Chan Robles Virtual Law Library

SYLLABUS FOR 2011 BAR EXAMINATIONS

POLITICAL LAW
A. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. B. The Constitution Definition, Nature and Concepts Parts Amendments and Revisions Self-Executing and Non-Self-Executing Provisions General Provisions General Considerations 1. National Territory a. Archipelagic Doctrine 2. State Immunity 3. Principles and Policies 4. Separation of Powers 5. Checks and Balances 6. Delegation of Powers 7. Forms of Government C. Legislative Department 1. Who May Exercise Legislative Power a. Initiative and Referendum 2. Houses of Congress a. Senate b. House of Representatives (1) District Representatives and Questions of Apportionment (2) Party-List System 3. 4. 5. 6. Legislative Privileges, Inhibitions and Disqualifications Quorum and Voting Majorities Discipline of Members Electoral Tribunals and the Commission on Appointments a. Nature b. Powers

7. Powers of Congress a. Legislative -1-

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Judicial Department 1. Executive Department 1. Presidential Immunity b. Appropriations and Tariff Measures (b) Presidential Veto and Congressional Override b. Privileges. Judicial Review (1) Operative Fact Doctrine (2) Moot Questions (3) Political Question Doctrine www. Concepts a. g. Power of Control and Supervision (1) Doctrine of Qualified Political Agency (2) Executive Departments and Offices (3) Local Government Units Military Powers Pardoning Power (1) Nature and Limitations (2) Forms of Executive Clemency Diplomatic Power Residual Powers d. Powers a. Judicial Power b.chanrobles. Power of Appointment (1) In General (2) Commission on Appointments Confirmation (3) Midnight Appointments (4) Power of Removal c. e. Presidential Privilege 2. f.Chan Robles Virtual Law Library (1) (2) (3) Legislative Inquiries and the Oversight Functions Bicameral Conference Committee Limitations on Legislative Power (a) Limitations on Revenue.com . Executive and Administrative Powers in General b. Non-Legislative (1) Informing Function D. Inhibitions and Disqualifications a. E.

Chan Robles Virtual Law Library 2. Warrantless Arrests e. Relativity of Due Process b. 5. Concept b. Judicial Standards of Review f. Alcohol and Blood Tests www.chanrobles. Institutional Independence Safeguards 2. Procedural Rule Making c. Searches and Seizures a. Warrantless Searches d. Judicial Review a. 3. Powers and Functions 3. Bill of Rights 1. Private Acts and the Bill of Rights 3. Hierarchy of Rights e. Judicial Independence Safeguards Judicial Restraint Appointments to the Judiciary Supreme Court a. Requisites for Valid Classification 5. Quasi-Judicial Functions b. 1. Administrative Arrests f. Equal Protection a. En Banc and Division Cases b. Due Process a. Administrative G. Concept b. 4. Drug. Administrative Supervision Over Lower Courts Constitutional Commissions F. Procedural and Substantive Due Process c. Delegation 2.com . Concept and Application b. Warrant Requirement (1) Requisites c. Void-for-Vagueness Doctrine 4. Requisites for Valid Exercise c. Constitutional and Statutory Due Process d. Similarities and Differences d. Fundamental Powers of the State a.

Limitations b. Right of Association 12.Chan Robles Virtual Law Library 6. Expansive Concept of “Public Use” c. Abandonment of Intended Use and Right of Repurchase Miscellaneous Application www. c. Government Speech Heckler’s Veto 8. Free Exercise Clause 9. e. Right to Information Relative to (1) Government Contract Negotiations (2) Diplomatic Negotiations 11. Publication of Laws and Regulations c. Writ of Habeas Data 7. Non-Establishment Clause b. g. e. Right to Information a. d. Limitations b. Freedom of Expression a. Liberty of Abode and Freedom of Movement a. f.com . Eminent Domain a. Return to One’s County 10. Privacy of Communications and Correspondence a. Private and Public Communications b. Just Compensation (1) Determination (2) Effect of Delay d. Access to Court Records d. Concept b. Concept and Scope (1) Prior Restraint (Censorship) (2) Subsequent Punishment b. Content-Based and Content-Neutral Regulations Facial Challenges and the Overbreadth Doctrine Tests State Regulation of Different Types of Mass Media Commercial Speech Private v. h. Freedom of Religion a.chanrobles.

