CSP DoF DFO DGL DGS DIZ EA EARF EIA EMP GDP GOP GIS LARP GEPCO LARP Leq MPL NEQS NGO PC PEPA PEPAct PPMS REA SIA S-P SR TOR Rupee, PKR

Asian Development Bank Corridor of Influence Country Strategy Program Department of Forests Divisional Forest Officer Distribution transmission line Distribution grid substation Direct Impact Zone Environmental Assessment Environment Assessment Review Framework Environment Impact Assessment Environmental Management Plan Gross Domestic Product Government of Pakistan Gas Insulated Switchgear Land Acquisition and Resettlement Plan Gujranwala Electric Power Company Land Acquisition and Resettlement Plan equivalent sound pressure level maximum permissible level National Environmental Quality Standards Non Governmental Organization public consultation Punjab Environmental Protection Agency Pakistan Environment Protection Act 1997 (as regulated and amended) Subproject Performance Monitoring System Rapid Environmental Assessment Social Impact Assessment subproject Sensitive Receiver Terms of Reference Unit of Pakistan Currency $US Approx. R85

iv

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility –Conversions of Jalalpur Nau and Kolu Tarrar Grid Stations from 66KV To 132KV and Double Circuit Transmission Lines ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 Overview 1. This document is the ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT for the Tranche 2 Conversion of 66kV Kolu Tarar Grid Station (DGS) into 132Kv and transmission line subproject proposed by the Gujranwala Electricity Power Company (GEPCO), (Figs 1.1 and 1.2), under the Asian Development Bank (ADB) subproject, Power Distribution and Enhancement Multi-tranche Finance Facility (PDEMFF). Under ADB Guidelines, the substation and distribution line are to be taken as one integral subproject and the guidelines require environmental assessment of all components of subprojects whether financed by ADB, governments or other co-financiers. 2. Government of Pakistan (GoP) has requested ADB to provide the PDEMFF to facilitate investments in power distribution and development of networks of eight independent distribution companies (DISCOs) that distribute power to end user consumers. The funding from ADB is expected to be released in stages (tranches). The Power Distribution Enhancement (PDE) Investment Program is part of the GoP long term energy security strategy. The proposed ADB intervention will finance new investments in PDE and assist capacity building of sector related agencies. The investment program will cover necessary PDE development activities in secondary transmission/ distribution networks of eight DISCOs. The PDEMFF activities include extension (additional transformers) and augmentation (replacement of transformers with higher capacity) distribution line extensions, new and replacement distribution lines, additional substations, transformer protection and other non network activities such as automatic meter reading, construction equipment and computerized accounting. New distribution lines to and from various network facilities and some of the above activities will also be included in the later tranches. The proposed PDEMFF facility has been designed to address both investment and institutional aspects in the electrical power sector. 3. This EIA presents the results and conclusions of environmental assessment for the Conversion of 66kV Kolu Tarar grid station into 132kVand transmission line subproject proposed by GEPCO and are submitted by Pakistan Electric Power Company (PEPCO) on behalf of GEPCO. PEPCO has been nominated by Ministry of Water and Power (MOWP) to act as the Executing Agency (EA) with each DISCO being the Implementing Agency (IA) for work in its own area. PEPCO‟s role in the processing and implementation of the investment program is that of a coordinator of such activities as preparation of PC-1s and PFRs, monitoring implementation activities; that includes submission of environmental assessments for all subprojects in all tranches of the PDEMFF under ADB operating procedures. 4. An EIA has been carried out to fulfill the requirements of ADB Guidelines (May 20031314). This EIA study report is used to complete the Summary ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT (SEIA) for disclosure by ADB if
13

Initial subproject classification was carried out in 2006 and the Category is B. Most of the construction impacts will take place with only local impacts and there are no potential significant environmental impacts associated with the T1 (tranche one) sub-subproject construction. Initial environmental reconnaissance and REA carried out by consultants under ADB guidelines in August 2008 indicated that all the T2 sub-subprojects will be Category B. 14 Environmental Assessment Guidelines (ADB May 2003).

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necessary15. 5. The environmental assessment requirements of the GoP for grid stations and power distribution subprojects are different to those of ADB. Under GoP regulations, the Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency Review of ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT and Environmental Impact Assessment Regulations (2000) categorize development subprojects into two schedules according to their potential environmental impact. The proponents of subprojects that have reasonably foreseeable impacts are required to submit an EIA for their respective subprojects (Schedule-I). The proponents of sub-projects that have more adverse environmental impacts (ScheduleII) are required to submit an environmental impact assessment (EIA). Distribution lines and substations are included under energy subprojects and EIA is required for sub transmission/ distribution lines of 11kV or less and large distribution subprojects (Schedule-I). EIA is required by GoP for all subprojects involving sub transmission/ distribution lines of 11kV or above and for DGS substations (Schedule- II).

15

Category A subprojects that are deemed by ADB's chief compliance officer to be environmentally sensitive for the purposes of (i) the 120 day rule, and (ii) the environmental management plan requirement could involve subprojects that are near or in environmentally sensitive areas. At this stage no component of the T2 sub-subprojects under consideration is actually within a critical area and therefore the MFF tranche as a whole is Category B.

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6. Clarification has been sought from Pakistan EPA on the requirements for environmental assessment for certain energy subprojects and for sub transmission/ distribution lines. A Framework of Environmental Assessment (FEA) on power extensions and augmentation subprojects was prepared by consultants and submitted to the Pakistan EPA, after hearings with provincial EPAs. In response to the FEA submitted by NTDC to the Pakistan EPA16 it has been clarified that all proponents must follow section 12 of the Pakistan Environmental Protection Act for all subprojects. Pakistan EPA has also assumed that all proponents will consult with the relevant provincial EPAs (PEPA) and follow their advice. In 2006 Punjab EPA requested disclosure of the scope and extent of each subproject in order that the Director General of PEPA can determine if additional land is required and need for EIA or IEE. Therefore, a review of the need for IEE/ EIA for submission to GoP is required by the relevant environmental protection agency, in this case the Punjab Environmental Protection Agency. 1.2 Scope of the EIA Study and Personnel 7. The Study Area included the identification of irrigation facilities, water supply, habitable structures, schools, health facilities, hospitals, religious places and sites of heritage or archaeological importance and critical areas17 (if any) within about 100m of the DGS or TXL boundary. The works are generally envisaged to involve conversion of 66kV DGS into 132kV, 8.404 km TXL, Construction of the bases/ foundation pads and towers to support the distribution line will be carried out also under the same subproject by GEPCO and supervised by the Kolu-Tarar Grid substation management. 8. The field studies were undertaken by the subproject‟s environment team with experience of environmental assessment for power subprojects in Pakistan. Mrs. Syeda Bushra Waheed conducted preliminary scoping, survey and assessment activities, coordinated the field sampling and analysis, and were also responsible to supervise collation of information and co-ordinate the various public consultation activities. The team conducted preliminary scoping, survey and assessment activities, and carried out the report writing. The environmental team also benefited from technical support and other information on the impacts of the proposed power works provided in feasibility summaries prepared with GEPCO 18 by expert consultants of BPI dealing with engineering, power distribution, socio-economic, re-settlement and institutional aspects. 9. A scoping and field reconnaissance was conducted on the subproject site, during which a Rapid Environmental Assessment was carried out to establish the potential impacts and categorization of subproject activities. The methodology of the EIA study was then elaborated in order to address all interests. Subsequently primary and secondary baseline environmental data was collected from possible sources, and the intensity and likely location of impacts were identified with relation the sensitive receivers; based on the work expected to be carried out. The significance of impacts from conversion of 66kV DGS into 132kV and construction of 132kV double circuit
16

Letter dated 29th June 2007 – Ref 2(1)2004-W/KCP-DD from Pak EPA Sajjad Hussein Talpur, Dy Director (EIA/Mont) to NTDC, Muhammad Tahir Khan, Subproject Director PPTA, NTDC, WAPDA House, Lahore. 17 Critical areas as published by the PEPA on the website put in specific reference 18 Feasibility Summary submitted to the Asian Development Bank by the Gujranwala Electric Power Company, Pakistan under Power Distribution Enhancement Subproject PPTA 4876-PAK. Subproject Number , 132 kV Grid Substation and TXL

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8.404 km TXL was then assessed and, for those impacts requiring mitigation, measures were proposed to reduce impacts to within acceptable limits. 10. Public consultation (PC) was carried out in March 2009, in line with ADB guidelines2. Under ADB requirements the environmental assessment process must also include meaningful public consultation during the completion of the draft EIA. In this EIA the PC process included verbal disclosure of the sub-subproject works as a vehicle for discussion. Consultations were conducted with local families and communities around and Kolu Tarar DGS SP site, and along TXL route, and staff of the subproject management. The responses from correspondents have been included in Attachment 5 and summarized in Section 6 of this EIA. 2. POLICY AND STATUARY REQUIREMENTS IN PAKISTAN 11. Direct legislation on environmental protection is contained in several statutes, namely the Pakistan Environmental Protection Act (1997) the Forest Act (1927) the Punjab Wildlife Act (1974). In addition the Land Acquisition Act (1894) also provides powers in respect of land acquisition for public purposes. There are also several other items of legislation7 and regulations which have an indirect bearing on the subproject or general environmental measures. 2.1 Statutory Framework 12. The Constitution of Pakistan distributes legislative powers between the federal and the provincial governments through two „lists‟ attached to the Constitution as Schedules. The Federal List covers the subjects over which the federal government has exclusive legislative power, while the Concurrent List contains subjects regarding which both the federal and provincial governments can enact laws. “Environmental pollution and ecology” is included in the concurrent list; hence both the federal and the provincial governments can enact laws on this subject. However, to date, only the federal government has enacted laws on environment, and the provincial environmental institutions derive their power from the federal law. The Punjab Environmental Protection Act 1996 is now superseded by the Pakistan Environmental Protection Act (1997). The key environmental laws affecting this subproject are discussed below. 2.1.1 Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997

13. The Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997 is the basic legislative tool empowering the government to frame regulations for the protection of the environment. The act is applicable to a wide range of issues and extends to air, water, soil, marine, and noise pollution, as well as to the handling of hazardous wastes. The key features of the law that have a direct bearing on the proposed subproject relate to the requirement for an ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT (EIA) and INITIAL ENVIRONMENTAL EXAMINATION (IEE) for development subprojects. Section 12(1) requires that: “No proponent of a subproject shall commence construction or operation unless he has filed with the Federal Agency an ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT [EIA] or, where the subproject is likely to cause an adverse environmental effect, an INITIAL ENVIRONMENTAL EXAMINAITON [IEE], and has obtained NOC/ APPROVAL from the Federal Agency in respect thereof.” The Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency has delegated the power of review and

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approval of environmental assessments to the provincial environmental protection agencies, in this case the Punjab EPA. (Fig 1.1) 2.1.2 Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency Review of IEE and EIA Regulations, 2000

14. The Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997 (PEP Act) provides two types of environmental assessments: ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT (EIA) and INITIAL ENVIRONMENTAL EXAMINAITON [IEE]. EIAs are carried out for subprojects that have potentially „significant‟ environmental impacts, whereas IEEs are conducted for relatively smaller subprojects with relatively less significant impacts. The Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency Review of IEE and EIA Regulations, 2000 (the „Regulations‟), prepared by the Pak-EPA under the powers conferred upon it by the PEP Act, categorizes subprojects for EIA and IEE. Schedules I and II, attached to the Regulations, list the subprojects that require EIA and IEE, respectively. 15. The Regulations also provide the necessary details on the preparation, submission, and review of IEEs and EIAs. The following is a brief step-wise description of the approval process (see also Attachment 1): a. A subproject is categorized as requiring an IEE or EIA using the two schedules attached to the Regulations. b. An IEE or EIA is conducted as per the requirement and following the Pak-EPA guidelines. c. The IEE or EIA is submitted to the concerned provincial EPA if it is located in the provinces or the Pak-EPA if it is located in Islamabad and federally administrated areas. The Fee (depending on the cost of the subproject and the type of the report) is submitted along with the document. d. The IEE/EIA is also accompanied by an application in the format prescribed in Schedule IV of the Regulations. e. The EPA conducts a preliminary scrutiny and replies within 10 days of the submittal of a report, a) confirming completeness, or b) asking for additional information, if needed, or c) returning the report requiring additional studies, if necessary. f. The EPA is required to make every effort to complete the IEE and EIA review process within 45 and 90 days, respectively, of the issue of confirmation of completeness. g. Then the EPA accords their approval subject to certain conditions: Before commencing construction of the subproject, the proponent is required to submit an undertaking accepting the conditions. Before commencing operation of the subproject, the proponent is required to obtain from the EPA a written confirmation of compliance with the approval conditions and requirements of the EIA. h. An EMP is to be submitted with a request for obtaining confirmation of compliance. i. The EPAs are required to issue confirmation of compliance within 15 days of the receipt of request and complete documentation. j. The IEE /EIA approval is valid for three years from the date of accord. k. A monitoring report is to be submitted to the EPA after completion of construction, followed by annual monitoring reports during operation.

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16. Distribution lines and grid substations of 11 kV and above are included under energy subprojects in Schedule-II, under which rules EIA is required by GoP. Initial environment examination (IEE) is required for distribution lines less than 11 kV and large distribution subprojects (Schedule-I). A review of the need for IEE/ EIA submission is therefore required by the relevant EPA, in this case the Punjab Environment Protection Agency (EPA) as the proposed subproject will be located in Punjab. 17. There are no formal provisions for the environmental assessment of expanding existing distribution lines and grid substations but Punjab EPA have requested disclosure of the scope and extent of each subproject in order that their Director General can determine if additional land is required and the need for statutory environmental assessment1. The details of this subproject will be forwarded to the Punjab EPA, in order to commence the local statutory environmental assessment process. 2.1.3 National Environmental Quality Standards

18. The National Environmental Quality Standards (NEQS) were first promulgated in 1993 and have been amended in 1995 and 2000. The following standards that are specified in the NEQS may be relevant to the Tranche 2 subprojects: 19. Maximum allowable concentration of pollutants (32 parameters) in municipal and liquid industrial effluents discharged to inland waters, sewage treatment facilities, and the sea (three separate sets of numbers) 20. Maximum allowable concentration of pollutants (2 parameters) in gaseous emissions from vehicle exhaust and noise emission from vehicles. 2.1.4 Other Relevant Laws

21. There are a number of other federal and provincial laws that are important in the context of environmental management. The main laws potentially affecting subprojects in this MFF are listed below. 22. The Punjab Wildlife Protection Ordinance, 1972 empowers the government to declare certain areas reserved for the protection of wildlife and control activities within in these areas. It also provides protection to endangered species of wildlife. As no activities are planned in these areas, no provision of this law is applicable to the proposed subproject. 23. The Forestry Act, 1927 empowers the government to declare certain areas reserved forest. As no reserved forest exists in the vicinity of the proposed subproject, this law will not affect to the proposed subproject. 24. The Antiquities Act of 1975 ensures the protection of Pakistan‟s cultural resources. The Act defines „antiquities‟ as ancient products of human activity, historical sites, or sites of anthropological or cultural interest, national monuments, etc. The Act is designed to protect these antiquities from destruction, theft, negligence, unlawful excavation, trade, and export. The law prohibits new construction in the proximity of a protected antiquity and empowers the Government of Pakistan to prohibit excavation in any area that may contain articles of archaeological significance. Under the Act, the subproject proponents are obligated to ensure that no activity is undertaken in the proximity of a protected antiquity, report to the Department of Archaeology,
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Government of Pakistan, any archaeological discovery made during the course of the subproject. 2.2 Structure of Report 25. This EIA reviews information on existing environmental attributes of the Study Area. Geological, hydrological and ecological features, air quality, noise, water quality, soils, social and economic aspects and cultural resources are included. The report predicts the probable impacts on the environment due to the proposed subproject enhancement and expansion. This EIA also proposes various environmental management measures. Details of all background environmental quality, environmental impact / pollutant generating activities, pollution sources, predicted environmental quality and related aspects have been provided in this report. References are presented as footnotes throughout the text. Following this introduction the report follows ADB guidelines and includes: Description of the Subproject Description of Environmental and Social Conditions Assessment of Environmental Impacts and Mitigation Measures Environmental Monitoring Plan Public Consultation Recommendations and Conclusions

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3. DESCRIPTION OF THE SUBPROJECT ENVIRONMENT 3.1 Type of Project 26. The Conversion of 66kV Kolu-Tarar into 132kV and transmission line subproject prepared by Gujranwala Electric Power Company (GEPCO) to provide additional Power supply to the Kolu Tarar town and nearby towns. This substation will be linked to the under construction Hafizabad-II 132kV Grid station by constructing a new 8.404 km long 132kV double circuit transmission line. New line will start from Solangi Awan village of District Hafizabad (Punjab Province). This subproject will entirely be completed within Hafizabad District. Conversion of grid station will be done within the boundary wall of the existing 66 kV Kolu Tarar grid station. The transmission line will pass through three villages and will temporarily affect a total of 25 ha of crops and 68 trees. There are 26 affected households (AHs) losing agricultural crops and trees, with a total population of 249 (APs). 27. The Conversion of Kolu Tarar grid station and transmission line subproject involves conversion of 66kV Kolu Tarar grid station into 132kV and a 8.404 km long 132kV double circuit transmission line. The entire activity of conversion of grid station will be completed within the boundary wall of the existing grid station, so no resettlement involves in this component of subproject The new transmission line will mostly traverse private farmlands (99%) and a small section of private and government uncultivated land (1%) like canal, road, paths and water courses. No land will be acquired permanently for the transmission line. However, its construction and stringing works will affect crops and trees within the 30m wide safety corridor and the crop damage will be compensated for the whole affected strip of land. 28. The new transmission line is 8.404 km long and will pass through three villages Solangi Awan, Pindi Bawray, and Kolu Tarar located in Hafizabad District (Punjab province). The first 3,488 meters long section of the line traverses the farmlands of Solangi Awan village; 1,834 meter section will pass through Pindi Bawray village, and remaining 3,082 meter long section will pass through Kolu Tarar village. The transmission line will traverse private farmland for most of its length 8,302 meter (99%) and only 102 meter (1%) uncultivated private and government lands (Canal, Road, Paths and water courses). As a result, some 26 house holds with a total population of 249 persons (affectees) will be affected by temporary disruption to land, loss of 25 ha of crops and 68 trees (56 wood and 12 fruit trees). 3.2 Categorization of the Project 29. Categorization is based on the environmentally most sensitive component of a subproject. The aspects of the subproject with potential for significant environmental impacts need to be assessed in detail and this environmental assessment has therefore focused on the significant impacts possible from the construction activities of the subproject. 30. The DGS, as well as the route of the proposed TXL, is located in a rural setting, with some minor settlements and other infrastructure around the site. The Conversion of 66kV Kolu-Tarar DGS into132kV SP is categorized as a Category B sub-subproject under ADB requirements (1.3) and this EIA report is based on that assumption.

