MATHEMATICS UNIT 1 : SETS, RELATIONS AND FUNCTIONS: Sets and their representation; Union, intersection and complement of sets and their algebraic properties; Power set; Relation, Types of relations, equivalence relations, functions;. one-one, into and onto functions, composition of functions. UNIT 2 : COMPLEX NUMBERS AND QUADRATIC EQUATIONS: Complex numbers as ordered pairs of reals, Representation of complex numbers in the form a+ib and their representation in a plane, Argand diagram, algebra of complex numbers, modulus and argument (or amplitude) of a complex number, square root of a complex number, triangle inequality, Quadratic equations in real and complex number system and their solutions. Relation between roots and co-efficients, nature of roots, formation of quadratic equations with given roots. UNIT 3 : MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS:
Matrices, algebra of matrices, types of matrices, determinants and matrices of order two and three. Properties of determinants, evaluation of determinants, area of triangles using determinants. Adjoint and evaluation of inverse of a square matrix using determinants and elementary transformations, Test of consistency and solution of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables using determinants and matrices.

UNIT 4 :

PERMUTATIONS AND COMBINATIONS: Fundamental principle of counting, permutation as an arrangement and combination as selection, Meaning of P (n,r) and C (n,r), simple applications.

UNIT 5 : UNIT 6 :

MATHEMATICAL INDUCTION: Principle of Mathematical Induction and its simple applications. BINOMIAL THEOREM AND ITS SIMPLE APPLICATIONS: Binomial theorem for a positive integral index, general term and middle term, properties of Binomial coefficients and simple applications.

UNIT 7 :

SEQUENCES AND SERIES: Arithmetic and Geometric progressions, insertion of arithmetic, geometric means between two given numbers. Relation between A.M. and G.M. Sum upto n terms of special series: S n, S n2, Sn3. Arithmetico – Geometric progression.

UNIT 8 :

LIMIT, CONTINUITY AND DIFFERENTIABILITY: Real - valued functions, algebra of functions, polynomials, rational, trigonometric, logarithmic and exponential functions, inverse functions. Graphs of simple functions. Limits, continuity and differentiability. Differentiation of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions. Differentiation of trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, logarithmic, exponential, composite and implicit functions; derivatives of order upto two. Rolle’s and Lagrange’s Mean Value Theorems. Applications of derivatives: Rate of change of quantities, monotonic increasing and decreasing functions, Maxima and minima of functions of one variable, tangents and normals.

UNIT 9 :


distance formula. Equations of a line and a plane in different forms. addition of vectors. scalar and vector triple product. Skew lines. section formula. equation of the tangent. addition and multiplication theorems of probability. equations of conic sections (parabola. distance of a point from a line. Formation of differential equations. ellipse and hyperbola) in standard forms. section formula. Straight lines Various forms of equations of a line. mode of grouped and ungrouped data calculation of standard deviation. equations of internal and external bisectors of angles between two lines. Integration by substitution. components of a vector in two dimensions and three dimensional space. Evaluation of definite integrals. Evaluation of simple integrals of the type Integral as limit of a sum. conic sections Standard form of equation of a circle. determining areas of the regions bounded by simple curves in standard form. condition for y = mx + c to be a tangent and point (s) of tangency. equation of family of lines passing through the point of intersection of two lines. variance and mean deviation for grouped and ungrouped data. general form of the equation of a circle. UNIT 12: THREE DIMENSIONAL GEOMETRY: Coordinates of a point in space. coplanar lines. conditions for concurrence of three lines. intersection of lines. Solution of differential equations by the method of separation of variables. points of intersection of a line and a circle with the centre at the origin and condition for a line to be tangent to a circle. parallel and perpendicular lines. Bernoulli trials and Binomial distribution. angles between two lines. locus and its equation. exponential and logarithmic functions. Properties of definite integrals. scalar and vector products. intercepts of a line on the coordinate axes. UNIT 10: DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS: Ordinary differential equations. slope of a line. Integration using trigonometric identities. their order and degree.Integral as an anti . Fundamental integrals involving algebraic. Fundamental Theorem of Calculus. solution of homogeneous and linear differential equations of the type: dy+ p (x) y = q (x) dx UNIT 11: CO-ORDINATE GEOMETRY: Cartesian system of rectangular co-ordinates 10 in a plane. median. probability distribution of a random variate. UNIT 15: TRIGONOMETRY: . angle between two intersecting lines. equation of a circle when the end points of a diameter are given. UNIT 14: STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY: Measures of Dispersion: Calculation of mean.derivative. its radius and centre. by parts and by partial fractions. intersection of a line and a plane. Sections of cones. UNIT 13: VECTOR ALGEBRA: Vectors and scalars. distance between two points. trigonometric. Baye’s theorem. coordinates of centroid. Circles. the shortest distance between them and its equation. translation of axes. Probability: Probability of an event. direction ratios and direction cosines. orthocentre and circumcentre of a triangle.

