ci¤úiv

1g el© 1g msL¨v
‰ekvL 1419
GwcÖj-2012

evsjv beel©- 1419 mK‡ji Rb¨ g½jgq †nvK|

1

ÒevOvjxi cY, evOvjxi Avkv
evOvjxi KvR, evOvjxi fvlvmZ¨ nDK, mZ¨ nDK, mZ¨ nDK †n fMevb
evOvjxi cÖvY, evOvjxi gb evOvjxi N‡i hZ fvB †evbGK nDK, GK nDK, GK nDK †n fMevbÓ

ci¤úiv
GKwU lvb¥vwmK cvwievwiK cÖKvkbv
‡gvnbv, 36/1 MÖxb †ivW (cwðg), XvKv 1205
1g el©
el©eib msL¨v
‰ekvL 1419
GwcÖj 2012
m¤úv`bv
bvRgv †eMg
‡di‡`Šmx †eMg (Zcy)
dvËvn Zvbfxi
cÖ”Q` cwiKíbv
jvqjv i“evBqvZ (cÙ)
K‡¤úvR
i“ev
wjgb
gy`ªb
gvngy`yj nK mxRb

2

m~wPcÎ

fywgKv
Avwk©ev`
Avgvi wcZv - Gg, G KzÏym
Avgv‡`i K_v ‡PŠÏwU dz‡ji cvcwo
Avgv‡`i cwievi
my›`i AvMvgxi c‡_
wkKo
Avgv‡`i Avb›` evwo
Mí KweZv
‰ekv‡Li Mvb
¯^vaxbZv
AbvMZ cÖR‡b¥i Kv‡Q Avgv‡`i cÖZ¨vkv
Avi GK em‡š—
Zvwnqvi cvuPk
ågb Kvwnbx ‡h hv ejyK, GB‡Zv Avgvi gvZ…f~wg
gscy‡Z GKw`b
Ny‡i Gjvg fviZ
¯§„wZPvib
cÖwZ`vb
‡eu‡P †div
GK gyw³‡hv×vi AvZ¥ Kvwnbx
Avcb Abyfe Avgv‡i Zywg A‡kl K‡iQ
fvebv Õ92, fvebv 2012
‡evab
wewPwÎZv
Avgv‡`i PvPx Av¤§v ev Lvjv¤§v
iex›`ªbv‡_i K…wl I MÖvg Dbœqb fvebv
Nygcvovwb g¨vmvR
KxwZ©gvb Avwmd
‡KviK
‡QvÆ †mvbgwb‡`i Rb¨
†QvU‡`i cvZv evsjv Avgvi
iƒcK_vi Mí
wµ‡KUvkÖ“i w`b
KvK e„Ëvš—
PqwbKv
c_ -nviv
wPivqZ mvwnZ¨ nvmg‡Zi eyw×
wUKwUwK
cÖv_©x
ivbœvNi
kãRU

3

bvRgv †eMg (Pzbx)
wRbœvZ Aviv (wjwc)
kvgxg Aviv (bxcv)
wd‡ivRv †eMg (G¨vwb)
†di‡`Šmx †eMg (Zcy)
Zvmwbg ivkx` (Awc©Zv)
i“¤§vbv cvifxb (wRZz)
wd‡ivRv †eMg (G¨vwb)
gvd‡ivRv ‡eMg (gxiv)
Avnmvb kvgxg
Ievq`yj dvËvn (Zvbfxi)
†gv: Ave`ym †mvenvb
‡mZviv Kvgvj (†k¦Zv)
mv‡eix Avjg (jveb¨)
‡nvm‡b Aviv †eMg (Qwe)
‡nvgvqiv ZvRxb (cwc)
nv‡Zg Avjx †gvj−v
gbmyiv †eMg (gwb)
Wvt nvmvbyj gvngy` (wecyj)|
jyrdzj AvRg (ivbv)
Avmv`y¾vgvb (Av‡bvqvi)
dvi“K wbqvR †nv‡mb
Wv. jvqjv i“evBqvr (cÙ)
†nvm‡b Aviv ‡eMg (Qwe)
bvRgv †eMg (P~Yx)
ivwnbv Rvgvb (myKb¨v)
Rygvqbv wmgwib (wcDwj)
Avigvb †mvenvb (Avw`Z¨)
dvnxg b~i ivkx` (AY©e)
iex›`ªbv_ VvKzi
fevbx cÖmv` gRyg`vi
myKvš— fÆvPvh©

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f~wgKv
bvRgv †eMg (PzYx)

mgq `ª“Z dzwi‡q hv‡”Q| KvR GL‡bv A‡bK evKx| wKQy fv‡jv Kv‡Ri ¯ú„nv, wKQy m„RbkxjZvi
Av‡eM- g‡bi g‡a¨ me©`vB RvMÖZ| wKš‘ Zey wKQy Kiv nq bv| KviY KL‡bv nZvkv, KL‡bv AjmZv| wKš‘ GB
K¬vwš—, GB `xbZv cÖfy ¶gv Ki‡eb wK? K_vwU g‡b n‡jB Avevi †R‡M DwV| GeviI n‡q‡Q ZvB| Zcy Avgv‡K
AbeiZ ZvMv`v w`‡”Q GKwU cvwievwiK msKjb cÖKv‡ki D‡Ï¨vM wb‡Z| Avgv‡K †Kb ej‡Q-ZvI Rvwb bv|
Avgv‡`i cwievi (hvi GKRb m`m¨ wnmv‡e Avwg Mwe©Z) B”Qv Ki‡jB A‡bK wKQy Ki‡Z cv‡i Ggb GKwU wPš—
v †_‡KB ci¤úivi hvÎv ïi“| ci¤úiv ïi“ n‡”Q Avgv‡`i †PŠÏ fvB-†ev‡bi nv‡Z nvZ ivLv cÖ‡Póvq| Gi
mv‡_ hy³ n‡q‡Q Avgv‡`i Av‡iv fvB-†evb, †Q‡j-†g‡q, bvwZ-bvZbx| Avgiv mevB GKmv‡_ AvwQ, GKmv‡_
_vK‡Z PvB|
msKjbwU cÖKv‡ki Rb¨ mvgvb¨ GKUz KvR K‡iwQ, Zv n‡”Q mK‡ji g‡bi gv‡Si B”QvUv‡K LuywP‡q †ei
K‡i Avbv| Avi Zv‡ZB Avgvi bvg n‡q †M‡Q m¤úv`K| wjL‡Z cv‡ib mevB| Avwg ïay GKUz å“KzwU mn¨ K‡i
†m¸wj‡K msMÖn K‡iwQ gvÎ| Avi GB KvRwU AviI Av‡M †_‡K †Kb ïi“ Kijvg bv †mB †f‡e Avd‡mvm
n‡”Q| Zvn‡j GZw`‡b Avgv‡`i ci¤úivi †ek K‡qKwU msL¨v R‡g †hZ| KvRwU Ki‡Z wM‡q ey‡SwQ fv‡jv
‡Kvb D‡Ï¨vM A‡_©i Afv‡e AvU‡K _v‡K bv| G msKj‡bi LiP wKfv‡e †hb mn‡RB msMÖwnZ n‡q †M‡Q †QvU
eo mK‡ji KvQ †_‡K|
cÖKvkbvi gZ GKwU `~i“n Ges m„Rbkxj Kv‡R Avgvi †Kvb AwfÁZv †bB| Avwg Ges wecyj cÖ“d
wiwWs Gi KvRwU Ki‡Z †Póv K‡iwQ, wKš‘ Zvic‡iv Gi gv‡S A‡bK fyj ΓwU Ges `~e©jZv i‡q †M‡Q| Zey
msKjbwU hw` mevi nv‡Z hvq Avgv‡`i Lywki mxgv _vK‡e bv| Avgvi `xN© w`‡bi GKwU ¯^cœ ev¯—e iƒc jvf
Ki‡Q †`‡L Avwg Avbw›`Z| Avgv‡K bvbv fv‡e A‡b‡KB mvnvh¨ mn‡hvwMZv K‡i‡Qb| †jLv K‡¤úvR, Qvcv‡bv
BZ¨vw` Kv‡R i“ev, wjgb I mxR‡bi Kv‡Q K…ZÁZv RvbvB| Avmj m¤úv`K Zvbfxi| Zv‡K Avi ab¨ev`
w`jvg bv| Avgv‡`i cwiev‡ii ïf D‡Ï¨v‡M ci¤úivi hvÎv ïi“ nj| KZ`~i hv‡e †m `vwqZ¡ fwel¨r cÖR‡b¥i
nv‡Z| ci¤úiv A‡bK `~i GwM‡q hvK| cig cÖfyi Kv‡Q Gi kZel© Avqy Kvgbv KiwQ|
ci¤úivi cÖ_g msL¨vwU kª×vf‡i DrmM© Kiv n‡jv Avgv‡`i wcZv/wcZvgn Wvt Gg,G,KzÏym ¯§i‡b
whwb Zvui mgMÖ cwieviwU‡K †eu‡a †i‡L‡Qb A‡”Q`¨ GK †mœn‡Wv‡i|
GKw`b hviv Avg‡`i m‡½ wQ‡jb, mv_x wQ‡jb Avgv‡`i Avb›` †e`bvi, AvR Zviv †bB|
Avgv‡`i cÖwZwU K‡g©-mva‡b, Avgiv Zv‡`i Abyfe Kwi, ¯§ib KwiRbve dLiDwÏb Avn‡g`
Rbve jyrdi ingvb
Rbve G,Gd,Gg,dwi`DwÏb
Rbve †gvt BKevj †nv‡mb
Rbve Avnmvb kvgxg

4

Avk©xev`
Avgvi cwievi GK Av`k© cwievi|
Avwg cÖwZw`b Avj−vni Kv‡Q ïKwiqv RvbvB
Ggb GKwU cwievi Avgvi i‡q‡Q e‡j|
mviv¶b Avwg `qvjy mªóvi Kv‡Q mK‡ji g½j
Kvgbvq cÖv_©bviZ _vwK| Avj−vni ing‡Z
Avgvi mš—v‡biv bvbv ¸‡b ¸bvwš^Z| Zviv
mK‡j wg‡j wg‡k bvbv ai‡bi fv‡jv KvR
K‡i _v‡K|
Gevi Zviv GKwU msKjb cÖKv‡ki
D‡Ï¨vM wb‡q‡Q| Avwg me©vš—Ki‡Y Zv‡`i
mvdj¨ Kvgbv Kwi| Avwg PvB Avj−vn †hb
Avgvi mš—vb‡`i‡K fv‡jv KvR Kievi
†ZŠwdK `vb K‡ib Ges BnKvj I ciKv‡ji
m‡e©vËg g½j `vb K‡ib| Avwgb|
ivwnjv Av³vi
Avgvi cwiev‡ii me m`m¨ wg‡j
GKwU msKjb cÖKvk Ki‡Q †R‡b Avwg LyeB
Avbw›`Z| †`k †_‡K A‡bK `~‡i _vwK| wKš‘
Avgvi gb memgqB Avgvi fvB-†evb‡`i
Kv‡Q _v‡K| msKjbwU wKfv‡e cÖKvwkZ
n‡jv, †K wK wjLj, Kv‡Q _vK‡j me wKQyB
Avwg †`L‡Z †cZvg| wekvj GB Avb›` †_‡K
Avwg ewÂZ n‡qwQ| kZ‡hvRb `~i †_‡K
Avwg Avgvi cwiev‡ii mK‡ji Rb¨ †`vqv
Kwi Ges g‡b g‡b Zv‡`i mv‡_ me Avb‡›`i
fvMx`vi nB|
Avwddv Avn‡g` (gxbv)

5

Avgvi wcZv - Gg, G KzÏym
bvRgv †eMg (Pzbx)

wZwb GKRb mvaviY gvbyl|
‡cvlv‡K wKsev AvPi‡b ‡bB †Kvb †RŠjym|
Zey mywbcyb wkíxi my¶ Zzwji Uv‡bi gZ
Rxe‡bi †Kv_vI †Kv_vI eb©vX¨ KvR Zuvi
mij Rxeb Avi Mfxi gbb Zuvi Rxeb `k©b|
Zuvi Kv‡Q we‡Ëi †P‡q wP‡Ëi myL ‡jvfbxq †ekx
cy¯—‡Ki Kv‡jv ni‡di `y¨wZ nxi‡Ki †P‡q D¾j|
myig¨ cÖvmv` bq, w`wNi Kv‡jv Rj
evievi WvK †`q Zuv‡K|
wZwb GKRb wPwKrmK Zey A‡¯¿vcPvi bq,
msMx‡ZB Zvui eo †ekx †SvK|
bvU‡K, †Ljvi gv‡V, wKsev Rbmfvq - †hLv‡bB hvb
Luy‡R wd‡ib gvby‡li A-my‡Li Kvib|
Zvui †PZbvq mgq GwM‡q _v‡K
ZvB mn‡RB AwZµg K‡ib ms¯‹v‡ii †eovRvj|
mš—v‡bi D¾¡j gyL Zvui cÖZ¨vkv
wZwb Avgv‡`i wcZv Ges wZwbB mÂvwiZ K‡ib
myi Avi KweZv Avg‡`i wfZi|
wZwbB wkwL‡q‡Qb mvnmx GKZvi exRgš¿|

6

‡PŠÏwU dz‡ji cvcwo
wRbœvZ Aviv (wjwc)

my›`‡ii cÖwZ mevi GKUv Zxeª AvKl©b Av‡Q| my›`i dzj, my›`i mKvj, my›`i evZvm, my›`i iƒcvjx Pvu`,
†mvbvjx AvKvk, my›`i cÎ cj−e, my›`i dzUdy‡U weovj Qvbv| cvwLi Qvbv, me my›`‡ii cÖwZ †Kgb †hb GKUv
gy»Zv me gvby‡li gv‡S i‡q‡Q| Avm‡j my›`‡ii wcQ‡b GKUv inm¨ i‡q‡Q| dzj my›`i nq Z‡eB †kl bq,
Zvi _vKv PvB my›`i myevm, cvcwoi wfZ‡i wgwó gay| Z‡eB Zvi my›`‡ii mv_©KZv| †mŠ›`h© †KvgjZv Avm‡j
evB‡i bq, wfZ‡i Zv‡K Luy‡R †`L‡Z nq|
†`L‡Z mevB my›`i n‡jB wK my›`i? Zvi AvPvi e¨envi webq bgªZv, f`ªZv, †mœn, ggZv, c‡ivcKvi,
Awnsmv, wbin¼vi ,eo‡`i m¤§vb Kiv BZ¨vw` ¸b _vK‡jB †m cÖK…Z my›`i| ‡g‡Ni Avov‡j †hgb m~‡h©¨i
Av‡jv, wVK †Zgwb Pwi‡Îi Avov‡j †mŠ›`h©| GB my›`‡ii Dcgv¸wj Avgv‡`i 14 Rb fvB †evb‡`i D‡Ï‡k¨
†`qv nj| AveŸv Av¤§vi †Q‡j †g‡qiv dz‡ji gZ †hb| Avgiv 14 Rb AvwQ dz‡ji cvcwoi gZ| Gfv‡eB
AvRxeb _vK‡Z PvB| dz‡ji †mŠif Qwo‡q w`‡q GK mgq c„w_ex †_‡K we`vq wb‡Z PvB|

Avmv`y¾vgvb (Av‡bvqvi)
Avwddv †eMg (gxbv)
gvd‡ivRv †eMg (gxiv)
‡nvm‡b Aviv †eMg (Qwe)
bvRgv †eMg (PzYx)
gbmyiv †eMg (gwb)
wd‡ivRv †eMg (G¨vwb)
wRbœvZ Aviv (wjwc)
‡di‡`Šmx †eMg (Zcy)
kvgxg Aviv (bxcv)
gwbi“¾vgvb (†mv‡nj)
AvwZKz¾vgvb (Avwmd)
KvwbR dv‡Zgv (wgjv)
dvivn `xev (†`vjv)

7

Avgv‡`i cwievi
kvgxg Aviv (bxcv)

Lye †QvÆ GKwU gd¯^j kni ‡_‡K †e‡o DV‡jI Avgv‡K KLbI AcÖ¯‘yZ cwiw¯’wZi m¤§yLxb n‡Z nqwb
wKsev Kv‡iv g‡b Ggb aviYv Rb¥qwb ‡h Avwg XvKvi evB‡i eo nIqv GKRb| eis Avgvi mvs¯‹…wZK A½‡b
cÖ‡e‡ki m‡½ m‡½ wKQz evowZ cÖksmv †c‡qwQ - i“wP, AvZœm¤§vb‡eva Ges gvbweK wKQz ¸†bi Rb¨| Avi GB
AR©‡bi †K›`ªwe›`y Avgvi cwievi, Avgvi gy³ g‡bi evev gv, fvB‡evb|
Avwg hLb wcQ‡b wd‡i ZvKvB ZLb g‡b nq KZ wKQz wk‡LwQ GB cwievi †_‡K| †QvU †ejvq ¯‹zj
†_‡K wd‡i G‡m ‡`‡LwQ Avgv‡`i j¤^v eviv›`vq e‡m evev gv we‡K‡ji Pv Lv‡”Qb| gv‡qi ci‡b _vK‡Zv m~Zxi
cvU fv½v kvwo, my›`i K‡i Pzj evav, evevi BwR †Pqv‡ii cv‡k †Kvb bv †Kvb eB, hv †_‡K †QvU fvB ‡evb‡`i
KweZv †kLv‡”Qb ev `ivR K‡Ú KweZv Ave„wË Ki‡Qb| GB `„k¨ gb †_‡K KLbI gy‡Q hvqwb| gv memgqB
nvév is‡qi my›`i kvwo ci‡Zb| Zv‡K KLbI †`wLwb eo eo Qvcv ev Kov is‡qi kvwo ci‡Z, hv Avgvi g‡bi
g‡a¨ †Mu‡_ Av‡Q| Av‡Rv Avgvi kvwo wb‡q hLb †KD i“wPi cÖksmv K‡ib ZLb g‡b nq Gi meUKz cÖfveB
gv‡qi| Avwg Rvwbbv GKwU gd¯^j kn‡i GZ cÖwZKzjZvi g‡a¨ †_‡KI gv wK fv‡e wb‡Ri GB wmœ» iƒcwU a‡i
ivL‡Zb|
evevi cÖfve me †Q‡j‡g‡q‡`i g‡a¨B c‡o, GUvB ¯^vfvvweK| evev Avgv‡`i me‡P‡q eo wk¶K
wQ‡jb| wb‡j©vf, gy³gb Ges AvZœgh©v`v m¤úbœ GKRb gvbyl, huv‡K Lye †QvU‡ejvq Avwe®‹vi Ki‡Z cvwiwb,
ZLb g‡b n‡Zv me evevB †evanq Ggb| wKš‘ hLb †Kvb weL¨vZ KweZvi jvBb wfZ‡i Av‡jvob †Zv‡j,
‡Kewj g‡b nq †Kv_vq †hb ï‡bwQ, ZLb g‡b c‡o, e„wói w`‡b Lv‡U ï‡q ï‡q evev KweZv Ave„wË Ki‡Qb,
Avgiv me fvB‡evb evev‡K wN‡i e‡m KweZv ïbwQ Avi gv ivbœvNi †_‡K gRvi gRvi Lvevi cvVv‡”Qb| GUv
GKUv †QvÆ kn‡ii wPÎ- GLb fve‡Z fxlb fv‡jv jv‡M|
evev Avgv‡`i wfbœfv‡e fve‡Z wkwL‡q‡Qb| ciwb›`v Ges AjmZv GK`g mn¨ Ki‡Zb bv| wPwKrmv
GKwU gnr †ckv, gvbyl Zv AvR f‡zjB hv‡”Q| wKš‘ Avgvi evev‡K †`‡LwQ, MÖv‡gi mvaviY gvbyl‡K wewfbœfv‡e
mvnvh¨ Ki‡Z| Zv‡`i wZwb ïay wPwKrmvB K‡ibwb, wPwKrmvi cvkvcvwk GKRb wkw¶Z, mr Ges fv‡jv gvbyl
wnmv‡e †eu‡P _vKvi ¯¦cœ †`wL‡q‡Qb evievi| me‡P‡q AevK jv‡M, †QvU kn‡i †_‡K Avgiv bvP, Mvb wk‡LwQ
Ges ms¯‹…wZi bvbv A½‡b me fvB‡ev‡bi m¤ú„³Zv- GUv ïay evevi Rb¨B m¤¢e n‡q‡Q| Z‡e KvRUv †h GZ
mnR wQjbv Zv GLb eyS‡Z cvwi|
evevi GB cÖfve Avgvi eo fvB‡evb‡`i g‡a¨I c‡owQj, hvi d‡j cieZx©‡Z Zv‡`i nvZ a‡i
Avgv‡`i GwM‡q Pjv| we‡kl K‡i `v`v, Avcvgwb, †QvUAvcv Avgv‡`i Pjvi c_‡K gm„b K‡i‡Qb| Avgv‡`i
eo cwiev‡i A‡_©i cÖvPzh© wQ‡jv bv nq‡Zv, wKš‘ wQj A‡Xj †mœn Avi fv‡jvevmv| Av‡Rv Avgiv g‡bi w`K w`‡q
abx, `„p cvwievwiK e܇b Ave×| Avgv‡`i GB m¤ú` †KD †K‡o wb‡Z cvi‡ebv| GUvB Avgv‡`i Rxe‡bi eo
AR©b, hv Avgiv AvRxeb jvjb K‡i hv‡ev|
8

my›`i AvMvgxi c‡_
wd‡ivRv †eMg (G¨vwb)

m¤úªwZ Avwg emev‡mi Rb¨ gqgbwmsn †_‡K XvKvq P‡j G‡mwQ| GZ w`‡bi Kg©Rxeb, GZ eQ‡ii
msmvi, evwoNi me †d‡j XvKvq G‡m Avevi bZzb K‡i mewKQz ïi“ Kivi †h Kó, †h †e`bv Zv Avwg g‡g© g‡g©
Dcjwä K‡iwQ| GKUv MvQ‡K Zvi wkKo †_‡K Avjv`v K‡i ‡dj‡j ‡h Ae¯’v nq AvgviI wVK †mB Ae¯’vB
n‡qwQj| †Q‡j‡g‡q‡`i †jLvcovi Rb¨ XvKvq Avmv| Z‡e Avgvi wb‡Ri g‡bi g‡a¨I me fvB‡evb‡`i gv‡S
GKmv‡_ _vKvi myß GKUv B”Qv wQj me mgqB|
XvKvq G‡m cÖ_g w`‡K hLb wewfbœ mgm¨vi m¤§yLxb nZvg ZLb Lye Amnvq jvM‡Zv wb‡R‡K| g‡b g‡b
fveZvg wm×vš—Uv wK fyj wb‡qwQ? wKš‘ hLb AvZ¥xq ¯^Rb, gv, fvB †evb‡K Kv‡Q †cjvg, mevi mn‡hvMxZvq
Avevi mewKQz ¯^vfvweK n‡q Avm‡Z jvM‡jv|
XvKvq cÖwZwbqZB †hb Rxeb hy‡× msMÖvg K‡i P‡jwQ, hv Avgvi gqgbwms‡ni Rxeb †_‡K m¤úy©b
wfbœ| fvebvnxb, wmœ», kvš—, my›`i Rxeb wQj †mLv‡b| XvKvq GB me wKQzi gv‡S Avgv‡K fv‡jv _vK‡Z n‡e|
Avgiv †h cwiev‡i Rb¥ MÖnb K‡iwQ, †h Av`‡k© eo n‡qwQ †mUv Me© Kivi gZ| cÖwZwU m`m¨ †hb G‡K
Ac‡ii cwic~iK| meB †hb GKm~‡Î Muv_v, mevB mevi myL `ytL¸‡jv fvMvfvwM K‡i wb‡”Q| GKm‡½ A‡bK
eo eo KvR Kivi eû `„óvš— i‡q‡Q| †QvU‡ejv †_‡KB gv‡K †`‡LwQ me mgq mevB‡K wb‡q fv‡jv _vKvi †Póv
K‡i‡Qb| wb‡Ri Rb¨ bv †f‡e mK‡ji Rb¨ fve‡Z fv‡jvev‡mb| GB welq¸wj Avgv‡`i me mgqB AbycvÖ YxZ
K‡i| Avgv‡`i A‡_©i cÖvPzh© bv _vK‡jI g‡bi Hk¦‡h©i †Kvb KgwZ †bB| Avgv‡`i cwiev‡ii mevB‡K GKmv‡_
a‡i ivLvi wcQ‡b eo I †QvU‡`i mgvb fywgKv i‡q‡Q| eoiv †hgb †QvU‡`i ‡mœ‡ni euva‡b Rwo‡q †i‡L‡Q,
†QvUivI †Zgwb eo‡`i kÖ×vi Avm‡b ¯’vb w`‡q‡Q| †h Kvi‡b Avgiv A‡bK fv‡jv AvwQ, Avb‡›` AvwQ| GB
Avb›` _vKzK Avgv‡`i gv‡S gv‡S hyM hyM|
Avgiv bZzb Avi GKwU eQi‡K eiY Ki‡Z hvw”Q| cyiv‡bv eQ‡ii me RÄvj, cvIqv bv cvIqvi †e`bv
†S‡o †d‡j w`‡q bZzb eQi‡K eiY K‡i wb‡q my›`i fwel¨‡Zi ¯¦cœ ‡`wL| †mB ¯^c¸
œ wj‡K mwZ¨ Kivi Rb¨
mevi cv‡k †_‡K mevi Rb¨ nvZ evwo‡q w`e- GB †nvK bZzb eQ‡ii A½xKvi|