Scope and Coverage (1) Foreign Laws b. Legal Assistance and Free Access to Courts 15. Right to Speedy. Impartial and Public Trial h. Right to be Informed g. Citizenship 1. Self-Incrimination Clause a. Contract Clause a. Naturalization and Denaturalization 3. Dismissal with Consent of Accused 23. Motions for Reconsideration and Appeals c.com . Contemporary Application of the Contract Clause 14. Right of Confrontation i. Bail c. Natural-Born Citizens and Public Office 2. Writ of Amparo 18. Requisites c. Ex Post Facto Laws and Bills of Attainder H. Right to be Heard e. Writ of Habeas Corpus a. Immunity Statutes 19. Presumption of Innocence d. Non-Imprisonment for Debts 22. Involuntary Servitude and Political Prisoners 20. Trials In Absentia 17. Availability b. Excessive Fines and Cruel and Inhuman Punishments 21. Rights of Suspects a.Chan Robles Virtual Law Library 13. Criminal Due Process b. Loss of Citizenship www. Rights of the Accused a.chanrobles. Double Jeopardy a. Assistance of Counsel f. Compulsory Process j. Application c. Waiver 16. Requisites b.

Repatriation I. Term Limits J. The Civil Service a. 1.com . Sandiganbayan Ill-Gotten Wealth 14. Quasi-Legislative (Rule Making) Power (1) Kinds of Administrative Rules and Regulations (2) Requisites for Validity Quasi-Judicial (Adjudicatory) Power b. 8. d. Law on Public Officers General Principles Modes of Acquiring Title to Public Office Modes and Kinds of Appointment Eligibility and Qualification Requirements Disabilities and Inhibitions of Public Officers Powers and Duties of Public Officers Rights of Public Officers Liabilities of Public Officers a. Appointments to the Civil Service c. Administrative Law 1.Chan Robles Virtual Law Library 4. Reinstatement and Back Salaries 9. Immunity of Public Officers 10. 3. Administrative Agencies 3. Ombudsman (1) Judicial Review in Administrative Proceedings (2) Judicial Review in Penal Proceedings c. 7. Scope b. 4. General Principles 2. Powers of Administrative Agencies a. 5. www. Impeachment b. Preventive Suspension and Back Salaries b. 6. Illegal Dismissal. Personnel Actions 13.chanrobles. De Facto Officers 11. Accountability of Public Officers a. Termination of Official Relation 12. 2.

Prosecution of Election Offenses L. Remedies and Jurisdiction in Election Law a. Doctrine of Exhaustion of Administrative Remedies c. Petition to Declare Failure of Elections c. Licensing and Rate-Fixing Powers 4. Judicial Recourse and Review a. 3. Premature Campaigning b. Public Corporations www. Pre-Proclamation Controversy d. 2. Quo Warranto 10. Prohibited Contributions 8. Campaign a. 1. Administrative Due Process Administrative Appeal and Review Administrative Res Judicata Fact-Finding. 4.Chan Robles Virtual Law Library (1) (2) (3) c. Election Law Suffrage Qualification and Disqualification of Voters Registration of Voters Inclusion and Exclusion Proceedings Political Parties Candidacy a. Doctrine of Primary Administrative Jurisdiction b. 6.chanrobles. Investigative. 5.com . Board of Canvassers 9. Qualifications of Candidates b. Doctrine of Finality of Administrative Action K. Petition Not to Give Due Course to Certificate of Candidacy b. Filing of Certificates of Candidacy (1) Effect of Filing (2) Substitution of Candidates (3) Nuisance Candidates (4) Petition to Deny or Cancel Certificates of Candidacy (5) Effect of Disqualification (6) Withdrawal of Candidates 7. Election Protest e. Local Governments 1.

