Materials The proper material is critical for maximum performance.



NITRILE Rubber (NBR, Buna-N, Nitrile) Temperature Range (dry heat) Nitrile is the most widely used elastomer in the low high seal industry. The popularity of nitrile is due to its -22 °F 212 °F excellent resistance to petroleum products. It has -30 °C 100 °C good physical properties and is superior to most Application Advantages rubbers in regards to compression set, tear and >excellent compression set abrasion resistance. It offers high resistance to mineral oil based hydraulic fluids, silicone greases, >good tear resistance >good abrasion resistance petroleum-based oils, water and alcohols. The major limiting properties of nitrile are its poor >good petroleum-based oils resistance >good mineral oil based hydraulic fluids ozone and weather resistance and moderate heat resistance, but in many applications these are not resistance >good solvent, water and alcohols limiting factors. resistance Primary Uses Application Disadvantages Pneumatic seals, O-Rings, Oil seal lips, Gaskets, Washer and low pressure hydraulic seals. It can be used with a back-up ring in higher pressure poor weather resistance applications. This is the most popular o-ring moderate heat resistance material and custom molded rubber components not suited for using in brake fluids for: Not suited for using in highly polar Oil resistant applications solvents Low temperature applications Fuel systems, automotive, marine, and aircraft

In addition to standard FKM materials. animal and vegetable oils . acids. specially all aliphatic. aromatic fluids FLUOROCARBON (FKM,Viton) An excellent elastomer for use in high temperature Temperature Range (dry heat) applications. and tear properties temperature range. a number of special materials are available with differing >excellent chemical resistance >excellent heat resistance >good mechanical properties >good compression set resistance >Resistance to wide range of oils and solvents. anti. It also shows a up >improved fuel and ozone resistance (approximately 5X over Nitrile) to five times higher resistance to sour gas and >excellent abrasion. gaskets. commonly referred as VITON or FKM. rod and piston seals. Also exhibits excellent chemical low high resistance. >exhibit better wear resistance than standard nitrile Primary Uses Application Disadvantages increased cold flow with hydrogenation Seal and gasket application requiring additional decreased elasticity at low temperatures resistance to chemicals and slightly higher with temperatures than can be handled with NBR.General Industrial Use HYDROGENATED NITRILE (HNBR) Temperature Range (dry heat) low high HNBR is achieved by hydrogenated NBR. OHydrogenation over standard nitrile Rings. back-up Not use for exposure to ketone. ozone resistance. Greatly -22 °F 300 °F improved wear and extrusion resistance over -30 °C 149 °C standard NBR. esters. compression set. Has an extended high tensiles. aromatic and halogenated hydrocarbons.> excellent heat and oil resistance oxidants and anti-wear agents. Good chemical compatibility and it Application Advantages is excellent heat and oil resistant including exposure to such oil additives as detergents. washers. rings. Fluorocarbons are highly resistant to swelling when exposed to gasoline as well as resistant to degradation due to expose to UV light and ozone. It is the closest available approach to a universal elastomer for sealing in the use of o-rings and other custom seals over other types of elastomers. -4 °F 392 °F Fluorocarbon exhibits resistance to a broader range -20 °C 200 °C of chemicals combined with very good high Application Advantages temperature properties more so than any of the other elastomers.