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3.3 Need of the Project 31. The standards and conditions of the power distribution system in Pakistan are inadequate to meet rapidly growing demand for electrical power. This situation limits national development and economic growth. To cope with the constraints, the existing power distribution infrastructure has to be improved and upgraded. The overall contribution of power infrastructure also requires institutional arrangements and capacity that support strategic management of the sector, and planning and management of investments. Overall the proposed PDEMFF facility has been designed to address both investment and institutional aspects in the electrical power sector. 32. Power demands in the Kolu-Tarar area in the jurisdiction of GEPCO jurisdiction (Fig 2.1) have increased rapidly, especially in summer months, so that the existing Kolu Tarar 66kV DGS is unable to cope up with the increasing demands of the domestic, commercial and industrial sectors. Therefore, GEPCO has planned to convert 66kV Kolu Tarar DGS into 132kV DGS and to construct 8.404 km 132kV transmission line to provide power supply to Kolu Tarar DGS and no additional land is needed for this subproject. Figure 2.1: Jurisdiction Map of the GEPCO

3.4 Location and Scale of Project 33. This EIA has included field reconnaissance of the site and surroundings of the 66kV Kolu-Tarar SP and TXL. The 66 kV Kolu Tarar DGS is located in (Figure 2.1). 34. The Conversion of 66 kV Kolu Tarar DGS subproject will involve the conversion of 66kV DGS into 132kV and construction of 8.404 km 132 kV double circuit TXL (requiring installation of (42 towers). The proposed route to the nearest 132kV line appears to be environmentally feasible and technically appropriate and will join the

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Kolu Tarar DGS by constructing 8.404 km 132 kV double circuit transmission line starting from under construction Hafizabad11 DGS at Solangi Awan. Figure 2.1 : Location Kolu Tarar Grid Sub-station

35. This EIA has been conducted based on the assumptions available in March 2009 when the preliminary designs for the conversion of DGS and TXL were completed and the overall requirements for installation of the equipment had been identified (Attachment1). The detailed designs are currently being progressed by GEPCO. At this stage, the construction activities under the SP are expected to include the usual localized civil works such as extension of main yard, including excavation and concreting of foundations for the new transformer, capacitor banks, cable trays, cable trays and terminal tower (within the DGS compound), equipment and fittings, erection of the towers, cabling, construction of the control rooms and installation of allied equipment, and construction of the offices and residences. Impacts from conversion of the 66kV Kolu Tarar DGS into 132kV SP are envisaged to be minor, since no additional land needs to be acquired for the conversion of DGS and construction of TXL, the works for the conversion of Kolu Tarar DGS will be on the land of existing grid station owned by GEPCO and within the boundary of the DGS and works for the TXL will be mostly on private farmland for which compensation for damage to crops and trees will be paid to the affectees.. 36. The connecting line from Kolu-Tarar SP to the network will involve erection of 42

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towers that will be strung with the new TXL 8.404km. The designs for the Tranche 2 (T2) subprojects will be developed under the subproject support component of the MFF. This EIA, however, is based on detailed line route surveys (which includes alternative routes and the route which minimizes the social impacts is chosen). The line route is then submitted to the design formation which determines the line profiles and tower locations, these towers are then located on ground. This EIA is, therefore based on line design which is final (baring any unforeseen occurrence) and only is changed at implementation stage if so warranted by new developments. The line design is based on the following parameters

Permissible Conductor Clearances at 650C
Sr. No.Description 1 Cultivated land traversed by vehicles 2 Roads and Streets 3 Communication and power lines power lines up to 66 kV power lines up to 33 kV 4 Highways 5 Railroads 6 Electrified railroads trolley wire 7 River at high flood 8 places accessible to pedestrians only 9 Building roofs not accessible to people 10 Tops of trees (Orchards) 11 Canals

Clearance m 6.7 7.9 2.7 2.7 7.9 7.9 3.85 9.1 7.9 5.2 5 9.1

3.5 Proposed Schedule for Implementation 37. Designs of the conversion of DGS and TXL equipment layout, review of environmental management and construction processes could take several months. When the detailed designs are completed, tendering and award of contract will take place over about three to six months. The construction period will follow and best estimates indicate about eighteen months to two years. The preliminary schedule is presented in Attachment-9.

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DESCRIPTION OF THE SUBPROJECT ENVIRONMENT 4.1 Project Area 4.1.1 General Characteristics of Project Area 38. Kolu-Tarar DGS is located on Kot Chian road Tehsil and District Hafizabad. Access to the DGS is located on west side while there is cultivated land on north and east side on south side, adjacent to DGS is 3m kacha road then cultivated land. 39. The Conversion of Kolu Tarar grid station and transmission line subproject involves conversion of 66 kV Kolu Tarar grid station and an 8.404 km long 132 kV double circuit transmission line. The entire activity of conversion of grid station will be completed with in the boundary wall of the existing grid station, so no resettlement involves in this component of subproject. The new transmission line will mostly traverse private farmlands (99%) and a small section of private and government uncultivated land (1%) like canal, road, paths and water courses No land will be acquired permanently for the transmission line. However, its construction and stringing works will affect crops and trees within the 30m wide safety corridor and the crop damage will be compensated for the whole affected strip of land. . 40. The Conversion of 66kV Kolu-Tarar DGS into 132kV and transmission line subproject prepared by Gujranwala Electric Power Company (GEPCO) to provide additional power supply to the Kolu Tarar town and nearby towns. This substation will be linked to the under construction Hafizabad II 132kV Grid station by constructing a new 8.404 km long 132kV double circuit transmission line. New line will start from Solangi Awan village of District Hafizabad (Punjab Province). This subproject will entirely be completed with in Hafizabad District. Conversion of grid station will be done with in the boundary wall of the existing 66kV Kolu Tarar grid station. The transmission line will pass through three villages and will temporarily affect a total of 25 ha of crops and 68 trees. There are 26 affected households (AHs) losing agricultural crops and trees, with a total population of 249 (APs). 41. The new transmission line is 8.404 km long and will pass through three villages Solangi Awan, Pindi Bawray, and Kolu Tarar located in Hafizabad District (Punjab province). The first 3,488 meters long section of the line traverses the farmlands of Solangi Awan village 1,834 meter section will pass through Pindi Bawray village, and remaining 3,082 meter long section will pass through Kolu Tarar village. The transmission line will traverse private farmland for most of its length 8,302 meter (99%) and only 102 meter (1%) uncultivated private and government lands (Canal, Road, Paths and watercourses). As a result, some 26 house holds, with a total population of 249 persons (affectees,) will be affected by temporary disruption to land, and loss of 25 ha of crops and 68 trees (56 wood and 12 fruit trees). 4.1.2 Affected Administrative Units

42. The area to be indirectly affected by the extension works for the conversion of 66kV Kolu Tarar Grid Station into 132kV and 8.404km long 132kV transmission line is Kolu Tarar, Pindi Bawray and Solangi Awan District Hafizabad (Punjab Province) (Fig 2.1) Interviews were conducted with the public near the DGS site and TXL corridor (Attachment 5) to obtain their views on the subproject, and any perceived impacts. In addition to main road, settlements along road there are factories of various types,

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educational institutions, along the RoW. The nearest settlement is Mohala Haqimpura at 50m from DGS. 43. Transmission Line of this subproject consists of three sections Section A: Solangi Awan (3,488 m long section requiring 18 towers), Section B: Pindi Bawray (1,834 m long section requiring 09 towers), Section C: Kolu-Tarar Singh (4,480 m long section with 22 towers). 4.2 Physical Resources

4.2.1 Topography, Geography, Geology and Soils 44. The whole district is a flat alluvial plain. It can be divided into two parts. The low laying alluvial lands, fringing the Chenab River and the upland area, lying away from the lowland area of the Chenab. The former is called the Hithar and the latter area is called the Uthar. The soils in the upland area are less fertile. The main soil in the district is Gora a highly manured artificial soil commonly found around villages. The Rohi is the fine dark clay soil. The dosahi or Missi is a fine clay soil. Canal irrigation has changed the pattern of agriculture. The river Chenab forms the north western boundary of the district. If flows from north east to south west and has a broader shallow stream. The deposits are sandy, but the floods are extensive, owing to the loose texture of the soil on its bank. Construction of affected the role of river by reducing its usefulness as a fertilizing agent of the riverine area considerably. 4.2.2 Climate and Hydrology

45. There is no variation of altitude above sea level in the land along the alignment and the short length of the distribution line means no variation between the climates of the subproject area. The climate at 66kV Kolu Tarar DGS and new TXL is typical of that of the central Punjab. 46. The maximum temperature in summer reaches 40oC. In winter the minimum is 6oC. The mean maximum and minimum temperatures in summer for this period are 40 and 27 respectively and in winter 19oC and 5oC respectively. The summer season starts from April and continues till October. May, June and July are the hottest months. The winter season on the other hand starts from November and continues till March, December, January and February are the coldest months. 47. The rainy season starts in July and ends in September. Average Annual rainfall during 1961-98 is about 629mm. More rains occur in July and August than any other months. Most of the winter rains are received in the months of March and April. 4.2.3 Groundwater and Water Supply

48. Irrigation is largely dependent on the canals, but tube wells have also been sunk in the areas where water is fit for irrigation. The chemical quality of ground water in the district varies in different areas and at different depths. Potable water is available in the district. Irrigation supplies are perennial and tube wells have been installed to make up the deficiencies. The strata near the DGS and TXL are water bearing and alluvial deposits, giving groundwater potential throughout the subproject area and the water table is about ten to twelve meters below the surface. The water table is not seasonal and dug wells do not generally run dry. Groundwater sources exist in the area and there are no tube wells within 500m of the proposed TXL. The local

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population near most of the DGS & TXL is generally reliant on supply from hand pumps. 4.2.4 Surface Water Rivers and Tributaries 49. The river Chenab is the only one the district. The river Chenab forming the northern boundary has been described as a broad shallow stream. Its deposits are sandy, but its floods are extensive and owing to the loose texture of the soil on its banks, the moisture percolates for inland, but the weirs at Khanki and Marala have affected the river, and its usefulness as a fertilizing agent for the riverine tract has been reduced considerably. 50. There are several Nallahs in the district which form channels for floodwater in the rains. The most important of them are Palkhu, Aik, Khot, Beghwala and Dek. 51. Irrigation: The major means of irrigation in the district are the canals and tube wells. The lower Chenab canal starts from Khanki head works on the Chenab River and irrigates the whole district through its branches specially the Gugera branch. Jhang branch and the Kot Nikka branch. 52. The source of irrigation is perennial and non perennial canals supplemented by tube wells. The land ranges between sandy to clay loam and is almost plain. The entire district is irrigated through canals and tube wells. The sub soil water is sweet and in abundance. Tube wells have been installed and seven canals including main canals, link canals and feeder canals pass through the district. Besides, there are about 35 minors/ distributaries and Rajbas which supply water all over the district for irrigation purposes. Canal irrigated 9,884 Tube well irrigated 177,919 Canal cum well irrigated 19,769 Canal cum other sources 452,211 and well irrigated 2,417 acres. Groundwater and Water Supply 53. Irrigation is largely dependent on two irrigation canals i.e. Lower Chenab Canal and Upper Chenab Canal, but tube wells have also been sunk in the areas where water is fit for irrigation. Potable water is available. Irrigation supplies are perennial and tube wells have been installed. The strata of the subproject area are water bearing and alluvial deposits, giving groundwater potential throughout the district. The water table is not seasonal and dug wells do not generally run dry. Groundwater sources exist in the area. The local population is generally reliant on supply from the hand pumps in rural areas while in urban areas population using drinking water from WASA piped water supply scheme. 54. Nearly 10% of the housing units are using piped water, majority of which has that facility in their own houses. A majority is using hand pump for potable water, 90% just 0.1% households are using potable water taken out from wells. Such facility is mostly being availed in rural areas where their percentage share is around 0.1. 4.2.5 Air Quality

55. Air quality in most of the project area appears good based on observation during the study period. Emissions should be controlled at source under the EMP. There will be a few items of powered mechanical equipment to be used in the conversion of the DGS works that may give rise to complaints of dust and other emissions; however these should be minor and easily dissipated. Domestic sources of air pollution, such
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as emissions from wood and kerosene burning stoves as well as small diesel standby generators in some households, are minor. 56. Although there are some rice mills but there are no other industrial pollution sources in the vicinity of the 66kV Kolu Tarar DGS and new TXL. The project area is distant from major sources of air pollution like industries or urban type traffic, domestic sources such as burning of wood and kerosene stoves, etc. or fugitive sources such as burning of solid wastes. Air quality in the project area appeared very good during the study period. Air quality measurements in major urban centers, carried out by PakEPA, revealed that CO, SO2 and NO levels were in excess of the acceptable levels in some areas but the average levels were found below WHO standards. Air quality testing by DISCOs (average values are: TSP 1.09 mg/m3, CO 634 ppb, SO 2 24.34 ppb, NO2 23.73 ppb) through various consultants has reveled that most sub stations have NO2, CO2 and CO values below international standards although TSP levels at some locations was higher than international standards. 57. There should be no source of atmospheric pollution from the project. In the operational phase the industrial facilities with fuel powered mechanical equipment will be the main polluters. All such emissions will be very well dissipated in the open terrain and there will be no cumulative effect from the project. 58. The other major source of air pollution is dust arising from construction and other ground or soil disturbance, during dry weather, and from movement of vehicles on poorly surfaced or damaged access roads. It has been observed that dust levels from vehicles may even be high enough to obscure vision significantly TXL temporarily. 4.2.6 Noise

59. Noise from vehicles and other powered mechanical equipment is intermittent. There are also the occasional calls to prayer from the PA systems at the local mosques but there are no significant disturbances to the quiet rural setting. However, the construction from the proposed power expansion will use powered mechanical equipment. Subjective observations were made of background noise and also of individual vehicle pass by events. Based on professional experience background daytime noise levels are probably well below 55dB (A) L90. DISCOs have carried out noise level measurements at various sub stations and transmission line locations within the system .These analyzed to calculate Leq values have resulted in Leq values much below the 85 dBA limit prescribed under the NEQs established by the EPA or the 75 dBA used by DISCOs/NTDC/PEPCO in the equipment specifications. Typical values were: average 46.21 dBA; high 63.14 dBA; and low 34.35 dBA. 4.3 Biological Resources 4.3.1 Wildlife, Fisheries and Aquatic Biology

60. There are no areas of wildlife significance near the subproject area. Trees commonly found in the district are Shisham, (Dalbergia sissoo), Keekar (Acacia Arabica), Shareen (Albizza lebbck), Bari (Ziziphus Jujuba), Guava, citrus etc. in the recent past some farmers have started growing mini forest of Popular, eucalyptus, Sumbal etc. There are some marshy areas along the river Chenab where water stagnates. These areas are popularly known as Baila. These are also covered with tall grasses, reeds and spices.