k. www. Eminent Domain c. h. j. Requisites for Creation. Merger or Dissolution 3.Chan Robles Virtual Law Library a. Elements b. l.chanrobles. Conversion. Powers of Local Government Units (LGUs) a. Legislative Power (1) Requisites for Valid Ordinance (2) Local Initiative and Referendum f. Corporate Powers (1) To Sue and Be Sued (2) To Acquire and Sell Property (3) To Enter Into Contracts (a) Requisites (b) Ultra Vires Contracts Liability of LGUs Settlement of Boundary Disputes Succession of Elective Officials Discipline of Local Officials (1) Elective Officials (a) Grounds (b) Jurisdiction (c) Preventive Suspension (d) Removal (e) Administrative Appeal (f) Doctrine of Condonation (2) Appointive Officials Recall Term Limits g. Classifications (1) Quasi-Corporations (2) Municipal Corporations 2. Concept (1) Distinguished from Government-Owned or Controlled Corporations (GOCCs) b. i. Taxing Power d. Nature and Functions c. Closure and Opening of Roads e.com . Municipal Corporations a. Division. Police Power (General Welfare Clause) b. Principles of Local Autonomy 4.

Subjects a. Obligations Erga Omnes b. Universal Declaration of Human Rights www. Arts. Public International Law 1. States b. International Human Rights Law a. Concept of Aeguo Et Bono 2. Extradition (1) Fundamental Principles (2) Procedure (3) Distinguished from Deportation 9. International Organizations c. Diplomatic and Consular Law Treaties Nationality and Statelessness Treatment of Aliens a. Sources 4. Concept of Social Justice 2. Commission on Human Rights O. Restraint of Trade and Unfair Competition Social Justice and Human Rights 1. N. 3. Culture and Sports 1. Development and Utilization of Natural Resources Franchises. 1. Academic Freedom P. 8. Technology. Private and Public Monopolies. Science. 8. Ownership and Transfer of Public and Private Lands Practice of Professions Organization and Regulation of Corporations. Authority and Certificates for Public Utilities Acquisition. 2. 6. 7. 7.com . 5.chanrobles. National Economy and Patrimony Regalian Doctrine Nationalist and Citizenship Requirement Provisions Exploration. 4. Education. Jus Cogens c. International and National Law 3. Individuals 5. 6.Chan Robles Virtual Law Library M. Concepts a.

11.Chan Robles Virtual Law Library b. Principle 21 of Stockholm Declaration IMPORTANT NOTE: This bar coverage description is not intended and should not be used by law schools as a syllabus or course outline in the covered subjects. International Humanitarian Law (IHL) and Neutrality a. www. Internal Waters Territorial Sea Exclusive Economic Zone Continental Shelf (1) Extended Continental Shelf g.chanrobles. International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) International Covenant on Economic. Categories of Armed Conflicts (1) International Armed Conflicts (2) Internal or Non-International Armed Conflict (3) War of National Liberation b. Tribunal of the Law of the Sea 12.com . c. and principles they need to know and be able to use correctly before they can be licensed to practice law. Law of the Sea a. Archipelagic States (1) Straight Archipelagic Baselines (2) Archipelagic Waters (3) Archipelagic Sea Lanes Passage c. c. d. f. Baselines b. International Environment Law a. It has been drawn up for the limited purpose of ensuring that candidates reviewing for the bar examinations are guided on what basic and minimum amounts of laws. Core International Obligations of States in IHL Principles of IHL (1) Treatment of Civilians (2) Prisoners of War Law on Neutrality d. e. doctrines. Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) 10. More is required for excellent and distinguished work as members of the Bar.