wbwk Aemvb, IB cyivZb
el© nq MZ
Avwg AvwR a~wjZ‡j G RxY© Rxeb
Kwijvg bZ|
eÜz nI, kΓ nI, †hLv‡b †h †Kn iI
¶gv Ki AvwRKvi g‡Zv
cyivZb ei‡li mv‡_ cyivZb Aciva h‡Zv -iex›`ªbv_ VvKzi
9

wkKo
†di‡`Šmx †eMg (Zcy)

e„¶ ‡hgb Mfxi wkKo w`‡q Zvi Aw¯^Z¡‡K i¶v K‡i, So SÂvq Wvjcvjvi wKQzUv ¶wZ n‡jI m¤úyb©
†f‡½ c‡obv, Zvi Mfxi wkK‡oi Rb¨| gvby‡li ‡ejvqI Avwg g‡b Kwi GUv cÖ‡hvR¨| GKwU my›`i cwievi
cv‡k _vK‡j Ges Zvi Av`‡k© eo n‡j me cÖwZKzjZv‡K Rq Kiv hvq, msmvi mgy‡`ª KLbI w`‡knviv n‡Z
nqbv|
†Kvb †Kvb gvby‡li Av`k© c_ †`Lvq Zvi DËi cyi“l‡`i| Ggb GKRb e¨w³Z¡ wQ‡jb Avgvi cÖwcZvgn, huv‡K Avwg KL‡bv †`wLwb wKš‘ Zuvi bvbv Mí Avgv‡K AbycÖvbxZ K‡i‡Q AvRxeb| Zuvi bvg Bwjg
miKvi| m¤¢eZ 18 kZ‡Ki 40 `k‡Ki w`‡K Zuvi Rb¥| wZwb wQ‡jb wkw¶Z, †ckvq `wjj †jLK| Zuvi
Aby‡cÖibvq Avgvi evev, PvPviv wkw¶Z n‡q‡Qb| Zvui A‡bK fv‡jv ¸bvejx bvbvfv‡e cÖfve †d‡j‡Q Avgvi
evev PvPv‡`i Rxe‡b| Zvui Rxe†bi bvbv NUbv ï‡b g‡b g‡b fvwe, GZ eQi Av‡M R‡b¥I GZ cÖMZxkxj wQ‡jb
wK K‡i|
Avgv‡`i cwiev‡i GKUv avibv cÖPwjZ Av‡Q †h, wZwb †hUv g‡b g‡b PvB‡Zb ZvB NU‡Zv| †Kvb
Kvi‡b `ytL †c‡j wewfbœ Kg©Kv‡Û wei“c cÖwZwµqv NU‡Zv|Avgvi avibv GKRb mwZ¨Kv‡ii fv‡jv gvby‡li
B”Qvq kw³ cÖej _v‡K Ges Zvi ewn©cÖKvk N‡U Zvi K‡g©|
Zuvi Rxe‡bi GKUv NUbv ‡_‡K Zuvi m¤ú‡K© ¯úó avibv cvIqv hvq| ï‡bwQ bvivqbM‡Äi †Kvb GK
e¨emvqx e¨emv Ki‡Z Avm‡Zb Avgv‡`i GjvKvq| wZwb GKevi wKQz UvKv Mw”QZ †i‡L hvb Bwjg miKv‡ii
Kv‡Q Ges Avi wd‡i Av‡mbwb| ZLb †hvMv‡hvM e¨e¯’v GZ mnR wQjbv Ges Zvi wVKvbvI Rvbv wQjbv e‡j
wZwb UvKvUv ‡diZ w`‡Z cviwQ‡jb bv| Gi Rb¨ wZwb g‡bvK‡ó fyMwQ‡jb| eûeQi c‡i Avgvi eo PvPv Avãyj
Kwig hLb cywjk Awdmvi n‡q bvivqbMÄ _vbvi `vwqZ¡ †c‡jb ZLb Zvui Dci `vwqZ¡ Awc©Z n‡jv †mB
†jv‡Ki †Kvb AvZ¥xq‡K Lyu‡R †ei Kivi| ï‡bwQjvg ‡mB †jv‡Ki AvZ¥xq‡`i Lyu‡R †ei K‡i UvKvUv †diZ
†`Iqv n‡qwQj|
Avgvi evevi Kv‡Q Zvui Avi GKUv Mí ï‡bwQ| GKw`b evev Zvui `v`vi mv‡_ MÖv‡gi c_ w`‡q †Kv_vI
hvw”Q‡jb| c‡_ GKwU Avg Mv‡Qi bx‡P wekÖvg wb‡Z _vg‡jb| evevi eqm ZLb 7/8 eQi| nVvr evevi cv‡qi
Kv‡Q GKwU cvKv Avg co‡j wZwb AvgUv wb‡Z †M‡jb| †mB mgq Zuvi `v`v A_©vr Bwjg miKvi Zuv‡K ej‡jb
ÒZzwg bv e‡j Kvi Avg wb‡Z hv‡”Qv? GUv Ab¨vqÓ| GB b¨vq, Ab¨vq ‡eva evev aviY K‡iwQ‡jb mviv Rxeb|
evev e‡j‡Qb Zuvi †ckvMZ I mvgvwRK Kg©Kv‡Û bvbv ai‡bi cÖ‡jvfb G‡m‡Q, wKš‘ wZwb Zv †_‡K `~‡i _vK‡Z
†c‡iwQ‡jb Zuvi wcZvg‡ni †`qv wk¶v ‡_‡K|
wZwb avwg©K wQ‡jb, Z‡e ag©vÜ bq| cweÎ nR¡ cvjb K‡i †`‡k †divi ci Zuvi Kv‡Q wKQz UvKv DØ„Ë
wQ‡jv| wZwb †mB UvKvq MÖv‡gi gvby‡li myweavi Rb¨ GKwU cyKzi Lbb K‡iwQ‡jb| 100 eQi Av‡Mi ‡m
cyKziwU MÖv‡gi †jv‡Kiv GL‡bv e¨envi Ki‡Q| †jv‡Kiv ejvewj K‡i GB cyKzi KLbI ïKvq bv|
Avgiv eo n‡qwQ Avgvi evevi Av`k© Abymib K‡i| A_© m¤ú‡`i †P‡q Rxe‡bi mwZ¨Kvi my‡Li mÜvb
wZwb Luy‡R †c‡qwQ‡jb Zuvi bvbv Kg©Kv‡Û| `wi`ª mvaviY MÖvgevmx‡K webv cvwikÖwg‡K wPwKrmv †mev w`‡q
10

†M‡Qb AvRxeb| mnR mij MÖv‡gevmxi DbœwZi j‡¶¨ bvbv ai‡bi mvgvwRK KvR K‡i †M‡Qb wbtm¦v_© fv‡e|
wkw¶Z bv n‡j mvgvwRK Dbœqb m¤¢e bq, GUv wZwb g‡b cÖv‡b wek¦vm Ki‡Zb e‡jB Avgv‡`i MÖv‡gi
we`¨vjqwUi cÖwZôvZv wQ‡jb wZwb|
fv‡jvfv‡e eyw× nIqvi Av‡MB Avgiv ‡`k we‡`‡ki eo eo ¸bx †jv‡Ki Mí ky‡bwQ evevi gy‡L| Zuvi
Kv‡Q KZ my›`i KweZv wk‡LwQ bv ey‡SB| wZwb GZ eQi Av‡MI Avgv‡`i‡K Kzms¯‹vi, msKxb©Zv I ¶z`ª ¯^v‡_©i
E‡a© ivL‡Z †P‡q‡Qb| AvR †_‡K eûeQi Av‡M GKwU AwZ mvaviY cwiev‡i R‡b¥ GZ Agm„b c‡_ P‡jI
AvaywbK wPš—v avivi Av‡jv‡K Av‡jvwKZ Ki‡Z ‡P‡q‡Qb Avgv‡`i‡K|
ˆkk‡ei ¯§„wZ‡Z Avgv‡K bvbvi evwo ågb GLbI Avb›` †`q| wKQzUv †`Lv wKQzUv †kvbv †_‡K eyS‡Z
cvwi, Avgvi bvbv Mwb wgqvi cwievi wQj ‡ek m¤£vš—| Avgiv el©vKv‡j bvbv evwo †gŠ-MuvI †eov‡Z †hZvg weivU
†bŠKvq P‡o| Avgv‡`i mv‡_ KL‡bv KL‡bv †h‡Zv cÖwZ‡ekx, AvZ¥xq eÜziv| mv‡_ _vK‡Zv †iwWI, bvbv iKg
†Ljvi miÄvg, M‡íi eB| gv mv‡_ wb‡Zb wewfbœ ai‡bi Lvevi| ‡bŠKvq e‡m Pvwiw`‡K AevK `„wó‡Z †P‡q
†`LZvg, mewKQzB my›`i g‡b n‡Zv| gvwS‡`i ZvgvK LvIqvi GKUv A™¢zZ kã ‡cZvg, evZv‡m Zvgv‡Ki MÜ
Avm‡Zv †f‡m|
mviw`b hvÎv †k‡l mܨvq bvbvi evwoi Nv‡U ‡cŠuQvZvg| mevB Avgv‡`i‡K Lye Av`‡ii mv‡_ MÖnb
Ki‡Zv| Av`i h‡Zœi AvwZk‡h¨ wKQzw`‡bi Rb¨ n‡q †hZvg ¯^vaxb| gvQ aivi mg¯— miÄvg ˆZix n‡Zv evevi
Rb¨| AvgivI gv‡S gv‡S e‡m gvQ aiv †`LZvg| LvIqv `vIqvi Av‡qvRb _vK‡Zv cÖPzi| MÖv‡gv‡dv‡b cyiv‡bv
w`‡bi Mvb kybZvg| bvbv evwoi cyiv‡bv GKRb Kg©Pvix Avgv‡`i ni‡evjvi WvK †kvbv‡Zv, hvÎv Awfbq K‡i
†`Lv‡Zv, Avgiv †QvUiv Lye gRv †cZvg| Avgvi GK gvgxi K_v GL‡bv g‡b c‡o| Avgiv bvbvi evwo‡Z
†cuŠQv‡bi ci †_‡K Avgv‡`i w`‡K _vK‡Zv Zvi mRvM `„wó| Kvi KLb †Kvb wRwblUv PvB, nv‡Zi Kv‡Q ˆZix
_vK‡Zv Zuvi| Aífvlx gvgx PgrKvi ivbœv Rvb‡Zb, gRvi gRvi wcVv evbv‡Zb| †h †Kvb Kv‡RB cwiev‡ii
mK†j Zuvi civgk© wb‡Zv| wZwb bvbv ai‡bi m„Rbkxj KvR Rvb‡Zb, ï‡bwQ wbtmš—vb gvgx me mgqB wbi‡e
gvby‡li DcKvi K‡i †h‡Zb|
GKwU cwiev‡i fv‡jv ¸bvejx I g~j¨‡eva `vgx Avmev‡ei gZ evRvi †_‡K wK‡b G‡b N‡i mvwR‡q
ivLvi wRwbl bq| G¸‡jv AR©b Ki‡Z nq m~KxwZ©i gva¨‡g| Avgvi c~ec
© yiliv Lye mvaviY wQ‡jb nq‡Zv wKš‘
Zv‡`i gyj¨‡eva¸‡jv wQ‡jv A‡bK `vgx|
cieZx© cÖRb¥ wb‡q gv‡S gv‡S nZvkv Av‡m, g‡b nq Zviv eywS Avgv‡`i wPš—vaviv †_‡K A‡bK `y‡i
P‡j hv‡”Q| Avevi g‡b nq Zv nq‡Zv bv| ZvivI GKw`b Zv‡`i c~ec
© yil‡`i †Kvb GKR‡bi my›`i †Kvb
Av`k©‡K AbymiY Ki‡e - fve‡e Zv‡`i wkK‡oi K_v| wb‡R‡`i `~‡i ivL‡Z cvi‡e mKj Ab¨vq I Amy›`i
†_‡K|
iex›`ªbv‡_i fvlvq Avwg mK‡ji Rb¨ ej‡Z PvBÔAvR wbwL‡ji Avb›`avivq ayB‡q `vI,
g‡bi †Kv‡bi me `xbZv gwjbZv ayB‡q `vI|Õ

11

Avgv‡`i Avb›` evwo
Zvmwbg ivkx` (Awc©Zv)

‡jLvi bvgUv c‡o nq‡Zv wKQzUv Av›`vR Kiv hvq wfZ‡i we¯—vwiZ wK _vK‡e| Avgv‡`i wg‡jwg‡k
GKvKvi nIqv wekvj cwieviwU K_vB Avwg ejwQ|
†QvU‡ejv †_‡K †`‡L AvmwQ bvbyiv, gvgviv, Lvjviv me GKmv‡_ n‡j †KD gb Lvivc K‡i _vK‡Z
cv‡ibv| nq‡Zv `yt‡Li K_v ej‡Z ej‡Z †Pv‡Li ‡Kv‡b Rj P‡j G‡m‡Q wKš‘ wKQz¶b ci Kvbœv n‡q hvq
Avb›`vkÖ“| me‡P‡q gRvi welq hLb mevB GK‡Î nB †K †QvU †K eo †mUv Avi Avjv`vB _v‡K bv| nvwm
VvÆvq Avgiv mevB mgvb| GKmv‡_ nIqvi Rb¨ mvgvb¨ GKUv Qz‡ZvB h‡_ó|
GKUv †QvU NUbvi K_v ejwQ| GKevi gaycy‡i wM‡q mevB wg‡j wVK Kijvg evi-we-wKD Ki‡ev| me
Av‡qvRb †k‡l mevB †L‡Z ïi“ Ki‡jI eo Avcv wKQz‡ZB wKQz Lv‡”Qb bv| Kvib LyuR‡Z LyuR‡Z Rvbv †Mj Gi
†cQ‡bi Mfxi Pµvš— Avwmd fvBqvi| †m eo Avcv‡K e‡j‡Q evi-we-wKD Kivi Av‡M Pzjvi cv‡k `y†Uv KzKzi
ï‡qwQj| GLb GKUv‡K Lyu‡R cvIqv hv‡”Qbv| eo Avcv †Kb †L‡Z AvcwË Rvbvw”Qj †mUv †evSv †Mj| Ggb
AmsL¨ nvwmi NUbv Av‡Q, hv Avgv‡`i Rxebxkw³ †RvMvq|
nqZ eviv›`vq gb Lvivc K‡i e‡m AvwQ, nVvr Ggb †Kv‡bv NUbvi K_v g‡b c‡o †M‡j Avcb g‡b
†n‡m DwV| GB cwiev‡ii Kv‡iv nqZ kvixwiK eqm mËi, Kv‡iv m‡Zi, wKš‘ gbUv mevi GKB iKg D”Qj|
GB †h mevi g‡a¨ m¤ú‡K©i k³ evuab Zv cÖR‡b¥i ci cÖRb¥ a‡i P‡j Avm‡Q| eoevev (Wvt Gg, G, KzÏym)
Avi eo gvi PZz_© cÖR‡b¥i Avgiv fvB‡ev‡bivI wg‡jwg‡j _vK‡Z PvB| mwZ¨ ej‡Z wK Avgv‡`i wbw`ó †Kvb
Avb›`evwo †bB| Z‡e Avgiv mevB hLb †hLv‡b wgwjZ nB †mUvB n‡q hvqAvgv‡`i Avb›`evwo|
Avb›`evwo|

cÖxwZ I †cÖ‡gi c~Y¨ evua‡b
wgwj h‡e ci¯ú‡i
¯^M© Avwmqv `vuovq ZLwb
Avgv‡`wi Kz‡o N‡i

12

‰ekv‡Li Mvb
i“¤§vbv cvifxb (wRZz)

G‡jv‡i ˆekvL |
bZzb Avkvi Av‡jv wb‡q,
GwM‡q hve mgyL cv‡b,
wc‡Q †d‡j `ytL, Kó,
‡e`bv I welv`|
KZ wcÖqRb nvwi‡qwQ †gviv,
KZ bZzb gyL n‡q‡Q †h †Rvov,
‡KD P‡j hv‡e,
‡KD Rb¥v‡e,
GB‡Zv ci¯úiv|
`yw`‡bi Z‡i ,
G‡mwQ G f‡e,
wb‡q hv‡ev ïay
¯§„wZ ey‡K K‡i|
Avb›` -Mv‡b nvwm Dj−v‡m,
gvwZ‡q hvB‡i cÖvY
G‡mv m‡e wg‡j
my‡i myi Zz‡j
MvB ˆekvLx Mvb|

¯^vaxbZv
wd‡ivRv †eMg (G¨vwb)

¯^vaxbZv gv‡b bq †Zvgvi Avgvi
jy‡KvPzwi †Ljv
¯^vaxbZv gv‡b mevi GKmv‡_
cÖKv‡k¨ K_v ejv |
¯^vaxbZv gv‡b g‡bi wfZi ïayB Av‡jvi ivwk
¯^vaxbZv gv‡b wK‡kvix †g‡qi
cÖvY ‡Lvjv †Vvu‡U nvwm |
¯^vaxbZv gv‡b bq SMov
wKsev †Kvb weev`,
¯^vaxbZv gv‡b bq †Kvb
bvixi wg_¨v Acev`
¯^vaxbZv gv‡b ïayB Lykx
ïayB cÖv‡Yi †`vjv
¯^vaxbZv gv‡b †Zvgvi Avgvi
mevi Kó †fvjv

13

AbvMZ cÖR‡b¥i Kv‡Q Avgv‡`i cÖZ¨vkv
gvd‡ivRv ‡eMg (gxiv)

eÜb, G wK‡mi eÜb? G wK ïayB gvbe eÜb?
bv, G‡h i‡³i ¯ú›`b|
GB e܇bi `„pZv Avgv‡`i
GwM‡q w`‡q G‡m‡Q `~i eû `~‡i|
KL‡bv Avb›` KL‡bv welv‡`,
KL‡bv ev bZzb wKQzi mÜv‡b|
`xN© c_ cvwo w`‡q Avgiv P‡jwQ
Awbevh© GK cwiYwZi w`‡K|
wKš‘ G Awbevh© cwiYwZi K_v †K KZUv g‡b
iv‡L?
Kv‡ji weeZ©‡b GKw`b Avgv‡`i n‡e nvwi‡q †h‡Z,
wKš‘ gb †h gv‡b bv
GB my›`i c„w_ex †Q‡o †h‡Z|
AvgivI evuP‡Z PvB, KL‡bv dyj n‡q ev Mvb n‡q
‡Zvgv‡`i AbvMZ fwel¨‡Zi gv‡S|
‡Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ †i‡L †h‡Z PvB, wKQz K_v wKQz Avkv
hv GK K_vq cÖKv‡ki †bB fvlv|
AvMvgx‡Z nqZ GB wbVyi aiYx,
Zvi `vexi GK KYvI Qvo‡e bv †Zvgv‡`i,
‡hgb Qv‡owb Avgv‡`iI|
Gwi gv‡S †Zvgv‡`i †eu‡P _vK‡Z n‡e
KL‡bv we‡¶v‡f wKsev gvbe a‡g©i ZvwM‡`|
gvbe ag©cvjb Ki‡Z †h‡q wk‡LwQ A‡bK Kó‡Z-

mn‡R †Kvb wKQz cvIqv hvq bv, G aibx‡Z
me wKQz ARb© Ki‡Z nq ey‡Ki ¶Z m„wó‡Z|
AvR n‡Z kZ el© c‡i hw` Avgvi es‡ki †Kn
Zvi ¯§„wZi G¨vjevg Ly‡j
Lyu‡R cvq Avgv‡`i †Kvb Qwe,
‡mw`b †`L‡e Ôi‡³i avivÕ K_v K‡q DV‡e,
ZLb wd‡i PvB‡e wcQb cv‡b
wKsev nvwi‡q hv‡e AZx‡Zi †Kvb ¯§„wZi †ivgš’‡b
Avgiv †Kn _vKe bv ZLb,
hLb †Zvgiv n‡e wcZv wKsev wcZvgn|
Avgv‡`i ¯’vbwU `Lj K‡i wbI
‡mB mv‡_ Avgv‡`i bv‡g GKUz fvjevmv wbI
Avgv‡`i wPš—v, fvebv †PZbvq †Zvgiv AvQ e‡j
ey‡Ki wfZ‡i Abyf‡e cvB Zv c‡j c‡j
Avkx©ev` Kwi †Zvgiv GK n‡q wg‡j †_‡Kv
‡Zvgv‡`i GB GKvZ¥Zv ü`q Ly‡j †`L‡Z w`I
¯^v‡_©i Kvi‡b KL‡bv †Zvgv‡`i m‡b
hw` nq fyj eySveywS
i‡³i `vex‡Z Zv NywP‡q w`I
wØav ؇›Øi Aemv‡b|
AvMvgx cÖR‡b¥i Kv‡Q `vex †i‡L hvB GB e‡j
Avgiv wQjvg, Avgiv AvwQ
Ges Avgiv _vK‡ev wPiw`b
‡Zvgv‡`i mK‡ji fvjevmvq n‡q wejxb|

14

15

Zvwnqvi cvuPk
Ievq`yj dvËvn (Zvbfxi)