O-rings. or fuel exposure. -40 °C 150 °C detergents. di-ester lubricants. or chemical resistance performance. FKM materials are not generally recommended for exposure to hot water. glycol based brake fluids. steam. or hot hydrofluoric or chlorosulfonic acids. polar solvents. high temperature. Primary Uses standard and special sealing applications as hydraulic or rotary seal. silicone oils and greases. rubber seals and custom molded rubber components for: Automotive fuel handling Aircraft engine seals High temperature applications requiring good compression set performance Tough sealing applications requiring extreme chemical resistance General industrial seals and gaskets Application Disadvantages poor low temperature flexibility poor resistance to hot water and steam not recommended for exposure to hot water. EPDM compounds are typically developed with a sulfur or peroxide cure system. polar solvents. low molecular weight esters and ethers. mineral oil. or hot hydrofluoric or chlorosulfonic acids.monomer compositions and fluorine content (65% to 71%) for improved low temperature. and for sealing low high hot water and steam. alkalis. low molecular weight esters and ethers. ETHYLENE-PROPYLENE (EPDM) Ethylene-propylene compounds are used Temperature Range (dry heat) frequently to seal in brake systems. steam. Ethylene propylene -40 °F 302 °F compounds have good resistance to mild acids. Ethylene Propylene has gained wide seal industry acceptance for its excellent ozone and chemical resistance properties and is compatible with many polar fluids that adversely affect other elastomers. Primary Uses O-rings. ketones. glycol based brake fluids. and alcohols. Peroxide-cured compounds are suitable for higher temperature exposure and typically have improved compression set performance. Fluorocarbons exhibit low gas permeability making them well suited for hard vacuum service and many formulations are self-extinguishing. flange seals and >exceptionally good weather aging and ozone >resistance >excellent water and chemical resistance >excellent resistance to gas permeability and >aging due to exposure to steam >good in ketones and Alcohols >good heat resistance >good low temperature flexibility Application Disadvantages poor petroleum oil and solvent resistance . They are not recommended Application Advantages for applications with petroleum oils.

Silicones and good resilience . high rigidity and high tear strength. back-up rings. Application Advantages Its outstanding features are high resistance to abrasion. -30 °C 110 °C abrasive contamination and shock loads. Primary Uses Static and dynamic seals (standard and special). ozone and weathering is good. rod seals. Brake systems Ozone exposure applications Automotive cooling systems General Industrial Use not recommended for food applications not recommended for exposure to aromatic hydrocarbons POLYURETHANE (AU) (EU) Millable polyurethane exhibits excellent abrasion Temperature Range (dry heat) resistance and tensile strength as compared to other low high elastomers providing superior performance in -22 °F 230 °F hydraulic applications with high pressures. etc. flange seals. piston seals. Polyurethane is used in industrial hydraulic systems (lip seals. low compression set. chevron packings.gaskets Water system seals. hydrocarbon fuels. faucets. O-rings and special seals). ozone and aging Application Advantages properties. where improved performance and service life is important. wipers. O-rings. Silicone elastomers -60 °C 200 °C also have excellent weathering. rotary seals: seals for high hydraulic pressure highly stressed parts subject to wear > excellent abrasion resistance >excellent tensile strength and high rigidity >low compression set >good resistance to petroleum oils and hydrocarbon fuels >good weather and ozone resistance Application Disadvantages poor resistance to water poor high temperature capabilities SILICONE (VMQ) Silicone is a semi-organic elastomer with Temperature Range (dry heat) outstanding resistance to extremes of temperature low high with corresponding resistance to compression set -78 °F 392 °F and retention of flexibility. wiper. Silicone rubbers have poor mechanical properties > excellent extreme temperature properties and abrasion resistance and are therefore mainly >excellent compression set resistance used for static sealing applications and are not recommended for dynamic applications. It is resistant to petroleum oils.

rubber seals and custom molded rubber due to friction properties and poor components for: abrasion resistance seals (static) for extreme temperature applications not recommended for exposure to brake aircraft fuel systems fluides. It is most often used in aerospace -60 °C 175 °C applications for systems requiring fuel and/or diester-based lubricant resistance up to a dry heat Application Advantages limit of 400° F. concentrated acids and FDA applications dilute sodium hydroxide FLUOROSILICONE (FVMQ) Fluorosilicone rubber which combines the good Temperature Range (dry heat) high and low temperature stability of Silicone with low high the fuel oil and solvent resistance of -78 °F 347 °F Fluorocarbons. and are generally not recommended for exposure to ketones. chlorinated and aromatic >excellent extreme temperature hydrocarbons. and good >resilience Because of its limited physical strength. or ketones NATURAL RUBBER (NR) Natural rubber is a product coagulated from the Temperature Range (dry heat) . It is also not recommended for exposure to brake fluides. properties >excellent compression set resistance Fluorosilicone is designed for static sealing use. Fluorosilicone is not recommended >very clean. low odor and taste Primary Uses Application Disadvantages O-rings. or ketones Primary Uses Application Disadvantages typically not good for dynamic seals O-rings. ozone. oils. hydrazine. low odor and taste for dynamic sealing applications. >moderate solvent resistance >highly resistance to oxidation and ozone attack very clean. or steam. Its features good compression set and resilience properties. It is suitable for exposure to air. poor >good fuel oil resistance abrasion resistance and high friction characteristics. rubber seals and custom molded rubber typically not good for dynamic seals components for: due to friction properties and poor seals (static) for extreme temperature applications abrasion resistance food applications not recommended for most concentrated medical devices solvents. hydrazine. concentrated acids.are highly permeable to gases.