conservative and nonconservative forces. Centre of mass of a rigid body. UNIT 5: ROTATIONAL MOTION Centre of mass of a two-particle system. Impulse. dimensional analysis and its applications. Newton’s Third Law of motion. Zero Vector. contradiction. UNIT 16: MATHEMATICAL REASONING: Statements. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth. modulus of rigidity. Trigonometrical functions. parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications. Momentum. or. Understanding of tautology. UNIT 3: LAWS OF MOTION Force and Inertia. Motion in a plane. . Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force and its applications. power. Pascal’s law and its applications. implies. UNIT 6: GRAVITATION The universal law of gravitation. Rigid body rotation. moment of a force. UNIT 2: KINEMATICS Frame of reference. Uniform and non-uniform motion. Projectile Motion. Hooke’s Law. Heights and Distances. SECTION – A UNIT 1: PHYSICS AND MEASUREMENT Physics. gravitational potential. bulk modulus. laws of friction. kinetic and potential energies. Resolution of a Vector. radius of gyration. Vector addition and Subtraction. while Section . S I units. Scalar and Vector products. equations of rotational motion. Errors in measurement.B contains Practical Component (Experimental Skills) having 20% weightage. Escape velocity. Gravitational potential energy. Basic concepts of rotational motion. moment of inertia. logical operations and. relations for uniformly accelerated motion. Newton’s First Law of motion. torque. Scalars and Vectors. Fundamental and derived units. Pressure due to a fluid column. Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions. angular momentum. accuracy and precision of measuring instruments. Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications. Least count. PHYSICS The syllabus contains two Sections .A and B. workenergy theorem. UNIT 4: WORK. Relative Velocity. Inverse trigonometrical functions and their properties. if and only if. Orbital velocity of a satellite. UNIT 7: PROPERTIES OF SOLIDS AND LIQUIDS Elastic behaviour. Unit Vector. Young’s modulus. Stress-strain relationship.Trigonometrical identities and equations. Kepler’s laws of planetary motion. rolling friction. Uniform Circular Motion. Static and Kinetic friction. Newton’s Second Law of motion. Equilibrium of concurrent forces. velocity-time. Dimensions of Physical quantities. Potential energy of a spring.A pertains to the Theory Part having 80% weightage. average speed and instantaneous velocity Uniformly accelerated motion. implied by. Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects. position-time graphs. conservation of angular momentum and its applications. conservation of mechanical energy. ENERGY AND POWER Work done by a constant force and a variable force. converse and contrapositive. speed and velocity. Section . Geo-stationary satellites. technology and society.

Reynolds number. change of state. streamline and turbulent flow. Bernoulli’s principle and its applications.Viscosity. Surface energy and surface tension. angle of contact. calorimetry. Stokes’ law. specific heat capacity. terminal velocity.drops. application of surface tension . Heat. . Newton’s law of cooling. thermal expansion. latent heat. Heat transferconduction. bubbles and capillary rise. temperature. convection and radiation.