Zvwnqvi weovj cÖxwZ Rb¥m~‡Î cvIqv, GKUz †Lvjvmv K‡i e‡j− e¨vcviUv Ggb- Zvwnqvi `v`y †QvU
†ejvq evN cyl‡Zb| bv, bv, Kv¸‡R evN bv ev Kvco w`‡q evbv‡bv †Ljbv cyZzj evNI bv, G‡Kev‡i RjR¨vš—
†WvivKvUv, fvUvi gZ †PvLIqvjv mwZ¨Kv‡ii evN, gv‡b ev‡Ni ev”Pv AviwK| †mB evN hw`I †ewkw`b N‡i ivLv
hvqwb, GKw`b N‡ii Uv‡b - gv‡b ev‡Ni N‡ii Uv‡b ev”Pv evNUv wd‡i hvq e‡b| wKš‘ Zv‡Z ‡Zv Avi evN
cvjvUv wg‡Q n‡q hvq bv| Zvici Avwm Zvwnqvi evevi K_vq| Zvwnqvi evevi Avg‡j †jvKvj‡qi Avkcv‡k
evN †Kb ev‡Ni QweI Lyu‡R cvIqv m¤¢e wQ‡jv bv| cvIqv hv‡e wK K‡i, Zvwnqvi evev‡K †h XvKv kn‡ii g‡Zv
GKUv welg Mnxb R½‡j evm Ki‡Z n‡Zv, †mLv‡b gvbyl _vK‡ZB fq cvq- Avi evN!
XvKv bv‡gi GB R½jUv Aek¨ A‡bK w`b †_‡KB GKUz GKUz K‡i eo nw”Q‡jv, Õ71 mv‡ji 16
wW‡m¤^i †mUv AvbyôvwbK fv‡e ‡`‡ki me‡P‡q eo R½j wnmv‡e ¯^xK…wZ †cj| Zv †mB eo R½‡j Zvwnqvi
`v`v‡K miKvi ivRkvnx †_‡K e`jx K‡i wb‡q G‡jv Õ72 mv‡ji ïi“‡Z| Zv †mev‡ii †mB ivRkvnx Uz XvKv
Rvwb©‡Z N‡UwQ‡jv fqvbK me KvÛ, †mUv Av‡iK Mí|
hv †nvK, Zvwnqvi `v`v g‡Zv Av‡iv A‡bK‡KB miKvi XvKvq wb‡q G‡jv, bv n‡j evsjv‡`k bv‡gi GB
bZzb R½j gnj mvgjv‡e wK K‡i| GB me †jvK‡`i †`Lv †`wL Av‡iv A‡b‡K XvKvq cvwo Rgv‡jv| Zviv
mevB XvKvq G‡m Ggb †kvi‡Mvj ïi“ Ki‡jv †h Avmcv‡k †h K‡qKUv evN jywK‡q Pzwi‡q w`b KvUv‡Zv Zviv
me †jR ¸wU‡q G‡Kev‡i `w¶‡b cvwo Rgv‡jv, †mLv‡b my›`ieb e‡j wb‡R‡`i GKUv bZzb ivR¨ evwb‡q evm
Ki‡Z jvM‡jv, ï‡bwQ B`vwbs †mLv‡bI bvwK Zviv Avi my‡L †bB, †mLv‡bI miKv‡ii bRi c‡o‡Q, nw”Q‡jv
Zvwnqvi Mí|
Zvwnqvi `v`y †QvU‡ejvq evN cyl‡Zb, Zvwnqvi evevi wb‡`b c‡¶ KvQvKvwQ wKQz GKUz †cvlv DwPr, bv
n‡j gvb evu‡P bv| gvb evuPv‡Z Zvwnqvi evev †cvlv ïi“ Ki‡jv GKUv Bqv eo ivgQvMj| bv bv nvwmi K_v bv
mwZ¨ mwZ¨ Zvwnqvi evevi GKUv ivg QvMj wQ‡jv| cÖkœ DV‡Z cv‡i ev‡Ni mv‡_ QvM‡ji m¤úK© wK? ev‡Ni
mv‡_ ivgQvM‡ji m¤úK© A‡bK cyiv‡bv Avi Mfxi| hviv fy‡jvgb Zv‡`i GKUzLvwb g‡b Kwi‡q †`qvi Rb¨
ejwQ- wms‡ni gvgv Avwg binwi `vm, ewÎk ev‡N †gvi GK GK MÖvm| IB‡h evN Avi QvM‡ji MíUv‡Z Ggb
GKUv Qov Av‡Q bv| Zvwnqvi evevi mv‡_ ivgQvMjUvI XvKvi R½‡j G‡mwQ‡jv ivRkvnx †_‡K- gv‡b ivRvi
†`‡ki kvnx ivg QvMj| Zv †m QvMj XvKvi gZ Ggb Aev©vwPb GKUv R½‡j †ewk _vK‡e wK K‡i- n‡jvB bv
nq ivgQvMj, ZvB e‡j‡Zv Avi Zvwnqvi evevi LvwZ‡i gvb B¾Z †Lvqv‡Z cv‡i bv| Zvwnqvi R‡b¥i A‡bK
Av‡MB †m Zvi †`‡k wd‡i †M‡Q|
Zvwnqv eo n‡q‡Q GB me evN, QvMj e„Ëvš—— ïb‡Z ïb‡Z| ZvB †mI hLb Ave`vi Kivi e‡q‡m
†cŠQv‡jv ZLb †_‡KB GKUv ev‡Ni ev”Pvi evqbv a‡i e‡m Av‡Q| wKš‘ evqbv ai‡jB wK Avi me cvIqv hvq,
ZvwnqvI Zvi evevi g‡Zv _v‡K R½j XvKvq, G‡Zv w`‡b †mUv Av‡iv gvby‡l dz‡j †du‡c ‡Xvj n‡q‡Q| GLv‡b
GLb gvbylB AvBVvB- Avi Zv‡`i †cvl¨| wKš‘ ZvwnqvI bv‡Qviev›`v- AvdUviAj- ci¤úiv e‡j K_v, es‡ki
aviv eRvq ivL‡Z n‡e| A‡bK kjv civg‡k©i ci wVK n‡jv Zvwnqv‡K GKvU ev‡Ni gvwm cyl‡Z †`qv †h‡Z
16

cv‡i| iv‡Zi †ejv hLb Zvwnqvi evev Avi gv GB Av‡jvPbv KiwQ‡jv ZLb Rvbvjvi cvk w`‡q GKUv †eovj
gv †nu‡U hvw”Q‡jv| ev‡Ni gvwm kãUv Kv‡b †h‡Z _g‡K `uvwo‡q Kvb Lvov K‡i, ev‡Ni gvwm gv‡b - Zvi
K_vB‡Zv Av‡jvPbv n‡”Q| me ï‡b †m GKUv eyw× AvU‡jv|
mKv‡j wgDu wgDu kã ï‡b `iRv Ly‡j Zvwnqv †`‡L N‡ii mvg‡b cvuP cvuPUv ‡eovj Qvbv, GKUv
Av‡iKUv‡K Rwo‡q a‡i Mvb MvB‡Q| Zvwn‡q Avkcvk Ly‡uR †Kv_vI ev”Pv¸‡jvi gv-‡K †cj bv| cv‡e wK K‡i
gv-Uv‡Zv jywK‡q Zvi ev”Pv¸‡jv‡K †`LwQ‡jv| hw` †Kvb Kvi‡Y Zvwnqvi cQ›` bv nq Zvn‡j Avevi Zv‡`i
evmvq wdwi‡q wb‡q hv‡e| g‡b g‡b Aek¨ †mUv hv‡Z bv Ki‡Z nq Zvi Rb¨ †`vqv KiwQ‡jv| Ggb GKUv
my‡hvM †eovj-gv GK`g nvZ Qvov Ki‡Z ivwR bv| Zvwnqvi evmv fwZ© me gv÷vi, ev”Pv¸‡jv Zvwnqvi Kv‡Q
‡_‡K eo n‡jv Lvev‡i QvbvUv- †cvbvUvi mv‡_ wd« LvwbKUv we`¨v wk¶viI my‡hvM cv‡e| PvB wK Zvwnqvi dzdzi
mv‡_ LvwZi K‡i D”Pwk¶v‡_© we‡`‡k Mg‡bi my‡hvMI †c‡q †h‡Z cv‡i|
Zv mevi Kcv‡j wK Avi me mgq myL mn¨ nq? K_vq Av‡Q bv weov‡ji †c‡U wN nRg nq bv|
ev”Pv¸‡jvI ZvB nviva‡bi †Q‡j‡`i g‡Zv G‡K G‡K cUj †¶‡Zi †Lvu‡R Nyi‡Z P‡j †Mj, Zvwnqv Zv‡`i KZ
eo eo Wv³vi Ke‡iR †`Lv‡bvi me †jvfbxq cÖ¯—ve w`‡jv, †m me Zviv Kv‡bB Zzj−‡jv bv| GKUv GKUz `ye©j
ai‡bi wQ‡jv, †mUv †f‡e †`L‡jv cUj †¶Z A‡bK `y‡ii c_ Zvi PvB‡Z KvQvKvwQ Av‡Q Wv³vi evwo, †mLv‡b
hvIqvB fv‡jv| †mUv ïay Zvwnqvi m‡½ i‡q ‡Mj| Zvwnqv Avevi Zv‡K eo weÁvbx evbv‡e e‡j bvg ivL‡jv
wbDUb|
Bs‡iRiv e‡j †M‡Q i³ bvwK cvwbi PvB‡Z Nb| Bs‡iRiv Avevi bvwK ivRvi RvZ, Zv‡`i K_v‡Zv
Avi evwm n‡Z †`qv hvq bv| †QvU‡ejvq fvB †evb‡`i P‡j hvIqv wbDU‡bi wVK g‡b Av‡Q| ZvB †m Zvi wVK
Ki‡jv Zv‡`i bvg ivL‡Z Zv‡iv P‡j †h‡Z n‡e| Z‡e wKbv †m Zvwnqvi Kv‡Q GKUz AvaUz we`¨ wk¶v K‡i
GUzKz eyS‡Z †c‡i‡Q cUj Lye fv‡jv wRwbl bv Zvi PvB‡Z gvQ Av‡iv fv‡jv| cv‡ki evwoi gv‡Qi M‡Ü gvZvj
n‡q GKw`b jywK‡q †m †mLv‡bB P‡j †Mj| Zvwnqvi ïi“‡Z GKUz gb Lvivc n‡qwQ‡jv Zvici me †`L Lye ivM
n‡jv| wbDU‡bi bvg cv‡ë ivL‡jv †UªBUi gv‡b wek¦vmNvZK| GLb †UªBUi‡K Avevi wd‡i Zvwnqvi Kv‡Q
Avmevi †Póv Ki‡Z †`Lv hvq wKš‘ Zvwnqv Zv‡Z GK`g ivwR bv, †`L‡Z †c‡jB Svo– nv‡Z Zvov K‡i|
G‡Zv wKQzi ciI Zvwnqv ci¤úiv i¶vi K_v fyj‡Z cv‡i bv| Aek¨ fyj‡Z PvB‡jI †mUv m¤¢e bv|
Pvicv‡ki wnw›` wmwiqvj My‡jv ‡h fv‡e ci¤úiv ci¤úiv K‡i Mjv ïwK‡q †dj‡Q, Zvwnqvi wK ¶gZv †mUv
fy‡j hvq| †UªBUi KZ fv‡e †Póv Ki‡Q wb‡Ri GKUv Qvbv Zvwnqv‡K MQv‡Z, wKš‘ †Kvb fv‡eB Zvwnqv Zv‡Z
ivwR bv, G‡Zv Zvi †UªBU‡ii Kv‡Q gv_v †nU n‡q hv‡e| †m evN cvjv `v`yi eskai, mvgvb¨ †eov‡ji Kv‡Q
†n‡i hv‡e?
‡eovj PvB wKš‘ ‡mUv †UªBUv‡ii Svo es‡ki †KD n‡Z cvi‡e bv| wK Avi Kiv, AMwZi MwZ KvUve‡bi
†`vKbxiv‡Zv e‡mB Av‡Q Ggb my‡hv‡Mi m`e¨envi Kievi Rb¨| GK ‡`vKvb`vi iv¯—v †_‡K a‡i G‡b LvuPvq
cy‡i Zvwnqvi n‡Z awi‡q †`q GKUv †eovj Qvbv| fv‡jv †eovj e‡j `vg nvKvq nvRvi UvKv, †k‡l cvP‡kv
UvKvq idv| Zvwnqv Zv‡ZB Lywk| †UªBUi‡K‡Zv kv‡q¯—v Kiv †Mj, ZvI GK fv‡e bv `y fv‡e- †UªBUi wQ‡jv wd«
Avi G‡K `vg w`‡q †Kbv| †UªBUi wQ‡jv †g‡q G n‡jv †Q‡j| mevB Rv‡b Ô†g‡qi PvB‡Z †Q‡j A‡bK `vwgÕ|
mevB‡K we‡kl K‡i †UªBUi‡K Rvbvb w`‡Z Zvwnqv GB weovjUvi bvg †i‡L‡Q cvPu‡kv|
17

‡h hv ejyK, GB‡Zv Avgvi gvZ…f~wg
†gv: Ave`ym †mvenvb

weMZ 2003 Gi 9 gvP© Avgvi gv‡qi g„Zz¨evwl©Kx D`hvc‡bi Rb¨ h‡kv‡ii MÖv‡gi evwo‡Z iIqvbv
njvg XvKv †_‡K ev‡m| wKš‘ evwoi wbKU¯’ evRv‡i †cŠu‡QB Lei †cjvg Avwg †hb H w`bB gqgbwmsn Avgvi
Kg©¯’j evsjv‡`k K…wl wek¦we`¨vj†q wd‡i hvB| KviY `yGKw`‡bi g‡a¨B Avgv‡K KvbvWv †h‡Z n‡e GK gv‡mi
GK cÖwk¶Y Kg©mw~P‡Z Ask MÖnY Ki‡Z| weKvj 5Uvq evwo wM‡q Avevi ivZ 9Uvq XvKvi D‡Ï‡k¨ iIbv nB|
ciw`b mKvj 10Uvq gqgbwmsn †cuv‡Q Lei †cjvg H w`bB wek¦we`¨vj‡hi KvRKg© †kl K‡i ciw`b KvbvWv
`~Zvevm †_‡K wfmv wb‡Z n‡e| Avwg I Avgvi `yB mnKgx© mn‡RB wfmv †c‡q †Mjvg| G e¨vcv‡i KvbvWvi
Iì©m K‡j‡Ri Avgš¿YcÎ we‡kl mnvqZv K‡iwQj| 12gvP© wm½vcyi Gqvi jvB‡Ýi wU‡KU †c‡q †Mjvg|
GZ †MŠiPw›`ªKv wKš‘ Avgvi G †jLvi D‡Ïk¨ bq| evsjv‡`‡ki cÖwZwU ‡¶‡Î bvbvb AmvgÄm¨
Avgv‡`i gb‡K cxwoZ K‡i cÖwZw`b | †`‡k _vK‡j ZvB Avgiv †`‡ki †Kvb fvjB †`L‡Z cvB bv| wKš‘ GB
mgm¨vwcxwoZ †`k †_‡K hLb Avgiv ‡KD †`‡ki evB‡i hvB ZLb G †`‡ki cÖwZ †Kvb AeÁv Avgv‡`i gb‡K
†h Kx cwigvb we¶z× K‡i, Avevi †`‡ki mvgvb¨ mybvg Avgv‡`i Kxfv‡e Avbw›`Z K‡i †mB AwfÁZvB Gevi
Avwg eY©bv Kie|
KvbvWv hvevi mKj cÖ¯‘Zx wb‡q ZrKvjxb wRqv Avš—©RvwZK wegvb e›`‡i †cuŠ‡Q †Mjvg mKvj 8Uvq|
Bwg‡MÖk‡bi wbqg Kvbyb †kl K‡i ‡c−‡b DVjvg| †c−b Qvoj wVK 10Uvq| wm½vcyi wmwUi wekvj Gqvi †cv‡U©
AeZib Kijvg `ycyi 1Uvq| cieZ©x d¬vBU weKvj 3Uvq| wm½vcyi Gqvi‡cv©‡Ui wekvjZ¡ I †mŠ›`h© Avgv‡K gy»
K‡iwQj|
weKvj 2Uvq Avevi Bwg‡MÖkb cÖwµqv ïi“ n‡jv| h_vwbq‡g Avgiv wZbRb jvB‡b `vuovjvg| `yR‡bi
wcQ‡b Avwg| Ab¨vb¨ †`‡ki bvMwiK‡`i cvm‡cvU© ¯^vfvweK fv‡eB †`Lv nw”Qj| wKš‘ Avgv‡`i cvjv hLb Gj
ZLbB †hb †cÖ¶vcU cv‡ë †Mj| Avgvi eÜz Avmjv‡gi nvZ †_‡K †bqv evsjv‡`‡ki meyR cvm‡cvU©wU wb‡q
†hb bvUK ïi“ nj| g‡b nj †hb †Kvb †Pvi aiv c‡o‡Q| LywU‡q LywU‡q GKRb mv‡R©›U cvm‡cvU©wU †PK
Ki‡jb| cÖ_‡g Lvwj †Pv‡L c‡i UP© jvBU w`‡q| Zv‡ZI wZwb mš‘ó bv n‡q Zxeª Av‡jvi GK †cwÝj UP© †ei
Ki‡jb| hv‡Z evsjv‡`‡ki cvm‡cv‡U©i ürwcÛ ch©š— †`Lv hvq| Nywi‡q wdwi‡q A‡bK¶b a‡i cix¶v †k‡l
Avmjv‡gi Kv‡Q KvbvWv Iì©m K‡j‡Ri Advi †jUviUv PvB‡jb| cvm‡cvU© cix¶vi GB `„k¨ Avwg wKQy‡ZB
mn¨ Ki‡Z cviwQjvg bv| Avwg g‡b g‡b Gi GKUv cÖwZev` Kivi wm×vš— wbjvg| cÖ‡qvR‡b XvKv wd‡i hve
wKš‘ evsjv‡`‡ki GB Acgvb mn¨ Kie bv| GKB fv‡e gvwn‡bi cvm‡cvU© †PwKs Ges Avgš¿Y cÎUv wb‡q
Zv‡`i †Q‡o †`qv nj| Avgvi Kv‡Q G‡m mv‡R©›U cÖ_‡g Avgvi †`k I †Kv_vq hve wRÁvmv Ki‡jb| wZwb
Avgvi Advi †jUvi PvB‡jb| Avwg ejjvg, ÒAvcwb †Zv Avgvi bvg mvg‡bi `yÕRb hvwÎi Kv‡Q †`‡L‡Qb|
Ah_v †Kb Avgvi Advi †jUvi PvB‡Qb?Ó Dwb ej‡jb, ÒGUvB wbqg|Ó Avwg ejjvg ÒGUv GK ai‡bi
nqivwb|Ó mv‡R©›U Avevi Advi ‡jUvi PvB‡jb Avwg Avevi Av‡Mi gZ DËi w`jvg| mv‡R©›U bv‡Qviev›`v,
18

AvwgI AwePj| mv‡R©›U wei³ n‡q ej‡jb ÒGgb Ki‡j Avcbvi KvbvWv hvIqv n‡e bv|Ó Avwg ejjvg,
ÒAvcbvi Ab¨vq AvPiY‡K Avwg †g‡b wbe bv, cÖ‡qvR‡b XvKv wd‡i hve|Ó Avgvi wcQ‡b †ek eo GKUv jvBb
c‡o hvIqvq mv‡R©›U Avgv‡K jvBb †Q‡o w`‡Z ej‡jb| Avwg jvBb †Q‡o w`‡q hvw·`i Rb¨ ivLv †Pqv‡i wM‡q
emjvg| Avmjvg I gvwnb Bwg‡MÖkb cvi n‡q Avgvi Rb¨ D‡Ø‡Mi mv‡_ Gw`K †mw`K ZvKvw”Qj| mKj hvwÎi
Bwg‡MÖkb cÖwµqv †kl nj| mevB ewn:Uvwg©bv‡j P‡j †Mj, Avwg GKv e‡m iBjvg| mv‡R©›U mv‡ne Avgvi w`‡K
GwM‡q G‡jb Ges AZ¨š— web‡qi mv‡_ ej‡jb ÒRvwbbv †Kb Avcwb Avgvi mv‡_ Amn‡hvwMZv Ki‡Qb| wKš‘
Avcwb wbðqB †ev‡Sb c„w_exi Ae¯’v †gv‡UB fv‡jv bvÓ| Avwg ejjvg ÒAvwg Rvwb, Z‡e evsjv‡`kx‡`i mv‡_
Ab¨vq AvPiY Avwg †g‡b wbe bv|Ó wZwb AviI web‡qi mv‡_ ej‡jb ÒAvwg Avcbvi AbyfywZ‡K m¤§vb K‡iB
ejwQ, hw` †Kvb Kvi‡b Avcbv‡K KvbvWv †_‡K wd‡i Avm‡Z nq Z‡e Avcbvi †divi mKj LiP Avgv‡K enb
Ki‡Z n‡e| wc−R, Avcbvi Advi †jUviUv Avgv‡K †`Lvb|Ó gbUv †ek big n‡q †Mj| Advi †jUviUv †ei
K‡i †`Lvjvg| cvm‡cvU©Uv PvB‡jb wKš‘ IUvi Dci ejvrKvi Ki‡jb bv| hZUzKz †`Lvi †`‡L ej‡jb Òwc−R
†Mv, n¨vf G bvBm Rvwb©Ó AvwgI _¨v¼ BD e‡j Bwg‡MÖkb e· AwZµg Kijvg|
Avevi ewn:Uvwg©bv‡j wM‡q Avgv‡`i hvÎvi Rb¨ cÖ¯‘Z †c−bUv‡K †`Ljvg| AZ wekvj mvB‡Ri †c−b
Avwg Rxe‡bI †`wLwb| g‡b nj GKUv ‡÷wWqvg AvKv‡ii †c−b `vuwo‡q Av‡Q Avgv‡`i enb Kivi Rb¨|
mvwi‡Z `vuwo‡q g¯— GK njN‡ii gZ †c−‡bi †c‡Ui g‡a¨ XyK‡Z _vKjvg| GB †c−‡b `k N›Uv mdi Ki‡Z n‡e
Avgv‡`i| wVK wZbUvq †c−b AvKv‡k Doj| gyû‡Z© wek nvRvi dzU Dc‡i D‡V †Mj| AviI Dc‡i, AviI Dc‡i
mKj †gN Qvwo‡q SKS‡K bxj AvKv‡ki Kv‡Q †hb †c−bUv †cŠu‡Q †Mj| bx‡P †g‡Ni mgy`,ª Dc‡i AvKvk,
m~‡h©i D¾¡j Av‡jvq Pvwiw`K Sjgj Ki‡Q|
cÖvq AvovB N›Uv ci †mv‡j †cŠuQjvg| Avav N›Uvi weiwZ| R¡vjvbx †bIqv I cwi”QbœZvi Rb¨
Avgv‡`i‡K bvg‡Z nj †c−b †_‡K| avivevwnK fv‡e Avevi †PwKs‡q †Zgb †Kvb ANUb NUj bv| KvbvWv †cuŠ‡Q
wK cwigvb †PwKs n‡e Zvi Rb¨ DrKÉvq Avgvi KÉbvjx evi evi ïwK‡q AvmwQj| mZx_©‡`i Kv‡Q ï‡bwQ cÖvq
mKj Gqvi‡cv‡U© gymjgvb bvgavix hvÎx‡`i Kvco Ly‡j †gwkb jvwM‡q †PK Kiv nq| GB Acgvb wKfv‡e mn¨
Kie Zvi Rb¨ gvbwmK cÖ¯‘wZ wbw”Qjvg| Avevi fvewQjvg G ai‡bi †PwKs n‡j KvbvWv bv Xy‡K †`‡k wd‡i
Avme| wKš‘ welqUv †evanq AZ mnR bq †f‡e DwØMœ nw”Qjvg|
mܨvi wKQy Av‡M †c−bwU KvbvWvi D‡Ï†k¨ hvÎv ïi“ Kij| we`y¨r†e‡M †c−bwU wek/cuwPk nvRvi dzU
Dc‡i D‡V †Mj| nVvr GKwU `„k¨ †`‡L gbUv Acvw_©e Avb‡›` f‡i †Mj| †g‡Ni mgy‡`ª m~h© A¯— hv‡”Q| GKUv
Rvbvjvi Kv‡Q e‡m m~h©v‡¯—i GB ¯^M©xq `„k¨ †`Ljvg †ek K‡qK wgwbU a‡i| c‡i mviv AvKvk †mvbvjx eib
avib Kij| cÖvq bq/`k N›Uvi hvÎv| †R‡M Nywg‡q mgqUzKz cvi Kijvg|
ciw`b mKv‡j Avevi GK ¯^M©xq `„k¨ †`Ljvg| †g‡Ni Avovj †_‡K jvj m~h©Uv ax‡i ax‡i D`q n‡”Q|
Pvwiw`‡K †mvbvjx Avfvq mviv AvKvk iwÄZ| mܨv I mKv‡ji GB `„k¨ Avwg †Kvbw`b fyj‡Z cvie bv|
mKvj AvUUvq KvbvWvi cÖ‡ek Øvi f¨v¼zfvi Gqvi‡cv‡U© †c−bUv AeZib Kij| Bwg‡MÖkb †PKAv‡ci
fq Avgv‡K bZzb K‡i wN‡i aij| e¨v‡MR Kv‡j± K‡i Bwg‡MÖk‡bi mvwi‡Z `vuovjvg| GK mvwi‡Z Avgvi
19