and is flex cracking resistant. Primary Uses O-rings. rubber seals and custom molded rubber components for: poor resistance to attack by petroleum rubber to metal bonded vibration isolators and oils mounts poor ozone. oxygen). It is used extensively for sealing refrigeration fluids due to its excellence resistance to Freon and ammonia. oxygen >excellence resistance to Freon and ammonia Application Disadvantages moderate water resistance not effective in solvents environments .latex of the rubber tree. high tensile -60 °F 220 °F strength. resilience. hevea brasiliensis. and good vibration > excellence compression set dampening characteristics >good resilience and abrasion >good surface friction properties >high tear strength >low crack growth >good low temperature properties Primary Uses Application Disadvantages O-rings. hose and wire >high resilience with low compression set >moderate resistance to petroleum oils >good resistance to ozone. abrasion and tear resistance. -51 °C 104 °C good friction characteristics. Natural low high rubber features low compression set. good resilience and abrasion. Neoprene has excellent adhesion qualities to metals for rubber to metal bonding applications. -40 °F 250 °F This qualifies neoprene uniquely for certain sealing -40 °C 121 °C applications where many other materials would not be satisfactory. UV. excellent bonding Application Advantages capabilities to metal substrate. UV resistance automotive diaphragms FDA applications for food and beverage seals NEOPRENE / CHLOROPRENE (CR) Neoprene homopolymer of chlorobutadiene and is Temperature Range (dry heat) unusual in that it is moderately resistant to both low high petroleum oils and weather (ozone. Neoprene is classified as a general Application Advantages purpose elastomer which has relatively low compression set. UV. rubber seals and custom molded rubber components for: refrigeration industry applications general purpose seals.

alcohol. with the major of the >good resistance to brake fluids industry usage coming from the Tire Industry. >good resistance to water >low cost non-oil resistance material and good water resistance. Polyacrylates are not recommended for applications where the elastomer will be exposed to brake fluids. These properties make Application Advantages polyacrylates suitable for use in automotive automatic transmissions. chlorinated hydrocarbons. low high SBR compounds have properties similar to those -50 °F 212 °F of natural rubber.STYRENE BUTADIENE (SBR) Styrene-Butadiene (SBR) is a copolymer of Temperature Range (dry heat) styrene and butadiene. SBRs primary custom molded -46 °C 100 °C application is the use in hydraulic brakes system Application Advantages seals and diaphragms. Polyacrylates also exhibit resistance to cracking when exposed to ozone and sunlight. or glycols Primary Uses O-rings. rubber seals and custom molded rubber components for: Automotive transmissions. steering systems. SBR features excellent resistance to brake fluids. Automotive steering systems >petroleum fuel and oil resistance >resists flex cracking >good ozone resistance >good heat resistance Application Disadvantages poor compression set performance relative to NBR lesser water resistance and low temperature performance than some other elastomers ETHYLENE ACRYLIC (AEM) . and other applications where petroleum and high temperature resistance are required. Primary Uses Application Disadvantages O-rings. rubber seals and custom molded rubber >poor weather resistance components for: >poor petroleum oil and solvent hydraulic brake systems seals and diaphragms resistance plumbing applications POLYACRYLATE (ACM) Polyacrylates are copolymers of ethyl and acrylates Temperature Range (dry heat) which exhibit excellent resistance to petroleum low high fuels and oils and can retain their properties when -60 °F 300 °F sealing petroleum oils at continuous high -51 °C 149 °C temperatures up to 347 °F.

