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ISAT 2010 Solution Key PAPER 1

ISAT 2010 Solution Key PAPER 1

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SOLUTION & ANSWER FOR ISAT-2010 – PAPER - Ι ΙΙ Ι

VERSION – A

[PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY & MATHEMATICS]

1. A block A with initial velocity

0
v strikes a spring
tied to a block ------

Ans :
→ → →
= +
0 2 1
v v v

Sol: At maximum compression, no relative
velocity.
v1 = v2 = v’ for conservation of momentum,
2 mv’ = mv ⇒ v’ =
2
v


→ → →
= +
0 2 1
v v v

2. A particle moves in the first quadrant of the x-y
plane under the action of a -----------

Ans : vx = u(1 + t / t0)

Sol: vx =
dt
dx
= (option given)
x = ( )

dt given option
This gives x = 0 at t = 0 and at no other
value of t only for option (c).

3. The figure, on the right, shows a jar filled with
two liquids of densities ρ and --------------------

Ans :






Sol: Higher density liquid is lower.
As the cylinder is getting immersed, the
buoyancy force increases from zero linear
till it is fully immersed. Once fully immersed,
until it reaches the interface buoyancy force
is constant.

When it crosses the interface and moves
into the higher density liquid, again, the
buoyancy force increases linearly.

Once fully immersed in the second liquid the
buoyancy force is constant.
4. An infinitely large surface of uniform charge
density σ has a disc of radius R cut out -------------

Ans :
2 2
0
a R
a
2
+
ε
σ


Sol: For a disc of charge density σ and radius
R the electric field at a distance a
=
( )
(
(
¸
(

¸

+

ε
σ
2 / 1
2 2
0
a R
a
1
2

Hence in the given problem, subtract from
the field
0

σ
of the infinite sheet the
above value.
Hence E =
2 2
0
a R
a
2
+
ε
σ


5. All the five capacitors shown in the figure have
the same capacitance C. The battery -------------

Ans : Zero

Sol:









Points A, B and C are at the same
potential. Hence no charge on R, S and T.

6. The figure shows a wire mesh of infinite extent,
such that the resistance ---------------------

Ans :
2
1
A

Sol:





F
O h
P V Q
• A
R S
T
• C
B

P
i/4
i/4
i/4
i/4
Q
i/4 i/4
i/4
i/4

=
2
1
2
i
= A

7. In a Young’s double slit experiment, the
separation between the slits ---------------------

Ans : 0.25 mm

Sol: Position of the first dark fringe is given by

d 2
D
2
λ
=
β

The least distance of the dark fringe from
the centre is for the smaller wavelength.

3
6
10 2
1 10 500


×
× ×
= 0.25 mm

8. The electric field
|
|
¹
|

\
|
→ →
t , r E and the magnetic field -
-----------------

Ans : k
ˆ
E .
2
c
2
0
0
ε

Sol: The rate of energy flow across a unit area
is the time average over a cycle of the
pointing vector.
∴ S =
2
0
0
cE
2
1
ε

9. A transverse wave travels on a taut string
stretched along the x-axis. The linear mass -------
--------

Ans :






Sol: Intensity of the wave down the string of
linear density is proportional to
A
2
× µ × v ∝ µ ∝
µ
µ
2
2
A
A

Since energy independent of x,
A
2

µ
1


10. A spherical soap bubble of radius R is blown
from a tiny drop of a soap ---------------

Ans : 8πTr
2


Sol: Total surface energy = T. area
= T × 2 × 4πr
2

= 8πr
2
T

11. In a column of air at a given temperature T, the
density ρ is found to vary with the ------------------

Ans :
2
B
mg
T k
(
¸
(

¸

Sol: Probability of finding a molecule at height
z is
P(z) ∝ dz
T k
mgz
e z
0
B
0