`yÕRb mnKg©x, Ab¨ mvwi‡Z Avwg GKv| †ek K‡qKwU gymwjg †`‡ki hvw·`i g~j mvwi †_‡K Avjv`v K‡i
`uvov‡Z ejv nj| `~i“ `~i“ e‡¶ Avwg GK mgq Bwg‡MÖkb Awdmv‡ii mvg‡b wM‡q `uvovjvg| KuvPv cvKv Pz‡j
XvKv e¨vKeªvk Kiv Awdmvi| wK¬b †kf, gyLUv GKUz jvj‡P wKš‘ †ek f`ª †Mv‡Qi †jvK e‡jB g‡b nj| AviI
A‡bK Awdmvi Wv‡b ev‡g mvwi‡Z e‡m Av‡Qb| wKš‘ GB †jvKUv‡K †Kgb †hb Ab¨ iKg jvMj| Avgvi
Avcv`g¯—K GKevi †`‡L wb‡q cvm‡cvU© PvB‡jb| Avgvi Me© Avgvi †`‡ki meyR cvm‡cvU©wU Lyj‡jb †ek
AvMÖn f‡i| wRÁvmv Ki‡jb ÒAvcwb wK evsjv‡`kx?Ó DËi w`jvg, n¨v| wØZxqevi GK A™¢yZ cÖkœ Ki‡jb, hv
Avwg KíbvI Kwiwb| ej‡jb, ÒAvcwb wK RR© n¨vwimb‡K ‡P‡bb?Ó Ggb cÖ‡kœi Rb¨ †h‡nZz Avwg cÖ¯‘Z wQjvg
bv, ZvB nZPwKZ n‡q †Mjvg| ci¶‡bB DËi w`jvg ÒAek¨B Avwg wPwb Zv‡K| wZwb‡Zv evsjv‡`‡ki GKRb
gyw³‡hv×v| 1971 m‡b wZwb Zvi KÉ I hš¿‡K nvwZqvi K‡i gyw³hy‡× mn‡hvwMZv K‡iwQ‡jb| evsjv‡`wkiv
wPiw`b Zv‡K g‡b ivL‡e|Ó Bwg‡MÖkb Awdmvi †hb Zvi ÷¨vUvm fy‡j wmU †Q‡o Avgv‡K G‡m Rwo‡q ai‡jb
Ges ej‡jb, ÒBD Avi G Uªy evsjv‡`kx| G ch©š— Avwg GK nvRvi evsjv‡`kx‡K G cÖkœ wRÁvmv K‡iwQ wKš‘
†KD DËi w`‡Z cv‡i wb| Avwg mwZ¨B Lywk n‡qwQ| RR© n¨vwim‡bi †mB HwZnvwmK Kbmv‡U© Avwg Dcw¯’Z
wQjvg| H w`‡bi K_v Avwg KLbI fyj‡Z cvie bv| †Zvgvi †Kvb †PwKs n‡e bv|Ó Avwg Avgvi `yÕRb
mnKg©xi K_v ej‡j wZwb I‡`i‡KI †W‡K Avb‡jb| cvm‡cvU© ¸‡jv wb‡q ac& ac& K‡i wmj †g‡i ej‡jb
ÒI‡qjKvg Uz AvIqvi KvbvWv, n¨vf G bvBm †÷|Ó
Ab¨ GKRb‡K wb‡Ri `vwqZ¡ eywS‡q w`‡q wZwb Avgv‡`i‡K Avf¨š—ixb i“‡Ui Uvwg©bvj ch©š— GwM‡q
w`‡q Dò Kig`©b Ki‡jb mevi mv‡_| Avgiv ab¨ev` w`‡q ax‡i ax‡i K¨vj‡MixMvgx †c−‡bi w`‡K G¸‡Z
_vKjvg, †`Ljvg wZwb ZLbI nvZ bvo‡Qb|
mKj fqfxwZ Qvwc‡q wÎkj¶ knx‡`i AvZœZ¨vM Avgv‡`i‡K wK `y:mn j¾¡¡v †_‡K i¶v Kij ZvB
†f‡e gbUv cÖkvwš—‡Z f‡i †Mj|

Avevi Avwme wd‡i avbwmuwowUi Zx‡i- GB evsjvq
nq‡Zv gvbyl bq - nq‡Zv ev k•LwPj kvwj‡Li †e‡k;
nq‡Zv †fv‡ii KvK n‡q GB KvwZ©‡Ki bev‡bœi †`‡k
Kzqvkvi ey‡K †f‡m GKw`b Avwme GB KvuVvj Qvqvq
nq‡Zv ev nuvm ne- wK‡kvixi-Ny½yi iwn‡e jvj cvq
mvivw`b †K‡U hv‡e Kjgxi MÜ fiv R‡j †f‡m ‡f‡m;
Avevi Avwme Avwg evsjvi b`x gvV †¶Z fv‡jv‡e‡m
Rjv½xi †XD‡q †fRv evsjvi G meyR Ki“b Wv½vq - Rxebvb›` `vk

20

gscy‡Z GKw`b
‡mZviv Kvgvj (†k¦Zv)

ÒKwe ¸i“ †h †Uwe‡j e‡m wjL‡Zb †mB †Uwe‡j `uvwo‡q Avwg wjLwQ| Zuvi †Pqvi Qyu‡q †`LwQ, emvi
mvnm †bB| Zuvi wb‡Ri nv‡Z †jLv wPwV cowQ- GUv ¯^cœ bv †Zv? -bv GUv mwZ¨, mwZ¨B G GK Ac~e©
AwfÁZv| Avwg Awff~Z|Ó- iex›`ª fe‡bi †Kqvi †UKvi wkwki evey hLb LvZvUv GwM‡q w`‡jb wVK GB
K_v¸wjB Avwg wj‡L †i‡L G‡mwQ gscy‡Z|
gscy| mevB e‡j ÔwZ¯—v Kb¨vÕ| wZ¯—vi cvo †N‡l cvnvwo iv¯—v †e‡q Dc‡i D‡V †M‡j †cŠuQv‡bv hvq
`vwR©wjs Gi †QvÆ GKwU kni gscy‡Z| hvi AvKl©‡Y gscy‡Z Kwe¸i“ iex›`ªbv_ VvKzi evi evi Qy‡U G‡m‡Qb|
iex›`ªbv_ VvKzi cvnv‡o †eov‡Z G‡j †kl Rxe‡b `vwR©wjs Gi †Kvjvnj Gwo‡q Kwj¤úO Gi kvš—, wbwiwewj,
cwi‡ek‡K †e‡Q wb‡qwQ‡jb, _vK‡Zb Ô‡MŠixcyi fe‡bÕ| †mB evwo GLb i¶bv‡e¶‡bi Afv‡e wejyß cÖvq|
c‡i Aek¨ iex›`ªbv_ VvKzi ÒwPÎ fvbyÓ bv‡g Kwj¤ú‡O Avi GKwU evwo ˆZwi K‡iwQ‡jb| †mB evwo‡Z hvIqvi
†mŠfvM¨ Avgvi n‡q‡Q| Kvwj¤úO †_‡K gsc~i `~iZ¡ AíB| hw`I ZLb Mvwo †bqvi mye¨e¯’v wQj bv| wZwb
†h‡Zb cvjwK‡Z K‡i| †hUv‡K ¯’vbxq fvlvq ÔXyjxÕ e‡j|
gscy‡Z iex›`ªbv_ VvKzi AvwZ_¨ MÖnY Ki‡Zb †jwLKv ˆg‡Îqx †`exi evwo‡Z| ˆg‡Îqx †`exi evevi
m‡½ Kwei mL¨Zv wQj| †mB myev‡` †QvU †ejv †_‡KB kvwš—wb‡KZ‡b ˆg‡Îqx †`exi Aeva Avbv‡MvbvcvwievwiK m¤úK© wQj| c‡i ¯^vgxi Kg©¯’j gscy‡Z msmvi cv‡Zb| ˆg‡Îqx †`exi ¯^vgx wQ‡jb miKvix
KzBbvBb KviLvbvi D”Pc`¯’ Kg©KZ©v| †mB myev‡` gscy‡Z Ae¯’vb|
Gevi Avgvi gscy‡Z hvIqvi K_v ewj| eyjeyj Zvi `jej wb‡q eQ‡i `yBevi ev‡m K‡i Kwj¤ús, gscy,
jvfv, `vwR©wjs, †jv‡j MuvI, wmwKg BZ¨vw` RvqMvq Nyi‡Z hvq| Avwg cÖkœ Kwi †Zvgiv GZ Kó K‡i GKB
RvqMvq evievi Nyi‡Z hvI †Kb? †m iwmKZv K‡i DËi †`q Ô‡h AvKl©‡Y iex›`ªbv_ 78eQi eq‡m evi evi
Qy‡U Avm‡Zb †mB AvKl©‡Y| kvš—, wbwiwewj cÖvK…wZK cwi‡e‡k PzcPvc e‡m †_‡K wKfv‡e †h mgq P‡j hvq
†UiB cvB bvÕ| Gevi †Muv ai‡jv Avgv‡K wb‡q Kvwj¤úO hv‡e| †hB K_v †mB KvR| Av‡Mi w`b wfmv nv‡Z
†c‡q ciw`b †MvQMvQ K‡i †c−‡b †P‡c KjKvZv| ciw`b ivZ `kUvq `vwR©wjs †_‡K iIqvbv n‡q wbD RjcvB
¸wo †ók‡b †b‡g Mvwo fvov K‡i `vwR©wjs Gi cvnv‡o bv D‡V Kvwj¤úO Gi cvnv‡o D‡V †Mjvg| KviY GKUvB
`vwR©wjs Gi †Kvjvnj Gov‡bv| wZ¯—vi cvo w`‡q cvnv‡o D‡V hvIqv Kwj¤ú‡Oi iv¯—v| GKw`‡K Lvov cvnvo
Avi GKw`‡K wZ¯—v b`xi e‡q hvIqv- †mwK Ac~e© `„k¨! GK Abb¨ Abyf~wZ,GK ˆbmwM©K fvj jvMvi NbNUvq
gbUv f‡i †Mj| m„wóKZ©v‡K ab¨ev` w`jvg, K…ZÁZvq eyjyi nvZ †P‡c aijvg| gy‡L wKQy ejjvg bv| Avwg wK
RvbZvg Avgvi Rb¨ Av‡iv KZ †mŠ›`h©¨, Av‡iv KZ fvjjvMv mvg‡b A‡c¶v K‡i Av‡Q?
Kwj¤ú‡O Lye my›`i GKUv †n‡U‡j (Hotel Silver Oak) DVjvg| †`‡LB Avgvi gb f‡i
†Mj| Lywk‡Z UMeM KiwQ| eyjy hZUv cvi‡Q †mB Lywk K¨v‡giv ew›` Kivi †Póv Ki‡Q| mvivw`b Gw`K †mw`K
Ny‡i cvi Kijvg| ciw`b mviv w`‡bi Rb¨ Mvwo wVK K‡i iIqvbv njvg Kvw•LZ gscyi D‡Ï‡k¨| AvuKv euvKv
21

cvnvwo iv¯—v a‡i Dc‡ii w`‡K DV‡Z jvMjvg| cÖvq `yB N›Uv Pjvi ci gscy †cuŠQjvg| †hLv‡b bvgjvg Zvi
GKw`‡K KzBbvBb KviLvbv, Ab¨w`‡K ‰g‡Îqx †`exi †mB evwo †hLv‡b iex›`ªbv_ VvKzi _vK‡Zb| †mUv GLb
iex›`ª ¯§„wZweRwiZ Ôiex›`ª febÕ n‡q †M‡Q|
iex›`ª fe‡bi †MU w`‡q Xy‡KB evMv‡b †Pv‡L co‡jv Kwei Ave¶ g~wZ©| wkwki evey Avgv‡`i Af¨_©bv
K‡i N‡ii `iRv Ly‡j w`‡jb| RyZv Ly‡j Avgiv N‡i XyKjvg| Kwe †h Avivg †K`vivq e‡m cÖvK…wZK ‡kvfv
†`L‡Zb †mB †Pqvi Lvbv mv`v Pv`‡i XvKv, Zv‡Z Kwei eo GKLvbv Qwe| g‡b nw”Qj Kwe wb‡RB e‡m
Av‡Qb| Avgvi kixi wknwiZ n‡q DV‡jv|
Ny‡i Ny‡i †`LwQjvg †`qv‡j UvOv‡bv Zvi wewfbœ mg‡qi Qwe| hvi g‡a¨ Zvi nvm¨iZ GKwU `~j©f QweI
wQj| me‡P‡q †ewk Av‡jvwoZ nw”Qjvg gscy‡Z e‡m wewfbœ Rb‡K †jLv Zuvi wPwV ¸‡jv c‡o| †mB wPwVMy‡jv
Avevi gscy‡Z †diZ G‡m‡Q| Avevi Kv‡Pi ev‡· myiw¶Z Av‡Q| Avwg iex›`ªPP©v Kwi bv| iex›`ªbv_‡K
fvjfv‡e RvwbI bv| ïay Zvi Mvb‡K GKUz fvjevwm| †mB AvwgB ZLb †emy‡iv Mjvq †M‡q P‡jwQ- ÒN‡i‡Z
ågi G‡jv ¸b¸wb‡q, Avgv‡i Kvi K_v †m hvq ïwb‡q|Ó
ILv‡b wM‡q cÖ_‡gB g‡b nw”Qj Bm, mevB‡K hw` wb‡q Avm‡Z cviZvg| we‡kl K‡i AveŸvi K_v Lye
g‡b nw”Qj| Zvi Avbw›`Z Avi Av‡eM Avc−yZ †Pnv‡i †`‡L Avgvi Avb›` Av‡iv kZ fvM †e‡o †hZ| hvB
†nvK mevB‡K bv wb‡Z cvi‡jI Avgvi Avb›`Uv mevi gv‡S fvM K‡i w`‡ZB Avgvi GB †jLv|
iex›`ªbv_ wPš—v †PZbvq †h KZUv AvaywbK wQ‡jb Zv cÖvq GKkZ eQi Av‡Mi Zuvi e¨eüZ Avmeve cÎ
Avi Ab¨vb¨ wRwbm †`‡L †evSv hvq| GMy‡jv meB wQ‡jv Zvi wb‡Ri bKkvKiv Avi †Q‡j i_x›`ªbv_‡K w`‡q
evbv‡bv| we‡kl K‡i AevK njvg †MvmjLvbvi e¨e¯’v †`‡L| ‡mB GKk eQi Av‡M Rvcvbx Kvq`vq Mig cvwb,
VvÛv cvwb wgwkªZ n‡q Zuvi †Mvm‡ji RvqMvq †cŠuQvZ| GUvI Zuvi wbR¯^ bKkvq Kiv| euvk w`‡q evbv‡bv Avi
bKkv AvuKv Kjg`vbx, Zzwj ivLvi cvÎ, is Gi cvÎ meB †hb Rxeš— n‡q Av‡Q| wZwb DVv‡b †h, Kz‡o NiUvq
e‡m wjL‡Zb, wkwil Mv‡Qi Qvqvq em‡Zb, meB Av‡Q ïay gvbylUv †bB|
iex›`ªbv‡_i wcÖq K¨v‡gwjqv dzj mv‡_ wb‡q Pjjvg Ab¨ Mš—‡e¨ †hLv‡b cÖK…wZ Zvi †mŠ›`h©‡K AK„cY
nv‡Z †X‡j w`‡q‡Q| †m K_v Ab¨ GKw`b ejv hv‡e |

GB

D`vmx nvIqvi c‡_ c‡_
gyKzj¸wj S‡i;
Avwg Kzwo‡q wb‡qwQ, ‡Zvgvi Pi‡Y w`‡qwQjn jn Ki“b K‡i|
hLb hv‡ev P‡j
Iiv dzU‡e †Zvgvi †Kv‡j
‡Zvgvi gvjv Mvu_vi AvOyj¸wj gayi †e`bf‡i
‡hb Avgvq ¯§ib K‡i| - iex›`ªbv_ VvKzi

22

Ny‡i Gjvg fviZ
mv‡eix Avjg (jveb¨)

ågb memgqB Avb›`gq| Avi †m ågb hw` nq fvi‡Zi gZ PgrKvi GKwU †`‡k Z‡e †Zv Avi †Kvb
K_vB †bB| 2011 mv‡ji wW‡m¤^‡i Avgvi †mŠfvM¨ n‡qwQj fviZ ågb Kivi| hw`I kvixwiK Amy¯’Zvi Rb¨
fvi‡Zi A‡bK PgrKvi ¯’vb `k©bB Aaiv i‡q †Mj|
Avwg fvi‡Z wM‡qwQjvg Avgvi GKwU †iv‡Mi wPwKrmvi Rb¨| GwU †gi“`‡Ûi GKwU e¨vwa|ZvB
Avgvi †iv‡Mi mywPwKrmvi Rb¨ mcwiev‡i wW‡m¤^‡ii 13 ZvwiL fvi‡Zi D‡Ï‡k¨ hvÎv ïi“ Kijvg| ejv
evûj¨, Ávb nevi ci GwU Avgvi cÖ_g †c−b hvÎv| ZvB msMZ Kvi‡bB Avwg wQjvg †ivgvwÂZ| ‡c−b Qvovi
c~‡e© bvbvwea `ywðš—vq Avwg wPwš—Z n‡q c‡owQjvg wKš‘ ‡c−b AvKv‡k Dovi ci Avwg Dcjwä Kijvg
D‡ovRvnvR åg‡bi †P‡q PgrKvi AwfÁZv Avi n‡Z cv‡ibv| Avgv‡`i †&c−b w`j−x Gqvi‡cv‡U© j¨vÛ Kij
`ycyi 12 Uvq| w`j−x Gqvi‡cvU© cÖ‡ek K‡i Gi wekvjZv †`‡L gy» njvg| Gqvi‡cv‡Ui hveZxq Kg©KvÛ m¤úbœ
nevi ci Avgiv †nv‡Uj Green palace Gi D‡Ïk¨ iIbv w`jvg| ïi“‡ZB e‡jwQ, Avgvi fviZ
Mg‡bi g~j Kvib wQj Avgvi wPwKrmv|‡hUv m¤úbœ n‡q‡Q w`j−xi ISTC (India Spine
Injuries Centre) nmwcUv‡j ZvB fviZ Ny‡i †`Lvi †P‡q wPwKrmvB GLv‡b g~L¨ n‡q D‡VwQj| 13
ZvwiL iv‡ZB Avwg Avgvi evevi mv‡_ Wv³v‡ii mv‡_ †`Lv Ki‡Z hvB| †mLv‡b wM‡q Rvb‡Z cvijvg GB
†iv‡Mi wPwKrmv Acv‡ikb Qvov m¤¢e bq| Avwg cÖ_‡g Acv‡ikb Ki‡Z AbvMÖnx wQjvg, wKš‘ cieZ©x‡Z Avgvi
evev-gv Ges Wv³viiv Avgv‡K †evSvb †h GB Acv‡ikbUv Kiv Avgvi my›`i fwel¨‡Zi Rb¨ KZUv Ri“wi|
Ae‡k‡l Acv‡ik‡bi w`b wVK n‡jv 16B wW‡m¤^i| Gw`b Avgv‡`i exi gyw³‡hv×iv Rq †c‡qwQj
cvwK¯—vbx nvbv`vi evwnbxi wec‡¶ Avi Avwg Rq Kijvg Avgvi AmyL‡K| Acv‡ik‡bi mgq wQj AvU N›Uv|
GB AvU N›Uv Avgvi cwievi wQ‡jv Pig DrKÚvq| Avgvi Ávb cy‡ivcwi wd‡i Av‡m ivZ 3Uvi w`‡K, ZLb
Avwg Abyfe Kwi Acv‡ikb cieZ©x cÖPÛ e¨v_v|
Acv‡ik‡bi `yw`b ci †_‡K Avwg nuvU‡Z ïi“ Kwi| †mmg†q Avwg †nu‡U ev ûBj †Pqv‡i e‡m
nmwcUv‡ji cy‡iv Gwiqv P°i †`B| nmwcUvjwU‡Z `ywU jb wQj| GKwU j‡b KvVweovwj Avi Av‡iKwU j‡b
Kgjv‡jeyi evMvb wQj| cvwicvwk©¦K †mŠ›`h©¨ Avgvi gb‡K Avb›` w`Z| ‡h‡nZz Acv‡ikv‡bB †ewki fvM mgq
e¨q n‡q hvq Ges Avgvi kixi cy‡ivcywi my¯’ n‡q D‡Vwb , ZvB †eov‡bvi Lye GKUv my‡hvM n‡q D‡Vwb| ZeyI
†nv‡U‡ji KvQvKvwQ GKwU wke gw›`i Ges HwZnvwmK KzZze wgbvi †`Lvi my‡hvM Avwg cvB| wke gw›`‡ii
wekvj wekvj wke, ivav K…ò Ges ivg mxZvi g~wZ©¸‡jv GZ my›`i wQj hv †`‡L Avwg †PvL †div‡Z cviwQjvg
bv| KzZzewgbv‡ii wekvj wgbviwU Ges Gi Af¨š—ixb wewfbœ Kei I cvwicvwk¦K †mŠ›`h© Avgv‡K h‡_ó Avb›`
†`q| `ytL RbK n‡jI mZ¨ ‡h, ZvRgn‡ji GZ Kv‡Q wM‡qI kvixwiK Amy¯’Zvi Rb¨ †mB ZvRgnj `k©b
AaivB i‡q †Mj| Z‡e wØZxq evi my‡hvM †c‡j Avwg cybivq fvi‡ZB hve Ges cy‡iv fviZ åg‡bi my‡hvM
Avwg KL‡bvB nvZQvov Ki‡ev bv|

23

cÖwZ`vb
‡nvm‡b Aviv †eMg (Qwe)