lip seals. V-packings. Power steering seals Virgin PTFE (Teflon Virgin) Teflon Virginis a tough high temperature material Temperature Range (dry heat) offering the widest range of applications. aromatic hydrocarbons or Automotive transmissions phosphate esters. 0-rings. Virgin PTFE is used for spring-energized seals. valve seats & seals and machined >excellent extreme temperature components used in the chemical industry. wiper. back-up rings. >resistance to transmission fluids. It exhibits properties similar to those of Polyacrylate. methyl acrylate. glycol mixtures. Automotive sealing applications. Resistant low high to almost all chemicals (only solid alkalies can -328 °F 500 °F attack Teflon). >good dynamic property retention over a wide temperature range UV and weather resistance. shaft seals. Ethylene-acrylic offers a high degree of oil. food properties processing equipment and other high temperature >excellent chemical resistance and low friction sealing applications. guiding/bearing elements. Spring-Energized Seals. rod and >excellent low friction piston profiles. >excellent dielectric properties Virgin Teflon has the tendency to cold flow over time under load or pressure. Filled Teflon is therefore required in critical sealing situations. Vpackings. valve seats. and alkalies Primary Uses Application Disadvantages O-rings. but with extended Application Advantages >excellent vibration dampening low temperature range and with enhanced >excellent heat aging characteristics mechanical properties. Gaskets. with emphasis Application Advantages on temperature extremes. water.Temperature Range (dry heat) low high Ethylene-acrylic (Vamac ) is a terpolymer of -40 °F 300 °F ethylene. Primary Uses O-rings. and an acid-containing -40 °C 149 °C monomer as a cure site. rod & piston profiles. rubber seals and custom molded rubber components for: not recommended for exposure to fuel. wiper. back-up rings. machined components. Petrochemical and chemical processing Electrical applications Semi-Conductor Industry . its very low coefficient of friction -200 °C 260 °C and high impact resistance make it suitable for wide chemical exposure situations. ozone. brake fluid.

POM) Temperature Range (dry heat) Acetal has gained widespread recognition for its reliability of performance. Similar to PTFE / Glass or PTFE / Bronze but with superior chemical. Self lubricating. ACETAL (Delrin. rigidity. The electrical >improved extrusion resistance properties and chemical resistance are reduced. excellent for dynamic applications and wear parts requiring low friction and good wear resistance and high pressure resistance. sealing rings Graphite filled PTFE. reduced level of creep. improved wear resistance. dimensional stability. significantly improved wear resistance and heat transfer due to glass filler. The most important fillers: glass. Excellent for dynamic applications and pressures to 6000 psi. -50 °C 110 °C . improvement in the flow strength and Application Advantages increase in thermal shape stability. high -58 °F 230 °F impact strength and good abrasion. excellent for dynamic applications and pressures to 6000 psi. Beverage and Pharmaceutical industries Laboratory applications PTFE Filled (Teflon Filled) Teflon Filled has improved mechanical properties Temperature Range (dry heat) over virgin Teflon. graphite.Food. bronze. Nickel filled PTFE. It has high mechanical low high strength. mica. Significant increased thermal conductivity. MOS2. Graphite filled PTFE. high speed applications Nickel filled PTFE. Excellent for dynamic applications and for higher >improved wear resistance pressures. Primary Uses Glass filled PTFE. Bronze filled PTFE. >improved heat transfer Bronze filled PTFE. Glass filled PTFE. carbon. and high performance polymers and minerals. Wear parts in hydraulic cylinders requiring load bearing along with low friction guiding parts. >improved low friction Excellent for dynamic applications and pressures to >increase in thermal conductivity 6000 psi. used in dynamic sealing applications. wear and extrusion resistance. reduction of wear and/or -200 °C 260 °C friction. >increase in mechanical strength hardness and compressive strength. nickel. The influence of filler materials low high results in an increase in mechanical strength. -328 °F 500 °F increase in hardness.