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61. There are no reservoirs or other water bodies except Chenab River that forms the northern boundary of the district. 4.3.2 Terrestrial Habitats, Forests and Protected Species Vegetation cover and trees 62. The subproject area, which is not dry, is dominated by urban suburbs and with various factories present in the subproject area. Common floral species with rooted vegetation are also present near most of the water bodies of the area. 63. However there is very little vegetation in the RoW for the line (Attachment 7). Just either side of the distribution line alignment are planted trees In addition, there are scattered wood trees. The trees include Shisham (Dalbergia sisso), Kikar (Accacia arabica) Eucalyptus, Popler, Mulberry, Beri (Ziziphus jajuba) and Darakh (Melia SP) GEPCO‟s technical survey and design team made utmost efforts to avoid affecting trees, and as a result, only 68 wood trees will need to be removed from the 30m wide corridor and none of the fruit trees are being affected by the line. 64. Trees commonly found in the district are Shisham, (Dalbergia sissoo), Keekar (Acacia Arabica), Shareen (Albizza lebbck), Bari (Ziziphus Jujuba), Guava, citrus etc. in the recent past some farmers have started growing mini forest of Popular, eucalyptus, Sumbal etc. There are some marshy areas along the river Chenab where water stagnates. These areas are popularly known as Baila. These are also covered with tall grasses, reeds and spices. Protected and Religious Trees 65. There is little forestry in the district the forest area is only 1162 acres. There is no protected forest near the areas of works. There are also planted trees along canals and roads. The major trees grown in the forest are Shisham (Dalbergia sissoo), Kikar (Acacia arabica) and Poplar and Eucalyptus. In general permission should be sought from the local concerned department for the felling of any trees. LARP report for the Conversion of 66kV Kolu-Tarrar into 132kVSP has been prepared which has made provision for compensation for concerned parties if needed, after detailed study. There are 115 trees in the ROW likely to be removed These trees belonged to private land owners so compensation will be paid to private land owners and re-plantation of these trees (3:1) is recommended. The works must deal with trees that need to be lopped or removed for safety reasons with the necessary permissions. 4.3.3 Protected Areas/ National Sanctuaries

66. In Pakistan, there are several areas of land devoted to the preservation of biodiversity through the dedication of national parks and wildlife sanctuaries. There is no wetland, protected area or national sanctuary near the area of works and subproject area. 4.4 4.4.1 Economic Development Agriculture and Industries

67. Cropping Pattern: The major crops are wheat, barley, gram, masoor and water melon, in winter and rice, sugarcane, maize, jawar etc, in summer. The best variety on Basmati rice (Karnal) is cultivated in the fertile land of Hafizabad district. The export

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quality of rice is very popular in USA and the Gulf states. Pakistan earns millions of dollars by exporting rice from district Hafizabad. 68. Horticulture: The main fruits grown in the district are mango, orange and guava. Nearly all vegetables, found in the districts of the Punjab, are grown in this district as well. There are gardens/nurseries of flowers like rose, chambeeli (jasmine), Murva, guilder rose, etc. in and around Hafizabad. People are very fond of gardening and they have utilized their lawns and fields in urban and rural areas. There are many gardens of mangoes, jaman, guava etc. There are 2,186 acres of land excluding house nurseries under orchard as per data of revenue department of the district. 69. Industry: In Hafizabad, there is a Madina Sugar Mills, Crescent greenwood (in Pindi Bhattian), 28 agricultural implements manufacturing workshops, 15 rice shellers, 735 power looms, 2 sizing plants, 10 ice factories. A mobile oil clinic, 3 pre-cast, slabs, girders factories, 18 saw mills, 68 brick kilns, 128 flour mills, 36 rice husking mills, 4 oil extracting units, 3 flour mills, 5 cold storages, 130 carpet making units, hand looms, 9 Earthen pottery making units, 22 furniture workshops, 134 embroidery machines, 38 leather shoe making industries, 9 artificial leather and foam foot wear making industries. Transportation 70. There is a network of metalled and un-metalled roads in the district. There are also metalled canal roads. All tehsil headquarters and important towns are connected through metalled roads. The Motorway road M-2 passes through Hafizabad. 71. Railway branch line between Faisalabad and Wazirabad section is passing through Hafizabad. 72. Hafizabad district is not linked by air with other parts of the country but it is connected with other parts of the country through Lahore International Airport which is about 50 km from Gujranwala. 4.4.2 Energy Sources

73. More than 40% housing units are using wood as cooking fuel in their houses while 34% are using gas for their purpose. About 4 percent are using kerosene oil and 21% are using other sources of cooking fuel in their houses. 4.5 Social and Cultural Resources

4.5.1 Population Communities and Employment 74. The total population of Hafizabad district is 832,980 as enumerated in March, 1998. The 1998 Census the population showed the district is 98.4% Muslims. The next higher percentage is of Christian with 1.2%, followed by Ahmadi less than 0.1%. While other minorities like Hindu (Jati), Scheduled castes etc. are very small in number. The proportion of population of Muslims in rural and urban areas is 97%. Christians are found more in urban areas than in rural areas. Similarly Ahmadis are more in urban areas. Punjabi is the predominant language being spoken in the district by 98.7% of the population followed by Urdu spoken by 0.9%, and Pushto 0.3% while others speak Siraiki, Sindhi, Balochi, Brahavi and Dari 75. Of the total economically active population 95.3% were registered as employed in 1998 nearly three-fifthsi.e.76.4% were self employed, 5.6% government employees
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and 11.7% private employees. Unpaid family helpers were recorded as 4.7%. The difference in proportions of employed population was significant between the genders and urban and rural residences. 4.5.2 Education and Literacy Literacy 76. The literacy ratio in Hafizabad district has increased from 19.6% in 1981 to 40.7% in 1998. The compared with rural areas both for male and female literacy ratio for males is 51.8% and 28.7% for females. The ratio is much higher in urban areas when 77. There are 2,442 educational institutions in Gujranwala district imparting education from Mosque/ Primary School to postgraduate level. There are Government Primary, Middle High schools and Private Schools for Boys and Girls, located at Solangi Awan and Kolu Tarar (at 3km). Many schools and colleges are located in Hafizabad at 10 km from DGS. There are primary schools in each of the affected village. The number of institutions, available in 1995-96 is given in the following table. Educational Institutions TYPE OF INSTITUTION MALE FEMALE TOTAL Degree colleges 1 1 2 Higher secondary schools 2 3 5 High schools 35 8 43 Middle schools 13 26 39 Primary schools 322 367 689 Commercial/vocational institution 1 1 2 Source: Punjab Development Statistics, Bureau of Statistics Punjab. 4.5.3 Health Facilities

78. There is district headquarters hospital of 60 beds at Hafizabad and 05 rural health centers, 31 basic health centers, 08 council‟s dispensaries and only one Red Crescent dispensaries. There is a rural health centre in Kolu-Tarrar at 3km from DGS.

5. Cultural Heritage and Community Structure
79. There are no officially protected heritage sites or historic, religious or archaeologically important sites located in the subproject works areas. There is no major historic or archaeological feature of note but there are a few places of worship within about 500m of the works. 80. The main tribes in Hafizabad inhabited are Awan, Chatha, Tarar, Syed, Khral, Rajput, Ansari and Bhati. Hafizabad district is divided into 8 segments according to the cost and major population of land holders of the area.

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6. SCREENING POTENTIAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND MITIGATION MEASURES 6.1 Sub-project Location 6.1.1 Impact Assessment and Mitigation 81. This Tranche 2 subproject will involve the conversion of 66kV Kolu Tarar DGS into132kV and construction of 132kV 8.404 km TXL, implying an expansion of facilities, both outside and within the existing boundaries of the DGS presently occupied by grid and owned by GEPCO There are a few sensitive receivers (SR), including some houses, schools, deras, which are more than 50 m away from the DGS and TXL ROW, and there are no sensitive receivers close to the TXL which could be possibly affected by certain activities of the SP works. There are some other sensitive receivers (SR). The TXL will also cross some roads, watercourses, canal, and could require the removal of some trees, but there are no other sensitive receivers on its route, which could be affected by the works. 82. The location and scale of the works are very important in predicting the environmental impacts. Therefore, it is essential that a proper analysis is carried out during the subproject planning period. This process of impact prediction is the core of the EIA process and it is critical that the recommendations and mitigation measures are carried out according to, and with reference to the conditions on the ground in the affected areas in the spirit of the environmental assessments process (Figures 2.1 and 2.2 show the location of the DGS and proposed TXL route). In this section the potential environmental impacts are reviewed. Where impacts are significant enough to exceed accepted environmental standards, mitigation is proposed in order to reduce residual impact to acceptable levels. In this regard, the impact prediction plays a vital role as these predictions are used for developing mitigation measures and any alternative options, if appropriate. When the detailed designs are completed the impacts and mitigation measures will need to be further reviewed to take account of how the contracts are set up and in the light of any fine tuning of the subproject proposals. 83. The environmental management plan (Section 5, and EMP matrix Attachment-3) has been reviewed based on the assessment and shall be reviewed in due course at subproject inception and through construction in order to provide a feed back on any significant unpredicted impacts. It is based on the analysis of impacts, primarily to document key environmental issues likely to arise from subproject implementation, to prescribe mitigation measures to be integrated in the subproject design, to design monitoring and evaluation schedules to be implemented during subproject construction and operation, and to estimate costs required for implementing subproject mitigation measures. The EMP must be reviewed in the subproject inception by the subproject management and approved before any construction activity is initiated, to take account of any subsequent changes and fine tuning of the proposals. 6.2 General Approach to Mitigation 84. Based on professional experience on some projects, contractors have put emphasis on the financial compensation for nuisances. This may be acceptable for

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some social impacts where evacuation is necessary or where houses have been accidentally damaged, however it is not best international practice to accept payment for environmental impacts. An approach whereby the subproject contractor pays money for nuisances rather than control impacts at source will not be acceptable. This practice should not be allowed and financial compensation shall not be allowed as mitigation for environmental impacts or environmental nuisance. 85. During the preparation for the subproject construction phase the future contractors must be notified and prepared to co-operate with the executing and implementing agencies, subproject management, construction supervising consultants and local population in the mitigation of impacts. Furthermore the contractor must be primed through bidding stages and the contract documentation to implement the EMP in full and be ready to engage or train staff in the management of environmental issues and to audit the effectiveness and review mitigation measures as the subproject proceeds. The effective implementation of the EMP will be audited as part of the loan conditions and the executing agency (GEPCO) must be prepared for this. In this regard the GEPCO must fulfill the requirements of the law and guidance prepared by Pak EPA on the environmental aspects of power subprojects and the recommendations already made for subproject in this EIA and under Pakistan‟s PEP Act. 86. The location of the residences, mosques, schools, hospitals and civic, cultural and other heritage sites has been reviewed in Section 3. Residences or schools are not close enough to the subproject on which there could be some potential impacts in the construction stage from disturbance and significant noise and dust. This is because the conversion works will be within the boundaries of existing grid and the TXL is short (only 8.404 km), and the alignment is through cultivated fields.. 87. Work on the tower sites could cause some generation of air borne dust, but any nuisance from this is likely to be very localized and temporary. Other project activities, e.g. movement of heavy vehicles on unpaved tracks during the works, could generate considerable dust. Water is available in the study area, although surplus water may not always be available to suppress dust at vulnerable locations in the dry season. Therefore as a general approach it is recommended that where works are within 15m of any residential sensitive receivers, the contractor should install segregation between the works and the edge of the sensitive receivers. The segregation should be easily erectable 2.5m high tarpaulin sheet and designed to retain dust and provide a temporary visual barrier to the works. Where dust is the major consideration the barrier can take the form of tarpaulins strung between two poles mounted on a concrete base. These can be moved along from tower base to tower base as the work proceeds. 88. Noise from the construction of the towers should not be a major consideration unless very close to schools or hospitals where construction should be avoided at sensitive times. In addition to the physical effect of mitigating dust and noise with barriers installation of such measures should be discussed with the local population and serve as a vehicle for further public consultation at the implementation stage to assist in public relations. 6.2.1 Cultural Heritage, Mosques, Religious Sites and Social Infrastructure

89. The location of mosques and other cultural and other heritage SR sites has been reviewed in Section 3. There are no mosques or other religious sites close to the DGS and TXL route. The transmission line will pass through three villages and will
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temporarily affect a total of 46 ha of crops and 79 wood trees. There are 67 affected households (AHs) losing agricultural crops and trees, with a total population of 606 (APs).The new line will also not affect or disturb any such site. (Attachment 6). 90. The nearest clinic/ hospital is more than 500m from the edge of the Subproject or TXL route, but the nearest school is at 500 m from the TXL, and the nearest houses at about 50m from the TXL. The TXL will also cross some roads, water course sand a canal. Apart from these features, there will be sufficient buffer distance between the works and any other SRs, so that no significant impacts should be expected. Public consultation should be undertaken at the implementation stage to ensure nuisances are not allowed to escalate for the SRs close to the DGS and TXL route. 6.3 Potential Environmental Impacts in Construction 6.3.1 Encroachment, Landscape and Physical Disfiguration 91. The extent of the proposed power expansion is moderate and should not extend beyond the power corridor (RoW) created by the subproject. No significant landscape impacts are expected from construction of the 66kV Kolu Tarar DGS and new TXL. 6.3.2 Cut, Fill and Waste Disposal

92. Disposal of surplus materials must also be negotiated through local authority approvals prior to the commencement of construction. The Subproject work should not involve any significant cutting and filling but minor excavations (down to 4m) and piling may be required to create the foundations for the new transformers and for some towers (if required). It is envisaged (depending on the mode of contract) that the surface under the towers will need to be scrabbled to remove unstable materials, or to stockpile topsoil. 93. Mitigation measures must focus on the minimization of impacts. In order to allow the proper functioning of the settlement sites (access to villages) during construction it is recommended that consideration be given to erect temporary hoardings immediately adjacent to the nearest houses and shops if they are within 15m of the power distribution line tower construction. 94. If surplus materials arise from the removal of the existing surfaces from specific areas, these should be used elsewhere on the subproject before additional soil, rock, gravel or sand is brought in. The use of immediately available material will generally minimize the need for additional rock based materials extraction from outside. 95. The subproject detailed designers have so far estimated that no substantial additional materials will be required subject to confirmation at the detailed design stage. 96. At this stage no areas require removal of woodland. However if specimen trees of religious plantations are affected the owners should be given the resources and opportunity to reinstate the woodland long term and a plantation compensation plan should be drawn up to replant the woodland/trees. In the event that the land is not suitable for plantation then other areas should be identified to replace the cut trees and sufficient areas should be identified to allow plantation of trees at a rate of say 3:1. The replacement ratio should allow for a high mortality rate among the newly planted trees in the dry environment or otherwise as based on advice from the forest

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authority. 97. Contractual clauses should be included to require each contractor to produce a materials management plan (one month before construction commences) to identify all sources of cement and aggregates and to balance cut and fill. The plan should clearly state the methods to be employed prior to and during the extraction of materials and all the mitigation measures to be employed to mitigate nuisances to local residents. Financial compensation shall not be allowed as mitigation for environmental impacts or environmental nuisance. Mitigation measures shall seek to control the impacts at source in the first place. The engineer shall be responsible to update the subproject cut and fill estimates and create Materials Master Plan to facilitate materials exchange between the different contract areas along the power line and sub-contractors on the power line and to provide an overall balance for materials and minimize impacts on local resources. 6.3.3 Trees, Ecology and Protected Areas

98. There are no Reserved or Protected Forests or trees near the DGS site or TXL alignment. The proposed line will require the installation of 61 towers. In addition to crop loss, 68 private trees also fall within the 30 meter wide corridor of transmission line. Of these 68 trees 41 trees will be affected by the transmission line and only the 27 trees will be affected by the tower construction. Of these 68 trees 56 are wood trees and 12 are fruit trees (Guava) will need to be removed for the construction of the line.. All affected trees are scattered and mostly located along the field boundaries. There are no plantations, orchards of fruit trees affected by this subproject. Compensation for the affected trees will be paid for once on their initial removal. 99. If for some unforeseen reason or change of alignment, any trees with religious significance or other trees need to be removed, written permission should be obtained from the forest authority and the owner after written justification by GEPCO. Trees shall be planted to replace the lost trees with three trees planted to replace every cut tree (3:1) or more as agreed with the authority. 100. A requirement shall be inserted in the contracts that no trees are to be cut on the 66kV Kolu Tarar DGS and new TXL site or outside, without the written permission from the supervising consultant who may permit the removal of trees if unavoidable on safety/technical/engineering grounds after written justification by GEPCO and to the satisfaction of the forest authority and the owner. 6.3.4 Hydrology, Sedimentation and Soil Erosion

101. The drainage streams en-route of the subproject should not be impeded by the works. The scale of the works does not warrant hydrological monitoring. 6.3.5 Air Pollution from Earthworks and Transport

102. The material (cement, sand and aggregate) requirement of a typical 132 kV sub station (about 150 cu m) and a 132 kV transmission tower (4.8 cum, or 40 bags of cement per tower) are not large. In transmission line construction sand and aggregate are delivered directly to the tower location from the quarry/ source, there is no intermediate or bulk storage of these materials. Similarly construction materials for the sub station are stored within the sub station site are scheduled as per the work progress (which is staggered as the buildings which require bulk of the construction

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materials are built in phases over 6 to 12 months period), which means that at any given point in time the amount of construction material stored is not significant .The quantities of construction material required for a typical sub station or transmission tower are not so larger that they potentially represent a traffic hazard, these requirements are time dispersed in case of sub stations, time and space dispersed in case of transmission lines. The contractor will be, however, required to provide a traffic management plan before commencement of work at site. Field observations indicate that ambient air quality is generally acceptable and that emissions from traffic and other powered mechanical equipment in the area are rapidly dispersed. There will be a few items of powered mechanical equipment to be used in the construction of the distribution line works that may give rise gaseous emissions. However, these should be well dissipated. The major sources of complaint will likely be any necessary earthworks and local soil compaction. 103. Earthworks will contribute to increasing dust, and the foundation earthworks for the transformers and the line poles will generate dust and the following mitigation measures are needed: 104. Dust suppression facilities (water sprayers/ hosepipe) shall be available where earth and cement works are required. 105. Areas of construction (especially where the works are within 50m of the SRs) shall be maintained damp by watering the construction area. 106. Construction materials (sand, gravel, and rocks) and spoil materials will be transported trucks covered with tarpaulins. Storage piles will be at least 30m downwind of the nearest human settlements. 107. All vehicles (e.g. trucks, equipment, and other vehicles that support construction works) shall be well maintained and not emit dark, smoky or other emissions in excess of the limits described in the NEQS. 108. The need for large stockpiles should be minimized by careful planning of the supply of materials from controlled sources. Stockpiles should not be located within 50m of schools, hospitals or other public amenities such as wells and pumps and should be covered with tarpaulins when not in use and at the end of the working day to enclose dust. 6.3.6 Noise, Vibration and Blasting

109. It is anticipated that powered mechanical equipment and some local labor with hand tool methods will be used to construct the subproject works. No blasting is anticipated. Powered mechanical equipment can generate significant noise and vibration. The cumulative effects from several machines can be significant. To minimize such impacts, the contractor for subproject should be requested by the construction supervision consultants (engineer) to provide evidence and certification that all equipment to be used for construction is fitted with the necessary air pollution and noise dampening devices to meet EPA requirements. 110. A criterion of 70dB (A) Leq (exterior, boundary of DGS) has been used for assessment in previous EIA studies. Any noisy equipment should be located within DGS as far from SRs as possible to prevent nuisances to dwellings and other structures from operation.