1971 mv‡ji 22 †g ivRkvnx †gwW‡Kj K‡jR nvmcvZv‡j dzUdz‡U GK wkï f~wgó nj| ‡m D”P¯^‡i
Kuv`‡ZI fq cvw”Qj| fq, fq Pviw`‡K fq Avi AvZ¼| nvmcvZvjwU †hb f‡qi Pv`‡i †Niv| K‡qK Rb
†ivMxi g‡a¨ AvwgI GKRb| ïb‡Z †cjvg mš—vbnviv GK gv‡qi wbtkã AvZ©bv`- ÔÔI †ewU †ewU †Mv, Avgv‡i
†K gv e‡j WvK‡e|ÕÕ AvZw¼Z †Pv‡L Pviw`‡K ‡`LwQ|
m~`yi cvebvi ARMÖvg †_‡K wPwKrmv wb‡Z Avmv GK wn›`y gwnjv‡K †`Ljvg| gvP© gv‡m wUDgvi
Acv‡ikb n‡q‡Q, Avcb R‡biv UvKv Avb‡Z wM‡q AvRI wd‡i Av‡mwb| wK fv‡e MÖv‡g wd‡i †h‡Z n‡e Zv †m
Rv‡b bv| ZvQvov UvKv ev mvnm Zvi †KvbwUB †bB| gymjgvb bvg w`‡q Ab¨ †ivMx‡`i KvQ †_‡K GKUz GKUz
Lvevi †L‡q †m ‡Kvbg‡Z †eu‡P Av‡Q| Rvb‡Z PvBjvg wKQz UvKv w`‡j †m wd‡i †h‡Z cvi‡e wKbv? gv_v †b‡o
ejj, †Póv Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i| Av¯^¯— Kijvg hw` †g‡q I Rxeb wb‡q KvwRnvUv evmvq wdi‡Z cvwi Z‡e wKQz
UvKv w`‡q hve|
wVK cv‡ki †e‡W ï‡q Av‡Q GK wenvix gwnjv, Avmbœ cÖmev| PUªMÖvg †_‡K G‡m‡Q| ILv‡b Zvi ¯^vgx
mš—vb‡`i ev½vjxiv †g‡i †d‡j‡Q| Ab¨‡`i mv‡_ ivRkvnx cvwj‡q G‡m‡Q eW©vi cvi n‡q wenvi P‡j hv‡e|
A‡c¶v ïay ev”PvUv f~wgó nevi| Zvi Kvwnbx ï‡b m‡mœ‡n nvZUv ai‡ZB Si Si K‡i ‡Ku‡` †dj−‡jv| e‡j−v
Avgvi Kv‡Q †Kvb UvKv cqmv †bB| ci‡bi GB KvcoUv Qvov Avi †Kvb KvcoI mv‡_ †bB| Avgvi m‡½ _vKv
`y‡Uv Kvco Zvi nv‡Z Zz‡j w`jvg| weavZvi wK B”Qv ZLbI eyS‡Z cvwiwb| mvgvb¨ KUv UvKv Avi Kvc‡oi
wewbgq Avj−vn Avgv‡K nv‡Z nv‡Z w`‡eb ZvI RvbZvg bv|
ivwÎ Nwb‡q Gj| Avwg †ekx Amy¯’ _vKvq wkïwU‡K Avgvi mv‡_ †e‡W bv w`‡q wkï‡`i †e‡W ivLv nj|
weKv‡j †jvKgy‡L ï‡bwQjvg Pvi, cuvP w`b Av‡M ˆmq`cy‡i ev½vjx Avi wenvixi g‡a¨ cÖPÛ hy× n‡q‡Q| †mLv‡b
AvnZ wKQz wenvwi ivRkvnx nvmcvZv‡j wPwKrmvaxb Av‡Q|
wbtkã ivwÎ| Pviw`‡K wbSzg| Nyg †bB †Pv‡L| evmvq †i‡L Avmv `yB mš—vb I Zv‡`i evevi wbivcËvi
cÖv_©bvq gMœ Avwg| nVvr †`Ljvg hg`~‡Zi gZ PviRb gwnjv mk‡ã nvmcvZv‡ji †`vZjv †_‡K †b‡g Avgv‡`i
Iqv‡W© G‡m XyKj| wefrm Zv‡`i †Pnviv| KviI Kcv‡j e¨v‡ÛR, KviI Mv‡j †mjvB †`Iqv| iv¶‡mi gZ
Zviv wK Rvwb LyRu‡Q| GK mgq Avgvi ev”Pvi †e‡Wi cv‡k G‡m `vov‡jv| ev”PvwUi w`‡K ZvwK‡q Rvb‡Z
PvB‡jv -G Kvi ev”Pv? †Q‡j bv †g‡q? Avwg ¶xb ¯^‡i ejjvg, Avgvi †g‡q| Avgvi w`‡K ZvwK‡q ejj, ÔG‡K
Avgiv wb‡q hve|ev½vjxiv Avgvi †g‡q‡K †g‡i †d‡j‡Q|Õ AvZ©bv` K‡i DVjvg| wVK †mB gyû‡Z© `y‡i AviI
GKwU wkïi Kvbœv ï‡b hg`yZ¸‡jv Iw`‡K Qz‡U †Mj| †mB wn›`y gwnjv P‡¶i cj‡K Qz‡U G‡m ev”PvUv‡K ‡Kv‡j
wb‡q Avgvi weQvbvi Kv‡Q G‡m ey‡Ki wb‡P †i‡L Kvco w`‡q †X‡K w`j| Avi wenvwi gwnjv G‡m Abo
cvnv‡oi gZ Avgv‡K Avovj K‡i `vovj|

24

wenvix gwnjv¸‡jv Avevi wd‡i G‡m ‡e‡W ev”PvUv‡K bv †`L‡Z †c‡q KUgU K‡i gwnjv `yR‡bi w`‡K
ZvwK‡q iBj| GKUy c‡i P‡j †h‡Z †h‡Z e‡j †Mj †h mKv‡j Avevi Avm‡e|
†mB ivÎ wKfv‡e cvi n‡q‡Q AvRI g‡b Ki‡Z cvwi bv| Lye mKv‡j Wv³vi mv‡ne G‡jb| me ï‡b
ej‡jb GLbB GLvb †_‡K P‡j †h‡Z n‡e| Iiv wd‡i G‡j Kv‡iv evav †`evi ¶gZv †bB| `ª“ZB Wv³vi
mv‡ne wb‡Ri Mvwo‡Z ev”Pvmn Avgv‡K Zy‡j wb‡jb| K…ZÁ wP‡Ë AkÖ“ mRj ‡Pv‡L Avgvi cig wn‰Zlx‡`i
we`vq Rvbvjvg|
wek¦weavZv †h fv‡e Avgvi mvgvb¨ `v‡bi cÖwZ`vb w`‡jb Zv AvRxeb K…ZÁZvi mv‡_ ¯§ib ivL‡ev|
wk¶v, eyw×, Áv‡b Mwigvq Avgvi †mB D¾j †g‡q wcqvi gy‡Li w`‡K ZvwK‡q AvRI Avgvi cÖvY ‡mw`‡b K_v
†f‡e AvKzj n‡q I‡V|
mKj cÖv_©bvq Avgvi ‡Kewj Rvb‡Z B”Qv K‡i- cig `qvjy cÖf,y Avcwb wK †mB `yB gwnjv‡K Zv‡`i
Mš—‡e¨ †cŠu‡Q w`‡q‡Qb?

Avwg †n_vq _vwK ïay MvB‡Z †Zvgvi Mvb,
w`‡qv †Zvgvi RMr-mfvq GBUzKz †gvi ¯’vb|
Avwg †Zvgvi fyeb gv‡S jvwM wb, bv_, †Kvb Kv‡Rïay †Kej my‡i ev‡R AKv‡Ri GB cÖvY|
wbkvq bxie †`evj‡q †Zvgvi Avivab,
ZLb †gv‡i Av‡`k K‡iv MvB‡Z †n ivRb|
‡fv‡i hLb AvKvk Ry‡o evR‡e exYv †mvbvi my‡i
Avwg †hb bv iB `y‡i, GB w`‡qv †gvi gvb - iex›`ªbv_ VvKzi

25

‡eu‡P †div
‡nvgvqiv ZvRxb (cwc)

mvjUv wQj 1988 Gi Rvbyqvixi 10 A_ev 11| Avgvi gvóvm© dvBbvj cix¶v †kl| Av‡MB wVK Kiv
wQj cix¶vi ci PÆMÖv‡g hv‡ev Avgvi LvjvZ †evb gybœxi evmvq| †mLv‡b `yw`b †_‡K K·evRvi hv‡ev| Avwg,
gbRy Avi Zvbfx‡ii Rb¨ †Uª‡bi wU‡KU Kiv n‡jv| mKvj 7Uvq †Uªb| evmv †_‡K †ei n‡Z hv‡ev Ggb mgq
†Kv_vq †hb GKUv KzKzi Ki“b my‡i †Ku‡` DV‡jv, `iRvq Zvjv jvMv‡Z hve, Avgvi nv‡Zi e¨vMUv `iRvq
AvU‡K †Mj| `ywgwbU Pzc K‡i `vovjvg, gbUv †Kgb K‡i DV‡jv| cigyû‡Z© fvejvg `~i GMywj Kzms¯‹vi|
Avgv‡`i mxU †Uª‡bi wØZxq eMx‡Z| Kvgivi cÖ_g mxU¸‡jvB Avgv‡`i| 15-20 wgwbU ci †Uªb Pj‡Z
ïi“ Kij| kx‡Zi mKvj, Kzqvkvi Avov‡j m~h¨© †`Lv hvq bv| gbRy ej‡jv w¶‡` †c‡q‡Q| Avwg bv¯—v †ei K‡i
gbRy w`‡Z w`‡Z evB‡i bRi †Mj| †`L‡Z †cjvg wmMbv‡ji jvj evwZUv R¡j‡Q| †UªbUv bv †_‡g GwM‡q
hvIqv‡Z g‡b n‡jv wmMbvjUv Avi †Kvb jvB‡bi| gbRy Avi Zvbfxi e‡mwQj Avgvi mvg‡b mx‡U| nVvr weKU
GKUv kã| IB gyû‡Z©B Avgvi g‡b n‡jv, Avgv‡`i †UªbUv nq‡Zv †Kvb eªx‡Ri mv‡_ av°v †j‡M‡Q Avi †UªbUv
GLwb Dci †_‡K wb‡P cvwb‡Z c‡o hv‡e| cvwb‡Z cov gv‡bB g„Zz¨| c‡i Rvb‡Z cvijvg D‡ëv w`K †_‡K
Avmv Avi GKUv †Uª‡bi mv‡_ Avgv‡`i †UªbUvi gy‡LvgywL msNl© n‡q‡Q|
Gici K‡qK wgwbU Avgvi wKQz g‡b †bB| hLb Ávb wdi‡jv †`L‡Z ‡cjvg gbRyi †Kvgi †_‡K cv
ch©š— GKUv mx‡Ui wb‡P, Zvbfxi GKUv mx‡Ui iW a‡i †Kvb iK‡g `vwo‡q| evB‡i †_‡K †jvKRb wPrKvi K‡i
ej‡Q ZvivZvwi †ei n‡q Avmyb, eMxUv GLwb wb‡P c‡o hv‡e| eMxUv GKUv wPKb Mv‡Qi mv‡_ AvU‡K KvZ n‡q
Av‡Q|
Avwg gbRy‡K ejjvg †ei n‡q hvI| I Avgvi K_v eyS‡Z cvi‡Q wK bv †evSv †Mj bv| GKRb
gbRy‡K Rvbvjv w`‡q †ei n‡Z mvnvh¨ Ki‡jv| Zvbfx‡ii m‡Li `vgx K¨v‡givUv ‡g‡S †_‡K Zz‡j gbRyi nv‡Z
w`jvg| Avwg ZL‡bv eyS‡Z cvwiwb Avwg eMxi wfZ‡i gvwU‡Z c‡o AvwQ, `vuov‡Z cviwQ bv| Avwg †ei nevi
Rb¨ `vuov‡Z ‡Póv KiwQ wKš‘ wKQz‡ZB †mvRv n‡q `vuov‡Z cviwQ bv| Avwg Amnv‡qi gZ evB‡ii w`‡K ZvwK‡q
ejjvg Avwg‡Zv `vuov‡Z cviwQbv| Ggb mgq GKUv 20-22 eQ‡ii †Q‡j Avgv‡K Uc‡K P‡j hvw”Qj| Avgvi
w`‡K ZvwK‡q Uvb w`‡q Avgv‡K cvuRv‡Kv‡j Zz‡j wbj| ‡m hLb Avgv‡K ‡ei Ki‡Q ZLb Avgvi g‡b n‡jv Avwg
†ei n‡q †M‡j Zvbfxi Avi †ei n‡Z cvi‡e bv| Avwg Zvbfx‡ii kvU© †Rv‡i †U‡b aijvg hv‡Z †m Avgvi
mv‡_ †ei n‡q Av‡m| Avkcv‡ki me gvbyl wPrKvi K‡i ej‡Q Avcbviv GLwb m‡i Avmyb bq‡Zv eMxUv
Avcbv‡`i Dci co‡e|
iv¯—vq D‡V †`wL gbRy g~wZ©i gZ e‡m Av‡Q, gy‡L †Kvb K_v †bB| Avwg gvwU‡Z emvi ci †`L‡Z
†cjvg K‡qKUv jvk iv¯—vq ïB‡q ivLv| Zvbfxi GKUv ¯‹zUvi ev wi·vi †Luv‡R mvg‡b GwM‡q †M‡Q| Ggb mgq
†`L‡Z †cjvg K‡qKRb gbRy‡K a‡i GKUv Avwg©i Mvox‡Z DwV‡q w`‡”Q| Avwg ZLb wPrKvi K‡i ejjvg
gbRy‡K Mvox‡Z DVv‡eb bv| Avgvi fvB AvmyK, Avgiv GKmv‡_ hv‡ev|
26

Zvbfxi GKUv wi·vq Avgv‡K Avi gbRy‡K DwV‡q w`j| Zvici †cQb †cQb ‡n‡U Avm‡Z jvM‡jv|
wi·vq GKUv †Rvi SvKzwb jvM‡ZB gbRy wPrKvi K‡i ej‡jv Avgv‡K gvwV‡Z ïB‡q `vI, Avwg †h‡Z cvie bv|
SvKzwb‡Z AvgviI g‡b n‡jv Avgvi cv-Uv †K‡U Avjv`v K‡i w`‡j nqZ Avivg †cZvg|
eo iv¯—vi †cŠ‡Q GKUv ¯‹zUvi †cjvg| Zvbfxi gbRy‡K a‡i DVvj, Avwg DV‡Z wM‡q eySjvg cv evuKv
K‡i ¯‹zUv‡i DVv Avgvi c‡¶ m¤¢e bv| c‡i Zvbfxi Avi †mB †Q‡jUv Avgv‡K DVvj| Avgvi fv½v cv †mvRv
K‡i nv‡Z Ici a‡i †i‡L †Q‡jUv cy‡iv iv¯—v cvi Ki‡jv|
Zvbfxi Avgv‡`i kgwiZv nvmcvZv‡j wb‡q †Mj| cix¶v K‡i Wv³vi Rvbv‡jb gbRyi †gi“`‡Ûi nv‡o
Pvc †L‡q‡Q Avi Avgvi cv- i nvo †f‡½ †M‡Q| mvgv` fvB c−vóvi K‡i w`‡q ej‡jb Avj−vi A‡kl ingZ,
hZUzKz Pv‡c †Zvgvi cv †f‡½‡Q Zvi A‡a©K Pv‡c gvby‡li cv Avjv`v n‡q hvq| mvgv` fvB Avgv‡K Nygv‡Z e‡j
P‡j †M‡jb| Ny‡gi Rb¨ †hBbv †PvL eÜ K‡iwQ mv‡_ mv‡_ Avgvi gv_vq Avi Kv‡b g‡b n‡jv So eB‡Q| G
Ae¯’vq Avgv‡K Bb‡RKkb w`‡q Nyg cvov‡bv n‡jv|
mvZ w`b ci evmvq wd‡i Avmjvg| GZeo `yN©Ubv †_‡K i¶v †c‡q my¯’ n‡q †eu‡P AvwQ †mUv ïaygvÎ
Avj−vni `qvq Avi evev gvi Avwk©ev‡`|

‡KvbKv‡j GKv nqwb‡Kv Rqx
cyi“‡li Zievix
‡cÖiYv w`qv‡Q, kw³ w`qv‡Q
weRqj¶x bvix

27

GK gyw³‡hv×vi AvZ¥ Kvwnbx
nv‡Zg Avjx †gvj−v

Avwg GKRb gyw³‡hv×v| ¯^vaxbZv msMÖv‡g m¤§yL mg‡i Ask MÖnb K‡iwQ| mvZ b¤^i †m±‡i ‡m±i
KgvÛvi K‡Y©j G, Gb, Gg byi“¾vgvb Gi Aax‡b Avgiv wewfbœ GjvKvq hy‡× AeZ©xb n‡qwQ| †mB mg¯—
†jvgnl©K Kvwnbx wek`fv‡e eb©bv Kiv ¯^í cwim‡i AZxe `y¯‹i|
ZeyI `yGKUv NUbvi AeZvibv bv Ki‡j BwZnvm ewÂZve¯’vq Kv‡ji K‡cvj Z‡j wbgw¾Z ne e‡jB
‡jLvUv a‡iwQ| 1971 mv‡ji A‡±vei gv‡mi †kl w`‡K wnwj ‡ók‡b †ij jvB‡bi cvk w`‡q `x©N 3/4 gvBj
we¯„—Z evsKvi ˆZix K‡i cvKevwnbx wecyj cwigv‡b A¯¿ ,†Mvjvevi“`mn mw¾Z n‡q fvi‡Zi evjy NvU mxgv‡š—
AvZ©wKZ Avµgb Kivi cÖ¯‘wZ MÖnb K‡i‡Q| G Lei Avgv‡`i K¨v‡¤ú †cuŠQv‡j ¯^í mg‡qi g‡a¨ wgÎ evwnbxi
mv‡_ civgk© K‡i wVK Kiv nq AvKvk c‡_ wgÎ evwnbx evsKv‡i †kwjs Ki‡e Avi Avgiv c`vwZK ˆmwb‡Kiv
m¤§yL mg‡i Zv‡`i ch~©`¯— Kie| †mfv‡eB Avgiv AMÖmi njvg| cy‡ivw`b hy× Pjj| weivgnxb ‡Mvjv¸wji
ZvÛ‡e †m mg‡qi K_v fvlvq cÖKvk Kiv `~in| mܨvi c~e© ¶‡b nvbv`vi evwnbx †Mvjv¸wji mgvwß Uv‡b| ‡m
my‡hv‡M Avgiv Av‡iv AMÖmi n‡q Zv‡`i Ae‡iva K‡i wgÎ evwnbxi AvMg‡bi A‡c¶vq wQjvg| wKš‘ `yf©vM¨ †h
Zv‡`i Avm‡Z wej¤^ nq| G‡Z gyw³evwnbxi A‡bK ¶wZ mvwaZ nq| †kl ch©š— wgÎ evwnbx G‡j A‡bK kΓ
†mbv †K Avgiv nv‡Zbv‡Z awi I wgÎ evwnbxi Kv‡Q mgc©b Kwi| GZ `xN© evsKv‡i Zv‡`i Avgiv civ¯—
K‡iwQjvg AUzU g‡bvej I Pig mvnwmKZvi Rb¨|
‡m‡Þ¤^i 71-G Av‡iKwU Acv‡ikb N‡U bIMuv †Rjvi ev›`vBNov bvgK ¯’v‡b| bIMuv †_‡K nvbv`vi
evwnbx †bŠc‡_ G‡m mvavib RbM‡bi Dci AZ¨vPvi KiZ wbqwgZ| K¨v‡¤ú Lei †c‡q Avgiv 20-25 R‡bi
GKwU MÖ“c †mLv‡b Ir †c‡Z cwiKíbv gZ nvbv`vi evwnbx‡`i †bŠKv‡Z Avµgb K‡i b`x‡Z Zv‡`i Wywe‡q
†`B| G‡Z 12-14 Rb cvK‡mbv Wy‡e g‡i I evwK 4-5 Rb b`xi Zx‡i D‡V MÖv‡gi w`‡K ¸wj Ki‡Z Ki‡Z
cvwj‡q †h‡Z _v‡K| GK mgq Zv‡`i ¸wj †kl n‡q †M‡j MÖv‡gi RbMb jvwV w`‡q wcwU‡q Zv‡`i nZ¨v K‡i|
G Acv‡ik‡b gyw³evwnbxi `yBRb mvsNvwZK fv‡e AvnZ nq|
c~‡e©i e³e¨ mgvwß ¶‡b GKUz D‡j−L KiwQ †h Avwg cvwK¯—vb †mbvevwnbx‡Z †mB mg‡q B,Gg,B
†m›Uvi †Kv‡qUvq Kg©iZ wQjvg| ‡`k gvZ…Kvi gyw³i gvb‡m †mLvb †_‡K g„Zz¨i Awbevh©Zv ¯^xKvi K‡i Avgiv
K‡qK Rb mn‡hv×v †kqvj‡KvU n‡q fvi‡Z cÖ‡ek K‡i wgÎ evwnbxi mv‡_ gyw³evwnbx‡Z Acv‡ik‡b Ask MÖnb
Kwi|

28

Avgv‡i Zywg A‡kl K‡iQ
gbmyiv †eMg (gwb)

A‡bK fvB †ev‡bi wbweo mvnP‡h© Avgvi ˆkke Kvj †K‡U‡Q| eyS‡Z hLb wkLjvg, Abyfe Kijvg Avgvi
mgeqwm‡`i mv‡_ Avgvi wPš—v †PZbvi †Kv_vq †hb GKUv Zdvr i‡q‡Q| bvg bv Rvbv GK ARvbv myi Avgvi
gb‡K me©¶b Zvwo‡q †eovq| Avgvi e¨vKyj g‡bi fvlv †KD eyS‡Z cv‡i bv| whwb eyS‡Z cv‡ib Zuvi bvg
ZLb Rvwb bv wKš‘ Zuvi Mvb Avgvi Pjvi c_‡K Avb›`gq K‡i Zy‡j| Zvi fvlv Avwg mn‡RB eywS|
I‡`i K_vq auv`v jv‡M, †Zvgvi K_v Avwg eywS
†Zvgvi AvKvk †Zvgvi evZvm GBZ meB †mvRvmywR
Rb¥ †_‡K g„Zz¨ chš—© wbiwe”Qbœ avivevwnKZvi gv‡S Avb›`-†e`bvq, mgm¨v-msK‡U, c~b©Zvq-k~b¨Zvq, mvn‡mkw³‡Z, †cÖ‡g-wei‡n, Avkvq-wbivkvq, a¨v‡b-AR©‡b, gv‡b-Acgv‡b †Kv_vq †bB Zzwg! meLv‡bB †Zvgvi
g½jgq ¯úk© Abyfe Kwi| `ye©jwPˇK AvZ¥kw³‡Z ejxqvb Kivi gš¿ ‡Zvgvi KvQ †_‡KB cvB|
wec‡` ‡gv‡i i¶v K‡iv G b‡n †gvi cÖv_©bv
wec‡` Avwg bv †hb Kwi fq
eo †ev‡biv hLb Zv‡`i evÜex‡`i mv‡_ nvwm-M‡í †g‡Z DVZ| bZzb RM‡Zi bZzb Abyf~wZ w`‡q wK‡kvix gb
Avgvi wek¥‡q-Av‡e‡M DZjv n‡q DV‡Zv| g‡bi ARv‡š— †K †hb †M‡q DV‡ZvI‡jv mB, I‡jv mB
Avgvi B”Qv K‡i †Zv‡`i gZb g‡bi K_v KB
mnR-mijZvi †gvo‡K Ave„Z wb‡R‡K A‡bK fx‡oi gv‡S †egvbvb g‡b nq| A_©nxb cÖwZ‡hvwMZvi cÖ_g
mvwi‡Z wb‡R‡K †`L‡Z gb mvq †`qbv| ‡Zvgvi evbx Avgvi g‡b cÖkvwš— G‡b †`q|
mevi †k‡l hv evKx iq ZvnvB je|
‰ah© I mZZv‡K ey‡K avib K‡i Kg© Rxe‡b cÖ‡ek K‡i wb‡Ri †hvM¨Zv m¤^‡Ü hLwb mw›`nvb n‡q D‡VwQ ZLwb
Avev‡iv ‡Zvgvi †`Lv cvB‡Zvgvi cZvKv hv‡i `vI, Zv‡i ewnev‡i `vI kw³
msMVb Ges wewfbœ Kv‡Ri Rb¨ hLb gvB‡Ki mvg‡b `vuovB, cÖvmw½K K_v¸‡jv ¸wQ‡q ej‡Z cvi‡ev wKbv-‡mB
f‡q hLb nvZ-cv Aek n‡q Avm‡Z Pvq ZLbB g‡bi gv‡S myi †e‡R I‡Vfyeb †Rvov AvmbLvwb
Avgvi ü`q gv‡S weQvI Avwb
hLb K¬vwš—‡Z gb fy‡j hvq Kvib Ly‡R cvB bv -‡Zvgvi fvlvq Zvi DIi †g‡j
wg‡Q Avkv j‡q mZZ åvš—, ZvB cÖwZw`b n‡ZwQ kªvš—