|
|
¹
|

\
| −
ρ

2
B
2
B
mg
T k
T
k
mg
1
(
¸
(

¸

=
(
(
(
(
¸
(

¸

12. The mass density in a nucleus near its center, in
units of kg/m
3
, is in the range ----------------

Ans : 10
15
to 10
20

Sol: Density at the centre

2
0
a
R
0
e 1
e 1

− +
ρ
=
+
ρ

=
135 . 1
17 . 0
nucleons / fm
3


45
27
10
10 15 . 0


×
~ 1.5 × 10
17
kg m
−3


13. For the nucleus
214
Te, the value of r for which the
nucleon density falls to half its ----------------

Ans : 6 to 7 fm

Sol:
( )
12
0
12
a
r
0
e 1 2
e 1

|
|
¹
|

\
|

+
ρ
=
+
ρ

∴ 1 +
|
|
¹
|

\
|
−12
a
r
e = 2(1 + e
−12
)
⇒ e
−12
[e
r/a
− 2] = 1
(e
r/a
− 2) = e
12

∴ 12
a
r

(neglecting of no comparison to e
12
)
∴ r = 12 a = 0.55 × 12 fm = 6.6 fm



P Q
i/4 + i/4
A(X)
0 x
14. The plots of p(r) versus r for
28
Si and another
nucleus X are shown ------------------

Ans :
142
Ba

Sol:
( )
( )
10
0
10 a / r
0
e 1 2 e 1
− −
+
ρ
=
+
ρ

∴ 1 +
( ) 10 a / r
e

= 2(1 + e
−10
)
e
−10
(e
r/a
− 2) = 1
∴ (e
r/a
− 2) = e
10
⇒ r ≅ 10 a = 5.5 fm
nearest value of A is
142
Ba

15. A vessel, fitted with a weightless, frictionless
piston of 0.025 m
2


Ans : 75%

Sol: Work done = −P∆V
= −1 (atm) × 0.025 × 10
3
(dm
3
)
Fe + 2HCl →FeCl2 + H2
Number of moles of Fe = Number of moles of H2
Work done = −nRT
= −n × 0.0821 (L atm mol
−1
K
−1
)× 300 K
∴ n =
300 x 0821 . 0
25
= 1
mass of Fe = 55.85
% purity =
75
100 x 85 . 55
≅ 75%

16. A solution at 298 K is separated from the pure
solvent by a semi-permeable membrane.
Difference in the height of the solution ……..

Ans : 250.20 K

Sol: Osmotic pressure, π = hdg
= 0.9 × 1 × 10
3
× 9.8 N m
−2

=
5
3
10 x 013 . 1
10 x 8 . 9 x 9 . 0
atm
π = MST
M =
298 x 0821 . 0 x 10 x 013 . 1
10 x 8 . 9 x 9 . 0
5
3
= 3.5 × 10
−3

∆Tf = Kf × m
= 30 × 3.5 × 10
−3
= 0.1
∴ F. P = 250.2 K

17. Ans :







Sol: The electron current occurs above the
threshold voltage. Initially the current rises
steeply and then slowly attains saturation.

18. In the following statements,
A Ideal gases are liquids only

Ans : B, C, D

Sol: Ideal gases cannot be liquefied as there is
no attraction between the molecules. Real gases
show ideal behavior at low pressure and high
temperature. None of the gas is ideal.

19. The correct order for the rule of SN…….

Ans : B> C > A> D

Sol: The relative stability of carbocation formed
by hydrolysis is B> C > A> D

20. The aromatic species among the following are…

Ans : D & E

Sol: (D) is tropyllium cation which is aromatic
according to Huckel’s rule. (E) is aromatic
because is forms cyclobutenyl dication with 2
delocalised π electrons.

21. The reactions that give products with dipole
moment are………

Ans : A, C & D

Sol: The product in (A) is cis but-2-ene. Reaction
(C) gives pent-2-ene. All these products have
dipole moments.

22. The total number of stereoisomers for the
following compound is…..

Ans : 4

Sol: The compound contains two double bonds
and the group linked to the two double bonds are
different. Hence four stereoisomers are possible.
They are E-E, Z-Z, E-Z and Z-E.

23. The correct order of ligand field strength is

Ans : Cl

< H2O <NH3< CO

Sol: CO is a strong field ligand. The correct order
of field strength is Cl

<H2O < NH3 < CO Photon energy
E
l
e
c
t
r
o
n

c
u
r
r
e
n
t

24. The complex exhibiting a spin-only magnetic
moment…….

Ans : Na2[Cr[NCS]4 [NH3]2]

Sol: In Na2[Cr[NCS]4 [NH3]2] the central atom is
in +2 oxidation state and the hybridization is
d
2
sp
3
. There are two unpaired electrons.