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111. Noise from construction of the power distribution lines and improvements to substations is not covered under any regulations however in order to keep in line with best international practice it is recommended that no construction should be allowed during night time (9 PM to 6 AM) and 70dB (A) Leq should be the criterion at other times during the day measured at the boundaries of land from which construction noise is emitted. A criterion of 70dB (A) Leq (exterior, boundary of DGS) has been used for assessment in previous EIA studies. Any noisy equipment should be located within DGS or as far from SRs as possible to prevent nuisances to dwellings and other structures from operation. 112. Vibration from construction of piles to support pads may be required for some tower construction and may be a significant impact but this should be short duration. Where vibration could be come a major consideration (within say 100m of schools, religious premises, hospitals or residences) a building condition survey should take place prior to construction. The physical effect of piling should be assessed prior to construction and measures should be discussed with the local population as well as timing of the works to serve as a vehicle for further public consultation at the implementation stage and to assist in public relations. At nearby schools, the contractor shall discuss with the school principals the agreed time for operating these machines and completely avoid machine use near schools during examination times, if such a need arises. 6.3.7 Sanitation, Solid Waste Disposal and Communicable Diseases

113. The main issues of concern are uncontrolled or unmanaged disposal of solid and liquid wastes into watercourses and natural drains, improper disposal of storm water and black water and open defecation by construction workers. 114. In order to maintain proper sanitation around construction sites, access to the nearby DGS lavatories should be allowed or provision of temporary toilets should be made. Construction worker camps will not be necessary, based on the scale of the works needed. If for some unforeseen reason a larger workforce is needed any construction camp should not be located in settlement areas or near sensitive water resources and portable lavatories or at least pit latrines should be provided. 115. Wherever water is allowed to accumulate, in temporary drainage facilities, due to improper storm water management, or improper disposal of wastewater generated from the site, it can offer a breeding site for mosquitoes and other insects. Vectors such as mosquitoes may be encountered if open water is allowed to accumulate at the 66kV Kolu-Tarrar DGS and new TXL site. Temporary and permanent drainage facilities should therefore be designed to facilitate the rapid removal of surface water from all areas and prevent the accumulation of surface water ponds. 6.4 Potential Environmental Impacts in Operation 6.4.1 Air pollution and noise from the enhanced operations 116. The subproject works will extend the power distribution lines but no houses, mosques or schools will be close to the DGS and new TXL in the operational phase. Nevertheless some houses, deras are close to the TXL. Kolu Tarar grid station is located on Kot Chian road and the extended level of operation of the facility is not likely to cause any appreciable increase in the noise level already generated by the
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existing equipment. However, it is recommended that an acoustical check be made on the detailed design to determine of any noise barriers are required. There should be no source of atmospheric pollution from the subproject. In the operational phase any nearby industrial facilities with fuel powered mechanical equipment will be the main polluters. All such emissions will be very well dissipated in the open terrain and there will be no cumulative effect from the subproject. 117. Noise Impacts from the operation of the DGS and TXL equipment should be reviewed at the detailed design stage. There are/not national noise standards in Pakistan for power distribution noise emissions that would apply in the operational stages. A criterion of 70Db (A) Leq (exterior, boundary of DGS) has been used for assessment in previous EIA studies. It is recommended that a check be made on the likely acoustical performance based on maker‟s specifications of the installed equipment at the detained design stage. 6.4.2 Pollution from Oily run-off, Fuel Spills and Dangerous Goods

118. No significant impacts from oily residues such as transformer oil and lubricants are expected to arise in this subproject. However control measures will be needed for oily residues such as transformer oil and lubricants in the case of accidental or unexpected release. Transformer oil is supplied in drums from an imported source and tap tanks are topped up as necessary on site. There are facilities in some subproject DGS maintenance yards for recycling (dehydrating) oil from breakers. However, the areas upon which these recycling facilities are located have no dedicated drainage which can capture run-off. Oily residues and fuel and any contaminated soil residues should be captured at source and refueling and maintenance should take place in dedicated areas away from surface water resources. Contaminated residues and waste oily residues should be disposed at a site agreed with the local authority. No significant impacts from oily residues such as transformer oil and lubricants are expected to arise in this subproject. However control measures will be needed for oily residues such as transformer oil and lubricants in the case of accidental or unexpected release. Transformer oil is supplied in drums from an imported source and tap tanks are topped up as necessary on site. There are facilities in some subproject DGS maintenance yards for recycling (dehydrating) oil from breakers. However, the areas upon which these recycling facilities are located have no dedicated drainage which can capture run-off. Oily residues and fuel and any contaminated soil residues should be captured at source by installing bunds (Appendix 6) and refueling and maintenance should take place in dedicated areas away from surface water resources. Contaminated residues and waste oily residues should be disposed at a site agreed with the local authority. DISCOs are served by the Technical Services Group (TSG), TSG prepare a detailed routine maintenance schedule for each piece of hardware. TSG also supervise and monitors the implementation of this schedule by Grid System Operation (GSO). Transformer oil has a long life (typically over 15 years, which depends upon the level of load the transformer serves). Oil spills are very rare and are preempted by routine maintenance. TSG and GSO have a written down procedure to deal with oil spills. TSG ensure that the maintenance schedule of each piece of hardware is adhered to. DISCOs have also established a safety unit, which among other tasks, investigates all accidents. Frequency of accidents, on average is about 1 per DISCO per year (based on last 4 years record), about 60 % of these are non-fatal. Most accidents occur due to staff and supervision negligence. Detailed report of each accident is prepared.

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6.5 Enhancement 119. Environmental enhancements are not a major consideration within the subproject site. However, it is noted that it is common practice at many such sites to create some local hard and soft landscaping and successful planting of fruit trees and shrubs has been accomplished in many sites. This practice should be encouraged as far as practicable. Other opportunities for enhancements can be assessed prior to construction and proposed enhancements should be discussed with the local population to serve as a vehicle for further public consultation at the implementation stage and to assist in public relations. Trees removed for construction purposes should be replaced as compensation in line with best practice at ratio of three replaced for one removed. However, additional trees should be planted as enhancements where there is space in the DGS and along the TXL.

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7

INSTITUTIONAL REQUIREMENTS & ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN 120. In this Section, the mitigation measures that are required for the conversion of 66kV Kolu-Tarrar DGS into 132kV SP T2 subproject to reduce residual impact to acceptable levels and achieve the expected outcomes of the project, are discussed. The Environmental Management Plan is based on the type, extent and duration of the identified environmental impacts for the 66kV Kolu Tarar DGS and new TXL Tranche 2 subproject. The EMP has been prepared following best practice and by reference to the ADB Environmental Assessment Guidelines 2003. 121. It is important that the recommendations and mitigation measures are carried out according to the spirit of the environmental assessment process and in line with the guidelines. The EMP matrix is presented as Attachment 3. The impact prediction (Section 4) has played a vital role in reconfirming typical mitigation measures and in identifying any different approaches based on the feasibility and detailed design assumptions and any alternatives available at this stage. 122. Prior to implementation and construction of the subprojects; the EMP shall be amended and reviewed by the GEPCO in due course after detailed designs are complete. Such a review shall be based on reconfirmation and additional information on the assumptions made at this feasibility stage on positioning, alignment, location scale and expected operating conditions of the subprojects. For example, in this case if there are any additional transmission lines or extension of the substation boundaries to be included, the designs may be amended and then the performance and evaluation schedules to be implemented during project construction and operation can be updated and costs estimates can be revised. The EIA and EMP should than be revised on a subproject basis. 123. The EIA and EMP plan must be reviewed by the project management and approved by the PEPA before any construction activity is initiated. This is also an ADB requirement in order to take account of any sub-sequent changes and fine tuning of the proposals. It is recommended that, before the works contract is worked out in detail and before pre-qualification of contractors, a full extent of the environmental requirements of the project (IEE/EIA and EMP) are included in the bidding documents. Professional experience indicates that past environmental performance of contractors and their awareness of environmentally responsible procurement should also be used as indicator criteria for the prequalification of contractors. 124. In order to facilitate the implementation of the EMP, during the preparation for the construction phase the GEPCO must prepare the future contractors to cooperate with all stakeholders in the mitigation of impacts. Furthermore the contractor must be primed through the contract documentation and ready to implement all the mitigation measures. GEPCO will need to engage at least one trained environmental management staff and the staff should audit the effectiveness and review mitigation measures as the subprojects are rolled out. The effective implementation of the EMP will be audited as part of the mid term review of loan conditions and the executing agency must prepare for this at the inception stage. 125. The details of the EMP given in the Attachment 3 are for the 66kV KoluTarar DGS and new TXL subproject. The EMP matrix will have much in common for many other future (Tranche 2) substation and line projects that have a similar scale of

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works and types of location but will be different for more complicated substation and line projects that involve impacts to land outside the existing substations and for lines traversing more sensitive land. In all cases separate dedicated EIAs must be prepared. 126. The impacts have been classified into those relevant to the design/preparation stage, construction stage and operation and maintenance stage. The matrix provides details of the mitigation measures recommended for each of the identified impacts, time span of the implementation of mitigation measures, an analysis of the associated costs and the responsibility of the institution. The institutional responsibility has been specified for the purpose of the implementation and the supervision. The matrix is supplemented with a monitoring plan (Attachment 4) for the performance indicators. An estimation of the associated costs for the monitoring is given with the plan. The EMP has been prepared following best practice and the ADB environmental assessment guidelines 2003. 127. Prior to implementation of the subprojects; the GEPCO needs to comply with several environmental requirements, such as submitting and IEE/ EIA to PEPA and obtaining PEPA clearance (“No Objection Certificate” compiling acceptable EMP and Clearance Certificate) under PEPAct (guidelines and regulations 2000) and any other permissions required from other authorities. GEPCO will also need to confirm that contractors and their suppliers have complied with all statutory requirements and have appropriate and valid licenses and permits for all powered mechanical equipment and to operate in line with local authority conditions. 128. The EMP (Attachment 3) was prepared taking into account the limited capacity of GEPCO to conduct environmental assessments of the subprojects. GEPCO has yet to engage any graduate staff with field experience. However, an environmental manager will be required. It is envisaged that experience in this field should therefore develop in the near future. However, it is also strongly recommended that for subprojects in future tranches that the GEPCO be prepared to engage more support where necessary (e.g. senior environmental specialist with at least 3 years experience in environmental management one years site experience in environmental monitoring and auditing) to guide the subsequent formal assessment and submission process under the PEPAct and monitor compliance with the EMP. As of March 2009, the GEPCO has demonstrated only limited commitment to developing in-house environmental and social capability. 129. The appointed environmental manager has to have a good level of awareness and will be responsible for addressing environmental concerns for subprojects potentially involving hundreds kilometers of distribution lines and DGS. Whereas some of their work may in future be delegated to consultants they will need more training and resources if they are effectively provide quality control and oversight for the EMP implementation. They will require robust support from senior management staff members and the management consultant if they are to address all environmental concerns for the subprojects effectively. Specific areas for immediate attention are in EMP auditing, environmentally responsible procurement, air, water and noise pollution management and ecological impact mitigation. It is recommended that an environmental specialist consultant with 10 years experience be made available to all the DISCOS to cover these aspects full time for at least the first six months of the PDEMFF project and that on a call off basis with local support those services are retained for the life of the PDEMFF loan. The newly appointed graduate environmental

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manager can then shadow the environmental specialist to improve awareness and hopefully provide independent quality control and oversight for the EMP implementation for the first 12 months. 130. In order to achieve good compliance with environmental assessment principles, the graduate environmental manager for the project implementation team must be actively involved prior to the outset of the implementation design stage to ensure compliance with the statutory obligations under the PEPAct. It is also recommended that GEPCO Board allow direct reporting to Board level from the inhouse Environmental and Social Unit (ESU). If the ESU requires resources for larger subprojects then environmental specialist consultants could be appointed through the project implementation unit to address all environmental aspects in the detailed design. It is recommended that the project management unit (PMU) should liaise directly with the ESU to address all environmental aspects in the detailed design and contracting stages. The graduate environmental manager will cover the implementation of environmental mitigation measures in the project packages. 131. Overall implementation of the EMP will become GEPCO‟s responsibility. GEPCO and other parties to be involved in implementing the EMP are as follows: 132. Contractors: responsible for carrying out the contractual obligations, implementing all EMP measures required to mitigate environmental impacts during construction; 133. The GEPCO Board of Directors will be responsible to ensure that sufficient timely resources are allocated to process the environmental assessments and to monitor implementation of all construction and operational mitigation measures required to mitigate environmental impacts, and 134. Other government agencies such as the regional PEPA and state pollution authorities, Department of Forests, Department of Wildlife Services, who will be responsible for monitoring the implementation of environmental conditions and compliance with statutory requirements in their respective areas and local land use groups at the local levels. 135. Considering that other government agencies that need to be involved in implementing the EMP, training or harmonization workshops should be conducted for all ESUs in all DISCOS every six months or twice each year, for the first 2 years (and annually thereafter) to share the monitoring report on the implementation of the EMP in each DISCO and to share lessons learned in the implementation and to achieve a consistent approach decide on remedial actions, if unexpected environmental impacts occur. 136. The monitoring plan (Attachment 4) was designed based on the project cycle. During the preconstruction period, the monitoring activities will focus on (i) checking the contractor‟s bidding documents, particularly to ensure that all necessary environmental requirements have been included; and (ii) checking that the contract documents‟ references to environmental mitigation measures requirements have been incorporated as part of contractor‟s assignment and making sure that any advance works are carried out in good time. Where detailed design is required (e.g. for power distribution lines and avoidance of other resources) the inclusion and checking of designs must be carried out. During the construction period, the monitoring activities will focus on ensuring that environmental mitigation measures are implemented, and some performance indicators will be monitored to record the Subprojects

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environmental performance and to guide any remedial action to address unexpected impacts. 137. Monitoring activities during project operation will focus on recording environmental performance and proposing remedial actions to address unexpected impacts. The potential to use local community groups contacts for monitoring should be explored as part of the activities in setting up the Environmental and Social Unit which should have regular meetings with the NGOs as a matter of good practice and to discuss matters of mutual concern. 138. At this stage, due to the modest scale of the new power distribution projects and by generally keeping to non-sensitive and non-critical areas the construction and operational impacts will be manageable. No insurmountable impacts are predicted providing that the EMP is implemented to its full extent and required in the contract documents. However experience suggests that some contractors may not be familiar with this approach or may be reluctant to carry out some measures. In order that the contractors are fully aware of the implications of the EMP and to ensure compliance, it is recommended that environmental measures be costed separately in the tender documentation and that payment milestones are linked to environmental performance, via carrying out of the EMP. 139. The effective Implementation of the EMP will be audited as part of the loan conditions and the executing agency must be prepared for this. In this regard the GEPCO (the IA) must be prepared to guide the design engineers and contractors on the environmental aspects.