parts of pumps. ornamental difficult to glue and paint mountings and fittings. Due to the fact. pump parts. etc). lock parts. >good chemical stability against organic solvents and fuels >food safe Primary Uses Application Disadvantages Wear rings. not resistance to high concentrated acids gear wheels.g.Acetal exhibits a high thermal stability and a high Application Advantages resistance to chemicals (high resistance to >no microporosity hydrolysis) >high strength and rigidity >high thermal stability >good electrical insulation properties >very good sliding properties >high resistance to solvents >very high resistance to stress cracks Primary Uses Application Disadvantages Wear rings. PA shows a high thermostability. This material >good at dampening must be conditioned again after an annealing. this conditioning occurs with a longer >low coefficient of friction storage in air automatically. parts dimension stability. back up rings. screws. In >good abrasion resistance addition. fittings. affected by absorbing moisture or water sliding parts.6) Temperature Range (dry heat) low high Nylon has very good physical properties and is one -58 °F 230 °F of the most widely used engineering plastics in the -50 °C 110 °C industry today. hardness and toughness are >high strength and stiffness some of its main characteristics. parts for the textile industry NYLON (PA6. back-up rings. mechanical properties may become chain wheels. gear wheels. castors( reduction of the noise level). carburetor parts. bearings parts (good sliding properties). etc… PEEK Polyether etherketone can be used at very high temperatures (+260°C) and it shows an Temperature Range (dry heat) low high . housings. Application Advantages also high stiffness. >high impact and notch impact strength that the good mechanical properties will be >high heat deflection temperature achieved only after conditioning. bushings and bearings. electrical and in the automotive manufacturing (e. PA6.

hardness. food >high resistance to all kinds of radiation industry. piston rings. >high strength and rigidity >high impact strength (also at low Primary Uses temperature) very good dimensional stability >high chemical resistance Parts for microwave ovens.extraordinary mechanical strength. medical >self-extinguishing industry. aviation. flexural strength. wafer low resistance to acetone carriers. toughness. plug connectors. High radiation resistance and -100 °C 160 °C self-extinguishing. >high strength and rigidity >very high impact strength (also at low Primary Uses . PEEK exhibits excellent chemical resistance. -40 °F 500 °F -40 °C 260 °C Application Advantages >excellent mechanical strength >excellent rigidity >excellent thermal stability >excellent dimensional stability >excellent radiation resistance >excellent hydrolysis resistance Application Disadvantages PSU Temperature Range (dry heat) Polysulfone show great thermal stability (from low high 100 to +160°C). 180°C. trosional strength. blow-dryers. PSU possess a high mechanical strength. chemical resistance and hydrolysis resistance compared to PSU. very good dielectric properties and -148 °F 320 °F hydrolysis resistance. notched impact strength relatively low seals. valve seats. Importantly it is self-extinguishing according to UL 94. Primary Uses Bearing shells. insulators. The -50 °C 180 °C extremely high notched impact strength remains Application Advantages also after a heat aging. pump vanes. low high with improved impact. very good dielectric properties up to +260°C and a very good resistance to all kinds of radiation. gears. PSU has a low notch impact Application Advantages strength. etc… >low smoke emission >repeated sterilization PPSU Temperature Range (dry heat) Polyphenylensulfone is an amorphous material. The ususal -58 °F 356 °F operating temperature is with approx. pump wheels.

PET may be used at temperatures ranging from -40°C to +110°C. Its under the thermoplastics singular torque strength permits the economical substitution of machining fabricated small parts from steel. low friction and a high dimensional stability. food industry and in >high weatherability >high radiation resistance the aircraft construction.As with PSU but with higher chemical resistance temperature) >very good dimensional stability >very high chemical resistance >high resistance to all kinds of radiation >self-extinguishing >repeated sterilization PEI Polyetherimide has a high mechanical strength in coordination with a good chemical and heat resistance (up to +170°C). good dimensional stability and creep resistance. Primary Uses Bearings Pumps parts for housings tank lids cogwheels insulators Application Disadvantages limited dielectric properties sensitive to hydrolysis Temperature Range (dry heat) low high -40 °F -40 °C 230 °F 110 °C Application Advantages >high mechanical resistance and tensile strength >high surface strength >high dimensional stability >high toughness >low coefficient of friction >low wear and tear >high chemical resistance >easy to varnish and polish >good electrical insulating properties . hardness and toughness. etc…. Primary Uses Temperature Range (dry heat) low high 338 °F 170 °C Application Advantages >very high strength and rigidity >high torque strength and hardness >high thermostability Parts for electrical engineering. >self-extinguishing PET Polyethylence terephthalate shows high tensile and mechanical strength.