Longitudinal and transverse waves. Free. Carnot engine and its efficiency. speed of a wave.assumptions.UNIT 8: THERMODYNAMICS Thermal equilibrium.principle and its applications.) and its equation. Potentiometer . work and internal energy. phase. Dielectrics and electric polarization. Conductors and insulators. Kinetic energy and temperature: rms speed of gas molecules. concept of temperature. Electric field due to a dipole. Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges in an electrostatic field.derivation of expression for its time period. Second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes. Energy stored in a capacitor. zeroth law of thermodynamics. UNIT 9: KINETIC THEORY OF GASES Equation of state of a perfect gas. Electrical energy and power. oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force constant. Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. combination of cells in series and in parallel. Wheatstone bridge. Drift velocity. reflection of waves. Coulomb’s law-forces between two point charges. Gauss’s law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire. V-I characteristics of Ohmic and nonohmic conductors. Electrical resistance. forces between multiple charges. Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and . UNIT 12: CURRRENT ELECTRICITY Electric current. Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field. Periodic functions. potential difference and emf of a cell.Kinetic theory of gases . Heat. Electric Cell and its Internal resistance. capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates. Electrical resistivity. Wave motion.Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop. Electric field lines. Simple pendulum . Standing waves in strings and organ pipes.H.M. Simple harmonic motion (S. Principle of superposition of waves. First law of thermodynamics. Beats. fundamental mode and harmonics. Law of equipartition of energy. Degrees of freedom. Doppler effect in sound UNIT 11: ELECTROSTATICS Electric charges: Conservation of charge. Series and parallel combinations of resistors. Avogadro’s number. work doneon compressing a gas. combination of capacitors in series and in parallel. capacitor.kinetic and potential energies. Electric dipole. concept of pressure. Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications. displacement as a function of time. . Temperature dependence of resistance. Mean free path. Equipotential surfaces. Colour code for resistors. UNIT 10: OSCILLATIONS AND WAVES Periodic motion . UNIT 13: MAGNETIC EFFECTS OF CURRENT AND MAGNETISM Biot . electric dipole and system of charges.H. Metre bridge.period.M. energy in S. Ohm’s law. Electric flux. superposition principle and continuous charge distribution. forced and damped oscillations. Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge. frequency. uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell.applications to specific heat capacities of gases. Resistances of different materials. resonance.

Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen’s principle. Electromagnets and permanent magnets. dia. Alternating currents. Einstein’s photoelectric equation. Power of a Lens. UNIT 16: OPTICS Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces. Diffraction due to a single slit. Hysteresis. Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements. Davisson-Germer experiment. Polarisation. solar cell and Zener diode. plane polarized light. beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties. mass defect. gamma rays). Photoelectric effect. Brewster’s law. their characteristics. Quality factor. UNIT 19: ELECTRONIC DEVICES Semiconductors. Deviation and Dispersion of light by a prism. transistor as an amplifier . Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid. energy levels. ultraviolet. Hertz and Lenard’s observations. Faraday’s law. Rutherford’s model of atom. wattless current. Magnification. Eddy currents. magnetic field lines.magnetic substances. Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifyingpowers. Combination of thin lenses in contact. Self and mutual inductance. Total internal reflection and its applications. isotones. particle nature of light. uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids. UNIT 18: ATOMS AND NUCLEI Alpha-particle scattering experiment. Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes. isobars. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. peak and rms value of alternating current/ voltage. I-V characteristics of LED. Zener diode as a voltage regulator. diode as a rectifier. AC generator and transformer. Para-. characteristics of a transistor. width of central maximum. UNIT 15: ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES Electromagnetic waves and electromagnetic waves. power in AC circuits. Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves. UNIT 17: DUAL NATURE OF MATTER ANDRADIATION Dual nature of radiation. its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter. isotopes. UNIT 14: ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION AND ALTERNATING CURRENTS Electromagnetic induction. Lens Formula. transistor action. Junction transistor. Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width. radioactive decay law. Composition and size of nucleus. waves. Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere. Mass-energy relation. Transverse nature of infrared. nuclear fission and fusion. binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number. LCR series circuit. microwaves. hydrogen spectrum. Wave optics: wavefront and Huygens’ principle. reactance and impedance. resonance. mirror formula. photodiode. Interference. Radioactivity-alpha. induced emf and current. Moving coil galvanometer. semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias. visible. Applications of e.and ferro. de Broglie relation. Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment.solenoid. Matter waves-wave nature of particle. Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Bohr model. Xrays. atomic masses.m. Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field. Magnetic susceptibility and permeability. Lenz’s Law. Cyclotron.

