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LENIN - Revolution at the Gates (ZIZEK, Slavoj Introduction)

LENIN - Revolution at the Gates (ZIZEK, Slavoj Introduction)

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A Selection of 'Jf.,r ritings [rom February to ()cn 1 er 1917

\l..1.. Lenin

Slavoj .Z.ize~,<


Introduction: Between the Two Revolutions
51~rvO] '
z,!i - .... L

, Lze.IX

The fir5~ publ ic reaction to thr idea of rcac t LJ.Jli:l.~l.g,Len in ~::o:l of ,1.:,,-) U rsc ~ .L n our hill :r"it (lof sa rcasric Iaugh rc r, Ma rx i <; OK - roda y ~ ~V€,f1 on W OLU Ssreer, rhere arc people who rill love him; .\01 arx rhc POC[ of commodit ies - who provided pc rfect descri ptions 'of the (:.:t pi ta lis [ d ynamic, Marx ol C iJ Iiura I itudics, ..,4w portraye J - he- a Iicnarion a rid rei ficarion of ou r da ilv Iives. Btu , Lenin - no, vou can't be serious! Doesn't Lenin stand precrscly for rhe /()ilufc to rut f\·1."~I-xisnlinto practice, for rhe big caruserophe whicb lett LtS rna r k on til I.: whole of t ......nt icth-cen ru r}' world P~)Jit1CS. for the Rca I Soc jot I i:'j[ '1.: C;1\ peri 11 ~o!.·n which r cu lrn i naecd :i fl an coonorn ica llv incffic ic nt dicta torsh ip r $ or) " If rhcre 1'" a consen sus .;;] en g (,;',1 harever rerna i 11 s of} toda y' s r ad i (;.;111.efr, m l It ib t hal .. ill order to resuscita re lhl..: rad ica I pol incal pro] ccr, we s.h.o u IJ k:<lI c v hL~' lcnini ..~ 11!;'_'~l,C~- hch1n II; the rnrhlcss focusing 011 the- class struggle, rAC' P'j Tty as the prrv i (1!xd for In of orgaruzancn, the v iolenr revolutionary ::>1; i ~\I,[C 4.) t power. tbil,.: ensuing '",-,Iicrarorshi p 01 the pro t.: tar iac ~ •• . <1Il'C all chl.""O;_· 1l0~ ·l,nmhir;:'-cor.l{'('pl:!'"' In h~· ~h~lndon('d if chc Ld, i~ In have :;lInr c h~~II('-i,:! in eh t: (-I; '11(1 i ens of ,. post-ind ustnal late capita lisrn? a "! ,11.(:' pro hkHII wi rh t h i 5 ,1'PP;;1,f(·rlrlv "on \,1n~in~ <1rgLLH'.I>ClIH j s thar i~:if nd OfScS, ~~]ItoO I":~~SIy the in hi." rited im agt' of Len III the wise r~'Yof)I uti on a r)' l ea der i '!.~,'ho,. ~ ~:~I;; r formulati ~1g ehe ba aic co-ord ill rues of his rb 0 ughi ,1Iml pI:il .... 'tice j n 'U?ha-J Is to g(:, Dml" ~, ~11V1 ruth lesslv pm51,J ed if he rn ~hE' rea rer, \Vh.t t j f piy there i~another story t be told about Lenin? h i,~ true that roday'v Ld't is. u [l.,J~~.. nilJl~ rh c sh a trc ri I1g ex periencc ) - t be en d of a L1 cnr ire c poch for t 11(" .g pru~rt!-;:!'I''''c:' movement, an experience \"+II("h compel!'. ~i ro reinvent rbe very basic co-ordinates 01 Lboproject - howe- cr, it <.'IU exactly Ju"m,l,,-,lo.t::u~I,~ ex p.r;; rit'llu;~' rh ~~ Kll v~· hi rrh ~il l.cn ini" Ill, I{ rca iI l.en in's ::;;11"1.. when. 0 ill au ~umn l ~ 14.• '1J l1 Europe an Socia I Democrat L(,parties lwith the hon oura Me C'Jo: ccptio I'll "A the R 115'5i ,1]1 l~(Jolshc,:ks .md the Serb Social DCL110Cr:l ts ~ ~1'iJ pte d i ~he .. p:.l,1 riot [(" 1i ne ~- 1 en i '11 even r;hn~~gnt har the 1:'> sue (l V nrwh rts, ~he (,~.iil i l~' 11"':"""':Sp~l pc I' [1 f rh e Germ <1.11 So..;i~~ D IIH,}o;..:r US. ",,' hirh l L re ported how
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by the 1itlllssi'lI'l' secret po-,~i.'cdi['~~:inC'dw t~c~~C"i C' l' he R ~ ~s ian ..... .. r~U.! nil'J'.....i!"'U ... n'J,L..... rlL:"I "1) t [be Etl ro v n '- ontlint •. ,··{~.",1!I1r-1' ne~' era fJ ~ I ,,"'~.r Il.,.... ..

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·.1lI .. Iii" R"'I'J'lli"""ato ~ • ... . ....'... .',,,


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~~t:I f th,,~· kill

'l.1~:1 t rrn 1111 h.~I f, hn-w . di f6-cul ~ i'r Wi1~ (0 reject the notion rhar {J ne should La kc 'Sldtl.~ rn !h~~ ...U[~ 0 rcr, a Eld 'EO flg.l:u ~g_;;]I.iruo t rhe "pa rri ~1.t~~~(',I''j.-mlr" in 'Ollt''.." [1, w rt ~o lUI!: ry! How' mGny gIe-.fl~ minds Ol7ildud~ng. freud) succumbed to the mHlUll;liII'''o1 rentp.... rk(_'T~. []I \~,(1 I.. cO n, even

rhe Sf,lilf~'


me. J :'I~k rOLl t'O pu br s h my nO:-ftl?l')(Iouk ....M arxi srn ,~ in Srock h olm), lr i~ IXl U I !.J ~n ::L blu(! O;:U\·Cf. h' l~ a t"()no::!(~~(lTl

or alJ the quotaricus frOlTI ~1arx & f1i,t:;.~h, likewise [rom }(;i'~lt':'1.ky tlI~:lIi[1;sl): J 9 .l [IUCJwl!'k.. Th(: re ~s. a !3-{! I.'~E'S 'Df iI'..:!'Il:l:_!l ~ h & m.lttl::1. .fo, 1111~10! ~i . I.m~.. ] [hmk with .3. ..... ((·k·:;
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be pu

bh·;:h ed. I: conside
Cuom ..1it iOI1:

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i L im p. .or nor MI ~y Pick h;lJIKII rh i ~ i'5 eesrc 'Ivti':;.:


.'f 0111 t for ~ co u plc II F Wi..!tl:b! k 0 f 1914 w ~S. - ro pllit it m Ab in B;l{hnu'" term ~- a

d(~$tl. f'r"t>, ;~

,C3t1!·'tTOpne in which an cnrare 'l,,'utiddis.a.p~l:'l!r~J; not 0nl~' ,-th. IJyll.1L bOl~r~Ciois f.aith ~n progl'~!iS~ bur .-t1:...n. "h~ :\m':I~II:-..r mO'r'C'm~m wli:lIch ;lL,."COm... pllil ied tr, ~..erllil1ih imsel , t rhe Lenin f1t ~L0(H' I:; r~.I"He l)D~C';;) ~~ ~...;.t h t' ~~Illlu.l l'Lr:I dar his f~l - in h~s desperate rea ... sn rhe rc ts no sa r Lsfact ion, no -tl( 1. t nl~~ 'Pj1f"Jll sot", 111:1:.. moment 0 f V t'r'::'11.1('~R"W.1:s.. tb i.;;; cara srro phe ~c k':;ll~d the nrn ~llld "~t due Lelf'rinist c'!,'CI"I , for brca k i n}~ the evol urion ar~ hi stor ici srn II f ch I,.! r 't'~tJrH.~[]ui[]rlliari'orl~1 arid Lenin · ... till! Olll}! on(' who re~l]ii'<·d thi:-.. the . ·as om I'~ one who arrlculatxd tnt" Truth nr (he ('~mls{~'orhr: Through ~,'~,. moment u:t despalr, the Lenin ""dw, 'iii . .:!. d do!'.t..~ 1.'l:.;)dLll,f; 01 J Iqz,d s t)j."~L, was a bl . ttl ~Hs.eern [he u ru If! C ch;;tJ1ici..!t.or revn lurio Ill, W;] S. h~~rJl. lt is crucial ro emphasize this rdt!'v~~jtt::e of "hlgh [ht:DIY'" fUll" djl;' II;U::;I, cencre tc PRl\~;'dr:al s.rEug,gk nJd'lY, when L!'\'t~JI !-I.uch. ~"LIl oC"ilg,lg,(:d Llltc·llccu.J;ll .:1!:i N II)flln ChQ,m s.k",' ~ike'S to ~md~"r<;c()roe h,nw ut-:J i r~ P0ii"'J;';;l'11 r rb'l·on·t i (::11 k11 mIJI~cJ~~ i Or P,I:'~g:r~~~ "'oC poh [i~ I ~trlJ~j;lc: (~f w ba r bel p is :Jot.,1 d rin~:!: r·[;;H J pJl ilosopb iC:LJ I .;.uild sn(i.rll-th~·(1I"C~ Io;:al Itt!'x t s j 1'1 wd~l ,5 s.~rugglor- agams:t the ~ liIE'ol-ibtf3i~ model 0 gl( b;jJltl~WOJ1? is, I[ IHH [h.u 'Nl' ar-t clealill,g c:·nh~·r \";,'hh O'by~ous f;)Cflio {whic:b ii-LILWb h,l!v~ It~J ~)C .mud!..' pl.Jbl~(~ .as Cho!rJ!'ik;, i... doing in his m.uru.::rou:>o; p~)I·tl~:.1i1 w'Xt'i.', []r ~·,;ilh .;:;uch ,Ul IIl(omprehemihk" ~.~1l1ple:o:itt d\$1 liIilol; t:~ ('mot ~111J~' r~t"H'u.l oiI,lIY [h i liB~ Ii "'~'I.: \V i ~J] t(J ::1 r~uoG ,'~ i ~1::.t !11I~ .lJ~'U'-thiC;;)r'~I-j.::;]l tJ;'lI1f] pt:J tion,. i~ I~ Ii 0 t cl1orl:gh 1:'0 d r;1,w n J;i'Cllli on tn TInllTloJ."nHI'!-i . thc'O rerica.1 pm'e9!.1~)p{ i ~'Ina~,'I h(~~][ k·o:."'E'dom. powl!!r :;)nd :)';'~1,,' i t·t ~, ·w h i.e h :'I h~, ... ,:;' .th(~lln.J. in Cht~m ...k~'·~ pulinot:~d !L!X'[~i \'\.·I.~;;)[ i:::. ;']]l'gLubJ~' more importJ.H!: I:!; ~~Q'~'" rCJ<d~y, p-e,h:ips ~nr thi;! fir~1 :ri[~)_e in the hist ry (l' hUIl'1i'l!nkind. nLlr &:;II1Iy eXj)el"j'ent:c I of blo~'l:'IU.:ti1.:::;. i;:cnl()~)'.• "_·rt"t:['~lXIL'..· a nJ Vint! (! 1 H..{' ..dL~~'J cOt~lIpcls ' 11 uf 'Ln!'.. tn cnntir-on~ h:B!-li.c phi.1 u,sophi(:,1. I is'Su('"5 0' rhe n~nm!' of freedom ;a no hll f11~m Id~~1t U r. a rlc:l s.o on. BjJ(',k ro l~l'llIDl= hi~ .~:.;,f.,If.~· ~iId [~t'[)oIUliuN i~ ~uj(,fh' rclc~,·.u1t '0 th:J!t :sh'lttering e~per i l.'nr;,:L· of , 91. 4 - LIi!11i Ll ~s. ru ~I :stu bj-ecti VI,'" {:,l1g;'l~(·rtl,¢'11t 111 ] I I:;' dll.:"ar F-r.om tthi'S f~I.11'h1'~1.~ I !t!r tot I K ail'lt'n'L:V 'II\! ri t J::t.: n j n ~IJ I r 1 y. 17: I.t::
I 'n'lojr;

t'tlga,_g,ement I::' extreme here, and the kernel o~ the l.eninisr ;;u:i'SC"Srom !:hi:,!.:1s],{·s of the (,:U<Ji~ .rophc u{ 19] 4,. in his, serrling of f rhe ~CCO~ll1is wirh the S.ec[)r~d [TIiU!Tn.H~Olj:~J orthodoxy rhe r.ldic:.,1 iJ:11fR!r,;]J't"ivo:;W s.mh<J.::.;I, the bourgeois !)~i;I,l(·. which mean fh(· state as such~ and to invenr :;'t :r'lie\V L'~)]11n"~m.11socml form ... vithout ::J. !i~:.l.11d.ing ar.my, pu~i(,:(;!·or bureaucracy, in which all could rake part 'in [he :lidHli~lUS~r<1ti('lll 01 ~(Ioci;"l~ marrers .. For Lcn ~'II, rh i~was nm: .11 theeret ical pl'ujt'L:1: h)-I" some d lS[;lJU f ut ~IIC - ~fI October 19 i 7 he 01;; Ii3 irned: "\'11/ e. t:;;'Ii n a i .n nee ser rn rn nn on a star e uppar: ~1[.1S cons [it uti r):!-l, f ten j f not twenty n1l11i (In people ." .Jo 'J his ~~rg,f nf' the n~()ml"J'?t 1'1; the hut J1/Dt,ia, \X"h;1t we should stick [0 is rhe m ulu~~s5 the !)LI·~t;tKicrkcl!-a, .rd.I~'H' (in . en, f'} ()f thi s, Len in i~ tnf~ )pi~ - and, ita rj ~hLn:~. [;,1.1n ism ':;'1' "r!'!!d~ for ::1. [' ru rn ~ i 1:0 rbc re.i Iistic 'o;_'~ji~ll!l'j~)n sen se ", Ir i:s. ~ll1pU~ i Me m I.)vere 'ifi ~11. H- the explosive .

The exrstentinl


pore ru l:'ll .nt T/.7(" Star« (1nd R C"f/oha ion - in til i 5 bo-ok; ...~h.(!- VO-C~lbula J:']' a II ~ gr;:H lima Ir (}t the W·es'[.efl~ (n~.d iti ()n of pol inc:s w'as ;iI! b r!.lpdy d i !ihl"Cn o;;ed.'iN irh .~.-1 Wh.ll fhcn f0I10Wl c] C:lr1 he c.1.11ed - borrowing tho:.' 'Ltd.:!! of A~dll..lSSeii"·s [r.;"'t on .V~:3i;h i~vel J i-ill .~()fir'UJe de J ,b~hle.·= th'l· irne wh f!:i1 .h~: h I] ~tca lJ or S:N'lm.1 .}IO[H:~ 'i! nmgglin& <'l~ll ::;l ~hl! curro:.:!IU il'l 11i own p.a tT)'. \(111tn, III his' a, Api' i I These::;,'" ~I 917:1~ lellj r"i d·i ~(Tncd rh e A ~lgf;nbN(;k~ rhl' uniq uc .hnfil.."t" {or ;,g, [J:"," ( luti01l, hjs. pr pos:~ls w~r(' :firS-I:: mer ..... o.;rlJlpor Of COlt f'mp- by a lolJr'gc Irh [jHl~'1.'J i t:'o" (If his P'lll'i.~·("OI.l~;1~'!JC.s. N'l pf~ r ~[~li Il(~m k ",clef W ilhi 11I he.: Suls.n t.:",:i k I.... r.ry supported h is C~lll t~~ Fi!..'volution. ~ I~d l'~·.rj"vdn fr.tC!,k lJW ~.~..: fd.~tl.;ll r.y [TaO S'fiL'p ot,lf (~i~'50<i:lli.ng mho!! I'ar~y, ::JJnJ [hl';!' o:;:dLwrial h03ri.i J.:'i ~ whole, .tWill Len:i r1 \;. .... r:ri I Theses!o!o - [..oC'n in W.ili s f.at f rtLJrIJD he.: i I1g ~] i1I OpP(:Irl:u.11 is~ flaU'l:II.'~Hg <linJ exp!0i [inll: the: p i."e~',~ill'll g mood ~Tf '~ho:." P()IPU I'ace: his '!'jew:s WtTC' i1 iglll~· id:iosyncl::ttj.;;. itC"gd.;'HlUo,· l:'b~.ra"(('ri:z!l:d the .... prLJ Thcsl,!'s,1' ~l~ .'~~~o!.' Jc.~'liri.l:lII:lJl A of a. nn;:)dman", -;;and .,d.e7ockll Krupsb~,Y:L hC'l!'"~df ('onclLH:I,ed= ''''1mil aft .. id ut loots. .'~ H it:"niL1 has. ~uue (;ra:!:y. " ...



v. J. !Ji'rJ in,


Cf"llll?r""/r'd W.'n~k;;;• .'viWC()W: L~~I~l,r'~s" 1~L1 li-;hC'r~ 191i.j, b f:!'um ::'\ ~iI ~J.1rd i n.J:;, L~·npp.rr~PH, Du:rhJlm, NC: D!!k.~ lIJJh

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refer a It!: 3 in [(} K iC"l!"keg'l~!r'ilJ.: what 'W~ a re :,lll o \'\0' ed ~(10 pc rceive in these wrn i n:g~, i:'o; te-n;lt-~·n.bl·,{Cmwig:. not yer ..; enin ahc S01/'iC'~ msrjrurio [lj ", hut Le nin L th r, ,wn into a I~ ope 11 ~i W:H Ion. A re ... Wlf hi [~ (HIT J ilt,C' c.a ri~;;1 hSIl" c-IO'.s,un: '0 f ~'e;

This is rhc Lenin from whom ....e still h-I.'i(·"nmc-rhing ro 1C'::l.Tli. The greatness o~ Lenin was thar in (]U'I o1:.t[:JSI r~)phj.; situation. he wasn't (j'fr(ud to $1~cc:i'!t:'d- In C"<fl nt rast ro I he .[It"_gal.i VL: p:1 rhos ~J[i,CCT ni blc .i n R.o~ Lu xcrni burg and Adorno ~ fur wh 01':11 [he' LJ Ir.i 1"":-'1 ~'e- :>~Q,I ~h en f;,1,," "',,-"1;" i" rhe adm i ssi 0[1 of thr;." [ailurc which brings. the trurh -LlF thc;! ~iw;lrion to ligbr. In l ~n DIIS[~·-'ld 7", of wa it i ml,g II ~1tI'1 rhci me \~'~H t':iP;f', len i Ii n!"f;:1 n izcd .1. pre-em pt i VI..! srri k~·; ill 1910 ss rhe leader of the parry of the \'\'orklfl~ class with no 'VI! rking class (ri!'m~tut it tJl;nng decimated rn 'the c~\·iJ war}, he \ vc~m on of~allit.:mli~ a. state, IlJlly ac epuug the paradox (11 rhe ~)~irry wh, ·h has. to organize - even ~Tereare - 'i L'l m..[j h:;lse irs work i.. cia Ss. ' 1j:j N owhere i!1 dh i.::;; ~r~a til ess more elf] dCIl r ~h;;l,'n 'i III Len in's \lIlrLI:J 1J~5 ..vhich oover [he' ti me span from ,Fer. 1"1I.a,ry J ~ I7, when the fi rSI[ revolu [10J'1 :11, b( ~I'i ned s b~U'i:!:im[l :.mJ i:u:o.;trdI(!,d .1l desnoc ruric i·I:!~.ti ene, W ["h.... SitLOiltl rc'!;"o~ ut i Ol~ j n oern ber . The Oopenlng text" 0 the p resen t vc ~hllmC"(~Lerre:rs. fr'orn A ~Jr" ecveals l..t!'mn".:, i[l i,~i.d ~ras:r t,( rbe LJ ntq ~Ji.~ :r~ ~'OIu rionary chance, wh iI~ ~,hI,.! lasr rexr (rhe minutex of rh ' "Mcering [)t ~u; Pctrograd SO~'jL't uf '\\:Cl ken,' and 0 diers' )t.: p Isries "I decla res. rh e Bol.,ht: \"i,k "... ZUrc 0 pOWf' f.'_ F.'Ij;eF"~-tl1 -i mg i . here, {rom '~Le!'II!1J '1+~oC ingcnio us i."t;"''i({}1 ul i[]11(1 r ~- srrarcgisr" I!O .. I .en in Q f t be enacted uropra" (-nfrill" i mmcd iare :1bol isb L!~g (1Fthe srate ~ppat::'l.I:lU~~''')' To


f(_)~lI1J all! ~.;.:hu in whar ~ am rernpn-d

(':1.11. revo.lLlticm::ilirY


~'IH~ IT1I(.;r('dj b I e ex pJO:'ij nil of j'l;r.a 5o.S .• ["'Uot~ de J uocracy of loca J corn m I trees SI,r-o ur i i:ig 1! iP all ~ ~ run d H ussia J" h-ig ("L~.lCS and, i~;nOtHll~ thot!' authorirv ,I,) t rhe "leg~iI::i are ~ glWt n~ [ll cut ~ ta k rng mat ters in [0 rhei .. i lWn h~lmds." Th .~...is m r
l~f1I}' g.Wl.lp _j, 't ~ .(,1 e;{ld ..

the un t·or,J "';~Oty of the 0(.10 her Rcvo ILIri ~~~l the obverse of rhe myth of the ~ <of ruehless dedicated n:::"ollmn!larLeS which accomplished ;1 C01-t.';

r.ht! .... nd of hi:t:.lm'r!o', :-.[;11. ::Jblr- to c-xpl:iicnt:...: c

tl.~ ;jh,tttt:"ring


(~f :such emigr';~nt.

';)11 al,ltlu."mic hi'1;ii"o:rlC;lJ (~p"nil1g? In F ·bnmry 191 i .L.ot::"lill ' .... s an :almo~[ an a
~tmndedi!:] ZLJrjch~


witlw ]10 rdi8.b C" (,CnH~\C[s to Rt~'J..Si<l~ rnO~U}l h:armlLIl.15 a bmu tht: CVl'nt:::. tro n1 (h~· )v.' i:)!) pres'S~ ill ()c[f] hll..'T ] Y 17 led ,.he fi:r's~ succl2~~fu I !im;;:i.1ll5t ['\L·VO.l H L~ - S0 wh,u h;lP~)l:Jl~,d :i I'J bt:t"vt'~n.? L m In ]:et:m.i;;1 ry, Lenin i II'Iwfledi@. tel}" ~"fe;flC"C'I""C[I th (' n:.:·,,'oI1l I;"i() f1I;]l'r.y ('h :'!,IIl.U:, the res.ult of uni4 LtC' o!,:unting.cm II.:in;u m:::.tan t.:.::s. - If ~J;t' momc.:-nr "1'1;):; atO[t::IlA:d. the r.:h an ceo :fo:r· r he tevn] uti 0[1 wn~]I I he fotfe~ tll.'d, pc [haps. fu! dc .... , ;!,ut::... Tn hi 5. -stubbo[l'n ~n!oi!.l en. e th~u on sh uJd rake 'hf:" ri~k :and go on W ifhe- l1f;xt s.m~e - (h"'t is, r'ep~~lt dl . it'L: .... QlutLo 1 - I.e '0',',1::> .... lonl"l ritli.cu.leJ b~' the maior~t)' of [hL~ Cenrra I, '0 m ii"ii~ttc(' mem.hE'T's. of hi 5 own p~H'ry:: r:hi!-; !idt'lt;ti ("lor',! of his rext:s cndea VIlJ!,tb [(J P r0"..idr a gl ump~t: j n tu rhe ob s [i f'1 ~ H'. ~);ltI~nt - an d {) f(,e!1 £'-ustra l'il1l~ _. IX'V~~] uti on;) I Y ~'I;'( )rk t luciough wh.ich tr..:.l1i r~ irn PQSt·J his 'l,fi~j1J,fi. ra'l;.ni:sp~ n:;iJ Nt' ill s· ~A~III'll'.s. pe r~on;'!ll ~Ttftr-\!{'JHj() n wa s. hOl;, ...t·"'·~·r. (' ~hofm I,d nO[ w C'h~mgc the MOl'Y uf 1 ht.· Ocwbr..:t' l{t!"dution jU["'! rhl..: !'>rll~~,' i:.lf tht· JOl1t:" ::;enJu:;. confronted 'I."t·jtb the cil'i:onf"n r,;l[("d [i I ,j :-'!ii,!':-> ~I fIIor~ gr;l d lully irr'l rH):'o;m11:!; his ·.. sioiL .L Len im1i 5oU. ,,:cl..!c.Ie;J bit'Cd ~I~t~ h i~ a p P(!';~I, ..;'1hi I t by pil - in~ '[ he P.·~rt)· mm~.etlkfa.


The firs~ thing that srrrke: to(i.llY's: reo t-k-r i how d~J'~uly ri.~adab.l(!Lenin': text i m IT1 19 J 7 arc; there j no I] l'(:·d for long ex rb nato [1" fl ntcs _ even uJ the stran~~-so.'J~i,ding t~;HiH'-S urc lIn!HI.o~:n l(.t U~, we nnmediarely g.et whar wa s ,'L~ stake. r.:- rum ['(I.j,I@y·~ d istance r. hc.· rexrs .di spls r ~ 11 ;,' lrnosr classicul d-ill riry i n rraci OF; til'!.., eonteurs of the ~~[I1.'1gg~(!n ,,,,'h iell rhey pa rrki,]l.:1: re, i Lcni n i.s. -f uHy aware of rhc P;l r,;iI;.l.r) 1{" of rh e sit U;"tti on ~ Hli i'prlfl~ 19.17, after the fcbn,I.;:uy R.::.... oluuon , v hich toppled the rsnnst lI'esimc~ RU.~:sjil 10\'.:1:';; the m osr demf)Cr.;uic ("0 UJlHy in r h c whole of Ell ItUpe, \,vl~ h .jHl LIIIP receden red .kg.n:1..: ~lf mass mobilizati )[1; freedom o organizarion and fn.!c;·dQrn of the prC's-s ~ ret 'lh,i!1 freedom made the situation non-(f;'1.~lsralf,em" thor mghl'y ~HnLlo!g ou '. If rh t' fI1:!' j s :'L corn mon t·htr::lI d fu-m ing rh ~tH~~h all Len in's texts u wrine I:l between the [~V[) n rvol ut ion .. r 1 he ~ehru.l ry one and the Octo ber s one J. i r l~ b i s. in~i:'i;tef.ltl..'(' on [be' g" P wh idl separates '[be '\:xpl ici r" Fa rrna I con to III ~~ u f t he pol i.tic~1.1 stHlgglc;o OCM.f!("[1 the' m Lli r~n.id[!('!If pa I:'t i 1,,::5 .and ... b;t:!I" n pc~lj-ti~,;1 ~ ~ ubi C'CE:s from j r.s a ... :ma I iJ.fj!;.:"i.a~[.Ll kl's !: n !lmLei j,;Ut' peacl;;~ th e d i$t"riI buti on c1f kin d, ,~il of ("0 usc, "'",]1 t h(! pO''''er t 1 d,1Ic: {n"il:t.!1 ' , t ha t j S, L d. ~ ht ,J'i~ITl-ilml.i 11g of [be ot~::..:Lt>[j I'~ [aro.'!'. p:para [ll" a I'K nT~ repl ::I,C-erne ~ 'wi h th.:: rw\\' c(]mmu.r1C'-like (or:rflS of .Lin·mad m .. nag'r..:ni~nt). 111i:Jo j:!;.a[) i' the ~~[l' herwll."(.'"I."J ,r.:;vo~ m,IOn q.lM I[ h~' i ITI;~gll';;I.ry e~ plns:io n (] f f [{'("dum iI'll !i u bJ Lint' L: nthu~ma~m, '[h~ l1l~lgi.c rn~nnli:[lt of ll~:UVCFS.il!1 :-.oliJ-iln{~' Ij,.... hc.:n "'eVl!'"ryrniilg ::;;eerns po:ssibJt.''', a.1ld t~e h a rJ w.nrk ,11 s.[}t;.:ia~ :r,eOOnstnK[ ion 'Ii,.,hi-tJil is to h!~ pt:"rt,Q I' m<l..~d if rh is ('!, til u s.i;!L:;.r.i(,.: ,exp~~):siQn D~ W k;~ 'f; i c·" tr.."l-Cts j n the in ('I"(:i;} 0 ~ 'l, .soci:d ed i.fi ce


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1:.~J!..~il'i: fnrnnu a ted in ~he ~'IJ 2[):;. rhar I[ 11..:-l()~]C,. rl pol uical torm of Lh:..: 11r~[ .. ... ~ie of social ism, lJ r the p.;~,~:-.;ag{:' tTL 0,;;1PL1.;1 tl sin [0 soc •.l; 1,1:';!'J.i, i'5 the Ir pll'!lr~i~nrnent;l;'[y COi1I·i non ef h()II'!t:g~(;Jj!;; i) L1 d rn] I em r I ~~n piil rt i.~!'.f Here .Il.l e re LS, FL pr.;r.j'e-t::fpa,ra! Iel v: lrh ~ht' ~·r;g L}! tJ.:';,l r]~' mUI.:I,~ rUit y; IH wh ich '\.~P'll[ t!ill.mn to. the eh IJ rch iJcu 1n'gic~l.] hC~ll;'n't(j~l~' Iirs.r ;t rric utltt!d i! ~I f in duo .... form nt ·[·ry nnorhc r rel i giuuo;;; i dco I ngy, :::I.:" ~ beresv: a~(Hl:!! rht' same 1i 11~~1dll(' parusans of rhe "fir~t ri;:''''()lLH~On'' \"!:,:~H': r.(~ :-.ub" err (,,1.pit.lli!1.t dorninarjon L~l du! very pol i l:i~~11form ot capita ~i:st d C111()Ci~Cy. 1 h~;<;~'j, the Hegel I.In ..nt'U;lrmOlli ,~, ~ m.";g:trio n": fir~ [ rhe 01 d o rd.", r i~ ]l l:~a[(;J w j til in i~:-. 0\' 'I~ mth.:-I.d Ij~i,,;o· P{J lit ical {(l1l'1I1 ~ then t hi.!; fonn i rs,.cH J,;1:" W 1)(;' negarcd. nl o e who n~'m It.[....t hose , ·"'ho arc a {H1 id tn [~11 the 'St"{'ol'Ld [,I[er ot OV{,'C"t:OI!1I n~ til i s form i (~Ij,'h,art' .... ke ~hose who (w re p~al[ Hoi,) csp ie rre) \,0,,';0} ut a ...: ~·(111.1tU)l L Vi, ~'Lhour 1'C"voIUil'i rrn " b rc - a nd Len in di.~Jlh~ .'11~ rh I," I,jt~mlg! h (;I t 11is. ....hol.'rm,f"[lf'l.1rjc'\. of "';11 ys f..IH"~Oll" 1ft d i· cern irL~ rhe d lffereru ~Of rn . tIl eh i:", rerrca t. ttl his 1 SI"!7 ...... it.ii~~p.~min saves his. mo t acerhir ironv for thos,c who ~ L
engage in the endless search tm' some kind ot '"f!;II:lfamce" for ~h~ ..·.)'lure rinn: I[ni::. ~'I..!Inn,.nt,:e assumes ~W"'l Lhall:' [orms: ocjtb~r dH.~ ['cin('J nrrtion nt social Necessirx ~mH!sho lid not nsk rhc !'('vnlll.tii.lU m()o early; Cln(' hr s ro

t(!p(;Llllm~ uf !be .Lr~unit:'f1L nML~':: :;L d!.,o.c~,J~.~~I.J b}F H.iJS.! Luxemburg i.1._ga:int K~hlL~kl·: ~ho:-.e '!,·\,·hc) ,:a.if tor dw 01,1('(.:1:1'1'[: (,;omli~io[ln<o; pf dw "T\'rl!lrl.... tion Ul arrive ...... \V;HT fnr t: er ~ :"l.Il;h jJ !1l1,'ilr30H of !ht: obierrsve (1hS~[\"oI.:I [11 (and Dl,1;)!. 'I.').f u n (,,[l~I:!j;;,l ~t:J :i~,;:,:-.1 11. I is 1.~'£dJ the nl,!I in ~) ]-1I:-.tQ.(,: I.L,: to d~(:' r'C''I,o'O~ ution, Lenin's ..;:()mHt:r:iLr~wm~~m W!:!,_.;,ill:';;~ lhe tm'lI)1d-c.h.:IlHl.;,:r:l~i.;,; critics of rhc second sn.. is III <1.1. !!n~ ..... 1'(,: Lj.L~HH.lCr;,~!le'~ (ll)~; [J 11 ~::; i .p pU tJ ~.;_~pt~~ 11] the concrete I r: R ussmn ci ['(.:11 m~~;it~(.",l.':;;~b~ hmll1l:coi s-dcrnocrntuc 5 tn ~C' has 110 chance ot t •..LlT'Vi\,'l~1 - !hl~ q'flb l"I'~;jljII~1'ic..:'~ W~)' tn Ilr~ teet the [rue gailli~ )f dl'l...·February Rc\"olu~ irm (frc'L:(~mFI of llr:!-~:H1i7iricm .;md the press, crc.) is to 1l110VC on [0 .. th-e i,j.CIoI;'i.:1l h q rL''H'llll t~(m, (~thtTwlr;;1;' ~], ~ rsa n:-: r...-:·Olnone ries \'1.'111 wi n. ·.. Tin.: basic JI!.":".t;{.Ill uf the P~~·oI...'bO;J;H.Jtrt~.:..: notion Ul[oI,;:H,puraJi(r is thaI[ there arc th'i rl~!i oru: h:ILj ['( ~ (I (lo ; n n F(l,·r,- tj) I (':;Il rn t·h.'lIi;' ~ hey ~1irc 5o~1 perf! ueu So; i.n the COI,l rse of ~ht' treatment. (JI1 t' In.s.. ~ months · on fal &to moves before ~It eli cks"

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wa Li for rhe n~d' om C nt. 'l.'.' hen rh e n me is .... pe" IA l tb reaard to ~hil,,!!.J! W'i.:. F'I'tm TI ~ t"f h it:owr~~~ I J[! ij,' d,opmcllIt: "'.It' L:-' t.ml II..'~U! f.or the S,o.t.:::i ~l~i sr 1'l:'''·O]lIi1:(l [1, ~he y i wn "king d01!i!1 i:1 no( yer m~J~LT't'''). Of n 01:'111 a ~~""'t' ~"d elbl{'l('r:@I:.'I("I' I I,tl',i n I C"I ~'C}' f' Tn(" 11l~ IlDfl1)' of !'h~ PO~)Ul~ i! art nOf 011 ~)1J I~ ~idt~. :::.U t b~ n::V'f>] Liti OLl 1iu vou ld n<:l't 1'Il;:':lU r b-e d Cllll~loC:r;"l tit.: i' 1 ~ as lC'1:"I in rep·.l ~,edly pUir~ it: ~ ~ 'If, I·" to r' rhe rCHlhrt'Ollltr .... a~em risks: ~hf: ,--CllLl[t' (Jt t.t;;U~ ptw"rer, it :')110 11.J, ~~L p'l..·rR1i:s::...~u'llf r-n n I ~umc 11, ~5ft;' ~) f ~h'f: big Odlic"r ~orgLI mL~ a [dr fC'l1dum \iii hjch ·~",ti 1;lS(,.,\!rf:t h1 (h~u he m'-I (~Ii S;u P['on the' r "volin' inil). \~'il["h 1.(.-11iI!, :4 s: v,ddl 1 ry La~H, ~h t;: r~1 i nt i5 duu ~hll,~ 'r''.:! ~·t~llL~~on .!> 'tUii f)n~l" .:1m)' d '~·nt·-mi'hm';,..'l~ 1~i;,' ' r;.iH;l-uld. ,,'cl,lu re Lbc ['c'l!olut'i [HJ ..U y .act 1lIC1i (:nv~'n:d by rh f' b i~ O'rJ, t:r - ~'he lea F of t:lJking PO'i"i.'etr '·rr,L:in~rI,H~ly,. .• r.he scar'l,:h ft,1f ~h~ tl;uardmt..., . ',. i:') tl_~~ fl;!ar uf ~ht!' j,b,':-:'s. ut rh" .l":~, Til ~~t 1'-; 'L he u ~(j1m1iaH' d iml!.·n.s.i'un Ij~ W h:.'1 t I.e 11 i D1 Lll!..':C'S· andy denou L'1(:~S a ... n rq:"!~")rL'm' ." ~1.nd h tS pr~·rH! S I:;; tha t '"~ ppo Tu n i s.m i~m is a po >it' 011 whi...:h ~s . H U':' ~f lt1.hc[(",ndy, Ii. bt!, I fI j:o.k m,g i.1 k.ar (If ~1 Ct'~)rnp~i8hing the iH;ij" "",.j rh rlu! p ro!C'Cljy.c :s.... ~r;C("11 [] t noj f'CrlV{'''' h~c.., h,....0 r ~ flOIT1l11S, 'ij\ihich 3:!' wh~ I'he nl ~r s:rer in I..."clmb.n1[I~~ it ~:; [ ~lwwrm('1';' i[ dL;dl'ly~ ~~\'Vh;Jttthr.;n,. i:5 til;} l)tt!'~l(j!1'l'? '\X: c I.'m..lr 4mf,$fJrL'r::ln',j s ,tt '..10£ loSl ~ • st .. t' the he [s·. H ;;uJrni ~ ~Iw trul'h [11:;l'[ rl'lf! rlE' i s: ~l {e'fl dt'r1{)" CIT ;in ori'll ion, i ill ~)11 II" (;em: raJ

the n~ht Iorruula - .d~buugb thl,..')· retroactively appear th 1,.::\(:' ~krn LI rx wcrr n t:~('"1\::;;:l ry, And J fl(:,'" the "a rn c n nt g.n al so to he rev "l'.lliuJI? \\.Fh.:H·, then, happene ~ "...'hen, in 111::0 L~6t years, Lenin became fnllr liI'I.v·.jl!rc- of rhc limirarions of liolshc v ik power? h is here chur we 'h~~llld ~JpP(~:><I..: Lenin and ~tfLl~[1: trum Lenin's "cry last writings, kmg; aher ht· renounced rhe utopia uf his Start' ~md l{t'l!olmic.m~ W(· ':"-;111 d]'S("-'nl '[he nlrJtn~HO:;; ~)f :iI moriC:L;t .c. rli.·:illi~t·i(·'" project of what [\o.l~hC''ilik pnw~r should do. B("(:a u:s(· cd til t' ("~Ull umi.:.: 1IIl1.:l...::rdc.· d Ij pmCl1 c. alll,,!. G~hu ra i hai,,'k 'it\ar,J nr~!'> nf ~hil,'R W.;:-;.!..-LI1 n1I(l.s:->rs. ~hr.n: ~" T'l(l' " ~.. fc.~r R tI !;i'~ i:,'l [Ycl ,. P',1.s<o; {l i rectly to 'u('L:;-~h:,;m"~;all th8 S ....Ic:~ P~)'I,.';."i.:r ';;:'~D do 'is to ('ornhlTlit' the- mQckr<ne poli[ics. of .•~L i:'l tt: I,.~ pita I u;,m wit h ~II t: imcn:;i,c "';1", It l ntl I,,! ~U~ t iUrI: 0 f ~hI,; i l(:I( pl;"a!i~Ul t '1tl~! Lj.. C!. - not ..{ :OI11H1 I mi ...' p n )P;l ~<l n, L,," hr;1 in, ..";1.. h ~n~, ~imrly :J p:l ti t:TlIt t ~':.r~~dH;:d i r'I' pO';,!,f'i nil of d,t' ~'{;! lu ped ('i\' iii ~t'J. tjmd II rJ~. F ;ll~r~ ,1nd i~tl re' [1........('.11 h:;! t ;;1. '.:1:;,t ;'1moun~' of U r~(,!'n t !oj p.::! dr.;:........ ,,'I,!~ ~ ti 11h ,1w,!' to do to fC:J"h t h,· ork :o=;~ ~ nc.l<'LTd {) t :iI i I n rd~ n.~ ry \V ~'Lj't F.~HOr~"Ml ci vi I i·.rl!~1 ·oI,.IrHr~ ...... \r;..~.m'll:-.t h(,H r i U III i ~lJ ~ IL';;- :).i.;'llH· .,lj,,~iJni I; ~)'I NOr <~'II (.:\: f rtl1l1 w h kh \"r'~' h.! \roC 1"1 01 r~~[ t: KHic.::.t ted and
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10 lhe'i'nc is~ "Th e rno: t hi.9. rrulul [h ifl K he rIC ~ ~lld b~ haste." I!J AgaLIIl!)t this stance o~ ..... lltUl':1l T"[!~·ol~ldoill"'"~ L ~(.llilt L.... pte.~ tor th{.· thO.l'Oll~~il~' ana-Le ntru::;;1: f1i'l.1I,ion nt " h\n lding ~OI..:·1tl! ism til 0110:; stare . Does rhis mean, [~11.:~1. dVll;[ UL1.in silcral 'f ;;toopt[:J rhc SIi:~Ulicl:::l.l'd .\.1e'n s hevi k 1 crlticism of Bd~ hl",'i~ utopi nnisrn, their 1Q'l:101 en ar reV(y.lllt ron JJl ~J'!'it foH(J·~·.the pt,eordain.:d nccess .. ).r • t~gt::5 ~it csn Oo;,::":uI ()I~iy ?tL, c us il~,:lJ1~n;lI_{:~)~~dLl:l~}T~~ u are in plac )? 11 is here! rhar we CliII:r\oh:;..ctve Lerml '\ refined dia!e ... IO:; 1 t:;~1l~r;:1 ~ sr '"_0 rk. he is full r ,i''''';;UC- rhat, IH1W, J n the 0:: ady ~9.:z0s~ the n}:,1I~l t;) 5~ nl nol!'lhL':v~k r){)'VH!~is to execute tn;;;: tasks of tho:: prf)we'S~l~·~ ~ourg.eCl'I::-; l('>eg·I~l'L~ (~eneg';d educa Lion, crc.l, however ~ -he 'I,:cr>, -fact [~:ilo t .~ L::;' ..<-- prole rae L::Ul rc=vollllr.iQm~ty power 'wn ic h i So .duin¥., th.~ ;;.:'1.1:;) rages (he ";'l [1j,,1tLOn h~~~d<111l ~). efu;ll _ the re is :fl um q LJ~ chance thM ·t hesc ."c i.vill.t.in:l't" measu ... s '1,1,,'1 ~l be unplee l1ilCfL[I..:J ln sue 11 a ~ r t h~t rh.~y w11 ~ he dc-p ~L vcd o,~ rhei U· ~ i mito::d bmJ.rg-r.ols ideol 01;'1;;:1i fr:;.nllt:wur k (;gt:lliC.r<l1 education '~VI~ be reali.y ~(,Tl~t:ll cdu ca W)r~ I ""CIV ing t he pee plc, Hot :1 It id cologica l I:'JHlRo· to r pli"npaga tm~ i~~ rrow b~1_I,.r. gcoL d -.S.!> imere:;.t~ etc.). he- properly dialectical p..1.r:;ulox15 rhus tku It 1':: he vc t)' ':J()fJ~h>s.sm!~s (i t t he H.Ll'SSij.j"Hl SLtl.L.t tion ~dlo~'_ hrlc~~""~rdness ~h[!~ .O]'l1lpel~ the pi:o!ct:ati;;lL"J ro... TO t~llfil rbe bO!.lI"_g'!..:OlS C!ydIZH~~ rmssicn: vcr w bich t;~lllli .~ t ~l ued ,nto :a un~"-~ut.: ad ,r~m.,)s'C~ h r

[he world' ~by which he mcalH ecology ~ clctcriorari n~ IE!.!lit h C~H"t.:., POlll: rt >" [be role 0 f mull ina ~iona I 5 ~ ere. J, 1.0::-{;~l.ITI? was nor :'0;1n i l}" [fL"l krl1g .1 l OLm ;lh 0 ut rh ~ shn rrsightcd ness of r 8Qm!::" p.~)].~:i.(:jil - if ~II"I,:: ra ke lli .. hat hI..: sa i.J Son"moi)usly ~ the onlr i ns IQg.i{"..J l It: IKh.L:£iOll, 1-; ~h;;r, W(' 11 t rHl,"llt Iy [l.e~d ~! n l'W fr H'i'~ of PQli~i.(i;:lrtiDfr , ... ich will h diret.:t1} "socialize" these crucial itih·UC:". fbe illusion o~ 191')" thar the prcssu E~ p1'0 blcms which t.H;cd Ilv.s s in I pc- iU:C', land disrri b ut ioo ~ erc, I u id be solved rh fn ugb "Ie ~::t I" p:iI. r II arnent :~ry means I:;: the "13 III e as roday's lllusio» rhar rhc ecological rhrear, for In ·t:!ll~' could hl! ;4VOlJCJ I y expandillt dlL~ [lL:.l:L'h,t logic 1[0 C"C, Jogr 11l1.~ki!l1g polluters :lay ~o[ rhe damage they

"t1olati,.;i:H"I!\. are Il::norLll~ (h~' real


';'\lh~1!. Lr the
C) ~

'!.:,(m1p l(' le

hD~fI;:"ks:i.nt::ss of the .~~~ uarien,
tl.:J1 fnld\


;:;1 'Ll1l~nli!!, m


he w[)["k...:-r~ a.r1Jd f1'~~~~rrw.
C(l 'ilrrlC:;?ll


cL...ili~"ltiml In

uHot:r-C'd ~l:;; t h... ~")p!P"rr1HH~·y '[C"I CTe.lH· the • :J d,fh:ro:::nr .....J.y h()IlL d~fH of tht.: \1l:rrsl

"Le ni ~.'L"L is not l ho:: n 0'5:[.11 I gic: na me fc..l r (ll [I t~~~!;.i a t [L cc ria il Lly~. "-I Hi [It' rlu, n cont r~~y. I he Leni 11 ltV no i~ I:Q he retrieved I';; t+~t" 1.t"111l1 whose fund arnenral r experience was: that oj bcinz thrown into .~ ,,(1,1 asrroplnc new consrcllation ~n ,,,,,·h.ichthe old co-ordinates prrw~~H u ...~·h.!,-;~.;md 'Who 'Y;U d~IJJ'!:compelled to r utvenr Marxism - taxc Ill!'; ..cerbic remar ~ ;~PiOPO:=; of ';;OITIt.: new r pL'~)1)Ic:~] i.: .' A btJ ut ih L::>,_ 'lilil"x ,UH.l Em 1,.~1.s said not :J. vl:rn·d .' Tlee idr..:.;) i not ro ret urn ro Len in, but ro r(~!)em him ii1 t lu~ rcrke ...~~/I.~~ sense- to rerrie ..'e K I ~(:t.;H1 I hot! same impulse 111 wchy\. constellation. 'nil:' r~UH'1l W 1~1l~1l <l.i.m~ neither a~ nOliLJ ~~j,;":.ill.l)' i'"t'·('nao::li!rg the .'. ood old rever hHL01~ ~ n<q r.i mes", 11or .1I .11'1 "'fi p0:inl n i,~ri(.'~pragn"la ri C 1'.U{i/IS'! n,re~Ji 4) f 1he ~)Id p I'n~ I';lm III eo m .,.new con·
1..1.1.i L) 11l~""", bu!:: ;.u t'~'p..:)"uiHg, iLl dll~pn;:snit wnr ILj wide 'LonJit i ml::..~ il.or L{:nini s[ ~d1.LUI..: ,of tl2ii1Veilting rile fC\"QI~1tion(l..ry rr()'~t."1" ni ~he conL1l[ioilS 0' Imp ri"lis:m an ..) ",:t,loniill:-..m - mOIl' prl;:";Ls~l.! :!( fh;r the p'nl![lco-Ldt:ol()~.i(<11 {·oJ.· 'p~e f ~hC" iO~lg 'l~fi:l of prngn:;:s",ivis.m in dlL~ 'l.."~n.Ji!.il.ruph ..· ... f 19H. ~ri("

se ~ ..

I It!!:'!;! \/j."C h~l.V tvo.'o Inm:l,eI:s., lh'ho 'w~nr: to:r t h.e ript.:· H!k:ol



hi::U;Qr~L;";l~ C"'I;~~~Llti.o[l;

pl.'Op~:r' [ilTl·~' ~ aC{:()fd in:;o: ro tht: f.lXI,)C::O:u, 0.1. ~.he and [bOoSe whQ a!e a,.,.';;u·q:- ~h;:l.( rc\, Ciih~i:HWj h,Bs. .nu proper tUl'lle!·. dl0:ill;:: who r)t:n.:~i",,'c ~h r-CVr[) ['ionary ~h;tl1.c",:- .1:-:- .~o~)e['h.u·L[i!; c III ~I; CHlcl'gl'5 "uld h ;1.'\; w be....se·i.l.(·d ILl thE: vc-ry {ie'wu r'S '1.)1 .L i~Ol'm.a l' ~lJSto:rl{:il! M development. l.emn. i.:-. nol ;;'I ,"Ohlillt •. uisc '~sl..lhiL:Clhri:,;~" - \vhat he liI1i!j.I~I·S ~lt i d"ti!i.t t'h~ (!'(ccpti(m {thr- cxtn:mrdinr.lrY!ie, nof (" r·L11~s.ta~cL~, like tho:!>!.: 1L1 Ril ss,i·;\ ill 1917) (), ~ TS :a .... \'n.'\· W ~lHdtn'f:lint:: th~ : orm l[s<cH. 1::;;thi li~'1e of arl,.',"I.m;r-r1t:;'L[;on~ thi5 tt,lodar:nl!lU;Jl !->t:lI1C('", ilor more- avpOS~~t~ WIi1l11I:-..'ef' md""r~ Do fII,[lt 'oN.f"1 ;;'tho. ho,.'e ill ;!(11 t~[~ wnt:H [h,t: :.;.[~H"': ~md I(So ~ppa r=-lUlSe:s;., indtl d L 'i t.~, pu] LllC,ll Lilt;1.! 11I[S.. ~1.!X s.il1l~ £11) ~r::ss ~lnd less ~I bl C t~). l\~ III IticuJ;] u.': me k~~y ·i:"'''il.~C-S - ;lS TlimL8 other t"han jr)oh[~ l.;;:· ;'Hr~ p~J[' n C"cL:t·mh;~· C c:::J.:

P In}..h.:: ~u: its ~"'wn

i('l.comp 'l;ible 1 .gil..:', uf tht: n:"OII.JItLOn~ d os(' ngi..:aJ lHom,,: Il'l: of the !1~ll(f iSI~ whL"n ·(.:.1~~ rion



..:enrury a~ [he timor 1.1..:1We ......I u{ th~ lOllJ;!. p!:.!':3..:d[.ll {!:..: p.il i.!~j"'H~~ f \.·<lpit ..~lism ~ and 19'9.0 ~ rhe- 'f:TIl('Tf,(,TlI(;C cllf i;"h~'nl."w frrr:Tl ~J f b1u 118. I 'i.'8.piu 1.i1.rf1 a It€' r rn.!:" ("(1'11 P<;t' iT! .f Re-.a 1'1 £x i~mll;t!: s.o.:.:]~~ r l.ism.u \)/ h~u l.en Ir~ d i.d f~)J' 19 H, \Ii t.: :-:hmtlJ uo for 'j 9'90. .~Lt:n in'" sU n .... for I-hI!;" U ~mr)(:I]i.n j:!; in..'C'dom to S-Ll S pen.d I[ h(' st." I, ls ("xisri:ng fp.r:r;;f-)idrologi';:":i.ll ("(,)-oTd.inM~s, 'I he debllb[;nin~ JJe-nkv.('"fb·ot (rro~Lbm(. ..n. on rhmkj.ll~) Lil whu..:h Wt~ liv~ ~ ir: -ampl)' IlLtan,~ Lna[ We <In: all, wc(. '[0 lh illk ;1~;:lj L1, s.(~\'!'"hm role- ) loulJ Lenin' ;:nT$(}/Jd'~ty play III m..Ir a.s.5eS5m~nt of u~ ('om ribu rion? t\ IT: Wil:' nut, Lri f.L(' r, r(.·dutil hi5 h i.m ~u a p lIfC" 5~' rnho I of ;J. ('e i"t;) i t1 1I"f".'l:) hmlr ~HI!I"Y :it a n(1," ? Iu ;1 1C"r~'et rn F 11g.ds '.... i ~ie-n 1 H1 ~~) J'IJ I.y ] H'A..2.. r \1 J Do. dl.' ~i~n.~ F·~rd.IJ~~I'II,JL([I ~~ 1101:' L 0.. fv UJH.lt:l' ()J G!'...'"rman 'S{ll, ..i, I n~~rll tl~ ' Ol> r .ley 1 ;~ 111.1 hi", t:omp~·tlwr f nr luHut.::n("1..: in it not on ly .15 .~;] j";r-t";1!oj, y J ot~"'b·


111;,1-:;; dennc( I 9 14 ~ (hI;: l"JLd

thl.." '....ctnl;tpi elf r(le [\vofflnerh

11]0 v.

II \1_


• Lenin ... fku·c-r f'{',.. ~.r; b~l~ rkri~ ['~• In C Jle,:,ud W(J,ks, \'01. JJ, 1.1:1'1 Oll,I' Rr:vu-ltltfL.)1I ~ 111cDn~(i.~'d , IM~~S, ,..')~•. ) \, p, 479.

if< ..

!L .•,

S s.





J~T Tli 1-.GATr~

di:ij:!,uiscxJ UIl.Jc;1' ibii."ilh::mtillc and cheap jewels" ~ hn[', even mm'~ brutally, ;H "ehe .I!f.:wish Nigger": "Ir ls '110"'" perfe ..:l~)' .... 10 me that. ;~~ [hc -sIW'PL; nJ ( ~lc-.u his head and, ehc g.f(;lw!:h of i1 ~~ hair i.r~ Lea rc, he :i s desl;(..'"m:ie-d ~rmn the d NL":grllJLL~ ~'Ih~ ~j oincd ill! .~..(i.o::tCs;'frligh t of Min Egy fJ r (t1 n less his. mothe I' or gr.a ndmother on the f.. ther 's side was. Il,;Tos.::.cd with ~l.niggc r]. -; n hIS t'(:;;td 0 f a readiJrlg such :o:.mtcn-u:rns as proof: of the ELHOCCI1J~TlC bias of (\.'h .. x's fll~{H'Y w,~ should sim y.l}r disrni S;'S them as f undament L~II r ~rrdf;;J,,'I,H~J.; I!hr.· r ~)1~ i 1)' posiliv c ~l!,l1ifi.....:ance m" rhar : h,:y prevent U~ hO]l"l in~dulbing m :U1Y kind M ba~i~g:rn phy of .M :j.tl-f, since d~e-y clea rl y reveal rh r;: irreduo b le na p between Marx as: ~ person 3l'110 his ehec ry which, preciselv provides ~hl,;eools for ;w anrn.~l':-;,LS ~JI}d jJ cri ti("i~m ol such rae i..r 4)qJI bursts, A"tit"ll.; of {·f)~LrSe, the 5i?1m .... SQ~~,for ]JL"B~in'; LS alleged "rurltlessness" has c~au'lt [he same sratus as his b love of Car and. linl~ child ren i.n [he St 1l~]ulsr hag.i ~~~1a hy, p After dllt! E-:hl11lwuri:Hl rebellion o~ 1~56 was (Ttl ·hed 1'''')1 HU~$ia.fi tanks, the Georg Ltllkics (..... pa rt ic ipared in rhe iInn: }J a~y j:!;m'C'mll1(!~H) W~15t;~kll."~l hn If'iSOI1,~'r~ whena KGB officer asked hirn ir he- had : \!"'e~lpor!. l:ukic, calmly reached into h i$ peeker and ha adcd o"tr n is pen, Lei, DO-L:S not the i11"1 Plica ~'i{)u oJ thi ' gesture hold even me re for Le 11i ~m texts col h..:~[ d here? If l! vor a pCIJ \, e wa~, \;II 'I.\,CilPOrl, iii: was the r~[] which wrote Lenin's !olj' 17 texts.

u M~r.\:-EIJ'~~I.r w~.t+(!, ~krlm ~(JDRl; Dic[l: V~rI.IL~L96:H:,\'01. XXX, p. 2:59, l-lirpadl Kad,a.rbr. ('(.'()I'J.r~' j'k(i,~", O::d ..... I:I.bckwe'11 1~91, fL .!I.H, rd:

Afrcrword: Lenin's Choice


r, th e idea ~)f d{';ll ii1g ~'I,'ith b."Cl [H i.rn111t'd i~u:dyJ..',ivn fi:!i.!..!" W [,'... j "'jH.drl1(.j)nol"l~.~ ( V<I..-:s. why IH~t·. we live Iii ~l liberal dol,'~nocracy, there LS fq'r( ern oj) f r.hI 0 ugh 'I. •. , _ prm' ~d'l:J t h., L we r.!·I;!;~tl~'n i.!l dr. an ., tJ b Jt"("rl"'r'C-, ....·U·ica] a I."H.:I':>{,. i l'mj fie \,,"';l ~ ", n () r in :l.11 arnrude of 11OS.ruJb-ic idc"!obu~', ;;a nd, I f urth c rITHJ re, fm 111 <t ~}L:.r:;.p,(:,.;t vc fi!'ln I~ roOt~J !n t he den'! ocraric P{) II~;';,:;1 I L ortler, ",, i rh rn the nonzun ~jf hi LI rn:l n rir,.In.:. - t h (1:1' is rhc r(!:s~on ICoiL 1'11('d p~ r 11 f 11J lr rli ~~) fJ~d.elK cxpr rience o f ~wen rierh -cenru r}' to r~l ii 1;:1,-I;:J n ism. ~ \x:jUT .lit' WL' in S;ll~' to this? The problem li.!;.!~in ..hi.;! [urthcr huphctt 'L tJ (Ii ifica [ I orH ....... +lI'cn ca n L"~" iJy he dlsC('rllf"d by ~1 "cone I'Cte ;'11 y:;i:o.:. Df the nal ...:oncn.'H: s~t'Uaii: 0 n", ~\~ ~.en i!~ hi msel f W{,I u Id h.H' i~ PU( i r. I "Fi J.I..: Iiry rr j rhc i Ljf'm~")~-m con sen sus" IJLI.-',iI n S <L('(q:H:3 n~r- 0 f ~'h(! prcscn L .I lin! r ,,1-p...rl i<ll! IenBC , [-.!I ry consen ~Li ... wluch , p I'~d u."k.s. ..1 ny scnous (]ut'~,~'Inf1 I~g () F the 'IN.1r th i OJ, i Ii:bL:'r:-d -d c rnocr ;"1";- order h. com pJ lU r iIII d'l'l: phen omena u olfici ill Iyo L:i:1 r~-· lh~rn'n.!oo,. and, f)f (,"1~~JP'''C, ;1:11.)' WHOU'::; ;Uh'HlPIl rn im;aJ;111(' .a ~hl!eH'J'Jt ~r.}('.iOPO]~H.[(;~Iorder. In :-;IHHt ~ it means: :wy and writr whatever }"f)1I like - un condinon "[hal ynu do n .r ;H:rll.~·d~y question 01' dLStL1l'"b tht: pn.:~'~iling piJIIli;:':,11 "::()f.I':;C'I~:-"'-1:-'_ .r~ 'nythh~:a I" dUO'o'''·(:!ll soli(i[c-d .. , even, ~L." ;l crrncnl topic rt,t.' r·rn"'r'('c~(]f ~l g~uJ");11 ('("olng iL~LI,:.;lt~~ ro P Ile~ ~uL1L I.on t; of hu n I ;3.~1 Ij~t.H~1 Si" xis Ill, homoI S.f phohi~, < nri-tenunisnt, ~ifOWHlg vsolence '11I0'i onl) in f.ll'"."W.:l}, countries, but al:oo.cJ!iml 011 r II.J WI] r~]I.::g'll~~po I~St=:S: rhe M p bl,.·t\ ....cen IJ, t' Fi rsr ;H'u.1 the Th ~Id \~f0 del. ~f.'t\ ... reen rl4.;11 ,lila po nr: t 11(' _h ~L1H.:'l'"i i Inpnt: t o f £1,1.: J ig!l:t Iiza non 0 f 11.g our ily Jive..; .. __ today; Ilh'~' i;,. no hirac- easier rhnn Tn ger iurcrnati in.. l, ~[~H L: ill r corpor ,LtC' f un d s fur l:I m U It idi':';';':lp~ i 11ar y ft.':o.L:;hr'..;11 pru Jt''': t ·1 HI 1~~4 ro iw

C;] dern

ii.~p-[:~rltH:-::; rodn


fl~h[' [101;:'", tnrms ur erhnic, 1i'f!lagHH~" rti' ;1J1I [f~i:1 occur ~~.,l~n:sc the bli 'kK[Uund
prnl'-:lIhll run em rhiukiug, T'l.h.L1.(:_" liberal tlt;;"lllrfl"rau(.


violence. Tile prnhlern is that a tundaun-nral D:t.'~thfl.("J'·hf)f; ;11

htl.~r.e"mm)~· ~s .,.m~:;tint~d h~',,)kind of un ...... -rirrcn tJ.r"'1','iu,t.:1"imJ siuular w th('" inf:LJL1~H!S lJ~'.,~4:"u~~rbotproiHbictoml I on ctllrl'l~)}"jnjOl: ! n ... i vid LI;j, ~ wrrh fa d l!:,";11 Letr lean i n g... in [he sr J. tc rga ns] In (~('HI!l~H~ .if1 • he l I :.'



ll~.I:. ..... ,Al".I:.!o.

we slww c1 r1~iuiI1MI <.;ign of f'i'J.!;<l~ing in pohrical irojecrs wh~(,: h. aim seriously .[ u t·ll ,I JI['n~,4·rhc C:XiSI.j[l:)!:. O'~t"r, [bot: ';'In;w~r .i,: munediarely ~ 1'\{'IlI,.'vo!em .. 1<:;r I.~. ~r.1I~. "","'1 ~I IIW~·I.mb I Y €'ml In ;l r! CW (, Ll1.ilgl 1j The i.J.t.:oh:tgi~:B I fu ncti 0111 of cuustam references "[.I.) 11::101..: Holocnu sr, t he (i u lag, and more !IiI;'(,'-II.,'n . ~'ilrd \Y/Q r ld -e-:I r;~:..tnl r Iw~ i:f.; ~ 11 S fa serve ,LS the- mU)I) u rt Qf ~ i u rlu S J h:l~k.~'t,'rllf)x bv I,_.(J 11I 'a m'I), rr;m nH.I in~ usn ow Ihiii~~[L 0 mid hmw beo» .... rm;ch H'fJors:e~ ·"Just 'look .;)['OLUld ~md S.C(· tor y LLndf wb.~t will happen 'if \0\'(::
tHC I.960~ - the mOJl1L'm

.\ J ore Pf~'o;.l:\,(,1': th~ pol I! u..:aJ'7' co r rec S~;"jIlC~: hNr"l y:o. H~S pen l! rsc econ (1 rn r ) r hro~JH.b Irs 05C I r L1[IOn be [~\1('"'L'lb tht: ~wu ex rr!l~1 !11!..'"!'; ~ euher h'o.ol,: i Il;U i on \11;' ieb till' 'f1L,: [.ll ri i ;.o;~d other [hel ,lor "i.t; ,(hi rd ren, ra JW';;' women ... J~ ur ':1 fuelJ': on rhe ~~r'l"1 I e~ll'~ [Ie n[ bol,.·1!" h o, ~~ thU'Ll1-'. b 'I.:' I crun i n a], ;11 nd ';;:0;) on • ., lso ~k!.io::rT("s. pnJIC:"4.:-

r... ·(heal notions! \'(/JIM "\'Ill' enc 11 Her Jil.'r(' i~ the Lllrinnarc l:x"lm p IL! [J·f '0,,' ha r Ann a D~ne ~I ~ilL ,3n,l,.~Mi ke ~ L',lf}, h~ v I,:' Cell lvd rhe r)"r'o~e-n o F. dhr~roJli. : "' 11W iLJ~I the rem porn ry ...bscnc I.J t. Utopi,'ll" bur [be ~){J 1.ltl~3d u! Id) r ,.H i on 01) f the end ot social d rC;::IIH:S yO,.! And rhe deman d rot" ... C"IL'n nne: ~ objll'ctLy:iry" arnounrs to ~LJ!it ~moth~r version of 'th(!" .~.Lllj~ Denh« s~r.,.Jmt.~ (he It'IO IlH~IU 'o'l,,"(.!' ::iJl~riifHI:;:~}' qJU esnon "[he ex I :;;ti n~~ Iiberal ·L~0il.:.t'~1 !-.~~~, 'ii"C' "UE' ~'CCkl"5;cJ uf a b.~I ~dml iII~': scion riii..: 'I.) b i ect 11/ it Y fo r o~HJau:-~1iJ.l..:dtlf.i (:::II I posi [lOJ1S,. 'I hi~ ]'S ehe "Len I r'I isr " point on 'IN h it:h 'iJ'1 ~t!" L.:":1 rl rrot and sh oul d not concede: iu.,d ~)". aetna! {t\'1;dvm of thOl-ff{bt ~trf:'",j.H$ frf't:.dom to quesrton lh r prn'futi,rg ')f>7"tddC'm(Jcmlic "IJuf,t-ideoJog.t. ,11"' consensus - or i,' mean« rmdJUr~'J
"foil W


~ The PC'l'spL'c!i'n:

u:o:.10 i[]\"l'.r~ \Vi.~[~t!'~~. ""rc i n·s .. \(,1]) :·u ruH: ,;.~ml101"l("~rC~l k ;li hour, th{'r('{"1 tone sll m~Id h('" 511etl r' ~[1m '"\Xih,:l{ un!..: :-.httLJld not spt'ak abom dH;:I't:ol 011(: (annm r('IT1;]1Il ·il€JH". If yo~! w~,m [0 sl,",':tk rJhrnlt :.1, socual s)' \I;;'DH, you ';,::UU.lU.~ ~'l'J[]'li.ll ')iklH Ll.buill ~b r('IJ'r~t,;5;l'd exc.ess. 'I hI.':!puim i;:-; no~ ro [f'11 r.h~~.... l~)()Ie' I rmlb hut, pre(l~dy~.m rJPP;J;:nd to [be (of!~dal~'''hole the LllH':·~l.:o.f ~HppktjlL'Jlj\ whi.:;:h di;.'rWllnol.:C-S .Lt::io f:I!.::.ity,. A'f. M~x Ho~kheilT'ln f!"ut it b;;Kkitl th~ 1Y'1()O;;; ..;H }~OLl ,dorl:{ ~!'.1Jn~ to '1;~lk.~bout" !l_·api'[.alism. Ih~l~ )'0U sho!.mlJ keL~p :"11t"m aboLH h-L:S(;I~rl1i,' f.'a~clmll :i ~ t hI!; i nil e Fr-nt _,Srflll p1um' [th~" n:llu m of tho:: r("prl!..'"~ :!Ior-J) ~) f o..:.:~~lif ,1Ji~ln. tht: Ikt:): [u its '" uu rh ,. : 110'1 j LJ 'if ' li ('xt I!..'" I C(Hmnr,~~n t <le ....i;\"[ i Or) (~f It.... Ilorma~~' ma JoL)g_ic /~l1d rile:: S-iUllii:.: gm:~ f~Jr to,d"'r';) :!I.ilIlLd1.lLm:. tho~e whow do 11CJt W~m W sLlh'ie(,~t I~her;]l deI110CI":~.Cf· ;md tlu' tb\vs. t"f its n'l~~lticuln'.":l~i!-i"l"tokrnll((" tn Ctif i L~ I .~HaJy)i::.. .!I.hi1JultJ kc:t:p qUiet a bom r h!.':" flt'\f'ol R iJ2:hn~r "i olt"IiICI..' ~Iild L~l t (tlo::r;1n.:;(;" .. !f ~'i,'~ ~ ft! to ka'l{e {he OpP( ~~·I ~itIJ'n b(,twc--f'Jl Ii hf'm] ·dc-moe I'::t~iii..: LJ ri i~.(' i ~.m 1'<;,;11 'll'hi l't h:n:i.;/rd3giolU~ f lmdalllC'tl ta I i~III beb inl!, t b l': r~C st~p' ~:-, ;,~ II~ It:~!~C' i:ll t;k ~v,,' ~'he ·e:.::i~'[c;nr,;~" Mj~"ral fundm1.r(f':ntali~,.u; the r'''L'PiC n;(~ ,!;n JH{, 1.J f HU k Lng a Jug n~ .lil~~ WhL.:H dlO:;:: ri;du::> oJ a sen,d kj U'l'r or ;~ ~u':;]}I;'(:~t'd ... t' t:: ~ H~llH ..d :a'I'e ~'a ViflLuoo ..v!h~k if1i liOring tn~l :o..L .... ..... i[~btinmf C' "mJillMY" p{_:·upll..:':" !rL~lu~.

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non 01 his ~H,ml:ln nnflrs, Iln·.l~.l~C 'LI-ntlby it\; him, WmOff!.')w i'[~iJ be 1l1~""[an iO'x'{'H[!~t 'L:x'~Jnpk' i~:'\1,1.).;1111 Chnmsk~"'::; d';'·_(cllc{' of ., Frencl. bO(jk ad v · 'l:a[in,g ~hl!..'"i'f'\'IS.~(:IIJ~ sr.. KT 4 n the f Iolocau: n On a dllft'rem H level, a 5~mil';H m s,r~lI'~("0 t t hI...: fH.. .rversi r) ~rf Po htiea ~ .or rccrnc s.~ occ LJ rs ill Ot'JlIHar k, 'wh t' re people ".perJk ironically (~f the "whue WOI11;1n\ burden ", her ('dhI..:O-po~.ir.io.,.:aj dl~t)' !o have .~~~ 'INiDh irlHl·l.ig[';mt workurs fl'olll Third Worjd cOLJntl'ie:-> _ I.hi~ J"N.' i I'lS the- IiluJ 111;.~'l"r': .,:-;ary step Hi end i;n,g their -['{('.1 11.:15i on. ) Tnd.1 ~r, l n the era .[]t" 'wl]:-qr .1hbu' J ria s des i_t:;:ll-i.l red ~1';;' di(" ,,~U(' L'w'ih{;''rsldJ./. fidJ"/.:.t.'"if f the f~I!..'"W.OP;'H:ity J.-( our (~'l!e.rY&lY (''i{p-[!"ri'L·II-L,~" is nion- I n~r~ in?,· rh an riJy ever: mOdt~rnIZ"Ltlon f:.~"rlt'I':;ltl.:".:l lit' ....... nh:liC"lH<lnll'im~~ the rt-dlK~iull »f (['(..'II,.:JoIH ~:o. pre ..,t"n.rl'd [0 II:" .ar; dl(' ~;iWJ1 nf new {1!'C'~,JOllh, "11110..: pf'n:epfJon rhar w(," Ji\,ch! ,1 S(J("lt'lj" of frt'c o;,;hOIL:~S, m wh·id, W(" have ~o choose even our most ~'118iUr"11" f".:mJrc~ (cr.-h!li{.:or sexual IJL'lHi[}'), !:-. ,fit, tn~1TI of .1PP(~"1 OlllL:L' 01' II.... Y L' J'y op P0:-.IH·: of 'h e phsi'nn' 0 f !moe ...hoices, 1 1'1; t' r'('(I!..'"IIH rrenr I for -, .:'L I re run rc ]'e.1 fj t}'" filJ Hl;S, ~Ij;rhich prc.;..ent ex j:lO;rjr1lp; rea I it;.- ;i::;; 011 L: ol u Jl:~uJ r. itLbdl: (J.{ 1J·()o~;t,l e uutcom e'~., ,i.. syn1 P~OlI1"'H mo:; o~ a soc i et rill wh rch ch ,,!oi ces 11.:-'1 ngc:r hi Ji[) it:.1 nv Iml i.l.~{t'~." are lr J '" 1,1J tz of' d. rh,~ !e o;"'in~l ()f rhc t i me .'\'1, il.r'Jl n.i!lII"~a es I.~ even .. [i, hi L"", ker, 'i il1C\' ~[ ponj tilts Ww.a rJ!oi ':l >ttl ra I t, r n~ LI re. rh c verr ;,"i I t("rnpr to a void {ht! PfL:c.!c:".srull-tl lXHIJS--L' nt riling:.: 1"1IOt olll)' k"lJS LIS biL..:'l l"O i~. bLl!" ::lIC!l"IaJl. ("omti ru t('s ~f - .r rom O(.·Jj p u:-, ~)11 wMd , ,",re \"";1 m to :1 void l\ < nJ ir i>i IhrnLl~h OUt VC!)' c:krou.r rh:n A rcaJi./..4..!:S iE:o.t:H, ). 111 tho:.:~~" L'ho;;u m :...~aI1 C~,~. we- :!OJ, O~J kr h(' espcci;:ll.i)' i,..;~ rduJ nut tu nm(W:;,'I" ,betuJ.mf{ rdfFdr}gy r~·''''th i{i£r,;)iug}, wi)ich ~c:~m/~/() .dmnm.ai."., 1\ to 1'(:' dl ('JI ~''''''L'J'. 'i.'I,-'t: ~ll(Jdd bCHr Hi Ilflli!U W'"8Irf'r P;(,"I,.'m~a·'.s tt:"rnilldt'J:" lku h is. rlnt enfluRt~ to .1 0;; k "0 ""i ':1 (:i;,'"rl-i.b i II rho:..'{H ~I ~or a rO I)n~ i [i41J]'" I ~5("H w~(h n:~:u'J 1:0 (h."j aJ ;)rni~les - \"'{' S hnll JJ ;1 hCi i.l S I<. he-v., i[ ;~"ru;ilJ I flll1cr~~ rn.::: I n th(..'~{'" ~'("I') ," [1' U~(!J'l':!.. Ln ~(·.x, [be rrll e h L"'f,emnn ic ;Hrj h~d(' ~. n 01 pa r i'I,1[..:ho!-llfi.! P:rl'<;SU l"Il. but" "tree prOtrriIS('l1l1T; III <.11'1, pJ'()'V(Jo.t:;H"ion~ ~n the ~I"~rl~ of r.hr r.WfQfiou::. SClh~Hjml" e:;.rnihitlrms: ,lr(' thr- nflrm. ~hL 'x,lmpk' of an tUJly- inwgr;Ht-,d !:IUO the' cs[ahhsJmwnr. Arll Rafld brought" [hi:" logic w L(::::oI;0I1dusi.r..m.,. :SIU t']~el' t"i ng ~)p,1 \\lII:J1 ;L, k LJI(I of .tlq~~ Ii all lW1·r, th (H' iSo. re:il:o.;:-iC rrirJ~ [ 111;:' [l ~~("I'lJ .l.dc(:.j4.)lI':.) Ir:o.t:I f .j}~O:; IN m,'I,o';n _Q;rol,.'''l tes;~ rr;) nsgr.t:"!'sj4.HL,. ;l'S 1.11 ~:h I itl e ot Ol'iJt" l~ ot hit r bIe ilnil ~fi.("(.i m~ Lm )b; C.:lpit.;] J I S;rl I. n~0:;. U~lk I'"IOWI] J d~.11.....OJ' ~n "(~)r I .
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17 ] is. that r.t) I' .;1 ;.;t....rer 'LO rg:;m i r oil' i on -wi th i fI .. il-DiI"g;1 n i1.;mon ": IIH.! :l ~ L;Ons.~)Lj,.L';:(' i,'i. <~ Ife:].I; ..ry 1.11~h.'r "vtvi III II.:' ~ I,)r~.o!I c~i i!:..btion a." such, III rhe ca '['11.1 1'_ 1M' s,y~ rem, i 11 the wa y !he p-f) lit 1('.11 <; pace and !'r;;';"1 tr- ~lp'pnra:n~sc!:. 'i,1'lork.~ J, ....... (]' '1::( lh ta ke ontO of dl~ hortr,;:~t tUpK'S im~ roda~' 's •• Fi.~J'l::;;11 A merica ! i '" acadern ia: .r);l'):';;~("~) II.n I j l :;;tu die ~, The p rob-It! U'I of P0:Sl[l'Ur OJ] ialism i:" indo U11[t!J I> cru L i;~ howe ver, [)O' 'tCOI()i~ l~!I stu dies ten d ro tr.jl. nslare u LJ1 W rhe k mu hi cul r u r ,111 pru hlemat ic u f t], I: colon iI.t;,( I m] non nes r ...ri~lu n) na rrate I? ~st their ,"'Icnmj:f.illg experu-ncs, of rflL' power me ·J1.lni!.JD1!i w hich r.L'pr ... "uih·~5, erncss", !'-.(~ 'that, <III: rhe end 'of the day. '...e lea rn rhar rhe mot: oJ rm!-).[(;oloni:ll ' c xp In I r~'U1GI1 C~ .0 ur in tt) lcra nee tmv'j) rJt" the Other; ~~I d ~ .f urthc l'mQTl' ~ rh a t I t hi~ i fHl..l,I'~nUI('1..: Irce If is rooted H~ ou r i mnlt'T;u:tce r(,}\l\'~m:h the- "S.tr;iu'g~.I· i rl

rsr LS someo ne wb (~, attcr ru thless Iy ~~·t~er .;'111r'. , ~11'1) tir, rh~11 g_l'llt! ~tm:'.ly hares p;m::~ 4,) ( j t ~ ,giv bn~ b r~e J011<1 t ions ro 4; h1,1.n.: lie s, ,,"' ld~li.l:li uf ctluuc or ~.N ual ;;]busc, ere ~ pn<;;j ng .1... ~l, ., ~1rn an it~ r inn J, ~'h 11. hi nl:l1 e ~h'::~.tjlj rr .H' ~~Ii'{"~'I.j inn is, f' eo assert this princi ple d in:''(:~:l}'....lep r; 'I.' ~11~~ i[ uf 11f:'; h.II'h1. rL!rar lan rna .sk. [a [iii the rclo rc rem poteet to reverse .M!1rx \ Thesis 11 ~ the ~Lr:.,.t rusk rod.l'Y is: precisely not to succumb in il'hl..:'rcmptetion W .iH.;~., [0 itHI;:r'Vt'll€: dll'ec~ly ;;md c.l,lang..: (rhLngs (\"I,hich then inevi rabl y e IICJ~ ill, L: ul ..dt! ~aL ,I.) f de b i '·i tating rmpossibiliry. .... \X"h.u em · vc do :lr,-<limt ~l() ;11C,l!i'n:t:'J:I?")., bUT ro ql..csrion ... rhc hl;'gl·mom..:: Iclol..,t If)gil.:a I co-ord iuates. III :,.11 n, t} ur' h l:it ori ca [ moment is o still rhar of Adorno:
T~ l I he q~,(':=;.d"""l1 .,.,\'I:~b:H !':t. I10LLld Wf! d(~~" [ can I1V):i.[· 0 lten truly ,HI ~Wl!'1r 01"111)' wn+~ ., I .d~m'li: k l1:m v: " ,I cam mlh' try W :>111 ..111):;.1.: r i;!!:~~ N.~!.n w I,L~' dLl'r,;: J ...., Here I)' [ people reproac h 11'11::Wh en y~~lr pr act i ve i.'fl1'''''''Hl. ~'11 iU~ _)I~Q (')bh8.~~·d ~;}t LI [0 ho"'~ One sheu kJ ii'f'l~)kr I [ bcm·r.. 'r LI m~ rni nd, !Ill:; i s mcunt rm'C'r[,ihly :1i l)o~Iqr,I"'()l':; P:f'{'i11(h,;;:C'.. IVhny .Im.:;-::;; In hisfO:rr it "'Dl;LFPo:!ll!!J th:lt t 1C ';'':-~' wur ..~ whi...:h pu r::i LL-J purely t hi:OJ'C Lie.J.l g_U-:lb. l.r.lns!ormrd ;.unsci uusn ("i"', .Ln( I t h r!l'dby L

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rtl~f" social realirv.: H. tllJJay~ wC' follo'w .~ Jin;1,,1 ..:-dl Hl ~~.... thJ . .;~.;,..~ . ~, \."1I1111()~ l'l,C' l'1'e['k)funoo III :;In l:1lf1 p·t,. ilor~U' _ i r '1;\1' i.11 hl: .'1111 :iI~iL 'Wl t h LII ~IIL: he.!5L!nlon it.: i dl.:!~ logi,t.:a1. Cu' ~ or~] i i'HHT"';: t~,p~~~ \"'h~) ...'COOllHy " .....:!I M i(~ d r) ':'(l.(I'I.efll n1£ n."'! he ~ people-" ge~ f p iLlyul ,'~Jin (urldo\~bet,."l~Ir h Orlo 1,1 r~\ b 111;:) p IL) i,~~like M,iJ.c.>,dil £. ,s..ms lromlcJ'os, ex Cr(!'(!nrL!"I(,:(~" ft!TI:lini~r nnJ :Hlti-T:lci.s.t {':ur~p.'t:igi'l:"; whjd, ,;~~'l' ~~.JI l Ol'lIly Ill!. Wkr-;H t:d IJv r tV.::"!'1 ~ lLppOlfre I hoy ri1lc' rHal I;~, eve III if I[ ht~y Sce rmng I v enl(f()8.1ch m1 c(':"[.:momic tcrnh)ry HOT I!!x~.I'h.pk,J.!..!Jwom' 'i[~g ;}[~J boycofring ('Oi.'lIll ar..ic:s "+~I4,,:h ~i() rm1' n:'!1.Pl'C[ cc.r~I()SlGtl cOlldHUOfIS; 01' us-e child bhour) _ i'her are 1::(~I(!t;Jj~L!{~ .;billJ S!jPI1(}i'tcd ..:!!'. h~r.g d.~ I.hl..!y J'lJ- I~o( gc..'1l: ttHJo t.:klo!!lc W .L (:~J1a.iill IiDYUt.. ~ 'I h·i::;. k LII d (IIj :;1.('[1'\,1 i ry prmr~de~ rbe pe rt'e...:[ ,f'-:': 8 mp]e ()~.J nrerra ~·5i Vlt~' ~' of LI,["~Il~ [hi ng'!!. IIOL. ill urJr..: r W ;1t"h il:v1..' :-o.lH1 Ll''1. h i t~g~ bLi l [4.) prl' ~'<I,;m ~oJnC'th irEg f()fn real]~, klpren~ I':!g, 're-a til' c ha I'IIgin g. A ~I rh if. fl'e nHic h II rna lliqt~r-i ;Hl, PCJtHH:al1y (O[.'fl:('[, t"rc.. acr:i",·j~y tits d1L' frmub or "ler's g 011 ...... hilnl:~ifl,g s.oi:nl!dl!iEtr:; : 1.1[he- time :;0 [har, glob;}lly, Lhings will rcrna~n. th(' .1md" .. H .... 11d ;ud ~Cu ~n.Lra~ ,md ics (1']1 il.:'i7.C' .:a rita Ii.;;;n~,,h 'Y tin "'(~ I' . ~., (' (o(h::{1 'way ra r.h~u t'xC::'rnpli ics Bo Ily wooJ Iilx:m] P'L1rilIlO~~l; thl' t nc-m y i~'~I:ht'o;y'>t l'"'1''' !:~~ f h .dde III •. or.C<1n iz;'Ido 11~'. (he:;) nt i -de rnoC'riUl~- ...('on'S pj mcy", nOi :> im pJr Il;'~.p~t,11 i ~m ~ I!ld ~r;ltt:' ;;l p P,l.f<ll U::;l';), The p wb~elJ1 with th.is ~n t 1 ·.,11.!:oW 11"~ i:s i.1Q[ .....
only (h;:1i1' il rFcpL'ilcr-<;. concreTe- ::;:n(:i;:i;ljn;~ly<;i..; wirh ..l <;;tll"!Jggk ;'lp';:lin:'-:t ah'[i"IlIC{' l paranoiac tal1t.;lsi.:s, hm tn<lt - nt .rI r~ri"al para!l0H'I.;,: ;gt'stllTt' _, U lHlIn~CS~

rsclves _ th Co' r oli [i!":~H'{'Ofl(Hl'tK" :l-:T ii;g lc i!'!, r h RJ'i irn pc!'t.:I.,!'P t Lbl r L 1."~H:~Jonnt.J I"'U intu a r~1I,I (L.) ..ps >'....:ho~ll'ia I~ d I'J. iIlia ot rh ~ :.u bjcc r ~J[~:~ i e IC" con fHlI1t irs ·rio;..: h mncr [j'.l.um ....., .... I\X"hy P'Si,.'uJowr:-.y,;,;bo,ma'lyti..;? .lk:a..au!.ic; ~hc true rt!s~ Ul or psych oa na ~y!-iS L 1101 that t he e)ll ern ill If'H!'rH ' 'wn ich hsci.l';;r, c .1.11dlor d i ~I;'U rb 'IJ!i. .arc j u~1: p roi l"t~(j'lJ.lh (1 { o ur inJlt; r ITp [C.SO:'· i mpulse LI s. I'h l' I!.I n be;~ t:~1101 fan (' of ] I Je I~ 1:h~~t rh ere rC;'lJ Iy .;,U'C' d i...r hin.g everrts our !h.::r~~ d·l'!;:fr.:' arc: o[h'l.'r !·1L b UJl1.;)i.n bl.:!,i r.l;P;~ wilt) e}l pot:ritTh..'(..' 1~1~1:;'f1S'l:' s-:e Xli :l.l I:fI j~)y Illf'n;: 'I;-vt, iI€ Wt! ;H~~ h aH. impo[('nr; there (In' pr:opl,e 'Submr!'lth.-J to ["':L'rif)'in~ [t)i!"[.urt'!. , , , Ag;Hn~ (Ile I.Iltimare rnnh nf r"i~·d,o:;ln;."llysis 'i~no!;, T~;lr ot dl~("oy{'r~lEg Ollf truC' Sd,L blll( !'har 0'. the tr,l,um.;l[ic C'n':';OlLrH'I.:J' \",.'ir~1an unl e;:.lr~~hk Hea!..] Th!!:' true corrllpt10~1 n t AftH"n('.., n ;lC:!I d L'm i:'1 is not prirna ["j [y fi 11~ J]ci.m [, .i r 1:; nut 1.) l1.h' t hM LlJlj"'t:JSLlie!'i ;;H(" <in:l(_' w buy mallY Ell w pe;:u, L'rit!Cil~ i[HL'Ir~· "IlI;;]I~ ~l~n.::;.dt im;ludC'd - up tn ., puint)) bllr ,-olLcL:pwaL LHJ[i1)m ;!jf '''F..(HOj)t'.111·' cr'i'w-81 ~]; I;:~ lIy <t reo 1m r.("rc:epnhl~.' tr."n;ro;: I;nf'Q i 11~o the 1 M..'n;gn lin i.vel.~(" 1"1 f c: lJIit ur~ I s.!·n die's (' hjc ...A t· ., Cl~n i! I.~I po~ 11. t" thJ.:i ..; IhJ~ bec('l-nu!:.:; i ~H .. i 5~in~LJ I '! h~~Ie from t'lw i h
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t!cn rlC)1l.1Y" _ :~r rh i.... ('t'! neilid ir~~ h~yhp()i nt (:I f -I.;01! fS(·. ~h' L; hj Id ril'!)" .,l! rc repl.1 'ed b r {Il(~ Ci ri.baf.l k J(lI~<Ij," Th~' gr('<l.,[ l[]:ll ior~I:>' of !ud:ll y'.,. "~r;l d L(';.l f" "<':']H.l:mi(':'i 'SilU:H 1.'1,1 nt oIL rht: l;Ul! IOH~-f(·rm :smbdit)r of tilt" Aon'rjean c;lr;lil;~Ii:'o:i rnodd, wi~h .1 ':,.t'(,:"Llrr [(,lltlr'C'J p O!:lt~(")n <1.::0 1 b'::ll" ul t~Il1.Uc p]'l1·f{!~:io~omd w~ill (;1 SOUr pri~j ng nu rlnhrr (."I{ ~hen I e ... .. pfay rh f' O;;[fx'k m:;trkt: I. I,. [r ihC'I'e' 1':; one ~hi ilg du'y .jjJ r.c gCihJ i m:h' nJ'ra i.... ·f,'I l or, i l ~<; _\ [':Jc..h:.::.d !:o 11.1l[.!,:·r~ ILg of ,hI.:.: 1 rei;;", 1""'I;.:I:d :-.a f.: II fC'-,C'n vj rQJ 11~l('nt of rh f' ""ym]· nIl{' da ":;S:l!~ '" iIl ~k..elf) pI.! d \'(/l·'Srtt:'I'U _~c1; i CIil·':>. Tbcj r CXl~l::::;:-o.L~'':; IJ0J iriGi.l I}' · )


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':;;0 on, v' th ~J'i lilt IIH'i relv ;~ de. euce <lp,a.i nsr the: r 0'\"'[11 innermosr ill enri fi.... 11,. J. k Ul J 01 t:ol'll pub; i..,I.! rir Ll;~l \~'~tbl: 11i J,JiI."n~u tic IS: ~trio ... I '"Lee's ra Ik ,jj s much ;,1:ii p~J::;;!j,1bit'; Oil bout the neces ~I r~' 1") € ;"I rad ica I 1,:JII ange, to m •• ke sure l~l~U nO~'hiHiJ; will r't'~ll~ ch.-HI;!.::.e!" The tfmrnal Or:wba I:::. ryp.i"':::J!J~ of Til i 5.: "dl en )1''''1\1 n S k one ~1 f. rlu: >l;:J~t~ JT:'I. wh ~~ [hi;.!' II[il...: "·l'l·o:..-r ~ [u, [I~l"~ JUl.1rt cnnfidcneinllr m ~i(:a I..': hnr 'it ~"',.of course tbat Ocrohel' - ill rhi wav, )roU I.AI n LIJd.LI Ig;1..: iI' i <lr~onj:sti>l,; an<d~'tIA;:;i I.)i' moJ.t! III art, wu h tht:' !It: t.: ['1;."[ h::. urance rhat yn~1 are <;;onll(·hnw rc:rninmg ,:iI link ,v irh rhe raJicll re voILlr~OiHn}~ pa t•. , , \";ii rh f...-g.1HI to thl'S it;!! dK<'I 1 ch sc, 0: n ~:c.r ~(!,:·iHJrC: rc,,'!.,'~U'dl'i. -h Ii("J \Vd~' ideologists and pf.~..:ritiolill!r~ si'1;:'lI,JIJ be" ().III!! of praise: ;11[ ~C'~hr tIller pl.]!)' th ci r ~a me: strm ~ hr, ,,"'Ilid [11 (1.' hmJ,l. ...... m [b~'i r ~Icce P' ,;)J'IKt' nl the A.lob~~ ~ I ('.;.1 P ital i;:.t co-ordmates - un Iik I;' p!:-t: lL(k~~I·.;I il.;~ I aca d{!mn it: 1.d~.I.~.[:::-l'Vi.' ho aJ( ~Pt d ,li11l arrirudc o~ u rrc r d i 51:3.11 i n tmv::iIrd~ t he Thi rd "Xl;}l y, whi lit rh ei It DWn. radscalism ultimately amounts '[0 ~LI~ emprv LL~'t:! which nhh~e..; no one [0


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ro he marie here berwee 1 uurhenric social >i..:n:::H~emCnL Il behalf : f ex] k.i~!:.!'~~ mw'md~~ [f!l)i' example, 1.~r~anlz~ m i fig ·iUC'J?'"lH~1crmp In)'cd d~K::um fidd. \,,·m.. ers an C:!II i t moon i.!l ~ and the mu lricu l· k ~ L~1'", II s~/p()s~oI.·~) lonial "1' laurauous of uo-rssk, 110' f.1iu]['. k nock-ott rc bell ion" UJ W~l icl ~ PW$PI;[" in .. nuJi<L~]' !h~H!!,I'K'an 8.tJld.'l'Il.'!Ii;l_ If, hov.'i;.;'\'I;.:L', ~Jl conrrnsc eo ...c{] 'T'~ tr! 1m Lit i,';"ul L"!lIi,;1 ~I~nl n.. Wf' de finE' "I.,' ri C I!I"::I bl.:".11nni ~(ic1JII U (~ll i~HII" ilS iii. ~r~'dH:j:!.y \)f pm III Lng ,L)oU'[ [hal( .~[hI:.: i't: <1! I'lL'"...: Cl!nunoll f.oro.::::. l) ~ o'ppr{"::;:-.io[], ("uniin~,llil .!il:rateglC':'" of il'x:dLJ~i!.1J:ll~ :S;~(:[,Nlt)'pil1.g, and s.rigJnlrizillg of '-'pprl''S5€d g.~OIIp:1., ;:'I i~d 'I h, i~ cnrnmon en.em if:'> and ra rgef':' 0 <l.rt;)ck, " I I I do nm !'~c [me ~.p p.I'OI'tlii :U(!I~CSS 1.1 £ 'L he- -conLin ui.ng u::.c oJ the [l'.rrU tJl'uh i 1... LIlt tj f<lli;:o,m ., , sill~'e rhe ;:'I ccem sh i ~n h t' Fe ro rhoe f011~mO'~ '!Of nl gg Ie. In ip; norm;;J I ;1c "{'p{C'd m-c:am n~; I'!IILll[JC'll~ [Ural ism pcd-'I.:c rl!' fir:s chI..: log i c u f tnt" gJ ob.L!ll markl"{,
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\'('h .. j f, hav Lng 'lJ 1,.·.1 H i"fl>!:,J ,L ssu r.. ":::l·o; r~.a r ~/I..-j)oI'l1l;lld \, ha d HlIly <to p:rn'(l m : W;'~].lg ,heL,t t'"~r~rhe ! ImJu'i :o.:omehuw kll .fJ'mtr.UiI.·J? By (~J"1pl~'mJ!, '!"'ilh rhcir !l!t:~;ll dl·IlIH.IIHJ, l\·'ld k)~I!:dJ\ pn_'vt"nrof'd ehcm I·tom .ufioC'Lrl ..:rring l:iIL:ir more" (llrl(l~ rncrual pro rest ~~~i.1iJ L;;.I!:~ '·L.,:~to['rI ~ ...:LLIt u r <'11 I illJ1(,,1:ia ii ~.Iln! "IX'b.'H ,d, afrcr :,"'1"c nn,mkl\ ~,~d ~rll!y :J;; 0ppL·d using h':;l:f Ln. d~~" hnJ11 I pr-C5.S b ,l J L:OIHJ 1.1 LI!(,:'I,l t u' s.p ri;:~ rh t' lit.,"t ha r ;-1'11:'; fa r ........" "1 i r I hC-[ll~ USL'd~ J 'F~~j rhrs 11(:'I1~H.i , nggC'I'('d ::J POpULll" revoir .l~~ill!o.f cultural 11111).1.:riah"iJu WIti'l ::;.o,il,h.' fl·al]~' ~·rl!iHh.:ir;Hnr) resulrs? i~ ir Hoi rrue rhnr in Ilhi~case, .J. hb't.J~t !"'~'~"'"(~l.lld ]"l1,'C :<>L'J Vl:J as the 1111,.":1J1:-. Mtj'i.:Lllarrn~ a murs- ,gJj nal of rruth,' (~.()rmdf:'I' :11:'0;0 rhe .l!n,,,,lognIJ" case \~f the lriJI (_!If JII ,HrLI,.'~n" ~\ 1l1,,=rL(,~I~~ mLLfJ.I..:Il!~.:even It h>i.,: n:·;'lily did COallm!l" rhe cTim("~ thC' :,.t';rHrI'Kt.:

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i'i. 'wlC'r:.1.'I1!:;l' nf '~h~L O~t,'l'T IIIl ~n filii" ~'S tfDi:,. 01h("!" IS Im~J1::'111 "intelerane fundnnrenralisr" - which ::.unpl:o'. rueuus: rn ,';0 b r :-I:;' It [:';; not 11:'1111: n;;:. Olh C'I:. ·1:oJI!,:r;:w·c,;: ~ .. ..' .d i zero to,le-f'" ncc " to r ¢ he real Other, ihe ()I'~H;'r III the subsranrial weighr ~lF ~t:'oo ;(mi$5~mCI!. 'W~~can .... Iw·w I.:~ th i.. 'IU r';~ I ml L; I';~nee reprod uces rh t: e It:'Il1CII ~My <. p~):)tmt)d~"rnoper oJ W)I~ -,uf ~ h.,:
hn "'II~g nccess ro the oh,t,!~r d cprlvcd (J f iJs; !j·Ll ~~t;:m(,.1;.' ~'lF(' cnn en j"O}~ r:;n~t~e ~ 'lNll[hOll.l ..;.aff~in~, b eer '.. ithour alcohol, ~ LX. without j,_IJI:-~L;t b(l(..Iil) !"O!lt.:~~t, rigb r U~} LFll Vi rtun 1 R,C"ll·i [)', Lim r i!., real i!'y i"M! I f ,dcpr i \rL·tl nf ir... w: rt rir~.,t;'r I n I i t su bsra nee ~ a I L.! ng rhe sarne 1i nes, lA'eo ., "'fmi f,<."t ~'ht" erh n rc ()I' htr (kpr I \"ed ~If the !'llb~[a~lct! (.jlf i,1 () [h~nl~~~, . ~ .., .. 111 mhr:r wr.trJ",,_ 'I. ho::!' il n ~MC'[Ji, wi til [·bli;' I·ihl."I":l.J rLJ Li I tlCU I!'~L.-::III '"it .1!i. ~ h;I~'w 4lT I :o:.hl.:!i"i ...In al1ile '[0 [l!'la hH":-t i n ~ r me j ndi H·e·r'1!no:.:f' wwa n.h. ~h c Of hrr-r 's, 1fJ.r.t.r$ ..~tl.i'~a
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m~mhnf> n~ .H1 old cl'hnic iiL"Oup, f~,!.' exam ple, rna ke clen r thel r ,dc:..nrc E'o t;1~!C' rhe plt:a.o.;l1.1eo of rh~ '''c:Om.lJ rn ('ri ... r r . 0(' jCiI)',.'I ,ru[L'oni.l~IL~ m IJ h i,(uJ ru Fa Ii:'o:i<; r rr W con vince rb'l"i1I rh;n (11 n~ art ~'LC[IHJ.';'; Of \\?e~'~(,Jll ',lpir;lhs'l: jJ~olo~y, and rhat I her ~~Qld.d resisr i'L' This ~L1.!.1'[ ~n.i:t. Ill:: a r~rt ude ('<1 n .!!,O tight i rl r till' (j ireel:' im:e-rfc.:·J't:[10!..' I!l 31 ::lJHm ng itsel f.~ ~t:1 I V II"n~[1 (1-.t.i.I i ~ J i,::.,.,; u:-':-'.!on Irl Mill n e':':Ot:.1 ;1 cou ph; of ~'{",];r!. "lIg_o, the ] h I;' J1J IgJu:r:.:-ned \vh tre 11he~':ih rried llfl l'OUV j nee !:h ei r partners rn redCT to 1'ncrJ1!-iC' J 'N!:S .;},~ '. :\1~ rive Am ericans' ~ ~ihh ougb !'hC')' ill:-'I :-';~l'd I hal' thev u l"iIe(]~11V0",-"1 r I~' rc(erf"("d p rh c ~.I'I~ fl' rn J ., Ind ""Ill:" ..• '

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of .L ",II fj c renee hl,"!'w(' en h ~1H1:'1 ij) "i ;1 n d I othu ~ :'111 UB1~l ki!i I ~n less cll uHi~., J and urn:chi"'-iJJ !h.I!] our fural":! r"'·l"':~.:pUlJl~JL an ethical dLI"fer~'I!(t" h-c.>u"'''·I;.·n, say, ~ men and wonu-n, nr Hbt.·,b ;1I"HJ 'AIJUJ:£,:-.:_IIr~H':: problcn I '1,'1/ i rh S. i L~O:~TL~ nor ('!'I'II:- rh e i':H II ';'01- of) h""1 nu:s t .1('[ rhnr whi ~('" 'Vo.'!1..', ~!'t·~~lnbi.(."lU~· couscious humans, o;1!ro:: prua:L:um~ (.I1d;'l!I.~tn·lI :lIWlH1J Spt::,L:iot!:-.o, our u!rJlDl:m: ~~l<11 ~Il]'th re;:;;:Hd tn 'p )Fcs-"'C"d OImJ t·;..;pIOLl.o:!d human ~l!'oI.nq'50 is J}ol jll ...'· to ~ pl'(Jt,,;.._,t'" them bur, ::l!bm- ... all, t'o o!"rnpowt!r • them ro take· varc of rJH'JI!1-c;ehcs .mel 1(';1d ~"I fr,I."· and uutouomuus lifl,.:. \Vh.~1""t.:'t· lost III 1 his Da .... V1IL16t narrarlvrsm IS. simply till' dli'lH·n'i.lOll ol ~J"Llth, not .... Oh~~-li\,[! [II'"LI'ti-r." .ih the notion u.f n~,lILt~· Hunl <~ pomr of ,j-c, ... wnlL·h s(Jln~hm ... tln:us · .~liovt" rhe m H It Itu de II i parricu LIIr nil rrru n·t':o._ Wi rho u r .1 rc ft:·[ cnce W rh i.:-:. '1.1 n D\·I!.:r~ I d LH~ll:m(m of trut h. we lJ J[ i m a tel r all rvnra In • J~~.";1 pf':>: o f i1 cold i ~~t)d"(::B :\bTX p~1r ir ~n his '1841 JHJ~Il1I"::', even mi~ ~"'nl~~'r's,p'I'O!;UC:s~j~'L! ;;'oI.:r~I~JIl sm'l~~1 U.an\·II.i:;ln. of l.erun \ prenus - "''l/n~ch wd~n', in ullr [·r::. of p()~tf1lnch:'I'n I"cl.ltj v i:::'IH. 1:'1. more pernnent than O:='I,'t:[- L~ .Jla~- universal rrurh .Hld ]l<lHIS.:lllsJup, rhe gtf:;f'IIT('" nJ: L~iklrlg sides, ;l]FC' not 0111,- not nrutuallv exclnsivc, hur c.;' nJI[h)11 eacb ~tmJIL"r": the unu-ersa! [['lith' (lor u c~mL·rc."r~ ~i [~I i1 nnn (';W fw i1rt icu LI.!·(~d0'1 J :r' r' W rn " l hm'on:H,h Iy P,ut i:;.a,~p.» i CU '11; 1[mil I~. hr d~61.')iFJU". onc-vided, n~i s ~ uf crru rvr; go;C':;. ,~gLlj ,.11('· pre ...a iI~:ll.l>!. r:.l ox a (}r vompro Il:ll"'L·. oIA I~~~. · ti n....i rig ;j mi ~MJoI;' l ~}i'1il:h a ~lt( ~Ilr, rhe mu Inrud t' 0 I' L( )nfl ict i:i1!~ j ntcresrs. J f ~""(' u d r~~ :sp'C( if y II Lt~ !.. ri h: r i;:g ~J r" Ih t' J ~ffe-t"e lit. a 1rL-rn ~iI·l... n., rr:'H H'I ;r..'LTWI'l, 'r hen t"h is It ·,;;;:, e-rldol,.·;1vOUt r'lm~ toe J'i~k [l,t t:Hdor.~il1~~, in lhL' l\JoljLI.... ·.J~I~, CQffl:d II1IHHI" nc..iJ 'lj Jo u... .- n:~rr:l (~"'{·s II k t_' tfl,r one £: .ll",om rll L' '" II rr(;m~~)" n f SO'rlll.:' .1.borigllMI holi:~"j(' ,vl';.JfJm. td dit:ll1i"::o!'>m~ !S!,.:iI;!JIl:{, a", iLJ~r J.nmlh-:,r IlarrarivC'" nn .1 p;lr W~ih rre~nodc:rn qll"'e~itlW1ns.. TIll' I'..c-niaj!:.!.. ]]1':o"""e:~ W til(" posml:o(,li,,:m .i ~Hli~i~,lI h.lir;,lll:-:'! •• ri ~du [u 1mrnm.:' ... .;:;h ou I d t"l1 Li:;; ! . ;'111 ~m:1 ~h.Ui1{'d ;) ~~!!'rti(>Jl ol dw rig/It to Iruth, \~rlit·r.1.in thor- Jchj.L,:!...· u·t J. 91·' • .lJlllm,[ .lll Lbo:.:- ELHopL~.m Sm.: i.1].- Dt"rHl)C 1''oHiol,.·:P,lrrit,s "'1 Lt·:.:mnhet~ 10 V,,-M fen (~LH ~1Il,j vO~'L!~ifor m d [it~ln 'l_·rnilt":,., Ll'nin\ .:.:ompk!t: [t",(,~1j(_i[l of rh~~ "parn rK lirH:"'. in Ih 'n;:rr m<:,ol,;HIO;l ~wm rht rrr ... ·~ilLl;g rno:1[)d, .·wod fOf tl1L' singul.l:r (.'rncrgr ..:tlL(! r' [b'l: nU[~l of the l! II( i rot ;:;HL1,1I!UI!. A;J;a i Il ':0 r ~ 11.1..' d i cht'· :1,"" co f'(F i 11~" tn 'w hj~h pnh ri r;:.;:; ft:':l 1"0:; pI? °r"Ic.. ap.Hr~ HI~nlL~t~(L (;h~tJnilY jJilo d~e socm,1 hod\, \... ..Iwul.d. d;:w'rl l.g ~ rhar r:iJi;: 1.~rll'Y N'i.~J r~nil'r::>r)~Jl.rf)· ~!f. dre:' p0/J:~11.~-.II }Itt': I.he ~llli ... -{,ts.:d lillk bj[.Jinig t (.I~(.., lll! r (1.11 (hu:o.[' 1i~"ill) l:X pt! I" I L~lKc a f IJ n d ;.Hl1l: U1;;1 ~·ril da I"l'r)", :l J I r-nn",(_:' wtHi I I ~I,!Cl me' ;1 'IiY..-t re 1 h:~ t h"i r ;;;'['lIMI CS :If!.! PO:I~-~ ~) f fh l' 1{(! I-~ 5tfu~~1c:w'h idl CIJ L~ r r .H:.ru:::.:o. j(: ~mll't! ~(M,: 1.1 I,:di n..:'t'. I" [-0 pm I r I rl liad i OU \ l'~'ITTI~; UJl1'l.'ol"r~:l1 H) I oj d i the' tr'ilI ~~l-p!l'"n("('dLire J ·1.:.1m1 ~bM:'rt II ~d f unl~' in lh l' ~LJ I!;'l' L) f ::'ll~h a 'I.,: ut. ot :~ r.aulGll di, i~inn. <H iJll' \liI.·r~r nC:'Ln cilf rhe 'i.rl1.:i:11 J}("Jd~ _ l [n',.'. did DC!' C~HlIh.: t.·]71 (·I.'1tc :1:0-: I' he.:- :)!J n be) I (1.- 1111 tJii.!J .1- r a []~t? '1 hr,: ~lIghhi":: ., ,,'fl'li"'r'" III ~ I!{ tl..':n (-€ In

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her r hI!; I-' re rrch ~kfe:;t.~' 1 ha r th e '!,...·M wa S n or Q'I,"C"rthin It l' ti I:!~ r must ~ ~o on _ :.m inbi!;,[II,!II!:.:e '..dw~e (!H(!t:I~ WL:r';;: JL""I."pl~·Ji\'i,!>i'l, t:".. . .. In ;'l closer ;1n:'lI),,!1is. we should shos .... how ehe culrural 1I"('1;l~J""'I<;.m.~,. :rbe "righr-to-narrute" unentauun CO~[a,IJls, irs ()WI!l. appa.r'~llI( ~ppum't·_. L'I. fixation 011 t ~~~,... Rc::d 0 f :'-00111(': t raurna ,,,,·hj;t.:h n:::.i:.(::. ~[S. ~l.lfli.'~l,t.H· non _ th'~ p,~~ rl r iza p.e d i 8 1t'(iLC.;lI, rension ~lI~iI'.1il ~ I'OJ;~ ;K;} dern I"': .• H oloca LJ"'';I md II !i.rr}' . The i Y'~ p usuuoden i lUj.l.i t,: t) r <, t; veryeh n\~ is a J~s..: ursi n' conscructi on ~ [b~n' an: no dir,['ct firm bet'"'' was nevur tlSOO [Ode: [are rhe Holocaust. E-I Iocaust rt·vj;ioni:;.t:;. prefer Ic) ..~q~ue in rhe H~i"m,~f empirical anal~·"i.is.. T.b~:ir \.:b_i~n~ o range t rom the F;I';'::t'" tl ~.1.1. thl:'I'[! l~ m'H..II wrLu;;:n docu me nr ut wh lC h Iln.l er nn;len.-:d th~ Ho!rIof,,:,L'IISI tn rhe weird marhemancs ot: "raking inro account the number nf ~~i~, ovens in ALI,~hwi[:t~. I( v.. <1:-. not po~'Sihl.e' ro hum ~() l1li!ny (;o"'ps(!":;; .. __ ", hil COnti" :~:!1t ro eh e rev i,S.~Oli isrs, 'i r us. p reci sci)' t 11('" posrmod C rn d iscu T'lIVe Il,;ml~I r uct I OI1lS[~ (I ike I. yma rd ~ w no rend ro elevate the E10 Iocausr info d~c .~upfil:mC' indf oil b II..!nu; ta ~1h ~':ic.Li E vi I _ fur (he ill the Holoca 'U::.[ is [!.lC i IJ iii to uchn ble-sacred Rea 1" rhe 11egarive 0 coni ngcn la nglJ ;).1;(' ga m cs, 21 Theprublil;:lh wl1h dws.~ ""bu pt"I... .... every l·()rn~.~nson _b~r';,l'.,·~l'll th.t H ··I~.~usr ::d e all d ~)I:hl:!'r cuncerurut mo'll c~~ p.:!j and rna s. polirica I cruncs a'S .m ina d 1l1lSS,1 b~e III rela nv i 7,:1i1f i O~ of rh e H oloca ust m..;; dlai[ rn 1..:)' m i~.~rh c poi n t a n d revca I t h_C"I[ () ... ~tl'L Jmlb~,~~ ~'!l.:!., r:hL: I [u~uca !JS( was u.I.li,q IJC, bu [ rhc 00 1),1 vlmy to r.sta b Ilsh I Ii~s IJll,lqll.l,~ nc~~..,j,s, to ('ompa ff' i r ",vi(h other s,ir1ll.i IM r,h_E' flI~lnel,1~.:;) d tfl1~5 n dt!m~'lhEr::'l [l~ rh L.: lj m ~t ('I,f (hi;!; 'Lom pa r~Stm. H, iJl:::.h.:aJ (Jof n~km~ tin::... co III po.;] rLM)ll. you pmh~bif .[~ you get ('.mghl ~fII d'lC" \,(IU(t.SCfl"t'cin.i;:m. r~r:ld~l::'; ~"f pm.h. ib i[i il~ ~pe,ec b ~lh LH rh;;1.( ;;1 bOHr wb icb \~.~ ca n Ilo( . s!'t'.i.l k: ] f ... sl;"Ick Il"~ ".~ tiil' p,L(.~hibiLi('Hl u.f [hI..: 'l'omparisol1. thl;.~ I;;l1a''lo'IH;i!; ::. l:i-~L.,;wn l:J~loa:~,gl''S th .. If , 'I,,,,,re ere '[0 be ;lllowcd w r() cornp.t11rc I;t,C Hok:c:llHi.'t· v,!lfh nrhrr "'!nl1i:1T -nm('~ I{ \\'() u.l.d be:: de: pri "·'I.:r..l -of j t.s IIniq 1.1t·nt:"~;)••. . ).

i d prcel LI des .J!] > i n tcrveru i on hy rh I 'o;;;.-.p hy ~nto s{'~C'n{:c:. J rOWl..! ver h .... h " I .. J • , - - r of: ClW("\rc r concern S [[it· t~'!i(,lt uu, 11'1 At"'{'("riLlli:~m aiu! 1-. ,..~tP rn('}CTit~'~ i$111. l:.Iwn: m~ .],'.~ f)1:l .... f ,~ I w' ' ., r ave (~r ~l'l;i 1(,,(",[,1.C'S, .1 ,: I~e,g~_ I'I{JI[].'B t urc L enui" ~ h~H.ic d r.nr 1
]11 il


red Llo;,;r kill] \!Ir·ll..!d,ge W ph r.: nomena j i sr or PII".t1,£.[li!;1lti,,; I,llsrru m ~J Ita I J sm ~I. . the :1 ~ serr 1()11 rh:l t~ I ~I mllgJ~ 5(" i'L.:J I,ti.fi.;.· k~~C)w I{!dge. we ('["}~1(' m:o kno- ... rhe wav Lhjl1~s exis.~ indcprlldt,:ntl:v · of Our rnili,ds the mlamous "rht,;~):rr of r-cilcctin" J. (,uupk-d with .111 mslsience on rh . precari011 S, I] j t l~r'l..: 4) I' o ur k Ilowledg,{;: l wh I('-h is., In':'! ys iirru red, rd;:H i~f'l'. 'UH.i "Ie 1ea!. exrc ru.il r{';l!i t r u ilI.I~· t11 [Jh~ in nil itt p recess .r~~ rlrr O~ InU[.1 nil). 1)01.':-; !Ii is n L tt ;;O~ I i~d ~."l iI [~1:r? Is ~[ r~ot, J I ~ the .·\ng.l!:J-Sa....~rJ tradi ti on () f m [ .1n n ~y["ic::l . _P fi i k!lsop I ~y. r.he ba s i ( pos I non (~f K:'I rJ' r"o PPC'"t' ~ rhc a ~dle[)' p.d ~ a nn- Hegeha n':: in b i~ -shm" ~r ride' "Le ni I:l and !'"'oppel''' /-~ Co Ue[['I. reca U:,,; h (J '!AI, Ull a pri~'..H''I.: letter 'written in i ~JO. fi rsr P ubJ i shed in Die ZeN. Popper : ..... 'rote i ,-L 12111Fl'S, !Jf.H)K n 11 enipir j()~rI ~jcJ:,;m is, i 11 rn y 0rlll ion, rl~II!Y e ~cd I~'r,L. "':: •

~Jw~ A f~(Ll"':]; I I"'.?

-nli .' herd
1\lott~· /fnnks


M[("ri:ti is," LC) re 0 f J.;nrptriocrutcis»,

p(:r~isrs in rhe J'hih,:;,opIJi,,:


':!I red i~covt:"r~( of H~,g('1 _ ~'!d1)1? I n ~lI.:-;; wirh the :-';Hll(,"problt:'!lL ;1:::. AJuHII{~ in hi" ...n I;:~;;)[ ~""~' di~lf~<::f.~(,~": I1mv to (u[l1 bine H....:gel\ jeg;~ ey ot r h C' c r~t i q ue (!of e..... ery ill ~Jr~{'J,a,';:}". (I f the I .:;I,~b~ect i '-r ftioC'd i~ui.ml 0,( ..'I.H gi VI;:'JlJ obi L~'(ivll'y. wit h (he' J U I fl un LIlTl tJof rn';:l [!;! r' i L~ ii.'ifn th;,:U' i\ QOinO C:1IiI ~ f h ~ ., p'll'"Cd f.lmiJl1.\ JlJ(t· of f I,l~ hp:·cTl~w". [hiS is why 1.(~n.itl :;..~jJl t.:1~ng:-; It) [h~ "rht"ory LJf r(4Iecriol.l ....

(' 9 L"'),

d (·:!tpit("


LC~l in





.:1",:"':O[(J i.llj..!:

to. ;,.dl Kn h tI rll.<1,fl rh'()lIgJu nn i I'"rnrs. oJ,.jc,X L i 'j,'(' rt'aJ I ~y);
<ire ~'"I :~a{l)·. oblc(( [j ~'dy, Fhr('~~ I)l ...·m 0.(,"1'::':


r~(.:: !h ~fl;::

...: 0:L!: 11I [H 1 n ::; ~ht· h II m;'l n In'~'~i'! tJJ(, h ~efLc:.~ pr uJ uo_!,o( t h 1:-. ~.:'Irnl;."Jl<'U ure I; ;rmd

( lJ rhl:

'\.·lJl.l1 ';".;.I.]lJ10[ ~ vmpn: hen d ~ rdkCI; rl: ~r~ .i. wfJ(JJ~~, I nl i f:L: CO!11 PJh~1;"4.·Il'€,~:;, ml;"~ ... i m:mrd i.u(" ~IJ!L1Jirr~ ., ~ ilL: (a,J] (J ~1!):,(·,:erJl... ("(I I m.... k";::~~r[~~ il~i:5., ":-r'I;:'JtlJl_f; r .1 h~r r;~':'·liOfl~. 'lor:l"':~f.!l~, bPi .... ;~ .;;! ~(H:II ['I no(" rK nJr4: ~Jf ! hI;:"W\)l'"kl. t't.::., t'h.' _!:'I

ref.[L~!iun n'-'L~H"':- til n.U!n<m prl"'_'I~~ I')' rd' L·on~·.e pto;., hw~, C.1 ~(:gork~, c[c .•




'II na tLi rCi


h LI rn.lll

("flognirion •• md rhl'';




ar rur



Lt'"[]~n's truth is uj[illl<w:lr ~lat of r1r.aierr.aJi,~r, " ~UlJ ill fa.,.;L. in 111(' Ilrc.'l:!(:IH n t r-..;;~;''!.'" ,\ Be; oh!i,(,,:~ m tism, it m" r ,~pt.':iI... ,1. t r ;1.(,:~ii ~'~.. tn 1'"1."';;11"':';[: rt the I.... p kSSf_m of Lenin's i'1i1alr!ri{tfi$~rl' ~r.rcl E~nl'i"'i«)o'!'li(i~m: in ~od::l~r'" porul~if' n~,1ttiu~ ~[ qlJ..-nt~HIl physi.;,::,;" ~~ in LcniH"~ ti~llit\ th(~ dox.:.r i::lo th.H ~"':i.~'~cc mt:o;;el f1Tli;;li Ilv n'f"~'n;;;~ f f.'iIll! m:'l i[~ri ::I1'i rli ,_ rill ;l,H~'''' i~ <; LUprn'i~·d ~~)~(lIS~l ppe,;1r. .• 10 ~ d ~~~11,1 III- ~ 'i r~HlIM", ... (j, I \ ...~h'l;;~ <:~l!;: r'~'.y fldds _.t I It i,.:; ;~ 1,,0 I'TH!;: (;b 1.1.1('::~o 'lie' he u of

d im,'rt'-c

Bnrh Adorn.;) "Ild J.{!llI~n" i10W~ ~r, rakt: '[be \",'["(1)11: path ht're~ th!(' \1I,.':1't"{Co ;,q:-""'i(;:T[ ]n~w::rialj~m i. nn( br clinging ltl rile rninjmLll[1 uf rJbi'L:":fn.·c.~ re:.~Jit'r' ()ut'S,r·("h· [h~ thuugh r ~ ~u b j I.!criv,o: 1nt.!J i an f)n,. hLi'f h)- II"Is 15rj ilg () ~ the .;:. tool lIl~ b
rh e {"XI";::: I Ob5t.;]JCJc wh,idl r:rli:1 pft'i:!;nb [hotl i=!;.h ~ from :j\ n.'iI~n Illg: f ul I, IdCtl f I!Y WI [h .i rsd f_ The J ri~ ~meli t" '!;ve 'L;()n cc:"dc ~hi~pn LIH. ,1.nJ i.! 1i:H'rn<l.ll:l"'_~ ~h f' [l b::.;(~dC"~ w~' n!gI'C'S:; to l h(.!' ps..!.:.'l.I!J.o-p~ -Lli )Jot'ma I: Ie of: rh l' rbtl 1I~ 1111" sy m pt~ It..1 ~....:a_lly.rp.r;'~iJ,tH:h ll'lf, tJl ~ n't'r f' I~],"i Fe .. [l hi ;2cr-i,,","(, j'(.! :11 it, "'. I lC'If("r' .,1bk to gra~ p I ~
~nbfl:!?n(_'(' 0
JIll L 1:S


111l,."~m-i ph.;;L:"1 7. t;:d ) tho.t L _C~l!I'IlI'_~ di ~ti,11 L:t. i ml bll.!"i:"wccn 1::~11'.1; ~'I[]_'i~ )plu.;:;~ I and em c 1h I;; ..;;!.,.'"i i 1;0:,: 11 L~~ ul [J i I il:~tIt; r ;;0,1. (I) ~~l::II'e"S l' hI!;' ""L~'I'y il (] I Lnil (] t ~ did 1';(:1 ]IL':-" I ~"I/of I;:'I~' i,~ Il :HIJ 1iI.:": r:liL! p,h ilo:-.;np bit.:;LI uOI.iulI II f I"ila 't1.CI' ,~<; re. 1i q' (.!',;.,: i :..~jl ~p; Lll[lL:pt: m.lt: IH ly

Inti ~ll~(' ('0 I:~ Ipk:-;:,l wit"h

t y _1 ,

.~h· rwbkm









lSO Id1.!<'LI~~m;its vcrv


1\1 lllti:.


I ~~

I~ I
p_O';U~L'HiI I \VJI~C"

on the ilH.lqN~lldt'llt existence of m urvr j at! f'l':L1Jir'" ~)ll rsidc ('OI1S(i C~U~ I1(L<;" ~::. Tn b~~ n::Hl ;pj, .~ svmprom.itic t disp I~ «Hi lIE''Llt, desr i ned if'! con (,C.:11 rhe ko!.Ly ~:~H;t thor c~muis j rl PI('!f,L" lrsd( L£ irnplicidv posued ,j},.... cxn-rual to the reality it "rcilects". The "'o!..'I~ 1U!;"t.~l-ll~")J ' o t rcllecrion inn n i rely ;'1 pproach ing rl'H' v."rty til i n £~'i. !lL;':!11r ,i! n·. th(' oh,t.',:,·rl ve
l'!lubl\'1l.,: insrsrcnce


J\,;].m ~ .u11,lfltHIIIe-~)1;-' LL11iH l..TSi;' i the \'~,''''Jrl~i) j 5, t'o-'~)th J ng': ~r

J h.:;t.::.ckm mHl.~row'.,:al COn"ieqllC'l1c.::' trml'l rn:u Ihe .....ss nn. ulliJ'asl.' '?L~ II H'h()l.:;~ J5 a Wh )JII:, tnt: '
LIIL! r,l;.;.h':Ld

Noth I fig - eve ry rh I ng rh;!i t
our l~mhll1r.::

(':;.:-i ~t~

i s u 'itJm~ t, his

rrur 11, berra Yf. rb i s idea hsrn: w har ttl i s IIlrU pher lea v t·s ou [ U ( cons iderauo n i:o. .. hI;,; fac t thar the p'H'LiaJir~ I J istorti 11! of "su b'i l:L,' ri ve reflection" occurs precisely btX';1UI;<: ehc <;u~w{'t I':;; mclnd d in the pron.:·<:""'i it rctlccrs - oj')Tl.ly ;1


ilO~ ,lIHiL'


!'x("r:nh mr. "


n ()rf'uu~~. "i~">l:!1 j f(! Ii I tilL' Wrd:IN_ ,3 rr 111~JJe..:


the !mi\:r=-c:o..: LHL)"(: in:.nJ<t: i 1'::'[1..Ie, 'ft.t; u'm/.J .:~·'ttlJ(WI n:1){hm1~_





[be unjvcrsc trom

of reali ry ...[Ill' wa ~ ir really is" ~ that knov v 1~JgC' of rea I~, 'f W~11J1J Imp I)' c~~] ex- ~i!oo tcnce, ~su r l' xrcrna r regard t~ i[~usr .15 J mirror C,;IH reflcc ( ·Lln object perfcc rl y i exre rn ;.11 eo i r ~so m ucn tor l.en in's t heorv 00' cogn i rio 11 .'iI s objective n':<lILn,'),~'" The- point is nut (hat there i:;. independent there, outside J~Y, dL rhe point is. rh.u I myscl] .'!:m ";(-,m rhcrc".

ourside would see the whole i s~ a [0 ra Uy ad cquu tc "ncu rr.. ~~' ~

"~'~~J1 f.c'l'n1 \'d

C''i!<!,'r!'thm~~,we r.:n(_lw_
. rI'IIli'

hour, r he re I:' 7. i k h, J Ii.lli, h I[L~. -In,,: wholo!" r.mi~·L'.r':=;,~" '

I n.m]

I... ·j


rhere 1t

I srar

ll.:- ':'


on I:' d _Ir ts .. nu r rorm f, i'"

p.ut ~ rb.;H

reality ...!.· So rhe question is not whether [here IS a :re.llny O.ll~:ldt' a.TId independent of consciousucss, bur whether consciousness jbdf ." ~)Ub'.hk ...nd indepen dent ,ITt rca iit,,; 5.0 ~ inse .. d of I en; n .. ~irnp icirl y ~d .'iI li q) n ortnn ~

Ii 110(' rhnr ;..cp.1r .;Lt~~ m;l;toi.:'rj..d isru j (ill u Ide~ f i":n i- n' P.." ,dd tea H" h c 1'1;':'. 0 n r t~"-' UI ie ha r:id, there i... the ten~pt;;n.on 't,n n.:,;ltl th L~ i u the :;.; hrt"!l.'lJ ~'Ist rrl1:'I(k u f t he lin iv l'l':'i~' "uut rhu~" oI..'11"Icrj.:t'.s 0 Ill~" 11"11 rough hl Lin ~ f'ICn;r i'I,'I;':4.1 b 't' ~hcJ\! 'i 1':1>1_1): n dw .. eh 1:':1", Then: ~:o;; the of) b 'r'e!!-i~. 1"'"", d r...:.! I L'Oild~1 ::;.-ion r h a r COn sc i o uxo Ilc:o.S I~ lh{JI'mJ,g~J~: il1~'Jutie-,rl in rhL' nh"-t'ry('.o ubje-r;..1S_ Thrs i~ where "II,.'!:_- <liSairl L'11 r')Lmtll."'f l hI.· Imlll.~ t I lI.'1 0 r Len LlI'\ ;.rh I;!u:r~ 0 f re flee fI un ": onl r .1 consc i II LI"lac-~~ observing rhe urnversc fn.m fl1c oursidr W{'H~JJ :'Cl,.~the wiw,tl: 01 n:afu\
r Iw
~'~·:l~· ~l h.!., I~}' is.

of objective


a t:xj!:.ting "our

Iayers 'Of i IJ usions rhnmgh 'in~nit,,;: ap'pna).;i,matinn. \IV!!.:' .::,hould ol-.;::.r..:11t rhiH L"nl1j!f'c,ii,,'t"" krllfHI!11,,:(I~c of f{"i'I.1 i ~r i:i ~mp o~~j bl,i:. P f(_xj'sdr bt'C'L'lll~"':- We ~(JJl5(,i,OlJSnr:.~s:s) a r.t ~ l \"-"fo! v!>-;"II rC:':l c.h." p::1 rt (1 - ~t. i~ ~h_e !':lli,ds ot i-the th ir1 f, (Ju 5ep~H',j) [(,S 1.15 from' uhrl~lw~ ~Jlm,'It'd~eof n."uJily L ,ntH \'L'['~ ol1tol,~,gi("ll indlL;-"IOIl in It. fhLs, of t,:HlI!"!W, ;n 110 \','ay eM;"!;ls th ..u d"!(L tm"il'!lg of fheL (, ift,ef ~K{, :
hr:"'t'l/\.'¢~·T~ idL~"h::>f11:i1In I

rherc" ~sr;,'p.u;JH~d from ":r.>n!:.-<ii.. ~nc.,:o. ~r u and disrortiens, and ...oF-n i(i ,,'d y i:l.l}pro.h."hnbie 0 I,ll,y :






f h C' ... 'Iiv hole

un i ,,"C"tSL.:_.

~~ II ~

P rcsu


_P_()"ie'::' t he

po:.;!~'~n o+ .~n c.:x t(')l'I L;l I ~)bs.t.,tv.;;[. wh !dl rs IJ rl p{'r';';~1 blc to (H,,"('U rY. o ,I ~J P LI~' Jt I.il (,II ~~.~h' IE'lIIJ':~":'o;tenl;;", 'Vh:H t' h i:t m(,.jjH I ~ i 0" a&.~vhj~4.' lli'r~p.[:''':[. I nn I:;rrl: ['h,e d~:'iton ~I~~ p.. rt I ,.1 I pci:'_., i VI.' I ~ in sen hlLa I il ro rhot! V{·, ....' Ill." ~('L' i;.!l J P(,Ll:;t

nt F~lin!,?:,;;:"


Tbr ... is

Wf1,H ~ I.h~:r!:": I~ IW

ol,:IHt: (}1.L·~

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J i,NY,;1,

:-.;H.:I1 t

r t'mn





tIl ':i [0 ntcd

p(,Lrsilt"('·riyc.". r min;)

cmcial t:han (L,,"('f' to by~ hm '';;'ilL.! 511 !...~~] I.d. Lw ';;.;I,rL~ t ul w prvt,;!;,"t!d, Lll ", t ru l~ L~~n ini~l Wil)'. tl,i~(;:;:Illn!=!. i , h mugh tht, ,.o.:~)nL'It_'tt· :111:11:" <;1~ n f ~(lIXIT'W ... 1\:U m <;LH1(,C,"I;" - "'....h'rn' rh Ii Ii n(" :j nf ~ql.;~r:Hm~~nl,l!S_~~ Tht, 11111::' of sel'':'lr,~lri~)11r.:'n,\{~·~t1 idt"~llsn1 ;HlJ Il'Mt1..·n.ll·h rniJt~Lriah<;1T!
j-s n~)t !lHlre-


tfil' ~Ljuilihi'jllm

OF I hI.'" rrlE~1nrJi:d


::.....-O~IHII,L!,llt·~S._ 'l"hj~


tl~C' iidd of r-I:]r,p;i(Jr~... whcr(" thC' -siI1gul'1[ poim of lne .eoi'lll,f!l'~of'~lt:.:;- nl m:t'leri~I[ ..&n i~ 'i.L~1'!;;LJh::d h~' Chri<;f" '!,~·nnJ. on th"L LT('!o~~~ . ....Fa.R~ht:[', why b~h'lrhml f1.1 [,~:4 h~ II~ r;:?" - mI ~ t h i~ m Qml;.~rrr l'd l tHoLll .it l~<1I1(1()1~II 'l'nem, '[be s.u"leer e X'~1I?nenCts ;J,m.~ hi ~I}' ;'1S!i~][iI1C':'\ ~ 1C lm~I;;x~'!jf('~!r'e of ! b/~ J,(" Uther, 1\;~(,He g,~ntl clll~, a:ht;:, ~i,'e01 dll/~~~ul L;;" th1.:' i.)!~C bt.:'twt:t'U lilt' iJol:<l.I~:..t" SI.K'If;:H.iC-G i,lu~l i.... r r,il J.ta.i~JlL w h tch cb i m~ It;"l, 1 ~hr; t'mt. hi..; \,II,-~ t h i r1 L!~, IH~! W(I ;t~n~ hi h~ (re ~diSroVt'i'f'd r.hj'o~ Igh ;~il il11iC-r IrJ!Ll rl't{Ly, "il.;,l dw .I ~J(b,("(l-, Chri'S(ia n ~'m ill [L·l'i.a li ~l ~,ul.~,)11 rh;.n [.I'll! h t.:.L 11II:'r~1 I'~~ U I~Iy f'n .. t ttl I (·X/~rn.I' i.; m I[ r~mnl1.a rir.; ..:'IlCOU:Il rt r VI hid"! :-.n;} [I L: ['S; ~, ht." :-..u bj L:C[\ ha:l:1m.:t:. ,,. T nJ th'" rcq Lrin::o. ;J sl,rug_gk· i 11 '!"V~:H (h \I!,.'C h.~-lIV'l..:[0 nglH OLH '.!i pnm,t nee) i1-':'" r~ih-:lf'fI"; ~'. ,' To pl"ll." dH' 'Same ::lI'bumetH in a (hffc.:'E"Ci'L!. v..':l y: !be co r n..:...1l: IHLL'tIl':TI,J.1 L~C ·
fl.m!. (~~'t'l) w]thi~l
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b ntasy" [l'mv id f'S rh e frame which obiecr- .WN·.~r W l~~C;" c.b:::!iirimlj:t -ubiecr, and ,IMs tn.we LOio'stJtutcs til" ,.;o-o,·din.II' \~ 4}f wha.t the $UlJ"i~:d L,'xpt:.'ri'(;'rlt:{;'3 .1S "fl,ocllif), ". ln rhc propl.:'rl)' ~"l"gt'Jif'lll n.:liltl()l'l.shup herween rhe l mire and the lnfimre, we should 110~ hqri'l \..... tlu: Fillitl! :3.IIU rhcu P! lK~l:(:'J W ask bi.m we l~<l!.I~~o irh on to rhc lnfimtc - th~' moment '1..>,:(' do rhrs, rhe momenr we srarr with l~'Hi rh us ac know k:d~d rhe i';i mH'·. ~.,;!:!.-Ii [n~~d~' HWH, ~h~ ['I'U~ ~n Iin i r e, win .... us not h sornerhjn]; ht:ynnd d"w ~:-in~i:(:, hut nO~'limg hUL t hc l>!-L:k (i h::iilJ:'; 01 tiR' FinLi~ i self, 'it"'i, negative ~·d '~I.";,mce'llr:lti(i!l. rkH'~ rhe cruciul polar, 11"1 wluch AI~lit1l lladiou ~QI;;.:5 wren " when he i!i::,.i:;.t::. t,llL ,;.I :,.rrL-cr f.l'mH.KI bcrwecn [be Iluhric~l~ ::-.ntl ,th~' Sm:ii'll Uhc dmn~,ir~ uF Snue. n~' hi 10'1' . ~ - he concedes .000 muclu namely, rhar ${u"i.el-y e tius .. A(!~~iI1ST rhi-, ccnces ... l'l, W(, should endorse (he m thesis. ~rricu I:)lto::cl by L;;d :HJ and MouJfe, 11 t b ..~[ ,. ::'OCLr:: [~' docsn '[ co. ~S(·, . l-h~~'1~o;;;u:t) is not n ] (~, I~;''i''I,,: field, 'Illnee the g;l pot [be I~o[ i neal ISo m sc i"I bed i.n ~[) i r..... lOy fou mb ~;Oft:;; (M ;;I.:I'''·S II arne fol.) I' ehe P( ~Ij II,..'<!II ,~' b kh ira Vo::f~t:"~ the 'IIl~ L en rire ::;'0(:1,;) l hod}' i s "cl m_q·!I, Liggle'~), B~ld ~OIiJ co i1Icede; roo t'lUl (' h ',Ii,rh(':n he srr ",c,-~p~ ~ ([11 .[ tile-toe i., [hoe order 8 nf l1..dt..~.; ~ll1d [he fl ~oes ~H1 f 0 boOw an E ,JC"l1,[ i!1 ru:-...'i i hlt:. J u "',[ .:1.:-:; !-1m:i L~~, LhJl::-,m~ t:.:..,~...L .,'>I.;" ~h uu ld lotlH U I.H L' LI 'l!" b;~ s.i..: ~ 'I m;)rl?i'i;~h~r rbe-:;is. dur "rhe ,.... 01'101.1dOf'~!Il'r €X.-(" (t)r~ Ill, Radioll·':_: r 1"TI1<:;o rhat LI.ere m:-.1'0 UJ'dt,I' of &i.~lg).. TIlle samt' ~ e for tlll~ i'i;.:b~ion~]lJP btl['..'rl('~n N~c-t'S:<'ll~' :lILt.:! FI'("cd 0 Il1 ~ ...... s.ho lJ Id nor nrs.r ~'S~e rt [he (,~1\i .~11n (',wo rk ,0 f '!,? s NI.:c(":-.si ry" Imd t ht:"n a:--.k hO'w .a hrL':il:k in it i p,o, ';1 b k\ t'j(l'i.~· f rl:"'l"Jurn t~ 1'"1 ~nllt"l!'g!l:. Here WI,.' ,,-'.'1.11 ~1.ho deady tQ(";] [C' K.:mr"~ .IJll higui r~' his. os.ci Ihilti Ol!l ~ be-r'lA'een 111<1eri;,1: I~"'m ;) n d i de,1 J i.s.rn - nm III rh IE' n nrm.a [ <:jem'~ rrm nSI..:'I1'~lidI.:'TU:ild t COl:] ~[itlU:ii.) 11 ~:s ~Jt'.aJ i ~l ~ U hln:'l i vism = d, in~~- in ..tht:rn!£;l·l, l.:~ an.: d n' nl';] ill d I:rot ITI;][(' ri.;1l 5 Ill), bUf in the gILl~"C" 0 f rhc 0')-( i~b rion bCT\'{c{"n i'I sS!CHi Il~" in .1 poll rdy h irnmanenr ·~'l.fay, the nom'x.i-stencc ~ f the \Vo:rld i:L <l \'(.o'hok. and bC[\"':'l":n '[he' iJ("<1 of .;](]oth~r nouml,.'ll:;;liJ ;;:Om,}iml oi fn:c-dun] b..'hincl 'Db{;HOml·I.M" . From Ari'itnt[r- ~nd }\ql.•inao,;. ideal"r.;m ;lS"{'"rt: the (·....:i'itcnce flit c)l1~i:" OOlt.'I,:t'i. wit h i n th~~wodd. (h~L1 p~ I n.. God OJlS in (' r-trna l Ll rn~tlExc<p(ioJ ~ ... Ich x ,:~ ru.~rn ntte:s it·;; onto! ogica I "em'S i 5 ren, ~', As a rc.su It~f hC" ~nrn1 18 of m,l;[('"ri,l,JU

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d m':'iE1';t c xis r" , The ex iSH n..:t.' tlof I h P, Vii, orld i.mpJ i c s ~ls rOI,l.lhJuLj:!; t.:.:.::cc.:-pnm1, which IS (mod .. Here, we 'ihmlkl insist Ofl til f.' "trio Hcgr' I~"" drrcrnnuat i on of ex i.!.Lr:n..:-t ,l:" r.he appearance of -L1 hi dJer I ~. 5(·r~.C'c;; n rh f' \'(1 orld doesn' E &xI~~ mea n s rh ar nO hid den G "ll untl- h; o,;CF.:IC'r£' ap pea !"S' inl dm) ~I ,:.h it, r In Eh L.: :<,,'1.11~~.. wa ~" ~O[' ho::'u,d IE] hi-, ;\01 ..,::eS ~m.dMO'JI('}lh.f'is1n. the (J t r ue fnrmub of ;~I~ti-;Hl\i ...s-e-llli!i"'H~ I:; LI.·n:J(' jew (.. Mo:-t(;~~ docsn'r l:x,l~r" •• ",) Herr, the len i 11 of h:i,ueri,Ilism and ",.,npiri{]lcrjfJd~m, with h i S tJl~st(,'rr~(' on l~ il:h~existence oj uhiL;o...:~ th'l:.rl· U.Ii..LL!'.Lt.1t;(~om.,_:j"'hl:-'b1L.::-':'>, j~ secrerly ldealisr; thi ... fully ornsrirured world GI.11 emc['g_t.' only through .11Htt.J.tcri~lJ COJI:..t.:iP£)U:o.;nc"S'S
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if \''''(' were ro connect rh ...... .iJo::a uf truth us il'11"L~['~illj,:. frum 'I,~·I.iI:h eru I~' '1: (m If .... 11)t1'S n()~ H];r1. from '(Xllhl1 Is txi R I" L 1( {)m~t;!?, of how ~]li!:,'" worki ng d;~:-'!i ca 11[lot ncb LL.: ,~s aJt'q uare d:~ ";. -conve ~L'i nusness ."~f'o r"n;m~."O~l ...1y" ~ I[ It j(mgh ISO ......11: " tilEt:.;HlIC'" devc I 0 pmeru - of ' bt.1w this truth h,a:., 1'0 be unreduced llito it trorn n.I( .... (bv 1';][[,1 ifH1Clk'(,:mdt· t[uh ? [11 quoting Kautskv ~u r::hL!:i IHlin~, Lenin makes a ::.-ip.niil'd';u o;.:h:'i.II~~t:" il~ hi' paraphra ... : \.... e hilc Kam.::kr SfH:';jkPi: of how i"1on-wnri.:'iC"".lg ..("LHS iMdlc.;tuals, who arc lJLlr,~'i,d(·~h(' ClBS .:fl:i'UAAk, ~1~ol1JJ introduce ::'-1,."lt'n..:e I prf"';idw~ nh"~:>l"ii"i k nowledge (lot h iSfOf), J Ie j th (' work i ng cln ss. Len in ~!pL',~b ~)f vt: L.:~ ~l~S( i ousness wh ~~h :,.b U IJ Id hL' in rl'(H·fuL,,":i,:'d by in re lleciua I~ VIIhn are o l~l~i e d rh>l;:: ('~onon1.i(' ::.~rtl.~k, not Q m::si!l..:lot;,I:hl~ das ~ 'StrtiJ:!,~'II::! I il;: rc.: L!:' rh!.:' P<:1i!l~~I'1J:O: t:rol~i K,l Llnk)~which L~'nin qu'orof'S .1pprm"lllglr \:\/h;](, bO\il,··L.:\·CT,
.-IJ I. CX~ crnal

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exclude [:1 ;1lld rhe pun· n ("HIlT;;! I. ;:;b'i"~C'';;;:;'. ;;l ~ U biccn v~' blOW led g(. n~'l' lit·':'''_'' ~ntelle ... als, Fnr le 11i fl1, on .tu the "J.:ont ra "~', nrcll .... tua b'" lh~!use lves ,~r(~{;.l. LI ~l u in the con fl i ct ~)f ideo,to :l. g_i,l';:' (i .r , the ideological ...I::J~~, st Ii ug.g I(') ~ wh LC+:J IS me- ....I.-- b lc, ~I l' .... M.a I'~. I -us wilf'1> m:t1dt" this point' - frorli lw:; youth, \"h~11 h~ dreamt of d~o:! LII1'1i[}' ~ff G~Jn].~ n 1{~O::,il phi losoph ~" ~ ud the F rc 11:~ r..;...... u~ul iUJ1:;U)" H~.,!<;:.,;t'~, [0 hp; i:o.! nis isccncc, m la ret yea f", thn t ~Ibot" ~e-:lIdcrsh i p of rhc Inrcrna t i011.,,1 ho ul d under no C!n;LLIHs.[a~C'l"::' be Idr 1ft) [11• Ell~Jj51~workers: alrhough 'tbll'Y I.Vr::rc ... [he 1110~~ numerous und be~t fll'g~lni7.('d" tlw}' ,_ 111 C() ntrasr f~ Gewl7'L;ln workers - lacked rhcoretica 1 .,.t WIn ~enq'.) ~r I \,V h, i'l Len i11 n en ~H)~l:" rhe kn~Jo~"r'Jn~)!;t: 'hat. uueslcctua ls sbo ulJ Jdi~' er to till' prol ra riar, it ;'1.11.dL::Pt:'[Hh ~ on rhc rxnct s_,;'bl[J~ CI f fhis k rUlW ledge. L LOlI{";:l n d i ~t ll:i1glll~h~...; f ou r Ina IIl modal it ic~ ~)f k l,hJwh.:d:gi: ~ t [ie servant" ~ .... know-how" i P' acrical k nrrwl t' tl.gt:: ot '[he' ;l,r~l~.l.lll; farrnc If, ."IiI~1!-in I" ill the ,.L d i ~i ~L.' rt;:;:red. n '. tbeono ~1'1.1 i:rt in M (,}W 1~: Lhe phi losopher 0 m [rn iI[ i l"'I!! a
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here IS. [he b;..... , hL'rljH.'nelJtI'" ["'IOnllT; ir m~ onlv ....... we are alreadv n ·hell ~rhu L d I L: L"'JI[~P utar u Hl.I I vcicnti no:.: h (H"JZUJl. ',"' ileml '\A"(. II bscrve a W~=l.1 ~ ... i bii ho~r rro 111 rhc cn:!;mt'C'nit~ <;T." nd pO 11)'[ ! uri I ~g W r:xp II L; nrc rhe cquaur» i" y wluch all c.~w t h I:,. b~xlv Nl wa Ik, that IJI,.'~ .a rc com p"f' I~~,d ~)-:;~I rb I So kiil"l, (~~. rn .,.; now l!_'dgll.:' iJ I til l' re,! I" ~ w i thin ~l rn (I re .~n L~"I;."~ a PIKO.l;;;h, W r si ill pi r rde r k L '(~ ';;("1 InE' n ;HL~ or !('<;~nl(,d ~d i~ 11(");.iI i ons": r 11 ~ horr, ; hi <; k nowledge ui the 1'I:.:<1Il'" crJh.:(:t::c::-. (1Il(.;t,! \",:',. ,1JOpt the attitude I)t. mh~ t~)(h.'m.d dara-proce: slug obs.et~'l.!r .md ~~lltl(!~I""(,Hlr tn rm-:lrl';.hT(" rho engaged Ji'nll~ bo~Jil) ;;}~>l'I~I\ pr't;. rcfle X I'Id:- k n 1t\'V- 1\0\'\0' III 0 t h l' a en V Ir~· reau I a red by f( ~H0""" i Ilg t:"'II: r I ic I ru I es. A'!:- 1m lsureaucr.mc knowledge. i[:-. r·L:r~',I~i'!,'l!rH':!.~ ~i\·i.."s birth C,o a 1;.t!J'EaiWl




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11Q~"'~'!lcr,is 1101' 'Yet mod .ru scientific know e-dge, smoc ii sri I relie ... on the ini WW.}r) relar i onshi p bt::~'1\1't;ei1 Master ~~ml ) II:!; a pprenci ·c.lp~l p it - a:-. Plato ~~m :-;.iz.(;'~~ r.I Lis kl'lo,,,·l!:!d:!J,ol' P ~es LJppL"l..... t f~t" t r .1flsfcrcn ri:;t I Ire': l::r! ~Ol1i,,-h P of ph;~ ·~ L l(),'I.'e ~ rIlod(' rn s.<"l'!::-ntif~r;_;k flo\,·led j;e, wn Lch I:'. i mpt: r~~mi,ll, ~ l'Oli nJc-d in II L)t t bot: l1~ui~t! of a ~,i.('!.sWI'~ hll,~ istillig in i [nl'lIf;!t!.troll.a I Ill;jJ n ll;_ ~'i. .unJ til''':: hnioGf!. I 1l.!"}1 r;:il.~~J,1tl(,1H ~ ILl r I; I1cl plc a('{'e ~:'li hlr' tt) :illl ih(·i"'L':' rh e ~t1 ~~t"(_:t i~ l'ec1~'I",ct:t abo pl t"fi !... ;'rIoC";lll pur it'l; olnd hUI'r;!,~l.lcra[lc kno\Vh:· ..lg~~. ~'hiLh .i!'o th..: pn.l<,,:r;::-.:!. uf :l'q~istmlion" of "wlirill"'" <Jnwn'\ t11.ing'!o CLu;,l,lngui.ng ;~ll (hat (~hnLEh~) l~xi .. q!i.l. TV.'0 ifirE' rr(' hH~cI t'~ll'adoxo ...h 01...11 1"1;: en:! phasiz<cJ hI:' re. ,.'1""1:11: 1) f '....:i~LHifu.: d . 'k:lW, ' IL:Jgo:: all J l b.H 0 f btl f{';lU lT~ti,,,; kno\v k:Jgc. .... 'I);,o'h,f: 11 :\,( IL.:a1,~H uir-d t~l is ~,--..consrru('r thL' ··!;O ~fW"1'[e'· fOil" ~l ~ch "- com mo·n ;;linn,'! t~' ;,lS' wa Ik I n:g. ~~ t'}' ~ .'ere' am.l il:t>d ro If'a rl1 h'l.)w rHoiLnY ~l~mpl'I..:;;n.;,:-J 'I;YlIJ.I';:Hi[] us OI!H h r<l i [r lola~ m .. ';'u I.... l' ffordr.$~:.Iy - :lS .U1 erlgi'lw ... plll 'i t~ ., The II [Klgh r 1:"'.\'0-toored ~ocnrnn· I;.!" ·r n ..... o~ illl' hurCl;lr:1 l~e'liig ~l'~rn:-> .~I~n(ls;r ;1, fL·lo.:ipc fur ·di~:'(f'i' Tl. i~) ![ df. :111(1 de Ina [1d ~ :~ r~ II u rka. b It" l.UU Lro! to Inak.l! L~, ra( [iC.l b k. "-..,1 A 'Il'~ h.h to C h.1I1H.'l' p its point nf 'iiUrpnrr ;;tH ;11;" orm","(,,:•• ~ml the weighT' hilt; ij:Ohi' ~lllI0~d('I tn dn :..0. T~'H:' mNor!i cnlHI'"'oHing .J leg b.;l"'t~w ~11r-r..::rl1atl~br.:-t.....~1L ~et!ping ['he: foo~ lm · the gruur,d WiliJ.L· if ben.r5 ;'1.nd p['o~X'h:; [hI; !n:;L(~, and '1;lkLI'f, the IO.ld nM w l11;'lkc th~ leg e m rnnn', /"\11 (be w'i"ul,e dH'~" h;::rve to k~cr [hot bo..b'\ o:,,':r:um: t:!ol ~Hl'lity ~:ld1m du: poly!;toml tidilh:-J. h) [h·1.: Io:.··r;t. $.('[1 th.n [n'I.: bod~· dot~~[I'c. t~Irrl,[! ()'IIt! r:', \Xn~~nve w::r II<:.. we fi?pe.;1( r('d.ly tip () .....r. ;, r:ld ~.,r{"lJ k 'rl-Ur b] I till. .. o:.: the- n i!:k (;If [1 m L:, ~ ~ Th I .;,;o.n ple:-l L~:}' of i L1S t.__ rll ~ ponn [~n l~ulL~ o;:ak HJ.:~i on!:i. d~,C" t ~flo'i,""IL!Jgt: [he- bc~dy ha~ to rI'lJ!:.~l':';::' i.n ordc::r to ~)C ;lihlc [.-. \',,::alk, ~" wktt L., e;~n CJ !led! ...k rlf"l1,.'Y·I~·(if.e III rhf r .a I" - il £11..1. llf LOU fse, ,...hat 'Nt' dH Hli d not

unforru11,'Ht:! ill,LiiY'i~]I.l;d, when he nsks .a certain f..l\ LHH t"mrl:1 .1 srarc apparatus, [!;i III ton Ht;.t.1 r hat, ;u~ 'cmd m~ tn rh C' rcgi -rers. h Ii' 10;; r:.H1.l.'n] I~· d l·j'H~ n r n onex istenr. I and [bar, Lli onb·· ~n Ix: able ro clauu. he inv:;,~ [irst produce (Jof'tiot:lal d~ cumenrs w hich L'Ofllil"n1 hil; existence io;, rbl,o.;. o~ 'I"h~· n h.ln'~nKr.lti~ version oj .. JI~ l'l<:~v..('~ll dl(' L\.~0 J't<lth~·'? A French h~i:..i'1ll::"':;~1,.V(JrlHUl \'I,,'~t'S recenrlv ~li!lLll~ml(.!'J tu tha' PTC'f~'r..:"tI.HC" be ..... C au as ith{!' Dff.i<;:1.11 Io:.'ucr ul iLl~'i'L.:}[io;, (1;1 i ru f',,-I - :;;be- h:l d I~ )::o.rh t' r carte !Wllh: I rhe r il'r"I ~dl hl';:L Ith Ii m ~ rt oC,1I ), In n:l f'J....,~i :-.hl:' b ;lJ IH.H Iv~~ ~~~, \.'dll'.Ili~ ;_[ [II:"; ~llr;Hf !'m O'l.' I.:'r two hours. ~he ~rj; I i!1,M. ",,;01 to I.h('- Imn1" ~){ !tlw (~Hr:.·L]C -and p1'ndlKeti itt.'r:" ';;;1Td ;150 pro r _,h;lt ,:,ht~ h au no1 !o~r i~, rh t' h~lre:!lu... :rat wh~) \-va<: d e~ lin ~ \-1,' i~h he.- ..... ml ,. P.lJ'[ r h '(lro P LltCr' :-':3 y:;. you 'no. lost, i r, s() rbl: UI[IL' ;"'U ' h,~...C' 1101,"'" i~ nil) l'l1llgo:.~rv .ll.ld ~ }rou·11 havt.' [[I h:md ii' in to ht· d~·..;_rrnred. ~Hld dlit'li d~k for ~ !lew 'Oller' it L~H:.JI.: ..'~:-; c'~:1' <;lL·h., , thil]~..1~.j_l[] t"[h,le::. uf I Ul"eiILlLf"liol,;V. thi-.; i~.jm .... ·xamplr..:

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r,l,!n['!'i h:;!dKHHl~J an iH ic~t passronure love kIT lOU[]H'~~ 0 lenska, h:;" i 1"1 .. rh,\t hi", )tcmng wife kl:J'(fw about hls secret P:I'i'-iim1.jl11 rhe rime. rJuh~lp:!r. thi.s O:;O~JI d a 1:...0 ff~r a way of rcdec fYI En ~~ ,hr LHt f'o rtuna e n Im BrMJ?-.e!.. of :\ j (ldj~-:.n'1 iI.) CmnJ"I~',: if, nr '~h(" end, rile dril'i.JS ,f.'l·.::Lm,:t"::....:O' were ro JoC"i.U'IJ thar her _~llo',!.H(!.dly na ,i ve, d O'!.''''l'HO-(·~l h us band kn e ~!i; :fill t h (' tI IT) ~ ;::J n.OI.H her hri e t:' ras!>l!()H;;i. t1: rth ,IiCaL.l-w~'Ih th<l.: N~lI~{maJ GeogtL1f.djj,- i'i'h~lWgr:.lphlT,. :mJ ho\lo' ~1'n,lCII dm, m~:~ IH to ht":r, hLl t k (' [IT silent" a ho LLr i l i ~l o.-d-r.:I" JlO~ to hll i [ tl!-'I'. Tha~ L:'; l' h(· i..:lli,l;rllla of krH.n.'I.·i~·dgt': 1m\! is. ir poss,hlt' 1 ~l,,~~ rb~ \,,'h(~k- p::.;ychi.: ~m1fH~l. r"'Il ;:t sit LMt L~.J!I],-.1 d [(;;1 Hy ,(: ;tn~c-s. i ~t'l wh en tI ~L' h"",:r(} J i reedy r h It:a m~ :o.lli Ii~~ r~!;!, hj I S{)Ill· ]on~~-rL~~H-('!i~'l"d "C"crcrl, om \"'hf'I'I he {iuri ml' tfyl'it Tlu! ()ir'}'(~r ('Vlitli"11 In,' 1ll~;-.(akl"I:'IIJ ro',!~Mdt;; a~ jgrlUf':HU) i !llsu br.~:~l'it ;.Iii the Ib~I(~. and ~lllI~f~ly r re-r'f'Jld e.d ~HH' W l:l1i1"J\'I.;, fQ kC'€ P tl p' ,1 p.p(! ;u·;mn:~. r... rh"'J(, :l [1 y.,hil'IiS mOin:.:' hum ili;,'l.[Jn~ d m;m l tloC ;,.E1Ui:1 t iO{) or a h u:; h.1'I1 d wh 0, n h·(_,;- LI IOll1g .::.ecm f'~ Imit:' .1.~~:iJl~i.1 k.mh ,,11 []f :I !>ud.dcn dl.lt his ",~·Lir.:: ].;_rH':w .lbout it .1IJ L,hL" tmh.::, hut k cpr ';;'11'f"IU'::I 11-( t~1r 'II 01 ~i (lof pn 1i rli: IU:'S:!i 01". £: ~'~_'['I ...,r(Jor"~('. (1 ul rrt 10000"e fo ~ hi i:n?
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rha: r .\I[l (h.lp...J about [he IHiil,·:~m("nrs oJ" t rhis -,;!:'IsSlon. \~Ihfrl j_ merricd mart has .JI secret ,tffair •• 111..1 is o..:~)JlI1,iin.,;(..J ahar be" H~) 101L~":r. I'!.h'~:-. hi~ wife how on t: 11 I! h::l, rpt'!".iS th ..rr W 11(' n, t~):r some reason (J I ',:nr;:;-c; the w;:Fe:'O dca thl, he i:o:. fi II; rl I y 111a pos.mon ro rea ii z h l Jt:..,i r c. he h reaks d ()W~L () r, even more Si tllpl)", when Ill' Jt:~ltll!1- [f.w r h ~<.; 1,.'II-r k k nows ';'J flo ut the aff;:t it. :.i 1'1 d ~I,~'l,.": o{f~~!l [f) I~.·rhim g(~, hI.: i'~ Llndhll;" in ~J~lit. , , , The n~lI: mndiGl,f: d~R·llm~rJL3r.,.' I).; Thin HJue Line que res ~ memorable -.:r~l.ri:""[Jl["[ll hy an ;)1"'10 i't1 y rll (]U!'> pu h~i..:: p rosecu r or: .. A 11 ;:1 \'er.j}~L' pm"'(!~ll ror can _t!.t:l :.:1 ;l!.lJilt~, person r;_:mwlo;;'r~; it takes a fe~llly ~PfJJ prns.f.:l'Ufflr C.l go!?.: all innncr-nr person convsctc L•. The lu.~i.._ of t~,i~ P;1JI·.;h)OX is [1'10:.:' ."dl'~ ,L:S that of , I h.:" In otto 0 f rhe N;~f.1 hl,·i I chrncn f'l1I'm ulat t:oI:~ h... I ~im mlen '~Jr, ~,<; 1l..;1::;;1/~ itO do -· .:.I noble thing lor ~'UU[" ";Dl1II(ry, even W ~J'I"'t: your ljf'I,: (01: ~'r~ rrue heroism, hm..L:" v ~'r. (-nn.:;i::;T-: rn t"l(lJ[lH t"hc !lC"C(,"S:-Mj" Jirtl .~)h it: ro bH and torture 'o for fm' ~'~ 'I,:(jumr~; [0 (.~k t' l he burden 0 f t' \' i I eN, ~t"m~! I 'hat i.~ t h c '<;>l."-t,_" HH rcr :;'t'd'H,:tL -.,"~'Iu rc ul r;_ y u E",:-I:'.m: I i..~ nt:. in rruth LlIH1 ~Qod l!]oJ.:::;':::' j l t.. OI'm:' 1he 011 h' r rHI t b I,;l1t101,_' ("1-1 ;lll (. gc' I':': l' ha - () (- l-vi J, rhur is. t hc- 0111 r "'p:1C{. for r xt r;:t(lrd iIlI;UY ~h.:hi~''I,-"t'rlWlll'[~ i::.. w ht: fUl,mJ in Uall~~u; ... ...t' idiosvncrasies. :\-a' hI -hort, a'.. h"iTl~ ndn Pess ;,l l"'1U; Itt: .. If Y' m r ns - tSS a tr uth, ~c pit t..... yl)U_'it:Hr~' \'(.'1, ~ ~llU'lIIld. \,,,'0:.." n n r. I h l'll, in ...: r.l'lura5-~ w t'll j... ...;ian 0("'. r."lke- dl(" r~... (lof k :o.:~l :nw·I('~.<; Iy ;md ot' LH .iI:!=l.L::OL! 5 ~y t:ndof!'>ini5 th~!ho'r~n~ d~15:::.i...: .;_r!l:jc~~n!,'1(' 'ordlilt. III whi .j, M;)rxi In L!'!.:~ L':-,;~'nltH17cd r I,if;; (n~;", ,vlth LC'fliin ~~ lIn: J\lI.e:;.!-.i.~lllli, ~u J :)II.) uH ~ Y (~", (d kJ ng I h L~ prfJlC:"t ari an ~('Hll.~ I pumt l;j {'x a...: r hho 1'r"II(L k mg 8i rl 1L·;11' Ilf' i'litn .'H~d bt'rt'O-Hil1g fl.-lily l'ng.il.geJ It"-; (:';1 US(:; YC:!,'!. [be ;LrLl,llh" of _\·hW\.E:oo.IU i::-. pt"r("t:p(lhl~ (11'11) tn hoS-{' ';!dw ~ co~rpli<;.h rlli-::: Jf';lp, iln~ iO lkll t 1T"n Ob5(TI.·l·f~. ~:'h,L'[~]I t: ex t{! mal i ~-y mt:,;]I[~c~ h t; ("c i~ ~ha t d1 i::... [t'Ll'111 I:'. [i une I I[ he I L~:';"" ~ In i \r(,[-;;<1 I, I1n [ iLn ~I;' .. pn.i m (') f \"i,ew" <1 f .:L P:TITi..::'u 1.1.1' h,i :.H[] r i \, I L :o.uhi [!(:! ~ '.<1; "( ~'J;.' r 11,11, ,. inn,: U~L! (I;I;" [~rl;! Jll't:cJ'l:(~ bt:Clll:;"~ f Iw ..,:ork i n,g c I a:;· .;,:::! II iI uf, U 1m [~I.i:,,'dl:1 Y p(' r .... j ',.''1.:' i[::. rl pli1.;..... rh in rhL' !'.lH:l [] ~ touli(y, "'vh~d~ en; I hJ(,::;, ~d oC' ov" wi Ll [L) ;~i,;i"nrl11l1]<.;h 1[:'1 "ml~!;'IOII~ - this msip;hr. h;!J::;; W 11..:: n'1('diated r~HoLigh :;lin L:' c,0:,: rl ~.1l1II" kin c rat, .X Ar"l,cI ........ not Imk hesC' ['..... } r,.'xt.... h., [ rn-iilliric· (fh;il~ of tlw I;T1tlm;.ujPl..· cxper-ic.:-IKL: uf t.be Dh,in ....Rcal. dnJ '[hel'i' n,t r~lt' P.utv!I ro [he [bll'd CH1~. thar ot ['he ;l'll::iJk t, . , j r:t [be p:-.;yclllon Il~,.1 y~ic l' LU'l'? In a..ll ~lwx' (!a;s~::.! ,,"VIC' ~k':iI1 \.... L'h d.~4.' !\.::l,IH~ ;:t,n: i ng 'j 11l1('H.H:,;]hiilry whi'ch hears. .... 'l,'llm:!->!<;TO ~ fTlacri;]]isr ,,-)b:':~;;:Iid('; IT i~no01'po::;~il [(" j".;")1" [hc lx,:-I ie .... t ·'·d L!'>L:~,)Vi!!'1f ([~)(.I. i'll himsdf". lhl'~ ~u~h~df- j F'Il mr..:r~i,on .. I)y .,::r , SflO i1t;"iJ 11(:-[ ILl" Iy T('~ 1171 n g h~~ Or h ['r nwn ~J t (!oJ llm~t iIUC'n.'C'IlC' f ~()!I'Il

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Conunu 1l':iIL1 to :':~l.li'Sm i~ ~],C! Furrn, .ind it i<; in ~hl"i .:-tI;UlgC· [If Fmm til at' [be ~:iI ,i 1dt"o~og.i('a I rnvst i tit:'.t r i orr reside ~ j ho;:' pol i rica ~ '..;t ru ~y,I~ i~ .l;;r rural i It'd in 1:C) I he.: r;;J"': al l.unllio;,;.t. !b ~ lclass) i n I ~l.l-:Jp[1 L~~H i [l hcrcnr to the ~lH.:i;1 ~ I;;d ilice i!'i red LlrL'Cd '["0 rhe !'1'iIV.1 ~ i 0['( of a tore It~i1 (jewioL:h} ~nd ~- w h.H.::h drstur bs rh 1,.' hoi. rrrh111}' (i t' tbc i\ TY.;11'Lcum rnuruty. \0 'VI,' h de. 'i,;\, <l_' shou ld f~,III~.tJI1H[ rhat ~.P'"I:,,[1I. "_'~~I he uudcrsrood uoly .-1.:5 .1 IT;t(..-riml ro the rir.I."'("ni;: of (Sm,' ~(:[ I CormT)1L m ...m, ;lS ~1. d ""'r!~,,"'('ii re-IH?( irion (... rhe omm lin i... 0.,:'0Iup.,k;.:r I ~ {id umver ... . \V(' ,;ht~uld IO(.;UL: rhc Form ..... c ·hlt.:hdctcnnines th..: L.:O!lI':t'C"~C f"If1":~'i-[m' inj:!: (.I,f ~~lZi:im pD'1 in ~.ht:absrrucr nO~]Hli or ...[ '[.llit_-Hiam~Hl" which '!2f1("C)TI1[US"i\'~ both (:onmnH'ill.;.m arul ~ru;i:-.rn ;l:-. LIS rwo particular ';'::;l~!.:~,; bl.u: III tht:' '1ft; r~ tj i splawmeut ll.~ wluch ::\' ~':ti:SH~ xu hLlL! ['S '[ he Co 1't111Hl rt Ls=t ('0 -ord if(:::r il.': 'i, I.hIS notion of I;~lrin 1'!1 8. properly dmlecucal nm::~ i"onH i,:;;; nor the neutral rlal"'l€' ot P;1fW:\1 h r cu nrene ... but ah~ Y'l!q prml,: I. plc u f c..:OflUl-[ ion, that ~.5. ~ 1he .. ;::.u~1J1~.e.. rt r.u.to r " \'II hicn d i :..Wrt!., h L~l~C sicon frT!i ,-. speci nc C('101 nIl r on a even.' element (j~' I'hl~ ioralirv. h-.·orhcr ... vords, torrmLJiz..;])tiuH is ~H§Ld~' corrclarive to fOL.:u:-,;;ns on rhc j~~:11 uf .L'IL antagonisro. [r_ the Marxi .... rl:'r'ipC~rL,;e~ "'d,l,'1;"'; !'f'l'lIlJgle" it;;. or rh '1~1:!i1l' t ...
;-1 LlLIL



[be last sjgJldl~d


aU social


b n [he' [orrnn]

ucraci ... nl"~t ri x u f d~1.: d 1fl~:':r~'lu :iJt.·Qlog iC<1.1 hn rl7.( m!i 0 f unde rsran d L ·..: n~" T1Kl,[ I'S tc... ;:;;a : vve ... ould n (1<~ !i,;nrif LJ Ii:: db i s proper] r d i ~l lect ical nouon ltf y b I:- orm W irh the Iil'r-e1 al - l(jO(II ltu r ,1,1ism' ] I o(nm of FOWl ~1~ ehe neu rra I frnmt·· 'WQ["k of the IT111Ihi!lU.dL' of "narratives" - II r only 111;4,'T;m~n·. tal [ 011<0 • pn!ltlc:-:" re lJ:g~on. ~r;:~t.:'rl':;~, ;ire ~ II d ittert:Bt ! ~LI !'::1.1.1 ~'l'::' ~rories \J.·C.LI'l! u-l ~1I''I1:!. u urse 1.... 1,.:;; a bo ut ourscl vcs , <lud rhc ult imare ~'IJ.~ I 0 ( erlucs .:5 to gU::lra fl rce r;lw n~'U~r:ll sp.'l(,(, 111\",'hl,L'I1 I hi:, multi uclc [If J'~l."T':mv s; can ('Oll_"q,,-;! peacefully - in ...... -hich cvervone .. frolll ethnic ru ~(;}H..,I IILlilOi'i'(il'~. ,....ill b,IH.: rlu ... I i1:;~U: .md f)p~)[]r tun i~y to .'C II thl:ll" s.wrr. (h, ;;'! ~ Fe r I ~~nd(l; P'cs",c:"""ii ft.rr:rnUl;l H''(] II -"Ut-.;,,'jTtct l)': ~rh c \'(.rh nl c, ,1'Ii'! rn ie :rli Ild the ~~'r~i.11 ne ~m r.: ~ i::-. "', n i J I n.r;:~')~tf OLl,[, t I,}ou~h,~"~Ijo;_' properly (I.i_~L.:...:-tK';,j.~nor ton v F F(Jl"Hl ~~~n.aI~ prc(;I:;;~ I y the impo« sib ility () f rh ~s I liberal ncmnn ot Form; hlTl"t'I h:il,s nothmg to do WHb .. lorrualism", WI~ h tl ie iJl"a I'.~ r't:~lf']'(l) lorm, Hl(,k~I"X~n~ of jL~ ";Qntjl~P:.(!!1! parucular content: Ll .. ;u[ h S{.:H1<~"'''rather, 101 the truurnattc b::rll~i ot in.;; RL 411, h)T rhe 'U1'.l~()ll!l:1ill.' v",hld'lI "·.:;ojf)l,lr~"· ehe ennre til·IJ I'll ~lE~ rlon. ln rbi r;r'L,i~l! .,;;:1):,1.:'. cl<ll:S~~lnJy.~1t: JS the i"QU!l of r:hc Social: (",rcry :;,-t.K.:l.:1i phenomenon i!i overdcrermino l h:!,'ir, :':u

possible Tn !l"i,_'rr1:~ LlL 'i"Ie.J [r;::r I rO .....'~i r~hi! _ [!, l h I.S; pr>L'( i... :-.t use, bOI ~I ~\·1.a ;:11.~J ~~n.' ",i Wt: r~: d,]C r ...... gre~'t form.I] Ll:!l"!.'S.. c rx u 0 I ru h i:'r; ;hL.I lvsis o· (,(_Hm11l~ )(.~~t~, teuslus Ill. M ~ r-:o.: .~':;""I:.'rrs rhar the rn y "'t>lr'ry of t he
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thereby il,'''':'h~HI~~ f[,C'~.I{r::; remark I ir] hi~ t1lJaSiCrpic":L' '[irk 'l1u' J~~tf'Tllr(IMtrrm of DJ"" .mb'} rh;u the "pel..:i 1tll

hLJ.Jl'H wLrh rile

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nc IJ L ra 1 ohl't'", i 'Ill~ I... ow [,,:J;..:_;:.- - i rJ t be ~~ pt-. 0 I n t: '1,[H,H ~k v, it: { Mar Xl ~ In sim ply .iH.l4l p1 (:d l hi!! pU;:'ll i on, wiu 1[., \;'(' L' ...rern M,M :";.l.!1~"i rejf'CH..'d iI;" ::1:>; I b~ '1heorerical k'gi'r i 1n1;;".m.-m I.)~ c.. rot ell i t ~l n;~ u" Pa rrv ru h:, l hosc [ew ~'i :ll'M I L 1\ La LXj ~ l~ ,10,' 110 '.W<!I [l,[oL.J [Q rei;:! cc-en 1.0..:I ~i ben n p:.lTli;lUJ'1 <1( 1e,''!'1i" - f(:mi.;:d [0 oppn'iL' ~hL' .. h .... d" J~("t1Iml~·lm'l l.erun '('~ t~/fhH r So to R VO!1~t, I't: h"IIl~ on the 1\~rry ,l~ the pm h..·::..s IUll~ l !II! dlec rual : el i re which enl i~h~l' I_~ ,lie .... bug (.b~~from ou rsid l'. eo (11~'.'It.~ H I." l.c ni i1 ,'m H n r Sid! e and R ['~:()JIitJ(m. who envi ~'i')fl""'d dll' p I'OSIjk'CI of .~ ~lObshHl'~~ [he t:;ih,·. of the broad masses dll't:~rly r.;1kHl'~ t~W ;.ldmini:o.L.ldriun of pubhc ,&H:J.H'!!'; uu 0 1. heir. own ItJ IHk Th i:; [J.p posi rion, howcver , has irs 'i rn irv: Ilu' key Pf'."1111 S., o f Stare ond H. f!F(Jb~ t~ml I~ rh <U y~IU ~..an fl1o( r IJ~ y .• Jr I11tY.• r.H i/Jl;.: ~ the I : Sl.;oL tll;::~ , ha!'l the S·L iU.I;.' .•• as :~n~cb··; In L,[S vc r_'r'n~)~1m i, .i:;. ~~ Ji'lI[;UQ rsh ip n t OfLL' d ;1,:-':" over anorher; the I ngi';":81 Ct).I'Klu,qoil1 frml'l , hi ~ p:Ff'TI"I i "-s. i" rh::1t, J.n ~o {at' as 1,f'1{,' $.{lIl dwdJ r.l,-'iihi/J the lhlf'lkWr 0/1'.'(' ::;l,.~k,".'c ~'Lh: k-~ltim<"Hd}' ,.:rl'Lidcd tel exert; is.:.: fllU violen r tol!n-or ::ii nee. wirh in du ... JUU)~Ll il, every d("I!11.(l' mc~' I>;




pu..; I ~ 1011 0'1"

our the secret or J)j~ 1'1:,t_; ~[1 I1'OWer; ,)5 ;~ l';t:rnt'"17" Gt!J ic r ;11. $!!,:cn;l.t rv, h'l.: 11uJ 11iJ L;l\cJ L.l' J1~ Ll t" II H.n~:"Llruls 1) t ..:..l d res rh l~1 n:-;;~'tn him, • , • T hi ~ i~ 'W by ),ra ILJl d i!.~ no Y(,i" W;1I1.[ LC'D~ r in
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I'~j",',."t in ~ hi~ de 111~m [0 be fJ,l'!.' t! II porson W end hi:": d. i f ~ i n were t:o di i.: ~Jl t';1 rI~ 1922:, rhc Il.lll.l.t!,yl ion !_:if ,!,.'H W n U 1 not ~'C.T be resol ved i n \["8: Iill' <.; fil ...Oll f .;;:ill ee Srnhrr, ;1:;; J ·

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\','H~l ~'Ut 0\'1,"1:"1 appoinrc cs he l weJt!ll ~l nor h r-r ~r('-=' r n t' r\\10 ::''1.) th ..! t when ' l.e 1111, ,a~HM 1h di c-J. 11L' \!,'O U I d he a h I{~'( ~ "OtH; r on rhc <u pop ... rr O. I he msand So eJt nml-lnf'1 cndrcs, nominutcd br him, ro win 0\-1,.'f the f,foI.:aL old tlg~m.".S o( 'rb.:-- Bol", h ~.~'Ik "ar i srocrn rv " , \);/ e ::.ho u 1....:1t h I.:' 1"1;." Co re ~[4 .I P dH.: I'HI:i-LH~~lU~ j!,.:m, t' ..A (.I P ro~m,g rl Mt" ~I.dim~t h'n~H e-o ~'h(' '-;111 hcntic' J...eI~~lli!O.t Iq;;Jie..·y betrayed by ~[nlirli~rll: "I.cnill1'i:l'f1" 1~ J I hmnll~hl)' 5r~?tmw nonon. ~h:: g 'i'1ure ~lf hack-pf()i(.'"(' rjn~~rhe f"fI~H~CIn;J.~ ry nte) pi .•n po teuual <1.1 Stal uu-nu, i lito :1 prl'n:Ji 0 r [ ng 'I. i m c. rh LI_" i.IlJ! ..... H!~ J


opprc ..siem, it i;:. nul v. onh ui the lcg~lIl Ol'~~ r, L·lt·LtLom, kn,v:o. bU~f;"l[H(,C::Ln~ pcr:,.rm;1l. reedorn . , , - ;ijillhi~ become'S irrelevant ....· Th~ , e I~inem 0 ~ t r:tL~~l in t b l::' 1Li'1[ k·j S III i!:. '[ 11M pHi (:.11 uH H ~t"P'i.lr.H 1;.' ~ hI;! f.J u i.tj Ut: "':tJfb!:-Eli! lb [Lon w hid, L:11.~~)h. 'd l tJ .... 1'(:""1(11~l tlfm a,~' [:lk ef1wr . · ill O...,:t4) hi.:r l 91. 7

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"!rom i.lo;;; bHIi'"[" .. Soil"" hn i':.;I;' '!:lI1'11; rhot '\.1 r ry .~~.l .. [d Ir-LIH III rh;) [ m.",J~ t h{' ["I:~l.'O~1.1l' i (:1>1'1 p~ hit- (p":':]sa I Its• eJ i S:!;~L'[I:;.t'lt.: [ion. il "'''''(: J~:-,i 11-~~1fl.'~ II ~:IA.!J H.·vol ul i Olll ry dl"tc" et":,f I.;:d t the ·<··t,\I~ni~.·· 1ull"'11 1"11 if:\, iilf~'rm... i~h - rn;~r m..:;.. il,I.? r('~lll L ('nlni'il.

tm ~f'tJ)"_ K~)s;,) L.u x(~mhu rg,'s. r;Hnm.i So .ll[l"r Ilat i\'l' ..:-0.[..1'1.:' ;il h m ~'f hL~ ~r I~III" rh I.:Il:h.:d '111' ,-1.:0; th..: uIUIt1.;.Ui.: infinltr:: IIl.IJ~l!JncIH. :Ls('[lI"ing d14.' :"'p<.:o..:Lliali'Pt: IC'lUity i oft ne t\.\-O fJP]';o ~f'd r'"'fT!}<:;; .•iltt';i1 Hy r_:>;.I<;[ i fig .\O':ljI hSH1" u·'(~.,<: h;~.i'!cU i '111. ~ ." III tbe J!Hr~¢'i· n'f (-rl';.!ul':J:!:i D~nllil<rLAf, I'<L!Lcml~' plLlhli;:o,]h:J Lil (j,~rm.Hl. v .. t· ~'t"l ,;.; · .1 ulliqu~ !;Iimp-!.t:' ·in'l.O ~HJ'N S·[alin W::J:'· fully .}\I1;'.1:i·~ (lof ",,11(11" hrmlb\~L[ hiP]) TO power ~ gi ..... M: :~ 11 LJneXP'f'('T{'J ~",,; "t W h·j[, Wof' II-k n O;\,HII !:ilOJ,!;d 11 " IJe:'( Ip.1(! ~r! i kadn:~1 <.tn.:- ur .v:.1'"..:'.;J.lt::,[ ~..~{;a[dl··, '\'Vht'l~ ,11" ,I JLm~L'l' in ~1)~'l·rt·lbll;" 19j."'. u Din'! iuoff P F;l i~II,':-> f~ i.: .. g[">L!'~H [w.:: k~·("I t rh (' i n ~r-rr'j.t11 0-('1.;"111 \~·nrk("n:. - t+M t ~lw~' h~d :-.Llch il geruuo,,; ~~. thr·~1r' It~a{k~rl:-'(<lIlin- ·ti.ilin LII~v..'eIs.: ~I dt~ Irf.)( J~r(!. with him.. H~ (''''1..;11. e:xpr 'j~d bl!llSdt in i.1 I on-M.:U:'<l'i1. W.L)' ...• 1)['c."r5';1"("' iU(' thi?' i11MMlr c;]dr '",'" (7 Novemhel' IY<371, 11<1.: PiJ.H:.; ~1t'1I1;'1' ILllllX ...:I'l:arlr L~

.onrradiction", the LlllhL!amhlc I" It i~t hac I'OH; t:i'iJU;') I ro d is:~mgLJI ... h l.r-n HlISJn I a [ll l.! au rhcru It" cnrr- ("lit $u 1i!1 i :\.I'n I fHHn !,h.;:: :k't U.l! [ rLlilll L,:J.I pr:.l1.. [ i.,;(" a [lJ i J{'cdt l~y I ~I n 1f'l'S ~l't'nnd: the I.i:' a (mal :t::.rt':u tl't.!:'i'i nj tctlin i~ mH tl!(' ~.1111l' d1tL' Sralin~:'iot ,.iLt1.h'l.!'mi..; rn},"lb uf Ler.lilli~m, So V!. h,H a!!l ~hf1~lf ;-.h.c- O!-W~OH::; C"()~mtef~)ff,mn("n'r 1 h:H: L'X"i1nly ~h(' '"iiinlC _gr~e~ tOr t'YCTr IJt.:oInRY - mduding Kd:j'~:-:.m. V.lhlLI! ah.u, ·1~n:.:~i,,'.:J from WII[i1il1l. dl:·,p]a:--:,. ;I[j L'mne, Mn'.ltnl~"'~'· \\,'hi ... s;:,'JlI,!,,.,d !.'\'C'n ~11C:h. ,'Ul OllfS(,lHdin~ ~h phjlo:,.uplu: .. .1', HiI."JtiC"~';~er_:' '1'111..' (111':i.'!i\;er ~hmlld h~ ~[lnpl~' ,a r~''iolm{hlll! Ho; ..h pOilU i~



endure '[he ";lb"nItJtol,'



ro the 5-[ a I1.111."1[ pi UI ~~...;t uself.

iJ'~ fa f~I'aph earhcI; If 1;;'''''~'J:'']Iilmlr ..... rh.;1I, ilh ...r ! ~.'nirl. n Lh.;: me:"!>~. pt.~pt'L'~ t~~ I".IF 1.1110..1. __ . "Byt w(' h;,d ~IJPp~·,n ,,{ d"!c !1udd k cad.re.,. ;1 rI cl "t~l.e r E' -..:p,h I n4~d~"'II r j.!;T',L:-'p (1 I I h.. ~i[Ll ;H1[)11 Tel r lw m,~..~'=;.. , - , ' "I rot ... " JiJ 110 L pin aLL... i.! t! L'mIU n t~~ th l"~(, .... k · ,llif'l.' ",
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gn.:-a(lll..: :;:->-. _ I j '~!,iC' ",....;L 111' i1"O !i:L.'~· .., r;,l! n!:--or ;1 rr ;u IT~ p~ ['('SoL (UH' II X!l'l(, I::;; q~fncLcm: B.rl:.."t:hr-, I fk~J ~~ ,~. ,,]:;' I"It!J11 1() I,.lai ITi til., [ .. B·re..:In ....... ,;01 )1<.1 ~11i~r, It, <b one- .... (Hj Id, J 11 ;.1:,. 11 ()~) (' 11[1[:1L·:r...r,] nd r.; ~t.~1.111i S III .1S rh(, Jill ...Lon 4) r ~ IH~ pn I i'I'iL,: ~ ;:m d '11u- ph iJ o:;(Jph}' n'f dlal~.;;f:i{,:·d IIF:lt~Tii1Ii"rn Lm'!.kr rh'i" ~ul·i.,dj"nnl'i nf' iii.;.' l(1tH'-r, Or, ler liS say, BrcL III 1''';~ i:-.t! l :, St .,1i n iZA.;J Ph [oni SHL ... \" '['I~ i:,. what: Bct'ch L\ ... Lf i:,. nonA rt.;;.rMe h~~ ~ht"'1 t"r~' Hhnn<Hc I! ·;H110li [l["l [0: ;J rtLdm1i,<;t tfw.'Hn· i!l ,..,,'dl rhe [~.. hi ~"'r.::::.j[hc:[K. -L !"t.U'lll i;, ~tfl"""~h' t:c ~Il troll..:-u • .in Oft! L"r ro (r:H~" m It dl"':' phm In~o phJCopllIJ[i..:;}1 T ru1 h .. w'h m;<.; e~\-tf"flr(1t r ~[. rk('du.i:H~ d L~~tr,lI1('"i.Hi(m IHt:-i:lIl:o. [b.a[ ··'H-·",{h~Ir...:-... . 1:"1,~hkmq- h.~~ 0 di~ra.mia:re n<:.elt rmtrl 1~"'('lt, so th:1,t'. in hi, f!~lp. d"H_' cX!r..:m.t1 nl'Wx H·i.y ,A tb1,; Tru~ i~ d~~/)tlj)'~:d". ~I 1.(~ \I,:b(~" U:i1diOIJ s..;)~'~ t h;)~' ,"e"li:"I'~\J' t:: ;.ll~)~ Ii,:" :1 pn )tn("(11 nf r b i lOf-oph i L;~ I ~L1r ~·t"ll b l1~;c", <.~ '1(..... (' 5,hQuJd :!ih''lJn1{.'k·~d~' l:ollf.::r WI q'll i~ ~t'FII'..J:II ~("S secre['rol iu~ L~ml!ot~H inn::.. Son 11,.'"[" m, ;;;t41 p U [1 r J'DdK'IJ.:I!OU:' ~.t I n{.·~() f (.... ppo.siuf, ~Ul rill! ]..J nJ lJ f .... di:!i""ic.!(·llt" 11n.·,. u [0 .J ~r~iJ 11'lLf.( { 'mn 11 hill i ~m: I~r(...,;h t ·i .. rh (" "1!ri m~Ut' ,. Sr~lL~U'.f" :Lrt·i !it: h~' '.... .. grc;l,t ... ;1 IL(Jt in ~PLtt: oj hl:-' S[;~'illL"'[]I. but b~l,.·.lUS~ i'L Do \';"1:: J'I.!~lI~' II~ 'L'I pn:JLIf? uJ

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TC)'I,I..';llrd" the end [II [be 1'1.Hl"i. k:r!;;;(ht ·lloL.-ko::d tho:;' gllr':';f:-; ;H ;~ \'C-\II,.' YI):rk p.,~rry by cla IUl ill!!, ,·~.hmj[ the ;!:"':CiU.~'l:J in rhc ;\'hJl~(_n ..-:;,11 w t r.l;j b: 10Th'!., Jl1() rc inn (trent tt.-ry a rc, thf more rh ('y desc r'H· tn h.:: ... ~)C' ~ Th i:.. ...~.1 h _.", r~'n:llenr i:\. ro be taken quire ~erinw,.ly. Ll1.1,[ IUS.[ ;,1:::. perverse .L:~K'ki.II.[::L.!".: L[:o:. IJndc:rl.~jug prcrn i.... i~ rh, r 111 ::t c [ ~[h:i'L' C" h L~~eric .11 s~n1fl;~Ii;") r.llI:" :J E"~ltL]{j(" Q t' ....i[)noccncc ." " L ("1 dnfl't wmU rn diny I1lr hands oy gi:"nin~ 'in\'nl'!f~'oI,l III l ht" sr: l]~.J~I.e,1 lus.r \ - .J I"l L Lu h.:~tJ ,~ mudesr a [l d hm'LC!:H Ii fe" I eru bod ies t IW ul ~.i 11::H l! ~LI! ih. 111 mi.f 1 '!J',.' rld, doing nntlnn~ is WJi emptv, :1' alrcad» bos ~J m(YH~hlg- ]J' means sayrng ··YI;'··" W 1;';':I~fin.J.'.. relarlons ot .... lomrnanou. This I~ wl'1', ~ ~[L)I)oS (d till' MO;:;CQW rri.ds, Bn!du. - while ~ldmjrt'in:~~ rh.'H dw mCl:hmj".; 0:1' lhe proli{' ...... nn ""'Tn: Im[ ~'1."ry f,("il[ le uti a s ked 111111 ,-:.eH: is ·i t p~):';;;'1 h10::'" ro ·i m ~ gi floe
an hr:.1-n~~!or .m d 'i.U I L(;:~'{~ Comm IJ I i i.!J.t \\1,1110 enterta i 11":-J. d.{llI b.:" :Lbm.I.!: of m pi J i~i d ustri :ll i 7.:1 t i on en Jed I ~ r '-;,£'(·k i r] B hdP [r on I. t.'o]'('i g~l secret service- <l1 ~,I r~g;aRlfl~ i Lj re r rorist plots aga i nst di~Sl~dHJ1.,.[ It~.~def~ i r J ~ h I lis. .•H1SVl.'Cf 'ij'.'..3S L<Y~:!i-"" .UlLj hI.! PJ'Up(IS~J .J detailed F~nn:..~nK:t'i(J1:J (}f their reasomng. No wonder, tbell. Ih';H when, on lus "'V~lY (rr rn hrs bC)lnC' ~o ili.:o. ~ h.:.am: in JllIly 19S~." n"',l!drl: r":'l~!1t."j .:.. column of So... ·ict t';1!11h l"[llliE1H '[0\\ urds rhe ."J·t.71i1~allf:'r' to sh rh e \y rke f"l' rebel lion, he !,,-\ ;:w~-J a ~ J~H: 11'1, oil 11d wrote In hi 5 di.a r>r LHt.: r ~.hat -t:br t hu r :11f rhat moment, he 111il."'I,·f"f" J. r':1 rtj 1L~t.'mbl..:) VVd,!:, r Trmpwd f~) rilL' f.·I"S[. I ime in his life to join rhc CnmJm,m~':'1f P.tr"1r)~ - I';;' rhi« r no1 ."l!l '(lUfo,;'.-liJltli~l~ t:a~;;: (,rr what Alain Eadiol! JW) ":illk:J ,,~ IA~:;£Hm du rt~d how


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The- ;1cnl;ll dt·fL-;lt of tn~ (·m·my is rhus F'w'l;::cedc-d b~' :>~'rnh[JI.K hrc:1kdll'oH". ~ sll d dc·m~ 11I';'1r,lu irrto 11ow ~hc' S~ flLj2;ji!;le IS rrte;'li111n.o.les.:-;, ,m d .a II c b t' :~nw. lHHj i ~.ocl1l:!:o .11 i~:;. ,dl::'Pf.lS;11 3t.'n.."t' ~.ftl' p~~rpvst!, Thi:l~ i~..I;!" LJltliEl,ll.L.: pn.:mL .... of lIn:: h !i d I;.' Ifl [)':.:i'":~~1...· stT11j ~ k~k~E'" :l r rin n :,;rru..:nl ra ~ r{,,~H·().ns., ;lind '[l("t[ Oll.l ~ m~'1 tt'J 1"1£ MHlIl! (_u I fI.' IIlH"': III 11_i :;(,;,1.1.:..:'1.11.'1< W'>fl •• :hr t·L.iot':m~' nw·j.po::r·cet .... :o;, the e(} ·(]I'd 111.1u~s 0 f e rhl:' .blol.):~1 ~i-rl]:!tlon, ;1nd :1":';Clllb~C'5 rill· WrOt'lf. kind uJ h~r{_·t::-. ir.l !]n: wwag





r~'';'~t' C'X ;-U)1,P k!:.: 1,N h~H d ,J '[ :-:.ha~' ~ TI:.''P rc ~::;l'" L~ •LP pH rar LL~ I"" he a mou L1[ W in 19 - 9" ,....ben. ir ''Vi'!:,. .,:nH FWI1.[,(,(j b)' ]( ho [11(" i n i\. l)OrJ!'.ll.1. r frW'VC mend It ~w.t ",;·o~bp~ed.An.d of whM LI!i.::" W;:jS dl.(" (~Hrhln"""'I! n~·t""·od: ,.~1' St~1..~~ azcn [:S .l!~ d i [l tor mil'r~, I,U the Ll~.l, (it..:I'1 lb.:Jju CUl nIH!';1 n L:)~J'U ~mc~iMlr~1~ •• il l I 1~8~. wiJl"]"L Lt ,'.... confronrcd as h~· th~~grO'li~·in,gmass rr()t('!-Ot .. ~ HJ~~ nppresvivc rcgi rnes ii I\,': III;- \It: r defea ted III a he~td -O1l cun f ro~H'~U:;"'1 - ill d ..,;~ n.,-llil !"'UJ nt, n when tbe "o'lc~ IIHlh .." :1",:cuillphs.b".'"s, i~~ u.ILo;.l~r~L'o'L.l[li...1 work of inner id~(~lu
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the philosopher 01 l.cnm'r- h.i~n'1II"'.:1i1mornenr, ~lh r rhc 1930!o he [LJ 1"11 i,:~J i 111 c,) ihc u.k' al So[ :l..hm~~ phi iosop I I 0:: Ii 'who. ror rh;.H \"~I'y 1I"(";;l~Ofj, j n o..:llHtr., ... Hl ikr-du t ~ nn i~-;"L:'d thC' true gre~Hw,!-!:o'l-; nt Still inisrn.

Lenin as a ~.ixtcncr of Schubert
rh conrinuiev berwcen .ll.!lIln .1jlld ~L.illl~l~r~1 like (~) dwell ~m I {'fl.m\ alkgc-d insensu 1'0'11"'. t~l rhe uurversnl [iurnun ·dInH.:-mi .... : nor oJll~' dul hi,; J'I(:r.... n eivc all ~(M.:iAI I.:'V(~rHs rbe1.Ju ~II[he n :1.. n·I'..... !('"o.; n f The ch:::s ~[I'LI1l.gl~·, nt '-Il"i ~llg,"l Sf rb ern" ~ b{" 'W;}":. ~'dSJi.J.. :l"; ;"] · in P'I.·t:,.!.)t.J, inscnsiuve' w ..III.! hum.an ~uf('t:nll~ il.).f real l!l~ll'i/Rh~;;ds. In order hJ :~~l'i w(·r th i~ ("ri I;"i,;;i srn, le [ uS recall some d("(;lD b. 0 t 1110:.:tl! i Iy 1if(' of Lenin :l n..l t the Hol,.JLt'"'o.·lb in I~' L 7 d'lld rhe tollowiTIj:.!; YI?lIr''-., \...hld~. an their 1,-'t!"r~' · [['ivul!t!', I"C'H·,~I ~hl·jL dl"taJl ...iJ..· [rrnn '! hoi: Stalinist 'I~JiJit,.'nkl!1mr~r, . \,\'lh·U., Wi the even ing. or 2.4 Octoh('[ J 91 ", I1.'mlirl ld hi' tJ.u k i' ~h[! SIIlulilY lnsrirure [4,) ':":-Ortjl~HHo!:" rhe rcvolm 14..111.<111'\' [;~kr'f:i v ~r, he rook a t"!';;H'rII :1n 0:.1, n ...b;(1 rh('" c~ndllu!'iI.::-':" d thrreW,l" unv• ~l~·I'I.[,jli~· uninu 011 ill the [U'~""Jb .t'" ~7 "':eIHr,J;' ~h..H J:;w. In rhe . ~;\~.:'Ii"~ afr~·f the U(TOr..f'i' ke v olutjnrr. ..l.cnm mnsrlv . druvc ;1,.r(~~]mJ ;11 ~l ,,:..1[", ',"lIi'tl~(m]~' hi~Iairhiul driver ~nd lh)u)"gu.ud. !l:.~iJ: a couple ~)( tll"11('~ rhev wert:' :;;11.[1'1 ,It, <;tnrr('".d by rhe prilrcc ::1111.';:', arrested lthol.·
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gical di~il'1tr¥..r~Hi(Hl. [hey ~W.[ collapse. Apart lrom the :::;tlbll!~k InasH:rpll''':': '·111 Pr.Li~ ut Communism" ri~ho:;" S i ~l1!pli['s r~ which is the mo~l, J] lt [(.I' a..:cnrnp] i!>h - ) > the rb ird key <;(in ~ i~ T hot, M ur./Jt';t is "The ~~f)11Jg [1 f ~h f' P:wch ;,Hh.l t he: (,~ j\Hl ", wluch hf'~i n ~ wid,



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poor: :t!:mo,TI 1"; ra L1 ered me runuing .1I1d :o..l~: [hi ...O;:.Jr~ll~)! Thinl~'i r u~t I eo emj'(t~("d, .mel with all l1le:;I'"~! A II J:. t" u II uf LI,;,~ l, YI,.,H run to rhc mastc) ... \X'I u!o:: \Il~ -\.....~I;. hcc:;o:ing. ~1 i\iI\l ~'oll come back. and lriuLIJph.~I1!ly ~h41W _J"i wh at vou V:.il.iilotd t()( LI~; A :-.m.! 1.1 patch, OK. EhL~ l~ f~ie 1"!o;1t('n. nnr
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h ii. r her ur ie,}1 que suon ~:;..r~pc.·,I,t(id ,"1 j";ol t.I po~ oj b r~-i1 ~'·0](, Lh i~ I .... J a piece (.f hroL". Ld" bUl \\,1 hn'l' is the I wh ul c J I o.l i?"~l j ~ .HH.i d11~ <:'l)l'1g L'll( lo;.111 .J. 5:""'~(' pi nJ~ ~:'X rh )~i()il or clem and ~ \'., . . Wi,.' n l·("1.1 I n(" whole t;;) (tf) rv. ,\r~J ~~ 0:: ":0.3 l ....~J t n..; 0 r!;:" ~H'I ~h~ ptH ..... r L!1 t b!;.': ~l<1H~' I- 'dlc ,PTOP-L'J'!), E{"'I, oill'l.'.i ~I LIM > 1 d t .. mom'!.:lH .. "' hi..,;h tlit:' .{r~jd1}f"O q'~o CI,t ("XCh'Ulg(!5 wEth 1·boc:e III pftoVrc'r r.1"{'";'1k... n .... down • .amd dll' :r~·V'O'~'IW~ll;~TL." bnH:lJ"Y ~lS"';I"T['!l<ll lhoi.:')' w,·mI (.·v..:ryd:mr~, [lO{ .... ilJ:"[ ~oll ~(" .. b i,r'· !p" t. 0 fit. l-:l(!re Rf('Cl\t i.:;, ~1 rb~ H'ry OppO~1[1C' e~d of ['he ;,::;p('(:i;nmi fn:'lnl {if'0fg hIAac~~pt ~I., ~)' HL S.CJ'M a~ 1 IJk~.;:,., [be "':-;oh" Ellrup("i:l11 Jnllll.~I~i~l.p.b~·'L'J the n ~I!..!" f L. d~j:-.!:l d.~t>s.i J (' r;n;", w.,l.~i il,K •• g~JI!'l'ri iln. \1,.' ~ ri.u4,~·' :l~:1,1n.,t Sl;~In m Ii I i 0 rllnd t· "'of'11 j·I"I·iil ung rile 1m n.:' :\ ~l~y I'l.mrnm notl'H .'1\ ] ~ "; 6, dm:-; l'11J~1ln~~·r i 11~~ h h ..... ("r~· IJ hpjlo;,:~d e.:{.~ll;!.L~Ct:. ,he was til t ulljm,d~~ .'i.~.aliIJ r:Sl. III ~4..'I.IL(fa~t tLJ l~l 1"':> 1..:..' 1l,.1"il">(:ht Wi1.!-> LHl bC.·~ll'~l.bloL" w [be StiLi i m<;~ lOLl I HI!I":1.1 ('-~t;~ hlI'L,hrl1C-fIr l'"t<!,(";,w<"('"nth 1<; \'(:-r~r ··o'{i.:'r-(~rl~H1do:.:y" - Ihen.:' .:--.no· IJl.u:e r~)1 Th~' ,'\h'.bUft'" "{~lloiol.''''J m ,h~' Staliu.i::;.t .;:uhur.tl Lmi,"(!I:~l:." I U ~hC" yOl.!11Vo I: ~Jk.io;:'i uf ll~.\tm:.' ,mid C'~~$S
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h....!II.Joi;! II JiJ not reCOi<!:III i ~.L! .l ~~IHlI)~ once. ~11er \'1~LlIIl;K [i :-.....hno~ i 11 1hit I r !.ubl.ll"il!>, rhey ",.'("1"(' ('\ en t·ubbo::d {IF r:111,.".'1r and tlll..:i]' gUll'; hy b.. dirs po::>iJl~ ( m a~ IJolIl:t". 1 h.~n compelled ro walk W I"hc:' 1i1(,.H(,q' pohee (:I":H~on.\'Vhen Lenin \""~ls ·hot (ll~ 30 Au.C,USL 191 S. [hi:1. H~;:~.lrred whsle he ...... 1:.tlkin~ til a couple .. <1:-;' ot Wf:lJ[IL'U i.·ompI.1Inl1ltt 111rronr ()f ;] fflctnry he had iLl~t 'i/l<;itl·d~ rhc hlr('di1"~g I.'l.·ji.il~~,:t ... dq~'~ll b~' Gil W d"h:: l-- r~~!~,IIIi.m ....... .. hl~h n~) 'l.k),-~rul~ WtTl' rrli.~sem; ::;'0' hi -; " .. ift" -" .'1o::ic7,hd:l K:n.lp~,ki! yil, ~lJ.K-..~t·.q("d t h,..:u ~l.l'l:lLt!m I:('! ~h uJ d HHl 'l.iI1i.U W ~ht' rl t'.:tr'L·.:;t griH.i..'r'.. ~h op t.f.q" .~ I~·mon.. . Th>f' ~r~LJh I.u·,d m (':11 in ['be K t 1:1[.1[]I 1..:.t..fltl1·,r,"J ill I 918 \'J;:) s b ut,l.;. ..d ~r;.dt ~luJJiJ~t" :-.lll.J dlill \ 1;;1',oI.'t ,1. b I... !You p. : S.O rrHlch lOr' rhL' rrit'ilq~,("o; ..-.f [he 'wm{,,'lkJJlf~lr~r! lO::llIll':, :,.t. LIIIl.[l·rcr;., Ii h:' hi l: 111)k~·111~ {.m ICal 0.; p;l:ranO[~l"::: I·c~,!.(:~ .It 1 i >.;;t".'ni ng 11]11 j,.... Bl'4:r11on' II'":,. .~!1I}'l.,"'$-i()II~ ~td I iJ".' fi ['!-it ~t,:uh·d [1.J I. f\', LI ~c d.L im~ .... ~'h.;n ,J JJ ~ 1'('\ nfmif I L1.lr'Y r,mTl 01;" a ~ '(Ha rn ~et h lIrl"ielt glH' ".. y [0 !i Llcb s~r'L·i rn C'l"lIii';", r:1
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r!J(:"l?d.::to bo::- h·I'll m c~ C'ck ~r h{· I ~ t f:o Cont!l'HH' rh (" pn~ i m:';~ I ,,'1 LLLg,g.[C!':: \\/ho ,1H1ui~~ l('l'd.w·~ ":"llE',:~ll r l.irl;,:i~lJb still dl.,.pl<I~·";I!..~l"t:n ~1 U"a.... (Jf ~lh::h ·{_·

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~t:'r.MtL,·ir~·~ l.:; nor lcnm ifI '[his. C<1'f.l' tl1 ..· ...;j.. n nppo.;;ne of tho:.' hlf~h-I';~r~k'lig · • 7.1.... \~. ho, wul LOtH ~"I~~' tll t ficllh},. ~ ("o[n:hlll(~d ~LK:h sen sir l\"i t Y \,H t h t.:x1(1:: rue ,:rud't~· in '[';.11 kill ~ p~~1Lt"l'-.:al Llt,( isious 1'i r i~ ren s.no;) 0.1 C' rn recall } l,tL~-d i c h, rhil,; r Hu Ir"loC!lIusr .l rch Lt~':r ~ 'l,l,' ho, a hl~r a ha nl J~~ woe k, al wa y~ i~ n (I Eli I~ e to y \. iu IL~[(:n tu B'l:"l"l boveu's :Sl:rm[:!;q ua rtcrs 'I;.... i til 111.. UHIi l,r;HI,l';;_; - is ~ nrrt P nX.'1f of ~ t I.Cli;CI'So hu '~,lni y rhnr iii courrasr '[0 d1LS SHI'I!r.e~ne barbari-n 'whit;h lies III rh~ verv unprx blematic UI1Lr} of high ...:ul, ure ;~!'I.tI. POliQ,j("LlJ lX\fh:H·i:o.m_ ht;. ",,'.L ... !.tiJi t'"xrr'cmd}' 5Cfl'<;ttj·o'c to rho irredu 'ibll! antag ~J;"S.tJ'<; hcrwccn :Jill :Hl(i

I ;,Ul~ lou d I~'and 1:!;.11r. h I (k)~~' r h~;1 r wl 1;11 i I <;3~'S [0 me . ~ h.n c 'l~t:<11'~ (4) l.~[I;,' J~;, ~ I ~I~ "ted when I r 1;1 rncnrs, m"T

miJl_g i:::.for iuuh.

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I am r,"mrH-t.:J ro In·.ekl'p ~l L~nl.n i!1-[ theory 0 f 1Ch'i!; hlgbculrura] barbarism. II[:Im ,I.:l.onet"\ o!ll;'i.'[;]lrHhn~ 'I Y'42 recording f ~~-h~lbe-r-f·S 1(J:lil~,I.,(Jr1'f"is€ seem ~ H) ~~ II 'for a 1.1 mrenriona It y .·1 achroni stic read j I'~~!. it i!) u I;,!;l:i-~' ttl ] uta gi nc Gc rrnnn i OnLo;:t.!i'~ and sol d icro; Ii :it.(·lli rlg '1"0 rh i,,, r(~~ ~!I'"d ~ LU in tl-.I.!"SUltiLl:!::.rad rrcnchev 111 rhe cold winter uf i'7"'U-4U_ U()Cs, 110~ rh~ rupic ~)f \r?i.mcJ'·~eis{~ evoke {l uniq Ll!C ..: onsonanre ..vi L 11 !Ill: b isrorica l rnr r'l..:n~: Wi-:iS not dlC! whol ... St·;I;lLl1.gr:J.J cumpaign .":1 t-ir,an:;k '·'/inJ'('rr('ise. "'!ih!;.·!',:: every ( ~en11 ~U1 sold icr 4.: IIIkl sa y of hi m self 'I Ill."" \.'t!;r)" f, I';:-,m, l i nes 0 t the '~:o..::k~ ,. I c .un;:: hCI'L:! i!I ~[J';1llgt:'[ th .;I !itl'ang.cr 1 Jep.;ll-r"? D u !h l! ucx r 1i 11 ('~ !l()i e:x press rhf'lt· basic eXrCTlcm,;c-: "I\::ow the world l"i !j,(1 .r..1nnmr. I The r()aJ .... h(l~llJed III ~IWW .. I L (',::nlHO! dmm,~ Lbt., rime l T() b~J,l,m Hl~' [ourncv, l Ml.l!'it f:!lKl 'Illy
L /

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H'l:Il.: bre~rh

I In this elnrkness." ha ...t! rht.! endless nl(:";lll1in:::I-t'!,.!o. rnarch: ., lt bums under burh mr o I ["'1."]1 I.hLlII~h I \';,';:llk or~ ICIl' ilnd ~lliJ')W~ f I d;_Ion', '\~':;bnt ro cltL.:h my



I. C;an roo I 'ngcr ""t"e ~h ..! 'i.llin· ...." ·I.'he dr~;7Im of rt'tl.ln~lflg


rhr .... prill~,: ." ...rI;.";HHL"'ld uf m;:U1y-~-oI()LH(!d tll.)~vr.:.:r'So. I The W;;1Y they bloom ! i11 ~'1:] y:' I I tl rc! :Hll!.!J n~ f,fC'C!'n n~("ild(}W<;, l 0 ~ me:rry hi rJ C:11 k '" ~ bc.· nerVClom ~\',llrmj:: tor tho(" p0!'>r: •. Fr~ llll d11,.· hi gIL [~l(~d d, pnsd·h)r.Il ~IJ I..m~b- l \~th~·,10 ~.J l:I (

my in:.tt1:t" The s.hn ..... n~' 'tbe: nlunli.n~ iHtdl,L:rr .11.UC]..;; '~Th(' k ll.u [f l: ~ J A r,;"'ill n d IrI ",~"r'~ r.J' Sf rL'I"e_ I AnJ n~l["~rl;.'"<I,;ljl ~~~es- j D i!I H n .awunJ .,l !1~~ll~~rhem_" Utrl;rl~ e:'dH3ll:tiLl!d, rhl..: !',.oldic~ arL' rdu ... l:p,''l:n lh'l:" r.:.:J S,OLlC',; ("Iii t!(.!':l.h: "J'rn (i.·ed cnOLlgh -~) drop h~)ye lake., Illm1~~l huT'T.. / OhL ll"Jcrcilr-<;, nUl, rou £UI''Il file .aWol}'? l W"t·lI. i 11~,\.I;,'arJ'[hen. ~uH hm.her. m~ h,ya~ ,..·.alking !':o '.,Lff~" \'{'h;.H (":,\1\ ()'II');I.".r 0 !]'I ~Lid~ :Ii d('<;pe-r,::m:' <;itll.Hmn hur g {m ..,·ii~ htn..,ic ... pel~ i !\.[.!:TI("{". do 11 L~ ()lll,:"", t'J m So (1) dllc .... -u'mp!.:1, i r1 ~ ~) f ~1LC I L;;:.;11 r t, ;l!:>::.UIII in~ ~h i! hC'I.:'Llf" 'bmtk'n ot" hrl!.L in .1 workl. Jc!-.t..'j-rl·d lw Cod? .' .

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11"1(' nbviou s. Cf.I'L111'I:er;l rgu rncrst 'I!i- t h;;tt a II h~:o;; is merely ~"supe ~ltia I p;H-;~Ill;! I: .. even ]1 there I!o, ;·Hl ~:t;IIO 11' 'lill!.' ~trw~~phll:r~ und crnonons, rhey are in eoch "':hL' L'J[l bnl.d rJ i n a n [!JL 1 i rd}· ~;i f~'{!:rc context: iJl Schu berr, rhe narrator nt. W8 n de j''': ;l round ; 11 wu ~1I:!f"['" ht"C".~ ll'::t hi~ h4.'ln",,~'d h:;1'S ., ba ndoned h I 11"1; W hi I~ rlu: GI:m'M.I\ ::.dJ i I:': I'~ we rt; un •h t! ... 'i;~'~' ~I.) St<!ii 1l~[:tIld beca usc o{ Hi rler's .0, l rni ~l rary r lu fl!'._ l r i!.- pil"L.!c~sdy L!1I !"I'll s, tl i "i r lues-me rrt , hmvC\"('T, ri'rJ.u the clemer ra ry Itk'o!(J!g_l'l';:tI opera r i (N"!{YH~SI~(:j.: rhe \",,';.~'(1r a 'l.ilerm8 n 50 Id ie r ro he ill ble [ [:0 cm.ll.clf"'l' his S1LLJ'J['IOIl ..nt$ ttl .:wuid the reference to (:()n~'!fUil" ';:.(k:lal c i rcnmsrauces wluch \ ru11 d b(.:!.":nl ~'\' i:-';I h I.· '~b ron ~h rdlc.".. n .tion I,v h;H" rhe he lJ were [hq' dojllg ru R!j~~I~ ~ whar .J,b,.I,ru~~~'iun id they bnng ['(J this ("ollLmIfY? d what abotu kil!ing rhe Jt"','1":!i-", .lInd., in!;.[c.uJ, to indulge in ~1 Ronnl.illnil.: bemoaning of ilg mLsl.:>J'.-Lb~t:' hlj(~:.::~ I~ 1'ht." wider hisrorical catastrophe .... simply 1.1l<Hl·I·,j"IIi.LI..: !.Ill: C:l·aUllb;~ ~~f~ 1!'('i~L1ed ·Iu.... h. thi::. 1l0~ the supreme cr. p mot ('I r ('mo'[ i ClI'1;l I .1: h!':fT':1Cf LOn., n! J I.c~t'I'~ id~';1 th:;1!t (' rl1 ()tion 5 ~ IT" ., bSU~l(r. illl es.C<1 pe (ru!n [1'1 t' LOlli.,: r'ert! "'( 'It I P~)Iu I~<"d '!Lct 'ii','Ur k ",",~I...c::;·s on I>. (0 i h'l.:" rbioking? ..l1d h~,:r1.: I ;=jill n:-rnpH!d rn [ak"" rl hmher 1.[''II][;I:.;t ",itp: In nlJ.lf rc.1Jing of \ {Iw V;/[ miJr!'t·j _;(.J. 'l,VC' di J EHJ L 'U~{ Imk SLhul ~l:'it trIJ .~, ;;l)'ri lirlJ.!,L.! lIt IahLr his luI il,.:~ l ..-;1 r~15i;"I"r;.p-he. we dId n I) r i ~i ST n:ql '[(;i 111"1 ;~gl.llt! how tb i." '~m I.g (,. ~·... r~L"nn:t't{'d -I(' 'I..'. ith til l' l'm b'a [r~...:-d GL-rm"Ul s)~~I J.~{!r ~ 1111 ~mJ i 11 ~tt;~ _ W h.a~· I!-" ~h I,:' h 11 k w rh i:!o J (:~til ... ~rn'r he 1;.·1l~1 I,e's us W tl: ~Hi 'i,'Vhilt \....a~ ~.... )[ig v.-i1:h t hI!; ~I;; hl..l be rt i [Ill b . n H om a nfl.c PC}SL( 10 n I rs.eH? \X' ho:a r J t: d1€ ('Joo!>~wn (~j'I Ii I,.!' H om;mt iol- H;'I,r, i,1." h(T4)~ i n ;'W.::i!:J6i:-.[ Lt.:.illI y h ~L:H!"!'ed ull: hi,:; u Wli !'>U.. f I..:Wl~ ;·I!~d d L~!'-ip:-IH',dL"- ,If i ng tht:! Ii to



nf pcrn'rt-cd

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hnlrt ~pe:lk~ 1:11 Lll.l br<l."_ltLr.

Illil'kinf, rhe rruo::- '[r.alJma of [he wide~ fHSInJ'IL"sl re;l.lu\l: \'I(l~ 'ihol.llJ tlHl 5 .j)j~~' 0 III plis It !Ill' prup'!.:fl ~ l-h'gd i ~IJ.!L :!:)!:!M uto.: 4) f l)j"ol£'·l.'iiJ~}~ the :Si}Jil h,d ~'!rerl th.r (m rh('nnc r lI"if(il1l1J and U5 ~ fer rf'irrlb._g ('ainU1"(J-j l)y C( ~n1'mpi'H r fircmm{(1lIces b.Jck rmo dJe aMtIH ..'UU,: ON~"JI.!.:I' i,rs..4f": ~.;lu~. hmk!'. ;u (jr~l lik~ ... ..11 '-;("1;,."t) 11 d,l,ry cl i.... mn~on, ~l fC ,1d i Il~ '["\',"i 5 n;-d h)" o;_'QiHin~('iH C:"< rem ;1] r: i 1'"(:11 m~I.:tllo;.:[_!,,,,, el·lb 1!~ s~Hneth~n):!: .j]h~lllt Wh'l[ dll.: :Jmhemlc o!.'i~m~1 Lr'f'lf IlfH unly rqlr.~·!'>!'c:", IcL;"'!,·L· ... (1~J'~, bllr hod t'hc /rmOlon i)l rt'/~rtJsj~'~~KL
'.A,:rtt'n .


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t' r [ 0::-.1 A I, '1 II L 'li A J L .... \,x' h Ii~·i n nL'1 w;~~ S.(·~'H! J J
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011 L". ";Illj~I!.1: Lh IILJ1 rht: {I'<'III '>t'l)r'rt'd rm('t' rnu rr- :a r .1 k!.:[ ;nvol)', a. h(";..ptt.11 rrmn marked rtrru-, and frmn !heir 1al;;rnJ ..:~~t~,w("II!II(~("d <;;\1IJiL:r5 pCTr,::d into dll- hl,L7..ng li,~H l..of 'rhe ,rl.... runm where m1-!. I iI tler ~\ ;b Itll11W r-ed ill L,t m ~'l"l ,,>,HWI1, .... LhknJy b .. Iw)kc'd LI p at II il!' ,:nI.'rJ fon-'> U ,

That l~ the l.ernrust auswvr [~~the ;Hn()II~ P;:~':i8.:~g'(' rrorn [he Jill n,..._luct' on to the Grrmdn~s.L mn nuscripr, in which _\"iaJ":"l poirus ULU Iwv. L'[hL! hffindl~' lies 'lOT in Llndeil',,:mi1idi~lJ~ rh;;itt r.he (~~~k ar :... flnd ~Tj..:- ,"1"(' hound ~lr with certain fUfll":'. of :)[)o;.l\t 1 d i.,' vdo 1.,)HlCU t. The d i ff1ullt ~ 1:Srh at [hl:!'~ :-'('111 ,J I flHJ u ... ;'ij rristic pIL,.'LS:liH.· ,md rh.i t in ;J ce ['(.'1 Lit res pect they ";{HI ur .~~ .1 rm I'm iHl d ,'L) I.Hl unanamahle model. "<,~ '1 his linHt!r'.:ll <'IPI'(,o1l i<:. roored in !to.; VHy LJl',:,;do~L'l·.-1 {Illild I CHI(;I f cnubl i[~~ ~1!1-n .Lb~rT;] L; I. f run~ I ur ._~~~ et t! ~~ u k~,~i,t'oI!..I .k . ro~ irk.;')J .;;ui'l':.r!;'I 1.1~ mill by rak ing re+u (~/: Jr_ r1 c •. u n I vc I'o;.~~j (L.'HHrll Of1:l ~ C sn tent. So, i.~r Irnsn ...~'lMHing some kUHJ 1,)1 tr{Llh-,cJ~olo~J(;~] i J.1I1!L;j~n hcrrraae. rhe UJ1 L""CT~ 1I1 J rt ra ct i on of H nuier .-c'1 i (;<0; 011 rhc Li n l \'('! !',.dl7.tn~ ~l"~ tun: ol,) r ;tleology_ Dc.:M:S da i<; mean rhar eve t'~' P~L~.llo:,!tll.,., uni versa I, rel l: renee ~'( hu m.11 ur'l, I,~, ~ by ,denll iri~)~l. if I("[) I t1f.;i ';1 I? Wh.'II t ~ b~l'1L~ I .en ~ ( 11'" ;:1 prC';'!: I s ,;1(fl,J mJ ~:<;t pu r ri'-~~i,,-~" foL'
vour J1Jl'iny; \X"urld \W:L!If I? \V.c'~'~ rht'r nut an exernplarv case ot IlFil.;_'~hln~ wJuu Il.Jd iulU"" ';1.115, (he uni v~r!>-Jl1 fUrlct i 011 of .. h LlJL~ i t Y ", w hi, .... 11~I,~ III h

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plLl1wmg n 1 1~",lk ~""ldJ_~" ..


Thr min ...::I[! pf dm scene ,.. I'l,J 'LIhr~.J: rhu i'H,'.Jrdc nll each s.dc expeneoced . ",,'Il~l{ [ht'~ "~~ ,, thtn~:I!;h rhe window .." ;p. :1 f.;'Lnu~m;H:il: ,'pp'.}rit~tJn; fc)r IIlI::It'r.. j f was .1 II i;e,h lIII;lr i!:>h ..' L(:I.'" oj II: ;.; ~t'<;[rJ r, 0 f 11j" mill t;l P- ;l d V['TI 11re ~ for lhf,.' h

nothing wharso


to do WI[h so-called

I)t -unC(i(JJl

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abstr .. ;ti(H~ nor h encornpa ... ing brotherhood, but :t s



of all\., hH.h :H:t.Ll.1J!i:;.o.(':1; itselt
Irom OI"'T"IOSIJ1g

rlu: l.ea dcr h im~l' If_ TfH,' [11 I~ mirach, h~'rot:wuuhl h,n f' been It ;~ n::lllld h,ld .:;.rrN,;Ju,.1 ,htOLl~h :t.hl:' window ~.;l y, ~ [I rler 1'L:.L.;,;·h iut; (J ~l t. W i1 ~/jf("I..1 ded ::-oltllo:."( _ B m ('I t' 1,:0urce it 'l,<V;'~ n ~ P ~N'I se j ~ ~I.Kr-. an tnCfH.HH rr, such .111 inr ru.:'o.I.rm j lito his real It _~'" rhar Hi rler c,hl'i1l.kJ~ S.fl ~n~rr.;.!Ll 01 ~r~'.!l ch ini=!i 'I) ut hi- hn fI d ~ be - In p."L nJc.'· - ortirl,:'in'd rhe . cu rra in ~ drn wn, , - - H CiW, then. L'.m we pt! uC'trut C' [h i::-o bar ncr. m ul I"'(.;~ ch om [(( the R~(l~( Hll~ r~ Til

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trenches senrung til frnrcmjzc. ln J~w1.. I-hdek':,. lcgc-nda t')' . h~·

the RlIs~i:Ul.

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Au,s.n:i.1.I1. :o.nldH~r~ ::.t"lH t() :o.b(.JO~. [bt: JotS ·f;,l.(c I he TJt)-I11.:1 n' :da "hi i il r rOil ~ ot rh ('j ~ flttoll (' h~'~,,~' Ilg , ,l ~-i

i~hi art enernv sol d '('r ::. J he" a II LIte-n f i 1,,' w;~.- cxpc r i ClL('4,' f see II ~~.''''~'u~ngs of ~ jli.i,!I,~I,,! r. w 110 ('r•.'k 1.w~Ho::,~j uch ~l1(:'OII iU~·ro.,i ri hi~ mcrnoi r'lo;of ~:he trcnc h ~ ..~rrn cks [1'1, \'!:.o'o:rld \eX'..) r []: ~n 1d Lt!'L":!:. tlftt:'[] f a,mH.;I ;j~Zt ;,'( nut k 11111112: [he L' nern y b :o.;(~!.:.Ij'l·r in .~ fiH,:~·w-I'aCt· 0L1r,'frO;-lIl(~1I[inrl> l('Johl1lr, him In the- o:.'yo..:.s blJuro:: o;t,i..li}!-:om~ him - F:1r (fom I1r~''''i:!u,ill~ h.m h~'r J1 ~]H,llli~ kind (~f r;Jl y~['ic.~I ,:.:mrHtHmiot1 ~r h k!o()d 'i<l,"iI'V(''; rn,('m..."1y .J!.~ i i ( i;::; I'."th· --!. pi r i ~H rI~'. lr.;~itj IIll'"H Ion. {' ne :'h' p fLluhl,,'F rtOrll ~lKh oh I,,-LH~H1.iSt ]de(~lo~y ,;0.; ;lL:c()rnrJis:hC'd hy s.llhJi.mt" Jt)tm11;'mHS (~i ... lid~J'lt~q Ilh· rhL' nne ",,,·hi.:;h tnok pla..:!:' [I! thl' h~~~k- S'r.;lling~"'1d: fHl ~m

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Lenin W:B ~lIming nr I'll h~!. 0:..";'(11 nl tho(" rifl:J PI[';h;HH!1. :HUJ olh('r ma.~"S1!.:1o 1111 .,t..l m fllt''[ 19 I,7 r,~I 'i.tnp 1i,!:1.h t m ~" J i'-In i:i ~~d :1:" p'H~ ('I ~ .;1 i"urhl.l's.s s~l:':'Iteg)' to ''o'Lll lKlp~lbf StlPP1.11'1, ;mLJ dn.ls ~;'liH P'I.)'\'!o'I:!I:', 'l.:l,It~[l Lt It ['Hearl[ thl? mlh~ar~r oI.ieh;~,t ~lf Ius OWi~ ('()'ILlit'l'Y (r{'membcr' I hc: ~t",nd;l rei .ar1aultl~IL[ ..h.u \\,'hl'n, m !-ipnn~ 1917. 1.~1111'1 , ..'~~ allo\'~!{'u hy rfi'l ' (.{·rl11an "il[~[e [0 [f!1.H' 1 r~n ;'Ii sl!'IIt'd t(ain: ~hrmmg.h Cj·:rnl~':n.y Oi~ i1j:, ''''''Y t'roJl!1 S'.vJ[zerland W S'I't'cdt'n, FmJ..H1J ;anti Tilt'n H~I:-';:'l:;l.. hf' \va'i dt' flct~J hlnl'ti Uo[! ing <l!i ,1 CcrmaH J!,!;i.'~I n- Th{' b-1i.i:'f~o;:r ... b 1I:.:h brukl: JU ...... 11~: 1"(' .I!J bt.: ~I. I~ c-xcmrl ifirJ h)' t hI!.:' «'t~e t."li'Tnt ,,,""I':. ich [ (~(}k !,I:;i~-~' Oil '[ hco 1i;!''J,'('llJ 111", ? t 7 N o 'I,'C' 111 b 1."[' 1l)4l. \'',1 ho:.:n" I,n hi~ ::j,pt......: i <1 j [J'.t i I. I'nr 1i ng I::h rolt~ h I hUrl n~] ~, Hi de r Wi.l50 d i !iCLL:;.~jn ~~ [he Lh),':o; TI"I.'I i f!ll" l:']o('W:' \,vi t h 'i(!"\r(! r.'t 1 aiJt'!-. i] I rhL! (.11Il i ml,!.! <l,,:ar; sm((' ;dhed air r.attls. h;H.l .:.l.l,!l1i3,ged rht" I.ri~t:k:.;:, thr' tr~1in rrf'o;.['If.'nrly
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ot The two (·I'1<:.Hjl.ed part 1(,"', I :j~r'l''I'.;"['J1fH't.!dro nsk tl11;' hnH)[h.:!'~l~ that ic d1d not pn'V('E1 r [be ~b uot i tlJ..!, P reci ~d 'f be,c;')LI~t i~".V,,~ .111 ii:()() ill ~hI,L' and .. eke p T, : 'SQm~,tlun!'; mill L.' 11 1"11"'1i"C' "11 rt;,:rhc,: i;1 1 ~..:;needed l(). d~ l the I nr._ ,; 1'111]01,: rm H(' h t+fl;,:'{:ti ...e expe rience of un iversa I ]H i m~lui rr - t ha t is, u € ~,hi.: nu-an i ngk:,~:jlll'o.;:-; of rhc ",:"'1.1 f! it:t ..ve :~ cnga ~cd ! n - C":J [) ra kc rho!'" form of ,~ ~i mple exc h'lIl1~~{' Hi
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During (1," ami-apartheid Ut":IFlnlhlt,Hiufi in rhc ()l~~SOLltb Atr:'iL"]i' \ v hit :1 rr(_).-.p of 'I,I;,'I.iL~ policem ,n were dl',pem",irrg and p'-'Nlllr1r~ .",Iack d('mo~srra tors. a po' Ice:IH.HL '"r'a run n iIl~ a f~ r a black 1 t: ady, ,I, ru b bC'1 '[ I' uucheon III his hand. U I1ol!X]ic:,,-'[!..:J I~·, rhe hi d)' ~'IJ.~I, 0]\(:' of he F ~hoc.': ~ .uuomu ti c;llly OOCYl ng h I~ HgnLJd mol 111 ers", tnt" r~ !~r:m;l n pick l'd II P' ! he ~h.( ie and g.l v e it, n II to IH"r; ,~t di i:o. 1 no men r (hq' l;x(:h~m~r.::J 1'!.laJlI.:'l:s, a nJ b~)t h b.:.:t.:.L'1 nc .1 W;1'['(: o t the 'i L'l.' Ll i ty [)f t he~'~ s i ~1J;~ rion - :;r! ft l.' r ~Ui": h ;.\ ~C'S'l:run' rd pol irene ,,-0:; a her ha ndmg 11(' ~h e losr shoe ;]'IlIJ W;~ I r i 111J,t f~):r her to IJ 1J1 H back on, i:r was r 5i111 ply ~n'I o::-.:o.ihlc for t he: poti!;(·IJHlll. 'to conri nuc tn run n t~er t h!.:' Iu d Y" :r n d p ro hit hr-r wirh rhe rrunchcon: Suo ~ free polircly l1o~,klmr_ ro her, he turned round a.11d ;,,!.. alked ,H\'aV". _ 'fhc mot.jj(l of rhis 5WirT L'i IW,t rhur the po 1i,,:t'm.u:r :o.ur..:i tlt:'~lly d iscovercd .Ill!, imuire gf'lf)d Jl{,<;;~ - WI(,:' ~!E'e '~Ol d.::"8l,i n ~ here ... 11 .L ..:~ s,t.: ot na tural ~(:'~Id! ,e~, p rcva iI in I:!: over J','_LI:-.r LUL.:'Olu:t;l(,J i ~IT tn,llng 11g~ t~it [hI'.: corHr,;]rr ~ i 11 :l~ I pm b~1 i[)' ~hc pc'"! ir,:i["m~L 11's ps)'..- h{:d ogi c.-'J! bit Lj,~:Hl'~'(: w:l!=i rba r. Qf ;In Y r~thl,;'r r::'r '\L '\X'h.n Iri u mphr.::d ~H! r;1 ~~ \,I,Iol'l si III pi Y hi s •• !'i,~l pe.-fi..~<lll" 1:.1.) ~Il ing in pu li~':;llt;::-;S._ ' , _ \'(/ hr:n ~he: polic{"m::ll11l ",~IrL,tc:hcJ ou[' his kU1 d In m-d(·. !n ~)~ S~ 'r he I~l{ly h,er :.;IH_~, hi::; ge-:;mr "',va' Illlm: Th~n a L"IWfm:nt o~ phy~!c.:'i.1 1",.,!,)fH;)~;:'Tht.': WbLH:pol iLt:'!l mil a.nd .tI1l7 G lo,~k 1:'lJ,y ]i~C'r:',j)lJ~' ~i\,',(' i!1 two ('11fcTL!II'[ ~l~' iu Y111hn II'; ... 1 f m l.l ...eJ'.::Os Wl rn '11 n rOSSoI hlln y 01 d j,lfe..:::r ('om nmn K:l nUTL: ft)l' e;:r.;: h or ih l' m. t h<; b~~r'I'lef w]n;:n .sotp.... i,l~I;:J thr.; r,r,,'u LHLi... ..:T:::or..;~ wa'S ~1[J~p';:I-'lJC'Jtut' a hriC'f Ll10mL,:II'I', U 4 .wJ it i,!" ~~S as ~f Lij Ili;lnd t n,ml .111orhc r, ~rrcr;'-:l~, mll y('~ 'ie fr:.,dtcd ~n~o r h!l.·b.r n ~di Il.U}, r(:.;11 lir..". I11 ~~,-d,1,,"1I' ,[{:r I''''~ 11dor m (l1l:S m;;r g;(: InUI1H! 111: 'l.1,f chL.: 'S Ll:-:'JJ'r.:'H')I~)" uf srml~lil b~rri-r:r:" iliLlJo J Hium't.' ::mb~i'~lmi,~1 :1l:hi{'vC'[Ht:nr; bow('v~r. "innwLh ~J1~ mOil'e ~s 11{'("{J~·d - li ~f', fot C}(;1 mp Ie. ~Il t' :-:.h II~R f:! f 01'!;sc nil? lokr_. ..,H

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tit t:X-YllgO,s.I<:LviL~' loe::> '':If,(IJ]an;,:J ahout l'.I,(,."h l!l,hmlL gi'uu.)~ whid. ';,',-,.!j s[.gm~lti_l('d dlm!lgh :1 Lcrl;!JiJ'L fC'~Ht.lH: - the MuntC'n('gt'1n~ 'w,cr "'nppl1<.;(·['ll{J he e xtremc:,1 v b7,"~ 1h eo 1-1.0., 11 i;Hl S. we rl"," ;..;nLIHJ~ 1h~ ~l1,.'lI-Let;h,-:rIlHm_s 'IN'CTt' t h ie',n;:;'; {hI;.: Sb\'t:u(:,~ ";' r;,!~'; rnC.L.lL __ • Si;gL"lifi,r.:;mtly, 'thC!1e juk,u:::, WJ.llCJ \-\;ith thr;; ns{!' nf (,T11 n.;... I;TTL:mm, UI rh~ kne 19~(~~,;nOll": of tht'1ll w;a,.;;: h.r-ard in I \P"'U, wilt'll '(he: hosn h~' ,1,"'1'111''11 i(:~ 'L'tL Far ITom b~m~ ::..,u p I~ l:'adsll. !l.htM': ioi..1kll." (•., p~:-.Li a 1'1 ... ~
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Yugoslavia. In rhrs ~-:-;~,,~,tilt· S Hired ob ... ern- jokC'.;; funcnoned nor :II=" ;"! c 1) f c xclud iJ1i:.... tll,r,;: (,,,~h~rs who Wt7[';;,," I H)t "III", bu r as [h L' mt:oi1 o f thci r Ib .1~lj-rUfl'W 1, nf esra hI~ h i ug ~'LHi ir1i lTII:;t I :;;ym r.oJ i I.: P3Ct. Indi ;Hl-S (Nat i ve A rn c riL.;I! U:'.!o~ smoke the pro ',.',,-,thol ;,d J.':oi IJ~'u f peace, wh rle Wr;:, t'n,HT1 rhe more p ri rniti ve r~;.1II:=;'] s, have ~'O (:':'{(.'h:1.I'Hr::' obsccn i rics. T CJ' t: :,·t;~ C'! h~~!-.h act ual solidariry, ~h~ ... .urd experi nee l,f hl~h culture ~' 11(11 enough - "'' ' {! have 1[0 excil:rmgc with h ... tbc Other [llc t.·IHI~<Lrr<I:o.:,.ifi¥. idiosvncrasy o.j: ObSL.:C'llr;; cnjoyrncru. 1l1lrmg, my mdit'=lry "('rvm"t'~ I became ',.'('i') friL'lHl~~' wirh nn Albanion ::.oMler. It !;S .1 \~'e[]·kl'cn ..r1 ti,l.,;t that A~billfllan~ are 'ICIr~' .ensinve 1[1 sexual ' insults , ... ic hider ru 'I,hci T or.; Inscsr f.;Jr rni 1~( r.lH.:nl bcrs (m ot her, sisrc n.; I 1,,'!,t H. in ,h [act acccpred by ,In}' Albanian lncnd when w,~,I(·ft rhc :=;~lp,f'rn(,MI game of P~) 1in.ness and ['~:-;p~~' beh i L1J. ,UI,t,[ ~ rL.:{'n':>l.l t!:'h;i1urb-rf \[1,' i rh f.C)rI U ;:3 li zed in 5·U It.::,. I he tl~:;;,rrn D'!.'I:.' wn .. m:l de br rhe A lb:lI~ LaJl,: nn{' morn ing, i 11:o.[t.:;H3 n f dk IJ~ [l,]d ., HL.: I n! ", h r gl'r;:'("h'-J rnr ~""rh ., I '1'1 screw you r IT! orhe l ": ~ kllf"\V I i th,'t,t fh;~ W;l5. :lJl .offer to \Vhi~h 1 had [,1..1 ITspmh] .:r ppropr iatcly, 50 I S.!1.I'Pf1'~~4.I back: "erG ahead, ~,'fHJ'n' welcome - aIT r I've hlil:o;;hc:d wirh Four sister!" This C'XdUJ1~i: :S00l' [o:,,~ I h openly 0 bsce n e or i!'i..H 1ir; -baracter. and bees me h srrn ,",I! 7('(1; a he r Oftl~' ;] en U p lc Q t' weeks ~ rhe I,' ....0 of I L:<; no ~ongt' I:' botht"H.,d wirh the whole senrence- IH rn~,:morning, when ""',,,.i-;J.V.' l'::ich orhel', he I~'I::;'~' ! nr;r.ddr;:xl :,_l :!i ~~ iJ " ~int hi:"! ", c'[) 'Lt"h~ch I s.im p])r ".:.: 11d(.~J .. S.E~I,r:[' ~ ntl :,.po 'l'h i" 'l' ){,1m r Ie r 'Ie:;'li I 'i. till" ,d;jlT1~~{'r::; r;::lIf~~K h. .:1. ::;,[ i~H~'g~':: t Iw nhW(:ll c ~f)J Id;'(ti~Y ;~I] Wc) ofu'!1 1::m{,i~~.L':!:i [hi;: ,(.':.-';Pl'U;j(' l}( <'i thiird I,.,.l!r:'[~' Irl thi~ case. Ir. Involves .tt 'n!1;']lf"-hrr,nding soli.;lLril.~ :1~ rh~' {'Xf'f'rl"oC' of ,JJ,.'t):I1!H:JI,_C;1!ll "',~.L' jm;1~jlh;" I d1L: n;\cr:-:.c ...r.:::rsi(~n~ young \\'(H~,an ~rt"C mg her rui ~f}t~ ....... ~rll <:;(T{"\~,' vonI' ;,1, -t1h 1m'; h.1 r1 d r'~ wb id-m LhI.." fl;lIl;n d r...::;)p()m.l~; ., G ~J ~Lh..;.lLi - :,1fit,,·£, r"'l: ri L'l L~hed "0 \~' h )-i;"~H huh e I'! " ? I I~erh:'1 p:.. t h I Ii i:" wh y rile re Lmo'I"is:IHp b""'t"Wf (' 11 ,~n..-gu~11 [l(' ~ l:LI1 J ~i ry d u Pl'~ ..,:1.1' i k(!:,. 1L:o:. ~3'" ~o ":H,~,;:H:l J.;) lOlI:o.": i1.; [ho:;- f"H,;! tlHU:, , ..' idli h ..... r ~ I:=O;[LT''..; .:!J-:.pr-,()",;", I, ,;l{'q LIr:J ill'::: ~l:1d .Uri .." ffair w j d. hL'iI" h.-n t b~'r- in-til "",,'i So s.o lJ I ~h~"';'iI(':~bit ber.:.a LhE" II: JI:'l~' ut"'~s dw fl'VCP'::ji I (-:.t rh e d.I':;~~C l iVI-,)tro. u s.:; i,~ n lo,l;1C II f ""·Onll' Jl ~li '!J bit_·r..[}j of t.: :ro:(,:-h.~11gC boC'(\ ....~Lr:r mefl - ir~ t h i~ ,a~l'. it \";;1 _s, I h~ m'411i who :'o:C'r'.'ed ~::l rhe ()br~tt n' o{'~'dl':lJlll~S'b~[W0Cll wmn~'n, ' fhr.:re is "~LiIothn problem h(,:'rt:~ Lhat ~Jf pO'i,~,'t''fand <1lIThoTl1Y: the ,t:xampJc of JIJ1 " ol,!i.cC!1>e ritll41 I 'h' i.h the A Ih, m'i i1 [1 S'r)1d j,e t' w.;.,rk:;. 01 i l y bc..""lu:sr t h'C'[c W;,h ,I W.r:)UPPO~L''l~ ll.:qu;~Jlry her\c ,f'er~ rl1r.:' iJnd d1e Afh~l]lJ;~rl - vn; W('n: hoth ltmlill ~ ~oId i c 1'::... J' tId I bli:L:H .1l1 !J lfic;t-"r, j ~ ... ll,IJ h';'l'li'e br..:-.r:n I[ I LI.;Jl Wo fl:"k r In ,r - p";'H,'tL'-~ Iy n mh i n ka fr Ie - ~ r rhc.· A I han ;.1 n r,.., m ~1e h:i~ fi:rsE' move. .I f. ~ LJ k bo WI'..!~'-I:! r, t! w AI bim i"lJL h ~1... a J'iO ]W~~l .~n IIJHi.,,:-rf. t.he' si n la ['Lon wm lid h~w' 1 b-e('n C'vt:'n r;n (~n' ~1ob~(T ne; 1.1i s gr::-~t1Lrt' W()I! IrJ 11;1 \i{' IX'l:ll ;lll on t: r 0 f. j';.:r I:oiL! oh:"u~lll! ~oIHj~~ri~y 11l<1skmg rhe tilh:lt'rI):H11-I; pmVl'r n:JMiOI1~ ~ a p.u.:1i.1ig;mmic ":~l s(, L1( Lhe pO~;1I1W ... lt'fH·' r.:Jo.PL'~'''': i~(_, f ~Hl'rVC r_ Thr;,' t LllJi rtun L'll fig Ui"'C (j f u
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am 10nty ~ DC) ss, f.;l,t h.en i[h i:;'LS ~ 11 hI..:ifl g rrcared wit h pr 1per rt.!':,vo;."L:( fo Ilowirlg the furm ....l rules of ~1,'l.LtlH)'~ LLr,; rhc l·xch~~llgo!." of ob~(:rlitu_'s JmJ ~lLUL.ki[lg remarks hn- "n 5'(lh ptH.:ot; h~hilllJ his back, To.(i:;JI~·'s h~l:l::"or f:-uhi"1', nil rbe L ll',rn [":;HY ~ l nsis t ~ ~h.Llr WiI;: ·.;]1Ol.1 rrear hi m as ..Jl frit·n&. he ';::lLhh~ iJ :,.;;t::;' L1~ wi t h ,i u [" u:::,i :~ Lm'l i 1i 'lll"it}'. h nrn h."1r'di mig us with sexual irtru H'F1,d~ 'i n '" L!'; rig LIS ~'" ry l<.;, share a drink or a "..t1I~r roke _ all rhis is mrcnded to e~tt~hl,~h I ~wlink of male bonding, while tilt! rehHimi ..,hip 'U( authority (our S'llt"(lrtli[l:lt~oll. to him] nor only rernruns int;l("t, hur is even r cared 3:--> :it kind ~rl":'i{'oI,"T~L \ .... h!~h shoukl ht: rcspc ..... dJlJ .lOt t.aIk.I:!J ab(,I'UL for the !)UbOH lll~Hl.:: L ~uL.:h d :lt·d cousrcl lati 0 n LS Ttl uch more da 1,J'li1TOpIHl b i C l b an rrad iri n;l]I ;,111 th onry ~ t nd.;)l~" wre- are deprived even ("'(If the P'r'iV~fli" "=jl;!ice of iron), and mockery, since ~hl,.· master .~ on both levels: an ~1:.JtIHHi,lr ill,:;' wdi us a friend, Thi s L.'OfL{m d nI'I'l'I bm:v,I;'v ~ ... i s; ~ml:B ~ntrucru hie ;;1-::; i~ 11"1;l Y iii r-PoI.·;l : rn eve r.y T concrete: simari 11,wt· i·s~.'IoI:rr'1J!'aoe(HJ:,ly'· always know which applies _ ~ltO:1ll i:=.. i{ .. e cxcha L1ge of ob~(,:c=nitLr!".!i L:;' ";!( u rbcnric" II:',' f;jj kc inti Irnacy m;L:\k mg h ;l relationship (/ subordmauun. 'J he' rrue problem 15 a more i!"::'H.I~~:~1I Itt:": is, ;-1 direct contact in th" Renl, "'I,:~[~l{]ulf r.hl..: uudcrh jn~ symbolic ~r•nne, f!:;.l!:iiMc LU aU? The contact ,,,.d~h ,hI:' RC:'lI Orher ~"i inbercnrlv frflgik _ I'V(,:'["!' "iur;,:h cnruact i~ CXI[ rem 1,.·1 preca nO~,J:;'.;l.:lld r i"::lgl.k·; tnt:" aurhe nt i{" n-a cl ~ir1l~ nu I ro r the O(ht' r {:~111 revc r~ ,1 t :1 El)' II.~O I m,'::IU lu J violent irillrusion i ntn I:"he Oth.rr'\. i nri mati" 'S],)o:tl({'. • , • The W,1}' (1Ua" f:t~ II" hi ~ rredic;;[ rnerrr seems tu he ~'r~)'!,d.::od l by t he ~ogi~ 1,)[ s[X:i.. I iuteract ion best r xprcssed in I len ry J;UHC:'i'\ III ;~L'i,[t:t~ 1 P;("("("!;O; j11l ,th i!i. uni .... .. w b1!'TL! tact feigns. 51..1 rn:'l)1r ~wn C' Fe an nlwn (' xplnswoll. erxc of unt"" emmiorts 'i~CL)f~,:,'ide ..ed ..h. UUrjl)~{ "'lJlgi:lr~t)'" ~H,:T> tlll!l~ !s ::>~u~~hi: [ most p(llf1h! I dcc i~iCHiS .Ltt: ~n<l.d,,-".rh.e most Jelj.c~'!.T(,"!TIC''i~;jj,p;~'~ .!("II,:: t r.L I'ISII.] i r r.I..:J _ hO\".J·(·vc.:-r,. It all I :!kt':'. pl:lce in [he gmse 0'1 :i1 fornvll 'i,; mp," e-r':o-. 1 I H1. F.\"f'n 01. ''''. -]It·rl 1 b I ,h': k III ;.u'l Hl >. P~I, tml..: i:' l I Jl) II \'L i .1 pu] i~ ~lll il,l,;, (rFf.::r i !If!: hi rl'l. Dr hi'.: ~ ih t: 1:"1;'01 nd C:JIke~..... h i(, [h~n ~ Il" h;u l,yn illl' ~1 r..rut ..l d iT['CI:" :1 ppm~I~Jl .'11 l ml':;s,c:'i rhe Olht'['\, kell"rlrei, ;;.t r~'l~'[fLiddolL/lee- (:all rot~1.I;:h Lt: 111 /I/Jmi~11.0 ;'!Il"m'olil:J, A!.lofl)o

like 1,1Ie dl,HII of subsrieurlons t\ll.~~I,~it'T _ IH'K rt» _ h'd('I' _ "t ri((m~A mcrlc~m ~ Or criN1Jr·jl - di.~dJh·d Imdrf" ~"'.!<ll· l~~~j~ f'C;/r "I Iw'" rcpl uccmc 1lII: 1)orern i a! I'If pl'oI If~' .He.... ami en h;l f1C~£~~~ e VC" f"}' r (~jL:ist 1 d!:cct it tries to banish, ,i?II...IJill.l5 'ill uh ttl mj~JF)". As J'Oj[~ [L:1 ....crippled" con t.1 i rJ., ;~n i,.l J.l·1 i h'le rna rk o~ :1gg,r(Hii"ii\ ny, ; h ]0£; mark wi I~ nOI' ou l) b~· m~ ~r(' ul' i.::'i.!. "I.~!O!H.'ll~·.rtlh· trunsfcrred on w .my (A ~b "correct" rneraphoricnl ...n h:':LI't res; th i~ s.~ h , i rurion will ~Vl"li ~J pc 1'1 L! P FLI 1'1" her possi bi I~\J.l' of spicine u 1 til) I ht! b~~i( a~rl,.·!'o ivuv with ';:'UPf1It'll)L~IH:-HY I("(my or prurorm:inf:, pO~itt'f!(::<;" (r(:L.:all ,-a I] t h('" iron i l u;:,t~ uf "challe IlgL:J"'I !;l:t.:ll~~nH by the PC me of til is I,;J iT1Lf, w,,' ~lmllJ·d therefore "t" claun d~:11 '1~n' rmly W;1"," rffcc i~·('h.. t ;ibnh ..h ~h.:: IhlH~J d"iel,:1 i::;.. paradoxrcally, W L:r't·... t' lh(' circurnstances H ;11 'wllld) we cnm return f.f.~ l'iJ{' #/,st JiJ,r-k. ill Ih.: ,:_·b.lw. and ~:I~oI;" 'it i~l ., I1("H1.-a~MJI·~~:!>.i "'If:l}". ...1..: rllt:, :~M;jH1:rCit returning '["0 [he ~;~ link" of .;,;mlr~(~. I ... risky: h wever, 1h~ .:;~' mC)~l~~'ll I~ is f L~Jly ",01.:( vpeed by the ;gn Hl'p ttl rgi..:H·d by it. it ca n d,t'rlIlJlch ~ ....... i lor k, \X' hell r:;uJH.::.11fern; n i s.r..-;(;1~ I ea ch orhu r •., bi rc h", 1t is, v F, ~]g tu .;.1,ISlI'll !.'!i tlli~ .. tr,lf(·~~) a mere iroruc ulennficarion .1~ '!,''''Itll the m ... "',ggr4.."~s.(lr. rather, ~ll,.· rill' ~'flint i<; rhus it functions us ~ln autonorrune; ;1";'1" ot neur ,;:~lji!iL~;g rhc


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\'('hen (he iiI'''"'' rut~ ur a ;';I~W).(I)'ing ';,1)' ,l:l.n;u,:t;'['y i::.- Ihl:':b6[ em rbi~ bc..'l .1:1,1::"'''·o!.:£Sby pun i ng up .1 :o;i~n :,,] rLH~ .. .\!) J:,HJo(l..:~)' i~ d l(' bc:s'L Ln (he entire nei~hhoc. ... hoGII;.I~ '" ,_ ,Hl{~ tbi;'1'1 if grtes 011 ;lnd Oft; ~'I\ I in~ is m the hc:;.[ ill [he..:\vhuh: clJ,wn ••.• 11 ah~ ""'~l'IJl~ ":-L.H!'IU'I') ... ~~Il.canh ... in [bot: \vh o,l(' UllJVt'rSoC .,", 'I.! n. ['I I hn:1I11}·. rh [. WLl1Bl L! r i~ ~)]\I? \/I; h (~ 'S i,m ply fc-n,l rn ... ~'ht: 10 the OL'"lgm:] I !.; ign; .. :Vly grocl;'l'Y IS 'l h{~ II?-~ (Jtr''1 • h j~ ...rr'Cl!r!" And tl (It''~ nol I' Ihe ::;am(: i4Q fur tile- ~.''[,~,J1I,,1 r~pl.}c(:IHL.:n1. of 1.'i~·,"'L].Jlll~, faci.Illy , ... 1 L~g~,r(''$:si\'I,,' ::.rreer.
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- nor ~. 11I~ nne of our nl'lghhl1lli:',ir)~ mhl·r:-., the' :O:;!J"<1lli:!,([ t), in a way, rhe bif[ .ot hef ttsel], the Iieur ra I r(:,,:t' rf(l( le tm (HH secn-rs, Today' 50 ~'h, red soli p~1:';lll '" ~ hOlov{'\·ec;. tnnvcs on iI diffl'l't!ll' k-v!.:!l= it i:-, HuE olll~ [hat we LJ~t SU;::i]"\Jg("rs [iIJ '.:00 riJt' t n1..· );.[~.;; f"('f':;' o < the I'DYeS [1 Pld h ..~tn;'ds wh i.;-h :.rrucrure 0 LI,j" r....:1<H ron'Ire ;lb~I!;' to.e,llt!agt: in these rd;1 ionships {IH.!m~d""oC':;'wllr .agalll:!!o[ ehe bilL:k~r'ol,md ot a gU"H,·U~Lol.!'~d ~Ii_:.,ra~l';':~, Th'll~~ which, urrttl HO ..... h~H_i ~he SII.:l!I:LaS of an exccprion •• (II k r ,11 P I"n'l."" rbin r p~I.:-':-'H Hl L'I tl' :Ii ip.b t I.' f :o..!!:'"XWL t h .1 TO!!".11 srrs 11w·r. '111 f h.;.~ kIH)"."deJ~,t' ihat [ht' TI("XT mnrniug ~:;"!(h o:F ~I" ~-""ill ~~o hjs or her OVL'[] way, uc vcr to 1:~·I..;t ;!I.l5'.I.jr~) ,lf~ ~r;JJua 11~ j 111ptl;~iI r"!J!!, rhemscl ves .as rhe [l(,,\'\- 11iOlm. ..~ I AmlwnJ!: n ... rent Him::;., i, 'i~ P';1[flCl.' Chl·"['l!.Hl·:) !IIUm,lcy wl,mcb expktlfl:-' rlus i~!iuC mosr ':'"'UI1\, II' 'iugly,: ('1-11 tbe i!lnrnin:g :iltr('i' ;l. ......ld fL~ghil"ol .~[~'" i witb .J ';;'~r:1ng('r, ~'h(,"11 "'I.e find (RI1I"5dl,.'t:~ f~h.:!!.: W f~~c,;l" 'l,Njrh hiJl:~ or ~.C"r ,;,1'1,:'1 ring ,;m r L.: I r~h~. [fit ... j r rox~ITil ~y .:r; i L PO'ii.s i J. fe to 1;.'8t.l bl i:<;h ! ~1.1 rn,:ti[C' ~N.:r~un<l! t:.;;mal se i I I [ ?) T"~s d_i~appc.;).I:'.;.LH';C ot th~· fwm:icl' h!..::n~'een Pllbbc..: ::Ind pn,"~re 11,",,';111"'<;' rb:1t pi t!.:i:-.-.._' deru.ll!'; o~ ill "'i 01 ,ut.:' I.i t{' ~li'C h("(QJL~LI1~ pan. of [hI.:! puhl i,,-~ pt'"[')on "', ~t.:"':l':s,>ibll' w ':'~"'l'n'OI'(' In bfj~)bor' ('I'll \\reh~I~I;'<';. nN tl-.('" oh:';:_:«[l{," sC'::Tt:l' :Jbou.t. WIHCb Wc' ....... hj~pl:'[, [n PJ.'i~·;~tt.! - {Q pLH it in .m ~bgbdy n01'UI{!K CCII'I!:-,t"rv,Ulve


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ol ~lI.._h prohibi(iol1s again the (hll(!'~':,; C'xCC'isi e, ~i50ky in rhc ncr of "irrcspousiblv " Jighring a cigare 1C" and ill h ~1lng J~!lI..'pJ ' ..vi rh IUI<l ba.shed r:.f(_·a.Sll re - til conrras r ro CI inton i ft' ~'uP pj!l'~ i ~ who do ir wirhour inh.:Jiing (0' b.1'jN ..: ~'l'_-;: without aot:TII;;d penerrarion Or {nod wj [h Ulilt fa r, or .. "I? 011 rnp nf ;~!J il"his; the fliot i nn uf tho:: tl~HI~~'- of ., pa s sive srnok ir~g·· ~...d;;,:.,l r-Iy rio;!rr 'll f 1he post- AJ D:\ tea r IHH' [] rei Iy of d i,n,:';: phy:\i';;.i.lJ r ~on rart WI'! h or J, t' rs, IlJU r .L I';'(l of lUol'L! t':r:hll.!'flJ,;i:'lJ f~irrns nl t"CJ-nt:aCIT [th{' j UI" i:o;.m bie ' (,'":\:.,;11 811~t' 0 f tlurd s, hacH·i"IJ., v i ruse« . , ,I. "V hae rna kl'S smok 111~ s uch an i d L:;i' "(":'I pC~~J •.L r js t ~w !.J;t:! rb.. L hi: prrwe j'hi~~ .' ..::moKi.llg j"U n "" i is H I (;as~ I,(_) l<lFg.:,"~' here, rr(n-iJing ., PolL-ieaJly COJ'fi!'';[ ~lw,."rH o( conspirncy rhc

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Th un.~). ln ecru r j,~t ItJ the- po t:' IT'5 fi ;':-:1tl rm sm the :-'LlLgub r JC.;7) d I (J,V€, object, rhc C~ ri srian, howe,·ei. rrea r"ii the "'t; ~I I,~,i I' 11 I~-L~igh bo 11:1' H ,aIJ'ltady dead, oI..·ra~ill~ h is [Jr hl~]' (hM lucri 'l.'l· q U"JJluies, '1'hI;: Jt;'j J nt"i~b bou r. 11l'l.:'~m!o rhe t"i.'[',ign bour ,dCPI"L H.:.,d o f I he :1:11 n ()~'i'''j; P"(,:'l":i;'i. n f J~ .!mY,_~Lwa ..duel-!
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11, nurhenr C 10\,4..', I 101.'(" rhe otb~'1" n r simply for buing nlivc, bur 0-,['('0} U_~4.' [Jol r hot:' ~''l' ) rru i1 hl i n11 t' X":I.:",:-" {) F Ii h' j 11 him f (W I ser. E yen r he t-n III mon wisdoi n 1 ~ :1:011111(' how .1 \'; ..l rt: nf r his: as f'hc~' sa y, L Iaerc is sernet h il L!l. ~oJJ ill pe rfec L b~'~~ \H:- adrn I re I e, bu r we I'f~II i [J love- Wit h ;1 ~1 imp~'Tft'c,t be...'.tHY, ut ~'; hl.:"';L L1!1-1:: I] (- rh is "rtr~' iIb1 ~N:dl;!t;1ion, r ut A~ 11(;~r~(;';"l~a r I~~sl. the re IS somerh i:rlf1: ns :=IJI too cold in lTli1ldj;~ S.:;hiH,,'r'.;;. pe-ttl'ctlon:' il: is, :-::ctm~h{lw Chl.[,:f' r,rjofall in love v..'11 h Ciudv Cr,;nvfurd because ,of lILT "v cry :L:i'rl~dl nnl'erl"ol.· rtion [rhe t',;HHmJ:;' tiny (1\O]ol" Il'·~l!l" h'l!'r lip - her' rJ/}jl'l {J'dif dJ" .. AnJ 1 arn tempted '[0 add ~{) tit' couple {-d .s.;.;htt:f,{,T and Crnwford rhe ~lll.Jrlc nt' l~hL!' hxicml Rr:~puh]ic;of Cermany ,1Ih.l rhe dcf unci (Jam~n DemOCf'fi!tK He]l~Jhlk: there 'm]! ;~IT' ~Il.'nr~e,vhn love rhe CDR Jm:Jw:i'N n-lm~d ffJr' jt,~ ,J",J,.'I' ' ~'njfJ'..'jlft,(.fium:, - [b~~ love the ru 1;:'] 1ltl.1I'~' LJ'. 1 he I.')rte r ~U I r hur r.CJ st e u~ inc- air d l]~ to- the I hea v}' in<h !SU'~ pu I J LI'I:i nn - bu r tl,lt.'loJ: [:\ ~MrdJ y .iJi i l yo ue '"",-11 I0 ..... [he h:.. 0 ".:~ -deral


him or her ~ln l en nl hi e. ~(;I ~ t is I..: lea r where K ie'r'~f'~,! ~ I'd cheats: in [.t')'i,n.g [0. 51.:1l LJS .15 the ~L LdU':II'l["': di:lfLQ~lt <,c~ (!IF love wh:H i:i. iT~ LKt an ~:;;L'''' pe trom Ii: ie € ,Fort nf n I irhenric 1 O,V(, , 1,( lVC or the (I t:;~,d I ~el~h ~ r l~ an b1 easv fL.:a~t: it basks in it (JWI~ perfection. iLldilfa~'I~r fo l!." oblc..:r - whar :!I1~iJ'[ not OIl.I}, '" wkrOl't i'llg'~;IlLJf lov ing rhc t her' b('.:(.wsC' nf hjj nr her f/,f t;t' ~mpcrfr.'t7t('m ? b (hi:s lu''L'oC for th~ ~h.:.1 rH,: igJ.lI bOlt! r n.:-all jus, K i~:l"kc~,t;u th.;,'o Iugie;It I J rJ'.=.. idimYl1( r;l ~r} ()~1 :1. Il'\.'ct:nt. "i ~i,[tri San ~ i'Olltt.'T:O('0, "',' h'i le- 11O;:f'e]~ll':Jgo a hllH'-'; r ClJ m .;} (riemJ's ~p:'lrnncl'!I'[, r um.:.rc-J [bot unfurtulMU: rt.:IIL'H'k: '. ~udging by .hw .:olotlr of Jl.i;;r Vn!CL'", tbe si,11gc,r m-s d('fi~l;tdy hbdc ~1T~Hi;C, ~:hl:l,l" 1har she h;l':; <:,u«h :a (_It"ifll ~ L-Sl.I'Llldi n~ name- - N i n j]." () 'I,.'()~ Il''ie, I \~.',;~:..unml.:J i:J. H.:1~' i <uJmunishc"d for IJelIil,!':.::,d ~Eh.:orrudm:::;~:Olll' ~ho~]ld fHrL ';"l.s:,.o"i,w: s.om("on('·~ rnnic iclrntit>, "",:'iib ;,.~ ri'hrslc~'l.i ~l?anHC nr:1 n:llTH", I)L'(,',1U~ :~II rtll':: 11I,:;.r h htt'f"i
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p;7)r \VLt!1 C(~d nlfclc'l'~r:rg _ hl'.:!b,ml 1:0 :!.bLl~I1t(:r ~o (hI..: ~lJ.l'r,;~ '{- ilpJ)L'<1I'.lIlJ..::e, IX.'Tt: rhar ;KntE(1.' fl.:';l.ch I?S if:1; :1.P0iiJ:('C'; ill ~ nn I y Iu"r,e 1:h:'i.t ~...(~ r, I.a II ).' U)~ I ft( U1t thol.:' 0 [!.leo] ~Ju_~ Th ~,Il:f!i r] l;;Iot KI"'''::''; boJ y m I ~~t',ex(es.s- t el~ I oyTn~'m ()Vf'f inL'Tf' pi C:;)<;U.i'l'. .Iu s L la..L.: J{ i ('rk('_g;1;lJ.'J ':!:. 1.(_~'1i(:'for d.ll:,: d(.!,;~d 11l! i):!;hboLl r ~ ~:II i~ t nlJ:!;K ,. i :ii.L~ 0 F ~!'l {,(~1..iI ITI r love 1<;; .not on 1 f.i I~~ hut 11~(ill, II't' IY (."jiCn UJlcb r'l:,t I:an _ ~11 Hire I.K'n...:k '-!:' y .• I 'Ferugo, ILht.: lu"''!,.'-cla~~ lut.~) - \'...h,o, I.mdt:r' ~hl! 1'J'n.'·:-.UFe eXt'r'tt,J 't;rOI'H and ~Hlt' f her k:r~'c for S ·on-i.e, l;!ltJ r'~YO'UfS lu look: ,m d .aCt Iik~ I t;: hi Ih -l Ia:;.~ far.ili I Jo 1\"l:adeleiil~: allJ t:dllt!'le.-::..1 _r..'ladek·jl"l£'- nJm<.; ~)1Ii[ I[{) ~h(!'J; :liFe' thil.-' s-;'H11C r{;Irs.Oil~ SUI,"':C tllf.' "'tn.Il''' ,\1,,~,ddeiJll" .Sct,~,1{ic t:='!~~Olll ~H:fl:d \'i.':!1'" ~I 'read" a fa ke_ Tb I s. ide-mit)~ (~f Jud r ;) J ud y-~'bd coI L,j I w, hm\"(,1,,'e[', teve,'] ~'i :111 (Jll..:' mOl'!.! nd ~k:il.rly dll: ,a b~(.:.j tt:' 0 rllemc;j.._~ "J f ,\.1,a (1("'~t'Ul ~ W Ltll re;Qa rd Will ch- ~ 3 u i\ 'Ia(ldei~u~ hn is lliOW here, ... () is pi'!.:!!;(!.11~ if) III :.' til. thl: gu i:-.4.: [~( d;<: t (h1."lfl::i 'I.'l d, I i'.Ll1J rn" '[hla [ ;;;on I np" J LlciY-I\, i;1 d l'l('i ne. "'l~ 'I n .J S'[J' it:t I y hn m (J l()p.ul!J_~,!:l:t,:'[,um.:-, Cb r b,,1:!11L if y ~sst:'rt~ d, al[ I ~wn;' nc ~dnn~ ; ~:j('y(~nd a pJ"f';'Ii t:m~:'(' - 11od, I i Ig hll t rhc- jill rt:'tt.:!'..' ~'}tfbk X 11'1t dl;mgC':;. a Ch [iSf, .;Il11 orJ i rury Il td.ll, i In",) Go,Ji. IrI ~hc ab~()JI.Ju Idll.:'il tjt~' of man :md <. nd ~ rh f'

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I[h,"H !>hlnt~ ~hroLJ:t=:.h Cb[J~r, t h I~ uri ~t.!1r ahk I,_ re.u nrc, It i 5. 011 ll!l'!rl' rha r rhv ico no.;,: lrxm h· i., -'Hlly lm.jII_'i~,h[ ·to it s conclusioru what io,;in bl.('-~ bl;:~'(m,d rhe im"lIg{'~ I'" "th~lt ;0..:, , .. hid.. makes .... the rn;;lJl tJms.r God. TIL tbi~ P~c......:i:VL ~L.:n~r..:, Christiauity rt"j;t~r~C'~ Jt':"','J~h ~ublimaLiml U:llW .J. radical ,dC50~lbl!'ll1:Hj()]l~not ~e~llhlirn.lticlor1 ill dw 'i:L'J)O;;:L' ol ;;r srmple reducnon n't (iod to man, bur desublirnation ill' hr ~(·~l"~ ot rhc J\:,~!".ol;ll! 'l) f the S,l1b lime Be yond W ! bC' c\ l:"~yJ~l~' Joe,·d. Chris.' Ls, ,E "n'~lJ}" m:L(lc Cod"~ (.Js, B ris L'fors pu rtl: he Ii:, rullv hLJm<1l1, !n,hL.'ro:,·ml)" md.isimn~uL'1-hJhlr:: [rom other hLlmaa::; UI exactly the 'S.JlTIl,.· 'V ~~y ::1'" JUt!): 1!1 jll'fJistLngll!~h.=lbl,,-· from Madeleine m V"_Tt'I~{,I ~1 is. only an ~rnr1(,"T1.:(,:"r rnbie ..:-.nrm:th I E1,S ", ;'l P ure appeara :11("(: ...,..1; ~,h ... JlE!VH be j::!;fotll1.u;t:'d 'i n • -:.',1 bs l ~ 1)';H'l t i al propert y, thar unalki..:;!;o im I,.!i v i nc. h . ~. OJ 1:1. j ~ why Scm r. ie"s 0 bscssive I~PIC' J'()I' 1\ ~~de le i n eo i~r1 t;'l ~ (L~ ] ~ h I ~ love wt"r~ H1.I,e. he o;hnu ld have accepted Ih t' fu II i den w:~' of r rhe ("I) mru (H~. v ul.I:!.;;LJ' ~ r u ~y and (Lhe su blunel ~\bdd~ ..•(, I· rs i:11 rhis id cnti ry (1 i m:Orlgruu us i ne ~)pr()!tii.e~. 0 t rhe su bli me a [1d the rrd ECLi Iou S. r har we hn d th e . ~mn<"~ ~ of love ~ or, ;l,::, l-ern ndo Pessoa p'l.~h mr: • Allluo,,'l' leucrs are I comical. t I he)" WOLLM IH)J[ be a hom love, if rhev were nor I com !C';] 1. " n..-N: I:';., ncverrhelcss •• 111 LaJI fr"er'r;:", .e '1,\.' h lch 1X:rta i ns to tr ut' Imi l~~ 11101 "m e ... n nii fh.:tri!.i}(,c ro irs obiccr J ilut a ri ~1H.I iff(.·iI'"'L.:J L(oL: 10 she posi t i"1,..'" o(r~M lit i [':I; of rhe beloved object, l'his irHli~f'l,rr!itrn;;;:1(' 'l1f love i;,;. closclv hn~~J to .11:u nf [he l ,~-c<t 11i an !~(.'n'l pI y .~i~rl ill(~r": of -r.::tm~'~.c. !b i,~:-;ig:nifier it. Ill,.'v("r ~~·aJy '\.: U1 ~H ~ '. I
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tlJor'".: iI) th t' belcH (·d ;1rc .1 :1.r;1n d In to r t he "ern pt itll'~~" \'II It ich 1 lJ v k.yo:,: - {,VUl ,if dw~ were obhrcrared. J WO~II~I -nll lovr vou. ' H ow ,d4 wo,; :-.11 t h1 'i re Ia 1c to ~ex! prJ, t:' Lrue I 1"Ll( le 4 )o.,:nl r~ ~i'hen sex '''' 1.U".<lIl~LJh~r.aL1[la~o:!'d"rinto an ,H.-r r)t I01fl'L, There ;H·~·mll' 'Wily':;' 10 Ji~.1\ ow r:.bi.. f I mpossi h lc/rcal L! m i1111(:[Lull of ~ 0:.: .'! rl'LI sexual (' III ()yme"ll t: .........



q t ,~:'.f'HI (11 ~ rmt' ~ I o~r(", .11 if scxu :11 cl (':'o;j re for dLC I... ovcd So d JC'nLon~[~ ;lrl::-' the lm l':·5 in .. J~hL·~Hi ..:l1."':~. H 2:. {h.;.· nrp'f)~~ I ..• ;,<: scrrion n ( inr rnsc S(:'~ .1 ~ h l: OJ! Ir real rh i 1lJ1,". wh rch I'''''l.h.!(.;.:s ,Iuv.,; tu, a nWn" imJ.E.LJ1:il.n lure: ( !n.!.. divi~iuri of Thc:..or..·wo ....~per.:!~~, lht'.i; .dk~I..:,<mu~1 T~ I two di.fr;.'rl'nt poe j!~"'I.;,"; t !)" l' I0 ~ c". OHI;."" <;, gem k 1;',!1 te 10'1' tlw idea 1 i .I:~~d i !l,1icc,,-",:->~,i L}J 'r' J ~ '~'I!hiIor..~ 4) IW bk

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dlSlL'li~~<I,;J ;h l'1<r~)o f of IllS pt: [L ~'.] mu r~~{J I';;' ':iot" ... !"lil ~ hv [.. ~ bmn me:ffifH'-:' of rht' P;IM ;ltfair; ho",'("vcr. thc."rc ... rIlO["<L' t( ~ i t'; rJ1L~ IIni~,lu m .,. man [;.I '" k i ~~c~ Wll[holl.l IO....'" ;'~iHi f he l (" "(t :rama II L:·J! ~ tI eerllLj:!: ;"l t:f.~i i" ~ :! r-e the [Wi) s if!C'<;; oj !h i;: :1 illlll" o;,,:(J iI, - Lht' b l!t ~h iI'~l1 {!'mn ,,;om bin i Ilg ( ll' Re.! I oJ rUl l IIlt~ond i r;:i()]'trd r~,,<;; i ("J n:lt.!.' .r1 H8 c'h [I'H'nt k WI i h tne !unll of <:;}' I[] hf) IiI..": p!'l.h.:b m ~u:jOJ1 .L~.~nm 1,:0,.rn"nf,)~ i,lJ I)' I'ir, tu b~iI"L'. J'm r . um 1[1 rhl.· !..I:~':>~il [.""i udi:-.h ~ll:n'i.1.~nf rrete~fm~~ ~JlI')n~l:1r m.;H r:'i:1_gr' ft)r 10"';:: 1:0 i J I[cfr prOll u.'iCU i~.'r', Tll L~ lind t! I~I), IJ Ig i n ~i~hm 1~ tJu [. H.J.':-Nill:or ;=r II ~ pf1'C;1 [";;'I, 11C4;::->. J L)Vt .m d .::ex ~IT(" nor ()ll J}' d. 'H i ~H.:t~ hm LJ I! 111'1a t'(' I~ mC( Iml'oJubh· - rh.. ~II('!:\" n l'~J,Cn'-t' (Jotl ":ompll'(dy ~jiffl'fem [r"\"('IL."Jlklt' Ll.g~/)t> .11ld N'()S: 1m (' i~~-hrun~hl~:,

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oj irseh: whrle '::;C'X L rmensc, sclt-assertrve. PO"':5l':!'SJ'>'t', ppl.l'~il:t:;po~sn~ i, t.: l I.... .... us ~otnCJo:u ~ i ~l J uJging, ~ crs ill sexual pleasures}." ... TI1Je' rrue miracle, however, .;'ll.:{'U:r:-. when ':~" n·rTinn.... :-:'III', J I or ... s a r ul,t:"'), rhese TW~J sene ~ mornen ra ri 1)1 eoinade - an ach ievr\ a m;11[ whi.;,:h ~~ ro:..'~~,I/[H~po:o.~ihlC' iii [he- precise Lacaniun 5(:113(' nnd. LlS. such, njarked hy an mherenr ranty: Tt)tLH', 1'1: I:). _h Lf the nc x us ~~f rhrce lr ~·I.:'h-., h ich ;,: a racteri o::.cJ trudi tionul .... h :,.c x u;ll i't ~r ~ ["I;.·pr lhtr..:-t imt, "i(!':'(LI~11leasure, u p love I is gradually d i sso l\'il1~; reprod l,J":fHl'Il ..... It':f.'[ w b i Al~'lll~rLC proced ILi't::; which a rc rna kmg :-'1.: xu al im:n('u lHS":rcdundantt _'iCX 1~~l:!lf L!j I:LltliC'J uno rccrenrional I'LLI1; 'while- 1.-...·(: is reduced 10 ~b I,;! d.mlLol in ~) t '\:H~ilt i [ttl ~3~ lul lil Il'I f' 11{ ."'1' In S,U( h ;l ... non, It i s ~11l rhe itua nu ~r L: P'1'\%'i.[ll.~ nJ he '~'mi rkk·d ~~f [110:>.t: ra rr ru irae L11 u!...l:o. rnon bt: I,Jt ~ in W b i... h two of rhesc rlrrce di mcnsions en 11 sri II ewe r l;l p, I ;1 m nlrno« rc II'I ptcd to r;~['~~,:-hr'as(" 131'~dn' ··'Wha'[ 10;:a hank robbery compared 1o!.J the €oLll1dmg. 'i:rf :1 bill1.k?·; here: ;"vh:l.t, i:-. an c:-.:[..a,lli~lJ'j[;.II.iJlILtir compared ru an ;J(fair whi ...h decla fer; use If f' uhlicl y LI1 rhe orrn {;I ~ ITt:'H rt.lg;... -: 111 a 1if:~t!IHbook a~j,IIL"'I:H ehe "cxccsscs " u J...Lly 196.8 and, more ~CLlCfilll~. :~g,Lirl~1I. '~ht, "~C'XLl:}~ j~bl'I'~lLiu'n"" or the l ' '60s~ Th~ IndtJjWtldcm reminded us whar rhe radicals ~1f '6~ rhouahr about child "'1",: x, A quarter ~!t .1 century 21gu, D.;!Ul~d Co hn-Bcndit wrote .1bour b i~expcri (-LK'l' in a kill d erzartcn.



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~imply t;~kl' rhe \i\1 ol ~1"1.!:.ru.r] lLbl:!r~l.liu.n": I]!~: problem rs, . ra rher, thai .. sex ua ~ "i h~~f.' .....L'It rhc '~rylt,(,lit Co hn- Rcll d Uf rand hr.:Jm uxt ic non [I~ ).11 nell Iy (_( )Hll'('[ :1SCL!~'I';'; Ill. 'j 1'1: III t rinsi .... I~ J i I) ked - the s>l,."(:'~'mcla rn ru d~· i'" is a] IIL~' ... r rurh ", the COI''lI'':;~q uenr ~~:lI17;,l'ri,orl. nf rhc Jir.~~ one: rhar ~:!i; f.L:J .::0 a '1/, unconsn ~lIH~Jhl:Jom.L;Jll 1M'! [I) >::11d III ..:;omc- fOl'lri of renewed iH(:C'tki\j;~, LIIp 111 (;d!>f)(lTON{,. :) i::i 1.1)-G~·][ Il~1n !IH.rSjCt I from J '9.3 7" the ~ou ng jvl'H i ka t~ k k. ['('1m inch t·d h~ her ~arh I;' r . or tren I'L'1 r. he r n.:;~ and pm,v erfu I Iiu n...::i' ()I,.' .. unkindly, prompd~ ;uw" ..rcrs. '·1 lu'l,'{' him. 'i0 I have [he righr r( rear him III :3!lY .... ~y r wanrl ' I'helr"(" is .,()]m' truth il rhi's. :Sl;HL.:mc,~n~'; ~';1rfrom obheinz ; ~ ,~ Ill c to ht.: "respect f i.J1~ and "("LJn .. idcrate " - all "ip;n:ll" ttl cold drsrnnce -In'lle~ m ;;Ji 'vel}, , ::III o,~"",<;; e tn d ispc nse ,,'.irh f bc~~: forma I,.Iics , D(,~L.::-'dH~ mea rl 'I hat m .. love f!.n'{~:s rue -i'l k i I~ 0.[ cart e M(mdu', iusr i fy ing ,:,,:'!;·eC'"~· rural i ty? :\'0, .md d b th ar i:. tlu: rn j ['::lid:.: of J '0".,' II.:.; fwre ."(!I:S it» ~)um o;u,,'ndl,Jrds •. (II !I'! ,U., vvu h ir~ il IU'IIL'-Ft"I.Hiomhip; tr ~~ ~mmedl;'Jfdy clear whe-n we ~m: .:;k~llil~1::. with lo1,.'t[" ;H1d when We' Ml' Ill}t I~I:; wuh 1!,edLlj{':aliy Incorrecr Terms, wh.idl ca t ;11~ be LISC.cl .. :"1"0 p roo~ r h::l r 13m :l real f" i r..: I}d uf the pceson .... H... [led ~. :'\)i CI

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still fl·m~~.1L ~ b ·W. at that rF'~!,;Clltln~~ :::,c;'(\J;l.l ~i;1.nnc!i. " Ith pn;.'-~,,-:hnnl·hiMr['''' 't'n thl,:,m r1!. !inrn~~il'hmg ;l rri:8i IiJl,~., w~ I k ~Od;l r, f h~ ~~n1o:." ,I, rmJll~ )('.WOIl·' '_""O~ I (~ IHlTn(""h,Hd)' ~~l\.~ ri:)1.: tv ~J1 ",II ( btl r!ot of HJ{lTtli J i tr.~!J 'j t? 1\[~t;:T "t Ul ~h] I J ~.(:" h:;t 1·:;t.:j!;i.llH~lit i.!;i tI.).1 nfH' nf ,Ii:!(' norlnn:.. of f.'nl ~'()J::IY. \Vlt&'n~Jt din'cd)" t·.1kinb!: :'o;HI~·~111 tlll''' ~h·b."ttL·~ w .... ~hl',.~11I r'{.,~d ~I: .~ ~ oi! ., i 1~ll of fh I;' ~~h;~ ir; () I L:r I r~()t~~ fnJD'll rht;: '~I~,~],~!a[l • L Ilg~ ) L::lTIt.!'ry;LL.!!i I[) f t be 19 (, O.!; :Ll~J !..: :l.-ly 1 ,.7(j:,. t:n s,t:lli.r ,Lc.mte rJ11)m.1 r r l Jol Lrica.l ( ;(],r 1'("'oL1 ... , i 1~ \v I t·i...::h t! veTr ;-,II ~b t;'1 Llle.': t; I H.:nLJ n' C'r .~\ g r h ~ ru)~ III~~ h, I tn:t 11 h.eB l'lp:' n(· ~ I' 1:0:. d,L! jllJU II u.!d ~L:o,1 -.,,'L'I i []I, i... g I . i m L: X pL.:r'ICIH.:c. Th i ~. uf t:C.HIi]':,.t!, Lluc:::o. 1l1.)', i [] LP~~

is, t'l J1 ;;IO:;:';;{'Pii';1, h k<'~~ ., h!' q ~H.":·;;tlnTI, liml:'. "'\':;H it pos~lblr.:' to provo-kt" 'PCcq:;,jol.:'.

;:jmhJ;.·nt!..: love fnr one's m'I~llbotLI' h.~!i:1'1()lhjl,J~ to J...:r wiLh t.:olllp<~s!.1inn: onc. ,uf d.1C b'~ In'{nl'l~ r ps~·d'o::H1.r1IY~i~,'o:ncern~ '[II(" b~TIo!''tCrl:-:;y n~ ...:nrnr~l~~·inn. Il~).t [~, rh-o Si'£"Cr<,"t plc;hi..Ho:..' [Sc}",lc!":'·!Ifr{'.rtdo!.·1 l.I'r~' ~~..n; ft\Htl :-;y pa r!Hf..11I ~ '1,'.' i(h dw Odll' r '-::; dJ nlullr pr,f' ... .."J1')E'n L N~1...VI, (' 1'(' ~<; th i~d (';)I ['(.';If1 h· ~h;'111 III L:l n; V('lL T;-if~r\. !jIm:'i. r!l n is n:::m.aI k.abIL; II IHTi"eJl,lln II :1~' rh t: Kr/Y";l.wt 1\ i~slf)w~ki t.:~)]lfcrcn('C' rlt LJCI.A 1r.1 :'\f'I'jt 100 I, Fr..:Jrit. .I.iiimt:;oH ~'Iol~ ..n dy pr0~·(·5 ['l·J aj:.!:':!m ':i t [hI.': IJ II ~·X pt,\;_:r.t:'d L~tluh by {r.rm..... nr, 1'1( :l y-ou ng ni h(~y,. rhe [~:H.ln1ilfio[ ~\·l·ll!i' :.U"OLliUJwh~d, KL.::~h..'l.t'::;ki\ J)1:ndrjK.ttl~ .1 tlIrn~; hi:.: [:l[lph.i:H .... ;411~. d<1J111t::J that Kie~[(nvsb ",1\011ki nC'.... be forg~'·r...:[l h]·r killing ("r
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th ..· hny~ (h~Lit hoi." ;)buulJ hr held <l"-.:culintablL.: tOT hm:!! Jc!';-HJf - iu,:o,[ ,rh, :~'''~iI,:ordLng ru ...nrne l;Ht' mtdi>f'\' ;11 lc:lZ,i':,;;lario:u, it: .1'1 ,.i LJ rh r k.iJl:o.. .1 pOplll:1t . fi ·.t~ I (.Ina .,:,:-h.1tr ..t('(cr ill hi nat'l. I i\l·. We ~hr)llld be ,·,Um,q.:·d 'r41 pr(}seCLlJ~' h'inl f()r

idea i~, it .i:-. ptuh,lbly tJ'i!,i::"::rI.aot.:t,,,-l; fh~ ~HHhur .. LO shou1d d 1,. faG n flf-'" he fOr.~iV(·rl tor ['he- '",'i;il'l;' hi? rl't.!;'i't.. ~~& ncrni.nl;:~ i'n Rr£'A~.iJl8 Iln- ~Cn ..'e.:: .~'!ld1)~1.J1(,,'.t.·:J· .1/1. lh·r:; D~i'l"ki::. L~r:~ "'(tn '~·ri.::r. l)wlccr m the' U,~rk t~ mH' of '[.hros.-r' '1'.1inhJI Mrl'1" in 'whjdl it i'$ ...:h':.}r" from duo! vcry bC:!-!-lnm n~ w hi..! r'L; 11,-t ::..rol~· \''.' i~1 ,end: i It ~()rtll (':.1 r~l';'T mpllc, '\'!{lh i I-i..' \ ......,~ ~l['f' w~lit('h i11g., ~T ";('(Tel[ I y ho pC' - bd~;[!V!\ 'l'·"'t:'I.I iI. hoa ~CJ(nt."th i 1lJ.; 'NiH h;~I-i'~rcn r ~\'·r.lldl "'.... r!'L'~'~lli" ~'h~., .mI)t"flrnhJ(." emil!'l1g, ~O 'I h;jt't. p;lr;ldo .... . iJl L I(,.-;']I1~·~ lbt., hn.ll
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:<.hLW.·l iii rhnr th~'n' i... nn surpnw: th .. horrible ".'r~dinj{ W\'..';.U<.i:.; ..dm h r-~'t' • IiJ m has pointe d ;"i I~ (h l' rime J~'!G$ jl1~ L ~ 1'1.)h ~.I..:, . ThL' !-olory t.l,kll;':i- pl:L":l' in the 11\1\ III I.h'l.'" l..;lh~l5,: .t,.L'lm.,"1 ~ Pr-I rk I, :;J, (':'~'ch cmi&rer ,~:'ho ,JI:orks 1(1 ;~ rexnle f.kWi'l', l.... ~~)m~ ['III~,J bt:'C1L~~t' 01' an .. mherucd drscase: :"~lC.' vnHb overtime to save m0fLC) fnr till' ~~]"l·r.wOt1 wlm:h WtHLIJ save her xon ll'ol)' rile ~;J'!11'l' prL'd'ic~lmem ! ler fnendly 1]I.:i~hh1)ur, III whom .;h..:- confiilcs. .... ~~,~I:-.hc money rlL in 1 hcr. shc bib ILlIn, rs I.:ljno;_k~tmll.:'d r ~~)th::uh and eX~·"':lltl.!t.L ..• I-lu\JJ,,' ".111 Selma lin.' thm~lHI1 such an ordcnl] Ht·... hi£. passion« ~re- singing and mtl'i.IL~;~b.:after workinu ~](JLH~, ....~ll· panKL-. ]..,)~H in an aHhHI;.~1,.1r w'~ P practis <:':-. ~IJ i Ii f.t fOIl' ,1 per fur rna Ill':;!.! of Thl..· S~Hm~f o] Vl113.ri!' .• and rhe (h.~b n.:.di,h' or her litt' LS connnuonsly :"~l""ip~nded hy rhe ~~~Ilgs ~rl!:"lm8igmt'$ $.-r-:Jglf\g ~Cj herself, 1hl:!~e ~lJl"~~, "...·In:,;h ~r'O'l,.... ul?-.Hlil,.·~dh' · LH~II. (~f the III ~ rluuic !SOLlllJ:o.. of r.,er ..... rk 11115- en .. Lron rnc I1t I rt"[nmdHtlg_ 11';' nl ,'f) thL' go od old r.'~ 'i-! rheor if'S .n f th I" hi rh 0 fIllLI<,;·i".:0 U1 u~ ~ col ken ... ' :u;.;:! he { work rhyrhmj. btt:nmt: leaner .aw ... leaner , wirh I,.lirlHm!thln~ o;.n'l,.·hc~tr,~1 ;u::(:mnp;J.;Il iLHent, l,nl m.m ~""h('11 5he 1c; nn I. 1 e r \t, ~l~' [0 her c :o.:~.1.'Itr iLl J1, 'lI,.1.~ hear II L"~ her hesiranr 'liuin' trvnllp.; [0 IlL1:g1,.·[ wirli thL' mclodv, The .t1~lhl:e:LJI[~'here I~ n'J.JK~,l]: d on n~uJ{'~~~.;_:~·Il~ b 1';11[; t he rn :'1~1t" i ower nf rru J ~~.;: I... nd m L~f;K;J I~; ) I wb ich ...llCl'\"'~ II ~ ~n !hI I rvrve horn h' i 11~~ n.:;lll ry, or d 'H ..''-;. H (,"[J<l1d~n\n 'Il"l Ll'~ .J ~ l io!.· .;Ii 11 t: !lea PI:st hmH~~y 'i)I,; iTl.ldl, L'llak.C.'.s U~ p.'LS~I ..·t1..~I~· lJ n LLfC "Ioo...: i.... r.c_-lIll ~,,? 11 . So how i~ .~L~Irll.J ;J b It· t'l.J q~St.lI i It 'HI I..: h ."l r;Hi ii,." ~ l <';H hJ~'L[I v.;: S t~ f'li((' : tl~· ;1tdctp'[in~ tht .. h'rl... hl~[ p~-:.~itinn, Wh~.!l 1:0, ;~ fe[i~h r Patri<l.:i,j HIJ.!.h~I'Il.'[h'", .. hun " :-I ['uql 'TIlt:" iI1UW)lJ' tdl,~ [h'l: 5[Or~' J)~.I Illid.;.lk ,lgl:"d :\('W ·Ynl'"k(!,l \vho l,.. :c~ ;'l miscr;"l~k lit.. witi] b •.;:;wite ;"!,nd tht'll' [)I ,,"'n'.;; "i~'mJrmm'" ~:I":IIki-;lat~ mlr · m~hI. unabk: !C) ""i". l"itl h.i!!o !I.OJli \ [1 ~I..:".~n i H~lt-S.~ j:!;1b b{' r .HI~'1 Ll Jl'i~.rt.:'J', 11(:"i:!.UI,.·,!!o t' (i r .~ J. ~';''i.tk duouH,h l.h~ cLHpry strecn;,> \'i,·hL!re lit, hUr'"np!> H'.!tn oJ ~1I4)meks.' drunh'fl 1'1(!p,g;1 r, ,\ Itbi lll~h ['11 e bel:?$,<lr I':> III no ",,';~y mHll:-.1 \"~. t h I;' hI:' 1\ ~ ~r i ~b(}I,.'!t .ll1 Ius. ;,.mg"t::r ~ nd f ~u:-;I,l'arjun::. uH h; Ill; :).her 1.1I::,;.U ng h if!:l ...~~I) ... ~!11)· t u d c.Hh. he j dl! [{';JJ [5 ~j hutto rII (~!' hi ... (h rTY (_:HilIl' ;mt~ Ir'LJ n":i home, l I rnrn ~h l(j ev.::n i ng n rl, h, kc.·l:"p$ tht: h~J~tOl' In hi~ p~xke~ ,dl d~c urnL', '1.."Iillgm~ W It ... W .- kind l~f ~ s,uperstit,irlll prop - Whil~(''''C'r l1"ll:'>L!q' befal!., him, rtu:rc ",,·ill ,,,lv,.'~'"IY<; h(L dn.:; bmtnrl t(J; n t'(d [~·d him 1",1')")\"/ (~JJ 1,;(;', ~L L lea t - ,he ',,"'<;J 0.,; n~aII ~ ;l! h II.! to hll b.~~k. s~he rt.~~lII':' LI.~(;' bilir) to ...:onfnml, iii!.! w.i[h Hl"'\' hope, c\"cfL W 'Sfni~{' kindly ; ~l{r hi" h::t nJ.,c;"1.11 (:~~ ~("Hl, • •. l 111~ I!=: ;l te-r~;::;h M '!t'> P LL rt' o;r: [he In -h(:':rWt::'("l~ dc.:-mt·'f'Jt which t.:11a.hlt·....tht: :;.~]hlt:\,:1 an t:nJuft· mi~<cr,J~,k [(:alit) , .AHd pl,.'!rht1p~ tb-t tnl':; ~c,:.:..n!1. ul D.:l"J((".t'" i~ th,lt it ~I,..L.I'[~U·(''S ;:l (,:".'!><L!' ot I~mjnin(" f('~j"hl<;~'I1. nlmlf1g ~~n~!lfld {Ile cloc;~ic: F<,ycho;'lfl;l') ric un:"::;! wl~io:.::l~ 0pr(l~I;.·"" 'i"o:.:-nlill'lnL! Iw",tl;;!ri~ .J;liJ U\;,l'k' I fl_:ti~hisL I ~"i;:"~,,·{.!r~Lon. it nut ~h,1:1 Sd,1l1<[ ~::... b .lbk to i,;llirJurL' t'~~"'rth][~t::~ L"Ve' n rhC' Ili1fwt pa m.i ill I ;; i[fI.I ~l'[ i n Il"'i, h~'o2":H.I.,-t ...11~ h.l ~ h~:T f('II,h ..m~i[l~ - '[0 \'IlJu..:h sbo!:I.:II!'I~~;-. dle limt': UmJ~'rlrln~ .all ;1]1 [hi~ is ~~q~];I.·:..!um:

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hath (LJ b. A'!' nm C' ; 11 rh e' morn ~Ilg,. Mr~' r her h I.L~h:11 d had 1(~I:t for work, :..hc C Ji:JkJ ~,hc b.irhtub .;)IuJ ht.!)~LlIl kiHhL~ IIt:r children. \Vhrtn "ihL" picked ..htT'Y up \ ~1Tl p1~~ h~r in rbc l LI b, ;"'::n,l h C.1 ught he r in! I.L' r ;aU and tri 1:,!4,_! l,u' ru n av ..~~ d '1/; she eh;-=Is[;!d 111~11 .1 n d ''I.'J~::.~ 1~~1 him IEl~(~ t h (.. ru h. Sh i;' did he, le~:h mer hod le:1 iI~' .1 killLi1g thl!ll1 nne by mre , buldlng lht!i'11 underwater (with. ;~s. we can im;'4:!-!,IHI.:·,


th ...... ['~.{'......t:1nn~ back ~i't hr-rl. rhen I.:1YH1~ rhcu: ml~ 011the h d' \, [',jpp~!'d in ir ')hl'C'[!'J._ I hi.:11 ~b:: .... almly called [he police and her hu sband 1:1 fonnin:Q rl1('m ot hl'r .iid, 'or v,'hic!J she ~lS!!J.lim~d h111 r(,'"5ptm::';lbi!jl~ - '-'I, hell .t policeman a :-.k!l'(I, h t r~ .. Lh, ~f'i'1,j reu ~izc w h;"if yn u h J'Ve" d r:m~'?" '11; he .111~W{'red .. Y c!., r , rlo. [ kjlj~'J Jt1~ ....hi 1,1rl'l"I, .., HN ";~L"(" rc v't.,.;,~!ed the- misery uf ~,II The 1',"]:11:obour ~·FPD'- (posrp .. r~urll ~ ~h.: .l'c..,~ I tH 11, TIm; 0 h lu ~.,;<HJ.::s nor O:)J1 h' the su b 1~.:,'ti "'l' i rn p;~~se rh ~5 v ior e n r p p... 1Ssagr· a l'acn: ,..... J L!-nncd ro .I'(_"~u but aLo 'I: b~~ "1:" I\'C, iJt~o!oi:!.it;~I ord i ;!Jr[,!!,. (it Ih.l~ l\l~...... :I'I,:a"""o;;i.!IIt' ~I(.~r whicb, ;1'. t~ ... '!!('I!' [);HTiCo; nf the .;,:hiitll"L'11 (.f\br" : Luke, 1".1111) john. ~\;Cluh - in ullL;,a[lr. the last H.l be drowned _, ,. reveal, tnnk pLan' in ~l devmlt Chrisria» household. Ilu the ase uf Susan ..iimk ~,.hu Jrowllt'd her [\-\.'0 boys in a South Carolina k~I.:~·in 1 ¥St£·1 IWI I("cligiou<=: . t.iirh pI..1.y~·d:1 cru .... role. she chuLl~hr rhLH by k ir1irl,g the ...... 'i.ul, h~ldnAn Sill' was sen din r.: lhem ro h f'a \!t'~'!, :;;1 J1 d rhu~SI'l!:1nn¥, rhein I, b1.:"'1'Ill ~... (' ry D f [,(."r.-.r...~ri'i'd hie. ) Thl' Y_'H~"::'''''~ i.\IL'J·;:': ,w id(",al Cht;:::;~i~lll t'amilr~ ;.~ f:rer rheir iUMdHg....... RlHI)' and AJtdn'4l doC("l,Jed thil:ii: ,"-\nd.ICJ s.lmLlld give up her ;ub (..:<; ..l I'HH5t' LlL J! l L·:JIKL.:~ ...:JLI'IIL.-~, ')uy ,H I~omc. and dt'!dj .... .. hers.elf ·~H(. 1'"11,, ton the .chlldr'l'n. And \;hll did 'ion ,.,.·tth Llll[er ucd i(;.1"io n; LJ i :J.(.ld iti un [0 f Cl~tllr~;g. ba{hlll~ :.LH('~ Jisci r~ 11l11ng rfw l.."hiIJrL'n •. 1'1l(i rt'~{'hm~ '[ller~l,r~"::1d~I1'~:C; ~liLd rnil.'[hs.. shi.!' wok (,,''ire r Iwr Lllllt!'l'". """ho :suHt:'reu t"r0JH Alzhl'iil"ll;!r\, S hr t'r~)111 bl'in~ r.,~'dIO~K, her III i IId"it"C" \/i,':1:-'; th.u n~ km1l1 i n(: nhs('s S 10n...1 !1t·tlll Jbi;,.: thot, 0 bjn'~ o~· he r J~::.in.: W-LiIS (,h~ t..JI' I I I:.!" r' Jt'ma.1l d _ S h!'.:" decile a red hn Ii f(' w ~ei'"""iTiJv. 0.1:"11e I'~ - '-; h( .. (';1 red too IlilLliI,:h, ::.;JH' tried [tl h:.: t'Ou guuII..1 ,I I1IUl;:ht:t',_ ;~h'l."~Y:S th~llb'll~ (~forhl"l" !leu r Il~, L" I·t'. n f her"1eh. CrH(ldn j 11 r hj ~ ~! In~cn'icEl n [(:" t"n th~' ndk'r\ d£:m.H~d~ !-o.hl' \\.'.J!-' hy ·do:;~j'iIlLW.JI'rI ul1;ihl~ W ILlltil I~,: in a...:o!.:(~nJ;=.!I'I \" wLth rile ill(,':'mr,lhk logic or rhL~ o;II1'{"rq;()~ rile mnrf Sob!: 'lIi1.!J to cnl11ply 'i,\"Jdl til._: drill::!!!l ] 1."0 senil' bt:r Ill.: ~l1b()lIr!:. .. tht n 're '~h{_· fdt nadE'(,l".titol:. wirh ;;ulI':i.;,;k!i ("Ii - dern:-ssmn ~'!1:d ~~mo:[I)tl~~J(! L;H:J1JllC[ I t a:o..~Il L,,! (,;on ~1,:"I;,11l (·IL!.,:II;'~of ht'f ptcd ie..Hl1t'rH, ,-\ f c!?j' dr'll "'"ni I i~'1,!:.!; her (hdtlr't'n, .. he a-oM ~hL' ~'j."i('e' rh:a ~h~· 'I,,'o!":'1o;; ;11baJ 11wt~~~r~ .JmJ [h..,t h~"1" l .;hilJr ...... ..'en_! blflpdl,;:s~J~' J:-Hm~1::?X~.l Th.i Id[ lIn 'Only n ...rt WL~y>; c~ut:' LThe. 1"(1, ll , t e blllwr-:.;dt' ('It w ,km 1[1l~ childrcll, Fifs'[, in j"LLJ1C 1999~.lfrL~~ 111:;1' filther"s, d":<I~h, LJI'l.~hk- 1[;;,) :o.Lj ... r;~!Il tnc.: "Im;:mon \"'i~hotH hirr1 m ,(art" tOr. o;;J1[' ~riE"d W bll ilcr"df by L~YL'I·c.I,('lIs.rl1~~ .rll1~lIy, ~hr..'I,:h,u ...: th~ (~!hnp.1th .. .. i:1 p1'C"'; ~ cn['1 ft, rnli":-c. 1'1('t ~uI...h" n. d cI.es:c I'] bed hi") .ttt i Im.l.L' tow:uds • "ll,d n',J; h






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would [iave !..,~III;: l I,ll..; ~V(! .ul.uivc identity nt" thes ..· t... ~idr.:~. ~ '1m ... . tllL;n, ,·(~ · a r(' we W 'rl'~l tl t hoL' hml{ I bCI''''',..ce 11 .11("5(" W() .~""pc-...;·ip; of J\ rl d ["(;';1' ~ p!-i YI;:l-~(_~ (lovmg, ~~n~1lf-~ff;KjH1'. ~ C.Ht~· the ourbursr )1 rnunk-ruu- "l(_)ktl~d? II a[]~·t~]JIl:~,..here ;llrc too rn,H1f explanations t -,~ whole rrdif('r;il~!oll flo them, Feml!1i:;;t!-i. cnuld elaim tb,~1; Andrea'< ~K[ '''-',''1'' a desperate w~ld r...f-,(·,III()r! · ag.l j nst the r ra~h [.1011 rl i nWIf.ht!r~rtllk;4. ris], 1!.Ol" i 1,:1~' d ie u ri ~l~ "';0 1Ikl II nvrp ret ,.. it ;]5 ~ he- result ,)f rhe i,~l::ilbi l.i tr ,nf f'r:l d iri ("lor"! ill ftl rn i fy q III~'~ ~o ~'igJ hI.:., individuab to t:!Ul)l' with rhe dynanucs ul modern ~(hj.al tif,c~ cnnscrvanves .ou k~ fnt;lI:'> (1I1 1.1 L; !~ bC3.I',Lhit:' :-.tr,I_;,S::' odern 11 m lii... pu rt i!:Jg on the b rn i I y. ~ j!i I hen!' i:':.,. iiIl f~cr, ,:;oJ'nNhiJlg "prcrnodcn " in 1'\nd:rT.~'..; n..+!p';;1,1 to f~)llow the path 0 - Wd,e1)' 11r;t1·... i.::-.::.LS,W.:: injun ... .rion: "Rcahze : our-elt" - .,,1,..· 1()I.I!l...i ~~Jt.~.J~H;:rlOnll 1ht!' ~lIltJ"t.~lliUI,l{·d sod' oblit 'fmir1i~ nnirudc If)f SC'T'i:mp': mhcE"'-i. i \'(lh::'11 m~ti~ he .. burden unbearable Wi1~ the ~al"t shat HI l,.iJI~tr8i':'1 ~o prcmodern I:i III E;!~~ '!.'!,.. h(;."n rh ~ ("h LId...:-a!~,,-· W,15 IVW n .. (old I~'<f iv iZA.:'d (t: ra 11dp;"'l 'rI..: ut ...., h:J"L~rh(" r:-. ~ ;lnd :,;~o.;Wir'i ;"md (l'1f~("r' '1"... 1::'LIi~·(!:,; shared In ir~" ,h(" nlpd("rn rm ..... hlH~dy h.'nd .. kiilr n, 1,.:0 n f~T' lhi ...'rJ. '"i k \J,f'I lh t:: In()1 hef· ;:l! [orB:. A ba.1l Jo 11rlJ:!, hcr rH~.Jt"'l..·~~il"H]'i31 •..:~l[l'a i illH:I J(: _['i~,u rlg 11[:',I":..r:l tn he:)" oft i j p i'l ns~ sb C' j ~ ~LIbjc"':'[oCd ~L'~ rh c j k( ...1ngi..: .'J.! mjllnction Tor) ·._.xpl.:ntTI.... IlilS p't'edlc;-=tmeur a~ supreme h.arl,'1lf1t:"':';;":(h~ pure1!." blj'S~ of pri\'i1"::~'~nt.1 irHillM';';Y, ;_i;, t'prm:o.L.: to ·';II,ill.·I';LI!J..:J~P]utt:~MOIi.I,l \~·'Ui'k. W1u 1. ~1 bou r II'lIC of) In· i 0 u::; til ct' t h"lit bt.:,t W~L'n dH' ;~f.!,l·'" 0 i' r-w [) ;'J 1l d f" ..... eh lid r~[l c:., n..:a1110'..ue m l1om.[I!:rs-. [ht:" ..:k,:-.-l::st Cl I Hlllld II h~ II'~~' 1,:.~II .;,:om.:; ~';_)., I'ridK cd ]-.~, II ~ : "'.I.'{!'.~l,!·url't:;uf: in.s,ll i~l k d1:m,l nJ ~ in (1(,)< .h]~· n!l d !j1 u b ho:rn, hy o1ld; nit L~ 11 L'vcr b m ;,.;,l [3"lie-a ~ N n "'WIIll d ef tl1.1 r I i'I I64f., f h(' (; I,."~l(' r4JjI ,(\ )Un nf .\1.,....;::-,,1.-.; h LI....('tt~ H~r 1.!1~a.Lrt!d [he ":-.[uhbt~I·ll·-LhitJ law" winch ..Illu'ovt·J fI.:udl.()U:Jo ~Ulh w l'k.: tn't..! ::md ptl,r: to dt";JJtb. K .. l1H kfLl· ... d~.H 'Illali " ..:hildr("]lI di~pliq a kin~~ of "·wild h-.... ('d~~rll,. ~h~l~ h~"'...; 110 l"LlLl'I'Ut'rrti-lH in rhe- amm;~[ kln:gQ.onl - <1 free-Jom I[] , ...hi..; 11,. pell"h.1 ~,.~ I h(" 11011 me n.-ill J im1.·B~h'II. u i L11.1.: RJ..:.ll -ill pp'i!: .li'~. .. \'(.'11 iIe .11 II th ,,~(' rt';l d ~n~:\; :l:re te:1.~jhi f', \'i,'e ~h n. i ld fo('~ i~ on rhe mol re
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rc. T h .... nnt) p lcrc" mt':o.~;lgL! n· rhc IJlj lHI("'~ ion is CllL.J.~. in the: ":Ht: ",f du· mother: be 11.I,ppy and rind rulfilmenr 111 th,,: vcry hJ:'.11 "Tf your home, \'d1L!r~: yotn ...bi,kl:rL·I! hombai J }'[~U with jm:rilm,!I.iMe demands, where ;.1 J I Y-OII i" h~ )P("" :1Fe t h W~ rt['(! ~ /\ nd ts. U~)1' ;;t sim LL1J JmLMt·- b ind :Ii t work r ill lhL.: rnult IL;llin..! r.;1[ Ilbl;!'l:'.a1 uuuucnon w he rolerarn ~ Here again, the true m1?';:;:!i;,lg_c: 1.. : learn W lnve 'I-h.::- 'iJi~gLI.!!.lm~ Oelu-r w h W,L; displav ~,F excessive '''~lr:\,)a~lO:~makt"~ Y"lil "i..:k ~ 1 his mJLln';:[EOl'1 ~b'l("lo conmms .HI addinun ..l rwisr t ~vbrd~ L.!XpkH.lb ",d~y d Iibcral :->ti"'IJ..:C[I., ready [0 f()How it: "Zero r~lli,.. . ranee in ;lin)- kmd or h:~i".l""~I1'H"" r'.,,, means rh.u j'[ll,] should rr.l~er-~H"':nc .. bich l U[]h;r ns ~it.far .IS b~> bi'nt::dl Is rnh>r(mJ. l-nk:r~Jrit":J;' ww::mj::; r.ile- O~~WT rhus P;I ~ ~C'!-i i m p('rCl' p~,i I y m ro .1 Ul::!:,ln I t.: I' i~c IH1U'J;.:":~ of ~.JI 1< .. t"UI ~J,.i,mC'11 t:.'ll i sr" ~ b • (}d"l.f'I'$ '!,I,;hr) do 11nc j i-e- ou r ~de-;"Jor WI~'["ill:1C~ III .,JH )i"r, .1Jg~ sr nl I, octnat ill {) t hers, 0 I - to a P P Ir the :S.1I.'He:: J('~H; t U lh~ lam il~' ;l \'f'll = in fi ['J i re dtdlclti~-Hl h 11"0 011 e!i L· hi Id rc 11 can ru rn iruo a dll.,~,tl"U':;'1 \,'f" rage aM~L1 n St real ell iJillI" fl ~·ho ex ac [



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douhlc-bind that thi,; (~d(-.l.jnfl·Ht:'ti\'t· passag» ~ l'ucte ir ;.:; ;1[J ton ..irn] . ,.,le [[J uppoo.;;" rhis p.us .. g~·~~ 7-4.-t[1 Jin'L:dr tn J lhll.." .1Ll1 ~1l'll~j(" pohri .a] .o.r, The t~I'_~[ 1'r,:;1~1 ion ro an Idt"t.~ogi("~1 dnllhle-hmd h~,,= w he .1l ,. bli,fllf~ ..i~~I"'lfIr r·ms,~gli.·01.1t'acte, ....... t.:.;'111 ()nly later .. in n ·ILi(:h ~L1b!).:;::'q~':":H~ f1WV(':, ht· '1?1'nlJ'l."rly politrcrxeel. W·(.'" <imply liauf.r in l~tYf/H Ih~ ;ri5.l~ Ekll ;l h:li,nd 'I,o·jobu !I.),lI!~burs.t \;viH 1-1..: {n,Um\·t·d b~' J[:, fJ;r~)p("'"r p~jIL[it:ii.;U i~m _.
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d I~ :~...:or~t;::i''': T.u: I Dr,rn:".. ill T Fav I";'s. fI~ herr l~e ~ I['( ~I Iln;:]I om b~J \ 0 I~.I~ ill;.' 't b{· pml")ps w b .., 'l,:mHm I t he ~'(HHIi~ :!.lJ rI h~' \...._J LH.!'I lJ.) !>,I ~..... UndiO\:· r O;o.[ I.!d,. Tht:" l.ll"'Ipll"':lt .... mcid.1] .;.1 imf'lhl0:n ,~t~Ills P,H:';(lJ:A' ~j' ('(f(U ~... ('tlli.'l:ll~ h<>n TI'";~vi:fi ,.... i~ pl ~p~nng for hi~ Lm,<lLk 1.14..: praoi.:(i~n. (lr..iwm.~ (hi;! ~Llj~ III ~rom of rh,,"~ m i rro i'~ H'J , .... h" t he Cline sI ~t·h(' "t- know t'l :-"cCrJoC in dlC fiJ I'll i he .1~1d~"('s his; C"s ow J1! hill..l.J{c j n L h~ m~ fj'uf v.· il h (! n aR~re~,si V ·-oI.:Or! J l·...Ct'n d i'll ~ Y n~!tal b n· ro rne? ". III .L [l' xt h~,ok lllt~sU~IJ Hll1 ('!of L.;)(' ,1.11 '::. ~Hlti (Ul of tilt" ..ml'ili I"or )[ il~l;: th~ r .~:ggn·~ if)' hen' i L"I a r I~ ~{i d :"'I ~ ~)fI c<::('t, ;}[ On L' \ ow 11 In i l'rt")T-l I'n:l ~~'. Th i-s ..~~· ~"I~' I :=-;11 i..::i(J.1:I J,i [jH:H~ iI) 11 rt~-.j nt'I·.I3(.!:'; .:11 I·b~' c.:uJ,t) f 11lrt:: .:; 1..1 u,dw,:r ~":1.:11 L.: v.. h l'~~ lr~l'~:s, .' i h c:"wll r W() LI m l.ed .'IInd ~e,;1 LJ1.g :1H'LJmt I; h C' \'II .311. m I r"11I:i...-...; ,...,.j [h rh(, fo I't!"h r:I~oi;!rof n
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p t'r:l dicarc, ''0 that - a"i Hr x h t put If .,,1 r F< lp~~<;'ot rn Tile J\1~~,_1.sHreT,:d~epl- he wanrs to be rlu' last piece of d srr ;1 ftr-r ~vhnr;;('" rc 11'10 va I rh c room "",-j II be clea n, """I In a rtl11-llt'l,; i,..":i.,l!l<t: ill I' :;';11(11 .;,1 deadlock, in 1~99 Private Bi:1rry WindH:11 trom Fon C.lrnpneJI C.S Anny b.15(, hcae t"11 ~k,lth ,1 tl'HO"w 50M'iGr who hurusscd h~!11 n H the" WHl' :;Jhnut b i 0;; homos ("1{; u::11~ty, lhrs cvcnr i!) 1.1SU.\ Ily (j U O~E'd a.:;. proof ~;oj the fail trc of Bill Clinton's "Don't u... , don't tell" polic~ on gay') k in the 'lrlll:"~ ....11;1{ i;;. Po("'haps. mere ... .ial il; ro perceive how rhis tailurc is " ~q1 hn -rd tv the tension between cxphcrt symbolic rules and eherr ~LJPl..lernenr, th obscene un w r irt t' n I ules that ::11.. L lI.J lJ~' su st."in :J communi [,). I n b i~uni L ~ \'V'i nc hell W:1:=:: corm, irmal ~y;=;1,1 rnirrcd if~) nn ri-g;"cr gi h(·~ ,1I1"Id f;\ u IUS - nor on I~" b b v h i!o fellow 'SoJ.J.i' rs, bUII iii lso bv h~::..immed iare ~!..1pcrior, SI::r~t.".tTI r I\. lc i j ~C'n, t n -J.~ypi(:<llly~ when Kki~en was i.iI5ked why 111.=id [10,[ intervene d and order rhe rl:~rr{l(m rneen be r" w sto f1 ha r:t:'o:"~~ \,{fi TIc.: hel I, h L' rep Ii LX;!; ~ E verybndv '","'0:1';; n hnv i ng fun" - If'] .5 no t~ ham ~~ing \X"i nc hell hmct.(ml:d <l s eh t se... obscc n~ .-n:( m.lli;;'-boncliTW riturr] h~'[ cemented the community. I ln milirary i.lI'~()Il; "has ill~ (Ul1 ,. n: ers ;;l s a rule t ' cr ucl and h u rn iliat i[]~ ri c u a lized p roced 1..1 es r - fa h: m y uwn t: xpcri r.11l;(: ill rrh~ Y II W ~Lj,b ~)c··n lc "s .'hmy., W h ere t he su P rernc 'n' r ex'LHiplL:' of "h8. v ing fUll" W'[I~ ro pick nm ;J soldrcr ..~koC'p m Ius bed, rie his ] tt;~ t i-L.:ll!::; 'wit I ~ ,"1 rop-c to [}[]Il; of his ~1,)(::5 ~"h en II i~ k':J:!.::' '\;(l' J.VJ( fiji ~~ W ~Ul~'[('h(J" dl'L':r~ PUg' ;L PLL.'>CL" of I'HI ['K"T Oi;tw'''f,:11 h ~'" T~ lC·~, :1:n d !iI;'T it nil'! ti '1'('; ,;!.then t~{' fi 1'(' ;;I \J,,' ,1k>::'lh:d ~h t~ IJ II f( ~n Il.l to!,': sO IJ il:;·I'. n i!) .11t~ l'111,a til.: rC:",J,;,:t ion 1-~'.;::J!:» or ":OIJ rse ~ to U u :.:t n:t~ I:. ('RI t h ~\ l[!F., l'o:.:pc:J.it y, t.ry i rl;!-i: to[] ~I!; t' riJ of the b~l~Ilj ng p i'CI.'4: ,A P-lPcr n.H [h:H W.loL; C~IIS.ill:ol blln P,:H11 - Hl .. niljl~lr~' 'i:u~nrl! 1'il;o; \";~l'; l'~il t~d "m::l king him nd L: .L h[o..:~dc.., a.wJ rI ~(: I·C.'ili It t.':O~J IH~ Iw,ud h tI m..l red ~ of yard ~ ~"Wi:l y, .. ") _ td. AGnm. '[he "nOil;t j:;;k, Jt)Jft ti"11" pohc:)' rL1t WlI1chd,1 'in :1]1 lI11b(,:-'F'.~I-'dc Jt)Llb]~ hHIoJ: ht: \~',(3:,. ;'1fl'ai."J rhtL[ .1 hI;:! t;Ompl.tlllt:J UI 1m ~uprmlr oHi...:~·r~ i~ho ul rh-!.: l1:l r.L ~Ml H:rl t ~ II,~ w( lul ... I )To:':-;l ~ t iH! St:C( md r,,~ nf ~11' pn 1i~'! ru I f: 1 rt C (~do flI·r n~II" ) - r h:l [ IS, [('~ :'-C! r, hi:<:,co ILl p I;!I~'r"if wo;)~:lld. im',uh-(· rlht, ~~\~ (~f r~Jh lid)' 'lh:.:-,l'.I:.u:-.ng hi~ ~.L)I.st:'1:.LI,jl ,:J['!U'L[:HJUH_ '!,vl.~id\ '~IIfI...~I,JIU thl,!li e'!{r;:IIHm.tll~, 1t.:~IJ to hi~ exrul~lon_ In {1J'd!.,i" '0 httl':'i.k ~Ip[hi:.., ~lLlllblol..'-hmd L-1L.:adl['J~k, he; n·~~)T~(_~d~o :;l. rh\';:.,io;.:al aIT.Jck 0:11 hi~ mo~[ p~r ...h'fC'm hM,'!'.~"i·, killin~ him. '\,'1.'j'm ~~ blhth~dl hillL So \vh~l( 'Shtn.ik~ \X'inclLr.:l1 h:n'L' Lh,mo:.::I,ll .Lb:o;tmo.:t tt:rm';i, Ln~fc.1id ()f .1,I;;tilt~ OUl' ;i[1d bearlllg tile rormermng mhei' en de;u h. hE' ,<;Junl<l,d rjr"'::l h~L"'~'bnIlf"n l.Jj,t1$d{ UP. [h.~~ i:-... gut nd ;;.11: ')11 (}.U"7~ l;hbd],11<L1 jlh'c:-'~111crH III the rHLl,ll.,. of hi 0; hnm it 1<1iOll, In'$ ()~['~J "'!."Cfer po::! H8(L p~\l'io 11 Iii rlu:: I'ilL M,on' c'oOlI.L'H:"r[' I Y', bE' ~ 'S Iw~! l n'"'ilt: Jt""'LS~:J OJ ti-tm rq~,~" f{) r [ll m Ir1g rhe ~Y'"[eill k af=;LI [~:H i ~.~df hy IU;ll"!ip~!tHint (h(' s.plit bl'l ... t'!.:n Lbo L,,""pJi,l:it. j'LdC':o,. ill,jJ du..:ir oh:"l.:c[j.L,·~Upp,rt:l~lL.:II't v - pn h,~rs, :-;;~l~". ht" ...; 110111d h~"'i:C- ;;;~111ll fI' "cd II r rile- ..:n u mf!"e [1'0 I:; I'€':l k ,he f;li ls:e :o-:pir,ic of ~rO~lp ",4)Jid"uit~, 1·,\x.rhiHt''f;cr pt'Ohkfll!~ W(' hJ.,\:,,-'. Wl: Jc.;)[ \I,'irh Lhem


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am ~nf; OIlI"~i+T" - .11reo"Ll man J{~~~II I' g(~ Ollts.nJ~ and cml~p~~WI W orhers") and :-,imr"~r ~-f.{..not-need hi ... tormentors ~'tl the lj~gf:u'r autboritios for _~l'j.:,r~IJn)' . hm'llsmrr. hjm~ if hi:'i :-;'_lfH'rjors had .L~I<t:{]: "BlL'I' ~i";f YO!J I<l.l~Y?,... he should h ilve ;1:o;;'~ ~I:o;~·d d't en I ()'~ b rt·;1br.!:li', rhe .... n'r .. s k ~ d~,)~l' tell .... I"Ub;;, Do " t -\ L tJ LlI) It" of Y(,j} rs agl;.l. a II.:s b i 8 n fl:oft' i" I)~eL11tn ed that m.d:lY gays. ;'jJ re rhr r rivil eged v i"t i m s, "-;0 it hor r h C' ~ln ~l.ly<;i5 0 f IHJo\",' J-l,,1}'5 a re lJ nderpe ivir eged provules I h l' kC'~ h LHld rsra nd i fig :~II or h cr exc ILI s i orts, f€' pressions, vic lc Il~C,~ t' .uul :o.n 0[1 (r'l·ll~j'lHI:o:., ·.hn~(:,da_;;., _ Tbe prohlcrn with rhu rhenry i:o.; rr("ci:<:f'I~ I!,<;; irnphru (nr, in rlus {,':~~(~~ even cxpl,io::if) universal claim: i~ j~ mjbll~ t~:\~lIIpJar}' "it:'1 irus of those who <He no; - (If rhose who, much rnnrc ;;,";."1 s.~ y rhrm I 11'(, Iig io us 01" ct hnic 0 dn:-r~ I nOT. to ftlt:11,! iUI1 L nt" !;~)o..:.111 - .. cla ss .. iy - >L:xel'lldt,.J~, (:iHII be fuHy inregrared ; 111 rho public ~P"l(,C, enjoying t(,l fun r~~hT!:i, J lere, WI,;' ~ I~CJ1J]~Iexplore rhe :iLBl higllH)' r.f rhe con necr i (l[1 herween Po;;)" ,lnd ('1;'1:;0.;,,-[LLI;g[;::, rhoC'f(, [:0.: ;;L long H,Ltlif~C~l1 of Ldd:-.t .!-l.,ly-b~'Shj!lJ~" ... huS>L.: tr,K'l;_·b an drsceruihlc up ro Adornof'J " l Will menno 1 only ;"bxi[iL Co['k(s in(.UHvll:' rCITI,' rk from hi~ 11.:'~:S,l)' '"'P'rol'L.:i!'<m.m 1 Iumanrsui" (SICr _ J \.) -:.4.1: "Exrcrrninare 1t:.1('!1homo sexual .., nnd F;]j~.oti'!r.n7i will disappear. "'i" ..\.11 11j I:;; ~;l r1not bot: .I'o::thl"'::i.:'J t (J ('P'I-'1(Jrt ~III is(j.;:aHy fll n 1!1~ with rho:" rrnel inon a I r'.:l ['['I =l rchnl sex U.t I inornl i tv f)f r hl' w(')r~ ~11_. ,;,.'I'l!~:o,t: 0r 'Ito! i dl ~il ~ S( ;Ili 11i~[ g ~, n,:-,aL [I Oil ;J,~,.J 1[1 ,::-r. rh (~ II ~w'Tnt.in~ ~~[).!::('t'~. l ~f (he ti....,'I. Y'·il r~ ~ t[~I' I'h~' ~ k~fj,bE' ~
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penerrauor: In I he ~lr11 - l'l. ft;:".:.at"lrt:WI~ldl 1~ldlo...:<lt!;.L~ pruhiltiuou, '1)1' ·',,1 ~hL.: I ~ bert L l1L:,,'; [!'x.1K.:r-m n~ 01.1 !1.til.. r{: h.l r, se '" n:11 i i Gl t('n.:~ Jllr!>~~~)f .IIlY kill d" :0<: I'll is only ~l p:-'l;r\fl1'I~' !;~HI',Jr!~l1\r. fjC'r is: ·ill'frl ~:;'I • "0 tn(:" ~'t"ry hJ!1'll:;lill"H.'lU'll <trucrurc u( pt.:t"c~ i Uil: i Il ehe pe r "''I!'~'~C;: I,I! I. ""C;: r::'L". I H wluc h every tlu l~ i~,penn ilt~J". .

make .1 hlrn like SL~Ht - you b(lf'{' ttl hr.: ":Lly. In u gar P0:"llHJll tJ,;lI (~I'{' t;:,"ill H' vc'aJ [11 I~wmtlgh pi II ['[ Lt.:;ll >1.'(m nn [., rions ()f b LJ 1~1O~!."' i l ~" xual

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Th t' ult imate ,'\ lilt.: J iL I! I p,l ra noiuc fdHlkl~!, i-:. thur (,f a 11 i ndi vidua I ~i vi ng ina .,m ~ II [(.h..11 (:.11 itf'l rruan l"lty. L1 consu III L' ri<.;t Pi] r~l dise, w ho ~l.h~dL,:n I y sta rrs II.:' tu :o.LJ!ip~!d that the ,"~·i.J-I'IJhe JiYC'~ in i~,i L!kt .. a specrack- :\t<lih'Cd 1'0 convince lum rhnr he 1~"..C'sII. :1 C'(';'1l orld. wlrile ,111 the pcupl!..: ,Lround h.i.!l' ,;,'1.1"1.: in Iacr w ::.h':ln~ and ~:-'H~l';:; lr"1 ::i gl~am.lL: "Iw'l,";. r he rnosr recent 4"XiHltl.lile ~.}f ~hi"'i is PL:'.e r \'(i t'i r's The T~·um.m Show ~19')1S), v...ith J un C.l r rt:~.' p.l.;J> mg .1l .~ IIfW 11rown clerk will) ,p.t";HI~J"1!IJ~rdiscovers rhar he is d~~ h-L.:T(lI elf l pL·]·ln.;Lll nr [W;::IH y-tou r-hou I 1 V .... w: b i~ !Hml~· h)' v II i!o. ('( ~ih trucred on a .L;Lg'irrti c ~HJ st LLdio 'i{"i. wirh c amera S foll 0 w illS hi III r.: verywhcre. Afn()~lp, j L~ pn.: lct..:c,.:s,surs. J r i:;. ''''11 rt h rn enriorn r.~:.~ 1-.,II ip K _ ~hd,;.' ... Inne ml t (j'fioin f ( I 4 ,,(_~~, il IN h ic h L rhc hero: k.liJitlg.~ HHK L'6t daily lift: ill a smull iJ'dlH... C;31!fornlaH em' ill lbC' late r l) ':;0;.;, gradlully di.~';;'Tl'o'('-rS. th<11. tlu: whole town ]:g :I. bkc S'l.;)g'l.:J [u h:~p h I'm :;;H~~ fit,·J, , , " Til e I;..mJ'!:dy111 g C'xrw.·t~~·rJ,(~L (lit 1 r.1'ji.f? nut 01 j (lim .a nd ThC' Tmmmr ~\,.!n r~' i~[IJ;I ~ ~~H' I~ re c .... i rul L:-..t cons III uo!:n::o;\ (::,]1 i f(~I!'!lja n p::l [,jJJ I:;":: I::;, p in I ~:" ',;>t'ry h> Pl' rl"t';1J I rl y, 111 il ''''.;1;' MI1'('(jJ, ........ ("!om ;:;,1.[ h:,.t;1 n,,·C", depl'llicd i ~11 0f

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IF v.,(' Ind, mnl't' ....o"icly. \l.h;lr i.. rhi::. 'c[n<;.b 0, I IflIh:::lw.m:-. ., II"L II\" ..bout? l l Arc ilot .1]1 rcaJ·I~fl:" <"dnsht:!l·' ..;k:.uly F(!I::1[cI.~J gJob~~ "';i:1PL[8h.;;:t."I1~·r Il(~ l\..u~JHn to l "tlmdol: iflentf41 i ~r" t;lrgrT I ~ 1"1'1.)1· ~ mh ,gl Ob;,l J r,;~1pL[;J.[i .. nli'~ c:u L"f!l.J!<I1f. i 111 paC[ 01 ~ ~O .. u 1 hf~:. bur '~':Hj t bt:" co I ru~)~ "'["r~'d i tit In,ll i<ojJ." tt:'gi me::. 11"1~~ II d i (~.r::J hi:~. K~nl"';"jl(, (mel <:;0. {J31. Tf-w mo~t, i1orrif~'jug :..1:lLJrilJ:l"J.'::" {l!:hL.:~I.:· RW~i'~d,l, Congo., in .l r1 J oS 1'1::1i";.! LI;.'on L·~ nnl only [O{ ~k pi ;1('10' - ;a 11c1 ~l["(' [;1 k:ing r L1.(C I •• i ~h i n [Ile t .'i.1·ltlrt ·'~uYiIL1~Ltioll"': hu" <Lflt· dl~o d""·kUl) n.::!HH.'\1 w rht· inc.'rrlay tllt" gloh;ll
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Jdlllil iOll t) f lilt: .. .;.l8.:-;]1I (J,f l.: i 'i.' il.i:::';'H~IlJIL'!,~' (r.;~m LL~L;,'J,nJ J( U,M ~~ u, soutlu.rn Su d.n~, erc.) ~ the shadow of other interests i£ easi I)' d iscern ible _ A Sllit:u ble dose of ..econonuc reducuon i srn" W() uld therefore he ,a ~''''pa~Dpfl are here: III Sf.¢"''h~ of I. h~ !I.mJks1. uual r ~~~ u f b{i\~' h,l,a~'1 ;~f undan L!..!~ I,i~[~ I.~ i~ i [noli;.! I'ant t:~l w~lnh ou r Li~ LL~ I~tt.er;)ll,soc ieries, and orher "c].;]Jsh-of-ci vi h:7.~ rion" 'l'opi,C";, ... shoul d J'f'f~'n S W~' our ~m!..!mi(lIn on the t!L()[H) Il~it:: b~L..;k~~-OlLl~,J o f tI~!.:! ,con fh.;[ - ~hc d:;l sh uf economic uucresrs, aml "Jf the gcnp~ ~I:i,tt'~\1 i !'iit!..! i rL'$~:i [1f t hC' llnmtet! Sl';;l,~'[::\tsclt' j lllio\',~ t.o rera in privileged Unk ij, both wuh J;::'rrl,L"I d ,....1h C0r~ ~eI'\':H I ve ,A r;~h ;111 .1 r't:g.iju'l:s. 1i ke ~hCr,!ii;.!()~ Sa~_:Ldi A~-.ijhi,:! ~LmJ. K.ln" ..tLl~ ~_ ~~eneath rhe 0l~~}4)s.i,~~(H] (~f ."Ii hc~ I n.i~;L1 hi] HI:l rii:L'I'1 t:i I,i~t ,. ~~)I,..-i~,:tuc.'~, ".:'vh.:·'W,nrkl 'V~['$(lS i i had", the re is t he t~11:"1 arr <'~::.:::i'i ni~ 'r, hi I'd .'~ rm: ~fJ'lIllil ries lik-e b Saud LAm hi.t nli,d KlJw:;ut, ~k~~pl~'CUI i~~";:H i ,,'C' 11Ii.(]llInn.:ll i,[!$ bur ('''oi;;nriif)m~.;-.;:;d ~y Arne rl(~ I'll ;£IJIi es, ~u II y hn~g;I'::ued UU~Q W est em C(L'I)I'I;:~ 11''1 I t~. Here, t h~·U~ ..\ h.J ~ a ve I~y p~t.'t.~~M..! i!J[lt~ ,~i plc iI al:(!f"(!~It~i'l~ order f~)r it u ~ 'Ix: ,.L~'l!l[~ W qJ1 I en on ~'h~I.: ru cou nrries for their ni ~ reserves, a"eJ! havo t() t(m,r.l3u',1 Il(nI-.c!t<:mocml it" ~~h~ under ly i ng uoti 0111 is", of course rhar a democratic awa ken i r~~~ cou Id Ki VI\:' C'xpres.:sio~l, to an t L·A:lI:JC'n.;:-:.aJ :UUitIlH..I,t.::o.). Th·i... i:.. ruru ·nl,d :..tury 'i.vl, nxc m:fr:l mnus [ fi rsr cha pte-If after ~I orld W;:i;I' U Wf~~ rhe U A-()r('bf'~,tr':;u'l:"d ,('(ml' ,d 'h'~I1''~r.~ir~~t· dlt' democratical ly I';!k"C~!.!dPri I,lllc _'-1il U~:!:;EI!~',M,,,t.:,.::;:;iili:q, III 1r,!! I~ i I! 1_fJ5 J. - ~'hol;~ v;,'.l'S 1110 .,; fu ru.-ll~une.l'l!I'a li~m/~ i:here; 1101 c ~'C'il :~ 'L'S.rn"it!t t.h r1.!':rt'·, i [I ~t ~~ 11'1:1n i tkrlllcxf.i-.:ui,( .awakc-n i ng.,. Wl{ h '[he i·d~a rh:u rhi.:: .cnlll'ury SJiiO~J IJ M k't" {:onll'ol 0f its. oi I l:r:11;OllfCeS and brellk up !the: mono~}-f:.]r (jf ;:h.t~\W,~s,tll'n~ UI,l GJ III p.Ln u~:s_ '1l1e lenf,th::; [0 wb iell rhe USA is r-e'Cldy '[0 go 'i rl on~el' In rn:i If I t.~I r~ 'I h J .. !l.~.;,;t' wt':~1;_': m ...",k (,k',<llr .i.u r.:ht" Gl:iIt \V.ar ill 1991.. wbt"[~ lh~ JC'..n"h Am[~l'iL.m mldl(;I'~ !iorntin]l('d i tl S::tnd i f\ ra bi;l had 1:'0 he ti:'~H~ !iporred by hdlool~l.:r t'o L'ht' ;iJ:i'cl'afr 'I,::]:rri"crs jn thC' Gulf 5.0 dta r the)' could p r::l.~·, $1nere IH1Jli 1\ hJs.1 i m l'IHL:;l,b ~ 1'(.' pC'oh~bit'cd oOnSLludi wil- ;,., filiC[ wh,it:h :!:.h~iL~ld LlJLdULLhtnll.y be ~nhllo!:;l:th~r t \';/itn anuthl"T ~('r. vcry T~ reiy mcm~oF.lC'd iIII rhie- \»'e~,eril p f'f'~~: T.;'mq A7.17., ~be~'II"'~oi.J~F'ur~igll Mini:::.N:r and ont:" of the kt,:r .figures of the- SadJ"ll.~~ ~e¥i.l~ I::; I H,,H ~t:.. ;"]M 1J5h~,!;l bu~ ~, l nri,s!i:i'lll. Th i 5 "' pe rV~f[o('d" PQ~i rlOI'll (;If I,n;d)' t.' LL~~J:unt."(I~ n] i ~t~' ..._:om:~·rya~iq:- Arab n"~lIn,:;:. i:s th(.:' key w [h~ (() nen cnm i,cal) i.....o'l1~mdlUJl"~~ 0-( A rnll;:ri'L;;1,1l pn 1itic50 in the JvliJd Ie 'Ust: thc}' £~.;,li nd fo'1' r.h.~.: p'oim ;H wh it:h the US A, ~..;; f,r'J'I'I;;.;",-d ("xp'l~citl y to ,l:Ckn ()wledge (he p'r:m:1;;K~' cd' et.--Oilomy o\, er dil:l J1 tll:,;[d':':Y - [h<'Lt i~, tb~ :S('COndolr~' a ud nl~n.i plll~,Hlve ('b.i1!ra((("I: of k,~i,r ~ll1,ij_~I~~ l.[itt"~TI~~t.i")Il;l ~ 'inil'i;,~r"cl1tinri!::;; hy t:1J king ::1. bnu~ th (' pr..()tC''(t~oF.il of demoC'i':lK'Y ~l.il-d h ~I,m:il.ll 1'~rJus" On ~h.!' ~'~Ihlr;(,.-I:' ilA I'h i~ L\: I;]::;h of .;;i,·ilL~1tiQn~.,~ k[ H~ n_,<all dlll- h:n!l.:( JJ u.in <l! "e'ver~_)'e:! r-~ )I( ~ r\~i'wri';"~Hl gi rl wllo'.;r ~';<fdlt'T it:. i1I pi Int 'fig,ht'i ng (W{T A ~~h~li~[';1IIl': n ::::ht.: -';"a'nt(,! !:h:H :,~,hho~!!;!;;l:)h(~ lov~::s h~"r f...tnt'l" dt't~p1y. t:.b~~:> r,t"~ldy to k[ h.il11. (Iit-, i' ro S-.1crin0l' b i [~t tDiI' htl" o:.'(Hlnr.ry. \'(!'h't'[l .I..:'re-<: i,.;!cnll' ~~tI5h quoted th('')o(' lin ('&~ [h~y
I., ~L

rbursr ('Jot. .r\ 1T!{'ri{,~1Il, ]1:1 rri ot ism, !i:!iI: U$ cond UCr ~1sinl plC' Inen LlJ 'l:':-': pcrimeut, and im<1~ m,! au ..:\rah Mm.i.im ~ i rl psthcticallv recui i1l~, 'i n!,( ~ the GI ruera rhe- ~,'mc \'\ otJ ~ ;1 hnut hl~r fi] rhcr figl ~fi'I.~ for the T <III,!..: I - W(· du 11.0'[ ha ve to ~ i ';,'1: much rhought 10 \ ...h~~tmJr renction ''I;-';!,OIl.I,ld h;u .IU'l,'C"JX'(,!I1I: morbid ~·hl~·.Jil'll fmH;I'1Hlem:ali~.lHl which Ju".:::,. not stop even at cruel Jl:l;;1lnl Pi I kll ~(~[l an d cxpl Oi r,'~ (lin o~ c hi ldren. t! F.H:ry ~c<Htlre <1ni,'lhut~>li 10 the O~'hC'1:' i~already p['~~.;'nt in the Vtry heart of rhe 1 rs.A, M urderou s tan;"l ~m("i~ Ill! T od:u)' in the USA t f~er'Ca rc more than [Wt~ m i.IJi [,H, pn pll.li~[ Rj~h.IIs:t ., hi ndarnenta Ii ~h" wh~) ::I.1~n :rr;i('tl~ a te 1'r'[J r '(It their ow n, Iq~jti m ized ~)~.Ithci r u n"kl'~L:~ Ilc.~mll~ ['If) Chrisr i,;l~li t r_5imJl' A merit:;iL is, in ~ way, ,. harbouring" -r.hl'llfl, ;:.:11 ould rhe U\ Army b:ll \;0:..' [HUll i !dl('d rhe US}\ itself <lf~.r.:.I' dw 'OkJ.ahtHI"I~bOll~hirlg? And what dl'om the W.;b}' Jot:lrr}, l-alwell arnl Pat H.o be rr ...m1l reacted ~n, th C events or 1 M S~·rt.:.·rnbct''; pC'r.'(_~'iving there <l:o. .l :sigll! cn.:u (_~oJ removed H ito ])1'1 ) tcction from t~t US',"\ beca u~ (~l t he "ill t~'d !jVIl,·,~ of LI~0 Arn crjcans, IHmmg 1']'c blame tm I !t!{lun i st ma I.C'l"i.i3Iism, li beralism and 1':::i.Il'II]':':i n~' sexuality, and d;1 srni n~ that ihn['Ti'(~1got ,,"vh;!t i r deserved ~ TI~!:.!' ;~~t f lh;')1 I,ll i.:,. very l"mlJ(.!m IMn ion ()f '·1 ihera I,,' Al'l rerico, wh ich matche .. the condemd narion fnlHl rhe 1\-'[u:o..l,im OIjIlC'r~ canw [rom the \'!..:ry luart of I'AmJri~Ju(' {frO{();2dl! S Il( Hli J g:1'ilfO us: food for rbouB-bt" ()n ~9' ocu:d')l'r • (',;eorge \'!t/ _ Ru ~h
were p~~I'Cf'1I.:,,J as a '. normnl" V

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fi r.-;;~ ~~iitri hm:ea [,0 nil eXi:tnflal L ''11: ('TI'l}" m:ly Il!Irn nu~W bt' a:l'[~ b;l_'guttll,·11 in ~ho["~'t'f)'lli,;;;I.[t of I'AnuJr.itJ'St;~: Pt( J[(joju:h;" proY'id(:' ,If] Llll¢ xr'l'ctt'J conti rm.'a-riOJl (1 f tIl e !rI1e~i" Ikrt' d:u,b is :L 'l'.Ia:!>hwith III ci.Kh (,i~' i.liI;';H i llH? .Ill [ht· r-I tcTm ;-rrh ()~ I 1 S('p~(·mhI.:' r. s\HH':TK.:an<: f or ~/k~S.Sr. i,~](:h'lod'i Il~ li L"tI..:t:ll~, rl-Jj~L~J ....'(,! I'['!d tht: iJllH)(;f'rlil..:t: 0f thL·i r A illt~iI'ic an pri,de- ,d I ~])I:;I ylllJ!; HBg" ~ll'llid ...ingiilg 'l:I[)w;thcr in PlJbli.;:- - ,;~:,:if, .1 her d;;_"('adC'~ i:,l( (:1,hi'l:u-IHJJi[ici,1 d.(lub~'!'i. abmi.! (he A mc:'!ri{:~1.iI ro,k 'i n rhe 'JA!0rl d, til(" VLcioli ~ ,d;;".:;~"nl!:.::ti ('1;11of rnt' W1 ( ~tCH,V(,.rS. de l' [}i p::l~ i :f.L:ddl('m,~ ~i ~',tlf:, "hol.:IU the righ [ [~~ ~~~~n thl'~f I{]~I U it)' ~n ::1i II irs )il i l:I1'nflCi'll{'r' - _ , , A~ainsr thi... r~'I;,.:I:;! nl{'d i 11l0 L'('l"LL"e wC' sho Llld I['~lll,.h",sin~ nloQl't' i i dun II::'!,'I;:I'dMt tlKr,1._' i:o, iHJII~m'l~g ··imlCK~f'm" nl' thi ... rc.'·di.:;co 'If f:'i')" n~ AmcJ'lc;)1l ir1ll0CCI:K'(:, in getting rit.i ~A the ~l'Jli~~ u( li'i~~'o~i{:;J~ guih 01' In.l!lY whi,~h prt''I,'C'nff!(1 I'l~.~rlr ..lJl1ericilII1:'1 from ,hi iIy d.1I i i'rll[~g t!,iI.,'I:r n :Ui,OI1l;l]i l ~-,~1]1 at th UfO g,r:stufC' ammm~'~d (:u "1i,'::1~ .L~JhW'~(I'I,."d~"· ,bs.mHm Ilj;!; thi,:: DII rtLcn l),f a II rha r bti ~~1; .. A mefl C.;'l:i'i. ",t( m>i;1 fpf i11 ~he ~).~St - :;m ('xci1:lpl::.'Lr)" o:..:;1,:;Il,' CIo~ 'i,;:i('QlogLC':l.i. j [ltc:rpr.:].

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In (he ua ~Jm~ t iol,; ., 'IT(·rm::l rh (lot I I ,~'rt,(,,!11~erl' when d; l: ~~Id.'i~r~'l rit~"'Seemed Im)mi!.."l)'t.iH'jJ~'[0 l:-l,; ~h.1Ut:'fi:':Il.]; Wh';H .;,;uukJ Ik 1n(}IT' "llanJI';I,I" ~b.llin to rake








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rd:u.t;...: u, t he Inn nee 10;.:": (~t ;'1 hrm LI;:It~olf1g!·'::11 (km ifl';:,HI o-n~·11"1 H OWl',",'!" , !r i.;; ~ precisely :';~H,;h mOr1ll~I[[:o) or" rransparenr iU11.LX:t'Il,;,;t_·"of "back t~j bJ:~I("Sn. when the !.:;."_~H.ln: n f 'i<k"l1ti hi:;ii:tlflf! 'i('"('ms. .Ln;:J.H]r.~ IT\ thor ;l re ~ from ..he srancl poin r ("I f 't Itt: cr i~i q IJ~ lIt i d'l..·ol,up·" the most obsc urc - even, 111 ::1 ...TTta in '!.".lay, f Jb,;~r~.t"'u,.. iw'.Jr~to 'q uore h; rn :mrk:. r)<C:;"_'iQ,~':5 :su pcrh klm11 •.1I;]rion: "Wh~n Tspca k kmk ly, [ drv!"1i k r'!n", \'\·]tn whar 't rank ness 1 ~;r("~ I.eT us reca]] another 0;; LII.: h k .~, i ItllO~1H ly tra nsparent m 11rem, the end 1......sl ~", rc produced "iJeo-·d I( )[. j rem rw·iiin~'~ A\'~'mlf' of Frern:;'ll Peace m rhe heigh ()( t-h "troubles' in 19. 9 I "Jot' u tiny ~'oul1g man with ,) can who stands alone ill front of an approaching ~1 "mtic tonk .... J courageously m tries to p[C"... nt its advance, ~o d~<H wb':':lj ~h1: e ~8[1k cries to cirrurnvcn i. him loy Turnir~~ nghr or lc fl: I rhc ma n .11'';;0 moves ,u"iJt:, again sranding .in irs porh:
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,«,r,~ -t:Lll' t I~a 11:r.~· w urn..• !I;'~ cont r;lr:. W Arne ncn 11' \':1,1ues. J:l.!,J[ (;"\ L'U .3" "l!lfL~ · to speak out :~gJi[l"t hl)lt~~II.-ij~IlS .:1hu:!:.i!'~around tll~ ...... orld, I'o't' ]I~J TLl k I,.'e~ a n qr~("n II ~md :1 D(lUT oCoI'"l'mn 111eil:-:'1,1 i t·c:":o. 10 hjih [ ~{:~i"'(l;rl~Fj1l. Ilk t!' co LI rr~_l.jl... I·1(I i I-I,-L~ Jt~~·.:..II.I.)lo~i-l· I L~lh r m,g.1.fi( in. And J .... '·II h3 \Ie to th i uk abo lJ[ IU dn!;T t'l"rn n f:. ~n rn C" S LI~pe..:-~ ~ j ~HI r .i..::o.:~ :;.{i~le,lrnish ;1111c~. e1;'e~1 it" ~h;;J r'~ hyprlol:: FI tical. NCJ 1")L)dy :i..1 id rh!~.... g( ~IIO"; t-u Ix pIT It> . '.1....



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~hi~ lillLr ~'IIhlthis event, huvc liJllL'i: W run stirute the rrua II)" 311 \\1(",;,[(, rn I on me-y" mTO- rhe- 'TH('1"!()! n f I:h f ("I) re

why lISI,,; the \\-7 ,~H'[,:'Ld: .b jLbLifiL11 ion ~ Arc rhere not rnu...h J1ml t:" Il:(:rtl! I[! .btr'l:K;i.:il;$ gU~Il~ on all the t i ri Lt· nrcu in d r h c '!i"'of) r IJ? Second, '!,vb;~ i!i /U!U' ;:t hm.lt rh is. i dca? H~~ Ilot a-J, c r 0.". IX"tH reachmz LlC.1Il Amencau ;;.I!ri~11IIIrJ \VnrkJ American mlhr;1on' 8.J I ics t he pra C1 ice 0 f lUI l U1ft:' (1.1'[' ~ I,t:~:.-L.:,k~!j:-In'(}("ri:s~ ha~ pre V ..ti 1,(:Jifor years, I F Vl'T] A t.m [) crshowirz'« ~i h.eT~ll .1,'11'. urncnr, c i rc'"·d hy A lrer, is; s LLSfl'LL:"lnU ~: ....l'rn IHH HI fa "r'01.) L! r of wn,mt", b'ut ir' vou're ;.!:uiu~ to ha ...I.: H. {[ ..JIiOlIU ~l.un.1 'IJ ell o have (I Ur'::' ~LP1""E'"[J'" al." The- 11l"!dcrlY~11Ig k:lgic since 1,-';,i.! j,:rl:: d{)ill~ it' ill "Hl~'
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diilnr.y (dllng-=; are presented in ~&aiH~( t hoC bru Col.; lUI":'!.: o f thL' 5 L,He) is, [lJo by <1 'l:n h,''I.'('b n f ideol ng ica 11m plicar i ('I ns,
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Annrhe .. vierun I~f 1 1 Sr-ptember among -:'01111.: lilJt:fJ/l~ seems tv be Ill.;,: nnll:inn (~f the rmrity of rnornl inrcnrion: it' il; ~1':;;if :\n~" (-hil1l tn rurit~, i... ;.,u.... pct;[I,.·otl nf hr(~:dm!' :-'LHllt; krnd of terrorism. Wt' vhould remember I h:~el·:,. thc::.i:s 0111 1.10""" 'I he .tt:~~l ~ I nutcr u, II:.: of 0 ur act Ji~doti.(·:::.u HI L rue ~I Ltent ion ~ I ;iII1l Iiot" a IlO1h·i; ..d to d efen d m yse I t by 1.:'1;1 i rru Ilg; •• HUii rh .. 'H \'.',iI<';T'II "t 'i.V h:;l.t I W.;I.ut(,"u!'·, hl;:!.,..,;.w.l:i~ do 1'101. I eally know whar I wanted. lr is in the .J"":UI,ll I con !1t:q ~J{:l IL"l!:'I; ~,f ~ ~ll':11...-[ ~h;)l~ rhe rru rh 0 t my in rcntio 11 b(:"(:o 111(.'5 .."e'i.i hlc: ~1f'lWf"gef LlltJ~!en~t'lIHrhe ~1LLf('l)I'lH' 0 rny olia, dll~ i...wi1.u- ~ really ~"·MIH.:-J-..... A(tr.~t;:.,i\lt:: Li.;~ [[1L:-' >L~~mlJl,mHi(} ..t of lIcgel L'mJ psvchoaualysis InLlY i[_Hmd, v; (:

Heg~l(:'s<l,', there i~ au Ilnd(']"]y~llIg idL·~lljt)· of (lu;~~ opposircs. That i~ [0 , ::llY· '\VIJllin rhi;-. Jom::1 i11, corrupt ion i"'i rhe ultimate horizon, .md rhe onlv L ho icc I~ til(" one J':o1..:t ... , ·l·o!.:"!1 WIClr'fll1.({:" U i [11inor eo rrupnon [1n J a d irecr iJliW~~~i':lln oI")·n.i'J.aLJ:l';,n'l :~~:jl;inq 'COi-r.'uptiOOJ1, ",~·hj~.:ll milicidcs wirh the higl:~t'~!. corruption. Wbat Lac.m, on II.'ht> !"."t1J1Han'. ('.~ lled the "act" is precisely an Imf'rV~IHIOTI ... ·.:hii{'h brll.".lks. out of t],i ... vicious cycle tJI minor corruption al1lil,i rig,uLH ,~s the suprerm, corruption. o rhen~ ~'i: an :ilil~!lite g.lp berwcen religious F.:H~.~rir..:i~~ f~lIId~lmClH.;;Llti~m~1 aml .hl I enric revolutionsrv inrerven... non, :~Idl'rlugh rh f'r' ~)'[h seem 'to s hare .111.-[1111.. u III pm III LS.tH~ ',," radical dl ~I.l0'1LI.~r~ rh is ~ P Lj()!;.;~ n o r e~Jw:nn onlv t h e ...;p{.' i OrO I] ncnl di mensron, bue a ISD I h(' i film" nen ~ ~tn I.... rure of till,·· u, [; 'h L' f[] nda rnl:.i It.:I! r ts t act b d.o 11t:'fo I' rhe hl~.Otbt":r; In ir, I;·ht· subject !r)"'lT!.Imen[;·~I'I.f.r\; himself fo,1'"hc 01her: while r
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_45 but also _rrucr ican - L.dll.st~ "",",1-" no!hml!, i-l':;:':-:' rhan "1-i,;;:iHJaloll,,: 4_"'VotTr imagl1l:1 ble s.nJpidiJ), wus !I,I i d .HJti l,·'vr i Hen ~ up to the ~,(L'm i 11 ist" pu uu LlJlH the: \'ire rowe rs ~'I."'l:re two ph .i ll ~~' ~~-11lbols "'v :1It·i ri~~ In he ,Jt,"~ rrovcd (·'.t:;1 .. rrared"). \\1:1:0. rh~~rt! nor ~(m u: I b i n~ pc U V ;-:1.11(I miscra ble i I~ t h l' rna rhemati C'S re 1~1 inth ng us ()f HoleC;ILI~it ir.J,'\' I; i011 isal I vi.-h ,H' ;'HC 6,000 i d-c.. ~lg,l i nsr mi IIi()O[L~ill R "","' ,J anda, Cu,n_go, L~TC)! r\nJ wn,H :4bnUl" the acr 1 hat the CJA (co-xreared the T~lk~h;;m and Hall Ld('[~~ fill.L1lo.:lll~ ~'nJ hdpm~ them to ri~'h1 the Soviets ill t\ gh:1msmn? \\.' h).' Wo:J ... rh i.;; b CI q1 iored as ;~r1 ~ f~t~ rn c In ,rg,"~iljM ~1.t[<11(' ki nH, them] W QUId i{ HO! !H: much I~jm'~ lo~i<l,:al w claim thar rr ~s p'rCl'i'it-l: rheir dllty ro rid us of t h L' mons [C' F r hI.:)' t.: r~':llj'('d? lJw momcnr ~'!,Iof think rn rhc I;'(TIT1S. o.f .. Y("s, the 'XITC collapse W.:J,S .j] lr.I;!!:,'l.'dy~ bur WI;,! should nu'! lH! in full ~ol~JO-!I'jt\· with rhe \,.. 'tuns, since Ahi~ .... '\.~ nuld mean "iHpfHH,.ing US impcriulisur", ;h~' ethical cnrusrrophc h.!~ J.irol,."th.l ~ arrived: r h~' ur~J~' a PP ropriarc sra nee I ~ ~H un (0 Ih.1 i iu )11.1 J '::'(lbO.1I1"1 ry '!,·V d1 ~7lJ vicn ms. Th C 1". rh ie~11 '>i nee pro I.icr i.~ rv PIaLO:.l i here '!!.... irh [h~ rn.m.~ 1ili n~ rn a [h L"ma ncs (It gu iII' f! n d horro 1\ wh ic h misses ~],(,:' ey poi n L~ 1 he k t erri fy ing t.kHh n ~ O::,'l' h indi ',,'d IIa I is a b~Ctl.u .it nd inco rn p~ r~~ lc. ln i n11 horr, IL'~' ~:J 0; ronduc r :Ii fo.Lllll plC' me 111;d C!'l; pc r i mcru ~ I f you Jol:lt:.,_:~: in yo urs..d f aHY J'(! IL]~I·;.b IKt· to .:!·r.rl1':;3 ~.hil-l' i LJ II}' W I~h the ,,'le [i In:-. ~) f the \~rr coU:l P-O;;(", i~ 'li0; L 1-' C fed the- urge- w ,~u.'~lify .. }'OLH L!1'I1p ... :hy with u ·'Yes., bILl [ ... ht~,t abour'rnil," v tnlll·j·1 II"'; ~""'h() ~li ffo::,'[" in ,-\ fr ica _ . ,"', yOll ;'1 re I) or dr.-Illons.r r~1 rig ~'nll;r Th LTJ J t·i \:\'1'mld :symp-iH:hu::;. ULt'fdy rilL' m>lU~M~£(~ ,hi".:h ht:ar:::. WlilH;''j-- to )rnm i mrlo[ H.:it r~H .m) :t.IHg r.l('i:q ~H~11: f 1 Lid,;; tow ....b T~l n i.-d W" or]J "'I(,:~iJ1l~, (_\1 m'l! pa':o.,.'i:,..cly. (]lC ,,)!'of k'-rn '!,,o,,'lth such o:.;ompar:m'.'e ~'t~~t('meJU:L- 1:-0. that· tl-!{"v .,re h(JI. h rw("(' S'S<110' .:~ nd i11.1, ...1111 i~~i hi (~~. nne litIS hJ n loL k...:- L h;;:m ~'11(; /'(1;,,'"to ~~a kt' rlH~ pojnt t ha r an IJ ch ....or~e h Otr'O:r's. ~;l, kC" fJ I ace aJ I OVN rh(' 'II!.' L'lor! d Oil .~ J.a il)" ' bj_~.I-'; - b m .;,;Jllr..: h, L.... ~o t'l.l.) :.u W i~h out &,L:(I'I n,J.::. ill "olv€'d L1'1. ~ h~.' oh";":f! neIl);~ d1L·JTij ..lnc~ o~· tlL~t.) ' g l"u wondc r [h I:,. 81Il~-\ mt.:n('~-)1i..;;m W.1-O;; Il'H.1-t;~ >1.11 ~u·rTI hie in ,L.1 i~" Euro .. i i pe.lll n:niOJl5. l::;P(!t.:]:l~lr hLlHCC •.md (j-cnn<lJ1Y; ]I 1... p,.. ur of rblt'il' I'(;':"~ tan..:c w . gJ( I :~1i:1 H Wm, \V/ e rtft'C' n 11(.·;) r E'llI..:: t:om r I il tnt Ifh:'It tlJ{' rco~'IlL !n:11 d rm,'·,nds. t:.1oh;i I i :l.U ion rb n:;'u't;'rl ~ dv,: ~(.I'\', l! r'(!'Ir,1bl~' of IHHWI1-\1 .W:"'~ h crt!, n()w("n:T. we ~IK~'ll.d qU1!lliry t.hi'i 'il';ltnn('nt~ 'wbi.o..:h :l>t,ltes nft" mo:-o.! l'Xpo:vJ.:J W [hL:-' rbro::... H? ]'[ 1:-0.IW~ ~hc :-.m.:lll ;;'{.111i;:':;;. hut rhe s~'nl1d-rnnk I.f'X-.hvtlr:'ld r(l'o."e~. -cnllnl:ri~':o.; Ji.h' !.h{! lJni~cd Kjl.l~J{)I_l. Guma.l'r ~md h;:mco;:: ~'I, h;H ~ht'')f (L.,:ar]_~tn;:!.'!" ofHlC't' 1i"l-1I::Y ~l'rr full Y Ill') m e r':o.L~1 111 I;'~(" I'lof'WI.Y f!m r r~ i n~ gl n', :11. ol!'IT1 r i .-,c dLC~' 'lollLi I b(~ r>l.:;;.hJc!:.:J H;o till' ~<lmol.! ~O::~,~ :jl~,sa~·.A!)::.~ ria ... IX- Igmrn. Ll-r tVt'll Luxel11 I't.rwrg, I Tbe fcl'u:\,:1J nf ~AI'H('['iof..:,mi7.,ltiOI1"in F.-,m -(', s.b~r(_'d. by IH~UI'" Ld[i~r:-. ,;'!II1d Ri:ghn~r n;L'I!onaJi.;;.rs.. i:-. ~htl'" Llltimarely thc: T('fLJ~al h) ·;it.:o:..Tpt· 'rhc f~l('[ ~hnt'
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~~m<1IC '>A.." rcen scparnrin p; ir tr ~m [he () LI'I .:; i rl L' \X'fl r I(L t .LCo:.:~p I LlI ~ II ~ arri ".,1 i 11 the R(".;.ll W 0 rl d, maki ng the It)f~~t.) \"t!J'd.LJ ~ Il b()\ e fr nn ".r\ th i ii_J.:; 11ke rh U'i <; bould n'r ha p pen her.r!·' ro J'\ !h LlLg J i kL' r ]11:'. :-..h~)t..n" [. II. l h 81'1op'el~(J,n yr.t.olwrd " •. rb.a t b I[ he [fLH.: lc... on or sh I:! arrac ks: rhe ()f1I~' ...... tn. ~ ~~' l! I b:-r;lll n:: t ha t i r wm no~ happen here ngjJj n ~sro prevent L~ h a ]'l'!'l'1.:.IL1n~ ~m yr.vln·ro:: i!J~(' _ ln ~hfjn,A.m crica sh 0 u Idie-am h u m My TO .1Icce'f'!'r [i':; Ow [] v u lnt: rn h11 ~t~· ~~.:) p,U" of th~:'.!o world. cnac tin~ [he pun i hmenr ~)f EhL.I':-i'C r'C:-'I"l-U II:';] h Il~ ,~ ...,~ ~.;~J d ut ~'. not n~ n n ""xh ilararing reral iation. l'he \\rrc arrack, again confronted. L.L~wuh [he nt;:cr::.:;';,~~)' If rl'",io;'tiIW; ~Ill' ( rempratiou of a JOIU.bk blackmail .. ]( ~Hlt:' ~L][~pl~i1mly :-l!litl LJm;(mJil·ion.llly condemn ') i r, on c (,11.1 nor bur ;'II ppea if ro endorse !h e hb rantly Id~' D I(1l1.LC'[) I p~l:,.nion of Auacr.ucan innocence under arrack hr 'I hrrd ,);lurid E'"'i~~ if 011,1,:' (IT::; l,v ~ a rtcution to. the dee per socio pol itical C~lu~t.:~ ') f j\.nd) ext rerni ~rI11, nr~(' C~ rl not bu r appca If to blernc the 'V ict i rn wh ich 11 I[1m., re Ir r~4)1' w h;:J~ it d!:.::O;C'lrv;J;dl__ •• Tbe only appropriate solution hC'i'L" I:" to reject ~hi:s ~'cry "hn
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that '\'~;'r)' r'e;:il~ml, (me could n t s~~(:T'1'111,''I:' rh-m (bI:L..}U:>C rhL'.~ WI:.:.II..:not .J w{l['rrily ~iL.;:rtfi·L~i;i1 ofrC'l"irr~). 1.L1'"1..::the events of I I ~('rferlll he I' 'i I) II'! r?~ h I ~lB r u ;:11 WI rh rhe (1hO;(lI['I.':end , v ho demands &HlW ~ 11 ·.".!"n'li(-r:-.~'y{'),., the ~pc.cU"'·lIJ.H explosion 01 til':: WTC W""ICn: was not simply ,j ~y Il1 h,d](' ;1I,." r (i n 'I he se n..e r1 r ;iI n ;1..:'1[ whose .. i In i~ .... Iiver a message P): 1 to dt;: i[ wa So r r i man I y an explosron of letha J rt IrUjS,1, ~I'(C?.., a pe rverse ac- (If rnaki n12; one sdl ;111 j i I'!!.LI' un tel It u f ~Ju: [~ib. Orhc r\ I()I~ I sss nee. Yex, I ~J~ ul ure of the arrnckers 1" :1 morbid culture of dearh, rhc .irtirudc which fliH.i:; tile climecnc tul fi lrnenr 01 one's (}\'I,.'.I! lL f-: ill v' 10k nt death. '( cs eh I.: Lll runare !:!11m o t the .1: tr i.iI r ks wa S not su lUI.: ItLJdL: I~ or n b~·iOU ~ i doL'ulogi';_:;li l ~Lf,r.!nJ;.r. ~ bu •. - rn::ci:iC I y iI) rhe H a.:-~[Iia 11 ~-t:n:\.of. of c'hf' rerm - roo 1 re tmU'nd u.;.:{' rhe d·i mensjon of ,1 b':>ohu(' nl,:'~<uL i[~' v iuro (I L!l1~ Ja i ~y ] ivn: ru :..h:l rtcr dtc mj LL13red da L]r C()IJJ.r~~ o f [11e j i ';,1'('';; () U~1 HUe 1\" it!' :t:.Kh 1i!.'lH'Il.as: .\A>I?iL ~~l';: 'I~ef!;l() U~ ;H. IT Ina y :l. Pl!L:!:i i"~ ( the \X'1-C .H.L,Ll k;. J II l>JIare snmur h iI~~ \., n II An [I~O 11c:':-. ;]]t.r~ rhcy borh undermine rbe "servicing of the g_4.) ds ", [he ['C'iglt of the plcusurc-r ,-:rliry prmciple. 'I he "dralecucal" thing ro do here. however. IS 11 ~r to Include lh(:~'I: di. 1::-, j II ~o ilk' ..rande r 1"lJ! I'auve u' tI Ll' P.1·u~)'t.:.'b".1 1 Rt·d~l -n {) I' I' lu ma [1 Lt} • [' which somehow, even it sr does nOI rcdc m rhcm, ~1 1(';1<:; ITUK ~ rhem part r of an a 11·..... con"! rM';':"IJl:l!: I a rgc-r con sisrcru narran VI':, "s U b 1<1 [(,:,;" ['hem In ~ n "'hi~l~ci'~ ~I.a!;o:..-~)I lk·vl:l.npmL·J'H Hhl.: ih~i ... Hm.iun ·iI..· ui Ht.'g 1;.: Ii,:rm ism,f. blat w 1)11,1 kt, U ~ q~f:~1f i n III nil r nwrr ~n nrx'cn>l:(,. t (j i ~11";'''i ;1 n J ;1";'~~:"1;j ('lollr .nwn I ~r:a ina sm.ui..: IibiJ.i Ll.:l ~) ~fL'" ;;_·SHHL'r-H ami elJ]g.l~l: mr fit ~n r n'l:m. ~('I. fl rn e- rn;~ [) 1'('m ~~11 ~rLlck I' i Ill. ,dchd if,ui n:e. ~Hve i rl'I '[be t.;K'~ oj' A DsoJ LI roe

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; riI 1 h.e ul d J('WI s.ti'r m(":um I g n·t [he [Ii' r rrr; .1 ~_:;jjcr~fi(."t'to[) ~he 0 b~(,Llr'e .Amh .• i m·t' ll.:.krJ t [1 :'H [i :'.fy thei r a... ~jhi,!'! J;:: Ij1 <liUJ fu·r j()!,!is;5.J.m~.~' ~ 'L he" a L~II i.h ila [ot:d Jc ........ ra t h~''-, ~H.::lolL~ to [h{' ~~ .s.. !liE: I'll's. 0 r \sh;u rn(" ~ n';'_'i"m I{ ('lim..,.1'1:" . :~ IIed H~11'1~()5~n'T - til n~i" w hf~,.~ l(h('lu ~h h\il'llol.ll, wert.! l'xduJ .. tl !1'O~rl tht! fu.m.an Lt)l1HtlLlnltr, · \,,'hi~h i., wh" olll.: cuulJ
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rC'1ll1.: mb.cf ~h~lI[ tl~Cii l' .It'oC' ["" 0 fLlnd,lmil'nl'i~! w,'r~ of :re.:l.l·rill,g [0 such H8.Um.lrLC c"errr.;;.~ which C~HJ;;;{, HnbC'M<lhl·,:- ~lnXj€,ry; "he- W<lY nt (he $upr-rego :lad 'l he ~\!;d> u 1 l hot <h,·C. Tb-t· ..~ <!J~' l,1 ~ha.: !>upt:rol.-~u i!:. prIx i ~d Y til at {;I [ l b~ "';1 (ri n..:-.;- Tn [he- II h'::'(lm" t.od ~ of w hicll [ ;1Cl n ... ot'., k "i.; rhor lL.'il <;'''c''rri0., of lh(: p b<lrh.1 riC ..' ~nkll.;.:il' \) f d1.l': ::i...1.... . ,1g_il' ~~h!!iC'l·]h.: la'li!,' III ordc r ['l ~ nil .11 rh t gil P or tb-t (~i ~i Llt, ~).' mbu.[j,., L1,..... ALHJ (hI,.' <)('t ~ 0 t:rc- ..A thl,.~ hl,.~rUi;.':::i thl,.· ~hOil 11 for 'me' is of ;] t:l.mrt\l" J('w!<.;h h~n.['nn:.l whl). ;:j~ <i gt'''>Wrt' nt· "'pr-.:i.lf huwlilii'l~inn:.. 'lI.'rt" <lsh'J br rnol: ,..:,lJUP (JUlcer;) to pert'unn LI JJ.IK(, lur dll..'J1l. In~tt<Jr-(1 o~·fi,;fu")in~, 5hc ,het 1(.... \1l~1 wh;!.. s.he held r )('111 ·l(TCfltLOrl. ~h(: ql!i"kly g.-.,hhr::d rbe 1T1.a,;_·hllle-~un ITom ".JI1(:' (~t tbo;: Ji·Hr<K~a.:-J ,gll'lrJ...; .imJ. bdnn.:- bl,.'irm. ;,hm dowil sboulJ

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Fig/~t C '~dr ~LQ ~~~~ ... "Hl ex ~ruord i n ;:1rYachrcv-rne rrt lor H oll yw~).oJ, !,;.!jLkl~s. this deadlock head-on, Th. fill'll\; insomniac hero (;"upt'd}l~ pbyt'd hy f:JW.;1uJ Nortonl fnUow!> f,~!'j lOL't(Jr" ad v ice- arul, in mt.it!f to discover .. h;u rrue suffering i"i, ioiw..; tl ;-O;UNH1rf .!:i.J'nup tor "'·..... -tHno.; ()j' ~·r;:'".,,[ktJ 1;.'1.- canccr.t'' ~ II ~:-.n(lL~J.i scovcrs, however. h U..",'"xu ~h 1 rart i.u: ol I0 ~'Cfor- (me'\. nt'mgh bou r
h ncher's

111:'';bns.s. ;l~ an indication oi TylI.T'!i; nonexistence - the lI!1~'N!al'd.['I~ p~!IE1f!:l1. .w,J erubarrassinz dtt~Cl of the scene bears. witness to the [acr l har Ltd ~"do::; 1;':) lsruge S! ,1. rc I"l,~n d i ~.,1'!lO\"'·CLI f:3.11"ta::;;m;liI ic rru rib. J I"l the i III ~\"I;' I ~ In W b i·.,: I. I- ight (J~~h i-, ha sed, rh i~ ~.~ nc j ~ wntten as an eN:"d, an ge h[~I.Wl·CI1 ~ h.l1" 'i~ rc.dly ~~.~liIlH on (Nnrton v is OC<)'[i.ii.j5 huusell up in from lOf. hi~ bn",.,,) .Hid ~rJrt·fm·<.; f:-Hl~::1-:';Y rrhe r.n'j.5 i~bearing ~lr Tyl('Ii');

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Hfli0::. J r~e· had I. ugh<::d .;~rter rhe unlon presuien puu ... kW)I..ki.:'J T) k'r lJul cA' hi~ duir; h and Trkr 'S-iI[ kill
me," Tyler It't

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ta lse su b I crrsve POS!t inn I' of' VO}"ClI n:;1i"cornpn i"1-; i (m J. ;j m~ soon gef ..... mvolved •n ~l much more radical oI,;'_:';I.:!I·'-L~~. On a :l1ight~ he !H~.~l~~"-, ler (BraJ T~ P·i.u), u c ha ris mat it: yOllll1g rrran WIH) :. bCJW:-" b im I' he ~:~~ i.!]' c rf .11 I.~c fi llcd ril f v: i!h [ailure and empty {:Ons,umf'r' culru ('. and -nt"fc.:-r-; him ,'1 :-.oitlw.):n: why d(JI~'[ [be:, I.~ht. bl.!<t1i[]~each utl ier ["0 pulp} Gr~1dll<l.]ly~ :~ wll~)ll' ruovcuunt
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J Li:-;,hnnor !>hClor rhc ""'ill_grir- l1W~ Trlt ..·.... illrl('Y" ~lhi2'r Tr1t'r clIrt':"d into .] ,I ball. hut Tyler ~"'Lb.. ~inI.m~hin.;. "( !lZ'f i1 our," I ylcr ...Iit!' "Trust me, 't;'"OLl'U tccl ;l 11)[ herrc r, Y'-"u''II 1t{'1 !~ t • I 0:;'.1
1 !~~.! I.!";!..I. .....1: '1 h.;.; m;;:'IL;Ij-':Ii,:I!"' ~ J!;~k wh( iI J ~.~)' .. \...·kl [~ h li .~. 111(.' id!:'.i ni i~f.'i.r;: .• I ~.l .... t h IJU1 nil h.:hjll~. ~~11 10 k i I Lg ;;J r the rna II.l,i!;a; \ ·1 i r WUl1J house rh t: 1'....[ ;l r rh« ~.~. rnrllt:: ... to r;;~ ("[1 d . t rl1Y ;Ul11 and '~b I i"I ;" resh hI. IHI-! ~1 t ~If· hl' L·i:"a,.:kvd n 11 LI
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work in g, rhc na rratl1 r d~!'n"" ~ ~lI1n <el f aruu 11K"nt" ~11:] \, oHin·, h~::J[HII~ III m ~ I t t n blcodv before sc -11!"i!v !--r:1ff :31"ri.1{Q i.B rrum ll-~ hi.. .;rnn;1ff". !i!.t:'1Ibos , '[he Il;lIfr~lt'or Tim:;. (Ln.1.;;t" t;n bi.,ns:eif rhe I...)'i.".' :=!g.~rC",,:..;ivL~~· ~o\";;~m.i'o.; im_ Arrerh "'fI.'arc.h" d1~ IUff"'I.H.lr 111U~[!""il~ <li '. (.m..r..:-O~.·{"r;··I~o[ :ioOnH.: II" ·.l:-.on. 1 ~hou~hL f III Y n rst !1~~ht "!;',·it h T )'Il': r; " Th i~ nl's( li~ht" nct"woC'r-rl t h~.'n:H'r';l1"Or' ;Hl d T ykr. \...hKn mkt·s ph~{:l'" In i~ p.l:l'kmg 1m om"li"k a h.1r. I;; w:;:w.,:h~·d h)" 11\'(..'" yulm~ ·


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Wh;H doc:-o; f hj ~ Sf' I t-hl~~wtInJ~ I-;trj"l1(~ f~):r? l)n ill ti r'."t ;J prl"n.H': h, n i" d~·., t n.·J.t" i i[~ I" f 1I1 ull1 Di 1:;11. sL I hm"r i!Hl i~ t.;} rl'a;.;h IJ U1 a nJ n.·-~~a.hij!:i lh~ (:OUUt'll..:ljOrl \J.! ifh .\



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rhe iC;;!1 ,[hL.:r (0 ~t'I:>f1""nd rhe undarncut. ..1 abscra ... -t.oal .)1\.;.1 ":1:dJIH.~;.,:-. (~I ca P i ra I i sr SII hlC'-Lt i \ 1[ y. be l exesn p I.Lflt· J h~ t lsc ligurc uf ho..: 10m: mmu~l ic uidividuul whn, alone ~11Ifnuit of flu" P( screen, ("mTmlUH1'i.:.\1·e~ WHh tht· entire wm-Id.- 111 contrast tn the humanuanun cornpassinn wh!li..b ot~I~Lhlo:.":,~l:'"i W rerai n 'lI U r d i,.~a HU.:· lo:..n....:J rd:, dH: other, rl ~o:: very ",ink fK l' o f rho('" ti1:.b~· ~l~[U ~s chc ;"]-:,(.1011 E ron n F rh ~~ "II":;' a nee. A I t h ~ILL~ll rh 1><; La ra tI.:p· is ri - k Y LHl d ;~~lhigL.lm!" (it can ea~i]~' r-t'~rtL~~ i('1[Lt ..1 pr(JlL.1-1'.1':'.o;."!~!. mach« hl~ic ~)I violcnr llL.1k bond ing,) It hi:-o li:-.k h!l!. to be t.1 kef! - then.' i,. n o odw r ii recr W~1.}' 011 t ot The closure nf c:q ital i....hn·o..;rn' irv, (-; II The fir r kS"s()II of Fi.,:.hl C/u!} is rhus tll.;at we c .. 11.3101;" ~[l LJ.in'o(_:!t;, from 1 (..";1 i:tfld .s( ro rc:... l~iriouarv r n ~U hiol.'c"tI'VII:"Y; rhc .. ;1 h'i.[ r;K'" i on, rbe For't'do:,-~Irc {J r c~~I rers .. the h lind r~e:-..;;. rbe n[ her "s !:o L!fieri n~ ~md p~.lII, h.:.t ~ 11 rs1 III h.: b rokcn '[0 i~~ gtc~tun.. 0 f takll.lg ~. ri ~k nsul 1"(' nc [ri n~ LI rccrl Y f)ut to 11[('" ....ll rtf' 1"'1 ng rl! ': 111,: E orber - il ~{'... ture which, ...;iU1'I,."t' H .;;.h;l H.'r'" the \.t'i")f kernel (~f Wit idcutuv, 4;, ,ll1W[ fa ill. L.~.1 P pear ex t r~luo::h 1;" i u It n t. I k~\... ·(.'~·!.! r, there i:, .UlOt he r dimcn:.oj,om!. ~n ... .,.orik j[~ set. 1 c·,·L"ti!'1W the ·u:hje-ct>. ,L:.1.wln_g.i":;""I1 ((""'¥;I,.:rc."rlll·mal i idcnnficari n, whi .h I~ eqjnvalcnt r(1 a.dc)p(ing dL(" pU;ojl[mn ot 12'111,.' p'mh~...Lrl;m who has n"l;"hiu~~ ru lo:o.t.:.Thl..· pure :!i'l.ll.jc..·c[ >C'n~("rhr.. mll~ rh« uzh dw; experience . ol ra d Lei]' ~: If-d l'~r .'tcll II("~" \\. h~[) t ;111l0'1,viprrv.-!1 k.<." d1lt.: (~[ h'\."T t 1.1 br!;U (he (T~ r {fU( 01 111'i;. ~'rnl~t ;~I i1~ mt:" of .. ~ s!u I ~~[-i.l n {i:a l ~ (.J I 1to:,·111, ul .11 1 ~ ym h ,~irL !-. LL i1 pporr \vh]('11 (rHlld umf(;,1 ;II modkm1i of digl1iT)" 01"] t1"l.~·, S., w"~n :\1 ~i!r('m h';':-;:li:': b i m~e-l t" IJ r ~lL I ['"{"'rill[ () r h ~~ bo~~, h i~ fT'IC':i.S aJ:!.(· til t h L! r.t,~:-. i~; .. I k 1lC)'A Y().[1 '!,,\, ,mt !O bca t 1l"L1,.!", bUI, rOLl ::occ. ~ O~lr tJ~~ i.n.: ttl be'l t" 11)0;; I':' :1.1 my t!(·s in', :'(J i I ym~ ~I-~ ,.,.rCf(' t f1 ~1t";"t I ~i.;' ~rN 1 \ .... uhi n b~ .111; II mg t he' m·~.1 0 d, t' ~t' r i;/;l n [ () t my ii!
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rn r n h uma nu '1[, el f, Til i~ l'L!fiiN.! su.m t,jo' [he reg) me's ow I 1 {.' xccss was 'Sui ... 1F crrrrt: ln I..C to ..lit: :! · 1 nn,·~n non (jf rbe I :)ydtolog~ca lin d i yi d u.... wh ich roo k pl:;l-.;r::' 1rl r ht" Soviet ... 1 UmUB ru I,h..::lste 1. 920s. and t';,H I} ] 93(}:o., H ussian ::.l V'lIlJ-[.I;~~roJ!;;! ~1 (~( '[ht: H enrlv 1910:0. fFu[Ufis!T.l ~ COL1 S'IT1.JCt"ty,i:..rn ~ 11:0f 1"'1111y 7r;.:-~ :;,;Iy l'ndnr,,~;d i~)l1 tJ"1 u s d rrin ~O;;'l,"ion rr even endeavoured to remvenr a new indu 'H ri "11 ru ;lIl - 11o lu,"~ei rhe old man of senrjmenra] p~l ~iun:r. and roots in trf]d~tinr!. btll d10 new man who p;ladly acceprs ~HS tole." :1."; ~} 1001-or screw 'Ill . Il; l~I~,;HHlt: co~ rd.i1'1a red indusma 1 ;\.."Ll ·Ium:. A::. :-''-1L: h. u: .... <1~ SU bv ersi ..... W I h H;ry "L~hll';l, e crelsodoxy", in irs o ..-{'ri(I~~llt i iiL.I'! lOll '.,!,/i th rhc CQ'["C () rhc n ~ti'l :Il i deology: ... rhe II,-:lt;lge of man or WVCn,Ll! ~ har ....c get LIIl E iscn ::,tl' i [1, Mever hold, C usrruc' m, i:"L r;lirujng~, •.md ~{l {lH, r::mVI,u~i,.lt"':s. c:h:f.: blt,UI[Y hi:Li or ht'r IIK"'i.'hH~lic~\] n'L,;)i'ff' III !21U':;', 11~-<: (~r h~.'r- t h~ ~rlll~gb dt:!"·£'lsych r~l!j)~17i.l ij"loflTl, Wh i~t '\!I/:"L": rer-Cf' i ,·(.",,1

are cu ~ 0 f t f r xn their ,m~·t·;s'[[' i'OQI:~.~t~lJ tlH:-" .lls.n l;1.rfe;(.: Ls thd r own LH ~i.!L1 .11, potential: reduced [(1 robots endlessly 'l:.I.'c;Hmg !ht, S,lmC' mcchenjenl M'I:'<t~ \_'i,~ m res, 1 hq lo .... the very "':;<1 paciry ro ~I ream, ro d ev i... T'il'oj~,,{1:;'oi of ahern :H;J\'oJ; c e [,C'i'lli ry, Wn<lI rhcv r_. x per i once is .lh.~ lunge.!' I ~o!ot.dg~,;J foil' •• dctermin ate pa.... ~ (:!'ay. nt rherr rre,·j ... more ~Ioill~ lu,,:: .. nnic" bnnl~r:-h' Iln·~). but. :;Ii" K:arrl;-an purs i~ pc:n. F'IjCKio U:il \,', .i.!I L1 " <L bso I tin': im:o.L~J~i ~L -. fill r ,,! Il ~~n'I.]xy O!'~~t:Ut:M whose sole r POo;;!ti \.'T ...-on nrnH i~,~.... ill, (;]Jewry life it S-C']{ - 'i:!l r, rh co com pt:o'" co rri lors of a ga fa....:to:ry, 111...... 'ever, is ..hi. Ju·'S:.. ol hi!iowrio;_:.d IIIL.:IIHJI'Y" uf rhc L:4r;h;lly 1"[1dn: ..am, r('.dl!- JU";;f ;~ n(,~:;H~"'" cxpcrien e? \'(fku i rlus di"lfl.t~~r.aLu:m (~f om embe-d... ledness m the concrerc life-world 1:-.. (a. Ilt"ICo:.:~L'i.jtI'~' sler~ .o""o,',,:w.h) the emerk,,:-.o:: <111 the weal rh or rn ~r ohlecT I Vii! r. e1 nr... "::0 'I: h.1 t, ,H r!1I,:-'; !t:'!,"(:,1 u toll i('("t i ",'C' bei Ilb.' J i."I m norh in~ :bm: ,1 O;:'O.l~ (~r!.:';:t m.len lllt,:! I hi$- IS \,!,. bJ t "."../115. P I .1111 b'l':l 1".:] b I.e r1") Ii n d I It -rho::- otti c i;) I Sr.<], I i iU:~1[ Ld,I:.'nI4-,g~,:'in [11:lt ~ t':'!] i r1 i:...~ '•• o;,m;i,-.I j-<:t r.._.\d[~n~·· wos -<''lmallr iH1 ;[[ilt:"mpl hJ r.\,!'.J:o;.:«_'JI! "S()r.:L:1,II~ln 'o..uth J hUlrLUl f,l('t' " , m r(·in .... r;;rih,e rh.;:· PJ"("~CC"s:O:;of i,[ld~lsr['i;:diZ;1:[i,· n irlH:r ·,h.:: L:O'l1:-.;r-r,lI!f1.!'O nF ~~1(, traditlonai l"'_l .. r.:holo~L(:almdi .... ldual: in ~o('.aliq Rearl.',r 1€':rl{S. p:mIIHig''i ~wd film:s • .i11l. ..li",·iJtMl:::. ..:H't:" no IOH!;!tl" Ji..:pir.:h:J ;:l~ 1"':11 L:-.. (}f [be :f:!,loh.~]l\ft~lcbUl~;, b~l~ :l ~ · "·;1 rm p:l :<.'i.iOiIl:.1 (' pc'n r Ie.. ...

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I'll i,:i, T(,fr rf'"nr;r rn II he I".H i n.ll. ,. i olenee- aJ 00 alkr"",'s us; '[{.l d is.! ins Llish LreJ:'lIl js i 1.~,lWJU IJotuCli'·l~r~.... hUmi:Hliry Irom rhl: rr..:t:tIU [t:ndcll(,Y m Lnrl'oJuL,t: :t1."'Iol'al~1 I ~f le -Iq,p Ii,:o;.~K :rC' ,1 o.;ml i!l~, in ((10 roli rir..i.ll Sl:flJ.lgt;ks. \Vbcl'l '"~1.")O~~ ti'.j} I'" b u Ul;Jjn r'l ~~b ~ T(' I.'Vtl k (·d:l t" rnr- r8 tJona lr lor a no Iu;:ic<ll - E'\'i.:11 .;J TIl I~i(a. ry In t'I,:,P;f,."11 r IV'I,.. QI,.U flr:;:.~,., [J..:!I iv'l: [..:.;11,. liu,n ....;)Jl'llI.O'l. (.;.1 i] t'lJ l",r.: til at of ~pon t.;.m ..'Q'Ll~ n'jm(-ing,: lLj.r~'r i~ r::nmtnrt·ing hl "e(' ....... ATO fC!!r.::-('"~illurn-{:[lL~ !lof "fnr ;ll')}, ''>]":it:''- • he .::~ n~)~ i r,.: I~f j~Til trgK () II rr:.'il~OH~, l"'m ~i.llliP.J)· be....U!5t" ~1 II,.:OIU ntrr i ~ ;')! er ud'l)' v lOI.-.t in p; t hll,: b~1.:jtr.:h I,!I'Tl-1 III r i gil ts. of ,Jl ill cfh n;o; g.roup~ I:s til i 5 not {11(oilly 11~~j'Jt!lI'l mtl" 1;'l.[Oh:lliz~'d,,"I'TI - [,Clo :-0:0:."1,; ~n111C mh:rT11J.Lil~m·aJly :1 ·k'l~......... :I';xJged torl:t· j:s ,.1 f:LI:U·;t I~1t'l· ! h;t t :.1. H 0:;01.111~ri (:5 wit 1 1~::"'Pi,;(,:t .1 4,:e[""!a mill im lIn1 Ij ( ill






land, Lll,t~alh'.also health. ~o,;.:i,i.'I.I,:""okl~l ,\i) standi rJ:..? \X.'h,lt t.au WI' ... h~, C <lg.LI: ill!:>t ,l L'csp..:-cmd i [i ll' rna 1[1[1U.~ l rri h~l'I il ill 'I 'hr Irl;'~tl (' r rC ):..t;("U n n:t: M g o:;r i mH'I.11 f"f11 H Icia ns ( Of C!JU rse, 'I 11K" uo ~t~~~ ~r"mlr.mcous rc ;l,;_'{ i nil 1.J f. ;1i I ~·ffl rud i ..::.,,1 1<; 1 ha r ot' 'it t:nl1l(!i.llptlOHH1"!; distrust: nT:r;~, [he ncurrahry nf I be" reference W human [,i!=!.lu~ !~ ot-.Ij,flma;:;i)' ~ nt:(il'tll'l - in [h~~present t:nn!>tdl,J~ltm, this rdcl~cIK(, Tn 11!..I[H~)'11 righ'L~ serves the global :('..;I;1,V Order dunuuutcd by rnc U\/i.. ~he- qll(kL;'I;mn to

rven W.)I1 on bt~h 1f ui hut I'L,J 1! l'I:I';tm, is. rhus ~I\~~ay'~ Oil what l:riH;rla Jid thi,::. )",'Ir~tLOlL I'!JI~': \X,'h. ,'~lhi'Hli,l1L~ i&l Sc r h~~ a nd nor ., bon '1' alcsri [I LtI.J'L~n h rnd. K urd ~ m 1 u rkc~ .• wd so ~)!1 ~ \X/n~' i j,~ Lu ba boycorted, whi lc ..-II HHJ(-t,. h ,u:;.ha l'on.h ,[.~.ol.)f",·..:H1 I"'qt'i [) L(: g·cts Frel' help 1',1.) develop '"s<nfc" .j,HT~mi,,-· l!Ul;crp.,y""'lp~K.ti~'",~ Here. flf ... .ourse. W(' I,:'Hfer the !>It~ d " wnrk~ fll' inrcrnanona I, "';;::1 ]'11 ..;11a nd i~ sr t a tl:~i ... i'1 t ~ resrs. Fur tl ~"-'l • S : more, rh is. pu I'd' hL1m:;)!11;l;1fi.J rH~II1!(.:,tl lq~i U nuzanon ('IIf :HI UH crven t'l(nl
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f poi i ri(.;" ru E1 the 1'I:,.b:. of iIlil petL!..! P ri bh em'll inG in ro t be: ~ ~~1which thl' polrtical 0f1poncm: ....rr,!r~"if'i)rm~~d rl...·W r he persoruriou ion ol !l1iJ 1'<1,I I:vi I. H iJI\ i~ ~ 11I~::L:l!ld ard I.I.J Li.~t a nswc r ~ood ('ncli~Jgb';: \'fh:lt It :lI'lHHlfH" tq l(" ;} reh:lshiflr!. nf !·hL' n ld ~'br :O{]I11,[ d{'mln~l;m()llI 0 r ~, 1':\1~e I,Je(l,I~)~, it.:;illi.mi\ t'r:s.dLl r; "Uni,\'C'rs:d IlL~m' n n~hH [n fad prn'lfc::gr in ..hvIJu;)b in hiblll~ de\'do]"'l"J Fi['~( World U.HJllUic:'i. ... ,~ The pmblem 'I;..·i~hf us L'eh.)~hine I~ rh;'l[ rr Im"~~..; d~e ~l~Hqll~' ~h~U1Ct'(,Io~ [tiif'llllg ~llInMIl ri:gbtL, I bcm::..:h n IHW ,1 t\'IT;lHl ul h~g([nof1l(.. :-.ll u~:I,d r.lLhc:1i" [hilll !1l1['lL:i1JC'ring ·[b.:.'!'f'n ~n thl.! ..'Iloe-my. Lt,[ lI~ .·, .. rot:": '" lJ f he f ,1H'~(!or t h~' II"f' h..~['el"l{'etn h11 m.l 1"1 r i ~I,t~· I'I~ I: he 1.1 t't' ,,~~h'[n mh 1,:C:l'l Lu r~': (~1'() Hl r:s~:, a r (he bt'!~i ill'! i 111:;. du.:-:-· 'I'''I;C:~'L' .' ill b ~['" l h ... r i p;ll t'~ oJ \,d, i iI'(' n 1;11L' · pr.openy.o ...... w::r), $![~nd~' c}.;clutJin,g Lho im ....'T d.1<:l';;C'~, WOlllt'I), ( (,)Iht'r r;1.i..'I· .... ;}l1d ... fnrrh .. T~h:ir ~TJ'y unLvt:'N;it r~,)i'm" bu\!!' t:. .. '1!I\ ~..:-[ 111 n mo(iul .•• 111 u.n~W)· ., i· ,.I 1" I,_V.'L not us. i'OO~~ .' , L~1en L . p3b, .....lJ·ro~'e.:; 01 (.",\:p:HbiiUL1: 'ust wurncn S;'llU ,,,-,1("
l}~,.li·!iciZiJI~~~m u] morals, Black<; (in H'-Helj '9,;·u.d he S-;)nlt', rlll:'n [he \vorkt'l·:o".. , , , A rod ~1 h ';'hH \"..~1"1 h fo llm\'ill ~ rh!..: ~d IH~ ~C r~lt.l:~~'[Ot,I.l ~. ThL'J'l' '!.'It'i II ,lh,,',l ~'~ ' bii: ,1bi nil! [' ~,n;((' to f h~: tl ~~ I;;l('onwd y of 1\h lr';;(·~' s; ~lff(':o;;t :ri t c:lLl:" '1..'(1 d nl 1\ tH( b [i':' l O~)1, ,~rld m hi::.; t' )o."l"r.) II i (,lin rn I hE'll ag lit' I[1 'I un..:;, ill l'Hl[ b ....i'! ~~, rlll: ,~u d \l\!:a~ c:o<t,:UJ[L:J in f)l'Jt:1 W l;0!l1111~ ......,,!.1 Ih~ dtl!':Jd!itloC ~~,t hy Lito:.:' Ul,.tl ij· It W.I" ,i . (IV ~ r .1.111: \' llg{~::.; l;l 'Vu _gL'ne r;l")l~'" ti l'ln~l": i;11 '11~!. ! Lo;. mtt'T 'h t 1.~.,H: d (l-l.... III t[ i '1:':-' LJh on h iri."]III a ..uS p If:lim (h;,'I.t t h't'!' \'\.'1,)r](,! pm .... c.:n !!. ingled LHJ'[)..·h1n\'l'~· L~ .:ll1 d 1.:1e'.,.fed him ir1lw ;,pj p('r"omfi....:-~HI~ In of h'll; LT ;"!ho ;LI [{'<:. - iH ihe ntw

y ll!:~()~blv j7,fH ·('rnm(·nt· <,; rll"hl ctan Ct· itn ;1(~ rn tt YUi2:0sb v respons i bi i ty ~nt I he ,i,,' iii r III t he 1Y~O~. It ~ i net: IIIi on W ..,.:IIIH~ t,(J t he Ill~! In uf Yug'!.)~hws. as 'II L";~ inss tid '\'(/ ... -stern ~AAn':..~i('Jon_ .\hl·.;IiI nmr..: I1Elpml',mil' - nnd the" finn step in the fI~llt ('IIrecnon - \<\':,'1 '" t he !lilt' :r.I.pc:'t:lI'("d ;1 rres: f) ~ A u~l;l1n,o Pinocher ['1/1,.''0 'yr;'l rs earlier. '\Vh.a t ...\,'·..;I il[~ '[til I mate 4,)l,J:t"':If.,l1 e, l biC'rmm edia tc idcolcgical reperc us' n o:;.io'l1'::;werr irnrncnsr: ....-hl.'n PmodlL'I' m·win-rim I. m~J~l~li, WiJ"i perceived in he CIHk ;1:-, all all-powerful Lintoll(·h.~bl~ rnuueru« 1.;:ri,:,e; afn-r hi arrest, the ]':o,.} c bo 1 U'f,."::~lJ barrier W J:" hrnkcll, ilt, ;''1;':10;; 11I.;t ~l fr.~ iI dd crimi n.11 uwc.m i!lJig htlmili;1lrm~ C' ....,1,:11·1:.;; in .rvoid arrrxt. I hot:. lirm1.I[lOI) nf I~W I'innchet C<1I'!ooC. hU\J,.''l.·,ICIi", i~rhar he comes [rom .J !!om'-III ~hM!!.ill~ll ~OHmll:l'~. \Vh;u, rh vn ('0 II] (''5 ~ltrcr Pi IKJ1+U'~ ;l n (I }.·h I(}~~\,H::'? The true ;l chicvcmcnt .. W ... l ~...I h;.~ been to go t ...)f dl ... liIgu I ar - \~) Pu rsu I.:' ~ IiI ... !o~~ r l) ~ H 'i,:'_: '·I III.; he 'II,~ ry '1;1Ld: h) ,! r I~CS.~ ::.,0 mconc ... ho "real iy rnn rtc 1'.... ", And her{' He tJ r r Ki ~:<;i []g'[!t. ~!. v ;~~g.lI;lhlrrhe Ldeill (,;111dLd~1.tc·J·''''rhe ~(.·(u..;;;nH~ll rh:H' he I.,. ;) Wrll'f' crnnuta] is .~11 ~~!J and we ll-substaruia L1,;0 uDC I rcmern her t he f.-! InULI ~ H!K. r.ilk ~u '\lith ich the m dcr.u r asked him dirccrlv: .LI-I{H. ..., dOL':" i fl.!d w h,~ ;~,..ur 1,.'1 uuinal? ~ . - K I.""U nger, () coursc. UTI rncd i <ltd Y '>to rn wd n ut l ~{ rht' ~rud i [IL I:-m rh errnorc ,. be I~ '110 IOI.~g"..'j pub[i(;JII:-.iK'livl'~ so rhc U)A c.mnut CLHIII h.1II. hi~ urrese w ould m ~1.1ly 'l,V,lY rrnpvde the hm..,;:~ummg 0+ 11';; ~t;m'" :tpp~ r anises. "Ihrs, l heu , \.1;'\)ll.lJ have been ,1111 a urheunc pol i I i,,;"ll (;.I,(:t.: I f, W~H!H K i:o:.:o.n~t't' was on I ;~ wul'ld ~.l~lO.Jt promoting a new bonk, 0;;0111.(" I,prdl'rahl}, W'(,.Gt EUi'op(!;:m I t·~ it] rry ;.'1 r ... ;...;~C'dhi I"fl ~tI..[' .H t'h..:~· ~ rr~ .h.xl Pi "I (I"h t,! l. I hi., ~e.,[l!i re would ~_ ( P"-I.[ riB.' HH['tn~H]ul •.11blll1lal'l 1'i&b[50 !.,1;] 'hin 'r~" rn 1h~· tc:-.L rOr'Li1lf i.L:;' i'Lnl..:liml.J.l'L('" t I) .,:-1;1, I'i \. rh f' i r <;T;,\'!iC{' ;l.1l d. ma b' .1 d1(HL't"~ .:"-L~ I~ l' he l!'" Em pi r wn!J ld ! ht' Imx.l:' hl:" rL:ll'<l:iC', rhlh l·..... p0.,ing th ....bi~~ ·:.tk[; or hUIILHl ['iL::,h[:;. or. . , ,. .. SO.lt~ L't i tHt' '. t h C' m"'I"'~ ....I.~n :Il'i Fl,H. r·[) 11~'it.::o. I... t 11 ,tt {) t' un.a na I""1,,' [y or. fO PM" ph r;;) ~f' (, T;1n d b I \ mJ2,oI..'1110 us q 1.11['I .l ~·m pns. of K.ri rlS 11 ...1'1/11Il.;:mo n '; .. Un i~' r· l' :;.al Ht! 1nd.1 b R i~h[~.? 11 ~.uod id .,;,,.- 11~.1)' bil!' "..;~ S.bULlld. !r..: S'[ Lf. uUI [~,. Js. L'l(l r r~ i;' J\L1lY 21101 dCCl.:;;inn of thr If\ S~.·n:lt·f: IOTch~·~,t[";~rt:t[ h, .k-':Sce Heims) w r~i~'t1' .;l.n~ lu(t~di ...."i'c.m ()f The ] hl,gl.lt' :Uhl III h~:r im'cl !ld.l.IUlla~ r.r~bILUli.lb U'!l-t:r l l\lli;;':r'L":~)11 (, iril..l'lli - ,) ",~('.;;i<;io!lwhit:h wok EuroPC.111 Ccm:"l1l'lunity !;("..... ..:m1


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IHI':-.1b in rhil' mal, ~lppmg wh~.,ky and ...h;-=!:r'tfliJ, their dl~~p ....' I's.:..bln , 1 bl~. rhen. d:bQLLlJ b~ tb<C' .I.llL'%il.P:' tH ~'ho~~in pO'NL·t who r.r,'frrr~... to ltum.m I"l~b'l.s d Lll 't hei r ;"j rrr:"t ~ ;.{ oriega, JI' in therr b~)11'1 b HlP. of ~raq, In ..11 T l\:O~ll,lllll .... I.:i blockade ot Cuba, In [hi;: pursuing of the Yu:~o~~.jJJ"" ,·...,u L['LmirMI~ hy l.fK I. bogiJI'l: t r ibu [1 J I.: .~ rrest K I&:;ingc~' ~~:r stn it r.~I':F I :l.ITI scrnpred t('];l!;;o even furrher here - WIMl about the ,,"".I~.·~'i'I.mphi( shot! ,l:!4,h red madness of l·rt:!'o~Jk: Lh.l,5h :~ de..,.:.. i 011, at 111tend 0 f 1\,b l'ch 1o~ I, to nt i ~ n:-m . !bt: on his clcctm', I peomisc ro ilTlp·krnt'JH rhc Kynio 1·r'c.";UY ~. 11 ~Inh:ll ..... .arming, which ~cn" la~lilirs: for Ct]Tnun JLj)X!iI,~t; emissions? 'sLlllh.: ".Jt' his crtncs 'lJ,,"'.:;r'l! fully 11J st ifi cd ;[~ d;l i ming r b:1 r rh ~s :1 (-rtO!l arnou [,H'C'd ~o rh e Ameri c:'!m' hL:t·r'~y.11 of rhei r responsihi Iirv ~,:-;,iI!:.loo:8l ".)t I 1.~jj ';; \"" ha [ rw 1)1[ ha~ th~: US /\ nOW T.!Clcondemn BI ,~.~,il (h.-:s,~·o. the r_:tlldo!r'l'~~'. or ChirM t'l.)[' huil.dinH for ~l1Ig .1 darn 011 the Y c 11 (~W Ri""{T? ,.~'he roral L;Y-ill";L:i:m ()~ th is d I;'{'L-';~'sn Iies i'l1 II":; il,~dfic~I~on: presumably, onlv 111 rlus W,l.~ can we prevent 0 hike il~ elec tr kh an ~oil prices, wh ic..:h \,\,4,) u Id h it poOr fi("orl~ h:)rdt'~L Th iI; ~t':,rul,('e
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01 dm· uup .... I~ W rdormulal't,e the [problem In sse terms of I'b;j,' t't"mi n Inc !-;itlc of t hc Furlilu I;]s nf sex uat ion; there ;.; not h In,g wn ic h 1':0 "i rn rl'l.y of"'fl. t I;'nl,''Il r! ~ rhe :;:Y:;'['f.'I1l., wh iol.?.h is: E1nr parr of ir, a r rn<!: ~;;'I, fr'lt '\ ~ '["i.nLI;,! he 5 ~ $t~~'1'1 i s rUJlll . .'I.] I, L[. ~:.. 1:1"..:''1;' a bll' h ~ l~)I.o.J ~;:~ !L~df.~ .•• e L' full~' to GOJH3.iJ I ' '1 'f he e''\:':;:~'~<;~-'; l't W' rI4.!'r;~ t·L''':;. T~1J"; !l'Le~Hl~ t h ~ll 'I he ~yst(.!·!l1 \; excesses arc rhcr011 I:: hlv and irr-d rIJl:~bJy amhrvalern jOt .. undecidable", W USe ill more b!!;hj·IjoLMl:dc term» thil.!' Y.I:'!I"y cli::rm.!!E1: ,·,,'hl"]_ ' ' ,1:;' (;"ll.j::!;t:"mJ.:!'!"ed bv the svstem in order to guarantee Its do:..~m· (.·~J~lturn IiH ;~. hr -ar _ e C'It f'h~ TI10~t r r ivial t f lollywoeel n1I;,!kHJr,I.'IT1';'i~ L;'LH1 Ilt,'! ·'lfr:LI~~f~HlL:llun~llJ.t.eJ·~ mW die': bearers of ex p losivc mop i (1 n porcrural, :--J m"" hc:'!rtI..,J!oj t his more Qh'!.,m01I!i rb ;HJ 111 the ';',1 S-C ot n:l i_gHHI: ir ca r~ fu rKl~~rn .:i,"r ~n ,. U ~ 1•.' "1uru of I he pee p le", <'L~ rh e I nl.aginury .:;, pplemcnt u \'~'h ich 1Tl';) .;;.:,:::-. c llolJI.III'"(, L!II l)[!;! nl bit: rea] Iry, or it .... El su rn .'lga~.II:!iit 1 us ~~ t he very c ... )lHhti.cml; wh 1(;h ~~;i.",.~' hu"~11 W 1'1', ;10<; 'V;l s: rh e ca o;:e wuh di ~fe'rf' nr


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hy IMr'odu(:iifi.r- ;l sphr into unlver-aluv Ir!'oJl: _. In I I 8.l·g.d(.~~l';bet ween ";.l])~trae t ' J n d "cone re re uni ~'''''·I·::'';;ll.iry. 4.1.1.'. til La ('~ uese. nH" .... cn (nm nnl~' ,. All \ <In' 1"', I~,,)I:') ,~ ~J$ .m h ts Il~·. c , and "rhere IS no S w hich ]'5 not ~l"', F'"jr~t, \,i,'~' h ,w~:ill:' o 1~l'p{)..ilmUi ~ her ....... n un lvcrsaliu and its r . ,t.:.:! C' x.... .eprio 11 - tfJ'f," C xu rnp lc: i\ Ian (:~S :"L1C'h.J tS.;1 rut iou.il be i fig" ~suppkrn cnrcd hy ··s,nnlll..:' rJh'l1 oUt' Im~ funy r"L·timl~l·l ~<1.l1d - the F.:a ....·~~tlnlplac<uitm _ {n.cfd(.HC I,<or flJ~l~' hmu.J.n). O'e'l I.he: ItlU['t" Jir;;:-cd} ~~JILlj'l·iz~.'J "'l'l':Joion: ":\.

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do not Je~~rvt! Idr(· ~HJ!'n:r.'Id.y :;tlltl fit fod t!.1l~ fn.:cJom," The c[Uciallll ight h C'iI'"i,'" j..;; till' -I'1I1C' In tu t h [! ~·I. LL...-[ LI r:al Ilt·e{."~!ii.q ...,f d~ i:::. t'X-(t"'P r 011;... H C~,I;'I pu t r It, du' ,Jrrlc~n>HI'j~j ;'(!eo(ir,(1 h ~n rbil~S~lmt: [;mt: I[he- ditfer'cn('-l.: 1'lol·tY.....!!.:'n g'l!Tl1.I~ .~Il d it~ !)Jl~":[~.!'~. .... \ l.:!I] :1:.. StH.. h !:!,. f't't"l:" m eLm 5- [b.lr ..: UrlU' people." ,tn' n nt: 1 S frC'(·.·: () r, 'Vnt ~m Tcg.arJ ~() f bt, Ingic of ("'''q)i]('i r sy I'rI ho I K r~O:rnl'i, :j1I [1"1 t he-L:r" ob .. .;(,:t'rie MII.'Iopl(:!l~wm·! "the: l.a\v i!1, mlt.:LtH;,l.I and C1.l I tor a,1I~ mlt'~uJ::,~h~H o LL<li [I~r:r~ l~ i1 i:i'C'f l)f n b:';"':oCm'u n \~·titt"-;lL r ul.d .,,~.i(' h prj vi k~!c <;o.me Ii! n~~ n.:d n d L' ntheni., hi :'111 th l'S~.·[lllS(.1.·~·1 d L' 'rll!" ~ ~lr'eo [he ...... I ['I on h'l r the i:J. w to tll nn~on t: tF4;'Cf I VI1"I1' f) ild ,1.11'.1 T'q~~Jhl.h·:,,1lu.ll r{ ..l.H~Ofl!'h [11 ~,11l'[i~m [crm~! Lb.._: Ubli-{:{'llC I;m~'!.TL1.tcn rLill's ,.... hd1 pOSit f:X..... l'rt10'I1S m !fhe norm (',f', rh.r ....... w(, iJf(, nClr olll~'pt"rrnlll."'Ied! :,1y bt.!t [,:~'I;'-I,:: I. C) h 1Ip:t::tL [~'II V 10 liu:e rh e no:rH!l1 .a n: il k i nJ ot fm n 5I.;~·rlc.l;;~ll'[a I :-.t: hc:ma: Will~b HlcJL.L'L .... l)l!L~...l!·L:'H the ~J"mbul~(! IltHm .md ...,("~.ll~fC''''. ·:" ' r ·1 h f' .. j ['rrl Lilnlt " en 11'Il[f' r pn i m Tn r h; ... log'i-r n f 11 j \'CT';,i~ II t~ a L1tl ~{;:; com:rimfI I' I \'l~ ;;~xc.:~; [i ml. L:'j.~.. Tht: f(' 1.-. no L'n~lIl w hu i5. not tl. "',11im ••uI ht-i~\_g ,ur. mora: P prL!';':-I~d y'. ~h I..! I~~ IS llorh ing. i.n/o t III ~m wh ie h i <; (HJt~·1 L' L.l n Of! ~ II t.,.. ~ ;1 n d. t() r d du[ '!.'t:i')' I''£!~'';'lm.• , ::-.JO[··~II(.It rna" I;,.. ratH11.<tI." I II.;;' lOWe ht:[{~ lS nO{ (ha{ of the c:X~('i}hull [u dll' lmiv{'"rs;"!liry. hut' (':If somc .lbjL:tL, ~o.mc <,;jngui.1!3ry.

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giv(.!~ 1m!.!}' W the ial~i(~' (~f '·irs·' lJn.i"'~"!J!L.::l;]'~~~. r I~I~ ~::"Ihc logk ~j ngulnr :!Or Ill! rn 1ll:11 oC' lcrncrn ~ Ij kc the- llor !t.'l.1r I at 1'1.)1' i\ [;u:X: I[ II ocs ~u.Jt Iunct i on em I y a ~ a n except unn tu i Ir~ II n i vt:"~"i.ili IIII:Y~ r:~ rhe r~ iT d I n·~~ I~ De-I~;;:;s, undermine», ehi ... umvcr~,1i Iit), - the very 1,.'·XJ.:H-tUCc ot the p roJe~~~J~ ( ~uC'~.nS. r rhar the w'h'l')~e o~ the (;iJr~t;tlis( system is. "irrational ". (P'l!rlnt],)!\. ~hl~ 11'i,,~l,l~.Qi bow we sh 0 LJ ld fo:;aJ Hq::,d '.s. ~ E vrrvth i Il;l!:. ratio Ilia Ii,,; :tC! ~J:~ 1.~:Ih I ('~:~'~)Thjn_g .;)I ctua lis: I'au: ul:d" from fl is. Foreword [I I[ he- PI)Jlosopliy HI U I~IJ t~ . 1 Ii.,_, i'_elS Til4)(hmg actual whm .h rs not ranonal.' I I. ~IS J In'opL"r ,dt .. lr:ncal '"concrete uni ve rsr ]En'" works: ...ill' rc is n !.11i.11.~ ".i ~H~ h IS ! I O( po II W.\lJ ~or, t in rradi t i.(u~ n ~ ~ ·rm ~ "there j;:.; n lth ~ng II ... . hich i So nm :J ff :'Cto::d hy class ~lr~;~~l~ ~). wh icn ~ preri ~~Iy. does no r ru~.a~ ['h~r. ~~ lJ! r;4,::" i. _ ~)( {",:~r )I_rh~ ng", bu [I r:,l rhcr, ~h~llt tilt; J1'O lit I";;t I dass st r LJ~J t: I~ L1'1.1 .~).:H]H ~i~ I., d .,~g'l.).I:1 ~ t )~lrI':.~ feature which :lfft::,"4,;11J, Cl,'t'I;T clement o+ tnt' "o(~(ia] edifice. ~Llbn'lLn1ng rr ro a kind 0 i amml LJ tph it.: d i t>UH'l icm, In Iceland. S [He dilirt)' Tl'll.lc:.> northeast 01 Rerkl.1~·Lk, )'otl cnrr ..toe dilS' D~ng in one nf 1t::5 hl:o:.~OI'I,,;~1 l,.-ull·ll~unu:iulO""; under rhe n,:~m~ of "_lthmg. • rhe ~itv !J I lh~ .:Ii Inutal Lil LJeLl!'· of b IIITilOSf)i] II j nhu bitane, dur mp: \-", ich they h deba ted t"C'I III mon i .su L":L: .in d t':.;;~;t bl i she new 1.~1 5, I)n w 11:J.i l ~~oy~ I i'H"11I::l1 r W II sec thl'rd A high L1.iff ~ftum wbi..:h the .. law-speaker" rll o...:IJ Irnt~tl nt'w laws hy' sl-! O~J ring ~ $e-p.1 r.1 [fo,d by ~ ri h 1,'~ 11~~y fnl'!ill rhc .pl ai n tQ ~ hoi." II!';:'LM:("'0' h!(,."r(' the i;;n)l,!;,rc,.I ~.thL'rt:"d I. Thh, rh~'!'n. 1:0: dH" Hr!il surpr.l'Se; ~he- lc~I:~_m·I~:r'~ cbo::.:c:, afO hr:1 r gil I;hC'ri illS piLl ce d~{" ::.t[:·r:: ,;)f :1 f{1",:{) logi";i.ll ru pH,m; 1dH.: J IVlo:.k· het \'~ICL:U du; onh A me ric<l;n an d [he ~_LIr ~~I, 11 01,.:0: m tmc-n m I i' I;]tes. "JI,'h!ch .:l ,e phY.~LC" U:~,. ~ t!¢.Arillj.\ <JI1.Mn - lhj::. i:-. ,~Ih~' rtll.:n: Hn~ ~C)lJ1imr l'arrhquakc:o. ~Jl. k:.r:.:lcllhj_.I. as H tl1r..:~· irnrndcd ron indic:li,[~ nO\ii; ~}[}btLL.:"~", ~Il if:) VC'ry llom.m. Lhll!' hd,J 01 1 which of T he

rf1a[ rhc tHr Jl i!l~ \V .1... an exem p I....lr~ :-.ire ~,.f P;l-:.j nlj~itJ ,1; !1l,l!1!lOHi:sm. then. erha po,;, a gil ide rn k ~:;1ml cu] nI.rl,! prr!\ ide.;.. (he r.t.a.;;.( ~n rn ~ r c 0P!.'"11 ~lrltl br'u [.'11 IN" uy: rhr.: essen C(" ot k('hill~ I c conve ["~,'Hj{.1l1 i::. "rn'Li It. h nor .. M$Uhlr'g d 111!;;' ... ,d Vol.·r,>al'~" (:l n e n 1P [Lng ru· un Jot: rmi f.I~ h: i So s.ymho~ i.e-sta tu ~.) i:J1JKtl bed D to 1.1 [he r,.'er~ ~ll'an of rht'" pOIEiic:l1 process? I" ,hJ.!:o jn;:;'LI'Jr!:I1~nor the fund.llmf'JUal mrui,u s (Jr~r~wd / lJ,r poi Iric.a' d t" b,uot?





(lone nt rhc bnsic f~"l!l:jJll'l'~ vi' democsa ")"j':; rile tra11:Sfmn~:Ltif)n of (I uhrLt.~1J I!:w..my rnro ad- crsn fl~i of J In C'{lJM:f j [Ional J: I n<l~r.lllj::.n I iHt~ 1 ;1~() ui sn L com peri r i(HI!: an adversa tv i nur ,I mortal l·hrl,.'~H W pOW{,J"~ :i.lJnO,:'the place ~~fi[ I... orl1!:inil"}o ell-l(1'ry, i'I pbClt.:' for WJH.. lS'!..· Lrem puraJ J 0("£ I IJlat I nrl dH'f,l'J'(! II~' ~tgen rs 0.:.:1 r] Jc~g rl matel ~_ ('0111 ret c, I~'" \X'hem,,·C"t 1,1.0'1..' hc.tr ~:h we II eed [11 m I spcn cI the iogi.; uf ru From




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riom:d f:rorn 9JI) 1I1l~il 1798~ wlliglll)1 the pil,:ri.oJ of rhl" frc&)("h Rt"1,"U!1ilHJflI. \,~lH;:I~ 1 h~'·I:l')&' :l:';"ll..·illbly wa<:: hel,d - .1H:HU, :;10; !f tn mdi(":nf' how nH)~em' pJir.1 i iLn]il::m"if~U''YJemc!I;.:mey i:!. .itl COI1.1IXUI hl~:'II !tlt [he .=LclIV!l: .l·n~.a~!.:mt:m 4) ~ aU \ ('~[i 7.0:."1' ~, :md ~JU:I~ bd yi Il~ dlll' ~l-:i.1.' tt,J<IJn dl:~t t h (," A Irn Ing W~l s. (he: f] ~l S Jenll)Cr~Ltil,; ~~~",dl("'mCiU In [·hot.: h~-o,;hli'Y 1 f ]UII"ll:L"i·[~I. This Thin;g IS nor sm-lphr tbe illl.Jll! pn.:sem..:r.: f)f rhoC' Rt'~l - L :!i '.}f..'(d~~, il~lPQ5m~ itllo Jt'"'f~t:"~ and ]Lldgeme-m:;. 'l"hel'l tilt' ;;1J~s("n1hled pOP"II.'jj[iOl' h~·.d ro;,~~..,;h,;_'d <iI "'·Oil1(~~l-r;;I.f)n~ the
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Rinht". ""'°rth rhc RiL!;l1t ,1Lt:qHUI_g j[:, indus;l<.m ~ mlJ Tbe Lt'.r ino;;istmg; n ~rs Io.!xch ::.ion rH.lid.er in .-\LlSI"r'I~iL rh~' !il(·f)-F.l~Cl'it. .i\I/.(~.mtd Ni.t .. iuJM)h_. !n h~ly~ etC',.? \t"h~ no~', JIl~i[t'a(~ of ";l!JnJ~rJlmnr: Qtl~ of h;"l.nd ~I,i."' .itltroJllt.:ti()H 'Of mOi'aJ i:'o.rI(" all J .('g:'l j i s rn: ,_.;lt~ori l:~ j r] ttl, the !).[ Iii tH..:a' s.rru!lgk p'r'~~pc r i (!~ ..t(!'lcI ~~~ir <:i1}plioL'a:cun" c..:t: u .. LI nn~ rhl: ('}o,"n'CmL~ H.lght' CI:oj o;.. ~h rC'~l j] y f..... ::h mora I11' i ~ I. IntIlC.I,:-epr:l ME'"~ ,i" :l P;'l r3.1:I] ~Ij ~'K: shu.! Illuj? J n s.h rI·rt. 1,\0' h~_ Of" (Wf'rt])' (_'l'Irh'lrs('" n the pOltli..,;j;..:;ali.!tH~ ()f uhi,,·!\.. itl 'l"i1lC" :o;('rl';;e of i.1lmhshiu~ [Lhe ~hstaflo:.:t.' """~W.f'l"'!LI ~'he two. n-{ I,.h'HI~Ln.K tho:: Jegal LUlL!IlvlraJ tl,.Tf:l1n II1W nno~h('r b~l.t'l"ldidJof J}'tdilk'al 'H.~emnJlY (If rC':..;nnillg TO Jir....:..:[ l:thj :..)/Ioi:~.ar ,~rgUmol.'nr:\' :'Hld rn ...1...






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ures tu di.;.s_:rt'i.'II[ the ~'D(,~I1L] ?,..1 TI~C" go.ll o l r"di>t:.11 I .r-tTi'iL" ! nl][ic-:.; ";]H..nld [h~rd0rr.! he t h L· ~',,-'a'~f'.! ppo~ i H' n' tnt prmc i pled wlr.'"1'a ur 'PIIIi'I';~1i :-om: t u c I'CLlt~ the publll.'- s.r~{·I:'· m which .... orne \J'j.Lis.[, 1l:~L_) ~t::ttC[iH::tH'S .nHj i)r:.wrKL:~ ~Hf;' il:tlJnll~:-.ihk, !'hs.t is. ~lllll"'ly ~'HH'PO£:s.~bJf - rhosc ... vho uncr o·~ pl'.1iCnl.,e- rhern exclude I(Il("m'i.i.JI.'I:::~ tmm rhe (nl11~rLlln.~ll S.p';lt1:~ Thi~ is. ,,\r h~·_ L'\'(:r~ 1.1[lU: :J r adi I,:al lot i gh j":;1 stance ~r rom ~'-lolt)(';lIlI:;'[ 1~C'~"!i.iOm'ill1 ~o;~ nti -fl' ni n1JHLll i becomes 'l.J xcprcble" in p~Jhlk J('h,He-~, r] ~. Left 'j.ufh~r~ :.~·JdL'!~L no ...... ("Thereby III facr court some kino l1f "tl1l~t.:'wu!. ··("}<tn:lI1i~m ", which




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as. the ~n L'l.Iui 1.(' I.) isorder frl' CcmU't11 rnisrn ' has b j·l;'l1 m~.lre rha 11 pc rtu icnt ove r reeeru d 1.:t:i:lJ~. when rh ~ L~h has n t t en SULTtLJ'n bed w til c rc rron ~r 'Iemptat i [~HL Pol i fi.:.:.i.l "oCxtrI!'H~ ism" m' ~ c ).:,;,'f.'~SIV!l:' ra d IC~~ lrsrn ~hlH~d uh .... ys I a he if'(,~ d :1!i, .1 ft~ll:n 0I1'1(:]10il of i,d,C'(_~I(:igJ.(~)- ureal djs/~ hl.((!m;f,:nl: ;h nn ~1LJcx P~)I n~ its 01:J1~l.(.!'!'. i rc, (J r a lirn i~f1.IIOLl. of ;;I. refu s.,'! i :11..:1ua II y to. .... ngi, = ro rh~·i;"LHl" . gn Wb.i1·r ,\,;15. the [acobins' rccour ... rc.. rJdk:=!l ""(I.;"rr. r ' if 1'10t .oJ kurd of ~ hy,:;;ttri ~~ll acti ng - ~m bea 1'1l1~ "vi O!.t:3l [U d1L~ir ina hil i\~. ,;b:o;tuth h L' V C' ry [0 h.HHl.1! rnentals of (!. 'Qnr(lrm ..: ord :r h'l·,'iv:iII:,,' p mpf' r )'. to tc.I? A ud d 0(':-0, H or '[he S~Ul1~ H~ even i'nr the ::.(~-.c~1.1 .. e xcc ses" 01 PI,.~IHL";al Co r'rL:"_liic:;~? Don' r kd they, a1:.0, ft· Vt',d .J ret teat f rom ~li"it urbing the ['(':l.1 ~t"l,' normc, fTC.) ~;rii~E'-:; 1 'u f r;:II:': iMiL an d sex ~~Jn? r~f''hal''''', rhe iii, rhe rime h.h (on,".:' t.l.) r~u~e .! ~ 8. I f"l"nblf'm rhl' dtl";:'t-~(' WP(~~.... hM"'~! hy pr._ -n'ir:..:<l1ly ~,~l "'p05.1;'I!11(~JL:r.'I1." l.(:his.r"~ 8,1,..";'U'lI'dnlg (0 " ..li i I,.'h P(] ~ltica~ <. tnt:1.~1iD':1L'1.1ms.nl" ";01 I iC:~ ow fr''':; I iiI" ifCJ Iii rho,: rrL:dm1:~in~lnL'(: (it" tn::1t("ria! rr(HJlICnOn ~Hl~1 l~.._bnt.ll'I11!.~ ~J\ t':f 'I.'ht: .nH'r"'Hbi~·i.:t.w' L'1.1mrmlll•..:anOH .!liJtO[ ~rlnhulj(_- pr.1.I.t.ce. i!!; it rnc roo[ of rf)liflGll .

~\n en d In Itself, CoJ LI;!-l.h t III 11..,:; ~)WU p.l rox y;.;m t h I:'_ ~ u. 1)(': nsion ul I1.h~ lrnport a Ilet! 0 ~ .t he ... hll·n· of ~IIt: t 'll.:omm'l~, 0 I (Hl;H t: rl ;ll) ]lrmIHL-ti on brings p ,~",hcm close ~'O J 1.11 iHrL h A.7'L I'!ld." t'o r ~~' i n, ,.L:'. fo r ~~:t~li'LllI" trO;::t·-do:r1'l. ls (fI~~pl;)~cd t-O rhe bu J rrrn ru I'] ((If the p rovi ~i(]11 of goc"d'i and .!;1I.·r·.· L('''(.·'', r h~ rna inrc iltUU,l; ~..iF he (msc ~mld:,. :-11'1(1 !11L' (;",(I:'~l;i~4,~.of _;,ijil..hrml.I:O:H~I,llllli. whiL:l~ ~lo nor t-:.elm1!l fI noliries pr~)p(·f'~tlH.' [lilly place tor ircedf.ml i!1.lll,c·[HIH1L.H1:31 polirical sp::tc~. In rh ix P r(;. 1'it· xcnxr , Ibd in u '!-; (~,nd ,~yl va tn E :17,:1 rus's i.:, ~) ptC';1( fOI'" the rc.::al,"pn~l':-'.J1 :JI 1 cnin 10.;more .HlIb!~lU)lI· ~ Il~'1,jIIt IIll~Y uppear: whee It Clctll.mal1y ;] (110Hm~ tn I 'i :rwdml~ I(·~:L;t h fin fI n ~ij ~1 :H1,~{),IlITIi('nt f.l ~ 1\ b F''fii 5 k C'y insigh ~ in ~'!:.JI n.n""- tfw f10 I ,t1.01,.''' I -o.;tnL~r,y"I~· i~~ <;pl;.·{·t.~d~ ,,"!"'lm,Jl, tn ~m.I~T deciphered, ~a!i ~.~ b~· roeh:.·rL~:J W she ~p here u f CL,.OJ lOI' t ics I" i f M~~ ism had a L1 [X ~ ;i] Jl.il~}' t'LCl J \'::1, ILH' i-o F In J.~ifrnJl ~h~.~ W.'l'i. ],1" ll()~ In, rh L' in 'i.i'1.~~n(.."iC rhe )ry that problem of tr-rl·t!om w;~:s contained i'11 the « 'il~1 J'<:,I:molls H11pl,iciTI)t Jt:dau't'd ·1~!1 pul it iC .. r - T 11.11 t 1~;.n;~t~J r ;11 57.cd - in Ii bern I (I iSl..:f.,ll,lrsc ,. I ~., 1- ;"\! (_~v 'i.·onclll;''r the 1. -run H~Hbol.l arid 1.:lJi.;.rll~ prelcr i'i rhc [.cl1ln ot \Vb~i!is 10 lie Dmlef. the (~rl!l! w he) ~ i 1'1 hl:S ~'1L.:~! ~ t.h,~'r :'_()J:; i:,'ll!:-..t -r':':\"'4_)1 ut i [1Il.U'j' con 'it.: II) II:-r;nt.::-..~ h,~<; t( ~ 11('; Iln~)1L~hl rn rhr' "K(~rkiI1H .:;1;;1:;;:;; From ()u~~ld(~1 hr.i,:,l.b wlii:h M. rx'_-; :1~h..:ged
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P un' pol Lri..:·s" u f H ••...Ii nLl. R arH.': i L: n: mHI ~::d I b;'( r, iI'1W'l~ I.Lcui1Li'1 th :i.m I 1\,1 D: l:'if. .... r.:,·-.; ...iIh 11'" p'~~;Hppm"lt:lH', .-\n .~Iu-:-'~~Xm' en lrllr~i _ ~I ~1;~ " (l 'mc.lit:~ ;HH.I their ro.,:~!:'j c_m stn,lAAlc:;o. for rt;I..:{)WHlJ ).IL, h(.< JL:~I';tdilfi.ml 1.JF tht:' :!iphcrC' of the I,:ummn y. 'Il:l ~ i:, t·() :-'::1 \\' h.;u ;11 J r h L' IU·'..... J-r(.[ I I..: II tr hc:nch - urn.! II'L;H ed l y: 1~ dl ~~( !rr'i('::j. I d rht; PO~'i r LC.! I, f 1'011 i f~;'jhh;L1 Ih rO(H]~1 ~ f{ ';LlI L 1l:I'C .1.I1J Ihl,l;.. HH1 ~~; ~ Llclm .LnJ M 011 fh:., :Jmt~.:'L t l!: - [:0 pu.: ~l H~ II' .~.d~i t i 0['(31 ~'!Ih~~f:I'Sop.h Li..':," [e mlls i d'II:' pcd.\1 !..~~LOll 0 t hr." .:;pht;: r.'.;: () f d'Lt;: f;('(~I"I(:i1li~'10 f m;.uel"i ~ll p..nt':hh: non ~ [,() iH1 u. [] I It i L" :"Ilhcn de] )ri.... .;,·d (~f Jl nu].u'gh':·;i 1 J ig,n it y. W'i~.l ~iii r.ll ilo 1L~ u i l; 1] .t:'[Il.:. ~1·~1. !~ ~ i.lii-p I y m) r()(~uf'l f (tr ~hto- 1\ i:;!(.t _ Ij_·I~ •• L' 1']'1.Lq hI? of ..... 1'·0 I it i c.'ll €'':O'll0I1'lY'': rhe

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['c''S ~i'i s.,wa~.rtS. [The I{L"rnLh1i.:.; ha.;; fi() nt·('tl 'tor ;"l·!l.:lLrls,rs.I·" d.c Radiol!..1.· ..... h~:'-ii~ i:-. thiH rh'l' t:r.lrh l),j t.b~." ";L"HCm'l':IH !;.!ll:ll·:rP,(·~ If \,~,'C ';'::,I! Ll :-.iIOH.




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The rel.l t LOli sb ifI bct·\,. co!:' et:OJlomy :llld po II( ill'S I~ ~ Ilri I"n~ue-Iy rb;il ~ o~ rl~e 111 ...l,.·....-IILnu'l,vll "'i .... ual par.LJ~~~. {)f "rWl,1 h\(n (tf ~1""~h'l.:"; "(~lI '\c....:(: 'L·j[~ll'J two bces. ()r ~i ~.·.;He, B~rVt: IT bot b - ~'nlJ lu n> m Illl k(, " c nQ i (c. I.":''' ill t h C' sa me '!Jl.':l_ r ~ 'rml e!the .. t1."'.lt.:"J:i. (';;i) rne p0h'1C,1I1, ;"ll1d rhe domain of ~he C'('0t10Ill'lo' n;. Tl'duc{'d ~H LI~L't:mplL'H... al ''':.cf ...l..:lilg ur gOl)t"b". or ~"UU t()(,ll~ on the c.... i OJliomy, and.


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thol,,'ccono m~' as da' ;-; of srrug.glt" ."IIntl in rervcnin' rirm; c'JJl tnl' erhcr, rhe (XOHUIIll:!![~. hl!'oA..Ln;-l[( (~ hr r!Jt· funcrionmg of totlory's glob:! I economv. '..·.II~ ~ p reel U{~~· .;111~' possibrl LI:)' n i' ;l pol ilk~ Illn er ..... 1 cruion pror~t'L Today, ruon- rh:"!i1 ever, we should Ho Il{1{.:k to Le:l'lIi'r'iI,: ,"C$" the c-t.OW1 ilH Y L~ 'l11(.-h:}' dnrna in; ~h~ batt h: wrll be decided the re, we 'hal Vt! W ~ r{'.Lk [he <:;r II ot globa] ..,;~rlt~lis.m - hut 'he ir~tt:l'\'crltlon 'S]g~'lkliJ be tpuly po]idc.;.!k nut c"':tlHmLlit:_ Tocl <'I Y. WIKL1 it ... 'ervone ~3 "ann-capiralisr", r~~dn up eo the Hollywood "'!i;OCJ(!I critical" con !!I pi [ ;h.')' mm. L""i (frOLIl E,~",m,')' J{ lin' .... Siole h, The I it .~Jdt:r) an wh i,cfl [be vi iI;}fil' "1re rh e fll ~ corpo r~1.(111$.. \' ith 0 thei r ruth It'!'! ~ pu r.:-. i t 01 profie, rhc 5i,i:t1U fiem "uu I i -.c,: ..~ P i t,lJ ism" has h}sJ: hs LI S~11h'!lers i ve :mil.g. \\1h n,t: W\: :5 houid be d i :>C'll:"'!i L[i.!S; r at her, i'o,; rhc sel (-C'I,' idene o PP;O:-'II[C ()f rh g:o:, ":;1 AI r. -c...pita J ism". rhe trusr r h~ ~ I b{' d I," (HIJ",;m ~H: S\J b sra uce ~ of hotl£'t:.1 -\ t1I1t: r it·.m:... !l:.1.Il 11 Ire.' k II p t 11(' ('00 llt:.ll-ll:;lL;p' _ Thi! ~s ~hoc hard k cruel of

polirics is reduced to ., dlC_";1tr~ or apJcM.vi(,:'<L·$, 1"0 ;'! P;l5.:i.lilr, ph(,114 merion ~"h ich will d i~i:ip:pr;~r , ..' it h rhe a H i va 1 0 l' t he J.:.'vdo I~I.!J Cumrn UJUst lor technocratic] society 'irl v.'hi,L'k, as Engel<; put ]1:, ~11L: "admirusrranon of pen p lc" '!IV i II va n i:..;11n t he "ad]"[, i I) ti:l.[f,ti[ i on (If t h'i ~lj ~.f" ","I!! 'i ' The .. pol i t K:;_~'. critique 0 f ~tH"X I:...m (the d;~i Ill! I ~l;,:LiI. -if ~. ttL; r'l.:'d lICC' pol i(;('~ ] [u a ...fo rrna ~". expression O'f s(lI'I, e un dcrl~' i J1J~ h i ~,"",'aHIe" <ocmecon ornic rrn css, vou lose the npcT'm(:,llot. fwd c ruingcncv (:O!l~f.L'IL' I e of [be: pollti.(~1 fi(.·'d proper} should rhereforc hL; MI,]~~ lemcnted by It!i obverse: the field of l:('(Jjhlrny i-s, JJ!J as. r"lJiy fonn~ ~rrOOLl('II')k ro pnliti ...,_- {lip, 1t;'I.·el of The form · of rhe I,;CCtI:H.tmy (of th,,-~ econera ~' a . , Lhe Jo;:ce rm inm ~ form t"f [hoi.:: MH.iJ! U is w i1.·u Ii'reach ..po Ii tical rost-\'l;,'li 1');;; Sil s" m i ss ~~'hcn ij.!-I!(:Y rI;,.;JlI ce rh e C'!L'OIl OnlY tn ()11 e n t several posmve :J.(}C·I~ I :;p here», ~n I).J J I Ul!I, l ho:.' r()~~I f En L~ nO~J... o in ~ pLi rc .... ilic!. ". rad i~~lI., ."1 LJt (I nomo us \'V i rh ['('g;l rr I I:n h] :,,[[]1','~ :,u.;_ icry • II poi ecoaonty, ~~:tre, even Pa rry, u~ hl:tl Dp POSItLOL1 between Ktolng nn d F venr lhi.., 1:'1 where badiou rt'11:'1.1ins. .. idealist". From the IlMtCT~oi!l,l~t stundpornr, an F.. 'VL:.Ill c me rge s ~OI,.H Qf 11mlV~l.:te·~V it hi 11 ] <; peci fie comtL·H:LII. iU[~ of Be i 11~ ,' The t:P;:KC 0 an E"cm i:-. rhe nunimal "empty" distance h-rween [\ hC:lIlg:~" the- "orhcr" di~m:li.!:l.[mi wbLL.:I. !>hbll,,;~ thruugh this g.;'l~-' I.... So! len i n til(' ulnrnare pol irica I ";H;1 egrsr ~flo\ll~~ In m J \ ...·;l)f he se parared from Lenm the .. tech I ~()~r~u" d ream i,rtf!; a bout '[he sc i I;! !'In fit: rcn rg;! u lxa t ion u( i p.I'odu(''[ i 011. Tn(· r;n.:a1.I'iO::~.., 0 (-Ll.:'rli ~1 i~ t 11.1t jjlldlOugh h L' bc ked c'h c pn'lopcr .(once-rn.l ill ~ rpOil r ;L'I. ~~~ :r.rl !'h iI~k '[he-";'t: t'Wt} 1!!:''vcC I~ tu)3.!;!'1~!'r'. ht' \V8.:-:. a '11,,1:.11 n: of h the Uf:<:rl;;'nc}, of (.kul~!-;:';0 .111it11.pus-siblr- rl']' T11,.!..,:t;:';:.,.uy t.Jl:.k.' ~(I \X1h.n wt: .. ue d{'.;.l hlll,g , i h I,ere i:i :. r}O(he-r V'l!'J'SLon n < rl"J~· I.f1.C;~ rlltl.lll '~II n 'y a P;:;I':;; Jt' :r. pp.urt ~: If. tm 1.;lt:an,. thl.."fC- i~ IHDl·j\l[it.d rd.~ti~m:,.hq")_ 'thor-II .. fOf :\LuxiL []



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~met~ - hmltl,);l f!:t~'" I' h.1T eml t;les. Ll'S '[«l v.ra ~p f he l \Vf) Ieve] ~ t n m l The 'Smm.' Ill'~11I','Ii I .~l,;m J pom L, ~ b.huu.,gh. - .(Jr, r~lth(·r, b~·L.:,Ha~!:.:- ~h~!;e l WQ l(·'vd... :;1 r~ i [lC'",-t'nCl b~y i11'[of':n,\' i fI ed. ThC' •.pol i i1{"~11"d a 0.,;:,. ... ~ n Igg,1 f' [~'LkeSo p 1,,«~.~ If, Iw Ii III rd ~t ~) r d"lt:: c":il1 IlOJ'L1}, ~fC;':;?i II th<li r [hI;,· W r.~' h!o't pa I"aw~ p.h of G~/)jl.iI.' V Ulu.al.~ III) whcn:, I..h~ tc:"X[ :Hup~ abruptly, t..lckk'~ th~~ I.J~!;S :;;Uli.bg]-t~. ,~,,'hik, ~t th~ o;;.,'lTll• tim~, ,'he dnm;:Hll ot tne ('('OIHHny ...;(,"n·~~'".'IS; Ihe key rnat C'1lI;]bJt''i. l!~ tu J(x:tH.~~ ~ ()lh k", I s [t'U!~lt'5, No '\'1;'011 dt.:'r I bc: !>t m...:[ U'I'I,,; o~ I[hi ~ 1111 pOSo;)ibk rcbl'tiollshirl' i:,. (h.u ot ;l Moe-hit'l!'. :;;tTlr: fir!.l:' we h;wC' TO progn: ..s trnm the pn I., ii;,a I 5.f'M:'!([;;TjIt.:- to 1['" l'CO nom Ll' III fr ,l!)l rlJ<t:lurt::~ [b!l"Jl, In L!I SA..''':IJIli(! 'jh"~P. ,,,,'':_: L h ~l'!It: t ~J .:.:u[l ~I'OfH the m I:' reJu(;~bl~' d ll'rH!'11 o.;,L( n I ~btl!' !pol i w_'a~ 'SI n~~I,~ ~1t the m n'q' hl!"Jli't of rhe f"c()nomy. Hc'!I'~.:" I_I..: III ul\, !o,,[~1 no.: ;J~~in~t ~1,..1Jnll..lm i :;.rl1 a~ W l·11 ;1~ .~ ~;lj 1J'S1 p~l,rl,.! I"nl it LL.:i i!'.
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The limit of d.L.:mOLr:~""J' j~ tilt, Stale: in the dl':IIH)O':-HioL' electoral P,[O~C:S~., ~J e 50ci:11 I odv i:,. ')'mhnli{;'~Uy dissolved t'('dm,:o:..'-(;I tC) .1 rnn.~ !'HlJi:11('Ti en. I mnltuude, The elecrora] ~H:id)' is preci 'el~r noll' ~t hod~, ~~-trucrurcd wI. ellc:-, bur ;] formlt:'!!I.s ;.h::.1ta ... ml,lh:itU4J('"~ .1 mulnrude ·t \""idm~JE .1 .St.t1~· ~'mn booth ,1!5~Ji oura II senses 0 t 1h I~ h'n n ~ the ~i[mC :1;;>; rhe re- P reserucd ~1 i,;- 'i ~}f rh I;,:' n muh iwJl:. and t 11.;_· r~LH':!.,~.!'I. h i hi, apparatuses ~. The f:O[)I~ II ts 'I h t~~ nor dn-l!it S ' democrnc is i n rrin S,LC W il'hc St:-!'tll;", 5 ~l5t;:1~Ilca b)f i'[~ ~l P'P'~ I'.J l~HC:!>,.hu r. th;],!t lit SHLKlIl.lraily t:~n()r(";; rhl:' dep~lLd(,·nq·. Wnen Bad~oll' ~~ f,; ! h.ll fh~~'Strwe ,... ::II"",,;] ys iu (:}.I,_ I..: ~ \',,' Ld I f'L"g;u-d w t!ll..: nl u I tLUH.k .i c: f!:.' 'pl~jeIH'!>,1]11.', 1Ht.";,.1 n:'i II. b at I::' pn.·,(i ... 1r '[hi, X'c ~ wh h j.:; ;o;;trtlctmmlily (WerIODke,d hy dC'[II£);L",(;l • ; [he c derl1onl'~[i;.: iii.tls.ion i:::.dld~ dbC!' JCri1o~nHi - p[4Ct:~~ La.n cOf1H't'l Thl : eX(".t::..s of the St:1JC"r 1 hat IS "'~'h r the <1rlln~~loh;:t~i ;>:H'i (~n rn () "Tmt'rl r is nor e no LI ji:i;h: ;,l t :'1~Hnif:: point, wc· will lu'l,'(' w r.a...:-kh: r h~ p~';:_)b l("m (JIf l b(: ~d.1-t:'\' jtb H r.dr..:r..:'nol..~t.:r:u Ilifreedn!l11 and dCiIl'H')('r2IC),'l, TI':1r. IS 1 h(' uh'lmrHr L("mnis.r le':>snll for ludal'; p[LfaJQxjo.,;:ally, i[ i~ ~m I~ in rh i:-; w~ y, h)), pTohlt:m at~zi 11g. dt·nlO('l~a., -y - hy ''o,lokil1,jd; (.:Ir,,!"' rnat lihc-r;j~ th:·nwcrm.:: •• 1 prjo ..i~ in irs. \[('r~' Ho",iuH l;'lS HeS l it' 1Iltiouid kwoI;,' pta in. (·mnm s.urvil,'':- \,\'itbnUI i:,-:iR"italii'!: rri'\';;JtC' prol,"I{'-rry - [h:;][ .. \\'C C'nn bC";(Jl']lc t nih' ~mi' ill>i.~, ii:-OL ni d f1ll'1 t hot d isin r'l'gr~Hil)n of Cumnlillnl!)m IT! I ~~o rrn"idc the lllnm:!lH:' conhrm;ltj('~iI1 n'f rhe 11108' -.,\ru~:r.::1Ir'" M tU XiM I ~m('·"I:S dhl ~ dlt an uaJ c:-con'lJ i1UC b..~'~e lJ r poin i l'a I J;tmnciI:' <H i~ . .-y the p,r'iv:1l:C' m'o'I1ICr-'i n i r 0 f (11e mCll)~ ~~l p,roJDl.;,,:t:i [HI~ tkl,T, j"J -;:I l'lii~<lli~ Im]~, wi rh it~ ...:: d i ::.ll'l ~~t.~ I"1.~s, )II!oj;? rITe big IIJ rp:e ;1 her rne L~nl'( ~dlKiinn or po lit Lea I Li~t1lou ;'11.': ~ ' .. ·.1:,. pri l,' ,n i.1..,tUO n". tht· fr .. u.lt C"ffor1 II{_J FI n.J - .. an ~ pJ:i .... ; n u H ·(., wh ,'!.tcVltli "'\'~ Y - (I t" ~v n\'liJH~n,WilO C;l n be d L·.C'L'fLJ:-m; S f1 f ffllrrf1f'r o"V'n ~.r'; . whu!:;<t" pr1.1pt:[ty w.h 'I1~HiljllaJi:lt'd WhL'l1 1hc C~m)lluJni"I'" wok Jw" ......t'r~ 1:; •...: ,












Communist .... ,'PPi.1f;:H hiks, Mafiosi .. ,,'myb d~, Lh long as w t." :'cl "' ·'b'l:o.i:~· of dCm0.u.Ky,I.'J I he ulrimare tragic j["ony is rhar atl rhis is raking phct.:: tor, lase - at I,.·X,J(:( 1 \' Ell I.: mC.UHt."t1t w he 11. in F Lf~ t W orl J .' po:--;{~ III d LI~llla l ... 'i.f.l<"1f·~io!'"<;'. pl' i v.-,rtf ' wnersh ip h:ls srarrcd ro J osc i ri ..... ·("HU~lJ n:'gll l.u ive I'D k,. The batt 1.1,.' be ro u~lu L~ there to re twofold: h rst, y€'~, a n C'I t,';.l!}if.t IJ'i Ill .. co \11II.J"Nol.. • .J..ll1t~l..:apl!::a1.i:!l-[1lWithout !~t.:k]ilL~ Lilt:" p,wbkl'l~ tJt' l!..'apH;l~i~lll\ J.mfJ1. 'Xt·r \~C4'n,rr'l1 (lJh(,T31 p~H'II:lI'lt(:tu;;lty demecr.rcy} IS: nor sutficrenr .. no JU.;lUl"'T hen,.1 f A ··mt.h.:<lil ,. ir i:-... Perhaps tnt: lure today L:-. rbe bdild thar We can [Jr~.ut:"IJ!lILt: ca pita lism \.V j t b1J Lit .LcflJ:1Il~· rl't'nblcIH.]! i z i I'll:) ~be I j bt: a-:.!II·do::~mto.: r:L1it.: Il!H,.l ~). which - ;;H; some I...:>-hi. If:': claim - .ilrhouah engendered h). t..:.lp'lr;1]I>;;m,_ a ........ irt;:'!...1 lll ;1uwnumy and can M.:tV~ to cri r~":!L!:'''Lib pit ;,.\1:-.LlL..llus lure I:;;' ~~ .... o.;d~, i


si 111 ~[.i Ij~'(J'lI~h. II S "(0 nd II'! on 0 r p~)~.., bi Iit)!": if ''''C ~ bolisb the 0 hS~ild(:; th e U inTT in s it: 1,;:0 I.•lJ:ioL.:t 11 ~}.." """ pi~a! i:;Ill, \v 0;: J~) nor ~er ~he tu ~J'if un hlii d led dlri",... ... IU io W· pj'nJ~.:..:ti'n[y fiT~;;[lry delivered of 'il;"~ impt'dil'uel1it, VIr!..: i~~se pf~d~]~~ rhis prml.[Jil.:ti'i."Dt~ ~h:H ~tt:"rllL.:J: W be !!:-(;;:I·ll'l·atc.:-J;~nd ~ll'rInft8Jne-[)usJr ~~~W;Jrted by caprrnhsm - .1' \II.T rake il' ;])·~h(, obstacle, rhc ~'.:.=ry potcnr!a I thwarted b~ dH~ o[):raLI~"' dissipare-, , rhnr would l • :1 po:i:!i-Ihlc Lacunian ('rlriti~'t; of L\b I'":\;. toe usm~ UIL r iH· aru b i~1I.J ou s m erl a p b,e[·~'j'-r.:(:"[) II rplas-va lue and S su rph 1'......... ·Ttl():' rlll: nr. 1oj.
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ta ~cin;lt i npff-a sci nared peeric depic 1 i L! i"Il( ~[' ~ I('Tl vampire wh ich I!.ic::- .. reeriro ria li lC'S a I[lLlt)m i ru h 1(.:'. dynamic. olih..,I'<iIr50 nSlllIg rom [he dead. \ E';K'~) crisis in=lkl[~tf, it 'il:;riluf,t'r. Diem sos-Phoenix reborn .... It i~ in dw, pm:1.i!l. ~.lH~I U!pi[.dLS~ r,;·it:n:n...:t:, .n ;\1; n ·j,..... M :H'X i, f'f'cdly d ead: ;1 Pl"'t ..poriared ;!H'I d d f' rti '", o ~ his. i'{] Ilh(;;~! r ed.

(he psc ll...:~n~ IL.: [)L.: uzin ri c ~n ,or C~lH;~ I :=. ... a rh 1;..( tnl. p ud SI, ,~i.lu'\.n lip c ~·.;:['y~hHl~ ro


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sci 11.\ted b~· rhc re Y o huioi I~ltj' ~.J",~[.t.·1 ui •.~n I.illi.... iI n P:Ki[ ~~f 11 ~g' L,.<:lpit;lIE!-Oir~ ,'.'hidl, in if";; inexorable dynamic, undermmes .11] ".1;'1 ble rra~Ii~i ("n.~ 1 f0rm~ of human im,..'1:" ~~('ti·(jn- 'L·Vc.: rb n11'!. :o.o·luj .I u,d l ~ In t [~ ~ i r, 1,1]) !() ry dH:; {,:mp!'!.{'''' 0 the J ('"VI,.'So wh 0 d i'S:;l P p('";1rC'd 1111.0 L he !i;iH... kt! tA t h .... A u:\dnll:l t"l. ) • ~::Ii:j U .... 't·~l!), •. ,. J I'~ cr i m:it.!l:d c.;) r iHJ.i i....bct..:a U:f.:(" If';;' '\.1 L·~ rl'lr~ )f~. II i' ;HH) r~•. m [{:! ' ..... .. HOt ~h()1'"l ~~]~h r~ ot-nn~lgh. tJ.CC] t.I Sot it :brat L"::'H".:d rl!['\', ".l't! t l: I'J Lo r.lJI hl:,:1I.H.1Il ~•. - r~ie ILh·lm:Jt~· oh;f,; ... (. m ("::Lrimli:;;nl is ("plr;~li:i~) irsell. [b;H. I!. ttl :-.:.y. LdPH;:i!.-:;'1!1lJ• .l';'::chht·:S ,J drll~mi.;.: i.t i::. JLl) IlH'Ipa able [l) U)il~.Lin .. I~at' tr()111 J,t!'i'll~ Olll:"d:1 r("d, t·h i:-o ,:,"1.1 i m <;!"'('m <; t·~"b''L i n I'el c!V.'IIi"K'(' with [(.!'d;,y\; WU .... ,·HJJ:1, J';,"~l d Jock '1 0 f 1~1~) i i".-L1 on, j fI ....... I~ill tI ' hio1.:h (hti.~ illl.il e ren'[ I y a1U;;1f._O(l III i S[LL 1M [m'C' 1J r" "-'nprl lb~i be-hc:';. Its \Vol') rklwid~ SIII tr.i ~ml pb. Thl' IHotJl'll'l:f' ~., 11",)~I..: .,,'em .. is': -i ~ j f ~I d 1 .... pO:LiS-ll ....e [C.t hn:1 r. i m" (.fTrn rIm n I 'HTI (n r ;1 n 01;+11:'1" ro I'll"! ()~ po:-.[·(;'".I~Lf .11~~f :'.t)e·i ('1 ~. J l .h a rtJIlll.·niml \'llh!d1 l~bt.·rM;I,:'~rht, do(·~tol:rriwTL<llil.inj; JrL1.HHJ..:' l.Jf ~ilpir;.;'lll$rn, Milr;o.;;
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r ,] n c",,", 'hiy;h{"r ,,~x i a I ~~i'del' I C(H"r'I~ JlilUlli~il1t L:o. pU'i!:!ihlL' ~ ,1.11. nr(k-r tlut WOUlll nut Qllly m.:':'~JUai.~l bull. t:""'l'!1 l:diM! j() a highedegrr'~, :L1'1.([ ft11]~· rd'l.·{I'i.(· in I"e;'llirr.. [he p(l~emL~ll ()~ (h.1;:! :o;("H~ iLKfL·<l:::..i :o:.lhtal 0.- pr{d u~ tlV i t~ \,,.hi,.;h. ill ell p i~aJ i~ln, uLl 'loJ..:("OLJ 'lJ f 1[:'-1 I)~ m In hC"r~m ('I b'!:oti1cld,;,:u[J t r ;~J loL:tl (1I'l~ i!-. t h....~"nrt(',d ;l [~:1 ~l d .. g;lj n b~r SOl·.i ~\] lY ~ nn~ tI t..:"iIr lLa...:H:' L'COF'lO ill I L L1'!:Lit'·~. \-.;/ h:~ M ;H~" (~'l/erl{lf).kN IS Llut - w pU r H III ri 1 ..; ~Sil· Dt:"t' r i... Q.t: ['.IIL~ h :k~111 'ill 1';;' i rl h~I'"'~I ~1 Ob::H ih;Jd IH~ l~l~0Ili~m i:b dll' ''.;.:~)J1~ d It i on ()t ~111 p<l.~~"SS:1ill r,'" b [J; [hL! • rd i d,] loy rn"_'f! r of prnd ~lL:r; 'C tC'l rc.:-s. If; ~ .\<I;,1;x\
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kilJ'm-:J,1,.-Ju·v ~lI.ht~li:l~f l!IHhu$i<l::>.1[ ~,,'hrt rr pht' ...ed dLlrin,g :'I visit" tn rhe U: A, r har "vour grnmlcbild!l"L'n witl IH!' Comrnunisrs" ).. ir became (J oar that I{r:.':ill 50cL~'j:irll w~~:-:; I~)~m~ it..:; 'omperirL"!{ edSL' 111rhe \,':I!r with capitolisru. 50 Si;1:g.rMI11; Lu{' Re:li S.uti;ifi"'ll1 w';s ~rrcaJ~· .. in ~ "'.'ay. "socialism ... 11 ,1 [uiman vi fa .... "'ikml~' ~~;:"lndn'r)U)H ~r(,";H hi,l,tf)rj('~).l t;,].5.ks. iL provided Lin: !:ii:·llHi~~.(~f ·I:!··: h rvcrytl ,,I ~ li h: goi I~~ 00F.) in bt:nc.:-\·n!.:"mH boredom, Tod~ly's ( )-staJg1'c fnr d e fl·,l1i.;t "ioei.;II.i"'Tl'l mosrlv '';OJ ~:;j!it~ ill SIlLt:.:·b a con serv ,1fi "'>l.: 1'l!l)~W I'Mia fnr rh at ~~'II"'" sar i 'oj h~d. re-s rr i..... ~"'~1}'l) f II fe: eve-n nO~~;:idgl a [HI-';':;l pi m[i St :'l.nis:r:::.; f !l'"Wi1 l ed C" Peter I r.·mJ ki;!"Ie) JUSor ph Ik 1I r ~ ~"!'ha:r:>t dl J:'i .,~~ pc.:-....:[ ~.d\()I,." i tl J ism = t I-w ;l hseF'l(.:c ,,'1.:1 r o [ :'-t:t-t''';;o..;tu ~nf;.I)l I!7il ion :Hl(l f r~lH ic commmJi fi: fju.ll.. trit. h :\ Ijd k t him d L j 'L the dHt.:-f ot [he GDR ....'L!~r:·1 t p(}lice. :~drmm.=-d In <;unl",lL' tnnv.; '[he (_nnmll.illU~~ Ir gi tnt- \,; i n il.bEJi.~)' rn ("0 pc 'i,V i( h Lilt· "':::1 piu 1.1'\ k-... i..: (I r ... f~p rorf·!r I! I~ t: "<c...s.~: d '·S-(_K~J.a11-Ill I'> .,f, ~~nod~ .:.(~ p~(1;rle' dcm·il.Ild. [Hm"~· :"Ind [norc .. Th.LI.·:-. 'I-ne W.l't' tbjng.:. .u~~ \ 1 Of "miL""-,, ~'hjs Lmt:xp~'lt'"J -~hltt teJl~ L~~"_('n'('Thiu:'l'~ ... ..J " ~hom rh~' ltt.:ficlf'fll:;;Y ot rh l' ~~I"rgin ~ r ..\ 1;.1 rxi~.L pm j ('CI< L11t! If: .i[ ft."l:!:.!.. l:,. rh.:: IU II i t at.i (loll ~ tf s ih Wjl~l] oj" llnbl'IlH~'J rm:)c..iIIL;t!"lc.:- mf)lril~!'1Tjoi'l. Hov,,' w.-,;;;; if th;1it \Viln \X!08n.dt·t'~\ BU'Ij/~L~ VISr{l' .~m-,'!~d(;J~d) (11)~'i'). :.-t rt.:"Ji v.::OVtT~· illl d .... .'!t..·hr~u i!"ln (l t p~'(!".r(,:'I.·olli {j CIn.1I",\! C l~ban 1m LLsi..:'. of t bx u'a ~ " . diT.iol:l nblih::f;.u:...:.d for _rn~\El\' vt,'·I.U:S h'" rht: fas..:in .• i~l"" im"'('I·l~ of t'lle !Rt~V(~111";ln". \vas I1PIW th"" Ie-s.:; 11ercC'iYCLI ::lS ~l f!;e<;f.Un: t~f ~~J)(,fllilJ,1:ol.. (()VioiUJ. m l;l(r.. _ "Ca::o.!to·.:-." - CLdx'l! \~'olli]d mt no[ he milCh H1fm' lo~ia.::-.;)[ rn ,;;c{" :in c:h~ 151m 'I nt;;' l"loH::;ilp. ie re~l~l.ionary ~(,:~ mfe f}(lT (_.JJ[('f..'th'w ... "'. rh iH () r dis~o",'ef1ing, ~Hl~ ( tf.::.ll KII11 ~Hli~ t [a":::l~"::of ;J 1.f.I]tg~ ~fl'r~.nHf'J' pre-n' ',0 I L.lt. i (Jln.i.lf}~ ~"~l:->t111l~si(!i.i.Ui:!l- j 11 ~hC'ir y,_· ...·Cr.1t i~·~ ...j ~i ~dHil!.':-',rht: olJ dll i'I p.~hH:cd .:;m'r~el;f' 0 t H ;':W:;UI:i, ::l ':' if f; I'Il e .i.'H! h:1.... "'ioOoa s.rlll rO'! tl':"(.·'l(!(,"S)? It is. Ptt.',.:iM!J~·;:u .:hJ~ I,:Yd~ howc\·L.:r, ~!I..at we t.hllllJd [oC:Ht: rh'l: p.l mJc.:ioxit..:al .Ichic,,·e-rnf'n - of I[h.eo tl~m: it depic[5 ,the ve~r no~t.dgl.l f Dr t h(' pre'I'("\ !ur:ju n;J:r~' I &.I,l:!,h tiL il~ m u'!:";k:11pa.sr .1S pa I!"[ nf rhe b




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{rhis l"i ,,_-Ir..·:u" rn the- VeT~ ti~...;'[ ....(en~. wtn.:fI.: LOHm~'I;;'IH:-. on .. J photos ()t F.lJd LmJ Ch;::). Th i:-. i", \,,,'h •H uI . 1I1.~\dl: IIhi'S .. :l.pu~i l.~("1 I" fi lrn :.'I. mode I porI~'lt-.(JJ sneervcnrion: hy demon ... in j:.!; ~rut how the ~l... re-te v olwtl~)j~;:I·r'y.. musical P,bt \Vel:;. m..:nrpol'.-I..h:"d IWe) postTt''!,-·''Jh.HLOlllHV Cuba. t( umk~min,!:~ the ~[';HH.br~ll""·I~..:cptioD L'.t CUb~HIn';~I'([ " v The price t"11~ d~L:i., ~~. course, is rhar Ih~ 1'111<l$~'1:'of CLJhi1 we Ji!,et I":!<an IlnC-I_!=!;":01' ;} countrv where time i~:-U a standstill: 11' thilL~ h:JlPP~!":;; lLlJo il1du:,.tD·ul '11...fiv~ty~ there ,1lL"t:< old cars, C'lllj.'!Jty r" .•lway tT.:IIcb~ pC'opl~' Hl":;1' walk ;lfflUI~d ':L!r'I d. OC(,:l.S; onn U~, dlie~r ~~ng :;"; i I1d pi a r 11:1 II,:. \,r ~'Ildt"r:- 't. CtJ 1M b t he re: lou; L1 rhe l.ar in American version of dw I.O~~ <lle'~ i mat!c of F';L !.l e·nl h! Hl ~'1.C": a Sl)H!:.."C 1.] ursidc hi.\itO[l L"}' OII.H!j,Ldi:,:" ~ he dyn nm ic ot wda y '0; second r"I1 dol' rruza ~ II ~. H I he pa f'3·JO;!O;; f :;:"1)(1 peril;;] ps, rhe n I ~al m~~'S<~~e.u f t I~;;: fll.cl.l~ 1_" tl Lat ~11i-, w.~:-. t b~ 1,1] runa re Iui rcrion of the R,,-,vo1u tic m: nor to ;1 c...e Ie (., rc "n{,' i:~ de vC'hrpn;'f'!l r I hLlt; OL1 the cont ra ry, to ,,"1! r.... 0 U '.1 "1'10:'1 cr- in wh II'; hi ri 1l'H' ').t;HI d" ~~Ill. 'f'


ht: past, ;:'L~that the pre .... I~ experienced as a confused ~111. ~LI.cCII,::;':;'Lon 0 F f Ii1v,nwn rs whic h ra I id I)· ( ... pn rare fm,rn ou r mernory] ·;1 In .;;h4 in, I J Il' Il~) h leru ~)four r~~ h. i~t(') I'K al .('ru i~ rH'tt rh ur we C:l C1not remem b.1;::r ... rrhe P;) 'i·t, u U r hisro r~' pro per ~1.1.'l'l:fl' .1 re J1'lure ~.i:311.en U ugh 11a n' ~ [~'I,I't::;S. o.f rh ar ~.~ I but I" 11:1. Wi;" (':;IIT"'(n:OI;" rcrncmbe r m:lll'~~ t f-:?S.(·:n~. 110,.;(01 - tfmt W~ C~ (jHll)i r histo ricizenu r.r <~ t~ j [ propc rI:' •.rhar I;:". acq LI i reo 8 pl'O I"N LLlgrlLl'i '0' t' rna r F' II~g, '". ith rl1'g;'! rd . [0 rt: ~'I th r r ~"e rel c r [0 SOnlC' .. el usi ~'t.. t 11';) U 1Il:.1 (l:i kC' t hoe H (."l( M.:. l, st} v hose unl-carablc rurh 15 char we our-elves nre ':-n-Jn':-)pnn~ihl or ~t" or we
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In whar [,,1'('("1<';(' sense, rh n, LS L,~pL~aIL~m "rc):;;r-hi~r rical"] A certain ex -t'~'!!o which ,'/as .. as ~r were, kf'.p~ Iii <l:hL:!.;;k if; .r:or1;.·ioll.!O';, history, rercei' .... OIS ..; ed a hXi1ll perversion, .I liHllt.i:!,J dL!VI.l!lII.m, 1:<' (·it.;..'aH"1,;1 in capitalism [0 the very rr~iI1l.."ir Ie nf <oci 31 II tr.. in rh e ~pt'cn I:L t i "If'- I1'l O .... rn cnr of ruon ey be_gt."L'rll ig: e more ntonry. uJ <1 system whlr,_.h C;li1 ~lHVI\ e OllJ ... hr.' constant! rrvolurioni7.in~! Its m ... conditions -n {1~.lLJ~ to !hJ~'. U1 which tb~·lh.rflR can suruire only as us "Jw~r I:'xn·'_,-s-,con ranrlv l:'x..::(~e-dllll~ Irs. ov ..'n "normal' consrramts. [XI' ~IS r.ike rhc .;..L~t.: ()t' cuusuiupeiorr: bt::lur(· moderurrv, we were Jc.:-.1]i~'.!5 'YI rh ,~ d i rec r PP{'1"I non her '''' ce I'~ mod L ·rait~· cnn 0.; I Ll11 ml ;'l n d ir" excess pri ~~.I!Jitt u rl~'. t..: rc, '1; '!/v i th .... a Ils 11'1. rh t: t: :;':';":t!;:-.'" (t ht: ~~ In prion ut ., usc less <"Lpn )11;::;\1 ,,11 ~:o;;'" ~ becomes rho ru le, Ih~u[ i~,the e lcmrnt ,1 ry fnrm ot' bU),i rlJ; is rhe act in of b uv In g ell m~-::; we ,. d0'11' [ ~t'~lll ~ nee.... ·1·h~·Tl· iI,j ;1,'1i l·\."(l'!( )~k;:JI lim i t ro l", ru wih, ol .... Ii:;..: ; iL i:-. t: It'd I"., lu~ I!.'X:! mplc-, I h.,'l.'I' ·11w p rn;:.p'l.... 1] t m pi..! '01..1 J dt·\:c.·lnpm(tm Lfl (hm~l.. \... ·Irh il'l1111M1S fJt m.~w l.';i.r:;;. wO~lll - if! rhe rl'e'senr world ~,: n~rl'II'u LOLl - P r.ov~ l! ;1 j:i,[~ ~b;l] I:!"::[J Inj;:;K:!d ,,;~H'1 'Jot nJ P 1.('. rl~).i~ ..·tT, we ,1: .. ~I . ~ho'll J.r.I n ..,'[ lLih.i.L'll':'1imatt· ca p L!:UJ i:-.m\, .Lhi IE1',' I:n colon'i... ~J( l,1,j!1' which ·r m

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fnoJ~' , ~lil J r;;n(rn, I ........ 1rea d y ,1. ce I'f.'L i n cultu r al e xpc rien ~'r;;", rile: L: XI'I•.'r ie 1"':';: nl a .. ]oI:~d l}r ecol I]gi c~, I! fL.:~[>' k ". Th t! So a.rue r,O(! ~ fur cvcrv return to "re-al i t y ": a d I recci ~l T'V oJ J ~If; rtl~r:.:1.l'J.!.!JU s,n 1] ......" (I~l ~l.11 the m.1Ii ['I ~ J\ C~;"I1l[l,1.: I~ tea ru rot'." :a [troll r nf ()r-d i 'l;li ry PI:( ~pl(.· ~~[.• 1 0;;'1:.' b:.''(.·1I.'1 ,,.'111: h CiI.)U'IU f) rn usic ~~'ltl ..LULl..: in g, M,' i 1:]~ r.hl· I ~ r .Jot.:\.."U I Cl pa 1.1~' Lnf.!; rue .,S:3.f!("; ~'BI;_~l" Ro::~' food fo r I'I;.;;.! ~ pcoplo:: ." Th c irnn~' i!i th.u I, ~ dlll,' lX'i.·1 0 ttcrcd here ns rhe ")iTT1 hnl o t' ;1 ('C_'lI'r;, in ] i tc-ty Il' (t b ~ r ot ,. rea I" W'a :-.~rflflfo£; \WHk 1Ug-<..:].J ':-; A me ncans ~ i:-. much 11m~" che 111 ic.a ~1~' .iL~J f!,C Il~·t'uc~i y Il 1l1,~ II i P ud;.HnJ th .., 11 the .. Uj·.t:;;1l1ii.;'· tCH.ld ..:'011 <; LIl m:d bv " a I't i fie];~I" yu rp i t;.':';. 1 LI run are I)', ;..J atirm i rsel] i;:; tuTilntg Inro ~Il r.: xperi l' I~1 I conuned ~1 ~ we i~ r buy rhLll~" \~,'hi<"'h 't:il:;thk us to C.'lP'l:f~l~n"l!:' oue sclvcs ,1~ p':l.I,ti(ip~u:i~H. in n N.l tionhoo d. . , , A'I1IJ I :.l11i1 IUTIfplI'ed tn r i!i,k eve 11 .1 ...tq1< III rrher, f('~Un wm~ lkm:d le[ .r\ nderson' ~ 'f ne1,;,i!oj.flo[~ 'IM (I ons .a!:l. <. i Ill.a~i [leu cern III un Lt.lt:'S"; I-~ 'i.',,-'I ~.l't if r1~t6mh \~,,,.:[I,,' "'i.HI.iii.Lj~r'" ~{lrn.l~,ltLOI1.S frnnl ehe very nut"'l;!·t? Is IFH th.r rise of modern n. timl!i i~~ opposed m rremodL~l'll "organic" communities) tHJq.H:ndem 'I,.... irh rhe the: ut capitalism, th.H is, ()I commo ]Ity pfl]-du("timl.f Is. not "narion" the mhie~ld !'Opcctrl' ot a Cornmunirv vd'w.;b ~[;ur~ ['0 b.HI r u['IttE'1' rhe market economy h,1~ ki~kJ the ;'li\iJ1~~ ~J,r~,;mi' .;"un:km\l,nirLt.!S! Nariou is un i<111l;~~illi~J cosnruurtity" l;Jot (}l'il~' In the !iA,:'n~f'rhar irs ma1C'iI'LaI ~1I;1~'i.! is '[he IlKI,,.~ media, n()f the direct' r(ll'lt~l;ll acuuainruuce of irs, [l1~I~l~H.':I'~~ i~ "i magi 11~'d" a Iso j n .'1. 11 i~) 1'1.: radical se I l~t.! u{ 'L~n '" i 1ll.:1.~i [~~ I r '511 pplc ment " i~ 1'11.),t be soc i;,"l ~ n:a Ii'LY CI,f d i",i rnegrario n ;1 n d Hn:oL:O~"<l h lc :HH;'!i gr;.nism-, N:.U' io ill I h uS hJ fl('ti ~mo:;-d fl'O ITI ['he ~'I;!!' r he~mnmj!: ~~"' \ fr.: ri~h: dll .. pom'!: i:. not tf) hd~n'l: , : Lli (ht.: :--.r ;atlll'n;~ lea l~~r~ bu r to U~l' t h~:io h:,:·b<:1 .i So ~1 prop wb Ll:h eml Mt,:·~ tl ~ '[II l'l'Lgage inn LI r l'gm i sti (' p UNi LIT';:\ .•\~' , a rc_'r~;!j lI~'jOin!!, ir fOi' tH}[, n.H ~Oll "1, Tht:' UIWILHl': c.:x<Hnpk of IH)[ ~)nl>r -mllllloJil>' i~~~t.hL'i.l[~,bm~ t!l ,m IllU ...... h H~'!.H'I,,· li t'C r •. ".... l > ~ t' I;'n~ l1 ~ hi:lill 1 ~[s('i ~ (f'I !11l1H H.-liii ed. i::; rod:~ y'" 1;;11,"1" n .. '\i ho:'"r'f' pm C~ln t-1I~y from "enJin~ m;~Lhin{'h aJol~~IJe ..:an:;. uf Col!..: ,md ~ll'q.hH::kcJ f"JDJ,. p.~ iL:~ ~U'lf'UHt..:l!:'d 'to h~w;;:- b('L:11 ''oW ['11. by young ~i rl$. \'fh.l1' W to are 1~~ w i ['nc:;...m~ md.l~·, tfw c.i.L! fln i ng t~ l;'!J.l n," () f ,. 'pn~rm ()(I.i;: 1'9l" (.;;) pim Ii ::.-m" I:~ the d Ln:.,:t· l1ll1 ~lrHnJ ifi.t.:;~t i oml u f CtU [ ;r-xp..cn~m_~ i~.::iIl:~~; w h:ll 'Ii'I:';_" ~lfl' bll y i n~ D 11 d'le market "He l;:.:s'!>,1Jlid k~.., Ijor{)dlLrr~ (mi'Hwi:~,1 c~r.ject:-oJ "'I,o'])lch \v'C Wr-Illt [0 m .... , n ;]j net rnOT!." ;l r1t] In Of't" M,I;'-~ p~ric:'Il(,t:'s - t"\: per i l'n0:~ u .. !I~.:(. I..:.il[ ~n~, CLHll ~1liLlH.x 'i.. i:.uin~ • ..,.:uh Lil'al l,,''''llli:::;~.1 mm)[!OJl. pnnio;tp ..L'ti I\f, in ,1 11FC':..f k" ~\LH('I'I11 objecrt,; ~ ; iilfe im;n..:a~i,~gly thC'n' :i.lmplr 1;'0 !YCH'(' :~:i. p(4)p~ for ·Ihir;. exp...:rit'lll..:c. "",nll..:h i~ !ncr(:·;;i."u*'1 y otkrt'd i u[' f rcl..: to ~ed ~H_:l: L]_~ im u b (~yi 1lJ:j I!:hc tw(" L~)O;pI.: rit:mi.._lll


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the tren d - tro III .I-hur I hiS D VI) p~:;IJ ycr, ;]11 d g("~ fi....DV D:"! fQt fred ;, eo

ro ~ ..C~~n~l j l yuu:. scl ~ LD t~)~,)' .. H:L~ D~' I) ~ 'r?Hl 11: ~C'~l',i.H' J): 01'" . vcn be~[e'I",,~ illl~.!il,,(,e:=.:.. (0 ;1 Llhlt. which .11]ow~ ~'(j.ll tree ucccss W {llgrtallzcd IIIiO"l"ic=s~, . an u "Vt' II ~LV(" YI.)L) ,1 DVD I}h~yt:r h~r trecl ' - or ~ to quote ~hltk ; !oll1lk]'~ i [It;;..:in~~ observation: ., As In_em! of. rhc tours of our days . re ::.p..ent in



errvrronmems ... ]d'~ It~(,'ll:-; turned inro a t:rn'lurmdity. S(HUIt'one i m ...kn. j [ fur lJ.i ~~ CWl: buy in ~rum t hcru. \'((' b"':Cc'l!flllt' rh ~ Cnl rsurners cur Q'I.vn _[jv(";:;,'> L=« H l'.I'1.! L lmc ]o~ icon t' IliH rkt~~ cxcha rlge .is b,r.'oll.'I..li1nto' ill. k iBli!:.l [~f


.~k~d.j ...n ~e~ relan ng I,dt: II ri t ~,,: w(" no Ionger buv ob j ects, we lliti m ately t.my 1'(t:lH' .'t'lln~~t) o(ILI1' u\',.',11 hft='_ Mi..;l~d fOtH;;ULh'::. o nlJ'l~~~llul tlll''II.~U'. one's Sdf rt.... into ;1_~~'~I k .•:t arr rhu'i lilld" unexpected cnntirrnarionr-It [ buy ITlr bodily ~tl]~~~ by vrsrnn " hutcss diJh:-.; 1 huy my spirjtua] cnhahrenmeru bY'IJruHilmg an trn n...;o('T!d.C'nulrnedirarion . courses; J buy illY public pt.:'E';Son:l by gnirl~ to r{L!.j,t .H.Ir':lIH·~ t req uen red by f't:C1 P Ie w i th \,VIHl rn I wa nr ro he ~15.sL(1,11'1 ed, A It houzh rb i::. shi h IH.J~· ~LP pt"~l r 10 l'H.~ q brca k with rl1l1: !l.,~:t]l'I~<l11M, marke [ ... Ct.:OIImT~~', ... ('ou Id ~ r-gl1e rh;1 t It' bTJ'Ili~~:r.; ~n~i c to ~rs CO nseq ue n r d~ ax, ve It... m Thli,' ind.lt.I~rr.ii~.~market (!'...:o(m~ml~ involves tht' temporal gap between rhe

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do("~ not concem I~irmi~ in the (.:nmmodinc.;lticm t eorl....'iI'ie~'Jce, f I..:.k~::;",.:d,rht!' f;_:UJJ:;W~i!!lf(m il:$r:J/l" tbe (ommo(Jdltv imu:f~bt_ The p[):O;'-;lhlllry nt ..:In ...ing fhis g.1p~ no'wL'\'t"r. l!i in:jJ,,:riblfd ill[Q d1(" 'll'J,,:n' numbll;I]. L:L:n.;,~lo~'i..,;f1 ( the.- JH()d(·r.n ~()..::leroy ;,llh:l i[~ 'L;'OI rHil ~mi..y. Tn.._r j-.: W ~1~; r;;.ince the P LLr..:h;] :;t:r btl ~-::. ;1, ..::omlU'!,)Ji (~ ft).!' i L:-. u:...t: V~~1m:, "Ul d ~iJl(jr '[his us;'·-,·ai ue <t.:a . n be Im ~k.'~·H (Io'l{vn iTHo i 1:... V.'III' i (H i:i .c0Il'1l]')(~ill'1 1t:.; f w], en I I'l'l r i't l.l.lld Rover ~ J ,jo ~n ill (JrJ4:r 1,1...'1 d ri ,.t:' m ~rsd1 a i'~.:J ut ht: r ~~op Ie an ~mH .md ['()~ig.l1a ~ my ..L p.ut i, i P a riCin j n ~I t.:c tL.'Li 1iii f.;,,':o.I~: .L",S('k; i'l ~t;:d wi'[h the Lm d Ruvt:r} ~ (hC'fC is IC (~ lo,gKal n(:xr 'irrf:p fOW;H"d-.; (0 TllTmdif. mg ~lfld selling rbe:;..e~ompOllellts dirc.x:d~ Ill,ifi~\,I=!; . L,j~I~ ili::'Cr;:,~,d ()f bu~iH;I!. it, d~.:.I.. i\r rhi..! end '!"f ail this.. ~hrr{'t.orc'; is rhC' di!"~I:"fLc lolct n.f I-;l.Ihj~'l,,'riH· (:xr)('.r~C'il.Le~S.illC'(' ['he s!l..lbje('~iv'(' t: :>.:pt..:'r L: Ik·I.,; 01 1r"I L~i VltIJ1I;:t I cnrl!:.mIl rtio[1 is, t:h e u h i 1ll1<L goa I 0 f che 'f'muir:e I I.e


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rrn uJ i~tL: L;~)III p'l L:l'c.:ly t'ht: ...la ,,:-.i... 1,\ 1..-ex i ~[ ~l~l pic II F .• F'Il'~ fic.:1,~ lun'" ,;,~ .• I~J corn mod i ~y '"c·t i!-: hl',,rri ", ! ~l ":0 t';~r :1':; rh i~ ~or~c \ still r~·li~,· Ol~ rhr lWnclJl .... of t'hL: tcush a:s a cuncrere ubl~"'[ "'~'hO!'>L' stable pr: ..5(~~1.f;(! fl b f u!Sc:lt'l!:Ii mt-~ s~.t!.."Ul.l Lnt.· ... ia rion, P _Jr.1 clox l!.:.11'1),. kw ..lii:-;m 'O:,.'~h:h(':<. · l It'" acn j!". pn"(.:l .... l·l)' wn('n lh e lensh i rvel ' 1~ .•d~."-m.Ltt"'TI:i II l'L'd,", r1i1I"1C'd; nto .ri tl ui J .,imm.n"_,,,.M l" VI r v,i] L;nf if H ruonc it·L isb ism wi 11 L; ul 1]'1] 1_.LtC ','';'] Lb Lhe P"'SS~\~C' ro .[:5 elect 1'0'1 uc fOI'llTL; wh n rIH' b... tm'-"T"; n t Li-, rn;'II L.: r i;i ht ~ ,'.' LII 1;' di~:3p[it'~lr - d-c.:HU11 l;l,,' IBO.ln I~, [he durd rCHI11 •. ,f~t.·r .< rl·~d·~ ril(Hle-}' which d i rccrl y ern bodies ~f:o, v:11.,1,l! l.l:lPkIi, !!I i ]..11:1' I .1nd p,l P'" I' 111[1-1 wr wi] L('; ~1.hhml,gh h, ~ it 'i ~ ., .• mere ~~~~n'" 'II',lHh iln ~mnn<:'i.;_- ....::1J IU-:'·, xri II ...in L':' H~ mI ~ m rl re r I a I ;I existence ....\ ud ~I i~Oil I)' ,H d1i~ s.r"'I!:!.t·, when money 1,.[,:'''[,11 ;l pm d)· ... [I.,I a! JiL'!S .'JI pniJH (lIf n'f[~rcmlt:(:_ th~lt [it 'inallr assurn c-s the form n~ an indesrrucnble


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r <ll'i{i I\, from a n ·'111d lJ~! n.~ l " ro a ...posr-mdu trial" 0 rder, in whlL.:h I ~") ...·t· ~ln' ':PC'.1t(",Jh wld.1 marker and ownership no longer pb~' "' u thlo" k,f"Y rr-le: Wn.r'H .1h~)~~1dw nJ-n·j<l'"!lI<:. all-pervasive tact rhar ,Ill' warke-r is stiil lserc? FiJ'~ r, ·"ol.:t!.l [L.I'.11 ....~P' [a b srn ,....... kl>l.:~I'l- 011 market: r]g ex pet' ie 11C'f'S, rh)t nb.1Lo,C1 h.~!\.tn rc I~" Oil ~I 0;:00111 pkx 1U<11'1:I'i.d In fT.1 structure \, r food. ma'ChIllIl;';IV. t:'fC'_)~ !'-.r·t'(~'HL t'''\perie-I ...... I fwm...;c.:hC'~ ';;TlII h~\ ('" rn he' sold, :Hld rhus m':Hkc~:.d ,t''..:; - rhcrc .rrc Jh' ple '!.dlll our« them I ill. the ~'.I.16C ur >:.::tlll~~lri~h[s br, nd 011 fli.In'IL·S. (."1"0;.:.1. ~n. instead or clainung rh.u IH.lrkct ;1"od O;'Vfll:'fShip 11.) IOI'lg_cl' pl~3~ th(" !key role, we -hould, rather rtr,l.!,til· 11.~1t the chaeacu-r nt ownership
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i~ ch;]ng!llR; wh.u Ill.Jtlol.:'T!> f"i less and k.s~ ~bc m ...llt·rship · of Ih::'lwriil~ objil."CiI:s, ;-111(1ru ~~H' an J IlH J re '[Ik ovm{' rsh i rio ,f) t "Ht1 It'! :H·L'rl.1I" Iornu Ii as of C''!l{PC rien ces (t,:j rpy r.ifl,il ~'j" I L)~OS ..


thousand (hM,H::o., .md 110 m.Utt;r IL~~V" nUll]' l~ntcri<1] 11,0es J. hurn, J will still owe "0 ! .~ thou ..;;un~ dulbr.. the Jt.!bL I~ mscr ihcd smm·"",'lw['C' 'in virtual dig.i'ml"-:;r:hT •.. l)(';;~'" snme Ii!: f')F not [fit'
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of ~IlI,.L ......: ri nqu e n Il"L ,rnHTh'n( .11 rea ~('I n ~lIId .'.J dm i n i-re red '·.'f) rid I rlL'JiVLI'~ tete W/r.'t ": '[he "~ol;{II!,i rian" pereruial J~ InsL·rl!:: ........l in [his. \'er)' ~.r)rm of l ~ot:1] ":~)';;1,11 control. h 1:-; ~'L1:'i.y rn nhscrve sarcaxricully tb •.H i~l .111.:' St:JIli~1l~a: ot!P( It. II. r I j,<' :J P 1:'1,_ rat 1I;-.. 0 r "(H.. ·i;ll (I d rm 11I \j.rmnon did ~L,;,,·n.l811hecome y ••("J',('H higsr.:r". F urt hrrrnn Fe, is nut dll~ ~1Q ~t politi ...al \' i ~I( H'I I: b",· '1.'1,:' r~ OP'p~hH~ of . rhe ;\~ ;'If'l i... nr I rron n rh E' ere ["I~ i f~ of - hC d.;1'''<;; <::fr' LI~~~1'1.' j'" L-\,("fy- r hing i:-. [ pol iric .1] "1 ?

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courrnl ~)V(_·I uur ~l:lll:"[ \.. ki!~l'~~that is hy an [) ttCiI" i1o (lone can r~·t~l"'~~ ~ pnn: i yo·u ......ltl 14) be L: LI'I'f!d 4)f G1 fleer. d l:;,ij fWl t·". :\ II hotl mer's ... i" \,,"a,.lot pol if i·a ~ia[J~ a ('II.:' J[l.~.b]l~ sue h .'::...iii.: n rific" prmn i,:,.r::-:.. ho ............• ..,1..: it· U li:;j.~~ t henrsclvc ~ . ·r'l:t r.r"r!l<1iH' II [~.;_o~}IJ' :;.('I!. p'l:i,c:lI I. otreu El'IIl ph;l ~L7LJll~ The need tor ·dcc i ~I on ~ W be C"'!:,Kht'd T Irr'()~ I 1-\11 a wider socia i comri1.:1 isus. The- 1Iit i I n~Lh.·1':1'011 le I ~1of :L:,C'IlC't c Il~~il1et'rll1g I i L!~ Iiot ut i rs III p red leta h lc ic cnll"'rtl\l...:n,;,:.,;~ ('Ii'" h,;H j. we c rea re rnon stt' r::.o- I'OT t"";'1 mplc, h urnam- with no sense of ruora] rl;!~q Ol'.'; i b LIiIy?) b u!I. mJl the 1,\' J;' I.m~'I!Jle l'- c rl~iJlt'{'fLn~ fu n"h· r menrnllv ;'1ffC'i;tIi our notion f education: 1[1<;1t·:1,..1 L.tt cduc ..m 1~ .1 child M he : <1 good ··mui:J.Lciall, will ir he po srhh, W nl.!lllp~~I.'ll~ h~~ ~II' ht·1' gr.:r1c'> ~u Ihu[ he Of she "!,;viU ~.w "s pmH.Ull:U Li~h'" i 11C.'itI1l::J W'Ii-\;:i nhi :i bl u·:ii.;,_,? ~ n:='i';" ~1d r)t' 1!1;:;;( i n i.r!f!; in ;:'J cll ild ;1 sense nt discip Ii nr, will iI I.,~·O~"'Lble (0 nuuu pula rl' hi ~ p or her ~CDlt:~~.o IH:ll: he 'M ~ht' will ~~p'uIH.mi.·oLJ!.I~ ._ LC'IlJ to ()h.,.:y t,rJI..:'C'-::'!One ('!of the 111.mt mgbml~lfish pm<;.p· -t!'O o])l'I1(!CiLIP hy C"i1(' idenrihconon nr the ge,mm· I rhar of a ]);...IJ\ warlarc I~I, 1 V'I rll :l::.~l(eIll..:" · meaning ... w the notion ()f "cthn«; cleansing". i is ",;(,1] kmm'rl (;llLboLlgli nor "..iclclr / rq-m-rtcd) t ~l;H :-.c(,'fel a rruy ai{'n..: ir;.; all OH:'T t he world ;1L'(J' ,~lre ad}' uvi rig t he l:;:uc-.~t lmlgil'lLt! ric result t~~ eX!J eri IIl'l!lIl W I th lerh a] ...hemical su b-su u~·(·~ ..... -hi.;;li, wli.C!ll ·d i s.semi n.ltt"d. ...,-ij II ,df(T ~mil' rllL'm bC'f S 1)[ ;Ji (e-rr:ml c'l'h I'll ic J:!.ruup. Tht' ..:.im,1[ion h~n' i5 r:;~Ji(;~II~'flp~!n - if ~WCIo (,'l.~s."it;" nl' pt"t}pl~ .v.m dtl;1 II r .,,: q~.C' til l' .. JHU u1'aJ Iy btJ rn" ~)~I,t·:; ;ll:ld [h~.:f,{'11 ttl'''' Ily 1'11;'1 m r I ~. rill: I C' I.'lte-d ('in~'~, if is 1l0( ('vC'n de~r Hl ::1dv~n.;;~· 'I" .. ·!tH.'h dn..:;s \!t'ill O(Cl'IP)" the hl~lwr 1C'....r; I ill [hI.! S . cia] Ilh:mr(:hv: will dw "11,][ u r.;.! 1:-.," t um.i J.f.' r tI Ll' m.:m i p'~II.J J It; 0[1l!:-:' ;Hi H&t"5 l' [uo1s., n 01 tTu Iy f:ree hcmg ., nil' 'VIJI rh-c nm" h m nn.' pt·rr1."L;1' ma 11i ['tu I rl (ltd on (:S ,,:on ",i J'lT ,. n ill ~J r .11;,." ..Ii ~ he-l ...) 11~Ing to iJ lo",~,·o:.::r m ~ n f n t!-'I' U 1ur O()J1? S () rhe ifn1,g~k :\h(~.l h!i':" nf' gLJ;l;' ~ n r<fed ,'Uh:o(ll1ll (" - ii wi II nm t n )11~ ~I~ d J,.... it'll ;Hl un IHt:I..:{"(kHWd r'Ioi,:!l;,."d w .~t.l~ :"1] LC'·L· H \.\,'ll ":OLkT L'I1 Il ot (J III~ .1 ['101'::'" i mode 0. r!"I(l,,~uninn. but :1, T.:Id..ell ruphLt(· i[l wh;:)1l' it fHr .. r" tn Iw .1 l:lLm'~lil w bem g. J ~ '1 oda y, ...... (";1 11 ::'L I re(L~r (j I'i.t:(: r'il [ht:' "I~ 11"; ot a kin d (~I~l'l H,:::r.<lI I.Lll!:;! ~::i~ 't· - nX.'<JJH dll' ~l'ric~ I.J' pr()tt::o;~~IHU dl}' ilS(t:d li,nd".:r rn(' n.. n~: :·SL·.lIrdt.!'-, Tbe H
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poh IC=l1 hm:ir in Srrasbourg; EhL.: impn.<;iriol1 of'l .:i1l'!,-ELI!OI Can social ICl:!is1;:uj on .. t.,! c.]. ' o .. .~'v er, wh a r If •. ~:A;~ 111 dern ca pi r.;lll:'olm~ ich gener\ ill.. wh ~l[C'S C'('UHOIIMK glol:1.1.1 i ;l~'Hion (';lIHW l .!;o:i []1 (.11~ be ~ llppk'rlll~'ll~t:d b)1 political glo 11,,111za non ~ \:~rh if ;511c h all ex [t:'i 1:-'1011 ot j~1 oba J i 7..1 rl on !,(J; the p\J.I il k:;1J a. projci.t JOI\.:eJ u:!:or 'IJi(:,illl~'to fL:JI;! n:lw rile lOU nto urs of ~o...lmUill ic gle h;':jI i :;O;,lj

non ir~E'.If?l·!I! ln sh 0 rr. Hahe

rll1~~s S

has ic


ude i..;,


h inK less rha n ,~ dr'S,(wou.Jd' of

n('(:ot:s.s.iJY ot 1.his. 11011-.:{)m~:rrllpr.l'r .Hl~·ity,'1~ i his J i5.(:[(' pill.1Cy. 1 ],~what gets 1011'[ III H~ bf'i'I"Il<1~=~hf' Il.~'" i J,: P~)l [11 Il'f h~... r~( ti'{)T1 ,riot· ., Pl ~~d;t, ity ~ rn ,-\S aLl II nt1ni shc:d pI l.~i.... l: ·l.. i:-. lh,l t ~~I L.: P r~)J>L:L't (If 11H) ...krn i tT ,.;on r ol int..J r\'!,lt) t~ o.. ,t::.;~ t ht:' d!l,,"t'l oprnE:! nt 0it' "Il\~f'i'i] t)U'rU~11 n·;; Soon": (:O;;L -I r:n.ti fi,,-t{"(: h no-top; i"'::;i11 IHMU pula ri, n and d()n~ina [~>l.11l ni IH ll,.l I'd ,HlO 11 ~mn~.orll1,:t' 4,)J i 1I1C'f'i Ub~t,: v'cti'il(' COI1"llmll1l(:arlOrl fr("C' u~ CUI~!:.' r'~LJr1t!1' hitherto, only th(' first tK('1; h'l.~ hl'c"u fulh' ;jt'rl I}"c:d. ;:InJ l)tlF Task is. m hmlg rhL:' I'ro~t,(1 of rlflfldt'mit'y H-:' L.:omp lol~I'i~111 hy ,''!1.;tu"JizLn,g rb4..: pu [('lla.l 'j l 0 f 11 ~o:: !'>L.:o;;.l:,mJ F~lt;·~'I.Jqh~l t. h0'''I~'!, r ~ \ ~ ~t' til~:i. {!i o.;('i'"P;i1,!1JCY i 0:; .;,;inKi[ uf::ll? \;\' h;J! i j Wi.' (~m] ~~)I ~i i1lJply -.;,urr k'n'1('l1 t

"'u lu Llull. Thf' ~Ir crtll.ll m

cvruury, ill its sp'!..'Cific dnncn '>1011. dJt:1 nut tak» place; ;1S. i t whae h~ ppen cd in i( W{"I'l' h::l !>i';;:r-JII just Y c ru ing.l·m dcr mJ I'... ~(J t hm rhe lJ nde rl y:i o· .onccpiual nan: an Vt! - rha t of , enlightened deinocr anc liberalism. '\,I~~hlUi ind('flrlit'C' pl'0bJ'C:S~ L.Jn be told ... i rh 0 LI r the m. ~ I A Ion!'!. lhe -a 1111.: lines 11"1 order W c haracre nze dw dermsc .... of the S.u.;..!i';Jdi.:.~ 1r'L:~i~~1";;<; in 'j 99'O~ I Ll.bt:[']i.l;H coined lhl: tcriu "catch-up revolu rion ": I'll I h~·V(';1;1j('W C'~!::er':11 Ii herul d'l"llrm(Til....:r) J18 s norh.ing tel ~cnrn \ from [be £.j stern Elr [1..) p;['an Corum Llllii., r ll.'·"_~rLC:rlO(C'. qn..::€: III I ~ ~ 0.. these CO ll'IU r'i'l...''';' ~l][] P Ir L;. t~.IH up w.i! b ! f'~ '0' i.. [ dC'Vt' I ~JPrILL'] L[ of du,; 'Xl CS(("rrJ .w l!' ~ J i~I.:j'~ll·d.r: Inner; llC rq~ir:ne~, H at)f'inln ... f hc_"r 'ny wriu ..... f [h.is, l':-:J1'~\ri~JKCas 0 si~n p] Y :] ":CI;eJ!.,!'1 ~ ~ l, llt ily itIl::, <l n y fLJ I ui, ~ IllclH., 1 ;:l(ru-cnl,I":ll I'i::!IaBlOll b ip , CP,I','c:t...: n ~'~""r('T[I dnnn -r;iKY :1nd rhe D"I~L· nf "Wl,lbt;}f1;l!l]~J[~~ - .11lY 1110 i 1!'1 rb.;H ••~ut;jr i~:J rI,1 ni ~Ill" b .a s. ympr~J l!l u~' '[hI..:' in nl..'r rf' 1li:o..IOiliS ~)f tho:: d C'lnoc:f';uk
Iht;" 1H·'(mIJ·('Jb ..cniury .

he acts a~ J{ the rwcnrierh

i l'5·d t',

TIl~' ~·lH1H':g(l(,;; [Of H.1hof"r[n:;J. ,,' ~ rn:';:UH'lem (t{ F fL... i :->111; in~f ,<\ d omo Os. c ;ilgn .~lio:J ~·lorkhil:im{,1 \. Jlt~tjUH u,( fasl..:i:::.r "h<lrbar'i:-.m ~ .l;" the indLLcrab[1..' o utCO I"J lit of ~h(" ';"di~lleo:..'1.i·uf F.nhF~hH'l'lnl('m". d (. F'lso;i~t rq~imc:s ~H'l' foil' ~im a com i n~r..:m d('ro lit "d.eJ,~~'.n~·g.re-~son) , ...1'1 Ich dOl~1' n (J;[ ~ f ccr rhe r.,;l;'-lic logic i ' of mot:k, ..t~i,l,HiOil 'l,'Il~l Eniif;br":Llinl:'IIL TilL! t:l ..k is rhus ~in~p]~' w abohsbL rni:s
t ' ., IS a I'yl r I'd uno.:-: ...... .11,,: ila[ H.ahL'rma~ nee s. ~]cn.: I~ ."iJ H ~'~ch Lock i an ~e~'S.j)n (fl'Jl;lo:,'! I ~bt.'m" I r IlI: 0:; he0.1,': k' 5 c.: h.i m ~h;;t~,il fi IIII ~5 only;] 50 Im·e I'o;::q in,g ::~" I to; nl;;( in (''Iii I ,.:-na L;~.('t("'r), r) l':;;n'Lls:=;.i11~ the" ror.aI i r;ui.tn" de,u:lioc-k .l~ ;1 Il1c·rc ~:(}ntillgr;:m Jt:WI.J.i' 1(!,:3"'I;,!~ l~~ \I/,oidliJ 4..:umfor(;:)bJt·~ , bru~. ultim<llt'l~ly i~1JPot.("nl, r'l<;;j ('i on () f ":;OIHL"Om.' who. Lm pr'Fit u rh('d hy rh (' C'lt;] ~rr{'ip ht"~ atmmU him_ dinf!;~ to rht.: f)hll' 1".11inn,111't~' of rht' IJIH'ile~se,
< rol~ [' H;Jn,L1l1~nl '" , ~10Wt:'\l(,L


IlOl. W

r~·dH'nk thf' Fnligh~el'wl']e-i1t Pfrtj(,";f its It This victory




[II:' tnHlH.'r! i,'\,

r., I

s~).n ~ ~[h .;,·ornm un j<t.:<l'1: II H~ ~ I ~{E~;}:...i.j]l~ ... ~l (~.hfm is U~ll s.r~tm i \le of iTI 0 dc:"!I' [) ftr:.l::'OJl "~~me 1("I:f2,h.
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,j!oj SUoL.:


P rim :K)' of I:L. hC,.'T!l1;l "i-

tllJly ;,:nl~"~~h::nt Llrplymg th(' III

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AFT I· R \\' 0 I~ n: U;:.:-.I I~'...C

uo ic r

liJ 1

The promise n· he- ·S~~VI:1"I(''!l ovement m lie 1Jl. , he act rhat I'L i!:. rhL:' vcr~: op pns,n:e <0 f j [~ usua l med I~ dt, s i ~n,HI~ J 11 ~ II t' .. ~IH~ ·gl.~ i:or.H i m1 p n ~[I..::'o.t" ): H 1 ~h;·d i~ I ]U~ f1 r:!oot'k e rnr I 0 f .J nev.... ?tobaJ rnovcrnv r nt, ~lo bul \l!,lj rh r".:~::l d W J[ ~ r (,OfHC'.Il( (ir aims ;.H a Sl~~b:ll L:oHhmH;;Hion with 'Lo()(.!ay\ c;~~,.itali ..m) a .. ~"'dJ ,a., I~ . i;(~~mIn' ~s J J1;lobaJ movement. ,"I I~whil~.· inrernntional network rl'<HJ~' to i11rcrveue nil' . where rl'tJilJ I SI;.:aule ro T"n.lguo:.:-~.~[ j,... In U LC: ... l-al tI ~,i'!ri do -'glor.:ll captr.tlism , $mCr;' rt hr~ng~Hl'l:l'l 'ff to" g:~~n(' 'ir~ v I~rim:r;;- Ih,,~ I", tho,>" \,II~~ excluded rrom capitalist glohahz<.HLoll. <~s well <iii'. those ....... arc are hi.) included i[] a way ,...lll:kh n:d.I!H . :C.~ them ro pwlt"I.,1ri;1IIJ 1L1I.... .1"': I\:'dmps r L'.r~· "ill n~IId f;1 k e- f he risk h ert· nf :;11 pph i'll~= I ll,;j:,eh nld ~.tr,;t i 11cri nn h~' wee n i 1.:;1. bsrracr" a L'lJ ,. cone rcre" 1,,1rl ivc rsa I it')'; ;':<1 p ual i sr .j!!.~o al LJ'.a non h I" ..;a bstrac t ", {UL:w,:;(~ ,UI~ l.hl.' :r.1~!"!Cl:.llal l' runvu ILloL:'lH. of C:l]l!t:9 l~ ~..:hr:.:f(';"I!." !·IH' i 'j,' .,~e;'!l ~le movement ..:;t.md$ 'fo r ··c.,·nillol.T('t~· u !11 '1,.'.' r";"Ii i tr "', hnth fC111"Tilt" rorul try r v[ global capitalism (mil for it~ excluded darl, :-,iJt:'. Tilt' "'l,a/II. of "':-;~pLL:'t I~:--.I Bloba lizai ion is bC§1 ex L"iU plLfi ed hy ehc ~:L:tOry III J \I ne 2 no 1 0 f t he H lI,~5 ian i I) II": Il~r,jJ I ()hh}" r 1,'1,,' b i1J~ frm:..:J thl,.· rl i. fl1l'~'!i .'..; d cci -;;_()Il t hat R..m." .... u ld i;1 ~, imp ort nuclear \1,:LlSH~' from developed \'(,'estern cou nrr i!..!~~. H ere, Lc 11i n:-,: IiCl'1iI'C) ach W I~bt: I-;~ 1':-;. i:.. ~ rue i r& t he.:~· rnr n"1y r-x P In ir the wo~ k I I'lg d~.:;s.e~' ... ;(:011~,ent ('(:, q r~nf!;~hl'll ~hci r pC~'iL(]On ~'I$-,~·! 'IS, rho€' COil'; er 11 va 'Li "l'S, .i ~lstCild uf ~Jt'm iJoy i [lg Vr. it h t1 EO the Pl..'fn.LI'~ I h ~ mH ;.! I:"[J HUI: (_~f h'i., md3(r. Ldr lil ~[,.11s.? Tbey ILki:.'" ~o C' ...·okc 1·"';';I:<;Jll, ,,;:;olo~y .. "Ir."ol"k("f':!" r;ri("'v ~l,llr.,.es., ~rHl :'f) orl. W ~,,.:HrtpU'int~ (Wl'r till' ... ·~m~t':r..H.I·..'~:o. - wUhow 1..'Ij(fiJP~g,fJ". ., iJr,~ rht-' sySI(~m. Hem~'L'l1bl'r hO'l"J. ill SclLrlt:', [5,LII. C~.irH[J1l IW'I~~,_:lf Lh...r,ly r,rferrN [0 Ihe I (OI:es.re'l's on [hI.' 'illc,."'l:i!': ou :-;H.!(', rL'minding rh~' :Jr..cmhkd ka J L! 1':-' LW, i~L" ~ Iw 1!,1I;;tn..l~d p~ ~m·t"~ f'tLl( th4..·Y ::.b~m 1d lis-rul Q n rbt' Jem 0&'1 I !i t r...to n=;' mN:5~\:v.c I: t he mCi~illgt.' ..-. h[d~~!;J I' '1.:01.1 !.t\ Cl i.! 11~H1 LJl te r p I'd L:J., r:,h: rri .... r: i n ~ i i[ 4 rt it.::. .:;~]..,v·r-;:;j·.. e '::iT j I:1g. wh ich h f' ;~n'n, ,",.Il I ~!!"d m th· dal1 ~('Tnw:; (''Xt r~r:1lus(", .· lm.rod iJCI nj'!:, L h~ OS :t~ ~(l 'iJ lo~c.::n.,;c im Ij t bot: lJ1 <l i,ur,i'[ y ,ul'pL:.a,;_·t: ~L11. P j'( ~!'t! :,:[er:.l)" ~lIS Clillmm·!-i.q!l~~ :st.l!l("oC hun dC'i.l·lopt:'d il'HU .al~ d;[botatc "GLrrnr·,lIld -st Ick .:::t[;.:u:egy f ('om;ll ilIl:le"n (~ 0'11. f h(· on.~.'h~H~d, r:\ T~ni.lI~~h(' non 'i n,n '[ h.H p~~ dl!l..:J'!..!j ~ a J 3 .. k .\:tH Xl:' [ P~()~ I~~ llg bl' b il'l,d I'[); 011 t h(: o[h-L:r lund .. IJI <. ; t: n o~l.. rki n(HH:- NhC'[ than HeritlS<'O[1l pJ'O'I.'idc-d t.uoJ ;~~~d :;;iH:ht"1" Inr rlll:! 'Hl[·l-~Ioluli. zation c.h:mnn:=::uafm" - on condlru:rlI c·b:1·· rhey ;~~14:Il::lVed properly". and dId I it)1 lj i ::.tu.-b til ~ oHl.;.:iJ I I,;v~n t. It i~ dH.: ~·iHlli.': 1iVi.l:h ,11 ~ ~,t.: W Sm ..Ld I .i\,lH .... C'~lLL' I I[."i,. lip iO ill C Z.l p~n i sr~ls. in eb i ~l }O s:~ C !1t,~ b<;]unll;'!l r [I;'.~ h·,:~ y::;; ['Cady fO .~~j:SH~n t u ] b rhel j' tjem;'i.1 Ld.:-.'~.... .Io1;"pm.'ng t h l;_·rH 0 f !:n l' I r pn.~pcr pnli ric ~4[ s [tug, rh.1:" sys.r{·Jl"I i i!1. h ~' clcfi Dlilion t"C L1I1lIt"u,i..:al.. upt: n ~ w It:L.ann. n.~.LJy !O I i~tll;'rl" tu .,lI - ~.','..... if 11 yo U Ins i SL 1]13 rOll r th·rn lHl d ~. d1L'Y iHf' de: ['n'l vcd nf ~hci I' Llil i 'I,·U~.~ po] i~ 1 ~C'j] :-::rHlg b:r' rht" \"~Ty fo I'm of rh:go'[ i ~HH)Jl. The rru e ''1'1'11 d \XI .:1~ \\' I,c' Ii:it Vt· ti.J Irlf1 k ~

rot' is th,s Third 'W.I~· brt"vc~'11 Ne \~I ~1.)r;.: I.~ ,\1(1v 1:;: menrs, I


I. parliarucn«

r~' politics and th1:'





A~ ,1. !;.I~n of L b iSo t:[l ~(! q;i ri,!:1. mll~·,l ~L 11 a nd !ll;!c\.1 fur .;.1 true Th i ~d 'W <:Ii}',. i[ i~ (·5:5 J nrcrc ... i nt~ ro see h rrw, 'i 11 .1 rece nr inre I",..me".' ~ ~"IH·n:~ W.l}!;er',r;~Hive J ib~ ra I 'Iik.t:' r j oil II [e c.t r re h'LtI to ad rn it rha f. ;~.~::\ (on ~('q" e 11C~~ 01') f rh e "love n ffOl·j r bet W('(_'f] Tha L 'he: r ;H~J H:.iI,·iJ ~ ...m in 1Il".)')~ o C tbe ,:.Ir..: ~';I,:loped \'(/ eS tern ·OUl1 tries .. dl d €'~recl.llI~' III tlw UJHIi'~ Kin gdom, "r he ~o';l:;d rni rasrructu d rc has pr':l!t't i. ••.'<!llly stopped working": rhu, '11~~11 k·aJ~ hirn to make :i drrerr pt ~lI for.. at least, "r . [~L1[ir;,malilill.K the railways and W;Hr..:I'~Y'~ We are ~jli F=~..::t .'p~lroa~hIii' , ;') srnte m wh~cn ~::;;el(,Cl:j,;,(') privan ~~FtIIH·lilcri~;l(,0f'lI'l~p.'Elii:!d hy a gl{)b;w~ [t'(:uJ.ugil,., •al, inlrasu u...:~ 1L:r~I) Jq;~T8.dnti~m ~·'hll.:h .... ~oml '1onarc t:n ;'l ~I'ec~11::"fl .111; r h c q u ;'Ill r~r ill F 'lA'a rcr is no r a ~~I:'UbloL:'I11 1;:()fI fi l"lcd to th .... ll~.- u recent · ""I rVt'Y ~hOWl'J that rhe entire t"f'::';fT!l~ ~i trorn w h~{'hthe J .os f\ ng-c Ics area r ~N~ r(~ water is Jdn .. ·<lJ!) ~(_) polluted or rn;lIH"Il;.h.ll· tuxic chemicals rhar H will SOOn he LiI1p0:-;'iihl(· rn muke ir r..tr-Lnknhlc (:"'''''11 through thi.' liSt: of the n os r. ,h'h;:111 n:d 61rcrs. te C~l r'.i~"'""{ ~Hl·~;.;(.'d hi'" h If)" ;'H' P;·I;l J r for .'I{'(C'rnn~ the baste That 'hl'r,irt: t.:o ordill;H(·~ in vcry prl!('J.s~ h~lln~~ '-I thought la~~ rune, In 19'97. T.h.'1![ he wao.; Jyl~'r. when he d!l..:lHed Iw W;1;;; :l sncialist. ThL' \~;or~t rhinj; I Cell' "~irabout hun ]-oj rhar hr:"wns t'l;'llmg the truth." I',,., i\·1fm'· !1r{'';''·I.~d~r'. {'~ ('..... i f~ i nl9 9 7'. Bb u' W.]!i tt Ubj~·..::tvdy'· I.~'i:ug.'!o l! ~'!l..:11 Iii~ ~1;."4_:rd agend ..l '~.,\,,,~u L i( ~r ~<t\'e- 'INI La L.:.·... t',l ill h(" <; il rV.1 g£'d lof ~hl' s.~'.It:J;llj·l;~.1~~(,Il d tl, Jh' W;h "0 h,I!..'I.:t i,'(' I~ .., . ·~·1i' tdliEI,g tht' trmh; h ~ i~ t:JL' u,·dl "iuhiot..:tivr;:" "'i'n.:i;~Ji"r (,ofl"J"·~.Ull "'~',li'" a YeH d('.;q)(ion~ <lU iHu'iioll \,... idl t~!'!I.iJ1bkJ hi.m tt) Fulhl hl6 ·'obi~:l'li'llt:·' h Ink:, d!.itr nf ('nrl1lp]f'~ J ng ~he 'I h n. T,,.J1uite- !- fe '.lll ~J r i~ ,... m L fol,.v, Ib~ll, :..Ht" ....... f'u ~C''''r{)i'~d tn fh~· 't'{t'rIl<ll JilemllM III d~l.:aJil,:.~1 1dr; s'hn 111'!..!'W(' $.[ nH q;i L·.dI)' ~LJ P PoOr( (cm i c~Lcft figLm:'" 1i k I' B i tl Clj [Hull "',M.I.iI !:!:;~. 1,1' rbe c.:()~l~'·'I'\;;.J,~iv.;.'-.;,. ~jr .... hOLlld '!;,'(: rldn~H 1'h.t· "t,lnCC' of h r..lIH.':<;;i~~~rIl:lt'l(·r,. v.·{: ~ ~h011 k~ 11' t ~ot( Ilwoh··~'r:.lll'L [be:.;!,;: fl~h~:;.. - .i n ;,) 'r/I; ~l". if·:-' -L· ..... t·,) h(·t ~r!' if rhl' H ighi: IS. d!ret.:dy if:' ]HWr,'cr. :-'111"':.', 'in ;r:his. W~ly, i~'·""ll he r;:,lSI(·r for dll' pcup!.:.· [u sr;,."t! . , dw rl'LJf b L,t ['ht, :;.;m li.'HIOJl ,,:;:. r he .... '11~\'!,.'~.1i i:.. ;:t "~r i.;:u·!O11 011 ;;"m I nl,',,:; :;'Ll1S' ot"r ~() '[he; "'I.ll~ Lion; ., \'{iIHl.:h J,t.: ~,'1;11 i l)ll J~ \;r,'or~t'.(11t· RIM-III,I ~r 0 r l~U." LI: 1\ i!:.t I,JIm'I.."? -: tht7 m'l" bod [('OTS("'. \X/h~l we s.hutJIJ Ju I" •.u!np rhc ~t,UK(, of '[ht~ prupcl' ~lial~r;,:[i..,;~~Jf.I.ar.lJ~l:'{; in princJrde,. nf L'Ol!fW, one -shouldl he Indifterl:!nr to [he:-.fnl" £J~. c [\,~n:-jl. the [i bC'r,.~ .1;n~J h I "':01) ~'l.:f"".U,I""t.: 1 HJ!lc"~ uf rn~b y.::; oH; '1';'11 ]l'[JI'i t i(~, - i"HhU'\' I r, OW" (·.l~J dU'Y 11ffm,d ..' to I~(' lfit!t'rc/I{ m if rj},c hbcrtjJ QI)lio~~.Is ~'n pnlt.'i1r. urboC'r'j,vl'iif', rhl;' V~ICl! !Wi~' i.'Irpcar much wo hi~h - oon:;;;ider ~he [;~]'[.J-::;1.['~ ~pl'l it: r;:~~I~!:i("q~llI,;llce~ of lhe r;C.l'~H.;.I.lI Cu 1111~1U m:>! VI.Hl (:,. r:Jt:... i:sjol1 in Ih!:' .... 'arjy I"-}~O" nO[' [I) 'IHL.:u:r. flfl it h 1,.' .. (n~g.gk' ;.lr•. in~r 'the Nil7.L ,,,,it'll rbe 1 ltu:i ttn t.:~riml r h:=tf t'h(: NJJ't'.1 d id;J [Or-:: 11ir '1.',',\ I' h t' h''!';f de 1''I¢r,H(, ~mfc c~f







Ion, \.\,h H_ h \,'1,; ou ld or :Jl l he q~l::!1 o I 'L he ..... )rku I!!, dd.s~. ~ sh, rrer i r~srhc ir ~ Ii C' fill ~ bou rgt':'{1j So" d c rnocra n c insri ru rions, Alo 11:2:riles .. Ii ues, eve n Lid II de Le fOH, whom n (I 1,) IiI!!' 'C.tL 11 .lCClJ ~e of !..' CUI.n~miI.l.L::'l s~'mpa~ II ~t·~; I·!:.:'I.:~~ n LI~ made ;!J, cruc i.d ptii.ll i.ll h LS .\m'''i~'{"1 'L'lJ Fra n .... FLl rer: rod ~ y' ~ Iihe r,;tI COil sen su ~ i~ the ['~~11lr ot ;1 h ~1 n d red ;11 nd ti rrv ·ol"yea 1:'-:' u-l L::-fl[l S'[ \('i,1( ~B kel ~,' ::.r~u~l. .. nd pm-I.'-:'U f'l:' tJ P")Jl (he .s ra t c: u lll": (.I'L' P(,1 1;1)t'C't.[ demands whlt:'h "'\'l.!n:,' di~rill~~!:.!J by Itl cra!s with horror ~. IUIHI"ht!d > ear-, a~o - eve n les"j..I·)' r f v.rt need proot ~ \I;'(~ :--.houl d sim pi)' 100' ;"J r E-tIL~li:-.r uf the Jt;'m'~iKh.. n lh~ ~nd uf the CW'WJ'~I.'H~( ~\J;:mrL'sl(;!: :lpJiLL Iton two or rh ree ()I " he-in (\....L'i(J~., t)t cou rsc, ,~we rbe cruera l o nes I; ;111 the nmh l.'I·:" ;1re 1 [U dav p~:jJ r (}f t he (:011 ~n '"LH ~.u It'as~ rhc -LJ b.i,IHL:1.::.r';UI91 ~ \V e IL"I. : SI.LT~ r n con ~'m'LI:S): uni 'n;:I~;11 k:iltoC,hi S("~ Free ed (1'1.'.'U.i,u11~ LLni' ~''I.'r':'';,') I b L,:dl ~O;_'~LtL: "Li'l.J cue fni the elderl f~ J limirarion on child [;tbOLlL." ~I~ short, II)d:ay\ ~,bou f\:!,1.:{)1Z-. d1.:,lllt,...r;I!L:V b. t I~t" tL::;:'; ul l i'l u[ of I~bo::[",;~~:;;.!ll \. i ut r i l1:,.i L Jo:::\;:: I~II'II ~ . III enr bur 0 ~ [.IH~ prol etnn ;li1 clas..:: srruggl e. lr L:-.rue thar, ![OJ~lY; i[ IS she radical po uhst I{l~llt \.... t lucb u:-.u;llly ~r~;;Ik'j. the (5.[ port'v ill i li n j:; E i bera JI.:'In U'l'f~nj~, .... 1,Ji1~l· ~ L1:"; ~I ~1 1I;1 1.1) m.iki ng .1I.,:ccpr U d a h I{- h itlu rtf) cxclu dcd ideas Oht" rx:j. rri ,'II Illo.::finl.:'iH'IOn of F;1."::cism, rh f' need [I J constrain ,j bsrra ...r ci rizen sh ip on ground, ul ethnic id uuh)" e n.. J, ! hH\,'t"\ I!.! [', the hege It) 0 n i c Jibe r~11 dem oc r~1('~'is: lJ'S iug rh i s. ['.~('( ro r..1:.l.ck1.l1;~ I [be I.(.! Il i r,lJicais: .. Wr: h ~)LIfd n '[ p 1<Iiy w~rh fi n.:~ a~] i n~ [ill' ilew R 1~ln i..;.r 0[1 ~Ia.ll,~H, 1: we ..nQlIld i11 ':io~'S~ III (pre dt;m .;;v(' r on (he ckmo":l\'lTi (' 0;.'011 SoC'ns.lI :tn y (rLr::i'l..'j~.i s ~l of It" 'i.',iltnn~ly or tlm"irrmgl}" tHdro;; The .-.;J;f"W Klgnr!''' -I his. 10;;. rhe I{ey lme ,cd ~~~p,*ratil,)n:W!; slwuld r~j('-"'::l thl~ bl.nl.k.I.II.j"il. rakLH~ [h'l' ri~k ~j Ji~[(Ji.'biu~ tllr:: I iill;' r,11 o. m~(_'mlli:;', c: "'en 1iI r to qm·~t i on i n g rh("',:ur 11(~i(i()['~o.f dc·m ..:(.1.(}, , The II~tir~I"tt· Dr! ",'(:'T tQ the' .ritictSITI .:hm raJI..:<11 LI.' 'r pr<~ro:'J-i'lI~ ,1 re utopi::IJl1 ~hnuld t~~l'" ht:: 'rilm) to,d ),. [hI; [[lIe l!ll:Opi.l Lt; [be- bdiotJ Llul the ptL~:-,;e Il~ II h~Ar':~I-di' I'll m,;:r;~ n-i(; t.:!1 p i f';11i..r ('~1~-;;(' n"''ll ~ >1,::\ n W ~ ()fI mddl !}1[(-I r. ,.... HhmH r,;.ir.l LL;-Id t.:'h~~ Il~t:. \'!l'L: ..11'(: t hadofe 1 bJoCl 'i;'." i.tb [,hI: old '68 :slog;:m ., Su ",',un& n"aJ~-s.tt·3, dl"1~i.c1rid_ 113 1',!m{ms$,,J',I{,!"': m or,dCf '[0 lx .._t me ...e "II'S(", \VC m l~S~ f !"'f)JJ:-';I~k-r bl't;:~klll", (_m~ut l~H,;:con::.HainL>; of l,.vhilt ~lp~H.'<lr!';·ro:s~'ihk-" ~Of. a<;


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beco 1[1,.," W i'i [N,'; II ~1 t'( (J ~ a .IIH,:,re ~.:,;t;rJI;,; nta I C.J ri 0, i[~, IJI.' lu I(' rhe :;;rcoli1d dC'rn O-IH!if.~tt5 rhat Wf..! arc; ~[c'lljl1:g wldl ,;) ,1("{:p(''I" necessity. \L)o..... r J i d Jk rl u scon I ;1ch I(""'('? H is '!,,'Jewry ~H'nvides ;'1 dt: pr{:ss.int lesson ' I~~~ ~L bou! dH" ro k· oi .1.1HII' II ~,'j [] pol i rics: r he U Iti 111.1 Ott tcorne 0 '1:1 e gff';l:' a [12' mornl- pn I It ic ill car 11;1~i.. - r he ;"I nri co ['t llJlt'U)11 c.unpj iigl ti r .1..::0:. Ila nd:s. '" \~'hm,.:h~ decade ;-]~~~,ruined Chnsnan IJ(:,~HOLT'KY, and ,•«irh II: th ' idoo.rtJo;ji. • g!":-:ill Pfll;1:rirr of C:llt!S.!.u~1 D(,J.HJa.j.~L'" a:l'ld Cermuunist, which dominated [,"I():'.r'i,i,,':i h:a 1i;311 poli ncs - 1:-: Jk:dm:<.:om m po wt'r', I r is. SOil H.:1·hi nt! l i.kt! RLJP~!"r. r r ,MUI·dUt,:1'1 winnuu; <i .rkiri~h election: <l pohucul movement ~llll no; ~1 b~~gim!'~'.' f:iLl i, licit r ~"!1 rrrpri ~,C'., Berl.n ~Ol1ii '5 Fur:tl llc~Jia i:;; no I(I ngrt:1" a politi ill p~n:r" bu r - ;i!oj i~~ na IIIr Il1dj.:.'8ll..·~ - more II ke ;t ~lmrl"; f" n dtl h. J j, 'in tht: good oM SUC.!:J I i~t ount rLI.: • :i por! W.!5 'i.i ir1:'l.:d~ }Q-I'i ttL,: ized (rcrncmher rhc DDH. 's enorrnou» invcsrrnenr ir1 its rnp :1. hlere ) Imw, [l'r1litl('::; in.el.f i:..turned iilllt(~-la. .srlor!lII~ contest. ..An rhe purallcl ~oC', (:- eu further: if rbe (ommUl1l1.;;;r I' -g1"(Je~ rt.,1rH1oI1~liJ.;C'd i~ldLl.'itry, Ikd~l"'C'0L11 is, in J V:,l,Y. P~'~"":~ll,:.r.I~1rhe srure ~ rrself. Fnr thi~ [I;.-;}"iJ11, .:tll ihe l.ernsrs" ~1J1dI~lwro[ dcmocr .. s· U!1l'!ITF ab-out u thL.: ;J~Llll:t~"1" r Rl.l'0-F ~bL,i I LJ rk ing bol.:n'l:a.[h ,1:kTI~.1 n ~,m, ~t_:om':; ~'i.cror'~1 r$ tll i:$pbt:';:-cl ;:md. 1m1. ~ '\,"";"1 y, mu( h 11'00 0rti m i-:,;~ic F:1I s,(':i SHl mo; ...t ill .a d ('il:crlll L~ KLII:t: r utiti C'a I prOI'::L:r. whili..~ tJl '[Ilt' (,iI~ of rkrlll::i om, [lH~I'e .::-.ultllTi13!:)..:lr n(t#:HrI~ 1l1li'kil1g bt"t~tI.'a·II,;!Hl ,,.j·l: I'l·t id,eologi"'::J: I pr{l j l·t;{ , ~L'I 'l lh;:.: 'l:.J1i.~":iI" i.15-S nu: dl~ r. d I illj,l,ilo ~Il'~l ~"lill ~I,_ril{ dm .. that hI.: will dljl b~"t(l.:r. III :r;;horr. H!:"rlm;{.:nni i.-;: pos/'·p Hlies ~~f it~ pm'f."::'!, I"'~ rht' LLhblU.W: :"I~,JL of .... ,l-1_l{o.!:. oJino;_:.;.'~ in aJJ \X'estcm <.: u:nrrL,.;'i IR ihe giO ...... II of a !T!;~n.'iltJ:'ri.'l[ n.,rprn;1 -11 'to g,o','(_'Trir!Il.!1l1 ~ go'VermnCJ.l~ is. IfC.CtJJ1I1 ce~"cJ d:-. .-li 1ll:1CI.1 gt' ria I fUll..:'! LOn, J~pri "1"."(,1() f I r:-:;('H't1I'1rrl Y pCJI!i r! ca I dtJl'lerr~w:-_m. , T he II' LLC :'i.~,;t kc of [od,q' \ po lit i~;J.1:s.~nl,gg;l{,'~ i~: ... (.rf ~hc lwo hJrl11~r' . lu.:;h m@Ul r~l'nt;!':" th.;.- (·ono:.;("[,...... ;uiv.:"i, or rne "moder:uii'" ~il..!h~', will suC'cced ill prr.: :!1;,,:-mili~ ]t.~d f ,::-; t:ru ly t' nl b-1.J ~i Ilg the p Ij~(- i Utl."J~f:i~i t.:a ~ ,.,pi m 1 r-J_g;liiro~f th~ J I)'~th('-r r~lfry dis.nuli;!'i('J 'j!;;; "~rill Gmght in the- old idool(sgic.J1 r1101;;h:in'C" .:. Ihhl.: i900:. ht~ I'L1Ilg,"J w t bot CI) riM.! ri!;HI ,,'.:':5., rh;t, k s on of [he I" ~H' ~e 'Ul(.-,d [00 OC' ha" JI) our btl' c.1pil;'Jlisr SOI.::LCllI.: .... Thir~j \~l'lY :!1.(J>t.:lal J-CIHOLL1l!t::y (OF [~"cft mnn: re le,';w II' 1;-, lioSIL-Lcm"lnl l~n I S I i1 I'll th~' (·1o;:·S{,ja bog'[ con nn ies:l ;1CU1:.liHy n d'LlnctiouJht:. h lhl.: n,; pn':~l,;nt';:Hi Vt· 1) f L.::-t pH i.! I ,H :lotll,:h~ in Its wra Ii'[y,~ag.m.in~1[ .i.rs [i'Hricnulilf t'a1.~·ll(HJ~ n'prc:'wnted h)' tht:' '..'rH-L("~i" "'''('JJ15crvative''' ptlrrue:sJ whiC'&' d It."[]. tH urJ(,f [0 plr~::rc'nt rh....:-m ~e~"I:'~' H'" d d J n,L.!:),'i t b(; 't!min: PI) ~Hlltl tlOn, ill.t4 ;~ I ~n try [0 '£.~u i:. (r ] ~(.!' 1';'1 :rtit:u Lu d{"IU~lIIJ~ 0 r 'tb ...: .l! I~ti...i,::.1 pi,t 1.1i:,.E s,[:r.ill rr-l (~3'I, l~f d []llo.stl1.: ., p~H'l':i,1,) I' lei In'i(i~III·-d.a '\.<; 'I,'\'() rk e~..: 1:'1'1 re:ue-ned b)' chetlip "Ium iGt-am bbour - li1:'C,JU [.IL[! CDU, whi'\,-h. <l~<lillS.[ ~ht.!S()dal D~m[.J('rrm. p,mposa[

have- I n happen twice: :-..f~PQ~e[)11 hod EO 105-1.: E '>'(I,;c' ! ::tiP•. ~ also IHH.J to win rhe election El-vi'O; for ti!!R ;'H'''" re f'I f rh L' fHI I ';;011 seq u ('nc'l.:~ 0 f rh i::r; ("'.::'I1~; the ruSt time: can beit seems rh,u f.kdu~cOl1i






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W e I(He S,!are ~ ~~Iml(~ Id. :l soc iety rh..j r i", to h.:Tl.T'lit tmY;;! r·d", sexu ...l, r~·l·iglom, bui T 21 ud eth n i~ m i I~ Oii! ties. l.f ehe trend ann ou rKt'd hy lk rluscoru's 'r.' ~~~Wty ~)iI.!'f!1,L:o.r!;.; .J. l'I:H..n:h J;;t·I'k.t!L' prospect is discernible on rh..;! hf,Hi:,rQiIl_ a wur:ld in which '[be unl lrn ired ru le ('j,f Gl.lpita 1 i... '0,; IJPPlemcnted 11~~t h~' ~-l' t't -I! I )~'r;L I rolcr oil nee, but by a Ity pica I.P Q'Sl- poliricnl III ~X(IL! e of p'U re p U blic I ty !"~'l<l.~L;;I·.;~ck· r and Nlo.raJ .M:;} joriry CO.llOHm ~ rem em her t h~l th c V .:rtL~.,"1!]~~~Vo{!' ~k r ILJ scnru r I[f; 'L.-:1C 811 ppon!:), .~ rh ere i~ a hidden ideol o~ 1-":<1J l~ :r::~"!JJ.. t 0 ~k rl u~!..'~ i's i-r t· ~ l!. ...post -poliries", ir is. _ to pur Lf b'l u ntl y _ the eli "i 1Tl'1-('H)I'"Mi~ mont' t'~H! ftHu.l:.m1,:,·n· ral post- World War It dernocranr pact. [n 1~'of;,X"nt y~"in:-~,~he'rt" hnve :"Ilrr':ild)' been numerous signs that rhol..'! post- \~iQrld \'i("'~lH' II ann-Fascist p;,!{..II, rs slu ...... l~, I.:: [,1ck ~ng; rroTn ,~ rcvi s,i on !:>;r'''' h i!l;t'~ ~ri~ t~l th~.·~~'\,~I R i gh r PCJ;I'tul.l:'o.t!'!., ~~ H:;ll lccl 1'lI~ "taboO'S" ::1[t' Ji&a!p~-arl['J~. , ,. 1~.'H.tJtt,,{I(,:.'ill}', t'hnsL:' who mHl't"nnll'iW ~hls ril<:t .rd(![ to t·h·i; "cry 1~~r.J1 '!..!!'1in;r;t;.;1,h;t.cd lO;l!:.iL:of 1j~o:;::t:iH1L:l•. HiO;n: !'o;U[,L", thC'rc
",'verl! \;j.;;tim

\Vh(,f~. rhc n, u({' ''1,,'0:,:- ~{Hj:1 >'! Th I! L.! [~L ire bI.!j.t... ry of the :)0\< iet Uni: I'll ca ~ hl.! ~ C"O I'Ll r rehen ded ;11 S :1I1;llogcms, 1:(' fn:! u.a".,. f:i.mo! I::> IJl1'~:M:L' nf Rn'[l1'C, ;iI c in- whose hi;-;wn ~':> dvposin d ill i(!'.. prt·.;;C!'m: In 'Ih~' gU!!'>:'~I)J ,di rft'~iH laY(~f!:. of archaenl(.1gi{'.~ I ~{'m,1in dcrs, each new le ..L" 1 ('(}'n:riJ.i~ 1L p tht:' ]m'~'''''djn~ one, 1Lkl! ~anorh ('J J1".10 del) t he seve n lavers u ~ i'n'J !'o.n [~l:H h i:!-~~)ry.. i il ~t" rq,g,rero;<:; ww.u~L ~"'I.:'J older L·puch:-.. pl'm_t:'l!il.L IHu.! ;~Il att..h;!L~oJ~lH.i.~!, .:.Ii~";O"'·I,:Tin~.new . layC'pj. P room g deepe r ~ CIa dee pei!' mro 'r11...:- ;rnL 1nd. W:;-I<; not· t h",' ~officio I p




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01: ruruing FGOP]1: iruo nijJH·pL'I'!:'mL~.of .l retroactive !l"l.!wJ"i.~·i"]g of bi~.w·I!}'·~ ~~ uirc Inj;!;lc1ll ~" '.' d{'-~till in i7.;.l,:n ('I'M" \,Iva5 i n d LI;;iu'd by 'I+W oppn..:;~t\' P!!"{X'(';'ri:5 o~ "rchu bi li ration ", ut ,i.I dru Lui n~1!:."t"1 rurs" iu rhe p<l.~t po Ii~ics o f the Ila rty. "J he "';1';;1ci'LIal "rchabrliuuiou' of the demoruzcd E·nl.!;.bC'vik C'x-i!l!'.;1dC'i":i CIU1 rhus

servr as perhapx the
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~I aha I L~.ap H';!Ill<i.fil1.: [,h i rt:i \'iI) ~ 'f m ~i Ir:hC~I II u r:l. I I!":,( [OI(! i'.111Ct:! 1 )~l.()l}L~L.. \~ ':i 11 tiu!!:. bm.'iu~ .d !lL"m~l .m c: lx: F. HnJIM.;·' ~ ilIll :"~.n'r 'to glo kL1 i..f.~ [LU~l { ~ ..... Rl"J'1uSl.:'owi i~ ~'h(! ref<m:- p0~C -r~n.1i[i CoL; ,;.H .i r~ w n I:":~,.! (! '!,':en. T h-:> 1-. (.'QiJ()IHi.!;t. I'h ~H <;1·,U"lIiIl.L: h 'll U iLe ~Jf a Fl'[ i -LL:frr l~Dt!ra I.L11..l. 'JI a!':. a .... i..i.,(:t~ by Bet' I_j ~~ ~f;l i. t) t bdng ~·L: p:'i.f[ of l~ "CorrHml,~ts.~ plO[" Ij,II,!hen ir Hk.ed Will£, s.co,l:rcnring ql~es.ri(Ji1s. .;)bDlI~: hm,,' ;1 convJ'l.:{ecd crinllll.~:a1 GUl beco:lne 1)r:11IH' '\1.m.i~'[er'! Wh.fllt th:is me',Hl'i ~~ Lil:l L. f lJ r Baltl !!i!l...Oii.~, ;) II upp{n,,~LiO[l LoLl h L:f:. P-():::'~ -pol.i [i.1..: ~ i!::. i'(J-4..Ho;,.':J[I a .i ~CommU1ll~:'il[ rio",·', ,1\ 'ltd III .1 ·.. y" he i $. ri gh r; ih.~ IS ~h(' nn iy fnE" . ";1 o PIJlosi.i.lon; an lilu:' ort.'!.:h _ . .I ibl..:r;JdSo or Tht rc.l \Va r Lot·,h.ls,[s _ an.: b.1~K ,1.lly pb yi lli~ ~hl' s~uno f!.i.1i me a:; 1\( is, ~,nly wit b ;1 d i fierc,[H ~i~"]::.s.. Is t'h c Th i rd \'(!;;J Y

time C":-;'t'('SSL'::' oj or P~)PI.'l~js:r ]wmfl!~

Jh:! fir:'j~: n.1 1~IHlb1 hr;;]I;'('J ,vc.rr- I he .::;e'l"ll ()I- m III r~ r~' Ieadeu"i s.h<ll[ ] 11 I ~ .1"" ~ 1 uk Ii n d.(·~'~·k y ~tn d IJ th~... ~ dh7 1-1;:;( lu bt: c-dJ ;!l.bi.l Llatcd. T5l .ii.l [he GL) r h:.L": b.:.·y ~.! r;l; J Li "q hd~ ~ r bol,· r~ il..:olh r~~' [hI.: Cnm I1fHl n i;:;.r rag i m~; I.-"'~l';; Btllk h;'li r i ~l ~ '[ b i s: b s,t ~l.:'h,111l.1Lt ott i.on, ~ It' 'I...~f '1..:0tIN~', wa~ .;] (k .. !:iig~l oJ I['he [II.lf11 r.mll,."al:as ;,,:arL,:ali~m:! du' H_I~dMriI1 wh(~ "r W:l,~ r'l'h ,l hi I ~t,.'H'(:J. w.);:!' 1711.1.:un...:: who., in t I U.:" i. 920~.;;~ \.' K.:~Ltt"J .1 J"l'Ld I.H!~W(,."oI..!:n Jl \,.V( ~.. k(::r~ ::l 'I'l ~I rll.:'<l <:;:'1 f!~:-; f ~ n!L'Tj{'P;' 0+ ti1f'i r b n.d'~, ].;t ullch i ~lg d1f' t.~ III rl-Ll!'; .:..ll}g;l i~ .. !.'.I~"i I..: h );0 U [:S(' 1'I,·t·~~".,. .1nd up post'd I' {U'fCt·J ":0 IkC'l i.viLal.1 un. .\!f'!;l'Li fi..:",,~I~.d}'_ h(n .....;;-v!!,."C'"., fHl{' ~j,!,~w..:'.... ~-;1') ~IC~ '{'T f('h.;} hi I i r~lll:('d, (')i.e huicd by (ht, C~ ~m mlll~ i::>c.So of ~hC' SO""it"~. Union
S1:mi~;;H w('·ll ~!';. hy Iht' am:i-CmmmHWi.[' Rus.siall ni:.l.I[.i~)Ilal~f:.rf.:1 nlr~k~\ rn.L: '-\van-' (It! ri ng J~·w'·n f ,Iw !~,(''I,''O~'ll' . i'IJ!'L~ tb~ r.nh; i.l [1[·i-Sti.l.1 i [1. [h.._·;lfo\.·h -;::L.lJ!:'ln)',~ (~rpQS i l'lg "pf"r"ITt;HlC':'il r n."1,-oluf'i I'm" rn i IH' iJr.-;] ('ii ~ ht1l1 d m ~O( ••·LI:=::m In OL'lI€ nloLn ntry" , i




I ,.1m ~~tnpt!"!d Iwn: tv .ri~k


pri I [in rdl;! I. (f~ H I n d n1 K) ;"111(I ::';~',,'~)111 ry Kpr-r.~'i.iofj d!l in the U ncnn ~t:!~~Iol~: 'f "Olsik Y \ ~'x~ Ill'';i [)r1 :l tl'H) I I 11I i;!d W $OITI c,,,th In~ I rh' th-t pri murt_! ~8d repressi nr"l (1.( the S ~l 'I Lt.! t s.~ ,He. W ~O 11H,;.·J, 111~ wh '(,:'~ 1,:,1.11 I"Ic'll~'r bl,.! rl;,!'~ rJ 1]1 ittll."J ltl.lt'ou:gh .... h;\ hili I':i I.i'~] I", !->LL(..... t h.. ('nt,'1 T~' (Jr( I["r rd Il,,!iI,~ ~HI till"'; n("g~'I'1 v.e :gef~li.i i"f! t1 f re 1 · !:.:.xd U!,;lm L J ',', '] rt1<l!.ok~· I~ dw I) 11(' rL 'Ii" 'i.-'I,I'~H.llrll ~ lH!'n~ ·i ~ 1 H ~ n:MJU I dtht:t· ~il PH:~ 990 R~:'Illy E3'£i.!1.~lH!h 'Sm;!al~!'i.mU!I" jn pO!'l.t-1 ~J9n Re,]Il}' E~i:;:'ri'i).b C;]p'i~~lisml'
b U

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hu h (!,i,·l!l. rlm~(! "' ·110 are nos \tI.g1 - for .omrnunisrn do nor know what ... [~I L.k.1 wirh T n.)lt!1-k~·'!'i. pcrmnnenr revolution - perhaps rhc sip,lH~ilcr •. Trorsk (" is. the Imn~! ;'~.l')plllpn~Hl' dc,",i~'I1.Hi()I[' nf thnr which i, worth redeeming in The Ll..:uirJL",! ].::I:;ao;.:y- H~!rll.'! \10."(" should kmk nr "'T lolderlin's r Iyperion" ~ a bizarrv bur crucia I .;:JWI'! e'~";:t}" hoy (~cn:rg [.~1k"=:i"'$ WII"Ltt{'"n In I"Y' l '), sn wluch L ukac s I".IJ';lj :..~~ J h!:!=:.tJ..::I'!\-' en d ur r 11H..nt of t he N a so leu 11 i Thcr In IJ~)raaa i 11 ~'[ 11l ~[,Ji..:r1[11\ llllr~HI:..i'I:!:t!'[HlidL,llty '() t~(" h(·("ni~ r{!,"oh]'l"l()nilr~ uropia:
in \\ H(:!~d come rp terms ;virh rhc poo:;t-rhf'"rmidm·i.ulo epoch ,1Ild nL' dLl~<'c r] thl.'" ol u tiouary I-"<! riod (J f b~)uI'g~C) i!:o Jl"'(: lupmc II!.: .111J ht: build..;; i I phI=-: ph 111)~4":Iphy pr~!"-:t'h ~m an m~J('r'''~';)nJl ~ji dii!1- m~w hlmirl!,::-pHim ill \'1': r) Il"kl ng 11is.tuq. I Li1J.r1 L'"dlll m~ b,-I;, OL I (")I'tLpr~ ~ml~".- WI' h ,IK p. It-ot-'] 'I, COt II i,d1I1 i i.L II H'.J.[i1~'; I lao;' (0;;' 11'1lim.: (.1 itrhful m rh I,.'" ~ ~Id rcvnlutiem ,j rv J(.iof':l.1 l-:of frnflV:':) rill r. " pHil ~ ~ , ~[;~'IOl,.r.lo:.~' ;md i:!> LJn.l!kl'1I b)l :11 reality ...... J1io;.:IL ],,1:5 uo place ktr hi~ iLLI:.Ih., 11~H

II"In -x

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n:gl]!~ ~~'

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and privare

p r'OPL',1Ly, I( we n.!.Hl 1. ILk :iL.:b'!I, 1:.·1 himM~m~~1l r. llJ'f til t' Sralnusr Thermidur, it i m1~t ics (.'1. rgLLbl~' ::oJfF'I ir~ ~t Iu,,: c;[.m,~cm'LL!1. En~1!! rrt ion] an utrcri}' 'pt"-'i:!J; m i.. anriric M,a E"Xsr per; pe'C~ I ve: rlu! pn ll,~·t~~ fI 1'1:' ...'nl ~I! ~n i ['it'.I1 j ~ a 1'-;0 c har:l,cr,eri"ted 'by i n:.!J L~ r I'IC".s.LJli hu ""·(X.!l1 i L.~ ill mury I mmv L;1':0.:;;.1 :~ SS(~rtL(u1 (If freed om. and 'Lhe! I;!Jl~lJjn,~


wake 11i t1[':' In '[ he new relat Lom ot d nrn 11U ti o :i 1'1 d ~.)i pi n~t<:HiOL1. wll i h IllL!',j nx ~h~ [ rh t:: (j)[jumu II~ !-H~)lc.::..,: L (.Ii r~~drzm ' ., ~,~ru'"" Ir~{,Jf 111" tai led, I \\orll~Jt, dH..!11 ~lI"e w'e W d'l ill the!'rl! (,:lrO;;~Hnst.mo!.:e~? T~e problem with those fi!" ...., rot"rl'h.:i.iI' i 1'1 ul'T IK)("I };<;; ,. ~ .('111 i n ~'q ~ Wh(l ~"J;t, h [11,0"{' ;1:;'; if ',",'r;: can snnplv recycle H $
[hI!! u~J Lt!"~l m:!:.m,:111 .. 1 'Oll ri n 1.1,j,;!W ta lk .1bmu Lhe cor ru pl~J leaders ,. berra yal til ~ [he W0tlz I fig ~1 ~f L:iL"'!vL.'':; l"L'V Dill t·U)] La ry i:m pu] ~(~..., i!. th;rt ·i t I~' 'no 'i1 ~jr.J:' clear



'n rhe level n f JHotrry ~l;nd rh f'JU~nL

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f Thethe

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i l:

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u I~ d ehe I,tlll,(! hl·r,n i!i-[l I Ii ex II ot 1111 1111 d Iy d i I1g~n g H1 eh (' in ea.rly n.:',,"'{]I.u [lOIIl.a~'r en ch lI~t:ll ~m, !btl t 11 ~ r'~!CO~' tl"t Uij:.'; ;~thl' ro!:.(' 111rbll: (' ross ~) f the- rn,:-scl\t~ ~ ~tS Hcgc[ liked w p~LJ·,:J:phr:J.:"L: b.L~~H'r - tlwt ii:io. ill aL..J.nJulliJ~g [he [l(Josinon ol rhe !>e.lUl["i(li[ \01..:11, :liH~ hlll~·o:.:(,:(·ptin~ fht· pn::"'l'TU :.10;; o'nly a Tho!" p(Jo~:sihl~ Jljm.ain ut .lcm:a[ fL~L!,Jmlt_ Illtl:'" J[ 'N.i':i Chi!7. "\- Inrr(Jmi~t"" wnh ..n ".'11 reality ,,",,,,·hie&' rll~lhkd Hegel T.f l.~~k(!bis .... TLH;j.lt (lhi'ln:o;;ophiC"ll <itep bot! rgeois economy

I,m] n

ic.:) I p r~)1H; r1 r L~ i:l kL;t L';~ l p~H.J d ox of rh'l.: I)t'"o [L) ·1'.1 S.... ~J I d-L~,~ U I' W retum to a ~I~t 'oil) , I prc[:J\()Cern .~ ()]",K;:J,llloJ;' ~ t"ommumt~·~I ~1;r t I'om 1 1']13. !'O111l P I'''''' rr,l L:t I nn.;ti ry . 'X.:J r.

f h.1~ Ijf IJ ~r(!J('Qm (["j~ the P j',[)W, hI SCLst IIoll4llN ')It ., ~)r~. rm:'" ..:ommty i!l bis !j},Sf em da 5~'u fj'cbkeJ1 [II ~I.JI,U !i-t::n pt,. .Hil) (:ng,~ f!i n~ in .1 d i...:~k'... .1 n:j ~J"~i,,: t'Jof the :;(.ll1li@lW'I:Jl ~ o;;Tll~ ("tf h0_llgeoi.:: ('1\,'IJ '1,CH.'le"ity, iTh,l't m;;; rhe

hi :''':1$(

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build ~mLi.,]i'ifJl 11,::Oo!.·I{. It is, I ( h,'i('Jli~ 11"11:;,hlk:h',,\ :Hl~IYSI:O;; io;; d€E'l'll~r ~1.III?$!fH·i('j I~ Ji ...... 'I, rinen ;a 1,"mlpl(· of alt)u\h~ ,1rL~r ]'rutlJ.k~' ldllH,ht"tl hi~ [h~:-:;I!'i th:.u S'[~lnlii~1tl \,·~L;<, fw Th~nniI dot 0 f rhl..! . lL'L [J ~M."I" R.c·.... lll tinno. Lu k:llo(.f;.'~ r,C':;,,: r s IlOL.J kl til{;'n:;tOTL' I L' I""(! n d :l." ;m n ;,1n5WU '[~) 'II'~ Jf"l k y! J, t' ;~((,·tp~$ T [DiSk~' '.,; ('1-1 ~uaCTen7_~nOll of ~ t;.l ,II ml ':.; Irq=: i[] Ll' ~t -, Tiler nlido]'I~H" S _ ,~, ...i U,Fl. i t ~I,p.osi [i l,'t~l,.... - ~lh,~ ;:;t l'<}J u ~ h-L!HW;Lll i Ilg ~ I(! J loss (H UwpL.tn e Ilerg~, ...... ;,;,hOH~~~, ln :l ~(,'I'oic311 y re~ Lltfl ~d 'W;,) ~1, ;'J ceo:::[It ~1S 01;' l"UH~l'q L1ttlo:..:l:::> a!;,[he 01'11-:.. ,Lo;:[ l.i31 ~ p;iHX of ~oeb I progn.·::;,.,.. ~ hH- ;\b "\~ oj ;t,' 'L1,gc, ~h(;' !'i:o],.l:'.rin~ "'}17! HUIl~ L!.hcr'~ wbi;,:b tt)llu ... rl1!..' 'o·:O:;

a ki nJ ot ~C) in p,'olf.Jlm!':l" ..;;n~I E~Ii Hl, ~~:jrhin th~ -C'!.Jn~[r:illLl~ nl o:.:~I,p'I't.!I.i~m

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I!! J iS-1..:iJ..L!'Os,iull S. n h tl u1 rt' he: p:!!j t (d"CIH011 r;.t r~ tinr, \.... i,h hfm· and where ~'lllU,-C(mHlltHili:.;t .. LC'n!;:mlor.i~h '" L:d",·i ''ff Lc:t'lul; ct .... ill wluch L~L."(! d~cy ::J.1/c~i4.! T.IJ· qLlc!'r.Eum of wI.. , ti.~/hlrl rol)JJll a ·_), ) pt~:rf'I)' hJsu)ri{.~1 mtercst! tb.s m.Jtlc:,j; ,II ,:r.N tnniJ)'; HI', the t:]oJJ:'i:l,!r rhcy l-i."'·f ro conre mp-() r,u}, p01 i!LL;'" rhe elL) -er d~e~ :a re ro a,dc.lpT. iI'll;;' ~ pu re I~' 1:;1 r ion i~~ 10..: P o~~ wh ich \htl:~,l !en!;. J H ~ f)J Li!!, \l;1'1H.'"F'1, i 1"1 rn.L" I;'!J:H m0i"1 rb~. .f) t 20 on, rh e L\'[ ~1,('J~o:"'v~( T'f'r.i ~'I'~!!'" U I, St-r+l'I~ ""';il~ . fin<l 11~ wppb.:J; ma n}' M,a,l~ Xj~'[::; IJI Lht!' \X/C'!;'[ l·::'I.!~;o:J ~h o.:! 4 UC':;,l i tHl!, ....'1(,1 h~H \ ;J ~o LI'[ '[ he- .coO a I [HI 11('(' 'v.rh,,)~..: '!orrike.:' Icd [[) d~C' d i,s,n1 p"L lm I ,1.1 I' t he elect r i Lit}' sUf'pl~.. anJ '[hu.:;.. III l:t' 1.:":[, hj"ou!:!:hr M,il(~. 'VI,e d~,""n: W'a:.. rh:u fWT a *!iHlme L \oll/orkers' mOV('mcL"l[~ ,,,,b,idt ,vas. rhcf1 m~lflipLEhHl'J by _he pO~i.~Luam"·,.... . bo were TiI<l:t10n3JIs.rs Of c()rrLlp~ed by dH' . IA:'~' rile :;"11111:' sytnpr )I"H:Hit' poillt 1:1lt;;: r~:I..'~ .J p wpu!"> oj ~...' vt:"r) HI..: '.\ :"'l}(!i<11 uphl:d!'" a I 11 i b: tbe ... n'[O::l:!,li:,L[:ii.m LJ f b,.,.i I~I!'":ll ~nc: i;J Ii.::.m ["en )-('."t F'io, .. gn); ; Il (,::l.r[~ 0 f rn("sl! (' .:lsC's., rney Ld eJuj fy 30_ 'me ..~'ork In g-('hu,!:' nww Ill.e In wn t'!.: h aHt.:"gcd I r di~pl.a yed ~1'['rue r~vol miD Il<lJY or, at lea ~[. So(:i.a li ~t - pO("l"m i ~lJ, b LIt '\''1/.15fir!:l.[ cxp 1ui'lt"d <lHU '[lilt: tI bcmwc-d by r!"f~-(';] piu h"'t ;"I n d/or n;«n,fm~lll:'o:i rn,rtor.. ln h I:'; INa}'. we C~l contin u r to n dr~''LHn rh.. : R,,::"!'"o!utiun 16 w~md tht: .... H :orni:..~r:all we Ill'CJ I::. '[he <luther nb I-t.!.,.dcl'shlp \.... bich '~vollM he ~'Ilblc m or~~l;lliz: 111(' .... '·ocKer::;' r('voIHt.Jml~r)' IJ~JI~t:miaJ. [r wt'" (.,]J1l htlicl,'(: Its 11I11..'mbt'TS, So]idamo'~c w< ~ on~ini:llly a wLuh·p;' d{!mo~r.1tiL;-:s~)ci.('di:,.c' IW)V(,"I'l1l'!1 ',. I'Hcr "bl'(r~l,y-e(J" by m't~l[!'sdl!l~hiJjI, wi1Ul;:n ,,,,'[1'" (.:n~Tl.Lp~,'{! tfw Ch!m'h rlfld :thc: CI Ahoy .~ hoJ:rt! L~, uf ..;ou r~o:.!, .Im I;! h:!I'1~Ii.:!HI 4) r t ru t h IH ~h i~ O"IiVP 1'(~::!I:ch! ~he L.II1c~In.;)J.[,e i r<lJ1ty crf t I~(." i !1.~l1~{:gnl ti~ [1-1 Com ~m.ln i:-.m ' ....I!. t h:ll. tbc g.i'l:.a r r~eyol[s (the d m ; (;])i~ 1111 I-:J'U.~ l-hJI"I~~:l!'"y iri ~~)(I: )o!id,:~riay 1:11 I'o-iandj weft' u:dgulally U/()T,t::a:;' LlI,'tl':i.i[]:!!_'i whIch n[lly l.Hcr p: 'h'L!t.1!bt.' ''.'.;}y for mhc d"5SRO:: «~l1Itir.lu.!J'i:Hdvc:-s.




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the "exrcrnal" c.:-n{"m}" the n!'!;inll' ~[)t :'I mC:';:;':lJ.;!,: "J out Lt:r.. t":ill~lt·~·from those whom these ~\... «irkcrs' and 1'~8~~iHS' :"t~H~"i" evoked ~~ their (~v.;lj .... ()t,."iLll h<l"l', This vcrv fan, I.I~ I'C'-; al ~t) d~! J1rmst r~tot"!i. ~n.....ilt: ",.. k ers" r("~'(1I~' lack cd ;1ny ~1I hsta nt i ill )WI..! I h t . 'ur socia ILS:! cornm UfTrJII,,'n in ;1]1 ';;1":;C"~. once d,,~' rrmvcmc nt ('~ pi Clod cd, i t ~iI,·.l'" I"~ . ,m()u~,h]); h ~:~nl(_)IU£.t:J b~' l he ~l,(I m.l.ud ...bou r~';"IJ is" id •• lug v I(:"0 Iineal .o t rl~I..!J(~~h, !)ri vnte p rope r~}") nari [lin.')~ .<;oH~n;'igrlty, rrc. J, I'lus frlY~~("nOtl::io workmg d;;ll"':;';whn.;;o::' revolunonarv thrust is. repcnredlv L hwan~d by [["C:;tr,;herolJs uanonalist and/or li bera l poliricia us i~ fe-r if,~) ()J the :'>mm.' of the rcrna in in~ Trn~",k)'i :-01;-', 1;"1, esc :l ... I ]-I hl( cr lill'" nf roda ~r'", -tu,~ i'vtu'XiS,l'li - the singular point of disavowal which enables them [0 sustain their overall intcrprctarion of rhc stare of things, Their Icnshisr Jixuriou 011. , he old Marxisr-Lcninist frarnewor . 1'<; exact OPf1f)">'itc ot rhc t..-."hi()lub'le till' t,.d~ ahmH "I~""N paradigrns", about Iw'o\' wr should I.t',l.'o''l:" behind old .... zorn hi I!-COIll(,;" 'pt!'o; '" like '''''0 r 1: iTli!~ d~s .., ~~ <;;n nn - the r"NO C om pic rncnrarv li!d wa ys 0 t avoi d iB~ rhe df.:Jrt tu 1hili k t 11,;,:-~ l'W which L:--..'nn;rl}:!.lIl~ (4 xla v, The ~ fLI!"~ t h i 1l,H;!n do hC'1"C I~ W 'L:anCol~ t'b i!-. d i ~~1 ..... I hy fu Uy a d m itt i rlb eb ~H rh is l 1 vo ·~~ "aurheneic" .. ,orbing d:'I,SS; $lrJir~Y df)VS not (',\"jM,..!:IJJ And if we add m this " pns Irion Io ur further lJH ~!S,. ''''1.: !;l:t:t (3 pre [l ~ clea r picture of the ~~HJ P J:"t:"J i(,jI!ment cd' roday \. !.I..!tt: t f.u: ~~o;.:t;""'rt':l11<1.:('(~f C ulru I~.ill \Vi;l r.;; (fc m in ~-.:t, g,t y, ,11U i" Ir,a,eb.r, ele., rm.. ldcul~llr;ll;""I' u .,tru!-";,glt's) ;::)~ tnc.' domm'l.llt [CHam or c n1J11~('i p.HO,L'y . ol,i riC's.! !hl' r~~ ,;,h:: 11 ':i i\:c- s~", Il";C 0 ( prO(l'!,."{ ing tht· ~'LL i'1..' , ("rdy ~ II me-nr<:;of (he \t,reHare \r:1[. ~ lhil'" IJ;LlVL' ~wlld in r;:~·h(''--<"ornn'"!lmi<.;m ~ih(' ide .... tll.H ~hr.: ne w mC"!.Ha at!.: Ji ~;:......:!1Y i.:.r'l;;'! ~1L~ ~;~md i [i Or]S f'U[ L~ 11rV.' <jj U t ht'"mK t ,onmmullfi ry I; .;jJ n d ~final ~y rh!? Th'ird ,'il;'1 y .. GJ r i,tul;lIt i em L~$d f. tr-t' U 5.. i U 5 [ hop!..' rh L'I C rhr.' IP'r-t~rnt ami ~~~oha~i7.anOll III tt'l' L' nlO:;;11 \'!i i II ~ rod UI.:r.:- a 11 r.:-~'V J i mcn· t rH s.io[) by, finally~ '1Jg...1.in ('(joEl 'ci: i'lig or" o..:;lp,i~,:di~m lJC"ithL.'F ."'... 1 ~o]u'(iol.1 nor <l~ flTU: f~ t th (' riif) b Ilcms, bll":;H t1~e- pro bIf'lil i't "d f. Th~" refct:It, nct: [Q Lt'ni L1 sholLi ld ~f\'t! ;,l ~ t hI;! ~igll i fi"'~r u f the c."Hon toO b rl'JJ k th(" ~·i,r;iOI/,H r;:if";].!; o~ ~h('sc Llise f)pmjtJH . TJu:.: tir'it dung 'rn dn i", to i.cM'll to() dcr..:odr.: thr.: wa'~ tllr.: bas.ic rl)ll~it:al ~onUj r Cot"l!lllHf''';' 1'0 funniol1 8" tl1l' <';C(f('T .. poi I1t' of felc.' r~'~(;t· of eve L"I So('o:,: nn ill!g1 r "',~ pt)lL~.K';.'I.]" ,:1.11 ~,;L~()11 isms, L~.,t 'us rake' J(rzysZ'tO- Kiol?~~m "Ski\ l)U .... ... ,'ogur. ;1 .. [!riil,'~ .::nmpi.:,:110~1'" f('!lr it'" ,~poJ i~io:;,tJ" ~taJl!,,::r;:: Lh'!: '1r::.t dl mng '[h.u . Hm kt:':.. d a(~ ~'i~"Vr;-r wlm i~ ,J""<1fl' 0 f ~ I:~l(. hi"tormC;l1 ·irnlm ..~~m(('~ in which Dt,>cl:io ... lJul!' W.I!i !iholl: i!i. the t'nt.i~l ah ..."rKr of ,1,'11Yrdt"J:l:m:e w polincs; ;;)lrhmJ~h {h~ ~el"ut:~ w;;llS ",ILO~ Irl ~Ill" Inost ( 'lLurhu It,:'rlt pi;: riod ~A PQst- \'1(,'0 rlJ \V ~lf n P'u I..~h hh1~JJ"")' p,he ~,I.;I[L! ~j f ~,~IH~rgol.'I1o;,;y i ill ~~u~~d {~4:n-l~r;1j.., r'l7t-i<d .. i'~ CO~IP d ·.etlH ~11 ord e I' '! 0 ~ u d" :s(] Ild~,n't!· h} I J,
CUllllnmlL~!" IIH]'in~l[lil."IH~ .~~IL;nllHbill~~ to


very ;,1\ 'mi.b Ilet' (If ex r I icrt po Ii (JCIJ'.;H H III wa ... 'i n irs iPli'tj I er hisro rical conrevr, .1 political }!;(! .... turc par cxcrlienc« - !IH' j.l;L.·SHIf~' of lI'iI;!it:..:ting not oli1tiy rh c ru Img ( () mm mll 'i t n"HiT1lf' h ut ,11~o rhe "clJ!1""i i d("IH" 0 P posirion, a r J!.: ast III j b (I i:b~il,. anri- G) I n rnun i s r form, F u rrher ill o re, t he poli rlea I dimen sion i:,: not "'l!"il["j.~y .;}b enr, hllt ~;r(Jivd~,1 erased: Iii ~o (,,... .,]5 the conflict between scsence and religlull m Dec .J(!gm~ I is rhe encoded tOil"nHl~;;]jtin!l (1 the liuM ica! 3H u~ II..! ~}I..!hv cvn {":::o ....icn ti fi ." a (bci~.tI ():,,1 I ruuunise- a nd (rdl,l:!:iou , Sen Iid;iII"it~· d j.;;;suie[H ~".::u! t hI? catastro phc in w Ilm.;:11sci en re and n~~'iJiion su s... PC:LlJ .::<1": h t~!h e I' ;-11 1~)\lIl".:(,:,~ rhc depol it i c il.;:U i nn felf the umverse (~f rhe n D,,'CLII(,gIH', ~~lil'll~t:!tlon tn the- 'world uf [lllJdk d,lS5 privacy, ..... il!'. rypical irh rrau rna-, (et h i cal cb [)I~'\""', fldelitr ~ a borrion J. From hut.:" I urn tempted to return ['1..1' Kle::..lm ..,<;kl\ earlier fJ'lhld Charl';/!rhrs is rh e r~iI~\; 'i Eu ry Iin r, Wil[C'k runs rn C~H'L.:h ,1 ~1I";1II1, TI."HCL' Y;i '-L~~II: I i nn:o-; ~ol,lr.J 0 n h o'W ,\l1;l:h' ~~ seem i rtglr ban al 'ill CU,i t;' m co ul J m llue no, rhe rest of 'L"" his life. One: boL' C~lh.:hO:;5 ~hc train, mcct s an hlJl~t:'~l f.lInrillllll·st. and bl',,:oDnl;!~ C a Parry ;;lC{n ~sr I·Wll'1ll·Jf. '~.... vo: while mnmflig f.or rhe rrnm, he' knocks dCJoWI'1 a rai h~'.;l) ~LJ.H'o:..l. ·i>; ,m'(,"o.;,t,t:d, brought co [i'1,11 <1 nd se In;;.::nr.:cd to u n pa i d la ow 1,1' ill .1 park, where 1;[' meers vomcorte lruill Lhe: oppmiflnn, le, in ruru, becomes ;:lI milir~lll! di::"'iltkll , Three: he ~ll1rl.y Inl""'O::-~ rhe tram, returns rn hJ5 im'l:HIIIHL~J ~!lIJUC:Li~ 111:'If.-i,(':S ~1 fdlmv smdt:1U ,wJ ka~h .1 PI..!:JJ(:l"fLLJ lifo!: .a_';. ::J, J()cror ~m'wiI] i il:G to:) ~.~,("~ nil i x~'d up in pt-:di!·,ics. I-h' L:-> snU oil h ro;] d w ~ ~}'In p;l)::.i um; rhl~pia I~~ h(_!' i~ OlL r.:x p,1()ljC'~ in 1111e.l;:1 H. _ . . II'I :"[.1 f~H ail- rh~ Je aJ!~ i r(';'!lsons. ['0 CLuill d1;1f" rI'H! only "tnl(,'" stQl'y is [he d'IH.I. rllrlt' (~'h(' first [\",'iJ hi,.' i [lg i lJ:--,1; W' i re k ':.. h ~I J U(1l1 ::'ltl!:"·d .a It't'Tn ill rives. 'leV he 1'1 he I":; ,1,pprn.:H: h iTll~ de.;:! rh I. ~hc film indL(i.H'L'!:itl:~o::[!.~C,ll,]<1; ir1~o pl"ivllcy ;Ji(tu' lh;;; dl.:,Ltlluo;.:k (!If ~hr.: :strlL~J ...: he-'ween CommLlllisl ~ ;md dis'i,l(k'nt" - in ,hrrlT Rbl'id Ch(ma' pm'.-idC"s rboe
1;:.y t ~ ~.k"(;thlc D~'f.J.j, J~ r~~.'1.
~ i 0;;. I;h i..;. (I~ d rL,:Lllr ~:OI11p letc, ..uC' fill' opt i u'r~,., 1'C':111~· h,1.II,~qr:."(l. i;;l ~x 85 rasrro p he Irhoe ht~r'n\ {k.~t h ~ th c' ph'me c I,;t:-;h~ :i>tt m.:; fo In d!(,;:l t'". n {Liln..,:tionill~ .j}.~ ;,] k~I~J t!lf dmulrL:? W'],::1 ~f thc.:-r~ it. ~~fl,jlrlh 0lHI()II~ Ir~polit~.;;il~~tl(m f.~e-)'OP'l.:j 0P-l"o~inf)~~ (~C)1T1mti]l1i~!1l/di5.:::idC"nc(:, rl'u? ~lIrlc. ir:.. :"LJbl;ltl~H~ itJ .1 1 po~t-Co[]ununi:st po:-'~-pUII[~L~!sut.:: I,';'"[) :.:!u. Thi politir.:il.anon i~ I'IO[ imply e:'ol:tcTll;11 t',,,, ~IH' P rCVmoll.l.:o. o[le~ liI::-; ~],;J :oo!-m ~IId, r.t[ Ilt:'f ~ b;;.:' cmlcci,'C'd ~"Ls, dtl: ~~" j I1U(:To,i.:'l-t i 011 0 . the r\'\lO a PP;=iI"l~l1ir] nN]()"'Ut' j:lf) I{"f> 0 f COIn III Ll n is m and dissi· r dL!JKt!. Dn~'Lj,nor D<I.·'t":.,JJu~~u.1.HJ puillt ii, thL~ dirl,.'1;tj,uu. 'with it:io :i.._..;;icty 01 ph d :Ht, II Sij"'i, ,1 kill d ot s,.eacr alii h I..! I L: 1;•.-m]1 mll n i ry, ~h ri "j ng ~mdC"r Soc"i;;l1l ism I'll ~L fW!;(" i i's oldluwo(;u .... 1 ·OI1U( r 'A Hl"iI :f~ )I',,: i ~Il o:.:u~ml F i,t':s ?1.LH t\ It' no~ d~ese phi latt'lis.~, tilL: rl, 'rb~' r:nndc 1 for ()'[hC"~ s.OL'i£''I. LC'!' ~I'I. ..d; lei1 the L.:O 111 nn 1111 ,l I !i P i r i t :'i;1!..1 rv~''it:s, from p~ych~Mr~~~I}"ti,r.: a~"'o("L<ui("loIlS {( '~l.i,lwt:~i\'L~ f ;ll'l-inc,.~~1 :1"'0li~1 al f]'r'~aTli;r.;.lt.itHl .? rL h.::r;l.': i5 yr.:t Ll[]l_lotba a::..!JoD t LO rhi:o.: FI'r.:JI'IL Jdi[~nnl~ •. · ha!-l po:imcu mH

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t·xpla in 'ij. ;.111J L~ ~1n iongof'f ~u fhcl t'-nt. T ~)dn y. :1 IrI-[ nF 11n~~~)1 r1;!; phen omena ha '.1..' m be r[' ,:·q}i.l i ned th rough :5 0 rue k ilHJ ~1Jf ";(H1.'; p i r.~..;y thee ry Cv.:t::. u~· r ru it I:~ desri ue !;!/l'!,ICOl"rIIl1l'llIf CI ~gl'rici,,'-'; ~th~' ;';t'r~I,t('Hm4'~of 1:1 TI~" L'~HTl r~n i('~ LAn d. i 11 order w "~hm rhem. \.... L'I'r~' rTu>rt: J~d meHr· I!I nerd 0" our 0 ........ halt'e 11 c a ndest int,;' t)f};:l n b~ ~inn!)" J'crh:] IlS Leru 11':-> in rrnu b of the 1'."1 :' f L"OllL hi i5n
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r~~L..:1111~· made ~~salient PULllt ,1 p:J"(JP~l:) of <1 French p0:::.[t·!· tor vrstmen h rOkCT!) "~Jr~l.'";;ioll~·:tn dcr th C I !lIl,illlC' rd ;1. hammer an d l sickle I!,:~I.~~ ~ solid go Id ~H1d ~'nt~.Jd i.:!J ·\..... o!.h~~ II rth IIHJIlJ:>, the capt 1...)1'11 Tl·aJ,,·: ...And '!i"klt if c'Io'C'q,hutiy pm:llteJ Frmil rhe :~tnck m."Hkct:~ The .!oHX[cg~ of Thi.;: rm'f€'r i~ntwju.~= mdny, rhe ~1(]("k l"l~rker fu.lf:ili"o (:'f..,titi1n;J,Tl ornrn uni sr ctircria: C'vt!.tyboJ .... ·~m r~~rthtpate Iii ir. Jkr~ot:r il.d.1I11!e~il ....1 simple rncntal .. ex perimeo n 1l'H:1t!;ne :1 ~OI:n[1\lIf1.I(":HiOl 1\ earn p:1 ign tm.by 11 .. lng ,'111 i 111 :'1 r,r- of i a swasrika casr in. sohd J~old ;tilll eflllw··d~~c·d,,~'irh diamonds: h would of Q1.Uj's.~ not work. \vIr'.? The S\V.;l ~ L 11-::.:'1. ,:Hkl.J·('!!:i-!-:{,.~d potcn ti.1: I ,.ictors u or rhc dof'te:ue-d. h iIlYo,ked d Oi'nlfL:U iOll ram i IJ s:u,t."t·_'· ~I'~ 'I he h:1 i1TI'"Cl~·3";l n d ').i ck Ie" if! I.:Of[Uat!ol, j n.v lJkt ..J [hI;;" btl pI;: [hat .... hlsl:( ~~'Y wu 11'1d (~I."L~ll.t y h~ on ~b'l'" s il,.·I,t'of 1,1 ~~11 ~hosor ;;;:~ruggli ng for tr:uem.:l I j liSti-ce ..., Ii.. TlR· imn y" 1!i tb ~l;'; -rh;ill:"~ ,11r rhe yltry mornt nt wht'J1 rhj s. hope Lf' oihc i;lJ II Y pr.oda i Il ~~~~ C,k·.lJ h~ dR' h~.!-l,'l·:rrH l1"l i(.· i lco[op;:r- 01 dw "'end (Jof jdi["(jlo~t..:~!", ~I p'H.IJiglH~l1.i'L,:tll·)' '·rml"in,h~·tri.\f" I.:'nH."r[1Ti~(.' ~i;:.; tf-tcon.: anydring morE' ,. p0s.r-H~dll~r'n.:"J.J·; [brm dt'.l]mg ".. it _ 'j,1,J,-k.,.


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