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8. PUBLIC CONSULTATION AND INFORMATION DISCLOSURE 8.1 Approach to Public Consultation 140. The public consultation (PC) process with various stakeholders has been approached so as to involve public and other stakeholders from the earliest stages. Public consultation has taken place during the planning and design and viewpoints of the stakeholders have been taken into account and their concerns and suggestions for possible improvements have been included where appropriate. Much of the PC process to date has revolved around concerns for the mitigation of construction impacts, possible side effects from the proximity of high voltage power lines, DGS and its equipment. 141. There is also a requirement for ongoing consultation for land acquisition and resettlement (LARP) and the completion of the Resettlement Plan (RP) is documented separately. It is expected that this process will continue through all stages of the subproject in order to accommodate stakeholders' aspirations and to orient the stakeholders positively towards the project implementation and where possible to harness cooperation over access issues in order to facilitate timely completion. 8.2 Public Consultation Process 142. The public consultation process has commenced in the initial feasibility stages (prior to construction) in order to disclose the project information to the stakeholders and record feedback regarding the proposed project and preferences. The stakeholders involved in the process were the population likely to be impacted along the route of the proposed power lines; the village leaders and school teachers. 143. Prior to the implementation of the consultation, feedback, etc. has been carried out to support this EIA and recorded. The focus of attention has been the population near the proposed TXL that may be affected by the Subproject expansion. The level of engagement varied from the stakeholder to stakeholder with some registering no major comment but it is noted that none registered any outright opposition to subproject. 144. The disclosure of the enhancement project in advance and subsequent consultation with stake holders has advantages in the environmental assessment and mitigation of impacts. Public consultation can also provide a conduit for the improvement of the project implementation to better serve the stakeholders. 145. The environmental assessment process under the Pakistan Environmental Protection Act only requires the disclosure to the public after the statutory EIA / EIA has been accepted by the relevant EPA to be in strict adherence to the rules. In this EIA the consultation process was performed to satisfy the ADB requirements. The locations of consultation and people consulted are listed in the full table of public consultation presented in Attachment 5. 8.3 Results of Public Consultation 146. The consultations identified some potential environmental and social impacts and perceptions of the affected communities. The public consultation resulted in 44 responses in February 2009 (Attachment-5). The community generally supports the conversion of DGS and construction of TXL. The local poor people predominantly

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requested for unskilled and semi skilled jobs on priority basis with the contractors during implementation of the project. Women requested for taking safety precautions during construction concerning risk to their children. They also asked for respecting the local norms No land acquisition and resettlement is involved in this subproject. However, compensation will be paid to the concerned parties/ owners of land under the towers and where the loss of some trees and for damage to crops is expected. . 147. On the basis of the consultations so far, it appears that the project will have no insurmountable environmental and social impacts but GEPCO will have to make sure that compensation and assistance amounts are assessed justly, that skilled and unskilled employment should be preferentially given to the AP as far as is reasonably practicable. Safety measures should be taken and local norms respected during construction.

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9.

CONCLUSIONS 9.1 Findings and Recommendations 148. This study was carried out at the planning stage of the project. Primary and secondary data were used to assess the environmental impacts. The potential environmental impacts were assessed in a comprehensive manner. The report has provided a picture of all potential environmental impacts associated with the Project, and recommended suitable mitigation measures. This study recommends that some further follow up studies are undertaken during project processing in order to meet the ADB requirements. 149. There are some further considerations for the planning stages such as obtaining clearance for the project under the Pakistan Environmental Protection Act (1997) but environmental impacts from the power enhancements will mostly take place during the construction stage. There are also some noise impacts and waste management issues for the operational stage that must be addressed in the detailed design and through environmentally responsible procurement. At the detailed design stage the number of and exact locations for transmission tower enhancements may change subject to detailed surveys but the impacts are likely to be broadly similar at most locations and impacts have been reviewed in the environmental impact section of this EIA report. 150. There are a number of key actions required in the detailed design phase. Prior to construction the GEPCO must receive clearance certification from the PEPA and GEPCO must complete an EMP that will be accepted by the PEPA and agreed by the contractor prior to signing the contract. The information provided in this report can form the basis of any further submission to PEPA as required in future. 151. No land acquisition, compensation and resettlement is involved. However, damages to crops trees will be compensated to the APs and concerned parties, if needed. However, provisions may be made in LARP, based on the proposed alignments these should not be difficult tasks and can be conducted as the detailed designs are worked out and to dovetail with the existing system and minimize adverse impacts and maximize benefits. A social impact assessment and resettlement action plan (LARP) has been completed in tandem with this EIA for the whole subproject. The study has: (ii) (iii) Examined and assess the overall social and poverty profile of the project area on the basis of the primary and secondary data sources and preparation of a socioeconomic profile of the project districts. Prepared a social and poverty analysis, taking into account socio-economic and poverty status of the project area of influence, including the nature, extent and determinants of poverty in the project area including assessment. In addition, estimation of the likely socioeconomic and poverty reduction impacts of the project should be included. Held consultations with relevant officials from the government and other relevant officials, including consultation with affected communities to assess responses to the project and ascertain the nature and scope of local participation in project planning and implementation. Identified, analyzed and, where appropriate, quantified the potential resettlement impacts (minimal) of the proposed Project on the area and the population.

(iv)

(v)

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152. Baseline monitoring activities should be carried out during project detailed design stage to establish the baseline of parameters for checking during the construction stage. The monitoring schedule (Attachment 4) recommends monitoring on two occasions at the site location. The results should be integrated with the contract documentation to establish performance action thresholds, pollution limits and contingency plans for the contractor‟s performance. 153. During the commissioning phase noise monitoring should ensure that statutory requirements have been achieved. Monitoring activities during project operation will focus on periodic recording environmental performance and proposing remedial actions to address any unexpected impacts. 9.2 Summary and Conclusions 154. The Conversion of 66kV Kolu Tarar DGS into 132kV and construction of the 8.404 km 132kV double circuit transmission line SP is a feasible and sustainable option from the power transmission, engineering, environmental, and socioeconomic points of view. Implementation of the EMP is required and the environmental impacts associated with the subproject need to be properly mitigated, and the existing institutional arrangements are available. Additional human and financial resources will be required by GEPCO to complete the designs and incorporate the recommendations effectively and efficiently in the contract documents, linked to payment milestones. The proposed mitigation and management plans are practicable but require additional resources. 155. This EIA, including the EMP, should be used as a basis for an environmental compliance program and be included as an Attachment to the contract. The EMP shall be reviewed at the detailed design stage. In addition, any subsequent conditions issued by PEPA as part of the environmental clearance should also be included in the environmental compliance program. Therefore, continued monitoring of the implementation of mitigation measures, the implementation of the environmental conditions for work and environmental clearance, and monitoring of the environmental impact related to the operation of the subproject should be properly carried out and reported at least twice per year as part of the project performance report.

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Attachment- Layout of Grid Substation

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ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

Environmental Concerns DESIGN STAGE

Objectives

Appendix 3 Environmental Management Plan– Matrix July 2010-2011 Timing to Mitigation Measures Recommended Implement MM 1. Social preparation completed (June 2008). LARP etc in place IN CASE UNFORSEEN ADDITIONAL LAND IS REQUIRED 2. Acquisition of lands completed to minimize the uncertainty of people. 3. Completed implementation of LARP and LARCs to provide compensation and assistance to the APs. 4. GEPCO to select a site that will not affect any public in property or house such that no additional land is required. 5. All the payments/ entitlements are paid according to the Entitlement Matrix, prepared according to the LARP. 6. All the impacts identified by the EIA are incorporated in to the project as well as the LARP and relevant entitlements included into the Entitlement Matrix.

Locations to Implement MM

Resp. Imp MM

Resp. Mon. MM

1.Social Impacts

To ensure that the adverse impacts due to the property acquisition and resettlement are mitigated according to the LARP.

Before the construction of the GSS and all the included structures, the APs to be given sufficient time with compensation money and to resettle satisfactorily.

Affected Families will be compensated by GEPCO through GEPCO the concerned ESU/ District Revenue LACs Department and Land Acquisition Collectors.

MC and External Monitors

2. Hydrological Impacts

To minimize hydrological and drainage impacts during constructions. Ensure cumulative noise impacts are acceptable in construction and

Before the 1. Hydrological flow in areas where it is sensitive, commencement such as water courses or bridges and culverts. of construction 2. Design of adequate major and minor culverts activities/during facilities will be completed design stage 1. Conduct detailed acoustic assessment for all residential, school, (other sensitive structures) within 50m of DGS and line. 2. If noise at sensitive receiver exceeds the 1. During detailed design stage. No later than pre-

3.Noise barriers

If lines or substation are relocated near water courses, culverts or bridges in the design stage reports Noise sensitive locations identified in the IEE/EIA/EMP or

GEPCO ESU with the GEPCO Design Consulta nt GEPCO ESU with the design GEPCO ESU and CSC (if any).

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ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

Environmental Concerns

Objectives

Mitigation Measures Recommended

operational phase.

permissible limit, the construction activities should be mitigated, monitored and controlled. 3. If noise at sensitive receiver exceeds the permissible limit, the design to include acoustic mitigation (noise barrier or relocation of noisy equipment) and monitoring. 1. Create waste management policy and plan to identify sufficient locations for, storage and reuse of transformers and recycling of breaker oils and disposal of transformer oil, residually contaminated soils and scrap metal “cradle to grave”. 2. Include in contracts for unit rates for remeasurement for disposal. 3. Designate disposal sites in the contract and cost unit disposal rates accordingly. 1. Identify locations where drainage or irrigation crossing RoW may be affected by works. 2. Include protection works in contract as a payment milestone(s). Include EMP Matrix in tender documentation and make contractors responsible to implement mitigation measures by reference to EIA/EIA in contract. 5. Include preparation of EMP review and method statement WM plan, TD and EC Plan in contract as a payment milestone(s). 6. Require environmental accident checklist and a list of controlled chemicals / substances to be included in the contractor’s work method statement and tender documentation.
4.

Ensure adequate disposal options for all waste 4. Waste including transformer oil, disposal residually contaminated soils, scrap metal. 5. Temporary drainage and erosion control Include mitigation in preliminary designs for erosion control and temporary drainage. Ensure requirements and recommendations of environmental assessment are included in the contracts.

6.Contract clauses

Timing to Implement MM qualification or tender negotiations. 2. Include acoustic specification in the contract. 1.Prior to detailed design stage no later than prequalification or tender negotiations 2. Include in contract. During designing stage no later than prequalification or tender negotiations. During tender preparation. 10. No later than prequalification or tender negotiations 11. In bidding documents as evaluation

Locations to Implement MM as required/ approved by PEPA.

Resp. Imp MM consultan t

Resp. Mon. MM

GEPCO ESU. Locations approved by EPA and GEPCO and local waste disposal authorities.

GEPCO ESU and EPA with GEPCO the ESU and design CSC consultan t

GEPCO Locations based ESU and GEPCO on drainage or design ESU and irrigation crossing consultan CSC RoW near DGS. t.

Noise sensitive locations identified in the EIA/EIA/EMP or as required / approved by PEPA.

GEPCO ESU with GEPCO the ESU and design CSC (if any). consultan t

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ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

Environmental Concerns

Objectives

Mitigation Measures Recommended

Timing to Implement MM criteria.

Locations to Implement MM

Resp. Imp MM

Resp. Mon. MM

CONSTRUCTI ON STAGE

To ensure the proper implementation of any requirements Hydrology And mentioned in EPA Drainage conditions of Aspects approval letter in relation to Hydrology of the project.

To ensure that the CSC contractor and workers 2. Orientation understand and for Contractor, have the capacity and Workers to ensure the environmental requirements and

Prepare a thorough drainage management plan to be approved by 1. Consideration of weather conditions when CSC one month particular construction activities are undertaken. prior to a 2. Limitations on excavation depths in use of commencement recharge areas for material exploitation or spoil of construction disposal. 3. Use of landscaping as an integrated component of Proper timetable construction activity as an erosion control measure. prepared in 4. Minimizing the removal of vegetative cover as consideration much as possible and providing for it s restoration with the climatic where construction sites have been cleared of such conditions of the areas. area, the different construction activities mentioned here to be guided. 1. GEPCO ESU environmental specialist to monitor Induction course and progress all environmental statutory and for all site recommended obligations. agents and above including 2 Conduct special briefing for managers and / or on- all relevant site training for the contractors and workers on the GEPCO staff/ environmental requirement of the project. Record new project staff attendance and achievement test for contractors site before

1. Locations of each construction activity to be listed by the CSC engineer. 2. Special locations are identified on the site by the contractor to minimize disturbances. 3. A list of locations of irrigation channels/ drains to be compiled and included in the contract. All staff members in all categories. Monthly induction and six month refresher course as necessary until contractor complies.

1. Contract or supervise d by CSC GEPCO or to ESU actively supervise and enforce.

GEPCO ESU, Contract or and the CSC and record details.

GEPCO & CSC to observe and record success.

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ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

Environmental Concerns

Objectives

Mitigation Measures Recommended

3. quality

implementation of agents. mitigation measures. 3. Agreement on critical areas to be considered and necessary mitigation measures, among all parties At early stages who are involved in project activities. of construction for all 4. Continuous progress review and refresher construction sessions to be followed. employees as far as reasonably practicable. Compile temporary drainage management plan one month before commencement of works. 1. Proper installation of temporary drainage and erosion control before works within 50m of water To prevent bodies. adverse water 2. Proper maintenance and management quality impacts construction of TD and EC measures, including due to negligence training of operators and other workers to avoid and ensure pollution of water bodies by the considerate unavoidable operation of construction machinery and equipment. impacts are 3. Storage of lubricants, fuels and other Water managed hydrocarbons in self-contained dedicated enclosures effectively. Ensure >50m away from water bodies. adverse impacts 1 month prior to 4. Proper disposal of solid waste from construction on water quality construction. activities. caused by 5. Cover the construction material and spoil construction activities are stockpiles with a suitable material to reduce material loss and sedimentation and avoid stockpiling near to minimized. water bodies. 6. Topsoil stripped material shall not be stored where natural drainage will be disrupted. 7. Borrow sites (if required) should not be close to

Timing to Implement MM commencement of work.

Locations to Implement MM

Resp. Imp MM

Resp. Mon. MM

1.Contra ctor (GEPCO ESU & CSC to enforce). 1. 50m from water bodies 2. Relevant locations to be determined in the detailed project design. 2. Contract or has to check water quality and GEPCO report to review GEPCO. results 3. CSC supervise s implemen tation

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ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

Environmental Concerns

Objectives

Mitigation Measures Recommended

4. Air quality

To minimize dust effectively and avoid complaints due to the airborne particulate matter released to the atmosphere.

To minimize 5. Ground ground vibrations during Vibration construction.

sources of drinking water. CONTROL ALL DUSTY MATERIALS AT SOURCE. 1. All heavy equipment and machinery shall be fitted in full compliance with the national and local regulations.(Relevant regulations are in the Motor 1.Construction vehicles fitness rules and Highway Act). sites within 100m 2. Stockpiled soil and sand shall be slightly wetted of sensitive Contract before loading, particularly in windy conditions. receivers. or should 3. Fuel-efficient and well-maintained haulage trucks 2. A list of maintain shall be employed to minimize exhaust emissions. locations to be acceptabl During all 4. Vehicles transporting soil, sand and other included in e construction. construction materials shall be covered. Limitations contract and standard to speeds of such vehicles necessary. Transport other sensitive CSC to through densely populated area should be avoided. areas identified supervise 5. To plan to minimize the dust within the vicinity of by the CSC along activities. orchards and fruit farms. the ROW during 6. Spraying of bare areas with water. works. 7. Concrete plants. to be controlled in line with statutory requirements should not be close to sensitive receptors. 1. Construction Contract 1. Review requirements for piling and use of sites within 100m or should powered mechanical equipment within 100m of SRs. of sensitive maintain 2. Review conditions of buildings and conduct public receivers. the consultation with SRs to establish less sensitive time acceptabl for works involving piling and schedule works 2. A list of e accordingly. 1 month prior to locations to be standard 3. Non-percussive piling methods to be used construction. included in s wherever practicable. contract and 4. Percussive piling shall be conducted in daylight other sensitive hours. areas identified CSC to 5. Hammer- type percussive pile driving operations by the CSC along supervise shall not be allowed at night time. the ROW during relevant

Timing to Implement MM

Locations to Implement MM

Resp. Imp MM activities.

Resp. Mon. MM

GEPCO ESU / CSC

GEPCO ESU / CSC

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ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

Environmental Concerns

Objectives

Mitigation Measures Recommended

Timing to Implement MM

6. Noise

To minimize noise increases during construction.

Prevent adverse water quality impacts due to negligence and ensure 7. Soil Erosion unavoidable / Surface Runimpacts are off managed effectively. To minimize soil erosion due to the

1. Review requirements for use of powered mechanical equipment within 100m of SRs. 2. Conduct public consultation with SRs to establish less sensitive time for works and schedule works accordingly. 3. All heavy equipment and machinery shall be fitted in full compliance with the national and local regulations and with effective silencing apparatus to minimize noise. 4. Heavy equipment shall be operated only in daylight hours. 5. Construction equipment, which generates excessive noise, shall be enclosed or fitted with effective silencing apparatus to minimize noise. 7. Well-maintained haulage trucks will be used with speed controls. 8. Contractor shall take adequate measures to minimize noise nuisance in the vicinity of construction sites by way of adopting available acoustic methods. SCHEDULE WORKS IN SENSITIVE AREAS (e.g. NEAR RIVERS) FOR DRY SEASON 1. In the short-term, temporary drainage and erosion control plan to be presented with tender. Temporary drainage and erosion control plan one month before commencement of works to protect all areas susceptible to erosion. (Permanent drainage works shall be in the final design). 2. Installation of TD and EC before works construction within 50m of water bodies. 3. Clearing of green surface cover to be minimized during site preparation.

Locations to Implement MM works.

Resp. Imp MM activities.

Resp. Mon. MM

Contract or should maintain the acceptabl 2. A list of e GEPCO 1 month prior to locations to be standard ESU / construction. included in s CSC contract and other sensitive areas identified CSC to by the CSC along supervise the ROW during relevant works. activities.

1. Construction sites within 100m of sensitive receivers.

1 month prior to construction because the area can be subject to unseasonal heavy rain Plan before and during construction (cut and fill, land reclamation etc.)

