P. 1
Passive Sign Convention Cons of Power Finished

Passive Sign Convention Cons of Power Finished

|Views: 1|Likes:
Published by mabonin

More info:

Published by: mabonin on Apr 14, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PPT, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

04/14/2012

pdf

text

original

EE 2400

The Passive Sign Convention And Conservation of Power

Lloyd A. “Pete” Morley The University of Alabama 2005 .This powerpoint presentation was prepared by Dr.

.V ment b If the reference direction of the current (i.side of the voltage reference. the direction the arrow is pointing) is from the + side of the voltage reference through the element to the .e.The Passive Sign Convention Consider the following circuit: a + I ele. then … .

. This is called the passive sign convention.a + I ele.V ment b P=VI and a value of P > 0 signifies that power is being absorbed by the element while a value of P < 0 signifies that power is being provided by the element.

.Proving the Passive Sign Convention a + I ele.V ment b Let’s prove and understand this concept by looking at each of the four possible cases for V and I and considering conservation of energy within the circuit.

The charge thus loses energy as it travels from a to b through the element. and this energy (or power) must be absorbed by the element. . charge at point a has a higher level of energy than charge at point b. Since V is positive.V ment b a + Case 1: V > 0 and I > 0 The physics: Since I is positive. charge moves from point a through the element to point b.Proving the Passive Sign Convention (cont.) I ele.

) I ele. The charge thus gains energy as it travels from b to a through the element. . charge moves from point b through the element to point a.Proving the Passive Sign Convention (cont. charge at point a has a higher level of energy than charge at point b. Since V is positive.V ment b a + Case 2: V > 0 and I < 0 The physics: Since I is negative. and this energy (or power) must be provided by the element.

) i(t) ele.v(t) ment b a + Case 3: V < 0 and I > 0 Case 4: V < 0 and I < 0 You work these two cases right now on your own paper.Proving the Passive Sign Convention (cont. .

Conservation of Power For complete circuits. circuit exhibits conservation of energy and conservation of power) Power generated = Power absorbed .. the sum of all powers generated and absorbed is zero (i.e.

charge at point b has a higher level of energy than charge at point a.) I ele. charge moves from point a through the element to point b.Proving the Passive Sign Convention (cont. The charge thus gains energy as it travels from a to b through the element. and this energy (or power) must be provided by the element. .V ment b a + Case 3: V < 0 and I > 0 The physics: Since I is positive. Since V is negative.

charge moves from point b through the element to point a.Proving the Passive Sign Convention (cont. . and this energy (or power) must be absorbed by the element. Since V is negative.) I ele. The charge thus loses energy as it travels from b to a through the element.V ment b a + Case 4: V < 0 and I < 0 The physics: Since I is negative. charge at point b has a higher level of energy than charge at point a.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->