# Modeling the effect of sloshing on ship motions

Tim Bunnik, MARIN

Contents

Problem definition Linear diffraction method for sloshing effect on ship motions ComFLOW coupling to ship motion code for sloshing effect on ship motions Conclusions

ComFLOW-3 meeting, San Francisco, November 9, 2009

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San Francisco. November 9.Problem definition Francescutto and Contento. 2009 3 . ISOPE 1994 ComFLOW-3 meeting.

Problem definition R0 R1 R2 R3 Gaillarde. November 9. 2009 4 . RINA 2004 ComFLOW-3 meeting. San Francisco.

November 9. ComFLOW-3 meeting. 2009 5 . OMAE 2008.5 0 2 3 4 5 6 frequency [rad/s] 7 8 Molin.Problem definition 4 3.5 2 1.5 1 0. This dataset was used for validation. San Francisco.5 3 closed tank open tank roll RAO [rad/m] 2.

November 9.Linear Diffraction Method • Potential flow • Boundary element method • Small ship motions and waves • MARIN program DIFFRAC ComFLOW-3 meeting. San Francisco. 2009 6 .

2009 7 . Frequency dependent added mass+ 3.Linear Diffraction Method • Water in the tank is modeled as 1. Rigid mass+ 2. San Francisco. Hydrostatic restoring force (GM free-surface correction) • There is no damping force from the tank since there is no radiation of waves • Computation on model scale ComFLOW-3 meeting. November 9.

San Francisco. November 9.Linear Diffraction Method Sloshing modes n=1 n=2 Odd sloshing modes unbounded in linear diffraction theory ComFLOW-3 meeting. 2009 8 .

01 DIFFRAC =0.02 roll added mass/roll inertia [-] 15 Additional damping on free surface 2 10 5 z x 1 i g x 0 0 -5 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 frequency [rad/s] ComFLOW-3 meeting. November 9. San Francisco.Linear Diffraction Method barge with open tank containing 29 cm of water 20 DIFFRAC =0 DIFFRAC =0. 2009 9 .

San Francisco.Linear Diffraction Method Roll RAO with closed water tank Very good! ComFLOW-3 meeting. November 9. 2009 10 .

San Francisco. but far from perfect ComFLOW-3 meeting. November 9.Linear Diffraction Method Roll RAO with open tank Reasonable. 2009 11 .

exe Sloshing loads -0.4 -0. 2009 12 .2 0 0 -0.6 Pre-defined motions ComFLOW-3 meeting.6 0.4 0. San Francisco.2 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Comflow.ComFLOW coupling for ship motions Old situation: 0. November 9.

2009 13 . November 9. San Francisco.ComFLOW coupling for ship motions New situation: Body motion program F=m * a Motions Velocities Accelerations Sloshing loads Comflow.lib ComFLOW-3 meeting.

velocity. November 9. acceleration) • get_force_FRCBX(iBOX. FORCE.ComFLOW coupling for ship motions Interface routines: • STEP_IN_TIME() • get_time(T_comflow. motion. MOMENT. San Francisco. 2009 14 .TMAX) • set_moving_frame(T_next. y. x. z) Coupling made with aNySIM: In-house code for time-domain simulation of ship motions ComFLOW-3 meeting.

San Francisco.ComFLOW coupling for ship motions • Linear diffraction analysis for the barge • The sloshing tank is modeled with ComFLOW • 2D 1-phase simulations (1 cell in longitudinal direction) • Simulations on model scale • 400 seconds irregular beam waves to determine roll RAO Hs=0. 2009 15 .06 m Tp=1. November 9.6 s ComFLOW-3 meeting.

ComFLOW coupling for ship motions Very coarse grid (20x12) ~ hours Coarse grid (40x23) ~ 1 day Fine grid (80x46) ~ 3 days ComFLOW-3 meeting. 2009 16 . San Francisco. November 9.

ComFLOW coupling for ship motions Closed tanks seastate irr1.5 0 3 4 5 6 frequency [rad/s] 7 8 •Closed tank •Water modelled with ComFLOW •No free surface ComFLOW-3 meeting. 4 3.5 3 roll RAO [rad/m] aNySIM-ComFLOW very coarse Molin [2008] 2. 2009 17 . November 9.5 2 1. San Francisco.5 1 0.

airgap 16 cm • Good agreement • Small grid effects ComFLOW-3 meeting.5 3 roll RAO [rad/m] aNySIM-ComFLOW very coarse aNySIM-ComFLOW coarse aNySIM-ComFLOW fine Molin [2008] 2.5 1 0.ComFLOW coupling for ship motions Flat roof 16 cm above still water level. 4 3. Seastate irr1.5 0 3 4 5 6 frequency [rad/s] 7 8 • Open tank. 2009 18 .5 2 1. November 9. San Francisco.

Conclusions • Coupling between ComFLOW and ship motion code (aNySIM) is working well • Reasonable results Molin dataset with linear diffraction method • Good results Molin dataset with ComFLOW/aNySIM method • ComFLOW library with interfaces will be made available in the first deliverable of ComFLOW-3. 2009 19 . San Francisco. November 9. so users can couple it to their own simulation programs ComFLOW-3 meeting.

San Francisco.Aberdeen Dinner Gather 19. November 9.The end Next JIP week 19-23 April 2010 .00 in lobby ComFLOW-3 meeting. 2009 20 .