1. Locations based on history of flooding problems indicated by local Contract GEPCO authorities. or and ESU / CSC CSC 2.A list of sensitive areas during construction to be prepared by the

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ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

5. Meaningful water quality monitoring up and downstream at any tower site during construction within a river or stream bed. Rapid reporting and feedback to CSC. 5. Back-fill should be compacted properly in accordance with GEPCO design standards and graded to original contours where possible. 6. Cut areas should be treated against flow acceleration while filled areas should be carefully designed to avoid improper drainage. 7. Stockpiles should not be formed within such distances behind excavated or natural slopes that would reduce the stability of the slopes or cause slippage. 8. Measures shall be taken to prevent ponds of surface water and scouring of slopes. Newly eroded channels shall be backfilled and restored to natural contours. 9. Contractor should arrange to monitor and adjust working and adopt suitable measures to minimize soil erosion during the construction period. Contractor’s TD and EC plan should be endorsed and monitored by CSC after consulting with concerned authorities. 10. Replanting trees to be done before the site is vacated and handed back to GEPCO with appropriate trees (other vegetation cover as appropriate) to ensure interception of rainwater and the deceleration of surface run-off. 8.Exploitation, To minimize (consider also for future trances if civil works) Handling, disruption and 1. Use only EPA licensed sites for raw materials in Transportation contamination of order to minimize adverse environmental impacts. 2. Measures to be taken in line with any EPA license and Storage of the surroundings,

Environmental Concerns

Objectives

Mitigation Measures Recommended

construction activities of towers, stringing of conductors and creation of access tracks for project vehicles.

Timing to Implement MM while considering the climatic conditions.

Locations to Implement MM detail design consultant in consideration with the cut and fill, land reclamation, borrow areas etc.

Resp. Imp MM

Resp. Mon. MM

3. Locations of all rivers, streams, culverts, irrigation channels, roads and highways.

Month prior to starting of works. Update monthly.

1. List of borrow areas to be prepared with tender stage

Contract GEPCO or and ESU / CSC to CSC agree

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ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

Environmental Concerns Construction materials

Objectives

Mitigation Measures Recommended

minimize and or conditions, recommendations and approval to be avoid adverse applied to the subproject activities using the licensed environ-mental source including: impacts arising out (vii) Conditions that apply for selecting sites for of construction material exploitation. material (viii) Conditions that apply to timing and use of exploitation, roads for material transport. handling, (ix) Conditions that apply for maintenance of transportation and vehicles used in material transport or storage by using construction. sources that (x) Conditions that apply for selection of sites for comply with EPA material storage. license conditions (xi) Conditions that apply for aggregate production. (xii) Conditions that apply for handling hazardous or dangerous materials such as oil, lubricants and toxic chemicals. 1. Waste management plan to be submitted to the CSC and approved by GEPCO ESU one month prior to starting of works. WMP shall estimate the amounts and types of construction waste to be generated by the project. Minimize the 2. Investigating whether the waste can be reused in impacts from the the project or by other interested parties without any disposal of residual environmental impact. construction 3 Identifying potential safe disposal sites close to the waste. project, or those designated sites in the contract. 4 Investigating the environmental conditions of the disposal sites and recommendation of most suitable and safest sites. 5. Piling up of loose material should be done in

Timing to Implement MM

One month prior to starting of works. Update monthly

9.Construction Waste Disposal

Locations to Implement MM contractor’s method statement and updated one month prior to construction. 2.List of routes of transport of construction material is to be prepared for the contract and agreed one month prior to construction. 3. Map of locations of storage is prepared by the contractor. 1.Dumping: A list of temporary stockpiling areas and more permanent dumping areas to be prepared at the contract stage for agreement

Resp. Imp MM format of reporting

Resp. Mon. MM

One month prior

1.Contra ctor 2-11. CSC and GEPCO ESU should GEPCO/ supervise CSC and take action to ensure that contracto r’s

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ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

Environmental Concerns

Objectives

Mitigation Measures Recommended

To ensure that the operation of work 10.Work Camp camps does not Operation and adversely affect the surrounding Location environment and (if required) residents in the area.

segregated areas to arrest washing out of soil. Debris shall not be left where it may be carried by water to down stream flood plains, dams, lagoons or other water bodies. 6. Used oil and lubricants shall be recovered and reused or removed from the site in full compliance with the national and local regulations. 7. Oily wastes must not be burned. Disposal location to be agreed with local authorities/EPA. 8. Waste breaker insulating oil to be recycled, reconditioned, or reused at DISCO’s facility. 9. Machinery should be properly maintained to minimize oil spill during the construction. 10. Machinery should be maintained in a dedicated area over drip trays to avoid soil contamination from residual oil spill during maintenance. 11 Solid waste should be disposed at an approved solid waste facility and not by open burning which is illegal and contrary to good environmental practice. 1. Identify location of work camps in consultation with local authorities. The location shall be subject to approval by the GEPCO. If possible, camps shall not be located near settlements or near drinking water supply intakes. 2. Cutting of trees shall not b permitted and removal of vegetation shall be minimized. UPDATE Once a 3. Water and sanitary facilities (at least pit latrines) month shall be provided for employees. Worker camp and latrine sites to be backfilled and marked upon vacation of the sites. 4. Solid waste and sewage shall be managed according to the national and local regulations. As a rule, solid waste must not be dumped, buried or

Timing to Implement MM to starting of works. Update monthly

Locations to Implement MM

A list of temporary stockpiling areas and more permanent dumping areas to be prepared at the contract stage for agreement (in WM Plan)

Resp. Imp MM complete relevant activities according to IEE/ EIA/EMP requirem ent & NEQS.

Resp. Mon. MM

Location Map is Contract prepared by the or Contractor.

GEPCO ESU / CSC

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ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

Environmental Concerns

Objectives

Mitigation Measures Recommended

11. Loss of Trees and Vegetation Cover of the Areas for Towers and Temporary Work-space

To avoid negative impacts due to removing of landmark, sentinel and specimen trees as well as green vegetation and surface cover.

burned at or near the project site, but shall be disposed of to the nearest sanitary landfill or site having complied with the necessary permits of local authority permission. 5. The Contractor shall organize and maintain a waste separation, collection and transport system. 6. The Contractor shall document that all liquid and solid hazardous and non-hazardous waste are separated, collected and disposed of according to the given requirements and regulations. 7. At the conclusion of the project, all debris and waste shall be removed. All temporary structures, including office buildings, shelters and toilets shall be removed. 8 Exposed areas shall be planted with suitable vegetation. 9. GEPCO and Construction Supervising Consultant shall inspect and report that the camp has been vacated and restored to pre-project conditions. 11. Tree location and condition survey to be completed one month before tender. 12. The route for the distribution line should be selected so as to prevent the loss or damage to any orchard trees or other trees. Use of higher towers to be preferred to avoid trees cutting. 13. Clearing of green surface vegetation cover for construction, borrow of soil for development, cutting trees and other important vegetation during construction should be minimized by careful alignment. Written technical Justification for tree felling included in tree survey. 14. At completion all debris and waste shall be removed and not burned.

Timing to Implement MM

Locations to Implement MM

Resp. Imp MM

Resp. Mon. MM

Route design and site identification (1 &2)during design stage and other matters during construction of relevant activities

Tree survey to be completed one month before tender at relevant Locations with a Map to be compiled prior to tender by the design consultant /GEPCO ESU during detailed design and CSC to update as necessary.

Design consultan GEPCO t/Contrac ESU / CSC tor and CSC

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ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

Environmental Concerns

Objectives

Mitigation Measures Recommended
15. The contractor’s staff and labor will be strictly

Timing to Implement MM

Locations to Implement MM

Resp. Imp MM

Resp. Mon. MM

directed not to damage any vegetation such as trees or bushes outside immediate work areas. Trees shall not be cut for fuel or works timber. 16. Land holders will be paid compensation for their standing trees in accordance with prevailing market rates (LARP).The land holders will be allowed to salvage the wood of the affected trees. 17. The contractor will plant three (3) suitable new trees outside the 30 meter corridor of the transmission line in lieu of one (1) tree removed. 18. Landscaping and road verges to be re-installed on completion. 19. Compensatory planting of trees/shrubs/ornamental plants (at a rate of 3:1) in line with best international practice. 20. After work completion all temporary structures, including office buildings, shelters and toilets shall be removed. 3. Providing induction safety training for all staff adequate warning signs in health and safety 12. Safety Prior to matters, and require the workers to use the Precautions To ensure safety commencement provided safety equipment. and during for the of workers construction Workers 4. Providing workers with skull guard or hard hat and hard toe shoes. Minimize disturbance of 3. Submit temporary haul and access routes plan 13. vehicular traffic Prior to and one month prior to start of works. and pedestrians throughout the Traffic 4. Routes in vicinity of schools and hospitals to be during haulage of construction. Condition avoided. construction materials and

Location to be Contract identified by the GEPCO/ or and CSC with CSC CSC contractor. The most important locations to be Contract GEPCO identified and or and ESU / CSC listed. Relevant CSC plans of the Contractor on

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ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

Environmental Concerns

Objectives

Mitigation Measures Recommended

equipment.

Timing to Implement MM

15.Social Impacts

Potential for spread of vector borne and communicable diseases from labor camps shall be To ensure avoided (worker awareness orientation and minimum impacts appropriate sanitation should be maintained). from construction 13. Complaints of the people on construction labor force on nuisance /damage close to ROW to be considered public health. and responded to promptly. 14. Contractor should make alternative arrangements to avoid local community impacts. To ensure that GEPCO officials are trained to understand and to appreciate EMP Capacity building activities were taken by Environmental Officer in Tranche 1. Environmental Management Unit (EMU) was setup with in GEPCO under Director Operations in Tranche 1. Development of strengthening plan for the EMU should be taken up with resources.

12.

Locations to Implement MM traffic arrangements to be made available.

Resp. Imp MM

Resp. Mon. MM

Complaints of Contract public to be All subprojects all GEPCO/ or and solved as soon tranches CSC the CSC as possible

16. Institutional Strengthening and Capacity Building OPERATIONA L STAGE 1. Air Quality

Awareness training for all Initiate management and preconstruction senior staff in GEPCO and continue GEPCO at senior ESU beyond project engineer and completion. above in PMU and related units. Operational phase Operational phase Operational phase Operational phase all subprojects in GEPCO future tranches all subprojects in GEPCO future tranches GEPCO all subprojects in future tranches all subprojects in future tranches GEPCO

GEPCO & ADB

No significant Impacts Tranche 1.Monitor designs and plans for all future tranches. No significant Impacts Tranche 1. Acoustic designs 2.Noise checking and plan for all future tranches. Continue waste management arrangements in 3. Waste Minimize improper operational phase of all subprojects and GEPCO waste disposal disposal activities. 3. Employ landscaping contractor to monitor, water and Maintain survival feed replacement saplings and replace dead Compensatory of trees planted specimens as necessary. Tree Planting

Minimize air quality impacts Minimize noise impacts

GEPCO ESU GEPCO ESU GEPCO ESU GEPCO ESU

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ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

Environmental Concerns 4.Land slides and soil erosion 5. Water Quality

Objectives

Mitigation Measures Recommended

Avoid landslips No significant Impacts in Tranche 1. Review designs and loss of checking and plan for all future tranches. productive land

Timing to Implement MM Operational phase

Locations to Implement MM

Resp. Imp MM

all subprojects in GEPCO future tranches all subprojects in future tranches all subprojects in future tranches GEPCO

Resp. Mon. MM GEPCO ESU

Operational Minimize water No significant Impacts in Tranche 1. Review designs phase quality impacts checking and plan for all future tranches. Operational phase

GEPCO ESU GEPCO ESU

Monitor impacts from maintaining 6 Crops and tree clearance vegetation under transmission lines Ensure no encroachments/ construction under 7. Social the transmission safety Impacts line. No violation of clearance spaces.

Track growth of large trees under the conductors.

GEPCO

Necessary signboards with limits of clearances to be placed all along the line. Identify and prevent any illegal encroachments under the DXLs.

Operational height phase

GEPCO ESU all subprojects in GEPCO future tranches

LARP= Land Acquisition and Resettlement Plan. AP= Affected Persons. LAC= Local Authority Council. TD= Temporary Drainage EC= Erosion Control WM= Waste Management CSC= Construction Supervision Consultant or Equivalent. TXL= Transmission Line. GSS= Grid Substation NEQS=National Environmental Quality Standards

Page 13 of 28

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility –Conversions of Jalalpur Nau and Kolu Tarrar Grid Stations from 66KV To 132KV and Double Circuit Transmission Lines

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

Appendix-6

Page 14 of 28

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility –Conversions of Jalalpur Nau and Kolu Tarrar Grid Stations from 66KV To 132KV and Double Circuit Transmission Lines

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

Appendix 5 Summary of Public Consultations Project: Conversion of Kolu Tarar 132 kV Grid Station and Double Circuit Transmission Line Trees & Infrastructure Likely to be affected by 30m RoW DISTANCE MASQUE / K ROAD/ TREES TL HOUSE DRAIN TUBE WELL IN METER G. YARD P ROAD 196.00 128.00 198.00 195.79 164.21 212.00 210.96 215.04 212.95 91.05 70.00 245.73 190.27 178.00 250.00 132.00 272.27 232.49 225.24 216.00 216.71 259.29 82.00 256.00 218.00 238.00 232.00 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 2 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 2 0 0 1 0 2 0 1 11kV 11kV 11kV 11kV GARDEN 1 1 road 2-T,ROAD T-1 T-1 T-2 T-1 T-1 T-2 T-1 T-1 T-1 T-2 T-2 ROAD -

No.

TOWER From-To

CANAL

WC

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27

GS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27

1 -

PWC -

Page 15 of 28

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility –Conversions of Jalalpur Nau and Kolu Tarrar Grid Stations from 66KV To 132KV and Double Circuit Transmission Lines

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42

27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41

28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42

234.00 242.00 216.00 191.36 254.45 160.61 189.39 168.00 182.00 186.00 190.18 201.82 176.00 196.00 180.00

1 1 3 1 0 1 1 1 1 2 0 2 2 3 1

11kV 11kV

-

-

-

1 -

T-1 T-1 T-1 T-1 -

-

-

Page 16 of 28

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility –Conversions of Jalalpur Nau and Kolu Tarrar Grid Stations from 66KV To 132KV and Double Circuit Transmission Lines

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

TL Reach (Tower Nos.) From To

Appendix-7 Number of Affected Wood Trees by Size (Kolu-Tarrar 132 kV & TXL) (Within 30m Wide Corridor- Right of Way) Affected Trees (No.) Kikar (Acasia) 1 Eucalyptus/ Poplar 2 4 3 2 11 Guava 12 12 Others 1 1 1 2 5 1 35 1 1 1 Total Affected Trees (No.) 1 13 3 4 1 2 3 1 2 2 2 1 -

Shisham (Sisso) A: Solangi Awan GS 1 1 2 2 3 1 3 4 4 5 1 5 6 6 7 7 8 8 9 2 9 10 10 11 11 12 12 13 13 14 2 14 15 15 16 16 17 17 18 1 18 19 Sub-total 7 (A): B: Pindi Bawray 18 19 19 20 20 21 1 21 22 22 23 -

Page 2 of 28

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility –Conversions of Jalalpur Nau and Kolu Tarrar Grid Stations from 66KV To 132KV and Double Circuit Transmission Lines

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

23 24 24 25 25 26 26 27 27 28 Sub-total (B): C: Kolu-Tarrar 27 28 28 29 29 30 30 31 31 32 32 33 33 34 34 35 35 36 36 37 37 38 38 39 39 40 40 41 41 42 42 GS Sub-total (C): TOTAL: Percentage:

1 1 3 1 1 1 2 2 7 17 25.00

1 2 1 1 1 1 1 5 7 10.29

1 1 2 1 1 2 3 1 8 21 30.88

12 17.65

2 3 1 1 1 3 11 16.18 23 10

3 2 2 -

2 2 2 1 1 3 1 2 3 1 3 1 1

68 100.00

Page 3 of 28

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility

Appendix 4 Monitoring Plan for Performance Indicators
Environmental Concerns
DESIGN andPRECONSTRUC TION STAGE 1. Review of EMAP 2. Social Impacts and Resettlement 3. Project disclosure Environmental Management Action Plan (EMAP) is reviewed Inventory of losses, Property acquisition, compensation and resettlement completed to RP requirements. Design changes notified During detailed design (later monthly by Contractor to cover any unidentified impacts) Completed prior to commencement of construction During detailed design by Contractor to cover any access roads and alignment changes, additional Villages. Once, before Contract is signed. Monthly or as required in waste management plan to identify sufficient locations for, storage and reuse of transformers and recycling of breaker oils and disposal of transformer oil, residually contaminated soils and scrap metal “cradle to grave”. 2. Include in contracts for unit rates for remeasurement for disposal. 3. After agreement with local authority, designate disposal sites in the contract and cost unit By completion of detailed design. Before removal of houses and structures. Completion of detailed design. All project alignment APs according to RP & LAFC. All project alignment. Method Statements include resources for mitigation measures. Contractor Initially DISCO’S Cell / later Contractor cost DISCO’S Cell staff cost DISCO’S, ESIC cell / ADB* DISCO’S /ADB* DISCO’S & ESIC cell / ADB* ESIC cell staff cost ESIC cell staff cost ESIC cell staff cost

Performance Indicator (PI)

Frequency to monitor

Timing to check PI

Locations to Implement PI

Responsible to implement PI

Cost of Implementation

Resp. PI supervision

Cost of Supervision

DISCO’S Cell

Contractor

Contractor cost

4. Environmentally Responsible Procurement. (ERP)

Contract follows ADB Guidelines on ERP. Performance bond. Deposited Contractual clauses include implementation of environmental mitigation measures tied to a performance bond.