29

msmv‡i KZ Zz”Q e¨vcvi wb‡q ¯^vgx-mš—vb, AvZ¥xq-¯^R‡bi mv‡_ †VvKvVywK nq kZ `vwq‡Z¡i gv‡S msmv‡ii
hveZxq Kv‡R gb hLb k~b¨Zvq f‡i I‡V, Mvb `~‡i wM‡q ü`‡q RvMvq nvnvKvi| †mB gyû‡Z© Awffve‡Ki gZ
Zzwg kvmb K‡iv| Avcbg‡b †M‡q DwVmyi fy‡j †hB Ny‡i †eovB †Kej Kv‡R
ey‡K ev‡R †Zvgvi †Pv‡Li frm©bv †h|
KZR‡bi c‡ivcKvi K‡i Avb›` †c‡Z Ges w`‡Z †P‡qwQ, wewbg‡q wg‡j‡Q Acgvb-Acev`-Ae‡njv|
Amnbxq K‡ó Avev‡iv †Zvgvwi ¯§ibvcbœ n‡q Luy‡R †c‡qwQ kvwš—Pvwiw`‡K †`‡Lv Pvwn ü`q cÖmvwi
¶z`ª `ytL me Zz”Q gvwb
‡cÖg fwiqv j‡nv k~b¨ Rxe‡b
Avb›` aviv ewn‡Q fye‡b|
Zywg AvQ e‡jB Avgvi Rxe‡b bZzb bZzb euv‡K euv‡K Amxg †mŠ›`‡h©i mÜvb Lyu‡R cvB| iex›`ª m½xZ cÖwk¶b
w`‡Z wM‡q evsjv‡`‡ki A‡bK RvqMvq Nyi‡Z nq| KZ gayi †h me ¯§„wZ, KZ gayi Avc¨vqb -KZ gayi
fvjevmvq wb‡R‡K g~j¨evb K‡i Zzwj| mg¯— gayiZg my‡L Wye‡Z Wye‡Z Avwg Ck¦i‡K Lyu‡R cvB| †mB ARvbv
†`‡ki A‡Pbv gvby‡li D‡Ï‡k¨ †Zvgvi Mvb MvBKZ ARvbv‡i RvbvB‡j, Zzwg KZ N‡i w`‡j VvB
`~i‡K Kwi‡j wbKU eÜz ci‡K Kwi‡j fvB
AvU‡cŠ‡i Rxe‡bi Zz”Q mvd‡j¨I g‡b †R‡M I‡V GKUvB myiAvgvi Rxe‡b cvÎ D”Q¡wjqv gvayix K‡i‡Qv `vb
Avo¤^ic~b© Ck¦i e›`bvq Ck¦i‡K Kv‡Q cvBbv, nvwi‡q †dwj| g‡bi GB Abyf~wZ †Zvgvi Mv‡b aiv †`q Ggwb
fv‡eB‡Zvgvi K_v †n_v †Kn ‡Zv e‡j bv|
K‡i ïay wg‡Q †Kvjvnj
myav mvM‡ii Zx‡i‡Z ewmqv
cvb K‡i ïay njvnj|
A_ev
†Zvgvi c~Rvi Q‡j, †Zvgvq fy‡jB _vwK|
KZ dz‡ji gvjv, KZ `x‡ci Av‡jv, ay‡ci †auvqvq Zvui PiY †Qvuqvi my‡hvM N‡Ubv| mnR mij fv‡e Ck¦i‡K
ü`q‡qi Avm‡b emv‡Z Avev‡iv †Zvgvi Mvb MvB
KvR Kx Avgvi gw›`‡i‡Z Avbv‡Mvbvq
cvZe Avmb Avcb g‡bi GKwU †Kvbvq
mij cÖv‡Y bxie n‡q †Zvgvq WvwK|
30

Ggb bxie n‡q bv WvK‡j cÖfy †h aiv †`‡eb bv, wk¶‡Ki gZb Ggb Dcjwä ZzwgB wkwL‡qQ| lo FZzi
cÖvK…wZK †mŠ›`h© †Zvgvi Mv‡bi †cqvjvq cvb K‡i, my‡ii †bkvq †g‡Z DwV| myi-Zv‡j gyLi n‡q I‡V mg¯—
wbtm½ nZvkv| Rxe‡bi me©‡kl cwibwZ g„Zz¨| Gici I Zv‡K Gwo‡q Pjvi mevZ¥K cÖ‡Póv| †mB ARvbv
g„Zz¨i fq‡K Rq Kivi RqMvb †Zvgvi KvQ †_‡K wk‡LwQ|
`yÕw`b w`‡q †Niv N‡i, ZvB‡Z hw` GZB a‡i
wPiw`‡bi AvevmLvbv †mB wK k~b¨gq?
Rq ARvbvq Rq|
Rxe‡bi cÖwZwU †¶‡ÎB †Zvgvi c`vPvibvq| cÖwZwU gyû‡Z© bvg bv Rvbv Abyf~wZ¸wj‡Z bvg bv Rvbv dzj dzwU‡q
Rxe‡b K‡i Zz‡j‡Q ewb©j| gvbe ü`‡qi Dcjwäi wewPÎ iƒc, we¯§qKi me m„wói gva¨‡g Avgv‡`i
Av‡Z¥vcjwäi mg¯— k~Y¨Zv¸‡jv c~Y© K‡i w`‡q‡Qv| mxgve× Rxe‡b Zywg Amx‡gi g½j Av‡jv‡K g‡bi Kvwjgv
`~i K‡i gvbe Rxeb‡K `vb K‡i‡Qv Acvw_©e cweÎZv|
Zzwg Avgvi Mv‡bi VvKzi-cÖv‡Yi VvKzi, Avgvi ¸i“, Avgvi AwffveK,wk¶K,Avgvi c_ cÖ`k©K- Avgvi Rxeb
†`eZv| ZzwgB Avgvi †mB iex›`ªbv_ VvKzi | †Zvgvq bwg evi¤^vi|

msMx‡Zi g‡Zv Ggb Avðh© B›`ªRvj we`¨v RM‡Z Avi wKQzB †bB- G GK bZzb m„wóKZ©v| Mvb cÖf„wZ
KZ¸wj wRwbm Av‡Q hv gvbyl‡K GB K_v e‡j †h, Ô‡Zvgiv RM‡Zi mKj wRwbm‡K hZB cwi¯‹vi eyw×Mg¨
Ki‡Z †Póv K‡iv bv ‡Kb Gi Avmj wRwbmUvB Awbe©PbxqÕ Ges ZviB m‡½ Avgv‡`i g‡g©i gg©vwš—K †hvMZviB Rb¨ Avgv‡`i GZ `ytL, GZ myL, GZ e¨vKzjZv| - iex›`ªbv_ VvKzi

31

fvebv Õ92
Wvt nvmvbyj gvngy` (wecyj)|

nZfvMv G Rbbx w`‡qwQj Rbg
K‡ZK Kzmš—vvb, Zviv cïiI Aag
Zv‡`iB wk‡ivgwb †Mvjvg G Avhg|
Avgiv wPwb Zv‡`i ivRvKvi bv‡g
cwiPq hw` Pvb, cv‡eb wVK Zv‡`i Kv‡g|
GKvˇi Zviv, †`wL‡qwQj Zv‡`i RNb¨ AcKxwZ©|
GKvbeŸB‡q m‡Pó ZvivB †`kUv‡K Ki‡Z wewµ
gvÕGi ey‡Ki i‡³ ivOv‡bv I‡`i nvZ
evsjvi mvnmx mš—v‡biv Gevi fvO‡eB I‡`i wel`uvZ|
GKevi Zviv †c‡qwQj mvaviY ¶gv
Zv e‡j †`k‡K †Zv †`Bwb Zv‡`i Kv‡Q Rgv?
‡`‡ki gvbyl AvR I‡`i wei“‡× †mv”Pvi
ÔMY Av`vjZÕ n‡Z Gevi cv‡e bv †KD wb¯—vi|
Dc‡`k hw` PvI †Zv ewj †cqv‡i Avhg Avjgcvbv
GLbI Av‡Q mgq, PvI ¶gv, ai gvÕi cvÕLvbv|
b‡Pr †invB †bB Avi, ejwQ †Zvgvi hg
Avgiv i“L‡evB I‡`i, wb‡qwQ G gvwUi Kmg|
wkl¨ †Zvgvi hw`I †bnv‡qZ Kg bq
Zv e‡j wK Avgiv cve †Zv‡`i fq?
bv, Wovq wb †mw`b gyw³‡hv×viv K‡iwb †Kv †Kvb ‡`vw¯—
‡f‡ewQm Avgiv cvi‡ev bv w`‡Z †mB cÖw·, †`‡ki gvby‡li ¯^w¯—?
ZvB †`kUv‡K euvPv‡Z Avmyb Zi“b mgvR, hy× Kwi Av‡iKevi
‡Zvgv‡Z wbjvg kc_ gv †Mv, Gevi i“LeB I‡`i we¯—vi|
be cÖRb¥, hw` G AvwZ© Avgvi Kv‡R bv djvb
GWfvBm w`w”Q, AwZmZ¡i †`k †Q‡o Z‡e cvjvb|
KviY GKUvB, G †`k hLb Kvj †Q‡q hv‡e wcw”P ivRvKv‡i
ZLb Avi n‡e bv euvPvi my‡hvM wbR AwaKv‡i \

32

fvebv 2012
mgq 1972| kZe‡l©i civaxbZvi k„•Lj †f‡½ GB Mv‡½q eØxcwU Zvi k¨vgj Rwg‡b i‡³i AvL‡i
†c‡q‡Q ¯^Zš¿ GKwU cZvKv, GKwU cwiPq| bÕgv‡mi nvbv`vi nv‡qbv‡`i wefrm ejvrKv‡i weaŸ¯—, i³v³,
wee¯¿ K¼vjmvi †`n wb‡q g„qgvb A½v‡ii g‡Zv asm¯‘‡ci †fZi †_‡K Avevi bZzb Rxeb wbg©v‡bi kc‡_ ax‡i
ax‡i †R‡M IVvi †Póvq iZ GKwU RvwZ|
Pvwiw`‡K ¶zav `ywf©‡¶i _vev| nZ, wi³, gyg~l© gvby‡liv meB nvwi‡q‡Q, BwZnv‡mi hycKv‡ô 30 j¶
knx‡`i ewj`vb, j¶ j¶ Rbbxi m¤£‡gi wewbg‡q huviv †eu‡P Av‡Qb GB ¯^vaxbZvq, †Kej IB Ô¯^vaxbZvÕ UzKz
Qvov Zv‡`i Avi †Kvb m¤ú`B †bB| IUyKy m¤^j K‡iB ¯^cvœ jy †Pv‡L Zviv Avevi †R‡M IVv †fv‡i ZvwK‡q _v‡K
w`b e`‡ji m¤¢vebvq|
Ôgyw³hy×Õ Avgv‡`i RvwZ‡K wK w`‡qwQj? GKvš— wbR¯^ GKwU DVvb, kvwš—gq Rxe‡bi cÖwZkÖ“wZ wKsev
AvZœcwiPq| Gi meB †c‡qwQj wKš‘ Avgvi g‡b nq GB RvwZi Rb¨ gyw³hy‡×i me©‡kªô `vb ev dmj hvB ewj
bv †Kb Zv nj Ôgyw³ hy‡×i †PZbvÕ ÔRvwZmËvi †PZbvÕ, ÔRvZxq H‡K¨iÕ †PZbv|
Õ47 †_‡K Õ71- fviZel© n‡Z c~e© cvwK¯—vb| weªwUk †ebxqv‡`i K‚U‡KŠk‡j †Uwe‡j KuvUv K¤úv‡mi Uv‡b wef³
A™¢yZ GKwU cÖ‡`k| mxgv‡š—i GKB MÖv‡gi Awaevmx n‡q Nygv‡Z wM‡qwQj hviv Nyg fvO‡jB Zviv Avwe®‹vi Kij
`ywU c„_K iv‡óªi Aax‡b wef³ Zviv| a‡g©i †Luvov hyw³‡Z wef³ nj kZ eQ‡ii mvRv‡bv mgvR|
Zvici ax‡i ax‡i be¨ Jcwb‡ewkK‡`i †kvl‡b GB Mv‡Oq e-ØxcwUi K…wÎg mxgv‡iLvq Awaevmxiv
LuyR‡Z ïi“ Kij Zv‡`i RvwZmZ¡vi cwiPqwU| GKgvÎ fvlvUv‡KB Zviv L~u‡R †cj wb‡R‡`i GKK m~‡Î Mvu_evi
Rb¨| fvlvB w`j Zv‡`i c„_K GKwU AvZœcwiPq|
Gici Õ48 †_‡K Õ52, Õ62 †_‡K Õ69 GB `ywU Aa¨vq wQj g~jZ †`‡ki cÖMwZkxj, gbbkxj, Zi“b
hyev‡`i g‡a¨ hviv wkw¶Z Z_v ivRbxwZi g‡Â hviv †`‡ki cÖwZwbwaZ¡ K‡ib †mB wkw¶Z mgv‡Ri wPš—vi dj|
Zv‡`i gva¨‡gB A¼zwiZ nq GKwU RvwZmZ¡vi exR| 1971 mv‡ji 7B gv‡P©i c~‡e© †`‡ki msL¨v Mwió K…lK
wKsev kªwgK‡`i A_©vr hviv MÖv‡gi wbf„Z, AÜKvigq, cðv`c` Rb‡Mvôx hviv †`k Kx wKsev RvwZmZ¡vi
†PZbvB ev Kx Zv eyS‡Zv bv| gv‡P©i †mB Amn‡hvM Av‡›`vjb wQj g~jZ kni †Kw›`ªK| evsjvi wbf„Z cj−x
KzwU‡i Zv ZLbI †cŠuQvq wb| G‡jv 25†k gv‡P©i fqvj ivZ| Avm‡j GB ivZUvB wQj Avgv‡`i RvwZi Rxe‡b
Ggb GKwU NUbv-hv cieZ©x‡Z mgMÖ Rb‡Mvóx‡K GKÎ K‡iwQj| †h `vevbj ivRvievM cywjk jvBb wKsev
wek¦we`¨vjq Z_v XvKvq ïi“ n‡qwQj Zvi AvuP †kl ch©š— cÖwZwU MÖv‡gi cÖwZwU N‡ii AvwObvq †cuŠ‡Q wM‡qwQj|
wbixn, wbi¯¿ gvby‡liv †Kvb RvwZMZ †PZbv †_‡K bq, wb‡R‡`i Aw¯—‡Z¡i cÖ‡qvR‡bB wi³ wb:¯^ nv‡Z c„w_exi
Ab¨Zg mymsMwVZ cvwK¯—vbx †mbvevwnbxi wei“‡× i“‡L `vuov‡Z eva¨ n‡qwQj| Avi ZLbB gyw³hy× c~Y©Zv cvq|
gyw³hy×wU wQj G‡`‡k mvavib gvby‡li †eu‡P _vKvi mvejxj Ges wPiš—b GKwU †Póv| cj−xi †mB Aš—tcyievwmbx
K…lK ea~wU †`k, mgvR, ivRbxwZ hvi Kv‡Q `~‡e©va¨ nvq‡ivwM−wd·- †mI Zvi ivbœv N‡ii `v, ewU wb‡q Svuwc‡q
c‡owQj AvZœi¶vq, m¤£g i¶vq|
16B wW‡m¤^i Zv‡`i †mB AvZœi¶viB P~ovš— weRq AwR©Z n‡qwQj| Avgiv †c‡qwQjvg GKwU ¯^Zš¿
cwiPq| gvby‡li Kx fxlb ¯^cœ wQj, wQj †mB ¯^cœ ev¯—evq‡bi cÖwZÁv| A_P nZfvMv GB RvwZ Kx cÖZ¨¶
Kij? Õ71 cieZ©xKv‡j †mB hy× †diZ gvbyl¸‡jvi mw¤§wjZ kw³i wK wb`vi“b AcPq| †h kw³‡Z cÖej
civµgkvjx cvwK¯—vbx evwnbx civwRZ n‡qwQj, ¯^vaxb †`‡ki gy³ evZv‡m Zv nvIqvq wgwj‡q †Mj dvby‡li

33

gZ| RvZxq †PZbv, gyw³i †PZbv M‡o IVvi Av‡MB, nvq, Zv‡Z aij fv½b| mnmª eQ‡ii mvabvi ab GB
RvwZ nvwi‡q †djj †njvq KíbvZxZ `ª“Z mg‡q| nZvk n‡Z n‡Z GK mgq nZvkvi AbyfywZI fy‡j †Mj
RvwZ| Rb¥ wbj cswKjZv, g~L©Zv ,Avi g~j¨‡ev‡ai kix‡i cPb aij| Ae¶‡q nvwi‡q †Mj †PZbvi cwiPq|
Ôgyw³hy‡×i †PZbvÕ GKwU gvÎ kã n‡qB VvuB †cj Z_vKw_Z eyw×Rxwe‡`i e³…Zvq| ÔRq evsjvÕ n‡q †Mj GKwU
ivR‰bwZK eywj|
Avgiv hy× cieZ©x cÖRb¥ nZfvM¨ †h evOvjxi †kªô mgqUv‡K Avgiv cvB wb| Ôgyw³ hy‡×i †PZbvÕ wU
Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q GKwU weg~Z© wPÎKg©| hv †`L‡Z ïb‡Z wKsev ej‡Z fv‡jv jv‡M wKš‘ Zvi ¯^iƒc Avgiv Rvwb
bv| †mB weg~Z©Zvi cwiPq Avgiv †c‡qwQjvg Õ90 Gi MYAv‡›`vj‡b| emywbqv ‡_‡K b~i ‡nv‡mb - Zv‡`i
ewj`vb Avgv‡`i wkwL‡q w`‡qwQj Ôgyw³hy‡×i †PZbvwU‡KÕ| wKš‘ †mB ¯^vaxb m¤¢vebviI g„Zz¨ n‡qwQj AvuZzi
N‡i| wew¯§„wZcivqYZvq Af¨¯— G RvwZ `ª“ZB fy‡j †Mj me| cvIqvi Av‡MB nvwi‡q †djjvg wb‡R‡`i| ¶z`,ª
¸i“Z¡nxb nvm¨Ki me wel‡q wef³ n‡q †Mj nZfvM¨ RvwZ| Acvi m¤¢vebvi †`kwU cwiYZ nj Ôme m¤¢‡ei
†`‡kÕ|
AvR ¯^vaxbZvi 40 eQi ci Avgvi fvebv cieZ©x cÖR‡b¥i Rb¨ hviv Õ71 †`‡Lwb, †`‡Lwb Õ90| Zv‡`i
RvMv‡e †K? Zv‡`i Rb¨ A‡c¶v Ki‡Q †Kvb Õ71? †Kvb Õ90? ZvivI wK Avgv‡`i gZ nZvkvi evjyP‡i gyL
jyKv‡e?