25. The most stable species among the following is

Ans :
Cl
Al
Cl
Cl Cl
Al
Cl
Cl


Sol: Al2Cl6 is a stable species existing in solid
state.

26. According to the VSEPR model, ………

Ans :
X
X


Sol: lone pair arrange at 120° to each other to
form linear molecule.

27. Cyclohexanol is converted to Nylon-6 by……

Ans : Cu(250°C)/NH2OH/H
+
/250°C
Sol:
OH
Cu/250°C
O
NOH
NH
NH
2
OH H
+
O
Caprolactum
250°C
Nylon 6


28. Some gases in column X may be associated with
options in Y.

Ans : SO2 →M, O, & R

Sol: SO2 is present in Troposphere. It is a
component of classical smog. It is also
responsible for acid rain.

29. Let x be the 7
th
term from the beginning and y be
the 7
th
term ….

Ans : 9

Sol: x = T7 ; y = Tn−6;
n
3
1
3
1
4
1
3
|
|
¹
|

\
|
+
Tr+1 =
n
Cr .
r
3
1
r n
3
1
4
4
3
|
|
¹
|

\
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|



12
1
4
1
. 3 . C
4
1
. 3 . C
12
1
y
x
6 n
3
1
3
1
6 n
n
6
3
1
6 n
3
1
6
n
=
|
|
¹
|

\
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|
⇒ =





1 1
4
3
n
4
3
n
4 . 3
12
1
4 . 3
− −

+

= =
⇒ n = 9

30. The number of functions f: {1, 2, …n} →
{1, 2, …m}, where m, n, are positive….

Ans : m
n−1


Sol: {1, 2, …n} → {1, 2, …m}
f(1) = 1
∴ for the remaining (n−1) elements there
are m choices each ⇒ m
n−1


31. The number of real roots of the equation in the
interval
(1/(x − 1)) + (1/(x − 2)) + …+1/(x − 5) = 1…

Ans : 4

Sol: In the question ‘in the interval’ is repeated
twice. Please read after deleting the phrase
the first time it appears

( ) ( ) ( )
1
5 x
1
...
2 x
1
1 x
1
=

+ +

+


It is obvious that f(x) → −∞ when x → 1

, 2

,
3

, 4

, 5

. Also that f(x) → +∞ when
x → 1
+
, 2
+
, 3
+
, 4
+
, 5
+
and in (1, 2), (2, 3),
(3, 4), (4, 5), f(x) is continuous.
d
2
sp
3
Cr
2+









The approximate graph y = f(x) is given
above. Therefore number of roots = 4

Aliter
The given function can be modified to
(x − 2) (x − 3) (x − 4)(x − 5) + (x − 1) (x − 3)
(x − 4)(x − 5) + (x − 1) (x − 2) (x − 4)(x − 5) +
(x − 1) (x − 2) (x − 3)(x − 5) + (x − 1) (x − 2)
(x − 3) (x − 4) − (x − 1) (x − 2) (x − 3)
(x − 4)(x − 5) = f(x)

When x = 1, f(x) is +ve
x = 2, f(x) is −ve
x = 3, f(x) is +ve
x = 4, f(x) is −ve
x = 5, f(x) is +ve

Since there are 5 sign changes, there are 4
roots.

32. Let y be the solution of the problem
y’ − y = 1 + 5e
−x
, y(0) = y0 …

Ans : −
2
7


Sol: The general solution is
y = Ce
x
− 1 −
x
e
2
5


y(0) = y0 ⇒ C −
0
y
2
7
=
C = y0 +
2
7

But given | ) x ( y | lim
x ∞ →
is finite
⇒ C → 0 ⇒ y0 = −
2
7


33. The distance from a point (k, 0) on the positive x-
axis to the tangent ….

Ans :
4
19


Sol: y
2
= 4x y
1
=
y 2
4

2yy’ = 4 ( )
( )
2
2
4
' y slope
1 ,
4
1
= = =
Equation : tangent
⇒ y − 1 = |
¹
|