Bandwidth of signals. Sky and space wave propagation. NAND and NOR). UNIT 20: COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere.(common emitter configuration) and oscillator. Basic Elements of a Communication System (Block Diagram only). Bandwidth of Transmission medium. . Transistor as a switch. Need for modulation. AND. NOT. Amplitude and Frequency Modulation. Logic gates (OR.

. 6. Refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling microscope. Young’s modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire. LED. 19. (ii) Determination of internal resistance of a cell. Capacitor from mixed collection of such items. 3. 4. and (iii) Convex lens using parallax method. 16. Screw gauge-its use to determine thickness/diameter of thin sheet/wire. Potentiometer – (i) Comparison of emf of two primary cells. 20. IC. Identification of Diode. 9. 7. Vernier callipers-its use to measure internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel. 18. 22. Plotting a cooling curve for the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time. 14. Surface tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents. Focal length of: (i) Convex mirror (ii) Concave mirror. Resistor. Simple Pendulum-dissipation of energy by plotting a graph between square of amplitude and time. 8.SECTION –B UNIT 21: EXPERIMENTAL SKILLS Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities: 1. Characteristic curves of a p-n junction diode in forward and reverse bias. Plot of angle of deviation vs angle of incidence for a triangular prism. 15. Resistance and figure of merit of a galvanometer by half deflection method. 21. Co-efficient of Viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body. Specific heat capacity of a given (i) solid and (ii) liquid by method of mixtures. 2. Speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube. Metre Scale . 5. Using multimeter to: (i) Identify base of a transistor (ii) Distinguish between npn and pnp type transistor (iii) See the unidirectional flow of current in case of a diode and an LED. Transistor. 13. 10. 11. Characteristic curves of a Zener diode and finding reverse break down voltage. 12. (iv) Check the correctness or otherwise of a given electronic component (diode. transistor or IC).mass of a given object by principle of moments. Characteristic curves of a transistor and finding current gain and voltage gain. Resistance of a given wire using Ohm’s law. Resistivity of the material of a given wire using metre bridge. 17.

quantum mechanical model of atom. liquid and gaseous states. compressibility factor and van der Waals equation. Units. Liquid State: Properties of liquids . Bragg’s Law and its applications. Physical quantities and their measurements in Chemistry. Concept of atom. Real gases. Atomic and molecular masses.vapour pressure. deviation from Ideal behaviour. Heisenberg uncertainty principle. packing in solids (fcc. Gaseous State: Measurable properties of gases. Spectrum of hydrogen atom. percentage composition. Concept of Absolute scale of temperature.orbitals. Charle’s law. dipole moment. concept of atomic orbitals as one electron wave functions. Ideal gas equation. calculation of lattice enthalpy. Electrical. limitations of Bohr’s model. Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hund’s rule. magnetic and dielectric properties. Elementary ideas of quantum mechanics. de-Broglie’s relationship. Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) theory and shapes of simple molecules. derivation of the relations for energy of the electron and radii of the different orbits. Rules for filling electrons in orbitals – aufbau principle. ionic. . bcc and hcp lattices). shapes of s. Gas laws . Variation of ?? and ??2 with r for 1s and 2s orbitals. electronic configuration of elements. Laws of chemical combination. UNIT 4: CHEMICAL BONDING AND MOLECULAR STRUCURE Kossel . imperfection in solids. UNIT 2: STATES OF MATTER Classification of matter into solid.Lewis approach to chemical bond formation. precision and accuracy.I. Graham’s law of diffusion. molar mass. viscosity and surface tension and effect of temperature on them (qualitative treatment only). Unit cell and lattices. dimensional analysis. Dual nature of matter. Ionic Bonding: Formation of ionic bonds. covalent and metallic solids. Avogadro’s law. various quantum numbers (principal. Nature of electromagnetic radiation. Fajan’s rule. photoelectric effect. UNIT 3: ATOMIC STRUCTURE Thomson and Rutherford atomic models and their limitations. Chemical equations and stoichiometry. angular momentum and magnetic quantum numbers) and their significance. Covalent Bonding: Concept of electronegativity. electron spin and spin quantum number. Dalton’s atomic theory. mole concept. extra stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals. concept of ionic and covalent bonds. factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds.CHEMISTRY SECTION: A PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY UNIT 1: SOME BASIC CONCEPTS IN CHEMISTRY Matter and its nature. calculations involving unit cell parameters. molecule. amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea). its important features. Concept of average. root mean square and most probable velocities.Boyle’s law. Solid State: Classification of solids: molecular. element and compound. ?? and ??2. S. p and d . significant figures. Kinetic theory of gases (only postulates).its postulates. voids. empirical and molecular formulae. Bohr model of hydrogen atom . Dalton’s law of partial pressure.

Concept of work. atomization. plots for ideal and non-ideal solutions. factors affecting equilibrium concentration.Its important features. molecular orbital electronic configurations of homonuclear diatomic molecules. balancing of redox reactions. extensive and intensive properties. UNIT 8: REDOX REACTIONS AND ELECTROCHEMISTRY Electronic concepts of oxidation and reduction. hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions. heat internal energy and enthalpy. sigma and pi-bonds. depression of freezing point. Dgo (Standard Gibbs energy change) and equilibrium constant. Abnormal value of molar mass. Molecular Orbital Theory . acid . redox reactions.Quantum mechanical approach to covalent bonding: Valence bond theory . phase transition. pressure. equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and their significance. specific and molar conductivities and their variation with concentration: Kohlrausch’s law and its applications. solubility of sparingly soluble salts and solubility products. Electrochemical cells .gas and solid – gas equilibria. Henry’s law. electrode potentials including standard electrode potential. concept of hybridization involving s. rules for assigning oxidation number. UNIT 7: EQUILIBRIUM Meaning of equilibrium. conductance in electrolytic solutions. Enthalpies of bond dissociation. mole fraction. types of processes.Lowry and Lewis) and their ionization. half . liquid . DS of the universe and DG of the system as criteria for spontaneity. Resonance. Determination of molecular mass using colligative properties. different types of electrodes. Le Chatelier’s principle. UNIT 6: SOLUTIONS Different methods for expressing concentration of solution . Colligative properties of dilute solutions . Br??nsted . First law of thermodynamics . sublimation. p and d orbitals. general characterics of equilibrium involving physical processes. heat capacity. concept of bond order. elevation of boiling point and osmotic pressure. effect of catalyst.molality. Ionic equilibrium: Weak and strong electrolytes. concept of dynamic equilibrium.base equilibria (including multistage ionization) and ionization constants. types of molecular orbitals (bonding. Hydrogen bonding and its applications. ionization of electrolytes. ionization of water. combustion. formation. LCAOs. Second law of thermodynamics. ionization and solution. hydration. significance of DG and DGo in chemical equilibria. Hess’s law of constant heat summation. van’t Hoff factor and its significance. percentage (by volume and mass both). Elementary idea of metallic bonding. oxidation number. vapour pressure of solutions and Raoult’s Law – Ideal and non-ideal solutions. molar heat capacity. bond length and bond energy. antibonding). vapour pressure composition. UNIT 5: CHEMICAL THERMODYNAMICS Fundamentals of thermodynamics: System and surroundings. state functions.Its important features. buffer solutions. Equilibria involving chemical processes: Law of chemical equilibrium. common ion effect. temperature. pH scale. Spontaneity of processes.cell . Equilibria involving physical processes: Solid -liquid.Electrolytic and Galvanic cells. molarity.relative lowering of vapour pressure. various concepts of acids and bases (Arrhenius. Eectrolytic and metallic conduction.

multi molecular. rate law. ores. elementary and complex reactions. dialysis. coagulation and flocculation. Dry cell and lead accumulator.distinction among true solutions. SECTION – B INORGANIC CHEMISTRY UNIT 11: CLASSIFICATON OF ELEMENTS AND PERIODICITY IN PROPERTIES Modem periodic law and present form of the periodic table. Physical and chemical properties of water and heavy water. periodic trends in properties of elements atomic and ionic radii. oxidation states and chemical reactivity. ionization enthalpy. Biological significance of Na.Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms. UNIT 13: HYDROGEN Position of hydrogen in periodic table.sodium carbonate and sodium hydroxide. Fuel cells. anomalous properties of the first element of each group. UNIT 15: P . d and f block elements. diagonal relationships. K. Colloidal state . electrophoresis. macromolecular and associated colloids (micelles).lyophilic. UNIT 14: S . electron gain enthalpy.13 to Group 18 Elements .1 and 2 Elements General introduction. effect of temperature on rate of reactions – Arrhenius theory. preparation. Hydrogen as a fuel. emf of a Galvanic cell and its measurement. colloids and suspensions. Plaster of Paris and cement. preparation. factors affecting the rate of reactions: concentration. rate constant and its units. temperature. activation energy and its calculation. order and molecularity of reactions. preparation and properties of colloids Tyndall effect. factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids . valence. collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation).and cell reactions.Physisorption and chemisorption and their characteristics. isotopes. UNIT 12: GENERAL PRINCIPLES AND PROCESSES OF ISOLATION OF METALS Modes of occurrence of elements in nature. their characteristics and half . Relationship between cell potential and Gibbs’ energy change. minerals. pressure and catalyst. Steps involved in the extraction of metals . p. Zn and Fe.BLOCK ELEMENTS Group . Mg and Ca. Nernst equation and its applications. s. Brownian movement. Structure. Cu. UNIT-10 : SURFACE CHEMISTRY Adsorption. Preparation and properties of some important compounds . Industrial uses of lime. Thermodynamic and electrochemical principles involved in the extraction of metals.BLOCK ELEMENTS (ALKALI AND ALKALINE EARTH METALS) Group . UNIT 9 : CHEMICAL KINETICS Rate of a chemical reaction.lives. classification of colloids .concentration. adsorption from solutions. reduction (chemical and electrolytic methods) and refining with special reference to the extraction of Al. limestone. lyophobic. reactions and uses of hydrogen peroxide. differential and integral forms of zero and first order reactions. properties and uses of hydrogen. Emulsions and their characteristics. electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements.

UNIT 16: d – and f – BLOCK ELEMENTS Transition Elements General introduction. atomic radii. coordination number. structures and uses of ozone. Group – 16 Preparation. Allotropic forms of sulphur. unique behaviour of the first element in each group. diborane. isomerism.Atmospheric. chelation. IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear co-ordination compounds. properties of boric acid.physical properties. colour. occurrence and characteristics. properties and uses of hydrochloric acid. Group –18 Occurrence and uses of noble gases. Structure & properties of silicates. Trends in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides. colour and magnetic properties. properties. UNIT 18: ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY Environmental pollution . aluminium chloride and alums. general trends in properties of the first row transition elements . (PCl3. Werner’s theory. Allotrophic forms of phosphorus. Preparation. ionization enthalpy. denticity. tendency for catenation. ligands. water and soil. nitric acid. phosphine and phosphorus halides. Structures of oxoacids of sulphur. interstitial compounds. structure and uses of ammonia. Preparation. Structures of Interhalogen compounds and oxides and oxoacids of halogens. properties. Structures of oxides and oxoacids of phosphorus. and zeolites. catalytic behaviour. Bonding-Valence bond approach and basic ideas of Crystal field theory. Group – 14 Allotropes of carbon. properties and uses of K2 Cr2 O7 and KMnO4. Groupwise study of the p – block elements Group – 13 Preparation. structures and uses of sulphuric acid (including its industrial preparation). boron trifluoride. Group – 15 Properties and uses of nitrogen and phosphorus. properties and uses of boron and aluminium. Importance of co-ordination compounds (in qualitative analysis. complex formation. alloy formation. magnetic properties.General Introduction: Electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements across the periods and down the groups. extraction of metals and in biological systems). oxidation states and lanthanoid Actinoids . Group – 17 Preparation. UNIT 17: CO-ORDINATION COMPOUNDS Introduction to co-ordination compounds. electronic configuration. Electronic configuration.Electronic configuration and oxidation states. oxidation states. Structures of fluorides and oxides of xenon. PCl5). Preparation. Inner Transition Elements Lanthanoids contraction. . properties.