‡evab
jyrdzj AvRg (ivbv)

GB c„w_exUv n‡”Q GKwU ¶wbKvjq| Avgiv gvÎ K‡qK w`‡bi Rb¨ GLv‡b Ae¯’vb KiwQ| nVvr
GKw`b gv‡jKzj gDZ bv‡gi †d‡ik&Zv G‡m wb‡q hv‡e †m RM‡Z †hLv‡b Avgv‡`i Abš— Kvj Ae¯’vb Ki‡Z
n‡e|
G `ywbqvUv n‡”Q Av‡Liv‡Zi kl¨ ‡¶Î| GLv‡b †KD fv‡jv KvR Ki‡j ciRM‡Z hvevi ci Zvi mydj
†fvM Ki‡e| Kv‡RB Avgiv †h KvRB Kwibv †Kb, †h †ckv‡ZB _vwK bv †Kb Avgv‡`i D‡Ïk¨ hw` mr I gnr
nq, Kv‡Ri cÖwZ hw` Avš—wiKZv _v‡K Z‡e Zvi mydj cvIqv hv‡eB|
GKRb gbxwl e‡j‡Qb, g„Ziv ZLbB g„Z hLb RxweZiv Avi Zv‡K ¯§ib K‡i bv| gvbyl G c„w_ex †Q‡o
P‡j †M‡j †KD Zv‡K Avi †ekx w`b g‡b iv‡L bv| mwZ¨Kvi A‡_©B †m ZLb g„Z n‡q hvq| wKš‘y †m hw` GKwU
gnr KvR `ywbqvq †i‡L †h‡Z cv‡i, ZLb Zuvi g„Zz¨i ciI H KvRwUi Rb¨ †m Agi n‡q _vK‡e| gvby‡li Aš—
‡i †m RxweZ n‡q _vK‡e| GKwU fvj KvR KLbB nvwi‡q hvq bv|

34

Avgv‡`i PvPx Av¤§v ev Lvjv¤§v
Avmv`y¾vgvb (Av‡bvqvi)

whwb Avgv‡`i PvPx Av¤§v ev Lvjv¤§v Avm‡j wZwbB Avgv‡`i gv| gv Gi †P‡q †ekx †KD eyS‡Z cv‡i bv
Avgv‡`i PvPx Av¤§v ev Lvjv¤§vi †¶‡Î GK K_vwU wg_¨v n‡q hvq| GB gwnqmx bvix whwb Zvi M‡f© bv a‡iI
Avgv‡`i 14wU fvB †evb‡K gv‡qi Av`i, `i` Ges ggZv w`‡q wN‡i †i‡L‡Qb wkïKvj †_‡K AvR Aewa| GB
gv‡qi Rxeb, Zvui KxwZ©, Zvui Ae`vb, Z¨vM I fvjevmvi K_v wj‡L Avjv`v GKwU gnvMÖš’ iPbv Kiv hvq|
Avgv‡`i cwiev‡ii mKj m`‡m¨i Rxe‡bi m‡½ wZwb GZ IZ‡cÖvZ fv‡e RwoZ †h Zv Aí K_vq wj‡L
†kl Kiv hv‡ebv| Zuvi Kg©gq Rxeb GZ wekvj I NUbveûj †h †KvbUv †i‡L †KvbUv ewj, †Kvb K_vwU Av‡M
ewj Zv ey‡S DV‡Z cviwQbv| wK‡kvi eqm †_‡K AvR ch©š— my‡L `yt‡L wZwb Avgv‡`i cv‡k G‡m `uvwo‡q‡Qb|
Zuvi †mœn ggZv w`‡q w`evivÎ Avgv‡`i hZœ K‡i‡Qb, Avgv‡`i `ytL fyjv‡Z †Póv K‡i‡Qb| `y,nvZ Zz‡j Avj−vni
Kv‡Q Avgv‡`i g½‡ji Rb¨ †`vqv K‡i‡Qb| c‡i ey‡SwQ †h ïay Avcb Rb‡`i Rb¨B bq, mKj gvby‡li †mev
KivB †hb Zuvi eªZ| mve©¶wbK Gev`Z Kivi Rb¨B bvwK Avj−vn Zvqvjv gvbyl‡K m„wó K‡i‡Qb| G K_vwU Zvui
†¶‡Î GKvš— fv‡e cÖ‡hvR¨| Kvib mvivw`b ivwÎi g‡a¨ Lye Aí mgqB wZwb e¨q Ki‡Zb wb‡Ri cÖ‡qvR‡b|
wekªvg wb‡Z ev Avj‡m¨ mgq KvUv‡Z Zv‡K Avgiv Lye KgB †`‡LwQ| mviv¶bB Kv‡iv bv Kv‡ivi KvR
K‡i w`‡”Qb| KL‡bvB wei³ n‡Zb bv ev KvD‡K wegyL Ki‡Zb bv e‡j A‡b‡KB Qz‡U AvmZ Zuvi Kv‡Q †h
†Kvb cÖ‡qvR‡b| wZwb nvwmgy‡L †hUzKz †c‡i‡Qb, K‡i w`‡q‡Qb| Kv‡iv cÖwZ ivM ev wei³ n‡Z Zvu‡K Avgiv
KLbI †`‡Lwb|
‡ek K‡qK eQi Av‡Mi GKwU NUbv AvR Avgvi g‡b co‡Q| wK‡kviM‡Äi evmvq ZLb PvPx Av¤§v
wQ‡jb| evmvi Kv‡QB Avgvi GK cwiwPZ cwiev‡ii eo wec` †`Lv w`j| Zv‡`i cwiev‡i GKR‡bi †Wwjfvwi
n‡e wKš‘ †m f`ª‡jv‡Ki gv ev Ab¨ †Kvb AvZ¥xq mv‡_ †bB| PvPx Av¤§v Ibv‡K ej‡jb †h, mgq n‡j †hb
Zvu‡K Lei †`qv nq| GKw`b ivZ `yÔUvi mgq ‡mB f`ª‡jvK G‡jb, GZ iv‡Î wK fv‡e WvKe wPš—vq c‡o
†Mjvg| hvB †nvK ms‡Kv‡Pi m‡½B WvK w`jvg| GK Wv‡KB D‡V em‡jb Ges `yÕwgwb‡Ui g‡a¨ †iwW n‡q †ei
n‡q G‡jb| mviv ivÎ ‡ivMxi cv‡k e‡m †mev Ki‡jb| †fv‡i cÖkvš— gy‡L evmvq wd‡i G‡jb| Zvi Kv‡Q †hb
†Kvb Avcb ci †bB| mKj‡KB Avj−vn m„wó K‡i‡Qb| Avi †mB Avj−vni m„wó‡K †mev KivB †hb Zvi ag©|
GLv‡b ïay GKwU NUbvi K_v D‡j−L Kijvg| Ggb AmsL¨ NUbv i‡q‡Q Zuvi Rxe‡b, †hLv‡b Zuvi
Rxe‡bi c‡ivcKvi, mngwg©Zv, mnvbyf~wZi cwiPq cvIqv hvq| Avj−vni Gev`Z Kiv Avi gvby‡li Kj¨v‡Y KvR
Kiv `y‡Uv‡KB wZwb m~‡Î †Mu‡_ wb‡qwQ‡jb| Avi me‡P‡q eo K_v n‡jv wZwb wQ‡jb me©`vB nvm¨gqx| Avgv‡`i
GB c~Y¨eZx, †mœngqx PvPxAv¤§vi bvg Lywk©`v Av³vi|
wZwb AvR e„× n‡q‡Qb| A‡bKUv K¬vš—, Aembœ| Avgvi I Avgvi cwiev‡ii mK‡ji cÖv_©bv Avj−vn †hb
Zvu‡K my¯’ iv‡Lb, kvwš—‡Z iv‡Lb| Avkx©ev‡`i QvZv †g‡j wZwb †hb `xN© w`b Avgv‡`i †X‡K ivL‡Z cv‡ib|

35

iex›`ªbv‡_i K…wl I MÖvg Dbœqb fvebv
dvi“K wbqvR †nv‡mb

Kwe¸i“ iex›`ªbv‡_i wel‡q wKQz †jLv Avgvi Rb¨ a„óZv| Z‡e Avgvi ¯¿x hLb iex›`ª msMxZ wkíx †mB
myev‡` Avgvi N‡i iex›`ªbv‡_i Mvb Ges eB‡qi wKQz msMÖn Av‡Q| d‡j Mvb ‡kvbv Ges eB covq wKQz my‡hvM
Avgvi nq, hw`I †mUv LyeB bMb¨, bvg gvÎ|
iex›`ªbv‡_i eBcÎ c‡o Avwg Zvui m¤^‡Ü GKUv welq †R‡b LyeB AevK n‡qwQ| iex›`ªbv_ VvKzi
†bv‡ej weRqx wek¦ Kwe n‡qI wZwb MÖvg evsjvi Pvlx I `wi`ª †jv‡Ki fvM¨ Dbœq‡bi Rb¨ A‡bK KvR
K‡i‡Qb| GgbwU c„w_exi Avi †Kvb Kwe K‡i‡Qb e‡j Avgvi Rvbv †bB| iex›`ªbv‡_i Mvb ev mvwn‡Z¨i †P‡qI
GwU Avgvi Kv‡Q GKwU wekvj e¨vcvi e‡j g‡b n‡q‡Q| Avwg MÖv‡gi †Q‡j Ges MÖvg‡K fvjevwm| MÖv‡gi
†jv‡Ki wk¶vi wel‡q Ges A_©‰bwZK Dbœq‡bi Rb¨ †Kvb KvR Ki‡Z cQ›` Kwi| GB Rb¨B iex›`ªbv‡_i K…wl
I MÖvg Dbœqb fvebv Avgv‡K we‡kl fv‡e AvK…ó K‡i‡Q|
1889- 1913 ch©š— wcZvi wb‡`©‡k cvwievwiK Rwg`vwi †`L‡kvbvi D‡Ï‡k¨ wZwb cÖvqB wkjvB`n,
mvRv`cyi I cÖwZm‡i Avm‡Zb| wZwb we¯§q wb‡q MÖvg evsjvi cÖvK…wZK ‡mŠ›`h©¨ Dc‡fvM Ki‡Zb Ges j¶¨
Ki‡Zb MÖvgxb `yt¯’ gvby‡li Rxeb hvcb| wZwb G GjvKvi cÖvq AvUkZ MÖv‡g K…wl I MÖvg Dbœq‡bi KvR
K‡iwQ‡jb| kªgRxex gvby‡li `ytL, `y`©kv Zvi ü`q ¯úk© K‡iwQj e‡jB wZwb wj‡L‡Qb,ÔÔ‡Kv_vq c¨vwi‡mi
AvwU©ó m¤úª`v‡qi DÏvg Db¥ËZv Avi †Kv_vq Avgvi Kvjx MÖv‡gi mij Pvlx cÖRv‡`i `ytL ˆ`b¨ wb‡e`b!
ev¯—weK Giv Avgvi GKUv †`k †Rvov cwievi ----- G‡`i cÖwZ Avgvi KZLvwb kª×v Giv Zv Rv‡b bv|Ó
GB `wi`ª cÖRv‡`i Rb¨ Kvjx MÖv‡g iex›`ªbv_ A_©‰bwZK fv‡e ¯^wbf©i cj−x mgvR MV‡bi †h cwiKíbv
nv‡Z †bb Zvi g~jbxwZ‡Z wQj mgevq I ¶z`ª FY cÖKí| Zuvi cwiKíbvq KvjxMÖv‡g MwVZ nq K…wl mgevq,
ZuvZ mgevq I AuvL gvovB mgevq BZ¨vw` msMVb| K…wl‡Z AvaywbKvqb I Drcv`b c×wZi DbœwZi Rb¨ wZwb
DbœZ gv‡bi K…wl exR I mvi e¨env‡ii e¨e¯’v †bb| GgbwK Pv‡li Rb¨ K‡ji jv½j (Uªv±i) Gi e¨envi Pvjy
K‡ib| cwZm‡i cÖ_g Uªv±i Pvjvb Kwe cyÎ i_x›`ªbv_|
iex›`ªbv_ my‡` UvKv avi K‡i Znwej MVb K‡i Aí my‡` cÖRv‡`i Fb w`‡q Zv‡`i‡K gnvR‡bi nvZ
†_‡K i¶v Kivi †Póv K‡i‡Qb| GB avivevwnKZvq wZwb ¯’vcb K‡ib ÔKvjxMÖvg K…wl e¨vsKÕ (1905)| GB
e¨vs‡K iex›`ªbv_ Zuvi †bv‡ej cyi¯‹v‡ii (1913) UvKvi wmsn fvM Rgv iv‡Lb| iex›`ªbv_ Pvlx‡`i‡K weKí
Av‡qiI c_ †`wL‡q wQ‡jb| †hgb- gvQ Pvl, avb fv½vi Kj ¯’vcb, †¶‡Zi AvB‡j MvQ †ivcb BZ¨vw`|
AvR iex›`ªbv_ †bB| wKš‘ Ab¨vb¨ gnr Kg© QvovI wZwb ‡eu‡P _vK‡eb evsjv‡`‡ki K…lK I kªgRxex
gvby‡li g‡a¨| K…wl I MÖvg evsjvi Dbœq‡bi Rb¨ wZwb †h KvR ïi“ K‡iwQ‡jb Zv A‡bKUv GwM‡q wb‡q‡Q
evsjvi gvbyl| AvR †Kv_vI Mi“ w`‡q nvjPvl nqbv| MÖv‡g MÖv‡g M‡o D‡V‡Q K…wl e¨vsK| M‡o D‡V‡Q mgevq
mwgwZ, ZuvZ K‡ji AvaywbKvqb| M‡o D‡V‡Q A‡bK K…wl wek¦we`¨vjq| Avwe¯‹…Z n‡”Q DbœZ gv‡bi avb, mwilv,
cvU I Ab¨vb¨ dm‡ji RvZ| 16 †KvwU gvby‡li †`k evsjv‡`k GLb Lv‡`¨ cÖvq ¯^qsm¤úy©b|
Kwei ¯^cœ A‡bKUvB †hb mv_©K n‡q‡Q| K…wl fvebvq Kwei †`Lv‡bv c_ a‡i A‡bKUv GwM‡q‡Q
G‡`‡ki MÖvg evsjv| ZvB GB Dbœq‡bi cw_K…r iex›`ªbv_ VvKzi‡K RvbvB Avš—wiK kª×v|

36

Nygcvovwb g¨vmvR
Wv. jvqjv i“evBqvr (cÙ)

GZUzKz ‡QvU GKUv gvbyl †_‡K GZ †Rv‡i kã Av‡m wKfv‡e? weiw³‡Z MRMR Ki‡Z Ki‡Z cv‡ki
N‡i ï‡Z hvq R‡qi AveŸy| Kvib cÖPÛ †Rv‡i wPrKvi Ki‡Q wcw”P Rq| ‡Pv‡L Ny‡gi wPý gvÎ ‡bB| ‡QvÆ
Rq‡K wb‡q †h wK Ki‡e †f‡e w`‡knviv n‡”Q Ii gv| ivZ ev‡R 2Uv| G mgq GKUv 4 gv‡mi ev”Pvi †R‡M
_vKvi `iKviUv wK?
Rq wK B‡”Q K‡i †R‡M Av‡Q? Ii †h Nyg Av‡m bv, ZvB wPrKvi Kiv Qvov Avi Dcvq wK? Ii †Pv‡L
Nyg †bB Avi gv evev w`we¨ Nygv‡e - GUv wK nq? iv‡Zi †ejv GB nƇMvj Ii cÖwZw`‡bi Af¨vm| Avi gvevevI Aw¯’i Rq‡K wb‡q|
G mgm¨v A‡b‡K‡iB| ‡QvU ev”Pviv iv‡Z Nygv‡Z Pvq bv| Nygv‡j wKQz¶b cici Rv‡M| G‡Z gv evevi A‡bK †fvMvwš— nq| ‡`vjbvq †`vjvI A_ev †Kv‡j K‡i nvuU, bv nq Nygcvovwb Mvb MvI, ZvI Zv‡`i
†Pv‡L Nyg †bB| A_P Pvi gvm eq‡mi GKwU wkïi †Kvb mvnvh¨ Qvov GKv GKvB Nywg‡q covi K_v Ges
mvivivZ wei³ bv K‡i Nygv‡bvi K_v| wKš‘ A‡bK ev”Pvi †¶‡Î Gi e¨wZµg †`Lv hvq| Zvn‡j Gi mgvavb
†Kv_vq?
m¤cÖwZ GKwU M‡elbvq Gi mgvavb cvIqv †M‡Q| Avi †mUv nj g¨vmvR ev gvwjk| hy³iv‡ói eªvDb
BDwbfvwm©wU‡Z G wel‡q M‡elbv Pj‡Q| †mLv‡bi GRb Wv³vi Wv. †RvwZ I‡qe e‡j‡Qb †h, kixi g¨vmvR ev
gvwjk Ki‡j †÷ªm ni‡gvb K‡g hvq Ges kixi wkw_j nq Avi ZvB Nygv‡bv mnR nq| eªvDb BDwbfvwm©wU‡Z
wkï‡`i g¨vmv‡Ri wel‡q cÖwk¶YI †`qv nq| ejv nq †h †h ‡Kvb eqm †_‡K ïi“ K‡i 8 eQi eqm ch©š—
wkï‡`i g¨vmvR c×wZ e¨envi Kiv hvq| Nygv‡Z hvIqvi Av‡M 15 wgwbU G ai‡bi gvwjk AZ¨š— Kvh©Kix|
G‡Z wkï Lye mn‡R Nywg‡q c‡o| iv‡Z wei³ K‡i bv Ges Zzjbvg~jKfv‡e w`‡bi †ejv‡ZI kvš— _v‡K|
cvuPwU av‡c G g¨vmvR Kiv nq| cÖ_‡g Di“ †_‡K ïi“ K‡i cv ch©š— nv‡Zi Zvjy w`‡q g¨vmvR Ki‡Z
n‡e| Zvici cv‡qi cvZvwU Av½yj w`‡q eywj‡q w`‡Z n‡e| wkïi Av½yj¸‡jv GKUv GKUv K‡i †mvRv K‡i
w`‡Z n‡e| Gici evû-cv Gi gZ K‡i m¤ú©b evû †_‡K cv‡qi Zvjy ch©¯— g¨vmvR K‡i Av½yj¸‡jv ‡mvRv K‡i
w`‡Z n‡e| kix‡ii †cQb w`KUvI GKB fv‡e g¨vmvR Ki‡Z n‡e| Ae‡k‡l ‡PvL I fyi“i Ici w`‡q ey‡ov
Av½yj w`‡q †fZi ‡_‡K evB‡ii w`‡K eywj‡q w`‡Z n‡e| Mv‡ji Ici w`‡q Av½yj Nywi‡q eywj‡q w`‡Z n‡e|
m¤ú~Y© cÖwµqvwU 15 wgwbU a‡i Ki‡Z n‡e| nv‡Z mvgvb¨ †ewe A‡qj e¨envi Ki‡j mnR n‡e|
kixi g¨vmvR wel‡q cÖ_g M‡elbv ïi“ K‡ib Wv. wUdvwb, hy³iv‡óª| Zvi Aax‡b GKwU Bbw÷wUDU
Av‡Q gvqvwg wek¦we`¨vj‡q hvi bvg- UvP© wimvP© Bbw÷wUDU| kix‡i g¨vmv‡Ri DcKvwiZv Ges Gi cÖ‡qvM wel‡q
GLv‡b 1992 mvj †_‡K M‡elbv Pj‡Q Pj‡Q| Wv. wUdvwb g‡b K‡ib †h, g¨vmvR K‡i wkï‡`i Ny‡gi mg¨vmvwU
mn‡RB mgvavb Kiv hvq Ges cÖ‡Z¨‡KiB GB c×wZ cÖ‡qvM Kiv DwPZ|

37

KxwZ©gvb
gvb Avwmd
†nvm‡b Aviv ‡eMg (Qwe)

Avgv‡`i †PŠÏ fvB-†ev‡bi g‡a¨ eo Avcv (gxbv) mevi eo| Avi fvB‡`i gv‡S Avwmd mevi †QvU|
Avwmd‡K Qvov Avgv‡`i cvwievwiK †Kvb AvmiB R‡g bv| Zvi KxwZ© Kvwnbx A‡bK| eo †evb Avi †QvU fvB
Gi g‡a¨ wg‡jiI Afve bvB Avevi Miwg‡jiI Afve bvB| G‡`i†K wb‡q `yÕGKwU NUbv ewj|
Pzbxi †Q‡j Abyc‡gi we‡q| †eŠ Avb‡Z hve gaycyi †_‡K| Avwmd‡K Qvov eo Avcvi GK `ÛI P‡j
bv| ZvB eihvwÎ hvevi mgq eo Avcv Avwm‡di mv‡_ fvov Kiv ev‡m D‡V em‡jb| mKvj †ejvq eihvwÎi
hvÎv ïi“ nj| mvfv‡ii KvQvKvwQ wM‡q Avwmd Pzbx‡K †dvb K‡i Rvbv‡jv †h, Zv‡`i ev‡m K‡qKUv wmU Lvwj
Av‡Q| eo Avcv †mB wm‡U evB‡ii hvwÎ DVv‡”Qb UvKvi wewbg‡q| gyû‡Z©B GB Lei fvB-†evb, fvMbv-fvMwbi
Kv‡b †cŠu‡Q †Mj †gvevB‡ji gva¨‡g| mevB †dvb K‡i eo Avcv‡K bvbv K_v ej‡Z jvMj| wKš‘ eo Avcv
†ePviv wKQyB eyS‡Z cvi‡Qb bv| Zv‡K eywS‡q ejv n‡j wZwb ej‡jb, ÔAvwg †Zv Nygvw”Q, hvÎx Zyj−vg KLb?Õ
GUv Avwm‡di KxwZ©i gvÎ ïi“|
eihvÎx‡`i Mvoxi eni Pj‡Q| KvwjqvˆK‡ii Kv‡Q wM‡q Avevi Avwm‡di †dvb, Avgvi ‡Q‡j Zvbfx‡ii
Kv‡Q| Ôevmfvovi UvKv wQj eo Avcvi e¨v‡M| cw_g‡a¨ M¨vm wb‡Z UvKv jvM‡e| wKš‘ eoAvcv †Zv UvKv wb‡q
RxZzi Mvwo‡Z K‡i gaycyi P‡j †M‡Qb| GLb UvKv †K w`‡e?Õ me ï‡b Zvbfxi ejj, AvZ¥xq ¯^Rb hviv
Mvwo‡Z Av‡Qb Zv‡`i KvQ †_‡K wKQy UvKv Zz‡j bvI| Avwmd ejj Kv‡iv Kv‡Q UvKv †bB| Zvbfxi †i‡M ejj
ÔZvn‡j mevB‡K evm †_‡K bvwg‡q `vIÕ| G K_vwUI gyû‡Z©i g‡a¨ mevi g‡a¨ Qwo‡q cij †gvevB‡j
‡gvevB‡j| GeviI Pviw`K †_‡K eo Avcv‡K †dv‡b Avµgb ïi“ n‡jv| †ePvix AvKvk †_‡K co‡jb|
ej‡jb, ÒAvwg †Kv_vq wM‡qwQ? Avwg‡Zv ev‡m e‡mB Nygvw”Q|Ó mevB eyS‡jv GUvI Avwm‡di KxwZ©|
wKQy¶b PzcPvc| Gevi gxiv Avcvi †dvb †e‡R DVj| Avwm‡di Mjv ÒPzbx Avcvi gyLUv Kv‡jv n‡q
Av‡Q| g‡b nq we‡q evwo‡Z †Kvb †Mvjgvj n‡q‡Q| we‡qUv bvI n‡Z cv‡i|Ó gxiv Avcv AvZ©bv` K‡i DV‡jb
ÒwK n‡q‡Q? wK n‡q‡Q?Ó gxiv Avcvi PviwU †dvb GKm‡½ e¨v¯— n‡q DVj| †g‡qi evwo‡Z hvi Kv‡QB †dvb
K‡i †mB e‡j ÒAvcbviv Avi KZ `~i? Avgiv Avcbv‡`i Rb¨ A‡c¶v KiwQ| Avgv‡`i we‡q evwoi KvR cÖvq
mym¤úbœ|Ó mevi g‡a¨ ¯^w¯— wd‡i Gj| Gev‡i bv‡Ui ¸i“ Avwmd|
Amyweav _vKvq Abyc‡gi we‡q‡Z G¨vwb Avm‡Z cv‡iwb| `ycyi †ejv Zvi Kv‡Q Avwm‡di †dvb, ÒAvcv,
bv G‡m fvjB K‡iQ| we‡q evwo‡Z Lye †Mvjgvj n‡q‡Q| we‡q evwoi Lvevi Kg c‡o‡Q| GB wb‡q `yB c‡¶i
Zzg~j SMov|Ó G¨vwb ej†jv, ÒSMov n‡jv †Kb ? †Zviv g¨v‡bR Ki‡Z cviwj bv? Avwmd ejj, Òg¨v‡bR
K‡iwQ †Zv, ïb‡Qv bv Avgvi Mjv fv½v?Ó G¨vwb f‡q f‡q PzYxi Kv‡Q †dvb Ki‡jv| PzYx mvb‡›` ej‡jv, Òme
wKQy Lye fvj fv‡e m¤úbœ n‡q‡Q|Ó G¨vwb Rvb‡Z PvB‡jv, ÒAvwmd Z‡e Kx ejj?ÕÓ Pzbx †n‡m ej‡jv, ÒGUv
Avwm‡di KxwZ©|Ó

38

‡QvÆ †mvbgwb‡`i Rb¨
bvRgv †eMg
Mg (P~Yx)

‡QvƇmvbv, †Lj‡Z wM‡q Zzwg, K‡iv bv‡Kv fyj
Mv‡Qi †Zv Rxeb Av‡Q, Zzwg wQo bv‡Kv Zvi dzj|
wQo bv‡Kv cvZv, †f½ bv‡Kv Wvj
GB MvQwUB GKw`b n‡e †h wekvj|
‡QvÆevey, H bxj cvwLUv‡K Lvevi wKQz `vI|
I †h †Zvgvq †ivR Mvb ïbvq, ïb‡Z wK cvI?
fxi“ H weovj Qvbv‡K Zzwg †g‡ivbv †hb jvw_,
I †h †Zvgvi wc‡Q Ny‡i, n‡Z Pvq †Ljvi mv_x|
Zzwg Lv‡e gvQ, wej−y Lv‡e KvuUv, w`I wKQz `ya fv‡Z,
evMv‡bi meyR Nv‡m I ‡Lj‡e †Zvgvi mv‡_|
MvQ, dzj, cvwL fv‡jv‡e‡mv Zzwg,
Av`i K‡iv hZ cv‡iv
GKw`b Zzwg hZ eo n‡e
ü`q n‡e †h eo Av‡iv|

evsjv Avgvi
ivwnbv Rvgvb (myKb¨v)

evsjv †gv‡`i gvZ…fvlv
evsjv Avgvi cÖvY,
GB evsjvq R‡b¥wQ Awg
MvB evsjvq Mvb |
evsjv Avgi Rxeb giY
evsjv Avgvi Avkv,
evsjv Avgvi `ytL- myL
evsjv Avgvi fvlv|
j¶ cÖv‡Yi i‡³ Mov
GB evsjvi gvwU,
mKj †`‡ki †P‡q LuvwU
GB evsjvi gvwU \

