Writing the Business Plan

Geoff Huston

Whats the Business Objective?
Long Term ISP business Growth and Sale National Agenda Leverage from other activities Risk protection

Business Planning Process
Identify Market opportunity Identify Costs Model Tariffs Model Business Requirements

Market Identification Define Market segment size uptake competitive position market position .

Identifying Costs capital costs recurrent costs marketing costs staff and administrative costs .

a. access servers capital cost depreciation at 30%pa capital cost per access port charged to customer .Capital Costs equipment core routers capital cost depreciation at 30% p.

Capital Costs service platforms ratio of service platforms to customer numbers depreciation at 30% pa staff equipment fixed capital cost per staff member can be converted to recurrent via capital depreciation at a rate of 30% pa .

Recurrent Costs equipment housing costs equipment location costs lease line costs telco leases radio equipment costs can be converted to recurrent cost of ownership at 20% depreciation of capital value .

other marketing activities Total can be considered as a connection cost per client .Marketing costs advertising staff publications. seminars.

Staff and Administrative costs technical support staff usually fixed number staff churn cost (30%) support desk staff usually incremental off the customer base administrative staff usually fixed number Other administrative costs billing costs debt risk factor .

Lets put this together for a medium sized national ISP Cost Totals Cost proportions Scaling overheads as a percentage of capacity costs generation of the business model via marginal cost examination .

recurrent expenditure Link Cost Calculation Worksheet The costs used here are not derived from any particular network .they are a simple example only Target Line Loading Factor 0% 5 Line loading before more bandwidth is required .Costs Leased Line costs .

International Line costs International Circuit cost calculation Capacity of the circuit Kbps Cost of the circuit .35 .total lease cost monthly Megabytes monthly Max sustainable loading factor Max sustainable traffic level Break even cost per megabyte at target load $ $ 2048 120.000 685.670 50% 342835 0.

Domestic Line costs Domestic Circuit cost calculation Capacity of the circuit Kbps Average cost of the circuit .75 1.total lease cost monthly Megabytes monthly Max sustainable loading Max sustainable traffic level cost per megabyte line imbalance Topology Factor cost per megabyte $ 2048 8.5 0.670 50% 342.02 $ $ .835 0.000 685.02 0.

25 .Marginal Transmission cost Traffic Balance International Trunk Local Total Delivered cost per Mb 65% $ 22% $ 13% $ $ 0.01 - 0.24 0.

this allows the business to generate working capital to expand Total Delivered cost per Mb Overheads Fixed rate overhead calculation Marginal Cost $ 20% 0.30 $ 0.Marginal Cost Calculate staff and equipment costs as a fixed overhead on the traffic volume .25 .

30 5% $ 0.Capital Investment cost The enterprise will require initial capital investment which must generate positive earnings. which must be factored into the model Marginal Cost Return on cashflow Target Average Retail Price per delivered Megabyte $ 0.31 .

Retail Pricing Model Use a 64K access line as the basic unit of connection Assume an average line loading of business usage average line occupancy of 20% Determine retail pricing from marginal cost at average line occupancy Flat Rate pricing .

806.60 9.46 .00 Fixed Flat rate tariff Monthly $ 1.31 1.785 0.806.46 6.690.450.Retail Pricing Model Retail Model 64K connection Costs Maximum delivery capacity (Mb) Average line occupancy Average line delivery (Mb) marginal cost Net service cost (transmission) Max service liability (avg traffic flow) Max service liability (absolute risk) monthly monthly $ monthly monthly monthly $ $ $ 21427 27% 5.

Risk Reduction Reduce risk of over exposure by using ‘high’ and ‘low’ volume tariff steps Client Spread 50 Number of Clients 40 30 20 10 0 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Line Occupancy .

46 40% 18% 59% 1.Stepped Retail Tariff Fixed Flat rate tariff Monthly Dual Rate Tariff Low band average line occupancy High band average line occupancy Low monthly High monthly $ 1.806.934.31 3.204.07 $ $ .

Additional Services Offer services at a variety of access speeds Use differential tariffs to encourage reselling Use a flater tariffs to strength direct retail position .

10 1.40 1.168 3.654 31.Additional Services Tiered Access Pricing Tier Factor 1.2K 64K 128K 256K 512K $ $ $ $ $ 759 2.655 20.2K 64K 128K 256K 512K 19.634 High $ $ $ $ $ 918 4.649 5.05 1.2 64 128 256 512 Retail Schedule Fixed leased PSTN modem.974 7.452 2 Tier Low $ $ $ $ $ 281 1.587 14.721 8.473 . rated at 19.20 1.058 9.00 leased PSTN modem.445 2. rated at 19.

Dial Access Transmission is a minor cost for dial access Also must factor in: modem capital cost and limited service life phone support with large after hours component marketing cost customer churn rate target market capture level (competitive price sensivity) .

minimum level hourly Initial retail marketing margin Retail hourly $ 26 10.32 300% 1.30 30% 1.4 10% 0.69 $ $ .Dial Access Modem Access Pricing Cost per modem hour Average modem speed kbps MBytes/hour Average line loading level At Marginal Retail Service Activity Loading Retail .

The Business Challenge How to manage exponential GROWTH .

costs = bottom line .The Business Plan Establish tariff position Estimate Market size for the service Calculate Revenue Calculate service provision costs Revenue .

Estimate Demand Business Plan Year 1 Services In Operation (SIO) Type dial dial modems pstn 64K 128K 256K 512K TOTAL 300 30 10 20 4 0 0 64 2000 200 20 40 6 2 0 268 4000 400 40 100 15 8 5 568 10000 1000 150 200 40 25 15 1430 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 .

131 364.623 30.962 7.394 2.000 739.250.304.567.807 728.349 364.842 121.183 5.000 73.174 145.093 $ 588.Calculate Revenue Revenue Connection charges Access charges dial pstn 64K 128K 256K 512K TOTAL $ 210.212.673 40.150 116.587 72.837 26.000 394.060 29.000 1.707 0 0 391.800 .479.210 0 1.067 365.584 $ 832.541 $ 2.365 267.466 15.246 113.183 100.

116 1.036 .Scale the Network Estimate communications capacity to service the client base Capacity calculation Calc Line Lease Actual Line Lease 132 128 427 512 1.827 3.024 2.

500 420.000 0 120.000 350.000 1.270.000 640.000 100.990.000 4.956.000 330.000 1.Estimate Costs Factor in service provision costs Costs Equipment Line Lease Staff Marketing Overheads TOTAL 140.000 150.000 120.000 1.000 450.606.000 200.000 1.000 660.800.000 82.000 50.797 .500 250.000 140.000 592.797 500.

541 5.416) 2.The Bottom Line Am I winning or losing at this tariff and market level? Revenue Costs Profit/loss 391.990.584 1.270.304.567.800 4.500 (201.797 961.000 (57.541 1.003 .093 592.212.606.407) 1.000 314.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful