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LENIN - Revolution at the Gates (ZIZEK, Slavoj Introduction)

LENIN - Revolution at the Gates (ZIZEK, Slavoj Introduction)

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E·VOLUTIO'N AT T"E GAT '5
A Selection of 'Jf.,r ritings [rom February to ()cn 1 er 1917

\l..1.. Lenin

Slavoj .Z.ize~,<
"

.....

Introduction: Between the Two Revolutions
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The fir5~ publ ic reaction to thr idea of rcac t LJ.Jli:l.~l.g,Len in ~::o:l of ,1.:,,-) U rsc ~ .L n our hill :r"it (lof sa rcasric Iaugh rc r, Ma rx i <; OK - roda y ~ ~V€,f1 on W OLU Ssreer, rhere arc people who rill love him; .\01 arx rhc POC[ of commodit ies - who provided pc rfect descri ptions 'of the (:.:t pi ta lis [ d ynamic, Marx ol C iJ Iiura I itudics, ..,4w portraye J - he- a Iicnarion a rid rei ficarion of ou r da ilv Iives. Btu , Lenin - no, vou can't be serious! Doesn't Lenin stand precrscly for rhe /()ilufc to rut f\·1."~I-xisnlinto practice, for rhe big caruserophe whicb lett LtS rna r k on til I.: whole of t ......nt icth-cen ru r}' world P~)Jit1CS. for the Rca I Soc jot I i:'j[ '1.: C;1\ peri 11 ~o!.·n which r cu lrn i naecd :i fl an coonorn ica llv incffic ic nt dicta torsh ip r $ or) " If rhcre 1'" a consen sus .;;] en g (,;',1 harever rerna i 11 s of} toda y' s r ad i (;.;111.efr, m l It ib t hal .. ill order to resuscita re lhl..: rad ica I pol incal pro] ccr, we s.h.o u IJ k:<lI c v hL~' lcnini ..~ 11!;'_'~l,C~- hch1n II; the rnrhlcss focusing 011 the- class struggle, rAC' P'j Tty as the prrv i (1!xd for In of orgaruzancn, the v iolenr revolutionary ::>1; i ~\I,[C 4.) t power. tbil,.: ensuing '",-,Iicrarorshi p 01 the pro t.: tar iac ~ •• . <1Il'C all chl.""O;_· 1l0~ ·l,nmhir;:'-cor.l{'('pl:!'"' In h~· ~h~lndon('d if chc Ld, i~ In have :;lInr c h~~II('-i,:! in eh t: (-I; '11(1 i ens of ,. post-ind ustnal late capita lisrn? a "! ,11.(:' pro hkHII wi rh t h i 5 ,1'PP;;1,f(·rlrlv "on \,1n~in~ <1rgLLH'.I>ClIH j s thar i~:if nd OfScS, ~~]ItoO I":~~SIy the in hi." rited im agt' of Len III the wise r~'Yof)I uti on a r)' l ea der i '!.~,'ho,. ~ ~:~I;; r formulati ~1g ehe ba aic co-ord ill rues of his rb 0 ughi ,1Iml pI:il .... 'tice j n 'U?ha-J Is to g(:, Dml" ~, ~11V1 ruth lesslv pm51,J ed if he rn ~hE' rea rer, \Vh.t t j f piy there i~another story t be told about Lenin? h i,~ true that roday'v Ld't is. u [l.,J~~.. nilJl~ rh c sh a trc ri I1g ex periencc ) - t be en d of a L1 cnr ire c poch for t 11(" .g pru~rt!-;:!'I''''c:' movement, an experience \"+II("h compel!'. ~i ro reinvent rbe very basic co-ordinates 01 Lboproject - howe- cr, it <.'IU exactly Ju"m,l,,-,lo.t::u~I,~ ex p.r;; rit'llu;~' rh ~~ Kll v~· hi rrh ~il l.cn ini" Ill, I{ rca iI l.en in's ::;;11"1.. when. 0 ill au ~umn l ~ 14.• '1J l1 Europe an Socia I Democrat L(,parties lwith the hon oura Me C'Jo: ccptio I'll "A the R 115'5i ,1]1 l~(Jolshc,:ks .md the Serb Social DCL110Cr:l ts ~ ~1'iJ pte d i ~he .. p:.l,1 riot [(" 1i ne ~- 1 en i '11 even r;hn~~gnt har the 1:'> sue (l V nrwh rts, ~he (,~.iil i l~' 11"':"""':Sp~l pc I' [1 f rh e Germ <1.11 So..;i~~ D IIH,}o;..:r US. ",,' hirh l L re ported how
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or alJ the quotaricus frOlTI ~1arx & f1i,t:;.~h, likewise [rom }(;i'~lt':'1.ky tlI~:lIi[1;sl): J 9 .l [IUCJwl!'k.. Th(: re ~s. a !3-{! I.'~E'S 'Df iI'..:!'Il:l:_!l ~ h & m.lttl::1. .fo, 1111~10! ~i . I.m~.. ] [hmk with .3. ..... ((·k·:;
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,C3t1!·'tTOpne in which an cnrare 'l,,'utiddis.a.p~l:'l!r~J; not 0nl~' ,-th. IJyll.1L bOl~r~Ciois f.aith ~n progl'~!iS~ bur .-t1:...n. "h~ :\m':I~II:-..r mO'r'C'm~m wli:lIch ;lL,."COm... pllil ied tr, ~..erllil1ih imsel , t rhe Lenin f1t ~L0(H' I:; r~.I"He l)D~C';;) ~~ ~...;.t h t' ~~Illlu.l l'Lr:I dar his f~l - in h~s desperate rea ... sn rhe rc ts no sa r Lsfact ion, no -tl( 1. t nl~~ 'Pj1f"Jll sot", 111:1:.. moment 0 f V t'r'::'11.1('~R"W.1:s.. tb i.;;; cara srro phe ~c k':;ll~d the nrn ~llld "~t due Lelf'rinist c'!,'CI"I , for brca k i n}~ the evol urion ar~ hi stor ici srn II f ch I,.! r 't'~tJrH.~[]ui[]rlliari'orl~1 arid Lenin · ... till! Olll}! on(' who re~l]ii'<·d thi:-.. the . ·as om I'~ one who arrlculatxd tnt" Truth nr (he ('~mls{~'orhr: Through ~,'~,. moment u:t despalr, the Lenin ""dw, 'iii . .:!. d do!'.t..~ 1.'l:.;)dLll,f; 01 J Iqz,d s t)j."~L, was a bl . ttl ~Hs.eern [he u ru If! C ch;;tJ1ici..!t.or revn lurio Ill, W;] S. h~~rJl. lt is crucial ro emphasize this rdt!'v~~jtt::e of "hlgh [ht:DIY'" fUll" djl;' II;U::;I, cencre tc PRl\~;'dr:al s.rEug,gk nJd'lY, when L!'\'t~JI !-I.uch. ~"LIl oC"ilg,lg,(:d Llltc·llccu.J;ll .:1!:i N II)flln ChQ,m s.k",' ~ike'S to ~md~"r<;c()roe h,nw ut-:J i r~ P0ii"'J;';;l'11 r rb'l·on·t i (::11 k11 mIJI~cJ~~ i Or P,I:'~g:r~~~ "'oC poh [i~ I ~trlJ~j;lc: (~f w ba r bel p is :Jot.,1 d rin~:!: r·[;;H J pJl ilosopb iC:LJ I .;.uild sn(i.rll-th~·(1I"C~ Io;:al Itt!'x t s j 1'1 wd~l ,5 s.~rugglor- agams:t the ~ liIE'ol-ibtf3i~ model 0 gl( b;jJltl~WOJ1? is, I[ IHH [h.u 'Nl' ar-t clealill,g c:·nh~·r \";,'hh O'by~ous f;)Cflio {whic:b ii-LILWb h,l!v~ It~J ~)C .mud!..' pl.Jbl~(~ .as Cho!rJ!'ik;, i... doing in his m.uru.::rou:>o; p~)I·tl~:.1i1 w'Xt'i.', []r ~·,;ilh .;:;uch ,Ul IIl(omprehemihk" ~.~1l1ple:o:itt d\$1 liIilol; t:~ ('mot ~111J~' r~t"H'u.l oiI,lIY [h i liB~ Ii "'~'I.: \V i ~J] t(J ::1 r~uoG ,'~ i ~1::.t !11I~ .lJ~'U'-thiC;;)r'~I-j.::;]l tJ;'lI1f] pt:J tion,. i~ I~ Ii 0 t cl1orl:gh 1:'0 d r;1,w n J;i'Cllli on tn TInllTloJ."nHI'!-i . thc'O rerica.1 pm'e9!.1~)p{ i ~'Ina~,'I h(~~][ k·o:."'E'dom. powl!!r :;)nd :)';'~1,,' i t·t ~, ·w h i.e h :'I h~, ... ,:;' .th(~lln.J. in Cht~m ...k~'·~ pulinot:~d !L!X'[~i \'\.·I.~;;)[ i:::. ;']]l'gLubJ~' more importJ.H!: I:!; ~~Q'~'" rCJ<d~y, p-e,h:ips ~nr thi;! fir~1 :ri[~)_e in the hist ry (l' hUIl'1i'l!nkind. nLlr &:;II1Iy eXj)el"j'ent:c I of blo~'l:'IU.:ti1.:::;. i;:cnl()~)'.• "_·rt"t:['~lXIL'..· a nJ Vint! (! 1 H..{' ..dL~~'J cOt~lIpcls ' 11 uf 'Ln!'.. tn cnntir-on~ h:B!-li.c phi.1 u,sophi(:,1. I is'Su('"5 0' rhe n~nm!' of freedom ;a no hll f11~m Id~~1t U r. a rlc:l s.o on. BjJ(',k ro l~l'llIDl= hi~ .~:.;,f.,If.~· ~iId [~t'[)oIUliuN i~ ~uj(,fh' rclc~,·.u1t '0 th:J!t :sh'lttering e~per i l.'nr;,:L· of , 91. 4 - LIi!11i Ll ~s. ru ~I :stu bj-ecti VI,'" {:,l1g;'l~(·rtl,¢'11t 111 ] I I:;' dll.:"ar F-r.om tthi'S f~I.11'h1'~1.~ I !t!r tot I K ail'lt'n'L:V 'II\! ri t J::t.: n j n ~IJ I r 1 y. 17: I.t::
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t'tlga,_g,ement I::' extreme here, and the kernel o~ the l.eninisr ;;u:i'SC"Srom !:hi:,!.:1s],{·s of the (,:U<Ji~ .rophc u{ 19] 4,. in his, serrling of f rhe ~CCO~ll1is wirh the S.ec[)r~d [TIiU!Tn.H~Olj:~J orthodoxy rhe r.ldic:.,1 iJ:11fR!r,;]J't"ivo:;W s.mh<J.::.;I, the bourgeois !)~i;I,l(·. which mean fh(· state as such~ and to invenr :;'t :r'lie\V L'~)]11n"~m.11socml form ... vithout ::J. !i~:.l.11d.ing ar.my, pu~i(,:(;!·or bureaucracy, in which all could rake part 'in [he :lidHli~lUS~r<1ti('lll 01 ~(Ioci;"l~ marrers .. For Lcn ~'II, rh i~was nm: .11 theeret ical pl'ujt'L:1: h)-I" some d lS[;lJU f ut ~IIC - ~fI October 19 i 7 he 01;; Ii3 irned: "\'11/ e. t:;;'Ii n a i .n nee ser rn rn nn on a star e uppar: ~1[.1S cons [it uti r):!-l, f ten j f not twenty n1l11i (In people ." .Jo 'J his ~~rg,f nf' the n~()ml"J'?t 1'1; the hut J1/Dt,ia, \X"h;1t we should stick [0 is rhe m ulu~~s5 the !)LI·~t;tKicrkcl!-a, .rd.I~'H' (in . en, f'} ()f thi s, Len in i~ tnf~ )pi~ - and, ita rj ~hLn:~. [;,1.1n ism ':;'1' "r!'!!d~ for ::1. [' ru rn ~ i 1:0 rbc re.i Iistic 'o;_'~ji~ll!l'j~)n sen se ", Ir i:s. ~ll1pU~ i Me m I.)vere 'ifi ~11. H- the explosive .

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pore ru l:'ll .nt T/.7(" Star« (1nd R C"f/oha ion - in til i 5 bo-ok; ...~h.(!- VO-C~lbula J:']' a II ~ gr;:H lima Ir (}t the W·es'[.efl~ (n~.d iti ()n of pol inc:s w'as ;iI! b r!.lpdy d i !ihl"Cn o;;ed.'iN irh .~.-1 Wh.ll fhcn f0I10Wl c] C:lr1 he c.1.11ed - borrowing tho:.' 'Ltd.:!! of A~dll..lSSeii"·s [r.;"'t on .V~:3i;h i~vel J i-ill .~()fir'UJe de J ,b~hle.·= th'l· irne wh f!:i1 .h~: h I] ~tca lJ or S:N'lm.1 .}IO[H:~ 'i! nmgglin& <'l~ll ::;l ~hl! curro:.:!IU il'l 11i own p.a tT)'. \(111tn, III his' a, Api' i I These::;,'" ~I 917:1~ lellj r"i d·i ~(Tncd rh e A ~lgf;nbN(;k~ rhl' uniq uc .hnfil.."t" {or ;,g, [J:"," ( luti01l, hjs. pr pos:~ls w~r(' :firS-I:: mer ..... o.;rlJlpor Of COlt f'mp- by a lolJr'gc Irh [jHl~'1.'J i t:'o" (If his P'lll'i.~·("OI.l~;1~'!JC.s. N'l pf~ r ~[~li Il(~m k ",clef W ilhi 11I he.: Suls.n t.:",:i k I.... r.ry supported h is C~lll t~~ Fi!..'volution. ~ I~d l'~·.rj"vdn fr.tC!,k lJW ~.~..: fd.~tl.;ll r.y [TaO S'fiL'p ot,lf (~i~'50<i:lli.ng mho!! I'ar~y, ::JJnJ [hl';!' o:;:dLwrial h03ri.i J.:'i ~ whole, .tWill Len:i r1 \;. .... r:ri I Theses!o!o - [..oC'n in W.ili s f.at f rtLJrIJD he.: i I1g ~] i1I OpP(:Irl:u.11 is~ flaU'l:II.'~Hg <linJ exp!0i [inll: the: p i."e~',~ill'll g mood ~Tf '~ho:." P()IPU I'ace: his '!'jew:s WtTC' i1 iglll~· id:iosyncl::ttj.;;. itC"gd.;'HlUo,· l:'b~.ra"(('ri:z!l:d the .... prLJ Thcsl,!'s,1' ~l~ .'~~~o!.' Jc.~'liri.l:lII:lJl A of a. nn;:)dman", -;;and .,d.e7ockll Krupsb~,Y:L hC'l!'"~df ('onclLH:I,ed= ''''1mil aft .. id ut loots. .'~ H it:"niL1 has. ~uue (;ra:!:y. " ...
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refer a It!: 3 in [(} K iC"l!"keg'l~!r'ilJ.: what 'W~ a re :,lll o \'\0' ed ~(10 pc rceive in these wrn i n:g~, i:'o; te-n;lt-~·n.bl·,{Cmwig:. not yer ..; enin ahc S01/'iC'~ msrjrurio [lj ", hut Le nin L th r, ,wn into a I~ ope 11 ~i W:H Ion. A re ... Wlf hi [~ (HIT J ilt,C' c.a ri~;;1 hSIl" c-IO'.s,un: '0 f ~'e;

This is rhc Lenin from whom ....e still h-I.'i(·"nmc-rhing ro 1C'::l.Tli. The greatness o~ Lenin was thar in (]U'I o1:.t[:JSI r~)phj.; situation. he wasn't (j'fr(ud to $1~cc:i'!t:'d- In C"<fl nt rast ro I he .[It"_gal.i VL: p:1 rhos ~J[i,CCT ni blc .i n R.o~ Lu xcrni burg and Adorno ~ fur wh 01':11 [he' LJ Ir.i 1"":-'1 ~'e- :>~Q,I ~h en f;,1,," "',,-"1;" i" rhe adm i ssi 0[1 of thr;." [ailurc which brings. the trurh -LlF thc;! ~iw;lrion to ligbr. In l ~n DIIS[~·-'ld 7", of wa it i ml,g II ~1tI'1 rhci me \~'~H t':iP;f', len i Ii n!"f;:1 n izcd .1. pre-em pt i VI..! srri k~·; ill 1910 ss rhe leader of the parry of the \'\'orklfl~ class with no 'VI! rking class (ri!'m~tut it tJl;nng decimated rn 'the c~\·iJ war}, he \ vc~m on of~allit.:mli~ a. state, IlJlly ac epuug the paradox (11 rhe ~)~irry wh, ·h has. to organize - even ~Tereare - 'i L'l m..[j h:;lse irs work i.. cia Ss. ' 1j:j N owhere i!1 dh i.::;; ~r~a til ess more elf] dCIl r ~h;;l,'n 'i III Len in's \lIlrLI:J 1J~5 ..vhich oover [he' ti me span from ,Fer. 1"1I.a,ry J ~ I7, when the fi rSI[ revolu [10J'1 :11, b( ~I'i ned s b~U'i:!:im[l :.mJ i:u:o.;trdI(!,d .1l desnoc ruric i·I:!~.ti ene, W ["h.... SitLOiltl rc'!;"o~ ut i Ol~ j n oern ber . The Oopenlng text" 0 the p resen t vc ~hllmC"(~Lerre:rs. fr'orn A ~Jr" ecveals l..t!'mn".:, i[l i,~i.d ~ras:r t,( rbe LJ ntq ~Ji.~ :r~ ~'OIu rionary chance, wh iI~ ~,hI,.! lasr rexr (rhe minutex of rh ' "Mcering [)t ~u; Pctrograd SO~'jL't uf '\\:Cl ken,' and 0 diers' )t.: p Isries "I decla res. rh e Bol.,ht: \"i,k "... ZUrc 0 pOWf' f.'_ F.'Ij;eF"~-tl1 -i mg i . here, {rom '~Le!'II!1J '1+~oC ingcnio us i."t;"''i({}1 ul i[]11(1 r ~- srrarcgisr" I!O .. I .en in Q f t be enacted uropra" (-nfrill" i mmcd iare :1bol isb L!~g (1Fthe srate ~ppat::'l.I:lU~~''')' To

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~'IH~ IT1I(.;r('dj b I e ex pJO:'ij nil of j'l;r.a 5o.S .• ["'Uot~ de J uocracy of loca J corn m I trees SI,r-o ur i i:ig 1! iP all ~ ~ run d H ussia J" h-ig ("L~.lCS and, i~;nOtHll~ thot!' authorirv ,I,) t rhe "leg~iI::i are ~ glWt n~ [ll cut ~ ta k rng mat ters in [0 rhei .. i lWn h~lmds." Th .~...is m r
itics:
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witlw ]10 rdi8.b C" (,CnH~\C[s to Rt~'J..Si<l~ rnO~U}l h:armlLIl.15 a bmu tht: CVl'nt:::. tro n1 (h~· )v.' i:)!) pres'S~ ill ()c[f] hll..'T ] Y 17 led ,.he fi:r's~ succl2~~fu I !im;;:i.1ll5t ['\L·VO.l H L~ - S0 wh,u h;lP~)l:Jl~,d :i I'J bt:t"vt'~n.? L m In ]:et:m.i;;1 ry, Lenin i II'Iwfledi@. tel}" ~"fe;flC"C'I""C[I th (' n:.:·,,'oI1l I;"i() f1I;]l'r.y ('h :'!,IIl.U:, the res.ult of uni4 LtC' o!,:unting.cm II.:in;u m:::.tan t.:.::s. - If ~J;t' momc.:-nr "1'1;):; atO[t::IlA:d. the r.:h an ceo :fo:r· r he tevn] uti 0[1 wn~]I I he fotfe~ tll.'d, pc [haps. fu! dc .... , ;!,ut::... Tn hi 5. -stubbo[l'n ~n!oi!.l en. e th~u on sh uJd rake 'hf:" ri~k :and go on W ifhe- l1f;xt s.m~e - (h"'t is, r'ep~~lt dl . it'L: .... QlutLo 1 - I.e '0',',1::> .... lonl"l ritli.cu.leJ b~' the maior~t)' of [hL~ Cenrra I, '0 m ii"ii~ttc(' mem.hE'T's. of hi 5 own p~H'ry:: r:hi!-; !idt'lt;ti ("lor',! of his rext:s cndea VIlJ!,tb [(J P r0"..idr a gl ump~t: j n tu rhe ob s [i f'1 ~ H'. ~);ltI~nt - an d {) f(,e!1 £'-ustra l'il1l~ _. IX'V~~] uti on;) I Y ~'I;'( )rk t luciough wh.ich tr..:.l1i r~ irn PQSt·J his 'l,fi~j1J,fi. ra'l;.ni:sp~ n:;iJ Nt' ill s· ~A~III'll'.s. pe r~on;'!ll ~Ttftr-\!{'JHj() n wa s. hOl;, ...t·"'·~·r. (' ~hofm I,d nO[ w C'h~mgc the MOl'Y uf 1 ht.· Ocwbr..:t' l{t!"dution jU["'! rhl..: !'>rll~~,' i:.lf tht· JOl1t:" ::;enJu:;. confronted 'I."t·jtb the cil'i:onf"n r,;l[("d [i I ,j :-'!ii,!':-> ~I fIIor~ gr;l d lully irr'l rH):'o;m11:!; his ·.. sioiL .L Len im1i 5oU. ,,:cl..!c.Ie;J bit'Cd ~I~t~ h i~ a p P(!';~I, ..;'1hi I t by pil - in~ '[ he P.·~rt)· mm~.etlkfa.

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The firs~ thing that srrrke: to(i.llY's: reo t-k-r i how d~J'~uly ri.~adab.l(!Lenin': text i m IT1 19 J 7 arc; there j no I] l'(:·d for long ex rb nato [1" fl ntcs _ even uJ the stran~~-so.'J~i,ding t~;HiH'-S urc lIn!HI.o~:n l(.t U~, we nnmediarely g.et whar wa s ,'L~ stake. r.:- rum ['(I.j,I@y·~ d istance r. hc.· rexrs .di spls r ~ 11 ;,' lrnosr classicul d-ill riry i n rraci OF; til'!.., eonteurs of the ~~[I1.'1gg~(!n ,,,,'h iell rhey pa rrki,]l.:1: re, i Lcni n i.s. -f uHy aware of rhc P;l r,;iI;.l.r) 1{" of rh e sit U;"tti on ~ Hli i'prlfl~ 19.17, after the fcbn,I.;:uy R.::.... oluuon , v hich toppled the rsnnst lI'esimc~ RU.~:sjil 10\'.:1:';; the m osr demf)Cr.;uic ("0 UJlHy in r h c whole of Ell ItUpe, \,vl~ h .jHl LIIIP receden red .kg.n:1..: ~lf mass mobilizati )[1; freedom o organizarion and fn.!c;·dQrn of the prC's-s ~ ret 'lh,i!1 freedom made the situation non-(f;'1.~lsralf,em" thor mghl'y ~HnLlo!g ou '. If rh t' fI1:!' j s :'L corn mon t·htr::lI d fu-m ing rh ~tH~~h all Len in's texts u wrine I:l between the [~V[) n rvol ut ion .. r 1 he ~ehru.l ry one and the Octo ber s one J. i r l~ b i s. in~i:'i;tef.ltl..'(' on [be' g" P wh idl separates '[be '\:xpl ici r" Fa rrna I con to III ~~ u f t he pol i.tic~1.1 stHlgglc;o OCM.f!("[1 the' m Lli r~n.id[!('!If pa I:'t i 1,,::5 .and ... b;t:!I" n pc~lj-ti~,;1 ~ ~ ubi C'CE:s from j r.s a ... :ma I iJ.fj!;.:"i.a~[.Ll kl's !: n !lmLei j,;Ut' peacl;;~ th e d i$t"riI buti on c1f kin d, ,~il of ("0 usc, "'",]1 t h(! pO''''er t 1 d,1Ic: {n"il:t.!1 ' , t ha t j S, L d. ~ ht ,J'i~ITl-ilml.i 11g of [be ot~::..:Lt>[j I'~ [aro.'!'. p:para [ll" a I'K nT~ repl ::I,C-erne ~ 'wi h th.:: rw\\' c(]mmu.r1C'-like (or:rflS of .Lin·mad m .. nag'r..:ni~nt). 111i:Jo j:!;.a[) i' the ~~[l' herwll."(.'"I."J ,r.:;vo~ m,IOn q.lM I[ h~' i ITI;~gll';;I.ry e~ plns:io n (] f f [{'("dum iI'll !i u bJ Lint' L: nthu~ma~m, '[h~ l1l~lgi.c rn~nnli:[lt of ll~:UVCFS.il!1 :-.oliJ-iln{~' Ij,.... hc.:n "'eVl!'"ryrniilg ::;;eerns po:ssibJt.''', a.1ld t~e h a rJ w.nrk ,11 s.[}t;.:ia~ :r,eOOnstnK[ ion 'Ii,.,hi-tJil is to h!~ pt:"rt,Q I' m<l..~d if rh is ('!, til u s.i;!L:;.r.i(,.: ,exp~~):siQn D~ W k;~ 'f; i c·" tr.."l-Cts j n the in ('I"(:i;} 0 ~ 'l, .soci:d ed i.fi ce
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1:.~J!..~il'i: fnrnnu a ted in ~he ~'IJ 2[):;. rhar I[ 11..:-l()~]C,. rl pol uical torm of Lh:..: 11r~[ .. ... ~ie of social ism, lJ r the p.;~,~:-.;ag{:' tTL 0,;;1PL1.;1 tl sin [0 soc •.l; 1,1:';!'J.i, i'5 the Ir pll'!lr~i~nrnent;l;'[y COi1I·i non ef h()II'!t:g~(;Jj!;; i) L1 d rn] I em r I ~~n piil rt i.~!'.f Here .Il.l e re LS, FL pr.;r.j'e-t::fpa,ra! Iel v: lrh ~ht' ~·r;g L}! tJ.:';,l r]~' mUI.:I,~ rUit y; IH wh ich '\.~P'll[ t!ill.mn to. the eh IJ rch iJcu 1n'gic~l.] hC~ll;'n't(j~l~' Iirs.r ;t rric utltt!d i! ~I f in duo .... form nt ·[·ry nnorhc r rel i giuuo;;; i dco I ngy, :::I.:" ~ beresv: a~(Hl:!! rht' same 1i 11~~1dll(' parusans of rhe "fir~t ri;:''''()lLH~On'' \"!:,:~H': r.(~ :-.ub" err (,,1.pit.lli!1.t dorninarjon L~l du! very pol i l:i~~11form ot capita ~i:st d C111()Ci~Cy. 1 h~;<;~'j, the Hegel I.In ..nt'U;lrmOlli ,~, ~ m.";g:trio n": fir~ [ rhe 01 d o rd.", r i~ ]l l:~a[(;J w j til in i~:-. 0\' 'I~ mth.:-I.d Ij~i,,;o· P{J lit ical {(l1l'1I1 ~ then t hi.!; fonn i rs,.cH J,;1:" W 1)(;' negarcd. nl o e who n~'m It.[....t hose , ·"'ho arc a {H1 id tn [~11 the 'St"{'ol'Ld [,I[er ot OV{,'C"t:OI!1I n~ til i s form i (~Ij,'h,art' .... ke ~hose who (w re p~al[ Hoi,) csp ie rre) \,0,,';0} ut a ...: ~·(111.1tU)l L Vi, ~'Lhour 1'C"voIUil'i rrn " b rc - a nd Len in di.~Jlh~ .'11~ rh I," I,jt~mlg! h (;I t 11is. ....hol.'rm,f"[lf'l.1rjc'\. of "';11 ys f..IH"~Oll" 1ft d i· cern irL~ rhe d lffereru ~Of rn . tIl eh i:", rerrca t. ttl his 1 SI"!7 ...... it.ii~~p.~min saves his. mo t acerhir ironv for thos,c who ~ L
engage in the endless search tm' some kind ot '"f!;II:lfamce" for ~h~ ..·.)'lure rinn: I[ni::. ~'I..!Inn,.nt,:e assumes ~W"'l Lhall:' [orms: ocjtb~r dH.~ ['cin('J nrrtion nt social Necessirx ~mH!sho lid not nsk rhc !'('vnlll.tii.lU m()o early; Cln(' hr s ro

t(!p(;Llllm~ uf !be .Lr~unit:'f1L nML~':: :;L d!.,o.c~,J~.~~I.J b}F H.iJS.! Luxemburg i.1._ga:int K~hlL~kl·: ~ho:-.e '!,·\,·hc) ,:a.if tor dw 01,1('(.:1:1'1'[: (,;omli~io[ln<o; pf dw "T\'rl!lrl.... tion Ul arrive ...... \V;HT fnr t: er ~ :"l.Il;h jJ !1l1,'ilr30H of !ht: obierrsve (1hS~[\"oI.:I [11 (and Dl,1;)!. 'I.').f u n (,,[l~I:!j;;,l ~t:J :i~,;:,:-.1 11. I is 1.~'£dJ the nl,!I in ~) ]-1I:-.tQ.(,: I.L,: to d~(:' r'C''I,o'O~ ution, Lenin's ..;:()mHt:r:iLr~wm~~m W!:!,_.;,ill:';;~ lhe tm'lI)1d-c.h.:IlHl.;,:r:l~i.;,; critics of rhc second sn.. is III <1.1. !!n~ ..... 1'(,: Lj.L~HH.lCr;,~!le'~ (ll)~; [J 11 ~::; i .p pU tJ ~.;_~pt~~ 11] the concrete I r: R ussmn ci ['(.:11 m~~;it~(.",l.':;;~b~ hmll1l:coi s-dcrnocrntuc 5 tn ~C' has 110 chance ot t •..LlT'Vi\,'l~1 - !hl~ q'flb l"I'~;jljII~1'ic..:'~ W~)' tn Ilr~ teet the [rue gailli~ )f dl'l...·February Rc\"olu~ irm (frc'L:(~mFI of llr:!-~:H1i7iricm .;md the press, crc.) is to 1l110VC on [0 .. th-e i,j.CIoI;'i.:1l h q rL''H'llll t~(m, (~thtTwlr;;1;' ~], ~ rsa n:-: r...-:·Olnone ries \'1.'111 wi n. ·.. Tin.: basic JI!.":".t;{.Ill uf the P~~·oI...'bO;J;H.Jtrt~.:..: notion Ul[oI,;:H,puraJi(r is thaI[ there arc th'i rl~!i oru: h:ILj ['( ~ (I (lo ; n n F(l,·r,- tj) I (':;Il rn t·h.'lIi;' ~ hey ~1irc 5o~1 perf! ueu So; i.n the COI,l rse of ~ht' treatment. (JI1 t' In.s.. ~ months · on fal &to moves before ~It eli cks"

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wa Li for rhe n~d' om C nt. 'l.'.' hen rh e n me is .... pe" IA l tb reaard to ~hil,,!!.J! W'i.:. F'I'tm TI ~ t"f h it:owr~~~ I J[! ij,' d,opmcllIt: "'.It' L:-' t.ml II..'~U! f.or the S,o.t.:::i ~l~i sr 1'l:'''·O]lIi1:(l [1, ~he y i wn "king d01!i!1 i:1 no( yer m~J~LT't'''). Of n 01:'111 a ~~""'t' ~"d elbl{'l('r:@I:.'I("I' I I,tl',i n I C"I ~'C}' f' Tn(" 11l~ IlDfl1)' of !'h~ PO~)Ul~ i! art nOf 011 ~)1J I~ ~idt~. :::.U t b~ n::V'f>] Liti OLl 1iu vou ld n<:l't 1'Il;:':lU r b-e d Cllll~loC:r;"l tit.: i' 1 ~ as lC'1:"I in rep·.l ~,edly pUir~ it: ~ ~ 'If, I·" to r' rhe rCHlhrt'Ollltr .... a~em risks: ~hf: ,--CllLl[t' (Jt t.t;;U~ ptw"rer, it :')110 11.J, ~~L p'l..·rR1i:s::...~u'llf r-n n I ~umc 11, ~5ft;' ~) f ~h'f: big Odlic"r ~orgLI mL~ a [dr fC'l1dum \iii hjch ·~",ti 1;lS(,.,\!rf:t h1 (h~u he m'-I (~Ii S;u P['on the' r "volin' inil). \~'il["h 1.(.-11iI!, :4 s: v,ddl 1 ry La~H, ~h t;: r~1 i nt i5 duu ~hll,~ 'r''.:! ~·t~llL~~on .!> 'tUii f)n~l" .:1m)' d '~·nt·-mi'hm';,..'l~ 1~i;,' ' r;.iH;l-uld. ,,'cl,lu re Lbc ['c'l!olut'i [HJ ..U y .act 1lIC1i (:nv~'n:d by rh f' b i~ O'rJ, t:r - ~'he lea F of t:lJking PO'i"i.'etr '·rr,L:in~rI,H~ly,. .• r.he scar'l,:h ft,1f ~h~ tl;uardmt..., . ',. i:') tl_~~ fl;!ar uf ~ht!' j,b,':-:'s. ut rh" .l":~, Til ~~t 1'-; 'L he u ~(j1m1iaH' d iml!.·n.s.i'un Ij~ W h:.'1 t I.e 11 i D1 Lll!..':C'S· andy denou L'1(:~S a ... n rq:"!~")rL'm' ." ~1.nd h tS pr~·rH! S I:;; tha t '"~ ppo Tu n i s.m i~m is a po >it' 011 whi...:h ~s . H U':' ~f lt1.hc[(",ndy, Ii. bt!, I fI j:o.k m,g i.1 k.ar (If ~1 Ct'~)rnp~i8hing the iH;ij" "",.j rh rlu! p ro!C'Cljy.c :s.... ~r;C("11 [] t noj f'CrlV{'''' h~c.., h,....0 r ~ flOIT1l11S, 'ij\ihich 3:!' wh~ I'he nl ~r s:rer in I..."clmb.n1[I~~ it ~:; [ ~lwwrm('1';' i[ dL;dl'ly~ ~~\'Vh;Jttthr.;n,. i:5 til;} l)tt!'~l(j!1'l'? '\X: c I.'m..lr 4mf,$fJrL'r::ln',j s ,tt '..10£ loSl ~ • st .. t' the he [s·. H ;;uJrni ~ ~Iw trul'h [11:;l'[ rl'lf! rlE' i s: ~l {e'fl dt'r1{)" CIT ;in ori'll ion, i ill ~)11 II" (;em: raJ
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the n~ht Iorruula - .d~buugb thl,..')· retroactively appear th 1,.::\(:' ~krn LI rx wcrr n t:~('"1\::;;:l ry, And J fl(:,'" the "a rn c n nt g.n al so to he rev "l'.lliuJI? \\.Fh.:H·, then, happene ~ "...'hen, in 111::0 L~6t years, Lenin became fnllr liI'I.v·.jl!rc- of rhc limirarions of liolshc v ik power? h is here chur we 'h~~llld ~JpP(~:><I..: Lenin and ~tfLl~[1: trum Lenin's "cry last writings, kmg; aher ht· renounced rhe utopia uf his Start' ~md l{t'l!olmic.m~ W(· ':"-;111 d]'S("-'nl '[he nlrJtn~HO:;; ~)f :iI moriC:L;t .c. rli.·:illi~t·i(·'" project of what [\o.l~hC''ilik pnw~r should do. B("(:a u:s(· cd til t' ("~Ull umi.:.: 1IIl1.:l...::rdc.· d Ij pmCl1 c. alll,,!. G~hu ra i hai,,'k 'it\ar,J nr~!'> nf ~hil,'R W.;:-;.!..-LI1 n1I(l.s:->rs. ~hr.n: ~" T'l(l' " ~.. fc.~r R tI !;i'~ i:,'l [Ycl ,. P',1.s<o; {l i rectly to 'u('L:;-~h:,;m"~;all th8 S ....Ic:~ P~)'I,.';."i.:r ';;:'~D do 'is to ('ornhlTlit' the- mQckr<ne poli[ics. of .•~L i:'l tt: I,.~ pita I u;,m wit h ~II t: imcn:;i,c "';1", It l ntl I,,! ~U~ t iUrI: 0 f ~hI,; i l(:I( pl;"a!i~Ul t '1tl~! Lj.. C!. - not ..{ :OI11H1 I mi ...' p n )P;l ~<l n, L,," hr;1 in, ..";1.. h ~n~, ~imrly :J p:l ti t:TlIt t ~':.r~~dH;:d i r'I' pO';,!,f'i nil of d,t' ~'{;! lu ped ('i\' iii ~t'J. tjmd II rJ~. F ;ll~r~ ,1nd i~tl re' [1........('.11 h:;! t ;;1. '.:1:;,t ;'1moun~' of U r~(,!'n t !oj p.::! dr.;:........ ,,'I,!~ ~ ti 11h ,1w,!' to do to fC:J"h t h,· ork :o=;~ ~ nc.l<'LTd {) t :iI i I n rd~ n.~ ry \V ~'Lj't F.~HOr~"Ml ci vi I i·.rl!~1 ·oI,.IrHr~ ...... \r;..~.m'll:-.t h(,H r i U III i ~lJ ~ IL';;- :).i.;'llH· .,lj,,~iJni I; ~)'I NOr <~'II (.:\: f rtl1l1 w h kh \"r'~' h.! \roC 1"1 01 r~~[ t: KHic.::.t ted and
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10 lhe'i'nc is~ "Th e rno: t hi.9. rrulul [h ifl K he rIC ~ ~lld b~ haste." I!J AgaLIIl!)t this stance o~ ..... lltUl':1l T"[!~·ol~ldoill"'"~ L ~(.llilt L.... pte.~ tor th{.· thO.l'Oll~~il~' ana-Le ntru::;;1: f1i'l.1I,ion nt " h\n lding ~OI..:·1tl! ism til 0110:; stare . Does rhis mean, [~11.:~1. dVll;[ UL1.in silcral 'f ;;toopt[:J rhc SIi:~Ulicl:::l.l'd .\.1e'n s hevi k 1 crlticism of Bd~ hl",'i~ utopi nnisrn, their 1Q'l:101 en ar reV(y.lllt ron JJl ~J'!'it foH(J·~·.the pt,eordain.:d nccess .. ).r • t~gt::5 ~it csn Oo;,::":uI ()I~iy ?tL, c us il~,:lJ1~n;lI_{:~)~~dLl:l~}T~~ u are in plac )? 11 is here! rhar we CliII:r\oh:;..ctve Lerml '\ refined dia!e ... IO:; 1 t:;~1l~r;:1 ~ sr '"_0 rk. he is full r ,i''''';;UC- rhat, IH1W, J n the 0:: ady ~9.:z0s~ the n}:,1I~l t;) 5~ nl nol!'lhL':v~k r){)'VH!~is to execute tn;;;: tasks of tho:: prf)we'S~l~·~ ~ourg.eCl'I::-; l('>eg·I~l'L~ (~eneg';d educa Lion, crc.l, however ~ -he 'I,:cr>, -fact [~:ilo t .~ L::;' ..<-- prole rae L::Ul rc=vollllr.iQm~ty power 'wn ic h i So .duin¥., th.~ ;;.:'1.1:;) rages (he ";'l [1j,,1tLOn h~~~d<111l ~). efu;ll _ the re is :fl um q LJ~ chance thM ·t hesc ."c i.vill.t.in:l't" measu ... s '1,1,,'1 ~l be unplee l1ilCfL[I..:J ln sue 11 a ~ r t h~t rh.~y w11 ~ he dc-p ~L vcd o,~ rhei U· ~ i mito::d bmJ.rg-r.ols ideol 01;'1;;:1i fr:;.nllt:wur k (;gt:lliC.r<l1 education '~VI~ be reali.y ~(,Tl~t:ll cdu ca W)r~ I ""CIV ing t he pee plc, Hot :1 It id cologica l I:'JHlRo· to r pli"npaga tm~ i~~ rrow b~1_I,.r. gcoL d -.S.!> imere:;.t~ etc.). he- properly dialectical p..1.r:;ulox15 rhus tku It 1':: he vc t)' ':J()fJ~h>s.sm!~s (i t t he H.Ll'SSij.j"Hl SLtl.L.t tion ~dlo~'_ hrlc~~""~rdness ~h[!~ .O]'l1lpel~ the pi:o!ct:ati;;lL"J ro... TO t~llfil rbe bO!.lI"_g'!..:OlS C!ydIZH~~ rmssicn: vcr w bich t;~lllli .~ t ~l ued ,nto :a un~"-~ut.: ad ,r~m.,)s'C~ h r
[-l;,s,
roi;UII"Irt:1U

[he world' ~by which he mcalH ecology ~ clctcriorari n~ IE!.!lit h C~H"t.:., POlll: rt >" [be role 0 f mull ina ~iona I 5 ~ ere. J, 1.0::-{;~l.ITI? was nor :'0;1n i l}" [fL"l krl1g .1 l OLm ;lh 0 ut rh ~ shn rrsightcd ness of r 8Qm!::" p.~)].~:i.(:jil - if ~II"I,:: ra ke lli .. hat hI..: sa i.J Son"moi)usly ~ the onlr i ns IQg.i{"..J l It: IKh.L:£iOll, 1-; ~h;;r, W(' 11 t rHl,"llt Iy [l.e~d ~! n l'W fr H'i'~ of PQli~i.(i;:lrtiDfr , ... ich will h diret.:t1} "socialize" these crucial itih·UC:". fbe illusion o~ 191')" thar the prcssu E~ p1'0 blcms which t.H;cd Ilv.s s in I pc- iU:C', land disrri b ut ioo ~ erc, I u id be solved rh fn ugb "Ie ~::t I" p:iI. r II arnent :~ry means I:;: the "13 III e as roday's lllusio» rhar rhc ecological rhrear, for In ·t:!ll~' could hl! ;4VOlJCJ I y expandillt dlL~ [lL:.l:L'h,t logic 1[0 C"C, Jogr 11l1.~ki!l1g polluters :lay ~o[ rhe damage they
prubl.t.::lil~

"t1olati,.;i:H"I!\. are Il::norLll~ (h~' real

call

';'\lh~1!. Lr the
C) ~

'!.:,(m1p l(' le

hD~fI;:"ks:i.nt::ss of the .~~~ uarien,
tl.:J1 fnld\

h·~

;:;1 'Ll1l~nli!!, m

d~o;.:df'I)I.",[~

he w[)["k...:-r~ a.r1Jd f1'~~~~rrw.
rC~I~I!;i·[cj.(If
C(l 'ilrrlC:;?ll

fUlH.iarnrl~ul
umpt';:ln

cL...ili~"ltiml In

uHot:r-C'd ~l:;; t h... ~")p!P"rr1HH~·y '[C"I CTe.lH· the • :J d,fh:ro:::nr .....J.y h()IlL d~fH of tht.: \1l:rrsl

"Le ni ~.'L"L is not l ho:: n 0'5:[.11 I gic: na me fc..l r (ll [I t~~~!;.i a t [L cc ria il Lly~. "-I Hi [It' rlu, n cont r~~y. I he Leni 11 ltV no i~ I:Q he retrieved I';; t+~t" 1.t"111l1 whose fund arnenral r experience was: that oj bcinz thrown into .~ ,,(1,1 asrroplnc new consrcllation ~n ,,,,,·h.ichthe old co-ordinates prrw~~H u ...~·h.!,-;~.;md 'Who 'Y;U d~IJJ'!:compelled to r utvenr Marxism - taxc Ill!'; ..cerbic remar ~ ;~PiOPO:=; of ';;OITIt.: new r pL'~)1)Ic:~] i.: .' A btJ ut ih L::>,_ 'lilil"x ,UH.l Em 1,.~1.s said not :J. vl:rn·d .' Tlee idr..:.;) i not ro ret urn ro Len in, but ro r(~!)em him ii1 t lu~ rcrke ...~~/I.~~ sense- to rerrie ..'e K I ~(:t.;H1 I hot! same impulse 111 wchy\. constellation. 'nil:' r~UH'1l W 1~1l~1l <l.i.m~ neither a~ nOliLJ ~~j,;":.ill.l)' i'"t'·('nao::li!rg the .'. ood old rever hHL01~ ~ n<q r.i mes", 11or .1I .11'1 "'fi p0:inl n i,~ri(.'~pragn"la ri C 1'.U{i/IS'! n,re~Ji 4) f 1he ~)Id p I'n~ I';lm III eo m .,.new con·
1..1.1.i L) 11l~""", bu!:: ;.u t'~'p..:)"uiHg, iLl dll~pn;:snit wnr ILj wide 'LonJit i ml::..~ il.or L{:nini s[ ~d1.LUI..: ,of tl2ii1Veilting rile fC\"QI~1tion(l..ry rr()'~t."1" ni ~he conL1l[ioilS 0' Imp ri"lis:m an ..) ",:t,loniill:-..m - mOIl' prl;:";Ls~l.! :!( fh;r the p'nl![lco-Ldt:ol()~.i(<11 {·oJ.· 'p~e f ~hC" iO~lg 'l~fi:l of prngn:;:s",ivis.m in dlL~ 'l.."~n.Ji!.il.ruph ..· ... f 19H. ~ri("

se ~ ..

I It!!:'!;! \/j."C h~l.V tvo.'o Inm:l,eI:s., lh'ho 'w~nr: to:r t h.e ript.:· H!k:ol

t\"lO

will

hi::U;Qr~L;";l~ C"'I;~~~Llti.o[l;

pl.'Op~:r' [ilTl·~' ~ aC{:()fd in:;o: ro tht: f.lXI,)C::O:u, 0.1. ~.he and [bOoSe whQ a!e a,.,.';;u·q:- ~h;:l.( rc\, Ciih~i:HWj h,Bs. .nu proper tUl'lle!·. dl0:ill;:: who r)t:n.:~i",,'c ~h r-CVr[) ['ionary ~h;tl1.c",:- .1:-:- .~o~)e['h.u·L[i!; c III ~I; CHlcl'gl'5 "uld h ;1.'\; w be....se·i.l.(·d ILl thE: vc-ry {ie'wu r'S '1.)1 .L i~Ol'm.a l' ~lJSto:rl{:il! M development. l.emn. i.:-. nol ;;'I ,"Ohlillt •. uisc '~sl..lhiL:Clhri:,;~" - \vhat he liI1i!j.I~I·S ~lt i d"ti!i.t t'h~ (!'(ccpti(m {thr- cxtn:mrdinr.lrY!ie, nof (" r·L11~s.ta~cL~, like tho:!>!.: 1L1 Ril ss,i·;\ ill 1917) (), ~ TS :a .... \'n.'\· W ~lHdtn'f:lint:: th~ : orm l[s<cH. 1::;;thi li~'1e of arl,.',"I.m;r-r1t:;'L[;on~ thi5 tt,lodar:nl!lU;Jl !->t:lI1C('", ilor more- avpOS~~t~ WIi1l11I:-..'ef' md""r~ Do fII,[lt 'oN.f"1 ;;'tho. ho,.'e ill ;!(11 t~[~ wnt:H [h,t: :.;.[~H"': ~md I(So ~ppa r=-lUlSe:s;., indtl d L 'i t.~, pu] LllC,ll Lilt;1.! 11I[S.. ~1.!X s.il1l~ £11) ~r::ss ~lnd less ~I bl C t~). l\~ III IticuJ;] u.': me k~~y ·i:"'''il.~C-S - ;lS TlimL8 other t"han jr)oh[~ l.;;:· ;'Hr~ p~J[' n C"cL:t·mh;~· C c:::J.:
<L

P In}..h.:: ~u: its ~"'wn

i('l.comp 'l;ible 1 .gil..:', uf tht: n:"OII.JItLOn~ d os(' ngi..:aJ lHom,,: Il'l: of the !1~ll(f iSI~ whL"n ·(.:.1~~ rion

n

i:e...

..:enrury a~ [he timor 1.1..:1We ......I u{ th~ lOllJ;!. p!:.!':3..:d[.ll {!:..: p.il i.!~j"'H~~ f \.·<lpit ..~lism ~ and 19'9.0 ~ rhe- 'f:TIl('Tf,(,TlI(;C cllf i;"h~'nl."w frrr:Tl ~J f b1u 118. I 'i.'8.piu 1.i1.rf1 a It€' r rn.!:" ("(1'11 P<;t' iT! .f Re-.a 1'1 £x i~mll;t!: s.o.:.:]~~ r l.ism.u \)/ h~u l.en Ir~ d i.d f~)J' 19 H, \Ii t.: :-:hmtlJ uo for 'j 9'90. .~Lt:n in'" sU n .... for I-hI!;" U ~mr)(:I]i.n j:!; in..'C'dom to S-Ll S pen.d I[ h(' st." I, ls ("xisri:ng fp.r:r;;f-)idrologi';:":i.ll ("(,)-oTd.inM~s, 'I he debllb[;nin~ JJe-nkv.('"fb·ot (rro~Lbm(. ..n. on rhmkj.ll~) Lil whu..:h Wt~ liv~ ~ ir: -ampl)' IlLtan,~ Lna[ We <In: all, wc(. '[0 lh illk ;1~;:lj L1, s.(~\'!'"hm role- ) loulJ Lenin' ;:nT$(}/Jd'~ty play III m..Ir a.s.5eS5m~nt of u~ ('om ribu rion? t\ IT: Wil:' nut, Lri f.L(' r, r(.·dutil hi5 h i.m ~u a p lIfC" 5~' rnho I of ;J. ('e i"t;) i t1 1I"f".'l:) hmlr ~HI!I"Y :it a n(1," ? Iu ;1 1C"r~'et rn F 11g.ds '.... i ~ie-n 1 H1 ~~) J'IJ I.y ] H'A..2.. r \1 J Do. dl.' ~i~n.~ F·~rd.IJ~~I'II,JL([I ~~ 1101:' L 0.. fv UJH.lt:l' ()J G!'...'"rman 'S{ll, ..i, I n~~rll tl~ ' Ol> r .ley 1 ;~ 111.1 hi", t:omp~·tlwr f nr luHut.::n("1..: in it not on ly .15 .~;] j";r-t";1!oj, y J ot~"'b·

Hc)bs.h~"'\'m

111;,1-:;; dennc( I 9 14 ~ (hI;: l"JLd

thl.." '....ctnl;tpi elf r(le [\vofflnerh

11]0 v.

II \1_

t

• Lenin ... fku·c-r f'{',.. ~.r; b~l~ rkri~ ['~• In C Jle,:,ud W(J,ks, \'01. JJ, 1.1:1'1 Oll,I' Rr:vu-ltltfL.)1I ~ 111cDn~(i.~'d , IM~~S, ,..')~•. ) \, p, 479.

if< ..

!L .•,

S s.

I

12

REVOi.

fTiON

J~T Tli 1-.GATr~

di:ij:!,uiscxJ UIl.Jc;1' ibii."ilh::mtillc and cheap jewels" ~ hn[', even mm'~ brutally, ;H "ehe .I!f.:wish Nigger": "Ir ls '110"'" perfe ..:l~)' .... 10 me that. ;~~ [hc -sIW'PL; nJ ( ~lc-.u his head and, ehc g.f(;lw!:h of i1 ~~ hair i.r~ Lea rc, he :i s desl;(..'"m:ie-d ~rmn the d NL":grllJLL~ ~'Ih~ ~j oincd ill! .~..(i.o::tCs;'frligh t of Min Egy fJ r (t1 n less his. mothe I' or gr.a ndmother on the f.. ther 's side was. Il,;Tos.::.cd with ~l.niggc r]. -; n hIS t'(:;;td 0 f a readiJrlg such :o:.mtcn-u:rns as proof: of the ELHOCCI1J~TlC bias of (\.'h .. x's fll~{H'Y w,~ should sim y.l}r disrni S;'S them as f undament L~II r ~rrdf;;J,,'I,H~J.; I!hr.· r ~)1~ i 1)' posiliv c ~l!,l1ifi.....:ance m" rhar : h,:y prevent U~ hO]l"l in~dulbing m :U1Y kind M ba~i~g:rn phy of .M :j.tl-f, since d~e-y clea rl y reveal rh r;: irreduo b le na p between Marx as: ~ person 3l'110 his ehec ry which, preciselv provides ~hl,;eools for ;w anrn.~l':-;,LS ~JI}d jJ cri ti("i~m ol such rae i..r 4)qJI bursts, A"tit"ll.; of {·f)~LrSe, the 5i?1m .... SQ~~,for ]JL"B~in'; LS alleged "rurltlessness" has c~au'lt [he same sratus as his b love of Car and. linl~ child ren i.n [he St 1l~]ulsr hag.i ~~~1a hy, p After dllt! E-:hl11lwuri:Hl rebellion o~ 1~56 was (Ttl ·hed 1'''')1 HU~$ia.fi tanks, the Georg Ltllkics (..... pa rt ic ipared in rhe iInn: }J a~y j:!;m'C'mll1(!~H) W~15t;~kll."~l hn If'iSOI1,~'r~ whena KGB officer asked hirn ir he- had : \!"'e~lpor!. l:ukic, calmly reached into h i$ peeker and ha adcd o"tr n is pen, Lei, DO-L:S not the i11"1 Plica ~'i{)u oJ thi ' gesture hold even me re for Le 11i ~m texts col h..:~[ d here? If l! vor a pCIJ \, e wa~, \;II 'I.\,CilPOrl, iii: was the r~[] which wrote Lenin's !olj' 17 texts.

u M~r.\:-EIJ'~~I.r w~.t+(!, ~krlm ~(JDRl; Dic[l: V~rI.IL~L96:H:,\'01. XXX, p. 2:59, l-lirpadl Kad,a.rbr. ('(.'()I'J.r~' j'k(i,~", O::d ..... I:I.bckwe'11 1~91, fL .!I.H, rd:

Afrcrword: Lenin's Choice

fhi

r, th e idea ~)f d{';ll ii1g ~'I,'ith b."Cl [H i.rn111t'd i~u:dyJ..',ivn fi:!i.!..!" W [,'... j "'jH.drl1(.j)nol"l~.~ ( V<I..-:s. why IH~t·. we live Iii ~l liberal dol,'~nocracy, there LS fq'r( ern oj) f r.hI 0 ugh 'I. •. , _ prm' ~d'l:J t h., L we r.!·I;!;~tl~'n i.!l dr. an ., tJ b Jt"("rl"'r'C-, ....·U·ica] a I."H.:I':>{,. i l'mj fie \,,"';l ~ ", n () r in :l.11 arnrude of 11OS.ruJb-ic idc"!obu~', ;;a nd, I f urth c rITHJ re, fm 111 <t ~}L:.r:;.p,(:,.;t vc fi!'ln I~ roOt~J !n t he den'! ocraric P{) II~;';,:;1 I L ortler, ",, i rh rn the nonzun ~jf hi LI rn:l n rir,.In.:. - t h (1:1' is rhc r(!:s~on ICoiL 1'11('d p~ r 11 f 11J lr rli ~~) fJ~d.elK cxpr rience o f ~wen rierh -cenru r}' to r~l ii 1;:1,-I;:J n ism. ~ \x:jUT .lit' WL' in S;ll~' to this? The problem li.!;.!~in ..hi.;! [urthcr huphctt 'L tJ (Ii ifica [ I orH ....... +lI'cn ca n L"~" iJy he dlsC('rllf"d by ~1 "cone I'Cte ;'11 y:;i:o.:. Df the nal ...:oncn.'H: s~t'Uaii: 0 n", ~\~ ~.en i!~ hi msel f W{,I u Id h.H' i~ PU( i r. I "Fi J.I..: Iiry rr j rhc i Ljf'm~")~-m con sen sus" IJLI.-',iI n S <L('(q:H:3 n~r- 0 f ~'h(! prcscn L .I lin! r ,,1-p...rl i<ll! IenBC , [-.!I ry consen ~Li ... wluch , p I'~d u."k.s. ..1 ny scnous (]ut'~,~'Inf1 I~g () F the 'IN.1r th i OJ, i Ii:bL:'r:-d -d c rnocr ;"1";- order h. com pJ lU r iIII d'l'l: phen omena u olfici ill Iyo L:i:1 r~-· lh~rn'n.!oo,. and, f)f (,"1~~JP'''C, ;1:11.)' WHOU'::; ;Uh'HlPIl rn im;aJ;111(' .a ~hl!eH'J'Jt ~r.}('.iOPO]~H.[(;~Iorder. In :-;IHHt ~ it means: :wy and writr whatever }"f)1I like - un condinon "[hal ynu do n .r ;H:rll.~·d~y question 01' dLStL1l'"b tht: pn.:~'~iling piJIIli;:':,11 "::()f.I':;C'I~:-"'-1:-'_ .r~ 'nythh~:a I" dUO'o'''·(:!ll soli(i[c-d .. , even, ~L." ;l crrncnl topic rt,t.' r·rn"'r'('c~(]f ~l g~uJ");11 ('("olng iL~LI,:.;lt~~ ro P Ile~ ~uL1L I.on t; of hu n I ;3.~1 Ij~t.H~1 Si" xis Ill, homoI S.f phohi~, < nri-tenunisnt, ~ifOWHlg vsolence '11I0'i onl) in f.ll'"."W.:l}, countries, but al:oo.cJ!iml 011 r II.J WI] r~]I.::g'll~~po I~St=:S: rhe M p bl,.·t\ ....cen IJ, t' Fi rsr ;H'u.1 the Th ~Id \~f0 del. ~f.'t\ ... reen rl4.;11 ,lila po nr: t 11(' _h ~L1H.:'l'"i i Inpnt: t o f £1,1.: J ig!l:t Iiza non 0 f 11.g our ily Jive..; .. __ today; Ilh'~' i;,. no hirac- easier rhnn Tn ger iurcrnati in.. l, ~[~H L: ill r corpor ,LtC' f un d s fur l:I m U It idi':';';':lp~ i 11ar y ft.':o.L:;hr'..;11 pru Jt''': t ·1 HI 1~~4 ro iw
;'1

C;] dern

ii.~p-[:~rltH:-::; rodn

tr....

fl~h[' [101;:'", tnrms ur erhnic, 1i'f!lagHH~" rti' ;1J1I [f~i:1 occur ~~.,l~n:sc the bli 'kK[Uund
prnl'-:lIhll run em rhiukiug, T'l.h.L1.(:_" liberal tlt;;"lllrfl"rau(.

..cXI:r..il"
Ilf

violence. Tile prnhlern is that a tundaun-nral D:t.'~thfl.("J'·hf)f; ;11

htl.~r.e"mm)~· ~s .,.m~:;tint~d h~',,)kind of un ...... -rirrcn tJ.r"'1','iu,t.:1"imJ siuular w th('" inf:LJL1~H!S lJ~'.,~4:"u~~rbotproiHbictoml I on ctllrl'l~)}"jnjOl: ! n ... i vid LI;j, ~ wrrh fa d l!:,";11 Letr lean i n g... in [he sr J. tc rga ns] In (~('HI!l~H~ .if1 • he l I :.'

RLV()I.lJTI1.)t-..

i-'I

ll~.I:. ..... ,Al".I:.!o.

we slww c1 r1~iuiI1MI <.;ign of f'i'J.!;<l~ing in pohrical irojecrs wh~(,: h. aim seriously .[ u t·ll ,I JI['n~,4·rhc C:XiSI.j[l:)!:. O'~t"r, [bot: ';'In;w~r .i,: munediarely ~ 1'\{'IlI,.'vo!em .. 1<:;r I.~. ~r.1I~. "","'1 ~I IIW~·I.mb I Y €'ml In ;l r! CW (, Ll1.ilgl 1j The i.J.t.:oh:tgi~:B I fu ncti 0111 of cuustam references "[.I.) 11::101..: Holocnu sr, t he (i u lag, and more !IiI;'(,'-II.,'n . ~'ilrd \Y/Q r ld -e-:I r;~:..tnl r Iw~ i:f.; ~ 11 S fa serve ,LS the- mU)I) u rt Qf ~ i u rlu S J h:l~k.~'t,'rllf)x bv I,_.(J 11I 'a m'I), rr;m nH.I in~ usn ow Ihiii~~[L 0 mid hmw beo» .... rm;ch H'fJors:e~ ·"Just 'look .;)['OLUld ~md S.C(· tor y LLndf wb.~t will happen 'if \0\'(::
tHC I.960~ - the mOJl1L'm
u

]69
.\ J ore Pf~'o;.l:\,(,1': th~ pol I! u..:aJ'7' co r rec S~;"jIlC~: hNr"l y:o. H~S pen l! rsc econ (1 rn r ) r hro~JH.b Irs 05C I r L1[IOn be [~\1('"'L'lb tht: ~wu ex rr!l~1 !11!..'"!'; ~ euher h'o.ol,: i Il;U i on \11;' ieb till' 'f1L,: [.ll ri i ;.o;~d other [hel ,lor "i.t; ,(hi rd ren, ra JW';;' women ... J~ ur ':1 fuelJ': on rhe ~~r'l"1 I e~ll'~ [Ie n[ bol,.·1!" h o, ~~ thU'Ll1-'. b 'I.:' I crun i n a], ;11 nd ';;:0;) on • ., lso ~k!.io::rT("s. pnJIC:"4.:-

r... ·(heal notions! \'(/JIM "\'Ill' enc 11 Her Jil.'r(' i~ the Lllrinnarc l:x"lm p IL! [J·f '0,,' ha r Ann a D~ne ~I ~ilL ,3n,l,.~Mi ke ~ L',lf}, h~ v I,:' Cell lvd rhe r)"r'o~e-n o F. dhr~roJli. : "' 11W iLJ~I the rem porn ry ...bscnc I.J t. Utopi,'ll" bur [be ~){J 1.ltl~3d u! Id) r ,.H i on 01) f the end ot social d rC;::IIH:S yO,.! And rhe deman d rot" ... C"IL'n nne: ~ objll'ctLy:iry" arnounrs to ~LJ!it ~moth~r version of 'th(!" .~.Lllj~ Denh« s~r.,.Jmt.~ (he It'IO IlH~IU 'o'l,,"(.!' ::iJl~riifHI:;:~}' qJU esnon "[he ex I :;;ti n~~ Iiberal ·L~0il.:.t'~1 !-.~~~, 'ii"C' "UE' ~'CCkl"5;cJ uf a b.~I ~dml iII~': scion riii..: 'I.) b i ect 11/ it Y fo r o~HJau:-~1iJ.l..:dtlf.i (:::II I posi [lOJ1S,. 'I hi~ ]'S ehe "Len I r'I isr " point on 'IN h it:h 'iJ'1 ~t!" L.:":1 rl rrot and sh oul d not concede: iu.,d ~)". aetna! {t\'1;dvm of thOl-ff{bt ~trf:'",j.H$ frf't:.dom to quesrton lh r prn'futi,rg ')f>7"tddC'm(Jcmlic "IJuf,t-ideoJog.t. ,11"' consensus - or i,' mean« rmdJUr~'J
"foil W
Yoill,l.;r
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rsr LS someo ne wb (~, attcr ru thless Iy ~~·t~er .;'111r'. , ~11'1) tir, rh~11 g_l'llt! ~tm:'.ly hares p;m::~ 4,) ( j t ~ ,giv bn~ b r~e J011<1 t ions ro 4; h1,1.n.: lie s, ,,"' ld~li.l:li uf ctluuc or ~.N ual ;;]busc, ere ~ pn<;;j ng .1... ~l, ., ~1rn an it~ r inn J, ~'h 11. hi nl:l1 e ~h'::~.tjlj rr .H' ~~Ii'{"~'I.j inn is, f' eo assert this princi ple d in:''(:~:l}'....lep r; 'I.' ~11~~ i[ uf 11f:'; h.II'h1. rL!rar lan rna .sk. [a [iii the rclo rc rem poteet to reverse .M!1rx \ Thesis 11 ~ the ~Lr:.,.t rusk rod.l'Y is: precisely not to succumb in il'hl..:'rcmptetion W .iH.;~., [0 itHI;:r'Vt'll€: dll'ec~ly ;;md c.l,lang..: (rhLngs (\"I,hich then inevi rabl y e IICJ~ ill, L: ul ..dt! ~aL ,I.) f de b i '·i tating rmpossibiliry. .... \X"h.u em · vc do :lr,-<limt ~l() ;11C,l!i'n:t:'J:I?")., bUT ro ql..csrion ... rhc hl;'gl·mom..:: Iclol..,t If)gil.:a I co-ord iuates. III :,.11 n, t} ur' h l:it ori ca [ moment is o still rhar of Adorno:
T~ l I he q~,(':=;.d"""l1 .,.,\'I:~b:H !':t. I10LLld Wf! d(~~" [ can I1V):i.[· 0 lten truly ,HI ~Wl!'1r 01"111)' wn+~ ., I .d~m'li: k l1:m v: " ,I cam mlh' try W :>111 ..111):;.1.: r i;!!:~~ N.~!.n w I,L~' dLl'r,;: J ...., Here I)' [ people reproac h 11'11::Wh en y~~lr pr act i ve i.'fl1'''''''Hl. ~'11 iU~ _)I~Q (')bh8.~~·d ~;}t LI [0 ho"'~ One sheu kJ ii'f'l~)kr I [ bcm·r.. 'r LI m~ rni nd, !Ill:; i s mcunt rm'C'r[,ihly :1i l)o~Iqr,I"'()l':; P:f'{'i11(h,;;:C'.. IVhny .Im.:;-::;; In hisfO:rr it "'Dl;LFPo:!ll!!J th:lt t 1C ';'':-~' wur ..~ whi...:h pu r::i LL-J purely t hi:OJ'C Lie.J.l g_U-:lb. l.r.lns!ormrd ;.unsci uusn ("i"', .Ln( I t h r!l'dby L

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only (h;:1i1' il rFcpL'ilcr-<;. concreTe- ::;:n(:i;:i;ljn;~ly<;i..; wirh ..l <;;tll"!Jggk ;'lp';:lin:'-:t ah'[i"IlIC{' l paranoiac tal1t.;lsi.:s, hm tn<lt - nt .rI r~ri"al para!l0H'I.;,: ;gt'stllTt' _, U lHlIn~CS~

rsclves _ th Co' r oli [i!":~H'{'Ofl(Hl'tK" :l-:T ii;g lc i!'!, r h RJ'i irn pc!'t.:I.,!'P t Lbl r L 1."~H:~Jonnt.J I"'U intu a r~1I,I (L.) ..ps >'....:ho~ll'ia I~ d I'J. iIlia ot rh ~ :.u bjcc r ~J[~:~ i e IC" con fHlI1t irs ·rio;..: h mncr [j'.l.um ....., .... I\X"hy P'Si,.'uJowr:-.y,;,;bo,ma'lyti..;? .lk:a..au!.ic; ~hc true rt!s~ Ul or psych oa na ~y!-iS L 1101 that t he e)ll ern ill If'H!'rH ' 'wn ich hsci.l';;r, c .1.11dlor d i ~I;'U rb 'IJ!i. .arc j u~1: p roi l"t~(j'lJ.lh (1 { o ur inJlt; r ITp [C.SO:'· i mpulse LI s. I'h l' I!.I n be;~ t:~1101 fan (' of ] I Je I~ 1:h~~t rh ere rC;'lJ Iy .;,U'C' d i...r hin.g everrts our !h.::r~~ d·l'!;:fr.:' arc: o[h'l.'r !·1L b UJl1.;)i.n bl.:!,i r.l;P;~ wilt) e}l pot:ritTh..'(..' 1~1~1:;'f1S'l:' s-:e Xli :l.l I:fI j~)y Illf'n;: 'I;-vt, iI€ Wt! ;H~~ h aH. impo[('nr; there (In' pr:opl,e 'Submr!'lth.-J to ["':L'rif)'in~ [t)i!"[.urt'!. , , , Ag;Hn~ (Ile I.Iltimare rnnh nf r"i~·d,o:;ln;."llysis 'i~no!;, T~;lr ot dl~("oy{'r~lEg Ollf truC' Sd,L blll( !'har 0'. the tr,l,um.;l[ic C'n':';OlLrH'I.:J' \",.'ir~1an unl e;:.lr~~hk Hea!..] Th!!:' true corrllpt10~1 n t AftH"n('.., n ;lC:!I d L'm i:'1 is not prirna ["j [y fi 11~ J]ci.m [, .i r 1:; nut 1.) l1.h' t hM LlJlj"'t:JSLlie!'i ;;H(" <in:l(_' w buy mallY Ell w pe;:u, L'rit!Cil~ i[HL'Ir~· "IlI;;]I~ ~l~n.::;.dt im;ludC'd - up tn ., puint)) bllr ,-olLcL:pwaL LHJ[i1)m ;!jf '''F..(HOj)t'.111·' cr'i'w-81 ~]; I;:~ lIy <t reo 1m r.("rc:epnhl~.' tr."n;ro;: I;nf'Q i 11~o the 1 M..'n;gn lin i.vel.~(" 1"1 f c: lJIit ur~ I s.!·n die's (' hjc ...A t· ., Cl~n i! I.~I po~ 11. t" thJ.:i ..; IhJ~ bec('l-nu!:.:; i ~H .. i 5~in~LJ I '! h~~Ie from t'lw i h
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her r hI!; I-' re rrch ~kfe:;t.~' 1 ha r th e '!,...·M wa S n or Q'I,"C"rthin It l' ti I:!~ r must ~ ~o on _ :.m inbi!;,[II,!II!:.:e '..dw~e (!H(!t:I~ WL:r';;: JL""I."pl~·Ji\'i,!>i'l, t:".. . .. In ;'l closer ;1n:'lI),,!1is. we should shos .... how ehe culrural 1I"('1;l~J""'I<;.m.~,. :rbe "righr-to-narrute" unentauun CO~[a,IJls, irs ()WI!l. appa.r'~llI( ~ppum't·_. L'I. fixation 011 t ~~~,... Rc::d 0 f :'-00111(': t raurna ,,,,·hj;t.:h n:::.i:.(::. ~[S. ~l.lfli.'~l,t.H· non _ th'~ p,~~ rl r iza p.e d i 8 1t'(iLC.;lI, rension ~lI~iI'.1il ~ I'OJ;~ ;K;} dern I"': .• H oloca LJ"'';I md II !i.rr}' . The i Y'~ p usuuoden i lUj.l.i t,: t) r <, t; veryeh n\~ is a J~s..: ursi n' conscructi on ~ [b~n' an: no dir,['ct firm bet'"'' was nevur tlSOO [Ode: [are rhe Holocaust. E-I Iocaust rt·vj;ioni:;.t:;. prefer Ic) ..~q~ue in rhe H~i"m,~f empirical anal~·"i.is.. T.b~:ir \.:b_i~n~ o range t rom the F;I';'::t'" tl ~.1.1. thl:'I'[! l~ m'H..II wrLu;;:n docu me nr ut wh lC h Iln.l er nn;len.-:d th~ Ho!rIof,,:,L'IISI tn rhe weird marhemancs ot: "raking inro account the number nf ~~i~, ovens in ALI,~hwi[:t~. I( v.. <1:-. not po~'Sihl.e' ro hum ~() l1li!ny (;o"'ps(!":;; .. __ ", hil COnti" :~:!1t ro eh e rev i,S.~Oli isrs, 'i r us. p reci sci)' t 11('" posrmod C rn d iscu T'lIVe Il,;ml~I r uct I OI1lS[~ (I ike I. yma rd ~ w no rend ro elevate the E10 Iocausr info d~c .~upfil:mC' indf oil b II..!nu; ta ~1h ~':ic.Li E vi I _ fur (he ill the Holoca 'U::.[ is [!.lC i IJ iii to uchn ble-sacred Rea 1" rhe 11egarive 0 coni ngcn la nglJ ;).1;(' ga m cs, 21 Theprublil;:lh wl1h dws.~ ""bu pt"I... .... every l·()rn~.~nson _b~r';,l'.,·~l'll th.t H ··I~.~usr ::d e all d ~)I:hl:!'r cuncerurut mo'll c~~ p.:!j and rna s. polirica I cruncs a'S .m ina d 1l1lSS,1 b~e III rela nv i 7,:1i1f i O~ of rh e H oloca ust m..;; dlai[ rn 1..:)' m i~.~rh c poi n t a n d revca I t h_C"I[ () ... ~tl'L Jmlb~,~~ ~'!l.:!., r:hL: I [u~uca !JS( was u.I.li,q IJC, bu [ rhc 00 1),1 vlmy to r.sta b Ilsh I Ii~s IJll,lqll.l,~ nc~~..,j,s, to ('ompa ff' i r ",vi(h other s,ir1ll.i IM r,h_E' flI~lnel,1~.:;) d tfl1~5 n dt!m~'lhEr::'l [l~ rh L.: lj m ~t ('I,f (hi;!; 'Lom pa r~Stm. H, iJl:::.h.:aJ (Jof n~km~ tin::... co III po.;] rLM)ll. you pmh~bif .[~ you get ('.mghl ~fII d'lC" \,(IU(t.SCfl"t'cin.i;:m. r~r:ld~l::'; ~"f pm.h. ib i[i il~ ~pe,ec b ~lh LH rh;;1.( ;;1 bOHr wb icb \~.~ ca n Ilo( . s!'t'.i.l k: ] f ... sl;"Ick Il"~ ".~ tiil' p,L(.~hibiLi('Hl u.f [hI..: 'l'omparisol1. thl;.~ I;;l1a''lo'IH;i!; ::. l:i-~L.,;wn l:J~loa:~,gl''S th .. If , 'I,,,,,re ere '[0 be ;lllowcd w r() cornp.t11rc I;t,C Hok:c:llHi.'t· v,!lfh nrhrr "'!nl1i:1T -nm('~ I{ \\'() u.l.d be:: de: pri "·'I.:r..l -of j t.s IIniq 1.1t·nt:"~;)••. . ).
LL

i d prcel LI des .J!] > i n tcrveru i on hy rh I 'o;;;.-.p hy ~nto s{'~C'n{:c:. J rOWl..! ver h .... h " I .. J • , - - r of: ClW("\rc r concern S [[it· t~'!i(,lt uu, 11'1 At"'{'("riLlli:~m aiu! 1-. ,..~tP rn('}CTit~'~ i$111. l:.Iwn: m~ .],'.~ f)1:l .... f ,~ I w' ' ., r ave (~r ~l'l;i 1(,,(",[,1.C'S, .1 ,: I~e,g~_ I'I{JI[].'B t urc L enui" ~ h~H.ic d r.nr 1
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red Llo;,;r kill] \!Ir·ll..!d,ge W ph r.: nomena j i sr or PII".t1,£.[li!;1lti,,; I,llsrru m ~J Ita I J sm ~I. . the :1 ~ serr 1()11 rh:l t~ I ~I mllgJ~ 5(" i'L.:J I,ti.fi.;.· k~~C)w I{!dge. we ('["}~1(' m:o kno- ... rhe wav Lhjl1~s exis.~ indcprlldt,:ntl:v · of Our rnili,ds the mlamous "rht,;~):rr of r-cilcctin" J. (,uupk-d with .111 mslsience on rh . precari011 S, I] j t l~r'l..: 4) I' o ur k Ilowledg,{;: l wh I('-h is., In':'! ys iirru red, rd;:H i~f'l'. 'UH.i "Ie 1ea!. exrc ru.il r{';l!i t r u ilI.I~· t11 [Jh~ in nil itt p recess .r~~ rlrr O~ InU[.1 nil). 1)01.':-; !Ii is n L tt ;;O~ I i~d ~."l iI [~1:r? Is ~[ r~ot, J I ~ the .·\ng.l!:J-Sa....~rJ tradi ti on () f m [ .1n n ~y["ic::l . _P fi i k!lsop I ~y. r.he ba s i ( pos I non (~f K:'I rJ' r"o PPC'"t' ~ rhc a ~dle[)' p.d ~ a nn- Hegeha n':: in b i~ -shm" ~r ride' "Le ni I:l and !'"'oppel''' /-~ Co Ue[['I. reca U:,,; h (J '!AI, Ull a pri~'..H''I.: letter 'written in i ~JO. fi rsr P ubJ i shed in Die ZeN. Popper : ..... 'rote i ,-L 12111Fl'S, !Jf.H)K n 11 enipir j()~rI ~jcJ:,;m is, i 11 rn y 0rlll ion, rl~II!Y e ~cd I~'r,L. "':: •
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Bnrh Adorn.;) "Ild J.{!llI~n" i10W~ ~r, rakt: '[be \",'["(1)11: path ht're~ th!(' \1I,.':1't"{Co ;,q:-""'i(;:T[ ]n~w::rialj~m i. nn( br clinging ltl rile rninjmLll[1 uf rJbi'L:":fn.·c.~ re:.~Jit'r' ()ut'S,r·("h· [h~ thuugh r ~ ~u b j I.!criv,o: 1nt.!J i an f)n,. hLi'f h)- II"Is 15rj ilg () ~ the .;:. tool lIl~ b
rh e {"XI";::: I Ob5t.;]JCJc wh,idl r:rli:1 pft'i:!;nb [hotl i=!;.h ~ from :j\ n.'iI~n Illg: f ul I, IdCtl f I!Y WI [h .i rsd f_ The J ri~ ~meli t" '!;ve 'L;()n cc:"dc ~hi~pn LIH. ,1.nJ i.! 1i:H'rn<l.ll:l"'_~ ~h f' [l b::.;(~dC"~ w~' n!gI'C'S:; to l h(.!' ps..!.:.'l.I!J.o-p~ -Lli )Jot'ma I: Ie of: rh l' rbtl 1I~ 1111" sy m pt~ It..1 ~....:a_lly.rp.r;'~iJ,tH:h ll'lf, tJl ~ n't'r f' I~],"i Fe .. [l hi ;2cr-i,,","(, j'(.! :11 it, "'. I lC'If("r' .,1bk to gra~ p I ~
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on the ilH.lqN~lldt'llt existence of m urvr j at! f'l':L1Jir'" ~)ll rsidc ('OI1S(i C~U~ I1(L<;" ~::. Tn b~~ n::Hl ;pj, .~ svmprom.itic t disp I~ «Hi lIE''Llt, desr i ned if'! con (,C.:11 rhe ko!.Ly ~:~H;t thor c~muis j rl PI('!f,L" lrsd( L£ irnplicidv posued ,j},.... cxn-rual to the reality it "rcilects". The "'o!..'I~ 1U!;"t.~l-ll~")J ' o t rcllecrion inn n i rely ;'1 pproach ing rl'H' v."rty til i n £~'i. !lL;':!11r ,i! n·. th(' oh,t.',:,·rl ve
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uru\Tr~e..:

J h.:;t.::.ckm mHl.~row'.,:al COn"ieqllC'l1c.::' trml'l rn:u Ihe .....ss nn. ulliJ'asl.' '?L~ II H'h()l.:;~ J5 a Wh )JII:, tnt: '
LIIL! r,l;.;.h':Ld

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rrur 11, berra Yf. rb i s idea hsrn: w har ttl i s IIlrU pher lea v t·s ou [ U ( cons iderauo n i:o. .. hI;,; fac t thar the p'H'LiaJir~ I J istorti 11! of "su b'i l:L,' ri ve reflection" occurs precisely btX';1UI;<: ehc <;u~w{'t I':;; mclnd d in the pron.:·<:""'i it rctlccrs - oj')Tl.ly ;1
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of reali ry ...[Ill' wa ~ ir really is" ~ that knov v 1~JgC' of rea I~, 'f W~11J1J Imp I)' c~~] ex- ~i!oo tcnce, ~su r l' xrcrna r regard t~ i[~usr .15 J mirror C,;IH reflcc ( ·Lln object perfcc rl y i exre rn ;.11 eo i r ~so m ucn tor l.en in's t heorv 00' cogn i rio 11 .'iI s objective n':<lILn,'),~'" The- point is nut (hat there i:;. independent there, outside J~Y, dL rhe point is. rh.u I myscl] .'!:m ";(-,m rhcrc".

ourside would see the whole i s~ a [0 ra Uy ad cquu tc "ncu rr.. ~~' ~
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reality ...!.· So rhe question is not whether [here IS a :re.llny O.ll~:ldt' a.TId independent of consciousucss, bur whether consciousness jbdf ." ~)Ub'.hk ...nd indepen dent ,ITt rca iit,,; 5.0 ~ inse .. d of I en; n .. ~irnp icirl y ~d .'iI li q) n ortnn ~

Ii 110(' rhnr ;..cp.1r .;Lt~~ m;l;toi.:'rj..d isru j (ill u Ide~ f i":n i- n' P.." ,dd tea H" h c 1'1;':'. 0 n r t~"-' UI ie ha r:id, there i... the ten~pt;;n.on 't,n n.:,;ltl th L~ i u the :;.; hrt"!l.'lJ ~'Ist rrl1:'I(k u f t he lin iv l'l':'i~' "uut rhu~" oI..'11"Icrj.:t'.s 0 Ill~" 11"11 rough hl Lin ~ f'ICn;r i'I,'I;':4.1 b 't' ~hcJ\! 'i 1':1>1_1): n dw .. eh 1:':1", Then: ~:o;; the of) b 'r'e!!-i~. 1"'"", d r...:.! I L'Oild~1 ::;.-ion r h a r COn sc i o uxo Ilc:o.S I~ lh{JI'mJ,g~J~: il1~'Jutie-,rl in rhL' nh"-t'ry('.o ubje-r;..1S_ Thrs i~ where "II,.'!:_- <liSairl L'11 r')Lmtll."'f l hI.· Imlll.~ t I lI.'1 0 r Len LlI'\ ;.rh I;!u:r~ 0 f re flee fI un ": onl r .1 consc i II LI"lac-~~ observing rhe urnversc fn.m fl1c oursidr W{'H~JJ :'Cl,.~the wiw,tl: 01 n:afu\
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of objective

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hr:"'t'l/\.'¢~·T~ idL~"h::>f11:i1In I

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exclude [:1 ;1lld rhe pun· n ("HIlT;;! I. ;:;b'i"~C'';;;:;'. ;;l ~ U biccn v~' blOW led g(. n~'l' lit·':'''_'' ~ntelle ... als, Fnr le 11i fl1, on .tu the "J.:ont ra "~', nrcll .... tua b'" lh~!use lves ,~r(~{;.l. LI ~l u in the con fl i ct ~)f ideo,to :l. g_i,l';:' (i .r , the ideological ...I::J~~, st Ii ug.g I(') ~ wh LC+:J IS me- ....I.-- b lc, ~I l' .... M.a I'~. I -us wilf'1> m:t1dt" this point' - frorli lw:; youth, \"h~11 h~ dreamt of d~o:! LII1'1i[}' ~ff G~Jn].~ n 1{~O::,il phi losoph ~" ~ ud the F rc 11:~ r..;...... u~ul iUJ1:;U)" H~.,!<;:.,;t'~, [0 hp; i:o.! nis isccncc, m la ret yea f", thn t ~Ibot" ~e-:lIdcrsh i p of rhc Inrcrna t i011.,,1 ho ul d under no C!n;LLIHs.[a~C'l"::' be Idr 1ft) [11• Ell~Jj51~workers: alrhough 'tbll'Y I.Vr::rc ... [he 1110~~ numerous und be~t fll'g~lni7.('d" tlw}' ,_ 111 C() ntrasr f~ Gewl7'L;ln workers - lacked rhcoretica 1 .,.t WIn ~enq'.) ~r I \,V h, i'l Len i11 n en ~H)~l:" rhe kn~Jo~"r'Jn~)!;t: 'hat. uueslcctua ls sbo ulJ Jdi~' er to till' prol ra riar, it ;'1.11.dL::Pt:'[Hh ~ on rhc rxnct s_,;'bl[J~ CI f fhis k rUlW ledge. L LOlI{";:l n d i ~t ll:i1glll~h~...; f ou r Ina IIl modal it ic~ ~)f k l,hJwh.:d:gi: ~ t [ie servant" ~ .... know-how" i P' acrical k nrrwl t' tl.gt:: ot '[he' ;l,r~l~.l.lll; farrnc If, ."IiI~1!-in I" ill the ,.L d i ~i ~L.' rt;:;:red. n '. tbeono ~1'1.1 i:rt in M (,}W 1~: Lhe phi losopher 0 m [rn iI[ i l"'I!! a
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here IS. [he b;..... , hL'rljH.'nelJtI'" ["'IOnllT; ir m~ onlv ....... we are alreadv n ·hell ~rhu L d I L: L"'JI[~P utar u Hl.I I vcicnti no:.: h (H"JZUJl. ',"' ileml '\A"(. II bscrve a W~=l.1 ~ ... i bii ho~r rro 111 rhc cn:!;mt'C'nit~ <;T." nd pO 11)'[ ! uri I ~g W r:xp II L; nrc rhe cquaur» i" y wluch all c.~w t h I:,. b~xlv Nl wa Ik, that IJI,.'~ .a rc com p"f' I~~,d ~)-:;~I rb I So kiil"l, (~~. rn .,.; now l!_'dgll.:' iJ I til l' re,! I" ~ w i thin ~l rn (I re .~n L~"I;."~ a PIKO.l;;;h, W r si ill pi r rde r k L '(~ ';;("1 InE' n ;HL~ or !('<;~nl(,d ~d i~ 11(");.iI i ons": r 11 ~ horr, ; hi <; k nowledge ui the 1'I:.:<1Il'" crJh.:(:t::c::-. (1Il(.;t,! \",:',. ,1JOpt the attitude I)t. mh~ t~)(h.'m.d dara-proce: slug obs.et~'l.!r .md ~~lltl(!~I""(,Hlr tn rm-:lrl';.hT(" rho engaged Ji'nll~ bo~Jil) ;;}~>l'I~I\ pr't;. rcfle X I'Id:- k n 1t\'V- 1\0\'\0' III 0 t h l' a en V Ir~· reau I a red by f( ~H0""" i Ilg t:"'II: r I ic I ru I es. A'!:- 1m lsureaucr.mc knowledge. i[:-. r·L:r~',I~i'!,'l!rH':!.~ ~i\·i.."s birth C,o a 1;.t!J'EaiWl

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11Q~"'~'!lcr,is 1101' 'Yet mod .ru scientific know e-dge, smoc ii sri I relie ... on the ini WW.}r) relar i onshi p bt::~'1\1't;ei1 Master ~~ml ) II:!; a pprenci ·c.lp~l p it - a:-. Plato ~~m :-;.iz.(;'~~ r.I Lis kl'lo,,,·l!:!d:!J,ol' P ~es LJppL"l..... t f~t" t r .1flsfcrcn ri:;t I Ire': l::r! ~Ol1i,,-h P of ph;~ ·~ L l(),'I.'e ~ rIlod(' rn s.<"l'!::-ntif~r;_;k flo\,·led j;e, wn Lch I:'. i mpt: r~~mi,ll, ~ l'Oli nJc-d in II L)t t bot: l1~ui~t! of a ~,i.('!.sWI'~ hll,~ istillig in i [nl'lIf;!t!.troll.a I Ill;jJ n ll;_ ~'i. .unJ til''':: hnioGf!. I 1l.!"}1 r;:il.~~J,1tl(,1H ~ ILl r I; I1cl plc a('{'e ~:'li hlr' tt) :illl ih(·i"'L':' rh e ~t1 ~~t"(_:t i~ l'ec1~'I",ct:t abo pl t"fi !... ;'rIoC";lll pur it'l; olnd hUI'r;!,~l.lcra[lc kno\Vh:· ..lg~~. ~'hiLh .i!'o th..: pn.l<,,:r;::-.:!. uf :l'q~istmlion" of "wlirill"'" <Jnwn'\ t11.ing'!o CLu;,l,lngui.ng ;~ll (hat (~hnLEh~) l~xi .. q!i.l. TV.'0 ifirE' rr(' hH~cI t'~ll'adoxo ...h 01...11 1"1;: en:! phasiz<cJ hI:' re. ,.'1""1:11: 1) f '....:i~LHifu.: d . 'k:lW, ' IL:Jgo:: all J l b.H 0 f btl f{';lU lT~ti,,,; kno\v k:Jgc. .... 'I);,o'h,f: 11 :\,( IL.:a1,~H uir-d t~l is ~,--..consrru('r thL' ··!;O ~fW"1'[e'· fOil" ~l ~ch "- com mo·n ;;linn,'! t~' ;,lS' wa Ik I n:g. ~~ t'}' ~ .'ere' am.l il:t>d ro If'a rl1 h'l.)w rHoiLnY ~l~mpl'I..:;;n.;,:-J 'I;YlIJ.I';:Hi[] us OI!H h r<l i [r lola~ m .. ';'u I.... l' ffordr.$~:.Iy - :lS .U1 erlgi'lw ... plll 'i t~ ., The II [Klgh r 1:"'.\'0-toored ~ocnrnn· I;.!" ·r n ..... o~ illl' hurCl;lr:1 l~e'liig ~l'~rn:-> .~I~n(ls;r ;1, fL·lo.:ipc fur ·di~:'(f'i' Tl. i~) ![ df. :111(1 de Ina [1d ~ :~ r~ II u rka. b It" l.UU Lro! to Inak.l! L~, ra( [iC.l b k. "-..,1 A 'Il'~ h.h to C h.1I1H.'l' p its point nf 'iiUrpnrr ;;tH ;11;" orm","(,,:•• ~ml the weighT' hilt; ij:Ohi' ~lllI0~d('I tn dn :..0. T~'H:' mNor!i cnlHI'"'oHing .J leg b.;l"'t~w ~11r-r..::rl1atl~br.:-t.....~1L ~et!ping ['he: foo~ lm · the gruur,d WiliJ.L· if ben.r5 ;'1.nd p['o~X'h:; [hI; !n:;L(~, and '1;lkLI'f, the IO.ld nM w l11;'lkc th~ leg e m rnnn', /"\11 (be w'i"ul,e dH'~" h;::rve to k~cr [hot bo..b'\ o:,,':r:um: t:!ol ~Hl'lity ~:ld1m du: poly!;toml tidilh:-J. h) [h·1.: Io:.··r;t. $.('[1 th.n [n'I.: bod~· dot~~[I'c. t~Irrl,[! ()'IIt! r:', \Xn~~nve w::r II<:.. we fi?pe.;1( r('d.ly tip () .....r. ;, r:ld ~.,r{"lJ k 'rl-Ur b] I till. .. o:.: the- n i!:k (;If [1 m L:, ~ ~ Th I .;,;o.n ple:-l L~:}' of i L1S t.__ rll ~ ponn [~n l~ulL~ o;:ak HJ.:~i on!:i. d~,C" t ~flo'i,""IL!Jgt: [he- bc~dy ha~ to rI'lJ!:.~l':';::' i.n ordc::r to ~)C ;lihlc [.-. \',,::alk, ~" wktt L., e;~n CJ !led! ...k rlf"l1,.'Y·I~·(if.e III rhf r .a I" - il £11..1. llf LOU fse, ,...hat 'Nt' dH Hli d not

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h....!II.Joi;! II JiJ not reCOi<!:III i ~.L! .l ~~IHlI)~ once. ~11er \'1~LlIIl;K [i :-.....hno~ i 11 1hit I r !.ubl.ll"il!>, rhey ",.'("1"(' ('\ en t·ubbo::d {IF r:111,.".'1r and tlll..:i]' gUll'; hy b.. dirs po::>iJl~ ( m a~ IJolIl:t". 1 h.~n compelled ro walk W I"hc:' 1i1(,.H(,q' pohee (:I":H~on.\'Vhen Lenin \""~ls ·hot (ll~ 30 Au.C,USL 191 S. [hi:1. H~;:~.lrred whsle he ...... 1:.tlkin~ til a couple .. <1:-;' ot Wf:lJ[IL'U i.·ompI.1Inl1ltt 111rronr ()f ;] fflctnry he had iLl~t 'i/l<;itl·d~ rhc hlr('di1"~g I.'l.·ji.il~~,:t ... dq~'~ll b~' Gil W d"h:: l-- r~~!~,IIIi.m ....... .. hl~h n~) 'l.k),-~rul~ WtTl' rrli.~sem; ::;'0' hi -; " .. ift" -" .'1o::ic7,hd:l K:n.lp~,ki! yil, ~lJ.K-..~t·.q("d t h,..:u ~l.l'l:lLt!m I:('! ~h uJ d HHl 'l.iI1i.U W ~ht' rl t'.:tr'L·.:;t griH.i..'r'.. ~h op t.f.q" .~ I~·mon.. . Th>f' ~r~LJh I.u·,d m (':11 in ['be K t 1:1[.1[]I 1..:.t..fltl1·,r,"J ill I 918 \'J;:) s b ut,l.;. ..d ~r;.dt ~luJJiJ~t" :-.lll.J dlill \ 1;;1',oI.'t ,1. b I... !You p. : S.O rrHlch lOr' rhL' rrit'ilq~,("o; ..-.f [he 'wm{,,'lkJJlf~lr~r! lO::llIll':, :,.t. LIIIl.[l·rcr;., Ii h:' hi l: 111)k~·111~ {.m ICal 0.; p;l:ranO[~l"::: I·c~,!.(:~ .It 1 i >.;;t".'ni ng 11]11 j,.... Bl'4:r11on' II'":,. .~!1I}'l.,"'$-i()II~ ~td I iJ".' fi ['!-it ~t,:uh·d [1.J I. f\', LI ~c d.L im~ .... ~'h.;n ,J JJ ~ 1'('\ nfmif I L1.lr'Y r,mTl 01;" a ~ '(Ha rn ~et h lIrl"ielt glH' ".. y [0 !i Llcb s~r'L·i rn C'l"lIii';", r:1
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of t[gl~ting rl-H'rn merciless.ly) 3S pmof ..-.f ~IS. F. y nI 011 iI '0.; o:..:!1,.~ rl {"I,;' I'm 5. h \J,WI::!\ "'-'1, 1:-' I hi...r·l·.:J.1hAn ;:l["f!.lIl'lr1 f"IU' {~..t:.(Wrf!.l I ~'nill? Dur-'!> i~ Imt, r,Hner, bC-.lI Wllllli..'..,... ['.~ .LIl ,~xtrnnl: s..rl1~ili"·i.,y [u mLl~jL

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r!J(:"l?d.::to bo::- h·I'll m c~ C'ck ~r h{· I ~ t f:o Cont!l'HH' rh (" pn~ i m:';~ I ,,'1 LLLg,g.[C!':: \\/ho ,1H1ui~~ l('l'd.w·~ ":"llE',:~ll r l.irl;,:i~lJb still dl.,.pl<I~·";I!..~l"t:n ~1 U"a.... (Jf ~lh::h ·{_·

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~t:'r.MtL,·ir~·~ l.:; nor lcnm ifI '[his. C<1'f.l' tl1 ..· ...;j.. n nppo.;;ne of tho:.' hlf~h-I';~r~k'lig · • 7.1.... \~. ho, wul LOtH ~"I~~' tll t ficllh},. ~ ("o[n:hlll(~d ~LK:h sen sir l\"i t Y \,H t h t.:x1(1:: rue ,:rud't~· in '[';.11 kill ~ p~~1Lt"l'-.:al Llt,( isious 1'i r i~ ren s.no;) 0.1 C' rn recall } l,tL~-d i c h, rhil,; r Hu Ir"loC!lIusr .l rch Lt~':r ~ 'l,l,' ho, a hl~r a ha nl J~~ woe k, al wa y~ i~ n (I Eli I~ e to y \. iu IL~[(:n tu B'l:"l"l boveu's :Sl:rm[:!;q ua rtcrs 'I;.... i til 111.. UHIi l,r;HI,l';;_; - is ~ nrrt P nX.'1f of ~ t I.Cli;CI'So hu '~,lni y rhnr iii courrasr '[0 d1LS SHI'I!r.e~ne barbari-n 'whit;h lies III rh~ verv unprx blematic UI1Lr} of high ...:ul, ure ;~!'I.tI. POliQ,j("LlJ lX\fh:H·i:o.m_ ht;. ",,'.L ... !.tiJi t'"xrr'cmd}' 5Cfl'<;ttj·o'c to rho irredu 'ibll! antag ~J;"S.tJ'<; hcrwccn :Jill :Hl(i
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I am r,"mrH-t.:J ro In·.ekl'p ~l L~nl.n i!1-[ theory 0 f 1Ch'i!; hlgbculrura] barbarism. II[:Im ,I.:l.onet"\ o!ll;'i.'[;]lrHhn~ 'I Y'42 recording f ~~-h~lbe-r-f·S 1(J:lil~,I.,(Jr1'f"is€ seem ~ H) ~~ II 'for a 1.1 mrenriona It y .·1 achroni stic read j I'~~!. it i!) u I;,!;l:i-~' ttl ] uta gi nc Gc rrnnn i OnLo;:t.!i'~ and sol d icro; Ii :it.(·lli rlg '1"0 rh i,,, r(~~ ~!I'"d ~ LU in tl-.I.!"SUltiLl:!::.rad rrcnchev 111 rhe cold winter uf i'7"'U-4U_ U()Cs, 110~ rh~ rupic ~)f \r?i.mcJ'·~eis{~ evoke {l uniq Ll!C ..: onsonanre ..vi L 11 !Ill: b isrorica l rnr r'l..:n~: Wi-:iS not dlC! whol ... St·;I;lLl1.gr:J.J cumpaign .":1 t-ir,an:;k '·'/inJ'('rr('ise. "'!ih!;.·!',:: every ( ~en11 ~U1 sold icr 4.: IIIkl sa y of hi m self 'I Ill."" \.'t!;r)" f, I';:-,m, l i nes 0 t the '~:o..::k~ ,. I c .un;:: hCI'L:! i!I ~[J';1llgt:'[ th .;I !itl'ang.cr 1 Jep.;ll-r"? D u !h l! ucx r 1i 11 ('~ !l()i e:x press rhf'lt· basic eXrCTlcm,;c-: "I\::ow the world l"i !j,(1 .r..1nnmr. I The r()aJ .... h(l~llJed III ~IWW .. I L (',::nlHO! dmm,~ Lbt., rime l T() b~J,l,m Hl~' [ourncv, l Ml.l!'it f:!lKl 'Illy
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I In this elnrkness." ha ...t! rht.! endless nl(:";lll1in:::I-t'!,.!o. rnarch: ., lt bums under burh mr o I ["'1."]1 I.hLlII~h I \';,';:llk or~ ICIl' ilnd ~lliJ')W~ f I d;_Ion', '\~':;bnt ro cltL.:h my
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rhr .... prill~,: ." ...rI;.";HHL"'ld uf m;:U1y-~-oI()LH(!d tll.)~vr.:.:r'So. I The W;;1Y they bloom ! i11 ~'1:] y:' I I tl rc! :Hll!.!J n~ f,fC'C!'n n~("ild(}W<;, l 0 ~ me:rry hi rJ C:11 k '" ~ bc.· nerVClom ~\',llrmj:: tor tho(" p0!'>r: •. Fr~ llll d11,.· hi gIL [~l(~d d, pnsd·h)r.Il ~IJ I..m~b- l \~th~·,10 ~.J l:I (

my in:.tt1:t" The s.hn ..... n~' 'tbe: nlunli.n~ iHtdl,L:rr .11.UC]..;; '~Th(' k ll.u [f l: ~ J A r,;"'ill n d IrI ",~"r'~ r.J' Sf rL'I"e_ I AnJ n~l["~rl;.'"<I,;ljl ~~~es- j D i!I H n .awunJ .,l !1~~ll~~rhem_" Utrl;rl~ e:'dH3ll:tiLl!d, rhl..: !',.oldic~ arL' rdu ... l:p,''l:n lh'l:" r.:.:J S,OLlC',; ("Iii t!(.!':l.h: "J'rn (i.·ed cnOLlgh -~) drop h~)ye lake., Illm1~~l huT'T.. / OhL ll"Jcrcilr-<;, nUl, rou £UI''Il file .aWol}'? l W"t·lI. i 11~,\.I;,'arJ'[hen. ~uH hm.her. m~ h,ya~ ,..·.alking !':o '.,Lff~" \'{'h;.H (":,\1\ ()'II');I.".r 0 !]'I ~Lid~ :Ii d('<;pe-r,::m:' <;itll.Hmn hur g {m ..,·ii~ htn..,ic ... pel~ i !\.[.!:TI("{". do 11 L~ ()lll,:"", t'J m So (1) dllc .... -u'mp!.:1, i r1 ~ ~) f ~1LC I L;;:.;11 r t, ;l!:>::.UIII in~ ~h i! hC'I.:'Llf" 'bmtk'n ot" hrl!.L in .1 workl. Jc!-.t..'j-rl·d lw Cod? .' .
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11"1(' nbviou s. Cf.I'L111'I:er;l rgu rncrst 'I!i- t h;;tt a II h~:o;; is merely ~"supe ~ltia I p;H-;~Ill;! I: .. even ]1 there I!o, ;·Hl ~:t;IIO 11' 'lill!.' ~trw~~phll:r~ und crnonons, rhey are in eoch "':hL' L'J[l bnl.d rJ i n a n [!JL 1 i rd}· ~;i f~'{!:rc context: iJl Schu berr, rhe narrator nt. W8 n de j''': ;l round ; 11 wu ~1I:!f"['" ht"C".~ ll'::t hi~ h4.'ln",,~'d h:;1'S ., ba ndoned h I 11"1; W hi I~ rlu: GI:m'M.I\ ::.dJ i I:': I'~ we rt; un •h t! ... 'i;~'~' ~I.) St<!ii 1l~[:tIld beca usc o{ Hi rler's .0, l rni ~l rary r lu fl!'._ l r i!.- pil"L.!c~sdy L!1I !"I'll s, tl i "i r lues-me rrt , hmvC\"('T, ri'rJ.u the clemer ra ry Itk'o!(J!g_l'l';:tI opera r i (N"!{YH~SI~(:j.: rhe \",,';.~'(1r a 'l.ilerm8 n 50 Id ie r ro he ill ble [ [:0 cm.ll.clf"'l' his S1LLJ'J['IOIl ..nt$ ttl .:wuid the reference to (:()n~'!fUil" ';:.(k:lal c i rcnmsrauces wluch \ ru11 d b(.:!.":nl ~'\' i:-';I h I.· '~b ron ~h rdlc.".. n .tion I,v h;H" rhe he lJ were [hq' dojllg ru R!j~~I~ ~ whar .J,b,.I,ru~~~'iun id they bnng ['(J this ("ollLmIfY? d what abotu kil!ing rhe Jt"','1":!i-", .lInd., in!;.[c.uJ, to indulge in ~1 Ronnl.illnil.: bemoaning of ilg mLsl.:>J'.-Lb~t:' hlj(~:.::~ I~ 1'ht." wider hisrorical catastrophe .... simply 1.1l<Hl·I·,j"IIi.LI..: !.Ill: C:l·aUllb;~ ~~f~ 1!'('i~L1ed ·Iu.... h. thi::. 1l0~ the supreme cr. p mot ('I r ('mo'[ i ClI'1;l I .1: h!':fT':1Cf LOn., n! J I.c~t'I'~ id~';1 th:;1!t (' rl1 ()tion 5 ~ IT" ., bSU~l(r. illl es.C<1 pe (ru!n [1'1 t' LOlli.,: r'ert! "'( 'It I P~)Iu I~<"d '!Lct 'ii','Ur k ",",~I...c::;·s on I>. (0 i h'l.:" rbioking? ..l1d h~,:r1.: I ;=jill n:-rnpH!d rn [ak"" rl hmher 1.[''II][;I:.;t ",itp: In nlJ.lf rc.1Jing of \ {Iw V;/[ miJr!'t·j _;(.J. 'l,VC' di J EHJ L 'U~{ Imk SLhul ~l:'it trIJ .~, ;;l)'ri lirlJ.!,L.! lIt IahLr his luI il,.:~ l ..-;1 r~15i;"I"r;.p-he. we dId n I) r i ~i ST n:ql '[(;i 111"1 ;~gl.llt! how tb i." '~m I.g (,. ~·... r~L"nn:t't{'d -I(' 'I..'. ith til l' l'm b'a [r~...:-d GL-rm"Ul s)~~I J.~{!r ~ 1111 ~mJ i 11 ~tt;~ _ W h.a~· I!-" ~h I,:' h 11 k w rh i:!o J (:~til ... ~rn'r he 1;.·1l~1 I,e's us W tl: ~Hi 'i,'Vhilt \....a~ ~.... )[ig v.-i1:h t hI!; ~I;; hl..l be rt i [Ill b . n H om a nfl.c PC}SL( 10 n I rs.eH? \X' ho:a r J t: d1€ ('Joo!>~wn (~j'I Ii I,.!' H om;mt iol- H;'I,r, i,1." h(T4)~ i n ;'W.::i!:J6i:-.[ Lt.:.illI y h ~L:H!"!'ed ull: hi,:; u Wli !'>U.. f I..:Wl~ ;·I!~d d L~!'-ip:-IH',dL"- ,If i ng tht:! Ii to
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011 L". ";Illj~I!.1: Lh IILJ1 rht: {I'<'III '>t'l)r'rt'd rm('t' rnu rr- :a r .1 k!.:[ ;nvol)', a. h(";..ptt.11 rrmn marked rtrru-, and frmn !heir 1al;;rnJ ..:~~t~,w("II!II(~("d <;;\1IJiL:r5 pCTr,::d into dll- hl,L7..ng li,~H l..of 'rhe ,rl.... runm where m1-!. I iI tler ~\ ;b Itll11W r-ed ill L,t m ~'l"l ,,>,HWI1, .... LhknJy b .. Iw)kc'd LI p at II il!' ,:nI.'rJ fon-'> U ,

That l~ the l.ernrust auswvr [~~the ;Hn()II~ P;:~':i8.:~g'(' rrorn [he Jill n,..._luct' on to the Grrmdn~s.L mn nuscripr, in which _\"iaJ":"l poirus ULU Iwv. L'[hL! hffindl~' lies 'lOT in Llndeil',,:mi1idi~lJ~ rh;;itt r.he (~~~k ar :... flnd ~Tj..:- ,"1"(' hound ~lr with certain fUfll":'. of :)[)o;.l\t 1 d i.,' vdo 1.,)HlCU t. The d i ff1ullt ~ 1:Srh at [hl:!'~ :-'('111 ,J I flHJ u ... ;'ij rristic pIL,.'LS:liH.· ,md rh.i t in ;J ce ['(.'1 Lit res pect they ";{HI ur .~~ .1 rm I'm iHl d ,'L) I.Hl unanamahle model. "<,~ '1 his linHt!r'.:ll <'IPI'(,o1l i<:. roored in !to.; VHy LJl',:,;do~L'l·.-1 {Illild I CHI(;I f cnubl i[~~ ~1!1-n .Lb~rT;] L; I. f run~ I ur ._~~~ et t! ~~ u k~,~i,t'oI!..I .k . ro~ irk.;')J .;;ui'l':.r!;'I 1.1~ mill by rak ing re+u (~/: Jr_ r1 c •. u n I vc I'o;.~~j (L.'HHrll Of1:l ~ C sn tent. So, i.~r Irnsn ...~'lMHing some kUHJ 1,)1 tr{Llh-,cJ~olo~J(;~] i J.1I1!L;j~n hcrrraae. rhe UJ1 L""CT~ 1I1 J rt ra ct i on of H nuier .-c'1 i (;<0; 011 rhc Li n l \'('! !',.dl7.tn~ ~l"~ tun: ol,) r ;tleology_ Dc.:M:S da i<; mean rhar eve t'~' P~L~.llo:,!tll.,., uni versa I, rel l: renee ~'( hu m.11 ur'l, I,~, ~ by ,denll iri~)~l. if I("[) I t1f.;i ';1 I? Wh.'II t ~ b~l'1L~ I .en ~ ( 11'" ;:1 prC';'!: I s ,;1(fl,J mJ ~:<;t pu r ri'-~~i,,-~" foL'
vour J1Jl'iny; \X"urld \W:L!If I? \V.c'~'~ rht'r nut an exernplarv case ot IlFil.;_'~hln~ wJuu Il.Jd iulU"" ';1.115, (he uni v~r!>-Jl1 fUrlct i 011 of .. h LlJL~ i t Y ", w hi, .... 11~I,~ III h

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Thr min ...::I[! pf dm scene ,.. I'l,J 'LIhr~.J: rhu i'H,'.Jrdc nll each s.dc expeneoced . ",,'Il~l{ [ht'~ "~~ ,, thtn~:I!;h rhe window .." ;p. :1 f.;'Lnu~m;H:il: ,'pp'.}rit~tJn; fc)r IIlI::It'r.. j f was .1 II i;e,h lIII;lr i!:>h ..' L(:I.'" oj II: ;.; ~t'<;[rJ r, 0 f 11j" mill t;l P- ;l d V['TI 11re ~ for lhf,.' h

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Yugoslavia. In rhrs ~-:-;~,,~,tilt· S Hired ob ... ern- jokC'.;; funcnoned nor :II=" ;"! c 1) f c xclud iJ1i:.... tll,r,;: (,,,~h~rs who Wt7[';;,," I H)t "III", bu r as [h L' mt:oi1 o f thci r Ib .1~lj-rUfl'W 1, nf esra hI~ h i ug ~'LHi ir1i lTII:;t I :;;ym r.oJ i I.: P3Ct. Indi ;Hl-S (Nat i ve A rn c riL.;I! U:'.!o~ smoke the pro ',.',,-,thol ;,d J.':oi IJ~'u f peace, wh rle Wr;:, t'n,HT1 rhe more p ri rniti ve r~;.1II:=;'] s, have ~'O (:':'{(.'h:1.I'Hr::' obsccn i rics. T CJ' t: :,·t;~ C'! h~~!-.h act ual solidariry, ~h~ ... .urd experi nee l,f hl~h culture ~' 11(11 enough - "'' ' {! have 1[0 excil:rmgc with h ... tbc Other [llc t.·IHI~<Lrr<I:o.:,.ifi¥. idiosvncrasy o.j: ObSL.:C'llr;; cnjoyrncru. 1l1lrmg, my mdit'=lry "('rvm"t'~ I became ',.'('i') friL'lHl~~' wirh nn Albanion ::.oMler. It !;S .1 \~'e[]·kl'cn ..r1 ti,l.,;t that A~billfllan~ are 'ICIr~' .ensinve 1[1 sexual ' insults , ... ic hider ru 'I,hci T or.; Inscsr f.;Jr rni 1~( r.lH.:nl bcrs (m ot her, sisrc n.; I 1,,'!,t H. in ,h [act acccpred by ,In}' Albanian lncnd when w,~,I(·ft rhc :=;~lp,f'rn(,MI game of P~) 1in.ness and ['~:-;p~~' beh i L1J. ,UI,t,[ ~ rL.:{'n':>l.l t!:'h;i1urb-rf \[1,' i rh f.C)rI U ;:3 li zed in 5·U It.::,. I he tl~:;;,rrn D'!.'I:.' wn .. m:l de br rhe A lb:lI~ LaJl,: nn{' morn ing, i 11:o.[t.:;H3 n f dk IJ~ [l,]d ., HL.: I n! ", h r gl'r;:'("h'-J rnr ~""rh ., I '1'1 screw you r IT! orhe l ": ~ kllf"\V I i th,'t,t fh;~ W;l5. :lJl .offer to \Vhi~h 1 had [,1..1 ITspmh] .:r ppropr iatcly, 50 I S.!1.I'Pf1'~~4.I back: "erG ahead, ~,'fHJ'n' welcome - aIT r I've hlil:o;;hc:d wirh Four sister!" This C'XdUJ1~i: :S00l' [o:,,~ I h openly 0 bsce n e or i!'i..H 1ir; -baracter. and bees me h srrn ,",I! 7('(1; a he r Oftl~' ;] en U p lc Q t' weeks ~ rhe I,' ....0 of I L:<; no ~ongt' I:' botht"H.,d wirh the whole senrence- IH rn~,:morning, when ""',,,.i-;J.V.' l'::ich orhel', he I~'I::;'~' ! nr;r.ddr;:xl :,_l :!i ~~ iJ " ~int hi:"! ", c'[) 'Lt"h~ch I s.im p])r ".:.: 11d(.~J .. S.E~I,r:[' ~ ntl :,.po 'l'h i" 'l' ){,1m r Ie r 'Ie:;'li I 'i. till" ,d;jlT1~~{'r::; r;::lIf~~K h. .:1. ::;,[ i~H~'g~':: t Iw nhW(:ll c ~f)J Id;'(ti~Y ;~I] Wc) ofu'!1 1::m{,i~~.L':!:i [hi;: ,(.':.-';Pl'U;j(' l}( <'i thiird I,.,.l!r:'[~' Irl thi~ case. Ir. Involves .tt 'n!1;']lf"-hrr,nding soli.;lLril.~ :1~ rh~' {'Xf'f'rl"oC' of ,JJ,.'t):I1!H:JI,_C;1!ll "',~.L' jm;1~jlh;" I d1L: n;\cr:-:.c ...r.:::rsi(~n~ young \\'(H~,an ~rt"C mg her rui ~f}t~ ....... ~rll <:;(T{"\~,' vonI' ;,1, -t1h 1m'; h.1 r1 d r'~ wb id-m LhI.." fl;lIl;n d r...::;)p()m.l~; ., G ~J ~Lh..;.lLi - :,1fit,,·£, r"'l: ri L'l L~hed "0 \~' h )-i;"~H huh e I'! " ? I I~erh:'1 p:.. t h I Ii i:" wh y rile re Lmo'I"is:IHp b""'t"Wf (' 11 ,~n..-gu~11 [l(' ~ l:LI1 J ~i ry d u Pl'~ ..,:1.1' i k(!:,. 1L:o:. ~3'" ~o ":H,~,;:H:l J.;) lOlI:o.": i1.; [ho:;- f"H,;! tlHU:, , ..' idli h ..... r ~ I:=O;[LT''..; .:!J-:.pr-,()",;", I, ,;l{'q LIr:J ill'::: ~l:1d .Uri .." ffair w j d. hL'iI" h.-n t b~'r- in-til "",,'i So s.o lJ I ~h~"';'iI(':~bit ber.:.a LhE" II: JI:'l~' ut"'~s dw fl'VCP'::ji I (-:.t rh e d.I':;~~C l iVI-,)tro. u s.:; i,~ n lo,l;1C II f ""·Onll' Jl ~li '!J bit_·r..[}j of t.: :ro:(,:-h.~11gC boC'(\ ....~Lr:r mefl - ir~ t h i~ ,a~l'. it \";;1 _s, I h~ m'411i who :'o:C'r'.'ed ~::l rhe ()br~tt n' o{'~'dl':lJlll~S'b~[W0Cll wmn~'n, ' fhr.:re is "~LiIothn problem h(,:'rt:~ Lhat ~Jf pO'i,~,'t''fand <1lIThoTl1Y: the ,t:xampJc of JIJ1 " ol,!i.cC!1>e ritll41 I 'h' i.h the A Ih, m'i i1 [1 S'r)1d j,e t' w.;.,rk:;. 01 i l y bc..""lu:sr t h'C'[c W;,h ,I W.r:)UPPO~L''l~ ll.:qu;~Jlry her\c ,f'er~ rl1r.:' iJnd d1e Afh~l]lJ;~rl - vn; W('n: hoth ltmlill ~ ~oId i c 1'::... J' tId I bli:L:H .1l1 !J lfic;t-"r, j ~ ... ll,IJ h';'l'li'e br..:-.r:n I[ I LI.;Jl Wo fl:"k r In ,r - p";'H,'tL'-~ Iy n mh i n ka fr Ie - ~ r rhc.· A I han ;.1 n r,.., m ~1e h:i~ fi:rsE' move. .I f. ~ LJ k bo WI'..!~'-I:! r, t! w AI bim i"lJL h ~1... a J'iO ]W~~l .~n IIJHi.,,:-rf. t.he' si n la ['Lon wm lid h~w' 1 b-e('n C'vt:'n r;n (~n' ~1ob~(T ne; 1.1i s gr::-~t1Lrt' W()I! IrJ 11;1 \i{' IX'l:ll ;lll on t: r 0 f. j';.:r I:oiL! oh:"u~lll! ~oIHj~~ri~y 11l<1skmg rhe tilh:lt'rI):H11-I; pmVl'r n:JMiOI1~ ~ a p.u.:1i.1ig;mmic ":~l s(, L1( Lhe pO~;1I1W ... lt'fH·' r.:Jo.PL'~'''': i~(_, f ~Hl'rVC r_ Thr;,' t LllJi rtun L'll fig Ui"'C (j f u
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\X'i ~h rC&~lll" (O woman d u)' a n oh,tx'( uf d i~TlIr k1i 1,(,", rhc i~H1<rC' sh ... ~!.: ~ covered, the r:linre uur (tHnk) .Iu~:mi(m fur;:u':i1:S !l)IL flu', on wJHlr 1 1(:"0; beneath dH': \ ci]. The 'r.Lkb;~ll noi unly h)rced '~~rOmCI1 [,C.I'lrrC'J!r : in p~.Ibrie 'C'omplercly 'Jc~It:d. r-h('Y ;l ':'hCll prn hib i!i:!d ['be'lu fwm wea ri ~1,F!: s~]O.es: with wo sol id lmcta I. or. wooden ~ heels, Clr~~~ ordered rhcm to 'i.... in such a w ay rhar ·[bt~· would ;,ulk no~ rua k t: roo ] U ud .i3 dick I ~'g no isc, w h i I.: h m I~ In :1 rrra cr 1l1C'[j \. <"I ~~,I;!'n t ion ;,"1 nd thu« dl:<:fr;]Cr rhcm, di~rl.lr'bil'"jg their inner Pt:~"-:C" ;'~ILddedic'H~(ln, 1 hl<; is r-I,e P;L r.;tt]ux 01' SlI rplu S;;;11 jf)), mcnr ;::t t irs pu rest: rhe I1l0t;:! tfJ r ob;t~cr is ~r~J I~'~J. rhe more inten ..clv th::.nr rb i~]gi:-. r be I'll!~I iITI~~ rrace of it" rcrna In der. f ..-\nJ i:r. nor rhis dh' case even with the gt()'wLml,l:!: prohi[)iriOl\ on :-..r11oklnr,: FiTs,!", nil oincl!:I-. were c.kd;m:-cI L<:"moke,-fre.f';', rhen (light:;., rhe'll fl':O;[;:I.U[;1I1I~.
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dlSlL'li~~<I,;J ;h l'1<r~)o f of IllS pt: [L ~'.] mu r~~{J I';;' ':iot" ... !"lil ~ hv [.. ~ bmn me:ffifH'-:' of rht' P;IM ;ltfair; ho",'("vcr. thc."rc ... rIlO["<L' t( ~ i t'; rJ1L~ IIni~,lu m .,. man [;.I '" k i ~~c~ Wll[holl.l IO....'" ;'~iHi f he l (" "(t :rama II L:·J! ~ tI eerllLj:!: ;"l t:f.~i i" ~ :! r-e the [Wi) s if!C'<;; oj !h i;: :1 illlll" o;,,:(J iI, - Lht' b l!t ~h iI'~l1 {!'mn ,,;om bin i Ilg ( ll' Re.! I oJ rUl l IIlt~ond i r;:i()]'trd r~,,<;; i ("J n:lt.!.' .r1 H8 c'h [I'H'nt k WI i h tne !unll of <:;}' I[] hf) IiI..": p!'l.h.:b m ~u:jOJ1 .L~.~nm 1,:0,.rn"nf,)~ i,lJ I)' I'ir, tu b~iI"L'. J'm r . um 1[1 rhl.· !..I:~':>~il [.""i udi:-.h ~ll:n'i.1.~nf rrete~fm~~ ~JlI')n~l:1r m.;H r:'i:1_gr' ft)r 10"';:: 1:0 i J I[cfr prOll u.'iCU i~.'r', Tll L~ lind t! I~I), IJ Ig i n ~i~hm 1~ tJu [. H.J.':-Nill:or ;=r II ~ pf1'C;1 [";;'I, 11C4;::->. J L)Vt .m d .::ex ~IT(" nor ()ll J}' d. 'H i ~H.:t~ hm LJ I! 111'1a t'(' I~ mC( Iml'oJubh· - rh.. ~II('!:\" n l'~J,Cn'-t' (Jotl ":ompll'(dy ~jiffl'fem [r"\"('IL."Jlklt' Ll.g~/)t> .11ld N'()S: 1m (' i~~-hrun~hl~:,

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St,:1m:il 's ~ill~Hl~ nut ;:1... :i~l (,S~-;j'l')l$t h .. rthermore, r ",'i,-h')C if _ be fore i I nmc r:!.H~g otmr:..d~·i..·~ LH :..pct.:ubt Ion :1bo Lit I,hc' relanon hoh ho:;~"'ccn ,-( ~K"" ::t 11d r(",:~11y - ... e ~;'\.kt~ ~l(~~ (~f [he hlu rha C I fI a II' .. . t v f" ~iII:"UCt y wit h u ~1iversa I h .....I ~h:';';'1 re, ~; I rn, L '~ -.~ pr{,~dH':.!Ii Il:H'[ (h;h' IJ t~ [u ~uil 1(,1'1 her I;QI""<; ';;~T.;' "n~{'ry ' v nile ~h(,!" I!. gering hlmd her~'h! C,ClL1Id l'LOr have emerged i11 t b J..:t1 rst p~~t(:J..::1-urtberrnorc, the til rn's SlllpTI,;me ..Lch LC ..' c ment m'-;1. he ~n'~ )j{Lmo;..:L! 0 f mel [). d [".1 rna tic dfc-rt:t;; w hC'IT"rhe eve nts S4..'...' 11'1 to (" or rh em _The kev ",'('en e I:;: rhe :tll exchange between 5t:11Il:aand the ~l~jAbbOllr who :,.~ui~'ht!r lilt H(!Y ()H~ t.Jr" doCl;,p;:1 ir eh ~ ~ were his. wi fc Tn dl r,;(,:nn; r r~l:1 ~ he W;"lS h ri) k e. !1 fie' ~'''( UJ kl l~;l v;:,: b tru, S,I:) w IU:'n ~'l."!m.jJ lin a {"~ lrn ..~nd d lfo'l n ~ied \.\.~~ 'l.'lt hfm r ,1II'~~' i);~r he f'1 C y," reproaches) confronts him wirh hi!;. crime, the fn("'[lJly lLl:i.J;hl}[JL.~I' :m:i.v: .;:r~ hCII" ill ::w calm, mtinll:11 ~11""r.:f:Id[J'"lItti,Jlb; i,'v(,"r~l'bll'lg, :'Ii,d 'p~!:';~eIHLH~ her \ ..-irh :1 choice: ~f hr .. ere to h.. e the IHOllq'. ~k \"'lI~mld Iwr 1)[; "~blt! W L!IHt.irll.: rhc v H ill'; t that hi 5 "'\,1 h: h..,5 left him) so tlu.: on ly .~ tc nla t 1';(; f(lir hm r~' 'w-L'm I d 1 t~ 1 I :uici de. ~o ~wlm~' has tu ,1, k :1 c-h ruce: ell' I't~f :.he It"~'" fHJI} k t: P h L~ P:i.J11ru Ily r 'C.;1oI·llL~(~ rniJm:y, or ~hc kill:.. hill''! lh(!, CVt!'1l :!-ti' .:::.. hcr 11j~ :H,LlII)., ",,,'hi...:h :-.hc LluL.:~_ v 11m. 'iC'f!"Ti!(" i!i Ul'1.1,qUf" in rtf; f:td!iC3] rensron: ehe cruelty ('It' Wh;H is :g_oin,Q; on U hI: \" leI, i 1''11 ~()fl fi'mu I'll ~ ~ h~(:'r I il'ml.Li "",,'h~~ h~l ~ tu lilt:!>!..! h!f! i:' Ii f t! I I"" e X FII'it:~~-~t!'i.! 11~ t,hc form n f :L :o;.m(en,'! 1Y HP(! II :l!Hd t.:~ mrp.:li:-;MOH ..L't.;: C'....:d L..mg.;;: he l 'I,.,,'t't.!H 't'i.-'I,'O l.T''Ui:: tnf'"rh.ls, b(~~h ..'I ... ~~nn:t: o~ (+r'C~ICil~r;l[lCI;". "i.i,) rh;H V,o'h.f"'r':IS""lm."1bll~ [he Ti'Hf'f., rhi?" ,3,L [ i:!) ;lI,t.:....:rHlI pl1.'{lIe:1 m'i.()r ~"'''LI i i.J I ~i,_(}I:'I rroHe d if .1~L:., but { ;h J. r'l..·llt::l:et dC[ of hdpi[lfi; ~i 11'"1l:'n,d, I:'l!,Il'lnh:lnlg u::; ~Alhl,.~t1[l;"l1 'oCl'lll! of BtedH':.. .f)J'of.. _\·1d~.s~Mh.rni:." wi"bt!11 rtll' dm:e re ( iuu(m.ariL.:';; [bl'~jw [heir. OlJl"'1.1!t:~)H1p.minn ,vh() ha ...fajkd L!L b LS ....Iotk 'h) hi'!> J('ad1. polL~ i.e:tl 1L(tll id;:nj U[~ ~LS. ;) fl .:1('1 0 t P l.f.'l 11 , All I hiS, ~)I'IIIi;Hl~e. however. does. IWf ;~hef a:he hHHhmemal tan '[Iut [here L!":. M)hl-t:l.hi I ig 'lefL"l bl.y w,r.tm,g '1/11,r.h d~t· r.i IDH. D,Ui~LY i L~ ~b!: h II.} l p.;1 n tij V ll'r~ Trier' ~ rri 'I(jgr. wn t...~h .'Ii 1s.o irK 1u des. Btc'",j/:: b~g ,{).(' \V.1 r ',('"';;:1n:d Tlh'" I dionts., A 11 rh fo:.!"l' f:i II11IS .fo..: LJS t)j I '[he sa rn...:- ngu I.'e- l)l: re!nm 1.IlJ.: :-.U bi L'C ~I" i ry~ '[b~ t,;,1 ir)"[.;] k tl ~lH.r u i 1 he d r] ;,\ ill k~ug <ll (]Illl' iI.l ..1 J Ui'l':o;l wh u en d",:a\''lJ LW, ["u no;.:' .. pl' ~hc -;;m.c n t...c-!Il~;("x [....\.:.;ed T!'-) m['nacini~ d~ knes.<:: ~11l Hound her hy (}ttuing ; bi[~ of whar ~t'll· h,lS (0 '[he ~lJl'l'o.undi.nt; ~hi.h.:lu\",:::;. \,{lhi]{:· '[hc.~~ pwfcs.:i (,Onll';]I5Sl<m \,vj[b [h exc('ss.ivdy ~ ~c~d 1:~~fOi'H'.rhe \V:lY '[hC"s-c(' nhns dC'"pic[ ha pWgfl:~~IYt: ~u.tteriC1g <LnJ m":i(orabk ~clt-JI.'... tr1.l(rit ... C.1IL1llo{ bU1: PLH m n ill: ~hC pOSoLll'i() n of t h{' 5;l d isric 0 bs{''Po' c r 5.'X l'C"rly r-FrI i n~r~illS wn.l r h('" 0 t'nci" II}" (:ondcrrm-.;; th]'~ "io.,(h~ij(" pka5u:rc ~:=; the ,nh"C"r~{", the n'iddcn '[ruth, of ';:0 111r.1 0.;~ion. :\[]J for lili::; .. VOlL Tri ... s.holJul,d Ilt:'t.'o!_·rb~ [ur!:!.i"'~n. Tht: only ... ·f wtidU-lJ..: tuth i!-o. !1"1!mJ~"rrH1~ 'wn [1il. <;;:;;;i;flf) i:;; it!-o..11r r:i1n::-nt (l'rpn~rc: Irn-in~' ,'~. n.~o;:o.; It~· . i i .... III jllll't! 20(J J, .-\n lTt';t Y.~tt'~ fmm ~louswl1, rt'xno..;. oI.ln)wl~(:d i~11 fi'llJ;:' ~lf

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th ...... ['~.{'......t:1nn~ back ~i't hr-rl. rhen I.:1YH1~ rhcu: ml~ 011the h d' \, [',jpp~!'d in ir ')hl'C'[!'J._ I hi.:11 ~b:: .... almly called [he police and her hu sband 1:1 fonnin:Q rl1('m ot hl'r .iid, 'or v,'hic!J she ~lS!!J.lim~d h111 r(,'"5ptm::';lbi!jl~ - '-'I, hell .t policeman a :-.k!l'(I, h t r~ .. Lh, ~f'i'1,j reu ~izc w h;"if yn u h J'Ve" d r:m~'?" '11; he .111~W{'red .. Y c!., r , rlo. [ kjlj~'J Jt1~ ....hi 1,1rl'l"I, .., HN ";~L"(" rc v't.,.;,~!ed the- misery uf ~,II The 1',"]:11:obour ~·FPD'- (posrp .. r~urll ~ ~h.: .l'c..,~ I tH 11, TIm; 0 h lu ~.,;<HJ.::s nor O:)J1 h' the su b 1~.:,'ti "'l' i rn p;~~se rh ~5 v ior e n r p p... 1Ssagr· a l'acn: ,..... J L!-nncd ro .I'(_"~u but aLo 'I: b~~ "1:" I\'C, iJt~o!oi:!.it;~I ord i ;!Jr[,!!,. (it Ih.l~ l\l~...... :I'I,:a"""o;;i.!IIt' ~I(.~r whicb, ;1'. t~ ... '!!('I!' [);HTiCo; nf the .;,:hiitll"L'11 (.f\br" : Luke, 1".1111) john. ~\;Cluh - in ullL;,a[lr. the last H.l be drowned _, ,. reveal, tnnk pLan' in ~l devmlt Chrisria» household. Ilu the ase uf Susan ..iimk ~,.hu Jrowllt'd her [\-\.'0 boys in a South Carolina k~I.:~·in 1 ¥St£·1 IWI I("cligiou<=: . t.iirh pI..1.y~·d:1 cru .... role. she chuLl~hr rhLH by k ir1irl,g the ...... 'i.ul, h~ldnAn Sill' was sen din r.: lhem ro h f'a \!t'~'!, :;;1 J1 d rhu~SI'l!:1nn¥, rhein I, b1.:"'1'Ill ~... (' ry D f [,(."r.-.r...~ri'i'd hie. ) Thl' Y_'H~"::'''''~ i.\IL'J·;:': ,w id(",al Cht;:::;~i~lll t'amilr~ ;.~ f:rer rheir iUMdHg....... RlHI)' and AJtdn'4l doC("l,Jed thil:ii: ,"-\nd.ICJ s.lmLlld give up her ;ub (..:<; ..l I'HH5t' LlL J! l L·:JIKL.:~ ...:JLI'IIL.-~, ')uy ,H I~omc. and dt'!dj .... .. hers.elf ·~H(. 1'"11,, ton the .chlldr'l'n. And \;hll did 'ion ,.,.·tth Llll[er ucd i(;.1"io n; LJ i :J.(.ld iti un [0 f Cl~tllr~;g. ba{hlll~ :.LH('~ Jisci r~ 11l11ng rfw l.."hiIJrL'n •. 1'1l(i rt'~{'hm~ '[ller~l,r~"::1d~I1'~:C; ~liLd rnil.'[hs.. shi.!' wok (,,''ire r Iwr Lllllt!'l'". """ho :suHt:'reu t"r0JH Alzhl'iil"ll;!r\, S hr t'r~)111 bl'in~ r.,~'dIO~K, her III i IId"it"C" \/i,':1:-'; th.u n~ km1l1 i n(: nhs('s S 10n...1 !1t·tlll Jbi;,.: thot, 0 bjn'~ o~· he r J~::.in.: W-LiIS (,h~ t..JI' I I I:.!" r' Jt'ma.1l d _ S h!'.:" decile a red hn Ii f(' w ~ei'"""iTiJv. 0.1:"11e I'~ - '-; h( .. (';1 red too IlilLliI,:h, ::.;JH' tried [tl h:.: t'Ou guuII..1 ,I I1IUl;:ht:t',_ ;~h'l."~Y:S th~llb'll~ (~forhl"l" !leu r Il~, L" I·t'. n f her"1eh. CrH(ldn j 11 r hj ~ ~! In~cn'icEl n [(:" t"n th~' ndk'r\ d£:m.H~d~ !-o.hl' \\.'.J!-' hy ·do:;~j'iIlLW.JI'rI ul1;ihl~ W ILlltil I~,: in a...:o!.:(~nJ;=.!I'I \" wLth rile ill(,':'mr,lhk logic or rhL~ o;II1'{"rq;()~ rile mnrf Sob!: 'lIi1.!J to cnl11ply 'i,\"Jdl til._: drill::!!!l ] 1."0 senil' bt:r Ill.: ~l1b()lIr!:. .. tht n 're '~h{_· fdt nadE'(,l".titol:. wirh ;;ulI':i.;,;k!i ("Ii - dern:-ssmn ~'!1:d ~~mo:[I)tl~~J(! L;H:J1JllC[ I t a:o..~Il L,,! (,;on ~1,:"I;,11l (·IL!.,:II;'~of ht'f ptcd ie..Hl1t'rH, ,-\ f c!?j' dr'll "'"ni I i~'1,!:.!; her (hdtlr't'n, .. he a-oM ~hL' ~'j."i('e' rh:a ~h~· 'I,,'o!":'1o;; ;11baJ 11wt~~~r~ .JmJ [h..,t h~"1" l .;hilJr ...... ..'en_! blflpdl,;:s~J~' J:-Hm~1::?X~.l Th.i Id[ lIn 'Only n ...rt WL~y>; c~ut:' LThe. 1"(1, ll , t e blllwr-:.;dt' ('It w ,km 1[1l~ childrcll, Fifs'[, in j"LLJ1C 1999~.lfrL~~ 111:;1' filther"s, d":<I~h, LJI'l.~hk- 1[;;,) :o.Lj ... r;~!Il tnc.: "Im;:mon \"'i~hotH hirr1 m ,(art" tOr. o;;J1[' ~riE"d W bll ilcr"df by L~YL'I·c.I,('lIs.rl1~~ .rll1~lIy, ~hr..'I,:h,u ...: th~ (~!hnp.1th .. .. i:1 p1'C"'; ~ cn['1 ft, rnli":-c. 1'1('t ~uI...h" n. d cI.es:c I'] bed hi") .ttt i Im.l.L' tow:uds • "ll,d n',J; h
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would [iave !..,~III;: l I,ll..; ~V(! .ul.uivc identity nt" thes ..· t... ~idr.:~. ~ '1m ... . tllL;n, ,·(~ · a r(' we W 'rl'~l tl t hoL' hml{ I bCI''''',..ce 11 .11("5(" W() .~""pc-...;·ip; of J\ rl d ["(;';1' ~ p!-i YI;:l-~(_~ (lovmg, ~~n~1lf-~ff;KjH1'. ~ C.Ht~· the ourbursr )1 rnunk-ruu- "l(_)ktl~d? II a[]~·t~]JIl:~,..here ;llrc too rn,H1f explanations t -,~ whole rrdif('r;il~!oll flo them, Feml!1i:;;t!-i. cnuld elaim tb,~1; Andrea'< ~K[ '''-',''1'' a desperate w~ld r...f-,(·,III()r! · ag.l j nst the r ra~h [.1011 rl i nWIf.ht!r~rtllk;4. ris], 1!.Ol" i 1,:1~' d ie u ri ~l~ "';0 1Ikl II nvrp ret ,.. it ;]5 ~ he- result ,)f rhe i,~l::ilbi l.i tr ,nf f'r:l d iri ("lor"! ill ftl rn i fy q III~'~ ~o ~'igJ hI.:., individuab to t:!Ul)l' with rhe dynanucs ul modern ~(hj.al tif,c~ cnnscrvanves .ou k~ fnt;lI:'> (1I1 1.1 L; !~ bC3.I',Lhit:' :-.tr,I_;,S::' odern 11 m lii... pu rt i!:Jg on the b rn i I y. ~ j!i I hen!' i:':.,. iiIl f~cr, ,:;oJ'nNhiJlg "prcrnodcn " in 1'\nd:rT.~'..; n..+!p';;1,1 to f~)llow the path 0 - Wd,e1)' 11r;t1·... i.::-.::.LS,W.:: injun ... .rion: "Rcahze : our-elt" - .,,1,..· 1()I.I!l...i ~~Jt.~.J~H;:rlOnll 1ht!' ~lIltJ"t.~lliUI,l{·d sod' oblit 'fmir1i~ nnirudc If)f SC'T'i:mp': mhcE"'-i. i \'(lh::'11 m~ti~ he .. burden unbearable Wi1~ the ~al"t shat HI l,.iJI~tr8i':'1 ~o prcmodern I:i III E;!~~ '!.'!,.. h(;."n rh ~ ("h LId...:-a!~,,-· W,15 IVW n .. (old I~'<f iv iZA.:'d (t: ra 11dp;"'l 'rI..: ut ...., h:J"L~rh(" r:-. ~ ;lnd :,;~o.;Wir'i ;"md (l'1f~("r' '1"... 1::'LIi~·(!:,; shared In ir~" ,h(" nlpd("rn rm ..... hlH~dy h.'nd .. kiilr n, 1,.:0 n f~T' lhi ...'rJ. '"i k \J,f'I lh t:: In()1 hef· ;:l! [orB:. A ba.1l Jo 11rlJ:!, hcr rH~.Jt"'l..·~~il"H]'i31 •..:~l[l'a i illH:I J(: _['i~,u rlg 11[:',I":..r:l tn he:)" oft i j p i'l ns~ sb C' j ~ ~LIbjc"':'[oCd ~L'~ rh c j k( ...1ngi..: .'J.! mjllnction Tor) ·._.xpl.:ntTI.... IlilS p't'edlc;-=tmeur a~ supreme h.arl,'1lf1t:"':';;":(h~ pure1!." blj'S~ of pri\'i1"::~'~nt.1 irHillM';';Y, ;_i;, t'prm:o.L.: to ·';II,ill.·I';LI!J..:J~P]utt:~MOIi.I,l \~·'Ui'k. W1u 1. ~1 bou r II'lIC of) In· i 0 u::; til ct' t h"lit bt.:,t W~L'n dH' ;~f.!,l·'" 0 i' r-w [) ;'J 1l d f" ..... eh lid r~[l c:., n..:a1110'..ue m l1om.[I!:rs-. [ht:" ..:k,:-.-l::st Cl I Hlllld II h~ II'~~' 1,:.~II .;,:om.:; ~';_)., I'ridK cd ]-.~, II ~ : "'.I.'{!'.~l,!·url't:;uf: in.s,ll i~l k d1:m,l nJ ~ in (1(,)< .h]~· n!l d !j1 u b ho:rn, hy o1ld; nit L~ 11 L'vcr b m ;,.;,l [3"lie-a ~ N n "'WIIll d ef tl1.1 r I i'I I64f., f h(' (; I,."~l(' r4JjI ,(\ )Un nf .\1.,....;::-,,1.-.; h LI....('tt~ H~r 1.!1~a.Lrt!d [he ":-.[uhbt~I·ll·-LhitJ law" winch ..Illu'ovt·J fI.:udl.()U:Jo ~Ulh w l'k.: tn't..! ::md ptl,r: to dt";JJtb. K .. l1H kfLl· ... d~.H 'Illali " ..:hildr("]lI di~pliq a kin~~ of "·wild h-.... ('d~~rll,. ~h~l~ h~"'...; 110 l"LlLl'I'Ut'rrti-lH in rhe- amm;~[ kln:gQ.onl - <1 free-Jom I[] , ...hi..; 11,. pell"h.1 ~,.~ I h(" 11011 me n.-ill J im1.·B~h'II. u i L11.1.: RJ..:.ll -ill pp'i!: .li'~. .. \'(.'11 iIe .11 II th ,,~(' rt';l d ~n~:\; :l:re te:1.~jhi f', \'i,'e ~h n. i ld fo('~ i~ on rhe mol re
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rbursr ('Jot. .r\ 1T!{'ri{,~1Il, ]1:1 rri ot ism, !i:!iI: U$ cond UCr ~1sinl plC' Inen LlJ 'l:':-': pcrimeut, and im<1~ m,! au ..:\rah Mm.i.im ~ i rl psthcticallv recui i1l~, 'i n!,( ~ the GI ruera rhe- ~,'mc \'\ otJ ~ ;1 hnut hl~r fi] rhcr figl ~fi'I.~ for the T <III,!..: I - W(· du 11.0'[ ha ve to ~ i ';,'1: much rhought 10 \ ...h~~tmJr renction ''I;-';!,OIl.I,ld h;u .IU'l,'C"JX'(,!I1I: morbid ~·hl~·.Jil'll fmH;I'1Hlem:ali~.lHl which Ju".:::,. not stop even at cruel Jl:l;;1lnl Pi I kll ~(~[l an d cxpl Oi r,'~ (lin o~ c hi ldren. t! F.H:ry ~c<Htlre <1ni,'lhut~>li 10 the O~'hC'1:' i~already p['~~.;'nt in the Vtry heart of rhe 1 rs.A, M urderou s tan;"l ~m("i~ Ill! T od:u)' in the USA t f~er'Ca rc more than [Wt~ m i.IJi [,H, pn pll.li~[ Rj~h.IIs:t ., hi ndarnenta Ii ~h" wh~) ::I.1~n :rr;i('tl~ a te 1'r'[J r '(It their ow n, Iq~jti m ized ~)~.Ithci r u n"kl'~L:~ Ilc.~mll~ ['If) Chrisr i,;l~li t r_5imJl' A merit:;iL is, in ~ way, ,. harbouring" -r.hl'llfl, ;:.:11 ould rhe U\ Army b:ll \;0:..' [HUll i !dl('d rhe US}\ itself <lf~.r.:.I' dw 'OkJ.ahtHI"I~bOll~hirlg? And what dl'om the W.;b}' Jot:lrr}, l-alwell arnl Pat H.o be rr ...m1l reacted ~n, th C events or 1 M S~·rt.:.·rnbct''; pC'r.'(_~'iving there <l:o. .l :sigll! cn.:u (_~oJ removed H ito ])1'1 ) tcction from t~t US',"\ beca u~ (~l t he "ill t~'d !jVIl,·,~ of LI~0 Arn crjcans, IHmmg 1']'c blame tm I !t!{lun i st ma I.C'l"i.i3Iism, li beralism and 1':::i.Il'II]':':i n~' sexuality, and d;1 srni n~ that ihn['Ti'(~1got ,,"vh;!t i r deserved ~ TI~!:.!' ;~~t f lh;')1 I,ll i.:,. very l"mlJ(.!m IMn ion ()f '·1 ihera I,,' Al'l rerico, wh ich matche .. the condemd narion fnlHl rhe 1\-'[u:o..l,im OIjIlC'r~ canw [rom the \'!..:ry luart of I'AmJri~Ju(' {frO{();2dl! S Il( Hli J g:1'ilfO us: food for rbouB-bt" ()n ~9' ocu:d')l'r • (',;eorge \'!t/ _ Ru ~h
were p~~I'Cf'1I.:,,J as a '. normnl" V
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fi r.-;;~ ~~iitri hm:ea [,0 nil eXi:tnflal L ''11: ('TI'l}" m:ly Il!Irn nu~W bt' a:l'[~ b;l_'guttll,·11 in ~ho["~'t'f)'lli,;;;I.[t of I'AnuJr.itJ'St;~: Pt( J[(joju:h;" proY'id(:' ,If] Llll¢ xr'l'ctt'J conti rm.'a-riOJl (1 f tIl e !rI1e~i" Ikrt' d:u,b is :L 'l'.Ia:!>hwith III ci.Kh (,i~' i.liI;';H i llH? .Ill [ht· r-I tcTm ;-rrh ()~ I 1 S('p~(·mhI.:' r. s\HH':TK.:an<: f or ~/k~S.Sr. i,~](:h'lod'i Il~ li L"tI..:t:ll~, rl-Jj~L~J ....'(,! I'['!d tht: iJllH)(;f'rlil..:t: 0f thL·i r A illt~iI'ic an pri,de- ,d I ~])I:;I ylllJ!; HBg" ~ll'llid ...ingiilg 'l:I[)w;thcr in PlJbli.;:- - ,;~:,:if, .1 her d;;_"('adC'~ i:,l( (:1,hi'l:u-IHJJi[ici,1 d.(lub~'!'i. abmi.! (he A mc:'!ri{:~1.iI ro,k 'i n rhe 'JA!0rl d, til(" VLcioli ~ ,d;;".:;~"nl!:.::ti ('1;11of rnt' W1 ( ~tCH,V(,.rS. de l' [}i p::l~ i :f.L:ddl('m,~ ~i ~',tlf:, "hol.:IU the righ [ [~~ ~~~~n thl'~f I{]~I U it)' ~n ::1i II irs )il i l:I1'nflCi'll{'r' - _ , , A~ainsr thi... r~'I;,.:I:;! nl{'d i 11l0 L'('l"LL"e wC' sho Llld I['~lll,.h",sin~ nloQl't' i i dun II::'!,'I;:I'dMt tlKr,1._' i:o, iHJII~m'l~g ··imlCK~f'm" nl' thi ... rc.'·di.:;co 'If f:'i')" n~ AmcJ'lc;)1l ir1ll0CCI:K'(:, in getting rit.i ~A the ~l'Jli~~ u( li'i~~'o~i{:;J~ guih 01' In.l!lY whi,~h prt''I,'C'nff!(1 I'l~.~rlr ..lJl1ericilII1:'1 from ,hi iIy d.1I i i'rll[~g t!,iI.,'I:r n :Ui,OI1l;l]i l ~-,~1]1 at th UfO g,r:stufC' ammm~'~d (:u "1i,'::1~ .L~JhW'~(I'I,."d~"· ,bs.mHm Ilj;!; thi,:: DII rtLcn l),f a II rha r bti ~~1; .. A mefl C.;'l:i'i. ",t( m>i;1 fpf i11 ~he ~).~St - :;m ('xci1:lpl::.'Lr)" o:..:;1,:;Il,' CIo~ 'i,;:i('QlogLC':l.i. j [ltc:rpr.:].

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In (he ua ~Jm~ t iol,; ., 'IT(·rm::l rh (lot I I ,~'rt,(,,!11~erl' when d; l: ~~Id.'i~r~'l rit~"'Seemed Im)mi!.."l)'t.iH'jJ~'[0 l:-l,; ~h.1Ut:'fi:':Il.]; Wh';H .;,;uukJ Ik 1n(}IT' "llanJI';I,I" ~b.llin to rake

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rd:u.t;...: u, t he Inn nee 10;.:": (~t ;'1 hrm LI;:It~olf1g!·'::11 (km ifl';:,HI o-n~·11"1 H OWl',",'!" , !r i.;; ~ precisely :';~H,;h mOr1ll~I[[:o) or" rransparenr iU11.LX:t'Il,;,;t_·"of "back t~j bJ:~I("Sn. when the !.:;."_~H.ln: n f 'i<k"l1ti hi:;ii:tlflf! 'i('"('ms. .Ln;:J.H]r.~ IT\ thor ;l re ~ from ..he srancl poin r ("I f 't Itt: cr i~i q IJ~ lIt i d'l..·ol,up·" the most obsc urc - even, 111 ::1 ...TTta in '!.".lay, f Jb,;~r~.t"'u,.. iw'.Jr~to 'q uore h; rn :mrk:. r)<C:;"_'iQ,~':5 :su pcrh klm11 •.1I;]rion: "Wh~n Tspca k kmk ly, [ drv!"1i k r'!n", \'\·]tn whar 't rank ness 1 ~;r("~ I.eT us reca]] another 0;; LII.: h k .~, i ItllO~1H ly tra nsparent m 11rem, the end 1......sl ~", rc produced "iJeo-·d I( )[. j rem rw·iiin~'~ A\'~'mlf' of Frern:;'ll Peace m rhe heigh ()( t-h "troubles' in 19. 9 I "Jot' u tiny ~'oul1g man with ,) can who stands alone ill front of an approaching ~1 "mtic tonk .... J courageously m tries to p[C"... nt its advance, ~o d~<H wb':':lj ~h1: e ~8[1k cries to cirrurnvcn i. him loy Turnir~~ nghr or lc fl: I rhc ma n .11'';;0 moves ,u"iJt:, again sranding .in irs porh:
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,«,r,~ -t:Lll' t I~a 11:r.~· w urn..• !I;'~ cont r;lr:. W Arne ncn 11' \':1,1ues. J:l.!,J[ (;"\ L'U .3" "l!lfL~ · to speak out :~gJi[l"t hl)lt~~II.-ij~IlS .:1hu:!:.i!'~around tll~ ...... orld, I'o't' ]I~J TLl k I,.'e~ a n qr~("n II ~md :1 D(lUT oCoI'"l'mn 111eil:-:'1,1 i t·c:":o. 10 hjih [ ~{:~i"'(l;rl~Fj1l. Ilk t!' co LI rr~_l.jl... I·1(I i I-I,-L~ Jt~~·.:..II.I.)lo~i-l· I L~lh r m,g.1.fi( in. And J .... '·II h3 \Ie to th i uk abo lJ[ IU dn!;T t'l"rn n f:. ~n rn C" S LI~pe..:-~ ~ j ~HI r .i..::o.:~ :;.{i~le,lrnish ;1111c~. e1;'e~1 it" ~h;;J r'~ hyprlol:: FI tical. NCJ 1")L)dy :i..1 id rh!~.... g( ~IIO"; t-u Ix pIT It> . '.1....
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~hi~ lillLr ~'IIhlthis event, huvc liJllL'i: W run stirute the rrua II)" 311 \\1(",;,[(, rn I on me-y" mTO- rhe- 'TH('1"!()! n f I:h f ("I) re
life
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why lISI,,; the \\-7 ,~H'[,:'Ld: .b jLbLifiL11 ion ~ Arc rhere not rnu...h J1ml t:" Il:(:rtl! I[! .btr'l:K;i.:il;$ gU~Il~ on all the t i ri Lt· nrcu in d r h c '!i"'of) r IJ? Second, '!,vb;~ i!i /U!U' ;:t hm.lt rh is. i dca? H~~ Ilot a-J, c r 0.". IX"tH reachmz LlC.1Il Amencau ;;.I!ri~11IIIrJ \VnrkJ American mlhr;1on' 8.J I ics t he pra C1 ice 0 f lUI l U1ft:' (1.1'[' ~ I,t:~:.-L.:,k~!j:-In'(}("ri:s~ ha~ pre V ..ti 1,(:Jifor years, I F Vl'T] A t.m [) crshowirz'« ~i h.eT~ll .1,'11'. urncnr, c i rc'"·d hy A lrer, is; s LLSfl'LL:"lnU ~: ....l'rn IHH HI fa "r'01.) L! r of wn,mt", b'ut ir' vou're ;.!:uiu~ to ha ...I.: H. {[ ..JIiOlIU ~l.un.1 'IJ ell o have (I Ur'::' ~LP1""E'"[J'" al." The- 11l"!dcrlY~11Ig k:lgic since 1,-';,i.! j,:rl:: d{)ill~ it' ill "Hl~'
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China.

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diilnr.y (dllng-=; are presented in ~&aiH~( t hoC bru Col.; lUI":'!.: o f thL' 5 L,He) is, [lJo by <1 'l:n h,''I.'('b n f ideol ng ica 11m plicar i ('I ns,
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rs;u ~ nM~h in r ~ th(' iHilI,; r r{J n,:.(" ! f ..I [i n \' illdl\1!dLI<1I1 vero;:us ih~ iln~'Jt),eI1cL~ of the pm~rl~rt"'IIl m:l...:him· ..• , l"hc<.iC' ~mpll(';H.i1. Jt:-., ~L~in:-.[ J d~t.' h:·'L~k~r'mIlHJ of .....I.i·h tb,c 'Shot ~X('rts i(:). flll1 ~Jirc(.:'[ Inll ;:h'r~rnf'S~ i·n:u:~·di;tl'ILr~[l~~''H'hi(:h S:Ll!-:t:Hl1 ~hM nnr.1C"t"•• ]f(' !lot" prc's,cflt lor:l ' l.hmc-.:y,; ob::;ervt::i, ~11l.;..t::[hI:;: Hbovt:"-lll~I~'II(_~ncd ~t":nl'''' ~~tI)ppo:::.itiorl"i I"; I)arr ot [h~ [u ro pl.:::'t.i1 i l.LL·~ ~l~)i;i:l:;) IL!g;.it:y, Tlw 'd 111L~ t{k"lll ur;i";."i! I b.J ("l grot! n d .1] so I, m·t'"rJe-rI..'T1I'I i n e.;;,. s;~y. om' fH:!r'('Ci}rioOfli nt "t hil:" h nrri ~PTl.~~ i m ... l.g_c'O(1·f iiny in d ivi1,.'lualt'lo .jllllllpml1g_ f.l,·UU1 rh'l.' bLJ['ILIH!;t \X''TC ww't!L"S t,1_I ~~naiJl dc<~th. A rnn Ilg the ide(d ~lf:,ic~ll fr.:!i.l p P ropJ"i atlol ~ ~l f I I S.rptr-n1 h('F, r lu"roC" II !"4:" alnt<Hh L~lh tOf rc-d-linksllf( s(Jnh· or tht' '):~::':IC ingr..:c..hent"!). ~)f tht nwdcm 'I10tiOf] Cit bUlln~lI'I. di~l~ir" ~ jJl:'.Id a·E'l:.cd[)lYl.T:lk~ _lO~liHh~l.n Alccr\ ani .. k in I.. News-week 0 t " Nove III her LI HI L .. ' i me [n 'l h'i i1k a h~)ut r] nrtlul'''. '\\.i ih tf'H~ ()miJl,,-)1;L~ ~ub~itll.: "h\ <I. llt:\V w1.!I·ld, .untl :;'LH\:il;':.~1 I!MY ,\'t~U r~;'-ll!ift· ulJ iTt:h n i q m~:'i: 'h :'H ~Cc"nl cd 01.1 r 0 f ~'he que S1.L(ln-. A hcr tl inm~ 'l,yiJh thr hi r .~d i l(k.1 ~;d It:~('LlTI il i Il~ P hy ~ i'\."a'i;;l nod p:<., ..: bf:i I{..-.gli;.::-a I ~or[ 1,.1to:,: i f! fH::-("~ 0 I' C "i ~r('m~_' i y !lHg("nt,:~· ('SO ";.JIllcd tii,.:kin~-dl.i'L·k oC~L"C':', WhL!11 'I,L',,'1l!' know 'tli,H ,1 tcrrrori ...~ i''lori~mt{'r ro"'<;_~~:-,"I,:;'; if,form:1ri,nn ~,.'bidli ti1..1.Y o;.;W.... hml,dred.:: of Im'''4':;'~, nnd
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\.XII, ~·I1,. ~d (ling i he- . ;UI1I? J i n es, [)('l's.b!l.)\' .... lf,.(. [I..;.k i I'~-l,-~I';.)I,:k si ru arion is nor at:.a~ 1:1::.' !:II.:,:" p rr rJ ner's ri~h1!o. as <L n ace 1J,.,~d p~-r':iO 11 f rhc info rnaat ~Ofl. IJob[:II U:!t.;_,J v.: i Jl nnt he used i11 rrial ag.iinsr lnm, .":l[J.d rhe 1"( srtu rc i'>. do ne nor ;'l ~ p~l n i ~b m ':;:'1':11., b~l~ rm Iy 1"0 P revenr rile ma s::;. k i J ling to conu, ~ rht: un.lcrl r n* prt!II,l i~:;. l:j t: ...t:~L mon° Ji'!'!l urbl ng; !;.t) C)]1 L.: ,,11 [Hli d hI;' .,llowed W WJ:'hl roC ~'!!L:~ )plc [lot .1~ 'p;;l! rt ~)f .. d cscrve-d 1 pti II ~sh en.;.: lt, but :'hImpi y L lH:o;.:;,l1L:--'l: dley k ilo\'" ~~)me."rh ~Jl~? \X,rll y. nt"ll, n :r: a Iso Je~illl:,.-e I flol." ~ nrU ~rt .. 0' p:r~S.C"E)l':i'S ui w;u wlw m';l.y pos'Se5S intornL<ltil.m 'I/,.. IIh.:h 1~I.3y !1cd"H!IHmdr ·d~ of OU :'.oldwr:..: In-I,,;''~ ~I. ,-.: )'-!, ~ i,ldl do(: IXI tt'~',::.u·.. h. L illl:-.. [(J ke~ p .all j ~I )(:11 11~11id .. dr-e lI()i h L1l~ 11,.'s" h( : rh::'1.!'I. r.hc ul['ml~'HC'Sign ,tha~ [bl' (l:~'1n['.i:;L~ ;Ut:' ~1I;"i~Hling ~'hL~ id('oio~~icli war.
1.10n,(l[, .1dYrfl"':-;H·r' WrWrt" ~jllt!·lgnt". hut ~u::::t: IlUfO d ut:~ i~ .\:s a Jegi [iuu rot W ]iLC ut d,l;! LM til!, •• r~ I,,;"'CI L mort'" ,d.a [1g_l= rulW~ [h.ll.~ d I,'xpli c' i[" C"nJofse Jt:I€'n .. of '['l~ I~',un.::w b IJC- !1 t th i:"; Inn mCTIt, :l( I C';}st .;11 t~ expl i L'j [: l~l1JlH',Iojt"mC"m \J;'(H3Id hL~ wn ~hfl-{:'kiI1~. ~md rhl"rdore- rejec[f"'ll I:he mel'eimrc")cd!JcrlIJH oi nntul"c ~i,:), a 1L,:H.~tirn ..w.:- ( pEi,." i111,o\...·~ U:::.Lu CJH.(r[~ili !.IiL! idL!~m .. ull? reT(w~li1g n P'-III"'I.· ';;r1H~I.-LL..·'I1~:~'(l,t (:our'" I'm 3g=linsr rr,U"nlr'e\ J i:1[ \ ....} 01'1.1 d I
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2.4J hlLl\dn:d'j; r.,f l;v~~I. bur ...... ·halj about rhe Innf~-n:rIr' (0r.JScqlJ"-'lLCC~ fur CIIlJr :";YlUbQlll:': uruvcrsej W'h~T'l: ,Jo "l;i;1l.' ~,tup? \Vb~' II~)~ torture per-:i:;tenl,[' cr'111'ln1;'t1o;,. .ji ('~~n·nt,,,,,hoh~.. kidnapped bi"i child ttmn ;I, Ji~' u,rc!2J 'spOU s>t:? The to;,l r·'~~I.ha ~ L)11(:~· we kt the ,gt'It i L' ml.C, n{ rh r" ~ H.Ht I~',
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torrure calli he kcpr ", ::I FC.J~oF1fi1ht.;;· level, is rhc worse [.,:t:.~lli:H[r.. illusion. AllY consisten t: ern 1...;111 'H,;1Inee lifl~I$~ ,.;n I n rl ere 1 rr<l.:jo!.:n ~ uch p,ragfll at ic- LIT i 11 r:~n~L n ' y j'·L".;li~ulLi i'l~, :M1.JI C[H.'!I.:r, 1 ,11[1 'l~~.in tern pr ... :d w cc J1JUJ.:[ .Jl :'iI mpl~~ [II r.: 111.t I experi mC"f1I,[:e [ 'II S 1[(1:1 K~rre an i1"ab n ewspa P{,f rna k i 11g a "::;1Se' fOT 1 h~'~(~rtLl re l of A me ricau pt •. ()r"i e , ,I ltd the ex p Ioston o t corn menrs a bmH Ilrhl.~ III t'~I ta 1ist ba I hll ui:...m :md dl:Lm:ir;lx"Cr ~or 1111 an ri ghrs rhat W{J lJ ld pJ'Ol':~)} e. m . ~",ph;~{bou a h,f pIU:Ll;';C- which reverberateever) "H:r,.;o: ., f'-,.uldm~f, ",,:'ill
be the :o.-tum: .)1.[[1:,."1'"II September"? 5igJ1.i~1~.:and~'" till:!, 1,.,ht;hL: I!'i. ru-ver [uriher ela b 11rated - it i:" j nst an 1;.''1'1:' rt)" g('o.;il'! n: (lof '::;;1 yi ng ornerh iHg '\.I":'C"P T, wlI'·hn ur

1'(:";,Ij,lly huwi'i,ll,!~ Wh~l, Wr' want [0 sj]~<.50 OHr fir [ reaction 10 ~h~~urd hI!..": Re,lil. ? ls il rurt, :rar.h[.:r, d1~t the" only tbi,np, that ;.l":ltL~dly t:h:iU1HL.:d '~"r,l:-' rhur Al'll~eri(a W.lS rorced tn rralixc rhc kind ot world irr W;l<C, i";~Ii~ (~f? 0111 the erhce hand, :o,U~ h ,,-,:·h~,!'I'~C.~:' perccpnon .JI n: never WI'[ h» LL~ oC()ml :,>1;'(1 t,lf,;1 ices, in since rhe wa y we r,e rC<:iVt" our srtuatton determines the wu r we- net in it. Remember eh collap I; of a pll)litIC.:al T ...girne ,- f()r example, [he (:[)II:;~r~(' of ~he Com mun i,~t il'l:g,i m..:,,", i r'I r.:.l:J·;t.::rl1 r 11rop-c ~III 1 9'90; .it .l t.:(:! rLJI!rI rnouien t, bro::'~lk I iPiY '. - none- rh~ I~~:o;; IrOTl1 th i:-o rnOlne'I':ft ..-:J'll, rbc fi t1.;l1 ';::0lI.l! 1:1:':;(' C) f t ht!: rcgi m l' 'was. ;.;ml pi r a tTl rI net' L1f rurlf.'. xl/h.lt if 5,0 l~ll':rhj [l;:!, uof 'L ho:.: :o..,;'um; ()fJ..,;r did u ..x ur ojjJl 11 SoL; P',(!['11 hi.: r? Wit; o;h()~IIJ r.-rar IliI rmnd rh;u Hon~· ood I" thlt' nnvC' ccntl'{' ('"I, rhE' Jt\meonl~;w i d I.:! V Ju,.,~' ,.... ' hjd L l' :O(!":rl,!o, "L W(J r] d \,0',,' i l1 : h q~~.~P'llVJi](: rll k·; \vh;,u Jm "'~':!1 ill i III~ 0 r 1m" Thinl \\'orln. rcnplc [0 the USA - e,"cn t],nsC' ",','110:5(' "'ofll('.ia]- iJcul,ogr lS ~lppotk:d to I.:'v...:-rythil~tI!: Americ~ .,.[;!irhl~ f~)r .- .... nnt m..:rdy the pros.recr {If
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wiH ",h~f~[e'-hel"nTI1o"o ..ics like (he .l~lmes. BWhl S(:.uc; .... :-.~lr.,ivf"t \'(hll ~h(,H' [oJ ;) ~ [urn 'tuw:.atJ:,. ~,HI.ily IUduuramili::;j Of ~ nUI~ '[~J""'Jjnl'~ ~I~ro::d p;;unot'isnl ?)~ This.

rbf" h1g () ther, t h~· ,1\ meric ,HJ Sphere, D LJ t i ng Nil Lt,l K hrush, h l';': \. :'(!L: ret spcec h (0;.) rll t: ~ wenncth 0( ~~ ~Il~~,n',,:--;o~ rhe .'1 n~'~c;,t p;) ~I '! i den O~l ncing S~:.ll III \ c r i1111:.' ~l JUL.!:! Il or so d d q~,.1 N.!:\ 11 i' d a net \ l ~u~ brca k~k)\v'n ~ a n d h.:td to 1)01.: ;0;" carru.d om ,;ll'l~dgIV('11I Fill edica I cTe!Hm~rH;, OI'Il' of them, H lcslaw E,LL:ru~,. the h..lrJJm;:: C';t:nc.:1":31 S(_'Tl'[ar~' 1)1 ,1.(· Pd ....h ~,L)I1'H'I1tllri <r P}.~rt~·, ven died of ;l e henrr .ilrr;lck ';;'(UlH' davs l.u.~r, ITIlL' model Sutm'ls,t wriu.r Ak'xaru.](!,L' F;'Hj~rev shot h~m:;<:'H .i! tot'W d;;:!JY'" L'Hf'"1 I he r-OHH IS n~~t Th~H rhtl;y were '·hmn·st COHIIJnlmi:...t:-.·' - most oj m,h e 111 ", t-rl: brui ;,11 mauipulators v WirbcllU any su h iccrive d I H;;'I OJ! ~ ,1hom ih • nn rurc of rhe So,,_. i cr re~ im c. ~"h.l t b oke J.U\V!Ill W,lS 'lho::m,j' 1\.II~~l"o;,;1'i/ l' ., i I,]usion, the fig IJIf,e, 0 r d~c: .• hi_I; Od1!f"1'"" i a~a i 11:;;~ rile b.,o(ko..t'cto~md nf \v hich I[ht::- L)Ol!Jd I..:XCH Lbtl:~1" r1lthk·ss. drtve t r POWt.'t: 'fh~ {) t her (H':I If (J w b! c h eh f}' [['I';lfb~il'U'';oi_"d rhei r bel Lo:" t, rh l~ (hhcol ,,..b i ch. :1.::' iT were, 1),,:lij_-fl',d OJ[ tln-ir behalf I.h.t·lr ~lIbl':.''("{-;''lJP~Xl.s{'J-t~-hdic\e, L~i integrated, J\ nd did not 'i-nrnrthi ng h"'HlOI u_gnm ha ppr;: r~ 1n r 11(' :;l fr-c rmat b of 'I J Scp [i:1B b.t!I? \'fih nor 1 1 Srptcrnber lU' l rhe '" wenuerh .. f'lIl~['e~~'" of rhc ArneriL',ll1 nfO,lm! -1hur J~)' Ii ~~ n:~aJ~' he...l1~ :"rrmrri;lt~d i ror Idt·o~n1~i(".;l1 L',;)Li'!i.t'<,;! frQIll tile' ..;hl: ims i,fl ,1lJ !:Iu: ru ,1 j 1":1 In;;: Jj a rl i.'U a m: i -;:!;1tI bal il.;.Hlun l::!o now ti 11'11 :;.IH.:'J, to the nonon rhur rhe shock f tJLL: \,rrC ..11'[.;)1('1..:.;: re'lo"C'.-_k'J tlll.! Sl!bS~',l'IIL.-eltC'::,s 1,."1~.;H,Kr.:~r of posunodern CUhl,Jr.1~ Studies. their hU'k (l,t o;:nFH~(,~ \1J,'i~11,. real tifc-", \"{lfllh.: a-IH: :,,[x:nn·d HO~~OH l!j Ip.uti~~,ilrl rij:!.I't [(II'" rh,=: \,'.rUI~~ mt::,1~[)n~, th1..· r, r::.( ~~n..:- I~ ~j()wn r ighr ,>" rnlll"!;~ \XJ ho:1t !" tTtl e ,i., th;1I;' i h (' r-eLl wrc-l y tri fl i r! g d1ilfill.. ['l'j' uf :"L:md.uJ Cultli.,;]1 Srll.d~It,~...-ri[lcal ~IjPIL;~ W.IIS rnl',rehy r~"':t'al{'\d; \!I,-h '"1- i-::; rne 1I:=..t.,of:1 1)0] i ric:-d I.y il1..;nrrr« t:".!oj. p ro::'i" i 011 wi til po~~ ~hkr .. H"i!:.[ .llldl'IWfll-"" ...OI111~;~red ,,"'nll [h~ (fHnm,:u d":-i1rn I') ~hmlf>,,'lld'\? '1 hL~ ;t~il__ 'mm,1 o c~W 1'.11 s.~ d 111:!i i'j. rfl L':>; \\<j I] t hf'Y :,~~...;k ru r h L' ~U,HK' t(jop i t:..,. l~ I r'l.:'rth 11 tl ;H Inmrmg. rn;H I J I~'Ir tigh r ;")g;t Ins I. r p n',,-:;i()n i:o. ;] fig hot I! 'i ibj,~ ~:i rst \V c~rld o".:.;tpit~ii!:>m'.!; l.J1]iH!r~t; - wJn.:h ~llc:""U) lh::li, in Ihl' \1I;;c:-~rt'rn ,f-Ir,r \1(/nrld'o.;, ... ndcr co(lI'ltliol.."[wi! b d1t:' ("x~cl:'n;ll ihr '.1[ ~f!l Ir, onl' -shouJ,J 1'"C,13~'n UIH:'....r~c.it=JiI v r n t 11 b~ ~Ii.: Am¢,lIo,;lHl II b"Ta I-Jem (lol.'I'":W-': fra mf"".. ~1I'k or ... II rh('y rI ~k ~ s:t{"r t' r ~ q hmin nl 5 [<.I d i... lj I"~ n~ t h~"'i ..:r i riC;l] !i Lm.;,;~~~,n,,' ill rh!.:~· p w hk~11 MlL:le rhi 1:-.fr;l n1 i:!d r 'i.'H'lrk itf.l' I : A'i If}r th~'('Ild ot ;'HHI-g.lollf!li7;uioo, tht: J:ul' hims hwil dll' I i r.~'r d ('I}'tlo ~dl[(:-r II Si,:p~t:JlI b~r rna [ [b(! ,i r[ :R-:k~ . 'ou Id al:-;n II ~'I'~,'C r.{'o!:'n I[ he \",.0 rk n t :'lllti -gr onb::1J i,;;:.;Jt! IOJ I t~'rrn ri.;;;t" i ~~ of t:nlll"S(" not hi i '1~ hlJ! ,1 crudt' 11H'I ni pul.a[Ieul: dH:' 'mh way ~I.i' C(HKC1'l.'E::Or ,b:·3[ ' h8iprcl1Ied on 1 J 1I,!'r~L'-mh<"r i..to
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Annrhe .. vierun I~f 1 1 Sr-ptember among -:'01111.: lilJt:fJ/l~ seems tv be Ill.;,: nnll:inn (~f the rmrity of rnornl inrcnrion: it' il; ~1':;;if :\n~" (-hil1l tn rurit~, i... ;.,u.... pct;[I,.·otl nf hr(~:dm!' :-'LHllt; krnd of terrorism. Wt' vhould remember I h:~el·:,. thc::.i:s 0111 1.10""" 'I he .tt:~~l ~ I nutcr u, II:.: of 0 ur act Ji~doti.(·:::.u HI L rue ~I Ltent ion ~ I ;iII1l Iiot" a IlO1h·i; ..d to d efen d m yse I t by 1.:'1;1 i rru Ilg; •• HUii rh .. 'H \'.',iI<';T'II "t 'i.V h:;l.t I W.;I.ut(,"u!'·, hl;:!.,..,;.w.l:i~ do 1'101. I eally know whar I wanted. lr is in the .J"":UI,ll I con !1t:q ~J{:l IL"l!:'I; ~,f ~ ~ll':11...-[ ~h;)l~ rhe rru rh 0 t my in rcntio 11 b(:"(:o 111(.'5 .."e'i.i hlc: ~1f'lWf"gef LlltJ~!en~t'lIHrhe ~1LLf('l)I'lH' 0 rny olia, dll~ i...wi1.u- ~ really ~"·MIH.:-J-..... A(tr.~t;:.,i\lt:: Li.;~ [[1L:-' >L~~mlJl,mHi(} ..t of lIcgel L'mJ psvchoaualysis InLlY i[_Hmd, v; (:
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Heg~l(:'s<l,', there i~ au Ilnd(']"]y~llIg idL·~lljt)· of (lu;~~ opposircs. That i~ [0 , ::llY· '\VIJllin rhi;-. Jom::1 i11, corrupt ion i"'i rhe ultimate horizon, .md rhe onlv L ho icc I~ til(" one J':o1..:t ... , ·l·o!.:"!1 WIClr'fll1.({:" U i [11inor eo rrupnon [1n J a d irecr iJliW~~~i':lln oI")·n.i'J.aLJ:l';,n'l :~~:jl;inq 'COi-r.'uptiOOJ1, ",~·hj~.:ll milicidcs wirh the higl:~t'~!. corruption. Wbat Lac.m, on II.'ht> !"."t1J1Han'. ('.~ lled the "act" is precisely an Imf'rV~IHIOTI ... ·.:hii{'h brll.".lks. out of t],i ... vicious cycle tJI minor corruption al1lil,i rig,uLH ,~s the suprerm, corruption. o rhen~ ~'i: an :ilil~!lite g.lp berwcen religious F.:H~.~rir..:i~~ f~lIId~lmClH.;;Llti~m~1 aml .hl I enric revolutionsrv inrerven... non, :~Idl'rlugh rh f'r' ~)'[h seem 'to s hare .111.-[1111.. u III pm III LS.tH~ ',," radical dl ~I.l0'1LI.~r~ rh is ~ P Lj()!;.;~ n o r e~Jw:nn onlv t h e ...;p{.' i OrO I] ncnl di mensron, bue a ISD I h(' i film" nen ~ ~tn I.... rure of till,·· u, [; 'h L' f[] nda rnl:.i It.:I! r ts t act b d.o 11t:'fo I' rhe hl~.Otbt":r; In ir, I;·ht· subject !r)"'lT!.Imen[;·~I'I.f.r\; himself fo,1'"hc 01her: while r
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[ul oulv wirhin rhe idealist S,lJblr..:.t; undo Subseunce: \VC

1'l-I15 Other; Oil rhc contrary, i't 1 nrerve rhc , r..:ry . J LHLOIL:z.'~ti\.~Il",:Yljlt rhr big Other. Thi .... ifference 'IS rhe dIHc"F<:'nce between d K~H1J:l11L1 -!".1tk; S~lJe is 11 r :cli[JlI1Iy rhe truth of Kant, thu Sacleian perverse fJ.t·J~ i n~m t: me rges, r;:a I-'R'T, when rh e ra d iC:3! K:1 n i~i~ dill. i.ll S.[~I I I LT is
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pervert- in pn"';'HL: L~ InL1t'1;!' rhan :J connngent emprrlcal facr, l'he mfamou [imrny S~'CL~'I.l,..lrl.\, claun that the h..:[ [h::1J[ he: \'i-:"h>L!tl prostirueus only !2:,'WiI,: nddHlnn;'l1 :;;~r'L'n~th W hJS preaching (he knew 'ron'! inrimere s['l'L1J;,gle what hit: wa ~ p rvac II i 11ft .iIlg.a n!~r L a I rho ugh und ou b1l-d ~y hypoc rirlca I nn ['hI.:'nurne.. diarc "'u!li~;<..:~i'l"L: le ...d. i:... !'1m'Ll! ~,hl' h.:::'~i obit'(lh1dy true. :\ nd d [li.':':: 11m rhe vune g.o ior rh(" srarcrncnr by rhc Ts lehan lea doer M ul 1.:.1 h 1\IIj,b.. IILIlM~1 0 tnM v.., lit), UL~2.5 September 20 1~ uppc ""lrJ tu Americans I[Q ~
1150('"thr'ir own jlIidHcHH ..!i1m in responding

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Fig/~t C '~dr ~LQ ~~~~ ... "Hl ex ~ruord i n ;:1rYachrcv-rne rrt lor H oll yw~).oJ, !,;.!jLkl~s. this deadlock head-on, Th. fill'll\; insomniac hero (;"upt'd}l~ pbyt'd hy f:JW.;1uJ Nortonl fnUow!> f,~!'j lOL't(Jr" ad v ice- arul, in mt.it!f to discover .. h;u rrue suffering i"i, ioiw..; tl ;-O;UNH1rf .!:i.J'nup tor "'·..... -tHno.; ()j' ~·r;:'".,,[ktJ 1;.'1.- canccr.t'' ~ II ~:-.n(lL~J.i scovcrs, however. h U..",'"xu ~h 1 rart i.u: ol I0 ~'Cfor- (me'\. nt'mgh bou r
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111:'';bns.s. ;l~ an indication oi TylI.T'!i; nonexistence - the lI!1~'N!al'd.['I~ p~!IE1f!:l1. .w,J erubarrassinz dtt~Cl of the scene bears. witness to the [acr l har Ltd ~"do::; 1;':) lsruge S! ,1. rc I"l,~n d i ~.,1'!lO\"'·CLI f:3.11"ta::;;m;liI ic rru rib. J I"l the i III ~\"I;' I ~ In W b i·.,: I. I- ight (J~~h i-, ha sed, rh i~ ~.~ nc j ~ wntten as an eN:"d, an ge h[~I.Wl·CI1 ~ h.l1" 'i~ rc.dly ~~.~liIlH on (Nnrton v is OC<)'[i.ii.j5 huusell up in from lOf. hi~ bn",.,,) .Hid ~rJrt·fm·<.; f:-Hl~::1-:';Y rrhe r.n'j.5 i~bearing ~lr Tyl('Ii');

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ta lse su b I crrsve POS!t inn I' of' VO}"ClI n:;1i"cornpn i"1-; i (m J. ;j m~ soon gef ..... mvolved •n ~l much more radical oI,;'_:';I.:!I·'-L~~. On a :l1ight~ he !H~.~l~~"-, ler (BraJ T~ P·i.u), u c ha ris mat it: yOllll1g rrran WIH) :. bCJW:-" b im I' he ~:~~ i.!]' c rf .11 I.~c fi llcd ril f v: i!h [ailure and empty {:Ons,umf'r' culru ('. and -nt"fc.:-r-; him ,'1 :-.oitlw.):n: why d(JI~'[ [be:, I.~ht. bl.!<t1i[]~each utl ier ["0 pulp} Gr~1dll<l.]ly~ :~ wll~)ll' ruovcuunt
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f poi i ri(.;" ru E1 the 1'I:,.b:. of iIlil petL!..! P ri bh em'll inG in ro t be: ~ ~~1which thl' polrtical 0f1poncm: ....rr,!r~"if'i)rm~~d rl...·W r he persoruriou ion ol !l1iJ 1'<1,I I:vi I. H iJI\ i~ ~ 11I~::L:l!ld ard I.I.J Li.~t a nswc r ~ood ('ncli~Jgb';: \'fh:lt It :lI'lHHlfH" tq l(" ;} reh:lshiflr!. nf !·hL' n ld ~'br :O{]I11,[ d{'mln~l;m()llI 0 r ~, 1':\1~e I,Je(l,I~)~, it.:;illi.mi\ t'r:s.dLl r; "Uni,\'C'rs:d IlL~m' n n~hH [n fad prn'lfc::gr in ..hvIJu;)b in hiblll~ de\'do]"'l"J Fi['~( World U.HJllUic:'i. ... ,~ The pmblem 'I;..·i~hf us L'eh.)~hine I~ rh;'l[ rr Im"~~..; d~e ~l~Hqll~' ~h~U1Ct'(,Io~ [tiif'llllg ~llInMIl ri:gbtL, I bcm::..:h n IHW ,1 t\'IT;lHl ul h~g([nof1l(.. :-.ll u~:I,d r.lLhc:1i" [hilll !1l1['lL:i1JC'ring ·[b.:.'!'f'n ~n thl.! ..'Iloe-my. Lt,[ lI~ .·, .. rot:": '" lJ f he f ,1H'~(!or t h~' II"f' h..~['el"l{'etn h11 m.l 1"1 r i ~I,t~· I'I~ I: he 1.1 t't' ,,~~h'[n mh 1,:C:l'l Lu r~': (~1'() Hl r:s~:, a r (he bt'!~i ill'! i 111:;. du.:-:-· 'I'''I;C:~'L' .' ill b ~['" l h ... r i p;ll t'~ oJ \,d, i iI'(' n 1;11L' · pr.openy.o ...... w::r), $![~nd~' c}.;clutJin,g Lho im ....'T d.1<:l';;C'~, WOlllt'I), ( (,)Iht'r r;1.i..'I· .... ;}l1d ... fnrrh .. T~h:ir ~TJ'y unLvt:'N;it r~,)i'm" bu\!!' t:. .. '1!I\ ~..:-[ 111 n mo(iul .•• 111 u.n~W)· ., i· ,.I 1" I,_V.'L not us. i'OO~~ .' , L~1en L . p3b, .....lJ·ro~'e.:; 01 (.",\:p:HbiiUL1: 'ust wurncn S;'llU ,,,-,1("
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y ll!:~()~blv j7,fH ·('rnm(·nt· <,; rll"hl ctan Ct· itn ;1(~ rn tt YUi2:0sb v respons i bi i ty ~nt I he ,i,,' iii r III t he 1Y~O~. It ~ i net: IIIi on W ..,.:IIIH~ t,(J t he Ill~! In uf Yug'!.)~hws. as 'II L";~ inss tid '\'(/ ... -stern ~AAn':..~i('Jon_ .\hl·.;IiI nmr..: I1Elpml',mil' - nnd the" finn step in the fI~llt ('IIrecnon - \<\':,'1 '" t he !lilt' :r.I.pc:'t:lI'("d ;1 rres: f) ~ A u~l;l1n,o Pinocher ['1/1,.''0 'yr;'l rs earlier. '\Vh.a t ...\,'·..;I il[~ '[til I mate 4,)l,J:t"':If.,l1 e, l biC'rmm edia tc idcolcgical reperc us' n o:;.io'l1'::;werr irnrncnsr: ....-hl.'n PmodlL'I' m·win-rim I. m~J~l~li, WiJ"i perceived in he CIHk ;1:-, all all-powerful Lintoll(·h.~bl~ rnuueru« 1.;:ri,:,e; afn-r hi arrest, the ]':o,.} c bo 1 U'f,."::~lJ barrier W J:" hrnkcll, ilt, ;''1;':10;; 11I.;t ~l fr.~ iI dd crimi n.11 uwc.m i!lJig htlmili;1lrm~ C' ....,1,:11·1:.;; in .rvoid arrrxt. I hot:. lirm1.I[lOI) nf I~W I'innchet C<1I'!ooC. hU\J,.''l.·,ICIi", i~rhar he comes [rom .J !!om'-III ~hM!!.ill~ll ~OHmll:l'~. \Vh;u, rh vn ('0 II] (''5 ~ltrcr Pi IKJ1+U'~ ;l n (I }.·h I(}~~\,H::'? The true ;l chicvcmcnt .. W ... l ~...I h;.~ been to go t ...)f dl ... liIgu I ar - \~) Pu rsu I.:' ~ IiI ... !o~~ r l) ~ H 'i,:'_: '·I III.; he 'II,~ ry '1;1Ld: h) ,! r I~CS.~ ::.,0 mconc ... ho "real iy rnn rtc 1'.... ", And her{' He tJ r r Ki ~:<;i []g'[!t. ~!. v ;~~g.lI;lhlrrhe Ldeill (,;111dLd~1.tc·J·''''rhe ~(.·(u..;;;nH~ll rh:H' he I.,. ;) Wrll'f' crnnuta] is .~11 ~~!J and we ll-substaruia L1,;0 uDC I rcmern her t he f.-! InULI ~ H!K. r.ilk ~u '\lith ich the m dcr.u r asked him dirccrlv: .LI-I{H. ..., dOL':" i fl.!d w h,~ ;~,..ur 1,.'1 uuinal? ~ . - K I.""U nger, () coursc. UTI rncd i <ltd Y '>to rn wd n ut l ~{ rht' ~rud i [IL I:-m rh errnorc ,. be I~ '110 IOI.~g"..'j pub[i(;JII:-.iK'livl'~ so rhc U)A c.mnut CLHIII h.1II. hi~ urrese w ould m ~1.1ly 'l,V,lY rrnpvde the hm..,;:~ummg 0+ 11';; ~t;m'" :tpp~ r anises. "Ihrs, l heu , \.1;'\)ll.lJ have been ,1111 a urheunc pol i I i,,;"ll (;.I,(:t.: I f, W~H!H K i:o:.:o.n~t't' was on I ;~ wul'ld ~.l~lO.Jt promoting a new bonk, 0;;0111.(" I,prdl'rahl}, W'(,.Gt EUi'op(!;:m I t·~ it] rry ;.'1 r ... ;...;~C'dhi I"fl ~tI..[' .H t'h..:~· ~ rr~ .h.xl Pi "I (I"h t,! l. I hi., ~e.,[l!i re would ~_ ( P"-I.[ riB.' HH['tn~H]ul •.11blll1lal'l 1'i&b[50 !.,1;] 'hin 'r~" rn 1h~· tc:-.L rOr'Li1lf i.L:;' i'Lnl..:liml.J.l'L('" t I) .,:-1;1, I'i \. rh f' i r <;T;,\'!iC{' ;l.1l d. ma b' .1 d1(HL't"~ .:"-L~ I~ l' he l!'" Em pi r wn!J ld ! ht' Imx.l:' hl:" rL:ll'<l:iC', rhlh l·..... p0.,ing th ....bi~~ ·:.tk[; or hUIILHl ['iL::,h[:;. or. . , ,. .. SO.lt~ L't i tHt' '. t h C' m"'I"'~ ....I.~n :Il'i Fl,H. r·[) 11~'it.::o. I... t 11 ,tt {) t' un.a na I""1,,' [y or. fO PM" ph r;;) ~f' (, T;1n d b I \ mJ2,oI..'1110 us q 1.11['I .l ~·m pns. of K.ri rlS 11 ...1'1/11Il.;:mo n '; .. Un i~' r· l' :;.al Ht! 1nd.1 b R i~h[~.? 11 ~.uod id .,;,,.- 11~.1)' bil!' "..;~ S.bULlld. !r..: S'[ Lf. uUI [~,. Js. L'l(l r r~ i;' J\L1lY 21101 dCCl.:;;inn of thr If\ S~.·n:lt·f: IOTch~·~,t[";~rt:t[ h, .k-':Sce Heims) w r~i~'t1' .;l.n~ lu(t~di ...."i'c.m ()f The ] hl,gl.lt' :Uhl III h~:r im'cl !ld.l.IUlla~ r.r~bILUli.lb U'!l-t:r l l\lli;;':r'L":~)11 (, iril..l'lli - ,) ",~('.;;i<;io!lwhit:h wok EuroPC.111 Ccm:"l1l'lunity !;("..... ..:m1

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The limit of d.L.:mOLr:~""J' j~ tilt, Stale: in the dl':IIH)O':-HioL' electoral P,[O~C:S~., ~J e 50ci:11 I odv i:,. ')'mhnli{;'~Uy dissolved t'('dm,:o:..'-(;I tC) .1 rnn.~ !'HlJi:11('Ti en. I mnltuude, The elecrora] ~H:id)' is preci 'el~r noll' ~t hod~, ~~-trucrurcd wI. ellc:-, bur ;] formlt:'!!I.s ;.h::.1ta ... ml,lh:itU4J('"~ .1 mulnrude ·t \""idm~JE .1 .St.t1~· ~'mn booth ,1!5~Ji oura II senses 0 t 1h I~ h'n n ~ the ~i[mC :1;;>; rhe re- P reserucd ~1 i,;- 'i ~}f rh I;,:' n muh iwJl:. and t 11.;_· r~LH':!.,~.!'I. h i hi, apparatuses ~. The f:O[)I~ II ts 'I h t~~ nor dn-l!it S ' democrnc is i n rrin S,LC W il'hc St:-!'tll;", 5 ~l5t;:1~Ilca b)f i'[~ ~l P'P'~ I'.J l~HC:!>,.hu r. th;],!t lit SHLKlIl.lraily t:~n()r(";; rhl:' dep~lLd(,·nq·. Wnen Bad~oll' ~~ f,; ! h.ll fh~~'Strwe ,... ::II"",,;] ys iu (:}.I,_ I..: ~ \',,' Ld I f'L"g;u-d w t!ll..: nl u I tLUH.k .i c: f!:.' 'pl~jeIH'!>,1]11.', 1Ht.";,.1 n:'i II. b at I::' pn.·,(i ... 1r '[hi, X'c ~ wh h j.:; ;o;;trtlctmmlily (WerIODke,d hy dC'[II£);L",(;l • ; [he c derl1onl'~[i;.: iii.tls.ion i:::.dld~ dbC!' JCri1o~nHi - p[4Ct:~~ La.n cOf1H't'l Thl : eX(".t::..s of the St:1JC"r 1 hat IS "'~'h r the <1rlln~~loh;:t~i ;>:H'i (~n rn () "Tmt'rl r is nor e no LI ji:i;h: ;,l t :'1~Hnif:: point, wc· will lu'l,'(' w r.a...:-kh: r h~ p~';:_)b l("m (JIf l b(: ~d.1-t:'\' jtb H r.dr..:r..:'nol..~t.:r:u Ilifreedn!l11 and dCiIl'H')('r2IC),'l, TI':1r. IS 1 h(' uh'lmrHr L("mnis.r le':>snll for ludal'; p[LfaJQxjo.,;:ally, i[ i~ ~m I~ in rh i:-; w~ y, h)), pTohlt:m at~zi 11g. dt·nlO('l~a., -y - hy ''o,lokil1,jd; (.:Ir,,!"' rnat lihc-r;j~ th:·nwcrm.:: •• 1 prjo ..i~ in irs. \[('r~' Ho",iuH l;'lS HeS l it' 1Iltiouid kwoI;,' pta in. (·mnm s.urvil,'':- \,\'itbnUI i:,-:iR"italii'!: rri'\';;JtC' prol,"I{'-rry - [h:;][ .. \\'C C'nn bC";(Jl']lc t nih' ~mi' ill>i.~, ii:-OL ni d f1ll'1 t hot d isin r'l'gr~Hil)n of Cumnlillnl!)m IT! I ~~o rrn"idc the lllnm:!lH:' conhrm;ltj('~iI1 n'f rhe 11108' -.,\ru~:r.::1Ir'" M tU XiM I ~m('·"I:S dhl ~ dlt an uaJ c:-con'lJ i1UC b..~'~e lJ r poin i l'a I J;tmnciI:' <H i~ . .-y the p,r'iv:1l:C' m'o'I1ICr-'i n i r 0 f (11e mCll)~ ~~l p,roJDl.;,,:t:i [HI~ tkl,T, j"J -;:I l'lii~<lli~ Im]~, wi rh it~ ...:: d i ::.ll'l ~~t.~ I"1.~s, )II!oj;? rITe big IIJ rp:e ;1 her rne L~nl'( ~dlKiinn or po lit Lea I Li~t1lou ;'11.': ~ ' .. ·.1:,. pri l,' ,n i.1..,tUO n". tht· fr .. u.lt C"ffor1 II{_J FI n.J - .. an ~ pJ:i .... ; n u H ·(., wh ,'!.tcVltli "'\'~ Y - (I t" ~v n\'liJH~n,WilO C;l n be d L·.C'L'fLJ:-m; S f1 f ffllrrf1f'r o"V'n ~.r'; . whu!:;<t" pr1.1pt:[ty w.h 'I1~HiljllaJi:lt'd WhL'l1 1hc C~m)lluJni"I'" wok Jw" ......t'r~ 1:; •...: ,
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Communist .... ,'PPi.1f;:H hiks, Mafiosi .. ,,'myb d~, Lh long as w t." :'cl "' ·'b'l:o.i:~· of dCm0.u.Ky,I.'J I he ulrimare tragic j["ony is rhar atl rhis is raking phct.:: tor, lase - at I,.·X,J(:( 1 \' Ell I.: mC.UHt."t1t w he 11. in F Lf~ t W orl J .' po:--;{~ III d LI~llla l ... 'i.f.l<"1f·~io!'"<;'. pl' i v.-,rtf ' wnersh ip h:ls srarrcd ro J osc i ri ..... ·("HU~lJ n:'gll l.u ive I'D k,. The batt 1.1,.' be ro u~lu L~ there to re twofold: h rst, y€'~, a n C'I t,';.l!}if.t IJ'i Ill .. co \11II.J"Nol.. • .J..ll1t~l..:apl!::a1.i:!l-[1lWithout !~t.:k]ilL~ Lilt:" p,wbkl'l~ tJt' l!..'apH;l~i~lll\ J.mfJ1. 'Xt·r \~C4'n,rr'l1 (lJh(,T31 p~H'II:lI'lt(:tu;;lty demecr.rcy} IS: nor sutficrenr .. no JU.;lUl"'T hen,.1 f A ··mt.h.:<lil ,. ir i:-... Perhaps tnt: lure today L:-. rbe bdild thar We can [Jr~.ut:"IJ!lILt: ca pita lism \.V j t b1J Lit .LcflJ:1Il~· rl't'nblcIH.]! i z i I'll:) ~be I j bt: a-:.!II·do::~mto.: r:L1it.: Il!H,.l ~). which - ;;H; some I...:>-hi. If:': claim - .ilrhouah engendered h). t..:.lp'lr;1]I>;;m,_ a ........ irt;:'!...1 lll ;1uwnumy and can M.:tV~ to cri r~":!L!:'''Lib pit ;,.\1:-.LlL..llus lure I:;;' ~~ .... o.;d~, i

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ta ~cin;lt i npff-a sci nared peeric depic 1 i L! i"Il( ~[' ~ I('Tl vampire wh ich I!.ic::- .. reeriro ria li lC'S a I[lLlt)m i ru h 1(.:'. dynamic. olih..,I'<iIr50 nSlllIg rom [he dead. \ E';K'~) crisis in=lkl[~tf, it 'il:;riluf,t'r. Diem sos-Phoenix reborn .... It i~ in dw, pm:1.i!l. ~.lH~I U!pi[.dLS~ r,;·it:n:n...:t:, .n ;\1; n ·j,..... M :H'X i, f'f'cdly d ead: ;1 Pl"'t ..poriared ;!H'I d d f' rti '", o ~ his. i'{] Ilh(;;~! r ed.
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kilJ'm-:J,1,.-Ju·v ~lI.ht~li:l~f l!IHhu$i<l::>.1[ ~,,'hrt rr pht' ...ed dLlrin,g :'I visit" tn rhe U: A, r har "vour grnmlcbild!l"L'n witl IH!' Comrnunisrs" ).. ir became (J oar that I{r:.':ill 50cL~'j:irll w~~:-:; I~)~m~ it..:; 'omperirL"!{ edSL' 111rhe \,':I!r with capitolisru. 50 Si;1:g.rMI11; Lu{' Re:li S.uti;ifi"'ll1 w';s ~rrcaJ~· .. in ~ "'.'ay. "socialism ... 11 ,1 [uiman vi fa .... "'ikml~' ~~;:"lndn'r)U)H ~r(,";H hi,l,tf)rj('~).l t;,].5.ks. iL provided Lin: !:ii:·llHi~~.(~f ·I:!··: h rvcrytl ,,I ~ li h: goi I~~ 00F.) in bt:nc.:-\·n!.:"mH boredom, Tod~ly's ( )-staJg1'c fnr d e fl·,l1i.;t "ioei.;II.i"'Tl'l mosrlv '';OJ ~:;j!it~ ill SIlLt:.:·b a con serv ,1fi "'>l.: 1'l!l)~W I'Mia fnr rh at ~~'II"'" sar i 'oj h~d. re-s rr i..... ~"'~1}'l) f II fe: eve-n nO~~;:idgl a [HI-';':;l pi m[i St :'l.nis:r:::.; f !l'"Wi1 l ed C" Peter I r.·mJ ki;!"Ie) JUSor ph Ik 1I r ~ ~"!'ha:r:>t dl J:'i .,~~ pc.:-....:[ ~.d\()I,." i tl J ism = t I-w ;l hseF'l(.:c ,,'1.:1 r o [ :'-t:t-t''';;o..;tu ~nf;.I)l I!7il ion :Hl(l f r~lH ic commmJi fi: fju.ll.. trit. h :\ Ijd k t him d L j 'L the dHt.:-f ot [he GDR ....'L!~r:·1 t p(}lice. :~drmm.=-d In <;unl",lL' tnnv.; '[he (_nnmll.illU~~ Ir gi tnt- \,; i n il.bEJi.~)' rn ("0 pc 'i,V i( h Lilt· "':::1 piu 1.1'\ k-... i..: (I r ... f~p rorf·!r I! I~ t: "<c...s.~: d '·S-(_K~J.a11-Ill I'> .,f, ~~nod~ .:.(~ p~(1;rle' dcm·il.Ild. [Hm"~· :"Ind [norc .. Th.LI.·:-. 'I-ne W.l't' tbjng.:. .u~~ \ 1 Of "miL""-,, ~'hjs Lmt:xp~'lt'"J -~hltt teJl~ L~~"_('n'('Thiu:'l'~ ... ..J " ~hom rh~' ltt.:ficlf'fll:;;Y ot rh l' ~~I"rgin ~ r ..\ 1;.1 rxi~.L pm j ('CI< L11t! If: .i[ ft."l:!:.!.. l:,. rh.:: IU II i t at.i (loll ~ tf s ih Wjl~l] oj" llnbl'IlH~'J rm:)c..iIIL;t!"lc.:- mf)lril~!'1Tjoi'l. Hov,,' w.-,;;;; if th;1it \Viln \X!08n.dt·t'~\ BU'Ij/~L~ VISr{l' .~m-,'!~d(;J~d) (11)~'i'). :.-t rt.:"Ji v.::OVtT~· illl d .... .'!t..·hr~u i!"ln (l t p~'(!".r(,:'I.·olli {j CIn.1I",\! C l~ban 1m LLsi..:'. of t bx u'a ~ " . diT.iol:l nblih::f;.u:...:.d for _rn~\El\' vt,'·I.U:S h'" rht: fas..:in .• i~l"" im"'('I·l~ of t'lle !Rt~V(~111";ln". \vas I1PIW th"" Ie-s.:; 11ercC'iYCLI ::lS ~l f!;e<;f.Un: t~f ~~J)(,fllilJ,1:ol.. (()VioiUJ. m l;l(r.. _ "Ca::o.!to·.:-." - CLdx'l! \~'olli]d mt no[ he milCh H1fm' lo~ia.::-.;)[ rn ,;;c{" :in c:h~ 151m 'I nt;;' l"loH::;ilp. ie re~l~l.ionary ~(,:~ mfe f}(lT (_.JJ[('f..'th'w ... "'. rh iH () r dis~o",'ef1ing, ~Hl~ ( tf.::.ll KII11 ~Hli~ t [a":::l~"::of ;J 1.f.I]tg~ ~fl'r~.nHf'J' pre-n' ',0 I L.lt. i (Jln.i.lf}~ ~"~l:->t111l~si(!i.i.Ui:!l- j 11 ~hC'ir y,_· ...·Cr.1t i~·~ ...j ~i ~dHil!.':-',rht: olJ dll i'I p.~hH:cd .:;m'r~el;f' 0 t H ;':W:;UI:i, ::l ':' if f; I'Il e .i.'H! h:1.... "'ioOoa s.rlll rO'! tl':"(.·'l(!(,"S)? It is. Ptt.',.:iM!J~·;:u .:hJ~ I,:Yd~ howc\·L.:r, ~!I..at we t.hllllJd [oC:Ht: rh'l: p.l mJc.:ioxit..:al .Ichic,,·e-rnf'n - of I[h.eo tl~m: it depic[5 ,the ve~r no~t.dgl.l f Dr t h(' pre'I'("\ !ur:ju n;J:r~' I &.I,l:!,h tiL il~ m u'!:";k:11pa.sr .1S pa I!"[ nf rhe b
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{rhis l"i ,,_-Ir..·:u" rn the- VeT~ ti~...;'[ ....(en~. wtn.:fI.: LOHm~'I;;'IH:-. on .. J photos ()t F.lJd LmJ Ch;::). Th i:-. i", \,,,'h •H uI . 1I1.~\dl: IIhi'S .. :l.pu~i l.~("1 I" fi lrn :.'I. mode I porI~'lt-.(JJ sneervcnrion: hy demon ... in j:.!; ~rut how the ~l... re-te v olwtl~)j~;:I·r'y.. musical P,bt \Vel:;. m..:nrpol'.-I..h:"d IWe) postTt''!,-·''Jh.HLOlllHV Cuba. t( umk~min,!:~ the ~[';HH.br~ll""·I~..:cptioD L'.t CUb~HIn';~I'([ " v The price t"11~ d~L:i., ~~. course, is rhar Ih~ 1'111<l$~'1:'of CLJhi1 we Ji!,et I":!<an IlnC-I_!=!;":01' ;} countrv where time i~:-U a standstill: 11' thilL~ h:JlPP~!":;; lLlJo il1du:,.tD·ul '11...fiv~ty~ there ,1lL"t:< old cars, C'lllj.'!Jty r" .•lway tT.:IIcb~ pC'opl~' Hl":;1' walk ;lfflUI~d ':L!r'I d. OC(,:l.S; onn U~, dlie~r ~~ng :;"; i I1d pi a r 11:1 II,:. \,r ~'Ildt"r:- 't. CtJ 1M b t he re: lou; L1 rhe l.ar in American version of dw I.O~~ <lle'~ i mat!c of F';L !.l e·nl h! Hl ~'1.C": a Sl)H!:.."C 1.] ursidc hi.\itO[l L"}' OII.H!j,Ldi:,:" ~ he dyn nm ic ot wda y '0; second r"I1 dol' rruza ~ II ~. H I he pa f'3·JO;!O;; f :;:"1)(1 peril;;] ps, rhe n I ~al m~~'S<~~e.u f t I~;;: fll.cl.l~ 1_" tl Lat ~11i-, w.~:-. t b~ 1,1] runa re Iui rcrion of the R,,-,vo1u tic m: nor to ;1 c...e Ie (., rc "n{,' i:~ de vC'hrpn;'f'!l r I hLlt; OL1 the cont ra ry, to ,,"1! r.... 0 U '.1 "1'10:'1 cr- in wh II'; hi ri 1l'H' ').t;HI d" ~~Ill. 'f'
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ht: past, ;:'L~that the pre .... I~ experienced as a confused ~111. ~LI.cCII,::;':;'Lon 0 F f Ii1v,nwn rs whic h ra I id I)· ( ... pn rare fm,rn ou r mernory] ·;1 In .;;h4 in, I J Il' Il~) h leru ~)four r~~ h. i~t(') I'K al .('ru i~ rH'tt rh ur we C:l C1not remem b.1;::r ... rrhe P;) 'i·t, u U r hisro r~' pro per ~1.1.'l'l:fl' .1 re J1'lure ~.i:311.en U ugh 11a n' ~ [~'I,I't::;S. o.f rh ar ~.~ I but I" 11:1. Wi;" (':;IIT"'(n:OI;" rcrncmbe r m:lll'~~ t f-:?S.(·:n~. 110,.;(01 - tfmt W~ C~ (jHll)i r histo ricizenu r.r <~ t~ j [ propc rI:' •.rhar I;:". acq LI i reo 8 pl'O I"N LLlgrlLl'i '0' t' rna r F' II~g, '". ith rl1'g;'! rd . [0 rt: ~'I th r r ~"e rel c r [0 SOnlC' .. el usi ~'t.. t 11';) U 1Il:.1 (l:i kC' t hoe H (."l( M.:. l, st} v hose unl-carablc rurh 15 char we our-elves nre ':-n-Jn':-)pnn~ihl or ~t" or we
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rl y 19S (l ~, t( srrnu I.t.ri n,g eh c i r rr~ ~i~'(,.·t~l t! LJ Lg 'I,he" (; f) R uuo u .I.. i.lld O~' rnu S i licon V,II ley of rht Eastern Ell ropen I~ \..fl~j.a IIsl' bloc, we L~ un ut Ci )ki rhe w same LlU pression of <1 uugicomic .g.t p bL~t"''''·~C]i ~'nrH~ r.it! ';':"(11HIl.!'!U ~ wb i[.:: dH.·Y .~ \1I,'oI.'n' '~lIlly :1WLlT{: rhar d.igi~:;di"MlmJ: W;l~ ihe ..v,l) o~ rhe hnm'f', they approached it IH rerrns of rllt' old :S{l':;~~ll~~I' lowe of 1.lI,du'iul,;l i,ld.IIEIIHf1;, their very word s betrayed the tacr (h ;':I,t t'h.L'), J ul rmt U~~ dersraud ,,,'b;~! VII j S rl·~ll y goi ng on, the socia I con seq ucn ce~ 0 r "h}!,ll:.! b~.~ n. ~ ~H.I :! 10 ~'1·l'V'('j[ doc So capira lism n..:.~II}" p rw ..i(~.;,: t'hc .. n.s t m;M I" f raeuc 0 Frcl a~]tlH:-:' ~ of [~r(lJu.ction for the d~~~t'.ll \Hli,,;~~r~': I..:: f+~("rt" ~iflt ;d'i-(~. 111 rhe W'o.'ld ~'h~e \l{icb • .::L1l explosive potential for .;_JPI[~I.~~'I'II i!~df,~ [:.:; fmn, 11'11::' 1t::''!-;OlL ~}f rhc ~\·ii(,:r'l'mft !l1'nl'1l0Tm~y rn~i!;dy d~~· I~mlll.,t om,:: lll"'~(!;lLJ figIHi,i\~ ut rlus rnenopo Iy through t he sta t I;' ;;"lip:;t '~;;L 1 LLS (tf'~l1I("mhf: r rh f: co i II~I' -ordered p split ling-up of the ;\ Iicrosofr Corpor ation J, W()U ld !t not be IU~ )!!"l' ... ]U~L"',i,\ l;:.;;imply ~n nCUimI(llr;::(" it, Hl:jilkln.!t ,it fn.:t,j)l ~"Lcct,:~..;;ib],::.'?!~·':";~) '[[Jd:ll~', I, ;HH rhus h~lil pt't!d t u' P:IL'I':;rpIinh~ J.~ n i ~1":- v.~.:I]-kl"IiOW [; dO~,l.1l .• S(M.: I~ lm~ Ili - I,!],.,_'.u: i.'H~.;.::.!I,· .. t i,r::q~ + rhl;: pm'Wi;: I." t)'F the: :-;,~,-],["It:\"; .... _ 'S'l.K~:L 1!~11,l= fn·r. nco..: ~s 1,0 !be 111H: rJle[ + lire- iN WR~7" :;;f wie'i:;:' C llw .;;ecr ~[~dto h_, l"fIelH i~ L ~ LL":i a I. ,~i 'I!l..:c It :;.peCl'~i e:<: &
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courrnl ~)V(_·I uur ~l:lll:"[ \.. ki!~l'~~that is hy an [) ttCiI" i1o (lone can r~·t~l"'~~ ~ pnn: i yo·u ......ltl 14) be L: LI'I'f!d 4)f G1 fleer. d l:;,ij fWl t·". :\ II hotl mer's ... i" \,,"a,.lot pol if i·a ~ia[J~ a ('II.:' J[l.~.b]l~ sue h .'::...iii.: n rific" prmn i,:,.r::-:.. ho ............• ..,1..: it· U li:;j.~~ t henrsclvc ~ . ·r'l:t r.r"r!l<1iH' II [~.;_o~}IJ' :;.('I!. p'l:i,c:lI I. otreu El'IIl ph;l ~L7LJll~ The need tor ·dcc i ~I on ~ W be C"'!:,Kht'd T Irr'()~ I 1-\11 a wider socia i comri1.:1 isus. The- 1Iit i I n~Lh.·1':1'011 le I ~1of :L:,C'IlC't c Il~~il1et'rll1g I i L!~ Iiot ut i rs III p red leta h lc ic cnll"'rtl\l...:n,;,:.,;~ ('Ii'" h,;H j. we c rea re rnon stt' r::.o- I'OT t"";'1 mplc, h urnam- with no sense of ruora] rl;!~q Ol'.'; i b LIiIy?) b u!I. mJl the 1,\' J;' I.m~'I!Jle l'- c rl~iJlt'{'fLn~ fu n"h· r menrnllv ;'1ffC'i;tIi our notion f education: 1[1<;1t·:1,..1 L.tt cduc ..m 1~ .1 child M he : <1 good ··mui:J.Lciall, will ir he po srhh, W nl.!lllp~~I.'ll~ h~~ ~II' ht·1' gr.:r1c'> ~u Ihu[ he Of she "!,;viU ~.w "s pmH.Ull:U Li~h'" i 11C.'itI1l::J W'Ii-\;:i nhi :i bl u·:ii.;,_,? ~ n:='i';" ~1d r)t' 1!1;:;;( i n i.r!f!; in ;:'J cll ild ;1 sense nt discip Ii nr, will iI I.,~·O~"'Lble (0 nuuu pula rl' hi ~ p or her ~CDlt:~~.o IH:ll: he 'M ~ht' will ~~p'uIH.mi.·oLJ!.I~ ._ LC'IlJ to ()h.,.:y t,rJI..:'C'-::'!One ('!of the 111.mt mgbml~lfish pm<;.p· -t!'O o])l'I1(!CiLIP hy C"i1(' idenrihconon nr the ge,mm· I rhar of a ]);...IJ\ warlarc I~I, 1 V'I rll :l::.~l(eIll..:" · meaning ... w the notion ()f "cthn«; cleansing". i is ",;(,1] kmm'rl (;llLboLlgli nor "..iclclr / rq-m-rtcd) t ~l;H :-.c(,'fel a rruy ai{'n..: ir;.; all OH:'T t he world ;1L'(J' ,~lre ad}' uvi rig t he l:;:uc-.~t lmlgil'lLt! ric result t~~ eX!J eri IIl'l!lIl W I th lerh a] ...hemical su b-su u~·(·~ ..... -hi.;;li, wli.C!ll ·d i s.semi n.ltt"d. ...,-ij II ,df(T ~mil' rllL'm bC'f S 1)[ ;Ji (e-rr:ml c'l'h I'll ic J:!.ruup. Tht' ..:.im,1[ion h~n' i5 r:;~Ji(;~II~'flp~!n - if ~WCIo (,'l.~s."it;" nl' pt"t}pl~ .v.m dtl;1 II r .,,: q~.C' til l' .. JHU u1'aJ Iy btJ rn" ~)~I,t·:; ;ll:ld [h~.:f,{'11 ttl'''' Ily 1'11;'1 m r I ~. rill: I C' I.'lte-d ('in~'~, if is 1l0( ('vC'n de~r Hl ::1dv~n.;;~· 'I" .. ·!tH.'h dn..:;s \!t'ill O(Cl'IP)" the hl~lwr 1C'....r; I ill [hI.! S . cia] Ilh:mr(:hv: will dw "11,][ u r.;.! 1:-.," t um.i J.f.' r tI Ll' m.:m i p'~II.J J It; 0[1l!:-:' ;Hi H&t"5 l' [uo1s., n 01 tTu Iy f:ree hcmg ., nil' 'VIJI rh-c nm" h m nn.' pt·rr1."L;1' ma 11i ['tu I rl (ltd on (:S ,,:on ",i J'lT ,. n ill ~J r .11;,." ..Ii ~ he-l ...) 11~Ing to iJ lo",~,·o:.::r m ~ n f n t!-'I' U 1ur O()J1? S () rhe ifn1,g~k :\h(~.l h!i':" nf' gLJ;l;' ~ n r<fed ,'Uh:o(ll1ll (" - ii wi II nm t n )11~ ~I~ d J,.... it'll ;Hl un IHt:I..:{"(kHWd r'Ioi,:!l;,."d w .~t.l~ :"1] LC'·L· H \.\,'ll ":OLkT L'I1 Il ot (J III~ .1 ['101'::'" i mode 0. r!"I(l,,~uninn. but :1, T.:Id..ell ruphLt(· i[l wh;:)1l' it fHr .. r" tn Iw .1 l:lLm'~lil w bem g. J ~ '1 oda y, ...... (";1 11 ::'L I re(L~r (j I'i.t:(: r'il [ht:' "I~ 11"; ot a kin d (~I~l'l H,:::r.<lI I.Lll!:;! ~::i~ 't· - nX.'<JJH dll' ~l'ric~ I.J' pr()tt::o;~~IHU dl}' ilS(t:d li,nd".:r rn(' n.. n~: :·SL·.lIrdt.!'-, Tbe H
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r h~j:-;t_. wh Ct wan ( Ill:o:.r rhr;,' ~qui [C 8lk·o;,l~ I;~ rl:"Iy 11 arned I .. Ne\,,;' .)~xjal Move mcnrs" i!i rhv same a:!lotlt~: J.'1"';Oh~IIS"iUhWt:r to tin' C~njlld.'i I..:umprmni~u: .. Y m i "'\':l1l ~ I'l"'olm i ('J n w rrh n.~H· ., :rC'VQ I U non ~:.-o T nd.l}"~ di If'm 111ill i", tho.c. ~:h~n;;: arc '[ ...... w;~Y'j, (,1 pen f1.) I So( I>.,.:iu uical en "".~~("'Ill e nt: ei rher r I~~ dH: _ganfU;: a.~ 0 p(.d rhe ... srern, ('liJ~~g(' III d~L' "rong 11'11;u(b rhl'uIJgh the insriuniur»,", y [_~rbecome active 1[1 IIC;"'~'social movements, trorn femHlisl11 through Ixol.ogr rn amit ~Hj ~I u. 1\ 11d. ;) ~~1~1 d~ 1 i III I t of l hnl: .1Io v (~rilt: nts i.s rhar .. i ~ I.! !hot:\' arc not p~~liricnl In . +w sense ~-,' dH!' l lnrvcrsa I S.1H~U.l.U: ttl ry ~H'L' '." i·ngl('-is5.u£: I 11.1u ,.·,L·J[l'l!! I t~" \iI,' h ich J.i:I.;..J. rh L' ,1.1 i HI~·rh i 0 11 () f LJ I ~J "'1;: r-.,[.l iI ~y - I holT is, !I ~ O:;~1, !they r do. [j·n [ ,[,..,1~I;1'(' t4) rho(' o;;O(,lJJ I total·i ty.

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t ' ., IS a I'yl r I'd uno.:-: ...... .11,,: ila[ H.ahL'rma~ nee s. ~]cn.: I~ ."iJ H ~'~ch Lock i an ~e~'S.j)n (fl'Jl;lo:,'! I ~bt.'m" I r IlI: 0:; he0.1,': k' 5 c.: h.i m ~h;;t~,il fi IIII ~5 only;] 50 Im·e I'o;::q in,g ::~" I to; nl;;( in (''Iii I ,.:-na L;~.('t("'r), r) l':;;n'Lls:=;.i11~ the" ror.aI i r;ui.tn" de,u:lioc-k .l~ ;1 Il1c·rc ~:(}ntillgr;:m Jt:WI.J.i' 1(!,:3"'I;,!~ l~~ \I/,oidliJ 4..:umfor(;:)bJt·~ , bru~. ultim<llt'l~ly i~1JPot.("nl, r'l<;;j ('i on () f ":;OIHL"Om.' who. Lm pr'Fit u rh('d hy rh (' C'lt;] ~rr{'ip ht"~ atmmU him_ dinf!;~ to rht.: f)hll' 1".11inn,111't~' of rht' IJIH'ile~se,
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The promise n· he- ·S~~VI:1"I(''!l ovement m lie 1Jl. , he act rhat I'L i!:. rhL:' vcr~: op pns,n:e <0 f j [~ usua l med I~ dt, s i ~n,HI~ J 11 ~ II t' .. ~IH~ ·gl.~ i:or.H i m1 p n ~[I..::'o.t" ): H 1 ~h;·d i~ I ]U~ f1 r:!oot'k e rnr I 0 f .J nev.... ?tobaJ rnovcrnv r nt, ~lo bul \l!,lj rh r".:~::l d W J[ ~ r (,OfHC'.Il( (ir aims ;.H a Sl~~b:ll L:oHhmH;;Hion with 'Lo()(.!ay\ c;~~,.itali ..m) a .. ~"'dJ ,a., I~ . i;(~~mIn' ~s J J1;lobaJ movement. ,"I I~whil~.· inrernntional network rl'<HJ~' to i11rcrveue nil' . where rl'tJilJ I SI;.:aule ro T"n.lguo:.:-~.~[ j,... In U LC: ... l-al tI ~,i'!ri do -'glor.:ll captr.tlism , $mCr;' rt hr~ng~Hl'l:l'l 'ff to" g:~~n(' 'ir~ v I~rim:r;;- Ih,,~ I", tho,>" \,II~~ excluded rrom capitalist glohahz<.HLoll. <~s well <iii'. those ....... arc are hi.) included i[] a way ,...lll:kh n:d.I!H . :C.~ them ro pwlt"I.,1ri;1IIJ 1L1I.... .1"': I\:'dmps r L'.r~· "ill n~IId f;1 k e- f he risk h ert· nf :;11 pph i'll~= I ll,;j:,eh nld ~.tr,;t i 11cri nn h~' wee n i 1.:;1. bsrracr" a L'lJ ,. cone rcre" 1,,1rl ivc rsa I it')'; ;':<1 p ual i sr .j!!.~o al LJ'.a non h I" ..;a bstrac t ", {UL:w,:;(~ ,UI~ l.hl.' :r.1~!"!Cl:.llal l' runvu ILloL:'lH. of C:l]l!t:9 l~ ~..:hr:.:f(';"I!." !·IH' i 'j,' .,~e;'!l ~le movement ..:;t.md$ 'fo r ··c.,·nillol.T('t~· u !11 '1,.'.' r";"Ii i tr "', hnth fC111"Tilt" rorul try r v[ global capitalism (mil for it~ excluded darl, :-,iJt:'. Tilt' "'l,a/II. of "':-;~pLL:'t I~:--.I Bloba lizai ion is bC§1 ex L"iU plLfi ed hy ehc ~:L:tOry III J \I ne 2 no 1 0 f t he H lI,~5 ian i I) II": Il~r,jJ I ()hh}" r 1,'1,,' b i1J~ frm:..:J thl,.· rl i. fl1l'~'!i .'..; d cci -;;_()Il t hat R..m." .... u ld i;1 ~, imp ort nuclear \1,:LlSH~' from developed \'(,'estern cou nrr i!..!~~. H ere, Lc 11i n:-,: IiCl'1iI'C) ach W I~bt: I-;~ 1':-;. i:.. ~ rue i r& t he.:~· rnr n"1y r-x P In ir the wo~ k I I'lg d~.:;s.e~' ... ;(:011~,ent ('(:, q r~nf!;~hl'll ~hci r pC~'iL(]On ~'I$-,~·! 'IS, rho€' COil'; er 11 va 'Li "l'S, .i ~lstCild uf ~Jt'm iJoy i [lg Vr. it h t1 EO the Pl..'fn.LI'~ I h ~ mH ;.! I:"[J HUI: (_~f h'i., md3(r. Ldr lil ~[,.11s.? Tbey ILki:.'" ~o C' ...·okc 1·"';';I:<;Jll, ,,;:;olo~y .. "Ir."ol"k("f':!" r;ri("'v ~l,llr.,.es., ~rHl :'f) orl. W ~,,.:HrtpU'int~ (Wl'r till' ... ·~m~t':r..H.I·..'~:o. - wUhow 1..'Ij(fiJP~g,fJ". ., iJr,~ rht-' sySI(~m. Hem~'L'l1bl'r hO'l"J. ill SclLrlt:', [5,LII. C~.irH[J1l IW'I~~,_:lf Lh...r,ly r,rferrN [0 Ihe I (OI:es.re'l's on [hI.' 'illc,."'l:i!': ou :-;H.!(', rL'minding rh~' :Jr..cmhkd ka J L! 1':-' LW, i~L" ~ Iw 1!,1I;;tn..l~d p~ ~m·t"~ f'tLl( th4..·Y ::.b~m 1d lis-rul Q n rbt' Jem 0&'1 I !i t r...to n=;' mN:5~\:v.c I: t he mCi~illgt.' ..-. h[d~~!;J I' '1.:01.1 !.t\ Cl i.! 11~H1 LJl te r p I'd L:J., r:,h: rri .... r: i n ~ i i[ 4 rt it.::. .:;~]..,v·r-;:;j·.. e '::iT j I:1g. wh ich h f' ;~n'n, ,",.Il I ~!!"d m th· dal1 ~('Tnw:; (''Xt r~r:1lus(", .· lm.rod iJCI nj'!:, L h~ OS :t~ ~(l 'iJ lo~c.::n.,;c im Ij t bot: lJ1 <l i,ur,i'[ y ,ul'pL:.a,;_·t: ~L11. P j'( ~!'t! :,:[er:.l)" ~lIS Clillmm·!-i.q!l~~ :st.l!l("oC hun dC'i.l·lopt:'d il'HU .al~ d;[botatc "GLrrnr·,lIld -st Ick .:::t[;.:u:egy f ('om;ll ilIl:le"n (~ 0'11. f h(· on.~.'h~H~d, r:\ T~ni.lI~~h(' non 'i n,n '[ h.H p~~ dl!l..:J'!..!j ~ a J 3 .. k .\:tH Xl:' [ P~()~ I~~ llg bl' b il'l,d I'[); 011 t h(: o[h-L:r lund .. IJI <. ; t: n o~l.. rki n(HH:- NhC'[ than HeritlS<'O[1l pJ'O'I.'idc-d t.uoJ ;~~~d :;;iH:ht"1" Inr rlll:! 'Hl[·l-~Ioluli. zation c.h:mnn:=::uafm" - on condlru:rlI c·b:1·· rhey ;~~14:Il::lVed properly". and dId I it)1 lj i ::.tu.-b til ~ oHl.;.:iJ I I,;v~n t. It i~ dH.: ~·iHlli.': 1iVi.l:h ,11 ~ ~,t.: W Sm ..Ld I .i\,lH .... C'~lLL' I I[."i,. lip iO ill C Z.l p~n i sr~ls. in eb i ~l }O s:~ C !1t,~ b<;]unll;'!l r [I;'.~ h·,:~ y::;; ['Cady fO .~~j:SH~n t u ] b rhel j' tjem;'i.1 Ld.:-.'~.... .Io1;"pm.'ng t h l;_·rH 0 f !:n l' I r pn.~pcr pnli ric ~4[ s [tug, rh.1:" sys.r{·Jl"I i i!1. h ~' clcfi Dlilion t"C L1I1lIt"u,i..:al.. upt: n ~ w It:L.ann. n.~.LJy !O I i~tll;'rl" tu .,lI - ~.','..... if 11 yo U Ins i SL 1]13 rOll r th·rn lHl d ~. d1L'Y iHf' de: ['n'l vcd nf ~hci I' Llil i 'I,·U~.~ po] i~ 1 ~C'j] :-::rHlg b:r' rht" \"~Ty fo I'm of rh:go'[ i ~HH)Jl. The rru e ''1'1'11 d \XI .:1~ \\' I,c' Ii:it Vt· ti.J Irlf1 k ~
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in \\ H(:!~d come rp terms ;virh rhc poo:;t-rhf'"rmidm·i.ulo epoch ,1Ild nL' dLl~<'c r] thl.'" ol u tiouary I-"<! riod (J f b~)uI'g~C) i!:o Jl"'(: lupmc II!.: .111J ht: build..;; i I phI=-: ph 111)~4":Iphy pr~!"-:t'h ~m an m~J('r'''~';)nJl ~ji dii!1- m~w hlmirl!,::-pHim ill \'1': r) Il"kl ng 11is.tuq. I Li1J.r1 L'"dlll m~ b,-I;, OL I (")I'tLpr~ ~ml~".- WI' h ,IK p. It-ot-'] 'I, COt II i,d1I1 i i.L II H'.J.[i1~'; I lao;' (0;;' 11'1lim.: (.1 itrhful m rh I,.'" ~ ~Id rcvnlutiem ,j rv J(.iof':l.1 l-:of frnflV:':) rill r. " pHil ~ ~ , ~[;~'IOl,.r.lo:.~' ;md i:!> LJn.l!kl'1I b)l :11 reality ...... J1io;.:IL ],,1:5 uo place ktr hi~ iLLI:.Ih., 11~H