\
|

4
1
x 2
=
( )
2
1 x 4 2 −

2y − 2 = 4x − 1
4x − 2y + 1 = 0
5 2
4 16
1 k 4
=
+
+

5 2
5 2 2
1 k 4
=
+

4k + 1 = 4 × 5
4k = 20 − 1 = 19
k =
4
19


34. The point (−3, 2) undergoes the following …

Ans :
|
|
¹
|

\
|
2
3
,
2
1


Sol: (−3, 2)
Reflection about y = −x ⇒ (−2, 3)
Reflection about x = 0 ⇒ (2, 3)
Translation by 2 units along y ⇒ (2, 1)
Rotation by
4
π
anticlock wise about origin
⇒ ( ) ( ) i 1
2
1
i 2 + × +
= ( ) i 3 1
2
1
+
∴ The point is
|
|
¹
|

\
|
2
3
,
2
1


35. The equation of the plane passing through the
intersection of the planes x + 2y + z − 1 = 0..

Ans : −4

Sol: Equation : plane through intersection is
(1 + 2λ)x + (2 + λ)y + (1 + 3λ)z − 1 − 2λ=0
1 + 2λ + 2 + λ + 1 + 3λ = 0
4 + 6λ = 0
λ =
3
2
6
4 −
=


x + 2y + z − 1 − ( ) 0 2 z 3 y x 2
3
2
= − + +
3x + 6y + 3z − 3 − 4x − 2y − 6z + 4 = 0
−x + 4y − 3z + 1 = 0
x − 4y + 3z − 1 = 0
∴ k = −4
1 2 3 5 4
36. The principal value of
sin
−1
|
¹
|

\
| π π
+
π π
9
sin
9
5
cos
9
cos
9
5
sin

is …

Ans :
3
π


Sol: sin
−1
|
¹
|

\
| π
= |
¹
|

\
| π
+
π

9
6
sin sin
9 9
5
sin
1

|
¹
|

\
| π
=

3
2
sin sin
1
,
i.e., sin
−1
sin |
¹
|

\
| π
− π
3
2
=
3 3
sin sin
1
π
=
π



37. Four numbers are chosen at random without
replacement from the first 15 …

Ans :
4
15
4
8
C
C
1−

Sol: Total number of ways of choosing 4 out of
15 =
15
C4
For product to be even atleast are of 4
chosen numbers should be even.
P(product even)
= 1 − P(No even numbers)
=
4
15
4
8
C
C
1−

38. Let M be a non-singular matrix of order 5 × 5….
Ans :
4
M



Sol: |adj M| = |M|
4


M
1
M
1
=


|adj M
−1
| =
4
4
4
1
M
M
1
M


= =

39. Let P = Q and
1 2 1
2 1 1
0 2 1
(
(
(
¸
(

¸

− be such that …

Ans : real numbers

Sol: Qx = λX ⇒ (Q − λI) X = 0
⇒ |Q − λI| = 0 (Θ X is non zero)
|P| = 1(1 − 4) − 2(−1 −2) = −3 + 6 = 3
Q =
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|

− −
− −
3 0 3
2 1 3
4 2 3
3
1

Q − λI =
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|
λ − −
− λ − −
− λ − −
3 0 3
2 1 3
4 2 3
3
1

|Q − λI| = −3(4 − 4 (1 − λ)
+ (3 − λ) [−(−3−λ) (1 − λ) −6]
= (1 − λ) (9 − λ
2
+ 6λ) = 0
⇒ All real roots ⇒ λ ∈ R

40. The value of determinant
x a a a a
a x a a a
a a x a a
a a a x a
a a a a x
is
Ans : (x + 4a) (x − a)
4

Sol: ( )
a x a a a
a x a a a
a a x a a
a a a x a
1 1 1 1 1
a 4 x +
( )
a x 0 0 0 a
0 a x 0 0 a
0 0 a x 0 a
0 0 0 a x a
0 0 0 0 1
a 4 x