Before Contract is signed.

DISCO’S Project Cell.

Contractor cost

DISCO’S ESIC cell / ADB*.

DISCO’S staff cost

Cell

5. Waste disposal

Disposal options for all waste transformer oil, residually contaminated soils, scrap metal agreed with DISCO’S and local authority..

1.Prior to detailed design stage no later than pre-qualification or tender negotiations 2. Include in contract.

Locations approved by local waste disposal authorities.

DISCO’S cell with the design consultant.

ESIC cell

ESIC cell

DISCO’S

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility

Environmental Concerns
6. Noise and air quality mitigation in design. 7. Hydrological Impacts

Performance Indicator (PI)

Frequency to monitor
disposal rates accordingly.

Timing to check PI

Locations to Implement PI
As defined in EIA (supplementary) & EMAP. Considered locations to be as identified in the Detailed Drainage Report. All stream and river crossings and where slopes indicate erosion will be a problem. Locations agreed DISCO’S cell in consultation with community and the Contractor. Locations agreed with DISCO’S cell in consultation with community and the Contractor. Throughout the project

Responsible to implement PI
DISCO’S Cell / Contractor

Cost of Implementation

Resp. PI supervision
DISCO’S / /ADB* DISCO’S / and DISCO’S Project Cell. DISCO’S / and DISCO’S Project Cell. DISCO’S / and DISCO’S Project Cell.

Cost of Supervision
DISCO’S staff cost Cell

Design changes included in EIA (supplementary) & EMAP approved by MOEST.

During detailed design by Contractor. During detailed design by Contractor and monthly to cover any unidentified impacts During detailed design updated by Contractor monthly to cover any unidentified impacts. During detailed design updated by Contractor monthly to cover any unidentified impacts. During detailed design updated by Contractor monthly to cover any unidentified impacts. 1. Once, 2. Once 3. Ongoing 4. Ongoing

Completion of detailed design. One month before commencement of construction One month before construction commences. One month before construction commences.

Contractor cost

Temporary Drainage Management plan.

Contractor

Contractor cost

DISCO’S staff cost

Cell

9. Temporary drainage and erosion control 10. Planning construction camps

Erosion Control and Temporary Drainage completed.

Contractor.

Contractor cost

DISCO’S Cell staff cost

Use of land agreed with surrounding residents & Villages.

Contractor DISCO’S Cell facilitates.

Contractor cost

DISCO’S Cell staff cost

13.Traffic Condition

Temporary Pedestrian and Traffic Management Plan agreed.

One month before construction commences. 1. As soon as practicable 2, 3, 4. No later than one month before Contract award.

Contractor

Contractor cost

DISCO’S / and DISCO’S Project Cell.

DISCO’S Cell staff cost

1. Strengthening plan agreed for DISCO’S cell. 15.Institutional 2. International environment specialist (IES) strengthening and 3. Increase staffing of DISCO’S Cell. capacity building 4. Train DISCO’S Cell officials. CONSTRUCTION STAGE 1.Orientation for Contractor, and Workers 1. Contractor agreed to provide training to professional staff and workers. 2. Special briefing and training for Contractor completed. 3. Periodic progress review sessions. 1. Drainage Management plan 2. Temp. Pedestrian & Traffic Management

DISCO’S Project Cell.

DISCO’S Cell staff cost

DISCO’S / and /ADB*.

/ADB cost of IES & support for 1 month US$25,000

1. Once 2. Ongoing 3. Ongoing Deliverable in final form to DISCO’S cell one month

1. Before contract is signed 2. Before construction areas are opened up 3. Every six months One month before

All BOT staff members in all categories. monthly induction and six month refresher course All of DISCO’S

Contractor with IES assistance and record details. Contractor

Contractor cost

DISCO’S and DISCO’S to observe and record success DISCO’S Project Cell.

DISCO’S staff cost DISCO’S staff cost

Cell

2. Plans to control

Contractor cost

Cell

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility

Environmental Concerns
environmental impacts

Performance Indicator (PI)
plan, 3. Erosion Control & Temp. Drainage plan 4. Materials Management plan, 5. Waste Management plan; 6. Noise and Dust Control plan, 7. Safety Plan 8. Agreed schedule of costs for environmental mitigation.{N.B. Forest Clearance and Compensatory Planting plan is prepared by DISCO’S cell} Meaningful water quality monitoring up and downstream during construction within 100m of rivers. Rapid reporting and feedback by DISCO’S. 1. Availability of water acceptable to community. No complaints. 2. Guidelines established to minimize the water wastage during construction operations and at worker camps. 1. Use of land agreed with surrounding residents & Villages. 2. Waste Management Plan implemented. 3 No open burning Noise mitigation measures implemented in line with guidelines for noise reduction from ISO/TR11688-1:1995(E) Noise and dust control plan implemented. Contractors workforce to instructed and train handling of chemicals 1. Use of land agreed with surrounding residents & Villages. 2. Waste Management Plan implemented. 3 No open burning Safety Plan submitted

Frequency to monitor
before construction commences for any given stretch.

Timing to check PI
construction commences.

Locations to Implement PI
alignment.

Responsible to implement PI

Cost of Implementation

Resp. PI supervision

Cost of Supervision

5. Water quality

Once (line item when opening up construction near water bodies).

During detailed design by Contractor and update to cover any unidentified impacts.

Locations to be provided with the detailed designs including all bridges during construction within 100m of rivers All local water supply resources and rivers. All DISCO’S alignment.

Independent experienced laboratory.

Contractor cost

DISCO’S / DISCO’S Cell.

DISCO’S staff cost

Cell

6. Water Resources 8. Spoil disposal and construction waste disposal

1. Monthly 2. Monthly

Prior to submission of progress reports.

Contractor

Contractor cost

DISCO‟S and DISCO‟S Cell DISCO’S and DISCO’S Cell DISCO’S / DISCO’S Project Cell will monitor sample activities. DISCO’S and DISCO’S Cell DISCO’S and DISCO’S Cell DISCO’S and DISCO’S Cell DISCO’S / (ESIC cell to

DISCO’S staff cost

Cell

Monthly (line item when opening up construction).

Prior to construction. Update monthly. Maximum allowable noise levels are 70dB(A)LEQ. Prior to construction. Update monthly. Prior to construction. Update monthly. Prior to construction. Update monthly. One month before construction and update

Contractor Contractor should maintain the accepted standards Contractor Contractor Contractor Contractor.

Contractor cost

DISCO’S staff cost

Cell

10. Noise

Monthly (line item when opening up construction). Monthly (line item when opening up construction). Monthly (line item when opening up construction). Monthly (line item when opening up construction). Once (update monthly as necessary)

All DISCO’S alignment. All DISCO’S alignment. All DISCO’S alignment. All DISCO’S alignment. All DISCO’S alignment.

Contractor cost

DISCO’S staff cost DISCO’S staff cost DISCO’S staff cost DISCO’S staff cost DISCO’S staff cost

Cell

11. Air quality 13..Soil Contamination 14. Work Camp Location and Operation 19. Safety Precautions for

Contractor cost Contractor cost Contractor cost Contractor cost

Cell Cell Cell Cell

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility

Environmental Concerns
Workers

Performance Indicator (PI)

Frequency to monitor

Timing to check PI
quarterly.

Locations to Implement PI

Responsible to implement PI

Cost of Implementation

Resp. PI supervision
actively supervise and enforce.

Cost of Supervision

20. Social Impacts

1. Local labor is used and workforce 2. Local educated people for office work. 3. Complaints on construction nuisance damages close to ROW are responded to promptly by the Contractor. 4. Quarterly meetings with local VILLAGE for liaison purposes to monitor complaints. Contractor has included for some enhancements in detailed designs Including planting of trees in addition to bioengineering such as in median

Monthly (line item when opening up construction).

During construction. Update monthly.

All DISCO’S alignment.

Contractor

Contractor cost

DISCO’S and DISCO’S Cell

DISCO’S staff cost

Cell

21. Enhancements OPERATIONAL STAGE

Once (update monthly as necessary)

One month before construction and update quarterly.

All DISCO’S alignment.

Contractor.

Contractor cost

DISCO’S / (DISCO’S Cell to actively supervise and enforce.

DISCO’S staff cost DISCO’S staff cost

Cell

Cell

1. Air Quality

1. Roadworthiness of vehicles on DISCO’S. 2. Monitor NO2 and PM10 as indicators.

1. Roadworthiness of vehicles on DISCO’S Daily during operations 2. Yearly intervals for 3 years after opening for reassurance.

During operation.

5 locations on DISCO’S alignment nearest settlements.

Contractor

Contractor cost

DISCO’S / and ESIC Cell

DISCO’S staff cost

Cell

2. crops and vegetation

1. Follow up on Tree Clearance and Compensatory Planting Plan. 2. Records on survival of planted trees. 3. The compensatory planting maintained 4. Audited report by ESIC cell for on site and off-site compensatory planting.

1) Quarterly 2) Quarterly 3) Quarterly 4) Quarterly

1) Throughout project 2) Each of three years after initial planting. 3) Continuous for three years after project completion 4) For four years after initial clearance of the forest.

All DISCO’S alignment.

Contractor

ESIC Cell

DISCO’S

MOFSC and DISCO’S Cell staff cost.

Note: LAFC= Land Acquisition Compensation Fixation Committee. DDS= Detailed Design Stage. Based on IEE/ EIA Reports to be revised at DDS, RAP, SIA and other Engineering Considerations may change, EIA=Environmental Impact Assessment. EMP= Environmental management action plan = Environmental management plan, EPA= Environmental Protection Agency, TD= Temporary Drainage, EC= Erosion Control. NGO= Non-government organization. ADB * = ADB checks that processes have been completed and signed off by DISCO’S before moving to construction stage.

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility

Attachment: (Monitoring Plan for the EMP)
12. DISCO‟S have established (mostly with two exceptions) the Environmental and Social Impacts Cell (ESIC) manned by two professionals and support staff .The cell is attached to both Implementing Agencies, the Chief Engineer EHV (General Manager Grid System Construction, DISCO‟S) and the planning agency Project Director Technical Assistance (General Manager Planning DISCO‟S). The DISCO‟S instructional arrangement with respect to social and environmental monitoring and implementation is presented as follows: INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS 13. The implementation and monitoring of the social and environmental program involves a number of agencies including DISCO‟S as the implementing agency, the Environmental Protection Agencies of Punjab, Balochistan, KP and Sindh and Provincial governments in Punjab, Balochistan, KP and Sindh. Distribution--Supply Company 14. DISCO‟S as the executing agency (EA) bears the overall responsibility for the preparation, implementation and financing of all tasks set out in this IEE, as well as inter-agency coordination and monitoring and evaluation activities required for the EMP implementation, social preparation (LARP) and monitoring and evaluation. Institutionally, DISCO‟S has three functional divisions; Planning, Projects and Grid Station Construction. 15. The Planning Division is responsible for planning and preparation of subprojects and keeping liaison with the Government of Pakistan and Asian Development Bank (ADB), as the donor of this Project. This division is currently being assisted by the PPTA Consultants19, including an Environmental Expert for the preparation of the EIA and Resettlement Expert responsible for LARP preparation), in preparing the identified subprojects in line with the ADB Policies and obtaining approval from the donor ADB. 16. The Projects Division is responsible for the overall management and coordination of the subprojects. Its major functions include, keeping regular liaison with ADB and relevant departments of the federal and provincial governments, updating of EIA/ LARP and their monitoring and evaluation activities. In addition, the Project Management Unit takes care of the overall coordination and liaison with the Government of Pakistan and ADB. It will be assisted by the Project Management Consultants team, including a Resettlement Specialist, to be hired 20 shortly . Secondly, the Environmental and Social Impact Cell is responsible for the updating of and internal monitoring of EIA‟s/ LARPs of approved Subprojects. It will be assisted by the Resettlement Specialist in the external Monitoring and Evaluation Consultants team to be hired 21 shortly . 17. The Grid Station Construction Division is responsible for implementing the Subprojects, including IEE/ LARP preparation/updating and implementation. This large division is divided into two geographical regions, each headed by a Chief Engineer. They are EHV–I (Northern Region, Lahore) and EHV–II (Southern Region, Hyderabad). The Jamshoro to R.Y. Kahn 500 kV Transmission Line Subproject falls under the jurisdiction of EHV–II (Hyderabad), where a Project Director as head of the Project Implementation Unit (PIU), along with an Executive Engineer and Sub-Divisional Officers (Junior Engineers) will be managing the construction works.
19 20

British Power International (BPI), a UK Based firm. The hiring of Project Management Consultants team is under process of selection (proposals are being evaluated). 21 The hiring of Monitoring and Evaluation Consultants team is under process of selection (proposals are being evaluated).

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility

18. Besides, each regional EHV has an in-house Land Acquisition Collector (LAC), who along with his field staff, an Assistant Land Acquisition Officer (Tehsildar) and Patwaris will take care of the updating (if required) and implantation of the LARP. The DISCO‟S LAC normally works as an independent entity, but in case of local needs like price updating, grievance redress, etc., involves the respective District Government, especially the District Coordination Officer (DCO/ District LAC), Union Council Nazims and other local leaders, and/ or the Provincial Revenue Boards, for addressing broader matters and resolving permanent Land Acquisition issues (not applicable to this Subproject). In addition, the DISCO‟S LAC will be provided technical assistance by the Resettlement Specialist included in both the Project Management Consultants and the external Monitoring and Evaluation Consultants teams. The intuitional arrangement is presented below:

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility

Figure AX31: DISCO’S Organization for EMP/ LARP Planning, Implementation and Monitoring
CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER

Consultants

Chief Engineer Development

Operating Department

MANAGER (PLANNING, SCHEDULING & ORDINATION)

CO-

MANAGER (PROCUREMENT)

(MANAGER FINANCE)

D.M (ENVIRONMENT & SAFEGUARD
DM

DM

(Monitoring Control & Coordination)

(Planning & Scheduling

DM

(PROCUREMENT)

DM

(PROCUREMENT)
AM (Social Impact) AM (Environment)

DM

AM

AM

AM (MC&C)

AM (P&S)

(PROCUREMENT)

AM

(PROCUREMENT)

AM

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility

19. The scope of work to be handled by the ESIC cell far exceeds the physical and professional abilities/ capabilities of the incumbents. To support the ESIC cell in order to carryout its responsibilities, monitoring consultants (MC) are being hired (these are also required as per ADB loan covenants). Terms of Reference for the Monitoring Consultants (MC) as follows: Environmental Monitoring 20. An environment evaluation expert(s) for a period of four (4) person-month (on as and when required basis) who will undertake monitoring of IEEs and also other environmental issues related to design, construction and commissioning of the sub-projects according to the relevant reports already prepared and approved by DISCO‟S/ ADB. The expected completion time of these projects is one years. (B) Design Phase Monitor final site selection process and final alignment selection process and its environmental compliance with EMP. (X) Review the implementation of the land acquisition plan and expropriation, including considerations concerning vulnerable groups among land-owners, farmers, and farm workers. (XI) Monitor contractor‟s detailed project design to ensure relevant environmental mitigation measures in EMP have been included. (XII) Monitor the detailed environmental guidelines for construction works, including procurement, management, works, closing operations etc in the light of EIA and EMP. (XIII) Review the management plan for mineral construction materials and waste management. (XIV) Audit detailed designs of facilities and installations to ensure standard environmental safeguards/ mitigation measures (as identified in EMP) have been included. (XV) Review landscape design plan, including compensatory planting. (XVI) Monitor the performance of environmental training and briefings for the creation of environmental awareness of project staff and DISCO‟S. (B) Construction phase (III) Regular monitoring and reporting of contractor‟s compliance with contractual environmental mitigation measures in light of IEE and EMP. (IV) Monitoring of the implementation of the landscape design plan. Operation and Maintenance Phase (III) Monitoring of routine maintenance of facilities and transmission line in light of mitigation measures specified in EMP. (IV) Monitoring of the implementation of the landscape design plan. (IX)

(C)

21. The MC will mainly assist the ESIC cell in the monitoring functions. DISCO‟S is also in the process of hiring management consultants, who will assist the Project Management Unit (PMU) of DISCO‟S in amongst other matters relating to the implementation of the EIA/ LARP including updating of LARP‟s (price updating) and updating of EIA and EMPs when ever major changes are made to the approved sub-projects.