sulphur. pathogens. water and hydrogen halides. Alkenes . nitrogen. differential extraction and chromatography . oxygen. their harmful effects and prevention.Formation and breakdown of ozone. Soil pollution . hydrogen halides (Markownikoff’s and peroxide effect). fumes. hydrocarbons. nitrogen and sulphur. Addition of hydrogen. properties and reactions. Strategies to control environmental pollution. UNIT 21: HYDROCARBONS Classification. their sources.Tropospheric and Stratospheric Tropospheric pollutants – Gaseous pollutants: Oxides of carbon. halogens. hydrogen. carbocations and carbanions. Electronic displacement in a covalent bond . electromeric effect. general methods of preparation. Homologous series.hybridization (s and p). resonance and hyperconjugation. phosphorus and halogens.Atmospheric pollution .principles and their applications. stability of carbocations and free radicals. halogens. Green house effect and Global warming. distillation. sulphur. Isomerism .Crystallization. their sources. harmful effects and prevention. phosphorus. Particulate pollutants: Smoke. water.Homolytic and heterolytic: free radicals. Acid rain. UNIT 20: SOME BASIC PRINCIPLES OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY Tetravalency of carbon. organic wastes and chemical pollutants. halogens. Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis. nitrogen and sulphur.Inductive effect. Qualitative analysis .Detection of nitrogen. Nomenclature (Trivial and IUPAC) Covalent bond fission . .Major pollutants such as: Pesticides (insecticides. herbicides and fungicides). depletion of ozone layer .structural and stereoisomerism. electrophiles and nucleophiles. Water Pollution . Mechanism of electrophilic addition: addition of hydrogen. Classification of organic compounds based on functional groups: . sublimation. Polymerization. their harmful effects and prevention.C h C – and those containing halogens. Shapes of simple molecules . Alkanes .its mechanism and effects. Quantitative analysis (basic principles only) . Calculations of empirical formulae and molecular formulae..Conformations: Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane).Acidic character. Mechanism of halogenation of alkanes. . Alkynes .Estimation of carbon. mist.Major pollutants such as.C = C . SECTION-C ORGANIC CHEMISTRY UNIT 19: PURIFICATION AND CHARACTERISATION OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS Purification . IUPAC nomenclature. Stratospheric pollution.. smog. Ozonolysis and polymerization. dust. isomerism.Geometrical isomerism. harmful effects and prevention.

properties and reactions.Aromatic hydrocarbons .Nomenclature. Mechanism of electrophilic substitution: halogenation. Environmental effects of chloroform & iodoform. .structure and aromaticity. Friedel – Craft’s alkylation and acylation. Mechanisms of substitution reactions. Nature of C-X bond. directive influence of functional group in monosubstituted benzene. UNIT 22: ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING HALOGENS General methods of preparation. nitration. benzene . Uses.