+
(x + 4a) (x − a)
4






The linear mass -------------Ans : A(X) Density at the centre ρ0 ρ0 ∝ = R 1 + e −2 − 1+ e a 0. → → The electric field E  r . In a Young’s double slit experiment. A spherical soap bubble of radius R is blown from a tiny drop of a soap --------------Ans : 8πTr 2 (neglecting of no comparison to e ) ∴ r = 12 a = 0.25 mm  ∫ zρ0e  0 2  − mgz   dz kB T   8.ε 0 E 0 k Ans : 2 Sol: The rate of energy flow across a unit area is the time average over a cycle of the pointing vector. A transverse wave travels on a taut string stretched along the x-axis.5 × 10 17 kg m− 3 13.17 3 = nucleons / fm 1.6 fm .P i/4 + i/4 Q Sol: i 1 = = A 2 2 Total surface energy = T.135 ≅ 0. 1 2 A ∝ µ ⇒ e− [e − 2] = 1 r/a 12 (e − 2) = e ∴ r ≅ 12 a 12 10. For the nucleus Te. The mass density in a nucleus near its center.15 × 10 −27 10 − 45 ~ 1. is in the range ---------------Ans : 10 15 c 2ˆ . the density ρ is found to vary with the -----------------k T  Ans :  B   mg  Sol: 2 Probability of finding a molecule at height z is ∞ ∴ 500 × 10 2 × 10 −6 −3 ×1 P(z) ∝ = 0. the value of r for which the nucleon density falls to half its ---------------Ans : 6 to 7 fm 0 x 214 Sol: ρ0 r     a −12    1+ e = Sol: Intensity of the wave down the string of linear density is proportional to A ×µ×v∝ 2 2 1 + e −12 ( ρ0 ) 12 A 2µ µ ∝A 2 µ ∴ 1 + e a 12 r/a r     −12   = 2(1 + e− ) Since energy independent of x.25 mm Sol: Position of the first dark fringe is given by β λD = 2 2d The least distance of the dark fringe from the centre is for the smaller wavelength. 1 2 ∴ S = ε 0 cE 0 2 to 10 20 Sol: 9.   -----------------  t  and the magnetic field     2  1     =  kBT  ∝   mg   mg   k T  B  12. 11. area 2 = T × 2 × 4πr 2 = 8πr T 7. In a column of air at a given temperature T. the separation between the slits --------------------Ans : 0.55 × 12 fm = 6. in 3 units of kg/m .

C & D Sol: The product in (A) is cis but-2-ene. The total number of stereoisomers for the following compound is….5 × 10− = 0.5 × 10− Ans : 4 Sol: The compound contains two double bonds and the group linked to the two double bonds are different. E-Z and Z-E. The correct order of ligand field strength is Ans : Cl− < H2O <NH3< CO Sol: CO is a strong field ligand.20 K Sol: Osmotic pressure.8 x 10 3 1. P = 250. C. D Sol: Ideal gases cannot be liquefied as there is no attraction between the molecules.85 55. e− (e − 2) = 1 r/a 10 ∴ (e − 2) = e ⇒ r ≅ 10 a = 5.0821 (L atm mol− K− )× 300 K 25 ∴n= =1 0.8 N m− = π = MST Sol: The relative stability of carbocation formed by hydrolysis is B> C > A> D 20.013 x 10 5 x 0. 21. All these products have dipole moments. Ans : 250.2 K 17.. Ba ρ0 ρ0 Sol: (r / a −10 ) = 2 1 + e −10 1+ e ( ) 10 ∴ 1 + e r / a −10 = 2(1 + e− ) ( ) 18.9 × 1 × 10 × 9.85 x 100 % purity = ≅ 75% 75 16. 3 M= 0.8 x 10 3 1. Reaction (C) gives pent-2-ene. π = hdg 3 2 = 0. In the following statements. A solution at 298 K is separated from the pure solvent by a semi-permeable membrane.025 × 10 (dm ) Fe + 2HCl → FeCl2 + H2 Number of moles of Fe = Number of moles of H2 Work done = −nRT 1 1 = −n × 0. The plots of p(r) versus r for Si and another nucleus X are shown -----------------Ans : 142 28 Sol: The electron current occurs above the threshold voltage.025 m … Ans : 75% 19. The reactions that give products with dipole moment are……… Ans : A. Ans : Electron current 23. The aromatic species among the following are… Ans : D & E Sol: (D) is tropyllium cation which is aromatic according to Huckel’s rule.. Z-Z. frictionless 2 piston of 0.0821 x 298 = 3. None of the gas is ideal.1 ∴ F. Initially the current rises steeply and then slowly attains saturation. 0. (E) is aromatic because is forms cyclobutenyl dication with 2 delocalised π electrons. fitted with a weightless.0821 x 300 mass of Fe = 55.9 x 9. A Ideal gases are liquids only Ans : B. ∆Tf = Kf × m 3 = 30 × 3. They are E-E. The correct order of field strength is Cl− <H2O < NH3 < CO Photon energy .14.9 x 9. Hence four stereoisomers are possible. The correct order for the rule of SN……. Ans : B> C > A> D Sol: Work done = −P∆V 3 3 = −1 (atm) × 0.013 x 10 5 atm 22. Real gases show ideal behavior at low pressure and high temperature. Difference in the height of the solution ……. A vessel.5 fm 142 nearest value of A is Ba 10 r/a 15.