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility

Terms of Reference for Project Implementation (Management) Consultants Terms of Reference (related to social and environmental aspects) of the Project Implementation (Management) Consultants are specifically, the PMC shall ensure that:
1. ALL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT, FRAMEWORK AND PLANS FOR ALL THE SUBPROJECTS SHOULD BE CONDUCTED AND IMPLEMENTED IN ACCORDANCE WITH ADB‟S ENVIRONMENT POLICY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT GUIDELINES AND PAKISTAN ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT REGULATIONS AND GUIDELINES. 2. ALL LAND ACQUISITION, AND RESETTLEMENT FRAMEWORK AND PLAN ARE IMPLEMENTED PROMPTLY AND EFFICIENTLY ACCORDING TO ITS TERMS IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE APPLICABLE PAKISTAN LAWS, AND ADB‟S POLICY ON INVOLUNTARY RESETTLEMENT. 3. PMU WILL GUARANTEE THAT ALL SUBPROJECTS AFFECTING ETHNIC MINORITIES ARE CONSTRUCTED AND OPERATED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE REQUIREMENTS OF ADB‟S POLICY ON INDIGENOUS PEOPLES AND APPLICABLE PAKISTAN RULES AND REGULATIONS. 4. PMU WILL FOLLOW THE PRINCIPLES OF THE ADB‟S POLICY ON GENDER AND DEVELOPMENT AND USE APPROPRIATE PAKISTAN LAWS DURING EACH SUBPROJECT IMPLEMENTATION. 5. ENSURE THAT SUBPROJECT SPECIFIC ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL MITIGATION MEASURES ARE INCORPORATED INTO CONTRACT DOCUMENTS. 6. SUPERVISE AND EVALUATE THE IMPLEMENTATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL MITIGATION AD MONITORING MEASURES AS SPECIFIED IN THE ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLANS (EMP). 7. UPDATE THE EMP AS NECESSARY, INCLUDING CARRYING OUT SUPPLEMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENTS FOR ADDITIONAL SUBPROJECTS APPRAISED AFTER LOAN APPROVAL. 8. SUPERVISE SOCIAL SAFEGUARD‟S RELATED REPORTING REQUIREMENTS AND ENSURE ITS TIMELY SUBMISSION. THE REPORTING DOCUMENTS INCLUDE LARP‟S UPDATING, PROGRESS AND COMPLETION REPORTS. 9. MONITOR AND SUPERVISE RESETTLEMENT AND OTHER SOCIAL IMPACT MITIGATION ACTIVITIES, AS DEFINED IN THE APPROVED AND FINAL LARP‟S. 10. ENSURE NO CIVIL WORKS TO BE DONE UNLESS THE APPLICABLE PROVISIONS OF THE LARP ARE, INCLUDING IN PARTICULAR THE TIMELY DELIVERY OF COMPENSATION TO AFFECTED FAMILIES HAVE BEEN COMPLIED WITH. 11. ESTABLISH A GRIEVANCE MECHANISM PROCEDURE FOR THE SUBPROJECTS. 12. CONDUCT AND DEVELOP INTERNAL MONITORING AND EVALUATING REPORTING SYSTEM OF THE LARPS AND EMPS IMPLEMENTATIONS. THE REPORT WILL ALSO INCLUDE ANY CHANGE IN THE IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE, PROBLEMS OR DIFFICULTIES ENCOUNTERED AND WORK TO BE CARRIED OUT IN THE NEXT PERIOD IN ACCORDANCE WITH PROCEDURES AND DETAILS ACCEPTABLE TO ADB. THE MONITORING REPORTS WILL BE INCLUDED IN THE QUARTERLY PROGRESS REPORT TO BE SUBMITTED TO ADB.

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility

B PROJECT MONITORING ACTIVITIES DURING THE PROJECT CYCLE: 22. The Activities at various stages of the project cycle have been summarized in the terms of reference for consultants as presented in Table AX3.1.
Table AX3.1 Monitoring Program for Tranche-2

Monitoring Parameters DESIGN PHASE Audit project bidding documents to ensure 7. IEE and EMP is included Monitor that the selection process and 8. final alignment selection process and its environmental compliance with EMP Monitor contractor’s detail project design to ensure relevant environmental 9. mitigation measures in EMP have been included Monitor through implementation of detail environmental guidelines for construction 10. works including procurement management, works and closing operation
11. 12.

Monitoring Locations -

Timing Prior to issue of biding documents Prior to DISCO’S approval of contractor’s detail alignment survey

Responsibility DISCO’S through project implementation unit. DISCO’S with the assistance of and external environmental consultants

-

Prior to DISCO’S approval of DISCO’S with the assistance of contractor’s detail alignment project implementation unit survey DISCO’S with the assistance of Prior to DISCO’S approval of and external environmental contractor’s detail design consultants DISCO’S with the assistance of Prior to DISCO’S approval of and external environmental contractor’s detail design consultants Prior to DISCO’S approval of DISCO’S with the assistance of contractor’s detail design project implementation unit Timing During routine monitoring Before mobilization Monthly Monthly Daily During routine monitoring Before mobilization Once every two months During routine monitoring During routine monitoring Fortnightly or during the construction activities causing noise. Responsibility PMU Contractor/ PMU Contractor/ PMU Contractor/ PMU Contractor/ PMU PMU Contractor/ PMU Contractor/ PMU Contractor/ PMU Contractor/ PMU Contractor/ PMU

-

Review the mineral, construction materials and waste management

-

Audit detail design of facilities and installation to ensure standard CONSTRUCTION PHASE Monitoring Parameter Monitoring Locations 1 Observation of soil erosion

Construction sites, campsites At wells and surface water bodies near grid station and construction campsites Selected local wells Selected locations at nearby surface water bodies Construction sites, campsite Construction sites Construction sites, campsites Construction sites, campsites Construction sites, campsites

2

Water quality

3 4 5

Water consumption Checks for any damage to water course, groundwater wells Ambient air quality Checks for exhaust emissions Checks for dust emissions

6

Construction sites, campsites, project roads At nearby communities

7

Noise

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility

8

Public concerns

At nearby communities Monitoring Locations Selected sites for plantation of trees Land under the transmission line Population along transmission line

Throughout the field activities. Timing After construction phase During routine maintenance During routine maintenance

PMU Responsibility DISCO’S DISCO’S DISCO’S

OPERATIONAL PHASE Monitoring Parameter 1 2 3 Compensatory tree planting Crops and vegetation Social safety Impacts

Complete Record of Sampling and Analysis should be maintained and documented PMU= Project Monitoring Unit, DISCO‟S=National Transmission and Dispatch Company.

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility

C

SUMMARY OF ESTIMATED COSTS FOR EMP
Table AX3.2 Implementation for Tranche-2

Pak. Rs.
Staffing, audit and monitoring Monitoring activities Mitigation measures Transport Contingency Total
I US$ = 80 Pak. Rupees

US $
1 2

1 person for 3 years As detailed under EMP As prescribed under EMP and EIA 1 dedicated vehicle 3 years 3% contingency

1,800,000

22,500 87,500 125,000 18,780 7,613 261,443

7,000,000 10,000,000
3 4

1,502,250

609,000 20,912,250

@ P.Rs. 50,000/ month: Laboratory charges for: testing of construction materials; water quality teats; ambient air tests; emissions measurements; and noise measurements. 3 Includes: Compensatory tree plantation under supervision of forest department; and training on counterpart staff. 4 @ P.Rs. 25000 per month rental charges and Rs. 550.0 per day fuel and operating cost
2

1

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility

Appendix-8 SUMMARY OF PUBLIC CONSULTATION Conversion of 66kV Kolu-Tarrar Grid Station into 132kV Along with T/ Line
Sr. No.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Participant Name Man Group: Garha
Qurban Ali Muneer Ahmad Zulfiqar Ahmad Ali Anwar Hussain Abrar Ahmad Woman Group: Garha Shamim Khatoon

Participant Profession

Address

Date

Issues Raised/ Concerns Expressed/ Suggestions & Requests
Crop and tree compensation should be fair and timely Crop and tree compensation should be fair and timely Crop and tree compensation should be fair and timely Crop and tree compensation should be fair and timely He expects stable supply in the region with lesser complaints. No Comments Local skilled and unskilled labor should be used wherever possible Frequent power failure and voltage fluctuation in summer she hoped the new DGS will improve the situation. Local skilled and unskilled labor should be used wherever possible Frequent power failure voltage fluctuation summer she hoped the DGS will improve situation. Load shedding in summer is disturbing study; she hoped the and in new the the our new

Proposed Measure
Compensation should be paid adequately and timely Compensation should be paid adequately and timely Compensation should be paid adequately and timely Compensation should be paid adequately and timely Skilled and unskilled labor should be preferred from the area

Action Taken/ Proposed
GEPCO should pay compensation of crops and trees fairly and timely at least 15 days before civil works GEPCO should pay compensation and trees fairly and timely at least before civil works GEPCO should pay compensation and trees fairly and timely at least before civil works GEPCO should pay compensation and trees fairly and timely at least before civil works GEPCO should employ Skilled and unskilled labor from the area -

Landowner Landowner Landowner Landowner Shopkeeper Driver House Wife

Garha Village Garha Village Garha Village Garha Village Garha Village Garha Village Garha Village

March 2009 March 2009 March 2009 March 2009 March 2009 March 2009 March 2009

of 15 of 15 of 15

8.

Fatima Bibi

House Wife

Garha Village

March 2009

Skilled and unskilled labor should be preferred from the area -

9.

Shakiran

House Wife

Garha Village

March 2009

GEPCO should employ Skilled and uns labor from the area

10.

Shamsan

LHV

Garha Village

March 2009

.-

11.

Hifza

Student

Garha Village

March 2009

-

-

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility

12.

Kalsoom

Student

Garha Village

March 2009

Man Group: Kila Chandasingh 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. Abdul Saqoor Muhammad Sharif Muhammad Deen Muhammad Irfan Qaisar Shakeel Ahmad Woman Group: 19. Aamira Bibi House Wife Kila Chandasingh March 2009 Landowner Landowner Landowner Sharecropper Business Shopkeeper KilaChandasingh Kila Chandasingh Kila Chandasingh Kila Chandasingh Kila Chandasingh KilaChandasingh March 2009 March 2009 March 2009 March 2009 March 2009 March 2009

DGS will improve situation. Load shedding in summer is disturbing study; she hoped the DGS will improve situation.

the the our new the

-

-

Crop and tree compensation should be fair and timely Crop and tree compensation should be fair and timely Crop and tree compensation should be fair and timely Crop and tree compensation should be fair and timely He expects stable supply in the region with lesser complaints. He expects stable supply in the region with lesser complaints. Frequent power failure voltage fluctuation summer she hoped the DGS will improve situation. Frequent power failure voltage fluctuation summer she hoped the DGS will improve situation. Frequent power failure voltage fluctuation summer she hoped the DGS will improve situation. Frequent power failure voltage fluctuation summer she hoped the DGS will improve situation. and in new the and in new the and in new the and in new the

Compensation should be paid adequately and timely Compensation should be paid adequately and timely Compensation should be paid adequately and timely Compensation should be paid adequately and timely -

GEPCO should pay compensation of crops and trees fairly and timely at least 15 days before civil works GEPCO should pay compensation of crops and trees fairly and timely at least 15 days before civil works GEPCO should pay compensation of crops and trees fairly and timely at least 15 days before civil works GEPCO should pay compensation of crops and trees fairly and timely at least 15 days before civil works -

-

.-

20.

Khurshid

House Wife

Kila Chandasingh

March 2009

-

.-

21.

Samina

House Wife

Kila Chandasingh

March 2009

-

.-

22.

Sofia

House Wife

Kila Chandasingh

March 2009

-

.-

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility

23.

Nadia Man Group: Punjgran

Student

Kila Chandasingh

March 2009

Load shedding in summer is disturbing study; she hoped the DGS will improve situation.

the our new the

-

-

24. 25. 26.

Muhammad Haneef Gulzar Ahmad Fateh Muhammad

Landowner Landowner Landowner

Punjgran Punjgran Punjgran

March 2009 March 2009 March 2009

Crop and tree compensation should be fair and timely Crop and tree compensation should be fair and timely Crop and tree compensation should be fair and timely Load shedding in summer is disturbing study; he hoped the DGS will improve situation. the our new the

Compensation should be paid adequately and timely Compensation should be paid adequately and timely Compensation should be paid adequately and timely Compensation should be paid adequately and timely Line should not pass over the houses of the colony. Line should not pass over the houses of the colony. -

GEPCO should pay and trees fairly and before civil works GEPCO should pay and trees fairly and before civil works GEPCO should pay and trees fairly and before civil works

compensation of timely at least 15 compensation of timely at least 15 compensation of timely at least 15

27.

Bashir Ahmad

Student

Punjgran

March 2009

GEPCO should pay compensation of and trees fairly and timely at least 15 before civil works GEPCO should avoid distribution lines to over the houses. GEPCO should avoid distribution lines to over the houses. -

28.

Muhammad Arif

Landowner

Punjgran

March 2009

Crop and tree compensation should be fair and timely Local norms should be honored. Local norms should be honored. Load shedding in summer is disturbing study; she hoped the DGS will improve situation. Load shedding in summer is disturbing study; she hoped the DGS will improve situation. the our new the the our new the

Woman Group: Punjgran 29. 30. Najma Kainat House Wife House Wife Punjgran Punjgran March 2009 March 2009

31.

Hajira

Student

Punjgran

March 2009

32.

Zahida Bibi

Student

Punjgran

March 2009

-

-

Man Group: : Mato Bhaio Kay 33. 34. Ali Shair Muhammad Sardar Landowner Landowner Mato Bhaio Kay Mato Bhaio Kay March 2009 March 2009

Crop and tree compensation should be fair and timely Crop and tree compensation should be fair and timely

Compensation should be paid adequately and timely Compensation should be paid adequately and timely

GEPCO should pay and trees fairly and before civil works GEPCO should pay and trees fairly and before civil works

compensation of timely at least 15 compensation of timely at least 15

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility

35. 36. 37. 38. 39.

Tariq Hussain Rana Anwar Muhammad Aslam Nazir Ahmad Akhtar Ali

Landowner Landowner Landowner Landowner Labor

Mato Bhaio Kay Mato Bhaio Kay Mato Bhaio Kay Mato Bhaio Kay Mato Bhaio Kay Mato Bhaio Kay Mato Bhaio Kay Mato Bhaio Kay Mato Bhaio Kay Mato Bhaio Kay

March 2009 March 2009 March 2009 March 2009 March 2009

Crop and tree compensation should be fair and timely Crop and tree compensation should be fair and timely Crop and tree compensation should be fair and timely Crop and tree compensation should be fair and timely Local skilled and unskilled labor should be used wherever possible Local norms should be honored. Local norms should be honored. Local norms should be honored. No comments Local skilled and unskilled labor should be used wherever possible

Woman Group: Mato Bhaio Kay 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. Halima Bibi Sana Musarat Bibi Farzana Shabana House Wife House Wife House Wife Teacher House Wife March 2009 March 2009 March 2009 March 2009 March 2009

Compensation should be paid adequately and timely Compensation should be paid adequately and timely Compensation should be paid adequately and timely Compensation should be paid adequately and timely Skilled and unskilled labor should be preferred from the area Line should not pass over the houses of the colony. Line should not pass over the houses of the colony. Line should not pass over the houses of the colony. Skilled and unskilled labor should be preferred from the area

GEPCO should pay compensation and trees fairly and timely at least before civil works GEPCO should pay compensation and trees fairly and timely at least before civil works GEPCO should pay compensation and trees fairly and timely at least before civil works GEPCO should pay compensation of crops and trees fairly and timely at least 15 days before civil works GEPCO should employ Skilled and unskilled labor from the area

of 15 of 15 of 15

GEPCO should avoid distribution lines to pass over the houses. GEPCO should avoid distribution lines to pass over the houses. GEPCO should avoid distribution lines to pass over the houses. GEPCO should employ Skilled and unskilled labor from the area

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility

Appendix 1 Photographs of the DGS Locations

Picture 1: Sign Board of Kolu-Tarrar Grid sub-station

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility

Picture 2: In and Out Transmission Lines at Kolu-Tarrar Grid sub-station

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility

Picture 3: Existing Transformers at Kolu-Tarrar Grid sub-station Yard

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility

Picture 4: Existing 11 kV feeders at Kolu-Tarrar Grid sub-station

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility

Picture 5: Available open space at Kolu-Tarar Grid station Yard

Picture 6: Available open space of Grid sub-station in Background

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility

LARP Activity/Task Land Acquisition and Resettlement Framework Indigenous People Development Framework Survey & Design of Transmission Line (TL) Site Demarcation of Affected Lands (TL) Resettlement Field Survey of Transmission Line Draft Land Acquisition and Resettlement Plan LARP Revision (if necessary) Disclosure of LARF & LARP on ADB Website LARP Disclosure - Brochure in Urdu Mobilize project supervision consultant LARP revision (if necessary) Information dissemination to Affected People Adjust compensation rates for inflation Submit revised LARP / Approval by EPA/ADB Award of Contracts for Civil Works Grievance Redress Process Delivery of compensation, prior to start of Works
Preparation

Responsibility
Primary

Secon dary
Cons ultant Cons ultant Consu ltant Consu ltant Consu ltant Consu ltant Consu ltant GEP CO SDC SDC/ RS SDC/ RS Govt/ ADB Contr actor SDC/ RS SDC/ RS

Appendix-9 Implementation Schedule 08 Year 2009

Year 2010

Year 2011

N D J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O

GEPCO GEPCO GEPCO GEPCO GEPCO GEPCO GEPCO ADB GEPCO
Government

Adopted from the first tranche 2 of MFF Adopted from the first tranche 2 of MFF

ent atio n

GEPCO GEPCO GEPCO GEPCO GEPCO GEPCO GEPCO

Power Distribution Enhancement Multitranche Financing Facility

Final payment of crop compensation (3 seasons) Internal Monitoring of LARP Implementation Possession of land for starting works Contractor mobilized to start work Commencement of Civil Works External M&E of LARP implementation

GEPCO GEPCO GEPCO Contractor Contractor EMA

SDC/ RS SDC/ RS SDC/ RS Consu ltant Consu ltant GEPC O

ruc tion

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