II"In -x

1!:~m()I~ d 1(:) h~'~ r I It:· I Jj
hlJl11;jIJTI

.'l·VUJ ut ion.i f)' fH·OIIl,.'>I,,: ["I"
y

~H1~ma J hm ira ri on tlt til, '"'bon rrhc f.lh i t Y (l t i t~ promise o f UIH'J,,'C'I:),:] I t ree dom:
n:gl]!~ ~~'
~lH'

the "r~'LJrh

ot

U'lll\'l'r!;;~ll

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COn1.:r11!l!rC,i::'

and privare

p r'OPL',1Ly, I( we n.!.Hl 1. ILk :iL.:b'!I, 1:.·1 himM~m~~1l r. llJ'f til t' Sralnusr Thermidur, it i m1~t ics (.'1. rgLLbl~' ::oJfF'I ir~ ~t Iu,,: c;[.m,~cm'LL!1. En~1!! rrt ion] an utrcri}' 'pt"-'i:!J; m i.. anriric M,a E"Xsr per; pe'C~ I ve: rlu! pn ll,~·t~~ fI 1'1:' ...'nl ~I! ~n i ['it'.I1 j ~ a 1'-;0 c har:l,cr,eri"ted 'by i n:.!J L~ r I'IC".s.LJli hu ""·(X.!l1 i L.~ ill mury I mmv L;1':0.:;;.1 :~ SS(~rtL(u1 (If freed om. and 'Lhe! I;!Jl~lJjn,~
.1.

I~'"

wake 11i t1[':' In '[ he new relat Lom ot d nrn 11U ti o :i 1'1 d ~.)i pi n~t<:HiOL1. wll i h IllL!',j nx ~h~ [ rh t:: (j)[jumu II~ !-H~)lc.::..,: L (.Ii r~~drzm ' ., ~,~ru'"" Ir~{,Jf 111" tai led, I \\orll~Jt, dH..!11 ~lI"e w'e W d'l ill the!'rl! (,:lrO;;~Hnst.mo!.:e~? T~e problem with those fi!" ...., rot"rl'h.:i.iI' i 1'1 ul'T IK)("I };<;; ,. ~ .('111 i n ~'q ~ Wh(l ~"J;t, h [11,0"{' ;1:;'; if ',",'r;: can snnplv recycle H $
[hI!! u~J Lt!"~l m:!:.m,:111 .. 1 'Oll ri n 1.1,j,;!W ta lk .1bmu Lhe cor ru pl~J leaders ,. berra yal til ~ [he W0tlz I fig ~1 ~f L:iL"'!vL.'':; l"L'V Dill t·U)] La ry i:m pu] ~(~..., i!. th;rt ·i t I~' 'no 'i1 ~jr.J:' clear
i

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'n rhe level n f JHotrry ~l;nd rh f'JU~nL
l

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h ich ~u b [ecuve pn"
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I rJ~JJ I ~l f f'1LI ul.:.'Mrioll

~11 t!)' !:>P;:;":l

k: I ho::·y t' i rher

en r;a~t<

Here Lukacs

rererrin~~ to Jo.,.l<~r~
0

'5 "110 ion

tha

Fi~ttlcll R('.'[)llt,iun

\!,:~m!S the JU!t:{!!i!'i:I.ry

(!JHJm!-..i'.'l'l;ti("

the hero«, po:.:mKI or the ~m'~l kthrougb followed by

the

unheroic

p hase
was
lu

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f Thethe

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t!!: LJ b 1.I~h t I""!~ i.,. LJ'11di t ~01l ')

for ~he

i l:

rol_"~g.I.~u t

u I~ d ehe I,tlll,(! hl·r,n i!i-[l I Ii ex II ot 1111 1111 d Iy d i I1g~n g H1 eh (' in ea.rly n.:',,"'{]I.u [lOIIl.a~'r en ch lI~t:ll ~m, !btl t 11 ~ r'~!CO~' tl"t Uij:.'; ;~thl' ro!:.(' 111rbll: (' ross ~) f the- rn,:-scl\t~ ~ ~tS Hcgc[ liked w p~LJ·,:J:phr:J.:"L: b.L~~H'r - tlwt ii:io. ill aL..J.nJulliJ~g [he [l(Josinon ol rhe !>e.lUl["i(li[ \01..:11, :liH~ hlll~·o:.:(,:(·ptin~ fht· pn::"'l'TU :.10;; o'nly a Tho!" p(Jo~:sihl~ Jljm.ain ut .lcm:a[ fL~L!,Jmlt_ Illtl:'" J[ 'N.i':i Chi!7. "\- Inrr(Jmi~t"" wnh ..n ".'11 reality ,,",,,,·hie&' rll~lhkd Hegel T.f l.~~k(!bis .... TLH;j.lt (lhi'ln:o;;ophiC"ll <itep bot! rgeois economy

(~n.'''Md=
I,m] n

ic.:) I p r~)1H; r1 r L~ i:l kL;t L';~ l p~H.J d ox of rh'l.: I)t'"o [L) ·1'.1 S.... ~J I d-L~,~ U I' W retum to a ~I~t 'oil) , I prc[:J\()Cern .~ ()]",K;:J,llloJ;' ~ t"ommumt~·~I ~1;r t I'om 1 1']13. !'O111l P I'''''' rr,l L:t I nn.;ti ry . 'X.:J r.
j

f h.1~ Ijf IJ ~r(!J('Qm (["j~ the P j',[)W, hI SCLst IIoll4llN ')It ., ~)r~. rm:'" ..:ommty i!l bis !j},Sf em da 5~'u fj'cbkeJ1 [II ~I.JI,U !i-t::n pt,. .Hil) (:ng,~ f!i n~ in .1 d i...:~k'... .1 n:j ~J"~i,,: t'Jof the :;(.ll1li@lW'I:Jl ~ o;;Tll~ ("tf h0_llgeoi.:: ('1\,'IJ '1,CH.'le"ity, iTh,l't m;;; rhe

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build ~mLi.,]i'ifJl 11,::Oo!.·I{. It is, I ( h,'i('Jli~ 11"11:;,hlk:h',,\ :Hl~IYSI:O;; io;; d€E'l'll~r ~1.III?$!fH·i('j I~ Ji ...... 'I, rinen ;a 1,"mlpl(· of alt)u\h~ ,1rL~r ]'rutlJ.k~' ldllH,ht"tl hi~ [h~:-:;I!'i th:.u S'[~lnlii~1tl \,·~L;<, fw Th~nniI dot 0 f rhl..! . lL'L [J ~M."I" R.c·.... lll tinno. Lu k:llo(.f;.'~ r,C':;,,: r s IlOL.J kl til{;'n:;tOTL' I L' I""(! n d :l." ;m n ;,1n5WU '[~) 'II'~ Jf"l k y! J, t' ;~((,·tp~$ T [DiSk~' '.,; ('1-1 ~uaCTen7_~nOll of ~ t;.l ,II ml ':.; Irq=: i[] Ll' ~t -, Tiler nlido]'I~H" S _ ,~, ...i U,Fl. i t ~I,p.osi [i l,'t~l,.... - ~lh,~ ;:;t l'<}J u ~ h-L!HW;Lll i Ilg ~ I(! J loss (H UwpL.tn e Ilerg~, ...... ;,;,hOH~~~, ln :l ~(,'I'oic311 y re~ Lltfl ~d 'W;,) ~1, ;'J ceo:::[It ~1S 01;' l"UH~l'q L1ttlo:..:l:::> a!;,[he 01'11-:.. ,Lo;:[ l.i31 ~ p;iHX of ~oeb I progn.·::;,.,.. ~ hH- ;\b "\~ oj ;t,' 'L1,gc, ~h(;' !'i:o],.l:'.rin~ "'}17! HUIl~ L!.hcr'~ wbi;,:b tt)llu ... rl1!..' 'o·:O:;

a ki nJ ot ~C) in p,'olf.Jlm!':l" ..;;n~I E~Ii Hl, ~~:jrhin th~ -C'!.Jn~[r:illLl~ nl o:.:~I,p'I't.!I.i~m
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I!! J iS-1..:iJ..L!'Os,iull S. n h tl u1 rt' he: p:!!j t (d"CIH011 r;.t r~ tinr, \.... i,h hfm· and where ~'lllU,-C(mHlltHili:.;t .. LC'n!;:mlor.i~h '" L:d",·i ''ff Lc:t'lul; ct .... ill wluch L~L."(! d~cy ::J.1/c~i4.! T.IJ· qLlc!'r.Eum of wI.. , ti.~/hlrl rol)JJll a ·_), ) pt~:rf'I)' hJsu)ri{.~1 mtercst! tb.s m.Jtlc:,j; ,II ,:r.N tnniJ)'; HI', the t:]oJJ:'i:l,!r rhcy l-i."'·f ro conre mp-() r,u}, p01 i!LL;'" rhe elL) -er d~e~ :a re ro a,dc.lpT. iI'll;;' ~ pu re I~' 1:;1 r ion i~~ 10..: P o~~ wh ich \htl:~,l !en!;. J H ~ f)J Li!!, \l;1'1H.'"F'1, i 1"1 rn.L" I;'!J:H m0i"1 rb~. .f) t 20 on, rh e L\'[ ~1,('J~o:"'v~( T'f'r.i ~'I'~!!'" U I, St-r+l'I~ ""';il~ . fin<l 11~ wppb.:J; ma n}' M,a,l~ Xj~'[::; IJI Lht!' \X/C'!;'[ l·::'I.!~;o:J ~h o.:! 4 UC':;,l i tHl!, ....'1(,1 h~H \ ;J ~o LI'[ '[ he- .coO a I [HI 11('(' 'v.rh,,)~..: '!orrike.:' Icd [[) d~C' d i,s,n1 p"L lm I ,1.1 I' t he elect r i Lit}' sUf'pl~.. anJ '[hu.:;.. III l:t' 1.:":[, hj"ou!:!:hr M,il(~. 'VI,e d~,""n: W'a:.. rh:u fWT a *!iHlme L \oll/orkers' mOV('mcL"l[~ ,,,,b,idt ,vas. rhcf1 m~lflipLEhHl'J by _he pO~i.~Luam"·,.... . bo were TiI<l:t10n3JIs.rs Of c()rrLlp~ed by dH' . IA:'~' rile :;"11111:' sytnpr )I"H:Hit' poillt 1:1lt;;: r~:I..'~ .J p wpu!"> oj ~...' vt:"r) HI..: '.\ :"'l}(!i<11 uphl:d!'" a I 11 i b: tbe ... n'[O::l:!,li:,L[:ii.m LJ f b,.,.i I~I!'":ll ~nc: i;J Ii.::.m ["en )-('."t F'io, .. gn); ; Il (,::l.r[~ 0 f rn("sl! (' .:lsC's., rney Ld eJuj fy 30_ 'me ..~'ork In g-('hu,!:' nww Ill.e In wn t'!.: h aHt.:"gcd I r di~pl.a yed ~1'['rue r~vol miD Il<lJY or, at lea ~[. So(:i.a li ~t - pO("l"m i ~lJ, b LIt '\''1/.15fir!:l.[ cxp 1ui'lt"d <lHU '[lilt: tI bcmwc-d by r!"f~-(';] piu h"'t ;"I n d/or n;«n,fm~lll:'o:i rn,rtor.. ln h I:'; INa}'. we C~l contin u r to n dr~''LHn rh.. : R,,::"!'"o!utiun 16 w~md tht: .... H :orni:..~r:all we Ill'CJ I::. '[he <luther nb I-t.!.,.dcl'shlp \.... bich '~vollM he ~'Ilblc m or~~l;lliz: 111(' .... '·ocKer::;' r('voIHt.Jml~r)' IJ~JI~t:miaJ. [r wt'" (.,]J1l htlicl,'(: Its 11I11..'mbt'TS, So]idamo'~c w< ~ on~ini:llly a wLuh·p;' d{!mo~r.1tiL;-:s~)ci.('di:,.c' IW)V(,"I'l1l'!1 ',. I'Hcr "bl'(r~l,y-e(J" by m't~l[!'sdl!l~hiJjI, wi1Ul;:n ,,,,'[1'" (.:n~Tl.Lp~,'{! tfw Ch!m'h rlfld :thc: CI Ahoy .~ hoJ:rt! L~, uf ..;ou r~o:.!, .Im I;! h:!I'1~Ii.:!HI 4) r t ru t h IH ~h i~ O"IiVP 1'(~::!I:ch! ~he L.II1c~In.;)J.[,e i r<lJ1ty crf t I~(." i !1.~l1~{:gnl ti~ [1-1 Com ~m.ln i:-.m ' ....I!. t h:ll. tbc g.i'l:.a r r~eyol[s (the d m ; (;])i~ 1111 I-:J'U.~ l-hJI"I~~:l!'"y iri ~~)(I: )o!id,:~riay 1:11 I'o-iandj weft' u:dgulally U/()T,t::a:;' LlI,'tl':i.i[]:!!_'i whIch n[lly l.Hcr p: 'h'L!t.1!bt.' ''.'.;}y for mhc d"5SRO:: «~l1Itir.lu.!J'i:Hdvc:-s.

admirable

eruduion

IH.'V(HUHl):-.J

AT Hll

CATL::. h ()\\' rh i~

·Id

J Li.:. \.\; 0

K u:

I. t: ~ I 1\ '.."

l. l u H. I'

the "exrcrnal" c.:-n{"m}" the n!'!;inll' ~[)t :'I mC:';:;':lJ.;!,: "J out Lt:r.. t":ill~lt·~·from those whom these ~\... «irkcrs' and 1'~8~~iHS' :"t~H~"i" evoked ~~ their (~v.;lj .... ()t,."iLll h<l"l', This vcrv fan, I.I~ I'C'-; al ~t) d~! J1rmst r~tot"!i. ~n.....ilt: ",.. k ers" r("~'(1I~' lack cd ;1ny ~1I hsta nt i ill )WI..! I h t . 'ur socia ILS:! cornm UfTrJII,,'n in ;1]1 ';;1":;C"~. once d,,~' rrmvcmc nt ('~ pi Clod cd, i t ~iI,·.l'" I"~ . ,m()u~,h]); h ~:~nl(_)IU£.t:J b~' l he ~l,(I m.l.ud ...bou r~';"IJ is" id •• lug v I(:"0 Iineal .o t rl~I..!J(~~h, !)ri vnte p rope r~}") nari [lin.')~ .<;oH~n;'igrlty, rrc. J, I'lus frlY~~("nOtl::io workmg d;;ll"':;';whn.;;o::' revolunonarv thrust is. repcnredlv L hwan~d by [["C:;tr,;herolJs uanonalist and/or li bera l poliricia us i~ fe-r if,~) ()J the :'>mm.' of the rcrna in in~ Trn~",k)'i :-01;-', 1;"1, esc :l ... I ]-I hl( cr lill'" nf roda ~r'", -tu,~ i'vtu'XiS,l'li - the singular point of disavowal which enables them [0 sustain their overall intcrprctarion of rhc stare of things, Their Icnshisr Jixuriou 011. , he old Marxisr-Lcninist frarnewor . 1'<; exact OPf1f)">'itc ot rhc t..-."hi()lub'le till' t,.d~ ahmH "I~""N paradigrns", about Iw'o\' wr should I.t',l.'o''l:" behind old .... zorn hi I!-COIll(,;" 'pt!'o; '" like '''''0 r 1: iTli!~ d~s .., ~~ <;;n nn - the r"NO C om pic rncnrarv li!d wa ys 0 t avoi d iB~ rhe df.:Jrt tu 1hili k t 11,;,:-~ l'W which L:--..'nn;rl}:!.lIl~ (4 xla v, The ~ fLI!"~ t h i 1l,H;!n do hC'1"C I~ W 'L:anCol~ t'b i!-. d i ~~1 ..... I hy fu Uy a d m itt i rlb eb ~H rh is l 1 vo ·~~ "aurheneic" .. ,orbing d:'I,SS; $lrJir~Y df)VS not (',\"jM,..!:IJJ And if we add m this " pns Irion Io ur further lJH ~!S,. ''''1.: !;l:t:t (3 pre [l ~ clea r picture of the ~~HJ P J:"t:"J i(,jI!ment cd' roday \. !.I..!tt: t f.u: ~~o;.:t;""'rt':l11<1.:('(~f C ulru I~.ill \Vi;l r.;; (fc m in ~-.:t, g,t y, ,11U i" Ir,a,eb.r, ele., rm.. ldcul~llr;ll;""I' u .,tru!-";,glt's) ;::)~ tnc.' domm'l.llt [CHam or c n1J11~('i p.HO,L'y . ol,i riC's.! !hl' r~~ ,;,h:: 11 ':i i\:c- s~", Il";C 0 ( prO(l'!,."{ ing tht· ~'LL i'1..' , ("rdy ~ II me-nr<:;of (he \t,reHare \r:1[. ~ lhil'" IJ;LlVL' ~wlld in r;:~·h(''--<"ornn'"!lmi<.;m ~ih(' ide .... tll.H ~hr.: ne w mC"!.Ha at!.: Ji ~;:......:!1Y i.:.r'l;;'! ~1L~ ~;~md i [i Or]S f'U[ L~ 11rV.' <jj U t ht'"mK t ,onmmullfi ry I; .;jJ n d ~final ~y rh!? Th'ird ,'il;'1 y .. GJ r i,tul;lIt i em L~$d f. tr-t' U 5.. i U 5 [ hop!..' rh L'I C rhr.' IP'r-t~rnt ami ~~~oha~i7.anOll III tt'l' L' nlO:;;11 \'!i i II ~ rod UI.:r.:- a 11 r.:-~'V J i mcn· t rH s.io[) by, finally~ '1Jg...1.in ('(joEl 'ci: i'lig or" o..:;lp,i~,:di~m lJC"ithL.'F ."'... 1 ~o]u'(iol.1 nor <l~ flTU: f~ t th (' riif) b Ilcms, bll":;H t1~e- pro bIf'lil i't "d f. Th~" refct:It, nct: [Q Lt'ni L1 sholLi ld ~f\'t! ;,l ~ t hI;! ~igll i fi"'~r u f the c."Hon toO b rl'JJ k th(" ~·i,r;iOI/,H r;:if";].!; o~ ~h('sc Llise f)pmjtJH . TJu:.: tir'it dung 'rn dn i", to i.cM'll to() dcr..:odr.: thr.: wa'~ tllr.: bas.ic rl)ll~it:al ~onUj r Cot"l!lllHf''';' 1'0 funniol1 8" tl1l' <';C(f('T .. poi I1t' of felc.' r~'~(;t· of eve L"I So('o:,: nn ill!g1 r "',~ pt)lL~.K';.'I.]" ,:1.11 ~,;L~()11 isms, L~.,t 'us rake' J(rzysZ'tO- Kiol?~~m "Ski\ l)U .... ... ,'ogur. ;1 .. [!riil,'~ .::nmpi.:,:110~1'" f('!lr it'" ,~poJ i~io:;,tJ" ~taJl!,,::r;:: Lh'!: '1r::.t dl mng '[h.u . Hm kt:':.. d a(~ ~'i~"Vr;-r wlm i~ ,J""<1fl' 0 f ~ I:~l(. hi"tormC;l1 ·irnlm ..~~m(('~ in which Dt,>cl:io ... lJul!' W.I!i !iholl: i!i. the t'nt.i~l ah ..."rKr of ,1,'11Yrdt"J:l:m:e w polincs; ;;)lrhmJ~h {h~ ~el"ut:~ w;;llS ",ILO~ Irl ~Ill" Inost ( 'lLurhu It,:'rlt pi;: riod ~A PQst- \'1(,'0 rlJ \V ~lf n P'u I..~h hh1~JJ"")' p,he ~,I.;I[L! ~j f ~,~IH~rgol.'I1o;,;y i ill ~~u~~d {~4:n-l~r;1j.., r'l7t-i<d .. i'~ CO~IP d ·.etlH ~11 ord e I' '! 0 ~ u d" :s(] Ild~,n't!· h} I J,
CUllllnmlL~!" IIH]'in~l[lil."IH~ .~~IL;nllHbill~~ to
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very ;,1\ 'mi.b Ilet' (If ex r I icrt po Ii (JCIJ'.;H H III wa ... 'i n irs iPli'tj I er hisro rical conrevr, .1 political }!;(! .... turc par cxcrlienc« - !IH' j.l;L.·SHIf~' of lI'iI;!it:..:ting not oli1tiy rh c ru Img ( () mm mll 'i t n"HiT1lf' h ut ,11~o rhe "clJ!1""i i d("IH" 0 P posirion, a r J!.: ast III j b (I i:b~il,. anri- G) I n rnun i s r form, F u rrher ill o re, t he poli rlea I dimen sion i:,: not "'l!"il["j.~y .;}b enr, hllt ~;r(Jivd~,1 erased: Iii ~o (,,... .,]5 the conflict between scsence and religlull m Dec .J(!gm~ I is rhe encoded tOil"nHl~;;]jtin!l (1 the liuM ica! 3H u~ II..! ~}I..!hv cvn {":::o ....icn ti fi ." a (bci~.tI ():,,1 I ruuunise- a nd (rdl,l:!:iou , Sen Iid;iII"it~· d j.;;;suie[H ~".::u! t hI? catastro phc in w Ilm.;:11sci en re and n~~'iJiion su s... PC:LlJ .::<1": h t~!h e I' ;-11 1~)\lIl".:(,:,~ rhc depol it i c il.;:U i nn felf the umverse (~f rhe n D,,'CLII(,gIH', ~~lil'll~t:!tlon tn the- 'world uf [lllJdk d,lS5 privacy, ..... il!'. rypical irh rrau rna-, (et h i cal cb [)I~'\""', fldelitr ~ a borrion J. From hut.:" I urn tempted to return ['1..1' Kle::..lm ..,<;kl\ earlier fJ'lhld Charl';/!rhrs is rh e r~iI~\; 'i Eu ry Iin r, Wil[C'k runs rn C~H'L.:h ,1 ~1I";1II1, TI."HCL' Y;i '-L~~II: I i nn:o-; ~ol,lr.J 0 n h o'W ,\l1;l:h' ~~ seem i rtglr ban al 'ill CU,i t;' m co ul J m llue no, rhe rest of 'L"" his life. One: boL' C~lh.:hO:;5 ~hc train, mcct s an hlJl~t:'~l f.lInrillllll·st. and bl',,:oDnl;!~ C a Parry ;;lC{n ~sr I·Wll'1ll·Jf. '~.... vo: while mnmflig f.or rhe rrnm, he' knocks dCJoWI'1 a rai h~'.;l) ~LJ.H'o:..l. ·i>; ,m'(,"o.;,t,t:d, brought co [i'1,11 <1 nd se In;;.::nr.:cd to u n pa i d la ow 1,1' ill .1 park, where 1;[' meers vomcorte lruill Lhe: oppmiflnn, le, in ruru, becomes ;:lI milir~lll! di::"'iltkll , Three: he ~ll1rl.y Inl""'O::-~ rhe tram, returns rn hJ5 im'l:HIIIHL~J ~!lIJUC:Li~ 111:'If.-i,(':S ~1 fdlmv smdt:1U ,wJ ka~h .1 PI..!:JJ(:l"fLLJ lifo!: .a_';. ::J, J()cror ~m'wiI] i il:G to:) ~.~,("~ nil i x~'d up in pt-:di!·,ics. I-h' L:-> snU oil h ro;] d w ~ ~}'In p;l)::.i um; rhl~pia I~~ h(_!' i~ OlL r.:x p,1()ljC'~ in 1111e.l;:1 H. _ . . II'I :"[.1 f~H ail- rh~ Je aJ!~ i r(';'!lsons. ['0 CLuill d1;1f" rI'H! only "tnl(,'" stQl'y is [he d'IH.I. rllrlt' (~'h(' first [\",'iJ hi,.' i [lg i lJ:--,1; W' i re k ':.. h ~I J U(1l1 ::'ltl!:"·d .a It't'Tn ill rives. 'leV he 1'1 he I":; ,1,pprn.:H: h iTll~ de.;:! rh I. ~hc film indL(i.H'L'!:itl:~o::[!.~C,ll,]<1; ir1~o pl"ivllcy ;Ji(tu' lh;;; dl.:,Ltlluo;.:k (!If ~hr.: :strlL~J ...: he-'ween CommLlllisl ~ ;md dis'i,l(k'nt" - in ,hrrlT Rbl'id Ch(ma' pm'.-idC"s rboe
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~ i 0;;. I;h i..;. (I~ d rL,:Lllr ~:OI11p letc, ..uC' fill' opt i u'r~,., 1'C':111~· h,1.II,~qr:."(l. i;;l ~x 85 rasrro p he Irhoe ht~r'n\ {k.~t h ~ th c' ph'me c I,;t:-;h~ :i>tt m.:; fo In d!(,;:l t'". n {Liln..,:tionill~ .j}.~ ;,] k~I~J t!lf dmulrL:? W'],::1 ~f thc.:-r~ it. ~~fl,jlrlh 0lHI()II~ Ir~polit~.;;il~~tl(m f.~e-)'OP'l.:j 0P-l"o~inf)~~ (~C)1T1mti]l1i~!1l/di5.:::idC"nc(:, rl'u? ~lIrlc. ir:.. :"LJbl;ltl~H~ itJ .1 1 po~t-Co[]ununi:st po:-'~-pUII[~L~!sut.:: I,';'"[) :.:!u. Thi politir.:il.anon i~ I'IO[ imply e:'ol:tcTll;11 t',,,, ~IH' P rCVmoll.l.:o. o[le~ liI::-; ~],;J :oo!-m ~IId, r.t[ Ilt:'f ~ b;;.:' cmlcci,'C'd ~"Ls, dtl: ~~" j I1U(:To,i.:'l-t i 011 0 . the r\'\lO a PP;=iI"l~l1ir] nN]()"'Ut' j:lf) I{"f> 0 f COIn III Ll n is m and dissi· r dL!JKt!. Dn~'Lj,nor D<I.·'t":.,JJu~~u.1.HJ puillt ii, thL~ dirl,.'1;tj,uu. 'with it:io :i.._..;;icty 01 ph d :Ht, II Sij"'i, ,1 kill d ot s,.eacr alii h I..! I L: 1;•.-m]1 mll n i ry, ~h ri "j ng ~mdC"r Soc"i;;l1l ism I'll ~L fW!;(" i i's oldluwo(;u .... 1 ·OI1U( r 'A Hl"iI :f~ )I',,: i ~Il o:.:u~ml F i,t':s ?1.LH t\ It' no~ d~ese phi latt'lis.~, tilL: rl, 'rb~' r:nndc 1 for ()'[hC"~ s.OL'i£''I. LC'!' ~I'I. ..d; lei1 the L.:O 111 nn 1111 ,l I !i P i r i t :'i;1!..1 rv~''it:s, from p~ych~Mr~~~I}"ti,r.: a~"'o("L<ui("loIlS {( '~l.i,lwt:~i\'L~ f ;ll'l-inc,.~~1 :1"'0li~1 al f]'r'~aTli;r.;.lt.itHl .? rL h.::r;l.': i5 yr.:t Ll[]l_lotba a::..!JoD t LO rhi:o.: FI'r.:JI'IL Jdi[~nnl~ •. · ha!-l po:imcu mH

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