secondary and tertiary amines and their basic character. NUCLEIC ACIDS . copolymerization. UNIT 26: BIOMOLECULES General introduction and importance of biomolecules. basic character and identification of primary. reactions and uses. VITAMINS . secondary and tertiary alcohols.Tiemann reaction. CARBOXYLIC ACIDS Acidic strength and factors affecting it. Haloform reaction. denaturation of proteins. Chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and Ketones. NH3 and its derivatives). mechanism of dehydration. Cannizzaro reaction.UNIT 23: ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING OXYGEN General methods of preparation. Ethers: Structure. structure. acidity of . properties. lactose and maltose). monosaccharides (glucose and fructose) and constituent monosaccharides of oligosacchorides (sucrose.Chemical constitution of DNA and RNA. aldol condensation. classification. reactions and uses. UNIT 24: ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING NITROGEN General methods of preparation.polythene. Natural and synthetic rubber and vulcanization. reduction (Wolff Kishner and Clemmensen). tertiary and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only). polypeptides. PROTEINS . Aldehyde and Ketones: Nature of carbonyl group. general methods of polymerization-addition and condensation. Important reactions such as – Nucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN.Nucleophilic addition to >C=O group. secondary. Amines: Nomenclature. oxidation. PHENOLS AND ETHERS Alcohols: Identification of primary. Biological functions of nucleic acids. Proteins: primary.hydrogen. enzymes. Diazonium Salts: Importance in synthetic organic chemistry. Reimer . nylon. electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation. UNIT 25: POLYMERS General introduction and classification of polymers. relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones.amino acids. CARBOHYDRATES . ALCOHOLS. . Phenols: Acidic nature.Classification: aldoses and ketoses. Grignard reagent. properties.Elementary Idea of .Classification and functions. nitration and sulphonation. polyester and bakelite. peptide bond. some important polymers with emphasis on their monomers and uses .

I Awareness of persons. antihistamins . cleansing action. Generation of Plan. Chemicals in food . substraction. antacids. SO4 2-. Zn2+.perception: Understanding and appreciation of scale and proportion of objects.Soaps and detergents. S2-. tre es. CI -. Design and drawing of geometrical or abstract shapes and patterns in pencil. landscape (river fronts. Visualising three dimensional objects from two dimensional drawings. gardens.common examples. Organic compounds: Acetanilide.Analgesics. festivals. Cleansing agents . I. Buildings. tranquilizers. monuments. UNIT 28: PRINCIPLES RELATED TO PRACTICAL CHEMISTRY • Detection of extra elements (N. artificial sweetening agents . Texture related to Architecture and build~environment. jungles. Ba2+. PLANNING Part . iodoform. Br. Creating two dimensional and three dimensional compositions using given shapes and forms. Note: Candidates are advised to bring pencils. antiseptics. Enthalpy of solution of CuSO4 2. Transformation of forms both 2 D and 3 D union. NO2-. places.II Three dimensional . elevations and 3 D views of objects. Ni2+. aniline yellow.CO3 2-. (Insoluble salts excluded).) and rural life. halogens) in organic compounds. harmony and contrast.Pb2+ . AI3+. • Chemistry involved in the titrimetric excercises . Preparation of lyophilic and lyophobic sols. potash alum.UNIT 27: CHEMISTRY IN EVERYDAY LIFE Chemicals in medicines . ARCH.S. Detection of the following functional groups: hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic). recreational spaces etc. NH4+. carboxyl and amino groups in organic compounds. plants etc. • Chemistry involved in the preparation of the following: Inorganic compounds: Mohr’s salt. rotation. street scenes. Numerical and Verbal). antimicrobials. Kinetic study of reaction of iodide ion with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature. Ca2+. Analytical Reasoning Mental Ability (Visual. Visualising. market. own geometry box set.). disinfectants. pnitroacetanilide./B. Mohr’s salt vs KMnO4. antibiotics. different sides of three dimensional objects.Preservatives. antifertility drugs. . Fe3+. • Chemical principles involved in the following experiments: 1. 4. oxalic-acid vs KMnO4. Cu2+. Anions. • Chemical principles involved in the qualitative salt analysis: Cations . SYLLABUS FOR APTITUDE TEST B. development of surfaces and volumes. building forms and elements. Part . 3. Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid and strong base.) Objects. Mg2+. Sketching of scenes and activities from memory of urbanscape (public space. Materials. NO3-. carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone).Acids bases and the use of indicators. erasers and colour pencils and crayons for the Aptitude Test. colour texture.their meaning and common examples.

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