PVDF (Kynar) PVDF shows a higher tensile strength. chlorine gas and hydrochlorid acid is 10 to 100 times better than PTFE. pumps. fitting. carbon dioxide. Also the permeation resistance to oxygen. fittings. Lining of -40°C) tanks. rotation disks. flanges.g. Due to the fact that E-CTFE is very pure. chemical processing. glide tracks. A low high great part of the product properties attributes to the very smooth surface and differentiates Halar from other fluoropolymers. machine-making industry). this material is being used to process -105 °F 302 °F chemicals and ultrapure water for the semiconductor -76 °C 150 °C industry. Primary Uses Application Advantages Parts which come in contact with aggressive >extremely high impact strength(up to materials (e. valves. but friction and insulation properties are lower. parts in centrifuges >good insulation properties and control engineering industry etc… >very good weather resistance >high resistance to radiation Application Disadvantages >very high chemical resistance high density >self-extinguishing limited protection against stress cracking at >very good sliding properties temperatures > 140°C >food safe . The temperature ranges from -30°C to +150°C Primary Uses Application Advantages Pumps. strength >high chemical resistance Application Disadvantages >low water absorption toxic fumes when burned >good friction and wear and tear can not be solvent cemented values >self-extinguishing >high UV-resistance E-CTFE (Halar) E-CTFE exhibits an extraordinary impact strength at Temperature Range (dry heat) temperatures ranging from -76°C to +150°C. >high mechanical strength and tensile cogwheels. PVDF has a high mechanical strength and -22 °F 302 °F toughness at lower temperature and its self-30 °C 150 °C extinguishing. pressure Temperature Range (dry heat) resistance and dimensional stability than the related low high PTFE.

etc…. The electrical properties will -58 °F 221 °F not be influenced by the surrounding frequencies -50 °C 105 °C and therefore can be used in a lot of applications in electrical engineering. detergents and hot water.PPE PPE belongs to the group of the amorphous Temperature Range (dry heat) materials and can be used in temperatures ranging low high from -50 to +105°C. PPE exhibits a high impact strength and a very high dimensional stability. The -238 °F 194 °F operating temperature of PE-UHMW is from -150 °C 90 °C 150°C and +90°C. shafts. PE-UHMW has low high good insulation properties and is easy to weld. Primary Uses Application Advantages >high dimensional stability >low tendency to creep >high thermostability and impact parts for electrical engineering and household strength utensils. Primary Uses Application Advantages Sewage industry >very low friction pumps and valves >low density seals >high toughness(also at low medical industry temperature) >high elongation Application Disadvantages >very good electrical and dielectric properties >very low water absorption high density >low steam permeability limited protection against stress cracking at >high chemical resistance temperatures > 140°C >good protection against stress cracking >food safe . gear wheels. >good electrical properties over a far frequency range >high resistance to hydrolysis >self-extinguishing PE-UHMW PE-UHMW offer resistance to almost all acids and Temperature Range (dry heat) bases.

Lamp housing. bearings. it can also be easily solvent cemented and welded. pipe systems. parts for the dental industry. tensile strength and can be used in application ranging in temperature from -15°C to +60°C. brush industry. has an exceptional chemical resistance and is easy to machine. tensile strength and hardness >good insulation properties >high chemical resistance >self-extinguishing >low water absorption >easy to varnish and glue 140F 60C . chemical tanks Application Disadvantages low impact strength limited weather resistance Temperature Range (dry heat) low high 5°F -15 °C Application Advantages >high mechanical strength.PVC PVC is rated self-extinguishing. Primary Uses Pumps and valves. seals. PVC shows high mechanical strengths.

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