f(x) is continuous. Please read after deleting the phrase the first time it appears 1 1 1 + + . O. 3 3 . d sp Cr 2+ 2 3 th Ans : 9 Sol: 25. 30.24. Ans : SO2 → M. There are two unpaired electrons. where m. Let x be the 7 term from the beginning and y be th the 7 term …. According to the VSEPR model. 28. Some gases in column X may be associated with options in Y. …n} → {1. 2. The number of functions f: {1. ……… ⇒ 3 X Ans :  1  1  Cn −6 . 3 . Ans : m Sol: n−1 27.  3 3 + 1    4 3   1  Tr+1 = Cr . 5−. 3 3       1 . 2−. & R Sol: SO2 is present in Troposphere.4 −1 12 ⇒n=9 X Sol: lone pair arrange at 120° to each other to form linear molecule. The most stable species among the following is Cl Cl Al Cl Cl Al Cl Cl  1 1  x = T7 . 2. 5 and in (1. 2. Also that f(x) → +∞ when + + + + + x → 1 . 1       4 3  n− 6 = 1 12 n − 4 +n − 4 3 . + =1 (x − 1) (x − 2) (x − 5) It is obvious that f(x) → −∞ when x → 1− . It is a component of classical smog. It is also responsible for acid rain. 5).  3 3      n n n −r  Ans :  4  1 4 3 n− 6     r n Sol: Al2Cl6 is a stable species existing in solid state. Caprolactum . 2. x 1 = ⇒ y 12 n  1  C6 . 3). 2 . …m} f(1) = 1 ∴ for the remaining (n−1) elements there n 1 are m choices each ⇒ m − Sol: Cu/250°C 31. The number of real roots of the equation in the interval (1/(x − 1)) + (1/(x − 2)) + …+1/(x − 5) = 1… Ans : 4 NOH NH2OH H+ Sol: O NH 250° C Nylon 6 In the question ‘in the interval’ is repeated twice. 4 . y = Tn−6. (2. 4−. n.. Cyclohexanol is converted to Nylon-6 by…… Ans : Cu(250°C)/NH2OH/H /250°C O OH + {1.. (3. 3−. …m}.4 3 = 1 = 3 −1. 2). 1  4 3     6 26. The complex exhibiting a spin-only magnetic moment……. …n} → {1. 4). (4. 29. Ans : Na2[Cr[NCS]4 [NH3]2] Sol: In Na2[Cr[NCS]4 [NH3]2] the central atom is in +2 oxidation state and the hybridization is 2 3 d sp . are positive….