39

iƒcK_vi Mí
Rygvqbv wmgwib (wcDwj)

GK †`‡k wQj GKUv R½j| Zvi bvg wQj my›`ieb| †mB R½‡j wQj GKUv cvwLi Qvbv| Zvi bvg
wQj ZzjZzj| Ii Mv Lye ZzjZz‡j wQj| GKw`b ZzjZz‡ji evev-gv Mí KiwQj| nVvr GKUv wPu wPu AvIqvR
ïb‡Z †cj| ZLb Iiv cvwLi evmvq wM‡q †`L‡jv †h, I‡`i QvbvUv †bB| GKUv CMj cvwL cv‡q K‡i cvwLi
QvbvUv wb‡q GKUv ivR cÖvmv‡`i w`‡K hv‡”Q|
QvbvUvi gv ivR cÖvmv‡` DuwK w`‡q †`L‡jv †mLv‡b Bqv j¤^v GKUv ˆ`Z¨| †mB ˆ`Z¨i ev”Pv‡K †`Iqvi
Rb¨ CMj cvwLi QvbvUv‡K wb‡q hv‡”Q| ZvB bv †`‡L ZzjZz‡ji gv ˆ`Z¨i Kvb g‡j w`j| Avi QvbvUv Kvgo
w`‡q CM‡ji †VuvU †euwK‡q w`j|
ˆ`Z¨ CMj‡K Ggb eKv w`j †h, CM‡ji †cU †_‡K gyiMxi Qvbv †ei n‡q Gj| CMj Av‡M †_‡KB
A‡bK ¸‡jv gyiMxi Qvbv, gyiMxi gv Avi evev‡K †L‡qwQj| ˆ`Z¨i eKv †L‡q CM‡ji ‡cU †_‡K gyiMxi gv Avi
evevI †ei n‡q Gj|
Gw`‡K gv cvwL Zvi Qvbv‡K wb‡q cvwj‡q †Mj| wKš‘ ˆ`Z¨ QvbvUv †`Lj †h, cvwLi Qvbv Ii cv‡qi
Kv‡Q c‡i Av‡Q| ZvB †`‡L †hB bv ˆ`Z¨ Qvbv cvwLi Qvbv‡K †L‡Z †Mj Igwb ˆ`Z¨ Qvbvi `uvZ †f‡½ †Mj|
†Kbbv IUv Avm‡j wQj GKUv Kv‡Vi Qvbv| Avmj cvwLi Qvbv ‡Zv Av‡MB cvwj‡q †M‡Q| Avi Zvi
e`‡j gv cvwL GKUv Kv‡Vi Qvbv †i‡L w`‡qwQj|
`uvZ fv½v ˆ`Z¨ QvbvUv ïay f¨v f¨v Kuv`‡ZB jvM‡jv Avi ZvB †`‡L my›`i e‡bi me cvwLiv nvm‡Z
jvMj|
[ci¤úivi Rb¨ †jLv w`‡Z m¤úv`K hLb ZvwM` w`w”Q‡jb ZLb Avgvi †g‡q wcDwj (eqm 5) ejj, †m GKwU
Mí wjL‡e| LvZv I Kjg wb‡q emj wKš‘ wjL‡Z cv‡i bv ZvB Avgv‡K wj‡L w`‡Z n‡jv| MíwU wcDwj e‡j‡Q
Avwg ïay wj‡L w`‡qwQ| Gi GKwU kãI Avgvi bq|-cÙ]

40

wµ‡KUvkÖ“i w`b
Avigvb †mvenvb Avw`Z¨

‡KD wK †f‡ewQj †Kvbw`b ,
evsjv‡`‡ki wµ‡K‡U Avm‡e Ggb w`b?
‡KD wK †f‡ewQj †Kvbw`b
N‡i N‡i Avm‡e wµ‡K‡Ui Rb¨ AkÖ“wm³ w`b?
Gwkqv Kv‡ci dvBbv‡j †hw`b D‡VwQj evsjv‡`k,
wek¦ wQj A‡c¶vq †`L‡Z gnvi‡Yi †kl|
ev½vjx ev‡Ni MR©‡b †mw`b †Ku‡cwQj †MvUv †`k
hw`I AkÖ“f‡i gvV Qvo‡Z n‡q‡Q, Zey mvevm evsjv‡`k|
fviZ, kªxjsKv e‡ai ci †hw`b ev½vjxi evua fv½v Dj−vm
†K RvbZ †mBw`b n‡e fv‡M¨i Ggb wbg©g cwinvm?
dvBbv‡j Avgiv †L‡jwQjvg wec‡¶ cvwK¯—v‡bi
gvP© gv‡m Zv‡`i nviv‡Z cvi‡e GB AvKv•Lv RbM‡bi|
nvq, fwel¨r †h Ggb wbg©g, †KD wK RvbZ †Kvbw`b?
mvgvb¨ `yÕwU iv‡bi Rb¨ Avgv‡`i nvi‡Z n‡jv †mw`b|
dvBbv‡j D‡V cvwK¯—vb‡K Ki‡Z cvijvg bv ea
†bqv n‡jv bv Av‡iK evi Zv‡`i Dci cÖwZ‡kva|
kª×v RvbvB †Zvgv‡`i exi ev½vjx mš—vb|
‡`‡ki Rb¨ `y`©vš— †L‡j †i‡LQ ‡`‡ki gvb|
`yiš— †L‡jI ‡n‡i‡Qv e‡j †bB †Kvb `ytL
wek¦R‡qi A‡c¶vq Av‡Q RbMY k‡ZK j¶|
kª×v RvbvB mvwKe, Zvwgg I gykwdK
K‡iQ cÖgvb AvgivI `yiš—, wbf©xK|

41

KvK e„Ëvš—
vš—
dvnxg b~i ivkx` (AY©e)

wKQz w`b Av‡M †`Ljvg, XvKvi AvKv‡k †Kvb KvK †bB| Av‡i, KvK †h XvKvi AjsKvi| KvK wenxb
XvKv fvevB hvqbv|
GK eÜzi Kv‡Q ïbjvg Wvówe‡bi gqjv †L‡q GKUv Kv‡Ki m‡›`nRbK g„Zz¨ n‡q‡Q Avi Zvi cÖwZev‡`
me KvK wg‡j gvbe eÜb gv‡b KvKeÜb Ki‡Q| eySyb Ae¯’v|
†`‡ki ivRbxwZi cÖfve KvK‡`iI cÖfvweZ K‡i‡Q| e¨cviUv N‡U‡Q Ggb, MÖxb‡ivW GjvKvi GK KvK
Wvóweb †_‡K Dw”Qó Lvevi †L‡q g„Zz¨ eib K‡i| msev` gva¨‡g LeiwU cÖKvwkZ nIqvi mv‡_ mv‡_ KvK
mgv‡R Av‡›`vjb ïi“ nj| mvavib Kv‡Kiv wePv‡ii `vwe‡Z KvK eÜb Kij| eZ©gvb kvmK `j `uvoKvK‡`i
wei“‡× we‡ivax `jxq cvwZKvK `j cÖwZev` Kij| cvwZKvK `j ejj, eZ©gvb `uvoKvK `j miKvi mvavib
KvK‡`i Rvb I gv‡ji wbivcËv w`‡Z e¨_©| ZvB Zv‡`i c`Z¨vM Kiv DwPr| KvK mgv‡Ri Av‡›`vj‡b miKvix
`‡ji UbK b‡o| Zviv †Nvlbv Kij, Kvi evwoi Dw”Qó †L‡q KvKwU gviv †M‡Q †mB Z`š— ïi“ n‡q‡Q| 48
N›Uvi g‡a¨ Z`š— †kl n‡e| mvavib Kv‡Kiv Dw”Qó LvIqv eÜ K‡i w`j| Wvówe‡bi `yM© ‡Ü MÖxb‡iv‡Wi cwi‡ek
fvix n‡q †Mj| Gw`‡K Lv‡`¨i Afv‡e KvK‡`i Rxeb `ywe©ln n‡q DVj|
KvK cywjk cÖavb 48 N›Uv ci msev` gva¨‡g ejj, GKwU m‡›`nRbK evmv wN‡i Z`š— NyicvK Lv‡”Q|
Z‡e †mB evmvwU GL‡bv mbv³ Kiv hvqwb| cvkvcvwk K‡qKwU evmv, Zvi wKQy evmvq abx †jv‡Kiv evm K‡i,
wcQ‡bB K‡qK Ni ew¯—evmx| wVK †Kvb evmvi Dw”Qó †L‡q KvKwU gij †m Z`š— †kl Ki‡Z Av‡iv wKQz w`b
mgq jvM‡e|
mvavib Kv‡K‡`i wRÁvm¨- ew¯—i N‡i wK †d‡j †`Iqvi gZ DØ„Ë Lv`¨ _v‡K?
Avwg hLb cvVkvjv‡Z hvB
Avgv‡`i GB evwoi Mwj w`‡q,
`kUv †ejvq †ivR †`L‡Z cvB
‡dwiIjv hv‡”Q †dwi wb‡q|
--------------hvq ‡m P‡j †h c‡_ Zvi Lywk
hLb Lywk Lvq †m evwo wM‡q
`kUv ev‡R, mv‡o `kUv ev‡R,
bvB‡Kv Zvov nq ev cv‡Q †`wi
B‡”Q K‡i †m‡jU †d‡j w`‡q
Agwb K‡i †eovB wb‡q †dwi| - iex›`ªbv_ VvKzi
42

c_ -nviv
iex›`ªbv_ VvKzi

AvR‡K Avwg KZ`~i †h wM‡qwQ‡jg P‡j |
hZ Zzwg fve‡Z cvi
Zv †P‡q †m A‡bK Av‡iv ,
‡kl Ki‡Z cvie bv Zv †Zvgvq e‡j e‡j |
A‡bK `~i †m, Av‡iv `~i †m, Av‡iv A‡bK `~i|
gvSLv‡b†Z KZ †h †eZ,
KZ †h evuk, KZ †h †LZ,
Qvwo‡q I‡`i VvKzievwo Qvwo‡q Zvwjgcyi|
‡cwi‡q †M‡jg †h‡Z †h‡Z mvZ Kzwk me MÖvg,
av‡bi †Mvjv ¸be KZ
‡RvÏvi‡`i †Mvjvi g‡Zv|
‡mLv‡b †h †gvoj Kviv, Rvwb‡b Zvi bvg|
G‡K G‡K gvV †c‡ivjyg KZ gv‡Vi c‡i|
Zvici, Dt ewj gv †kvb&
mvg‡b Gj cÖKvÛ eb
wfZ‡i Zvi XyK‡Z †M‡j Mv Qg Qg K‡i|
Rvg Zjv‡Z eywo wQj, ej‡j ÔLei`viÕ!
Avwg ejjvg eviY ï‡b
ÒQ-cY Kwo GB †b ¸‡bÓ
hZ¶b †m ¸b‡Z _v‡K n‡q †Mjvg cvi|
dzivq bv c_ fvewQ Avwg wdie †Kgb K‡i|
mvg‡b †`wL wK‡mi Qvqv‡W‡K ewj Ò‡kqvj fvqv,
gv‡qi Mvu‡qi c_ †Zviv †KD ‡`wL‡q †`bv †gv‡i|Ó
Kqbv wKQyB, PzcwU K‡i ‡Kej gv_v bv‡o|
wmw½ gvgv †Kv_v †_‡K
nVvr KLb G‡m †W‡K
‡K Rv‡b, gv, nvjyg K‡i coj †h Kvi Nv‡o
ej †`wL ZzB, †Kgb K‡i wd‡i †cjvg gv‡K?
‡KD Rv‡b bv †Kgb K‡i;
Kv‡b Kv‡b eje †Zv‡i?
‡hgwb ¯^cb †f‡½ †Mj wmw½ gvgvi Wv‡K| (ms‡¶wcZ)

43

nvmg‡Zi eyw×
(iwÄZweKvk e‡›`¨vc¨va¨vq Gi Ônvey‡ji eyw×Õ M‡íi Qvqv Aej¤^‡b bvRgv †eMg KZ…K iwPZ)

gxbv †eMg †L‡Z em‡eb| Zvi Avevi LvIqvi †k‡l GKUz ˆ` LvIqvi Af¨vm| ˆ` Gi evwUUv †Uwe‡j
†i‡L †h‡ZB wjwci †cvlv weovjwU Zv‡Z gyL w`j| H ˆ` Avi LvIqv P‡j bv| wgbv †eMg nvmgZ‡K †W‡K Zvi
nv‡Z GKUv 50 UvKvi †bvU w`‡q ej‡jb Ômvg‡bi †`vKvb †_‡K 25 UvKv w`‡q 1 evwU `B wb‡q Avq
ZvovZvwo| †`ix Kwim bv|Õ †MU ch©š— †h‡q nvmgZ Avevi wd‡i Avmj| Ôwgwó `B Avbe?Õ gxbv †eMg ej‡jb
Ôn¨v, n¨vÕ| nvmgZ †mB †h †Mj Avi Zvi †`Lv †bB| nvZ †P‡U †P‡U GK mgq D‡V co‡jb gxbv †eMg| ˆ`
LvIqv Avi n‡jv bv|
GK N›Uv ci nvmgZ Lvwj nv‡Z wd‡i Gj| ÒwK e¨vcvi, GZ †`ix nj †Kb?Ó gxbv †eMg Rvb‡Z
PvB‡jb| nvmgZ ej‡jv mvg‡bi †`vKv‡b wgwó `B wQj bv| Iiv ej‡jv KjvevMv‡b cvIqv hv‡e| ZvB wi·v
K‡i KjvevMvb †h‡Z jvM‡jv 25 UvKv| †`vKv‡b wM‡q †`wL 25 UvKvi †QvU evwU bvB| eo evwUi `vg 50
UvKv| ZvB wd‡i Gjvg Av‡iv UvKv wb‡Z| gxbv †eMg †i‡M D‡V ej‡jb Ò‡Zvi Avi `B Avb‡Z n‡e bv| evKx
UvKv †dir †` Avgv‡K|Ó nvmgZ ejj ÒKjvevMvb †_‡K wd‡i Avm‡Z wi·v fvov jvMj 25 UvKv| †nu‡U
Avm‡j †Zv Av‡iv †`ix n‡Zv wdi‡Z| `B Avb‡Z n‡e bv?Ó gxbv †eMg ej‡jb Òeyw×i †XwK| hv Avgvi mvg‡b
†_‡K|Ó nvmgZ gb Lvivc K‡i e‡m iBj| ‡m eyS‡ZB cvij bv Zvi AcivaUv †Kv_vq!
AvR KÕw`b a‡i gxbv †eM‡gi nvUzi e¨_vUv †e‡o‡Q| Av‡Mi JlaUvI dzwi‡q †M‡Q| Avevi Jla
Avbv‡bv `iKvi| nvmg‡Zi Kv‡Q 100UvKv Avi Av‡Mi Jl‡ai KvMRUv w`‡q Wvt kwd‡Ki Kv‡Q cvVv‡jb|
nvmgZ Wvt kwd‡Ki Kv‡Q †M‡j wZwb ej‡jb ÒGLb UvKv jvM‡e bv| Avgvi Kv‡Q GB JlaUv Av‡Q wb‡q
hvI| gxbv Avcv‡K ej‡e GB Jla w`‡b Pvievi †L‡Z n‡e| cÖwZev‡i `y PvgP K‡i| `yÕw`‡bi Jla w`jvg|Ó
nvmgZ evRvi †_‡K †lvjLvbv c−vwó‡Ki PvgP wK‡b evwo wdij| PvgP Avi Jla w`j gxbv †eMg‡K|
wZwb GZ PvgP †`‡L Pg‡K DV‡jb| ÒGZ PvgP Avbwj †Kb †i?Ó nvmgZ ejj, ÒWv³vi mv‡ne e‡j‡Qb w`‡b
Pvievi Jla Lv‡eb| cÖwZev‡i 2 PvgP| Jla nj `yÕw`‡bi| Zvn‡j †lvjLvbv PvgPB‡Zv jvM‡e| Avwg †ewk
PvgP Avbjvg †Kv_vq?Ó gxbv †eMg iv‡Mi †Pv‡U PvgP Qy‡o gvi‡jb nvmg‡Zi gy‡L| †ePviv nvmgZ Gev‡iv
eyS‡Z cvi‡jv bv Zvi AcivaUv †Kv_vq|

44

wUKwUwK
fevbx cÖmv` gRyg`vi

wUKwUwK wZbevi †nu‡K w`‡j ÔwUK-wUKÕ
ïwb bvwK, me wKQy d‡j hvq wVK wVK|
ZvB fvB †L‡U Ly‡U m¤§vb euvPv‡Z
Q-nvRvi wUKwUwK cy‡l ivwL LuvPv‡Z|
mvivw`b ewj e‡m, ivRv nB ivRv nB
nZfvMv cvRx ¸‡jv wUK wUK K‡i KB?
ÔjUvix‡Z †j‡M hvK UvKv `k j¶
‡PuwP‡q †PuwP‡q nvq UvUv‡jv †h e¶|
gyL w`‡q †dbv D‡V, wg‡Q nB Rã
kqZvb ¸‡jv gy‡L K‡i bv Uuz kã|
GB fv‡e wZb gvm wg‡Q K‡i †Póv
†i‡M †g‡M Lye †Rv‡i e‡j †dwj †klUv|
Ô‡Zv‡`i R¡vjv‡Z `wo †`‡ev Mjv‡ZB, wVKÕ
Q-nvRvi wUKwUwK e‡j w`‡jv, ÔwUK& wUK&|
cÖv_©x
myKvš— fÆvPvh©

‡n m~h!©
Zzwg Avgv‡`i DËvc w`Iï‡bwQ, Zzwg GK Rjš— AwMœwcÛ,
‡Zvgvi Kv‡Q DËvc †c‡q †c‡q
GKw`b nq‡Zv Avgiv cÖ‡Z¨‡KB GK GKUv Rjš— AwMœwc‡Û
cwiYZ ne|
Zvici †mB DËv‡c hLb cyo‡e Avgv‡`i RoZv,
ZLb nq‡Zv Mig Kvc‡o †X‡K w`‡Z cvie
iv¯—vi av‡ii H Dj½ †Q‡jUv‡K|
AvR wKš‘ Avgiv †Zvgvi AK…cY DËv‡ci cÖv_x©|

45

ivbœvNi
Avgv‡`i cwiev‡i fv‡jv ivbœvi L¨vwZ Av‡Q| gv PvPx‡`i ivbœvi ¯^v` GL‡bv gy‡L †j‡M Av‡Q| wgbv †_‡K †`vjvmevB fv‡jv ivbœv K‡i| †eŠ n‡q hviv G‡m‡Q ZvivI wm×n¯—| Avgv‡`i †g‡q¸wjI gv‡S gv‡S gv-Lvjv‡K
Qvwo‡q hvq| cwiev‡i cÖPwjZ 2wU mnR bv¯—vi †iwmwc GLv‡b †`qv nj| Av‡gi UK AvPv‡ii †iwmwcUv iyevi
†`qv|
mywRi eiwd
DcKiY
1Kvc mywR (bv fvRv), 2Kvc wPwb, 2wU wWg, GK Kvc †Zj ev wN, GK Kvc `ya|
cÖ¯‘Z cÖYvjx
bbwóK cvwZ‡j †Z‡j mywR fvj K‡i fvRyb| fvRv †k‡l GKUz VvÛv K‡i wbb| Ab¨ GKwU cv‡Î wWg, wPwb I
`ya fvj K‡i wgwk‡q VvÛv mywRi mv‡_ wgwj‡q cvÎwU Pzjvq emvb| gvSvwi Avu‡P Nb Nb bvo‡Z _vKzb| mg¯—
DcKiY hLb Nb n‡q cv‡Îi Mv †_‡K D‡V Avm‡Z _vK‡e ZLb wN gvLv‡bv †Uª‡Z †X‡j mgvb K‡i wewQ‡q eiwd
AvKv‡i †K‡U ivLyb|
bvi‡Kj MvR‡ii bvo–
GKwU bvi‡Kj Kzov‡bv, 2 Kvc MvRi KzwP, 2 Kvc wPwb ev ¸o, Ava Kvc ¸ov `ya, 2 wU wWg wgwk‡q Pzjvq R¡vj
w`‡q AvVv‡jv n‡q G‡j bvwg‡q wb‡eb| GKUz VvÛv n‡jb bvo– evbv‡Z n‡e| gvSvwi mvB‡Ri 20/25wU bvo–
n‡e|
Av‡gi UK AvPvi
cÖ¯‘Z cÖYvjx
KwP Avg †Lvmv Qvwo‡q cvZjv ¯−vBm K‡i ay‡q wb‡Z n‡e| cvUvq †Qu‡P (GK`g wgwn bq) Rvwj‡Z 2/3 N›Uv
cvwb Swo‡q ivL‡Z n‡e| Av‡gi GB UK cvwb Aí wPwb, jeY I †MvjgwiP w`‡q kieZ K‡iI LvIqv hvq|
mwilv evUv, cuvP‡dviY ¸ov, Aí iïb †QuPv I mwilvi †Zj †g‡L Mvgjvq Qwo‡q 2 w`b †iv` jvMv‡Z n‡e|
†evqv‡g f‡i Av‡gi Dci ch©š— †Zj w`‡q †iv` jvMv‡Z n‡e| wVKgZ †iv` jvMv‡j G AvPvi GK eQi ch©š—
fvj _v‡K|

46

kãRU
AvZ¥xq ¯^Rb, cwievi- cwiRb, cwi‡ek wb‡q GB kãRU
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cvkvcvwk

wb‡P wb‡P

1| bvix wk¶vi †¶‡Î cÖZxKx bvg
3| Avgv‡`i wcZvgn
5| dz‡ji bv‡gi GKwU †g‡q
6| b`x ïwK‡q †M‡j hv nq
7| GKRb c~Y¨eZx bvix
9| Avgv‡`i †mB b`xwUi bvg
13| mKj Kv‡Ri KvRx wcÖq fvBwU
14| ¯^bvg L¨vZ wkíx
18| Qwei wcÖq †`ŠwnÎ
19| GKwU weL¨vZ gmwR`
23| myKb¨vi wcZvgnx
24| _vbvi bvgwU cyiv‡bv
25| m‡ev©”P wWMÖxavix †g‡qwU

2| Avgv‡`i es‡ki cÖ_g †g‡q
4| Avgv‡`i Avw` MÖvg
5| AvZ¥xqv- WvbvKvUv
8| eo fvB‡K †h bv‡g WvwK
10| GKRb AvuwK‡q
11| wcÖq kn‡ii bv‡gi cÖ_g Ask
12| wcZvg‡ni cÖ_g †Q‡j
13| wcZvi wcZvgnx
15| Avš—R©vwZK gv‡bi wkíx
16| whwb ï× fvlvq K_v e‡jb
17| evevi Bs‡iRx WvK
20| Avgv‡`i ·qv`k fwMœ
21| gwnjv AvBbÁ
22| wPwVi bv‡g bvg

5
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47

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