1) π Rotation by anticlock wise about origin 4 1 ⇒ (2 + i) × (1 + i) 2 1 = (1 + 3i) 2  1 3   ∴ The point is   2. The point (−3. 2   Sol: (−3. f(x) is +ve x = 2. f(x) is −ve x = 5. there are 4 roots. 2) undergoes the following …  1 3   Ans :   2. 0) on the positive xaxis to the tangent …. The distance from a point (k. Let y be the solution of the problem x y’ − y = 1 + 5e− . f(x) is +ve x = 4. 32. 2   Sol: The general solution is 5 x y = Ce − 1 − e − x 2 7 y(0) = y0 ⇒ C − = y0 2 7 C = y0 + 2 But given lim | y( x ) | is finite x →∞ 35. 3) Translation by 2 units along y ⇒ (2. f(x) is +ve Since there are 5 sign changes. The equation of the plane passing through the intersection of the planes x + 2y + z − 1 = 0. 3) Reflection about x = 0 ⇒ (2. Ans : −4 Sol: Equation : plane through intersection is (1 + 2λ)x + (2 + λ)y + (1 + 3λ)z − 1 − 2λ=0 1 + 2λ + 2 + λ + 1 + 3λ = 0 4 + 6λ = 0 −4 −2 λ= = 6 3 2 x + 2y + z − 1 − (2 x + y + 3z − 2) = 0 3 3x + 6y + 3z − 3 − 4x − 2y − 6z + 4 = 0 −x + 4y − 3z + 1 = 0 x − 4y + 3z − 1 = 0 ∴ k = −4 ⇒ C → 0 ⇒ y0 = − 7 2 33. Ans : 19 4 y = 4x 2 Sol: y = 1 4 2y . 2) Reflection about y = −x ⇒ (−2.2yy’ = 4 slope = (y') 1 Equation : tangent 1  ⇒ y − 1 = 2 x −  4  ( 4. f(x) is −ve x = 3.1) = 2 = 2 4 1 2 3 4 5 The approximate graph y = f(x) is given above. y(0) = y0 … Ans : − 7 2 2(4 x − 1) 2 2y − 2 = 4x − 1 4x − 2y + 1 = 0 4k + 1 =2 5 16 + 4 4k + 1 =2 5 2 2 5 = 4k + 1 = 4 × 5 4k = 20 − 1 = 19 19 k= 4 34.. Therefore number of roots = 4 Aliter The given function can be modified to (x − 2) (x − 3) (x − 4)(x − 5) + (x − 1) (x − 3) (x − 4)(x − 5) + (x − 1) (x − 2) (x − 4)(x − 5) + (x − 1) (x − 2) (x − 3)(x − 5) + (x − 1) (x − 2) (x − 3) (x − 4) − (x − 1) (x − 2) (x − 3) (x − 4)(x − 5) = f(x) When x = 1.

Four numbers are chosen at random without replacement from the first 15 … 8 4  −3 − λ − 2  1 1− λ − 2   −3 3 0 3 − λ  −3  Ans : 1− C4 C4 15 |Q − λI| = −3(4 − 4 (1 − λ) + (3 − λ) [−(−3−λ) (1 − λ) −6] 2 = (1 − λ) (9 − λ + 6λ) = 0 ⇒ All real roots ⇒ λ ∈ R Sol: Total number of ways of choosing 4 out of 15 15 = C4 For product to be even atleast are of 4 chosen numbers should be even. Ans : M Sol: −4 |adj M| = |M| 1 M−1 = M 1 4 (x + 4a ) a 4 1 0 a x−a 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 |adj M− | = M−1 = 1 M 4 =M −4 a a x−a 0 0 0 x−a 0 0 0 x−a (x + 4a) (x − a) . The principal value of 5π π 5π π 1  sin−  sin cos + cos sin  is … 9 9 9 9  π 3  1 2 0   39.36.. P(product even) = 1 − P(No even numbers) = 1− 8 x a a a a a x a a a 40.  3  2π  π π  1 i. Let M be a non-singular matrix of order 5 × 5…. sin− sin  π −  = sin−1 sin = 3  3 3  37. The value of determinant a a x a a is a a a x a a a a a x Ans : (x + 4a) (x − a) 1 1 1 1 1 a x a a a Sol: (x + 4a ) a a x a a a a a x a a a a x a 4 C4 C4 15 38.e. Let P = − 1 1 2 and Q be such that …  1 2 1   Ans : real numbers Sol: Qx = λX ⇒ (Q − λI) X = 0 ⇒ |Q − λI| = 0 (Θ X is non zero) |P| = 1(1 − 4) − 2(−1 −2) = −3 + 6 = 3 − 3 − 2 4   1 Q =  − 3 1 − 2 3 3  − 3 0  Q − λI = Ans : Sol:  5π π   6π  1 sin− sin +  = sin−1 sin   9 9  9   2π  = sin−1 sin .

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